Species Count in
WorldPlants (might be incomplete)
Country or RegionCodeSurface Area (km²)Status ChecklistAll Species Indigenous Species Endemics
EUROPE (1)
NORTHERN EUROPE (10)
more species list checklist Iceland ICE 103.000 ++79973615
799All Species
736Indigenous Species
435Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
99 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
598 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
301 Microspecies (of them 15 endemic)
63 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Wasowicz, P. (2020): Annotated Checklist of Vascular Plants of Iceland

Most recent flora

A guide to the flowering plants and ferns of Iceland (Kristinsson 1998); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Jan Mayen Isl. JMY 380 ++58570
58All Species
57Indigenous Species
52Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
49 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The flora of Jan Mayen (Lid 1964)
more species list checklist Svalbard (incl. Bjornoya) SVA 62.160 ++2071980
207All Species
198Indigenous Species
193Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
28 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
164 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
9 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The Flora of Svalbard (Roenning 1964); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more species list checklist Faeroe Isl. FOR 1.399 ++3863650
386All Species
365Indigenous Species
333Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
21 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
69 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
274 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
32 Microspecies (of them endemic)
21 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Jóhanson, J. (2010): Føroysk flora
more species list checklist Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Orkney Isl., Shetland Isl., but excl. Channel Isl. and Northern Ireland) GRB 244.110 ++3391253557
3391All Species
2535Indigenous Species
1456Indigenous Species except Microspecies
57Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
80 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
281 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2165 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 56 endemic)
1079 Microspecies (of them 45 endemic)
856 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (Preston et al. 2002); List of Vascular Plants of the British Isles (Kent 1992)

Most recent flora

Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (5 vols., complete, Sell & Murrell 1997-2018); Concise Flora of the British Isles (Stace 2022, 5th ed.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (vol. 1, Sell & Murrell 2018); The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (Jermy 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Wild Orchids of Scotland (Allan, Woods & Clarks 1993); Orchidaceae. In: Flora of Great Britain, Ireland, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, Vol. 5 (Sell & Murrell 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland) IRE 70.000 ++153112301
1531All Species
1230Indigenous Species
966Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
182 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
983 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
264 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
301 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (Preston et al. 2002)

Most recent flora

Webb's An Irish Flora, 8th ed. (Parnell & Curtis, ed., 2012); Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (5 vols., complete, Sell & Murrell 1997-2018); Concise Flora of the British Isles (Stace 2022)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (vol. 1, Sell & Murrell 2018); The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (Jermy 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

British & Irish Orchids: a field guide (Ettlinger 1976); A Guide to the Wild Orchids of Great Britain and Ireland (Lang 1989); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Denmark DEN 43.094 +194716521
1947All Species
1652Indigenous Species
1183Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
230 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1367 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
469 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
295 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas Flora Danica (3 vols., Hartvig et al., ed., 2015)

Most recent flora

Dansk Flora (2nd udgave, Frederiksen et al. 2012); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010, incomplete); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Dansk feltflora (Hansen 1981); Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Norway NOR 385.639 ++41553822824
4155All Species
3822Indigenous Species
1320Indigenous Species except Microspecies
824Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
77 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
267 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3468 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 824 endemic)
2502 Microspecies (of them 818 endemic)
333 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Den Nya Nordiska Floran (Mossberg & Stenberg 2003); Norsk Flora (Lid et al. 2005); Flora Nordica, Vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Nordisk fjaellflora (Nilsson 1991); Flora över Dal (Andersson 1981); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Norsk, svensk, finsk flora (Lid, 5. ed. von Gjaerevoll 1985); Orkideer i Norden (Nylen 1984); Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Sweden SWE 449.964 ++38653504277
3865All Species
3504Indigenous Species
1493Indigenous Species except Microspecies
277Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
65 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
299 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3129 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 276 endemic)
2011 Microspecies (of them 268 endemic)
361 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Mossberg & Stenberg (2003); Norsk Flora (Lid et al. 2005); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Norsk, svensk, finsk flora (Lid, 5. ed. von Gjaerevoll 1985); Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997); Orkideer i Norden (Nylen 1984); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Finland FIN 338.144 ++2634236383
2634All Species
2363Indigenous Species
1099Indigenous Species except Microspecies
83Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
241 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2053 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 83 endemic)
1264 Microspecies (of them 82 endemic)
271 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland (Kurtto et al. 2020)

Most recent flora

Retkeilykasvio (Field Flora of Finnland) (Hämet-Ahti et al. 1998), Flora Fennica, vol. 1-3 (Lönnrotin 2002); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Norsk, svensk, finsk flora (Lid, 5. ed., Gjaerevoll 1985); Orchids of Scandinavia (2. ed., Johnson 1997); Kaemmekaet - Suomen orkideat (Korhonen & Vuokko 1987); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
MIDDLE EUROPE (11)
more species list checklist Netherlands NET 33.920 ++202116742
2021All Species
1674Indigenous Species
1264Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
46 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
236 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1384 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
410 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
347 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Neerlandica (Koniklijke Nederlandsche Botanische Vereeniging, 14 vols. published, incomplete); Heukels Flora van Nederland (23. Aufl., Mejden et al. 2005); De Nederlandse Oecologische Flora (5 vols., Weeda 2003); Nova Flora Neerlandica (Haveman et al., eds., 2022-, 1 vol. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora van Nederland (21. ed.) (Heuckels & van der Meijden 1990); De orchideen van Nederland - ecologie - verspreiding - bedreiging - beheer (Kreutz & Dekker 2000); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Belgium BGM 30.688 ++211517110
2115All Species
1711Indigenous Species
1391Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
240 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1405 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
320 Microspecies (of them endemic)
404 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas van de Belgische en Luxemburgse flora (van Rompaey & Delvosalle 1972)

Most recent flora

Flore de Belgique (Verloove et al. 2023); Flore generale de Belgique (Lawalrée et al., 1952-1993); Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon & Verloove 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxembourg (Bournerias et al. 1998); Orchidaceae Belgicae (Klopfenstein & Toussaint 1983-87); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Luxembourg LUX 2.586 +134512060
1345All Species
1206Indigenous Species
1095Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
173 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
978 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
111 Microspecies (of them endemic)
139 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas van de Belgische en Luxemburgse flora (van Rompaey & Delvosalle 1972)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed., Lambinon & Verloove 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Online Atlas of the Pteridophytes of Luxembourg (www.pteridophytes.lu)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Die Orchideen Luxemburgs (Mangen et al. 1993); Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxembourg (Bournerias et al. 1998)
more species list checklist Germany GER 356.970 ++6743375185
6743All Species
3751Indigenous Species
2458Indigenous Species except Microspecies
85Endemic Species
36Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
88 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
394 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3251 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 84 endemic)
1293 Microspecies (of them 49 endemic)
2992 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Florenliste von Deutschland - Gefäßpflanzen. Version 12 (Hand et al. 2022, www.kp-buttler.de)

Most recent flora

Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., many volumes, 3rd ed., incomplete); Flora von Deutschland und angrenzender Länder (Schmeil/Fitschen) (92. Auflage 2003, ed. Senghas & Seybold); Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora, ed. 8 (Oberdorfer, Begr., 2001); Exkursionsflora von Deutschland (Rothmaler, Begr., 22. Aufl. 2021, ed. Jäger); Flora Germanica (Hassler & Muer, 2022, 2 vols.); Die Blütenpflanzen Mitteleuropas (Aichele & Schwegler 1994, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora von Deutschland und angrenzender Länder (Schmeil/Fitschen), (89. Auflage 1993, ed. Senghas & Seybold); Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1995); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Switzerland SWI 41.285 ++3415302111
3415All Species
3021Indigenous Species
2493Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
90 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
360 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2552 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
528 Microspecies (of them 9 endemic)
394 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora Helvetica Checklist 2017 (Juillerat et al. 2017)

Most recent flora

Flora Helvetica (5. Aufl., Lauber et al. 2012); Flora der Schweiz (3 vols., Hess et al. 1976-1980); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004); Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., multiple volumes, 3rd ed. incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1994); Die Orchideen der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete (Reinhard et al. 1991); Die Orchideen der Schweiz (Danesch 1984); Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete (Hess, Landolt & Hirzel 1967-1970); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Liechtenstein LIE 161 ++141312990
1413All Species
1299Indigenous Species
1267Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
46 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
185 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1058 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
32 Microspecies (of them endemic)
114 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora von Liechtenstein (Waldburger et al. 2003); Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1994); Die Orchideen der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete (Reinhard et al. 1991); Die Orchideen der Schweiz (Danesch 1984); Flora der Schweiz und angrenzender Gebiete (Hess, Landolt & Hirzel 1967-1970); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Austria AUT 83.858 ++3609321010
3609All Species
3210Indigenous Species
2739Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
80 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
396 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2715 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
471 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
399 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., many volumes, 3rd 3d. incomplete); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Exkursionsflora von Österreich (Fischer, ed., 1994); Die Orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen (Presser 1995); Wildwachsende Orchideen in Österreich (Redl 1996); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Poland POL 312.684 ++295526486
2955All Species
2648Indigenous Species
2048Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
70 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
318 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2243 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
600 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
307 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flowering Plants and Pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist (Mirez et al. 2002)

Most recent flora

Flora polska (Szafera, ed., 1919 - 1980, 14 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Poland (Szlachetko & Skakuj 1996); Storczyki Zachodniej Czesci Polskich Beskidow (Bernacki 1999); Orchidaceae. - In: Atlas Flory Polskiej i Ziem Osciennych, Vol. 5, pt. 1 (Madalski 1971); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Czech Republic CZE 78.866 ++269024063
2690All Species
2406Indigenous Species
1962Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
73 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
314 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2003 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
444 Microspecies (of them endemic)
284 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic (Danihelka et al. 2012)

Most recent flora

Klič ke Květeně České republiky (Kubát, ed., 2002); Květena České (Socialistické) republiky (Slavík & Hejný, ed., 1988-2011, 8 vols., vol. 9 planned))

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideje nasi prirody (Prochazka & Velisek 1983); Orchid distribution and protection in Moravia and Silesia (Husak 1996); Verbreitung und Schutz der Orchideen in Mähren und Schlesien (Jatiova & Smitak 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Slovakia SLO 49.034 ++326327478
3263All Species
2747Indigenous Species
2426Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
70 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
331 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2328 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
321 Microspecies (of them 6 endemic)
516 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://ibot.sav.sk/checklist/index.php (Marhold & Hindak)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideje nasi prirody (Prochazka & Velisek 1983); Orchid distribution and protection in Moravia and Silesia (Husak 1996); Verbreitung und Schutz der Orchideen in Mähren und Schlesien (Jatiova & Smitak 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Hungary HUN 93.030 ++282123256
2821All Species
2325Indigenous Species
2151Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
324 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1930 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
174 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
496 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Distribution Atlas of Vascular Plants of Hungary (Bartha et al. 2015)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Vadon elo orchideak (Molnar, Sulyok & Videki 1995); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
SOUTH WESTERN EUROPE (12)
more species list checklist Portugal (excl. Azores, Madeira) POR 89.357 ++2995255524
2995All Species
2555Indigenous Species
2497Indigenous Species except Microspecies
24Endemic Species
24Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
62 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
327 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
2152 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 20 endemic)
58 Microspecies (of them endemic)
440 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011)

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985-2021, 21 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); The Orchid Flora of Portugal (Tyteca 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Spain (mainland, excl. Baleares, Canary Isl. and African exclaves) SPA 501.453 ++65255887349
6525All Species
5887Indigenous Species
5193Indigenous Species except Microspecies
349Endemic Species
290Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
110 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
19 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
583 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 37 endemic)
5164 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 309 endemic)
694 Microspecies (of them 59 endemic)
638 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985-2021, 21 vols., complete); Flora ornamental Espanola (Vol. 1-6, incomplete); Flora Valentina (G. M. Sanz et al., 2011-, 4 vols. published); Flora Vascular de Andalucia Occidental (Valdes et al., 3 vols., 1987); Flora Vascular de Andalucia Oriental (2nd ed., Blanca et al. 2011); Flora dels Paisons Catalans (Bolòs & Vigo, 1988-2001, 4 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Andorra ADO 468 +145113860
1451All Species
1386Indigenous Species
1315Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
43 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
142 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1192 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
71 Microspecies (of them endemic)
65 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Check-list i Llista vermella de la flora d'Andorra (Carrillo et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flowers of Andorra (Crozier & Matschke 1993); Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985-2021, 21 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Gibraltar GIB 7 ++6635640
663All Species
564Indigenous Species
563Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
57 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
492 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
99 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The flowers of Gibraltar (Leslie et al. 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Baleares BAL 4.992 ++1641146218
1641All Species
1462Indigenous Species
1395Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
172 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1245 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 17 endemic)
67 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
179 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora de Mallorca (Vols. 1-4, Bonafe 1977-1980); Illustrated Flora of Mallorca (Beckett 1993); Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985-2021, 21 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Orquidacies. - In: Flora de Mallorca, Vol. 2 (Barcelo 1978); Petita guia de las Orquidies de les Balears (Alomar 1994); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist France (mainland, excl. Corsica) FRA 535.285 ++809372911250
8093All Species
7291Indigenous Species
4397Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1250Endemic Species
60Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
123 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
560 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
6576 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1235 endemic)
2894 Microspecies (of them 1190 endemic)
802 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index synonymique de la flore de France (Kerguélen 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora Gallica (Tison & de Foucault 2014); Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977); Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon & Verloove 2012); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxembourg (Bournerias et al. 1998); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Monaco MCO 2 -2411630
241All Species
163Indigenous Species
162Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
142 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more species list checklist British Channel Isl. CIS 198 +14959040
1495All Species
904Indigenous Species
804Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
31 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
122 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
749 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
100 Microspecies (of them endemic)
591 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vice-County Census Catalogue (Botanicalkeys.co.uk)

Most recent flora

Wildflowers of Alderney (Bonnard 2008); A flora of the Island of Jersey (Lester-Garland 1903); The Wild Flowers of Jersey (Shirreffs 2015)
more species list checklist Corsica COR 8.680 ++2251208811
2251All Species
2088Indigenous Species
2022Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
70 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
284 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1717 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
66 Microspecies (of them endemic)
163 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Corsica, 2ème ed. (Jeanmonod & Gamisans 2013); Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Sardinia SAR 23.318 ++2130198813
2130All Species
1988Indigenous Species
1930Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
260 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1662 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
58 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
142 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora dell' Isola di Sardegna, Vol. 1-6 (Arrigoni 2006-2015); Flora Sarda / Piante Endemiche (Marras 2000); Flora d'Italia (2nd ed., Pignatti et al., 2017-2019, 4 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidee spontanee della Sardegna (Giotta & Picitto 1990); Orchidee spontanee della Sardegna (Scrugli 1991); Orchidee Spontanee d'Italia (Del Prete & Tosi 1988); Orchidaceae (Pignatti). In: Flora d'Italia (Rasetti 1982) Orchidee. Specie spontanee (Liverani 1991); Orchidacee d’Italia (Grünanger 2001); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE (13)
more species list checklist Italy (mainland) (incl. Elba Isl., Capri Isl.) ITA 203.856 ++60935490102
6093All Species
5490Indigenous Species
4973Indigenous Species except Microspecies
102Endemic Species
86Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
124 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
13 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
16 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
651 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
4686 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 81 endemic)
517 Microspecies (of them 16 endemic)
603 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora d'Italia (2nd ed., Pignatti et al., 2017-2019, 4 vols.); Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Flora Analitica della Toscana (Arrigoni, 2016-2021, 8 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Le Pteridofite d'Italia (Marchetti 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidee Spontanee d'Italia (Del Prete & Tosi 1988); Orchidaceae (Pignatti). In: Flora d'Italia (Rasetti 1982); Orchidee d’Italia (Sguazzini & Glerean 1981); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Sicily SIC 25.426 ++2591236313
2591All Species
2363Indigenous Species
2298Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
313 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1977 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
65 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
228 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily (Giardina et al. 2007); Checklist of the vascular flora of Sicily (Raimondo, Domina & Spadaro 2010)

Most recent flora

Flora d'Italia (2nd ed., Pignatti et al., 2017-2019, 4 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidee Spontanee d'Italia (Del Prete & Tosi 1988); Orchidaceae (Pignatti). In: Flora d'Italia (Rasetti 1982); Orchidee d’Italia (Sguazzini & Glerean 1981); A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily (GIARDINA et al. 2007); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa, Linosa, Lampione) PEL 25 +5154950
515All Species
495Indigenous Species
491Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
44 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
446 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
20 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora e vegetazione dell'Isola di Lampedusa (Bartolo et al. 1988)
more species list checklist Pantelleria Isl. PTL 83 +4934730
493All Species
473Indigenous Species
469Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
37 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
417 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
20 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily (Giardina et al. 2007); Checklist of the vascular flora of Sicily (Raimondo, Domina & Spadaro 2010)

Most recent flora

Flora dell' Isola Pantelleria (Sommier 1922)
more species list checklist Malta MLT 316 ++8747850
874All Species
785Indigenous Species
780Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
28 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
92 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
658 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
89 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

