Search

Reset

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (27)

Genus (192)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

V. 14.1
August 21st, 2022

479.0000 Family Acanthaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 102 (1789), nom. cons.
ca. 192 genera, ca. 5500 spp. Phylogeny: Manzitto-Tripp et al. 2022
Species listed in database: 5510
= Avicenniaceae Miq., Lehm., Pl. Preiss. 1: 353 (1845), nom. cons.
= Justiciaceae Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 60 (1838)
= Mendonciaceae Bremek., Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch., ser. C, 56: 540 (1954)
= Meyeniaceae Sreem., Phytologia 37: 412 (1977)
= Nelsoniaceae Sreem., Phytologia 37: 412 (1977)
= Thunbergiaceae Lilja, Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 979 (1870)
479.4118 Genus Acanthus L.; Sp. Pl.: 939 [639]. (1753)
Distribution: Mediterranean, trop. (14) and subtropical Africa and Asia, 1 to New Caledonia, 1 to Armenia
Species listed in database: 28
= Acanthodus Raf., Princ. Somiol. 26 (1814)
= Cheilopsis Moq., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. I. 27: 230 (1832)
= Dilivaria Juss., Gen. 103 (1789)
= Zonablephis Raf., Sylva Tellur. 143 (1838)
species :
Acanthus albus Debnath, B.K.Singh & P.Giri; Indian J. Forest. 36(3): 411 (2013)
Distribution: India (West Bengal)
40 IND
species :
Acanthus arboreus Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 115 (1775)
Distribution: Yemen (W-Yemen, Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen)
35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus arborescens Panz., Pflanzensyst. 8: 185 (1782)
= Cheilopsis arborea (Forssk.) Nees, DC. Prod. 11: 272 (1847)
species :
Acanthus austromontanus Vollesen; Kew Bull. 62(2): 236 (2007)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Acanthus carduaceus Griff.; Itin. Notes (Posth. Papers, ii.), 144, No. 688 (1848), et Notul. 4: 138 (1854)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (E Himalaya, W Bengal)
40 BHU IND
species :
Acanthus dioscoridis L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 23 (1756)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Syria (Jazira); Yemen (W-Yemen); Armenia
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus dioscoridis var. boissieri Bornm.
= Acanthus dioscoridis var. grandiflorus Bornm., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28: II. 483 (1911)
= Acanthus dioscoridis var. straussii Hausskn. ex Bornm.
= Acanthus raddei Trautv., Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 269 (1875)
variant :
var. brevicaulis (Freyn) E.Hossain; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl., 7: 25 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (Kastamonu)
34 TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus dioscoridis ssp. brevicaulis Freyn
variant :
var. laciniatus Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 140 (1896)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN R
variant :
var. perringii (Siehe) E.Hossain; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl., 7: 24 (1982)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus perringii Siehe, Gard. Chron., I. 2 (1905)
species :
Acanthus ebracteatus M.Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 75, t. 40 (1791)
subspecies :
subsp. ebracteatus
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Hainan); Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Lesser Sunda Isl.; Java; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore; Palau (Babeldaob, Koror); Andaman Isl. (Middle Andamans, South Andamans); Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Rakhine, Taninthayi); Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Panay, Negros, Leyte, Mindanao); Palawan; Laos; Vietnam; Cambodia
36 CHI 41 AND CBD LAO MYA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SNG SUL SUM 62 PLU
Conservation Status: vulnerable (Singapore)
Synonyms: hidden
= Dilivaria ebracteata (Vahl) Pers., Syn. 2: 179 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. ebarbatus R.M.Barker; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard., 9: 73 (1986)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Queensland, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Acanthus eminens C.B.Clarke; Dyer, Fl. Trop. Africa 5: 107 (1899)
Distribution: South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya
24 ETH SSU 25 KEN UGA
species :
Acanthus flexicaulis Bremek.; Proc. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Ser. C, 58: No. 3 (Acanth. Mal.) 304 (1955)
Distribution: W-peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra
42 MLY SUM
species :
Acanthus gaed Lindau; Bot. Jahrb. 20: 33 (1894)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Acanthus greuterianus Snogerup, B.Snogerup & Strid; Willdenowia 36(1): 324 (2006)
Distribution: NW-Greece; SE-Albania
13 ALB GRC
species :
