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V. 14.1
August 21st, 2022

175.0000 Family Ranunculaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 231 (1789), nom. cons.
52 genera, ca. 3700 spp.
Species listed in database: 3812; hybrids: 88
= Aconitaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 216 (1820)
= Actaeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(16–53): 2, 140 (1823)
= Anemonaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 264, 275 (1818)
= Aquilegiaceae Lilja, Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 375, 861, 979 (1870)
= Calthaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 92 (1820)
= Cimicifugaceae Bromhead, Mag. Nat. Hist., n. s., 4: 336, 338 (1840)
= Clematidaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 134 (1820)
= Delphiniaceae Brenner, Florist. Handb.: 52 (1886)
= Glaucidiaceae Tamura, Bot. Mag (Tokyo) 85: 40 (1972)
= Helleboraceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 264, 274 (1818)
= Hydrastidaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 318 (1820)
= Nigellaceae J.Agardh, Theoria Syst. Pl.: 76 (1858)
= Thalictraceae Raf., Anal. Nat.: 176 (1815)
= Xanthorhizaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(16–53): 2, 145 (1823)
175.5511 Genus Actaea L.; Sp. Pl. 504 (1753)
Distribution: temperate to subcold northern hemisphere, Europe, China, Russia to Far East, North America. Inclusion of Cimicifuga and Souliéa following Compton et al. (1998)
Species listed in database: 29; hybrids: 1
= Actinospora Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 21 (1835)
= Botrophis Raf., Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 20 (1835), Linnaea, 10: Litt.-Ber. 80 (1836), descr.
= Christophoriana Tourn. ex Rupp, Fl. Jen. ed. Hall. 94 (1745)
= Cimicifuga Wernisch., Gen. Pl. 298, 321 (1763)
= Dipleina Raf., (1840)
= Macrotrys Raf., Med. Repos. N. York, 5: 352 (1808)
= Megotrys Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. 267 (1818)
= Pityrosperma Siebold & Zucc., Abh. Akad. Münch. 3: 4: 734 (1843)
= Souliéa Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 12: 609 (1898)

Search for: Actaea racemosa-var.-racemosa

Nothing found!
species :
Actaea arizonica (S.Watson) Compton; Taxon 47: 618 (1998)
Name: Arizona bugbane
Distribution: USA (Arizona)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga arizonica S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 20: 352 (1885)
species :
Actaea asiatica H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 15(5): 313-314 (1939)
Distribution: Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea spicata var. asiatica (H.Hara) S.H.Li & Y.H.Huang, Fl. Pl. Herb. Chin. Bor.-Orient. 3: 105 (1975)
= Actaea spicata f. acunata Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 309 (1893)
= Actaea acuminata ssp. asiatica (H.Hara) Luferov, Komarovia 1: 61 (1999)
species :
Actaea austrokoreana (H.W.Lee & C.W.Park) Cubey; Hanburyana 01:14 (2006)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga austrokoreana H.W.Lee & C.W.Park, Novon 14(2): 180 (2004)
species :
Actaea bifida (Nakai) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 624 (1998)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea
38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga bifida (Nakai) Luferov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 105(3): 57 (2000)
= Cimicifuga heracleifolia var. bifida Nakai, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 26: 35 (1909)
species :
Actaea biternata (Siebold & Zucc.) Prantl; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 246 (1888)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu); South Korea
38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea japonica var. biternata (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim. ex Makino, (1892)
= Actaea obtusiloba Prantl, Bot. Jahrb. 9: 246 (1888)
= Cimicifuga biternata (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 3: 9 (1867)
= Cimicifuga heterophylla Makino, (1897) (nom. illeg.)
