Country or RegionCodeSurface Area (km²)Status ChecklistAll Species Indigenous Species Endemics
EUROPE (1)
NORTHERN EUROPE (10)
more Iceland ICE 103.000 ++793732255
793All Species
732Indigenous Species
428Indigenous Species except Microspecies
255Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
133 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
555 Dicotyledons (of them 253 endemic)
304 Microspecies (of them 249 endemic)
61 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

A guide to the flowering plants and ferns of Iceland (Kristinsson 1998); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floraislands.is
more Jan Mayen Isl. JMY 380 ++57563
57All Species
56Indigenous Species
51Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
41 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

The flora of Jan Mayen (Lid 1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Svalbard (incl. Bjornoya) SVA 62.160 ++1961881
196All Species
188Indigenous Species
181Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
54 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
128 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
8 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Svalbards flora (Roenning 1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Faeroe Isl. FOR 1.399 ++3403229
340All Species
322Indigenous Species
289Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
61 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
233 Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
33 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
18 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Orkney Isl., Shetland Isl., but excl. Channel Isl. and Northern Ireland) GRB 244.110 ++34542610687
3454All Species
2610Indigenous Species
1551Indigenous Species except Microspecies
687Endemic Species
120Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
79 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
358 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2117 Dicotyledons (of them 682 endemic)
1059 Microspecies (of them 567 endemic)
844 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of the British Isles (Clapham et al. 1962); New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (Preston et al. 2002); Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (Sell & Murrell 1997); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (Jermy 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Wild Orchids of Scotland (Allan, Woods & Clarks 1993); Orchidaceae. In: Flora of Great Britain, Ireland, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, Vol. 5 (Sell & Murrell 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

aphotoflora.com
more Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland) IRE 70.000 ++1511121224
1511All Species
1212Indigenous Species
964Indigenous Species except Microspecies
24Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
225 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
29 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
896 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
248 Microspecies (of them 18 endemic)
299 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

An Irish Flora (Webb et al. 1996); Flora of the British Isles (Clapham et al. 1962); New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (Preston et al. 200); Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (Sell & Murrell 1997); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (Jermy 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

British & Irish Orchids: a field guide (Ettlinger 1976); A Guide to the Wild Orchids of Great Britain and Ireland (Lang 1989); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more Denmark DEN 43.094 +1947166263
1947All Species
1662Indigenous Species
1170Indigenous Species except Microspecies
63Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
278 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1292 Dicotyledons (of them 63 endemic)
492 Microspecies (of them 61 endemic)
285 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Dansk Flora (Frederiksen et al. 2006); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Norway NOR 385.639 ++421038852000
4210All Species
3885Indigenous Species
1307Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2000Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
330 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
37 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3437 Dicotyledons (of them 2000 endemic)
2578 Microspecies (of them 2000 endemic)
325 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Den Nya Nordiska Floran (Mossberg & Stenberg 2003); Norsk Flora (Lid et al. 2005); Norsk og svensk flora (Lid 1963); Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (Jonsell, ed., 2000); Nordisk fjaellflora (Nilsson 1991); Flora över Dal (Andersson 1981); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Sweden SWE 449.964 ++387335381235
3873All Species
3538Indigenous Species
1485Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1235Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
63 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
371 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3051 Dicotyledons (of them 1234 endemic)
2053 Microspecies (of them 1227 endemic)
335 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Mossberg & Stenberg (2003); Norsk Flora (Lid et al. 2005); Norsk og svensk flora (Lid 1963); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Finland FIN 338.144 ++27862563763
2786All Species
2563Indigenous Species
1135Indigenous Species except Microspecies
763Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
305 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2161 Dicotyledons (of them 763 endemic)
1428 Microspecies (of them 760 endemic)
223 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland (Kurtto et al. 2020)

Most recent flora

Flora Fennica, vol. 1-3 (Lönnrotin 2002); Field Flora of Finland (Hämet-Ahti et al. 1998); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
MIDDLE EUROPE (11)
more Netherlands NET 33.920 ++2013167145
2013All Species
1671Indigenous Species
1234Indigenous Species except Microspecies
45Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
292 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
45 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1284 Dicotyledons (of them 45 endemic)
437 Microspecies (of them 45 endemic)
342 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Heukels Flora van Nederland (23. Aufl., Mejden et al. 2005); De Nederlandse Oecologische Flora (5 vols., Weeda 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.verspreidingsatlas.nl; http://www.floravannederland.nl/planten/; http://www.wilde-planten.nl/
more Belgium BGM 30.688 ++2040165015
2040All Species
1650Indigenous Species
1362Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
309 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
51 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1228 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
288 Microspecies (of them 15 endemic)
390 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas van de Belgische en Luxemburgse flora (van Rompaey & Delvosalle 1972)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon & Verloove 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.plantentuinmeise.be; alienplantsbelgium.be
more Luxembourg LUX 2.586 -3693334
369All Species
333Indigenous Species
248Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
291 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
85 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
36 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas van de Belgische en Luxemburgse flora (van Rompaey & Delvosalle 1972) [not seen and not yet included]

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon & Verloove 2012) [not seen and not yet included]; Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Germany GER 356.970 ++43273644294
4327All Species
3644Indigenous Species
2437Indigenous Species except Microspecies
294Endemic Species
32Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
84 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
502 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
70 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2972 Dicotyledons (of them 285 endemic)
1207 Microspecies (of them 262 endemic)
683 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Florenliste von Deutschland - Gefäßpflanzen. Version 11 (Hand et al. 2020, www.kp-buttler.de)

Most recent flora

Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., many volumes); Flora von Deutschland und angrenzender Länder (Schmeil/Fitschen) (92. Auflage 2003, ed. Senghas & Seybold); Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora, ed. 8 (Oberdorfer, Begr., 2001); Exkursionsflora von Deutschland (Rothmaler, Begr., 21. Aufl. 2017, ed. Jäger); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de; www.floraweb.de
more Switzerland SWI 41.285 ++3327294099
3327All Species
2940Indigenous Species
2395Indigenous Species except Microspecies
99Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
77 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
466 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2315 Dicotyledons (of them 97 endemic)
545 Microspecies (of them 92 endemic)
387 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora Helvetica Checklist 2017 (Juillerat et al. 2017)

Most recent flora

Flora Helvetica (5. Aufl., Lauber et al. 2012); Flora der Schweiz (3 vols., Hess et al. 1976-1980); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004); Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., multiple volumes); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

infoflora.ch; www.flora-germanica.de/Alpen
more Liechtenstein LIE 161 -2722450
272All Species
245Indigenous Species
213Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
241 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
32 Microspecies (of them endemic)
27 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora von Liechtenstein (Waldburger et al. 2003) [not seen and not yet included]; Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de/Alpen
more Austria AUT 83.858 ++3540314898
3540All Species
3148Indigenous Species
2652Indigenous Species except Microspecies
98Endemic Species
33Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
75 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
512 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
67 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
2476 Dicotyledons (of them 92 endemic)
496 Microspecies (of them 65 endemic)
392 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de/Alpen; www.flora-austriaca.at; http://flora.nhm-wien.ac.at/
more Poland POL 312.684 ++2946263242
2946All Species
2632Indigenous Species
1992Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
66 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
415 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
46 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2091 Dicotyledons (of them 41 endemic)
640 Microspecies (of them 34 endemic)
314 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flowering Plants and Pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist (Mirez et al. 2002)

Most recent flora

Flora polska (Szafera, ed., 1919 - 1980, 14 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.atlas-roslin.pl/
more Czech Republic CZE 78.866 ++2667239547
2667All Species
2395Indigenous Species
1931Indigenous Species except Microspecies
47Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
408 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
54 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1847 Dicotyledons (of them 44 endemic)
464 Microspecies (of them 38 endemic)
272 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic (DANIHELKA et al. 2012)

Most recent flora

Klič ke Květeně České republiky (Kubát, ed., 2002); Květena České (Socialistické) republiky (Slavík & Hejný, ed., 1988-2005, 7 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Slovakia SLO 49.034 ++32652739107
3265All Species
2739Indigenous Species
2397Indigenous Species except Microspecies
107Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
68 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
462 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
56 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2136 Dicotyledons (of them 105 endemic)
342 Microspecies (of them 98 endemic)
526 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://ibot.sav.sk/checklist/index.php (Marhold & Hindak)

Most recent flora

Klič ke Květeně České republiky (Kubát, ed., 2002); Květena České (Socialistické) republiky (Slavík & Hejný, ed., 1988-2005, 7 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Hungary HUN 93.030 ++2429216475
2429All Species
2164Indigenous Species
1998Indigenous Species except Microspecies
75Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
413 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
57 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1628 Dicotyledons (of them 71 endemic)
166 Microspecies (of them 56 endemic)
265 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://floraatlasz.uni-sopron.hu/index.php?lang=en
SOUTH WESTERN EUROPE (12)
more Portugal (excl. Azores, Madeira) POR 89.357 ++2926250778
2926All Species
2507Indigenous Species
2457Indigenous Species except Microspecies
78Endemic Species
76Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
492 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1896 Dicotyledons (of them 67 endemic)
50 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
419 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011)

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); The Orchid Flora of Portugal (Tyteca 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-on.pt www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Spain (excl. Baleares) SPA 501.453 +633657461174
6336All Species
5746Indigenous Species
5189Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1174Endemic Species
866Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
13.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
106 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
890 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 92 endemic)
81 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
4641 Dicotyledons (of them 1076 endemic)
557 Microspecies (of them 308 endemic)
590 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floraiberica.org; www.mittelmeerflora.de; http://www.floravascular.com/
more Andorra ADO 468 +9649314
964All Species
931Indigenous Species
870Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
80 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
828 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
61 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
33 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flowers of Andorra (Crozier & Matschke 1993); Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floraiberica.org; www.mittelmeerflora.de; http://www.floravascular.com/
more Gibraltar GIB 7 ++6625631
662All Species
563Indigenous Species
562Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
97 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
441 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
99 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://floraofgibraltar.myspecies.info/; www.mittelmeerflora.de; http://www.floravascular.com/
more Baleares BAL 4.992 ++16121441120
1612All Species
1441Indigenous Species
1427Indigenous Species except Microspecies
120Endemic Species
118Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
251 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
36 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1112 Dicotyledons (of them 111 endemic)
14 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora de Mallorca (Vols. I-IV, Bonafe 1977-1980); Illustrated Flora of Mallorca (Beckett 1993); Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Orquidacies. - In: Flora de Mallorca, Vol. 2 (Barcelo 1978); Petita guia de las Orquidies de les Balears (Alomar 1994); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floraiberica.org; www.mittelmeerflora.de; http://www.floravascular.com/
more France (mainland, excl. Corsica) FRA 535.285 ++59485166297
5948All Species
5166Indigenous Species
4342Indigenous Species except Microspecies
297Endemic Species
141Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
117 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
810 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
96 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
4114 Dicotyledons (of them 266 endemic)
824 Microspecies (of them 156 endemic)
782 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index synonymique de la flore de France (Kerguélen 1993)

Most recent flora

Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977); Flora Gallica (Tison & de Foucault 2014); Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon et al. 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Monaco MCO 2 -48420
48All Species
42Indigenous Species
42Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
6 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more British Channel Isl. CIS 198 -2261804
226All Species
180Indigenous Species
110Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
171 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
70 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
46 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Corsica COR 8.680 ++2239207480
2239All Species
2074Indigenous Species
2029Indigenous Species except Microspecies
80Endemic Species
65Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
411 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1532 Dicotyledons (of them 69 endemic)
45 Microspecies (of them 15 endemic)
165 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Corsica (Jeanmonod & Gamisans 2007); Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Sardinia SAR 23.318 ++21191973139
2119All Species
1973Indigenous Species
1955Indigenous Species except Microspecies
139Endemic Species
131Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
377 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1485 Dicotyledons (of them 132 endemic)
18 Microspecies (of them 8 endemic)
146 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora Sarda / Piante Endemiche (Marras 2000); Flora d'Italia, vol. 1-3 (Pignatti 1982); Pignatti, Guarino & la Rosa (2017-2019): Flora d'Italia, vol. 1-4; Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE (13)
more Italy (mainland) (incl. Elba Isl., Capri Isl.) ITA 203.856 ++60125422557
6012All Species
5422Indigenous Species
4947Indigenous Species except Microspecies
557Endemic Species
406Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
118 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
890 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 47 endemic)
117 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
4268 Dicotyledons (of them 489 endemic)
475 Microspecies (of them 151 endemic)
590 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora d'Italia, vol. 1-3 (Pignatti 1982); Pignatti, Guarino & la Rosa (2017-2019): Flora d'Italia, vol. 1-4; Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://luirig.altervista.org/flora/taxa/floraindice.php; http://dryades.units.it/floritaly/?procedure=intro_en; www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Sicily (incl. Isole Pelagie) SIC 25.426 ++25942363173
2594All Species
2363Indigenous Species
2341Indigenous Species except Microspecies
173Endemic Species
166Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
10 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
463 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
62 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1769 Dicotyledons (of them 149 endemic)
22 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
231 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily (Giardina et al. 2007); An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora d'Italia, vol. 1-3 (Pignatti 1982); Pignatti, Guarino & la Rosa (2017-2019): Flora d'Italia, vol. 1-4; Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://luirig.altervista.org/flora/taxa/floraindice.php; http://dryades.units.it/floritaly/?procedure=intro_en www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Malta MLT 316 ++87378411
873All Species
784Indigenous Species
784Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
114 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
614 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
89 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

A Flora of the Maltese Islands (Haslam, Sell & Wolseley 1977); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.maltawildplants.com; www.mittelmeerflora.de
more San Marino SMA 61 -220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent flora

Flora della repubblica di San Marino (Pampanini 1930) [not seen and not yet included, few newer publications neither seen nor included]
more Slovenia SLV 20.273 +2972271741
2972All Species
2717Indigenous Species
2579Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
68 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
511 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
62 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2057 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
138 Microspecies (of them 30 endemic)
255 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Register flore Slovenije (Trpin & Vres 1995)

Most recent flora

Flora of Slovenia (iFlora - Plant Guide Book 22) (Tackenberg); Mala flora Slovenije, kljuc za dolocanje praprotnic in semenk (Martinic et al. 1999); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de; http://www.zaplana.net/flowers/
more Croatia CRO 56.594 +4300380090
4300All Species
3800Indigenous Species
3675Indigenous Species except Microspecies
90Endemic Species
78Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
80 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
668 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
86 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2939 Dicotyledons (of them 78 endemic)
125 Microspecies (of them 12 endemic)
500 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Nikolić T. ed. (2015): Flora Croatica Database (http://hirc.botanic.hr/fcd)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Bosnia & Hercegovina BIH 51.197 -2761258737
2761All Species
2587Indigenous Species
2516Indigenous Species except Microspecies
37Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
53 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
458 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
55 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1999 Dicotyledons (of them 35 endemic)
71 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
174 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org) [incomplete because many species are only listed for "former Yugoslavia"]

Most recent flora

Flora Bosne i Hercegovine (Beck 1903-1921, 1927, Beck & Maly 1950, Bjelčić 1967-1983, incomplete); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Montenegro MNT 13.812 o2533245922
2533All Species
2459Indigenous Species
2402Indigenous Species except Microspecies
22Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
62 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
433 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1894 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
57 Microspecies (of them 6 endemic)
74 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Katalog Vaskularne Flora Crne Gore, Tom. 1 (Stesevic & Cakovic 2013) [incomplete]

Most recent flora

Conspectus Florae Montenegrinae (Rohlena 1942); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Serbia SRB 77.474 o3074294534
3074All Species
2945Indigenous Species
2877Indigenous Species except Microspecies
34Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
516 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
56 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2294 Dicotyledons (of them 29 endemic)
68 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
129 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Checklist of Vascular Flora of Serbia, Vol. 1 (Niketic & Tomovic 2018) [incomplete]