Acanthus guineensis Heine & P.Taylor; Kew Bull. 16: 161 (1962)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Togo; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR SIE TOG 23 CON
species :
Acanthus hirsutus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 4: 85 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. hirsutus
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey
13 TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus spinosus Nees, DC. Prod. 11: 271 (1847)
form :
f. roseus D.Wood; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 46(1): 7 (1989)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. syriacus (Boiss.) Brummitt; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 46(1): 8 (1989)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus syriacus Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 11: 135 (1849)
species :
Acanthus hungaricus (Borbás) Baen.; Herb. Eur. n 9138 (1896) [in sched.]
Distribution: Greece; Albania; Bulgaria; Crimea; European Turkey; Romania; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Hungary
11 HUN 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus balcanicus Heywood & I.B.K.Richardson, Bot. J. L. Soc. 65: 357 (1972)
= Acanthus longifolius Host, Fl. Austriaca 2: 217 (1831) (non Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 1: 88 (1810))
= Acanthus longifolius var. hungaricus Borbás, Pall. Lex. 1: 239 (1893)
species :
Acanthus ilicifolius L.; Sp. Pl. 639 (1753)
Distribution: China (coastal); Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland); New Caledonia; peninsular Malaysia (commoner in the north); Singapore; Borneo; Brunei; Sri Lanka; India (E- & W-sea coast, West Bengal); Philippines; Andaman Isl. (Middle Andamans, South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobars, South Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon); Vietnam; Bangladesh; Cambodia; Laos; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
36 CHI 40 BAN IND SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB VIE 42 BOR BRN LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG 50 AUS 60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus neoguineensis Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 7: 474 (1886)
= Acanthus doloarius Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 487 (1837)
= Dilivaria ilicifolia (L.) Nees, Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 3: 98 (1832)
= Dilivaria ilicifolia (L.) J.St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Nat. 1: 237 (1805)
variant :
var. integrifolius T.Anderson; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 232 (1860)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans)
40 SRL 41 AND
variant :
var. xiamenensis (R.T.Zhang) Y.F.Deng, N.H.Xia & Heng B.Chen; J. Trop. Subtrop. Bot. 14(6): 530 (2006)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus ebracteatus var. xiamenensis (R.T.Zhang) C.Y.Wu & C.C.Hu, Flora Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 70: 47 (2002)
= Acanthus xiamenensis R.T.Zhang, Wuyi Sci. J. 5: 239 (1985)
species :
Acanthus kulalensis Vollesen; Kew Bull. 62(2): 239 (2007)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Acanthus latisepalus C.B.Clarke; Dyer, Fl. Trop. Africa 5: 108 (1900)
Distribution: Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON GAB
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus villeanus de Wild., Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. IV. 148 (1903)
species :
Acanthus leucostachyus Wall. ex Nees; Pl. As. Rar. 3: 98 (1832)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); Vietnam; NE-India; Thailand; Myanmar (Kachin, Sagaing); Bhutan; Bangladesh
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus leucostachyus Wall., Cat. n. 2512 (1830)
species :
Acanthus longibracteatus Kurz; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 39: II. 79 (1870)
Distribution: Myanmar (Bago)
41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus longipetiolatus Kurz, For. Fl. 2: 241
species :
Acanthus mayaccanus Büttner; Verh. Bot. Ver. Brand, 32: 37 (1890)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CON ZAI
species :
Acanthus mollis L.; Sp. Pl.: 939 [639] (1753)
Name: Weicher Akanthus (DE), Bear´s breech (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; Gibraltar; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; France; Corsica; Italy; Croatia; Turkey (N-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Channel Isl. [I]; Germany [I]; Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I]); India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I]); USA [I] (California [I]); Costa Rica [I]; Ecuador [I]; Venezuela [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I]); Colombia [I] (Antioquia [I], Cundinamarca [I]); Bolivia [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]
