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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

137.0000 Family Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.; Expos. Fam. Nat. 1: 134 (1805), nom. cons. (s. l.)
73 genera, ca. 2300 spp.
Species listed in database: 2366; hybrids: 117
= Agapanthaceae F.Voigt; Gesch. Pflanzen-Reichs 2: 440 (1850)
= Alliaceae Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 15 (1797), nom. cons.
= Brunsvigiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
= Cepaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 88 (1866)
= Crinaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 283 (1818)
= Cyrtanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 138 (1866)
= Galanthaceae G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 510, 560 (1836)
= Gethyllidaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 19 (1838)
= Gilliesiaceae Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 12: ad t. 992 (1826)
= Haemanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 129 (1866)
= Leucojaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 372 (1797)
= Milulaceae Traub; Pl. Life 28: 131 (1972)
= Narcissaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 54 (1789)
= Oporanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 97 (1866)
= Pancratiaceae Horan.; Char. Ess. Fam.: 50 (1847)
= Strumariaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 126 (1866)
= Tulbaghiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 87 (1866)
= Zephyranthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 133 (1866)
137.2001 Genus Allium L.; Sp. Pl.: 300 (1753)
Distribution: Northern Hemisphere, most Mediterranean, SW- and C-Asia to China and Siberia, a secondary centre in W-USA to Mexico, only two in NE-Africa and 1 South Africa
Species listed in database: 1059; hybrids: 4
= Aglitheis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 17 (1837)
= Anguinum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 160 (1869)
= Ascalonicum P.Renault; Fl. Orne: 33 (1804)
= Berenice Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Briseis Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 92 (1866)
= Butomissa Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 91 (1866)
= Calliprena Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1866)
= Caloscordum Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30(Misc.): 66 (1844)
= Camarilla Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 91 (1866)
= Canidia Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 92 (1866)
= Cepa Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Codonoprasum Rchb.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 66 (1828)
= Endotis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 21 (1837)
= Geboscon Raf.; First Cat. Gard. Transylv. Univ.: 14 (1824)
= Getuonis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1837)
= Gynodon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 18 (1837)
= Hexonychia Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 88 (1866)
= Hylogeton Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 91 (1866)
= Iulus Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 92 (1866)
= Kalabotis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1837)
= Kepa Tourn. ex Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1837)
= Kromon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 21 (1837)
= Loncostemon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 21 (1837)
= Maligia Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1837)
= Milula Prain; Ann. Roy. Bot. Gard. (Calcutta) 5(2): 164 (1896)
= Moenchia Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6(Phys.): 493 (1790)
= Molium (G.Don) Haw.; London Edinburgh Philos. Mag. & J. Sci., ser. 3, 1: 284 (1832)
= Moly Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Molyza Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 91 (1866)
= Nectaroscordum Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 22: t. 1912 (1836)
= Ophioscorodon Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 129 (1822)
= Panstenum Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1837)
= Phyllodolon Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 90 (1866)
= Plexistena Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1837)
= Porrum Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Praskoinon Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 29 (1838)
= Raphione Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1866)
= Rhizirideum Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 16: 160 (1869)
= Saturnia Maratti; Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 18 (1772)
= Schoenissa Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 91 (1866)
= Schoenoprasum Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 277 (1816)
= Scorodon Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 160 (1869)
= Stelmesus Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1837)
= Stemodoxis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1837)
= Trigonea Parl.; Giorn. l ´Occhio 1: 161 (1839)
= Validallium Small; Fl. S.E. U.S.: 264 (1903)
= Xylorhiza Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1866)
species :
Allium aaseae Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 38 (1950)
Name: South Idaho onion (EN)
Distribution: USA (Idaho)
73 USA
species :
Allium abanticum Brullo & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 31(Special Issue): 184 (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium abbasii R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 63 (2008 publ. 2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium abramsii (Ownbey & Aase) McNeal; Aliso 13(3): 417 (1992)
Name: Abrams´ allium
Distribution: USA (California: C-Sierra Nevada)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fimbriatum var. abramsii Ownbey & Aase ex Traub; Pl. Life 28: 64 (1972)
species :
Allium acidoides Stearn; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 2: 178 (1960), in adnot.
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Allium aciphyllum J.M.Xu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 284-285, t. 55 (1980)
Distribution: China (N-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium acuminatum Hook.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 184. t. 196 (1838)
Name: Tapertip onion
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium acuminatum var. cuspidatum Fernald; Zoe 4: 380 (1894)
= Allium cuspidatum (Fernald) Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts. 160 (1917)
= Allium elwesii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 266 (1877)
= Allium murrayanum Regel; Gartenflora 22: 260 (1873)
= Allium wallichianum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 232 (1875), nom. inval.
species :
Allium acutiflorum Loisel.; Desv., Jour. Bot. Rédigé 2: 279 (1809)
Distribution: S-France; Corsica; NW-Italy
12 COR FRA 13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium multiflorum var. acutiflorum (Loisel.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 307 (1890)
= Allium rotundum All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 155 (1785), nom. illeg.
= Allium rotundum subsp. acutiflorum (Loisel.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 79 (1929)
species :
Allium adenanthum Brullo & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 31(Special Issue): 192 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium adiyamanense Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 26(1): 34 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium aegilicum Tzanoud.; Bot. Chronika 13: 81 (2000)
Distribution: Greece (Andikithira Isl.)
13 GRC
species :
Allium aeginiense Brullo, Giusso & Terrasi; Candollea 63(2): 199 (2008)
Distribution: Greece (C-Greece: Meteora)
13 GRC
Remarks: status doubtful fide Strid & Kit Tan 2017, known only from a small population, related to A. hirtovaginum
species :
Allium aetnense Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 836 (2013)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
species :
Allium affine Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 166 (1852)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium artvinense Miscz. ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 203 (1928)
= Allium margaritaceum var. affine (Ledeb.) Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 3 2: 50 (1875)
= Allium margaritaceum var. scabrum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 51 (1875)
= Allium mishtshenkoanum Grossh.; Grossh. & Schischk. Sched. Herb. Pl. Or. Exsicc. 3 (1924)
= Allium transcaucasicum Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 123 (1940), no Latin descr.
species :
Allium afghanicum Wendelbo; Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 28: 16 (1966)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Parwan)
32 TZK 34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
species :
Allium aflatunense B.Fedtsch.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 4: 917 (1904)
Distribution: Slovakia [I]; Kyrgyzstan
11 slo 32 KGZ
species :
Allium agrigentinum Brullo & Pavone; Inform. Bot. Ital. 33: 505 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
species :
Allium akaka S.G.Gmel.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15, 7: 1132 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. akaka
Distribution: Armenia; S-Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
subspecies :
subsp. bozgushense R.M.Fritsch; Taxon. Rev. Allium subg. Melanocrommyum 64 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium akirense N.Friesen & Fragman; Phytotaxa 173(2): 143 (2014)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
species :
Allium aksekiense Özhatay, Koyuncu & E.Kaya; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 510, fig. 2 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium aktauense F.O.Khass. & Esankulov; Stapfia 103: 97 (2015)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Remarks: sect. Minuta
species :
Allium alabasicum Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 23(4): 555-556, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Allium aladaghense Memariani & Joharchi; Phytotaxa 08:29 (2012)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium alaicum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 130 (1934)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Allium alamutense Razifard, Zarre & R.M.Fritsch; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(4): 353 (2011)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium albanicum Brullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Giusso & Salmeri; PhytoKeys 119: 120 (2019)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
species :
Allium albiflorum Omelczuk; Ukr. Bot. Zur. 19(2): 19 (1962)
Distribution: C-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea
14 KRY RUS UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium albotunicatum O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 73 (1934)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium albovianum Vved.; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 187 (1935)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Samegrelo, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti)
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium gracile Albov; Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 523 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Allium otschiauriae Tscholok.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 25, 100 (1965)
species :
Allium alekii R.M.Fritsch & M.V.Agab.; Taxon. Rev. Allium subg. Melanocrommyum 94 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium alexandrae Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 95 (1924)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium alexeianum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 244 (1875)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium alibile A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 330 (1850)
Distribution: Sudan (Jbel Marra); Ethiopia; Saudi Arabia
24 ETH SUD 35 SAU
species :
Allium alpinarii Özhatay & Kollmann; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 246, t. IA (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium altaicum Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 737, t. R (1773)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Amur); Kazakhstan; China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Subgen. Cepa
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ceratophyllum Besser ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1029 (1830)
= Allium microbulbum Prokh.; Bull. Applied Bot., Lenin8rad, 1929-30 24: No. 2, 180 (1930)
= Allium sapidissimum R.Hedw.; Roem., Collecteana: 76 (1806)
= Allium saxatile Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 293 (1776), nom. superfl.
species :
Allium altissimum Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 8: 666, t. 21, f. k-m (1884)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Faryab)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Megalocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium jesdianum var. latipetalum Lipsky; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 145 (1900)
species :
Allium altoatlanticum Seregin; Komarovia 4: 160 (159-161) (2006)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Allium altyncolicum N.Friesen; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 72(6): 816 (1987)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia)
30 SIB
species :
Allium amethystinum Tausch; Syll. Pl. Nov. Ratisbon. (Königl. Baier. Bot. Ges.) 2: 256 (1828)
Name: Amethyst-Lauch (DE); Amethyst Garlic (EN)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (widespread, rare Kiklades); Crete; European Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Dodecanese, Simi, Chalki, Rhodos, Karpathos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus)
13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB TUE 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium amethystinum var. antiquorum Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 65 (1989)
= Allium rollii A.Terracc.; Malpighia 3: 289 (1889)
= Allium segetum Jan ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1020 (1830)
= Allium sphaerocephalon subsp. rollii (A.Terracc.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 200 (1890)
= Allium stojanovii Kov.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 1968: 42 (1968)
species :
Allium ampeloprasum L.; Sp. Pl. 294 (1753), nom. cons.
subspecies :
subsp. ampeloprasum
Name: Broadleaf wild leek (EN), Sommer-Lauch, Porree, Perlzwiebel, Acker-Knoblauch (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica [I]; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Turkey; Belarus [I]; W-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan [I]; Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Mongolia [I]; India [c]; New Zealand [I]
10 grb IRE 11 ger 12 BAL cis cor FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 blr ukr 20 ALG EGY TUN 32 kaz TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 afg CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 37 mon 40 ind 51 nzl
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium adscendens Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 385 (1843)
= Allium albescens Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim. 338 (1855)
= Allium ampeloprasum f. holmense (Asch. & Graebn.) Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 45 (1914)
= Allium ampeloprasum f. scaberrimum Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 57 (1989)
= Allium ampeloprasum f. urceolatum Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 59 (1989)
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. halleri Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882)
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. leucanthum (K.Koch) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890)
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. thessalum (Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 735 (1882)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. babingtonii (Borrer) Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 9: 204 (1869)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. bertolonii (De Not.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. bulbiferum Syme; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 9: 204 (1869)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. bulgaricum Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 676 (1902)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. caudatum Pamp.; Arch. Bot. (Forlì) 12: 21 (1936)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. gasparrinii (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. gracile Cavara; Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 9(1): 46 (1927)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. holmense Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 105 (1905)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. leucanthum (K.Koch) Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 164 (1852)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. pylium (De Not.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 107 (1905)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. wiedemannii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 55 (1875)
= Allium ascendens Ten.; Index Seminum (NAP, Neapolitano) 1830: 12 (1830)
= Allium babingtonii Borrer; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot.: t. 2906 (1849)
= Allium bertolonii De Not.; Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 414 (1844)
= Allium byzantinum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 240 (1849)
= Allium duriaeanum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 54 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Allium durieuanum Walp.; Ann. Bot. 1: 860 (1849)
= Allium firmotunicatum var. album Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 204 (1928)
= Allium gasparrinii Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inarim. 337. t. 16 (1855)
= Allium halleri Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 305 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Allium halleri G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 15 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Allium holmense Mill. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 384 (1843)
= Allium laetum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 235 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Allium laetum var. tonsile Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 181 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Allium leucanthum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 240 (1849)
= Allium leucanthum var. tridentatum Ogan.; Fl. Rastitel´nost´ Rast. Res. Arm. 12: 12 (1999)
= Allium lineare Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 4 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Allium porraceum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 181 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Allium porrum subsp. euampeloprasum Breistr.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Isère 61: 610 (1947)
= Allium porrum var. ampeloprasum (L.) Alef.; 296 (1866), isonym
= Allium porrum var. ampeloprasum (L.) Mirb.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 1: 384 (1804)
= Allium porrum var. breve Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 296 (1866)
= Allium porrum var. latum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 296 (1866)
= Allium porrum var. viviparum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 296 (1866)
= Allium pylium De Not.; Index Seminum (GE, Genuensis) 1843: 30 (1843)
= Allium rotundum var. multiflorum Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 735 (1882)
= Allium salsuginis f. piscatorum Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 23 (1989)
= Allium salsuginis f. spiritus-procellarum Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 21 (1989)
= Allium salsuginis Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 11, 18 (1989)
= Allium scopulicola Font Quer; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 24: 144 (1924)
= Allium scorodoprasum subsp. babingtonii (Borrer) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 736 (1882)
= Allium scorodoprasum var. babingtonii (Borrer) Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 9: 204 (1869)
= Allium spectabile De Not.; Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 414 (1844)
= Allium syriacum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 232 (1882)
= Allium thessalum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 232 (1882)
= Porrum amethystinum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 140(16) (1831)
= Porrum ampeloprasum (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2 (1768)
= Porrum commune Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 111 (1830)
= Porrum sativum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 1 (1768)
variant :
var. porrum (L.) J.Gay; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., III 8: 218 (1847)
Name: Garden leek (EN); Lauch, Porree (DE); Ajo porro (ES)
Distribution: widely cultivated; Germany [c]; Hungary [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Azores [c] (Sao Miguel Isl. [c], Sao Jorge [c], Corvo Isl. [c]); Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma Isl.); D.R.Congo [Zaire] [c] (Tshopo etc.); Ethiopia; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Pakistan [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Myanmar [c]; Cambodia [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Australia [c] (Western Australia [c], South Australia [c], New South Wales [c], Victoria [c]); New Zealand [c]; Chatham Isl. [c]; USA [c] (Alabama [c], Arkansas [c], California [c], Georgia [c], Illinois [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Mississippi [c], North Carolina [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oklahoma [c], South Carolina [c], Tennessee [c], Texas [c], Virginia [c]); Mexico [c]; Honduras [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Cuba [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Colombia [c]; Galapagos [c]; Argentina [c]
11 ger hun 13 bih cro 20 alg lby mor tun 21 azo CNY mdr 23 zai 24 ETH 29 aga mau reu 32 uzb 40 pak srl 41 cbd mya 42 jaw phi 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos hon 81 cub his pue 82 clm 83 gal 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. porrum (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 39 (1932)
= Allium kurrat Schweinf. ex K.Krause; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 524 (1926)
= Allium porrum L.; Sp. Pl. 295 (1753), nom. rej.
= Allium porrum var. kurrat (Schweinf. ex K.Krause) Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 102 (2004)
subspecies :
subsp. polyanthum (Schult. & Schult.f.) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Països Catalans: 1213 (1990)
Distribution: Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy; San Marino [I]; Morocco; ?Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA 13 ITA sma 20 MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium multiflorum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 316 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Allium polyanthum Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7: 1016 (1830)
= Allium porrum subsp. polyanthum (Schult. & Schult.f.) Jauzein & J.-M.Tison; Lejeunia n. s., 178: 12 (2005)
= Allium rotundum subsp. multiflorum Rouy; Fl. France 12: 348 (1912)
= Allium rotundum var. polyanthum (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 102 (1905)
species :
Allium amphibolum Ledeb.; Fl. Alt. 2: 5. t. 357 (1830)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (W-Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
species :
Allium amplectens Torr.; Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 148 (1857)
Name: Narrowleaf onion
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium acuminatum var. gracile Alph.Wood; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 170 (1868)
= Allium attenuatum Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 110 (1863)
= Allium attenuifolium Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. 2: 110, f. 34 (1863)
= Allium attenuifolium var. monospermum (Jeps. ex Greene) Jeps.; Fl. W. Calif.: 120 (1901)
= Allium monospermum Jeps. ex Greene; Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay (1894) 321
= Allium occidentale A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. 7: 390 (1868)
= Allium reticulatum Benth.; Pl. Hartw.: 339 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Allium serratum S.Watson; Bot. King, Exped. 487. I. 37, f. 4, 5 (1871)
species :
Allium anacoleum Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 28: 17, f. 2 (1914)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium anatolicum Özhatay & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 50(4): 723 (1995)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium anceps Kellogg; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 2: 109 (1863)
Name: Twinleaf onion
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Allium angulosum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 300 (1753)
Name: Kanten-Lauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Trinidad [I]
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR est lat LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 81 trt
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium acutangulum Schrad.; Index Seminum (GOET, Gottingensis) 1808: s.p. (1808)
= Allium acutangulum subsp. pratense Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 91 (1867)
= Allium acutangulum var. fallax Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 195 (1843)
= Allium acutangulum var. senescens Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium angulare Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 299 (1776)
= Allium angulatum Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 408 (1776)
= Allium angulosum Krock.; Fl. Siles. 1: 524 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Allium angulosum subsp. latifolium (Regel) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 204 (1890)
= Allium angulosum var. albiflorum D.Dubovik; Fl. Belarusi 3: 101 (2017)
= Allium angulosum var. calcareum Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 134 (1822)
= Allium angulosum var. danubiale (Biehler) Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 1 (1818)
= Allium angulosum var. latifolium Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 145 (1875)
= Allium angulosum var. lutescens Zapal.; 70 (1906)
= Allium angulosum var. majus Trevir.; Allii Sp.: 10 (1822), nom. superfl.
= Allium angulosum var. petraeum DC.; 222 (1805), nom. inval.
= Allium angulosum var. petraeum Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(2): 21 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Allium angulosum var. pratense Wallr.; 134 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Allium angulosum var. tunicatum Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 606 (1828)
= Allium calcareum Wallr.; Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 196 (1840)
= Allium danubiale Biehler; Pl. Nov. Herb. Spreng.: 16 (1807)
= Allium danubiale Spreng.; Fl. Hal. Mant. 38 (1807), nom. illeg.