Most recent flora

Flora SR Srbije (Josifović 1970-1976, 1977; Sarić & Diklić 1986); Flora Srbije (Saric et al., eds., 1992; Stevanovic et al., eds., 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Kosovo KOS 10.877 -1261217
126All Species
121Indigenous Species
116Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
114 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
5 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org) [incomplete because many species are only listed for "former Yugoslavia"]

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Northern Macedonia NMA 25.713 o2954285982
2954All Species
2859Indigenous Species
2779Indigenous Species except Microspecies
82Endemic Species
75Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
437 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2294 Dicotyledons (of them 78 endemic)
80 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org) [incomplete because many species are only listed for "former Yugoslavia"]

Most recent flora

Flora na Republika Makedonija (Micevski et al. 1983-2006, Matevski 2010; 7 vols. published, incomplete); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Albania ALB 28.748 +3330319458
3330All Species
3194Indigenous Species
3133Indigenous Species except Microspecies
58Endemic Species
45Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
54 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
568 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
62 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2485 Dicotyledons (of them 51 endemic)
61 Microspecies (of them 13 endemic)
136 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Albania (Barina et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Illustrated Flora of Albania (Pils 2016); Flore de l'Albanie (1992-2000, vols. 2, 3, 4); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Romania ROM 237.500 ++33913117101
3391All Species
3117Indigenous Species
2957Indigenous Species except Microspecies
101Endemic Species
56Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
588 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
58 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2396 Dicotyledons (of them 98 endemic)
160 Microspecies (of them 45 endemic)
274 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Republicii Socialiste România (1952-1976); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.floraofromania.transsilvanica.net/
more Bulgaria BUL 110.994 ++37523572174
3752All Species
3572Indigenous Species
3426Indigenous Species except Microspecies
174Endemic Species
128Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
603 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
52 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2838 Dicotyledons (of them 156 endemic)
146 Microspecies (of them 46 endemic)
180 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus of the Bulgarian vascular flora (Assyov et al., 4th ed. 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora na Narodna Republika Bălgarija (Jordanov et al., 1963-1995, 10 vols.); Flora bulgarica (CD-ROM, 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

https://bgflora.net/species_en.html
more European Turkey TUE 23.764 ++2008194914
2008All Species
1949Indigenous Species
1936Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
25 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
440 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1443 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
13 Microspecies (of them endemic)
59 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000, 9 vols. + 2 supplement volumes, complete); Flowers of Turkey - A photo guide (Pils 2006)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Greece (incl. Kikladhes, excl. Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Rhodos and E-Aegaean) GRC 123.600 ++51294837723
5129All Species
4837Indigenous Species
4667Indigenous Species except Microspecies
723Endemic Species
646Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
12.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
883 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 108 endemic)
86 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
3769 Dicotyledons (of them 608 endemic)
170 Microspecies (of them 77 endemic)
292 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Greece. An Annotated Checklist (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, with supplement 2015); Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016)

Most recent flora

Flora Hellenica (Strid & Kit Tan (eds., 1997 ff., 3 vols. published); Mountain Flora of Greece (Vol. 1/2, Strid, ed., 1989/1991); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.greekflora.gr; http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-greece/intro; www.mittelmeerflora.de
more Crete KRI 8.336 ++19681816168
1968All Species
1816Indigenous Species
1806Indigenous Species except Microspecies
168Endemic Species
167Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
35 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
369 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1358 Dicotyledons (of them 138 endemic)
10 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Greece. An Annotated Checklist (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, with supplement 2015); Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016)

Most recent flora

Exkursionsflora für Kreta (Jahn & Schönfelder 1995); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

cretanflora.com
EASTERN EUROPE (14)
more Estonia EST 45.339 ++1922139940
1922All Species
1399Indigenous Species
1111Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
261 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
36 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1045 Dicotyledons (of them 39 endemic)
288 Microspecies (of them 37 endemic)
523 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Eesti NSV Floora (Flora of Estonian SSR, Vol. 1-11, 1953-1984); Flora of the Baltic Countries (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Vascular Plant Flora of Estonia (Kukk 1999); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

https://elurikkus.ee/bie-hub/search/?fq=rank%3Aspecies
more Latvia LAT 64.589 ++161612934
1616All Species
1293Indigenous Species
1110Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
274 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
936 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
183 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
323 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Baltic Countries (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Flora of Latvian vascular taxa (Gavrilova & Sulcs 1999); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Lithuania LIT 65.300 ++151512242
1515All Species
1224Indigenous Species
1135Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
37 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
279 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
866 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
89 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
291 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Vascular plants of Lithuania (Gudzinskas 1999); Flora of the Baltic Countries (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Belarus BLR 207.595 +184314895
1843All Species
1489Indigenous Species
1391Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
43 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
303 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
34 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1097 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
98 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
354 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://hbc.bas-net.by/plantae; Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org);

Most recent flora

Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Fedorov, ed., 11 vols., 1988-2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://hbc.bas-net.by/plantae/
more European Russia (excl. Caucasus, incl. Kaliningrad region, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya) RUS 4.300.000 ++46474175399
4647All Species
4175Indigenous Species
3482Indigenous Species except Microspecies
399Endemic Species
150Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
74 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
725 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 29 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3312 Dicotyledons (of them 370 endemic)
693 Microspecies (of them 249 endemic)
472 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Fedorov, ed., 11 vols., 1988-2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Moldova (incl. Transnistria) MLD 33.843 o6135422
613All Species
542Indigenous Species
504Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
15 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
511 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
38 Microspecies (of them endemic)
71 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Ukraine (excl. Crimea) UKR 577.720 ++31972951109
3197All Species
2951Indigenous Species
2753Indigenous Species except Microspecies
109Endemic Species
90Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
562 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2281 Dicotyledons (of them 94 endemic)
198 Microspecies (of them 19 endemic)
246 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of the Ukraine: a nomenclatural checklist (Mosyakin & Fedoronchuk 1999); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Vasheka OV, Bezsmertna OO (2012). Ferns atlas of Ukrainian flora: monograf.

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Ukraine (Sobko 1989, in russian); Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more Crimea KRY 26.080 ++2263209287
2263All Species
2092Indigenous Species
2019Indigenous Species except Microspecies
87Endemic Species
63Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
355 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1648 Dicotyledons (of them 76 endemic)
73 Microspecies (of them 24 endemic)
171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of the Ukraine: a nomenclatural checklist (Mosyakin & Fedoronchuk 1999); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Vasheka OV, Bezsmertna OO (2012). Ferns atlas of Ukrainian flora: monograf.

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of the Orchids of Crimea (Fateryga & Kreutz 2014); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

flora.crimea.ua
AFRICA (2)
NORTHERN AFRICA (20)
more Morocco MOR 453.730 ++43063889675
4306All Species
3889Indigenous Species
3861Indigenous Species except Microspecies
675Endemic Species
664Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
64 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
13 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
695 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 77 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3082 Dicotyledons (of them 595 endemic)
28 Microspecies (of them 11 endemic)
417 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flore pratique du Maroc (Fennane et al. 1999-2015, 3 vols.); Fennane & Ibn Tattou (2005-2007): Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flore pratique du Maroc, Vol. 1 (Salvo & Ouyahya 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Les orchidées du Maroc (Raynaud 1985); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floramaroccana.fr
more Western Sahara WSA 267.769 +2352331
235All Species
233Indigenous Species
233Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
39 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
190 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998); CJB African Plant Database); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de Mauritanie, Vol. 2 (Barry & Celles 1991); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Algeria ALG 2.381.740 ++37173370188
3717All Species
3370Indigenous Species
3352Indigenous Species except Microspecies
188Endemic Species
185Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
53 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
609 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2640 Dicotyledons (of them 162 endemic)
18 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
347 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de l'Algerie (Quezel & Santa 1962, 2 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

algerianativeplants.net
more Tunisia TUN 164.418 ++2428222860
2428All Species
2228Indigenous Species
2220Indigenous Species except Microspecies
60Endemic Species
60Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
431 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1717 Dicotyledons (of them 56 endemic)
8 Microspecies (of them endemic)
200 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flore de Tunisie: Catalogue synonymique commente (Le Floc'h & Boulos 2008); Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de la Tunisie (Pottier-Alapetite, ed., 1979-1984, 3 vols. + Atlas, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidées de Tunisie (Valles & Valles-Lombard 1988)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Libya LBY 1.757.000 ++1932174891
1932All Species
1748Indigenous Species
1745Indigenous Species except Microspecies
91Endemic Species
91Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
357 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
9 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1355 Dicotyledons (of them 76 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
184 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Libya (Ali & Jafri, eds., 1976-1990, 150 vols., almost complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Libya - Pteridophytes (1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidaceae (Flora Libia, Fasc. 119) (Hossain & El-Gadi 1985); Zur Kenntnis der Orchideenflora der Cyrenaika (Libyen) (Baumann & Baumann 2001)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Egypt (excl. Sinai peninsula) EGY 878.000 ++1955181730
1955All Species
1817Indigenous Species
1810Indigenous Species except Microspecies
30Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
397 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
1403 Dicotyledons (of them 22 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
138 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Egypt (Boulos, ed., 1999-2005, 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1: Azollaceae - Oxalidaceae (Boulos 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
MACARONESIA (21)
more Azores AZO 2.247 ++94358856
943All Species
588Indigenous Species
583Indigenous Species except Microspecies
56Endemic Species
54Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
51 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
137 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
392 Dicotyledons (of them 36 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
355 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993); Catalogo das plantas vasculares dos Acores (Palhina 1966)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

https://acores.flora-on.pt/
more Madeira MDR 741 ++1302768109
1302All Species
768Indigenous Species
761Indigenous Species except Microspecies
109Endemic Species
109Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
146 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
549 Dicotyledons (of them 90 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
534 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011); Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Madeira (Press 1994) Die Farne und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras (Muer, Sauerbier & Calixto 2020)

Major Flora Websites:

https://madeira.flora-on.pt/
more Islas Selvagens (Salvajes Isl.) SEL 3 ++110973
110All Species
97Indigenous Species
97Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
81 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Menezes de Sequeira et al. (2011); CJB African Plant Database; Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Madeira (Press 1994)
more Canary Isl. CNY 7.273 ++20871557545
2087All Species
1557Indigenous Species
1552Indigenous Species except Microspecies
545Endemic Species
544Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
26.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
53 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
248 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1239 Dicotyledons (of them 511 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
530 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database; Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Most recent flora

Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Kanarischen Inseln (Muer, Sauerbier & Calixto 2016); Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln (Hohenester & Weiss 1993)

Major Flora Websites:

http://floradecanarias.com/
more Cape Verde Isl. CVI 4.033 ++75153688
751All Species
536Indigenous Species
536Indigenous Species except Microspecies
88Endemic Species
88Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
35 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
135 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
363 Dicotyledons (of them 77 endemic)
215 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora de Cabo Verde (Paiva et al., 1995-2002, 106 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Ferns and Fern-Allies (Pteridophyta) of the Cape Verde Islands (Lobin et al. 1998)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
WEST TROPICAL AFRICA (22)
more Mauritania MTN 1.030.700 +8357743
835All Species
774Indigenous Species
772Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
222 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
537 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
61 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore de Mauritanie (2 vols., Barry & Celles 1991); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Senegal SEN 196.722 +1845177116
1845All Species
1771Indigenous Species
1771Indigenous Species except Microspecies
16Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
543 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1133 Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
74 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Enumeration des plantes vasculaires du Senegal (Lebrun 1973); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore illustrée du Sénégal (Berhaut, ed., 1971-1988, incomplete); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Orchidaceae (van den Berghen). - In: Flore Illustree du Senegal, Vol. 9 (Berhault 1988)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Gambia GAM 11.295 -6686441
668All Species
644Indigenous Species
644Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
180 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
9 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
434 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
24 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Gambian Biodiversity: A Provisional Checklist of all Species Recorded within the Gambia (Emms & Brummitt 2005) [not seen]; CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of the Gambia (Jones 1994); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Guinea-Bissau GNB 36.125 ++140613355
1406All Species
1335Indigenous Species
1335Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
22 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
24 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
331 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
31 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
927 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
71 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) (Catarino et al. 2008); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora da Guiné-Bissau / Jardim e museu agrícola do Ultramar .. (7 vol., 1971-1983, incomplete); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Guinea [Conakry] GUI 245.857 ++3042273989
3042All Species
2739Indigenous Species
2739Indigenous Species except Microspecies
89Endemic Species
89Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
168 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
44 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
624 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 24 endemic)
128 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1775 Dicotyledons (of them 58 endemic)
303 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2009); Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2011); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Sierra Leone SIE 71.740 o2679255955
2679All Species
2559Indigenous Species
2559Indigenous Species except Microspecies
55Endemic Species
55Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
138 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
59 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
576 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
158 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
1628 Dicotyledons (of them 36 endemic)
120 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Liberia LBR 99.067 o2202214769
2202All Species
2147Indigenous Species
2146Indigenous Species except Microspecies
69Endemic Species
69Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
192 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
61 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
375 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
147 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1372 Dicotyledons (of them 54 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
55 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Über die Farne Liberias (Westafrika), ihr Vorkommen und ihre Verbreitung (Kunkel 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Mali MLI 1.240.192 o164415735
1644All Species
1573Indigenous Species
1572Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
440 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1072 Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
71 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali (Boudet et al. 1986); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Burkina Faso BKN 274.200 +202918001
2029All Species
1800Indigenous Species
1800Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
15 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
550 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
23 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1186 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
229 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Lebrun et al. 1991); Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Thiombiano et al. 2012); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Diversity, distribution and preliminary conservation status of the flora of Burkina Faso (Schmidt et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931);