11 ger 12 cis COR FRA GIB POR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 azo cny mdr 34 EAI SYR TUR 40 ind 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 80 cos 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus mollis ssp. platyphyllus Murb., Acta Univ. Lund. ser. 2, 2(I): 64 (1905)
= Acanthus lusitanicus Hort., cf. Gard. Chron. 903 (1867)
= Acanthus spinosissimus Host, Fl. Austr. 2: 218 (1831)
= Acanthus spinulosus Host, Fl. Austriaca 2: 217 (1831)
species :
Acanthus montanus (Nees) T.Anderson; Journ. L. Soc. 7: 37 (1864)
Distribution: Zambia; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Chad; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Angola; Gabon; Mauritius [I]; Hispaniola [c] (Dominican Republic [c]); Honduras [c]
22 BEN NGA 23 BIO CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 24 CHA 26 ANG MOZ ZAM ZIM 29 mau 80 hon 81 his
Synonyms: hidden
= Cheilopsis montana Nees, DC. Prod. 11: 272 (1847)
= Acanthus caudatus Lindau, Bot. Jahrb. 20: 33 (1894)
= Acanthus barteri T.Anderson, Journ. L. Soc. 7: 37 (1864)
species :
Acanthus polystachyus Delile; Caill. Voy. au Meroe, 2. t. 62, f. 2 (1826)
Distribution: Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan; Somalia; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus arboreus f. albiflorus Fiori
= Acanthus flamandii de Wild., Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 4: 427 (1914)
= Acanthus polystachyus var. pseudopubescens Cufod.
= Cheilopsis polystachius (Delile) Moq., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. I. 27: 230 (1832)
= Dilivaria polystachya (Delile) Endl., Gen. Pl. [Endlicher] 703 (1839), nom. inval.
= Zonablephis polistachyus (Delile) Raf., Sylva Tellur. 144 (1838)
species :
Acanthus pubescens (Thomson ex Oliv.) Engl.; Abhandl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., 2: 390 (1891 publ. 1892)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Burundi; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia; South Africa (Limpopo)
23 BUR ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus arboreus var. pubescens Thomson ex Oliv., (1875)
= Acanthus ugandensis C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc., Bot. 37: 527 (1906)
species :
Acanthus sennii Chiov.; Atti R. Accad. Ital., Mem. Cl. Sc. Fis. etc., 11: (Pl. Nov. Aethiop.) 50 (1940)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus arboreus var. ruber Schimp. ex Engl.
= Acanthus sennii var. lanatus Cufod., (1965)
= Cheilopsis steudneri Schweinf., Schweinf. Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 243 (1867)
species :
Acanthus seretii de Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. V. 3: 271 (1910)
Distribution: NE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; ?Uganda
23 ZAI 24 SSU
species :
Acanthus spinosus L.; Sp. Pl.: 939 [6391 (1753)
Name: Dorniger Akanthus (DE); Spiny Bear´s-breech (EN)
Distribution: Italy; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Bulgaria; Algeria [I]; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Channel Isl. [I]
12 cis 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA 20 alg 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus caroli-alexandri Hausskn., Gartenflora 35: 626 (1886)
= Acanthus spinosissimus Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 179 (1806)
= Acanthus spinosus ssp. spinosissimus (Pers.) Zangh., Fl Ital. 1: 626 (1976) (comb. inval.)
= Acanthus mollis Riedel ex Nees, DC. Prod. 11: 271 (1847)
species :
Acanthus ueleensis de Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. V. 3: 270 (1910)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Tanzania; South Sudan; Rwanda; Burundi; Malawi; N-Mozambique
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthus vandermeireni de Wild., Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 4: 428 (1914)
= Acanthus ueleensis ssp. mahaliensis Napper, Kew Bull. 24: 332 (1970)
species :
Acanthus volubilis Wall.; Pl. As. Rar. 2: 56. t. 172 (1831)
Distribution: E- & NE-India; peninsular Malaysia (scattered); Andaman Isl. (Middle Andamans, South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Great Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Rakhine, Taninthayi); Philippines (Mindoro, Sibuyan, Panay, Basilan); Sumatra; Sulawesi; Borneo; Moluccas; Singapore; Bangladesh
40 BAN IND 41 AND MYA NCB 42 BOR MLY MOL PHI SNG SUL SUM
Conservation Status: vulnerable (Singapore)
Synonyms: hidden
= Dilivaria scandens Nees, DC. Prod. 11: 269 (1847)
= Dilivaria volubilis Wall. ex Nees, Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 3: 98 (1832)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.1 (August 2022)

Covering 355,176 valid species, 42,922 valid infraspecific taxa and 858,664 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,300 pictures of 15,700 species

Assembled through 30 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life