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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

466.0000 Family Lamiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 355 (1820), nom. cons., nom. alt.
243 genera, ca. 7800 spp.
Species listed in database: 7760; hybrids: 365
= Aegiphilaceae Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 161 (1838)
= Ajugaceae Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 375 (1843)
= Chloanthaceae Hutch., Fam. Fl. Pl., ed. 2: 396 (1959)
= Glechomaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 288 (1820)
= Labiatae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 110 (1789), nom. cons.
= Melissaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 245 (1820)
= Melittidaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Menthaceae Burnett, Outlines Bot.: 969, 1095, 1106 (1835)
= Monardaceae Döll, Fl. Baden 2: 661 (1858)
= Nepetaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 245 (1820)
= Salazariaceae F.A.Barkley, Phytologia 32: 304 (1975)
= Salviaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 245 (1820)
= Saturejaceae Döll, Fl. Baden 2: 664. med (1858)
= Scutellariaceae Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 373 (1843)
= Siphonanthaceae Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 87 (1838)
= Stachydaceae Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 366 (1843)
= Symphoremataceae Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4(3): 13 (1849)
= Viticaceae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 106 (1789)
466.6301 Genus Ajuga L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 561 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate and subtropical Eurasia, montane trop. E- and S-(1) Africa, Madagascar, temp. and subtropical Australia; Russia (16, from S-European part and Caucasus to Far East)
Species listed in database: 64; hybrids: 6
= Abiga St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 85 (1880)
= Bugula Mill., Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Bulga Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Chamaepitys Hill, Brit. Herb. 371 (1756)
= Moscharia Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arabia. 158 (1775)
= Phleboanthe (Boiss.) Tausch, Flora, 11: 322 (1828)
= Phleboanthe Tausch, Flora 11: 322 (1828)
= Rosenbachia Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 613 (1886)
species :
Ajuga arabica P.H.Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 38: 443 (1980)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, C-Saudi Arabia)
35 SAU
species :
Ajuga australis R.Br.; Prod. 503 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga australis var. diemenica (Benth.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 571 (1928)
= Ajuga australis var. tridentata (Benth.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 571 (1928)
= Ajuga diemenica Benth., Lab. Gen. et Sp. 695 (1833)
= Ajuga tridentata Benth., Lab. Gen. et Sp. 701 (1833)
= Ajuga virgata Benth., Lab. Gen. et Sp. 700 (1833)
species :
Ajuga austroiranica Rech.fil.; Fl. Iranica 150: 1 1, t. 1 (1982)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Ajuga bombycina Boiss.; Fl. 4: 803 (1879)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: chamaepitys agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaepitys bombycina (Boiss.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
= Ajuga argyrea Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 103 (1885)
species :
Ajuga boninsimae Maxim.; Bull. Acad. sc. St-Petersb. 32: 620 (1888)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Chichijima, Hahajima, Imohtojima)
38 OGA
species :
Ajuga brachystemon Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 27: 192 (1883)
Distribution: India (Assam, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Nepal
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga brachystemon (Maxim.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl.: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga campylantha Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 243 (1912)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga campylanthoides C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 26 (1974)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
variant :
var. subacaulis C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 28 (1974)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga chamaecistus Ging. ex Benth.; Lab. Gen. et Sp. 698 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. chamaecistus
Distribution: Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; Iran
33 ARM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga chamaecistus (Ging. ex Benth.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
variant :
var. bachtiarica Jamzad; Fl. Iran [ed. Assadi et al.] 76: 36 (2012)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
variant :
var. heterophylla Jamzad; Fl. Iran [ed. Assadi et al.] 76: 38 (2012)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. bamianica Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 150: 16 (1982)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Orozgan / Daykundi)
34 AFG
subspecies :
subsp. euphrasioides (Boiss.) Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 150: 17 (1982)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga euphrasioides Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 63 (1856)
= Ajuga chamaecistus var. euphrasioides (Boiss.) Boiss., (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. multisecta (Rech.fil.) Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 150: 17 (1982)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Faryab)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga multisecta Rech.fil., Anz. Osterr Akad. Wiss., Mat.-Naturwiss., 109: 172 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. scoparia (Boiss.) Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 150: 18 (1982)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga scoparia Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 63 (1846)
= Bulga scoparia (Boiss.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 152 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. tomentella (Boiss.) Rech.fil.; Fl. Iran., 150: 19 (1982)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga tomentella (Boiss.) Rech.fil., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 43: 42 (1949), cum descr. ampl.