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Ivory Coast IVO 322.462 +3499339664
3499All Species
3396Indigenous Species
3396Indigenous Species except Microspecies
64Endemic Species
64Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
157 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
93 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
698 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
216 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2232 Dicotyledons (of them 52 endemic)
103 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flore de la Cote d'Ivoire: Catalogue systematique, biogeographie et ecologie (Ake-Assi 2001-2002); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Les Orchidees de Cote d’Ivoire (Perez-Vera 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Ghana GHA 238.500 o3158302029
3158All Species
3020Indigenous Species
3020Indigenous Species except Microspecies
29Endemic Species
29Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
158 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
67 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
681 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
154 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1959 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
138 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A list of the Gold Coast Pteridophyta (Adams & Alston 1955); Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Togo TOG 56.785 ++2148198013
2148All Species
1980Indigenous Species
1979Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
13Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
26 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
524 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
77 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1294 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
168 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel, ed., 1984); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel & Butzin 1985)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Benin BEN 112.622 ++2650225910
2650All Species
2259Indigenous Species
2259Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
38 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
541 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1582 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
391 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Souza (1987); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore du Bénin (3 vols., Souza, ed., 2006-2009); Flore analytique du Benin (Akoegninou et al., eds., 2006); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Flora of Benin, Vol. 1 (Souza 1987); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Niger NGR 1.267.000 o8097832
809All Species
783Indigenous Species
783Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
236 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
527 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
26 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger (Fabrègues & Lebrun 1976); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Nigeria NGA 923.768 o4670454284
4670All Species
4542Indigenous Species
4541Indigenous Species except Microspecies
84Endemic Species
84Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
192 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
113 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
911 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
283 Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
3040 Dicotyledons (of them 61 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
128 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Orchids of Nigeria (Segerbäck et al. 1983)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
WEST CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA (23)
more Cameroon CMN 475.442 +71156684750
7115All Species
6684Indigenous Species
6684Indigenous Species except Microspecies
750Endemic Species
750Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
276 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
235 Basal Angiosperms (of them 37 endemic)
1020 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 77 endemic)
406 Orchids (of them 45 endemic)
4741 Dicotyledons (of them 585 endemic)
431 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore du Cameroun (1963 - 2014, 79 families covered, still incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 3 (Tardieu-Blot 1964); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953); The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 34-36: Orchidaceae 1-3 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 1998/2001)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo) BIO 2.017 +1937174133
1937All Species
1741Indigenous Species
1741Indigenous Species except Microspecies
33Endemic Species
33Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
213 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
59 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
261 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
134 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
1074 Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
196 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Velayos, M. et al. (2013): Preliminary Checklist of vascular plants of Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial (Velayos, ed., 2008 ff., 5 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); The Pteridophyta of Bioko, Vol. 1-5 (Benl 1978-91)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floradeguinea.com
more Principe Isl. PRI 146 +52141219
521All Species
412Indigenous Species
412Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
78 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
10 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
63 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
197 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
109 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Catalogue of the flowering plants of Sao Tome and Principe (Figueiredo et al. 2011); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tome etc. (Exell 1944); Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Sao Tomé SAO 855 +111783379
1117All Species
833Indigenous Species
833Indigenous Species except Microspecies
79Endemic Species
79Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
147 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 8 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
107 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
98 Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
462 Dicotyledons (of them 50 endemic)
284 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Catalogue of the flowering plants of Sao Tome and Principe (Figueiredo et al. 2011); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Annobon Isl. ANN 17 +33727216
337All Species
272Indigenous Species
272Indigenous Species except Microspecies
16Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
50 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
25 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
145 Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
65 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Velayos, M. et al. (2016): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Velayos, M. et al. (2014): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea); Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial, Vol. 1 (Velayos et al. 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Equatorial Guinea (mainland [Rio Muni], excluding islands) EQG 24.500 -1804175641
1804All Species
1756Indigenous Species
1756Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
41Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
136 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
68 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
294 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
160 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1096 Dicotyledons (of them 33 endemic)
48 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of Equatorial Guinean Flora (Royal Jardin Botanico Madrid, Internet); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial (Velayos, ed., 2008 ff., 5 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial, Vol. 1 (Velayos et al. 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

www.floradeguinea.com
more Gabon GAB 267.667 +46734571470
4673All Species
4571Indigenous Species
4571Indigenous Species except Microspecies
470Endemic Species
470Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
173 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
197 Basal Angiosperms (of them 22 endemic)
588 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 44 endemic)
276 Orchids (of them 20 endemic)
3335 Dicotyledons (of them 382 endemic)
102 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Sosef et al. (2006): Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon; CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore du Gabon (Aubreville et al., eds., 1961 ff., 54 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore du Gabon, Vol. 8. Ptéridophytes (Tardieu-Blot 1964); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae 1 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 2000). In: Flore du Gabon (Morat, ed.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://herbarium.naturalis.nl/gabon/
more Congo [Brazzaville] CON 342.000 +4185404773
4185All Species
4047Indigenous Species
4047Indigenous Species except Microspecies
73Endemic Species
73Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
211 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
156 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
715 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
158 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2802 Dicotyledons (of them 50 endemic)
138 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo (Sita & Moutsambote 1988); Lachenaud (2009): La flore des plantes vascularies de la Republique du Congo: nouvelles donnees; CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Central African Republic CAF 622.436 +3525333588
3525All Species
3335Indigenous Species
3335Indigenous Species except Microspecies
88Endemic Species
88Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
115 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
581 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
154 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2386 Dicotyledons (of them 55 endemic)
190 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977-1984, 3 vols.); CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Central African Republic (Cribb & Fay 1987)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Cabinda CAB 7.823 o47647542
476All Species
475Indigenous Species
475Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
42Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
36 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
43 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
395 Dicotyledons (of them 30 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]; CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Conspectus florae angolensis: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more D.R. Congo (Zaire) ZAI 2.344.885 o879385891329
8793All Species
8589Indigenous Species
8589Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1329Endemic Species
1329Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
332 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
171 Basal Angiosperms (of them 19 endemic)
1293 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 177 endemic)
547 Orchids (of them 50 endemic)
6235 Dicotyledons (of them 1069 endemic)
204 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948 onwards, over 60% complete); Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes) - covers mountains in eastern part of the country

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of the Upper Katanga (Kornas et al. 2000); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)

Major Flora Websites:

floreafriquecentrale.org
more Rwanda RWA 26.338 o2141209957
2141All Species
2099Indigenous Species
2099Indigenous Species except Microspecies
57Endemic Species
57Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
175 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
24 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
391 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
202 Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
1307 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948 onwards, over 60% complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985); Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)

Major Flora Websites:

floreafriquecentrale.org
more Burundi BUR 27.834 o2025199137
2025All Species
1991Indigenous Species
1991Indigenous Species except Microspecies
37Endemic Species
37Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
181 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
359 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
180 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
1253 Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948 onwards, over 60% complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985))

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)

Major Flora Websites:

floreafriquecentrale.org
NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA (24)
more Chad CHA 1.284.000 +1775161814
1775All Species
1618Indigenous Species
1618Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
357 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
23 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1184 Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
157 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis (Brundu 2013); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Tchad meridional (Lebrun et al. 1972, with supplements 1976, 1977, 1986)

Most recent flora

Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Sudan SUD 1.886.068 +2113198528
2113All Species
1985Indigenous Species
1985Indigenous Species except Microspecies
28Endemic Species
28Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
170 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
520 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
17 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1268 Dicotyledons (of them 18 endemic)
128 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan (Andrews 1950-1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (Macleay 1953); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more South Sudan SSU 619.745 +2780268440
2780All Species
2684Indigenous Species
2684Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
40Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
36 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
651 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
69 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1923 Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
96 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan (Andrews 1950-1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (Macleay 1953); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Ethiopia ETH 1.133.380 ++50344827555
5034All Species
4827Indigenous Species
4827Indigenous Species except Microspecies
555Endemic Species
555Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
178 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1054 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 103 endemic)
164 Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
3410 Dicotyledons (of them 424 endemic)
207 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989 - 2006, 8 vols., complete except Ferns)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Eritrea ERI 121.144 ++1547149824
1547All Species
1498Indigenous Species
1498Indigenous Species except Microspecies
24Endemic Species
24Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
28 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
409 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
26 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1029 Dicotyledons (of them 14 endemic)
49 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989 - 2006, 8 vols., complete except Ferns)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Djibouti DJI 23.200 +62258810
622All Species
588Indigenous Species
588Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
13 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
129 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
440 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la République de Djibouti (Lebrun et al. 1990); CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Somalia SOM 637.700 ++29552896708
2955All Species
2896Indigenous Species
2896Indigenous Species except Microspecies
708Endemic Species
708Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
24% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
15 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
554 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 100 endemic)
11 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2273 Dicotyledons (of them 607 endemic)
59 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The plants of Somalia: an overview and checklist (Kuchar 1986); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Somalia (Thulin, ed., 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1 (Thulin, ed., 1993)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Pettersson). - In: Flora of Somalia, Vol. 4 (Thulin 1995)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Soqotra (incl. Abd-al-Kuri Isl., Samha Isl.) SOC 3.579 ++816780302
816All Species
780Indigenous Species
779Indigenous Species except Microspecies
302Endemic Species
301Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
36.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
161 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
585 Dicotyledons (of them 274 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
36 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Ethnoflora of Soqotra (Miller & Morris 2004)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
EAST TROPICAL AFRICA (25)
more Uganda UGA 241.038 ++4510435069
4510All Species
4350Indigenous Species
4349Indigenous Species except Microspecies
69Endemic Species
69Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
270 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
51 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
937 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
291 Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
2796 Dicotyledons (of them 38 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
160 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in many volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae: in Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php; https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FTEA
more Kenya KEN 582.646 ++62456005473
6245All Species
6005Indigenous Species
6005Indigenous Species except Microspecies
473Endemic Species
473Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
279 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
61 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1250 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 86 endemic)
258 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
4151 Dicotyledons (of them 365 endemic)
240 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in many volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989); Orchids of Kenya (Stewart 1996)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php; https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FTEA
more Tanzania (incl. Pemba Isl., Zanzibar) TAN 945.268 ++941091341555
9410All Species
9134Indigenous Species
9134Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1555Endemic Species
1555Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
401 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 23 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
121 Basal Angiosperms (of them 40 endemic)
1731 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 175 endemic)
550 Orchids (of them 91 endemic)
6323 Dicotyledons (of them 1223 endemic)
276 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in many volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php; https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FTEA
SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA (26)
more Angola (excl. Cabinda) ANG 1.238.877 ++637661331152
6376All Species
6133Indigenous Species
6133Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1152Endemic Species
1152Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
203 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
72 Basal Angiosperms (of them 7 endemic)
1181 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 162 endemic)
216 Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
4456 Dicotyledons (of them 965 endemic)
243 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]; CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Conspectus florae Angolensis (Fernandes et al., eds., 1937-1993, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Zambia ZAM 752.614 ++58965699387
5896All Species
5699Indigenous Species
5699Indigenous Species except Microspecies
387Endemic Species
387Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
176 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
52 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
1073 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 116 endemic)
409 Orchids (of them 24 endemic)
3987 Dicotyledons (of them 245 endemic)
197 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of Zambian vascular plants (Phiri 2005); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970); Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia (Kornas 1978)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

Major Flora Websites:

www.zambiaflora.com
more Malawi MLW 118.484 ++41744085156
4174All Species
4085Indigenous Species
4085Indigenous Species except Microspecies
156Endemic Species
156Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
235 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
31 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
723 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 39 endemic)
405 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
2688 Dicotyledons (of them 98 endemic)
89 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

Major Flora Websites:

www.malawiflora.com
more Zimbabwe ZIM 390.759 ++53874973235
5387All Species
4973Indigenous Species
4972Indigenous Species except Microspecies
235Endemic Species
235Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
272 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
38 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
873 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 45 endemic)
349 Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
3434 Dicotyledons (of them 167 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
414 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants (Mapaura 2004); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98); A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia (Grosvenor 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

www.zimbabweflora.co.zw
more Mozambique MOZ 799.380 ++53094892269
5309All Species
4892Indigenous Species
4892Indigenous Species except Microspecies
269Endemic Species
269Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
225 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
50 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
712 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 32 endemic)
198 Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
3691 Dicotyledons (of them 223 endemic)
417 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique (da Silva et al. 2004); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A Provisional Check-List of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique (Schelpe 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mozambiqueflora.com
SOUTH AFRICA (27)
more Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip) NAM 824.269 ++40223830626
4022All Species
3830Indigenous Species
3830Indigenous Species except Microspecies
626Endemic Species
626Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
920 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 122 endemic)
19 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2818 Dicotyledons (of them 502 endemic)
192 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of Namibian Indigenous and Naturalised Plants (Klaassen & Kwembeya 2013); List of Namibian Plant Species (Kolberg et al. 1992); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrica (Merxmüller 1966-1972, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrika, Lfg. 26 (Merxmüller, ed., 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Botswana BOT 581.730 ++2557243915
2557All Species
2439Indigenous Species
2439Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
636 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
27 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1714 Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
118 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana (Setshogo 2005); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1970); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98); Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more South Africa SAF 1.219.090 +203771942712732
20377All Species
19427Indigenous Species
19413Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12732Endemic Species
12732Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
62.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
270 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 32 endemic)
46 Gymnosperms (of them 31 endemic)
40 Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
4609 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3034 endemic)
469 Orchids (of them 255 endemic)
13993 Dicotyledons (of them 9374 endemic)
14 Microspecies (of them endemic)
950 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Lesotho LES 30.355 +1772162237
1772All Species
1622Indigenous Species
1620Indigenous Species except Microspecies
37Endemic Species
37Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
87 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
431 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
60 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1042 Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
150 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Lesotho (Basutoland) (Guillarmod 1971); Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Eswatini [Swaziland] SWZ 17.363 +2776263338
2776All Species
2633Indigenous Species
2633Indigenous Species except Microspecies
38Endemic Species
38Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
107 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
17 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
642 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
89 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1766 Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
143 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Flora of Swaziland: Orchidaceae (Compton 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN (28)
more Ascension Isl. ASC 88 +403412
40All Species
34Indigenous Species
34Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
30% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
15 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
7 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
6 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Fairhurst, W. (2004) Flowering plants of Ascension Island

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more St. Helena STH 122 ++1018150
101All Species
81Indigenous Species
81Indigenous Species except Microspecies
50Endemic Species
50Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
49.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
29 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 14 endemic)
15 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
37 Dicotyledons (of them 30 endemic)
20 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

St. Helena: Checklist of endemic & indigenous plants (Clifton 1996)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants & Ferns of St. Helena (Lambdon 2013); The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (Cronk 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora_of_St_Helena
INDIAN OCEAN (29)
more Madagascar MDG 587.041 +11809114059317
11809All Species
11405Indigenous Species
11405Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9317Endemic Species
9317Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
78.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
670 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 328 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 6 endemic)
338 Basal Angiosperms (of them 320 endemic)
1553 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1013 endemic)
909 Orchids (of them 733 endemic)
7926 Dicotyledons (of them 6917 endemic)
404 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the Plants of Madagascar (www.tropicos.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (H. Humbert, ed., 1937 ff., almost complete, but partially outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999); Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=17
more Comores (incl. Mayotte) COM 1.862 o1044995205
1044All Species
995Indigenous Species
995Indigenous Species except Microspecies
205Endemic Species
205Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
19.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
163 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Basal Angiosperms (of them 11 endemic)
167 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
93 Orchids (of them 33 endemic)
551 Dicotyledons (of them 131 endemic)
49 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (H. Humbert, ed., 1937 ff., almost complete, but partially outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999); Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)
more Mozambique Channel Isl. (Iles Eparses p. p., incl. Ile Europa, Juan de Nova Isl.) MCI 36 +170830
170All Species
83Indigenous Species
81Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
61 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
87 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated account of the vascular flora of the Iles Eparses (Boullet et al. 2018)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Mauritius (incl. Tromelin Isl.) MAU 2.040 ++19371021274
1937All Species
1021Indigenous Species
1021Indigenous Species except Microspecies
274Endemic Species
274Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
201 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 14 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
25 Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
224 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 35 endemic)
95 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
475 Dicotyledons (of them 196 endemic)
916 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980 ff., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)
more La Reunion REU 2.503 ++18471078260
1847All Species
1078Indigenous Species
1078Indigenous Species except Microspecies
260Endemic Species
260Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
248 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 19 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
212 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 26 endemic)
229 Orchids (of them 84 endemic)
366 Dicotyledons (of them 125 endemic)
769 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980 ff., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)
more Rodrigues Isl. ROD 109 ++42622445
426All Species
224Indigenous Species
224Indigenous Species except Microspecies
45Endemic Species
45Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
73 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
5 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
115 Dicotyledons (of them 35 endemic)
202 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980 ff., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)
more Iles Glorieuses (Iles Eparses p. p.) IGL 7 +128630
128All Species
63Indigenous Species
61Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
38 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
65 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated account of the vascular flora of the Iles Eparses (Boullet et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Agalega Isl. AGA 24 -110
1All Species
1Indigenous Species
1Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

List of the recorded vascular flora of Agalega (Fosberg et al. 1983, only historical records, no recent data) [not seen or included]

