Country or RegionCodeSurface Area (km²)Status ChecklistAll Species Indigenous Species Endemics
EUROPE (1)
NORTHERN EUROPE (10)
more Iceland ICE 103.000 ++793732255
793All Species
732Indigenous Species
428Indigenous Species except Microspecies
255Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
132 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
556 Dicotyledons (of them 253 endemic)
304 Microspecies (of them 249 endemic)
61 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

A guide to the flowering plants and ferns of Iceland (Kristinsson 1998); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floraislands.is
more Jan Mayen Isl. JMY 380 ++57563
57All Species
56Indigenous Species
51Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
41 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

The flora of Jan Mayen (Lid 1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Svalbard (incl. Bjornoya) SVA 62.160 ++1971891
197All Species
189Indigenous Species
182Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
54 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
129 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
8 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Svalbards flora (Roenning 1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Faeroe Isl. FOR 1.399 ++3413239
341All Species
323Indigenous Species
290Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
61 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
234 Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
33 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
18 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Orkney Isl., Shetland Isl., but excl. Channel Isl. and Northern Ireland) GRB 244.110 ++34532608688
3453All Species
2608Indigenous Species
1549Indigenous Species except Microspecies
688Endemic Species
120Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
79 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
356 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2117 Dicotyledons (of them 683 endemic)
1059 Microspecies (of them 568 endemic)
845 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of the British Isles (Clapham et al. 1962); New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (Preston et al. 2002); Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (Sell & Murrell 1997); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (Jermy 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Wild Orchids of Scotland (Allan, Woods & Clarks 1993); Orchidaceae. In: Flora of Great Britain, Ireland, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, Vol. 5 (Sell & Murrell 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

aphotoflora.com
more Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland) IRE 70.000 ++1509121224
1509All Species
1212Indigenous Species
964Indigenous Species except Microspecies
24Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
224 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
29 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
897 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
248 Microspecies (of them 18 endemic)
297 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

An Irish Flora (Webb et al. 1996); Flora of the British Isles (Clapham et al. 1962); New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (Preston et al. 200); Flora of Great Britain and Ireland (Sell & Murrell 1997); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The illustrated field guide to ferns and allied plants of the British Iles (Jermy 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

British & Irish Orchids: a field guide (Ettlinger 1976); A Guide to the Wild Orchids of Great Britain and Ireland (Lang 1989); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more Denmark DEN 43.094 +1947166263
1947All Species
1662Indigenous Species
1170Indigenous Species except Microspecies
63Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
277 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1293 Dicotyledons (of them 63 endemic)
492 Microspecies (of them 61 endemic)
285 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Dansk Flora (Frederiksen et al. 2006); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Norway NOR 385.639 ++420738832000
4207All Species
3883Indigenous Species
1305Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2000Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
329 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
37 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3436 Dicotyledons (of them 2000 endemic)
2578 Microspecies (of them 2000 endemic)
324 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Den Nya Nordiska Floran (Mossberg & Stenberg 2003); Norsk Flora (Lid et al. 2005); Norsk og svensk flora (Lid 1963); Flora Nordica, Vol. 1 (Jonsell, ed., 2000); Nordisk fjaellflora (Nilsson 1991); Flora över Dal (Andersson 1981); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Sweden SWE 449.964 ++387035361234
3870All Species
3536Indigenous Species
1484Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1234Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
63 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
370 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3050 Dicotyledons (of them 1233 endemic)
2052 Microspecies (of them 1226 endemic)
334 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Mossberg & Stenberg (2003); Norsk Flora (Lid et al. 2005); Norsk og svensk flora (Lid 1963); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Finland FIN 338.144 ++27862563763
2786All Species
2563Indigenous Species
1135Indigenous Species except Microspecies
763Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
304 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2162 Dicotyledons (of them 763 endemic)
1428 Microspecies (of them 760 endemic)
223 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Fennica, vol. 1-3 (Lönnrotin 2002); Field Flora of Finland (Hämet-Ahti et al. 1998); Flora Nordica, vol. 1/2/6 (Jonsell, ed., 2000, 2001, 2010); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
MIDDLE EUROPE (11)
more Netherlands NET 33.920 ++2013167245
2013All Species
1672Indigenous Species
1235Indigenous Species except Microspecies
45Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
292 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
45 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1285 Dicotyledons (of them 45 endemic)
437 Microspecies (of them 45 endemic)
341 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Heukels Flora van Nederland (23. Aufl., Mejden et al. 2005); De Nederlandse Oecologische Flora (5 vols., Weeda 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.verspreidingsatlas.nl
more Belgium BGM 30.688 ++2039165015
2039All Species
1650Indigenous Species
1362Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
309 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
51 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1228 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
288 Microspecies (of them 15 endemic)
389 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon et al. 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.plantentuinmeise.be; alienplantsbelgium.be
more Luxembourg LUX 2.586 -3693334
369All Species
333Indigenous Species
248Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
291 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
85 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
36 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon et al. 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Germany GER 356.970 ++43103633293
4310All Species
3633Indigenous Species
2427Indigenous Species except Microspecies
293Endemic Species
32Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
84 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
500 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
70 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2963 Dicotyledons (of them 284 endemic)
1206 Microspecies (of them 261 endemic)
677 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Florenliste von Deutschland - Gefäßpflanzen. Version 11 (Buttler et al. 2020), www.kp-buttler.de

Most recent flora

Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., many volumes); Flora von Deutschland und angrenzender Länder (Schmeil/Fitschen) (92. Auflage 2003, ed. Senghas & Seybold); Pflanzensoziologische Exkursionsflora, ed. 8 (Oberdorfer, Begr., 2001); Exkursionsflora von Deutschland (Rothmaler, Begr., 21. Aufl. 2017, ed. Jäger); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de; www.floraweb.de
more Switzerland SWI 41.285 ++3323293699
3323All Species
2936Indigenous Species
2391Indigenous Species except Microspecies
99Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
77 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
465 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2312 Dicotyledons (of them 97 endemic)
545 Microspecies (of them 92 endemic)
387 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora Helvetica Checklist 2017 (Juillerat et al. 2017)

Most recent flora

Flora Helvetica (5. Aufl., Lauber et al. 2012); Flora der Schweiz (3 vols., Hess et al. 1976-1980); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004); Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed., multiple volumes); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

infoflora.ch; www.flora-germanica.de/Alpen
more Liechtenstein LIE 161 -2702430
270All Species
243Indigenous Species
211Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
239 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
32 Microspecies (of them endemic)
27 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora von Liechtenstein (Waldburger et al. 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004); Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Flora Helvetica (Lauber & Wagner 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de/Alpen
more Austria AUT 83.858 ++3528313698
3528All Species
3136Indigenous Species
2640Indigenous Species except Microspecies
98Endemic Species
33Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
75 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
509 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
66 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
2468 Dicotyledons (of them 92 endemic)
496 Microspecies (of them 65 endemic)
392 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Illustrierte Flora von Mitteleuropa (Hegi, ed.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de/Alpen
more Poland POL 312.684 ++2944263142
2944All Species
2631Indigenous Species
1991Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
66 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
415 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
46 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2090 Dicotyledons (of them 41 endemic)
640 Microspecies (of them 34 endemic)
313 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flowering Plants and Pteridophytes of Poland. A Checklist (Mirez et al. 2002)

Most recent flora

Flora polska (Szafera, ed., 1919 - 1980, 14 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Czech Republic CZE 78.866 ++2660238947
2660All Species
2389Indigenous Species
1925Indigenous Species except Microspecies
47Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
407 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
54 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1842 Dicotyledons (of them 44 endemic)
464 Microspecies (of them 38 endemic)
271 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic (DANIHELKA et al. 2012)

Most recent flora

Kli? ke Kv?ten? ?eské republiky (Kubát, ed., 2002); Kv?tena ?eské (Socialistické) republiky (Slavík & Hejný, ed., 1988-2005, 7 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Slovakia SLO 49.034 ++32582733107
3258All Species
2733Indigenous Species
2391Indigenous Species except Microspecies
107Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
68 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
460 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
56 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2132 Dicotyledons (of them 105 endemic)
342 Microspecies (of them 98 endemic)
525 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://ibot.sav.sk/checklist/index.php (Marhold & Hindak)

Most recent flora

Kli? ke Kv?ten? ?eské republiky (Kubát, ed., 2002); Kv?tena ?eské (Socialistické) republiky (Slavík & Hejný, ed., 1988-2005, 7 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Hungary HUN 93.030 ++2420215575
2420All Species
2155Indigenous Species
1989Indigenous Species except Microspecies
75Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
410 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
56 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1623 Dicotyledons (of them 71 endemic)
166 Microspecies (of them 56 endemic)
265 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
SOUTH WESTERN EUROPE (12)
more Portugal (excl. Azores, Madeira) POR 89.357 ++2925250678
2925All Species
2506Indigenous Species
2456Indigenous Species except Microspecies
78Endemic Species
76Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
492 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1895 Dicotyledons (of them 67 endemic)
50 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
419 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011)

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); The Orchid Flora of Portugal (Tyteca 1997); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more Spain (excl. Baleares) SPA 501.453 +633157421170
6331All Species
5742Indigenous Species
5185Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1170Endemic Species
862Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
13.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
106 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
888 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 91 endemic)
81 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
4639 Dicotyledons (of them 1073 endemic)
557 Microspecies (of them 308 endemic)
589 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floraiberica.org
more Andorra ADO 468 +9649314
964All Species
931Indigenous Species
870Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
80 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
828 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
61 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
33 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floraiberica.org
more Gibraltar GIB 7 ++6635641
663All Species
564Indigenous Species
563Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
97 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
442 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
99 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://floraofgibraltar.myspecies.info/
more Baleares BAL 4.992 ++16101439120
1610All Species
1439Indigenous Species
1425Indigenous Species except Microspecies
120Endemic Species
118Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
251 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
36 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1110 Dicotyledons (of them 111 endemic)
14 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora de Mallorca (Vols. I-IV, Bonafe 1977-1980); Flora Iberica (Castroviejo et al., eds., 1985 ff., 21 of 22 volumes published); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Guia de helechos de la Peninsula Iberica y Baleares (Tierra 1990)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iberica, vol. 21 (2005); Orquidacies. - In: Flora de Mallorca, Vol. 2 (Barcelo 1978); Petita guia de las Orquidies de les Balears (Alomar 1994); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floraiberica.org
more France (mainland, excl. Corsica) FRA 535.285 ++59385156298
5938All Species
5156Indigenous Species
4332Indigenous Species except Microspecies
298Endemic Species
142Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
117 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
807 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
96 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
4107 Dicotyledons (of them 267 endemic)
824 Microspecies (of them 156 endemic)
782 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index synonymique de la flore de France (Kerguélen 1993)

Most recent flora

Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977); Flora Gallica (Tison & de Foucault 2014); Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines (6. ed.) (Lambinon et al. 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.); Flora alpina (Vol. 1-3, Aeschimann et al. 2004)
more Monaco MCO 2 -48420
48All Species
42Indigenous Species
42Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
6 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)
more British Channel Isl. CIS 198 -2261804
226All Species
180Indigenous Species
110Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
171 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
70 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
46 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)
more Corsica COR 8.680 ++2238207380
2238All Species
2073Indigenous Species
2028Indigenous Species except Microspecies
80Endemic Species
65Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
411 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1531 Dicotyledons (of them 69 endemic)
45 Microspecies (of them 15 endemic)
165 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Corsica (Jeanmonod & Gamisans 2007); Les quatres flores de France (4. ed., Fournier 1977); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Sardinia SAR 23.318 ++21161970140
2116All Species
1970Indigenous Species
1952Indigenous Species except Microspecies
140Endemic Species
132Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
376 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1483 Dicotyledons (of them 133 endemic)
18 Microspecies (of them 8 endemic)
146 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE (13)
more Italy (mainland) (incl. Elba Isl., Capri Isl.) ITA 203.856 ++60005410555
6000All Species
5410Indigenous Species
4935Indigenous Species except Microspecies
555Endemic Species
404Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
118 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
10 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
888 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 47 endemic)
115 Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
4260 Dicotyledons (of them 488 endemic)
475 Microspecies (of them 151 endemic)
590 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Zangheri (1976); Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol (3. Aufl., Fischer & Adler 2008); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://luirig.altervista.org/flora/taxa/floraindice.php; http://dryades.units.it/floritaly/?procedure=intro_en
more Sicily (incl. Isole Pelagie) SIC 25.426 ++25912359173
2591All Species
2359Indigenous Species
2337Indigenous Species except Microspecies
173Endemic Species
166Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
10 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
462 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
62 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1766 Dicotyledons (of them 149 endemic)
22 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
232 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A catalogue of plants growing in Sicily (GIARDINA et al. 2007); An updated checklist of the vascular flora native to Italy (Bartolucci et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora Italica (Zangheri et al., 1976, 2 vols.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://luirig.altervista.org/flora/taxa/floraindice.php; http://dryades.units.it/floritaly/?procedure=intro_en
more Malta MLT 316 ++87378411
873All Species
784Indigenous Species
784Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
114 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
614 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
89 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

A Flora of the Maltese Islands (Haslam, Sell & Wolseley 1977); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.maltawildplants.com
more San Marino SMA 61 -220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Slovenia SLV 20.273 +2967271241
2967All Species
2712Indigenous Species
2574Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
68 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
511 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
61 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2053 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
138 Microspecies (of them 30 endemic)
255 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Register flore Slovenije (Trpin & Vres 1995)

Most recent flora

Flora of Slovenia (iFlora - Plant Guide Book 22) (Tackenberg); Mala flora Slovenije, kljuc za dolocanje praprotnic in semenk (Martinic et al. 1999); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Croatia CRO 56.594 +4287378790
4287All Species
3787Indigenous Species
3662Indigenous Species except Microspecies
90Endemic Species
78Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
80 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
666 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
85 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2929 Dicotyledons (of them 78 endemic)
125 Microspecies (of them 12 endemic)
500 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Nikoli? T. ed. (2015): Flora Croatica Database (http://hirc.botanic.hr/fcd)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://hirc.botanic.hr/fcd
more Bosnia & Hercegovina BIH 51.197 -2757258337
2757All Species
2583Indigenous Species
2512Indigenous Species except Microspecies
37Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
53 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
457 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
55 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1996 Dicotyledons (of them 35 endemic)
71 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
174 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Bosne i Hercegovine (Beck 1903-1921, 1927, Beck & Maly 1950, Bjel?i? 1967-1983, incomplete); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Montenegro MNT 13.812 o2530245622
2530All Species
2456Indigenous Species
2399Indigenous Species except Microspecies
22Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
62 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
430 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1894 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
57 Microspecies (of them 6 endemic)
74 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Katalog Vaskularne Flora Crne Gore, Tom. 1 (Stesevic & Cakovic 2013)

Most recent flora

Conspectus Florae Montenegrinae (Rohlena 1942); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Serbia SRB 77.474 o3067293834
3067All Species
2938Indigenous Species
2870Indigenous Species except Microspecies
34Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
515 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
56 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2288 Dicotyledons (of them 29 endemic)
68 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
129 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Checklist of Vascular Flora of Serbia, Vol. 1 (Niketic & Tomovic 2018)

Most recent flora

Flora SR Srbije (Josifovi? 1970-1976, 1977; Sari? & Dikli? 1986); Flora Srbije (Saric et al., eds., 1992; Stevanovic et al., eds., 2012); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Kosovo KOS 10.877 o1241197
124All Species
119Indigenous Species
114Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
112 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
5 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Northern Macedonia NMA 25.713 o2948285382
2948All Species
2853Indigenous Species
2773Indigenous Species except Microspecies
82Endemic Species
75Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
435 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2290 Dicotyledons (of them 78 endemic)
80 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora na Republika Makedonija (Micevski et al. 1983-2006, Matevski 2010; 7 vols. published, incomplete); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Albania ALB 28.748 +3326319058
3326All Species
3190Indigenous Species
3129Indigenous Species except Microspecies
58Endemic Species
45Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
54 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
568 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
62 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2481 Dicotyledons (of them 51 endemic)
61 Microspecies (of them 13 endemic)
136 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Albania (Barina et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Illustrated Flora of Albania (Pils 2016); Flore de l'Albanie (1992-2000, vols. 2, 3, 4); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Romania ROM 237.500 ++33853111100
3385All Species
3111Indigenous Species
2951Indigenous Species except Microspecies
100Endemic Species
55Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
61 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
585 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
58 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2393 Dicotyledons (of them 98 endemic)
160 Microspecies (of them 45 endemic)
274 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Republicii Socialiste România (1952-1976); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Bulgaria BUL 110.994 ++37463566174
3746All Species
3566Indigenous Species
3420Indigenous Species except Microspecies
174Endemic Species
128Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
602 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
52 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2833 Dicotyledons (of them 156 endemic)
146 Microspecies (of them 46 endemic)
180 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus of the Bulgarian vascular flora (Assyov et al., 4th ed. 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora na Narodna Republika B?lgarija (Jordanov et al., 1963-1995, 10 vols.); Flora bulgarica (CD-ROM, 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more European Turkey TUE 23.764 ++2003194414
2003All Species
1944Indigenous Species
1931Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
25 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
440 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1438 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
13 Microspecies (of them endemic)
59 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000, 9 vols. + 2 supplement volumes, complete); Flowers of Turkey - A photo guide (Pils 2006)
more Greece (incl. Kikladhes, excl. Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Rhodos and E-Aegaean) GRC 123.600 ++51244833722
5124All Species
4833Indigenous Species
4663Indigenous Species except Microspecies
722Endemic Species
645Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
12.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
882 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 108 endemic)
86 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
3766 Dicotyledons (of them 607 endemic)
170 Microspecies (of them 77 endemic)
291 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Greece. An Annotated Checklist (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, with supplement 2015); Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016)