= Ajuga salicifolia var. tomentella Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 801 (1879)
species :
Ajuga chamaepitys (L.) Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 24 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. chamaepitys
Name: Gelber Günsel (DE), Yellow bugle (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; ?Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Saarland, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Luxembourg; Greece; +Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland; Ukraine; USA [I] (Maryland [I], Virginia [I])
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga chamaepitys var. glabriuscula Holuby, Österr. Bot. Z. 22: 79 (1872)
= Ajuga chamaepitys var. grandiflora Vis., Fl. Dalmat. 2: 222 (1847)
= Ajuga trifida Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 406 (1867)
= Ajuga trifidifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 288 (1812)
= Bugula arvensis Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 368 (1821)
= Bugula chamaepithys (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 416 (1771)
= Bulga chamaepitys (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Chamaepitys arvensis Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 60 (1853)
= Chamaepitys chia ssp. trifida (Dumort.) Kmet´ová, Fl. Slovenska, 5(1): 189 (1993)
= Chamaepitys trifida Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 42 (1827)
= Chamaepitys trifida var. glabriuscula (Holub) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
= Chamaepitys vulgaris Hill, Brit. Herb. 371 (1756)
= Chamaepitys vulgaris Link, Handbuch 1: 453 (1829)
= Teucrium arvense Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 76 (1796)
= Teucrium chamaepitys L., Sp. Pl. 565 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. chia (Schreb.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 560 (1882)
Name: Chios-Günsel (DE); Chios Ground-pine (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Bulgaria; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, SE-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Crimea; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Germany [I]
11 CZE ger SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga chamaepitys Guss., Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 2: 66 (1828)
= Ajuga chamaepitys ssp. ciliata (Briq.) Smejkal, Preslia 33: 392 (1961)
= Ajuga chamaepitys ssp. glabra (C.Presl) Arcang., 560 (1882)
= Ajuga chamaepitys var. ciliata Briq., Ann. Cons. Jard. Bot. Genève 17: 401 (1914)
= Ajuga chamaepitys var. glabra (C.Presl) Gams, 2540 (1927)
= Ajuga chamaepitys var. glabra (C.Presl) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 568 (1881)
= Ajuga chia Schreb., Pl. Vert. Unilab. 25 (1773)
= Ajuga chia var. intermedia (Boiss. & Orph.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 568 (1881)
= Ajuga comata Stapf, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 50 (1885)
= Ajuga glabra C.Presl, Fl. Sicul. Praef. 36 (1826)
= Ajuga intermedia Boiss. & Orph., Fl. Orient. 4: 802 (1879)
= Ajuga pseudochia Des.-Shost., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 8: 147 (1940)
= Chamaepitys chia (Schreb.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
= Chamaepitys glabra (C.Presl) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
= Teucrium chium (Schreb.) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat.: 893 (1791)
= Teucrium pseudochamaepitys Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reich. 3(5): 1076 (1800), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. cuneatifolia (Stapf) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 30 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey; Iraq
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga cuneatifolia Stapf, Denkschr. Acad. Wien, 50: 102 (1885)
subspecies :
subsp. cypria P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 30 (1980)
Distribution: Cyprus; Turkey
34 CYP TUR
subspecies :
subsp. euphratica P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 29 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. glareosa P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 28 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey; ?Syria
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. laevigata (Banks & Sol.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 27 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey; Lebanon; Syria
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga glabra Benth., Lab. Gen. et Sp. 700 (1833)
= Ajuga laevigata Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 804 (1879)
= Chamaepitys laevigata (Boiss.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
= Teucrium laevigatum Banks & Sol., Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. 2, 2: 255 (1794), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. libanotica P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 28 (1980)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
subspecies :
subsp. mardinensis P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 31 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran; Iraq
34 IRN IRQ TUR
subspecies :
subsp. mesogitana (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 255 (1914)
Distribution: Turkey; ?Lebanon; Syria
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga mesogitana Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 62 (1846)
= Chamaepitys mesogitana (Boiss.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestina (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 254 (1914)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Turkey; Cyprus; Israel; Jordania; Lebanon; Syria
13 TUE 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga chia var. suffrutescens Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 803 (1879)
= Ajuga lycia Stapf, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 102 (1885)
= Ajuga palaestina Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 12: 92 (1853)