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Aldabra ALD 155 +11710525
117All Species
105Indigenous Species
104Indigenous Species except Microspecies
25Endemic Species
25Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
45 Dicotyledons (of them 14 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989); Flora of Aldabra (Hemsley 1919)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Seychelles SEY 300 +80940273
809All Species
402Indigenous Species
402Indigenous Species except Microspecies
73Endemic Species
73Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
85 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
122 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
22 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
167 Dicotyledons (of them 41 endemic)
407 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia) CGS 30 ++179801
179All Species
80Indigenous Species
80Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
53 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
99 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated check list of the flora of Diego Garcia (Topp 1988)
TEMPERATE ASIA (3)
SIBERIA (30)
more Siberia (incl. Altay, Sayan, Tuva, Krasnoyarsk, Buryatia, Chita, Transbaicalia, Yakutia, Irkutsk, NE-Siberia) SIB 10.600.000 +45784502555
4578All Species
4502Indigenous Species
4304Indigenous Species except Microspecies
555Endemic Species
474Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
98 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
23 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
917 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 98 endemic)
43 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3416 Dicotyledons (of them 452 endemic)
198 Microspecies (of them 81 endemic)
76 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR / chief ed. V. L. Komarov (30 vols., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff., 3 vols. published); Flora of Siberia (Malychev, ed., 2000 ff., 14 vols., to be continued); Vascular Plants of the Russian Far East (Kharkevich, ed., 2003 ff., 1 vol. published)
RUSSIAN FAR EAST (31)
more Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Amur, Ussuri, Okhotsk, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Commander Isl., Primorye, Khabarovsk, Magadan) RFE 2.500.000 +38393547586
3839All Species
3547Indigenous Species
3430Indigenous Species except Microspecies
586Endemic Species
509Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
13.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
137 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
901 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 131 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
2415 Dicotyledons (of them 446 endemic)
117 Microspecies (of them 77 endemic)
292 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR / chief ed. V. L. Komarov (30 vols., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff., 3 vols. published); Flora of Siberia (Malychev, ed., 2000 ff., 14 vols., to be continued); Vascular Plants of the Russian Far East (Kharkevich, ed., 2003 ff., 1 vol. published); Flora murmanskoj oblasti (Kirova, 5 vols., 1953-1966); Flora i paleogeografija Komandoskikh ostrovov (Vasil'ev 1957)
MIDDLE ASIA (32)
more Kazakhstan KAZ 2.717.300 +53125126504
5312All Species
5126Indigenous Species
4996Indigenous Species except Microspecies
504Endemic Species
478Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
876 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 67 endemic)
27 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
4139 Dicotyledons (of them 437 endemic)
130 Microspecies (of them 26 endemic)
186 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Kazakhstan (Abdulina 1999); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Kazakhstana (Pavlov, etc., 1956-1966, 9 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published)
more Turkmenistan TKM 488.100 +29732841204
2973All Species
2841Indigenous Species
2821Indigenous Species except Microspecies
204Endemic Species
200Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
540 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
14 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2256 Dicotyledons (of them 174 endemic)
20 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
132 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published); Flora Turkmenii (Fedtschenko et al., eds., 1932-60); Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Opredelitelja Rastenii Turkmenistana (Key to the Plants of Turkmenistan) (Nikitin & Geldichanov 1988)
more Uzbekistan UZB 447.700 o41463771253
4146All Species
3771Indigenous Species
3733Indigenous Species except Microspecies
253Endemic Species
249Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
663 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 54 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3064 Dicotyledons (of them 199 endemic)
38 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
375 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Sennikov et al. (Checklist, in prep.); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Uzbekistana (Schreder et al., eds., 1953-62, 6 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Uzbekistana, Vol. 1 (Schreder et al. 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae (Czerniakowska). - In: Flora Uzbekistanica I (Schreiber, ed., 1941); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
more Kyrgyzstan (Kirgisia) KGZ 198.500 +37123634337
3712All Species
3634Indigenous Species
3529Indigenous Species except Microspecies
337Endemic Species
323Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
613 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 57 endemic)
12 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2971 Dicotyledons (of them 280 endemic)
105 Microspecies (of them 14 endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan (Lazkov & Sultanova 2011); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Kirghiszkoj SSR (Vykhotsev 1967-70, incomplete); Nikitina (1995); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published)
more Tajikistan TZK 143.100 o46414404524
4641All Species
4404Indigenous Species
4321Indigenous Species except Microspecies
524Endemic Species
498Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
28 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
741 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 68 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3613 Dicotyledons (of them 455 endemic)
83 Microspecies (of them 26 endemic)
237 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Tadzikskoj SSR (Ovchinnikov et al., ed., 1957 - 1991, 10 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Tadjikskoj SSSR, Vol. 1 (Ovchinnikov 1957)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Tadshikistan (Ovchinnikov 1963); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
CAUCASUS (33)
more Northern Caucasus (incl. Chechnya, Daghestan, etc.) NCS 200.000 +41293892352
4129All Species
3892Indigenous Species
3791Indigenous Species except Microspecies
352Endemic Species
316Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
747 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 39 endemic)
41 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3017 Dicotyledons (of them 312 endemic)
101 Microspecies (of them 36 endemic)
237 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)
more Gruziya [Georgia - Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia, Adzharia) GEO 69.700 +39773709215
3977All Species
3709Indigenous Species
3596Indigenous Species except Microspecies
215Endemic Species
184Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
76 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
689 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2882 Dicotyledons (of them 197 endemic)
113 Microspecies (of them 31 endemic)
268 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Georgia - A Nomenclatural Checklist (Gagnidze 2005); Conspectus Flora Kavkaza (Takhtajan 2003-2012, 4 of 5 vols. published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Georgia (in Georgian), Vol. 1 (1971), Vol. 2 (2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Illustrated Field Guide to the Flora of Georgia (South Caucasus) (Fischer et al. 2018)

Major Flora Websites:

http://biodiversity-georgia.net/index.php
more Armenia ARM 29.800 +34993419146
3499All Species
3419Indigenous Species
3347Indigenous Species except Microspecies
146Endemic Species
130Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
657 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2667 Dicotyledons (of them 127 endemic)
72 Microspecies (of them 16 endemic)
80 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Flora of Armenia (Saghatelyan, unpubl.); Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Armenii (ed. A. L. Tahtadzjiana) (11 vols., 1954-2011); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)
more Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, incl. Nachichevan) AZE 81.100 +36933546134
3693All Species
3546Indigenous Species
3492Indigenous Species except Microspecies
134Endemic Species
126Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
748 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 20 endemic)
37 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2692 Dicotyledons (of them 112 endemic)
54 Microspecies (of them 8 endemic)
147 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Azerbaidzana (2 vols. published, 1953-1957); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)
WESTERN ASIA (34)
more Eastern Aegaean Islands (Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos, Kos, Symi, Samos, Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Limnos etc.) EAI 7.000 ++2381222974
2381All Species
2229Indigenous Species
2213Indigenous Species except Microspecies
74Endemic Species
74Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
463 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
54 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1661 Dicotyledons (of them 59 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016); Dimopoulos et al. (2013, 2016); Checklist updating and analysis of the flora of Symi island and of the nearby island of Seskli (Cattaneo & Grano 2019); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Hellenica (Strid & Kit Tan, eds., 1997 ff.); Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000); Flora von Rhodos and Chalki (Kleinsteuber et al., 2016 ff.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de/rhodos
more Turkey (excl. European Turkey) TUR 756.816 ++977596123351
9775All Species
9612Indigenous Species
9436Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3351Endemic Species
3280Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
33.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
98 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
21 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
1568 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 494 endemic)
91 Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
7801 Dicotyledons (of them 2830 endemic)
176 Microspecies (of them 71 endemic)
163 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000, 9 vols. + 2 supplement volumes, complete); Flowers of Turkey - A photo guide (Pils 2006)

Major Flora Websites:

www.turkiyebitkileri.com
more Iraq IRQ 438.317 +29922947174
2992All Species
2947Indigenous Species
2928Indigenous Species except Microspecies
174Endemic Species
171Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
551 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
23 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2346 Dicotyledons (of them 161 endemic)
19 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
45 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Iraq (1966-1980, incomplete); Flora of Lowland Iraq (Rechinger, ed., 1964)
more Iran IRN 1.648.000 ++787978082574
7879All Species
7808Indigenous Species
7727Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2574Endemic Species
2548Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
32.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
1031 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 170 endemic)
43 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
6651 Dicotyledons (of them 2398 endemic)
81 Microspecies (of them 26 endemic)
71 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010, 178 vols., complete)
more Afghanistan AFG 652.225 ++43694263882
4369All Species
4263Indigenous Species
4214Indigenous Species except Microspecies
882Endemic Species
875Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
20% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
709 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 62 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3472 Dicotyledons (of them 820 endemic)
49 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
106 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Afghanistan: an augmented checklist (Breckle et al. 2013); Checklist of the Flowering plants of Afghanistan (Podlech 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010, 178 vols., complete)
more Cyprus CYP 9.251 ++16911605112
1691All Species
1605Indigenous Species
1594Indigenous Species except Microspecies
112Endemic Species
109Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
23 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
323 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 24 endemic)
38 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1209 Dicotyledons (of them 85 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.flora-of-cyprus.eu; Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Cyprus, Vol. 1/2 (Meikle 1977, 1985); An Illustrated Flora of North Cyprus, Vol. 2 (Viney 1996); Illustrated Flora of Cyprus (Christofides 2017)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-of-cyprus.eu
more Lebanon LEB 10.230 +26742607118
2674All Species
2607Indigenous Species
2594Indigenous Species except Microspecies
118Endemic Species
116Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
466 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2057 Dicotyledons (of them 98 endemic)
13 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
67 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie (Mouterde, 1966/1970)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.lebanon-flora.org/default.php 
more Syria SYR 185.180 +2849280689
2849All Species
2806Indigenous Species
2796Indigenous Species except Microspecies
89Endemic Species
89Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
474 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
34 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2263 Dicotyledons (of them 61 endemic)
10 Microspecies (of them endemic)
43 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie (Mouterde, 1966/1970)
more Israel + Palestine ISR 21.946 +2445233761
2445All Species
2337Indigenous Species
2334Indigenous Species except Microspecies
61Endemic Species
61Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
474 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 16 endemic)
28 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1801 Dicotyledons (of them 43 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
108 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Palaestina (4 + 4 vols., 1966-1987, complete)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.flowersinisrael.com/; https://flora.org.il/en/plants/
more Sinai peninsula SIN 61.000 +1326128931
1326All Species
1289Indigenous Species
1289Indigenous Species except Microspecies
31Endemic Species
31Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
261 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1012 Dicotyledons (of them 29 endemic)
37 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Egypt (Boulos, ed., 1999-2005)
more Jordania JOR 89.556 +1613158229
1613All Species
1582Indigenous Species
1578Indigenous Species except Microspecies
29Endemic Species
29Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
270 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1286 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
31 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)
ARABIAN PENINSULA (35)
more Saudi Arabia SAU 2.240.000 +2103202484
2103All Species
2024Indigenous Species
2024Indigenous Species except Microspecies
84Endemic Species
84Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
407 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1573 Dicotyledons (of them 61 endemic)
79 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Saudi-Arabia (3 vols., 3rd ed., Migahid 1988-1989); Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Chaudhary, ed., 2001 ff.); Flora of Eastern Saudi-Arabia (Mandaville 1990)
more Kuwait KUW 17.820 +3933861
393All Species
386Indigenous Species
386Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
88 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
295 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Kuwait (2 vols., 1985-1987, complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Bahrain BAR 707 +2762660
276All Species
266Indigenous Species
266Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
55 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
207 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
10 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Qatar QAT 11.427 ++3923110
392All Species
311Indigenous Species
311Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
72 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
237 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
81 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Qatar (2 vols., Abd el Bary & Ekhlas 2012); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floraofqatar.com
more United Arab Emirates (incl. Dubai, Abu Dhabi) UAE 83.600 +3743571
374All Species
357Indigenous Species
357Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
105 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
248 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
17 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Oman OMA 309.500 +10951054102
1095All Species
1054Indigenous Species
1054Indigenous Species except Microspecies
102Endemic Species
102Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
219 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
801 Dicotyledons (of them 88 endemic)
41 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman (Ghazanfar 1992)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Sultanate of Oman (Ghazanfar et al., 4 vols. 2003-2018, complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Yemen (excl. Soqotra) YEM 527.970 +20621968212
2062All Species
1968Indigenous Species
1968Indigenous Species except Microspecies
212Endemic Species
212Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
433 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 26 endemic)
18 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1461 Dicotyledons (of them 186 endemic)
94 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
CHINA (36)
more China (incl. Hongkong, Macao and Hainan; excl. Tibet, Taiwan and South China Sea Isl.) CHI 8.351.300 ++307302968014009
30730All Species
29680Indigenous Species
29377Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14009Endemic Species
13789Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
44.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1889 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 592 endemic)
168 Gymnosperms (of them 52 endemic)
927 Basal Angiosperms (of them 521 endemic)
4329 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1947 endemic)
1322 Orchids (of them 458 endemic)
21045 Dicotyledons (of them 10439 endemic)
303 Microspecies (of them 220 endemic)
1050 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete, plus many picture volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 2-6); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999])

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
more Tibet [Xizang] TIB 1.220.000 ++67966746984
6796All Species
6746Indigenous Species
6679Indigenous Species except Microspecies
984Endemic Species
964Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
488 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
51 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
94 Basal Angiosperms (of them 18 endemic)
844 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 76 endemic)
287 Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
4982 Dicotyledons (of them 859 endemic)
67 Microspecies (of them 20 endemic)
50 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete, plus many picture volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 2-6); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999])

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
MONGOLIA (37)
more Mongolia MON 1.566.500 ++28322793148
2832All Species
2793Indigenous Species
2724Indigenous Species except Microspecies
148Endemic Species
138Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
521 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
25 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2175 Dicotyledons (of them 139 endemic)
69 Microspecies (of them 10 endemic)
39 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus of the vascular plants of Mongolia (Urgamal et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia (Grubov 1982); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999]); Flowers of Mongolia (Hauck & Solongo 2010)
EASTERN ASIA (38)
more North Korea NKO 120.500 +1891188822
1891All Species
1888Indigenous Species
1886Indigenous Species except Microspecies
22Endemic Species
22Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
103 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
500 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
41 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1217 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
3 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Illustrated flora of Korea (Lee 1979, 2 vols.)
more South Korea (incl. Cheju Do Isl.) KOR 99.300 +29742345126
2974All Species
2345Indigenous Species
2340Indigenous Species except Microspecies
126Endemic Species
123Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
274 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
37 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
534 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
84 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
1400 Dicotyledons (of them 88 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
629 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Illustrated flora of Korea (Lee 1979, 2 vols.)
more Japan (incl. Izu Isl., Yakushima Isl., excl. Ryukyu Isl. and Bonin Isl.) JAP 372.769 ++523947981328
5239All Species
4798Indigenous Species
4781Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1328Endemic Species
1320Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
25.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
672 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 105 endemic)
40 Gymnosperms (of them 7 endemic)
100 Basal Angiosperms (of them 52 endemic)
1092 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 283 endemic)
195 Orchids (of them 37 endemic)
2699 Dicotyledons (of them 844 endemic)
17 Microspecies (of them 8 endemic)
441 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Japan (revised edition, Iwatsuki et al., eds., 1995 ff., 7 of 8 parts published, last part planned for 2020)
more Ryukyu Isl. (Nansei Shoto) (incl. Osumi Isl., Tokara Isl., Amami Isl., Okinawa Isl., Daito Isl., Sakishima Isl.) NNS 4.700 ++20451807118
2045All Species
1807Indigenous Species
1805Indigenous Species except Microspecies
118Endemic Species
118Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
311 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
48 Basal Angiosperms (of them 14 endemic)
395 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 20 endemic)
130 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
915 Dicotyledons (of them 67 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
238 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands (Walker 1976)
more Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Isl.) OGA 73 ++48134873
481All Species
348Indigenous Species
348Indigenous Species except Microspecies
73Endemic Species
73Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 8 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
79 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
171 Dicotyledons (of them 48 endemic)
133 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)
more Kazan-Retto (Volcano Isl., Iwo-jima) KZN 30 ++2481868
248All Species
186Indigenous Species
186Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
46 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
75 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
62 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)
more Taiwan (incl. Lan Yu Isl.) TAI 36.000 ++53264295920
5326All Species
4295Indigenous Species
4284Indigenous Species except Microspecies
920Endemic Species
910Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
17.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
739 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 85 endemic)
25 Gymnosperms (of them 8 endemic)
110 Basal Angiosperms (of them 37 endemic)
697 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 96 endemic)
409 Orchids (of them 144 endemic)
2315 Dicotyledons (of them 550 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them 10 endemic)
1031 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., eds., 1975-2003); Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Index to Ferns and Fern Allies of Taiwan (Knapp 2014); Ferns of Taiwan (Ralf Knapp 2010, with supplement 2013); Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 1-6, 1990 ff.); Flora of Taiwan, Vol. 1 (2nd. ed., 1994)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., 1975-79); Native Orchids of Taiwan (Lin 1975-1987, 3 vols.)
TROPICAL ASIA (4)
INDIAN SUBCONTINENT (40)
more Pakistan PAK 796.095 +52994698313
5299All Species
4698Indigenous Species
4628Indigenous Species except Microspecies
313Endemic Species
290Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
139 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
23 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
877 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 22 endemic)
41 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3606 Dicotyledons (of them 290 endemic)
70 Microspecies (of them 23 endemic)
601 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir (Stewart 1972)