A Flora of the Maltese Islands (Haslam, Sell & Wolseley 1977); Flora of the Maltese Islands (Casha 2018)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Le Orchidaceae dell'archipelago maltese (Bartolo et al. 2001); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist San Marino SMA 61 +10088190
1008All Species
819Indigenous Species
816Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
14 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
92 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
709 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
189 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora vascolare della Repubblica di San Marino (Alessandrini et al. 2022); Flora della repubblica di San Marino (Pampanini 1930) [outdated]
more species list checklist Slovenia SLV 20.273 +296927123
2969All Species
2712Indigenous Species
2608Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
70 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
366 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2256 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
104 Microspecies (of them endemic)
257 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Register flore Slovenije (Trpin & Vres 1995)

Most recent flora

Flora of Slovenia (iFlora - Plant Guide Book 22) (Tackenberg); Mala flora Slovenije, kljuc za dolocanje praprotnic in semenk (Martinic et al. 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen in Jugoslawien (Gölz & Reinhard 1986); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Croatia CRO 56.594 ++428537837
4285All Species
3783Indigenous Species
3658Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
84 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
482 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3189 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
125 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
502 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Nikolić T. ed. (2015): Flora Croatica Database (http://hirc.botanic.hr/fcd)

Most recent flora

Nikolić, T. (2019-2020): Flora Croatica. Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske. 4 vols. (complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen in Jugoslawien (Gölz & Reinhard 1986); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Bosnia & Hercegovina BIH 51.209 -279826215
2798All Species
2621Indigenous Species
2552Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
54 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
352 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2192 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
69 Microspecies (of them endemic)
177 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Bosne i Hercegovine (Beck 1903-1921, 1927, Beck & Maly 1950, Bjelčić 1967-1983, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of the Orchidaceae of Bosnia & Hercegovina (Sabanovic et al. 2021)
more species list checklist Montenegro MNT 13.812 o256924910
2569All Species
2491Indigenous Species
2429Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
66 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
305 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2096 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
62 Microspecies (of them endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Katalog Vaskularne Flora Crne Gore, Tom. 1 (Stesevic & Cakovic 2013) [incomplete]

Most recent flora

Conspectus Florae Montenegrinae (Rohlena 1942)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Die Orchideenflora Montenegros (Parolly 1991, in Mitt. Bl. AHO Bad.-Württ., Vol. 24); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Serbia SRB 77.474 o308230721
3082All Species
3072Indigenous Species
3019Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
37 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
28 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
368 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2579 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
53 Microspecies (of them endemic)
10 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Checklist of Vascular Flora of Serbia, Vol. 1 (Niketic & Tomovic 2018) [incomplete]

Most recent flora

Flora SR Srbije (Josifović 1970-1976, 1977; Sarić & Diklić 1986); Flora Srbije (Saric et al., eds., 1992; Stevanovic et al., eds., 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen in Jugoslawien (Gölz & Reinhard 1986); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Kosovo KOS 10.877 -308629530
3086All Species
2953Indigenous Species
2899Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
372 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2498 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
54 Microspecies (of them endemic)
133 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora SR Srbije (Josifović 1970-1976, 1977; Sarić & Diklić 1986); Flora Srbije (Saric et al., eds., 1992; Stevanovic et al., eds., 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen in Jugoslawien (Gölz & Reinhard 1986); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist North Macedonia (Macedonia) NMA 25.713 o299628998
2996All Species
2899Indigenous Species
2822Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
291 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2526 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
77 Microspecies (of them endemic)
97 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora na Republika Makedonija (Micevski et al. 1983-2006, Matevski 2010; 7 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen in Jugoslawien (Gölz & Reinhard 1986); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Albania ALB 28.748 +334532046
3345All Species
3204Indigenous Species
3142Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
382 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2740 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
62 Microspecies (of them endemic)
141 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Distribution Atlas of Vascular Plants in Albania (Barina et al. 2017), Checklist of vascular plants of Albania (Barina et al. 2018); Atlas Florae Albanicae (Vangjeli 2017, 1 vol. published)

Most recent flora

Illustrated Flora of Albania (Pils 2016); Excursion Flora of Albania (Vangjeli 2015)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Illustrated Flora of Albania (Pils 2016); Die Orchideenflora Albaniens (Gölz & Reinhard 1984); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Romania ROM 237.500 ++343431627
3434All Species
3162Indigenous Species
3002Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
408 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2670 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
160 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
272 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Republicii Socialiste România (1952-1976, 13 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora Romaniei, Vol. II (Beldie 1979); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Bulgaria BUL 110.994 ++3815362026
3815All Species
3620Indigenous Species
3453Indigenous Species except Microspecies
26Endemic Species
24Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
63 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
399 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3134 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 26 endemic)
167 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
195 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus of the Bulgarian vascular flora (Assyov et al., 4th ed. 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora Reipublicae Popularis Bulgaricae (Jordanov et al., 1963-2012, 11 vols.); Flora bulgarica (CD-ROM, 2003)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora von Bulgarien (Stojanow & Stafanov 1948); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist European Turkey TUE 23.764 ++202919590
2029All Species
1959Indigenous Species
1943Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
259 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1665 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
70 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000, 9 vols. + 2 supplement volumes, complete); Flowers of Turkey - A photo guide (Pils 2006)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 8 (Renz & Taubenheim 1984); Die Orchideen der Türkei (Kreutz 1999); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Greece (incl. Kikladhes, Sporades, Ionian Isl., Korfu, Kithira, Andikithira, Samothraki and Limnos, excl. Crete and East Aegaean Isl. [see there]) GRC 123.600 ++51644850119
5164All Species
4850Indigenous Species
4656Indigenous Species except Microspecies
119Endemic Species
117Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
22 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
599 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
4150 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 111 endemic)
194 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
314 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Greece. An Annotated Checklist (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, with supplement 2016); Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016); Atlas of the Hellenic Flora (Strid 2024)

Most recent flora

Flora Hellenica (Strid & Kit Tan (eds., 1997-2005, 3 vols. published, incomplete); Mountain Flora of Greece (Vol. 1/2, Strid, ed., 1989/1991, incomplete); Flowers of Greece (Lafranchis & Sfikas 2009, 2 vols., field guide)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Synopsis Flora Graecae: Orchidaceae (Diapulis 1995); The Orchids of Greece - Inventory and Review (Kalopissis 1988); Orchids of Greece (Lepper 1981); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Crete KRI 8.336 ++197318098
1973All Species
1809Indigenous Species
1793Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
37 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
238 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1523 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
164 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Greece. An Annotated Checklist (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, with supplement 2016); Atlas of the Hellenic Flora (Strid 2024)

Most recent flora

Exkursionsflora für Kreta (Jahn & Schönfelder 1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Die Orchideen von Kreta und Karpathos (Alibertis 1997) (engl. ed. 1998); Orchidaceae (Scheurer & Jahn). In: Exkursionsflora für Kreta (Jahn & Schönfelder 1995); Orchideen auf Kreta, Karpathos & Kasos (Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
EASTERN EUROPE (14)
more species list checklist Estonia EST 45.339 ++193314160
1933All Species
1416Indigenous Species
1127Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
217 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1140 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
289 Microspecies (of them endemic)
517 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas of the Estonian Flora 2020 (Kukk et al., 2021); Eesti Taimestik (Checklist of vascular plants) (Kukk 1999)

Most recent flora

Eesti NSV Floora (Flora of Estonian SSR, Vol. 1-11, 1953-1984); Flora baltijskich respublik (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Native orchids in Estonia (Kuusk 1996); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Latvia LAT 64.589 ++163313150
1633All Species
1315Indigenous Species
1130Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
216 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1044 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
185 Microspecies (of them endemic)
318 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Latvijas vaskularo augu flora. Taksonu Saraksts (Gavrilova & Sulcs 1999, checklist)

Most recent flora

Latvias PSR Flora (Galenieka, P., ed., 1953-1959, in 4 vols., complete); Flora baltijskich respublik (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Flora of Latvian vascular taxa (Gavrilova & Sulcs 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Diversity, state and protection of Orchidaceae species in Lithuania (Gudzinskas 2001); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Lithuania LIT 65.300 ++152412340
1524All Species
1234Indigenous Species
1142Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
216 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
969 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
92 Microspecies (of them endemic)
290 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Lietuvos Induociai augalai (Gudzinskas 1999, checklist)

Most recent flora

Lietuvos PSR Flora (Vols. 1-6, 1959-1980, complete); Flora baltijskich respublik (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Diversity, state and protection of Orchidaceae species in Lithuania (Gudzinskas 2001); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Belarus BLR 207.595 +184714930
1847All Species
1493Indigenous Species
1407Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
43 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
220 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1216 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
86 Microspecies (of them endemic)
354 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Belarusi (Vol. 1-3, 2009-2017, incomplete, in total 6 vols. planned); Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Fedorov, ed., 11 vols., 1988-2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist European Russia (excl. Caucasus, incl. Kaliningrad region, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya) RUS 4.300.000 ++4589412342
4589All Species
4123Indigenous Species
3465Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
74 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
449 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
3579 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 39 endemic)
658 Microspecies (of them 23 endemic)
466 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Fedorov, ed., 11 vols., 1988-2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff.); many more regional floras (in Russian)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Orkhidei nachei strany (Vakhrameeva et al. 1991)
more species list checklist Moldova (incl. Transnistria) MLD 33.843 -9958980
995All Species
898Indigenous Species
858Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
24 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
828 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
40 Microspecies (of them endemic)
97 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Basarabiei (Simonov et al., ed.), Vol. 1 (Ferns and Allies) (2011), Vol. 2 (Magnoliophyta) (2016), Vol. 4 (2023, not yet seen) [incomplete, in total 6 volumes are planned]

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Basarabiei (Simonov et al., ed.), Vol. 1 (Ferns and Allies) (2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Ukraine (excl. Crimea) UKR 577.720 ++323529727
3235All Species
2972Indigenous Species
2794Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
383 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2515 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
178 Microspecies (of them endemic)
263 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of the Ukraine: a nomenclatural checklist (Mosyakin & Fedoronchuk 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora URSR [Flora of the Ukrainian SSSR], 1936 - 1965, 12 vols.; Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Ukrainae Carpaticae (Chopik 2015)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Vasheka OV, Bezsmertna OO (2012). Ferns atlas of Ukrainian flora: monograf.

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Ukraine (Sobko 1989, in russian); Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Crimea KRY 26.080 ++229721204
2297All Species
2120Indigenous Species
2048Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
233 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1833 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
72 Microspecies (of them endemic)
177 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of the Ukraine: a nomenclatural checklist (Mosyakin & Fedoronchuk 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora Kryma (Wulf., ed., 1927-1969, 10 vols. plus Additions)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Vasheka OV, Bezsmertna OO (2012). Ferns atlas of Ukrainian flora: monograf.

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of the Orchids of Crimea (Fateryga & Kreutz 2014); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
AFRICA (2)
NORTHERN AFRICA (20)
more species list checklist Morocco MOR 453.730 ++43313913132
4331All Species
3913Indigenous Species
3872Indigenous Species except Microspecies
132Endemic Species
132Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
68 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
367 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
3457 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 129 endemic)
41 Microspecies (of them endemic)
418 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flore pratique du Maroc (Fennane et al. 1999-2015, 3 vols.); Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie (Fennane & Ibn Tattou, 2 vols., 2005-2007); Flore de l'Afrique du Nord (Maire et al., 1952-1987, 16 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flore pratique du Maroc, Vol. 1 (Salvo & Ouyahya 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Les orchidées du Maroc (Raynaud 1985); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Western Sahara WSA 267.769 +2392370
239All Species
237Indigenous Species
237Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
217 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998)

Most recent flora

Flore de Mauritanie, Vol. 2 (Barry & Celles 1991); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991); Flore de l'Afrique du Nord (Maire et al., 1952-1987, 16 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Algeria ALG 2.381.740 ++3738339631
3738All Species
3396Indigenous Species
3361Indigenous Species except Microspecies
31Endemic Species
31Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
336 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
2980 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 26 endemic)
35 Microspecies (of them endemic)
342 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de l'Algerie (Quezel & Santa 1962/63, 2 vols.); Flore de l'Afrique du Nord (Maire et al., 1952-1987, 16 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more species list checklist Tunisia TUN 164.418 ++2440223813
2440All Species
2238Indigenous Species
2197Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
40 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
228 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1958 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
41 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
202 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flore de Tunisie: Catalogue synonymique commente (Le Floc'h & Boulos 2008); Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flore de la Tunisie (Pottier-Alapetite, ed., 1979-1984, 3 vols. + Atlas, complete); Flore de l'Afrique du Nord (Maire et al., 1952-1987, 16 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidées de Tunisie (Valles & Valles-Lombard 1988)
more species list checklist Libya LBY 1.757.000 ++192517398
1925All Species
1739Indigenous Species
1729Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
153 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1558 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
10 Microspecies (of them endemic)
186 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Libya (Ali & Jafri, eds., 1976-1990, 150 vols., almost complete); Flore de l'Afrique du Nord (Maire et al., 1952-1987, 16 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Libya - Pteridophytes (1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidaceae (Flora Libia, Fasc. 119) (Hossain & El-Gadi 1985); Zur Kenntnis der Orchideenflora der Cyrenaika (Libyen) (Baumann & Baumann 2001)
more species list checklist Egypt (excl. Sinai peninsula) EGY 878.000 ++196518193
1965All Species
1819Indigenous Species
1812Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
192 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1607 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
146 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Egypt (Boulos, ed., 1999-2005, 4 vols., complete); Flora of Egypt (Cairo University, 1981-1998, 9 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1: Azollaceae - Oxalidaceae (Boulos 1999)
MACARONESIA (21)
more species list checklist Azores AZO 2.247 ++9445833
944All Species
583Indigenous Species
577Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
63 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
468 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
6 Microspecies (of them endemic)
361 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993); Catalogo das plantas vasculares dos Acores (Palhina 1966)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Azores (3rd ed., Schaefer et al. 2022, field guide)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora Europaea, Vol. 5 (Soó 1980); Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die Orchideen der Azoren (Frey 1977)
more species list checklist Madeira MDR 741 ++130876713
1308All Species
767Indigenous Species
759Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
13Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
65 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
636 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
8 Microspecies (of them endemic)
541 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993); Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Madeira (Press et al. 1994); Die Farne und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras (Muer et al. 2020); Flores Silvestres de las Islas Canarias (Bramwell & Bramwell 1974)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Flora of Madeira (Press 1994); Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Beitrag zur Kenntnis und Verbreitung der Orchideen von Madeira (Rückbrodt & Rückbrodt 1990)
more species list checklist Islas Selvagens (Salvajes Isl.) SEL 3 ++109950
109All Species
95Indigenous Species
95Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
89 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
14 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993); Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Madeira (Press et al. 1994); Die Farne und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras (Muer et al. 2020)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Flora of Madeira (Press 1994); Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Beitrag zur Kenntnis und Verbreitung der Orchideen von Madeira (Rückbrodt & Rückbrodt 1990)
more species list checklist Canary Isl. CNY 7.273 ++21131577142
2113All Species
1577Indigenous Species
1572Indigenous Species except Microspecies
142Endemic Species
142Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
54 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
103 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1414 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 140 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
536 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993); Index Synonimique Flore d'Afrique du Nord (Dobignard & Chatelain, 2010-2013, 5 vols.)