= Chamaepitys palaestina (Boiss.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. rechingeri (Bilik) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 31 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga rechingeri Bilik, Arkiv Bot., Stockh., andra ser., 5: 347 (1960)
= Chamaepitys rechingeri (Bilik) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. suffrutescens (Willk.) Pott.-Alap. ex Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia, 14(2): 300 1984 (1985)
Distribution: Algeria?; Tunisia
20 TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga chamaepitys var. suffrutescens Willk., Österr. Bot. Z. 41: 53 (1891)
= Ajuga suffrutescens (Willk.) Lange, Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr., Naturvidensk. Math. Afd. 1893: 196 (1893)
= Chamaepitys suffrutescens (Willk.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. tridactylites (Ging. ex Benth.) P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(1): 29 (1980)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia; Israel; Jordania; Sinai peninsula; ?Lebanon; Syria
34 ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga chia var. tridactylites (Ging. ex Benth.) Boiss., Fl. 4: 803 (1879)
= Ajuga tridactylites Ging. ex Benth., Lab. Gen. Sp. 699 (1835)
= Chamaepitys tridactylites (Benth.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
species :
Ajuga chasmophila P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 1947: 64 (1947)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
Remarks: chamaepitys agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaepitys chasmophila (P.H.Davis) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 9(3): 269 (1974)
species :
Ajuga ciliata Bunge; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2: 125 (1833)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
variant :
var. glabrescens Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 315 (1890)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga ciliata f. glabrescens (Hemsl.) Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 285 (1929)
variant :
var. ovatisepala C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 25 (1974)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. hirta C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 25 (1974)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. chanetii (H.Léveillé & Vaniot) C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 26 (1974)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga chanetii H.Léveillé & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 258 (1910)
= Ajuga ciliata f. chanetii (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Kudô, Mem. Fac. Sci. Taihoku Imp. Univ. 2: 285 (1929)
= Ajuga ciliata f. pauciflora C.Y.Wu & C.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 26 (1974)
variant :
var. villosior A.Gray ex Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 490 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Ajuga davisiana Kit Tan & Yildiz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 45(3): 448 1988 (1989)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Ajuga decaryana Danguy ex R.A.Clement; Fl. Madag., fam. 175: 14 (1998)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Ajuga decumbens Thunb.; Syst. Veg. ed. 14, 525 (1784)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; South Korea; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga decumbens var. glabrata Hatus., Fl. Ryukyus: 530 (1971), without latin descr
= Ajuga decumbens var. glabrescens Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 466 (1878)
= Ajuga decumbens var. rosea Y.N.Lee, Korean J. Bot. 25: 177 (1982)
= Ajuga decumbens f. rosea (Y.N.Lee) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 330 (2004)
= Ajuga decumbens var. sinuata Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 466 (1878)
= Ajuga decumbens var. vegeta Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 45: 299 (1931)
= Ajuga devestita H.Lév. & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 259 (1910)
= Ajuga fauriei Lév. & Vaniot, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 259 (1910)
variant :
var. oblancifolia C.Y.Wu & S.Chow; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 11: 35 (1966)
Distribution: C-China (Guizhou, Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga dictyocarpa Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formos. 8: 84 (1919)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangxi); Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga elatior Ohwi, Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, n. s., 1: No. 1 (No. 34) 4 (1954)
species :
Ajuga flaccida Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 20: 234 (1884)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga flaccida (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga forrestii Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 242 (1912)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga mairei H.Léveillé, Fedde, Repert. 12: 533 (1913)
species :
Ajuga genevensis L.; Sp. Pl. 561 (1753)
Name: Heide-Günsel, Genfer Günsel (DE), Blue bugle (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Poland; Romania; +Sweden; Hungary; Finland [I]; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); European Turkey; Belarus; Estonia [I]; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; NW-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Uzbekistan; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I], Québec [I])
10 fin SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 32 UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga alpestris Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 42 (1827)
= Ajuga alpicola (Beck) Dalla Torre, Alpenfl.: 188 (1899)
= Ajuga alpina L., Mant. Pl. 1: 80 (1767)
= Ajuga foliosa Tratt., Arch. Gewächsk. 1: 25 (1811)
= Ajuga genevensis f. ramosa W.Becker, 34 (1901)
= Ajuga genevensis f. stolonifera Semler, Bot. Verein Nürnberg, 495 (1906)
= Ajuga genevensis ssp. macrophylla Schübl. & G.Martens, 380 (1834)
= Ajuga genevensis ssp. vulgaris Schübl. & G.Martens, 380 (1834), nom. inval.