Most recent flora

Flora of West Pakistan (Nasir, ed., 1970 ff., 217 vols., mostly complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [only northern and western part]; Flora of Pakistan, no. 164 (Renz 1984)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan; http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5
more Nepal NEP 147.181 +62445871360
6244All Species
5871Indigenous Species
5827Indigenous Species except Microspecies
360Endemic Species
356Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
561 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
21 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
913 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 42 endemic)
390 Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
3891 Dicotyledons (of them 289 endemic)
44 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
373 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Nepalese Flowering Plants (3 vols., Rajbhandari et al. 2012, plus supplement 2015)

Most recent flora

Flora of Nepal (publication ongoing, only vol. 3 published [Watson et al., ed., 2011]; Handbook of Flowering Plants of Nepal (Vol. 1 of 2, Shrestha et al. 2018); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, 3 of 50 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015-2020): Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal, Volume 1-3 (complete); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997); An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal (Press, Shrestha & Sutton 2001); The Orchids of Nepal Himalaya (Banerji & Pradhan 1984); Orchids of Nepal (Banerji 1978)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floraofnepal.org
more Bhutan BHU 47.000 ++49644687155
4964All Species
4687Indigenous Species
4670Indigenous Species except Microspecies
155Endemic Species
153Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
535 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
105 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
675 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
382 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
2971 Dicotyledons (of them 127 endemic)
17 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
277 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bhutan (Grierson & Long, eds., 1983-2002, 9 vols., complete); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, few volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Bhutan (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2009); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 3.3 (Orchidaceae) (2001)
more India (incl. Assam, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi, Jammu & Kashmir, excl. Andaman and Nicobar Isl., excl. Lakshadweep Isl.) IND 3.279.173 o17763166114524
17763All Species
16611Indigenous Species
16413Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4524Endemic Species
4416Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
24.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1028 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 52 endemic)
62 Gymnosperms (of them 20 endemic)
489 Basal Angiosperms (of them 223 endemic)
3029 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 975 endemic)
1222 Orchids (of them 367 endemic)
10781 Dicotyledons (of them 2887 endemic)
198 Microspecies (of them 108 endemic)
1152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flowering Plants of India (Checklist, Karthikeyan et al. 2009, 1 of ca. 10 vols. published); Checklist of the Grasses of India (Kellogg et al. 2020)

Most recent flora

Flora of India (Sharma et al., eds., 1993 ff., 8 of 23 vols. published); Fascicles of Flora of India (1978 ff., 26 vols. published); numerous regional floras in India; Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, few volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018), Part III (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2020); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997); Illustrated Manual of Ferns of Assam (Borthakur et al. 2000); The Ferns of India: Enumeration, Synonyms and Distribution (Chandra 2000); Fern flora of South India (Nampy & Madhusoodanan 1998); An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A catalogue of Indian Orchids (Sathish Kumar & Manilal 1994); Orchid flora of Arunachal Pradesh (Chowdhery 1998); Orchids of India (2nd ed.) (Bose et al. 1999); Orchids of Kumaon Himalaya (Pangtey et al. 1991); Orchids of Meghalaya (Kataki 1986); Orchids of Mussoorie (Raizada et al. 1981); Orchids of Nagaland (Deorani & Naithani 1995); Orchids of Nagaland (Hynniewta et al. 2000); Orchids of Nilgiris (2nd. ed., Joseph 1987); Orchids of Western Ghats (Kumar 1995); Flora of Hassan District Karnataka (Saldanha et al. 1976); The Orchids of Bombay (Santapau & Kapadia 1966); The Orchid Flora of NW-Himalaya (Deva & Naithani 1986); Monocotyledonous Plants of Uttar Pradesh: A Checklist (Uniyal et al. 1999)
more Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) LDV 32 ++3421860
342All Species
186Indigenous Species
186Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
45 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
135 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
156 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plant Diversity of Lakshadweep Islands (C. S. Reddy & P. S. Roy 2012)
more Maldives MDV 298 o3601900
360All Species
190Indigenous Species
190Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
52 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
130 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
170 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

List of Addu vascular plants (Fosberg et al. 1966)
more Sri Lanka SRL 65.610 ++42743600889
4274All Species
3600Indigenous Species
3599Indigenous Species except Microspecies
889Endemic Species
889Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
20.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
332 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 37 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
110 Basal Angiosperms (of them 50 endemic)
721 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 95 endemic)
197 Orchids (of them 62 endemic)
2238 Dicotyledons (of them 644 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
674 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon (Dassayanake, ed., 1980-2006, 15 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon, vol. 15/1-2 (Shaffer-Fehre, ed., 2006); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); An annotated check-list of the Pteridophytes of Ceylon (Sledge 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae, Apostasiaceae (Jayaweera). In: A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 2 (Dassanayake, ed., 1981)
more Bangladesh BAN 147.570 ++3264284030
3264All Species
2840Indigenous Species
2840Indigenous Species except Microspecies
30Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
217 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
87 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
448 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
161 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1920 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
424 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bangladesh (Khan, ed., 1975 ff., partially published); Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, vols. 5-12 (Ahmed, ed., 2007-2009, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, vol. 5 (2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Bangladesh, vol. ##
INDOCHINA (41)
more Andaman Isl. AND 6.496 +20131653148
2013All Species
1653Indigenous Species
1653Indigenous Species except Microspecies
148Endemic Species
148Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
79 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
92 Basal Angiosperms (of them 16 endemic)
291 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
96 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
1086 Dicotyledons (of them 85 endemic)
360 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plant Resources of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Checklist, Dagar & Singh 1999); Checklist of the Grasses of India (Kellogg et al. 2020)

Most recent flora

Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Hajra et al., eds., 1999 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Dixit 2001)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Nicobar Isl. NCB 1.800 +1467120663
1467All Species
1206Indigenous Species
1206Indigenous Species except Microspecies
63Endemic Species
63Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
94 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
61 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
227 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
59 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
758 Dicotyledons (of them 36 endemic)
261 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plant Resources of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Checklist, Dagar & Singh 1999); Checklist of the Grasses of India (Kellogg et al. 2020)

Most recent flora

Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Hajra et al., eds., 1999 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Dixit 2001); Flora of Great Nicobar Island (Sinha 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Myanmar MYA 676.552 +1054097041146
10540All Species
9704Indigenous Species
9698Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1146Endemic Species
1144Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
745 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
40 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
369 Basal Angiosperms (of them 69 endemic)
1422 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 155 endemic)
1024 Orchids (of them 106 endemic)
6104 Dicotyledons (of them 805 endemic)
6 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
836 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar (Smithsonian Institute); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A Contribution Toward the Knowledge of Ferns and Lycophytes from Northern and Northwestern Myanmar (Khine et al. 2017); The ferns of Burma (Dickason 1946)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

An annotated checklist of Myanmar orchid flora (Aung et al. 2020)
more Thailand THA 513.115 +1014697831910
10146All Species
9783Indigenous Species
9783Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1910Endemic Species
1910Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
741 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 29 endemic)
33 Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
404 Basal Angiosperms (of them 129 endemic)
1603 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 386 endemic)
1220 Orchids (of them 167 endemic)
5782 Dicotyledons (of them 1194 endemic)
363 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora of Thailand (Smitinand et al., eds., 1981-2020, ca. 60% complete, to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Flora of Thailand, Vol. 3/1-4 (Tagawa & Iwatsuki 1979-1989); Pteridophytes in Thailand (Boonkeerd & Pollawatn 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand / Orchid Genera in Thailand, 1-13 (Seidenfaden 1972-1998); A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand (Vaddhanaphuti 2001); Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/1 (Orchidaceae 1) (Pedersen et al. 2011); Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/2 (Orchidaceae 2) (Pedersen et al. 2014)

Major Flora Websites:

https://www.thailandnatureproject.com/angiosperms---flowering-plants.html
more Laos LAO 236.800 +51284828296
5128All Species
4828Indigenous Species
4828Indigenous Species except Microspecies
296Endemic Species
296Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
283 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
33 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
186 Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
791 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 92 endemic)
524 Orchids (of them 32 endemic)
3011 Dicotyledons (of them 159 endemic)
300 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of Plants in Lao PDR (Jin et al. 2016, very data deficient); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2014, 35 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)
more Cambodia CBD 181.035 +41413829164
4141All Species
3829Indigenous Species
3829Indigenous Species except Microspecies
164Endemic Species
164Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
197 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
152 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
636 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 25 endemic)
296 Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
2531 Dicotyledons (of them 121 endemic)
312 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia (Cho et al. 2016); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2014, 35 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)
more Vietnam VIE 331.690 +11412106992492
11412All Species
10699Indigenous Species
10698Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2492Endemic Species
2492Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
857 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 61 endemic)
60 Gymnosperms (of them 16 endemic)
608 Basal Angiosperms (of them 176 endemic)
1462 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 482 endemic)
1073 Orchids (of them 283 endemic)
6639 Dicotyledons (of them 1474 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
713 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Câyco Viêtnam (Pham Hoàng Hô, 1991-1993, 6 vols., complete); Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2014, 35 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951); Cay Co Vietnam (An Illustrated Flora of Vietnam), vol. 1 (Pham-Hoang Ho (1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992); Identification Guide to Vietnamese Orchids (Averyanov 1994); Preliminary List of the Vietnamese Orchids, Vol. 1-2 (Averyanov 1988); Updated Checklist of the Orchids of Vietnam (Averyanov & Averyanova 2004)
MALESIA (42)
more peninsular Malaysia (incl. Langkawi Isl.) MLY 132.246 +915088782148
9150All Species
8878Indigenous Species
8878Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2148Endemic Species
2148Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
23.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
687 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 45 endemic)
33 Gymnosperms (of them 7 endemic)
649 Basal Angiosperms (of them 214 endemic)
1355 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 364 endemic)
928 Orchids (of them 183 endemic)
5226 Dicotyledons (of them 1335 endemic)
272 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora of peninsular Malaysia (Parris, Kiew, eds., 2010 ff., 5 vols. published, to be continued); Flora Malesiana

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Vol. 1 (2010), 2 (2013) (Parris et al., eds.) (to be continued); A revised Flora of Malaya II: Ferns of Malaya, ed. 2 (Holttum 1966)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992)
more Singapore SNG 710 ++2634218819
2634All Species
2188Indigenous Species
2188Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
171 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
179 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
318 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
224 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1288 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
446 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore (Chong et al. 2009)

Most recent flora

The concise flora of Singapore (Keng, 2 vols., 1990, 1998); Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Vol. 1 (2010), 2 (2013) (Parris et al., eds.) (to be continued); A Guide to the Ferns of Singapore (Wee 1987)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992); A Guide to the Orchids of Singapore (Tan & Sin 1995)
more Sumatera (incl. Mentawai, Enggano, Nias, Simeulue, Lingga Arch., Krakatau, Bangka, Belitung, Batu) SUM 425.150 o702069142024
7020All Species
6914Indigenous Species
6914Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2024Endemic Species
2024Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
28.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
739 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 135 endemic)
33 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
365 Basal Angiosperms (of them 129 endemic)
878 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 281 endemic)
1158 Orchids (of them 474 endemic)
3741 Dicotyledons (of them 1003 endemic)
106 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sumatra (Comber 2001)
more South China Sea Isl. SCS 2 -40310
40All Species
31Indigenous Species
31Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
20 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
9 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan, incl. Natuna Isl., Riouw Arch., excl. Brunei) BOR 743.384 o11505114065686
11505All Species
11406Indigenous Species
11406Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5686Endemic Species
5686Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
49.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
996 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 264 endemic)
54 Gymnosperms (of them 20 endemic)
671 Basal Angiosperms (of them 332 endemic)
1563 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 918 endemic)
1720 Orchids (of them 929 endemic)
6402 Dicotyledons (of them 3223 endemic)
99 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far); The plants of Mount Kinabalu (2 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (Parris et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo (Wood & Cribb 1994); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 1 (Chan et al. 1994); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 2 (Vermeulen 1991); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 3 (Wood 1997); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 4 (Wood 2003); Bulbophyllum of Borneo (Vermeulen, O'Byrne & Lamb 2015)
more Brunei BRN 5.765 +13711356101
1371All Species
1356Indigenous Species
1356Indigenous Species except Microspecies
101Endemic Species
101Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
157 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
149 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
225 Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
804 Dicotyledons (of them 55 endemic)
15 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (Parris et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Wood). In: A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)
more Sulawesi (Celebes) (incl. Selayar, Banggai, Sangihe, Kabaena) SUL 189.070 -436742811367
4367All Species
4281Indigenous Species
4281Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1367Endemic Species
1367Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
31.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
783 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 86 endemic)
30 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
143 Basal Angiosperms (of them 60 endemic)
542 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 208 endemic)
666 Orchids (of them 380 endemic)
2117 Dicotyledons (of them 632 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of woody plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia (Keßler et al. 2002); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Hovenkamp, P. (2013 onwards): Ferns of Sulawesi - Checklist. sulawesiferns.myspecies.info

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more Palawan (incl. Busuanga, Culion) PLW 14.649 o15181510228
1518All Species
1510Indigenous Species
1510Indigenous Species except Microspecies
228Endemic Species
228Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
232 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
81 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
218 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
26 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
944 Dicotyledons (of them 178 endemic)
8 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.philippineplants.org

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Checklist by J. F. Barcelona (pers. comm.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984); The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (contains checklist)

Major Flora Websites:

www.philippineplants.org
more Philippines (excl. Palawan, Sulu Arch.) PHI 325.000 +943487454389
9434All Species
8745Indigenous Species
8745Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4389Endemic Species
4389Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
46.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1017 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 243 endemic)
38 Gymnosperms (of them 12 endemic)
400 Basal Angiosperms (of them 235 endemic)
1028 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 344 endemic)
1194 Orchids (of them 832 endemic)
5068 Dicotyledons (of them 2723 endemic)
689 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.philippineplants.org

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines (www.philippineplants.org); Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna, Vol. 2 (Zamora & Co 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984); The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (contains checklist)

Major Flora Websites:

www.philippineplants.org
more Jawa (incl. Madura Isl., Kangean Arch., Bawean) JAW 130.520 +67265420849
6726All Species
5420Indigenous Species
5418Indigenous Species except Microspecies
849Endemic Species
848Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
12.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
548 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 43 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
216 Basal Angiosperms (of them 38 endemic)
796 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 101 endemic)
786 Orchids (of them 189 endemic)
3059 Dicotyledons (of them 478 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
1306 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora of Java (Backer & van den Brink, 1963-1968, outdated); Flora Malesiana (about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Java (Comber 1991)
more Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Alor, Wetar) [incl. East Timor] LSI 80.000 o24462343349
2446All Species
2343Indigenous Species
2343Indigenous Species except Microspecies
349Endemic Species
349Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
365 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
14 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
42 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
301 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 33 endemic)
205 Orchids (of them 50 endemic)
1416 Dicotyledons (of them 240 endemic)
103 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014) [not seen by authors]