Most recent flora

Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Kanarischen Inseln (Muer, Sauerbier & Calixto 2016); Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln (Hohenester & Weiss 1993)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln (Hohenester & Weiss 1993); Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986)
more species list checklist Cape Verde Isl. CVI 4.033 ++7665419
766All Species
541Indigenous Species
540Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
50 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
455 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
225 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora de Cabo Verde (Paiva et al., 1995-2002, 106 vols., ?complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Ferns and Fern-Allies (Pteridophyta) of the Cape Verde Islands (Lobin et al. 1998)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
WEST TROPICAL AFRICA (22)
more species list checklist Mauritania MTN 1.030.700 +8437750
843All Species
775Indigenous Species
773Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
65 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
694 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
68 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998)

Most recent flora

Flore de Mauritanie (2 vols., Barry & Celles 1991); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Senegal SEN 196.722 +189117930
1891All Species
1793Indigenous Species
1793Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
364 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1369 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
98 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Enumeration des plantes vasculaires du Senegal (Lebrun 1973)

Most recent flora

Flore illustrée du Sénégal (Berhaut, ed., 1971-1988, incomplete); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Orchidaceae (van den Berghen). - In: Flore Illustree du Senegal, Vol. 9 (Berhault 1988)
more species list checklist Gambia GAM 11.295 o10188430
1018All Species
843Indigenous Species
843Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
14 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
147 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
670 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
175 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Gambian Biodiversity: A Provisional Checklist of all Species Recorded within the Gambia (Emms & Brummitt 2005)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of the Gambia (Jones 1994, only cursory overview)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Guinea-Bissau GNB 36.125 ++141613341
1416All Species
1334Indigenous Species
1334Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
22 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
24 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
229 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1059 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
82 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) (Catarino et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora da Guiné-Bissau / Jardim e museu agrícola do Ultramar .. (7 vol., 1971-1983, incomplete); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Guinea [Conakry] GUI 245.857 ++309227757
3092All Species
2775Indigenous Species
2775Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
168 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
41 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
503 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2063 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
317 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2009); Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2011); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Sierra Leone SIE 71.740 o270425693
2704All Species
2569Indigenous Species
2569Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
138 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
60 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
517 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1854 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
135 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Liberia LBR 99.067 o224521803
2245All Species
2180Indigenous Species
2179Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
192 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
55 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
433 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1500 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
65 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Über die Farne Liberias (Westafrika), ihr Vorkommen und ihre Verbreitung (Kunkel 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Mali MLI 1.240.192 o167315940
1673All Species
1594Indigenous Species
1593Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
245 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1300 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
79 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali (Boudet et al. 1986)

Most recent flora

Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)
more species list checklist Burkina Faso BKN 274.200 +204618050
2046All Species
1805Indigenous Species
1805Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
304 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1459 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
241 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Lebrun et al. 1991); Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Thiombiano et al. 2012)

Most recent flora

Diversity, distribution and preliminary conservation status of the flora of Burkina Faso (Schmidt et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931);
more species list checklist Ivory Coast IVO 322.462 +353434144
3534All Species
3414Indigenous Species
3414Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
158 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
93 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
685 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2478 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
120 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flore de la Cote d'Ivoire: Catalogue systematique, biogeographie et ecologie (Ake-Assi 2001-2002)

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Les Orchidees de Cote d’Ivoire (Perez-Vera 2003)
more species list checklist Ghana GHA 238.500 o318930330
3189All Species
3033Indigenous Species
3033Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
158 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
567 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2243 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
156 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A list of the Gold Coast Pteridophyta (Adams & Alston 1955); Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Togo TOG 56.785 ++220020182
2200All Species
2018Indigenous Species
2017Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
89 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
26 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
377 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1526 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
182 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel, ed., 1984); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel & Butzin 1985)
more species list checklist Benin BEN 112.622 ++266522580
2665All Species
2258Indigenous Species
2258Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
37 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
347 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1823 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
407 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore du Bénin (3 vols., Souza, ed., 2006-2009); Flore analytique du Benin (Akoegninou et al., eds., 2006); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Flora of Benin, Vol. 1 (Souza 1987); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Niger NGR 1.267.000 o8267920
826All Species
792Indigenous Species
792Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
15 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
130 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
640 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger (Fabrègues & Lebrun 1976)

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)
more species list checklist Nigeria NGA 923.768 o471945787
4719All Species
4578Indigenous Species
4577Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
195 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
107 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
846 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
3427 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
141 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Orchids of Nigeria (Segerbäck et al. 1983)
WEST CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA (23)
more species list checklist Cameroon (Cameroun) CMN 475.442 +7237679596
7237All Species
6795Indigenous Species
6795Indigenous Species except Microspecies
96Endemic Species
96Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
278 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
207 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
1080 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
5225 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 73 endemic)
442 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011)

Most recent flora

Flore du Cameroun (Aubreville et al., ed., 1963 - 2022, 44 vols., still incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 3 (Tardieu-Blot 1964); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953); The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 34-36: Orchidaceae 1-3 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 1998/2001)
more species list checklist Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo) BIO 2.017 +194017330
1940All Species
1733Indigenous Species
1733Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
212 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
58 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
315 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1148 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
207 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Velayos, M. et al. (2013): Preliminary Checklist of vascular plants of Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea)

Most recent flora

Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial (Velayos, ed., 2008 ff., 7 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophyta of Bioko, Vol. 1-5 (Benl 1978-91)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)
more species list checklist Principe Isl. PRI 146 +5224061
522All Species
406Indigenous Species
406Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
78 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
103 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
215 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
116 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Catalogue of the flowering plants of Sao Tome and Principe (Figueiredo et al. 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tome etc. (Exell 1944); Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)
more species list checklist Sao Tomé SAO 855 +11368396
1136All Species
839Indigenous Species
839Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
147 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
168 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
506 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
297 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Catalogue of the flowering plants of Sao Tome and Principe (Figueiredo et al. 2011); Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)
more species list checklist Annobon Isl. ANN 17 +3372620
337All Species
262Indigenous Species
262Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
46 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
164 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
75 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Velayos, M. et al. (2016): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea); Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Velayos, M. et al. (2014): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea); Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial, Vol. 1 (Velayos et al. 2008)
more species list checklist Equatorial Guinea (mainland [Rio Muni], excluding islands) EQG 24.500 o206920101
2069All Species
2010Indigenous Species
2010Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
136 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
75 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
463 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1334 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
59 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of Equatorial Guinean Flora (Royal Jardin Botanico Madrid, Internet); some more checklists on family level

Most recent flora

Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial (Velayos, ed., 2008 ff., 7 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial, Vol. 1 (Velayos et al. 2008)
more species list checklist Gabon GAB 267.667 +4757464462
4757All Species
4644Indigenous Species
4644Indigenous Species except Microspecies
62Endemic Species
62Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
174 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
176 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
732 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
3560 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 53 endemic)
113 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Sosef et al. (2006): Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon

Most recent flora

Flore du Gabon (Aubreville et al., eds., 1961-2022, 59 vols. published, still incomplete); Plantes à Fleurs du Gabon (Field Guide, J. P. Vande Weghe et al.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore du Gabon, Vol. 8. Ptéridophytes (Tardieu-Blot 1964); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae 1 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 2000). In: Flore du Gabon (Morat, ed.)
more species list checklist Congo [Brazzaville] CON 342.000 +422140696
4221All Species
4069Indigenous Species
4069Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
210 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
143 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
614 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3097 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo (Sita & Moutsambote 1988); La flore des plantes vascularies de la Republique du Congo: nouvelles donnees (Lachenaud 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)
more species list checklist Central African Republic CAF 622.436 +356333586
3563All Species
3358Indigenous Species
3358Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
113 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
88 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
514 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2639 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
205 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977-1984, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Central African Republic (Cribb & Fay 1987)
more species list checklist Cabinda CAB 7.823 o4814791
481All Species
479Indigenous Species
479Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
31 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
46 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
401 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Conspectus florae angolensis: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)
more species list checklist D.R. Congo (Zaire) ZAI 2.344.885 o88598639189
8859All Species
8639Indigenous Species
8639Indigenous Species except Microspecies
189Endemic Species
189Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
325 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
155 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1455 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 26 endemic)
6692 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 155 endemic)
220 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948-2022, over 70% complete); Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes) - covers mountains in eastern part of the country

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of the Upper Katanga (Kornas et al. 2000); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)
more species list checklist Rwanda RWA 26.338 o219321455
2193All Species
2145Indigenous Species
2145Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
197 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
429 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
1498 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
48 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948-2022, over 70% complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Checklist of Lycopodiopsida and Polypodiopsida of Rwanda (Fischer & Lobin 2023); Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)
more species list checklist Burundi BUR 27.834 o205820184
2058All Species
2018Indigenous Species
2018Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
177 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
419 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1407 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
40 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948-2022, over 70% complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985))

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)
NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA (24)
more species list checklist Chad CHA 1.284.000 ++226220341
2262All Species
2034Indigenous Species
2034Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
313 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1664 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
228 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis (Brundu 2013); Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Tchad meridional (Lebrun et al. 1972, with supplements 1976, 1977, 1986)

Most recent flora

Flore illustrée du Tchad (César & Chatelain 2019)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)
more species list checklist Sudan SUD 1.886.068 +214120003
2141All Species
2000Indigenous Species
2000Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
169 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
219 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1601 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
141 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015)

Most recent flora

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan (Andrews 1950-1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (Macleay 1953); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)
more species list checklist South Sudan SSU 619.745 +280326983
2803All Species
2698Indigenous Species
2698Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
430 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2225 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
105 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015); Flora of the Sudan-Uganda border area east of the Nile (part 1: Catalogue, Friis & Vollesen 1998)

Most recent flora

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan (Andrews 1950-1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (Macleay 1953); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)
more species list checklist Ethiopia ETH 1.133.380 ++5048483346
5048All Species
4833Indigenous Species
4833Indigenous Species except Microspecies
46Endemic Species
46Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
184 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
691 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
3935 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 34 endemic)
215 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989 - 2009, 9 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)
more species list checklist Eritrea ERI 121.144 ++157415201
1574All Species
1520Indigenous Species
1520Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
29 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
201 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1283 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
54 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989 - 2009, 9 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)
more species list checklist Djibouti DJI 23.200 ++6205830
620All Species
583Indigenous Species
583Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
13 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
37 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
529 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
37 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la République de Djibouti (Lebrun et al. 1990)

Most recent flora

Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti (Audru et al. 1994, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)
more species list checklist Somalia SOM 637.700 ++2963289970
2963All Species
2899Indigenous Species
2898Indigenous Species except Microspecies
70Endemic Species
70Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
40 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
310 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
2530 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 65 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
64 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The plants of Somalia: an overview and checklist (Kuchar 1986)

Most recent flora

Flora of Somalia (Thulin, ed., 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1 (Thulin, ed., 1993)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Pettersson). - In: Flora of Somalia, Vol. 4 (Thulin 1995)
more species list checklist Soqotra (incl. Abd-al-Kuri Isl., Samha Isl.) SOC 3.579 ++81877819
818All Species
778Indigenous Species
777Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
28 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
73 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
674 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 19 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
40 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Ethnoflora of Soqotra (Miller & Morris 2004)
EAST TROPICAL AFRICA (25)
more species list checklist Uganda UGA 241.038 ++4577441110
4577All Species
4411Indigenous Species
4410Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
271 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
48 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
831 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
3255 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
166 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of the Sudan-Uganda border area east of the Nile (part 1: Catalogue, Friis & Vollesen 1998)

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in 286 volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae: in Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)
more species list checklist Kenya KEN 582.646 ++6321606738
6321All Species
6067Indigenous Species
6066Indigenous Species except Microspecies
38Endemic Species
38Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
282 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
60 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
986 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
4732 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 25 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
254 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in 286 volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989); Orchids of Kenya (Stewart 1996)
more species list checklist Tanzania (incl. Pemba Isl., Zanzibar) TAN 945.268 ++95239231224
9523All Species
9231Indigenous Species
9231Indigenous Species except Microspecies
224Endemic Species
224Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
403 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
123 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
1594 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 29 endemic)
7101 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 187 endemic)
292 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in 286 volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)
SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA (26)
more species list checklist Angola (excl. Cabinda) ANG 1.238.877 +64496191132
6449All Species
6191Indigenous Species
6191Indigenous Species except Microspecies
132Endemic Species
132Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
204 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
72 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
899 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
5011 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 126 endemic)
258 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]

Most recent flora

Conspectus florae Angolensis (Fernandes et al., eds., 1937-1993, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)
more species list checklist Zambia ZAM 752.614 ++6101588167
6101All Species
5881Indigenous Species
5881Indigenous Species except Microspecies
67Endemic Species
67Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
177 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
45 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1202 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
4454 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 52 endemic)
220 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of Zambian vascular plants (Phiri 2005)

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-2020, 48 of ca. 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970); Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia (Kornas 1978)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)
more species list checklist Malawi MLW 118.484 ++4384428112
4384All Species
4281Indigenous Species
4281Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
235 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
957 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
3054 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
103 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-2020, 48 of ca. 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)
more species list checklist Zimbabwe ZIM 390.759 ++5539509130
5539All Species
5091Indigenous Species
5090Indigenous Species except Microspecies
30Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
276 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
989 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
3783 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
448 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants (Mapaura 2004)

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-2020, 48 of ca. 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98); A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia (Grosvenor 1976)
more species list checklist Mozambique MOZ 799.380 ++5555511628
5555All Species
5116Indigenous Species
5116Indigenous Species except Microspecies
28Endemic Species
28Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
227 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
18 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
53 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
797 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
4021 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 22 endemic)
439 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique (da Silva et al. 2004)

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-2020, 48 of ca. 50 parts published); Flora de Mocambique (A. Fernandes, ed., 79 vols. published until 1980, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A Provisional Check-List of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique (Schelpe 1976)
SOUTH AFRICA (27)
more species list checklist Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip) NAM 824.269 ++40633870117
4063All Species
3870Indigenous Species
3867Indigenous Species except Microspecies
117Endemic Species
117Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
62 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
568 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
3223 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 109 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
193 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of Namibian Indigenous and Naturalised Plants (Klaassen & Kwembeya 2013); List of Namibian Plant Species (Kolberg et al. 1992)

Most recent flora

Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrica (Merxmüller 1966-1972, 167 families published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrika, Lfg. 26 (Merxmüller, ed., 1969)
more species list checklist Botswana BOT 581.730 ++263425090
2634All Species
2509Indigenous Species
2509Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
406 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2038 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
125 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana (Setshogo 2005)

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1970); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98); Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)
more species list checklist South Africa SAF 1.219.090 +20246192748240
20246All Species
19274Indigenous Species
19250Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8240Endemic Species
8240Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
40.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
276 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
43 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 13 endemic)
31 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4027 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1735 endemic)
14897 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6489 endemic)
24 Microspecies (of them endemic)
972 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., 29 vols. published, very incomplete); A Flora of the eastern Cape (C. L. Bredenkamp, ed., 3 vols., 2019, complete); Many major monographs in the Series "Strelitzia". Plants of the Greater Cape Floristic Region (2 vols., Manning & Goldblatt 2012).

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)
more species list checklist Lesotho LES 30.355 +177816257
1778All Species
1625Indigenous Species
1623Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
89 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
339 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1196 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
153 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Lesotho (Basutoland) (Guillarmod 1971); Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., 29 vols. published, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)
more species list checklist Eswatini [Swaziland] SWZ 17.363 +280326503
2803All Species
2650Indigenous Species
2650Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
108 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
504 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2012 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
153 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., 29 vols. published, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Flora of Swaziland: Orchidaceae (Compton 1976)
MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN (28)
more species list checklist Ascension Isl. ASC 88 +40330
40All Species
33Indigenous Species
33Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
15 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Fairhurst, W. (2004) Flowering plants of Ascension Island; A plan for the conservation of endemic and native flora of Ascension Island (Lambdon et al. 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)
more species list checklist St. Helena STH 122 ++487982
487All Species
98Indigenous Species
98Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
52 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
389 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

St. Helena: Checklist of endemic & indigenous plants (Clifton 1996)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants & Ferns of St. Helena (Lambdon 2013); The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (Cronk 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)
INDIAN OCEAN (29)
more species list checklist Madagascar MDG 587.041 +12160117442161
12160All Species
11744Indigenous Species
11743Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2161Endemic Species
2161Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
17.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
723 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 65 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
171 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
2152 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 472 endemic)
8690 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1611 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
416 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the Plants of Madagascar (www.tropicos.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (H. Humbert, ed., 1937 ff., almost complete in ca. 180 volumes, but partially outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999); Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)
more species list checklist Comores (incl. Mayotte) COM 1.862 o10619997
1061All Species
999Indigenous Species
999Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
167 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
198 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
620 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
62 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (H. Humbert, ed., 1937 ff., almost complete in ca. 180 volumes, but partially outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999); Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)
more species list checklist Mozambique Channel Isl. (Iles Eparses p. p., incl. Ile Europa, Juan de Nova Isl.) MCI 36 +170860
170All Species
86Indigenous Species
85Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
79 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
84 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated account of the vascular flora of the Iles Eparses (Boullet et al. 2018)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)
more species list checklist Mauritius (incl. Tromelin Isl., Cargados Carajos Isl.) MAU 2.040 ++194910209
1949All Species
1020Indigenous Species
1020Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
202 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
238 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
573 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
929 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Cargados Carajos Isl.: Renvoize, S. A. (1975): A Floristic Analysis of the Western Indian Ocean Coral Islands [only very few data for Agalega]

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980-2023, 28 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore des Mascareignes, 2 volumes for Orchidaceae (Hermans & Cribb 2023)
more species list checklist La Réunion REU 2.503 ++180399112
1803All Species
991Indigenous Species
991Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
252 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
255 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
476 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
812 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980-2023, 28 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore des Mascareignes, 2 volumes for Orchidaceae (Hermans & Cribb 2023)
more species list checklist Rodrigues Isl. ROD 109 ++4332220
433All Species
222Indigenous Species
222Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
42 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
150 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
211 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980-2023, 28 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore des Mascareignes, 2 volumes for Orchidaceae (Hermans & Cribb 2023)
more species list checklist Agalega Isl. AGA 24 o125510
125All Species
51Indigenous Species
51Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
74 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Renvoize, S. A. (1975): A Floristic Analysis of the Western Indian Ocean Coral Islands [only very few data for Agalega]