Most recent flora

Flora Hellenica (Strid & Kit Tan (eds., 1997 ff., 3 vols. published); Mountain Flora of Greece (Vol. 1/2, Strid, ed., 1989/1991); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.greekflora.gr
more Crete KRI 8.336 ++19651813168
1965All Species
1813Indigenous Species
1803Indigenous Species except Microspecies
168Endemic Species
167Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
35 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
369 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1355 Dicotyledons (of them 138 endemic)
10 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Greece. An Annotated Checklist (Dimopoulos et al. 2013, with supplement 2015); Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016)

Most recent flora

Exkursionsflora für Kreta (Jahn & Schönfelder 1995); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

cretanflora.com
EASTERN EUROPE (14)
more Estonia EST 45.339 ++1922140140
1922All Species
1401Indigenous Species
1113Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
260 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
36 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1048 Dicotyledons (of them 39 endemic)
288 Microspecies (of them 37 endemic)
521 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Eesti NSV Floora (Flora of Estonian SSR, Vol. 1-11, 1953-1984); Flora of the Baltic Countries (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Vascular Plant Flora of Estonia (Kukk 1999); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Latvia LAT 64.589 ++161712954
1617All Species
1295Indigenous Species
1112Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
273 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
939 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
183 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
322 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Baltic Countries (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Flora of Latvian vascular taxa (Gavrilova & Sulcs 1999); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Lithuania LIT 65.300 ++151612262
1516All Species
1226Indigenous Species
1137Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
37 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
278 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
869 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
89 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
290 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Vascular plants of Lithuania (Gudzinskas 1999); Flora of the Baltic Countries (Laasimer et al. 1993, 1996, 2003); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Belarus BLR 207.595 +184414915
1844All Species
1491Indigenous Species
1393Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
43 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
303 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
34 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1099 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
98 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
353 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://hbc.bas-net.by/plantae; Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org);

Most recent flora

Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Fedorov, ed., 11 vols., 1988-2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://hbc.bas-net.by/plantae/
more European Russia (excl. Caucasus, incl. Kaliningrad region, Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya) RUS 4.300.000 ++46484177396
4648All Species
4177Indigenous Species
3484Indigenous Species except Microspecies
396Endemic Species
148Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
74 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
724 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
48 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3315 Dicotyledons (of them 368 endemic)
693 Microspecies (of them 248 endemic)
471 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions (Fedorov, ed., 11 vols., 1988-2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff.); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Moldova (incl. Transnistria) MLD 33.843 o6135422
613All Species
542Indigenous Species
504Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
15 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
511 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
38 Microspecies (of them endemic)
71 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Ukraine (excl. Crimea) UKR 577.720 ++31922946108
3192All Species
2946Indigenous Species
2748Indigenous Species except Microspecies
108Endemic Species
89Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
561 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2277 Dicotyledons (of them 93 endemic)
198 Microspecies (of them 19 endemic)
246 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of the Ukraine: a nomenclatural checklist (Mosyakin & Fedoronchuk 1999); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Vasheka OV, Bezsmertna OO (2012). Ferns atlas of Ukrainian flora: monograf.

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Ukraine (Sobko 1989, in russian); Orchids of Russia (Tatarenko 1996); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007); Orchidaceae (Smoljaninova 1976). In: Flora of Russia, Vol. II (Fedorov, ed., engl. ed. 1999); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
more Crimea KRY 26.080 ++2262209187
2262All Species
2091Indigenous Species
2018Indigenous Species except Microspecies
87Endemic Species
63Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
355 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1647 Dicotyledons (of them 76 endemic)
73 Microspecies (of them 24 endemic)
171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of the Ukraine: a nomenclatural checklist (Mosyakin & Fedoronchuk 1999); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Vasheka OV, Bezsmertna OO (2012). Ferns atlas of Ukrainian flora: monograf.

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of the Orchids of Crimea (Fateryga & Kreutz 2014); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

flora.crimea.ua
AFRICA (2)
NORTHERN AFRICA (20)
more Morocco MOR 453.730 ++43013884674
4301All Species
3884Indigenous Species
3856Indigenous Species except Microspecies
674Endemic Species
663Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
64 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
13 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
693 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 76 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3079 Dicotyledons (of them 595 endemic)
28 Microspecies (of them 11 endemic)
417 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flore pratique du Maroc (Fennane et al. 1999-2015, 3 vols.); Fennane & Ibn Tattou (2005-2007): Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flore pratique du Maroc, Vol. 1 (Salvo & Ouyahya 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Les orchidées du Maroc (Raynaud 1985); Kompendium der Europäischen Orchideen - Catalogue of European Orchids (Kreutz 2005); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

floramaroccana.fr
more Western Sahara WSA 267.769 +2352331
235All Species
233Indigenous Species
233Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
39 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
190 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998); CJB African Plant Database); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de Mauritanie, Vol. 2 (Barry & Celles 1991); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Algeria ALG 2.381.740 ++37133366187
3713All Species
3366Indigenous Species
3348Indigenous Species except Microspecies
187Endemic Species
184Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
53 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
606 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 22 endemic)
44 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2639 Dicotyledons (of them 162 endemic)
18 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
347 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle Flore de l'Algerie (Quezel & Santa 1962, 2 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)

Major Flora Websites:

algerianativeplants.net
more Tunisia TUN 164.418 ++2426222660
2426All Species
2226Indigenous Species
2218Indigenous Species except Microspecies
60Endemic Species
60Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
430 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
30 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1716 Dicotyledons (of them 56 endemic)
8 Microspecies (of them endemic)
200 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flore de Tunisie: Catalogue synonymique commente (Le Floc'h & Boulos 2008); Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de la Tunisie (Pottier-Alapetite, ed., 1979-1984, 3 vols. + Atlas, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidées de Tunisie (Valles & Valles-Lombard 1988)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Libya LBY 1.757.000 ++1932174891
1932All Species
1748Indigenous Species
1745Indigenous Species except Microspecies
91Endemic Species
91Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
358 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
9 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1354 Dicotyledons (of them 76 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
184 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Libya (Ali & Jafri, eds., 1976-1990, 150 vols., almost complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Libya - Pteridophytes (1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Orchidaceae (Flora Libia, Fasc. 119) (Hossain & El-Gadi 1985); Zur Kenntnis der Orchideenflora der Cyrenaika (Libyen) (Baumann & Baumann 2001)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Egypt (excl. Sinai peninsula) EGY 878.000 ++1954181630
1954All Species
1816Indigenous Species
1809Indigenous Species except Microspecies
30Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
397 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
1402 Dicotyledons (of them 22 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
138 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); CJB African Plant Database; EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Egypt (Boulos, ed., 1999-2005, 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchideen - Die wildwachsenden Arten und Unterarten Europas, Vorderasiens und Nordafrikas (Buttler 1986); Die wildwachsenden Orchideen Europas (Baumann & Künkele 1982); Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005); Flora of Egypt, Vol. 1: Azollaceae - Oxalidaceae (Boulos 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
MACARONESIA (21)
more Azores AZO 2.247 ++94158756
941All Species
587Indigenous Species
582Indigenous Species except Microspecies
56Endemic Species
54Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
51 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
136 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
392 Dicotyledons (of them 36 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
354 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993); Catalogo das plantas vasculares dos Acores (Palhina 1966)

Most recent flora

Flora Europaea (Tutin et al., 1964-1993, 5 vols.)
more Madeira MDR 741 ++1302768109
1302All Species
768Indigenous Species
761Indigenous Species except Microspecies
109Endemic Species
109Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
146 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
549 Dicotyledons (of them 90 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them endemic)
534 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist da Flora de Portugal (Continental, Acores e Madeira) (Menezes de Sequeira et al. 2011); Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Han

Most recent flora

Flora of Madeira (Press 1994)
more Islas Selvagens (Salvajes Isl.) SEL 3 ++110973
110All Species
97Indigenous Species
97Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
81 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Menezes de Sequeira et al. (2011); CJB African Plant Database; Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Madeira (Press 1994)
more Canary Isl. CNY 7.273 ++20751558547
2075All Species
1558Indigenous Species
1553Indigenous Species except Microspecies
547Endemic Species
546Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
26.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
53 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
247 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1241 Dicotyledons (of them 513 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
517 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database; Index Synonymique Flora d'Afrique du Nord, Volume 1-5 (Dobignard & Chatelain 2010-2013); Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, 4. rev. ed. (Hansen & Sunding 1993)

Most recent flora

Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen der Kanarischen Inseln (Muer, Sauerbier & Calixto 2016); Exkursionsflora für die Kanarischen Inseln (Hohenester & Weiss 1993)
more Cape Verde Isl. CVI 4.033 ++75053689
750All Species
536Indigenous Species
536Indigenous Species except Microspecies
89Endemic Species
89Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
35 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
135 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
363 Dicotyledons (of them 79 endemic)
214 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora de Cabo Verde (Paiva et al., 1995-2002, 106 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Ferns and Fern-Allies (Pteridophyta) of the Cape Verde Islands (Lobin et al. 1998)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient (3rd ed., Delforge 2005)
WEST TROPICAL AFRICA (22)
more Mauritania MTN 1.030.700 +8367753
836All Species
775Indigenous Species
773Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
223 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
537 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
61 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental (Lebrun 1998); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore de Mauritanie (2 vols., Barry & Celles 1991); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Senegal SEN 196.722 +1845177016
1845All Species
1770Indigenous Species
1770Indigenous Species except Microspecies
16Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
542 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1133 Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
75 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Enumeration des plantes vasculaires du Senegal (Lebrun 1973); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore illustrée du Sénégal (Berhaut, ed., 1971-1988, incomplete); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Orchidaceae (van den Berghen). - In: Flore Illustree du Senegal, Vol. 9 (Berhault 1988)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Gambia GAM 11.295 -6676431
667All Species
643Indigenous Species
643Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
179 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
9 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
434 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
24 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Gambian Biodiversity: A Provisional Checklist of all Species Recorded within the Gambia (Emms & Brummitt 2005); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Guinea-Bissau GNB 36.125 ++140513365
1405All Species
1336Indigenous Species
1336Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
22 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
24 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
332 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
31 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
927 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
69 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Guinea-Bissau (West Africa) (Catarino et al. 2008); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora da Guiné-Bissau / Jardim e museu agrícola do Ultramar .. (7 vol., 1971-1983, incomplete); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Guinea [Conakry] GUI 245.857 ++3042273989
3042All Species
2739Indigenous Species
2739Indigenous Species except Microspecies
89Endemic Species
89Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
168 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
44 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
624 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 24 endemic)
128 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1775 Dicotyledons (of them 58 endemic)
303 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2009); Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée (Lisowski 2011); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Sierra Leone SIE 71.740 o2681256355
2681All Species
2563Indigenous Species
2563Indigenous Species except Microspecies
55Endemic Species
55Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
138 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
59 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
580 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
158 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
1628 Dicotyledons (of them 36 endemic)
118 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Liberia LBR 99.067 o2200214668
2200All Species
2146Indigenous Species
2145Indigenous Species except Microspecies
68Endemic Species
68Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
192 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
61 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
375 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
147 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1371 Dicotyledons (of them 53 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
54 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Über die Farne Liberias (Westafrika), ihr Vorkommen und ihre Verbreitung (Kunkel 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Mali MLI 1.240.192 o164415735
1644All Species
1573Indigenous Species
1572Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
440 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1072 Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
71 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali (Boudet et al. 1986); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Burkina Faso BKN 274.200 ++200017751
2000All Species
1775Indigenous Species
1775Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
23 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
15 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
545 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
22 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1170 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
225 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Lebrun et al. 1991); Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso (Thiombiano et al. 2012); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Diversity, distribution and preliminary conservation status of the flora of Burkina Faso (Schmidt et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931);

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Ivory Coast IVO 322.462 +3498339564
3498All Species
3395Indigenous Species
3395Indigenous Species except Microspecies
64Endemic Species
64Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
157 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
93 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
697 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
216 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2232 Dicotyledons (of them 52 endemic)
103 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flore de la Cote d'Ivoire: Catalogue systematique, biogeographie et ecologie (Ake-Assi 2001-2002); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Les Orchidees de Cote d’Ivoire (Perez-Vera 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Ghana GHA 238.500 o3159302229
3159All Species
3022Indigenous Species
3022Indigenous Species except Microspecies
29Endemic Species
29Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
158 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
67 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
683 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
154 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1959 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
137 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A list of the Gold Coast Pteridophyta (Adams & Alston 1955); Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Togo TOG 56.785 ++2147198013
2147All Species
1980Indigenous Species
1979Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
13Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
26 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
524 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
77 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1294 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
167 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel, ed., 1984); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Flore analytique du Togo (Brunel & Butzin 1985)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Benin BEN 112.622 ++2649225911
2649All Species
2259Indigenous Species
2259Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
38 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
541 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1582 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
390 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Souza (1987); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore du Bénin (3 vols., Souza, ed., 2006-2009); Flore analytique du Benin (Akoegninou et al., eds., 2006); Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Flora of Benin, Vol. 1 (Souza 1987); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Niger NGR 1.267.000 o8097832
809All Species
783Indigenous Species
783Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
12 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
236 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
527 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
26 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger (Fabrègues & Lebrun 1976); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.); Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Nigeria NGA 923.768 o4672454685
4672All Species
4546Indigenous Species
4545Indigenous Species except Microspecies
85Endemic Species
85Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
192 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
113 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
916 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
282 Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
3040 Dicotyledons (of them 62 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
126 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of West Tropical Africa (Hutchinson & Dalziel, eds., 1954-1972, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Orchids of Nigeria (Segerbäck et al. 1983)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
WEST CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA (23)
more Cameroon CMN 475.442 +71156686753
7115All Species
6686Indigenous Species
6686Indigenous Species except Microspecies
753Endemic Species
753Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
276 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
235 Basal Angiosperms (of them 37 endemic)
1024 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 77 endemic)
405 Orchids (of them 46 endemic)
4740 Dicotyledons (of them 587 endemic)
429 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore du Cameroun (1963 - 2014, 79 families covered, still incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 3 (Tardieu-Blot 1964); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953); The vascular plants of Cameroon: a taxonomic checklist (Onana 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore du Cameroun, Vol. 34-36: Orchidaceae 1-3 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 1998/2001)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo) BIO 2.017 +1937174133
1937All Species
1741Indigenous Species
1741Indigenous Species except Microspecies
33Endemic Species
33Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
213 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
59 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
264 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
131 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
1074 Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
196 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Velayos, M. et al. (2013): Preliminary Checklist of vascular plants of Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial (Velayos, ed., 2008 ff., 5 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); The Pteridophyta of Bioko, Vol. 1-5 (Benl 1978-91)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floradeguinea.com
more Principe Isl. PRI 146 +52041219
520All Species
412Indigenous Species
412Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
78 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
10 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
63 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
197 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
108 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Catalogue of the flowering plants of Sao Tome and Principe (Figueiredo et al. 2011); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Catalogue of the vascular plants of S. Tome etc. (Exell 1944); Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Sao Tomé SAO 855 +111683379
1116All Species
833Indigenous Species
833Indigenous Species except Microspecies
79Endemic Species
79Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
147 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 8 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
107 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
98 Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
462 Dicotyledons (of them 50 endemic)
283 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated Catalogue of the flowering plants of Sao Tome and Principe (Figueiredo et al. 2011); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and fern-allies of West Tropical Africa (Alston 1959); Checklist of the ferns of Sao Tome and Principe (Internet)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of West Tropical Africa, Vol. 2 (Summerhayes 1931); Guide des Orchidees de Sao Tome et Principe (Stevart & de Oliveira (2000)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Annobon Isl. ANN 17 +33527016
335All Species
270Indigenous Species
270Indigenous Species except Microspecies
16Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
49 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
145 Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
65 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Velayos, M. et al. (2016): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue of the vascular plants of Sao Tome (Exell 1944/1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Velayos, M. et al. (2014): Checklist of the Vascular plants of Annobon (Equatorial Guinea); Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial, Vol. 1 (Velayos et al. 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Equatorial Guinea (mainland [Rio Muni], excluding islands) EQG 24.500 -1759171640
1759All Species
1716Indigenous Species
1716Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
40Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
136 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
68 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
287 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
128 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1095 Dicotyledons (of them 32 endemic)
43 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of Equatorial Guinean Flora (Royal Jardin Botanico Madrid, Internet); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial (Velayos, ed., 2008 ff., 5 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial, Vol. 1 (Velayos et al. 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

www.floradeguinea.com
more Gabon GAB 267.667 +46724572473
4672All Species
4572Indigenous Species
4572Indigenous Species except Microspecies
473Endemic Species
473Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
173 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
197 Basal Angiosperms (of them 22 endemic)
590 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 44 endemic)
276 Orchids (of them 22 endemic)
3334 Dicotyledons (of them 383 endemic)
100 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Sosef et al. (2006): Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon; CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore du Gabon (Aubreville et al., eds., 1961 ff., 54 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore du Gabon, Vol. 8. Ptéridophytes (Tardieu-Blot 1964); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae 1 (Szlachetko & Olszewski 2000). In: Flore du Gabon (Morat, ed.)