= Ajuga genevensis subvar. foliosa (Tratt.) Gams, 2544 (1927)
= Ajuga genevensis subvar. macrophylla (Schübl. & G.Martens) Gams, 2544 (1927)
= Ajuga genevensis var. alpicola Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2: 1025 (1893)
= Ajuga genevensis var. alpina (L.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Ajuga genevensis var. arida Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 175 (1828)
= Ajuga genevensis var. arida Schltdl., 312 (1823)
= Ajuga genevensis var. collina Ducommun, 626 (1869)
= Ajuga genevensis var. cryptostolon Ducommun, 626 (1869)
= Ajuga genevensis var. cryptostylon Lagr.-Foss. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881), nom. nud.
= Ajuga genevensis var. elatior Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt.: 175 (1828)
= Ajuga genevensis var. foliosa (Tratt.) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 2: 1025 (1893)
= Ajuga genevensis var. glabrifolia St.-Lag.in Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 685 (1889)
= Ajuga genevensis var. grossidens Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 105 (1891)
= Ajuga genevensis var. integrifolia Sanio, Term. Füz. 1889: iii, t. XII (1889)
= Ajuga genevensis var. longifolia Klett & Richt., 503 (1830)
= Ajuga genevensis var. longifolia W.Becker, 34 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga genevensis var. longistyla St.-Lag.in Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 685 (1889)
= Ajuga genevensis var. macrophylla (Schübl. & G.Martens) Döll, 376 (1843)
= Ajuga genevensis var. umbrosa Schltdl., 312 (1823)
= Ajuga genevensis var. vulgaris Schübl. & G.Martens ex Döll, 376 (1843), nom. inval.
= Ajuga glabrifolia (St.-Lag.) Bonnier, Fl. Compl. France, Suisse & Belg. 9: 31 (1927)
= Ajuga interrupta Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 407 (1867)
= Ajuga lanata Mart. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 46 (1840)
= Ajuga latifolia Host, Fl. Austriac. 2: 119 (1831)
= Ajuga montana Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 314 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga montana var. alpina (L.) Rchb., XXXI (1833)
= Ajuga montana var. genevensis (L.) Rchb., XXXI (1833)
= Ajuga pyramidalis M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 32 (1808), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. alpina Wahlenb., 175 (1814)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. genevensis (L.) Elwert, 15 (1786)
= Ajuga rugosa Host, Fl. Austriac. 2: 120 (1831)
= Bugula alpina (L.) All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 45 (1785)
= Bugula genevensis (L.) Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 518 (1766)
= Bugula nana Gilib., 94 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Bugula tomentosa Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 94 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Teucrium genevense (L.) Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 253 (1769)
species :
Ajuga grandiflora Stapf; Bot. Mag. t. 9320 (1933)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Ajuga incisa Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 23: 390 (1877)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga incisia (Maxim.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga integrifolia Buch.-Ham.; D. Don, Prod. Fl. Nep. 108 (1825)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Waziristan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Dir, Kurram, Swat, Hazara); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Chhatishgarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, l?unjab, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Chumbi); Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; Nepal; Taiwan; Philippines (Batan, Luzon, Mindanao); Sulawesi; Moluccas (Talaud, Ternate, Halmaheira); New Guinea (incl. Japen Isl.); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Eritrea; Ethiopia; ?South Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda;
23 ZAI 24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 34 AFG 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 TAI 40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA THA VIE 42 MOL NWG PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga alba (Gürke) Robyns, Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 17: 66 (1943), cum descr. ampl.
= Ajuga bracteosa Benth., Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 59 (1830)
= Ajuga bracteosa var. alba (Gürke) Engl., Sitzungsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 40: 743 (1906)
= Ajuga bracteosa var. canescens (Benth.) Engl., Hochgebirgsfl. Afrika: 371 (1892)
= Ajuga bracteosa var. crenata Benth.in Oliv. & auct.suc.(eds.), Fl. Trop. Africa 5: 501 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga bracteosa var. densiflora (Wall. ex Benth.) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 4: 703 (1885)
= Ajuga bracteosa Wall. ex Benth.in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 59 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga crenata Hochst. ex Chiov., L. A. Savoia, Sorgenti Uebi Scebeli, 447 (1932)
= Ajuga densiflora Wall. ex Benth.in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 59 (1830)
= Ajuga hyosciami Wall. ex Benth.in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 59 (1830)
= Ajuga integrifolia var. canescens (Benth.) Cufod., Bull. Jard. Bot. État 32(Suppl.): 804 (1962)
= Ajuga remota Benth.in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 59 (1830)
= Ajuga remota var. canescens Benth.in A.DC., Prodr. 12: 597 (1848)
= Ajuga remota var. crenata Hochst. ex Vatke, Linnaea 37: 332 (1872), nom. nud.
species :
Ajuga iva (L.) Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 25 (1773)
Name: Moschus-Günsel (DE); Musk Bugle (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Croatia; Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Tunisia; Madeira (Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Sal Isl., Ilha de Sao Tiago); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Tasmania [I]); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, NW-coastal Egypt); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert, Nafud Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
12 COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC KRI SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY CVI MDR 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR SIN TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Abiga cistifolia St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 85, 119 (1880)
= Ajuga cleistogama Heldr.