Most recent flora

Bouton, M. L. (1871): Lettre de l'Ile Agalega par Bojer... - Transactions of the Royal Society of Arts and Sciences of Mauritius, New Ser. 5: 132-140.
more species list checklist Iles Glorieuses (Iles Eparses p. p.) IGL 7 +127630
127All Species
63Indigenous Species
62Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
50 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
64 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated account of the vascular flora of the Iles Eparses (Boullet et al. 2018)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)
more species list checklist Aldabra (incl. Asuncio Isl., Cosmoledo Isl., Astove Isl., St. Pierre Isl., Providence Isl., Farquhar Isl.) ALD 155 +2431950
243All Species
195Indigenous Species
194Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
160 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
48 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Renvoize, S. A. (1975): A Floristic Analysis of the Western Indian Ocean Coral Islands

Most recent flora

Flora of Aldabra (Hemsley 1919)
more species list checklist Seychelles (also including outlier islands: Remire Isl., Desroches Isl., Darros Isl., Coetivy Isl.) SEY 300 +8064031
806All Species
403Indigenous Species
403Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
88 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
91 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
221 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
403 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Outlier Islands: Renvoize, S. A. (1975): A Floristic Analysis of the Western Indian Ocean Coral Islands

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960); Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia) CGS 30 ++178660
178All Species
66Indigenous Species
66Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
47 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
112 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the flora of Diego Garcia (Topp 1988)
TEMPERATE ASIA (3)
SIBERIA (30)
more species list checklist Siberia (incl. Altay, Sayan, Tuva, Krasnoyarsk, Buryatia, Chita, Transbaikalia, Yakutia, Irkutsk, NE-Siberia) SIB 10.600.000 +4598441781
4598All Species
4417Indigenous Species
4203Indigenous Species except Microspecies
81Endemic Species
78Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
88 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
17 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
557 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
3744 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 76 endemic)
214 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
181 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR / chief ed. V. L. Komarov (30 vols., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff., 3 vols. published); Flora of Siberia (Malychev, ed., 2000 ff., 14 vols., to be continued); Vascular Plants of the Russian Far East (Kharkevich, ed., 2003 ff., 1 vol. published); numerous regional floras (in Russian)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)
RUSSIAN FAR EAST (31)
more species list checklist Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Amur, Ussuri, Okhotsk, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Commander Isl., Primorye, Khabarovsk, Magadan) RFE 2.500.000 +4101354057
4101All Species
3540Indigenous Species
3448Indigenous Species except Microspecies
57Endemic Species
53Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
148 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
18 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
629 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
2724 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 53 endemic)
92 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
561 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR / chief ed. V. L. Komarov (30 vols., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff., 3 vols. published); Flora of Siberia (Malychev, ed., 2000 ff., 14 vols., to be continued); Vascular Plants of the Russian Far East (Kharkevich, ed., 2003 ff., 1 vol. published); Flora murmanskoj oblasti (Kirova, 5 vols., 1953-1966); Flora i paleogeografija Komandoskikh ostrovov (Vasil'ev 1957); Plants of the Kuril Islands (Takahashi 2015); numerous regional floras (in Russian)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968)
MIDDLE ASIA (32)
more species list checklist Kazakhstan KAZ 2.717.300 +5299510577
5299All Species
5105Indigenous Species
4985Indigenous Species except Microspecies
77Endemic Species
76Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
530 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
4487 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 73 endemic)
120 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
194 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Kazakhstan (Abdulina 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora Kazakhstana (Pavlov, etc., 1956-1966, 9 vols., complete); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 16 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Kazakhstan SSR (Kuznetzov & Pavlov 1958); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
more species list checklist Turkmenistan TKM 488.100 +2923273428
2923All Species
2734Indigenous Species
2716Indigenous Species except Microspecies
28Endemic Species
28Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
21 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
284 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2417 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 28 endemic)
18 Microspecies (of them endemic)
189 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 16 vols. published); Flora Turkmenii (Fedtschenko et al., eds., 7 vols., 1932-60); Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Opredelitelja Rastenii Turkmenistana (Key to the Plants of Turkmenistan) (Nikitin & Geldichanov 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) (Kopet Dagh only)
more species list checklist Uzbekistan UZB 447.700 o4355393640
4355All Species
3936Indigenous Species
3897Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
40Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
460 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
3437 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 31 endemic)
39 Microspecies (of them endemic)
419 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Sennikov et al. (Checklist, in prep.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Uzbekistan (Sennikov, ed., 3 vols. published, 2017-2019), Flora Uzbekistana (Schreder et al., eds., 1953-62, 6 vols., complete); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 16 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Uzbekistana, Vol. 1 (Schreder et al. 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae (Czerniakowska). - In: Flora Uzbekistanica I (Schreiber, ed., 1941); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
more species list checklist Kyrgyzstan (Kirgisia) KGZ 198.500 +3943381236
3943All Species
3812Indigenous Species
3723Indigenous Species except Microspecies
36Endemic Species
36Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
31 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
395 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
3371 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 32 endemic)
89 Microspecies (of them endemic)
131 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan (Lazkov & Sultanova 2011)

Most recent flora

Flora Kirghiszkoj SSR (11 vols., 1950-1965, complete), Flora Kirghiszkoj SSR (new version, Vykhotsev, ed., 1967-70, incomplete); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 16 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Kirgistan III (Shishkin & Vvedensky 1951); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
more species list checklist Tajikistan TZK 143.100 o4782447174
4782All Species
4471Indigenous Species
4391Indigenous Species except Microspecies
74Endemic Species
74Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
29 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
446 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
3979 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 67 endemic)
80 Microspecies (of them endemic)
311 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas (Nowak & Nobis 2020, only about 30% of species covered); Flora Tadzikskoj SSR (Ovchinnikov et al., ed., 1957 - 1991, complete, 10 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 16 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Tadjikskoj SSSR, Vol. 1 (Ovchinnikov 1957)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Tadshikistan (Ovchinnikov 1963); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
CAUCASUS (33)
more species list checklist Northern Caucasus (incl. Chechnya, Daghestan, etc.) NCS 200.000 +4115387546
4115All Species
3875Indigenous Species
3768Indigenous Species except Microspecies
46Endemic Species
44Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
444 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3341 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 45 endemic)
107 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
240 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Kavkaza (Grossgeim, ed., 7 vols., 1939-1967)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Orkhidei nachei strany (Vakhrameeva et al. 1991)
more species list checklist Gruziya [Georgia - Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia, Adzharia) GEO 69.700 +3948367520
3948All Species
3675Indigenous Species
3554Indigenous Species except Microspecies
20Endemic Species
20Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
75 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
416 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3166 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 20 endemic)
121 Microspecies (of them endemic)
273 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Georgia - A Nomenclatural Checklist (Gagnidze 2005); Conspectus Flora Kavkaza (Takhtajan 2003-2012, 4 of 5 vols. published)

Most recent flora

Flora Gruzii (in Georgian) (1971-2007, 15 vols., complete); Flora Abhazii (Kolakovskij, 1980-1986, 4 vols.), Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Illustrated Field Guide to the Flora of Georgia (South Caucasus) (Fischer et al. 2018); Flora Kavkaza (Grossgeim, ed., 7 vols., 1939-1967)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular Plants of Georgia - A Nomenclatural Checklist (Gagnidze 2005)
more species list checklist Armenia ARM 29.800 +3491340712
3491All Species
3407Indigenous Species
3338Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
45 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
378 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2970 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
69 Microspecies (of them endemic)
84 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Flora of Armenia (Saghatelyan, unpubl.); Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published)

Most recent flora

Flora Armenii (ed. A. L. Tahtadzjiana) (11 vols., complete, 1954-2011); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [S-Aserbaidshan, Talysh-Region]
more species list checklist Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, incl. Nakhichevan) AZE 81.100 +3728355915
3728All Species
3559Indigenous Species
3505Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
395 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3091 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
54 Microspecies (of them endemic)
169 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published)

Most recent flora

Flora Azerbaidzana (2 vols. published, 1953-1957); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Kavkaza (Grossgeim, ed., 7 vols., 1939-1967)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [Talysh region only]; Orchidaceae (Karjagin). - In: Flora of Aserbaidshan II (1952)
WESTERN ASIA (34)
more species list checklist Eastern Aegaean Islands (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Ikaria, Dodecanese, Kos, Nisyros, Tilos, Symi, Chalki, Rhodos, Karpathos, Kasos) EAI 7.000 ++2419224312
2419All Species
2243Indigenous Species
2218Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
35 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
308 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1879 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
25 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
176 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016); Atlas of the Hellenic Flora (Strid 2024); Checklist of Greece (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, 2016); Checklist updating and analysis of the flora of Symi island and of the nearby island of Seskli (Cattaneo & Grano 2019)

Most recent flora

Flora Hellenica (Strid & Kit Tan, eds., 1997 ff.); Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000); Flora von Rhodos and Chalki (Kleinsteuber et al., vol. 1, 2016)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 8 (Renz & Taubenheim 1984); Die Orchideen von Kreta und Karpathos (Alibertis 1997); Orchideen auf Rhodos (Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001); Orchideen auf Kreta, Karpathos & Kasos (Kretzschmar & Eccarius 2001)
more species list checklist Turkey (excl. European Turkey) TUR 756.816 ++994797771019
9947All Species
9777Indigenous Species
9607Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1019Endemic Species
1016Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
98 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
39 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1222 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 164 endemic)
8406 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 854 endemic)
170 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
170 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000, 9 vols. + 2 supplement volumes, complete); Flowers of Turkey - A photo guide (Pils 2006)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey and the east Aegaean Islands, Vol. 8 (Renz & Taubenheim 1984); Die Orchideen der Türkei (Kreutz 1999); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Turkey, Vol. 11 (Supplement (Kreutz 2000); Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)
more species list checklist Iraq IRQ 438.317 +3000295019
3000All Species
2950Indigenous Species
2933Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
17 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
291 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2632 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 17 endemic)
17 Microspecies (of them endemic)
50 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Iraq (1966-2019, almost complete); Flora of Lowland Iraq (Rechinger, ed., 1964)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Iraq, Vol. 8 (Wood 1985)
more species list checklist Iran IRN 1.648.000 ++79817904689
7981All Species
7904Indigenous Species
7816Indigenous Species except Microspecies
689Endemic Species
687Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
672 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
7149 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 667 endemic)
88 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
77 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2015, 181 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978)
more species list checklist Afghanistan AFG 652.225 ++4368425798
4368All Species
4257Indigenous Species
4215Indigenous Species except Microspecies
98Endemic Species
98Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
364 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3819 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 97 endemic)
42 Microspecies (of them endemic)
111 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Afghanistan: an augmented checklist (Breckle et al. 2013); Checklist of the Flowering plants of Afghanistan (Podlech 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2015, 181 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978)
more species list checklist Cyprus CYP 9.251 ++170016105
1700All Species
1610Indigenous Species
1594Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
24 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
196 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1378 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
90 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Cyprus, Vol. 1/2 (Meikle 1977, 1985); An Illustrated Flora of North Cyprus, Vol. 2 (Viney 1996); Illustrated Flora of Cyprus (Christofides 2017, field guide)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Orchidaceae (J. J. Wood). - In: Flora of Cyprus, Vol. 2 (Meikle 1985); Orchids of Cyprus (Morschek & Morschek 1996)
more species list checklist Lebanon LEB 10.230 ++269926266
2699All Species
2626Indigenous Species
2610Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
301 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2272 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
73 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Illustrated Flora of Lebanon (G. & H. Tolme, 2007-2014, 2 vols.); Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie (Mouterde, 1966/1970, 2 vols. text + 2 vols. atlas)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie I (Mouterde 1966); Die Orchideen der Levante (Fragman & Kretzschmar, in prep.)
more species list checklist Syria SYR 185.180 ++2875282912
2875All Species
2829Indigenous Species
2819Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
311 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2478 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
10 Microspecies (of them endemic)
46 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie (Mouterde, 1966/1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie, Vol. I (Mouterde 1966); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982)
more species list checklist Israel + Palestine ISR 21.946 ++244823325
2448All Species
2332Indigenous Species
2327Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
291 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2005 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
116 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist and ecological data-base of the Flora of Israel (Fragman et al. 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora Palaestina (4 + 4 vols., 1966-1987, complete), Analytical Flora of Eretz-Israel (Feinbrun-Dothan & Danin 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Annotated List of the Orchids of Israel (Dafni et al. 1986); Orchids of Israel (Dafni 1981); Flora Palestina, pt. IV (Feinbrun-Dothan 1986)
more species list checklist Sinai peninsula SIN 61.000 ++133512968
1335All Species
1296Indigenous Species
1296Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
121 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1159 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
39 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Egypt (Boulos, ed., 1999-2005)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1: Azollaceae - Oxalidaceae (Boulos 1999)
more species list checklist Jordania JOR 89.556 +162415934
1624All Species
1593Indigenous Species
1588Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
153 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1427 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
31 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The Plants of Jordan. An annotated Checklist (Taifour & El-Oqlah 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Jordan (Al-Eisawi 1986)
ARABIAN PENINSULA (35)
more species list checklist Saudi Arabia SAU 2.240.000 +2117202515
2117All Species
2025Indigenous Species
2025Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
162 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1820 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
92 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Saudi-Arabia (3 vols., 3rd ed., Migahid 1988-1989); Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (3 vols. in 5 parts, Chaudhary, ed., 2001-2007); Flora of Eastern Saudi-Arabia (Mandaville 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33); New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986); Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.), Vol. 6 (Heller & Heyn 1991); Flora of Eastern Saudi-Arabia (MANDAVILLE 1990); Orchidaceae, in: Flora of Saudi-Arabia, 3. Aufl. (MIGAHID 1989)
more species list checklist Kuwait KUW 17.820 ++3983890
398All Species
389Indigenous Species
389Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
366 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
9 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Flora of Kuwait (Boulos & Al-Dosari 1994)

Most recent flora

Flora of Kuwait (2 vols., 1985-1987, complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more species list checklist Bahrain BAR 707 +2762640
276All Species
264Indigenous Species
264Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
243 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of vascular plants of Bahrain (El-Oqlah & Abbas 1994)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33); New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986)
more species list checklist Qatar QAT 11.427 ++3943130
394All Species
313Indigenous Species
313Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
298 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
81 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Illustrated Checklist of the Flora of Qatar (Norton et al. 2009)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Qatar (2 vols., Abd el Bary & Ekhlas 2012); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33); New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986)
more species list checklist United Arab Emirates (incl. Dubai, Abu Dhabi) UAE 83.600 +3813600
381All Species
360Indigenous Species
360Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
346 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
21 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Check-list for Plants in the U.A.E. (Jongbloed 2000)

Most recent flora

Flora of the United Arab Emirates (Karim & Fawzi 2007, 2 vols., complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published); The Comprehensive Guide to the Wildflowers of the United Arab Emirates (Jongbloed 2003)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33); New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986)
more species list checklist Oman OMA 309.500 ++1105105611
1105All Species
1056Indigenous Species
1056Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
59 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
969 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
49 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman (Ghazanfar 1992)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Sultanate of Oman (Ghazanfar et al., 4 vols. 2003-2018, complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33); New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986)
more species list checklist Yemen (excl. Soqotra) YEM 527.970 +2053194524
2053All Species
1945Indigenous Species
1945Indigenous Species except Microspecies
24Endemic Species
24Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
43 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
169 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1719 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
108 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

A handbook of the Yemen Flora (Wood & Haig-Thomas 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Arabia (Cribb 1979, in Kew Bull. 33); New records of Orchidaceae for Arabia (Cribb 1986)
CHINA (36)
more species list checklist China (incl. Hongkong, Macao and Hainan; excl. Tibet, Taiwan and South China Sea Isl.) CHI 8.351.300 ++31108300355171
31108All Species
30035Indigenous Species
29873Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5171Endemic Species
5155Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1989 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 265 endemic)
121 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 8 endemic)
559 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 97 endemic)
4505 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 461 endemic)
22861 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4340 endemic)
162 Microspecies (of them 16 endemic)
1073 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete, plus 23 picture volumes); Higher Plants of China in Colour (2016, 8 vols.). Many regional floras in Chinese

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)
more species list checklist Tibet [Xizang] TIB 1.220.000 ++68876828161
6887All Species
6828Indigenous Species
6796Indigenous Species except Microspecies
161Endemic Species
160Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
525 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
34 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
56 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
804 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
5409 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 150 endemic)
32 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
59 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete, plus 23 picture volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)
MONGOLIA (37)
more species list checklist Mongolia MON 1.566.500 +2855281018
2855All Species
2810Indigenous Species
2744Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
331 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2409 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 18 endemic)
66 Microspecies (of them endemic)
45 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus of the vascular plants of Mongolia (Urgamal et al. 2014); Flora of Mongolia: annotated checklist of native vascular plants (Baasanmunkh et al. 2022)