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The Ferns of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Posthumus 1944); On the Ferns of Sumba (Posthumus 1930); A preliminary Study on Pteridophytes of Lombok: List of the Species (Wardani & Jaenudin 2013)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Timor: checklist (Silveira et al. 2008); Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014); Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more Moluccas [Maluku] (Tanimbar, Kei, Aru, Banda, Ambon, Seram, Buru, Obi, Bacan, Halmaheira, Ternate, Tidore, Morotai, Talaud, Sulu Arch.) MOL 74.500 o34603392711
3460All Species
3392Indigenous Species
3392Indigenous Species except Microspecies
711Endemic Species
711Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
20.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
682 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 91 endemic)
30 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
159 Basal Angiosperms (of them 47 endemic)
384 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 76 endemic)
442 Orchids (of them 173 endemic)
1695 Dicotyledons (of them 324 endemic)
68 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Taxonomic Studies of Pteridophytes of Ambon and Seram (Moluccas) (in 12 parts) (Kato 1988-2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more Cocos (Keeling) Islands CKI 14 ++129740
129All Species
74Indigenous Species
74Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
52 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
55 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)

Major Flora Websites:

https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni
more Christmas Isl. (Austr.) XMS 135 ++38021918
380All Species
219Indigenous Species
219Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
29 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
141 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
161 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)

Major Flora Websites:

https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni
PAPUASIA (43)
more New Guinea (Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea, incl. d'Entrecasteaux Isl., Goodenough Isl., Louisiade Arch., Rennell, Yapen, Biak, Waigeu Islands etc.) NWG 800.000 -13685134699348
13685All Species
13469Indigenous Species
13469Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9348Endemic Species
9348Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
68.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1302 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 601 endemic)
62 Gymnosperms (of them 20 endemic)
773 Basal Angiosperms (of them 632 endemic)
1681 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 982 endemic)
2830 Orchids (of them 2374 endemic)
6821 Dicotyledons (of them 4739 endemic)
216 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far), Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea (3 vols. published, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The ferns and fern-allies of Papua New Guinea (Johns & Bellamy, 1979 ff., in 12 parts); A Checklist of the Fern Allies, Ferns and Gymnosperms of the N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop), Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Edwards, Johns & Kowalska 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of Papuasian Orchids (Ormerod 2017); A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).
more Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Admirality Isl., Manus Isl., Umboi, etc.) BIS 48.500 - -14601441270
1460All Species
1441Indigenous Species
1441Indigenous Species except Microspecies
270Endemic Species
270Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
259 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 16 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
52 Basal Angiosperms (of them 14 endemic)
185 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 73 endemic)
259 Orchids (of them 52 endemic)
670 Dicotyledons (of them 115 endemic)
19 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far); Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for naturalists (Peekel 1947, reprint 1985, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of Papuasian Orchids (Ormerod 2017); A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).
more Solomon Isl. (incl. Bougainville, excl. Santa Cruz Isl.) SOL 35.926 -19001875480
1900All Species
1875Indigenous Species
1875Indigenous Species except Microspecies
480Endemic Species
480Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
25.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
446 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 35 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
82 Basal Angiosperms (of them 38 endemic)
206 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 79 endemic)
310 Orchids (of them 41 endemic)
816 Dicotyledons (of them 285 endemic)
25 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Sol Amazing! (Lycophytes and Ferns of the Solomon Islands) (Chen et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (Lewis & Cribb 1991)
AUSTRALASIA (5)
AUSTRALIA (50)
more Australia (incl. Tasmania, excl. other islands) AUS 7.690.849 +233102113818205
23310All Species
21138Indigenous Species
21117Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18205Endemic Species
18205Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
78.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
454 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 152 endemic)
119 Gymnosperms (of them 104 endemic)
295 Basal Angiosperms (of them 240 endemic)
2900 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2176 endemic)
1503 Orchids (of them 1356 endemic)
15867 Dicotyledons (of them 14177 endemic)
21 Microspecies (of them endemic)
2172 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Census of Australian Vascular Plants (Hnatiuk 1990); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020, very data deficient)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia (1982 ff., 29 vols. published, about 60% complete); Flora of Victoria (1993-1999, complete); Flora of New South Wales (2000-2002, 2 vols. published); Flora of the Darwin region (Dunlop et al., 1995); Flora of South Eastern Queensland (1983-1989, 3 vols.); Flora of South Australia (1980-1986, 2 vols. published); The Student's Flora of Tasmania (5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Australia, Volume 48 (1998); Flora of South Australia (Jessop & Toelken 1986); The Ferns of Tasmania (Garrett 1997); Ferns and Allied Plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (Duncan & Isaac 1994); Flora of Victoria, Vol. 2 (Walsh & Entwistle, ed., 1994)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae (Clements 1989); Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 1987); A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 2006); Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996); Flora of South Australia, pt. I (Black 1960); Orchids of South Australia (Bates & Weber 1990); Contributions to Tasmanian Orchidology (Jones 1998); The Orchids of Tasmania (Jones et al. 1999); Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996); The Orchids of Victoria (Backhouse & Jeanes 1995); Orchids of Western Australia (Dixon et al. 1989); Orchids of SW-Australia (3rd ed.) (Hoffmann & Brown 2001)

Major Flora Websites:

https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/search/advanced; https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni
more Ashmore Reef & Cartier Isl. ASH 1 ++16150
16All Species
15Indigenous Species
15Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
12 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 49 (Oceanic Islands 1) (1994)

Major Flora Websites:

https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni
more Lord Howe Isl. LHI 154 ++49928284
499All Species
282Indigenous Species
282Indigenous Species except Microspecies
84Endemic Species
84Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 20 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
56 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
12 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
147 Dicotyledons (of them 50 endemic)
217 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)

Major Flora Websites:

https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni
more Norfolk Isl. (incl. Philip Isl.) NFK 39 ++45219833
452All Species
198Indigenous Species
198Indigenous Species except Microspecies
33Endemic Species
33Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
37 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
99 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
254 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)

Major Flora Websites:

https://biodiversity.org.au/nsl/services/apni
NEW ZEALAND (51)
more New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl., Three Kings Isl., Snares Isl., excl. remote islands) NZL 270.000 ++400722801505
4007All Species
2280Indigenous Species
2260Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1505Endemic Species
1504Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
37.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
191 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 31 endemic)
22 Gymnosperms (of them 21 endemic)
22 Basal Angiosperms (of them 13 endemic)
472 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 268 endemic)
119 Orchids (of them 52 endemic)
1454 Dicotyledons (of them 1120 endemic)
20 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
1727 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete); The flora of the Snares Islands, New Zealand (Fineran 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.nzpcn.org.nz/factsheet_index.aspx
more Kermadec Isl. KER 36 ++14510215
145All Species
102Indigenous Species
102Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
22 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
37 Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
43 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Kermadec Islands Flora: An annotated checklist (Sykes 1977); New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996); Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985); New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Chatham Isl. CTM 963 ++80541740
805All Species
417Indigenous Species
415Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
40Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
101 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
95 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
34 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
186 Dicotyledons (of them 29 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
388 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants recorded from Chatham Islands (De Lange et al. 2011); Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey et al. 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Antipodes Isl. ATP 60 ++67675
67All Species
67Indigenous Species
67Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
22 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
27 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Auckland Isl. AUC 551 ++2481752
248All Species
175Indigenous Species
175Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
48 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
77 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
73 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
PACIFIC (6)
SOUTH WEST PACIFIC (60)
more Santa Cruz Isl. (Vanikoro, etc.) SCZ 815 -14013910
140All Species
139Indigenous Species
139Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
8 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
56 Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Sol Amazing! (Lycophytes and Ferns of the Solomon Islands) (Chen et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Loyalty Isl., Ile Art) NWC 19.058 o395434362603
3954All Species
3436Indigenous Species
3436Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2603Endemic Species
2603Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
65.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
282 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 115 endemic)
54 Gymnosperms (of them 48 endemic)
111 Basal Angiosperms (of them 101 endemic)
364 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 189 endemic)
216 Orchids (of them 108 endemic)
2409 Dicotyledons (of them 2042 endemic)
518 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie (1967-2014, 26 vols. published, to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 3 (Brownlie 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 8 (Hallé 1977); Orchidees Indigenes de Nouvelle-Caledonie (Société Néo-Caledonienne d’Orchidophilie 1995); Checklist of New Caledonian Orchidaceae (Clements & Jones 1999, in Orchadian 13)

Major Flora Websites:

www.endemia.nc
more Vanuatu VAN 12.190 -866846189
866All Species
846Indigenous Species
846Indigenous Species except Microspecies
189Endemic Species
189Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
190 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 15 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
23 Basal Angiosperms (of them 10 endemic)
88 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 35 endemic)
183 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
356 Dicotyledons (of them 109 endemic)
20 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Rotuma Isl. ROT 43 +4972377
497All Species
237Indigenous Species
237Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
48 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
141 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
260 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Preliminary Checklist of the Flora of Rotuma with Rotuman Names (McClatchley et al. 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Rotuma Island, a Descriptive Manual (St. John 1954)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Tonga TON 750 o78453731
784All Species
537Indigenous Species
537Indigenous Species except Microspecies
31Endemic Species
31Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
91 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
20 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
75 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
45 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
304 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
247 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plants of Tonga (Yuncker 1959); The vegetation of Late, Tonga (Sykes 1981); Rain forest vegetation of 'Eua Island (Drake et al. 1996); The rare plants of Tonga (Whistler 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophytes of 'Eua, Southern Tonga (Sykes 1978); New or noteworthy ferns from the Tongan Islands (Iwatsuki 1963)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Niue Isl. NUE 264 o5672243
567All Species
224Indigenous Species
224Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
32 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
19 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
138 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
343 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The flora of Niue Island (Yuncker 1943); Contributions to the flora of Niue (Sykes 1970)
more Fiji FIJ 18.376 ++25231707799
2523All Species
1707Indigenous Species
1707Indigenous Species except Microspecies
799Endemic Species
799Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
31.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
308 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 55 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
101 Basal Angiosperms (of them 77 endemic)
153 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 47 endemic)
175 Orchids (of them 46 endemic)
958 Dicotyledons (of them 569 endemic)
816 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Vitiensis nova (A.C. Smith, 1971-1996, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The pteridophyte flora of Fiji (Brownlie 1977); A revised Checklist of Fijian ferns and lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora vitiensis nova, Vol. 5 (Kores 1991)
more Wallis & Futuna WAL 177 +1601554
160All Species
155Indigenous Species
155Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
10 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
26 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
81 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
5 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vascular plants of the Horne and Wallis Islands (St. John & Smith 1971); Contribution a la Connaissance de la Vegetation et de la Flore de Wallis et Futuna (Morat & Veillon 1985)
more American Samoa ASA 197 o68456018
684All Species
560Indigenous Species
560Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
152 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
22 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
62 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
69 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
255 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
124 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of Samoa (Christopherson 1935/1938); A study of the rare plants of American Samoa (Whistler 1998); Vegetation of Eastern Samoa (Whistler 1980); Plants of the Manua Islands (Yuncker 1945)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (Christensen 1943)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)
more [Western] Samoa SAM 2.831 o1012879190
1012All Species
879Indigenous Species
879Indigenous Species except Microspecies
190Endemic Species
190Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
226 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 20 endemic)
37 Basal Angiosperms (of them 13 endemic)
103 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 29 endemic)
111 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
402 Dicotyledons (of them 120 endemic)
133 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of Samoa (Christopherson 1935/1938); Vegetation and Flora of the Aleipata Islands, Western Samoa (Whistler 1983); Plants of the Manua Islands (Yuncker 1945)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (Christensen 1943)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)
more Tuvalu (Ellice Isl.) TUV 26 o83560
83All Species
56Indigenous Species
56Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
38 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
27 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation and Flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu (Woodroffe 1985)
more Tokelau Isl. (incl. Swains Isl.) TOK 14 +106560
106All Species
56Indigenous Species
56Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
29 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
50 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll (Parham 1971); The Flora and Vegetation of Swains Island (Whistler 1983)
more Phoenix Islands (Kiribati p. p.) PHX 42 +83410
83All Species
41Indigenous Species
41Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
28 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific (Fosberg & Stoddart 1994)
more Gilbert Islands (Kiribati p. p.) GIL 311 +213991
213All Species
99Indigenous Species
99Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
31 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
61 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
114 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati, checklist (Fosberg & Sachet 1987); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (Thaman 1992)
more Banaba (Ocean Isl., Kiribati p. p.) OCE 6 o28210
28All Species
21Indigenous Species
21Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
16 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)
more Nauru NRU 21 ++126510
126All Species
51Indigenous Species
51Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
35 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
75 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (Thaman 1992); The Flora of Nauru (Thaman et al. 1994)
more Pacific Equatorial Sporades (incl. Howland Isl., Baker Isl.) HBI 5 -110
1All Species
1Indigenous Species
1Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
SOUTH CENTRAL PACIFIC (61)
more Line Isl. (Kiribati p. p., incl. Christmas Isl. = Kiritimati) LIN 757 +172603
172All Species
60Indigenous Species
60Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
37 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
112 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of the northern Line Islands (Wester 1985)

Most recent flora

Notes on the vascular flora and terrestrial vertebrates of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands (Clapp & Sibley 1971); Vegetation History of Washington Island (Teraina), Northern Line Islands (Wester et al. 1992); Plants of Christmas Island (Chock & Hamilton 1962)
more Cook Isl. (incl. Rarotonga Isl.) COO 230 +56928241
569All Species
282Indigenous Species
282Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
41Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
53 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
140 Dicotyledons (of them 18 endemic)
287 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Rarotonga (Wilder 1931); Flora of Cook Islands (2016)
more Marquesas Isl. MRQ 1.020 +621396176
621All Species
396Indigenous Species
396Indigenous Species except Microspecies
176Endemic Species
176Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
28.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
114 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 33 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 22 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
209 Dicotyledons (of them 113 endemic)
225 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/

Most recent flora

Flora of the Marquesas (M.-H. Sachet), 1 vol. published; Guide floristique - Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou (Butaud 2014); Guide floristique - Niva Oa, Tahuata, Fatuiva (Butaud 2014)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1932)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/
more Gambier Isl. (incl. Mangareva Isl.) GBI 450 +78476
78All Species
47Indigenous Species
47Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
30 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
31 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Census of the flora of the Gambier Islands, Polynesia (St. John 1988)

Most recent flora

La vegetation des iles Gambier (Huguenin 1974); Chock & Hamilton (1962); Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Gambier - Guide floristique (Butaud 2013)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1932)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Raiatea, Huahine, Bora Bora, Makatea, etc.) SCI 1.628 ++1219651237
1219All Species
651Indigenous Species
650Indigenous Species except Microspecies
237Endemic Species
237Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
19.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
197 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 52 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
68 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
35 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
330 Dicotyledons (of them 155 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
568 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998); Botanique de l'ile de Tupai (Sachet 1983); Flora of Makatea (Wilder 1934); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Society Islands (Copeland 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998)
more Tuamotu Arch. (excl. Gambier Isl.) TUA 450 +30914111
309All Species
141Indigenous Species
141Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
92 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
168 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flora of Maupiti (Fosberg & Sachet 19??); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Guide floristique - Atolls soulevés des Tuamotu (Polynésie francaise) Butaud & Jacq 2009); Tuamotu de l'ouest - Guide floristique (Butaud 2013); Tuamotu du centre - Guide floristique (Butaud 2010); Tuamotu de l'est - Guide Floristique (Butaud 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Austral Isl. (Tubuai Isl., incl. Rapa Isl.) AUI 148 +597368102
597All Species
368Indigenous Species
368Indigenous Species except Microspecies
102Endemic Species
102Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
17.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
102 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 20 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
11 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
188 Dicotyledons (of them 71 endemic)
229 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Les Orchidees du Tubuai, suives d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des Iles Australes (Hallé 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Guide floristique - Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai, Raivavae (Australes) (Butaud 2014)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les orchidees de Tubuai (Hallé 1980); Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Pitcairn Isl. (incl. Oeno Atoll) PIT 6 +806113
80All Species
61Indigenous Species
61Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
13Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
19 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An account of the flora of Pitcairn Island (St. John 1987); List of the flora of Oeno Atoll (St. John & Philipson 1960)