= Ajuga humils Porta, 1892, non Miq. 1865
= Ajuga iva ssp. humilis (Porta) ) Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 95 (1933)
= Ajuga iva ssp. pseudoiva (DC.) Briq., Lab. Alpes Marit. 112 (1891)
= Ajuga iva var. cleistogama (Heldr.) Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 23: 283 (1916)
= Ajuga iva var. grandiflora Faure & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 312 (1931)
= Ajuga iva var. pseudoiva (Labill. & Castagne ex DC.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 46 (1840)
= Ajuga iva var. robertiana Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 312 (1931)
= Ajuga iva var. spathulifolia Mutel, Fl. Franç. 3: 55 (1836)
= Ajuga moschata (Mill.) Schreb., Pl. Verticill. Unilab. Gen. Sp.: 26 (1774)
= Ajuga pseudoiva Labill. & Castagne ex DC., Fl. Franç. 6: 395 (1815)
= Bugula moschata (Mill.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 472 (1897)
= Bulga iva (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Chamaepitys iva (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 17: 138 (1869)
= Chamaepitys moschata Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 218 (1764), opus utique oppr.
= Chamaepitys pseudoiva (Labill. & Castagne ex DC.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 17: 138 (1869)
= Moscharia arabica Vitman, Summa Pl. 5: 278 (1791)
= Moscharia asperidifolia Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arabia. p. 74: (1775)
= Moscharia forsskalii J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat.: 275 (1791)
= Teucrium iva L., Sp. Pl. 563 (1753)
= Teucrium moschatum Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 15 (1768)
species :
Ajuga japonica Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2: 114 (1865)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga grosseserrata Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 467 (1877)
= Bulga japonica (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga laxmannii (Murray) Benth.; Lab. Gen. Sp. 697 (1835)
Name: Laxmanns Günsel
Distribution: Albania; Hungary; Slovakia; Bulgaria; Greece; Romania; European Turkey; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Crimea; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
11 HUN SLO 13 ALB BUL GRC ROM SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga laxmannii (Murray) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Phleboanthe laxmannii (Murray) Tausch, Flora 11: 323 (1828)
= Teucrium laxmannii Murray, Syst. ed. 13: 439 (1774)
= Teucrium pseudiva Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 449 (1849)
species :
Ajuga leucantha Lukhoba; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Lam. 17 (2009)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Uganda
23 ZAI 24 ETH 25 UGA
species :
Ajuga linearifolia Pamp.; Nouv. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 17:703 (1910)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Hubei, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga pachyrrhiza Kitag., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 48: 614 (1934)
species :
Ajuga lobata D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 108 (1825)
Distribution: Tibet; China (Yunnan); Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal); Nepal; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga lobata (D.Don) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga lupulina Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Petersbourg, sér. 3, 23: 391 (1877)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 NEP
variant :
var. major Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 242 (1912)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga macrosperma Wall. ex Benth.; Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 58 (1830)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan); Taiwan; Bhutan; Laos; Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay); Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam; India (almost throughout); Bangladesh
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga decumbens D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 108 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga geniculata Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 29: 189 (1883)
= Ajuga macrosperma var. breviflora Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 4: 704 (1885)
= Ajuga repens Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 3: 3 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga sikkimensis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 114 (1865)
variant :
var. thomsonii (Maxim.) Hook.fil.; Fl. Brit. India 4: 704 (1885)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); India (Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Nepal
36 CHI 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga thomsonii Maxim., Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 11: 821 (1883)
species :
Ajuga makinoi Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 25: 150 (1911)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Ajuga mollis Gladkova; Bot. Zhurn., 59 (3): 375 (1974)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Remarks: status uncertain, chamaepitys agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaepitys mollis (Gladkova) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 11(1): 83 (1976)
species :
Ajuga multiflora Bunge; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg. Divers Savans 2: 125 (1833)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Nei Mongol); North Korea; South Korea; Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Chita, Amur, Primorye)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga amurica Freyn, Österr. Bot. Z. 1902 : 408 (1902)
= Ajuga lanosa Y.Z.Sun, Contrib. Biol. Lab. Sc. Soc. China, Bot. Ser., 7: 14 (1932)
= Ajuga multiflora f. rosea Y.N.Lee, Korean J. Bot. 17: 35 (1974)
variant :
var. serotina Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Mansh. 375 (1939)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Liaoning)
36 CHI
variant :
var. brevispicata C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 26 (1974)