Major Flora Websites:

http://herbarium.naturalis.nl/gabon/
more Congo [Brazzaville] CON 342.000 +4180404572
4180All Species
4045Indigenous Species
4045Indigenous Species except Microspecies
72Endemic Species
72Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
211 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
156 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
718 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
157 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2798 Dicotyledons (of them 49 endemic)
135 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo (Sita & Moutsambote 1988); Lachenaud (2009): La flore des plantes vascularies de la Republique du Congo: nouvelles donnees; CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Central African Republic CAF 622.436 +3525333889
3525All Species
3338Indigenous Species
3338Indigenous Species except Microspecies
89Endemic Species
89Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
115 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
584 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
154 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2386 Dicotyledons (of them 56 endemic)
187 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977-1984, 3 vols.); CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Catalogue de la flore de Centrafrique (Boulevert 1977); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Central African Republic (Cribb & Fay 1987)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Cabinda CAB 7.823 o47647542
476All Species
475Indigenous Species
475Indigenous Species except Microspecies
42Endemic Species
42Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
36 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
43 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
395 Dicotyledons (of them 30 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]; CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Conspectus florae angolensis: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more D.R. Congo (Zaire) ZAI 2.344.885 o879285911329
8792All Species
8591Indigenous Species
8591Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1329Endemic Species
1329Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
332 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
171 Basal Angiosperms (of them 19 endemic)
1296 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 177 endemic)
547 Orchids (of them 50 endemic)
6234 Dicotyledons (of them 1069 endemic)
201 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948 onwards, over 60% complete); Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes) - covers mountains in eastern part of the country

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of the Upper Katanga (Kornas et al. 2000); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)

Major Flora Websites:

floreafriquecentrale.org
more Rwanda RWA 26.338 o2142210057
2142All Species
2100Indigenous Species
2100Indigenous Species except Microspecies
57Endemic Species
57Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
175 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
24 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
392 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
202 Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
1307 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948 onwards, over 60% complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985); Flora of Tropical East Africa (various volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)

Major Flora Websites:

floreafriquecentrale.org
more Burundi BUR 27.834 o2024199037
2024All Species
1990Indigenous Species
1990Indigenous Species except Microspecies
37Endemic Species
37Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
181 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
358 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
180 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
1253 Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flore d'Afrique Centrale (1948 onwards, over 60% complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); A Contribution to the Knowledge of the Pteridophytes of Rwanda, Burundi and Kivu (Zaire), pts. I - II (Pichi Sermolli 1983, 1985))

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flore de l'Afrique Centrale (Geerinck 1984/1992)

Major Flora Websites:

floreafriquecentrale.org
NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA (24)
more Chad CHA 1.284.000 +1775161714
1775All Species
1617Indigenous Species
1617Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
36 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
356 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
23 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1184 Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
158 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis (Brundu 2013); CJB African Plant Database; Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Tchad meridional (Lebrun et al. 1972, with supplements 1976, 1977, 1986)

Most recent flora

Flore et végétation du Sahara. 3. ed. (Ozenda 1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Sudan SUD 1.886.068 +2112198528
2112All Species
1985Indigenous Species
1985Indigenous Species except Microspecies
28Endemic Species
28Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
170 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
521 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
17 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1267 Dicotyledons (of them 18 endemic)
127 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan (Andrews 1950-1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (Macleay 1953); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more South Sudan SSU 619.745 +2779268440
2779All Species
2684Indigenous Species
2684Indigenous Species except Microspecies
40Endemic Species
40Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
36 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
652 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
69 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1922 Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Annotated checklist of the flowering plants of Sudan and South Sudan (Darbyshire et al. 2015); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

The flowering plants of the anglo-aegyptian Sudan (Andrews 1950-1956)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); The ferns and the fern-allies of the Sudan (Macleay 1953); Les Pteridophytes de l'Afrique Intertropicale Francaise (Tardieu-Blot 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Ethiopia ETH 1.133.380 ++50364830555
5036All Species
4830Indigenous Species
4830Indigenous Species except Microspecies
555Endemic Species
555Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
178 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1058 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 103 endemic)
164 Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
3409 Dicotyledons (of them 424 endemic)
206 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989 - 2006, 8 vols., complete except Ferns)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Eritrea ERI 121.144 ++1547149824
1547All Species
1498Indigenous Species
1498Indigenous Species except Microspecies
24Endemic Species
24Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
28 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
409 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
26 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1029 Dicotyledons (of them 14 endemic)
49 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea (1989 - 2006, 8 vols., complete except Ferns)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea, Vol. 6 (Cribb & Thomas 1997)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Djibouti DJI 23.200 +62258810
622All Species
588Indigenous Species
588Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
13 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
129 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
440 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la République de Djibouti (Lebrun et al. 1990); CJB African Plant Database

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Adumbratio Florae Aethiopicae (Pichi-Sermolli 1954 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Somalia SOM 637.700 ++29532894707
2953All Species
2894Indigenous Species
2894Indigenous Species except Microspecies
707Endemic Species
707Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
23.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
15 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
554 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 100 endemic)
11 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2271 Dicotyledons (of them 606 endemic)
59 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

The plants of Somalia: an overview and checklist (Kuchar 1986); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Somalia (Thulin, ed., 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1 (Thulin, ed., 1993)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Pettersson). - In: Flora of Somalia, Vol. 4 (Thulin 1995)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Soqotra (incl. Abd-al-Kuri Isl., Samha Isl.) SOC 3.579 ++813777299
813All Species
777Indigenous Species
776Indigenous Species except Microspecies
299Endemic Species
298Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
36.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
161 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
582 Dicotyledons (of them 271 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
36 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Ethnoflora of Soqotra (Miller & Morris 2004)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
EAST TROPICAL AFRICA (25)
more Uganda UGA 241.038 ++4508435069
4508All Species
4350Indigenous Species
4349Indigenous Species except Microspecies
69Endemic Species
69Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
270 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
51 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
938 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
291 Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
2795 Dicotyledons (of them 38 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
158 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in many volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae: in Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php; https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FTEA
more Kenya KEN 582.646 ++62426003470
6242All Species
6003Indigenous Species
6003Indigenous Species except Microspecies
470Endemic Species
470Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
279 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
61 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1251 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 85 endemic)
258 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
4148 Dicotyledons (of them 363 endemic)
239 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in many volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989); Orchids of Kenya (Stewart 1996)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php; https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FTEA
more Tanzania (incl. Pemba Isl., Zanzibar) TAN 945.268 ++940891341552
9408All Species
9134Indigenous Species
9134Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1552Endemic Species
1552Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
401 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 23 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
121 Basal Angiosperms (of them 40 endemic)
1733 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 174 endemic)
549 Orchids (of them 90 endemic)
6322 Dicotyledons (of them 1222 endemic)
274 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Tropical East Africa (complete in many volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Pteridophytes of Tropical East Africa (Johns 1991, Checklist)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora of Tropical East Africa (Summerhayes 1968, Cribb 1984, 1989)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php; https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FTEA
SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA (26)
more Angola (excl. Cabinda) ANG 1.238.877 ++637161291151
6371All Species
6129Indigenous Species
6129Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1151Endemic Species
1151Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
203 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
72 Basal Angiosperms (of them 7 endemic)
1182 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 162 endemic)
215 Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
4452 Dicotyledons (of them 964 endemic)
242 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plants of Angola (Figueiredo & Smith 2008) [Checklist]; CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Conspectus florae Angolensis (Fernandes et al., eds., 1937-1993, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A provisional checklist of the Orchidaceae of Angola (Schelpe 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Zambia ZAM 752.614 ++58975701388
5897All Species
5701Indigenous Species
5701Indigenous Species except Microspecies
388Endemic Species
388Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
176 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
52 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
1074 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 116 endemic)
409 Orchids (of them 24 endemic)
3988 Dicotyledons (of them 246 endemic)
196 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of Zambian vascular plants (Phiri 2005); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970); Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia (Kornas 1978)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in: Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

Major Flora Websites:

www.zambiaflora.com
more Malawi MLW 118.484 ++41724083156
4172All Species
4083Indigenous Species
4083Indigenous Species except Microspecies
156Endemic Species
156Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
235 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
31 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
722 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 39 endemic)
405 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
2687 Dicotyledons (of them 98 endemic)
89 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae in Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98)

Major Flora Websites:

www.malawiflora.com
more Zimbabwe ZIM 390.759 ++53854970234
5385All Species
4970Indigenous Species
4969Indigenous Species except Microspecies
234Endemic Species
234Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
272 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
38 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
871 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 45 endemic)
348 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
3434 Dicotyledons (of them 167 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
415 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants (Mapaura 2004); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98); A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia (Grosvenor 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

www.zimbabweflora.co.zw
more Mozambique MOZ 799.380 ++53074890269
5307All Species
4890Indigenous Species
4890Indigenous Species except Microspecies
269Endemic Species
269Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
225 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
50 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
709 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 32 endemic)
198 Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
3692 Dicotyledons (of them 223 endemic)
417 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique (da Silva et al. 2004); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A Provisional Check-List of the Orchidaceae of Mozambique (Schelpe 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

www.mozambiqueflora.com
SOUTH AFRICA (27)
more Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip) NAM 824.269 ++40203827627
4020All Species
3827Indigenous Species
3827Indigenous Species except Microspecies
627Endemic Species
627Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
919 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 123 endemic)
19 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2816 Dicotyledons (of them 502 endemic)
193 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of Namibian Indigenous and Naturalised Plants (Klaassen & Kwembeya 2013); List of Namibian Plant Species (Kolberg et al. 1992); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrica (Merxmüller 1966-1972, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrika, Lfg. 26 (Merxmüller, ed., 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Botswana BOT 581.730 ++2555243714
2555All Species
2437Indigenous Species
2437Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
49 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
635 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
27 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1713 Dicotyledons (of them 9 endemic)
118 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana (Setshogo 2005); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora Zambesiaca (Exell et al., eds., 1960-today, 48 of 50 parts published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flora Zambesiaca: Pteridophyta (Schelpe 1970); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Zambesiaca: Orchidaceae (La Croix & Cribb 1995/98); Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more South Africa SAF 1.219.090 +203491939912719
20349All Species
19399Indigenous Species
19385Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12719Endemic Species
12719Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
62.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
270 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 32 endemic)
46 Gymnosperms (of them 31 endemic)
40 Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
4591 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3025 endemic)
470 Orchids (of them 256 endemic)
13982 Dicotyledons (of them 9369 endemic)
14 Microspecies (of them endemic)
950 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Lesotho LES 30.355 +1771162136
1771All Species
1621Indigenous Species
1619Indigenous Species except Microspecies
36Endemic Species
36Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
87 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
430 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
60 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1042 Dicotyledons (of them 27 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
150 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of Lesotho (Basutoland) (Guillarmod 1971); Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Southern Africa (Linder & Kurzweil 1999)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
more Eswatini [Swaziland] SWZ 17.363 +2771262838
2771All Species
2628Indigenous Species
2628Indigenous Species except Microspecies
38Endemic Species
38Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
107 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
17 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
637 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
89 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1766 Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
143 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of South African Plants (Germishuizen et al. 2006); Plants of southern Africa. An annotated checklist (Roux 2003); Vascular Plants of Southern Africa: Names and Distribution (Arnold & de Wet 1993); CJB African Plant Database

Most recent flora

Flora of southern Africa (1966 ff., very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Ferns of Southern Africa (Crouch et al. 2012); Flora of Southern Africa: Pteridophyta (Schelpe & Anthony 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Flora of Swaziland: Orchidaceae (Compton 1976)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/index.php
MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN (28)
more Ascension Isl. ASC 88 +393412
39All Species
34Indigenous Species
34Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
30.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
15 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
7 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
5 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more St. Helena STH 122 ++1018250
101All Species
82Indigenous Species
82Indigenous Species except Microspecies
50Endemic Species
50Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
49.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
29 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 14 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
37 Dicotyledons (of them 30 endemic)
19 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

St. Helena: Checklist of endemic & indigenous plants (Clifton 1996)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants & Ferns of St. Helena (Lambdon 2013); The Endemic Flora of St. Helena (Cronk 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora_of_St_Helena
INDIAN OCEAN (29)
more Madagascar MDG 587.041 +11762113629269
11762All Species
11362Indigenous Species
11362Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9269Endemic Species
9269Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
78.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
664 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 322 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 6 endemic)
338 Basal Angiosperms (of them 320 endemic)
1560 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1013 endemic)
907 Orchids (of them 731 endemic)
7884 Dicotyledons (of them 6877 endemic)
400 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the Plants of Madagascar (www.tropicos.org)

Most recent flora

Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (H. Humbert, ed., 1937 ff., almost complete, but partially outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999); Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=17
more Comores (incl. Mayotte) COM 1.862 o1041996205
1041All Species
996Indigenous Species
996Indigenous Species except Microspecies
205Endemic Species
205Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
19.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
163 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Basal Angiosperms (of them 11 endemic)
169 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
93 Orchids (of them 33 endemic)
550 Dicotyledons (of them 131 endemic)
45 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore de Madagascar et des Comores (H. Humbert, ed., 1937 ff., almost complete, but partially outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The orchids of Madagascar: annotated checklist (Du Puy et al. 1999); Orchids of Madagascar, ed. 2 (Hermans 2007)
more Mozambique Channel Isl. (Iles Eparses p. p., incl. Ile Europa, Juan de Nova Isl.) MCI 36 +170820
170All Species
82Indigenous Species
80Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
61 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
88 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated account of the vascular flora of the Iles Eparses (Boullet et al. 2018)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Flore de Madagascar et des Comores, pt. 1-11,13 (Tardieu-Blot 1958-71), pt. 14 (Stefanovic et al. 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Mauritius (incl. Tromelin Isl.) MAU 2.040 ++1889995272
1889All Species
995Indigenous Species
995Indigenous Species except Microspecies
272Endemic Species
272Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
201 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 14 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
25 Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
199 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 33 endemic)
95 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
474 Dicotyledons (of them 196 endemic)
894 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980 ff., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)
more La Reunion REU 2.503 ++17741060263
1774All Species
1060Indigenous Species
1060Indigenous Species except Microspecies
263Endemic Species
263Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
248 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 19 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 6 endemic)
195 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 29 endemic)
229 Orchids (of them 84 endemic)
365 Dicotyledons (of them 125 endemic)
714 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980 ff., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)
more Rodrigues Isl. ROD 109 ++40621845
406All Species
218Indigenous Species
218Indigenous Species except Microspecies
45Endemic Species
45Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
67 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
5 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
115 Dicotyledons (of them 35 endemic)
188 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Mascareignes (Bosser et al., eds., 1980 ff., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Guide des Fougères et planes alliées des Mascareignes (Grangeaud 2010); Flore des Mascareignes, Pteridophytes. 1. Psilotacees - 26. Marsileacees. (Bosser, Badre & Gueho, eds., 2008)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les Orchidées des Mascareignes (Szelengowicz & Tamon 2013)
more Iles Glorieuses (Iles Eparses p. p.) IGL 7 o128610
128All Species
61Indigenous Species
59Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
14 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
38 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
67 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An updated account of the vascular flora of the Iles Eparses (Boullet et al. 2018)

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Agalega Isl. AGA 24 -110
1All Species
1Indigenous Species
1Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

List of the recorded vascular flora of Agalega (Fosberg et al. 1983, only historical records, no recent data)

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Aldabra ALD 155 +11610426
116All Species
104Indigenous Species
103Indigenous Species except Microspecies
26Endemic Species
26Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
22.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
45 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989); Flora of Aldabra (Hemsley 1919)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Seychelles SEY 300 +80539871
805All Species
398Indigenous Species
398Indigenous Species except Microspecies
71Endemic Species
71Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
85 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
121 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
22 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
164 Dicotyledons (of them 39 endemic)
407 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore des Seychelles: dicotyledones (Friedmann 1994); Flowering Plants of Seychelles (Robertson 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009); Les Fougères des Mascareignes et des Seychelles (Tardieu-Blot 1960)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia) CGS 30 ++179781
179All Species
78Indigenous Species
78Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
53 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
101 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated check list of the flora of Diego Garcia (Topp 1988)
TEMPERATE ASIA (3)
SIBERIA (30)
more Siberia (incl. Altay, Sayan, Tuva, Krasnoyarsk, Buryatia, Chita, Transbaicalia, Yakutia, Irkutsk, NE-Siberia) SIB 10.600.000 +45764500552
4576All Species
4500Indigenous Species
4302Indigenous Species except Microspecies
552Endemic Species
471Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
98 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
23 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
913 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 97 endemic)
43 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3418 Dicotyledons (of them 450 endemic)
198 Microspecies (of them 81 endemic)
76 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR / chief ed. V. L. Komarov (30 vols., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff., 3 vols. published); Flora of Siberia (Malychev, ed., 2000 ff., 14 vols., to be continued); Vascular Plants of the Russian Far East (Kharkevich, ed., 2003 ff., 1 vol. published)
RUSSIAN FAR EAST (31)
more Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Amur, Ussuri, Okhotsk, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Commander Isl., Primorye, Khabarovsk, Magadan) RFE 2.500.000 +38373545587
3837All Species
3545Indigenous Species
3428Indigenous Species except Microspecies
587Endemic Species
510Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
13.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
137 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
901 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 131 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
2413 Dicotyledons (of them 447 endemic)
117 Microspecies (of them 77 endemic)
292 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR / chief ed. V. L. Komarov (30 vols., 1934-1964); Flora of the Russian Arctic (Tolmachev & Yurtsev, eds., 1995 ff., 3 vols. published); Flora of Siberia (Malychev, ed., 2000 ff., 14 vols., to be continued); Vascular Plants of the Russian Far East (Kharkevich, ed., 2003 ff., 1 vol. published); Flora murmanskoj oblasti (Kirova, 5 vols., 1953-1966); Flora i paleogeografija Komandoskikh ostrovov (Vasil'ev 1957)
MIDDLE ASIA (32)
more Kazakhstan KAZ 2.717.300 +53105124504
5310All Species
5124Indigenous Species
4994Indigenous Species except Microspecies
504Endemic Species
478Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
875 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 67 endemic)
27 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
4138 Dicotyledons (of them 437 endemic)
130 Microspecies (of them 26 endemic)
186 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Kazakhstan (Abdulina 1999); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Kazakhstana (Pavlov, etc., 1956-1966, 9 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published)
more Turkmenistan TKM 488.100 +29732841204
2973All Species
2841Indigenous Species
2821Indigenous Species except Microspecies
204Endemic Species
200Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
541 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
14 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2255 Dicotyledons (of them 174 endemic)
20 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
132 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published); Flora Turkmenii (Fedtschenko et al., eds., 1932-60); Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Opredelitelja Rastenii Turkmenistana (Key to the Plants of Turkmenistan) (Nikitin & Geldichanov 1988)
more Uzbekistan UZB 447.700 o41453769253
4145All Species
3769Indigenous Species
3731Indigenous Species except Microspecies
253Endemic Species
249Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
13 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
662 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 54 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3063 Dicotyledons (of them 199 endemic)
38 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
376 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Sennikov et al. (Checklist, in prep.); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Uzbekistana (Schreder et al., eds., 1953-62, 6 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Uzbekistana, Vol. 1 (Schreder et al. 1953)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae (Czerniakowska). - In: Flora Uzbekistanica I (Schreiber, ed., 1941); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
more Kyrgyzstan (Kirgisia) KGZ 198.500 +37103632336
3710All Species
3632Indigenous Species
3527Indigenous Species except Microspecies
336Endemic Species
322Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
611 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 56 endemic)
12 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2971 Dicotyledons (of them 280 endemic)
105 Microspecies (of them 14 endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan (Lazkov & Sultanova 2011); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Kirghiszkoj SSR (Vykhotsev 1967-70, incomplete); Nikitina (1995); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff., 14 vols. published)
more Tajikistan TZK 143.100 o46224386523
4622All Species
4386Indigenous Species
4303Indigenous Species except Microspecies
523Endemic Species
497Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
28 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
735 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 68 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3601 Dicotyledons (of them 454 endemic)
83 Microspecies (of them 26 endemic)
236 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist)