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The pteridophyte flora of Pitcairn Island (Brownlie 1961); Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Henderson Isl. (incl. Ducie Atoll) HEN 37 ++61586
61All Species
58Indigenous Species
58Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
40 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
3 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Henderson Island (Southeast Polynesia): Summary of current knowledge (Fosberg et al. 1983); Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Ducie Atoll (Rehder & Rantall 1975)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Easter Island (Rapa Nui) EAS 180 o30269
30All Species
26Indigenous Species
26Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
30% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
13 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
8 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
5 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
4 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998); Flowering Plants of Easter Island (Zizka 1991)
NORTH WEST PACIFIC (62)
more Minami-Torishima (Marcus Isl.) MCU 2 -2290
22All Species
9Indigenous Species
9Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

An Ecological Perspective of Marcus Island (Sakagami 1961)
more Palau Isl. (Republic of Palau, Western Carolines) PLU 516 o1097718139
1097All Species
718Indigenous Species
718Indigenous Species except Microspecies
139Endemic Species
139Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
12.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
122 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
164 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
350 Dicotyledons (of them 81 endemic)
379 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Palau with vernacular names (Fosberg et al. 1980); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Flora of Micronesia (Fosberg & Sachet, 5 vols. published, 1975-1993)
more Northern Marianas MRN 464 +67135520
671All Species
355Indigenous Species
355Indigenous Species except Microspecies
20Endemic Species
20Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
77 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
189 Dicotyledons (of them 16 endemic)
316 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vascular flora of the northern Mariana Islands (Fosberg et al. 1975-1980)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)
more Guam GUM 540 o103341412
1033All Species
414Indigenous Species
414Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
114 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
28 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
205 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
619 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Guam (Stone 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)
more Federal States of Micronesia (Central and Eastern Carolines: Truk, Yap, Pohnpei, Kosrae) MIC 702 +1207694126
1207All Species
694Indigenous Species
694Indigenous Species except Microspecies
126Endemic Species
126Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
143 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 13 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
146 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
63 Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
327 Dicotyledons (of them 70 endemic)
513 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Pohnpei (Herrera et al. 2010); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Flora of Micronesia (Fosberg & Sachet, 5 vols. published, 1975-1993); Flora of Ponape (Glassmann 1952)
more Marshall Isl. MRS 174 o3861280
386All Species
128Indigenous Species
128Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
32 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
81 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
258 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vascular Plants recorded from Jaluit Atoll (Fosberg & Sachet 1962); A review of the natural history of the Marshall Islands (Fosberg 1990); Vegetation of Bikini Atoll (Fosberg 1988)
more Wake Isl. WAK 8 o110341
110All Species
34Indigenous Species
34Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
24 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
76 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vegetation and flora of Wake Island (Fosberg 1959); Wake Island vegetation and flora, 1961-1963 (Fosberg & Sachet 1969)
NORTH CENTRAL PACIFIC (63)
more Hawaii (incl. Johnston Atoll, Midway Isl.) HAW 16.729 ++238712261057
2387All Species
1226Indigenous Species
1225Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1057Endemic Species
1057Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
44.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
169 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 120 endemic)
27 Basal Angiosperms (of them 24 endemic)
142 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 95 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
885 Dicotyledons (of them 815 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1161 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i (2., rev. ed., Wagner, Herbst & Sohmer 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Hawai’i (Valier 1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
NORTH AMERICA (7)
ARCTIC NORTH AMERICA (70)
more Alaska (incl. Aleutes) ASK 1.530.000 ++1521132535
1521All Species
1325Indigenous Species
1322Indigenous Species except Microspecies
35Endemic Species
35Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
85 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
13 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
362 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
29 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
832 Dicotyledons (of them 29 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
196 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories (Hulten 1968); Flora of the Aleutian Islands (Hulten 1960); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
more Greenland GNL 2.175.600 ++52042511
520All Species
425Indigenous Species
418Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
37 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
147 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
236 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of Greenland (2nd ed., Holmen 1968); A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of Canada (Scoggan, ed., 1978-1979); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
CANADA (70-72)
more Canada CDN 9.970.610 ++4959387772
4959All Species
3877Indigenous Species
3817Indigenous Species except Microspecies
72Endemic Species
59Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
172 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
37 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
967 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
75 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2605 Dicotyledons (of them 63 endemic)
60 Microspecies (of them 13 endemic)
1082 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

The flora of Canada (Scoggan 1978, 1979, 4 vols.); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Les fougeres et les plantes alliees du Canada (Cody & Britton 1989); Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 http://data.canadensys.net/vascan/search
more St. Pierre & Miquelon SPM 242 ++5124040
512All Species
404Indigenous Species
401Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
40 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
153 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
196 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
108 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Les plantes vasculaires des iles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon (LeGallo 1954); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
USA (73-78)
more USA (Lower 48 States) USA 8.262.426 ++18885156117522
18885All Species
15611Indigenous Species
15303Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7522Endemic Species
7274Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
38.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
435 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 73 endemic)
117 Gymnosperms (of them 26 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 41 endemic)
2704 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1018 endemic)
203 Orchids (of them 51 endemic)
12057 Dicotyledons (of them 6313 endemic)
308 Microspecies (of them 248 endemic)
3274 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
more Bermuda BER 53 +20913711
209All Species
137Indigenous Species
137Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
38 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
76 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
72 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bermuda (Britton 1918)
MEXICO (79)
more Mexico MEX 1.964.382 +249452388811951
24945All Species
23888Indigenous Species
23877Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11951Endemic Species
11947Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
47.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1042 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 193 endemic)
168 Gymnosperms (of them 89 endemic)
641 Basal Angiosperms (of them 324 endemic)
3363 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1490 endemic)
1324 Orchids (of them 583 endemic)
17350 Dicotyledons (of them 9272 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
1057 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico (Villasenor 2016); numerous state checklists

Most recent flora

Numerous state floras (and Flora Novo-Galiciana); Flora Mesoamericana (southern Mexico only, 12 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004); Flora Novo-Galiciana, Volume 17 (McVaugh 1992); Pteridophytes. Flora of Chiapas, part 2 (Smith 1981); Flora of Baja California (Wiggins 1980); Pteridophyte flora of Oaxaca, Mexico (Mickel & Beitel 1988); Ferns and fern allies of Chihuahua, Mexico (Knobloch & Correll 1962); Listados floristicos de Mexico. IX. Flora de Durango (Elizondo et al. 1991); Flora de Mexico, Volume 6, parts 1-3: Pteridophyta (1993-1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988); Icones Orchidacearum (Mexico), Fasc. 1-6 (Hagsater & Salazar 1990-2003)
more Isla Guadalupe GLP 244 ++20015223
200All Species
152Indigenous Species
152Indigenous Species except Microspecies
23Endemic Species
23Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
125 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
48 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The Flora of Guadalupe Island, Mexico (Moran 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988)
more Revillagigedo Isl. (incl. Socorro Isl.) RGI 157 +18615226
186All Species
152Indigenous Species
152Indigenous Species except Microspecies
26Endemic Species
26Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
17 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
24 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
103 Dicotyledons (of them 17 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vascular flora of Isla Socorro, Mexico (Lewin & Moran 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

TROPICAL AMERICA (8)
CENTRAL AMERICA (80)
more Guatemala GUA 108.889 o81597859632
8159All Species
7859Indigenous Species
7855Indigenous Species except Microspecies
632Endemic Species
632Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
719 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
30 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
320 Basal Angiosperms (of them 62 endemic)
1198 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 62 endemic)
938 Orchids (of them 182 endemic)
4654 Dicotyledons (of them 321 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
300 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts); Flora of Guatemala (Standley, ed., 1958-1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala, pt. 1-3 (Stolze 1976-83)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Orchids of Guatemala: A revised annotated checklist (Dix & Dix 2000); Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985); Guatemala y sus orquídeas (Behar & Tinschert 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Belize BLZ 22.965 +3623337763
3623All Species
3377Indigenous Species
3376Indigenous Species except Microspecies
63Endemic Species
63Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
261 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
127 Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
620 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
297 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
2063 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
246 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick et al. 2000)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick, Nee & Atha 2000); Native Orchids of Belize (McLeish, Pearce & Adams 1995); Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985); Lista Comentada de las orquideas de Belice (Catling & Catling 1988)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more El Salvador ELS 21.041 o2940274142
2940All Species
2741Indigenous Species
2741Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
42Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
372 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
72 Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
424 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
408 Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
1454 Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
199 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); An Annotated Checklist of the Monilophytes (Ferns) and Lycophytes of El Salvador (Monterrosa & Monro 2008); Una guia taxonomica para helechos de El Salvador (Seiler 1980); Listado de la flora Salvadorensis / Pteridophyta (Pfeiffer-Berendsohn 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Las Orquideas de El Salvador (Hamer 1974-1981)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Honduras HON 112.492 +75916651197
7591All Species
6651Indigenous Species
6651Indigenous Species except Microspecies
197Endemic Species
197Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
649 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
27 Gymnosperms (of them 6 endemic)
311 Basal Angiosperms (of them 21 endemic)
1116 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
616 Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
3932 Dicotyledons (of them 132 endemic)
940 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de Honduras, espermatofitas (Nelson Sutherland et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Hondurensis Plantarum Vascularium Catalogus. Pteridophyta (Sutherland et al. 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Nicaragua NIC 129.494 ++6346590176
6346All Species
5901Indigenous Species
5900Indigenous Species except Microspecies
76Endemic Species
76Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
607 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
246 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
1020 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
633 Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
3385 Dicotyledons (of them 55 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
445 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts); Flora of Nicaragua (Stevens et al., eds.) (2001-2009, 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 4 (Helechos) (Gomez & Arbelaez 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Orchids of Nicaragua, Pt. 1-6 (Hamer 1982-1985); Orchidaceae (Hamer). - In: Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 2 (Stevens, ed., 2001)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Costa Rica (except Isla del Coco) COS 51.060 ++10939103131742
10939All Species
10313Indigenous Species
10312Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1742Endemic Species
1742Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1145 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 103 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
759 Basal Angiosperms (of them 313 endemic)
1572 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 179 endemic)
1521 Orchids (of them 468 endemic)
5305 Dicotyledons (of them 676 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
626 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica (Hammel et al., 2003-2020, 8 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993); Flora Costaricensis, Family 39, part V (Maxillarieae and Oncidinae) (Atwood & de Retana 1999); Lista actualizada de las orquideas de Costa Rica (Mora-Retana & Garcia 1992); Catalogo revisado y anotado de las Orchidaceae de Costa Rica (Pupulin 2002); Orchidaceae (Dressler et al.) - In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. III (Hammel et al., ed., 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

https://serv.biokic.asu.edu/neotrop/pla ... php?pid=10
more Isla del Coco (Cocos Isl.) COC 40 ++16515235
165All Species
152Indigenous Species
152Indigenous Species except Microspecies
35Endemic Species
35Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 17 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
26 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
60 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Preliminary List of Plants from Cocos Island (Fosberg & Klawe 1966)

Most recent flora

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica (Hammel et al., 2003-2020, 8 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of ca. 10 volumes published, plus numerous drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); The ferns and fern-allies of Cocos Island, Costa Rica (Gomez 1975) [= Contribuciones a la pteridologia costarricense. VII. Pteridofita de la Isla de Cocos]

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Panama PAN 75.517 +1005996411437
10059All Species
9641Indigenous Species
9640Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1437Endemic Species
1437Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
946 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 42 endemic)
22 Gymnosperms (of them 11 endemic)
610 Basal Angiosperms (of them 111 endemic)
1613 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 289 endemic)
1381 Orchids (of them 336 endemic)
5069 Dicotyledons (of them 648 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
418 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Panama, vol. 1: The introduction and checklist (d'Arcy 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987); The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

An updated checklist of the Orchidaceae of Panama (Bogarin et al. 2014); Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993); Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987); Checklist of the Orchids of Panama (Dressler 1980)

Major Flora Websites:

https://serv.biokic.asu.edu/neotrop/pla ... php?pid=15
more Clipperton Isl. CLI 30 +28150
28All Species
15Indigenous Species
15Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora and vegetation of Clipperton Island (Sachet 1962)
more Isla Malpelo MAL 1 o220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent flora

The biological investigation of Malpelo Island (Graham 1975)
CARIBBEAN (81)
more Bahamas BAH 13.939 +1327106351
1327All Species
1063Indigenous Species
1062Indigenous Species except Microspecies
51Endemic Species
51Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
41 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
216 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
53 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
734 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
264 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bahamian Archipelago (Correll & Correll 1982); Endemic Seed Plants in the Bahamian Archipelago (Freid et al. 2014)
more Turks & Caicos Isl. TCI 430 +4173647
417All Species
364Indigenous Species
364Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
80 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
268 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
53 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)
more Cuba CUB 114.525 +690760422811
6907All Species
6042Indigenous Species
6042Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2811Endemic Species
2811Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
40.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
550 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 91 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
160 Basal Angiosperms (of them 73 endemic)
917 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 245 endemic)
315 Orchids (of them 102 endemic)
4088 Dicotyledons (of them 2295 endemic)
865 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Base de datos de especímenes de la flora de Cuba : con mapas de distribución, Versión 4.0 - 2008

Most recent flora

Flora de la Republica de Cuba (1998 ff., 16 vols. published); Flora de Cuba (Leon & Alain 1946-1962, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lista de los helechos y licofitos de Cuba (Sanchez 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Las orquideas nativas de Cuba (Diaz 1988); Iconografia de orquídeas Cubanas (Marquez & Bocourt Vigli 1997); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more Cayman Isl. CAY 262 +70354319
703All Species
543Indigenous Species
543Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
101 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
28 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
382 Dicotyledons (of them 13 endemic)
160 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Cayman Islands (Proctor 1984)
more Jamaica JAM 10.991 +37083002791
3708All Species
3002Indigenous Species
3002Indigenous Species except Microspecies
791Endemic Species
791Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
556 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 62 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 28 endemic)
447 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 40 endemic)
207 Orchids (of them 56 endemic)
1694 Dicotyledons (of them 603 endemic)
706 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flowering plants of Jamaica (Adams 1972); Flora of Jamaica (Warner 2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Jamaica (Proctor 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchids of Jamaica (Gloudon & Tobisch 1995); A Checklist of the Orchids of Jamaica (Adams 1966); Orchidaceae (Adams, Proctor & Read). In: Flowering Plants of Jamaica (1972); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more Hispaniola (Dominican Republic & Haiti) HIS 76.200 +588949241849
5889All Species
4924Indigenous Species
4924Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1849Endemic Species
1849Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
31.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
590 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 64 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
176 Basal Angiosperms (of them 83 endemic)
599 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 58 endemic)
361 Orchids (of them 161 endemic)
3191 Dicotyledons (of them 1481 endemic)
965 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Hispaniola (Liogier, ed.) (1981 ff., 9 vols. published, mostly complete)
more Navassa Isl. NAV 5 -12102
12All Species
10Indigenous Species
10Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
2 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Puerto Rico (incl. Mona Isl., Desecheo Isl., Culebra Isl., Vieques Isl.) PUE 8.959 +32912343240
3291All Species
2343Indigenous Species
2342Indigenous Species except Microspecies
240Endemic Species
240Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
360 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 22 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
86 Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
411 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
135 Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
1347 Dicotyledons (of them 180 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
948 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Liogier (1982)

Most recent flora

Flora of Puerto Rico (Liogier, ed., 1985-1997, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Proctor 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); The Orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman & Del Mayda 1995); An orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman 1995); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)

Major Flora Websites:

https://naturalhistory.si.edu/research/botany/research/flora-puerto-rico-and-virgin-islands
more Virgin Islands (U.S. Virgin Islands & British Virgin Islands) VIR 495 +1562106218
1562All Species
1062Indigenous Species
1061Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
54 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
37 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
193 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
31 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
747 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
500 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Annotated checklist of the dicotyledons of Tortola (d'Arcy 1967))