= Allium fallax subsp. acutangulum (Schrad.) Douin in Bonnier & Douin; 86 (1929)
= Allium flavescens var. stramineum Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium inodorum Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 2: 76 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Allium laxum G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 63 (1827)
= Allium microcephalum Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 425 (1843)
= Allium odorum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 854 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Allium reticulatum Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 135 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Allium stramineum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 674 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Allium triquetrum Schrad. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7: 1078 (1830), nom. inval.
= Allium uliginosum Kanitz; Linnaea 32: 339 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Cepa angulosa (L.) Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf.: 202 (1800)
= Maligia fastigiata Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1837)
= Xylorhiza angulosa (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1866), nom. inval.
species :
Allium anisopodium Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 183 (1852)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); Kazakhstan; China (Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Xinjiang); Mongolia; South Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium anisopodium subsp. argunense Peschkova; Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri 1: 218 (1979)
= Allium tchefouense Debeaux; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 32: 25 (1878)
= Allium tenuissimum subsp. anisopodium (Ledeb.) Printz; Veg. Siber.-Mongol. Front. 182 (1921)
= Allium tenuissimum var. anisopodium (Ledeb.) Regel; Allior. Monogr. 175 (1875)
= Allium tenuissimum var. purpureum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10(1): 342 (1887)
variant :
var. zimmermannianum (Gilg) Kitag.; Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(2): 97 (1935)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium tenuissimum f. zimmermannianum (Gilg) Q.S.Sun; Fl. Liaoningica 2: 717 (1992)
= Allium zimmermannianum Gilg; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: Beibl. 75: 23 (1904)
species :
Allium anisotepalum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 123 (1934)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Remarks: sect. Minuta
species :
Allium ankarense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 25(2): 3 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium antalyense Eren, Çinbilgel & Parolly; Willdenowia 37(1): 259 (2007)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium antiatlanticum Emb. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 23: 217 (1932)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium paniculatum subsp. antiatlanticum (Emb. & Maire) Maire & Weiller; Jahand. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 956 (1941)
= Allium paniculatum var. rifanum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 317 (1931)
species :
Allium anzalonei Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Sendtnera 4: 34 (1997)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium apergii Trigas, Iatroú & Tzanoud.; J. Biol. Res.-Thessalon. 14: 226, figs. 1-2 (2010)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
Remarks: known only from a single gathering, related to A. paniculatum
species :
Allium apolloniensis Biel, Kit Tan & Tzanoud.; Willdenowia 36(1): 367 (2006)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades: Sifnos)
13 GRC
Remarks: related to A. tardans and A. platakisii
species :
Allium apulum Brullo, Guglielmo, Pavone & Salmeri; Inform. Bot. Ital. 33: 505 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium arampatzisii Ioannidis & Tzanoud.; Phytol. Balcan. 26(3): 511 (2020)
Distribution: NE-Greece (Kilkis N of Thessaloniki)
13 GRC
Remarks: related to A. erythraeum
species :
Allium archeotrichon Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Nordic J. Bot. 19(1): 42 (1999)
Name: Rhodischer Herbst-Lauch (DE); Fall Rhodian Garlic (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Simi, Tilos)
34 EAI
species :
Allium arkitense R.M.Fritsch; Stapfia 80: 385 (2002)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium arlgirdense Blakelock; Kew Bull. 1953: 209 (1953)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium armenum Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Fl. 5: 254 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium armerioides Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 116 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium aroides Popov & Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 128 (1934)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Allium arsuzense Eker & Koyuncu; Nordic J. Bot. 29(4): 392 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium artemisietorum Eig & Feinbrun; Feinbrun, Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 3: 18-19, f. 30 (1943)
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN
species :
Allium asarense R.M.Fritsch & Matin; Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 48: 404 (2001)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium ascalonicum L.; Fl. Palaest.: 117 (1756)
Name: Schalotte (DE)
Distribution: Croatia [I]; Egypt; Guinea [c]; Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula; Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia; India [c]; Cambodia [c]; Rotuma Isl. [c]; Trinidad [I]
13 cro 20 EGY 22 gui 34 ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 SAU 40 ind 41 cbd 60 rot 81 trt
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ascalonicum var. condensum Millán; Darwiniana 10: 108 (1952)
= Allium ascalonicum var. fertile Millán; Darwiniana 10: 105 (1952)
= Allium ascalonicum var. sterile Millán; Darwiniana 10: 106 (1952)
= Allium carneum Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 359 (1809)
= Allium cepa var. aggregatum G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 27 (1827)
= Allium fissile Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 183 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Allium hierochuntinum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 244 (1882)
= Allium salota Dostál; Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 17 (1984)
= Ascalonicum sativum Renault; Fl. Dep. Orne, 33 (1800)
= Cepa ascalonica (L.) Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 208 (1764)
= Cepa ascalonica (L.) Noronha; Verh. Batav. Gen. 5: ed. I. Art. IV. 11 (1790)
= Porrum ascalonicum (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 110 (1830)
species :
Allium asclepiadeum Bornm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7 63: 42 (1917)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon)
34 LEB TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium asirense B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 50(4): 728 (1995)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir)
35 SAU
species :
Allium asperiflorum Miscz.; Grossh., Fl. Kavk. ed. 1, 1: 205 (1928)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium assadii Seisums; Iranian J. Bot. 8(2): 230 (2000)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium atropurpureum Waldst. & Kit.; Pl. Rar. Hung. 1: 16 (1800)
Name: Schwarzroter Lauch, Granatkugellauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
11 aut ger HUN 13 BIH BUL CRO KOS ROM SRB TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium nigrum var. atropurpureum (Waldst. & Kit.) Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 1: 136 (1842)
species :
Allium atrorubens S.Watson; Botany (Fortieth Parallel). 352, plate 38, figs. 4, 5 (1871)
Name: Darkred onion
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
variant :
var. cristatum (S.Watson) McNeal; Madroño 39(2): 86 (1992)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium atrorubens subsp. inyonis (M.E.Jones) Traub; Pl. Life 28: 66 (1972)
= Allium atrorubens var. inyonis (M.E.Jones) Ownbey & Aase; Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A.,6: 515 (1977)
= Allium cristatum S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 232 (1879)
= Allium decipiens M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 16 (1902), nom. illeg.
= Allium inyonis M.E.Jones; Contrib. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1902)
= Allium nevadense subsp. cristatum (S.Watson) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium nevadense var. cristatum (S.Watson) Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 15: 228 (1947 publ. 1949)
species :
Allium atrosanguineum Schrenk; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 10: 355 (1842)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; India (Jammu & Kashmir)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium monadelphum Less. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 393 (1843)
= Allium monadelphum var. atrosanguineum (Schrenk) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 309 (1887)
= Allium monadelphum var. stenophyllum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 310 (1887)
variant :
var. fedschenkoanum (Regel) G.H.Zhu & Turland; Novon 10: 181 (2000)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); NW-Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Astor, Gilgit)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fedschenkoanum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 82 (1875)
= Allium fedschenkoanum var. elatum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 82 (1875)
= Allium fedschenkoanum var. humile Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 83 (1875)
= Allium kaufmannii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 84 (1875)
= Allium monadelphum var. bucharicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 311 (1887)
= Allium monadelphum var. fedschenkoanum (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 308 (1887)
= Allium monadelphum var. humile (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 311 (1887)
= Allium monadelphum var. kaufmannii (Regel) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 310 (1887)
variant :
var. tibeticum (Regel) Zhu & Turland; Novon 10: 181 (2000)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium chalcophengos Airy Shaw; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16(78): 137-138 (1931)
= Allium monadelphum var. tibeticum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 311 (1887)
species :
Allium atroviolaceum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 112 (1846)
Name: Schwarzroter Lauch, Broadleaf wild leek
Distribution: Hungary; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; N-Greece (mountains around Olimpos); European Turkey; S-Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi); Saudi Arabia (Asir); USA [I] (Illinois [I], Kentucky [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I], Virginia [I])
11 HUN 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 35 SAU 74 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. atroviolaceum (Boiss.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. atroviolaceum (Boiss.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 54 (1875)
= Allium atroviolaceum var. caucasicum Sommier & Levier; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 16: 427 (1900)
= Allium atroviolaceum var. firmotunicatum (Fomin) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 120 (1940)
= Allium atroviolaceum var. ruderale Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 120 (1940)
= Allium firmotunicatum Fomin; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 14: 48 (1909)
= Allium sehat-niakii Negaresh; Taxon. Biosyst. 14(51): 77 (2022), nom. nov. superfl.
= Allium sehat-niakii var. angustifolium (Boiss.) Negaresh; Taxon. Biosyst. 14(51): 80 (2022), comb. superfl.
species :
Allium aucheri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 116 (1846)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Adzharia); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium caerulescens Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 115 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Allium carduchorum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 237 (1850)
= Allium cyclospathum Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 288 (1901)
= Allium ledschanense Conrath & Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 190 (1896)
= Allium schulleri Steven ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 69 (1875), nom. inval.
species :
Allium auriculatum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 418 (1843)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Allium austrodanubiense N.Friesen & Seregin; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 178(1): 89 (2015)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
species :
Allium austroiranicum R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 26 (2008 publ. 2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium austrokyushuense M.Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 49(1): 64 (1998)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Allium autumnale P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 4: 114 (1949)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Allium autumniflorum F.O.Khass. & Akhani; Rostaniha 7(Suppl. 2): 120 (2006 publ. 2007)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium aybukeae H.Duman & Eksi; Pl. Syst. Evol. 303(9): 1286 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium ayhan-toprakii Yildirim; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59: 233, f. 1-2 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium azaurenum Gomb.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 109: 204 (1962)
Distribution: Syria (Jazira)
34 SYR
species :
Allium aznavense R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 56 (2008 publ. 2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium azutavicum Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 6: 6 (2003)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium backhousianum Regel; Gartenflora 34: 213 (1885)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium gulczense B.Fedtsch.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) (St. Petersburg) 1906: 194 (1906)
species :
Allium baekdusanense Y.N.Lee; Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 5: 28 (2005)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Allium baeticum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 113 (1846)
Distribution: Portugal; SW-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ampeloprasum var. duriaeanum (J.Gay) Bonnet & Barratte; Expl. Sci Tunisie, Cat. Pl.: 413 (1896)
= Allium baeticum subsp. occidentale (Cout.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal 129 (1913)
= Allium baeticum var. laeve Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 261 (1958), nom. inval.
= Allium baeticum var. occidentale Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 13: 102 (1896)
= Allium baeticum var. papillosum (H.Lindb.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 261 (1958)
= Allium duriaeanum J.Gay; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., III 8: 218 (1847)
= Allium margaritaceum var. papillosum H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 32 (1932)
= Allium savarinii Sennen; Sennen & H. Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 120 (1933), nom. nud.
species :
Allium bajtulinii Bajtenov & I.I.Kamenetskaya; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 27: 26 (1990)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium bakhtiaricum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3: 222 (1875)
Distribution: W-Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: status uncertain, not listed in Fl. Iranica
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bachtiaricum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 285 (1882)
species :
Allium balansae Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 268 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium balcanicum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 25 (Special Issue): 226 (2015)
Distribution: Serbia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA SRB
Remarks: status doubtful fide Strid & Kit Tan 2017, a minor segregate of A. cupanii
species :
Allium balkhanicum (R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.) R.M.Fritsch; Phyton (Horn) 49(2): 186 (2010)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium isakulii subsp. balkhanicum R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.; O. A. Ashurmetov et al. (eds.), Pl. Life S.-W. & C. Asia Vth Internat. Symp. Tashkent 1998: 65 (2000)
species :
Allium baluchistanicum Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo 10: 82 (1963)
Distribution: Pakistan (Quetta, Baluchistan)
40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
species :
Allium barsczewskii Lipsky; Act. Hort. Petrop. 18: 114 (1901)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Kabul, Parwan, Samangan); Pakistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium barsczewskii f. niveum Krassovsk.; Krassovsk. & Levichev, Fl. Chatkal´skogo Zapovednika: 166 (1986)
= Allium barsczewskii f. violaceum Krassovsk.; Krassovsk. & Levichev, Fl. Chatkal´skogo Zapovednika: 167 (1986)
species :
Allium barthianum Asch. & Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 670 (1893)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
20 EGY LBY
species :
Allium basalticum Fragman & R.M.Fritsch; Herbertia 65: 34 (2012)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
species :
Allium bassitense J.Thiébaut; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 95: 20 (1948)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium baytopiorum Kollmann & Özhatay; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 246, f. 2 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium beesianum W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 8(38): 176-177 (1914)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium bekeczalicum Lazkov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 93(8): 1272 (1271)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium bellulum Prokh.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 29: 568 (1930)
Distribution: Siberia (Krasnoyarsk)
30 SIB
species :
Allium beypazariense Kocyigit, Özhatay & E.Kaya; Phytotaxa 630(1): 52 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium bidentatum Fisch. ex Prokh. & Ikonn.-Gal.; Mat. Comm. Étude Rep. Mongol. Tannou-Touva 2: 83 (1929)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Krasnoyarsk); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bidentatum var. andaense Q.S.Sun; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15: 332 (1995)
= Allium bidentatum var. qinggouense Tolgor & Y.T.Zhao; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 14(4): 4 (1994)
= Allium edentatum Y.P.Hsu; Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 7(4): 258-259, f. 1, 1 (1987)
= Allium omiostema Airy Shaw; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16(78): 144-145 (1931)
= Allium polyrhizum var. potaninii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 340 (1887)
species :
Allium bigelovii S.Watson; Botany (Fortieth Parallel). 487, plate 38, figs. 8, 9 (1871)
Name: Bigelow´s onion
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
species :
Allium bilgeae Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(1): 3 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium bilgilii H.Duman & Eksi; Pl. Syst. Evol. 303(9): 1287 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium bingoelense Yild. & Kilic; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 21(2): 3 (2014 publ. 2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium birkinshawii Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban & Syrie 2: 673 (1970)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Allium bisceptrum S.Watson; Bot. King, Exped. 5: 351 & 487. t. 37, f. 1-3 (1871)
Name: Twincrest onion
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bisceptrum var. utahense M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 33 (1902)
variant :
var. palmeri (S.Watson) Cronquist; Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A.,6: 515 (1977)
Name: Aspen onion
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah); Mexico (Sonora, Tamaulipas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium palmeri S.Watson; Bot. in Rep. Geol. Expl. Fortieth Parallel, 487. I. 27, f. 10, 11 (1871)
species :
Allium bisotunense R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 43 (2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium blandum Wall.; Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 38, t. 260 (1832)
Distribution: Tajikistan; China (NW-Xinjiang); Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 TZK 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Remarks: bona sp. fide Flora of China 24
species :
Allium blomfieldianum Asch. & Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 671, t. 20 (1893)
Distribution: ?Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
20 EGY
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
species :
Allium boissieri Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 75 (1875)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium deserti Boiss. ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 76 (1875), nom. inval.
species :
Allium bolanderi S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 229 (1879)
Name: Bolander´s onion
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bolanderi var. stenanthum (Drew) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 278 (1921)
= Allium stenanthum Drew; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 16: 152 (1889)
variant :
var. mirabile (L.F.Hend.) McNeal; Phytologia 73(4): 307 (1992)
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium mirabile L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 32: 22 (1930)
= Allium roguense M.Peck; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49: 109 (1936)
species :
Allium bornmuelleri Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 260 (1925)
Distribution: Macedonia; NW-Greece (mountains)
13 GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
species :
Allium borszczowii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. 74 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Logar); ?Pakistan
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium callidictyon Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 74 (1875), nom. inval.
= Allium lehmannianum var. bungei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 235 (1882)
= Allium stocksianum var. persicum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 267 (1882)
species :
Allium botschantzevii Kamelin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 42 (1976)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 TKM UZB
species :
Allium bourgeaui Rech.f.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. (Wien) 47: 150 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. bourgeaui
Name: Bourgeaus Lauch (DE); Bourgeaus Leek (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Kasos, Karpathos, Chalki, Saria, Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
subspecies :
subsp. creticum Bothmer; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamm. (München) 12: 272 (1975)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium creticum (Bothmer) Seregin; Komarovia (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. cycladicum Bothmer; Opera Bot. (Lund) 34: 23 (1974)
Distribution: Greece (widespread in Kiklades, E-Peloponnisos); East Aegaean Isl. (Ikaria, Samos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cycladicum (Bothmer) Seregin; Komarovia (2006)
species :
Allium brachyodon Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 117 (1846)
Distribution: Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag); Iran (SW-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium strictum var. brachyodon (Boiss.) Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 3: 166 (1875)
species :
Allium brachyscapum Vved.; Fl. Turkmen. 1 2: 291, f. 104 (1932)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran, SW-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium brachyspathum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Bocconea 13: 414 (2001)
Name: Short-spathed garlic
Distribution: SE-Crete (Koufonisi Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
13 KRI 34 EAI
Remarks: possibly only a local race of A. sipylum
species :
Allium bracteolatum Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 121: 269 (1968)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Logar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium brandegeei S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 17: 1881 (1882) 380
Name: Brandegee´s onion
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium brandegeei f. viviparum W.A.Weber; Phytologia 67(6): 425 (1989)
= Allium diehlii (M.E.Jones) M.E.Jones; Contrib. W. Bot. 10: 86 (1902)
= Allium minimum M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 19 (1902)
= Allium tribracteatum var. diehlii M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 18 (1902)
species :
Allium brevicaule Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 119 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium paniculatum var. brevicaule (Boiss. & Balansa) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 194 (1875)
species :
Allium brevidens Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 89 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. brevidens
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
subspecies :
subsp. pshikharvicum R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.; Feddes Repert. 119(7-8): 630 (2008)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium pshikharvicum (R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.) F.O.Khass. & Yusupov; Biodivers., Conservation & Sustain 2: 415 (2022)
species :
Allium brevidentatum F.Z.Li; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst. 6(1): 170 (1986))
Distribution: China (C-Shandong)
36 CHI
species :
Allium brevidentiforme Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 315 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium brevipes Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 165 (1852)
Distribution: S-Albania; NC-Greece; Macedonia
13 ALB GRC NMA
species :
Allium breviscapum Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien Math.-Nat. Kl. 50: 14 (1885)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium brevistylum S.Watson; Botany (Fortieth Parallel). 350 (1871)
Name: Shortstyle onion
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Allium brulloi Salmeri; Willdenowia, 28(1-2): 71 (1998)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades: Astipaleia Isl.)