Most recent flora

Flora Tadzikskoj SSR (Ovchinnikov et al., ed., 1957 - 1991, 10 vols.); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Plants of Central Asia (Grubov, ed., 1999 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Tadjikskoj SSSR, Vol. 1 (Ovchinnikov 1957)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of the U.S.S.R., Bd. IV (Nevskii 1935/1968); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Tadshikistan (Ovchinnikov 1963); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 7 (2003) (Grubov, ed.)
CAUCASUS (33)
more Northern Caucasus (incl. Chechnya, Daghestan, etc.) NCS 200.000 +41303893352
4130All Species
3893Indigenous Species
3792Indigenous Species except Microspecies
352Endemic Species
316Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
748 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 39 endemic)
41 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
3017 Dicotyledons (of them 312 endemic)
101 Microspecies (of them 36 endemic)
237 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)
more Gruziya [Georgia - Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia, Adzharia) GEO 69.700 +39743706215
3974All Species
3706Indigenous Species
3593Indigenous Species except Microspecies
215Endemic Species
184Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
76 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
688 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 17 endemic)
47 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2880 Dicotyledons (of them 197 endemic)
113 Microspecies (of them 31 endemic)
268 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Georgia - A Nomenclatural Checklist (Gagnidze 2005); Conspectus Flora Kavkaza (Takhtajan 2003-2012, 4 of 5 vols. published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantba

Most recent flora

Flora of Georgia (in Georgian), Vol. 1 (1971), Vol. 2 (2007); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964); Illustrated Field Guide to the Flora of Georgia (South Caucasus) (Fischer et al. 2018)
more Armenia ARM 29.800 +34953415145
3495All Species
3415Indigenous Species
3343Indigenous Species except Microspecies
145Endemic Species
129Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
44 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
657 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
40 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2663 Dicotyledons (of them 126 endemic)
72 Microspecies (of them 16 endemic)
80 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Flora of Armenia (Saghatelyan, unpubl.); Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Armenii (ed. A. L. Tahtadzjiana) (11 vols., 1954-2011); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)
more Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, incl. Nachichevan) AZE 81.100 +36913544134
3691All Species
3544Indigenous Species
3490Indigenous Species except Microspecies
134Endemic Species
126Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
748 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 20 endemic)
37 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2690 Dicotyledons (of them 112 endemic)
54 Microspecies (of them 8 endemic)
147 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Caucasian Flora Conspectus (Takhtajan 2003-2012) (4 of 5 volumes published); Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (Czerepanov 2007, Checklist); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Azerbaidzana (2 vols. published, 1953-1957); Flora of the USSR (Komarov et al., 1934-1964)
WESTERN ASIA (34)
more Eastern Aegaean Islands (Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos, Kos, Symi, Samos, Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Limnos etc.) EAI 7.000 ++2381222974
2381All Species
2229Indigenous Species
2213Indigenous Species except Microspecies
74Endemic Species
74Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
463 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
54 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1661 Dicotyledons (of them 59 endemic)
16 Microspecies (of them endemic)
152 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Atlas of the Aegaean Flora (Strid 2016); Dimopoulos et al. (2013, 2016); Checklist updating and analysis of the flora of Symi island and of the nearby island of Seskli (Cattaneo & Grano 2019); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Hellenica (Strid & Kit Tan, eds., 1997 ff.); Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000); Flora von Rhodos and Chalki (Kleinsteuber et al., 2016 ff.)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-germanica.de/rhodos
more Turkey (excl. European Turkey) TUR 756.816 ++976195983342
9761All Species
9598Indigenous Species
9422Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3342Endemic Species
3271Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
33.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
98 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
21 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
1565 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 493 endemic)
91 Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
7790 Dicotyledons (of them 2822 endemic)
176 Microspecies (of them 71 endemic)
163 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean Islands (Davis et al., eds., 1965-2000, 9 vols. + 2 supplement volumes, complete); Flowers of Turkey - A photo guide (Pils 2006)

Major Flora Websites:

www.turkiyebitkileri.com
more Iraq IRQ 438.317 +29892944173
2989All Species
2944Indigenous Species
2925Indigenous Species except Microspecies
173Endemic Species
170Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
551 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
23 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2343 Dicotyledons (of them 160 endemic)
19 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
45 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Iraq (1966-1980, incomplete); Flora of Lowland Iraq (Rechinger, ed., 1964)
more Iran IRN 1.648.000 ++787378012570
7873All Species
7801Indigenous Species
7720Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2570Endemic Species
2544Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
32.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
59 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
5 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
1029 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 170 endemic)
43 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
6646 Dicotyledons (of them 2394 endemic)
81 Microspecies (of them 26 endemic)
72 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010, 178 vols., complete)
more Afghanistan AFG 652.225 ++43634255883
4363All Species
4255Indigenous Species
4206Indigenous Species except Microspecies
883Endemic Species
876Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
20.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
701 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 63 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3472 Dicotyledons (of them 820 endemic)
49 Microspecies (of them 7 endemic)
108 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular plants of Afghanistan: an augmented checklist (Breckle et al. 2013); Checklist of the Flowering plants of Afghanistan (Podlech 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora Iranica (Rechinger, ed., 1963-2010, 178 vols., complete)
more Cyprus CYP 9.251 ++16921606113
1692All Species
1606Indigenous Species
1595Indigenous Species except Microspecies
113Endemic Species
110Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
23 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
323 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 24 endemic)
38 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1210 Dicotyledons (of them 86 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.flora-of-cyprus.eu; Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Cyprus, Vol. 1/2 (Meikle 1977, 1985); An Illustrated Flora of North Cyprus, Vol. 2 (Viney 1996); Illustrated Flora of Cyprus (Christofides 2017)

Major Flora Websites:

www.flora-of-cyprus.eu
more Lebanon LEB 10.230 +26752607119
2675All Species
2607Indigenous Species
2594Indigenous Species except Microspecies
119Endemic Species
117Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
465 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 19 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2058 Dicotyledons (of them 99 endemic)
13 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
68 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie (Mouterde, 1966/1970)
more Syria SYR 185.180 +2849280690
2849All Species
2806Indigenous Species
2796Indigenous Species except Microspecies
90Endemic Species
90Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
16 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
474 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
34 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2263 Dicotyledons (of them 62 endemic)
10 Microspecies (of them endemic)
43 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie (Mouterde, 1966/1970)
more Israel + Palestine ISR 21.946 +2443233661
2443All Species
2336Indigenous Species
2333Indigenous Species except Microspecies
61Endemic Species
61Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
473 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 16 endemic)
28 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1801 Dicotyledons (of them 43 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
107 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.); EURO + MED PLANTBASE (www.emplantbase.org)

Most recent flora

Flora Palaestina (4 + 4 vols., 1966-1987, complete)
more Sinai peninsula SIN 61.000 +1326128831
1326All Species
1288Indigenous Species
1288Indigenous Species except Microspecies
31Endemic Species
31Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
259 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1013 Dicotyledons (of them 29 endemic)
38 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Egypt (Boulos, ed., 1999-2005)
more Jordania JOR 89.556 +1612158129
1612All Species
1581Indigenous Species
1577Indigenous Species except Microspecies
29Endemic Species
29Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
5 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
270 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1285 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
31 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)
ARABIAN PENINSULA (35)
more Saudi Arabia SAU 2.240.000 +2101202184
2101All Species
2021Indigenous Species
2021Indigenous Species except Microspecies
84Endemic Species
84Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
26 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
405 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1572 Dicotyledons (of them 61 endemic)
80 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Saudi-Arabia (3 vols., 3rd ed., Migahid 1988-1989); Flora of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (Chaudhary, ed., 2001 ff.); Flora of Eastern Saudi-Arabia (Mandaville 1990)
more Kuwait KUW 17.820 +3913831
391All Species
383Indigenous Species
383Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
86 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
294 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
8 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of Kuwait (2 vols., 1985-1987, complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Bahrain BAR 707 +2762660
276All Species
266Indigenous Species
266Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
55 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
207 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
10 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Qatar QAT 11.427 ++3913100
391All Species
310Indigenous Species
310Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
71 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
237 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
81 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Qatar (2 vols., Abd el Bary & Ekhlas 2012); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floraofqatar.com
more United Arab Emirates (incl. Dubai, Abu Dhabi) UAE 83.600 +3753571
375All Species
357Indigenous Species
357Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
105 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
248 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
18 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Oman OMA 309.500 +10921050102
1092All Species
1050Indigenous Species
1050Indigenous Species except Microspecies
102Endemic Species
102Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
216 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
800 Dicotyledons (of them 88 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman (Ghazanfar 1992)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Sultanate of Oman (Ghazanfar et al., 4 vols. 2003-2018, complete); Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
more Yemen (excl. Soqotra) YEM 527.970 +20601964212
2060All Species
1964Indigenous Species
1964Indigenous Species except Microspecies
212Endemic Species
212Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
430 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 26 endemic)
18 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1460 Dicotyledons (of them 186 endemic)
96 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus Florae Orientalis (Zohary et al., 1980-1994, 9 vols.)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra (Miller & Cope, 2 vols. published)
CHINA (36)
more China (incl. Hongkong, Macao and Hainan; excl. Tibet, Taiwan and South China Sea Isl.) CHI 8.351.300 ++306712961914012
30671All Species
29619Indigenous Species
29316Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14012Endemic Species
13792Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
45% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1890 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 594 endemic)
168 Gymnosperms (of them 52 endemic)
926 Basal Angiosperms (of them 521 endemic)
4314 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1946 endemic)
1319 Orchids (of them 472 endemic)
21002 Dicotyledons (of them 10427 endemic)
303 Microspecies (of them 220 endemic)
1052 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete, plus many picture volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 2-6); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999])

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
more Tibet [Xizang] TIB 1.220.000 ++67716721981
6771All Species
6721Indigenous Species
6654Indigenous Species except Microspecies
981Endemic Species
961Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
483 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 13 endemic)
51 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
94 Basal Angiosperms (of them 18 endemic)
832 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 76 endemic)
285 Orchids (of them 16 endemic)
4976 Dicotyledons (of them 856 endemic)
67 Microspecies (of them 20 endemic)
50 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete, plus many picture volumes)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 2-6); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999])

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Native Orchids of China in Colour (Singchi = Xinqi et al. 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
MONGOLIA (37)
more Mongolia MON 1.566.500 ++28272788144
2827All Species
2788Indigenous Species
2719Indigenous Species except Microspecies
144Endemic Species
134Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
50 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
520 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
25 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2171 Dicotyledons (of them 135 endemic)
69 Microspecies (of them 10 endemic)
39 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Conspectus of the vascular plants of Mongolia (Urgamal et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Key to the Vascular Plants of Mongolia (Grubov 1982); Plants of Central Asia, Vol. 1 (Grubov 1963 [transl. 1999]); Flowers of Mongolia (Hauck & Solongo 2010)
EASTERN ASIA (38)
more North Korea NKO 120.500 +1890188722
1890All Species
1887Indigenous Species
1885Indigenous Species except Microspecies
22Endemic Species
22Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
103 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
500 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
41 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1216 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
3 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Illustrated flora of Korea (Lee 1979, 2 vols.)
more South Korea (incl. Cheju Do Isl.) KOR 99.300 +29712342124
2971All Species
2342Indigenous Species
2337Indigenous Species except Microspecies
124Endemic Species
121Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
274 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
37 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
533 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
84 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
1398 Dicotyledons (of them 86 endemic)
5 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
629 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Provisional Checklist of Vascular Plants for the Korea Peninsula Flora (KPF) (Chang et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Illustrated flora of Korea (Lee 1979, 2 vols.)
more Japan (incl. Izu Isl., Yakushima Isl., excl. Ryukyu Isl. and Bonin Isl.) JAP 372.769 ++523347931326
5233All Species
4793Indigenous Species
4776Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1326Endemic Species
1318Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
25.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
671 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 105 endemic)
39 Gymnosperms (of them 6 endemic)
100 Basal Angiosperms (of them 52 endemic)
1088 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 282 endemic)
195 Orchids (of them 37 endemic)
2700 Dicotyledons (of them 844 endemic)
17 Microspecies (of them 8 endemic)
440 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Japan (revised edition, Iwatsuki et al., eds., 1995 ff., 7 of 8 parts published, last part planned for 2020)
more Ryukyu Isl. (Nansei Shoto) (incl. Osumi Isl., Tokara Isl., Amami Isl., Okinawa Isl., Daito Isl., Sakishima Isl.) NNS 4.700 ++20421803118
2042All Species
1803Indigenous Species
1801Indigenous Species except Microspecies
118Endemic Species
118Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
311 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
48 Basal Angiosperms (of them 14 endemic)
391 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 20 endemic)
130 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
915 Dicotyledons (of them 67 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
239 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Okinawa and the Southern Ryukyu Islands (Walker 1976)
more Ogasawara Islands (Bonin Isl.) OGA 73 ++47934673
479All Species
346Indigenous Species
346Indigenous Species except Microspecies
73Endemic Species
73Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
71 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 8 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
78 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
170 Dicotyledons (of them 48 endemic)
133 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)
more Kazan-Retto (Volcano Isl., Iwo-jima) KZN 30 ++2451838
245All Species
183Indigenous Species
183Indigenous Species except Microspecies
8Endemic Species
8Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
55 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
44 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
74 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
62 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A revised list of vascular plants indigenous and introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands (Kobayashi & Ono 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bonin Islands (Toyoda 1981)
more Taiwan (incl. Lan Yu Isl.) TAI 36.000 ++53234288920
5323All Species
4288Indigenous Species
4277Indigenous Species except Microspecies
920Endemic Species
910Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
17.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
738 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 85 endemic)
25 Gymnosperms (of them 8 endemic)
109 Basal Angiosperms (of them 36 endemic)
691 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 95 endemic)
409 Orchids (of them 144 endemic)
2316 Dicotyledons (of them 552 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them 10 endemic)
1035 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., eds., 1975-2003); Flora of China (Zheng-Yi & Raven, eds., 1994-2013, 25 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Index to Ferns and Fern Allies of Taiwan (Knapp 2014); Ferns of Taiwan (Ralf Knapp 2010, with supplement 2013); Flora of China, vol. 2/3 (2013); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 1-6, 1990 ff.); Flora of Taiwan, Vol. 1 (2nd. ed., 1994)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of China, Vol. 25 (Orchidaceae) (Xinqi et al.); Flora Reipublicae Popularis Sinicae (Vol. 17-19, 1999); Flora of Taiwan (Li et al., 1975-79); Native Orchids of Taiwan (Lin 1975-1987, 3 vols.)
TROPICAL ASIA (4)
INDIAN SUBCONTINENT (40)
more Pakistan PAK 796.095 +52614657315
5261All Species
4657Indigenous Species
4591Indigenous Species except Microspecies
315Endemic Species
296Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
137 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
23 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
846 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
41 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
3598 Dicotyledons (of them 286 endemic)
66 Microspecies (of them 19 endemic)
604 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir (Stewart 1972)

Most recent flora

Flora of West Pakistan (Nasir, ed., 1970 ff., 217 vols., mostly complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Iranica, Vol. 126 (Renz 1978) [only northern and western part]; Flora of Pakistan, no. 164 (Renz 1984)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
more Nepal NEP 147.181 o62225846361
6222All Species
5846Indigenous Species
5802Indigenous Species except Microspecies
361Endemic Species
357Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
550 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
21 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
899 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 43 endemic)
390 Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
3891 Dicotyledons (of them 288 endemic)
44 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
376 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Nepalese Flowering Plants (3 vols., Rajbhandari et al. 2012, plus supplement 2015)

Most recent flora

Flora of Nepal (publication ongoing, only vol. 3 published [Watson et al., ed., 2011]; Handbook of Flowering Plants of Nepal (Vol. 1 of 2, Shrestha et al. 2018); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, 3 of 50 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015): Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal. Volume 1.; Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997); An Enumeration of the Flowering Plants of Nepal, Vol. 1 (Hara et al. 1978); An enumeration of the Pteridophytes of Nepal (Iwatsuki 1988); An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal (Press, Shrestha & Sutton 2001); The Orchids of Nepal Himalaya (Banerji & Pradhan 1984); Orchids of Nepal (Banerji 1978)

Major Flora Websites:

www.floraofnepal.org
more Bhutan BHU 47.000 ++49514671154
4951All Species
4671Indigenous Species
4654Indigenous Species except Microspecies
154Endemic Species
152Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
526 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
19 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
105 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
668 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
381 Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
2972 Dicotyledons (of them 127 endemic)
17 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
280 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bhutan (Grierson & Long, eds., 1983-2002, 9 vols., complete); Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, few volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Bhutan (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2009); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Bhutan, Vol. 3.3 (Orchidaceae) (2001)
more India (incl. Assam, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi, Jammu & Kashmir, excl. Andaman and Nicobar Isl., excl. Lakshadweep Isl.) IND 3.279.173 o17607164604477
17607All Species
16460Indigenous Species
16308Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4477Endemic Species
4415Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
25.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1022 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 52 endemic)
61 Gymnosperms (of them 19 endemic)
486 Basal Angiosperms (of them 220 endemic)
2951 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 965 endemic)
1221 Orchids (of them 376 endemic)
10719 Dicotyledons (of them 2845 endemic)
152 Microspecies (of them 62 endemic)
1147 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flowering Plants of India (Checklist, Karthikeyan et al. 2009, 1 of ca. 10 vols. published)