Most recent flora

Flora of Mongolia (2009 ff., only 3 vols. published, very incomplete); Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia (Grubov 1982); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999]); Flowers of Mongolia (Hauck & Solongo 2010)
EASTERN ASIA (38)
more species list checklist North Korea NKO 120.500 ++193019131
1930All Species
1913Indigenous Species
1912Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
104 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
429 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1352 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
17 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Coloured flora of Korea (Lee 2003, e vols.); Flora of Korea (C.-W. Park, ed., 2015 ff., 12 vols. published); Flora coreana (Im Rok Jae, 1996-2000, 9 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Illustrated Flora of Korea (Lee 1985)
more species list checklist South Korea (incl. Cheju Do Isl.) KOR 99.300 ++300023759
3000All Species
2375Indigenous Species
2372Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
244 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
524 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1563 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
625 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Coloured flora of Korea (Lee 2003, e vols.); Flora of Korea (C.-W. Park, ed., 2015 ff., 12 vols. published); Flora coreana (Im Rok Jae, 1996-2000, 9 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Illustrated Flora of Korea (Lee 1985)
more species list checklist Japan (incl. Izu Isl., Yakushima Isl., excl. Ryukyu Isl. and Bonin Isl.) JAP 372.769 ++52404802220
5240All Species
4802Indigenous Species
4786Indigenous Species except Microspecies
220Endemic Species
220Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
639 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 33 endemic)
27 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
91 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 14 endemic)
1026 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 16 endemic)
3019 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 156 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
438 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Enumeration of the Vascular Plants of Japan (Yonekura 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Japan (revised edition, Iwatsuki et al., eds., 4 vols. in 8 parts, 1995-2020, complete)
more species list checklist Ryukyu Isl. (Nansei Shoto) (incl. Osumi Isl., Tokara Isl., Amami Isl., Okinawa Isl., Daito Isl., Sakishima Isl.) NNS 4.700 ++209518417
2095All Species
1841Indigenous Species
1840Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
317 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
443 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
1037 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
254 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands (Walker 1976)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands (Garay & Sweet 1974) [incl. checklist of northern Ryukyu Isl.]
more species list checklist Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Isl.) OGA 73 ++4913500
491All Species
350Indigenous Species
350Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
72 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
66 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
208 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
141 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)
more species list checklist Kazan-Retto (Volcano Isl., Iwo-jima) KZN 30 ++2531880
253All Species
188Indigenous Species
188Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
29 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
102 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
65 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)
more species list checklist Taiwan (incl. Lan Yu Isl.) TAI 36.000 ++5622457382
5622All Species
4573Indigenous Species
4565Indigenous Species except Microspecies
82Endemic Species
82Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
767 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 13 endemic)
14 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
81 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
953 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
2758 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 48 endemic)
8 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1049 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., eds., 6 vols., 1975-2003); Illustrated Flora of Taiwan (Zhong, 8 vols. in 9 parts, until 2019, complete); Grass Flora of Taiwan (C.-H. Chen et al., 2011-2018, 3 vols.); Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Updating Taiwanese pteridophyte checklist (Taiwan Pteridophyte Group 2019); Index to Ferns and Fern Allies of Taiwan (Knapp 2014); Ferns of Taiwan (Ralf Knapp 2010, with supplement 2013); Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 1-6, 1990 ff.); Flora of Taiwan, Vol. 1 (2nd. ed., 1994); Ferns of Taiwan (Chengmeng 2020, 2 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., 1975-79); Native Orchids of Taiwan (Lin 1975-1987, 3 vols.)
TROPICAL ASIA (4)
INDIAN SUBCONTINENT (40)
more species list checklist Pakistan PAK 796.095 +5293469826
5293All Species
4698Indigenous Species
4638Indigenous Species except Microspecies
26Endemic Species
26Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
146 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
448 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
4075 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 25 endemic)
60 Microspecies (of them endemic)
595 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir (Stewart 1972)

Most recent flora

Flora of [West] Pakistan (Nasir, ed., 1970-2012, 219 vols., mostly complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [only northern and western part]; Flora of Pakistan, no. 164 (Renz 1984)
more species list checklist Nepal NEP 147.181 +6133576136
6133All Species
5761Indigenous Species
5737Indigenous Species except Microspecies
36Endemic Species
36Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
564 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
16 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
47 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
934 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
4200 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 33 endemic)
24 Microspecies (of them endemic)
372 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Handbook of Nepalese Flowering Plants (Rajbhandari et al. 2017-2023) (new version of checklist, 4 of 5 vols. published); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas: Preliminary Catalogue (Y.-S. Chen et al. 2019)

Most recent flora

Flora of Nepal, Web edition (publication ongoing, Watson et al., ed., 2011); Flora of Nepal (Bista, ed., 1997 ff., few parts published); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, 8 of 50 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015-2020): Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal, Volume 1-3 (complete); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997); An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal (Press, Shrestha & Sutton 2001); The Orchids of Nepal Himalaya (Banerji & Pradhan 1984); Orchids of Nepal (Banerji 1978)
more species list checklist Bhutan BHU 47.000 ++5000471114
5000All Species
4711Indigenous Species
4700Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
539 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
821 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
3279 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them endemic)
289 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of the Pan-Himalayas: Preliminary Catalogue (Y.-S. Chen et al. 2019)

Most recent flora

Flora of Bhutan (Grierson & Long, eds., 1983-2002, 9 vols., complete); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, 8 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Bhutan (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2009); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 3.3 (Orchidaceae) (2001)
more species list checklist India (incl. Assam, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi, Jammu & Kashmir, excl. Andaman and Nicobar Isl., excl. Lakshadweep Isl.) IND 3.279.173 +1879017007803
18790All Species
17007Indigenous Species
16832Indigenous Species except Microspecies
803Endemic Species
794Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1056 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 15 endemic)
48 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
297 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 13 endemic)
3224 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 164 endemic)
12382 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 609 endemic)
175 Microspecies (of them 9 endemic)
1783 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flowering Plants of India. An Annotated Checklist (Mao & Dash, 2020, 3 vols., complete); Checklist of the Grasses of India (Kellogg et al. 2020)

Most recent flora

Flora of India (Sharma et al., eds., 1993 ff., 11 of 24 vols. published); Fascicles of Flora of India (1978 ff., 30 vols. published); almost 100 regional floras in India (Botanical Survey of India and others); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, 8 volumes published); Flora of Eastern Ghats (Pullaiah et al., 2002 ff., 7 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018), Part III (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2020); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997); Illustrated Manual of Ferns of Assam (Borthakur et al. 2000); The Ferns of India: Enumeration, Synonyms and Distribution (Chandra 2000); Fern flora of South India (Nampy & Madhusoodanan 1998); An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A catalogue of Indian Orchids (Sathish Kumar & Manilal 1994); Orchid flora of Arunachal Pradesh (Chowdhery 1998); Orchids of India (2nd ed.) (Bose et al. 1999); Orchids of Kumaon Himalaya (Pangtey et al. 1991); Orchids of Meghalaya (Kataki 1986); Orchids of Mussoorie (Raizada et al. 1981); Orchids of Nagaland (Deorani & Naithani 1995); Orchids of Nagaland (Hynniewta et al. 2000); Orchids of Nilgiris (2nd. ed., Joseph 1987); Orchids of Western Ghats (Kumar 1995); Flora of Hassan District Karnataka (Saldanha et al. 1976); The Orchids of Bombay (Santapau & Kapadia 1966); The Orchid Flora of NW-Himalaya (Deva & Naithani 1986); Monocotyledonous Plants of Uttar Pradesh: A Checklist (Uniyal et al. 1999)
more species list checklist Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) LDV 32 +3922240
392All Species
224Indigenous Species
224Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
183 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
168 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plant Diversity of Lakshadweep Islands (C. S. Reddy & P. S. Roy 2012)
more species list checklist Maldives MDV 298 o3711870
371All Species
187Indigenous Species
187Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
150 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
184 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

List of Addu vascular plants (Fosberg et al. 1966)

Most recent flora

The botany of the Maldive Islands (Willis & Gardiner 1901); Common Plants of Maldives (Sujanapal & Sankaran 2016); Trees and shrubs of the Maldives (Selvam 2007)
more species list checklist Sri Lanka SRL 65.610 ++4314362245
4314All Species
3622Indigenous Species
3620Indigenous Species except Microspecies
45Endemic Species
45Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
342 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
71 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
665 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
2542 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 38 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
692 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon (Dassayanake, ed., 1980-2006, 15 vols. in 16 parts plus Index, complete); Illustrated Field Guide to the Flowers of Sri Lanka (Vlas & Vlas-deJong, 2008-2019, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon, vol. 15/1-2 (Shaffer-Fehre, ed., 2006); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); An annotated check-list of the Pteridophytes of Ceylon (Sledge 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae, Apostasiaceae (Jayaweera). In: A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 2 (Dassanayake, ed., 1981)
more species list checklist Bangladesh BAN 147.570 o482340672
4823All Species
4067Indigenous Species
4067Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
219 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
104 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
888 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2848 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
756 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bangladesh (Khan, ed., 1975 ff., 63 vols. published); Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, vols. 5-12 (Ahmed, ed., 2007-2009, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, vol. 5 (2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Bangladesh, vol. ##
INDOCHINA (41)
more species list checklist Andaman Isl. AND 6.496 +203216782
2032All Species
1678Indigenous Species
1678Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
81 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
63 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
340 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1185 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
354 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plant Resources of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Checklist, Dagar & Singh 1999); Flowering Plants of India. An Annotated Checklist (Mao & Dash, 2020, 3 vols., complete)

Most recent flora

Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Hajra et al., eds., 1999/2023, 2 vols. published, ?complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Dixit 2001)
more species list checklist Nicobar Isl. NCB 1.800 +147512110
1475All Species
1211Indigenous Species
1211Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
97 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
42 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
239 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
826 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
264 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plant Resources of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Checklist, Dagar & Singh 1999); Flowering Plants of India. An Annotated Checklist (Mao & Dash, 2020, 3 vols., complete)

Most recent flora

Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Hajra et al., eds., 1999/2023, 2 vols. published, ?complete); Flora of Great Nicobar Island (Sinha 1999); Flora of Campbell Bay National Park (Jayanthi 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Dixit 2001); Flora of Great Nicobar Island (Sinha 1999)
more species list checklist Myanmar MYA 676.552 o107229860101
10722All Species
9860Indigenous Species
9855Indigenous Species except Microspecies
101Endemic Species
101Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
750 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
30 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
221 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
2106 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 20 endemic)
6753 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 75 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
862 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar (Kress et al. 2003); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A Contribution Toward the Knowledge of Ferns and Lycophytes from Northern and Northwestern Myanmar (Khine et al. 2017); The ferns of Burma (Dickason 1946)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

An annotated checklist of Myanmar orchid flora (Aung et al. 2020)
more species list checklist Thailand THA 513.115 +1118410689347
11184All Species
10689Indigenous Species
10689Indigenous Species except Microspecies
347Endemic Species
347Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
765 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
30 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
375 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
2831 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 135 endemic)
6688 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 192 endemic)
495 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora of Thailand (Smitinand et al., eds., 1981-2021, so far 15 vols. in 45 parts, ca. 70% complete, to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Flora of Thailand, Vol. 3/1-4 (Tagawa & Iwatsuki 1979-1989); Pteridophytes in Thailand (Boonkeerd & Pollawatn 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand / Orchid Genera in Thailand, 1-13 (Seidenfaden 1972-1998); A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand (Vaddhanaphuti 2001); Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/1 (Orchidaceae 1) (Pedersen et al. 2011); Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/2 (Orchidaceae 2) (Pedersen et al. 2014)
more species list checklist Laos LAO 236.800 o5748541323
5748All Species
5413Indigenous Species
5413Indigenous Species except Microspecies
23Endemic Species
23Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
310 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
23 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
158 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1298 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
3624 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 13 endemic)
335 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of Plants in Lao PDR (Jin et al. 2016 [data quality not very good]); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2018, 36 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)
more species list checklist Cambodia CBD 181.035 +435940227
4359All Species
4022Indigenous Species
4022Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
211 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
105 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
861 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
2832 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
337 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia (Cho et al. 2016); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2018, 36 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)
more species list checklist Vietnam VIE 331.690 +1193711195398
11937All Species
11195Indigenous Species
11191Indigenous Species except Microspecies
398Endemic Species
398Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
923 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
50 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
386 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 19 endemic)
2598 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 111 endemic)
7238 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 255 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
742 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Câyco Viêtnam (Pham Hoàng Hô, 1991-1993, 3 vols. in 6 parts, complete); Flora of Vietnam (2000 ff., so far 10 families published), Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2018, 36 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951); Cay Co Vietnam (An Illustrated Flora of Vietnam), vol. 1 (Pham-Hoang Ho (1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992); Identification Guide to Vietnamese Orchids (Averyanov 1994); Preliminary List of the Vietnamese Orchids, Vol. 1-2 (Averyanov 1988); Updated Checklist of the Orchids of Vietnam (Averyanov & Averyanova 2004)
MALESIA (42)
more species list checklist peninsular Malaysia (incl. Langkawi Isl.) MLY 132.246 +92288903273
9228All Species
8903Indigenous Species
8903Indigenous Species except Microspecies
273Endemic Species
273Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
706 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 7 endemic)
31 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
434 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 18 endemic)
2198 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 53 endemic)
5534 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 194 endemic)
325 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A catalogue of the vascular plants of Malaya (Turner 1995 publ. 1997); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora of peninsular Malaysia (Parris, Kiew, eds., 2010 ff., 12 vols. published, to be continued); Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Vol. 1 (2010), 2 (2013), 3 (2020); Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992)
more species list checklist Singapore SNG 710 ++263521830
2635All Species
2183Indigenous Species
2183Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
171 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
131 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
520 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1353 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
452 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore (Chong et al. 2009)

Most recent flora

The concise flora of Singapore (Keng, 2 vols., 1990, 1998); Flora of Singapore (Middleton et al., eds., 2019 ff., 3 vols. published), Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Vol. 1 (2010), 2 (2013), 3 (2020); Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); A Guide to the Ferns of Singapore (Wee 1987)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992); A Guide to the Orchids of Singapore (Tan & Sin 1995)
more species list checklist Sumatera (incl. Mentawai, Enggano, Nias, Simeulue, Lingga Arch., Krakatau, Bangka, Belitung, Batu) SUM 425.150 o74777339179
7477All Species
7339Indigenous Species
7338Indigenous Species except Microspecies
179Endemic Species
179Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
754 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 18 endemic)
34 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
283 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
2083 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 87 endemic)
4185 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 70 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
138 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sumatra (Comber 2001)
more species list checklist South China Sea Isl. SCS 2 o2841980
284All Species
198Indigenous Species
198Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
158 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more species list checklist Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan, incl. Natuna Isl., Riouw Arch., excl. Brunei) BOR 743.384 o12474122681040
12474All Species
12268Indigenous Species
12267Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1040Endemic Species
1040Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1084 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 53 endemic)
56 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
508 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 51 endemic)
3466 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 460 endemic)
7154 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 474 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
206 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Enumeratio Phanerogamarum Bornearum (Masamune 1942, 1945); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far); The plants of Mount Kinabalu (1992-2004, 5 vols. published); Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak (Soepadmo & Wong, eds., 1995-2007, 6 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (Parris et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo (Wood & Cribb 1994); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 1 (Chan et al. 1994); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 2 (Vermeulen 1991); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 3 (Wood 1997); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 4 (Wood 2003); Bulbophyllum of Borneo (Vermeulen, O'Byrne & Lamb 2015)
more species list checklist Brunei BRN 5.765 +262925901
2629All Species
2590Indigenous Species
2590Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
132 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
195 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
468 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1786 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
39 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (Parris et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Wood). In: A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)
more species list checklist Sulawesi (Celebes) (incl. Selayar, Banggai, Sangihe, Kabaena) SUL 189.070 o5121488680
5121All Species
4886Indigenous Species
4885Indigenous Species except Microspecies
80Endemic Species
80Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
777 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 7 endemic)
29 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
121 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1243 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 44 endemic)
2716 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
235 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of woody plants of Sulawesi, Indonesia (Keßler et al. 2002); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); Hovenkamp, P. (2013 onwards): Ferns of Sulawesi - Checklist. sulawesiferns.myspecies.info

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more species list checklist Palawan (incl. Busuanga, Culion) PLW 14.649 o152915151
1529All Species
1515Indigenous Species
1515Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
232 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
51 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
166 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1057 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
14 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Co's digital flora of the Philippines (www.philippineplants.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); Checklist by J. F. Barcelona (pers. comm.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984); The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (contains checklist)
more species list checklist Philippines (excl. Palawan, Sulu Arch.) PHI 325.000 +95248809478
9524All Species
8809Indigenous Species
8809Indigenous Species except Microspecies
478Endemic Species
478Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1038 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 35 endemic)
36 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
269 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
2067 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 127 endemic)
5399 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 305 endemic)
715 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Co's digital flora of the Philippines (www.philippineplants.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines (www.philippineplants.org); Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna, Vol. 2 (Zamora & Co 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984); The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (contains checklist)
more species list checklist Jawa (incl. Madura Isl., Kangean Arch., Bawean) JAW 130.520 o6831549552
6831All Species
5495Indigenous Species
5493Indigenous Species except Microspecies
52Endemic Species
52Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
555 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 7 endemic)
13 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
156 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1438 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
3333 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 31 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1336 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora of Java (Backer & van den Brink, 1963-1968, outdated); Mountain Flora of Java (van Steenis 1972); Flora Malesiana (about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Java (Comber 1991)
more species list checklist Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Alor, Wetar) [incl. East Timor] LSI 80.000 o3705329211
3705All Species
3292Indigenous Species
3292Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
372 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
17 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
73 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
638 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2192 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
413 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014) [not seen nor included]