13 GRC
Remarks: poorly differentiated from A. sipyleum
species :
Allium brussalisii Tzanoud. & Kypr.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(1): 141 (2008)
Distribution: Greece (Attiki: Mt. Parnitha, E- and N-Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: diploid species of the A. paniculatum group
species :
Allium bucharicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 660 (1884)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium bulgaricum (Janka) Prodan; Fl. Roman. 1: 187 (1923), in clavi
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crimea; European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus
13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 KRY 34 CYP TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium dioscoridis Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 222 (1809)
= Allium meliophilum Juz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 12: 3 (1950)
= Allium siculum subsp. dioscoridis (Sm.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 210 (1890)
= Nectaroscordum bulgaricum Janka; Oesterr. Bot. ZeitSchr. 23: 242 (1873)
= Nectaroscordum dioscoridis (Sm.) Zahar.; Sãvul. Fl. Reipubl. Social. Roman. 11: 268 (1966), isonym
= Nectaroscordum dioscoridis (Sm.) Stankov; S. S. Stankov & V. I. Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ.: 910 (1949)
= Nectaroscordum dioscoridis f. meliophilum (Juz.) Zahar.; Taxon 19: 651 (1970)
= Nectaroscordum meliophilum (Juz.) Stank.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Evrop. Chasti S.S.S.R., ed. 2: 559 (1957)
= Nectaroscordum siculum subsp. bulgaricum (Janka) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 104 (1978)
species :
Allium bungei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 267 (1882)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium burdickii (Hanes) A.G.Jones; Syst. Bot. 4(1): 32 (1979)
Name: Narrowleaf wild leek
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium tricoccum var. burdickii Hanes; Rhodora 55: 243 (1953)
species :
Allium burlewii Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 15: 17 (1916)
Name: Burlew´s onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium johnstonii M.E.Jones ex Jeps.
species :
Allium caeruleum Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 727, t. R (1773)
Name: Sibirischer Blaulauch, Enzianlauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
11 ger 14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium azureum Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 2: 13-15 (1830)
= Allium caerulescens G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 34 (1827)
= Allium viviparum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 852 (1841)
species :
Allium caesioides Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 122: 29 (1969)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Wakhan); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
34 AFG 40 IND
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium kachrooi G.Singh; Geobios 4(4): 166 (1977)
species :
Allium caesium Schrenk; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 2: 113 (1844)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Paktia / Khost); China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium aemulans Pavlov; Vestnik Akad. Nauk Kazak. SSR, No. 11 (116) 88 (1954), et Fl. Kazakhst. 2: 181 (1958)
= Allium azureum Bunge; Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 334 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Allium caeruleum Stschegl.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(I): 202 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Allium renardii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 521 (1879)
= Allium urceolatum Regel; Gartenflora 22: 236 (1873)
species :
Allium caespitosum Siev. ex Bong. & C.A.Mey.; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 8: 341 (1841)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium caespitosum Siev. ex Pall.; Neu. Nord. Beitr. 3: 304 [nom. inval.]
species :
Allium calabrum (N.Terracc.) Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Giorn. Bot. Ital., 128(1): 246 (1994)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium carinatum var. calabrum (N.Terracc.) Fiori; Fl. Anal. Ital. 1: 197 (1896)
= Allium pulchellum var. calabrum N.Terracc.; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 4: 19 (1891)
species :
Allium calamarophilon Phitos & Tzanoud.; Bot. Chronika 1(1): 11 (1981)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia: coastal near Kimi)
13 GRC
Conservation Status: IUCN CR. Known only from one very small population
species :
Allium callidictyon C.A.Mey. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 413 (1843)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium, Brevispatha or Scorodon
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium araxanum (Fomin) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 211 (1928)
= Allium fimbriatum Schischk.; Ber. Tomsk. Staats. Univ. 81: 432 (1928), nec S. Watson
= Allium incisum Fomin; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 14: 52 (1909)
= Allium incisum var. araxanum Fomin; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 14: 54 (1909)
= Allium laceratum Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 60 (1891), nec Boiss. & Noë
= Allium lacerum Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 378 (1892)
species :
Allium callimischon Link; Linnaea 9: 140 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. callimischon
Distribution: Albania; Greece (NW-Greece, Peloponnisos, Kythera, Ionian Isl.)
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
subspecies :
subsp. haemostictum Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 151 (1978)
Distribution: Crete; Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 KRI 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium haemostictum (Stearn) Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 102 (2004)
species :
Allium calocephalum Wendelbo; Acta Horti Gothob. 28: 40, f. 10 (1966)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium calyanense Balos & Gecit; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 60(1): 204 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium calyptratum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 30 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium campanulatum S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 231 (1879)
Name: Dusky onion
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bidwelliae S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 231 (1879)
= Allium bullardii Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 22: 72 (1923)
= Allium campanulatum var. bidwelliae (S.Watson) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 274 (1921)
= Allium tenellum Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 21: 39 (1922)
species :
Allium canadense L.; Sp. Pl. 1195 (1753)
Name: Meadow garlic
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Cuba [c]
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium acetabulum (Raf.) Shinners; Field & Lab. 25: 31 (1957)
= Allium canadense var. ovoideum Farw.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 42: 351 (1915)
= Allium canadense var. robustum Farw.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 42: 352 (1915)
= Allium continuum Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 263 (1903)
= Geboscon acetabulum Raf.; Autikon Bot. 61 (1840)
= Kalabotis canadensis (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1826)
variant :
var. ecristatum (M.E.Jones) Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 193 (1951)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium canadense subsp. ecristatum (Jones) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium reticulatum var. ecristatum M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 18: 21 (1935), no latin descr.
variant :
var. hyacinthoides (Bush) Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 191 (1951)
Name: Hyacinth meadow garlic
Distribution: USA (Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium canadense subsp. hyacinthoides (Bush) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium hyacinthoides Bush; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 17: 119 (1906)
variant :
var. lavandulare (Bates) Ownbey & Aase; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash., suppl. 1: 51 (1955)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium acetabulum var. lavandulare (Bates) Shinners; Field & Lab. 25: 32 (1957)
= Allium canadense subsp. lavandulare (Bates) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium lavandulare Bates; Amer. Bot. (Binghamton) 22: 58 (1916)
variant :
var. mobilense (Regel) Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 188 (1951)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium arenicola Small; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 276 (1900)
= Allium canadense Herb. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1095 (1830), nom. inval.
= Allium canadense subsp. mobilense (Regel) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium microscordion Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 263 (1903)
= Allium mobilense Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 242 (1875)
= Allium mutabile Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 195 (1803)
= Allium zenobiae Cory; Field & Lab. 21: 162 (1953)
species :
Allium canariense (Regel) N.Friesen & P.Schönfelder; Phytotaxa 221(1): 1-20 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. canariense
Name: Kanaren-Lauch (DE); Ajo canario (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Palma, Hierro, La Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote)
21 CNY
Remarks: this species has formerly been treated under various names like A. roseum, A. subhirsutum, A. subvillosum or A. trifoliatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium subhirsutum var. canariense (Regel) Maire & Weiller
= Allium subvillosum var. canariense Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3: 249 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. obtusitepalum (Svent.) N.Friesen & P.Schönfelder; Phytotaxa 221(1): 16 (2015)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium subhirsutum subsp. obtusitepalum (Svent.) Kunkel; Monogr. Biol. Canar. 2: 55 (1971)
= Allium trifoliatum subsp. obtusitepalum Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar.: 3 (1960)
species :
Allium candargyi Karavok. & Tzanoud.; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 9: 142 (1994 publ. 1995)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Mirties)
34 EAI
Remarks: closely related to A. pictistamineum
species :
Allium candolleanum Albov; Prodr. Fl. Colchic.: 240 (1895)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO NCS
species :
Allium capitellatum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 118 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium cappadocicum Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 241 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium caput-medusae Airy Shaw; Notes Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16: 140 (1931)
Distribution: N-Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Allium cardiostemon Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 6: 43 (1840)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium atriphoeniceum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 161 (1935)
= Allium nabelekii Kamelin & Seisums; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 30: 29 (1996)
= Allium trilophostemon Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 238 (1911)
species :
Allium carinatum L.; Sp. Pl. 297 (1753)
Name: Gekielter Lauch (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], +Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; ?Kazakhstan; Turkey (N-Anatolia)
10 DEN grb ire SWE 11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN LIE net POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum
Synonyms: hidden
= Aglitheis carinata (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 18 (1836)
= Allium asperum G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 42 (1827)
= Allium calcareum Reut.; Compt.-Rend. Trav. Soc. Hallér 1855: 127 (1856), nom. illeg.
= Allium carinatum subsp. asperum (G.Don) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 206 (1890)
= Allium carinatum subsp. biokovense Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 55 (1989)
= Allium carinatum subsp. violaceum (Nyman) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 206 (1890)
= Allium carinatum var. asperum (G.Don) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 741 (1882)
= Allium carinatum var. carneum Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 132 (1822)
= Allium carinatum var. consimile Jord. ex Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 208 (1855)
= Allium carinatum var. flexifolium (Jord. ex Gren.) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 787 (1889)
= Allium carinatum var. flexum (Waldst. & Kit.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium carinatum var. latifolium Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 489 (1828)
= Allium carinatum var. macrostemon Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 198 (1843)
= Allium carinatum var. stramineum Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 132 (1822)
= Allium carinatum var. violaceum (Willd.) Regel; Allium Monogr.: 186 (1875)
= Allium carinatum var. violaceum Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 741 (1882)
= Allium consimile Jord. ex Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 208 (1855), pro syn.
= Allium denticulatum Kit.; Linnaea 32: 342 (1863)
= Allium flexifolium Jord. ex Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 208 (1855)
= Allium flexum var. flexifolium (Jord. ex Gren. & Godr.) Jauzein & J.-M.Tison; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 15: 36 (2001)
= Allium flexum Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 2: 307 (1811)
= Allium flexuosum Host; Fl. Austriac. 1: 422 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Allium foetidum Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 17 (1814)
= Allium monserratense Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 1: 207 (1862)
= Allium montenegrinum Beck & Szyszyl.; Pl. itin. in Cern. et Alban. lect. 47 (1888)
= Allium oleraceum var. carinatum (L.) Jess.; 505 (1879)
= Allium paniculatum var. pauciflorum Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 2: 490 (1828)
= Allium paniculatum var. violaceum (Willd.) Trevir.; Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1818: 1 (1818)
= Allium pratense Schleich. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 382 (1843)
= Allium purpureum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 672 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Allium violaceum Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 17 (1814)
= Cepa carinata (L.) Bernh.; Syst. Verz. 202 (1800)
= Codonoprasum carinatum (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 114 (1830)
= Codonoprasum consimile (Jord. ex Gren. & Godr.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 159 (1869)
= Codonoprasum flexifolium (Jord. ex Gren. & Godr.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 159 (1869)
= Codonoprasum paniculatum (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 115 (1830)
= Raphione carinata (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 89 (1866), nom. inval.
species :
Allium carium Brullo & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 31(Special Issue): 188 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium carmeli Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 28 (1854)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium trichocoleum Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 452 (1921)
species :
Allium caroli-henrici Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 121: 274 (1968)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Orozgan / Daykundi)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium carolinianum Redouté; Liliac. 2: t. 101 (1804)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Laghman); China (Xinjiang); Tibet; Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Hindukush, Astor, Baltistan); Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium aitchisonii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 248 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Allium obtusifolium Klotzsch; Bot. Ergebn. Reise Waldemar: 51 (1862)
= Allium platyspathum var. falcatum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 135 (1875)
= Allium platystylum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: 328 t. 2. IIg. 2 (1887)
= Allium polyphyllum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 509 (1842)
= Allium polyphyllum var. nudicaule Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 329 (1887)
= Allium thomsonii Baker; J. Bot. 12(142): 294-295 (1874)
species :
Allium caspium (Pall.) M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 1: 265 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. caspium
Distribution: S-European Russia; E-European Russia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Kabul. Logar, Paktia / Khost, Samangan); N-Pakistan (Baluchistan)
14 RUS 32 KAZ TKM UZB 33 NCS 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Kaloprasum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium brahuicum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 278 (1882)
= Amaryllis caspia (Pall.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 62 (1799)
= Crinum caspium Pall.; Reise 2: 736 (1773)
subspecies :
subsp. baissunense (Lipsky) F.O.Khass. & R.M.Fritsch; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 26(2): 978 (1994)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium baissunense Lipsky; Act. Hort. Petrop. 18: 140 (1901)
= Allium rhodanthum Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 464, 543 (1941)
species :
Allium cassium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 28 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 CYP LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cassium var. hirtellum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 272 (1882)
= Allium cydni Schott & Kotschy; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 4: 217 (1854)
= Allium roseum var. cassium (Boiss.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 229 (1875)
= Allium roseum var. puberulum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 229 (1875)
= Allium troodi H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2(7): 10 (1946)
species :
Allium castellanense (Garbari, Miceli & Raimondo) Brullo & al.; Inform. Bot. Ital. 33: 503 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium lehmannii subsp. castellanense Garbari, Miceli & Raimondo; Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat. Pisa, Mem. 101: 141 (1994 publ. 1995)
species :
Allium cathodicarpum Wendelbo; Acta Horti Gothob. 28: 37, f. 9 (1966)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium cepa L.; Sp. Pl. 301 (1753)
Name: Küchenzwiebel, Zwiebel, Schalotte (DE); Garden onion (EN); Cebolla (ES)
Distribution: probably of cultivated origin; Germany [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; France [c]; Italy [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; Belarus [c]; European Russia [c]; Ukraine [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Egypt [c]; Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Fuerteventura [I]); Guinea [c]; Burkina Faso [c]; Benin [c]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [c]; Central African Republic [c]; Chad [c]; Ethiopia [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Seychelles [c]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Siberia [c]; Russian Far East [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Kyrgyzstan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Northern Caucasus [c]; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey [c]; Iraq [c]; Afghanistan [c]; China [c] (Anhui [c], Fujian [c], Guangdong [c], Guangxi [c], Hainan [c], Henan [c], Hubei [c], Hunan [c], Jiangxi [c], Zhejiang [c], Ningxia [c], Shaanxi [c], Sichuan [c]); Mongolia [c]; South Korea [c]; Pakistan [c]; India [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Myanmar [c]; Cambodia [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Australia [c] (Queensland [c]); Chatham Isl. [c]; Auckland Isl. [c]; Niue [c]; Fiji [c]; Gilbert Isl. [c]; Tonga [c]; Cook Isl. [c]; Society Isl. [c] (Tahiti [c]); Austral Isl. [c] (Tubuai [c]); Palau [c] (Koror [c]); Guam [c]; Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Pohnpei [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Kwajalein [c], Majuro [c], Jaluit [c]); Wake Isl. [c]; USA [c] (Arkansas [c], California [c], Connecticut [c], Illinois [c], Indiana [c], Kansas [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Massachusetts [c], Maine [c], Michigan [c], Missouri [c], Mississippi [c], Montana [c], North Carolina [c], New Hampshire [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oregon [c], Pennsylvania [c], South Carolina [c], Texas [c], Vermont [c], Wisconsin [c]); Mexico [c]; Belize [c]; Honduras [c]; Nicaragua [c]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Galapagos [c]; Argentina [c]
11 ger hun slo 12 fra 13 bih cro ita 14 blr est lat lit rus ukr 20 alg egy lby mor tun 21 cny mdr 22 ben bkn gui 23 bio caf 24 cha eth 29 aga mau reu sey 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 ncs 34 afg EAI irq tur 36 chi 37 mon 38 kor 40 ban ind pak srl 41 cbd mya 42 jaw phi 50 aus 51 auc ctm 60 fij gil nue ton 61 aui coo sci 62 gum mic mrs plu wak 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz hon nic 81 trt 82 clm 83 ecu gal 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Cepa
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium angolense Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 262 (1878)
= Allium aobanum Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 45 (1955)
= Allium ascalonicum f. rotterianum Voss ex J.Becker; Handb. Gemüsebaues, ed. 2: 786 (1929)
= Allium ascalonicum var. majus Corrie; Miller´s Dict. Gard.: 140 (1834)
= Allium cepa subsp. orientale Kazakova; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek. 45(1): 33 (1971)
= Allium cepa var. anglicum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. argenteum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 299 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. bifolium Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. crinides Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 299 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. flandricum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. globosum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. hispanicum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 299 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. jamesii Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. lisboanum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 299 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. luteum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 299 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. multiplicans L.H.Bailey; Princip. Veg. Gard.: 316 (1901)
= Allium cepa var. portanum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. praecox Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 299 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. rosum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. sanguineum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. solaninum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. tripolitanum Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 300 (1866)
= Allium cepa var. viviparum (Metzg.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 301 (1866)
= Allium cepaeum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, vii (1880) 113
= Allium commune Noronha; Verh. Batav. Gen. 5: ed. I. Art. 4: 6 (1790)
= Allium cumaria Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List: no. 5072 (1831), nom. nud.
= Allium esculentum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 235 (1796)
= Allium napus Pall. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 395 (1843)
= Allium nigritanum A.Chev.; Etudes Fl. Afr. Centr. Franç. 1: 319 (1913), nom. nud.
= Allium pauciflorum Willd. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 169 (1852)
= Cepa alba P.Renault; Fl. Orne: 33 (1804)
= Cepa esculenta Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 183 (1821)
= Cepa esculenta var. hispanica Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 184 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Cepa esculenta var. ramosa Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 184 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Cepa esculenta var. rubra Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 184 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Cepa pallens P.Renault; Fl. Orne: 33 (1804)
= Cepa rubra P.Renault; Fl. Orne: 33 (1804)
= Cepa vulgaris Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 207 (1764), opus utique oppr.