Most recent flora

Flora of India (Sharma et al., eds., 1993 ff., 8 of 23 vols. published); Fascicles of Flora of India (1978 ff., 26 vols. published); numerous regional floras in India; Flora of the Pan-Himalayas (just started, few volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); New Species Syndrome in Indian Pteridology and the ferns of Nepal (Fraser-Jenkins 1997); Illustrated Manual of Ferns of Assam (Borthakur et al. 2000); The Ferns of India: Enumeration, Synonyms and Distribution (Chandra 2000); Fern flora of South India (Nampy & Madhusoodanan 1998); An illustrated fern flora of West Himalaya. Vol. 1-2 (Khullar 1994/2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A catalogue of Indian Orchids (Sathish Kumar & Manilal 1994); Orchid flora of Arunachal Pradesh (Chowdhery 1998); Orchids of India (2nd ed.) (Bose et al. 1999); Orchids of Kumaon Himalaya (Pangtey et al. 1991); Orchids of Meghalaya (Kataki 1986); Orchids of Mussoorie (Raizada et al. 1981); Orchids of Nagaland (Deorani & Naithani 1995); Orchids of Nagaland (Hynniewta et al. 2000); Orchids of Nilgiris (2nd. ed., Joseph 1987); Orchids of Western Ghats (Kumar 1995); Flora of Hassan District Karnataka (Saldanha et al. 1976); The Orchids of Bombay (Santapau & Kapadia 1966); The Orchid Flora of NW-Himalaya (Deva & Naithani 1986); Monocotyledonous Plants of Uttar Pradesh: A Checklist (Uniyal et al. 1999)
more Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) LDV 32 ++3441870
344All Species
187Indigenous Species
187Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
46 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
135 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
157 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plant Diversity of Lakshadweep Islands (C. S. Reddy & P. S. Roy 2012)
more Maldives MDV 298 o3601890
360All Species
189Indigenous Species
189Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
51 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
130 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
171 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

List of Addu vascular plants (FOSBERG et al. 1966)
more Sri Lanka SRL 65.610 ++42583577892
4258All Species
3577Indigenous Species
3576Indigenous Species except Microspecies
892Endemic Species
892Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
20.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
331 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 37 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
110 Basal Angiosperms (of them 51 endemic)
700 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 96 endemic)
197 Orchids (of them 62 endemic)
2237 Dicotyledons (of them 645 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
681 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon (Dassayanake, ed., 1980-2006, 15 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon, vol. 15/1-2 (Shaffer-Fehre, ed., 2006); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); An annotated check-list of the Pteridophytes of Ceylon (Sledge 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae, Apostasiaceae (Jayaweera). In: A Revised Handbook of the Flora of Ceylon, Vol. 2 (Dassanayake, ed., 1981)
more Bangladesh BAN 147.570 ++3250282330
3250All Species
2823Indigenous Species
2823Indigenous Species except Microspecies
30Endemic Species
30Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
217 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
87 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
437 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
161 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1914 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
427 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bangladesh (Khan, ed., 1975 ff., partially published); Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, vols. 5-12 (Ahmed, ed., 2007-2009, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, vol. 5 (2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Bangladesh, vol. ##
INDOCHINA (41)
more Andaman Isl. AND 6.496 +19961633148
1996All Species
1633Indigenous Species
1633Indigenous Species except Microspecies
148Endemic Species
148Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
79 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
92 Basal Angiosperms (of them 16 endemic)
274 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
95 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
1084 Dicotyledons (of them 85 endemic)
363 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plant Resources of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Checklist, Dagar & Singh 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Hajra et al., eds., 1999 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Dixit 2001)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Nicobar Isl. NCB 1.800 +1461119764
1461All Species
1197Indigenous Species
1197Indigenous Species except Microspecies
64Endemic Species
64Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
94 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
61 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
219 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
59 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
757 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
264 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Plant Resources of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Checklist, Dagar & Singh 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Hajra et al., eds., 1999 ff.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes, Part I (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017), Part II (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018); Taxonomic Revision of Three Hundred Indian Subcontinental Pterophytes With a Revised Census-List (Fraser-Jenkins 2008); Pteridophytes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Dixit 2001); Flora of Great Nicobar Island (Sinha 1999)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Myanmar MYA 676.552 o1014093051159
10140All Species
9305Indigenous Species
9299Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1159Endemic Species
1157Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
741 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
40 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
367 Basal Angiosperms (of them 69 endemic)
1352 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 162 endemic)
839 Orchids (of them 103 endemic)
5966 Dicotyledons (of them 814 endemic)
6 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
835 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar (Smithsonian Institute)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A Contribution Toward the Knowledge of Ferns and Lycophytes from Northern and Northwestern Myanmar (Khine et al. 2017); The ferns of Burma (Dickason 1946)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Thailand THA 513.115 o988395471944
9883All Species
9547Indigenous Species
9547Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1944Endemic Species
1944Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
19.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
729 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 29 endemic)
32 Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
386 Basal Angiosperms (of them 131 endemic)
1536 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 387 endemic)
1218 Orchids (of them 175 endemic)
5646 Dicotyledons (of them 1217 endemic)
336 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Thailand (Smitinand et al., eds., 1981-2020, ca. 60% complete, to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Flora of Thailand, Vol. 3/1-4 (Tagawa & Iwatsuki 1979-1989); Pteridophytes in Thailand (Boonkeerd & Pollawatn 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Contributions to the Orchid Flora of Thailand / Orchid Genera in Thailand, 1-13 (Seidenfaden 1972-1998); A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand (Vaddhanaphuti 2001); Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/1 (Orchidaceae 1) (Pedersen et al. 2011); Flora of Thailand, Vol. 12/2 (Orchidaceae 2) (Pedersen et al. 2014)
more Laos LAO 236.800 o48594589305
4859All Species
4589Indigenous Species
4589Indigenous Species except Microspecies
305Endemic Species
305Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
253 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
27 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
173 Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
755 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 97 endemic)
523 Orchids (of them 33 endemic)
2858 Dicotyledons (of them 162 endemic)
270 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.rbge.org.uk/assets/files/science/6.1_Tropical/Checklist.pdf

Most recent flora

Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2014, 35 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)
more Cambodia CBD 181.035 -24112364164
2411All Species
2364Indigenous Species
2364Indigenous Species except Microspecies
164Endemic Species
164Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
194 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
99 Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
294 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 25 endemic)
194 Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
1575 Dicotyledons (of them 120 endemic)
47 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2014, 35 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lindsay, S. & Middleton, D.J. (2012 onwards). Ferns of Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/thaiferns/; Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992)
more Vietnam VIE 331.690 +11296105812575
11296All Species
10581Indigenous Species
10580Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2575Endemic Species
2575Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
22.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
849 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 59 endemic)
60 Gymnosperms (of them 17 endemic)
602 Basal Angiosperms (of them 182 endemic)
1411 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 492 endemic)
1068 Orchids (of them 285 endemic)
6591 Dicotyledons (of them 1540 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
715 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Câyco Viêtnam (Pham Hoàng Hô, 1991-1993, 6 vols., complete); Flore du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam (Leroy, ed., 1960-2014, 35 vols. published, incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Fougeres (de la Flore Generale de l'Indochine) (Tardieu-Blot & Christensen 1939-1951); Cay Co Vietnam (An Illustrated Flora of Vietnam), vol. 1 (Pham-Hoang Ho (1991)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Orchids of Indochina (Seidenfaden 1992); Identification Guide to Vietnamese Orchids (Averyanov 1994); Preliminary List of the Vietnamese Orchids, Vol. 1-2 (Averyanov 1988); Updated Checklist of the Orchids of Vietnam (Averyanov & Averyanova 2004)
MALESIA (42)
more peninsular Malaysia (incl. Langkawi Isl.) MLY 132.246 +910188352203
9101All Species
8835Indigenous Species
8835Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2203Endemic Species
2203Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
24.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
686 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 46 endemic)
33 Gymnosperms (of them 7 endemic)
648 Basal Angiosperms (of them 224 endemic)
1343 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 376 endemic)
928 Orchids (of them 185 endemic)
5197 Dicotyledons (of them 1365 endemic)
266 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of peninsular Malaysia (Parris, Kiew, eds., 2010 ff., 5 vols. published, to be continued); Flora Malesiana

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Vol. 1 (2010), 2 (2013) (Parris et al., eds.) (to be continued); A revised Flora of Malaya II: Ferns of Malaya, ed. 2 (Holttum 1966)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992)
more Singapore SNG 710 ++2625218319
2625All Species
2183Indigenous Species
2183Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
171 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
179 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
314 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
224 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1287 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
442 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore (Chong et al. 2009)

Most recent flora

The concise flora of Singapore (Keng, 2 vols., 1990, 1998); Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Flora of Peninsular Malaysia, Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes, Vol. 1 (2010), 2 (2013) (Parris et al., eds.) (to be continued); A Guide to the Ferns of Singapore (Wee 1987)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of peninsular Malaysia and Singapore (Seidenfaden & Wood 1992); A Guide to the Orchids of Singapore (Tan & Sin 1995)
more Sumatera (incl. Mentawai, Enggano, Nias, Simeulue, Lingga Arch., Krakatau, Bangka, Belitung, Batu) SUM 425.150 -686967752029
6869All Species
6775Indigenous Species
6775Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2029Endemic Species
2029Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
734 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 135 endemic)
33 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
341 Basal Angiosperms (of them 130 endemic)
859 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 281 endemic)
1158 Orchids (of them 474 endemic)
3650 Dicotyledons (of them 1007 endemic)
94 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sumatra (Comber 2001)
more South China Sea Isl. SCS 2 -40310
40All Species
31Indigenous Species
31Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
20 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
9 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Borneo (Sarawak, Sabah, Kalimantan, incl. Natuna Isl., Riouw Arch., excl. Brunei) BOR 743.384 -11199111325845
11199All Species
11132Indigenous Species
11132Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5845Endemic Species
5845Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
52.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
989 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 264 endemic)
54 Gymnosperms (of them 20 endemic)
633 Basal Angiosperms (of them 335 endemic)
1529 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 947 endemic)
1720 Orchids (of them 929 endemic)
6207 Dicotyledons (of them 3350 endemic)
67 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Coode et al. (1996) (Brunei)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far); The plants of Mount Kinabalu (2 vols. published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (Parris et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo (Wood & Cribb 1994); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 1 (Chan et al. 1994); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 2 (Vermeulen 1991); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 3 (Wood 1997); Orchids of Borneo, Vol. 4 (Wood 2003); Bulbophyllum of Borneo (Vermeulen, O'Byrne & Lamb 2015)
more Brunei BRN 5.765 o936928105
936All Species
928Indigenous Species
928Indigenous Species except Microspecies
105Endemic Species
105Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
18 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
132 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
108 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
225 Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
443 Dicotyledons (of them 61 endemic)
8 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The Plants of Mt. Kinabalu, vol. 1 (Ferns and Fern Allies) (Parris et al. 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae (Wood). In: A Checklist of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Brunei Darussalam (Wong & Dransfield, ed., 1996)
more Sulawesi (Celebes) (incl. Selayar, Banggai, Sangihe, Kabaena) SUL 189.070 -416741101375
4167All Species
4110Indigenous Species
4110Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1375Endemic Species
1375Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
33% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
778 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 86 endemic)
30 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
125 Basal Angiosperms (of them 61 endemic)
511 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 211 endemic)
666 Orchids (of them 380 endemic)
2000 Dicotyledons (of them 636 endemic)
57 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Hovenkamp, P. (2013 onwards): Ferns of Sulawesi - Checklist. sulawesiferns.myspecies.info

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more Palawan (incl. Busuanga, Culion) PLW 14.649 o15161505231
1516All Species
1505Indigenous Species
1505Indigenous Species except Microspecies
231Endemic Species
231Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
232 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
81 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
214 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 22 endemic)
26 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
943 Dicotyledons (of them 180 endemic)
11 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.philippineplants.org

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Checklist by J. F. Barcelona (pers. comm.)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984); The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (contains checklist)

Major Flora Websites:

www.philippineplants.org
more Philippines (excl. Palawan, Sulu Arch.) PHI 325.000 +939987184399
9399All Species
8718Indigenous Species
8718Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4399Endemic Species
4399Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
46.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1014 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 245 endemic)
38 Gymnosperms (of them 12 endemic)
399 Basal Angiosperms (of them 238 endemic)
1019 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 346 endemic)
1189 Orchids (of them 825 endemic)
5059 Dicotyledons (of them 2733 endemic)
681 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

www.philippineplants.org

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Pelser, P.B., J.F. Barcelona & D.L. Nickrent (eds.). 2011 onwards. Co's Digital Flora of the Philippines (www.philippineplants.org); Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna, Vol. 2 (Zamora & Co 1986)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidiana Philippiniana (Valmayor 1984); The Orchids of the Philippines (Cootes 2001) (contains checklist)

Major Flora Websites:

www.philippineplants.org
more Jawa (incl. Madura Isl., Kangean Arch., Bawean) JAW 130.520 +66945388878
6694All Species
5388Indigenous Species
5386Indigenous Species except Microspecies
878Endemic Species
877Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
13.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
544 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 43 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
208 Basal Angiosperms (of them 43 endemic)
788 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 106 endemic)
785 Orchids (of them 188 endemic)
3048 Dicotyledons (of them 498 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
1306 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Java (Backer & van den Brink, 1963-1968, outdated); Flora Malesiana (about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Java (Comber 1991)
more Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Alor, Wetar) [incl. East Timor] LSI 80.000 -22992235353
2299All Species
2235Indigenous Species
2235Indigenous Species except Microspecies
353Endemic Species
353Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
365 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
14 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
39 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
269 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 33 endemic)
205 Orchids (of them 50 endemic)
1343 Dicotyledons (of them 244 endemic)
64 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014) [not seen by authors]