Distribution: China (Liaoning)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga nipponensis Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 67 (1909)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku); Vietnam; Laos
36 CHI 38 JAP TAI 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga labordei Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 13: 185 (1903)
= Ajuga matsumurana Kudô, Journ. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan, 3: 225 (1931)
species :
Ajuga novoguineensis A.J.Paton & R.J.Johns; Kew Bull. 59(1): 154 (2004)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya: Kemabu Plateau)
42 NWG
species :
Ajuga nubigena Diels; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 1030 (1926)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Ajuga oblongata M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 388 (1819)
Distribution: Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Transcaucasus
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga arenosa Steven ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 449 (1844)
= Ajuga salicifolia Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 3: 265 (1812)
= Bulga oblongata (M.Bieb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga oocephala Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 22: 514 (1887)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulga oocephala (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga ophrydis Burch. ex Benth.; DC. Prod. 12: 597 (1848)
Distribution: South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
species :
Ajuga orientalis L.; Sp. Pl. 561 (1753)
Name: Orientalischer Günsel
Distribution: Albania; Italy; European Russia; Sicily; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Ukraine; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains)
13 ALB GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga orientalis var. condensata Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 880 (1879)
= Ajuga orientalis var. oblongifolia K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 702 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga orientalis var. orthosiphon K.Koch, Linnaea 17: 301 (1844)
= Bugula obliqua Moench, Methodus: 381 (1794)
= Bugula orientalis (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 5 (1768)
= Bulga orientalis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Ajuga orientalis ssp. aenesia (Heldr.) Phitos & Damboldt, Bot. Chronika, 5(1-2): 111 (1985)
= Ajuga orientalis var. aenesia Heldr.
species :
Ajuga ovalifolia Bureau & Franch.; J. Bot. (Morot) 5: 150 (1890)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. calantha (Diels ex Limpr.) C.Y.Wu & C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 12: 23 (1974)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga calantha Diels ex Limpr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg, Beih. 12: 475 (1922)
= Ajuga calantha var. angustifolia Diels, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 475 (1922)
= Ajuga ovalifolia var. angustifolia (Diels) Hand.-Mazz., Acta Horti Gothob. 13: 337 (1939)
species :
Ajuga pantantha Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7: 911 (1936)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga parviflora Benth.; Wall. Pl. As. Rar. 1: 59 (1830)
Distribution: Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree); NW-India (Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman); Nepal
34 AFG 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga bracteosa var. depressa (Maxim) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 4: 703 (1885)
= Ajuga depressa Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 27: 192 (1883)
= Bulga parviflora (Benth.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga piskoi Degen & Bald.; Egy Új Ajuga Fajról 1 (1896)
Name: Albanischer Günsel
Distribution: S-Albania; Macedonia; Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA
species :
Ajuga postii Briq.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 710 (1894)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Ajuga pygmaea A.Gray; Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 6: 402 (1858)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu); Taiwan; Japan (Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI
species :
Ajuga pyramidalis L.; Sp. Pl. 561 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. pyramidalis
Name: Pyramiden-Günsel (DE)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; ?Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Spain; Andorra; Iceland; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Colombia [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT UKR 82 clm
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga alpina Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 347 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga astolonsa Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 545 (1866)
= Ajuga caespitosa Schleich. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 46 (1840)
= Ajuga genevensis ssp. pyramidalis (L.) Bonnier & Layens, 256 (1894)
= Ajuga latifolia Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 545 (1866)
= Ajuga nana Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 323 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Ajuga nanti Boreau, Mém. Soc. Acad. Maine Loire 14: 44 (1863)
= Ajuga pyramidalis f. alpestris (Gaudin) Gams, 2547 (1927)
= Ajuga pyramidalis f. bracteata (Hegetschw.) Gams, 2547 (1927)
= Ajuga pyramidalis f. glabrata (Hartm.) Lindm., 467 (1918)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. alba H.Mart., 99 (1817)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. alpestris Gaudin, 11 (1829)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. alpina Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. bracteata (Hegetschw.) Ducommun, 626 (1869)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. foliosa (Tratt.) Ducommun, 626 (1869)
= Ajuga rupestris Schleich. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 46 (1840), nom. inval.