= Kepa esculenta (Gray) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1836)
= Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 110 (1830)
species :
Allium cephalonicum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 25 (Special Issue): 231 (2015)
Distribution: Greece (Kefallenia)
13 GRC
Remarks: status doubtful fide Strid & Kit Tan 2017, a minor segregate of A. cupanii
species :
Allium cernuum Roth; Roem. Archiv 1: intr. 40 (1798)
Name: Nodding Onion
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, District of Columbia, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium alatum Schreb. ex Roth; Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(3): 40 (1798)
= Allium allegheniense Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. ed. 1, 263 (1903)
= Allium cernuum f. alba J.K.Henry; Ottawa Naturalist 31: 56 (1917)
= Allium cernuum var. neomexicanum (Rydb.) J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. 56: 5 (1918)
= Allium nutans Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1088 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Allium oxyphilum Wherry; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 15: 370 (1925)
= Allium tricorne Poir.; Encycl. Suppl. 1: 270 (1810)
= Calliprena cernua (Roth) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 89 (1855)
= Cepa cernua (Roth) Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 80 (1802)
= Gynodon cernuum (Roth) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 18 (1836)
= Gynodon elliotii Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 18 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Gynodon rupestre Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 18 (1837)
variant :
var. neomexicanum (Rydb.) J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. 56: 5 (1918)
Name: New Mexican nodding onion
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cernuum subsp. neomexicanum (Rydb.) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium neomexicanum Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 26: 541 (1899)
variant :
var. obtusum (Cockerell) Cockerell; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 8 (1902)
Distribution: Canada (Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cernuum f. obtusum Cockerell; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 173 (1891)
= Allium cernuum subsp. obtusum (Cockerell) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium recurvatum Rydb.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 94 (1900)
species :
Allium chalkii Tzanoud. & Kollmann; Israel J. Bot. 40(1): 61 (1991 publ. 1990)
Name: Chalki-Lauch (DE); Chalki Leek (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chalki, Rhodos)
34 EAI
species :
Allium chamaemoly L.; Sp. Pl. 301 (1753)
Distribution: SW- & NE-Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Albania; Greece (Peloponnisos, Attiki, Zakynthos); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Chamaeprason
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium chamaemoly subsp. longicaule Pastor & Valdés; Lagascalia, 15(Extra): 430 (1988)
= Allium chamaemoly var. battandieri Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 286 (1958)
= Allium chamaemoly var. littoralis (Jord. & Fourr.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 286 (1958)
= Allium chamaemoly var. longifolium Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1908: no. 593 (1909), nom. nud.
= Allium chamaemoly var. viridulum (Jord. & Fourr.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 286 (1958)
= Allium columnae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 93 (1902)
= Nectaroscordum chamaemoly (L.) Galasso & Banfi; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 87 (2011)
= Saturnia cernua Maratt.; Fl. Rom. 1: 258 (1822)
= Saturnia chamaemoly (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 92 (1866)
= Saturnia etrusca Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 59 (1866)
= Saturnia littoralis Jord. & Fourr.; Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 21 (1870)
= Saturnia rubrinervis Jord. & Fourr.; Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 22 (1870)
= Saturnia viridula Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 1: 60 (1866)
species :
Allium chamaespathum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 113 (1846)
Distribution: Albania; Greece (W-Greece, Ionian Isl., Peloponnisos, Attiki, Kythera); Crete (widespread)
13 ALB GRC KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium chamarense M.Ivanova; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS (1965)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Irkutsk); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium leucocephalum subsp. chamarense (M.Ivanova) Sanczir; Hanelt et al. genus Allium: 295 (1992)
species :
Allium changduense J.M.Xu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 285, t. 63 (1980)
Distribution: China (NW-Sichuan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Allium chienchuanense J.M.Xu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 284, t. 35 (1980)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium chinense G.Don; Monogr. All. 83 (1827)
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Kazakhstan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttarakhand); Bangladesh [I]; Java [I]; Cuba [c]
29 mau reu 32 kaz kgz 36 CHI 37 MON 38 jap kor nns 40 ban IND 42 jaw 81 cub
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bakeri Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 141 (1875)
= Allium bodinieri H.Lév. & Vaniot; A. Lév., Liliac. & C.Chine: 38 (1905)
= Allium exsertum Baker; J. Bot. 12: 294 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Allium exsertum G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 17 (1827)
= Allium martini H.Lév. & Vaniot; A. Lév., Liliac. & C.Chine: 40 (1905)
= Allium splendens Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 154 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Caloscordum exsertum (G.Don) Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 33: t. 5 (1847)
species :
Allium chitralicum F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Peiping, Bot. Ser. 7: 298 (1937)
Distribution: Tajikistan; NE-Iran; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Pakistan (Chitral); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
32 TZK 34 AFG IRN 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium badakhshanicum Wendelbo; Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 28: 39 (1966)
= Allium chitralicum var. bifoliatum F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 7: 298 (1937)
= Allium pauli Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 9: 241 (1946)
species :
Allium chiwui F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 294 (1937)
Distribution: China (WC-Hebei)
36 CHI
species :
Allium chloranthum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 33 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium chloroneurum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 247 (1882)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium chlorotepalum R.M.Fritsch & M.Jaeger; Phyton (Horn) 50: 18 (2010)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium chodsa-bakirganicum Gaffarov & Turak.; Uzb. Biol. Zhurn., 1991(2): 69 (1991)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Allium choriotepalum Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 122: 31 (1969)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium chorkessaricum F.O.Khass. & Tojibaev; Stapfia 92: 27 (2010)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium chrysantherum Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Fl. 5: 280 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (W-Iran); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium eginense Freyn; Mém. Herb. Boissier 13: 34 (1900)
= Allium reflexum Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 281 (1882), nom. illeg.
species :
Allium chrysanthum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 91 (1875)
Distribution: China (Gansu, W-Hubei, E-Qinghai, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
species :
Allium chrysocephalum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10(1): 335, t. 3, f. 1 (1887)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium chychkanense R.M.Fritsch; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 127(4): 466 (2009)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium cigdemiae (Yild.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Nectaroscordum cigdemiae Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(1): 6 (2012)
species :
Allium circassicum Kolak.; Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 18: 4 (1955)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Remarks: possibly a synonym of A. candolleanum
species :
Allium circinnatum Sieber; Reise Kreta 2: 316 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. circinnatum
Name: Roll-up garlic (EN)
Distribution: Greece (S-Peloponnisos, Andikithira Isl.); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium clusianum Bory; Exp. Sci. Morée, Bot.: 21 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Allium circinnatum subsp. peloponnesiacum Tzanoud.; Candollea 38(1): 318 (1983)
subspecies :
subsp. evae R.M.Burton; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 11: 82 (2006)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium circumflexum Wendelbo; Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 28: 22 (1966)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium cirrhosum Vand.; Fasc. Pl.: 11 (1771)
Name: Schöner Lauch (DE)
Distribution: S-Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Niedersachsen [I]); Switzerland; Austria; Slovakia; SE-France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; ?Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; N-Greece
11 AUT GER SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium carinatum subsp. pulchellum (Regel) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 299 (1894)
= Allium carinatum var. capsuliferum (W.D.J.Koch) W.D.J.Koch; 515 (1843)
= Allium coloratum Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 2: 38 (1825)
= Allium flavum subsp. pulchellum (Regel) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 206 (1890)
= Allium flavum var. pulchellum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 188 (1875)
= Allium flexum var. capsuliferum W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. 2: 720 (1837)
= Allium fuscum Schrad. ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 962 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Allium ligusticum De Not.; Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 55 (1844)
= Allium nanum (Asch. & Graebn.) Cheshm.
= Allium pulchellum f. gracile Posp.; Fl. Oesterr. Küstenl. 1: 272 (1897)
= Allium pulchellum f. ligusticum (De Not.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 145 (1905)
= Allium pulchellum f. nanum Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 145 (1905)
= Allium pulchellum G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 46 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Codonoprasum paniculatum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 115 (1830)
= Codonoprasum pulchellum (Regel) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 159 (1869), nom. superfl.
species :
Allium cisferganense R.M.Fritsch; Stapfia 80: 382 (2002)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium cithaeronis Bogdanovic, C.Brullo, Brullo, Giusso, Musarella & Salmeri; Candollea 66(2): 378 (2011)
Distribution: C-Greece (Attiki: Mt. Kithairon, Mt. Gerania, Mt. Parnitha)
13 GRC
Remarks: diploid species of sect. Scorodon
species :
Allium clathratum Ledeb.; Fl. Alt. 2: 18 (1830)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
species :
Allium clausum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii. 2: 313 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; +Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Allium clivorum R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 60 (2008 publ. 2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium colchicifolium Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 112 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bischoffii Hausskn. ex Dinsm.; Post, Fl. Syria, Palest. & Sinai, ed. 2, 2 (Publ. Am. Univ. Beirut, Nat. Sci. Ser., No. 1) 645 (1933), in syn.
= Allium haussknechtii Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk, Brno, No. 105, 37 (1929)
= Allium straussii Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrabl. 28: II. 515 (1911)
species :
Allium columbianum (Ownbey & Mingrone) P.M.Peterson, Annable & Rieseberg; Syst. Bot. 13(2): 211 (1988)
Name: Columbian onion
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium douglasii var. columbianum Ownbey & Mingrone; C. L. Hitchc. et al., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. 1: 747 (1969)
species :
Allium commutatum Guss.; Enum. Pl. Inar. 339 (1854)
Name: Veränderlicher Lauch (DE); Variable Leek (EN)
Distribution: Baleares; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Greece (lowlands widespread, incl. Kiklades); Crete; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Ikaria, Samos, Dodecanese, Rhodos, Kasos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); Argentina [I]
12 BAL COR SAR 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL SIC SRB 20 TUN 34 EAI TUR 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium aestivale Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 47: 143 (1900)
= Allium aestivale J.J.Rodr.; Fl. Menorca: 180 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. bimetrale (Gand.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 40 (1932)
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. commutatum (Guss.) Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 98 (1950)
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. pruinosum (Boiss.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. commutatum (Guss.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 266 (1923)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. lussinense Haracic; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 43: 46 (1893)
= Allium ampeloprasum var. pruinosum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 233 (1882)
= Allium bimetrale Gand.; Fl. Cret.: 99 (1916)
= Allium polyanthum var. aestivale (Gand.) Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 14: 140 (1914)
= Allium polyanthum var. aestivalis (J.J.Rodr. ex Gand.) Pau; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 14: 140 (1914)
= Allium pruinosum Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 140 (1897)
= Allium rotundum f. commutatum (Guss.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 196 (1896)
= Allium rotundum subsp. commutatum (Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 735 (1882)
= Allium wildii Heldr.; Atti Congr. Bot. Firenze, 1874 (1876) 232
species :
Allium compactatum Brullo & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 31(Special Issue): 202 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium condensatum Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(2): 121 (1854)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium jaluanum Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 27: 214 (1913)
= Allium stevenii f. condensatum (Turcz.) Regel; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 151 (1861)
species :
Allium confragosum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 315 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium consanguineum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 431 (1843)
Distribution: Pakistan (Swat, Gilgit); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
species :
Allium constrictum (Mingrone & Ownbey) P.M.Peterson, Annable & Rieseberg; Syst. Bot. 13(2): 211 (1988)
Name: Grand Coulee onion
Distribution: USA (Washington State)
73 USA
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium douglasii var. constrictum Ownbey & Mingrone; C. L. Hitchc. et al., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. 1: 747 (1969)
species :
Allium coppoleri Tineo; Cat. Pl. Hort. Panorm. 18 (1827)
Distribution: Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; ?Libya; Egypt
13 PEL SIC SLV 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN
Remarks: included by Fl. Iberica in A. pallens resp. A. paniculatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium australe Guss. ex Kunth.; Enum. Pl. 4: 404 (1843), pro syn.
= Allium pallens subsp. coppoleri (Tineo) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium pallens subsp. coppoleri (Tineo) Seregin; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol. 109(5): 43 (2004), isonym
= Allium pallens var. coppoleri (Tineo) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 550 (1852)
species :
Allium corsicum Jauzein, J.-M.Tison, Deschâtres & H.Couderc; Candollea 56: 302 (2002)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
species :
Allium coryi M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 17: 21 (1930)
Name: Yellowflower onion
Distribution: USA (W-Texas)
77 USA
species :
Allium costatovaginatum Kamelin & Levichev; Krassovsk. & Levichev, Fl. Chatkal´skogo Zapovednika: 167 (1986)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium rudolfii Turak.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 29: 180 (1986)
species :
Allium crameri Asch. & Boiss.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 279 (1882)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai)
20 EGY 34 SIN
species :
Allium cratericola Eastw.; Leafl. West. Bot. 1: 132 (1934)
Name: Cascade onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium parvum var. brucae M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 12 (1902)
= Allium parvum var. jacintense Munz; Man. S. Calif. Bot.: 597 (1935)
species :
Allium cremnophilum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Plants [Basel] 9(12)-1678: 14 (2020)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium crenulatum Wiegand; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 135 (1899)
Name: Olympic onion
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Oregon, Washington)
71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cascadense M.Peck; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49: 109 (1936)
= Allium vancouverense Macoun; Cat. Canad. Pl. 4: 37 (1888), nom. nud.
= Allium watsonii Howell; Fl. N.W. Amer. 1: 642 (1902)
species :
Allium cretaceum N.Friesen & Seregin; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 178(1): 85 (2015)
Distribution: C-European Russia; S-European Russia; E-European Russia; Kazakhstan
14 RUS 32 KAZ
species :
Allium crispum Greene; Pittonia 1: 166 (1888)
Name: Crinkled onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium peninsulare var. crispum (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 278 (1921)
species :
Allium cristophii Trautv.; Acta Horti Petrop. 9: 268 (1884), nom. cons.
subspecies :
subsp. cristophii
Name: Sternkugel-Lauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Turkmenistan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
11 ger slo 32 TKM 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium albopilosum C.H.Wright; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 34: 34 (1903)
= Allium bodeanum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 238 (1875), nom. rej.
= Allium walteri Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 357 (1887)
= Caloscordum cristophii (Trautv.) Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 87 (2011)
subspecies :
subsp. golestanicum R.M.Fritsch; Taxon. Rev. Allium subg. Melanocrommyum 130 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium croaticum Bogdanovic, Brullo, Mitic & Salmeri; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158(1): 107 (2008)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
species :
Allium crystallinum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 126 (1934)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan (Zeravshan)
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Allium cucullatum Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 173(1959)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium cupani Raf.; Caratteri (1818) 86. n. 206
subspecies :
subsp. cupani
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (mainland, Kiklades); Morocco; Algeria
13 ALB BUL GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SIC SRB 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium luridum Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 119 (1909)
= Allium montanum Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 367 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Allium montanum var. subvinale Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 367 (1827)
= Allium ochraceum Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 37: 148 (1899)
= Allium pusillum C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 147 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Allium vaginatum Pancic ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 266 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. cyprium Meikle; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 6: 94 (1983)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains)
34 CYP
species :
Allium cupuliferum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: 234 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. cupuliferum
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium olgae Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 118 (1875), nom. inval.
= Allium vineale subsp. cupuliferum (Regel) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 199 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. nuratavicum R.M.Fritsch & Beshko; O. A. Ashunnetov et al. (eds.), Pl. Life S.- W. & C. Asia Vth Internat. Symp. Tashkent 1998: 64 (2000)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium nuratavicum (R.M.Fritsch & Beshko) Beshko; Biodivers., Conservation & Sustain 2: 406 (2022)
species :
Allium curtum Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 116 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. curtum
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Negev Desert, C-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait
20 EGY 34 CYP ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium aegyptiacum (Täckh. & Drar) Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 101 (2004)
= Allium curtum subsp. aegyptiacum Täckh. & Drar; Bull. Fac. Sci. Cairo Univ. 30: 69 (1954)
= Allium sphaerocephalon subsp. curtum (Boiss. & Gaill.) Duyfjes; Rev. Gen. Allium in Africa (Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen, 76(11)): 52(1976)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestinum Feinbrun; Polish Bot. J. 3: 14 (1943)
Distribution: S-Israel; Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
34 ISR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium curtum var. negevense Kollmann; Feinbrun-Dotham, Fl. Palaestina 4: 397 (1986), non Allium negevense Kollmann
= Allium sanctum Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 102 (2004)
= Allium sanctum var. negevense (Kollmann) Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 102 (2004)
species :
Allium cuthbertii Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 264 (1903)
Name: Striped garlic
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Allium cyaneum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 174 (1875)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Gansu, W-Hubei, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cyaneum var. macrostemon Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 345 (1887)
= Allium hugonianum Rendle; J. Bot. 44(2): 43, t. 476A (1906)
= Allium purdomii W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 9: 77 (1916)
= Allium szechuanicum F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 296 (1937)
= Allium tui F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 295 (1937)
species :
Allium cyathophorum Bureau & Franch.; J. Bot. (Morot) 5(10): 154-155 (1891)
Distribution: China (S-Qinghai, SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium venustum C.H.Wright; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36(250): 126 (1903)
species :
Allium cylleneum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Plants [Basel] 9(12)-1678: 15 (2020)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium cyprium Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Candollea 48(1): 280 (1993)
subspecies :
subsp. cyprium
Distribution: Cyprus (Troodos Mts.)
34 CYP
subspecies :
subsp. lefkarense (Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri) Christodoulou & Hand; Willdenowia 45(2): 248 (2015)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium kyrenium Giusso, C.Brullo, Brullo & Salmeri; Phytotaxa 213(3): 283 (2015)
= Allium lefkarense Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Candollea 48(1): 280 (1993)
species :
Allium cyrilli Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 364 (1828 publ. 1829)
subspecies :
subsp. cyrilli
Distribution: S-Italy; Greece (mainland, Skiros, Kiklades); Crete; European Turkey; Ukraine; East Aegaean Isl. (Samothraki, Limnos, Lesvos, Chios); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
13 GRC ITA KRI TUE 14 UKR 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium auctum Omelczuk; Ukrayin. Bot. Zhurn. 19: No. 2, 24 (1962) p. p. incl. typo
= Allium fragrans Cirillo ex Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 364 (1827)
= Allium nigrum var. cyrilli (Ten.) Fiori; A. Fiori & al., Fl. Italia 1: 202 (1896)
= Caloscordum cyrilli (Ten.) Banfi & Galasso; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 87 (2011)
subspecies :
subsp. asumaniae Özhatay & I.Genç; Turkish J. Bot. 37(1): 42 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. fritschii Özhatay & I.Genç; Turkish J. Bot. 37(1): 42 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium czelghauricum Bordz.; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Jur´evsk. Univ. 13: 18 (1912)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia, Kars)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Conservation Status: found only once
species :
Allium daghestanicum Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 208 (1928)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan)
33 NCS
species :
Allium damascenum Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 3: 16 (1943)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 SYR
species :
Allium daninianum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Willdenowia, 26(1-2): 239 (1996)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria; Palestine (Israel, Jord.)