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The Ferns of the Lesser Sunda Islands (Posthumus 1944); On the Ferns of Sumba (Posthumus 1930); A preliminary Study on Pteridophytes of Lombok: List of the Species (Wardani & Jaenudin 2013)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Timor: checklist (Silveira et al. 2008); Flora of Bali - a provisional checklist (van Balgooy et al. 2014); Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more Moluccas [Maluku] (Tanimbar, Kei, Aru, Banda, Ambon, Seram, Buru, Obi, Bacan, Halmaheira, Ternate, Tidore, Morotai, Talaud, Sulu Arch.) MOL 74.500 -32743230726
3274All Species
3230Indigenous Species
3230Indigenous Species except Microspecies
726Endemic Species
726Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
22.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
676 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 91 endemic)
30 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
142 Basal Angiosperms (of them 47 endemic)
350 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 80 endemic)
442 Orchids (of them 173 endemic)
1590 Dicotyledons (of them 335 endemic)
44 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); Taxonomic Studies of Pteridophytes of Ambon and Seram (Moluccas) (in 12 parts) (Kato 1988-2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Sulawesi and Maluku: a preliminary Catalogue (Thomas & Schuiteman 2002)
more Cocos (Keeling) Islands CKI 14 ++130740
130All Species
74Indigenous Species
74Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
52 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
56 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more Christmas Isl. (Austr.) XMS 135 ++37921818
379All Species
218Indigenous Species
218Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
29 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
140 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
161 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
PAPUASIA (43)
more New Guinea (Irian Jaya and Papua New Guinea, incl. d'Entrecasteaux Isl., Goodenough Isl., Louisiade Arch., Rennell, Yapen, Biak, Waigeu Islands etc.) NWG 800.000 -13385132509358
13385All Species
13250Indigenous Species
13250Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9358Endemic Species
9358Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
69.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1287 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 599 endemic)
61 Gymnosperms (of them 20 endemic)
759 Basal Angiosperms (of them 634 endemic)
1636 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 983 endemic)
2824 Orchids (of them 2367 endemic)
6683 Dicotyledons (of them 4755 endemic)
135 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far), Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea (3 vols. published, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued); The ferns and fern-allies of Papua New Guinea (Johns & Bellamy, 1979 ff., in 12 parts); A Checklist of the Fern Allies, Ferns and Gymnosperms of the N. E. Kepala Burung (Vogelkop), Irian Jaya, Indonesia (Edwards, Johns & Kowalska 2012)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of Papuasian Orchids (Ormerod 2017); A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).
more Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover, Admirality Isl., Manus Isl., Umboi, etc.) BIS 48.500 -14571437272
1457All Species
1437Indigenous Species
1437Indigenous Species except Microspecies
272Endemic Species
272Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
259 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 16 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
52 Basal Angiosperms (of them 14 endemic)
185 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 73 endemic)
260 Orchids (of them 52 endemic)
665 Dicotyledons (of them 117 endemic)
20 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Malesiana (1948 ff., numerous volumes, about 40% published so far); Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for naturalists (Peekel 1947, reprint 1985, very incomplete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Malesiana, Series II: Ferns and Fern Allies. Vol. 1-4 (to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Checklist of Papuasian Orchids (Ormerod 2017); A. Schuiteman & Ed de Vogel (2001-2010, CD-ROM): Flora Malesiana: Orchids of New Guinea: illustrated checklist and genera. Part 1: Checklist and genera (2001). Part 2: Genus Dendrobium and allied genera (2002). Part 3: Genera Acanthephippium to Hymenorchis (2005). Part 4: Genera Kuhlhasseltia to Ophioglossella (2006). Part 5: Genera Pachystoma to Zeuxine (2008). Part 6: Genus Bulbophyllum (2010).
more Solomon Isl. (incl. Bougainville, excl. Santa Cruz Isl.) SOL 35.926 -18941869482
1894All Species
1869Indigenous Species
1869Indigenous Species except Microspecies
482Endemic Species
482Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
25.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
444 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 34 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
82 Basal Angiosperms (of them 38 endemic)
206 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 79 endemic)
310 Orchids (of them 41 endemic)
812 Dicotyledons (of them 288 endemic)
25 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Sol Amazing! (Lycophytes and Ferns of the Solomon Islands) (Chen et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Solomon Islands and Bougainville (Lewis & Cribb 1991)
AUSTRALASIA (5)
AUSTRALIA (50)
more Australia (incl. Tasmania, excl. other islands) AUS 7.690.849 +232622108818237
23262All Species
21088Indigenous Species
21067Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18237Endemic Species
18237Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
78.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
454 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 153 endemic)
119 Gymnosperms (of them 104 endemic)
294 Basal Angiosperms (of them 240 endemic)
2890 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2192 endemic)
1504 Orchids (of them 1357 endemic)
15827 Dicotyledons (of them 14191 endemic)
21 Microspecies (of them endemic)
2174 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Census of Australian Vascular Plants (Hnatiuk 1990)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia (1982 ff., 29 vols. published, about 60% complete); Flora of Victoria (1993-1999, complete); Flora of New South Wales (2000-2002, 2 vols. published); Flora of the Darwin region (Dunlop et al., 1995); Flora of South Eastern Queensland (1983-1989, 3 vols.); Flora of South Australia (1980-1986, 2 vols. published); The Student's Flora of Tasmania (5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Australia, Volume 48 (1998); Flora of South Australia (Jessop & Toelken 1986); The Ferns of Tasmania (Garrett 1997); Ferns and Allied Plants of Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia (Duncan & Isaac 1994); Flora of Victoria, Vol. 2 (Walsh & Entwistle, ed., 1994)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae (Clements 1989); Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 1987); A Complete Guide to Native Orchids of Australia (Jones 2006); Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996); Flora of South Australia, pt. I (Black 1960); Orchids of South Australia (Bates & Weber 1990); Contributions to Tasmanian Orchidology (Jones 1998); The Orchids of Tasmania (Jones et al. 1999); Field Guide to the Orchids of New South Wales and Victoria (Bishop 1996); The Orchids of Victoria (Backhouse & Jeanes 1995); Orchids of Western Australia (Dixon et al. 1989); Orchids of SW-Australia (3rd ed.) (Hoffmann & Brown 2001)
more Ashmore Reef & Cartier Isl. ASH 1 ++16150
16All Species
15Indigenous Species
15Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
12 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 49 (Oceanic Islands 1) (1994)
more Lord Howe Isl. LHI 154 ++49928284
499All Species
282Indigenous Species
282Indigenous Species except Microspecies
84Endemic Species
84Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 20 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
56 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
12 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
147 Dicotyledons (of them 50 endemic)
217 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more Norfolk Isl. (incl. Philip Isl.) NFK 39 ++45219734
452All Species
197Indigenous Species
197Indigenous Species except Microspecies
34Endemic Species
34Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
47 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
99 Dicotyledons (of them 23 endemic)
255 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
NEW ZEALAND (51)
more New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl., Three Kings Isl., Snares Isl., excl. remote islands) NZL 270.000 ++294322891534
2943All Species
2289Indigenous Species
2286Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1534Endemic Species
1533Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
52.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
190 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 31 endemic)
21 Gymnosperms (of them 20 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 13 endemic)
466 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 265 endemic)
115 Orchids (of them 49 endemic)
1479 Dicotyledons (of them 1156 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
654 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete); The flora of the Snares Islands, New Zealand (Fineran 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Kermadec Isl. KER 36 ++14510316
145All Species
103Indigenous Species
103Indigenous Species except Microspecies
16Endemic Species
16Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
39 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
22 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
38 Dicotyledons (of them 10 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Kermadec Islands Flora: An annotated checklist (Sykes 1977); New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New records and other information on the vascular flora of the Kermadec Islands (Sykes & West 1996); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985); New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Chatham Isl. CTM 963 ++80341841
803All Species
418Indigenous Species
416Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
41Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
101 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
94 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
35 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
187 Dicotyledons (of them 30 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
385 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of vascular plants recorded from Chatham Islands (De Lange et al. 2011)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey et al. 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Antipodes Isl. ATP 60 ++67674
67All Species
67Indigenous Species
67Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
22 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
27 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Auckland Isl. AUC 551 ++2461743
246All Species
174Indigenous Species
174Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
42 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
48 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
76 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
72 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
PACIFIC (6)
SOUTH WEST PACIFIC (60)
more Santa Cruz Isl. (Vanikoro, etc.) SCZ 815 -13913810
139All Species
138Indigenous Species
138Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
38 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
8 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
32 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
55 Dicotyledons (of them 5 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Sol Amazing! (Lycophytes and Ferns of the Solomon Islands) (Chen et al. 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Loyalty Isl., Ile Art) NWC 19.058 +395134312603
3951All Species
3431Indigenous Species
3431Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2603Endemic Species
2603Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
65.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
282 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 115 endemic)
54 Gymnosperms (of them 48 endemic)
111 Basal Angiosperms (of them 101 endemic)
360 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 189 endemic)
216 Orchids (of them 108 endemic)
2408 Dicotyledons (of them 2042 endemic)
520 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie (1967-2014, 26 vols. published, to be continued)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 3 (Brownlie 1969)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flore de la Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances, Vol. 8 (Hallé 1977); Orchidees Indigenes de Nouvelle-Caledonie (Société Néo-Caledonienne d’Orchidophilie 1995); Checklist of New Caledonian Orchidaceae (Clements & Jones 1999, in Orchadian 13)

Major Flora Websites:

www.endemia.nc
more Vanuatu VAN 12.190 -866846190
866All Species
846Indigenous Species
846Indigenous Species except Microspecies
190Endemic Species
190Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
190 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 15 endemic)
6 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
23 Basal Angiosperms (of them 10 endemic)
89 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 35 endemic)
183 Orchids (of them 18 endemic)
355 Dicotyledons (of them 110 endemic)
20 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Rotuma Isl. ROT 43 +4972377
497All Species
237Indigenous Species
237Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
11 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
48 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
141 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
260 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Preliminary Checklist of the Flora of Rotuma with Rotuman Names (McClatchley et al. 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Rotuma Island, a Descriptive Manual (St. John 1954)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Tonga TON 750 o78053331
780All Species
533Indigenous Species
533Indigenous Species except Microspecies
31Endemic Species
31Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
91 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
20 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
73 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
45 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
302 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
247 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Plants of Tonga (Yuncker 1959); The vegetation of Late, Tonga (Sykes 1981); Rain forest vegetation of 'Eua Island (Drake et al. 1996); The rare plants of Tonga (Whistler 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophytes of 'Eua, Southern Tonga (Sykes 1978); New or noteworthy ferns from the Tongan Islands (Iwatsuki 1963)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Niue Isl. NUE 264 o5632192
563All Species
219Indigenous Species
219Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
27 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
29 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
18 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
137 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
344 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The flora of Niue Island (Yuncker 1943); Contributions to the flora of Niue (Sykes 1970)
more Fiji FIJ 18.376 ++25211705799
2521All Species
1705Indigenous Species
1705Indigenous Species except Microspecies
799Endemic Species
799Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
31.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
308 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 55 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
101 Basal Angiosperms (of them 77 endemic)
152 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 47 endemic)
175 Orchids (of them 46 endemic)
957 Dicotyledons (of them 569 endemic)
816 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Vitiensis nova (A.C. Smith, 1971-1996, 5 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The pteridophyte flora of Fiji (Brownlie 1977); A revised Checklist of Fijian ferns and lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie 2011)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora vitiensis nova, Vol. 5 (Kores 1991)
more Wallis & Futuna WAL 177 +1591544
159All Species
154Indigenous Species
154Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
10 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
26 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
80 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
5 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vascular plants of the Horne and Wallis Islands (St. John & Smith 1971); Contribution a la Connaissance de la Vegetation et de la Flore de Wallis et Futuna (Morat & Veillon 1985)
more American Samoa ASA 197 o68155818
681All Species
558Indigenous Species
558Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
152 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
22 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
62 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
69 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
253 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
123 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of Samoa (Christopherson 1935/1938); A study of the rare plants of American Samoa (Whistler 1998); Vegetation of Eastern Samoa (Whistler 1980); Plants of the Manua Islands (Yuncker 1945)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (Christensen 1943)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)
more [Western] Samoa SAM 2.831 o1008875190
1008All Species
875Indigenous Species
875Indigenous Species except Microspecies
190Endemic Species
190Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
226 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 20 endemic)
37 Basal Angiosperms (of them 13 endemic)
101 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 29 endemic)
111 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
400 Dicotyledons (of them 120 endemic)
133 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of Samoa (Christopherson 1935/1938); Vegetation and Flora of the Aleipata Islands, Western Samoa (Whistler 1983); Plants of the Manua Islands (Yuncker 1945)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

A revision of the Pteridophyta of Samoa (Christensen 1943)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of Samoa (Cribb & Whistler 1996)
more Tuvalu (Ellice Isl.) TUV 26 o83560
83All Species
56Indigenous Species
56Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
9 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
38 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
27 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation and Flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu (Woodroffe 1985)
more Tokelau Isl. (incl. Swains Isl.) TOK 14 +106570
106All Species
57Indigenous Species
57Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
17 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
29 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
49 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vegetation of the Tokelau Islands with special reference to the plants of Nukunonu Atoll (Parham 1971); The Flora and Vegetation of Swains Island (Whistler 1983)
more Phoenix Islands (Kiribati p. p.) PHX 42 +82400
82All Species
40Indigenous Species
40Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
11 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
28 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
42 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of the Phoenix Islands, Central Pacific (Fosberg & Stoddart 1994)
more Gilbert Islands (Kiribati p. p.) GIL 311 +212981
212All Species
98Indigenous Species
98Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
30 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
61 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
114 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati, checklist (Fosberg & Sachet 1987); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical

Most recent flora

Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (Thaman 1992)
more Banaba (Ocean Isl., Kiribati p. p.) OCE 6 -28210
28All Species
21Indigenous Species
21Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
16 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)
more Nauru NRU 21 ++126510
126All Species
51Indigenous Species
51Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
35 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
75 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation of Nauru and the Gilbert Islands (Thaman 1992); The Flora of Nauru (Thaman et al. 1994)
more Pacific Equatorial Sporades (incl. Howland Isl., Baker Isl.) HBI 5 -110
1All Species
1Indigenous Species
1Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
SOUTH CENTRAL PACIFIC (61)
more Line Isl. (Kiribati p. p., incl. Christmas Isl. = Kiritimati) LIN 757 +172593
172All Species
59Indigenous Species
59Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
37 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
113 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of the northern Line Islands (Wester 1985)

Most recent flora

Notes on the vascular flora and terrestrial vertebrates of Caroline Atoll, Southern Line Islands (Clapp & Sibley 1971); Vegetation History of Washington Island (Teraina), Northern Line Islands (Wester et al. 1992); Plants of Christmas Island (Chock & Hamilton 1962)
more Cook Isl. (incl. Rarotonga Isl.) COO 230 +56727941
567All Species
279Indigenous Species
279Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
41Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
67 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
50 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
10 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
140 Dicotyledons (of them 18 endemic)
288 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Rarotonga (Wilder 1931); Flora of Cook Islands (2016)
more Marquesas Isl. MRQ 1.020 +621396176
621All Species
396Indigenous Species
396Indigenous Species except Microspecies
176Endemic Species
176Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
28.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
114 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 33 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 22 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
209 Dicotyledons (of them 113 endemic)
225 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/

Most recent flora

Flora of the Marquesas (M.-H. Sachet), 1 vol. published

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)

Major Flora Websites:

http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/marquesasflora/
more Gambier Isl. (incl. Mangareva Isl.) GBI 450 +79486
79All Species
48Indigenous Species
48Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
30 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
31 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Census of the flora of the Gambier Islands, Polynesia (St. John 1988)

Most recent flora

La vegetation des iles Gambier (Huguenin 1974); Chock & Hamilton (1962); Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Raiatea, Huahine, Bora Bora, Makatea, etc.) SCI 1.628 ++1217649237
1217All Species
649Indigenous Species
648Indigenous Species except Microspecies
237Endemic Species
237Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
19.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
197 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 52 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
20 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
67 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
35 Orchids (of them 14 endemic)
329 Dicotyledons (of them 155 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
568 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998); Botanique de l'ile de Tupai (Sachet 1983); Flora of Makatea (Wilder 1934)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Society Islands (Copeland 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Societensis (Welsh 1998)
more Tuamotu Arch. (excl. Gambier Isl.) TUA 450 +30813911
308All Species
139Indigenous Species
139Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
31 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
92 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
169 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.);Takapoto Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago: terrestrial vegetation (Sachet 1983); Tetiaroa Atoll (Sachet & Fosberg 1983); Flora of Maupiti (Fosberg & Sachet 19??)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Austral Isl. (Tubuai Isl., incl. Rapa Isl.) AUI 148 +597368103
597All Species
368Indigenous Species
368Indigenous Species except Microspecies
103Endemic Species
103Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
17.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
102 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 20 endemic)
9 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
11 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
188 Dicotyledons (of them 72 endemic)
229 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Les Orchidees du Tubuai, suives d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des Iles Australes (Hallé 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Les orchidees de Tubuai (Hallé 1980); Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Pitcairn Isl. (incl. Oeno Atoll) PIT 6 +796013
79All Species
60Indigenous Species
60Indigenous Species except Microspecies
13Endemic Species
13Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
3 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
33 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
19 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An account of the flora of Pitcairn Island (St. John 1987); List of the flora of Oeno Atoll (St. John & Philipson 1960)

Most recent flora

Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The pteridophyte flora of Pitcairn Island (Brownlie 1961); Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Henderson Isl. (incl. Ducie Atoll) HEN 37 ++61586
61All Species
58Indigenous Species
58Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
9.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
40 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
3 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Henderson Island (Southeast Polynesia): Summary of current knowledge (Fosberg et al. 1983); Flora of Southestern Polynesia (E. D. & F. B. H. Brown 1930-1931, 3 vols.); Ducie Atoll (Rehder & Rantall 1975)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of Southestern Polynesia, II. Pteridophytes (Brown & Brown 1931)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of Southeastern Polynesia, I. Monocotyledons (F. B. H. Brown 1931)
more Easter Island (Rapa Nui) EAS 180 o30269
30All Species
26Indigenous Species
26Indigenous Species except Microspecies
9Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
30% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
13 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 5 endemic)
8 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
5 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
4 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998); Flowering Plants of Easter Island (Zizka 1991)
NORTH WEST PACIFIC (62)
more Minami-Torishima (Marcus Isl.) MCU 2 -2290
22All Species
9Indigenous Species
9Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

An Ecological Perspective of Marcus Island (Sakagami 1961)
more Palau Isl. (Republic of Palau, Western Carolines) PLU 516 o1093714139
1093All Species
714Indigenous Species
714Indigenous Species except Microspecies
139Endemic Species
139Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
12.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
122 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
162 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
64 Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
348 Dicotyledons (of them 81 endemic)
379 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Vascular Plants of Palau with vernacular names (Fosberg et al. 1980); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical chec

Most recent flora

Flora of Micronesia (Fosberg & Sachet, 5 vols. published, 1975-1993)
more Northern Marianas MRN 464 +66935220
669All Species
352Indigenous Species
352Indigenous Species except Microspecies
20Endemic Species
20Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
58 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
76 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
187 Dicotyledons (of them 16 endemic)
317 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Vascular flora of the northern Mariana Islands (Fosberg et al. 1975-1980)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)
more Guam GUM 540 o102740811
1027All Species
408Indigenous Species
408Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
60 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
111 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
28 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
202 Dicotyledons (of them 7 endemic)
619 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

The Flora of Guam (Stone 1970)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Ferns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands (Raulerson & Rinehart 1992)
more Federal States of Micronesia (Central and Eastern Carolines: Truk, Yap, Pohnpei, Kosrae) MIC 702 +1203690126
1203All Species
690Indigenous Species
690Indigenous Species except Microspecies
126Endemic Species
126Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
10.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
143 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 13 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
13 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
143 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 12 endemic)
63 Orchids (of them 27 endemic)
326 Dicotyledons (of them 70 endemic)
513 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Pohnpei (Herrera et al. 2010); Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checkli

Most recent flora

Flora of Micronesia (Fosberg & Sachet, 5 vols. published, 1975-1993); Flora of Ponape (Glassmann 1952)
more Marshall Isl. MRS 174 o3861290
386All Species
129Indigenous Species
129Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
33 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
81 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
257 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vascular Plants recorded from Jaluit Atoll (Fosberg & Sachet 1962); A review of the natural history of the Marshall Islands (Fosberg 1990); Vegetation of Bikini Atoll (Fosberg 1988)
more Wake Isl. WAK 8 o110341
110All Species
34Indigenous Species
34Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
24 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
76 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae (Fosberg et al. 1982); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae (Fosberg); A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae (Fosberg)

Most recent flora

Vegetation and flora of Wake Island (Fosberg 1959); Wake Island vegetation and flora, 1961-1963 (Fosberg & Sachet 1969)
NORTH CENTRAL PACIFIC (63)
more Hawaii (incl. Johnston Atoll, Midway Isl.) HAW 16.729 ++238112251057
2381All Species
1225Indigenous Species
1224Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1057Endemic Species
1057Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
44.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
169 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 120 endemic)
27 Basal Angiosperms (of them 24 endemic)
142 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 96 endemic)
3 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
884 Dicotyledons (of them 814 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1156 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i (2., rev. ed., Wagner, Herbst & Sohmer 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Hawai’i (Valier 1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Major Flora Websites:

BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
NORTH AMERICA (7)
ARCTIC NORTH AMERICA (70)
more Alaska (incl. Aleutes) ASK 1.530.000 ++1523132837
1523All Species
1328Indigenous Species
1325Indigenous Species except Microspecies
37Endemic Species
37Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
85 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
13 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
361 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
29 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
836 Dicotyledons (of them 31 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
195 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

