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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

094.0000 Family Alismataceae Vent.; Tabl. Règne Vég. 2: 157 (1799), nom. cons.
15 genera, ca. 115 spp. Inclusion of Limnocharitaceae following Stevens et al. (APG Website)
Species listed in database: 115; hybrids: 7
= Alismateae Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 135 (1827)
= Alismatinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 181 (1946)
= Alismatineae Engl.; Syllabus, ed. 2: 73 (1898)
= Alismatoideae Arn.; Botany: 136 (1832)
= Burnatiinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 182 (1946)
= Damasoiinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 182 (1946)
= Damasoniaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 213 (1943)
= Damasonieae Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 600 (1858)
= Damasonioideae Rouy; Fl. France 13: 9 (1912)
= Elattosinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 183 (1946)
= Limnocharitaceae Takht. ex Cronquist; Integr. Syst. Class. Fl. Pl.: 1048 (1981)
= Limnochariteae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 183 (1946)
= Limnocharitinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 183 (1946)
= Luroninae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 181 (1946)
= Machaerocarpinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 182 (1946)
= Sagittarieae Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 135 (1827)
= Sagittariinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 180 (1946)
= Sagittarioideae Luerss.; Grundz. Bot., ed. 5: 446 (1893)
= Tenagocharitinae Pichon; Notul. Syst. 12: 183 (1946)
= Wiesnerieae Engl.; Syllabus, ed. 1: 67 (1892)
094.0004 Genus Alisma L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 342 (1753)
Distribution: Temperate Northern Hemisphere, esp. (7) Russia, Northern Caucasus, Middle Asia, Australia
Species listed in database: 9; hybrids: 3
= Helanthium Engelm. ex Benth. & Hook.f.; Gen. 3: 1005 (1883)
= Plantaginastrum Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum.: 61 (1759)
species :
Alisma canaliculatum A.Braun & Bouché; Index Sem. (Berlin) 4 (1867)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; ?Taiwan
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma canaliculatum var. azuminoense Kadono & Hamashima; J. Jap. Bot., 63(12): 411 (1988)
= Alisma canaliculatum var. harimense Makino
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. canaliculatum (A.Braun & C.D.Bouché) Miyabe & Kudô; J. Fac. Agric. Hokkaido Imp. Univ. 26(2): 101 (1931)
= Alisma rariflorum Sam.; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 24A. No. 7, 32 (1932)
species :
Alisma gramineum Lej.; Fl. Spa 1: 175 (1811)
Name: Grasblättriger Froschlöffel (DE), Narrowleaf water plantain (EN)
Distribution: England; Denmark; +Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, SLf Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal [I]; NE-Spain [I]; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (rare in mountains); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Ukraine; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kabul, Wardak, Nimroz, Paktia / Khost, Takhar); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
10 DEN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA por spa 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 EGY LBY 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: plantago-aquatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma arcuatum Michalet; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 50: 312 (1854)
= Alisma arcuatum var. angustissimum (DC.) Lunell; Bot. Gaz. 43: 211 (1907)
= Alisma arcuatum var. graminifolium (Ehrh.) Zapal.; 258 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Alisma arcuatum var. pumilum (Nolte) Prahl; Krit. Fl. Schlesw.-Holst. 2: 204 (1890)
= Alisma geyeri Torr.; Nicollet, Rep. Hydrog. Mississip. 162 (1843)
= Alisma geyeri var. angustissimum Lunell; Bull. Leeds Herb. 2: 5 (1908)
= Alisma geyeri var. giganteum Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 163 (1915)
= Alisma geyeri var. pumilum (Prahl) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 163 (1915)
= Alisma gramineum f. aestuosum (Bolle) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16 (3-4): 365 (1971)
= Alisma gramineum f. arcuatum (Michalet) Holmb.; Skand. Fl. 1: 110 (1922)
= Alisma gramineum f. arcuatum (Michalet) Tournay & Lawalrée; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 81: 48 (1949)
= Alisma gramineum f. emersum Holmb.