= Ajuga vulgaris ssp. schurii Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 231 (1909)
= Bugula montana Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 471 (1897)
= Bugula pyramidalis (L.) Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 518 (1766)
= Bugula pyramidalis (L.) Gilib., 93 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Bugula villosa Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 235 (1840)
= Bulga pyramidalis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Teucrium pyramidale (L.) Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 252 (1769)
subspecies :
subsp. meonantha (Hoffmanns. & Link) Fern.Casas; Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 34: 131 (1960)
Distribution: S-France; N-Portugal; N-Spain
12 FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga occidentalis Br.Blume, Agron. Lusit. 18: 89 (1956)
= Ajuga pyramidalis f. occidentalis (Braun-Blanq.) Fern.Casas, Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 34: 131 (1960)
= Ajuga pyramidalis var. meonantha Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 1: 77 (1809)
species :
Ajuga relicta P.H.Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 38: 444 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Ajuga reptans L.; Sp. Pl. 561 (1753)
Name: Kriechender Günsel, Common bugle
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Romania; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran); Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Crimea; NW-European Russia; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Algeria; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (Talysh); Sicily; Sweden; Finland [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Venezuela [I]; Colombia [I]; Honduras [I]; Bolivia [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I])
10 DEN fin GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG TUN 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 hon 82 clm ven 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga abnormis (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl. 4: 7 (1913)
= Ajuga alpina Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 54 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga alpina Vill., 302 (1786), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga barrelieri Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: t. 240 (1836)
= Ajuga breviproles Borbás, Term. Füz. 12: 110 (1889)
= Ajuga candolleana (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl. 4: 7 (1913)
= Ajuga densiflora Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: t. 239 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga microphylla Hegetschw., 561 (1839)
= Ajuga pyramidalis Huds., Fl. Angl.: 219 (1762), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga repens Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 447 (1849)
= Ajuga reptans f. alpina (W.D.J.Koch) Vollm., 618 (1914)
= Ajuga reptans f. stoloniflora (Bogenh.) Vollm., 618 (1914)
= Ajuga reptans subf.stoloniflora (Bogenh.) C.W.Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 200 (1922)
= Ajuga reptans var. albiflora Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 291 (1836)
= Ajuga reptans var. alpina Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 567 (1881)
= Ajuga reptans var. alpina Vill. ex W.D.J.Koch, 216 (1833)
= Ajuga reptans var. carnea H.Mart., 99 (1817)
= Ajuga reptans var. exstolonosa Fresen., 374 (1833)
= Ajuga reptans var. lerezana Blanco-Dios, Bouteloua 24: 113 (2016)
= Ajuga reptans var. microphylla (Hegetschw.) Ducommun, 626 (1869)
= Ajuga reptans var. pseudoalpina Hook.fil., 295 (1870)
= Ajuga reptans var. pyramidata Zalewski, Kosmos (Lvov) 5/6: 15 (1896)
= Ajuga reptans var. stoloniflora Bogenh., 316 (1850)
= Ajuga reptans var. sylvestris Bogenh., 315 (1850)
= Ajuga stolonifera Jeanb. & Timb.-Lagr., Bull. Sci. Phys. Nat. Toulouse 3: 577 (1876)
= Ajuga vulgaris Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 226 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga vulgaris ssp. abnormis Rouy in Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 229 (1909)
= Bugula decumbens Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2 (1768)
= Bugula reptans (L.) Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 518 (1766)
= Bugula reptans (L.) Moench, 381 (1794), isonym
= Teucrium reptans (L.) Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 75 (1796)
species :
Ajuga robusta Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 20: 235 (1884)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga hildebrandtii Briq., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 141 (1894), nom. nud.