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); The Ferns of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Posthumus 1944); On the Ferns of Sumba (Posthumus 1930); A preliminary Study on Pteridophytes of Lombok: List of the Species (Wardani & Jaenudin 2013)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Timor: checklist (Silveira et al. 2008); Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014 [not seen nor included]); Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more species list checklist Moluccas [Maluku] (Tanimbar, Kei, Aru, Banda, Ambon, Seram, Buru, Obi, Bacan, Halmaheira, Ternate, Tidore, Morotai, Talaud, Sulu Arch.) MOL 74.500 o3991380731
3991All Species
3807Indigenous Species
3806Indigenous Species except Microspecies
31Endemic Species
31Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
719 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 16 endemic)
28 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
127 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
877 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2056 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
184 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); Taxonomic Studies of Pteridophytes of Ambon and Seram (Moluccas) (in 12 parts) (Kato 1988-2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more species list checklist Cocos (Keeling) Islands CKI 14 ++133720
133All Species
72Indigenous Species
72Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
62 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
61 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more species list checklist Christmas Isl. (Austr.) XMS 135 ++3822111
382All Species
211Indigenous Species
211Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
146 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
PAPUASIA (43)
more species list checklist New Guinea (Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea, incl. d'Entrecasteaux Isl., Goodenough Isl., Louisiade Arch., Rennell, Yapen [Japen], Biak, Waigeo etc.) NWG 800.000 +13860134611983
13860All Species
13461Indigenous Species
13460Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1983Endemic Species
1983Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1353 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 158 endemic)
53 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
392 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 72 endemic)
4434 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1030 endemic)
7229 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 721 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
399 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

New Guinea has the world's richest island flora (Cámara-Leret et al. 2020) [detailed checklist]

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far), Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea (3 vols. published, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued); The ferns and fern-allies of Papua New Guinea (Johns & Bellamy, 1979 ff., in 12 parts); A Checklist of the Fern Allies, Ferns and Gymnosperms of the N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop), Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Edwards, Johns & Kowalska 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of Papuasian Orchids (Ormerod 2017); A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).
more species list checklist Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Admiralty Isl., Manus Isl., Umboi Isl.) BIS 48.500 -191318259
1913All Species
1825Indigenous Species
1825Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
364 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
17 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
48 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
474 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
922 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
88 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far); Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for naturalists (Peekel 1947, reprint 1985, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-5 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of Papuasian Orchids (Ormerod 2017); A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).
more species list checklist Solomon Isl. (incl. Bougainville, excl. Santa Cruz Isl.) SOL 35.926 o2455227223
2455All Species
2272Indigenous Species
2272Indigenous Species except Microspecies
23Endemic Species
23Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
455 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
16 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
581 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
1156 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
183 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Sol Amazing! (Lycophytes and Ferns of the Solomon Islands) (Chen et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (Lewis & Cribb 1991)
AUSTRALASIA (5)
AUSTRALIA (50)
more species list checklist Australia (incl. Tasmania, excl. other islands) AUS 7.690.849 +(+)237302152611074
23730All Species
21526Indigenous Species
21502Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11074Endemic Species
11074Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
46.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
458 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 27 endemic)
95 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 30 endemic)
154 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
3323 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1424 endemic)
1 Indigenous Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
17495 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 9578 endemic)
24 Microspecies (of them endemic)
2204 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Census of Australian Vascular Plants (Hnatiuk 1990); Checklist of the vascular flora of the Sunda-Sahul Convergence Zone (Joyce et al. 2020 [data quality not very good])

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia (1982 ff., 29 vols. published, about 60% complete, the rest will be published online as e-flora); Flora of Victoria (1993-1999, 4 vols., complete); Flora of New South Wales (2000-2002, 2 vols. published); Flora of the Darwin region (Dunlop et al., 1995, 59 families published); Floodplain Flora (Cowie et al., eds., about 30 families published); Flora of South Eastern Queensland (1983-1989, 3 vols.); Flora of South Australia (5th ed., 2011 ff., published in familiy accounts online); The Student's Flora of Tasmania (2nd ed., 1993-1994, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Australia, Volume 48 (1998); Flora of South Australia (Jessop & Toelken 1986); The Ferns of Tasmania (Garrett 1997); Ferns and Allied Plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (Duncan & Isaac 1994); Flora of Victoria, Vol. 2 (Walsh & Entwistle, ed., 1994)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae (Clements 1989); Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 1987); A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 2006); Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996); Flora of South Australia, pt. I (Black 1960); Orchids of South Australia (Bates & Weber 1990); Contributions to Tasmanian Orchidology (Jones 1998); The Orchids of Tasmania (Jones et al. 1999); Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996); The Orchids of Victoria (Backhouse & Jeanes 1995); Orchids of Western Australia (Dixon et al. 1989); Orchids of SW-Australia (3rd ed.) (Hoffmann & Brown 2001)
more species list checklist Ashmore Reef & Cartier Isl. ASH 1 ++17160
17All Species
16Indigenous Species
16Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 49 (Oceanic Islands 1) (1994)
more species list checklist Lord Howe Isl. LHI 154 ++5022802
502All Species
280Indigenous Species
280Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
47 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
168 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
222 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more species list checklist Norfolk Isl. (incl. Philip Isl.) NFK 39 ++4521940
452All Species
194Indigenous Species
194Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
30 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
110 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
258 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
NEW ZEALAND (51)
more species list checklist New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl., Three Kings Isl., Snares Isl., excl. remote islands) NZL 270.000 ++40042265437
4004All Species
2265Indigenous Species
2246Indigenous Species except Microspecies
437Endemic Species
437Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
194 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
17 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
409 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
1630 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 420 endemic)
19 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1739 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete); The flora of the Snares Islands, New Zealand (Fineran 1969); Flora of New Zealand [eFloraNZ] (2014 ff., 7 + 17 vols. published, http://www.nzflora.info/publications.html)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand - Lycophytes [eFloraNZ] (2014-2021, 17 vols. published, http://www.nzflora.info/publications.html); New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more species list checklist Kermadec Isl. KER 36 ++1491082
149All Species
108Indigenous Species
108Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
41 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
50 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
41 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Kermadec Islands Flora: An annotated checklist (Sykes 1977); New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996); Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985); New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more species list checklist Chatham Isl. CTM 963 ++8084248
808All Species
424Indigenous Species
422Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
104 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
100 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
219 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
384 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants recorded from Chatham Islands (De Lange et al. 2011); Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey et al. 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more species list checklist Antipodes Isl. ATP 60 ++65650
65All Species
65Indigenous Species
65Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
21 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more species list checklist Auckland Isl. AUC 551 ++2481761
248All Species
176Indigenous Species
176Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
43 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
101 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
72 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the New Zealand Flora - Seed Plants (Schönberger et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
PACIFIC (6)
SOUTH WEST PACIFIC (60)
more species list checklist Santa Cruz Isl. (Vanikoro, etc.) SCZ 815 o3413101
341All Species
310Indigenous Species
310Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
96 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
62 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
144 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
31 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Sol Amazing! (Lycophytes and Ferns of the Solomon Islands) (Chen et al. 2017)
more species list checklist New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Loyalty Isl., Ile Art) NWC 19.058 +38993359326
3899All Species
3359Indigenous Species
3358Indigenous Species except Microspecies
326Endemic Species
326Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
295 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
41 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 6 endemic)
54 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
531 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
2438 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 292 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
540 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.endemia.nc

Most recent flora

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie (1967-2021, 27 vols. published [approx. 45%], to be continued); Flore Ornementale de Nouvelle-Calédonie (Gatéble & Neaoutyine 2016)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 3 (Brownlie 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 8 (Hallé 1977); Orchidees Indigenes de Nouvelle-Caledonie (Société Néo-Caledonienne d’Orchidophilie 1995); Checklist of New Caledonian Orchidaceae (Clements & Jones 1999, in Orchadian 13)
more species list checklist Vanuatu VAN 12.190 o164312756
1643All Species
1275Indigenous Species
1275Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
329 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
287 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
632 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
368 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vanuatu National Herbarium (PVNH) (Chanel et al. 2017)

Most recent flora

Remarkable Plants of Vanuatu (Ramon et al. 2015, field guide); A Guide to the Common Trees of Vanuatu (Wheatley 1992); Orchids of Vanuatu (Lewis & Cribb 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Vanuatu (Lewis & Cribb 1989)
more species list checklist Rotuma Isl. ROT 43 +4872170
487All Species
217Indigenous Species
217Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
147 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
270 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Preliminary Checklist of the Flora of Rotuma with Rotuman Names (McClatchley et al. 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Rotuma Island, a Descriptive Manual (St. John 1954)
more species list checklist Tonga TON 750 o7995331
799All Species
533Indigenous Species
533Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
94 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
109 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
322 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
266 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plants of Tonga (Yuncker 1959); The vegetation of Late, Tonga (Sykes 1981); Rain forest vegetation of 'Eua Island (Drake et al. 1996); The rare plants of Tonga (Whistler 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophytes of 'Eua, Southern Tonga (Sykes 1978); New or noteworthy ferns from the Tongan Islands (Iwatsuki 1963)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Tonga, Niue and the Cook Isl. (Cribb & Whistler 2011)
more species list checklist Niue Isl. NUE 264 o5622141
562All Species
214Indigenous Species
214Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
150 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
348 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The flora of Niue Island (Yuncker 1943, outdated); Contributions to the flora of Niue (Sykes 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Tonga, Niue and the Cook Isl. (Cribb & Whistler 2011)
more species list checklist Fiji FIJ 18.376 ++2506168320
2506All Species
1683Indigenous Species
1683Indigenous Species except Microspecies
20Endemic Species
20Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
311 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
60 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
320 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
982 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 14 endemic)
823 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Vitiensis nova (A.C. Smith, 1971-1996, 5 vols. + Index, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The pteridophyte flora of Fiji (Brownlie 1977); A revised Checklist of Fijian ferns and lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora vitiensis nova, Vol. 5 (Kores 1991)
more species list checklist Wallis & Futuna WAL 177 +2582480
258All Species
248Indigenous Species
248Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
51 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
134 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
10 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The vascular plants of the Horne and Wallis Islands (St. John & Smith 1971)

Most recent flora

Contribution a la Connaissance de la Vegetation et de la Flore de Wallis et Futuna (Morat & Veillon 1985); Guide des Plants de Wallis et Futuna (Meyer 2018)
more species list checklist American Samoa (Tutuila, Manua Isl. [Ofu, Olosega, Ta'u]) ASA 197 ++7325170
732All Species
517Indigenous Species
517Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
151 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
106 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
252 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
215 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Samoa (Whistler 2022); Flowering Plants of Samoa (Christopherson 1935/1938); A study of the rare plants of American Samoa (Whistler 1998); Vegetation of Eastern Samoa (Whistler 1980); Plants of the Manua Islands (Yuncker 1945); The Rare Plants of Samoa (Whistler 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (Christensen 1943)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)
more species list checklist [Western] Samoa ('Upolu, Savai'i, Aleipata Isl., Manono Isl. etc.) SAM 2.831 ++10427666
1042All Species
766Indigenous Species
766Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
231 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
15 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
151 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
369 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
276 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Samoa (Whistler 2022); Flowering Plants of Samoa (Christopherson 1935/1938); Vegetation and Flora of the Aleipata Islands, Western Samoa (Whistler 1983); The Rare Plants of Samoa (Whistler 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (Christensen 1943)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)
more species list checklist Tuvalu (Ellice Isl.) TUV 26 +162560
162All Species
56Indigenous Species
56Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
43 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
106 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The Flora of Tuvalu (Thaman 2016); Vegetation and Flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu (Woodroffe 1985)
more species list checklist Tokelau Isl. (incl. Swains Isl.) TOK 14 +105530
105All Species
53Indigenous Species
53Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
52 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll (Parham 1971); The Flora and Vegetation of Swains Island (Whistler 1983)
more species list checklist Phoenix Islands (Kiribati p. p.) PHX 42 +83380
83All Species
38Indigenous Species
38Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
31 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
45 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific (Fosberg & Stoddart 1994)
more species list checklist Gilbert Islands (Kiribati p. p.) GIL 311 +213910
213All Species
91Indigenous Species
91Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
68 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
122 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati, checklist (Fosberg & Sachet 1987); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (Thaman 1992)
more species list checklist Banaba (Ocean Isl., Kiribati p. p.) OCE 6 +70290
70All Species
29Indigenous Species
29Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
17 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
41 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vascular Plants, Vegetation and Ethnobotany of Banaba (Ocean Islands) (Thaman & Samuelu 2016)
more species list checklist Nauru NRU 21 ++128480
128All Species
48Indigenous Species
48Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
39 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
80 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (Thaman 1992); The Flora of Nauru (Thaman et al. 1994)
more species list checklist Pacific Equatorial Sporades (incl. Howland Isl., Baker Isl.) HBI 5 o110
1All Species
1Indigenous Species
1Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
SOUTH CENTRAL PACIFIC (61)
more species list checklist Line Isl. (Kiribati p. p., incl. Christmas Isl. = Kiritimati) LIN 757 +182560
182All Species
56Indigenous Species
56Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
41 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
126 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of the northern Line Islands (Wester 1985)

Most recent flora

Notes on the vascular flora and terrestrial vertebrates of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands (Clapp & Sibley 1971); Vegetation History of Washington Island (Teraina), Northern Line Islands (Wester et al. 1992); Plants of Christmas Island (Chock & Hamilton 1962); Flora of Kiritimati (Christmas) Atoll, Northern Line Islands (Thaman & Tye 2015)
more species list checklist Cook Isl. (incl. Rarotonga) COO 230 ++8603312
860All Species
331Indigenous Species
331Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
105 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
43 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
175 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
529 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of the Cook Islands (Sykes 2016)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Tonga, Niue and the Cook Isl. (Cribb & Whistler 2011)
more species list checklist Marquesas Isl. MRQ 1.020 ++5673425
567All Species
342Indigenous Species
342Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
103 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
197 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
225 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/

Most recent flora

Flora of the Marquesas (Lorence & Wagner 2019/2020, complete in 2 vols.); Guide floristique - Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou (Butaud 2014); Guide floristique - Niva Oa, Tahuata, Fatuiva (Butaud 2014)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Marquesas (Lorence & Wagner 2019), vol. 1

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of the Marquesas (Lorence & Wagner 2019), vol. 1
more species list checklist Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Raiatea, Huahine, Bora Bora, Makatea, etc.) SCI 1.628 ++124564512
1245All Species
645Indigenous Species
644Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
203 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
79 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
349 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
600 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998); Botanique de l'ile de Tupai (Sachet 1983); Flora of Makatea (Wilder 1934); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Partial Flora of the Society Islands: Ericaceae to Apocynaceae (Grant & Fosberg 1974)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Society Islands (Copeland 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998)
more species list checklist Gambier Isl. (incl. Mangareva Isl.) GBI 450 +93510
93All Species
51Indigenous Species
51Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
39 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Census of the flora of the Gambier Islands, Polynesia (St. John 1988)

Most recent flora

La vegetation des iles Gambier (Huguenin 1974); Chock & Hamilton (1962); Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Gambier - Guide floristique (Butaud 2013)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1932)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more species list checklist Tuamotu Arch. (excl. Gambier Isl.) TUA 450 +3101320
310All Species
132Indigenous Species
132Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
100 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
178 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flora of Maupiti (Fosberg & Sachet 19??); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Guide floristique - Atolls soulevés des Tuamotu (Polynésie francaise) Butaud & Jacq 2009); Tuamotu de l'ouest - Guide floristique (Butaud 2013); Tuamotu du centre - Guide floristique (Butaud 2010); Tuamotu de l'est - Guide Floristique (Butaud 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more species list checklist Austral Isl. (Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai, Raivavae, Rapa Iti) AUI 148 +6043579
604All Species
357Indigenous Species
357Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
99 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
42 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
209 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
247 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Les Orchidees du Tubuai, suives d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des Iles Australes (Hallé 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete); Guide floristique - Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai, Raivavae (Australes) (Butaud 2014); Rapa, iles australis - Guide floristique (Meyer 2011); Terrestrial biodiversity of the Austral Islands (Meyer & Claridge 2014)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les orchidees de Tubuai (Hallé 1980); Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more species list checklist Pitcairn Isl. (incl. Oeno Atoll) PIT 6 +166870
166All Species
87Indigenous Species
87Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
53 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
79 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An account of the flora of Pitcairn Island (St. John 1987); List of the flora of Oeno Atoll (St. John & Philipson 1960)