= Alisma gramineum subsp. arcuatum (Michalet) Hyl.; Uppsala Univ. Årsskr. 7: 69 (1945)
= Alisma gramineum var. angustissimum (DC.) Hendricks; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 58: 489 (1957)
= Alisma gramineum var. angustissimum (DC.) Oberd.; 97 (1970), nom. inval.
= Alisma gramineum var. geyeri (Torr.) Sam.; Ark. Bot. 24A(7): 43 (1932)
= Alisma graminifolium f. angustissimum (DC.) Glück; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 40 (1906)
= Alisma graminifolium f. pumilum (Nolte ex Sond.) Glück; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 40 (1906)
= Alisma graminifolium f. semimersum Glück; Pascher, Süsswasserflora 15: 94 (1936), no Latin descr.
= Alisma graminifolium f. strictum Glück; Pascher, Süsswasserflora 15: 94 (1936), no Latin descr.
= Alisma graminifolium f. submersum Glück; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 73: 32 (1903), nom. superfl., et Pascher, Süsswasserflora 15: 93 (1936), not validly publ.
= Alisma graminifolium f. terrestre Glück; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 40 (1906), nom. superfl.
= Alisma graminifolium Glück; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 73: 33 (1903)
= Alisma loeselii Gorski; Eichw. Nat. Skiz. Lith. 127 (1830), et ex Juz., Kom., Fl. URSS 1: 282 (1934)
= Alisma loeselii var. angustissimum (DC.) Oberd.; 96 (1962), nom. inval.
= Alisma michaletii Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeutsch. Flachland, 65 (1898), nom. nov.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. aestuosum Bolle; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 3(4): 164 (1861)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. angustissimum (DC.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 384 (1898)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. graminifolium Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 7: 30 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. lanceolatum Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 15: 14 (1903), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. micropetalum (Celak.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 15: 14 (1903)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica proles arcuatum (Michalet) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 8 (1912)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica proles graminifolium Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 7 (1912), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. arcuatum (Michalet) Asch. & Graebn.; 383 (1897), isonym
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. arcuatum (Michalet) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 679 (1882)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. graminifolium (Ehrh. ex Steud.) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 152 (1907)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. aestuosum Bolle; 164 (1862)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustissimum Asch. & Graebn.; 384 (1897), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustissimum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 189 (1805)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. arcuatum (Michalet) Buchenau; Abh. Naturwiss. Vereine Bremen 2: 34 (1871)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. arcuatum (Michalet) Jess.; 593 (1879)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. arcuatum (Michalet) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 821 (1889), isonym
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. decumbens Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 9 (1882)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. gramineum (Lej.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 135 (1827)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. graminifolium (Ehrh.) Wimm. & Grab.; 356 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. graminifolium Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl.: 230 (1851), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. micropetalum Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 759 (1881)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. pumilum Nolte ex Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 210 (1850)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. pumilum Prahl; Krit. Fl. Schlesw.-Holst. 1: 155 (1890)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. terrestre (Glück) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 152 (1907), nom. illeg.
= Alisma submersum var. arcuatum (Michalet) Adamov; Zap. Belorussk. Gosud. Inst. Sel´sk. Lesn. Khoz. Pamyat´ Okt. Revolyutsii 3: 455 (1924), nom. superfl.