= Bulga robusta (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
species :
Ajuga salicifolia (L.) Schreb.; Pl. Vert. Unilab. 26 (1773)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Romania; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; NE-Greece; Crimea; S-European Russia
13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 KRY RUS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga oblongata ssp. bessarabica Sãvul. & Zahar., Bull. Sect. Sci. Acad. Roumaine 16: 183 (1934)
= Ajuga rhodopea Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1892: 19 (1892)
= Ajuga salicifolia ssp. bessarabica (Sãvul. & Zahar.) P.W.Ball, Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 258 (1972)
= Bulga salicifolia (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 512 (1891)
= Phleboanthe salicifolia (L.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 546 (1866)
= Teucrium salicifolia L., Mantissa 80 (1767)
species :
Ajuga saxicola Assadi & Jamzad; Iranian J. Bot., 2(2): 96 (1984)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Ajuga sciaphila W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 12: 193 (1920)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Ajuga shikotanensis Miyabe & Tatew.; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 7 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Japan (Honshu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga decumbens var. pallescens (Maxim.) Hand.-Mazz., Acta Horti Gothob. 9: 72 (1934)
= Ajuga genevensis var. pallescens Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 24: 185 (1883)
= Ajuga glabrescens Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 25: 14 (1911)
= Ajuga nipponensis var. pallescens (Maxim.) C.Y.Wu & C.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 12 (1): 28 (1974)
= Ajuga pallescens (Maxim.) M.P.Price & Metcalf, Lingnan Sc. Journ. 13: 135 (1934)
= Ajuga pallescens (Maxim.) Makino, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 25: 14 (1911)
= Ajuga reptans var. japonica Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 12: 228 (1898)
species :
Ajuga sinuata R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 503 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga australis var. sinuata (R.Br.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 571 (1928)
species :
Ajuga spectabilis Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 30: 290 (1916)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
species :
Ajuga taiwanensis Nakai ex Murata; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 23: 23 (1968)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; China (Guangdong)
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI
species :
Ajuga tenorei C.Presl; J. Presl & C. Presl, Del. Prag. 79 (1822)
Name: Tenores Günsel
Distribution: C-Italy; S-Italy; Sicily
13 ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga decumbens Ten., Fl. Nap. Prod. ´p. xxxiii ´ (1784)
= Ajuga acaulis Brocchi, Bibliot. Ital. 29: 85 (1823)
species :
Ajuga turkestanica (Regel) Briq.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: (1894) 71, et in Engl. et Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. iv. 3 a. 210 (1895)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Rosenbachia turkestanica Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9: 613 (1886)
species :
Ajuga vesiculifera Herder; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(1): 394 (1868)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Ajuga vestita Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 62 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria)
34 IRQ SYR TUR
species :
Ajuga xylorrhiza Kit Tan; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 42: 66, f. 1D (1984)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Ajuga yesoensis Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 467 (1877)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. tsukubana Nakai; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 25: 151 (1911)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga tsukubana (Nakai) Okuyama, Nippon Shokubutsu Handb. 583 (1974)
species :
Ajuga zakhoensis Rech.fil.; Fl. Iranica 150: 12, t. 2 (1982)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Ajuga ×adulterina Wallr.; Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 221 (1840)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Thüringen); France; Czech Republic; etc.
11 CZE GER 12 FRA
Remarks: A. genevensis x A. pyramidalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga ×perbracteata Borbás, Term. Füz. 12: 111 (1889)
= Ajuga ×knafii (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl. 4: 7 (1913)
species :
Ajuga ×bastarda Makino; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 175 (1912)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Remarks: A. decumbens x A. yesoensis.
species :
Ajuga ×borbasiana (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl.4: 7 (1913)
Distribution: Austria; France
11 AUT 12 FRA
Remarks: A. pyramidalis x A. reptans.
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga ×humilis Borbás, Term. Füz. 2: 110 (1889), nom. illeg.
species :
Ajuga ×hybrida A.Kern.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 24: 382 (1874)
Distribution: Austria; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Thüringen); Hungary; Switzerland; France; Spain; Czech Republic; Slovakia; etc.
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA
Remarks: A. genevensis x A. reptans
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga ×kerneri (Rouy) Prain, Index Kew., Suppl. 4: 7 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Ajuga ×osswaldiana W.Becker, 35 (1901)
species :
Ajuga ×mixta Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 23: 68 (1909)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Remarks: A. decumbens x A. nippoensis
species :
Ajuga ×rotundifolia Willk. & Cutanda ex Willk.; Linnaea 30: 120 (1859)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Spain; etc.
11 AUT GER 12 SPA
Remarks: A. pyramidalis x A. reptans
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajuga pyramidalis ssp. rotundifolia (Willk. & Cutanda ex Willk.) Rivas Mart., Trab. Dept. Bot. Fisiol. Veg. Madrid 3: 108 (1971)
= Ajuga ×hampeana A.Braun & Vatke, Österr. Bot. Z. 22: 357 (1872)
= Ajuga ×pseudopyramidalis Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 60 (1853)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.4 (December 2022)

Covering 354,183 valid species, 9,038 hybrids, 58,691 valid infraspecific taxa and 933,256 synonyms, in total 1,355,167 names


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

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