34 LEB PAL SYR
species :
Allium darwasicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 659 (1881)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Allium dasyphyllum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 9: Suppl. 6 (1925)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium decaisnei C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 114 (1845)
Distribution: Palestine; Sinai peninsula
34 PAL SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium stamineum subsp. decaisnei (C.Presl) Kollmann; Feinbrun, Fl. Palaest. 4: 87 (1986)
species :
Allium deciduum Özhatay & Kollmann; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(2): 246 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium decipiens Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. 7: 1117 (1830)
Name: Täuschender Lauch
Distribution: C-European Russia; S-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bifolium Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1117 (1830)
= Allium chloranthum Avé-Lall. ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 246 (1875), nom. inval.
= Allium moly Georgi; Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 896 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Allium nigrum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 266 (1808), nom. illeg.
species :
Allium decoratum Turginov & Tojibaev; Phytotaxa 177(5): 291 (2014)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium delicatulum Siev. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7: 1133 (1830)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); W-Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium dolonkarense Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 113 (1875)
= Allium pusillum Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 17 (1814)
= Allium stenophyllum Regel ex Herder; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 446 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Allium viridulum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 855 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Allium willdenowii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 452 (1843)
species :
Allium deneliae Balos; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59(1): 213 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium dentiferum Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 345 (1848)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Madeira; Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I], Gran Canaria [I]); East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 cny MDR 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: bona sp. fide Brullo et al. 2008, separate from A. nigrum and A. longispathum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium paniculatum var. dentiferum (Webb & Berthel.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 281 (1958)
= Allium monspessulanum Willd.; Enum. Pl., Suppl.: 16 (1814), nom. illeg.
species :
Allium dentigerum Prokh.; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada S.S.S.R. 29: 563 (1930)
Distribution: China (Gansu, NW-Shaanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Allium denudatum Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 357 (1812)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
13 BUL ROM 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium albidum Fisch. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3(Suppl.): 260 (1819)
= Allium albidum subsp. caucasicum (Regel) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 126 (1978)
= Allium ammophilum Heuff.; Flora 28: 241 (1845)
= Allium angulatum var. caucasicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3: 145 (1875)
= Allium angulosum All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 158 (1785), nom. illeg.
= Allium angulosum subsp. ammophilum (Heuff.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 204 (1890)
= Allium angulosum var. caucasicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 145 (1875)
= Allium flavescens subsp. ammophilum (Heuff.) Soó; Feddes Repert. 85(7-8): 435 (1974)
= Allium stellerianum Besser; Cat. Hort. Cremeneci: s.p. (1816), nom. illeg.
species :
Allium derderianum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 242 (1875)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ramazanicum Parsa; Kew Bull. 4: 34 (1949)
species :
Allium deserti-syriaci Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 3: 17, f. 7 (1943)
Distribution: Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Saudi Arabia (Asir)
34 IRQ SYR 35 SAU
species :
Allium desertorum Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 72 (1775)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (S-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait
20 EGY 34 IRQ ISR SIN 35 KUW SAU
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium modestum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 33 (1854)
species :
Allium diabolense (Ownbey & Aase) McNeal; Aliso 13(3): 425 (1992)
Name: Serpentine onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fimbriatum var. diabolense Ownbey & Aase ex Traub; Pl. Life 28: 64 (1972)
species :
Allium dichlamydeum Greene; Pittonia 1: 166 (1888)
Name: Coastal onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium serratum var. dichlamydeum (Greene) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 84 (1902)
species :
Allium dictuon H.St.John; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 50: 3 (1937)
Name: Blue Mountain onion
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
species :
Allium dictyoprasum C.A.Mey. ex Kunth; Enum. PI. 4: 390 (1843)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania)
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium dictyoprasum var. virescens Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza [Grossheim] 1: 201 (1928)
= Allium emarginatum Rech.f.; Ark. Bot., a. s. 1: 505 (1952)
= Allium multiflorum var. violaceopurpureum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 239 (1850)
= Allium viride Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 201 (1928)
species :
Allium dictyoscordum Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 90 (1924)
Distribution: Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag)
32 TKM
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium dilatatum Zahar.; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 3: 88 (1977)
Distribution: SW-Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium guttatum subsp. dilatatum (Zahar.) B.Mathew; Review Allium sect. Allium: 136 (1996)
species :
Allium dinsmorei Rech.f.; Ark. Bot., n. s. 2: 312 (1952)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Allium diomedeum Brullo, Guglielmo, Pavone & Salmeri; Inform. Bot. Ital. 33: 505 (2001 publ. 2002)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium dirphianum Brullo, Guglielmo, Pavone, Salmeri & Terrasi; Pl. Biosystems 137: 133 (2003)
Distribution: Greece (W-Aegaean region)
13 GRC
species :
Allium djimilense Boiss. ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 108 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium dodecadontum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 316 (1971)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium dodecanesi Karavok. & Tzanoud.; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 9: 141 (1994 publ. 1995)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
species :
Allium dolichomischum Vved.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 160 (1935)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 TKM UZB
species :
Allium dolichostylum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 120 (1934)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Samangan); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium pseudoxiphopetalum Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 181(1959)
species :
Allium dolichovaginatum R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 67 (2008 publ. 2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium donmezii Mutlu & Karakus; Phytotaxa 411(3): 199 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey (Malatya)
34 TUR
species :
Allium douglasii Hook.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 184. t. 197 (1838)
Name: Douglas´ onion
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium hendersonii B.L.Rob. & Seaton; Bot. Gaz. 18: 237 (1893)
species :
Allium drepanophyllum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 120 (1934)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Allium drobovii Vved.; Trudy Turkestansk. Nauchn. Obshch. 1: 125 (1923)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
species :
Allium drummondii Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: 112 (1875)
Name: Drummond´s onion
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium drummondii f. asexuale Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 204 (1951)
= Allium helleri Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 264 (1903)
= Allium nuttallii S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 227 (1879)
= Allium reticulatum var. nuttallii (S.Watson) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 12: 80 (1908)
species :
Allium drusorum Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 3: 8 (1943)
Distribution: Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 SYR
species :
Allium dshungaricum Vved.; Consp. Fl. Asiae Mediae 2: 66 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium globosum f. dilute-roseum Krylov; Fl. Zapadnoi Sibiri 3: 632 (1929)
species :
Allium ducissae Bartolucci, Iocchi & F.Conti; Plants [Basel] 11(3)-426: 5 (2022)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium dumebuchum H.J.Choi; PhytoKeys 176: 8, figs. 1A-E, 4 (2021)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
species :
Allium dumetorum Feinbrun & Szel.; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 4: 146 (1948)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria; Palestine
34 LEB PAL SYR
species :
Allium durangoense Traub; Pl. Life 24: 140 (1968)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Allium ebusitanum Font Quer; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 24: 145 (1924)
Distribution: Baleares (Ibiza); Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium durandoi (Batt. & Trab.) Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 101 (2004)
= Allium sphaerocephalon subsp. durandoi (Batt. & Trab.) Duyfjes; Rev. Gen. Allium in Africa (Meded. Landbouwhogesch. Wageningen, 76(11)): 50(1976)
= Allium sphaerocephalon subsp. ebusitanum (Font Quer) Rosselló, Mus & N.Torres; Candollea 48(2): 598 (1993)
= Allium sphaerocephalon var. durandoi Batt. & Trab.; J. A. Batt. & al., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 155 (1884)
species :
Allium eduardi Stearn; Herbertia 11: 102 (1944)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (Hebei, SW-Nei Mongol, N-Ningxia, N-Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fischeri Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. (1875) 161, non Schult. & Schult.f. (1830)
= Allium salesovianum Fisch. ex Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. (1875) 162
species :
Allium efeae Özhatay & I.Genç; Turkish J. Bot. 38(5): 1022 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium egorovae M.V.Agab. & Ogan.; Willdenowia 30(1): 95 (2000)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
species :
Allium ekeri E.Kaya & Koçyigit; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 516 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium ekimianum Eksi, Koyuncu & Özkan; PhytoKeys 62: 85 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium elaounii El Mokni; Phytotaxa 533(4): 207 (2022)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Allium elbursense Wendelbo; Bot. Not. 122: 36, f. 1I (1969)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium eldivanense Özhatay; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 44: 147, f. 1 (1986)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Allium elegans Drobow; Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. No. 2790 (1917)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Allium elegantulum Kitag.; Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(2): 98 (1935)
Distribution: China (Liaoning)
36 CHI
species :
Allium ellisii Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 129: t. 7875 (1903)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium elmaliense Deniz & Sümbül; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 41: 147 (2004)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
species :
Allium elmendorfii M.E.Jones ex Ownbey; Research Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 218 (1950)
Name: Elmendorf´s onion
Distribution: USA (Texas: Carrizo sands of eastern Bexar, Frio, Wilson, and Atacosa counties)
76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium elmendorfii M.E.Jones; Contrib. West. Bot. No. 18, 20 (1933-5), nomen
species :
Allium enginii Özhatay & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 50(4): 724 (1995)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium erdelii Zucc.; Abh. Akad. Wiss. (München) 3: 236, t. 5 (1843)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
20 EGY LBY 34 IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium erdelii var. hirtellum Oppenh.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 22: 277 (1930 publ. 1931)
= Allium erdelii var. micranthum Oppenh.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 22: 277 (1930 publ. 1931)
= Allium erdelii var. pilosum Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 24: 125 (1917)
= Allium erdelii var. roseum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 270 (1882)
= Allium philistaeum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 26 (1854)
species :
Allium eremoprasum Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 92 (1924)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium ericetorum Thore; Essai Chlor. Land. 123 (1803)
Distribution: Slovakia; N-Portugal; N-Spain; Andorra; SW-France; N- & C-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Ukraine
11 SLO 12 ADO FRA POR SPA 13 ALB CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV 14 UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ambiguum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 320 (1805)
= Allium chloranthum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 672 (1866), pro syn.
= Allium ericetorum subsp. pseudosuaveolens (Zahar.) Ciocârlan; Fl. Il. României 1083 (2009)
= Allium graminifolium Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 356 (1805)
= Allium haussmannii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 357 (1910)
= Allium ochroleucum subsp. pseudosuaveolens Zahar.; Fl. Republ. Socialist. Romania 14: 58,8 (1966)
= Allium ochroleucum var. ericetorum (Thore) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium ochroleucum Waldst. & Kit.; Pl. Rar. Hung. 2: 204. t. 186 (1804)
= Allium odorum Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées, Suppl.: 48 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Allium pseudo-ochroleucum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 673 (1866)
= Allium sordidum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 673 (1866), pro syn.
= Allium suaveolens proles ericetorum (Thore) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 358 (1910)
= Allium suaveolens Duby; Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 470 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Allium suaveolens subsp. ericetorum (Thore) Cout.; Fl. Portugal 130 (1913)
= Allium szurulense Lerchenf. ex Kanitz; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 34: 55 (1884)
= Allium xanthicum Griseb. & Schenk; Arch. Naturgesch. 18(1): 358 (1852)
= Allium xanthicum var. chloranthum Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 741 (1882), nom. inval.
species :
Allium eriocoleum Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 13: 30 (1952)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
species :
Allium ertugrulii Demir. & Uysal; Nordic J. Bot. 25(5-6): 315 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium erubescens K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 242 (1850)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, Nachichevan); Turkey (N-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran)
14 KRY 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium brevicuspis Boiss. & Buhse; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 114 (1859)
= Allium multiflorum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 61 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Allium rudbaricum Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 215 (1860)
= Allium serrulatum Boiss.; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 214 (1860)
species :
Allium erythraeum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 396 (1846)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium tenue Friv. ex Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 396 (1846)
species :
Allium erzincanicum Özhatay & Kandemir; Bagbahçe Bilim Derg. 1(2): 51 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium esfahanicum R.M.Fritsch; Taxon. Rev. Allium subg. Melanocrommyum 146 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium esfandiarii Matin; Iranian J. Bot. 4(2): 166 (1989)
Distribution: NW-Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium euboicum Rech.f.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 80: 435 (1961)
Distribution: Greece (C-Greece, Evvoia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium paniculatum subsp. euboicum (Rech.f.) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 161 (1978)
species :
Allium eugenii Vved.; B. Fedtsch. et al. Fl. Turkm. 1: 286 (1932); et in Bull. Univ. As. Centr. 19: 127 (1934)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Allium eulae Cory ex T.M.Howard; Herbertia 59: 112 (2008)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
species :
Allium eurotophilum Wiggins; Contrib. Dudley Herb. Stanford Univ. 1: 164 (1933)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
species :
Allium eusperma Airy Shaw; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16(78): 137 (1931)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium exaltatum (Meikle) Brullo, Pavone, Salmeri & Venora; Caryologia 57: 276 (2004)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium paniculatum subsp. exaltatum Meikle; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 6: 94 (1983)
species :
Allium exile Boiss. & Orph.; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II 4: 118 (1859)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: potential syn. of A. sipyleum
species :
Allium falcifolium Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 400 (1841)
Name: Scytheleaf onion
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium breweri S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 233 (1879)
= Allium falcifolium var. breweri (S.Watson) M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 83 (1901)
species :
Allium fanjingshanense C.D.Yang & G.Q.Gou; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 30(4): 437 (2008)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Allium fantasmosense Traub; Pl. Life 24: 139 (1968)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Allium farashinense Balos & Gecit; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 60(1): 222 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium farctum Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo 14: 101 (1967)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Nangarhar); Pakistan (Kohat, Quetta, Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab); India (Himachal Pradesh)
34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
species :
Allium farreri Stearn; J. Bot. 64: 342 (1930)
Distribution: China (SE-Gansu, NW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium cyathophorum var. farreri (Stearn) Stearn; Bot. Mag. 170: t. 252 (1955)
species :
Allium fasciculatum Rendle; J. Bot. 44(2): 42-43 (1906)
Distribution: China (SE-Qinghai, W-Sichuan); SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Nagaland, Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium gageanum W.W.Sm.; Rec. Bot. Surv. India 4: 247 (1911)
species :
Allium favosum Zahar.; Biol. Gallo-Helen. 6(1): 54 (1975)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum
species :
Allium fedtschenkoanum Regel; Monogr. All. 82 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Parwan); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG 40 IND
species :
Allium fedtschenkoi Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 105: 36, f. 8 & t. 2, f. 1 (1929)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium feinbergii Oppenh.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 31: 185 (1940)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium feqiyeteyranii Firat; Acta Biol. Turc. 37(2)-M3: 3 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium ferganicum Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 90 (1924)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Allium fethiyense Özhatay & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 50(4): 726 (1995)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium fetisowii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(2): 631 (1878)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium simile Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: 359 (1887), p. p.
species :
Allium fibriferum Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 175 (1959)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kandahar, Zabul)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium fibrillum M.E.Jones ex Abrams; L. Abrams and R. S. Ferris, Ill. Fl. Pacific States. 1: 393 (1923)
Name: Cuddy Mountain onion
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium collinum Douglas; Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. 1: 640 (1902) [not Gussone 1831]
= Allium collinum Douglas ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 228 (1879) [not Gussone 1831]
= Allium fibrillum M.E.Jones; Contrib. W. Bot. 10: 24 (1902), nomen
species :
Allium filidens Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. (1875) 174
subspecies :
subsp. filidens
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium karakense Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 76 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. mogianense R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.; Feddes Repert. 119(7-8): 628 (2008)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium mogianense (R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.) F.O.Khass. & Yusupov; Biodivers., Conservation & Sustain 2: 414 (2022)
subspecies :
subsp. ugami (Vved.) R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.; Feddes Repert. 119(7-8): 628 (2008)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ugamii Vved.; Trudy Turkmenistansk. Nauchn. Obshch. 1: 123 (1923)
species :
Allium filidentiforme Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 13: 32 (1952)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Allium fimbriatum S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 232 (1879)
Name: Fringed onion
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium anserinum Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 247 (1921)
= Allium fimbriatum var. aboriginum Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 273 (1922)
variant :
var. denticulatum Ownbey & Aase ex Traub; Pl. Life 28: 64 (1972)
Name: Toothed onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium denticulatum (Ownbey & Aase) McNeal; Aliso 13(3): 414 (1992), nom. illeg., non Kit. 1863
variant :
var. mohavense Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 273 (1921)
Name: Mojave fringed onion
Distribution: USA (California: Mohave Desert)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fimbriatum subsp. mohavense (Jeps.) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 28: 66 (1972)
= Allium mohavense (Jeps.) Tidestr.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 48: 39 (1935)
variant :
var. purdyi (Eastw.) Ownbey ex McNeal; Aliso 13(3): 423 (1992)
Name: Purdy´s fringed onion
Distribution: USA (California: Clear Lake)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fimbriatum subsp. purdyi (Eastw.) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium purdyi Eastw.; Leafl. West. Bot. 2: 1 10 (1938)
species :
Allium fistulosum L.; Sp. Pl. 301 (1753)
Name: Winterzwiebel, Schnittzwiebel, Röhrenzwiebel (DE), Welsh onion, Japanese bunching onion (EN), Ajo de jardin, Cebollino Espanol (ES)
Distribution: only cultivated known; Norway [c]; Germany [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Croatia [c]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [c] (Tshopo etc.); Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; European Russia [c]; Siberia [c]; Russian Far East [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; China [c]; Mongolia [c]; South Korea [c]; Japan [c]; Laos [c]; Cambodia [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Solomon Isl. [c]; Rotuma Isl. [c]; Tuvalu [c]; N-Line Isl. [c] (Kiritimati [c]); Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Pohnpei [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Majuro [c]); Alaska [c]; Canada [c] (Northern Territories [c]); USA [c] (Illinois [c], Vermont [c]); Cuba [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; etc.
10 nor 11 ger hun slo 13 cro 14 rus 23 zai 29 mau reu 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz 36 chi 37 mon 38 jap kor 41 cbd lao 42 jaw phi 43 sol 60 rot tuv 61 lin 62 mic mrs 70 ask cdn 74 usa 75 usa 81 cub trt 82 clm
Remarks: Subgen. Cepa
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bouddae Debeaux; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 32: 24 (1878)
= Allium cepa subsp. fistulosum (L.) Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 78 (1929)
= Allium fistulosum f. viviparum (Makino) Hiroë; P. Basho´s & Buson´s Hokku Lit. 8(1): 257 (1971)
= Allium fistulosum subsp. viviparum (Makino) Kazakova; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Genet. Selek. 45(1): 37 (1971)
= Allium fistulosum var. caespitosum Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 19: 146 (1905)
= Allium fistulosum var. giganteum Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 129 (1910)
= Allium fistulosum var. viviparum Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15: 118 (1901)
= Allium kashgaricum Prokh.; Bull. Applied Bot., Lenin8rad. 1929-30 24: No. 2, 178 (1930), in syn.