= Alisma validum Greene; Pittonia 3: 115 (1896)
species :
Alisma lanceolatum With.; Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. 3, 2: 362 (1796)
Name: Lanzett-Froschlöffel (DE); Lanceleaf Water-plantain (EN); Llanten de agua menor (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca); France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades); Crete; +Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, E-European Russia, W-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Kos, Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Herat); Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Pakistan (Kurram); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I]); Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 73 usa 76 usa 85 cle
Remarks: plantago-aquatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma major var. lanceolatum (With.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 216 (1822)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. lanceolatum (With.) Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 7: 30 (1845)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. stenophyllum (Asch. & Graebn.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 15: 13 (1903)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. stenophyllum Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 383 (1897)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica proles cadevallii Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 15: 251 (1916)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. lanceolatum (With.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 709 (1882), isonym
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. lanceolatum (With.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg 243 (1834)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. stenophyllum (Asch. & Graebn.) Holmb.; Skand. Fl. 1: 109 (1922)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustifolium Bluff & Fingerh.; 490 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustifolium C.Bauhin ex Uechtr.; 64 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustifolium Ehrh.; 15 (1790), nom. inval.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustifolium H.Mart.; 67 (1817)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. lanceolatum (With.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 144 (1812)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. lancifolium Dierb.; 27 (1826)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. stenophyllum Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 383 (1897)
= Alisma stenophyllum (Asch. & Graebn.) Sam.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 16: 39 (1922)
= Alisma subcordatum var. stenophyllum (Asch. & Graebn.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 164 (1915)
species :
Alisma nanum D.F.Cui; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12(4): 369-371, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Alisma plantago-aquatica L.; Sp. Pl. 342 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. plantago-aquatica
Name: Gemeiner Froschlöffel (DE), European water plantain (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Menorca, Ibiza); France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (mainland); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; European Russia (W-European Russia, C-European Russia, E-European Russia, N-European Russia); Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Egypt (Nile Delta); NE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Kos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Kabul); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Pakistan; NW-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Mampur, Nagaland, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Myanmar; N-Thailand; Laos; Java; Australia (Western Australia [I], New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand [I]; Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Washington State [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR 23 ZAI 24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG zim 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 41 LAO MYA THA 42 JAW 50 AUS 51 nzl 70 ask 73 usa 85 arg cle
Remarks: plantago-aquatica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma angustifolium Hoppe; Bot. Taschenb. Anfänger Wiss. Apothekerkunst 8: 13 (1797), nom. inval.
= Alisma ceretanica Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. Eance 63: 134 (1916) (1917)
= Alisma heterophyllum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 880 (1866)
= Alisma latifolium Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 222 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Alisma major Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 216 (1821 publ. 1822), nom. superfl.
= Alisma michaletii (Asch. & Graebn.) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 65 (1898)
= Alisma natans Pollich; Hist. Pl. Palat. 3: 319 (1777), nom. illeg.
= Alisma paniculatum Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 334 (1812)
= Alisma plantagineum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 119 (1880)
= Alisma plantaginifolium St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 821 (1889)
= Alisma plantago Michalet; 312 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. aquaticum Glück; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 26 (1906)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. aquaticum Glück ex Hegi; 152 (1907)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. fluitans (Hartm.) Holmb.; Skand. Fl. 1: 109 (1922)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. latifolium (Kunth) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 15: 13 (1903)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. latifolium Lunell; Bot. Gaz. 43: 210 (1907), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. majus Zapal.; 258 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. pumilum Glück; Pascher, Süsswasserflora 15: 92 (1936), no Latin descr.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. stenophyllum Lunell; Bot. Gaz. 43: 210 (1907), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica f. terrestris Glück; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 12: 26 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. latifolium Ehrh.; Hannover. Mag. 18: 221 (1780), not validly publ.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. michaletii Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 382 (1897)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. angustifolium (Hoppe) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 110 (1824)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. cordatum Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 1: 356 (1827)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. cordifolia Blytt; Enum. Pl. Vasc.: 53 (1844)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. cordifolium Dierb.; 27 (1826)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. fluitans Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl. 152 (1820)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. humile Formánek; 17 (1886)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. latifolium Ehrh.; 15 (1790), nom. inval.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. latifolium Kunth; Fl. Berol. 2: 295 (1838)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. latifolium Schltdl.; 210 (1823), nom. inval.
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. majus Döll; 243 (1843)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. michaletii (Asch. & Graebn.) Buchenau; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 15: 13 (1903)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. minor Desp.; Fl. Sarthe Mayenne 250 (1838)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. ovalifolium Dierb.; 26 (1826)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. parviflorum Eaton; Man. Bot., ed. 3: 167 (1822)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. parvifolium Merino; Fl. Galicia 3: 102 (1909)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. pygmaeum Regel & Herder; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(I): 428 (1868)
= Alisma verticillatum Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 45 (1867)
= Echinodorus vulgaris Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 5 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. orientale (Samuel) Samuel; Ark. Bot. 24(7): 11, 16 f. 16, 2b, 3 c-d (1932)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); Northern Caucasus [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Nepal; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Mandalay)
30 SIB 31 RFE 33 ncs 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 BAN IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma coreanum H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp. 8: 286 (1910)
= Alisma flavum Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 153 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Alisma jianshiensis J.K.Chen, X.Z.Sun & H.Q.Wang; Wuhan Bot. Res. 1(2): 250 (1983), no Latin descr.
= Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 1: 281 (1934)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. orientale Sam.; Acta Horti Gothob. 2(2): 84-85 (1926)
species :
Alisma praecox Skuratovicz; Fl. Belarusi 2: 88 (2013)
Distribution: Belarus
14 BLR
species :
Alisma subcordatum Raf.; Med. Repos. New York 5: 362 (1808)
Name: American water plantain
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma montanum Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 62 (1840)
= Alisma parviflorum Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 252 (1813)
= Alisma parviflorum Raf.; Autikon Bot. 62 (1840)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. subcordatum (Raf.) Hultén; Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., ser. 4, 8(5): 160 (1962)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. parviflorum (Pursh) Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 382 (1824), nom. illeg.
species :
Alisma triviale Pursh; Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 252 (1814)
Name: Northern water plantain
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma brevipes Greene; Pittonia 4: 158 (1900)
= Alisma odoratum Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 17 (1817)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. brevipes (Greene) Sam.; Ark. Bot. 24A(7): 19 (1932)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. americanum Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1598 (1830)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. brevipes (Greene) Vict.; Fl. Laurent.: 615 (1935)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. triviale (Pursh) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.; Prelim. Cat.: 58 (1888)
= Alisma roseum Raf.; Med. Repos. New York 5: 354 (1808)
= Alisma subcordatum var. superbum (Lunell) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 164 (1914)
= Alisma superbum Lunell; Bull. Leeds Herb. 2: 5 (1908)
= Alisma superbum var. angustissimum Lunell; Bull. Leeds Herb. 2: 5 (1908)
= Alisma superbum var. lanceolatum Lunell; Bull. Leeds Herb. 2: 5 (1908)
species :
Alisma wahlenbergii (Holmb.) Juz.; Kom., Fl. URSS 1: 283 (1933)
Distribution: Sweden; Finland; European Russia (C-European Russia); etc.
10 FIN SWE 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Alisma arcuatum var. graminifolium (Wahlenb.) Casp.; Schriften Phys.-Ökon. Ges. Königsberg 25: 110 (1884)
= Alisma gramineum subsp. wahlenbergii Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1922: 207 (1922)
= Alisma gramineum var. graminifolium (Wahlenb.) Hendricks; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 58: 487 (1957)
= Alisma gramineum var. wahlenbergii (Holmb.) Raymond & Kucyn.; Rhodora 50: 179 (1948)
= Alisma graminifolium var. wahlenbergii (Holmb.) Glück; Süsswasserflora 15: 96 (1936)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica subsp. graminifolium (Wahlenb.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg 243 (1834)
= Alisma plantago-aquatica var. graminifolium Wahlenb.; Fl. Upsal.: 122 (1820)
= Alisma submersum Adamov; Zap. Belorussk. Gosud. Inst. Sel´sk. Lesn. Khoz. Pamyat´ Okt. Revolyutsii 3: 452 (1924), nom. superfl.
= Alisma submersum var. graminifolium (Wahlenb.) Adamov; Zap. Belorussk. Gosud. Inst. Sel´sk. Lesn. Khoz. Pamyat´ Okt. Revolyutsii 3: 455 (1924), nom. superfl.
species :
Alisma ×bjoerkqvistii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 17 (1979)
Distribution: European Russia; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia)
14 RUS 30 SIB
Remarks: Alisma gramineum x plantago-aquatica
species :
Alisma ×juzepczukii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15: 16 (1979)
Distribution: European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: Alisma plantago-aquatica x (gramineum x plantago-aquatica)
species :
Alisma ×rhicnocarpum Schotsman; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., Versl. 56: 202 (1949)
Distribution: Netherlands; etc.
11 NET
Remarks: Alisma lanceolatum x A. plantago-aquatica
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life