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Flore de la Polynesie Francaise (Florence 1997, 2004, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The pteridophyte flora of Pitcairn Island (Brownlie 1961); Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)
more species list checklist Henderson Isl. (incl. Ducie Atoll) HEN 37 ++67640
67All Species
64Indigenous Species
64Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
46 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
3 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An account of the flora of Pitcairn Island (St. John 1987)

Most recent flora

Henderson Island (Southeast Polynesia): Summary of current knowledge (Fosberg et al. 1983); Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Ducie Atoll (Rehder & Rantall 1975)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more species list checklist Easter Island (Rapa Nui) EAS 180 +170430
170All Species
43Indigenous Species
43Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
21 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
127 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Chile (Rodriguez et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of Easter Island (Zizka 1991); Plantas de Rapa Nui. Guia Ilustrada (Dubois 2013)
NORTH WEST PACIFIC (62)
more species list checklist Minami-Torishima (Marcus Isl.) MCU 2 -22100
22All Species
10Indigenous Species
10Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

An Ecological Perspective of Marcus Island (Sakagami 1961)
more species list checklist Palau Isl. (Republic of Palau, Western Carolines) PLU 516 o10947012
1094All Species
701Indigenous Species
701Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
122 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
176 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
389 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
393 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Palau with vernacular names (Fosberg et al. 1980); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Flora of Micronesia (Fosberg & Sachet, 5 vols. published, 1975-1993)
more species list checklist Northern Marianas MRN 464 +6773470
677All Species
347Indigenous Species
347Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
63 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
220 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
330 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vascular flora of the northern Mariana Islands (Fosberg et al. 1975-1980)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)
more species list checklist Guam GUM 540 +10343990
1034All Species
399Indigenous Species
399Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
95 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
238 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
635 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Guam (Stone 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)
more species list checklist Federal States of Micronesia (Central and Eastern Carolines: Truk, Yap, Pohnpei, Kosrae) MIC 702 +11976711
1197All Species
671Indigenous Species
671Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
141 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
155 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
364 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
526 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Pohnpei (Herrera et al. 2010); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg); The Endemic Plants of Micronesia: A Geographical Checklist and Commentary (Costion & Laurence 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Micronesia (Fosberg & Sachet, 5 vols. published, 1975-1993); Flora of Ponape (Glassmann 1952); Trees of Yap. A Field Guide (Cushing Falanruw 2016)
more species list checklist Marshall Isl. MRS 174 o4551080
455All Species
108Indigenous Species
108Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
19 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
87 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
347 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vascular Plants recorded from Jaluit Atoll (Fosberg & Sachet 1962); A review of the natural history of the Marshall Islands (Fosberg 1990); Vegetation of Bikini Atoll (Fosberg 1988); The Vascular Plants of Majuro Atoll (van der Velde 2003); Flora of Rongelap and Ailinginae Atolls (Releford 2009)
more species list checklist Wake Isl. WAK 8 o111330
111All Species
33Indigenous Species
33Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
28 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vegetation and flora of Wake Island (Fosberg 1959); Wake Island vegetation and flora, 1961-1963 (Fosberg & Sachet 1969)
NORTH CENTRAL PACIFIC (63)
more species list checklist Hawaii (incl. Johnston Atoll, Midway Isl.) HAW 16.729 ++24091238276
2409All Species
1238Indigenous Species
1237Indigenous Species except Microspecies
276Endemic Species
276Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
172 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 16 endemic)
25 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
100 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
941 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 260 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Hawaiian Native and Naturalized Vascular Plants Checklist (Imada, ed., 2012); Hawaiian Naturalized Vascular Plants Checklist (Imada et al., 2019)

Most recent flora

Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i (2., rev. ed., 2 vols., Wagner, Herbst & Sohmer 2000); Hawaiian Vascular Plant Updates (Wagner et al. 2012); Common Plants of Midway Atoll (Holthuijzen 2017); Botanical Survey of Midway Atoll (Starr & Starr 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Hawai’i (Valier 1995)
NORTH AMERICA (7)
ARCTIC NORTH AMERICA (70)
more species list checklist Alaska (incl. Aleutes) ASK 1.530.000 ++156313624
1563All Species
1362Indigenous Species
1357Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
84 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
9 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
272 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
988 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them endemic)
201 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories (Hulten 1968); Flora of the Aleutian Islands (Hulten 1960); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)
more species list checklist Greenland GNL 2.175.600 ++5384401
538All Species
440Indigenous Species
433Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
41 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
96 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
302 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
98 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of Greenland (2nd ed., Holmen 1968); A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Greenland (2nd ed., Böcher et al. 1968); The flowering plants of Greenland (Jorgensen et al. 1958) [see also Flora of North America]

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)
CANADA (70-72)
more species list checklist Canada CDN 9.970.610 ++5056394917
5056All Species
3949Indigenous Species
3932Indigenous Species except Microspecies
17Endemic Species
17Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
178 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
27 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
29 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
739 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2976 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
17 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1107 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

The flora of Canada (Scoggan 1978, 1979, 4 vols.); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 20 of 26 volumes published). Many regional and state floras not listed here (a majority of the states has recent floras)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Les fougeres et les plantes alliees du Canada (Cody & Britton 1989); Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)
more species list checklist St. Pierre & Miquelon SPM 242 ++5224120
522All Species
412Indigenous Species
410Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
139 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
222 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
110 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas of the vascular plants of the island of Newfoundland and of the island of St. Pierre et Miquelon (Rouleau & Lamoureux 1992)

Most recent flora

Les plantes vasculaires des iles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon (LeGallo 1954) [see also Flora of North America and some Canadian regional floras]

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)
USA (73-78)
more species list checklist USA (Lower 48 States) USA 8.262.426 ++19088157592276
19088All Species
15759Indigenous Species
15605Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2276Endemic Species
2270Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
447 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 13 endemic)
76 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
119 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 7 endemic)
2006 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 96 endemic)
13111 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2155 endemic)
154 Microspecies (of them 6 endemic)
3329 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

Flora of North America (1993 - 2023, 22 of 26 volumes published). Many regional and state floras not listed here (a majority of the states has recent floras - see subpage "Literature").

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)
more species list checklist Bermuda BER 53 +2151370
215All Species
137Indigenous Species
137Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
29 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
86 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bermuda (Britton 1918, very outdated)
MEXICO (79)
more species list checklist Mexico MEX 1.964.382 +25298242354174
25298All Species
24235Indigenous Species
24227Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4174Endemic Species
4173Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1051 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 51 endemic)
144 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 31 endemic)
529 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 39 endemic)
3858 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 504 endemic)
18653 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3549 endemic)
8 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
1063 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico (Villasenor 2016); numerous state checklists (Listados Floristicos de Mexico)

Most recent flora

Numerous regional floras, especially: Flora de Aguascalientes (1982 ff., few volumes published), Flora of Baja California (Wiggins 1980); Flora of Chiapas (1981 ff., 6 vols. published); Flora of Bajío y de regiones adyacentes (Rzedowski et al., 1991 ff., 236 vols. published); Flora de Guerrero (1989 ff., 95 vols. published); Flora de Jalisco y areas colindantes (27 vols. published), Flora Novo-Galiciana (McVaugh et al., 1974 ff., 9 vols. published); Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán (1993 ff., 181 vols. published); Flora de Veracruz (1978 ff., 193 vols. published); Flora Mesoamericana (southern Mexico only, 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004); Flora Novo-Galiciana, Volume 17 (McVaugh 1992); Pteridophytes. Flora of Chiapas, part 2 (Smith 1981); Flora of Baja California (Wiggins 1980); Pteridophyte flora of Oaxaca, Mexico (Mickel & Beitel 1988); Ferns and fern allies of Chihuahua, Mexico (Knobloch & Correll 1962); Listados floristicos de Mexico. IX. Flora de Durango (Elizondo et al. 1991); Flora de Mexico, Volume 6, parts 1-3: Pteridophyta (1993-1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988); Icones Orchidacearum (Mexico), Fasc. 1-6 (Hagsater & Salazar 1990-2003)
more species list checklist Isla Guadalupe GLP 244 ++2011520
201All Species
152Indigenous Species
152Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
134 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
49 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The Flora of Guadalupe Island, Mexico (Moran 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988)
more species list checklist Revillagigedo Isl. (incl. Socorro Isl.) RGI 157 +1861522
186All Species
152Indigenous Species
152Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
17 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
122 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vascular flora of Isla Socorro, Mexico (Lewin & Moran 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004)
TROPICAL AMERICA (8)
CENTRAL AMERICA (80)
more species list checklist Guatemala GUA 108.889 o8206790156
8206All Species
7901Indigenous Species
7897Indigenous Species except Microspecies
56Endemic Species
56Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
730 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
23 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
246 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1811 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
5091 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
305 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts); Flora of Guatemala (Standley, ed., 1958-1977, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala, pt. 1-3 (Stolze 1976-83)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Orchids of Guatemala: A revised annotated checklist (Dix & Dix 2000); Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985); Guatemala y sus orquídeas (Behar & Tinschert 1998)
more species list checklist Belize BLZ 22.965 +365834073
3658All Species
3407Indigenous Species
3406Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
275 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
110 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
721 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2293 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
251 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick et al. 2000)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick, Nee & Atha 2000); Native Orchids of Belize (McLeish, Pearce & Adams 1995); Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985); Lista Comentada de las orquideas de Belice (Catling & Catling 1988)
more species list checklist El Salvador ELS 21.041 o312528802
3125All Species
2880Indigenous Species
2880Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
379 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
77 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
672 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1742 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
245 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); An Annotated Checklist of the Monilophytes (Ferns) and Lycophytes of El Salvador (Monterrosa & Monro 2008); Una guia taxonomica para helechos de El Salvador (Seiler 1980); Listado de la flora Salvadorensis / Pteridophyta (Pfeiffer-Berendsohn 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Las Orquideas de El Salvador (Hamer 1974-1981)
more species list checklist Honduras HON 112.492 +7584664021
7584All Species
6640Indigenous Species
6640Indigenous Species except Microspecies
21Endemic Species
21Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
657 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
23 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
230 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1387 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
4343 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
944 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de Honduras, espermatofitas (Nelson Sutherland et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Lycophytes of Honduras: A new annotated checklist (J. D. Reyes et al. 2021); Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Hondurensis Plantarum Vascularium Catalogus. Pteridophyta (Sutherland et al. 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft)
more species list checklist Nicaragua NIC 129.494 ++632358763
6323All Species
5876Indigenous Species
5875Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
613 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
176 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1348 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3728 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
447 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Nicaragua (Stevens et al., eds.) (2001-2009, 4 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 4 (Helechos) (Gomez & Arbelaez 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Orchids of Nicaragua, Pt. 1-6 (Hamer 1982-1985); Orchidaceae (Hamer). - In: Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 2 (Stevens, ed., 2001)
more species list checklist Costa Rica (except Isla del Coco) COS 51.060 ++1110610474241
11106All Species
10474Indigenous Species
10473Indigenous Species except Microspecies
241Endemic Species
241Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1171 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 29 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
645 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 47 endemic)
2936 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 109 endemic)
5710 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 56 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
632 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica (Hammel et al., 2003-2020, 8 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts); Flora Costaricensis (Burger, ed., 1971, 10 vols. published, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993); Flora Costaricensis, Family 39, part V (Maxillarieae and Oncidinae) (Atwood & de Retana 1999); Lista actualizada de las orquideas de Costa Rica (Mora-Retana & Garcia 1992); Catalogo revisado y anotado de las Orchidaceae de Costa Rica (Pupulin 2002); Orchidaceae (Dressler et al.) - In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. III (Hammel et al., ed., 2003)
more species list checklist Isla del Coco (Cocos Isl.) COC 40 ++1731593
173All Species
159Indigenous Species
159Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
23 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
77 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
14 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Preliminary List of Plants from Cocos Island (Fosberg & Klawe 1966)

Most recent flora

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica (Hammel et al., 2003-2020, 8 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of ca. 10 volumes published, plus numerous drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); The ferns and fern-allies of Cocos Island, Costa Rica (Gomez 1975) [= Contribuciones a la pteridologia costarricense. VII. Pteridofita de la Isla de Cocos]
more species list checklist Panama PAN 75.517 +102439820209
10243All Species
9820Indigenous Species
9819Indigenous Species except Microspecies
209Endemic Species
209Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
966 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
23 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
523 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 17 endemic)
2898 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 101 endemic)
5410 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 86 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
423 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Panama, vol. 1: The introduction and checklist (d'Arcy 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of Panama (d'Arcy 1943-1980, 9 parts in 21 vols. published, incomplete), Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 13 vols. published and the remaining families available in drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987); The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

An updated checklist of the Orchidaceae of Panama (Bogarin et al. 2014); Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993); Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987); Checklist of the Orchids of Panama (Dressler 1980)
more species list checklist Clipperton Isl. CLI 30 +32130
32All Species
13Indigenous Species
13Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
19 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora and vegetation of Clipperton Island (Sachet 1962); Flora and Vegetation of Clipperton (La Passion) Atoll (Jost et al. 2019)
more species list checklist Isla Malpelo MAL 1 ++0
All Species
0Indigenous Species
0Indigenous Species except Microspecies
Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)

Most recent flora

Flora terreste de la isla Malpelo (Colombia) (Gonzalez-Roman et al. 2014); The biological investigation of Malpelo Island (Graham 1975)
CARIBBEAN (81)
more species list checklist Bahamas BAH 13.939 ++133610651
1336All Species
1065Indigenous Species
1064Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
176 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
831 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
271 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bahamian Archipelago (Correll & Correll 1982); Endemic Seed Plants in the Bahamian Archipelago (Freid et al. 2014); Vascular flora of Andros Island, Bahamas (Nickrent et al. 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Sauleda & Adams). - In: Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (Correll & Correll 1982)
more species list checklist Turks & Caicos Isl. TCI 430 ++4173640
417All Species
364Indigenous Species
364Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
48 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
308 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
53 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bahamian Archipelago (Correll & Correll 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the Bahama Archipelago (Sauleda & Adams 197
more species list checklist Cuba CUB 114.525 +(+)68906022367
6890All Species
6022Indigenous Species
6022Indigenous Species except Microspecies
367Endemic Species
367Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
557 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
11 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
131 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
920 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 32 endemic)
4403 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 329 endemic)
868 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Base de datos de especímenes de la flora de Cuba : con mapas de distribución, Versión 4.0 - 2008

Most recent flora

Flora de la Republica de Cuba (1998 ff., 27 vols. published); Flora de Cuba (Leon & Alain 1946-1962, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lista de los helechos y licofitos de Cuba (Sanchez 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Las orquideas nativas de Cuba (Diaz 1988); Iconografia de orquídeas Cubanas (Marquez & Bocourt Vigli 1997); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more species list checklist Cayman Isl. CAY 262 ++7085440
708All Species
544Indigenous Species
544Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
92 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
422 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
164 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Cayman Islands (Proctor 1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Cayman Islands (Proctor 1984); Orquideas de las Islas Cayman (Adams 1971)
more species list checklist Jamaica JAM 10.991 ++3725301642
3725All Species
3016Indigenous Species
3016Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
42Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
563 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
76 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
522 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1851 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 34 endemic)
709 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flowering plants of Jamaica (Adams 1972); Flora of Jamaica (Warner 2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Jamaica (Proctor 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchids of Jamaica (Gloudon & Tobisch 1995); A Checklist of the Orchids of Jamaica (Adams 1966); Orchidaceae (Adams, Proctor & Read). In: Flowering Plants of Jamaica (1972); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more species list checklist Hispaniola (Dominican Republic & Haiti) HIS 76.200 +(+)59404977172
5940All Species
4977Indigenous Species
4977Indigenous Species except Microspecies
172Endemic Species
172Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
637 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 10 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
151 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
762 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
3422 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 153 endemic)
963 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Hispaniola (Liogier, ed.) (1981 ff., 9 vols. published, mostly complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more species list checklist Navassa Isl. NAV 5 +1391060
139All Species
106Indigenous Species
106Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
89 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
33 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Navassa Island and its flora. 2. Checklist of the vascular plants (Zanoni & Buck 1999)
more species list checklist Puerto Rico (incl. Mona Isl., Desecheo Isl., Culebra Isl., Vieques Isl.) PUE 8.959 +(+)3307235614
3307All Species
2356Indigenous Species
2355Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
369 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
5 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
62 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
408 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1512 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
951 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Liogier (1982)

Most recent flora

Flora of Puerto Rico (Liogier, ed., 1985-1997, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Proctor 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); The Orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman & Del Mayda 1995); An orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman 1995); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more species list checklist U.S. Virgin Islands (St. Croix, St. Thomas, St. John), British Virgin Islands (Anegada, Virgin Gorda, Tortola, Jost Van Dyke Isl., Peter Isl., Salt Isl.) VIR 495 +158410710
1584All Species
1071Indigenous Species
1070Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
62 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
26 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
156 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
827 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
513 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Annotated checklist of the dicotyledons of Tortola (d'Arcy 1967)); An Environmental Profile of the Island of Tortola, Addendum I, Preliminary List of Species (Lindsay 2015); Monocotyledons ang Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong 2005)