= Allium wakegi Araki; J. Jap. Bot. 25(9-12): 206-207 (1950)
= Cepa fissilis Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 209 (1764)
= Cepa fistulosa (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 184 (1821)
= Cepa ventricosa Moench; Meth. 244 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Kepa fistulosa (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1836)
= Phyllodolon fistulosum (L.) Salisb.; Gen. Pl. Fragm. 90 (1866)
= Porrum fistulosum (L.) Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 76 (1853)
species :
Allium flavellum Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 9: 239 (1946)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium flavescens Besser; Enum. Pl.: 56 (1821)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; S-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan
13 BUL ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium angulosum var. flavescens (Besser) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3: 151 (1875)
species :
Allium flavidum Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 2: 7-8 (1830)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium stellerianum Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 179 (1852)
species :
Allium flavovirens Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 344 (1887)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium alaschanicum Y.Z.Zhao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 23(1): 109-111, f. 1 (1992)
species :
Allium flavum L.; Sp. Pl. 298 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. flavum
Name: Gelber Lauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium coloratum var. valdensium (Reut.) Jauzein & J.-M.Tison; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 15: 36 (2001)
= Allium flavum f. bulbilliferum Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 46 (1972)
= Allium flavum subsp. adriaticum Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 616 (1936)
= Allium flavum subsp. valdensium (Reut.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 206 (1890)
= Allium flavum var. adriaticum (Degen) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Allium flavum var. webbii (Clementi) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium montanum Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. 10: I. 463, f. 1060 (1848)
= Allium nitschmannii Willd. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 175 (1852)
= Allium pallens Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 10: t. 484 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Allium paniculatum All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 157 (1785), nom. illeg.
= Allium pulchellum var. pallens Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium pulchellum var. valdensium (Reut.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium ruthenicum Steud.; Nom. ed. 11. 1: 54 (1840)
= Allium valdense Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium valdensium Reut.; Compt.-Rend. Trav. Soc. Hallér. 1854-1856: 126 (1855)
= Allium webbii Clementi; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 16: 327 (1857)
= Cepa flava (L.) Moench; Methodus: 243 (1794)
= Codonoprasum flavum (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 115 (1830)
= Codonoprasum flexum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 114 (1830)
= Codonoprasum pallens Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 115 (1830)
= Kalabotis flavum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 19 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. tauricum (Besser ex Rchb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 206 (1890)
Distribution: Croatia; Montenegro; Romania; Greece; C-European Russia; S-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; Iran
13 CRO GRC MNT ROM 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium amphipulchellum Zahar.; Biol. Gallo-Helen. 6(1): 57 (1975)
= Allium aristatum Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 141 (1897)
= Allium flavum subsp. tauricum (Besser ex Rchb.) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 167 (1978), isonym
= Allium flavum var. pilosum Kollmann & Koyuncu; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 247 (1983)
= Allium flavum var. ruthenicum Lange; Flora 10(1)3: 34 (1828)
= Allium flavum var. sordideroseum Czern.; Consp. Pl. Charc.: 65 (1859)
= Allium flavum var. tauricum Besser ex Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 6: 9 (1828)
= Allium paczoskianum Tuzson; Bot. Kozl. 12: 190 (50) (1913)
= Allium pseudopulchellum Omelczuk; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 19: 26 (1962)
= Allium sphaeropodum Klokov; Fl. RSS Ucr. 3: 405 (1950)
= Allium tauricum (Besser ex Rchb.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 213 (1928), nom. illeg.
= Allium tauricum var. pilosum (Kollmann & Koyuncu) Kocyigit & Özhatay ex Idrees & J.M.H.Shaw; Phytotaxa 566(1): 141 (2022)
= Allium tauricum var. pilosum (Kollmann & Koyuncu) Kocyigit & Özhatay; Bot. Chron. (Patras) 22: 78, 81 (2019)
= Allium villosiusculum Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 102 (2004)
species :
Allium fontanesii J.Gay; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., III 8: 209 (1847)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium flavum subsp. ionochlorum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 7: 277 (1916)
species :
Allium formosum Sennikov & Lazkov; PhytoKeys 21: 31 (2013)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium forrestii Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 302-303 (1912)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); E-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Allium franciniae Brullo & Pavone; Webbia 37(1): 14 (1983)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
species :
Allium fraseri (Ownbey) Shinners; Field & Lab. 19: 104 (1951)
Name: Fraser meadow garlic
Distribution: USA (Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas)
73 USA 74 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium canadense subsp. fraseri (Ownbey) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium canadense var. fraseri Ownbey; Res. Stud. State Coll. Wash. 18: 195 (1951)
= Allium lavendulare var. fraseri (Ownbey) Shinners; Field & Lab. 21: 164 (1953)
species :
Allium frigidum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. (13): 34 (1853)
Distribution: S-Greece (Peloponnisos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
13 GRC 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium achaicum Boiss. & Orph.; Orph., Fl. Graec. Exsicc. no. 427 (1882)
= Allium boissieri Hausskn. ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 205 (1875), nom. inval.
species :
Allium fritschii F.O.Khass. & Yengal.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst., 119(2): 270 (1997)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium funckiifolium Hand.-Mazz.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 57: 175 (1920)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium furkatii R.M.Fritsch; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 127(4): 468 (2009)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium fuscoviolaceum Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 50 (1909)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium fuscum Waldst. & Kit.; Pl. Rar. Hung. 3: 267. I. 241 (1807)
Distribution: SE-Serbia; SW-Romania; NW-Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum. See Vojtechova et al. (2023) for new circumscription of the A.-paniculatum complex
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium paniculatum subsp. fuscum (Waldst. & Kit.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital., ed. 2: 136 (1894)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. fuscum (Waldst. & Kit.) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83(3): 136 (1972), isonym
= Allium paniculatum var. fuscum (Waldst. & Kit.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 260 (1884)
= Codonoprasum fuscum (Waldst. & Kit.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 115 (1830)
species :
Allium fussii A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 28: 155 (1878)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum. See Vojtechova et al. (2023) for new circumscription of the A.-paniculatum complex
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fuscum subsp. fussii (A.Kern.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 207 (1890)
= Allium fuscum var. fussii (A.Kern.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 309 (1890)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. fussii (A.Kern.) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83(3): 136 (1972)
species :
Allium gabardaghense Firat; Allium gabardaghense 4 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium galanthum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 508 (1842)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium pseudocepa Schrenk; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 10: 355 (1842)
species :
Allium galileum Brullo, Guglielmo, Pavone & Salmeri; Taxon 57(1): 250 (2008)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
species :
Allium garbarii Peruzzi; Candollea 62(1): 18 (2007)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium garganicum Brullo, Pavone, Salmeri & Terrasi; Pl. Biosystems 143(suppl.): 79 (2009)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium gasyunense Mouterde; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 100: 348 (1953)
Distribution: Syria; Lebanon (Antilebanon); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
species :
Allium gemiciana Yild. & Kiliç; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 22: 3 (2015 publ. 2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium geyeri S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 227 (1879)
Name: Geyer´s onion
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium dictyotum Greene; Pl. Baker 1: 52 (1901)
= Allium funiculosum A.Nelson; Amer. J. Bot. 21: 573 (1934)
= Allium pikeanum Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 31: 402 (1904)
variant :
var. chatterleyi S.L.Welsh; Rhodora, 95(883-884): 417 (1993)
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
variant :
var. tenerum M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 28, fig. 55 (1902)
Name: Bulbil onion
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium arenicola Osterh.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 506 (1900) [not Small 1900]
= Allium fibrosum Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24: 188 (1897) [not Regel 1887]
= Allium geyeri f. tenerum (M.E.Jones) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 521 (1967)
= Allium geyeri subsp. tenerum (M.E.Jones) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 23: 110 (1967)
= Allium geyeri var. graniferum L.F.Hend.; Rhodora 32: 22 (1930)
= Allium rubrum Osterh.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 506 (1900)
= Allium rydbergii J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. 56: 7 (1918)
= Allium sabulicola Osterh.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 538 (1900)
species :
Allium giganteum Regel; Gartenflora 32: 97, t. 1113 (1883)
Name: Riesen-Lauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badghys, Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Samangan); Pakistan (N-Baluchistan, Chitral)
11 ger slo 32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium procerum Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 663 (1884)
species :
Allium gilanense Bagheri & R.M.Fritsch; Phytotaxa 474(3): 285 (2020)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium gilgiticum F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol, Peiping, Bot. Ser. 7: 294 (1937)
Distribution: Pakistan (Gilgit); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
species :
Allium gillii Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 176 (1959)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Balkh, Kabul, Laghman, Logar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium scabrum Gilli; Feddes Repert. 56: 146 (1954)
species :
Allium glaciale Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 121 (1934)
Distribution: Tajikistan (Zeravshan)
32 TZK
species :
Allium glandulosum Link & Otto; Ic. Rar. 1: 33 t. 17 (1828)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium longifolium Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 12: t. 1034 (1827), nom. illeg.
species :
Allium glomeratum Prokh.; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada S.S.S.R. 29: 560, f. 2 (1930)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KGZ TZK 36 CHI
species :
Allium glumaceum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 5: 260 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium goekyigitii Ekim, H.Duman & Güner; Karaca Arbor. Mag. 5(1): 27 (1999)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium goloskokovii Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 313 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium gomphrenoides Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(7): 114 (1846)
Distribution: S-Greece (S-Peloponnisos, Kithira)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ascalonium Bory & Chaub.; Fl. Pelop. 21 (1832), nom. illeg.
species :
Allium gooddingii Ownbey; Research Stud. State Coll. Wash. 15: 222 (1949)
Name: Goodding´s onion
Distribution: USA (EC-Arizona, S-Arizona, W-New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
species :
Allium gorumsense (Regel) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 233 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium margaritaceum var. gorumsense Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 51 (1875)
species :
Allium goulimyi Tzanoud.; Candollea 38(1): 321 (1983)
Distribution: NC-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium goumenissanum Ioannidis & Tzanoud.; Phytotaxa 554(1): 60 (2022)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium gracillimum Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 9: 243 (1946)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
species :
Allium gramineum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 239 (1850)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ampeloprasoides Miscz. ex Grossh.; Exsicc. (Herb. Pl. Or.) 1924: 10 (1924)
= Allium fominianum Miscz. ex Grossh. & Schischk.; Exsicc. (Herb. Pl. Or.) 1924: 22 (1924)
= Allium fominii Miscz. ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 203 (1928)
= Allium gramineum var. ampeloprasoides (Miscz. ex Grossh.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 120 (1940)
= Allium rotundum subsp. gramineum (K.Koch) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 201 (1890)
= Allium rotundum var. gramineum (K.Koch) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 60 (1875)
species :
Allium grande Lepsky; Act. Hort. Petrop. 13: 343 (1894)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Iran (N-Iran)
33 NCS 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium chelotum Wendelbo; Acta Horti Gothob. 28: 42, f. 11 (1966)
= Allium decipiens var. latissimum Lipsky; Zap. Kievsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp. 12: 363 (1892)
species :
Allium graveolens (R.M.Fritsch) R.M.Fritsch; Phyton (Horn) 49(2): 180 (2010)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium materculae subsp. graveolens R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 31 (2009)
species :
Allium greuteri Brullo & Pavone; Willdenowia 13(1): 115 (1983)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Allium griffithianum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 117 (1859)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Kabul, Kandahar, Logar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Kohat, Peshawar, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Azad Kashmir); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium bahri Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 326 (1887)
= Allium jacquemontii var. grandiflorum (Boiss.) Aswal; Aswal & B. N. Mehrotra, Fl. Lahaul-Spiti: 599 (1994)
= Allium kuschakewiczii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 117 (1875)
= Allium rubellum var. grandiflorum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 253 (1882)
= Allium tenue Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 206 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Allium tschulpias Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 107 (1875)
species :
Allium grisellum J.M.Xu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 286, t. 83 (1980)
Distribution: China (C-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Allium grosii Font Quer; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 24: 145 (1924)
Distribution: Baleares (Ibiza)
12 BAL
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
species :
Allium grumm-grshimailoi Kamelin & Namz.; Turczaninowia 19(4) : 137 (2016)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva)
30 SIB
species :
Allium guanxianense J.M.Xu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 31(4): 376-377, f. 2 (1993)
Distribution: China (C-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium guatemalense Traub; Pl. Life 24: 135 (1968)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Allium gubanovii Kamelin; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s., 85(5): 83 (1980)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita); Russian Far East (Amur)
30 SIB 31 RFE
species :
Allium guicciardii Heldr.; Atti Congr. Int. Bot. Firenze 1874: 233 (1876)
Distribution: Romania; NE-Greece
13 GRC ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium pulchellum subsp. guicciardii (Heldr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium flavum subsp. guicciardii (Heldr.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 206 (1890)
species :
Allium gunibicum Miscz. ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 208 (1928)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium charadzeae Tscholok.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 25, 92 (1965). Fasc. 25, 92 (1965)
= Allium chevsuricum Tscholok.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 25, 94 (1965). Fasc. 25, 94 (1965)
= Allium mirzajevii Tscholok.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 25, 87 (1965)
= Allium salthynicum Tscholok.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 25, 98 (1965)
species :
Allium gusaricum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 349 (1887)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium guttatum Steven; Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 2: 173 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. guttatum
Name: Gefleckter Lauch (DE); Spotted Leek (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains)
13 ALB BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium guttatum var. compactum (Batt.) Franco & Rocha Afonso; Nova Fl. Portugal 3(1): 95 (1994)
= Allium involucratum Welw. ex Cout.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 13: 98 (1896)
= Allium margaritaceum subsp. guttatum (Steven) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 736 (1882)
= Allium margaritaceum var. guttatum (Steven) J.Gay; Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 3, 8: 223 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. dalmaticum (A.Kern. ex Janch.) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 184 (1978)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; E-Bulgaria; NE-Greece; European Turkey; Turkey
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium dalmaticum A.Kern. ex Janch.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 69: 242 (1920)
= Allium dalmaticum var. laxiflorum (Rohlena) Jáv.; Balkán-Kutat. Tud. Eredm. 3: 331 (1925)
= Allium margaritaceum var. laxiflorum Rohlena; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 28(17): 37 (1903 publ. 1904)
= Allium margaritaceum var. rubellum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 240 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. kartalkayaense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 22(1-2) : 6 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. tenorei (Parl.) Soldano; Thaiszia 4: 1220 (1994)
Name: Sardischer Lauch (DE), Sardinian Leek (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Greece; European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus
12 FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium confusum Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 244 (1904)
= Allium frivaldzkyanum Kunze; Linnaea 16: 311 (1842)
= Allium gaditanum Pérez Lara ex Willk.; Illustr. Fl. Hisp. 81 (1883)
= Allium gaditanum var. bulbiferum Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 128 (1913)
= Allium guttatum subsp. sardoum (Moris) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 184 (1978)
= Allium margaritaceum Sm.; J. Sibthorp & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 224 (1809), nom. illeg., non Moench
= Allium margaritaceum subsp. purpureum (Regel) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 200 (1890)
= Allium margaritaceum subsp. tenorei (Parl.) A.Terracc.; Malpighia 3: 299 (1889)
= Allium margaritaceum subsp. tenorei (Parl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 200 (1890)
= Allium margaritaceum var. battandieri Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 267 (1958)
= Allium margaritaceum var. confusum (Halácsy) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 41 (1932)
= Allium margaritaceum var. faurei Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 381 (1937)
= Allium margaritaceum var. purpureum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 51 (1875)
= Allium margaritaceum var. tenorei Parl.; Fl. Ital. 2: 569 (1857)
= Allium negrianum Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 304 (1939)
= Allium sardoum Moris; Stirp. Sard. Elench. fasc. 2: 10 (1828)
= Allium sphaerocephalon subsp. sardoum (Moris) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 200 (1890)
= Allium sphaerocephalon var. sardoum (Moris) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 47 (1875)
= Allium stenopetalum Guss. ex Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 107 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Allium virescens Guss.; M. Tenore, Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 164 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Plexistena margaritea Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1836)
species :
Allium gypsaceum Popov & Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 92 (1924)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Allium gypsodictyum Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 453, 543 (1941)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium haemanthoides Boiss. ex Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. (1875) 240
Distribution: N-Iraq; W-Iran
34 IRN IRQ
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium akaka subsp. haemanthoides (Boiss. & Reut. ex Regel) Wendelbo; Kew Bull. 28(1): 29 (1973)
= Allium haemanthoides f. majus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33(2): 210 (1915)
species :
Allium haematochiton S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 227 (1879)
Name: Redskin onion
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium californicum Rose; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 1: 12 (1890)
= Allium marvinii Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 20: 49 (1921)
species :
Allium halfetiense Balos; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59(1): 274 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. cecenii Balos; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59(1): 276 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium hamedanense R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 35 (2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium hamrinense Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 28: 15 (1914)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Syria
34 IRQ SYR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium haneltii F.O.Khass. & R.M.Fritsch; Linz. Biol. Beitr 30(1): 282 (1998)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium hedgei Wendelbo; Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 28: 20 (1966)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Baghlan, Samangan, Takhar)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium heldreichii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(4): 116 (1859)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium helicophyllum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 127 (1934)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Megalocrommyum
species :
Allium hemisphaericum (Sommier) Brullo; Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, 21(334): 131 (1988)
Distribution: Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa)
13 PEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ampeloprasum var. hemisphaericum Sommier; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 5(App.): 147 (1907)
species :
Allium henryi C.H.Wright; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895(100-101): 119 (1895)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium herderianum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10(1): 289, 324, t. 8, f. 2 (1887)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Allium hermoneum (Kollmann & Shmida) Brullo, Guglielmo, Pavone & Salmeri; Bocconea (2007)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium albotunicatum subsp. hermoneum Kollmann & Shmida; Israel J. Bot. 26(3): 141 (1977)
species :
Allium heteronema F.T.Wang & Tang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 285, t. 57 (1980)
Distribution: China (E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium heterophyllum D.F.Xie & X.J.He; PhytoKeys 190: 56, figs. 1-3 (2022)
Distribution: China (Henan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium hexaceras Vved.; Fl. Tadjikist. 2: 338, 424 (1963)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium hickmanii Eastw.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30: 483 (1903)
Name: Hickman´s onion
Distribution: USA (California: Monterey Peninsula and Arroyo de la Cruz)
76 USA
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
species :
Allium hierosolymorum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 11: 301 (1890)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Allium hindukuschense Kamelin & Seisums; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 30: 31 (1996)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan)
34 AFG
species :
Allium hintoniorum B.L.Turner; Phytologia 75(4): 333 (1993 publ. 1994)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Allium hippocraticum Brullo & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 31(Special Issue): 182 (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium hirtovaginatum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 412 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. hirtovaginatum
Name: Scheidenhaariger Lauch (DE); Hairy-sheathed Leek (EN)
Distribution: Baleares; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Greece (Peloponnisos, Attiki, Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Rhodos, Karpathos, Kasos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus
12 BAL 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium antonii-bolosii P.Palau; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 11: 485 (1953)
= Allium antonii-bolosii subsp. eivissanum (Garbari & Miceli) N.Torres & Rosselló; Boll. Soc. Hist. Nat. Balears 32: 154 (1988)
= Allium cupani f. hirtovaginatum (Kunth) Vindt; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 33: 121 (1953)
= Allium cupani subsp. anatolicum Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 154 (1978)
= Allium cupani subsp. hirtovaginatum (Kunth) Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 151 (1978)
= Allium cupani var. antonii-bolosii (P.Palau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 4: 118 (2001)
= Allium cupani var. eivissanum (Garbari & Miceli) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Man. Paisos Catalans 4: 118 (2001)
= Allium cupani var. hirtovaginatum (Kunth) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 253 (1904)
= Allium cupani var. minoricensis Llorens; Medit. 3: 101 (1979), nom. inval.