Most recent flora

Flora of Virgin Gorda (Little et al. 1971); The flora of the American Virgin Islands (Britton 1918); Flora of St. John (Proctor in Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. 1996); The island of Anegada and its flora (D'Arcy 1971)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Proctor 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackermann 1995)

Major Flora Websites:

https://naturalhistory.si.edu/research/botany/research/flora-puerto-rico-and-virgin-islands
more Anguilla AGU 70 ++3392602
339All Species
260Indigenous Species
260Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
44 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
212 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
79 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Maarten (St. Martin) STM 86 ++4213362
421All Species
336Indigenous Species
336Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
14 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
244 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
85 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Barthelemy (St. Barts) SBA 21 ++4423500
442All Species
350Indigenous Species
350Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
19 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
309 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
92 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

The flora of the island of St. Bartholomew and its origin (Questel 1941); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Saba SAB 13 ++5524260
552All Species
426Indigenous Species
426Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
59 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
9 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
284 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
126 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Eustatius STE 21 ++4493531
449All Species
353Indigenous Species
353Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
256 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
96 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Kitts & Nevis STK 269 ++8066612
806All Species
661Indigenous Species
661Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
131 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
25 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
100 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
380 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
145 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977); A revised list of pteridophytes from St. Kitts (Proctor 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Antigua and Barbuda (incl. Redonda Isl.) ABA 441 ++9727651
972All Species
765Indigenous Species
765Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
30 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
130 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
18 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
553 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
207 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Montserrat MTS 102 ++8997084
899All Species
708Indigenous Species
708Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
119 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
79 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
16 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
458 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
191 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Guadeloupe (incl. Marie Galante, La Désirade, Les Saintes) GDL 1.600 ++2050164026
2050All Species
1640Indigenous Species
1640Indigenous Species except Microspecies
26Endemic Species
26Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
287 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
269 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
107 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
912 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
410 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Orchidaceae (Fournet). - In: Flore illustrée des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (1978); Atlas des Orchidées sauvages de Gouadeloupe (Feldmann & Barré 2001)
more Dominica DOM 750 ++1448120115
1448All Species
1201Indigenous Species
1200Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
196 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
45 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
178 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
90 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
691 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
247 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Dominica (Hodge 1954, Nicolson 1991); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Flora of Dominica, Pt. 1 (Orchidaceae) (Hodge 1954)

Major Flora Websites:

https://www.dominicaplants.com/
more Martinique MAR 1.102 ++1884147132
1884All Species
1471Indigenous Species
1471Indigenous Species except Microspecies
32Endemic Species
32Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
224 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
57 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
241 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
83 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
865 Dicotyledons (of them 20 endemic)
413 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Lucia STL 616 ++1450113810
1450All Species
1138Indigenous Species
1138Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
121 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
47 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
188 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
58 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
722 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
312 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.saintlucianplants.com/flower ... ecies.html
more St. Vincent and the Grenadines STV 389 ++1354111212
1354All Species
1112Indigenous Species
1112Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
169 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
48 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
130 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
59 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
706 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
242 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Grenada GRE 344 ++10989266
1098All Species
926Indigenous Species
926Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
154 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
27 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
131 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
70 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
544 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
172 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); The Orchids of the Islands of Grenada, British West Indies (Schultes 1956, in Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 25)
more Barbados BBD 430 ++8475795
847All Species
579Indigenous Species
579Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
102 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
421 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
268 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Barbados (Gooding et al., 1965); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Barbados (Gooding, Loveless & Proctor 1965)
more Trinidad & Tobago TRT 5.048 ++3473233983
3473All Species
2339Indigenous Species
2338Indigenous Species except Microspecies
83Endemic Species
83Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
291 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 10 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
77 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
461 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
185 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
1323 Dicotyledons (of them 48 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1134 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago (Baksh-Comeau et al. 2016)

Most recent flora

Flora of Trinidad & Tobago - Williams, R. O. et al. (1928-1979, plus additional volumes up to 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Checklist of the pteridophytes of Trinidad & Tobago (Baksh-Comeau 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Native Orchids of Trinidad and Tobago (Schultes 1960)
more Aruba ARU 179 o3332712
333All Species
271Indigenous Species
271Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
210 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
62 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Bonaire BON 288 o3693002
369All Species
300Indigenous Species
300Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
228 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
69 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Curacao CUR 444 o5174316
517All Species
431Indigenous Species
431Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
96 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
318 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more San Andres y Providencia SWC 43 o3002960
300All Species
296Indigenous Species
296Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
222 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
4 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA (82)
more Colombia CLM 1.141.748 +25353242837376
25353All Species
24283Indigenous Species
24282Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7376Endemic Species
7376Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1700 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 190 endemic)
35 Gymnosperms (of them 13 endemic)
1428 Basal Angiosperms (of them 436 endemic)
3597 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 906 endemic)
4170 Orchids (of them 2088 endemic)
13353 Dicotyledons (of them 3743 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1070 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia (Bernal, Gradstein & Celis, eds., 2015)

Most recent flora

Flora de Colombia (1983 ff., 26 vols. published, very incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989); Helechos y plantas afines de Colombia (Murillo-Pulido 1990); Flora de Colombia, Vol. 9: Pteridophyta 1 (Murillo-Pulido 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Native Colombian Orchids, Vol. 1-6 (Escobar 1990-98); Orquideas de Colombia (Ortiz 1995) [contains checklist]; Lista de especies de Orquídeas registradas para Colombia: Adiciones y correcciones (Ortiz 2000, in Orquideologia 21)
more Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita) VEN 912.050 +16518158993632
16518All Species
15899Indigenous Species
15898Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3632Endemic Species
3632Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
22% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1237 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 138 endemic)
29 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
731 Basal Angiosperms (of them 176 endemic)
2636 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 615 endemic)
1503 Orchids (of them 293 endemic)
9763 Dicotyledons (of them 2407 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
619 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Nuevo Catalogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela (Hokche, Berry & Huber, eds., 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana (Steyermark et al., eds., 9 vols., complete); Flora of Venezuela (Lasser et al., eds., 1968-1989, 21 vols.(?) published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora de Venezuela, Vol. 1 + 2 (Helechos) (Vareschi 1968-69); Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 2 (1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Venezuelan orchids illustrated (Dunsterville & Garay 1959-1976, 6 vols.) (reprint as Orchids of Venezuela - An Illustrated Field Guide, 1979, 2nd ed. as Illustrated Field Guide of Orchids of Venezuela, Romero & Carnevali 2000, 3 Vols.); Flora de Venezuela, Vol. XV, pt. 1-5 (Foldats 1969-70); Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 7 (2003)
more Guyana (British Guyana) GUY 214.969 o64206177452
6420All Species
6177Indigenous Species
6177Indigenous Species except Microspecies
452Endemic Species
452Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
525 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 26 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
299 Basal Angiosperms (of them 27 endemic)
1040 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 57 endemic)
573 Orchids (of them 38 endemic)
3736 Dicotyledons (of them 304 endemic)
243 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana (Steyermark et al., eds., 9 vols., complete); Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985-2009, 30(?) vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-guianas/node/1
more Surinam SUR 163.265 o46394416132
4639All Species
4416Indigenous Species
4416Indigenous Species except Microspecies
132Endemic Species
132Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
321 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
240 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
823 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 25 endemic)
396 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2634 Dicotyledons (of them 87 endemic)
223 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985-2009, 30(?) vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophytes of Suriname (Kramer 1978)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Guianas, Vol. 1 (Szlachetko et al. 2017); Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997); Orchideeen van Suriname (Werkhoven 1986)

Major Flora Websites:

http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-guianas/node/1
more French Guiana FRG 83.534 o50594861339
5059All Species
4861Indigenous Species
4861Indigenous Species except Microspecies
339Endemic Species
339Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
330 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
288 Basal Angiosperms (of them 30 endemic)
804 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 47 endemic)
433 Orchids (of them 46 endemic)
3003 Dicotyledons (of them 204 endemic)
198 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985-2009, 30(?) vols. published, incomplete); Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana (Mori 1997, 2 vols.); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-guianas/node/1
more Ecuador ECU 272.045 +18847181825509
18847All Species
18182Indigenous Species
18179Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5509Endemic Species
5508Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1478 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 182 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
978 Basal Angiosperms (of them 233 endemic)
2561 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 750 endemic)
4208 Orchids (of them 2218 endemic)
8942 Dicotyledons (of them 2125 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
665 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Jorgensen ed., 1999); Ulloa Ulloa & Neill (2005); Neill & Ulloa Ulloa (2011)

Most recent flora

Flora of Ecuador (1973 ff., 96 vols. published, still incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

https://serv.biokic.asu.edu/neotrop/plantae/projects/index.php?pid=1
more Galapagos Isl. GAL 7.844 +783655171
783All Species
655Indigenous Species
655Indigenous Species except Microspecies
171Endemic Species
171Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
118 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 11 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
99 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
17 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
414 Dicotyledons (of them 141 endemic)
128 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Jorgensen ed., 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Galapagos Islands (Wiggins & Porter 1971)
WEST CENTRAL SOUTH AMERICA (83)
more Peru PER 1.280.000 +20644200667065
20644All Species
20066Indigenous Species
20064Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7065Endemic Species
7065Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
34.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1248 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 144 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1449 Basal Angiosperms (of them 732 endemic)
2615 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 822 endemic)
2399 Orchids (of them 1059 endemic)
12335 Dicotyledons (of them 4306 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
578 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru (Brako & Zarucchi 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Peru (1936 - 1995, 26 (?) vols. published); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta of Peru, pt. 1-6 (Tryon & Stolze 1989-94)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Icones Orchidacearum Peruvianum (Bennett & Christenson 1995-2000, Vol. 1-8, ongoing series); Orchids of Peru, Vol. I-IV (Schweinfurth 1959-1961, in Fieldiana Bot.)
more Bolivia BOL 1.098.581 +15422145552936
15422All Species
14555Indigenous Species
14555Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2936Endemic Species
2936Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
19% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1180 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 139 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
557 Basal Angiosperms (of them 122 endemic)
2252 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 383 endemic)
1381 Orchids (of them 558 endemic)
9168 Dicotyledons (of them 1731 endemic)
867 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia (Jorgensen et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Prodromus of a Fern Flora of Bolivia (Smith & Kessler 2016 ff., over 30 parts, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 1 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2000); Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 2 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2003); Index Orchidacearum Bolivianum (Hashimoto 1993)
BRAZIL (84)
more Brazil BRA 8.547.404 +365273594120724
36527All Species
35941Indigenous Species
35940Indigenous Species except Microspecies
20724Endemic Species
20724Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
56.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1353 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 492 endemic)
25 Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
1589 Basal Angiosperms (of them 824 endemic)
6759 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4255 endemic)
2774 Orchids (of them 1800 endemic)
23441 Dicotyledons (of them 13349 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
586 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br)

Most recent flora

various regional floras (all incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
more Fernando Noronha Isl. FNI 26 o272612
27All Species
26Indigenous Species
26Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
44.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
22 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Terrestrial vascular floras of Brazil's Oceanic Archipelagos (Alves 2006) [not seen and not included]
more Ilha da Trindade ITR 11 -161614
16All Species
16Indigenous Species
16Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
87.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)

Most recent flora

Terrestrial vascular floras of Brazil's Oceanic Archipelagos (Alves 2006) [not seen and not included]
TEMPERATE SOUTH AMERICA (85)
more Paraguay PAR 406.752 +51594998420
5159All Species
4998Indigenous Species
4998Indigenous Species except Microspecies
420Endemic Species
420Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
242 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
102 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
908 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 51 endemic)
167 Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
3578 Dicotyledons (of them 337 endemic)
161 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora de Paraguay (1983 ff., 39 vols. published, still incomplete)
more Uruguay URU 176.215 +28022472128
2802All Species
2472Indigenous Species
2472Indigenous Species except Microspecies
128Endemic Species
128Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
103 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
26 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
676 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 38 endemic)
49 Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
1617 Dicotyledons (of them 81 endemic)
330 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora del Uruguay (1958 ff., only 4 vols. published?)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora de Uruguay, Vol. 1 Pteridophyta (Legrand & Lombardo 1958)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora del Uruguay (Herter 1949)
more Argentina ARG 2.780.400 +1009892471861
10098All Species
9247Indigenous Species
9244Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1861Endemic Species
1858Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
370 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 19 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
106 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
1963 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 392 endemic)
267 Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
6521 Dicotyledons (of them 1412 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
851 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008); Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de la Republica Argentina (2 vols., Zuloaga et al. 1996)
more Chile (excl. Juan Fdz. Isl.) CLE 756.626 +497744181937
4977All Species
4418Indigenous Species
4412Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1937Endemic Species
1937Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
38.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
120 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 16 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
918 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 356 endemic)
63 Orchids (of them 36 endemic)
3285 Dicotyledons (of them 1514 endemic)
6 Microspecies (of them endemic)
559 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008); Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile (Marticorena 1984)

Most recent flora

Flora de Chile (1995-2005, ongoing, 4 vols. published)

Major Flora Websites:

www.chileflora.com http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=60
more Desventuradas Isl. DSV 30 +463613
46All Species
36Indigenous Species
36Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
13Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
28.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
29 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
10 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

The flora of San Felix Island (Johnston 1931); Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998)
more Juan Fernandez Isl. JNF 181 +400259117
400All Species
259Indigenous Species
259Indigenous Species except Microspecies
117Endemic Species
117Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 21 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
54 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 16 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
150 Dicotyledons (of them 75 endemic)
141 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Vascular flora of the Robinson Crusoe Islands (Marticorena et al. 1998)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Helechos de Juan Fernandez (Barrera Moscoso 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

ANTARCTIC (9)
ANTARCTIC CONTINENT (90)
more Antarctic continent ANT 13.200.000 +220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
SUBANTARCTIC ISLANDS (91)
more Macquarie Isl. MAQ 123 ++55483
55All Species
48Indigenous Species
48Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
26 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more Campbell Isl. CMP 137 ++1361242
136All Species
124Indigenous Species
124Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
39 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
5 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
60 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Heard & McDonald Isl. HMD 372 +13120
13All Species
12Indigenous Species
12Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more Marion & Prince Edward Isl. MPE 335 +37252
37All Species
25Indigenous Species
25Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
11 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Ile Amsterdam & St. Paul Isl. ASP 67 +26269
26All Species
26Indigenous Species
26Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
34.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Iles Crozet CRZ 300 +20200
20All Species
20Indigenous Species
20Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Iles Kerguélen KEG 6.993 +40291
40All Species
29Indigenous Species
29Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
15 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
11 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Falkland Isl. FAL 12.173 +25616515
256All Species
165Indigenous Species
165Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
21 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
45 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
95 Dicotyledons (of them 14 endemic)
91 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of the Falkland Islands (Woods 2000); The vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Moore 1968)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The current status and distribution of the Falkland islands pteridophyte flora (Broughton & MacAdam 2003)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Tristan da Cunha (incl. Gough Island, Nightingale Isl., Inaccessible Island) TDC 202 o17910347
179All Species
103Indigenous Species
103Indigenous Species except Microspecies
47Endemic Species
47Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
26.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
40 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 14 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
27 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
76 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vegetation and Checklist of Inaccessible Island (Roux et al. 1992)

Most recent flora

The terrestrial botany of the Tristan da Cunha Islands (Wace & Dixon 1965); Vegetation and Checklist of Inaccessible Island (Roux et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more South Georgia Isl. SGE 3.756 ++78250
78All Species
25Indigenous Species
24Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
53 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

The Vascular Flora of South Georgia (Greene 1964); Survey for baseline information on introduced vascular plants: South Georgia (Osborne et al. 2009)
more South Sandwich Isl. SSA 310 ++220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)
more South Orkney Isl. SOI 622 ++220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)
more South Shetland Isl. SSI 4.700 ++220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)