Flora of Alaska and neighboring territories (Hulten 1968); Flora of the Aleutian Islands (Hulten 1960); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
more Greenland GNL 2.175.600 ++51742211
517All Species
422Indigenous Species
415Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
9Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
37 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
146 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
234 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
7 Microspecies (of them 2 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the vascular plants of Greenland (2nd ed., Holmen 1968); A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of Canada (Scoggan, ed., 1978-1979); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
CANADA (70-72)
more Canada CDN 9.970.610 ++4943386674
4943All Species
3866Indigenous Species
3806Indigenous Species except Microspecies
74Endemic Species
61Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
172 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
37 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
21 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
967 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
75 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2594 Dicotyledons (of them 64 endemic)
60 Microspecies (of them 13 endemic)
1077 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov)

Most recent flora

The flora of Canada (Scoggan 1978, 1979, 4 vols.); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Les fougeres et les plantes alliees du Canada (Cody & Britton 1989); Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
more St. Pierre & Miquelon SPM 242 ++5134060
513All Species
406Indigenous Species
403Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
40 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
153 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
198 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them endemic)
107 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Les plantes vasculaires des iles Saint-Pierre et Miquelon (LeGallo 1954); Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
USA (73-78)
more USA (Lower 48 States) USA 8.262.426 ++18796155367487
18796All Species
15536Indigenous Species
15228Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7487Endemic Species
7238Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
38.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
434 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 74 endemic)
118 Gymnosperms (of them 27 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 41 endemic)
2700 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1015 endemic)
203 Orchids (of them 51 endemic)
11986 Dicotyledons (of them 6279 endemic)
308 Microspecies (of them 249 endemic)
3260 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

A Synonymized Checklist of the Vascular Flora of The United States, Canada and Greenland (Kartesz & Kartesz 1980)

Most recent flora

Flora of North America (1993 ff., 19 of 26 volumes published)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of North America, North of Mexico, Vol. 2 (1993); A Field Manual of the Ferns and Fern-Allies of the United States and Canada (Lellinger 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora of North America, Vol. 26: Orchidaceae (Romero-Gonzales et al. 2002); BONAP North American Distribution Atlas (www.bonap.org); PLANTS database (plants.usda.gov); The Native Orchids of the United States and Canada, excluding Florida (Luer 1975); Wild Orchids of North America north of Mexico (Brown 2003)

Major Flora Websites:

http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
more Bermuda BER 53 +20713711
207All Species
137Indigenous Species
137Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11Endemic Species
11Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
38 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
76 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
70 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora of Bermuda (Britton 1918)
MEXICO (79)
more Mexico MEX 1.964.382 +248772382311931
24877All Species
23823Indigenous Species
23812Indigenous Species except Microspecies
11931Endemic Species
11927Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
47.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1041 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 193 endemic)
168 Gymnosperms (of them 89 endemic)
610 Basal Angiosperms (of them 304 endemic)
3361 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1485 endemic)
1323 Orchids (of them 582 endemic)
17320 Dicotyledons (of them 9278 endemic)
11 Microspecies (of them 4 endemic)
1054 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico (Villasenor 2016); numerous state checklists

Most recent flora

Numerous state floras (and Flora Novo-Galiciana); Flora Mesoamericana (southern Mexico only, 12 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004); Flora Novo-Galiciana, Volume 17 (McVaugh 1992); Pteridophytes. Flora of Chiapas, part 2 (Smith 1981); Flora of Baja California (Wiggins 1980); Pteridophyte flora of Oaxaca, Mexico (Mickel & Beitel 1988); Ferns and fern allies of Chihuahua, Mexico (Knobloch & Correll 1962); Listados floristicos de Mexico. IX. Flora de Durango (Elizondo et al. 1991); Flora de Mexico, Volume 6, parts 1-3: Pteridophyta (1993-1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988); Icones Orchidacearum (Mexico), Fasc. 1-6 (Hagsater & Salazar 1990-2003)
more Isla Guadalupe GLP 244 ++20015223
200All Species
152Indigenous Species
152Indigenous Species except Microspecies
23Endemic Species
23Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
11.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
15 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
125 Dicotyledons (of them 21 endemic)
48 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The Flora of Guadalupe Island, Mexico (Moran 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Listado Actualizado de las Orquideas de Mexico (Soto Arenas 1988)
more Revillagigedo Isl. (incl. Socorro Isl.) RGI 157 +18415026
184All Species
150Indigenous Species
150Indigenous Species except Microspecies
26Endemic Species
26Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
14.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
17 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
4 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
23 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
102 Dicotyledons (of them 17 endemic)
34 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The vascular flora of Isla Socorro, Mexico (Lewin & Moran 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophytes of Mexico (Mickel & Smith 2004)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

TROPICAL AMERICA (8)
CENTRAL AMERICA (80)
more Guatemala GUA 108.889 o81337835625
8133All Species
7835Indigenous Species
7831Indigenous Species except Microspecies
625Endemic Species
625Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
718 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
30 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
309 Basal Angiosperms (of them 60 endemic)
1199 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 61 endemic)
934 Orchids (of them 178 endemic)
4645 Dicotyledons (of them 321 endemic)
4 Microspecies (of them endemic)
298 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts); Flora of Guatemala (Standley, ed., 1958-1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Ferns and fern allies of Guatemala, pt. 1-3 (Stolze 1976-83)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Orchids of Guatemala: A revised annotated checklist (Dix & Dix 2000); Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985); Guatemala y sus orquídeas (Behar & Tinschert 1998)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Belize BLZ 22.965 +3610336560
3610All Species
3365Indigenous Species
3364Indigenous Species except Microspecies
60Endemic Species
60Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
261 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
9 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
122 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
621 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 11 endemic)
297 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
2055 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
245 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick et al. 2000)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize (Balick, Nee & Atha 2000); Native Orchids of Belize (McLeish, Pearce & Adams 1995); Orchids of Guatemala and Belize (Ames & Correll 1985); Lista Comentada de las orquideas de Belice (Catling & Catling 1988)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more El Salvador ELS 21.041 o2921272441
2921All Species
2724Indigenous Species
2724Indigenous Species except Microspecies
41Endemic Species
41Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
371 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
66 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
426 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
408 Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
1442 Dicotyledons (of them 24 endemic)
197 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); An Annotated Checklist of the Monilophytes (Ferns) and Lycophytes of El Salvador (Monterrosa & Monro 2008); Una guia taxonomica para helechos de El Salvador (Seiler 1980); Listado de la flora Salvadorensis / Pteridophyta (Pfeiffer-Berendsohn 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Las Orquideas de El Salvador (Hamer 1974-1981)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Honduras HON 112.492 +75746637189
7574All Species
6637Indigenous Species
6637Indigenous Species except Microspecies
189Endemic Species
189Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
646 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
27 Gymnosperms (of them 6 endemic)
299 Basal Angiosperms (of them 15 endemic)
1117 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
616 Orchids (of them 9 endemic)
3932 Dicotyledons (of them 132 endemic)
937 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de Honduras, espermatofitas (Nelson Sutherland et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Hondurensis Plantarum Vascularium Catalogus. Pteridophyta (Sutherland et al. 1996)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Nicaragua NIC 129.494 ++6339589776
6339All Species
5897Indigenous Species
5896Indigenous Species except Microspecies
76Endemic Species
76Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
608 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 3 endemic)
10 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
243 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1021 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
633 Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
3382 Dicotyledons (of them 55 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
442 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts); Flora of Nicaragua (Stevens et al., eds.) (2001-2009, 4 vols., complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 4 (Helechos) (Gomez & Arbelaez 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Orchids of Nicaragua, Pt. 1-6 (Hamer 1982-1985); Orchidaceae (Hamer). - In: Flora of Nicaragua, Vol. 2 (Stevens, ed., 2001)

Major Flora Websites:

http://legacy.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?pagename=Home&projectid=3
more Costa Rica (except Isla del Coco) COS 51.060 ++10874102531693
10874All Species
10253Indigenous Species
10252Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1693Endemic Species
1693Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
15.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1143 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 101 endemic)
11 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
713 Basal Angiosperms (of them 273 endemic)
1564 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 171 endemic)
1521 Orchids (of them 468 endemic)
5301 Dicotyledons (of them 677 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
621 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica (Hammel et al., 2003-2015, 8 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993); Flora Costaricensis, Family 39, part V (Maxillarieae and Oncidinae) (Atwood & de Retana 1999); Lista actualizada de las orquideas de Costa Rica (Mora-Retana & Garcia 1992); Catalogo revisado y anotado de las Orchidaceae de Costa Rica (Pupulin 2002); Orchidaceae (Dressler et al.) - In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, Vol. III (Orchidaceae - Zingiberaceae) (Hammel et al., ed., 2003)
more Isla del Coco (Cocos Isl.) COC 40 ++16315134
163All Species
151Indigenous Species
151Indigenous Species except Microspecies
34Endemic Species
34Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
20.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
57 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 17 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
26 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
59 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Preliminary List of Plants from Cocos Island (Fosberg & Klawe 1966)

Most recent flora

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica (Hammel et al., 2003-2015, 8 vols., complete); Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of ca. 10 volumes published, plus numerous drafts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); The ferns and fern-allies of Cocos Island, Costa Rica (Gomez 1975) [= Contribuciones a la pteridologia costarricense. VII. Pteridofita de la Isla de Cocos]

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Panama PAN 75.517 +999195731382
9991All Species
9573Indigenous Species
9572Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1382Endemic Species
1382Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
13.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
947 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 44 endemic)
22 Gymnosperms (of them 11 endemic)
571 Basal Angiosperms (of them 78 endemic)
1589 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 265 endemic)
1381 Orchids (of them 336 endemic)
5063 Dicotyledons (of them 648 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
418 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Flora of Panama, vol. 1: The introduction and checklist (d'Arcy 1987)

Most recent flora

Flora Mesoamericana (1994 ff., 6 of 12 volumes published, plus drafts of most remaining parts)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 1 (1995); Ferns and allied plants, with special reference to tropical America (Tryon & Tryon 1982); Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987); The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

An updated checklist of the Orchidaceae of Panama (Bogarin et al. 2014); Flora Mesoamericana, Vol. 7 (draft); Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama (Dressler 1993); Flora of Panama: Checklist and index (D'Arcy 1987); Checklist of the Orchids of Panama (Dressler 1980)
more Clipperton Isl. CLI 30 +28150
28All Species
15Indigenous Species
15Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
13 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Flora and vegetation of Clipperton Island (Sachet 1962)
more Isla Malpelo MAL 1 o220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent flora

The biological investigation of Malpelo Island (Graham 1975)
CARIBBEAN (81)
more Bahamas BAH 13.939 +1325106351
1325All Species
1063Indigenous Species
1062Indigenous Species except Microspecies
51Endemic Species
51Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
3.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
41 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
216 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 10 endemic)
53 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
734 Dicotyledons (of them 37 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
262 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Bahamian Archipelago (Correll & Correll 1982); Endemic Seed Plants in the Bahamian Archipelago (Freid et al. 2014)
more Turks & Caicos Isl. TCI 430 +4153637
415All Species
363Indigenous Species
363Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
80 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
267 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)
52 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)
more Cuba CUB 114.525 +690960462816
6909All Species
6046Indigenous Species
6046Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2816Endemic Species
2816Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
40.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
550 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 91 endemic)
12 Gymnosperms (of them 5 endemic)
160 Basal Angiosperms (of them 73 endemic)
918 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 245 endemic)
315 Orchids (of them 102 endemic)
4091 Dicotyledons (of them 2300 endemic)
863 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Base de datos de especímenes de la flora de Cuba : con mapas de distribución, Versión 4.0 - 2008

Most recent flora

Flora de la Republica de Cuba (1998 ff., 16 vols. published); Flora de Cuba (Leon & Alain 1946-1962, outdated)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Lista de los helechos y licofitos de Cuba (Sanchez 2017)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Las orquideas nativas de Cuba (Diaz 1988); Iconografia de orquídeas Cubanas (Marquez & Bocourt Vigli 1997); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more Cayman Isl. CAY 262 +70254319
702All Species
543Indigenous Species
543Indigenous Species except Microspecies
19Endemic Species
19Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
19 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
12 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
101 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
28 Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
382 Dicotyledons (of them 13 endemic)
159 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Cayman Islands (Proctor 1984)
more Jamaica JAM 10.991 +37103004794
3710All Species
3004Indigenous Species
3004Indigenous Species except Microspecies
794Endemic Species
794Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
21.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
556 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 62 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
95 Basal Angiosperms (of them 28 endemic)
448 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 40 endemic)
207 Orchids (of them 56 endemic)
1695 Dicotyledons (of them 606 endemic)
706 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flowering plants of Jamaica (Adams 1972); Flora of Jamaica (Warner 2007)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Jamaica (Proctor 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchids of Jamaica (Gloudon & Tobisch 1995); A Checklist of the Orchids of Jamaica (Adams 1966); Orchidaceae (Adams, Proctor & Read). In: Flowering Plants of Jamaica (1972); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more Hispaniola (Dominican Republic & Haiti) HIS 76.200 +588749241849
5887All Species
4924Indigenous Species
4924Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1849Endemic Species
1849Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
31.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
590 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 64 endemic)
7 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
176 Basal Angiosperms (of them 83 endemic)
600 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 58 endemic)
361 Orchids (of them 161 endemic)
3190 Dicotyledons (of them 1481 endemic)
963 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Hispaniola (Liogier, ed.) (1981 ff., 9 vols. published, mostly complete)
more Navassa Isl. NAV 5 -12102
12All Species
10Indigenous Species
10Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
16.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
2 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
more Puerto Rico (incl. Mona Isl., Desecheo Isl., Culebra Isl., Vieques Isl.) PUE 8.959 +32862341241
3286All Species
2341Indigenous Species
2340Indigenous Species except Microspecies
241Endemic Species
241Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
360 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 22 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
86 Basal Angiosperms (of them 9 endemic)
412 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
135 Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
1344 Dicotyledons (of them 181 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
945 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Liogier (1982)

Most recent flora

Flora of Puerto Rico (Liogier, ed., 1985-1997, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Proctor 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); The Orchids of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman & Del Mayda 1995); An orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackerman 1995); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014)
more Virgin Islands (U.S. Virgin Islands & British Virgin Islands) VIR 495 +1557105918
1557All Species
1059Indigenous Species
1058Indigenous Species except Microspecies
18Endemic Species
18Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
54 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
37 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
192 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
31 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
745 Dicotyledons (of them 15 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
498 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012); Annotated checklist of the dicotyledons of Tortola (d'Arcy 1967))

Most recent flora

Flora of Virgin Gorda (Little et al. 1971); The flora of the American Virgin Islands (Britton 1918); Flora of St. John (Proctor in Acevedo-Rodriguez et al. 1996); The island of Anegada and its flora (D'Arcy 1971)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Ferns of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Proctor 1989)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); An Orchid Flora of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Ackermann 1995)
more Anguilla AGU 70 ++3382602
338All Species
260Indigenous Species
260Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
44 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
212 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
78 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Maarten (St. Martin) STM 86 ++4223372
422All Species
337Indigenous Species
337Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
14 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
8 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
6 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
245 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
85 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Barthelemy (St. Barts) SBA 21 ++4433510
443All Species
351Indigenous Species
351Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
9 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
19 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
310 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
92 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

The flora of the island of St. Bartholomew and its origin (Questel 1941); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Saba SAB 13 ++5514260
551All Species
426Indigenous Species
426Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
56 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
59 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
9 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
284 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
125 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Eustatius STE 21 ++4493541
449All Species
354Indigenous Species
354Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
32 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
36 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
13 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
257 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
95 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Kitts & Nevis STK 269 ++8066622
806All Species
662Indigenous Species
662Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
131 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
25 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
100 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
24 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
381 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
144 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977); A revised list of pteridophytes from St. Kitts (Proctor 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Antigua and Barbuda (incl. Redonda Isl.) ABA 441 ++9697641
969All Species
764Indigenous Species
764Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
33 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
30 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
130 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
18 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
552 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
205 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Montserrat MTS 102 ++8977084
897All Species
708Indigenous Species
708Indigenous Species except Microspecies
4Endemic Species
4Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
119 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
79 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
16 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
458 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
189 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Guadeloupe (incl. Marie Galante, La Désirade, Les Saintes) GDL 1.600 ++2048164127
2048All Species
1641Indigenous Species
1641Indigenous Species except Microspecies
27Endemic Species
27Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
287 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 6 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Basal Angiosperms (of them 3 endemic)
270 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
107 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
912 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
407 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Orchidaceae (Fournet). - In: Flore illustrée des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (1978); Atlas des Orchidées sauvages de Gouadeloupe (Feldmann & Barré 2001)
more Dominica DOM 750 ++1447120215
1447All Species
1202Indigenous Species
1201Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
196 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
45 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
179 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
90 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
691 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
245 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Dominica (Hodge 1954, Nicolson 1991); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Flora of Dominica, Pt. 1 (Orchidaceae) (Hodge 1954)
more Martinique MAR 1.102 ++1882147032
1882All Species
1470Indigenous Species
1470Indigenous Species except Microspecies
32Endemic Species
32Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
224 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 2 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
57 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
242 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 6 endemic)
83 Orchids (of them 4 endemic)
863 Dicotyledons (of them 20 endemic)
412 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique (Fournet 1978); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Lucia STL 616 ++1449114010
1449All Species
1140Indigenous Species
1140Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
121 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
47 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
189 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
58 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
723 Dicotyledons (of them 8 endemic)
309 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more St. Vincent and the Grenadines STV 389 ++1351111112
1351All Species
1111Indigenous Species
1111Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
169 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
48 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
130 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
59 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
705 Dicotyledons (of them 11 endemic)
240 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974)
more Grenada GRE 344 ++10969276
1096All Species
927Indigenous Species
927Indigenous Species except Microspecies
6Endemic Species
6Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
154 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
27 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
131 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
70 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
545 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
169 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); The Orchids of the Islands of Grenada, British West Indies (Schultes 1956, in Amer. Orch. Soc. Bull. 25)
more Barbados BBD 430 ++8465795
846All Species
579Indigenous Species
579Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5Endemic Species
5Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
30 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
18 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
103 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
7 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
420 Dicotyledons (of them 3 endemic)
267 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez & Strong (eds.) 2012)