= Allium eivissanum Garbari & Miceli; Willdenowia 16(2): 383 (1987)
= Allium moschatum d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 293 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Allium pisidicum Boiss. & Heldr.; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 34 (1854)
subspecies :
subsp. samium Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Plants [Basel] 9(12)-1678: 14 (2020)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Samos)
34 EAI
species :
Allium hirtovaginum Candargy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 142 (1897)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
species :
Allium hissaricum Vved.; Fl. Tadjikist. 2: 358, 425 (1963)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Allium hoffmanii Munz & D.D.Keck ex Ownbey; Pl. Life 28: 63 (1972)
Name: Beegum onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Allium hookeri Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 339 (1864)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Bhutan; N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Myanmar (Kachin)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND SRL 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium tsoongii F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 292 (1937)
variant :
var. muliense Airy Shaw; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16(78): 139 (1931)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium hooshidaryae Mashayekhi, Zarre & R.M.Fritsch; Feddes Repert. 116: 193 (2005)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium horvatii Lovric; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 119: 569 (1971 publ. 1972)
Distribution: Croatia (Kvarner archipelago); N-Albania
13 ALB CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
species :
Allium hoshabicum Firat; Phytotaxa 312(1): 130 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium howellii Eastw.; Leaf. West. Bot. 2: 109 (1938)
Name: Howell´s onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
variant :
var. clokeyi Ownbey & Aase; Pl. Life 28: 63 (1972)
Name: Clokey´s onion
Distribution: USA (California: Mount Piños region and San Bernardino Mountains)
76 USA
variant :
var. sanbenitense (Traub) Ownbey & Aase; Calif. Fl. 1376 (1959)
Name: San Benito onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium howellii subsp. sanbenitense (Traub) Traub & Ownbey; Pl. Life 28: 66 (1972)
= Allium robustum Eastw.; Leafl. West. Bot. 2: 1 10 (1938) [not Karelin & Kirilov 1841]
= Allium sanbenitense Traub; Herbertia 12: 68 (1947)
species :
Allium huber-morathii F.Kollman, Özhatay & Koyuncu; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(2): 247 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium humile Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 442 (1843)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); NW-Tibet; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Deosai, Azad Kashmir); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium govanianum Wall.; Numer. List no. 5071 (1831), nomen ex Baker, J. Bot. 3: 293 (1874)
= Allium nivale Jacquem. ex Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 178 (1875), nom. inval.
species :
Allium huntiae Traub; Pl. Life 24: 136 (1968), sine descr. lat., et 25: 47 (1969)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Allium hyalinum Curran ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 24: 87 (1889)
Name: Glassy onion
Distribution: USA (California: Sierra Nevada foothills and inner south Coast Range)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium hyalinum Curran; Bull. Calif. Acad. n. 3. (1885) 155
= Allium hyalinum var. hickmanii Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 276 (1921)
species :
Allium hymenorhizum Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 2: 12-13 (1830)
Distribution: E-European Russia (S-Ural); Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghorat); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Gilgit)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium macrorrhizum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 32 (1854)
variant :
var. dentatum J.M.Xu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 285, t. 68 (1980)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Allium hymettium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(4): 120 (1859)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos, C-Greece)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum
species :
Allium hypsistum Stearn; Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Bot.) 2: 188, t. 12 (1960)
Distribution: Nepal; India (Sikkim)
40 IND NEP
species :
Allium iatrouanum Trigas; Phytotaxa 297(2): 180 (2017), nom. inval.
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Allium ilgazense Özhatay; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 44: 147, f. 2 (1986)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Allium iliense Regel; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 41(1): 452 (1868)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium inaequale Janka; Linnaea 30: 603 (1860)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Scorodon
species :
Allium incensiodorum Radic; Acta Biokovica 5: 29, 37 (1989), nom. inval.
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Allium incomptum Kierstead & Lindstrand; Madrono 69(1): 95 (2022)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Allium inconspicuum Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 93 (1924)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
species :
Allium incrustatum Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 9: 240 (1946)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK
species :
Allium inderiense Fisch. ex Bunge; Goebel, Reise Steppen Russl. 2: 311 (1838)
Distribution: E-European Russia; SE-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); W-Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
species :
Allium inops Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 5: 91 (1924)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium insubricum Boiss. & Reut.; Cat. Graines Jard. Bot. Genéve 1856: 4 (1857)
Distribution: N-Italy (S-Alps, between Lago di Como & Lago di Garda)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium narcissiflorum subsp. insubricum (Boiss. & Reut.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium narcissiflorum var. insubricum (Boiss. & Reut.) Fiori; A. Fiori & al., Fl. Italia 1: 199 (1896)
= Nectaroscordum insubricum (Boiss. & Reut.) Galasso & Banfi; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 152(2): 87 (2011)
species :
Allium insufficiens Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 129 (1934)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Allium integerrimum Zahar.; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 3: 90 (1977)
Distribution: Greece; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC 34 EAI
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium intradarvazicum R.M.Fritsch; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 127(4): 461 (2009)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Allium inutile Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 104 (1898)
Distribution: China (Anhui); Japan (Honshu)
36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Caloscordum inutile (Makino) Okuyama & Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 45: 123 (1970)
= Nothoscordum inutile (Makino) Kitam.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 59: 35 (1946)
species :
Allium ionandrum Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 121: 270 (1968)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium ionicum Brullo & Tzanoud.; Willdenowia, 24(1-2): 53 (1994)
Distribution: W-Greece (Ionian Isl.)
13 GRC
species :
Allium iranicum (Wendelbo) Wendelbo; Fl. Iraq 8: 158 (1985)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); W-Iran
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ampeloprasum subsp. iranicum Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica 76: 59 (1971)
species :
Allium iranshahrii R.M.Fritsch; Taxon. Rev. Allium subg. Melanocrommyum 69 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium isakulii R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.; O. A. Ashurmetov et al. (eds.), Pl. Life S.-W. & C. Asia Vth Internat. Symp. Tashkent 1998: 65 (2000)
subspecies :
subsp. isakulii
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
subspecies :
subsp. nuratense (Kamelin) R.M.Fritsch & F.O.Khass.; O. A. Ashunnetov et al. (eds.), Pl. Life S.-W. & C. Asia Vth Internat. Symp. Tashkent 1998: 65 (2000)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium iliense subsp. nuratense Kamelin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad), 65(10): 1463 (1980)
species :
Allium isauricum Hub.-Mor. & Wendelbo; Acta Horti Gothob. 28: 33, f. 8a-e (1966)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
species :
Allium israeliticum Fragman & R.M.Fritsch; Herbertia 65: 44 (2012)
Distribution: Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR
species :
Allium istanbulense Özhatay, Koçyigit, Brullo & Salmeri; Phytotaxa 334(2): 157 (2018)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: sect. Codonoprasum
species :
Allium ivasczenkoae Kotukhov; Turczaninowia 6: 7 (2003)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium izmirense Pirhan; Adansonia sér. 3, 44(13): 134 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium jacquemontii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 399 (1843)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Faryab, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Logar, Nangarhar, Parwan); China (SW-Xinjiang); S- & W-Tibet; Pakistan (widespread); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
32 TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium rubellum Baker; J. Bot. 12: 290 (1874), non M. Bieb., 1808.
= Allium miserabile Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo 14: 104 (1967)
species :
Allium jaegeri R.M.Fritsch; Phyton (Horn) 50(1): 14 (2010)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium jakuticum Sinitsyna & N.Friesen; Pl. Syst. Evol. 302(9): 1324 (2016)
Distribution: Siberia (Yakutia)
30 SIB
species :
Allium jaxarticum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 314 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
species :
Allium jepsonii (Ownbey ex Traub) S.S.Denison & McNeal; Madroño 36(2): 127 (1989)
Name: Jepson´s onion
Distribution: USA (California, foothills of the Sierra Nevada)
76 USA
Conservation Status: of conservation concern
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium sanbornii var. jepsonii Ownbey & Aase; Pl. Life 28: 63 (1972)
species :
Allium jesdianum Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 12: 217 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. jesdianum
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium kazerouni Parsa; Kew Bull. 33 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. angustitepalum (Wendelbo) F.O.Khass. & R.M.Fritsch; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 26(2): 980 (1994)
Name: Holland-Lauch (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Uzbekistan; W-Iran
11 ger 32 UZB 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium angustitepalum Wendelbo; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 10: No. 3 (Symb. Afghan. IV.) 169(1959)
= Allium ecornutum F.O.Khass. & I.I.Malzev; Uzb. Biol. Zhurn., 1988(4): 43 (1988)
= Allium hollandicum R.M.Fritsch; Candollea 48(2): 422 (1993)
species :
Allium jichouense X.G.Ma, H.Sun & D.Q.Huang; Phytotaxa 575(2): 122 (2022)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium jodanthum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 312 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
species :
Allium joharchii F.O.Khass. & Memariani; Rostaniha 7(Suppl. 2): 64 (2006 publ. 2007)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium jubatum J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. n. s. 56: 7 (1918)
Distribution: +C-Bulgaria (near Kalofer); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
13 BUL 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ciliatum K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 11 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Allium cristatum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 237 (1882), nom. illeg., non Watson
species :
Allium jucundum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 122 (1934)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium judaeum Ben-Natan & Fragman; Bot. Mag. 38(4): 552 (2021)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
species :
Allium juldusicola Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 523-524 (1880)
Distribution: China (W-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Allium julianum Brullo, Gangale & Uzunov; Bocconea 21: 215 (2007)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Allium junceum Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Prodr. Fl. Graec. 1: 226 (1809)
subspecies :
subsp. junceum
Name: Roter Serpentinit-Lauch (DE); Red Serpentinite Leek (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium chauvelii Boissieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 43: 290 (1896)
= Allium ferrinii Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 142 (1925)
= Allium trachyanthum Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 395 (1844)
= Stemodoxis juncea (Sm.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. tridentatum Kollmann, Koyuncu & Özhatay; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(2): 248 (1983)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium junceum var. tridentatum (Kollmann, Koyuncu & Özhatay) Seregin; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 36: 101 (2004)
species :
Allium kandemirii I.Genç & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50: 52 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium karacae Koyuncu; Karaca Arbor. Mag. 2(4): 177 (1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium karamanoglui Koyuncu & Kollmann; Israel J. Bot. 27: 93 (1978 publ. 1979)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium karataviense Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. (1875) 243
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium akaka Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: 243 (1875) non S. G. Gmel.
= Allium cabulicum Baker; Bot. Mag. 119: t. 7294 (1893)
= Allium karataviense subsp. henrikii Ruksans; Buried Treasures: 362 (2007)
= Allium karataviense var. granitovii Priszter; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 21 (3-4): 379 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Allium singulifolium Rech.f.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 51 (1939)
species :
Allium karelinii Poljakov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Inst. Bot. Akad. Nauk Kazahsk. SSR 12: 70 (1950), nom. nov.
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium schoenoprasum var. scaberrimum Kar. & Kir. ex Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(I): 445 (1868)
species :
Allium karistanum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Bocconea 5: 760 (1997)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
species :
Allium karsianum Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 51 (1909)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Imereti, Kartli, Trialeti, Javakheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium karvounis Brullo, Giusso & Musarella; Plants [Basel] 9(12)-1678: 16 (2020)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium karyateini Post; Fl. Syr. Pal. Sin. 789 (1896)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira)
34 SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium kaschianum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10(1): 338, t. 3, f. 2, 2a (1887)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
species :
Allium kastambulense Kollmann; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 248, f. 4 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium kasteki Popov; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc., Biol., n. s. 47: 85 (1938)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium kayae Özhatay & Koyuncu; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 511, fig. 3 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium keeverae D.B.Poind., Weakley & P.J.Williams; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 11(2): 294 (2017)
Distribution: USA (North Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Allium kermesinum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Exsicc. cent. 22. no. 2141 (1842)
Distribution: Slovenia
13 SLV
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
species :
Allium keusgenii R.M.Fritsch; Rostaniha 9(Suppl. 2): 46 (2008 publ. 2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium kharputense Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 378 (1892)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium khozratense R.M.Fritsch; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 127(4): 463 (2009)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Allium kiiense (Murata) Hir.Takah.bis & M.Hotta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 60(2): 86 (2009)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium virgunculae var. kiiense Murata; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 25(2-3): 46 (1972)
species :
Allium kingdonii Stearn; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 2(6): 175-177, f. 10 a, t. 9 (1960)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Allium kirilovii N.Friesen & Seregin; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 178(1): 88 (2015)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium kirindicum Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33 2: 209 (1915)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (SW-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium koelzii (Wendelbo) K.Perss. & Wendelbo; Bot. Not. 132: 196 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Nectaroscordum koelzii Wendelbo; Acta Horti Gothob. 28: 53, f. 15 (1966)
= Allium orientale var. majus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28(2): 514 (1911)
species :
Allium koenigianum Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 200 (1928)
Distribution: NE-Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium kokanicum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 3: II. (1875) 104
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Chitral); India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Rhizirideum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium caricoides Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 532 (1879)
= Allium filifolium Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 352 (1887)
= Allium hoeltzeri Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 657 (1884)
species :
Allium koksuense R.M.Fritsch, N.Friesen & S.V.Smirn.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 197: 217 (2021)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium kollmannianum Brullo; Pavone & Salvieri, Fl. Medit. 1: 15, f. 1 (1991)
Distribution: Israel (Negev Desert)
34 ISR
species :
Allium komarowii Lipsky; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 129 (1900)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan (Zeravshan)
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium kondarinum Kamelin; Fl. Ushchel. Reki Varzob 526 (2021)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Allium kopetdagense Vved.; Fl. Turkmen. 1 2: 280 (1932)
Distribution: Turkmenistan (Kopet Dag); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium khorasanicum Wendelbo; Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 28: 24 (1966)
species :
Allium kopsedorum R.M.Fritsch; Taxon. Rev. Allium subg. Melanocrommyum 148 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium korolkowii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 158 (1875)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium moschatum var. brevipedunculatum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 523 (1880)
= Allium moschatum var. dubium Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 552 (1880)
= Allium oliganthum var. elongatum Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 511 (1842)
species :
Allium kossoricum Fomin; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis 14: 50 (1909)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium kotschyi Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 117 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium koyuncui H.Duman & Özhatay; P. H. Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 322 (2000 publ. 2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium kuhrangense Akhavan, Saeidi & R.M.Fritsch; Phytotaxa 170(3): 214 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium kuhsorkhense R.M.Fritsch & Joharchi; Rostaniha 7(Suppl. 2): 265 (2006 publ. 2007)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium kujukense Vved.; Trudy Turkestansk. Nauchn. Obshch. 1: 124 (1923)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium kunthianum Vved.; Fl. URSS 4: 207, t. 12, f. 2 (1935)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium kunthianum var. grandiflorum Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 2: 136 (1940)
= Allium lepidum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 408 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Allium lepidum var. humile Miscz. ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 213 (1928)
= Allium lepidum var. rehmanii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 263 (1882)
species :
Allium kuramense F.O.Khass. & N.Friesen; Linz. Biol. Beitr. 30(1): 287 (1998)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium kurdistanicum Maroofi & R.M.Fritsch; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(4): 353 (2011)
Distribution: Iraq; Iran
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Allium kurssanovii Popov; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc., Biol., n. s. 47: 85 (1938)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium pseudoglobosum Popov ex Gamajun.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Kasachst. 2: 11 (1964)
species :
Allium kurtzianum Asch. & Sint. ex Kollmann; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 262, f. 5 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia, Mt. Ida, only once collected)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium kwakense (R.M.Fritsch) R.M.Fritsch; Phyton (Horn) 49(2): 187 (2010)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium rosenbachianum subsp. kwakense R.M.Fritsch; Candollea 48(2): 419 (1993)
species :
Allium kysylkumi Kamelin; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad), 65(10): 1459 (1980)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium lachnophyllum Paine; Palestine Explor. Soc. 3: 125 (1875)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Allium lacunosum S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 231 (1879)
Name: Pitted onion
Distribution: USA (California: central and south Coast Ranges, and on Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz islands)
76 USA
variant :
var. davisiae (Jones) McNeal & Ownbey; Madroño 29(2): 85 (1982)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium davisiae M.E.Jones; Contrib. W. Bot. 12: 78 (1908)
= Allium pseudobulbiferum Davidson; Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 20: 49 (1921)
variant :
var. kernensis McNeal & Ownbey; Madroño 29(2): 83 (1982)
Name: Kern´s pitted onion
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
variant :
var. micranthum Eastw.; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 101 (1938)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Allium lagarophyllum Brullo, Pavone & Tzanoud.; Willdenowia, 23(1-2): 107 (1993)
Distribution: C-Greece
13 GRC
species :
Allium lalesaricum Freyn & Bornm.; Mem. Herb. Boissier 13: 31 (1900)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Allium lamondiae Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot. 14: 102 (1967)
Distribution: Iran (E-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Herat, Kandahar, Orozgan / Daykundi); W-Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium lasiophyllum Vved.; Byull. Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ. 19: 125 (1934)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium latifolium Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. Pl. Orient. 2: 3. t. 103 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium jaubertii R.M.Fritsch; Phyton (Horn) 49(2): 182 (2010), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Allium lazikkiyense Koçyigit, Özhatay & E.Kaya; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 515, fig. 1 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium ledebourianum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. 7: 1029 (1830)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Russian Far East (Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Xinjiang, Liaoning); Mongolia; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku)
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium ledebourianum var. purpurascens Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1863: 29 (1863)
= Allium uliginosum Ledeb.; Icon. Pl. Fl. Ross. 1: 20 (1829), nom. illeg. [non G. Don 1827]
species :
Allium lefkadensis Brullo, Giusso & Musarella; Plants [Basel] 9(12)-1678: 16 (2020)
Distribution: Greece (Lefkada)
13 GRC
species :
Allium lehmannianum Merckl. ex Bunge; Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 333 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium lehmannianum var. kokanicum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 304 (1887)
species :
Allium lehmannii Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 3: 114 (1909)
Distribution: Sicily; Tunisia; ?Libya
13 SIC 20 TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium aethusanum Garbari; Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., B 94: 205 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Allium pallens subsp. siciliense Stearn; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 4: 161 (1978)
species :
Allium lemmonii S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 234 (1879)
Name: Lemmon´s onion
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah.)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium anceps var. lemmonii (S.Watson) Jeps.; Fl. Calif. 1: 279 (1921)
= Allium incisum A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.; Bot. Gaz. 56: 470 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Allium scissum A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.; Bot. Gaz. 65: 58 (1918)
species :
Allium lenkoranicum Miscz.; Grossh., Fl. Kavk. ed. 1, 1: 214 (1928)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
32 TKM 33 AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium lepsicum R.M.Fritsch, N.Friesen & S.V.Smirn.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 197: 218 (2021)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Allium leptomorphum Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 13: 29 (1952)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Allium leucocephalum Turcz. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 179 (1852)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol); Mongolia
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON
species :
Allium leucosphaerum Aitch. & Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc., Ser. II. 3: 117 (1886)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badghys, Farah, Faryab, Herat)
32 TKM TZK 34 AFG IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium fibrosum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 10: 322 (1887)
species :
Allium levichevii F.O.Khass., Esankulov & Sulejm.; Uzbeksk. Biol. Zhurn. 2010(5): 31 (2010)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium libani Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 26 (1854)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Allium lilacinum Klotzsch; Bot. Ergebn. Reise Waldemar: 50 (1862)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium klotzschii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 255 (1875), nom. superfl.