= Cimicifuga japonica var. biternata (Siebold & Zucc.) Finet & Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 521 (1904)
= Cimicifuga japonica var. obtusiloba (Siebold & Zucc.) Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 316 (1892)
= Cimicifuga obtusiloba (Siebold & Zucc.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 3: 9 (1867)
= Pityrosperma biternatum Siebold & Zucc., Abh. Akad. Münch. 3: 4: 736 (1843)
= Pityrosperma obtusilobum Siebold & Zucc., Abh. Akad. Münch. 3: 4: 735 (1843)
= Thalictrodes biternatum (Miq.) Kuntze Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
= Thalictrodes obtusilobum (Miq.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
species :
Actaea brachycarpa (P.K.Hsiao) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 622 (1998)
Distribution: China (Henan, Hubei, Shanxi, Sichuan, NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga brachycarpa P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 57 (1965)
= Cimicifuga lancifoliolata X.F.Pu & M.R.Jia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 30(5): 478-480, f. 1 (1992)
= Actaea lancifoliolata (X.F.Pu & M.R.Jia) J.P.Luo, Q.Yuan & Q.E.Yang, Nordic J. Bot. 34(5): 637 (2016)
species :
Actaea cimicifuga L.; Sp. Pl. 504 (1753)
Name: Stinkende Silberkerze (DE)
Distribution: Nepal; N-Myanmar (Kachin); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); China (Gansu, W-Henan, Hubei, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Kazakhstan; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Poonch, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh); Pakistan (Azad Kashmir); Germany [I]
11 ger 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea frigida (Royle) Prantl, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9: 246 (1888)
= Actaea frigida Wall., Cat. 167, n. 4725 (1831) (nom. nud.)
= Actaea mairei (H.Lév.) J.Compton, Taxon 47: 622 (1998)
= Actaea podocarpa Schltdl., Linnaea, 6: 583 (1831)
= Actaea racemosa Geners. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 22 (1840)
= Actinospora frigida (Royle) Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 21 (1835)
= Actinospora frigida (Royle) Walp., (1842)
= Actinospora wallichii Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen. (Meisn.) 2: 4 (1837)
= Cimicifuga foetida f. brevirostris Zapal., 53 (1909)
= Cimicifuga foetida f. macrocarpa Zapal., 53 (1909)
= Cimicifuga foetida L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 659 (1767)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. bifida W.T.Wang & P.K.Hsiao, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 8: 16 (1980)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. longibracteata P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 58 (1965)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. mairei (H.Lév.) W.T.Wang & Zh.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(3): 212 (1999)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. micrantha Zapal., 54 (1909)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. velutina Franch. ex Finet & Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 521 (1904)
= Cimicifuga frigida Royle, Ill. B. Him. t. 14 (1833), 57 (1834)
= Cimicifuga mairei H.Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 25: 43 (1915)
= Thalictrodes cimicifuga (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
variant :
var. racemosa (Regel) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 623 (1998)
Distribution: Siberia (Sajan)
30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga foetida var. racemosa Regel, Pl. Radd. 1: 121-122 (1861)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. racemosa Y.Yabe, Enum. Pl. S. Mansh. 51 (1912)
variant :
var. foliolosa (P.K.Hsiao) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 622 (1998)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga foetida var. foliolosa P.K.Hsiao, (1965)
= Cimicifuga mairei var. foliolosa (P.K.Hsiao) Compton & Hedd., (1997)
species :
Actaea dahurica (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Franch.; Pl. David. 1: 23 (1883)
Distribution: China (Beijing, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Nei Mongol, Jilin, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Liaoning); North Korea; South Korea; Russian Far East; Siberia (C-Siberia); Myanmar
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea pterosperma Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Sem. (St. Petersburg) 1: 21 (1835)
= Actinospora dahurica Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 21 (1835)
= Actinospora pterosperma Walp., Rep. 1: 60 (1842)
= Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur. 28-29 (1859)
= Cimicifuga dahurica f. mascula (Regel) Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 317 (1892)
= Cimicifuga dahurica Huth, Bot. Jahrb. 16: 316 (1893)
= Cimicifuga dahurica var. fertilis Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34: 120 (1861)
= Cimicifuga dahurica var. mascula Regel, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 34: 121 (1861)
= Thalictrodes dahurica (Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Kuntze ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 4 (1891)
species :
Actaea elata (Nutt.) Prantl; Bot. Jahrb. 9: 246 (1888)
Name: Tall bugbane
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea cimicifuga Hook., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 26 (1829)
= Cimicifuga elata Nutt., Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 36 (1838)
= Cimicifuga elata var. alpestris H.W.Lee & C.W.Park, Novon 14(2): 182 (2004)
= Cimicifuga foetida Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 373 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Thalictrodes elatum (Nutt.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
species :
Actaea europaea (Schipcz.) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 622 (1998)
Name: Europäisches Wanzenkraut
Distribution: Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Iran; Turkey
11 AUT CZE HUN POL SLO 13 BUL ROM 14 BLR RUS UKR 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga europaea Schipcz., Komarov, Fl. URSS 7: 85 (1937)
species :
Actaea grata (Stepanov) comb.ined.