Most recent flora

Flora of Barbados (Gooding et al., 1965); Flora of the Lesser Antilles (Howard, ed., 6 vols., 1974-1989, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 2: Pteridophyta (Proctor 1977)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae Antillanae (Nir 2000); Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles (Ackerman 2014); Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Vol. 1 (Garay & Sweet 1974); Orchidaceae. - In: Flora of Barbados (Gooding, Loveless & Proctor 1965)
more Trinidad & Tobago TRT 5.048 ++3472233883
3472All Species
2338Indigenous Species
2337Indigenous Species except Microspecies
83Endemic Species
83Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
291 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 10 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
77 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
462 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 15 endemic)
185 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
1321 Dicotyledons (of them 48 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1134 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago (Baksh-Comeau et al. 2016)

Most recent flora

Flora of Trinidad & Tobago - Williams, R. O. et al. (1928-1979, plus additional volumes up to 1992)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Checklist of the pteridophytes of Trinidad & Tobago (Baksh-Comeau 2000)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Native Orchids of Trinidad and Tobago (Schultes 1960)
more Aruba ARU 179 o3332712
333All Species
271Indigenous Species
271Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.6% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
210 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
62 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Bonaire BON 288 o3693002
369All Species
300Indigenous Species
300Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
3 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
3 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
64 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
228 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
69 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Curacao CUR 444 o5174317
517All Species
431Indigenous Species
431Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7Endemic Species
7Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
96 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
318 Dicotyledons (of them 4 endemic)
86 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

Zakflora (Wat in het wild groeit en bloeit op Curacao, Aruba en Bonaire) (2. ed.) (Arnoldo 1964); Flora of the Netherlands Antilles (Stoffers, ed., 8 vols., 1962-1984)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta, in: Flora of the Netherlands Antilles, Vol. 1 (Kramer 1962)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more San Andres y Providencia SWC 43 o3002960
300All Species
296Indigenous Species
296Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
58 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
222 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
4 Neophytes or Culture Escapes
NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA (82)
more Colombia CLM 1.141.748 +25320242527362
25320All Species
24252Indigenous Species
24251Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7362Endemic Species
7362Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1695 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 188 endemic)
35 Gymnosperms (of them 13 endemic)
1427 Basal Angiosperms (of them 437 endemic)
3594 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 906 endemic)
4166 Orchids (of them 2084 endemic)
13335 Dicotyledons (of them 3734 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
1068 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia (Bernal, Gradstein & Celis, eds., 2015)

Most recent flora

Flora de Colombia (1983 ff., 26 vols. published, very incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Ferns and Fern allies of Costa Rica, Panama, and the Choco. Part 1 (Lellinger 1989); Helechos y plantas afines de Colombia (Murillo-Pulido 1990); Flora de Colombia, Vol. 9: Pteridophyta 1 (Murillo-Pulido 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Native Colombian Orchids, Vol. 1-6 (Escobar 1990-98); Orquideas de Colombia (Ortiz 1995) [contains checklist]; Lista de especies de Orquídeas registradas para Colombia: Adiciones y correcciones (Ortiz 2000, in Orquideologia 21)
more Venezuela (incl. Isla Margarita) VEN 912.050 +16507158913629
16507All Species
15891Indigenous Species
15890Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3629Endemic Species
3629Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
22% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1233 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 135 endemic)
29 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
731 Basal Angiosperms (of them 176 endemic)
2636 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 615 endemic)
1503 Orchids (of them 293 endemic)
9759 Dicotyledons (of them 2407 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
616 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Nuevo Catalogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela (Hokche, Berry & Huber, eds., 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana (Steyermark et al., eds., 9 vols., complete); Flora of Venezuela (Lasser et al., eds., 1968-1989, 21 vols.(?) published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora de Venezuela, Vol. 1 + 2 (Helechos) (Vareschi 1968-69); Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 2 (1995)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Venezuelan orchids illustrated (Dunsterville & Garay 1959-1976, 6 vols.) (reprint as Orchids of Venezuela - An Illustrated Field Guide, 1979, 2nd ed. as Illustrated Field Guide of Orchids of Venezuela, Romero & Carnevali 2000, 3 Vols.); Flora de Venezuela, Vol. XV, pt. 1-5 (Foldats 1969-70); Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana, Vol. 7 (2003)
more Guyana (British Guyana) GUY 214.969 o64196178452
6419All Species
6178Indigenous Species
6178Indigenous Species except Microspecies
452Endemic Species
452Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
525 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 26 endemic)
4 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
299 Basal Angiosperms (of them 27 endemic)
1040 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 57 endemic)
573 Orchids (of them 38 endemic)
3737 Dicotyledons (of them 304 endemic)
241 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Venezuelan Guyana (Steyermark et al., eds., 9 vols., complete); Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985-2009, 30(?) vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-guianas/node/1
more Surinam SUR 163.265 o46384415131
4638All Species
4415Indigenous Species
4415Indigenous Species except Microspecies
131Endemic Species
131Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
321 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
2 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
240 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
822 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 25 endemic)
396 Orchids (of them 8 endemic)
2634 Dicotyledons (of them 86 endemic)
223 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985-2009, 30(?) vols. published, incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The Pteridophytes of Suriname (Kramer 1978)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchids of the Guianas, Vol. 1 (Szlachetko et al. 2017); Orchidaceae (Christenson & Boggan). - In: Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997); Orchideeen van Suriname (Werkhoven 1986)

Major Flora Websites:

http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-guianas/node/1
more French Guiana FRG 83.534 o50564859340
5056All Species
4859Indigenous Species
4859Indigenous Species except Microspecies
340Endemic Species
340Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
6.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
329 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 12 endemic)
3 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
288 Basal Angiosperms (of them 30 endemic)
804 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 47 endemic)
433 Orchids (of them 46 endemic)
3002 Dicotyledons (of them 205 endemic)
197 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (2nd Edition) (Boggan et al. 1997)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Guianas / ed. by A. R. A. Görts-van Rijn (1985-2009, 30(?) vols. published, incomplete); Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central French Guiana (Mori 1997, 2 vols.); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

http://portal.cybertaxonomy.org/flora-guianas/node/1
more Ecuador ECU 272.045 +18821181575498
18821All Species
18157Indigenous Species
18154Indigenous Species except Microspecies
5498Endemic Species
5497Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1474 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 182 endemic)
15 Gymnosperms (of them 1 endemic)
978 Basal Angiosperms (of them 233 endemic)
2555 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 744 endemic)
4206 Orchids (of them 2216 endemic)
8929 Dicotyledons (of them 2122 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them 1 endemic)
664 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Jorgensen ed., 1999); Ulloa Ulloa & Neill (2005); Neill & Ulloa Ulloa (2011)

Most recent flora

Flora of Ecuador (1973 ff., 96 vols. published, still incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)
more Galapagos Isl. GAL 7.844 +781655172
781All Species
655Indigenous Species
655Indigenous Species except Microspecies
172Endemic Species
172Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
22% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
118 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 11 endemic)
7 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
99 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 13 endemic)
17 Orchids (of them 5 endemic)
414 Dicotyledons (of them 142 endemic)
126 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador (Moeller-Jorgensen ed., 1999)

Most recent flora

Flora of the Galapagos Islands (Wiggins & Porter 1971)
WEST CENTRAL SOUTH AMERICA (83)
more Peru PER 1.280.000 +20619200447047
20619All Species
20044Indigenous Species
20042Indigenous Species except Microspecies
7047Endemic Species
7047Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
34.2% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1246 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 144 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1445 Basal Angiosperms (of them 728 endemic)
2618 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 821 endemic)
2398 Orchids (of them 1058 endemic)
12317 Dicotyledons (of them 4294 endemic)
2 Microspecies (of them endemic)
575 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru (Brako & Zarucchi 1993)

Most recent flora

Flora of Peru (1936 - 1995, 26 (?) vols. published); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Pteridophyta of Peru, pt. 1-6 (Tryon & Stolze 1989-94)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Icones Orchidacearum Peruvianum (Bennett & Christenson 1995-2000, Vol. 1-8, ongoing series); Orchids of Peru, Vol. I-IV (Schweinfurth 1959-1961, in Fieldiana Bot.)
more Bolivia BOL 1.098.581 +15388145222915
15388All Species
14522Indigenous Species
14522Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2915Endemic Species
2915Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1180 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 139 endemic)
17 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
557 Basal Angiosperms (of them 122 endemic)
2257 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 386 endemic)
1381 Orchids (of them 558 endemic)
9130 Dicotyledons (of them 1707 endemic)
866 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Bolivia (Jorgensen et al. 2014)

Most recent flora

Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Prodromus of a Fern Flora of Bolivia (Smith & Kessler 2016 ff., over 30 parts, complete)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 1 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2000); Orquideas de Bolivia, Vol. 2 (Vasquez & Ibisch 2003); Index Orchidacearum Bolivianum (Hashimoto 1993)
BRAZIL (84)
more Brazil BRA 8.547.404 +364023582220641
36402All Species
35822Indigenous Species
35821Indigenous Species except Microspecies
20641Endemic Species
20641Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
56.7% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1348 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 488 endemic)
25 Gymnosperms (of them 4 endemic)
1589 Basal Angiosperms (of them 824 endemic)
6748 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 4247 endemic)
2762 Orchids (of them 1788 endemic)
23350 Dicotyledons (of them 13290 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
580 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br)

Most recent flora

various regional floras (all incomplete); Flora Neotropica (over 100 vols. published, ongoing)

Major Flora Websites:

floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
more Fernando Noronha Isl. FNI 26 o272612
27All Species
26Indigenous Species
26Indigenous Species except Microspecies
12Endemic Species
12Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
44.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
22 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br)

Most recent flora

Terrestrial vascular floras of Brazil's Oceanic Archipelagos (Alves 2006)
more Ilha da Trindade ITR 11 o161614
16All Species
16Indigenous Species
16Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
87.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
10 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 9 endemic)
2 Basal Angiosperms (of them 2 endemic)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
2 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Lista de Especies da Flora do Brasil (floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br)

Most recent flora

Terrestrial vascular floras of Brazil's Oceanic Archipelagos (Alves 2006)
TEMPERATE SOUTH AMERICA (85)
more Paraguay PAR 406.752 +51344974415
5134All Species
4974Indigenous Species
4974Indigenous Species except Microspecies
415Endemic Species
415Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
8.1% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
242 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 4 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
102 Basal Angiosperms (of them 5 endemic)
908 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 51 endemic)
167 Orchids (of them 23 endemic)
3554 Dicotyledons (of them 332 endemic)
160 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora de Paraguay (1983 ff., 39 vols. published, still incomplete)
more Uruguay URU 176.215 +27952468126
2795All Species
2468Indigenous Species
2468Indigenous Species except Microspecies
126Endemic Species
126Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
4.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
103 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
1 Gymnosperms (of them 0 endemic)
26 Basal Angiosperms (of them 1 endemic)
676 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 38 endemic)
49 Orchids (of them 7 endemic)
1613 Dicotyledons (of them 79 endemic)
327 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flora del Uruguay (1958 ff., only 4 vols. published?)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora de Uruguay, Vol. 1 Pteridophyta (Legrand & Lombardo 1958)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

Orchidaceae. - In: Flora del Uruguay (Herter 1949)
more Argentina ARG 2.780.400 +1008592371856
10085All Species
9237Indigenous Species
9234Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1856Endemic Species
1853Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
18.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
370 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 19 endemic)
20 Gymnosperms (of them 2 endemic)
106 Basal Angiosperms (of them 8 endemic)
1961 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 390 endemic)
267 Orchids (of them 28 endemic)
6513 Dicotyledons (of them 1409 endemic)
3 Microspecies (of them 3 endemic)
848 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008); Catalogo de las plantas vasculares de la Republica Argentina (2 vols., Zuloaga et al. 1996)
more Chile (excl. Juan Fdz. Isl.) CLE 756.626 +496644091930
4966All Species
4409Indigenous Species
4403Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1930Endemic Species
1930Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
38.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
120 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 16 endemic)
16 Gymnosperms (of them 3 endemic)
16 Basal Angiosperms (of them 12 endemic)
917 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 356 endemic)
63 Orchids (of them 36 endemic)
3277 Dicotyledons (of them 1507 endemic)
6 Microspecies (of them endemic)
557 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008); Catalogo de la flora vascular de Chile (Marticorena 1984)

Most recent flora

Flora de Chile (1995-2005, ongoing, 4 vols. published)

Major Flora Websites:

www.chileflora.com
more Desventuradas Isl. DSV 30 +473714
47All Species
37Indigenous Species
37Indigenous Species except Microspecies
14Endemic Species
14Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.8% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
30 Dicotyledons (of them 13 endemic)
10 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

The flora of San Felix Island (Johnston 1931); Vegetation of the Tropical Pacific Islands (Mueller-Dombois & Fosberg 1998)
more Juan Fernandez Isl. JNF 181 +400259117
400All Species
259Indigenous Species
259Indigenous Species except Microspecies
117Endemic Species
117Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
29.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
48 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 21 endemic)
6 Basal Angiosperms (of them 4 endemic)
54 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 16 endemic)
1 Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
150 Dicotyledons (of them 75 endemic)
141 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Vascular flora of the Robinson Crusoe Islands (Marticorena et al. 1998)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Helechos de Juan Fernandez (Barrera Moscoso 1997)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

ANTARCTIC (9)
ANTARCTIC CONTINENT (90)
more Antarctic continent ANT 13.200.000 +220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
SUBANTARCTIC ISLANDS (91)
more Macquarie Isl. MAQ 123 ++55483
55All Species
48Indigenous Species
48Indigenous Species except Microspecies
3Endemic Species
3Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
6 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
14 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
2 Orchids (of them 2 endemic)
26 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
7 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more Campbell Isl. CMP 137 ++1351232
135All Species
123Indigenous Species
123Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
1.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
20 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
39 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
5 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
59 Dicotyledons (of them 2 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

Flora of New Zealand (1961-2000, 5 vols.)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Flora of New Zealand: Ferns and Lycophytes (Brownsey & Perrie, 2014, 2015) - various volumes; New Zealand Ferns and Allied Plants (Brownsey & Smith-Dodsworth 1989); A revised classification of New Zealand pteridophytes with a synonymic checklist of species (Brownsey, Given & Lovis 1985)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

The Nature Guide to New Zealands Native Orchids (St. George 1999)
more Heard & McDonald Isl. HMD 372 +13120
13All Species
12Indigenous Species
12Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
4 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

Flora of Australia 50 (Oceanic Islands 2) (1993)
more Marion & Prince Edward Isl. MPE 335 +37252
37All Species
25Indigenous Species
25Indigenous Species except Microspecies
2Endemic Species
2Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.4% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 1 endemic)
11 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
12 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Ile Amsterdam & St. Paul Isl. ASP 67 +272710
27All Species
27Indigenous Species
27Indigenous Species except Microspecies
10Endemic Species
10Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
37% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
11 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
7 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 3 endemic)
9 Dicotyledons (of them 6 endemic)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Iles Crozet CRZ 300 +20200
20All Species
20Indigenous Species
20Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
7 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
5 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Iles Kerguélen KEG 6.993 +40291
40All Species
29Indigenous Species
29Indigenous Species except Microspecies
1Endemic Species
1Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
2.5% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
6 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
15 Dicotyledons (of them 1 endemic)
11 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighboring islands (Roux 2009)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Falkland Isl. FAL 12.173 +25516415
255All Species
164Indigenous Species
164Indigenous Species except Microspecies
15Endemic Species
15Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
5.9% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
21 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 1 endemic)
45 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
4 Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
94 Dicotyledons (of them 14 endemic)
91 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Catalogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Zuloaga et al. 2008)

Most recent flora

Flowering Plants of the Falkland Islands (Woods 2000); The vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Moore 1968)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

The current status and distribution of the Falkland islands pteridophyte flora (Broughton & MacAdam 2003)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more Tristan da Cunha (incl. Gough Island, Nightingale Isl., Inaccessible Island) TDC 202 o17910347
179All Species
103Indigenous Species
103Indigenous Species except Microspecies
47Endemic Species
47Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
26.3% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
40 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 14 endemic)
1 Basal Angiosperms (of them 0 endemic)
35 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 21 endemic)
27 Dicotyledons (of them 12 endemic)
76 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent flora

The terrestrial botany of the Tristan da Cunha Islands (Wace & Dixon 1965)

Additional Reference Literature for Ferns and Lycophytes

Farne auf atlantischen Inseln (Benl & Benl 1988)

Additional Reference Literature for Orchids

more South Georgia Isl. SGE 3.756 ++78250
78All Species
25Indigenous Species
24Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
8 Ferns and Lycophytes (of them 0 endemic)
9 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
8 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)
1 Microspecies (of them endemic)
53 Neophytes or Culture Escapes

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)

Most recent flora

The Vascular Flora of South Georgia (Greene 1964); Survey for baseline information on introduced vascular plants: South Georgia (Osborne et al. 2009)
more South Sandwich Isl. SSA 310 ++220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)
more South Orkney Isl. SOI 622 ++220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)
more South Shetland Isl. SSI 4.700 ++220
2All Species
2Indigenous Species
2Indigenous Species except Microspecies
0Endemic Species
Endemic Species (excluding endemic Microspecies)
0% Percentage of True Endemics (excluding Microspecies)
1 Monocotyledons excl. Orchids (of them 0 endemic)
1 Dicotyledons (of them 0 endemic)

Most recent checklist

Biota Australis Terrestris (Ashworth & Vestal, Internet database)