species :
Allium liliputianum Koçyigit, Özhatay & E.Kaya; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 519, fig. 3B (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium lineare L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 295 (1753), non sensu Flora Europaea
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; China (NW-Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium christii Janka; Linnaea 30: 604 (1860)
= Allium confertum Fisch.; Cat.: s.p. (1821)
= Allium deflexum Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 2: 65 (1799)
= Allium halleri Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 488 (1766)
= Allium tortuosum Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1064 (1830)
= Porrum lineare (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 2: 20 (1837)
species :
Allium lipskyanum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 317 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium listera Stearn; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 5: 326 (1934)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hebei, Henan, Jilin, Shaanxi, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium victorialis var. listera (Stearn) J.M.Xu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 14: 204 (1980)
species :
Allium litardierei J.-M.Tison; Index Syn. Fl. Afrique N. 403 (2010)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; ?Tunisia
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium pallens var. grandiflorum (Maire & Weiller) Pastor & Valdés; Lagascalia 18: 330 (1996)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. breviscapum Litard. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 4: 21 (1924)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. mauritii Maire & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 216 (1932)
= Allium paniculatum var. brachyspathum Faure & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. (1935)
= Allium paniculatum var. breviscapum (Litard. & Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 279 (1958)
= Allium paniculatum var. grandiflorum Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 319 (1934)
= Allium paniculatum var. mauritii (Maire & Sennen) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 280 (1958)
= Allium paniculatum var. stenanthum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 366 (1939)
species :
Allium litvinovii Drobow ex Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 314 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Allium lojaconoi Brullo, Lanfr. & Pavone; Webbia 35(2): 296 (1982)
Distribution: Malta
13 MLT
species :
Allium longanum Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1912: 116 (1912)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya (Cyrenaica); Egypt
13 GRC KRI 20 EGY LBY
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium subhirsutum var. barcense Maire & Weiller; Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 30: 304 (1939)
species :
Allium longicollum Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 121: 272 (1968)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Orozgan / Daykundi); Pakistan
34 AFG 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium longifolium (Kunth) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 38 (1825)
Name: Kunth´s onion
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium howardii Traub; Pl. Life 23: 90 (1967)
= Allium kunthii G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 82 (1827)
= Allium scaposum Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 26 (1840)
= Praskoinon longifolium (Kunth) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 29 (1836)
= Schoenoprasum lineare Kunth; Gen. et Sp. 1: 277 (1816) [not A. lineare Linnaeus]
= Schoenoprasum longifolium Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 277 (1816)
species :
Allium longipapillatum R.M.Fritsch & Matin; Rostaniha 7(Suppl. 2): 258 (2006 publ. 2007)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium longiradiatum (Regel) Vved.; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 67 (1923) ; et in Bull. Univ. As. Centr.,Livr. 9, Suppl., 8(1925)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium tataricum var. longiradiatum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 180 (1875)
species :
Allium longisepalum Bertol.; Nov. Comm. Acad. Bonon. 5: 429 (1842)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Bahrain
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW SAU
Remarks: Subgen. Molium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium eriophyllum Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 112 (1846)
= Allium eriophyllum var. laceratum (Boiss. & Noë) Wendelbo; Fl. Iranica 76: 66 (1971)
= Allium farsistanicum Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 290 (1919)
= Allium laceratum Boiss. & Noë; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 112 (1859)
= Allium longisepalum var. laceratum (Boiss. & Noë) Wendelbo; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 76: 66, t. 6, f. 90b & t. 18, f. 2a, b (1971)
= Allium stupposum Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28: II. 512 (1911)
species :
Allium longispathum Redouté; Redouté, Lil. 50: 316 (1812)
Name: Mittelmeer-Lauch (DE); Mediterranean Onion; Panicled Onion (EN); Ajo abierto (ES)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; Portugal; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Croatia; Hungary; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Sao Jorge [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Morocco; Algeria; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); USA [I] (California [I])
11 HUN 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG MOR 21 azo cny mdr 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 76 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum. Formerly included in A. paniculatum (s. l.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium amansii Boreau; Fl. Centre France, ed. 3, 2: 631 (1857)
= Allium boryanum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 411 (1843)
= Allium collinum Guss.; M. Ten., Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 169 (1831)
= Allium intermedium DC.; J. B. A. M. de Lam. & A. P. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 6: 318 (1815)
= Allium intermedium var. bulbiferum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 318 (1815)
= Allium oleraceum Des Moul.; Cat. Rais. Pl. Dordogne: 142 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Allium paniculatum f. longispathum (Redouté) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 333 (1900)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. intermedium (DC.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 139 (1905)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. longispathum (Redouté) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 207 (1890)
= Allium paniculatum var. floribundum Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 6: 98 (1896)
= Allium paniculatum var. intermedium (DC.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium paniculatum var. longispathum (Redouté) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3(2): 193 (1875)
= Allium paniculatum var. micranthum Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 12: 368 (1910)
= Allium paniculatum var. parvum Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 3: 287 (1904)
= Allium paniculatum Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 354 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Allium parnassicum subsp. minoicum Zahar.; Biol. Gallo-Hellen. 6: 50 (1975)
= Allium pugetii Gand.; Fl. Lyon.: 216 (1875)
= Allium sibthorpianum var. boryanum (Kunth) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882)
= Allium tenuiflorum subsp. apenninum A.Huet ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 740 (1882), nom. nud.
= Allium vineale subsp. monspessulanum Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 736 (1882)
= Codonoprasum longispathum (Redouté) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 115 (1830)
species :
Allium longistylum Baker; J. Bot. 12(142): 294 (1874)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shanxi); South Korea
36 CHI 38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium hopeiense Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 19(11): 316 (1943)
= Allium jeholense Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 7: 113 (1884)
species :
Allium longivaginatum Wendelbo; Acta Horti Gothob. 28: 26, t. 6 a-c (1966)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
species :
Allium lopadusanum Bartolo, Brullo & Pavone; Willdenowia 16(1): 89 (1986)
Distribution: Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa)
13 PEL
species :
Allium loratum Baker; J. Bot. 12: 290 (1874)
Distribution: Tibet; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
36 TIB 40 IND
species :
Allium lusitanicum Lam.; Encycl. 1: 70 (1783)
Name: Berg-Lauch (DE)
Distribution: +Denmark; Norway [I]; Sweden; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; ?Portugal; Spain (mountains); Andorra; France; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Latvia [I]; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Ukraine
10 DEN nor SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 lat RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium acutangulum Ambros.; Fl. Tyrolo Mer. 1: 565 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Allium acutangulum Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 8: t. 734 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Allium acutangulum subsp. petraeum (DC.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 91 (1867)
= Allium acutangulum var. montanum Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 303 (1830)
= Allium acutangulum var. petraeum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3: 222 (1805)
= Allium angulosum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 222 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Allium angulosum var. montanum Pohl; Tent. Fl. Bohem. 2: 9 (1814)
= Allium fallax Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1072 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Allium fallax subsp. montanum (Pohl) Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 2: 18 (1839)
= Allium fallax var. acutiusculum Zapal.; 72 (1906)
= Allium fallax var. albicans Zapal.; 72 (1906)
= Allium fallax var. intermedium Zapal.; 72 (1906)
= Allium fallax var. obtusum Zapal.; 71 (1906)
= Allium fallens Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 91 (1902)
= Allium glaucum subsp. serotinum (Schleich.) K.Richt.; 204 (1890), nom. inval.
= Allium leptophyllum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 674 (1866)
= Allium montanum f. subbulbilliferum Priszter; Bot. Kozlem. 59(1): 46 (1972)
= Allium montanum F.W.Schmidt; Fl. Boëm. 4: 28 (1794), non Schrank 1785
= Allium montanum subsp. leptophyllum (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 23: 387 (1977 publ. 1978)
= Allium montanum subsp. lusitanicum (Lam.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium montanum var. fallax (Schult. & Schult.f.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium montanum var. leptophyllum (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 739 (1882)
= Allium petraeum Genty; Magnier, Scrin. Fl. Select. 8: 151 (1889), nom. illeg.
= Allium schoenoprasum subsp. lusitanicum (Lam.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 203 (1890)
= Allium senescens subsp. lusitanicum (Lam.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 15 (1984)
= Allium senescens subsp. montanum (Pohl) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 341 (1970)
= Allium senescens subsp. montanum (Pohl) Janch.; 68 (1953), nom. inval.
= Allium senescens var. calcareum (Wallr.) Hyl.; 114 (1945)
= Allium senescens var. petraeum (DC.) Vollm.; 147 (1914)
= Allium serotinum Schleich. ex G.Don; Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 63 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Allium serotinum Schleich.; 6 (1815), nom. inval.
species :
Allium luteolum Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 256 (1904)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum
species :
Allium lutescens Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 312 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ UZB
species :
Allium lycaonicum Siehe ex Hayek; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 28: 185 (1914)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Syria (NW-Syria)
34 SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanocrommyum
species :
Allium maackii (Maxim.) Prokh.; Kom. & Klob. Alis. Key Pl. Far East. Reg. USSR 1: 366 (1931)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); NE-China (Heilongjiang)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium lineare var. maackii Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 282 (1859)
= Allium prokhanovii (Vorosch.) Barkalov; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 2: 385 (1987)
= Allium splendens subsp. prokhanovii Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 130: 35 (1984)
species :
Allium macedonicum Zahar.; Biol. Gallo-Helen. 6(1): 56 (1975)
Name: Mazedonischer Lauch
Distribution: NE-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum
species :
Allium machmelianum Post; Pl. Postianae 3: 18 (1892)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Allium macleanii Baker; Bot. Mag. t. 6707 (1883)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Laghman, Logar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Kurram); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KGZ TKM TZK 34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Megalocrommyum
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium elatum Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 8: 665 (1884), et Gartenfl. (1887) 369 t. 1251
= Allium isfairamicum B.Fedtsch. ex O.Fedtsch.; Progr. Sadov. Ogorad. 36: 332 (1906)
= Allium lucens Nikitina; Fl. Kirgizsk. SSR, Suppl. 1: 112 (1967), nom. inval.
species :
Allium macranthum Baker; J. Bot. 12(142): 293 (1874)
Distribution: China (SW-Gansu, S-Shaanxi, SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); S-Tibet; Pakistan (Swat); Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium oviflorum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 658 (1884)
= Allium simethis H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 288 (1913)
species :
Allium macrochaetum Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. 5: 239 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, S-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Allium
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium laeve Wendelbo & Bothmer; Fl. Iranica 76: 57 (1971)
species :
Allium macropetalum Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 401 (1904)
Name: Largeflower onion
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Sonora)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium deserticola (M.E.Jones) Wooton & Standl.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 16: 114 (1913)
= Allium reticulatum var. deserticola M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 10: 30 (1902)
species :
Allium macrostemon Bunge; Enum. Pl. China Bor. 65 (1833)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Anhui, Beijing, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hongkong, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Macao, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanghai, Shanxi, Sichuan, Tianjin); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; South China Sea Isl.
31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 42 SCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium chanetii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 184 (1913)
= Allium grayi Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 3: 125 (1875)
= Allium grayi var. chanetii (Lév.) Lév.
= Allium iatasen H.Lév.; Mem. Pontif. Accad. Romana Nuovi Lincei 24: 351 (1906)
= Allium macrostemon var. uratense (Franch.) Airy Shaw; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16: 136 (1931)
= Allium nereidum Hance; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 5, 5: 224 (1866)
= Allium nipponicum Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 76 (1879)
= Allium ousensanense Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 27: 215 (1913)
= Allium pallasii var. uratense (Franch.) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 317 (1887)
= Allium uratense Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 7: 114 (1884)
species :
Allium macrostylum Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6: 296 (1879)
Distribution: ?Kyrgyzstan
species :
Allium macrum S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 233 (1879)
Name: Rock onion
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium equicaeleste H.St.John; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 44: 31 (1931)
species :
Allium madidum S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 14: 228 (1879)
Name: Swamp onion
Distribution: USA (Idaho: Payette Lake, New Meadows, Oregon: Blue Mts.)
73 USA
species :
Allium maghrebinum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Fl. Medit. 25 (Special Issue): 235 (2015)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
species :
Allium mahneshanense Razyfard, Zarre & R.M.Fritsch; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48: 356 (2011)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Allium mairei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7(152-156): 339 (1909)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan, SW-Sichuan); SE-Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium amabile Stapf; Bot. Mag. 155: t. 9257 (1929)
= Allium giraudiasii H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan: 163 (1916)
= Allium pyrrhorrhizum Airy Shaw; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 16(78): 141-142 (1931)
= Allium yunnanense Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 301-302 (1912)
species :
Allium majus Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 462, 543 (1941)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Allium makmelianum Post; Pl. Postianae 3: 18 (1892)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Allium makrianum C.Brullo, Brullo, Giusso & Salmeri; Phyton (Horn) 49(2): 270 (2010)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Chios)
34 EAI
Remarks: status doubtful fide Strid & Kit Tan 2017, related to A. archeotrichon
species :
Allium malyschevii N.Friesen; Fl. Sibir. (Arac.-Orchidac.): 89 (1987)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Tuva); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
species :
Allium maniaticum Brullo & Tzanoud.; Willdenowia 19(1): 111 (1989)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
species :
Allium mannii Traub & T.M.Howard; Pl. Life 24: 138 (1968), sine descr. lat.; et l. c. xxv. 47 (1969)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Allium maowenense J.M.Xu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(4): 356-357, f. 1 (1994)
Distribution: China (NC-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Allium maraschicum Koçyigit & Özhatay; Nordic J. Bot. 30(5): 554 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Allium marathasicum Brullo, Pavone & Salmeri; Candollea 48(1): 283 (1993)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Troodos Mts.)
34 CYP
species :
Allium mardinense Balos, Akan & Yildirim; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 58: 342, figs. 1-4 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey (Mardin)
34 TUR
species :
Allium mareoticum Bornm. & Gauba; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 31: 396 (1933)
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
20 EGY
species :
Allium margaritae B.Fedtsch.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb. A 18: 14 (1918)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
species :
Allium margaritiferum Vved.; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 2: 316 (1971)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Allium marginatum Janka; Termesz. Fuzetek 8: 29 (1884)
Distribution: S-Slovakia; Hungary; NW-Romania; N-Serbia
11 HUN SLO 13 ROM SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Codonoprasum. See Vojtechova et al. (2023) for new circumscription of the A.-paniculatum complex
Synonyms: hidden
= Allium longispathum subsp. marginatum (Janka) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 309 (1890)
= Allium paniculatum subsp. marginatum (Janka) Soó; Feddes Repert. 83: 136 (1972)
= Allium paniculatum var. marginatum Janka; Term. Füz. 8: 29 (1884)
= Allium paniculatum f. marginatum (Janka) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 140 (1905)
species :
Allium mariae Bordz.; Zap. Kievsk. Obshch. Estestvoisp. 25: 71 (1915)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
species :
Allium marmoratum Seregin; Phytotaxa