Distribution: Siberia
30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga grata Stepanov, Fl. N. E. W. Sayan 124 (2006)
species :
Actaea heracleifolia (Kom.) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 624 (1998)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol); North Korea; South Korea; Russian Far East (Primorye)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga heracleifolia Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18(3): 438-439 (1901)
species :
Actaea japonica Thunb.; Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 488 (1784)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku); South Korea (Cheju Isl.)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea acerina (Siebold & Zucc.) Prantl, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 9(3): 246 (1888)
= Actaea japonica var. ternata (Maxim. ex Makino) Makino, (1892)
= Cimicifuga acerina (Siebold & Zucc.) Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44(518): 100 (1930), comb. superfl.
= Cimicifuga acerina (Siebold & Zucc.) Tanaka, Bull. Sc. Fak. Terk. Kjusu Imp. Univ. 1-4: 203, 209 (1925)
= Cimicifuga acerina f. hispidula P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 54 (1965)
= Cimicifuga acerina var. intermedia Hara, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 200 (1943)
= Cimicifuga acerina var. macrophylla (Koidz.) Hara, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 200 (1943)
= Cimicifuga acerina var. peltata (Makino) H.Hara, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 201 (1985)
= Cimicifuga chinensis Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44(518): 102 (1930)
= Cimicifuga japonica (Thunb.) Spreng., Syst. 2: 628 (1825)
= Cimicifuga japonica f. peltata Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 140 (1910)
= Cimicifuga japonica var. acerina (Siebold & Zucc.) Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 316 (1892)
= Cimicifuga japonica var. macrophylla (Koidz.) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot., 60(5): 137 (1985)
= Cimicifuga japonica var. peltata (Makino) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot., 60(5): 137 (1985)
= Cimicifuga japonica var. ternata Maxim. ex Makino, (1890)
= Cimicifuga macrophylla Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44(518): 101 (1930)
= Cimicifuga obtusiloba var. peltata (Makino) Satake & Okuyama, (1942)
= Cimicifuga peltata (Makino) Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 101 (1930)
= Pityrosperma acerinum Siebold & Zucc., Abh. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. 3: 735, t. 3, f. g (1843)
= Thalictrodes japonicum (Thunb.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
variant :
var. acutiloba (Hara) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 620 (1998)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Kyushu); South Korea (Cheju Isl.)