Most recent flora

Flora of Virgin Gorda (Little et al. 1971); The flora of the American Virgin Islands (Britton 1918); Flora of St. John (Proctor in Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. 1996); The island of Anegada and its flora (D'Arcy 1971)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Proctor 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackermann 1995)
more species list checklist Anguilla AGU 70 ++3392600
339All Species
260Indigenous Species
260Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
23 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
236 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
79 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); A Guide to Common Plants of Anguilla (Walker 2005)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist St. Maarten (St. Martin) STM 86 ++5144090
514All Species
409Indigenous Species
409Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
15 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
352 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
105 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist St. Barthelemy (St. Barts) SBA 21 ++4443490
444All Species
349Indigenous Species
349Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
23 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
313 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

The flora of the island of St. Bartholomew and its origin (Questel 1941); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist Saba SAB 13 ++5584270
558All Species
427Indigenous Species
427Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
49 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
305 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
131 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist St. Eustatius STE 21 ++4533530
453All Species
353Indigenous Species
353Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
37 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
272 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
100 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist St. Kitts & Nevis STK 269 ++8186660
818All Species
666Indigenous Species
666Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
133 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
86 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
425 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977); A revised list of pteridophytes from St. Kitts (Proctor 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist Antigua and Barbuda (incl. Redonda Isl.) ABA 441 ++9787660
978All Species
766Indigenous Species
766Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
34 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
22 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
101 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
609 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
212 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist Montserrat MTS 102 ++9087110
908All Species
711Indigenous Species
711Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
119 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
22 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
82 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
486 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
197 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist Guadeloupe (incl. Marie Galante, La Désirade, Les Saintes) GDL 1.600 ++205916390
2059All Species
1639Indigenous Species
1639Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
291 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
40 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
297 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1009 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
420 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Orchidaceae (Fournet). - In: Flore illustrée des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (1978); Atlas des Orchidées sauvages de Gouadeloupe (Feldmann & Barré 2001)
more species list checklist Dominica DOM 750 ++145011960
1450All Species
1196Indigenous Species
1195Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
196 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
29 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
218 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
751 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
254 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Dominica (Hodge 1954, Nicolson 1991); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Flora of Dominica, Pt. 1 (Orchidaceae) (Hodge 1954)
more species list checklist Martinique MAR 1.102 ++189314701
1893All Species
1470Indigenous Species
1470Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
225 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
260 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
947 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
423 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist St. Lucia STL 616 ++144411280
1444All Species
1128Indigenous Species
1128Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
119 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
188 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
787 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
316 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist St. Vincent and the Grenadines STV 389 ++135811071
1358All Species
1107Indigenous Species
1107Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
167 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
148 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
755 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
251 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more species list checklist Grenada GRE 344 ++10999210
1099All Species
921Indigenous Species
921Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
152 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
151 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
597 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
178 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); The Orchids of the Islands of Grenada, British West Indies (Schultes 1956, in Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 25)
more species list checklist Barbados BBD 430 ++8585820
858All Species
582Indigenous Species
582Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
17 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
62 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
473 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
276 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Barbados (Gooding et al., 1965); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Barbados (Gooding, Loveless & Proctor 1965)
more species list checklist Trinidad & Tobago TRT 5.048 +348323560
3483All Species
2356Indigenous Species
2355Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
295 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
53 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
505 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1500 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1127 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago (Baksh-Comeau et al. 2016)

Most recent flora

Flora of Trinidad & Tobago - Williams, R. O. et al. (1928-1979, mostly complete, plus additional volumes until 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Checklist of the pteridophytes of Trinidad & Tobago (Baksh-Comeau 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Native Orchids of Trinidad and Tobago (Schultes 1960)
more species list checklist Aruba ARU 179 +3342720
334All Species
272Indigenous Species
272Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
235 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
62 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)
more species list checklist Bonaire BON 288 +3693010
369All Species
301Indigenous Species
301Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
40 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
255 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
68 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)
more species list checklist Curacao CUR 444 +5154290
515All Species
429Indigenous Species
429Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
57 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
360 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)
more species list checklist San Andres y Providencia SWC 43 o3012950
301All Species
295Indigenous Species
295Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
249 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
6 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA (82)
more species list checklist Colombia CLM 1.141.748 +25939248642142
25939All Species
24864Indigenous Species
24863Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2142Endemic Species
2142Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1745 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 67 endemic)
40 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
1174 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 74 endemic)
7619 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1011 endemic)
14286 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 986 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1075 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia (Bernal, Gradstein & Celis, eds., 2015)

Most recent flora

Flora de Colombia (1983 ff., 32 vols. published, very incomplete); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989); Helechos y plantas afines de Colombia (Murillo-Pulido 1990); Flora de Colombia, Vol. 9: Pteridophyta 1 (Murillo-Pulido 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Materials to the Orchid Flora of Colombia (Szlachetko et al., 2017 ff., 3 volumes published); Native Colombian Orchids, Vol. 1-6 (Escobar 1990-98); Orquideas de Colombia (Ortiz 1995) [contains checklist]; Lista de especies de Orquídeas registradas para Colombia: Adiciones y correcciones (Ortiz 2000, in Orquideologia 21)
more species list checklist Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita) VEN 912.050 +1658415958650
16584All Species
15958Indigenous Species
15957Indigenous Species except Microspecies
650Endemic Species
650Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1261 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 44 endemic)
29 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
524 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
3612 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 132 endemic)
10532 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 465 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
626 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Nuevo Catalogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela (Hokche, Berry & Huber, eds., 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana (Steyermark et al., eds., 9 vols., complete); Flora of Venezuela (Lasser et al., eds., 1968-1989, 24 parts published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora de Venezuela, Vol. 1 + 2 (Helechos) (Vareschi 1968-69); Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 2 (1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Venezuelan orchids illustrated (Dunsterville & Garay 1959-1976, 6 vols.) (reprint as Orchids of Venezuela - An Illustrated Field Guide, 1979, 2nd ed. as Illustrated Field Guide of Orchids of Venezuela, Romero & Carnevali 2000, 3 Vols.); Flora de Venezuela, Vol. XV, pt. 1-5 (Foldats 1969-70); Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 7 (2003)
more species list checklist Guyana (British Guyana) GUY 214.969 +6442619140
6442All Species
6191Indigenous Species
6191Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
40Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
540 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
6 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
201 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
1394 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
4050 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 26 endemic)
251 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana (Steyermark et al., eds., 9 vols., complete); Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985 ff., 34 vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Guianas, Vol. 1 (Szlachetko et al. 2017); Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997); Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana: Orchidaceae (Christensen in Mori et al. 1997)
more species list checklist Surinam SUR 163.265 +465844334
4658All Species
4433Indigenous Species
4433Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
326 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
159 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1042 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2902 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
225 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985 ff., 34 vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophytes of Suriname (Kramer 1978)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Guianas, Vol. 1 (Szlachetko et al. 2017); Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997); Orchideeen van Suriname (Werkhoven 1986)
more species list checklist French Guiana FRG 83.534 +5092488934
5092All Species
4889Indigenous Species
4889Indigenous Species except Microspecies
34Endemic Species
34Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
341 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
4 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
192 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
1096 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
3256 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
203 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985 ff., 34 vols. published, incomplete); Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana (Mori 1997, 2 vols.); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Guianas, Vol. 1 (Szlachetko et al. 2017); Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997); Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana: Orchidaceae (Christensen in Mori et al. 1997)
more species list checklist Ecuador ECU 272.045 +(+)19174185041512
19174All Species
18504Indigenous Species
18501Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1512Endemic Species
1512Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1529 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 50 endemic)
18 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
743 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 25 endemic)
6724 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1014 endemic)
9490 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 423 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
670 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Jorgensen ed., 1999); Supplements by Ulloa Ulloa & Neill (2005); Neill & Ulloa Ulloa (2011)

Most recent flora

Flora of Ecuador (1973 ff., 97 vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 9 (Garay 1979); Native Ecuadorian orchids (Dodson & Escobar 1994, Dodson 2001); Calaway H. Dodson & Carlyle A. Luer (2009): Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 76: Orchidaceae. Genera Aa - Cyrtidiorchis.; Calaway H. Dodson & Carlyle A. Luer (2009): Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 84: Orchidaceae. Masdevallia and Affiliates.; Calaway H. Dodson & Carlyle A. Luer (2010): Flora of Ecuador, Vol. 87: Orchidaceae. Genera Cyrtochiloides - Epibator.
more species list checklist Galapagos Isl. GAL 7.844 +(+)78865523
788All Species
655Indigenous Species
655Indigenous Species except Microspecies
23Endemic Species
23Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
117 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
60 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
472 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
133 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Jorgensen ed., 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Galapagos Islands (Wiggins & Porter 1971); Flowering Plants of the Galapagos (McMullen 1999, Field Guide)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of the Galapagos Islands (Luer 1972)
WEST CENTRAL SOUTH AMERICA (83)
more species list checklist Peru PER 1.280.000 +20889203141685
20889All Species
20314Indigenous Species
20312Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1685Endemic Species
1685Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1290 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 36 endemic)
20 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1167 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 140 endemic)
4752 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 429 endemic)
13085 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1080 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
575 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru (Brako & Zarucchi 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Peru (1936 - 1995, 27 vols. published, mostly outdated); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta of Peru, pt. 1-6 (Tryon & Stolze 1989-94)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Icones Orchidacearum Peruvianum (Bennett & Christenson 1995-2000, Vol. 1-8, ongoing series); Orchids of Peru, Vol. I-IV (Schweinfurth 1959-1961, in Fieldiana Bot.)
more species list checklist Bolivia BOL 1.098.581 +1544514576395
15445All Species
14576Indigenous Species
14576Indigenous Species except Microspecies
395Endemic Species
395Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1195 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 30 endemic)
18 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
420 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 7 endemic)
2928 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 101 endemic)
10015 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 257 endemic)
869 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia (Jorgensen et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Prodromus of a Fern Flora of Bolivia (Smith & Kessler 2016 ff., over 30 parts, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 1 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2000); Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 2 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2003); Index Orchidacearum Bolivianum (Hashimoto 1993)
BRAZIL (84)
more species list checklist Brazil BRA 8.547.404 +36849362489124
36849All Species
36248Indigenous Species
36247Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9124Endemic Species
9124Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
24.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1422 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 163 endemic)
27 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1111 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 131 endemic)
8406 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2716 endemic)
25282 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 6114 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
601 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br)

Most recent flora

Many regional floras (all incomplete), especially: Flora d Bahia (ca. 85 families and groups published); Flora do Ceara (2013 ff., ca. 30 families and groups published); Flora do Sergipe (2 vols., 2013, 2015), Flora dos estados de Goiás e Tocantins (1981 ff., 51 families and groups published); Flora do Distrito Federal (2001 ff., 11 families published); Flora Ecologia de Restingas do Sudeste do Brazil (1965-1978, 22 families published); Flora do Rio de Janeiro (2017 ff., 24 families published); Flora da Serra do Cipó, Minas Gerais (134 families published); Flora Fanerogamica da Ilha do Cardoso (1991 ff., 16 vols. published); Flora ilustrata do Rio Grande do Sul (1955-1992, 22 vols. published); Flora ilustrada Catarinense (Reitz, ed., 1967 ff., 184 parts published); Flora Neotropica Monograph (1968 ff., over 120 vols. published, ongoing); Especies Arboreas Brasileiras (Carvalho 2003-2014, 5 vols. published); Arvores Brasileiras (Lorenzi 2009, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Brasileira: Orquideas 1 (A-L), 2 (M-Z) (CD-ROM, Campacci 2000); Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br); Orchidaceae Brasilienses (Pabst & Dungs 1975-77); Icones Orchidacearum Brasilienses (Castro & Campacci, Vol. 1, 2001)
more species list checklist Fernando Noronha Isl. FNI 26 -30291
30All Species
29Indigenous Species
29Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
27 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Terrestrial vascular floras of Brazil's Oceanic Archipelagos (Alves 2006) [not seen and not included]
more species list checklist Ilha da Trindade ITR 11 o15151
15All Species
15Indigenous Species
15Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)

Most recent flora

Ilha da Trindade & Arquipelago Martin Vaz (Alves 1998)
TEMPERATE SOUTH AMERICA (85)
more species list checklist Paraguay PAR 406.752 +5181501849
5181All Species
5018Indigenous Species
5018Indigenous Species except Microspecies
49Endemic Species
49Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
258 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
87 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
698 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
3974 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 47 endemic)
163 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008); Checklist of the endemic vascular plants of Paraguay (Pena Chocarro & de Egea 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora de Paraguay (1983 ff., 52 vols. plus Key published, still incomplete)
more species list checklist Uruguay URU 176.215 +2838251112
2838All Species
2511Indigenous Species
2511Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
113 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
397 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1979 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
327 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora Montevidensis (Lombardo 1982-1984, 3 vols.); Flora del Uruguay (1958-1972, only 4 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora de Uruguay, Vol. 1 Pteridophyta (Legrand & Lombardo 1958)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora del Uruguay (Herter 1949)
more species list checklist Argentina ARG 2.780.400 +101109245418
10110All Species
9245Indigenous Species
9242Indigenous Species except Microspecies
418Endemic Species
418Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
395 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
15 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
96 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1250 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 34 endemic)
7489 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 378 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
865 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008); Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de la Republica Argentina (2 vols., Zuloaga et al. 1996)

Most recent flora

Flora de Argentina (Anton & Zuloaga, dir., 2012 ff., 14 vols. published, incomplete); Flora Fanerogamica Argentina (online, 87 parts published). Various regional floras, most important: Flora Patagonica (1971-1998, 7 parts in 8 vols.); Flora de Mendoza (2009 ff., 10 families published); Flora de San Juan (2003 ff., 4 vols. published); Flora Rioplatense (7 parts published); Flora del Valle de Lerma (176 families published); Biota Rioplatense (1997-2005, 11 parts published)
more species list checklist Chile (excl. Juan Fdz. Isl.) CLE 756.626 +49584293480
4958All Species
4293Indigenous Species
4286Indigenous Species except Microspecies
480Endemic Species
480Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
116 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
12 Indigenous Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
570 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 59 endemic)
3581 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 419 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
665 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Chile (Rodriguez et al. 2018); Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora de Chile (1995 ff., 5 vols. published, about 50 % complete); numerous regional floras and field guides
more species list checklist Desventuradas Isl. DSV 30 +(+)53351
53All Species
35Indigenous Species
35Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
18 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Chile (Rodriguez et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

The flora of San Felix Island (Johnston 1931); Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998)
more species list checklist Juan Fernandez Isl. JNF 181 +4662484
466All Species
248Indigenous Species
247Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
154 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
218 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Chile (Rodriguez et al. 2018); Catalogue of the vascular flora of the Robinson Crusoe or Juan Fernandez Islands (Marticorena 1998); Nouveau catalogue de la flore fasculaire de l'archipel Juan Fernández (Danton 2013, with corrections and additions 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Helechos de Juan Fernandez (Barrera Moscoso 1997)
ANTARCTIC (9)
SUBANTARCTIC ISLANDS (90)
more species list checklist Macquarie Isl. MAQ 123 ++55480
55All Species
48Indigenous Species
48Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more species list checklist Campbell Isl. CMP 137 ++1401280
140All Species
128Indigenous Species
128Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
23 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
23 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
82 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more species list checklist Heard & McDonald Isl. HMD 372 +13120
13All Species
12Indigenous Species
12Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more species list checklist Marion & Prince Edward Isl. MPE 335 +37250
37All Species
25Indigenous Species
25Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
14 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Most recent flora

An update on the indigenous vascular flora of sub-Antarctic Marion Island (Chau et al. 2020)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Ile Amsterdam & St. Paul Isl. ASP 67 +39392
39All Species
39Indigenous Species
39Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
15 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Most recent flora

La flore de l’île Amsterdam, état des lieux des connaissances. - Saboureau, F. (2023), Carnets botaniques no. 137. 40 p.

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Iles Crozet CRZ 300 +20200
20All Species
20Indigenous Species
20Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
11 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Iles Kerguélen KEG 6.993 +40290
40All Species
29Indigenous Species
29Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
0Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
19 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
11 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Check List of the Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Vascular Flora (Greene & Walton 1975)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)
more species list checklist Falkland Isl. FAL 12.173 +2581671
258All Species
167Indigenous Species
167Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
21 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
32 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
114 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
91 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of the Falkland Islands (Woods 2000); The vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Moore 1968); The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Broughton & McAdam 2002); Field Guide to the Plants of the Falkland Islands (Heller et al. 2019)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The current status and distribution of the Falkland islands pteridophyte flora (Broughton & MacAdam 2003)
more species list checklist Tristan da Cunha (incl. Gough Island, Nightingale Isl., Inaccessible Island) TDC 202 o177983
177All Species
98Indigenous Species
98Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Indigenous Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Indigenous Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Indigenous Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
45 Indigenous Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
79 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vegetation and Checklist of Inaccessible Island (Roux et al. 1992)

Most recent flora

The terrestrial botany of the Tristan da Cunha Islands (Wace & Dixon 1965); Vegetation and Checklist of Inaccessible Island (Roux et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)