38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga japonica var. acutiloba Hara, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 13: 200 (1943)
species :
Actaea kashmiriana (Compton & Hedd.) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 622 (1998)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Tibet
36 TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga kashmiriana Compton & Hedd., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 16 (1997)
species :
Actaea laciniata (S.Watson) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 621 (1998)
Name: Mt. Hood bugbane
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga laciniata S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 20: 352 (1885)
species :
Actaea matsumurae (Nakai) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 625 (1998)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga foetida var. matsumurae Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22: 151 (1908)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. matsumurae (Nakai) Nakai, (1916)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. femina Huth, (1893)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. leiogyna Takeda, (1910)
= Cimicifuga matsumurae var. leiogyna (H.Takeda) Luferov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 105(3): 57 (2000)
= Cimicifuga matsumurae (Nakai) Luferov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 105(3): 57 (2000)
species :
Actaea muliensis J.P.Luo, Q.E.Yang & Q.Yuan; Nordic J. Bot. 34(6): 728 (2016)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Actaea nanchuanensis (P.K.Hsiao) J.P.Luo, Q.Yuan & Q.E.Yang; Nordic J. Bot. 34(1): 97 (2016)
Distribution: China (SE-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga nanchuanensis P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 56 (1965)
species :
Actaea pachypoda Elliott; Sketch, 2: 15 (1821)
Name: White baneberry
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea alba f. rubrocarpa Killip, Bull. N. Y. State Mus., Nat. Hist. 243-244 (1923)
= Actaea brachypetala var. microcarpa DC., Syst. 1: 385 (1817)
= Actaea pachypoda f. rubrocarpa (Killip ex House) Fernald, (1940)
species :
Actaea podocarpa DC.; Syst. 1: 282 (1817)
Name: Mountain bugbane
Distribution: USA (Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea americana (Michx.) Prantl, Bot. Jahrb. 9: 246 (1888)
= Actaea cordifolia DC., Syst. Nat. [DC.] 1: 383 (1817)
= Actaea pentacarpa Michx. ex Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 39 (1840)
= Actaea pentagyna Walter, Fl. Carol. (Walter) 151 (1788)
= Cimicifuga americana Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 316 (1803) (nom. illeg. in syn.)
= Cimicifuga cordifolia (DC.) Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 36 (1838)
= Cimicifuga podocarpa (DC.) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina (Elliott) 2: 16 (1821)
= Cimicifuga racemosa var. cordifolia (DC.) A.Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1): 55 (1895)
= Thalictrodes americanum (Michx.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
species :
Actaea purpurea (P.K.Hsiao) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 619 (1998)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangxi, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga purpurea (P.K.Hsiao) C.W.Park & H.W.Lee, Novon 6(1): 93 (1996)
= Cimicifuga acerina f. purpurea P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 54 (1965)
= Cimicifuga acerina f. strigulosa P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 55 (1965)
species :
Actaea racemosa L.; Sp. Pl. 504 (1753)
Name: Juli-Silberkerze, Park-Wanzenkraut (DE)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario, Québec); Germany [I]
11 ger 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea gyrostachya Wender., Ind. Sem. Hort. Marb. (1840)
= Actaea monogyna Walter, Fl. Carol. (Walter) 151 (1788)
= Actaea orthostachya Wender., Ind. Sem. Hort. Marb. (1840)
= Botrophis actaeoides Raf. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 21 (1835)
= Botrophis pumila Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 86 (1828)
= Botrophis serpentaria Raf., Med. Fl. 1: 85 (1828)
= Cimicifuga americana Muhl., Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept., ed. 2. 54 (1818)
= Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. (Nuttall). 2: 15 (1818)
= Cimicifuga serpentaria Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. (Pursh) 2: 372 (1813)
= Macrotrys actaeoides Raf., Med. Repos. N. York, 5: 352 (1808)
= Macrotrys racemosa Sweet, Hort. Brit. (Sweet) 9 (1826)
= Megotrys serpentaria Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. 267 (1818)
= Thalictrodes racemosum (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
variant :
var. dissecta (A.Gray) Compton; Taxon 47: 614 (1998)
Distribution: USA (Delaware)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga racemosa var. dissecta A.Gray, (1890)
species :
Actaea rubifolia (Kearney) Kartesz; Synthesis N. Amer. Fl., version 1 Nomencl. Innov.: no. 1 (1999)
Name: Appalachian bugbane
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga rubifolia Kearney, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 24: 561 (1897)
species :
Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd.; Enum. Pl. 561 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. rubra
Name: Red baneberry
Distribution: Finland; Sweden; Norway; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia [I]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Russian Far East (Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; Alaska; USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
10 FIN NOR SWE 14 est RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 70 ASK 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea americana Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 366 (1814) (nom. illeg.)
= Actaea aspleniifolia Greene, Ottawa Naturalist 16: 35 (1902)
= Actaea californica Greene, Ottawa Naturalist 16: 36 (1902)
= Actaea caudata Greene, Ottawa Naturalist 16: 35 (1902)
= Actaea eburnea Rydb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 153 (1900)
= Actaea erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 22: 237 (1903)
= Actaea erythrocarpa Fisch., Fisch. & Mey., Ind. Sem. hort. Petrop. 1: 20 (1835)
= Actaea longipes Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. (Spach) 7: 388 (1838)
= Actaea neglecta Gillman, Drugs Med. N. Amer. 1: 235 (1885)
= Actaea rubra var. dissecta Britton, (1897)
= Actaea rubra var. gigantea R.R.Gates, (1916)
= Actaea spicata ssp. erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Hultén, Kungl Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., 13 (1): 166 (1971)
= Actaea spicata ssp. rubra (Aiton) Hultén, Kungl Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., 13 (1): 166 (1971)
= Actaea spicata var. alba L., Sp. Pl. 1: 504 (1753) (nom. rej. prop.)
= Actaea spicata var. dissecta (Britton) Davis, (1900)
= Actaea spicata var. erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Ledeb., Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 1: 71 (1842)
= Actaea spicata var. rubra Aiton, Hortus Kew. (W. Aiton) 2: 221 (1789)
= Actaea viridiflora Greene, Pittonia 2: 108 (1890)
= Actaea viridiflora var. clementiorum R.R.Gates, Bot. Gaz. 61: 203 (1916)
= Actaea vulgaris var. erythrocarpa (Fisch.) Spach, (1838)
= Christophoriana alba (L.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 1914. 3: 326
= Christophoriana rubra (Aiton) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 1914. 3: 326
= Dipleina umbellata Raf., Autik. Bot. 54 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. arguta (Nutt.) Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund. 2, 40: 717 (1945)
Name: Red baneberry
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
70 ASK 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea arguta Nutt., Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1: 35 (1838)
= Actaea arguta var. alabastrina Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 123 (1911)
= Actaea arguta var. pauciflora R.R.Gates, Bot. Gaz. 61: 202 (1916)
= Actaea arguta var. viridiflora (Greene) Tidestr. & Kittell, Fl. Ariz. New Mex. 25 (1941)
= Actaea rubra var. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) G.Lawson, Proc. & Trans. Roy. Soc. Canada 2: 84 (1884)
= Actaea spicata f. arguta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 309 (1893)
= Actaea spicata ssp. arguta (Nutt. ex T. & G.) A.E.Murray, Kalmia, 12: 18 (1982)
= Actaea spicata var. arguta (Torr. & A.Gray) A.E.Murray, Kalmia 12: 18 (1982)
= Christophoriana arguta (Nutt.) Lunell, Am. Midl. Nat., 4: 362 (1916)
= Christophoriana arguta var. alabastrina (Lunell) Lunell, (1916)
species :
Actaea simplex (DC.) Wormsk. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 1: 21 (1835)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka); Taiwan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Henan); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea cimicifuga var. simplex DC., Prodr. (DC.) 1: 64 (1824)
= Actaea simplex (DC.) Wormsk. ex Prantl, Bot. Jahrb. 9: 246 (1888)
= Actaea yesoensis (Nakai) J.Compton, Taxon 47: 624 (1998)
= Cimicifuga cimicifuga var. intermedia (Regel) Graebn., (1926)
= Cimicifuga dahurica var. candollei Huth, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 5: 1094 (1897)
= Cimicifuga dahurica var. tschonoskii Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 317 (1892)
= Cimicifuga foetida f. hermaphrodita Huth, (1892)
= Cimicifuga foetida f. laciniata Makino & Nemoto, Fl. Japan 1966 (1925)
= Cimicifuga foetida f. mascula Huth, (1892)
= Cimicifuga foetida f. purpurea Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 3: 39 (1926)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. intermedia Regel, Reis. Ostsib. 1(1): 122 (1862)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. matsumurai Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 22: 151 (1908)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. simplex (DC.) Regel, Tent. Fl. Ussur. 13 (1861)
= Cimicifuga foetida var. tschonoskii (Huth) Matsum. & Nakai, (1908)
= Cimicifuga ramosa (Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav.) Nakai, Ind. Semin. (TI) 1932: 15 (1932)
= Cimicifuga simplex (DC.) Wormsk., Prodr. 1: 64 (1824) (ex Turcz.)
= Cimicifuga simplex f. villosa Nakai, (1916)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. intermedia (Regel) Nakai, (1916)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. matsumurai (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 146 (1916)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. ramosa Maxim., Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 13 (1875) (nom. inval.)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. shikokiana Nakai, (1916)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. tschonoskii (Huth) Nakai, (1916)
= Cimicifuga simplex var. yezoensis Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 146 (1916)
= Cimicifuga taquetii Lév., Fedde, Repert. 9: 448 (1911)
= Cimicifuga ussuriensis Oett., Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 6: 138 (1906)
= Cimicifuga yesoensis (Nakai) Kudô, Journ. Col. Agric. Sapporo, 12: 36 (1923)
= Thalictrodes simplex (DC.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 4 (1891)
species :
Actaea spicata L.; Sp. Pl. 504 (1753)
Name: Christophskraut (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Andorra; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Crimea; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran)
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea christophoriana Gouan, Fl. Monsp. 152 (1764) (nom. illeg.)
= Actaea corymbosa Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 176 (1812)
= Actaea densiflora M.Král, Preslia, 52 (4): 353 (1980)
= Actaea nigra (L.) G.Gaertn., Mey. & Schreb., Fl. Wett. 2: 265 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Actaea racemosa Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. ii. 226 (1782)
= Actaea spicata f. colorata Zapal., 52 (1909)
= Actaea spicata ssp. nigra Ehrh., 224 (1780), nom. inval.
= Actaea spicata var. alpina Kitt., (1853)
= Actaea spicata var. aquilegiifolia Dageförde & Hegi, 478 (1912)
= Actaea spicata var. melanocarpa Ledeb., (1841)
= Actaea spicata var. nigra L., Sp. Pl. 1: (1753), nom. inval.
= Christophoriana spicata (L.) Borkh., 458 (1793)
= Christophoriana spicata (L.) Moench, Meth. 276 (1794)
= Christophoriana vulgaris Rupr., Fl. Caucasi 44 (1869)
variant :
var. acuminata (Wall. ex Royle) Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 51: 132 (1976)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree); Bhutan; SE-Tibet; Pakistan (Azad Kashmir); India (Poonch, Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim); Nepal
34 AFG 36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Actaea acuminata Wall., (Cat. 167, n. 4726 (1831), nom. nud.) ex Royle, Ill. B. Him. 57 (1834)
= Actaea spicata f. acuminata (Wall.) Huth, B. Jahrb. 16: 308 (1892)
species :
Actaea taiwanensis J.Compton; Taxon 47: 624 (1998)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga taiwanensis (J.Compton, Hedd. & T.Y.A.Yang) Luferov, Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 105(3): 57 (2000)
species :
Actaea vaginata (Maxim.) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 613 (1998)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; N-India (Sikkim); Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin, Sagaing)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Souliéa vaginata (Maxim.) Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 12(5): 70 (1898)
= Coptis ospriocarpa Brühl, Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 5(2): 89, t. 115 (1896)
= Isopyrum vaginatum Maxim., Fl. Tangut. 18, pl. 30 (1889)
species :
Actaea yunnanensis (P.K.Hsiao) J.Compton; Taxon 47: 621 (1998)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cimicifuga yunnanensis P.K.Hsiao, Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 55 (1965)
species :
Actaea ×ludovici B.Boivin; Natur. Canad. 94: 644 (1967)
Distribution: USA (New Jersey, New York); Canada (Ontario, Québec)
75 USA
Remarks: Actaea pachypoda x Actaea rubra
...

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