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V. 12.9
9.1.2022

025.0000 Family Cyatheaceae Kaulf.; Wes. d. Farrnkr. 119 (1827)
1-3 genera, ca. 700 spp. Recent monographs tended to lump everything in Cyathea s. lat., but PPG-I separates again the 3 genera.
Species listed in database: 700; hybrids: 19
= Alsophilaceae C.Presl, Gefässb. Stipes Farrnkr. 32 (1847)
= Hymenophyllopsidaceae Pic.Serm., Webbia 24: 712 (1970)
025.0003 Genus Alsophila R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 158 (1810)
Distribution: Pantropics, mostly Old World (many Madagascar). The genus is frequently included in Cyathea s. lat., but PPG-I separates it again. See also Korall et al. 2013. Gymnosphaera might be a separate genus (Dong 2018). Some species listed here might belong in Cyathea s. str. pending molecular results.
Species listed in database: 291; hybrids: 4
= Amphicosmia Gardner, Lond. J. Bot. 1: 441 (1842)
= Dichorexia C.Presl, Gefässb. Stipes Farrnkr. 36 (1847)
= Gymnosphaera Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 242 (1828)
= Nephelea R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
= Thysanobotrya Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 669, t. 10 (1918)
species :
Alsophila abbottii (Maxon) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Dominican Republic; Haiti
81 HIS
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea abbottii Maxon, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 37: 98 (1924)
species :
Alsophila acanthophora (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: N-Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acanthophora Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 51 (1962)
species :
Alsophila acaulis Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28: 335 (1914)
Distribution: Taiwan; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea hancockii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 37 (1909), nom. nov.
= Alsophila denticulata Baker, J. Bot. 102 (1846), non Cyathea denticulata Goldm. 1843
= Cyathea acaulis (Makino) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea polyodonta Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929)
= Dryopteris denticulata Hayata, Gen. Ind. Fl. Taiwan 101 (1917)
= Dryopteris hancockii (Copel.) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 74 (1927)
= Dryopteris taitunensis Koidz., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 38: 197 (1924)
= Gymnosphaera denticulata (Baker) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
= Gymnosphaera hancockii (Copel.) Ching, (1978)
species :
Alsophila acrostichoides Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 2 (1918)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea, Yapen Isl.)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acrostichoides (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera acrostichoides (Alderw.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 14 (2018)
species :
Alsophila acuminata (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Panay, Samar)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: IUCN V. EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acuminata Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 81: 15 (1952)
species :
Alsophila acutula R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea tsaratananensis Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 681 (1941) (non C. Chr. 1934)
= Cyathea acutula (R.M.Tryon) Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 262 (264) (2008)
variant :
var. deltoidea (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acutula var. deltoidea Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 265 (2008)
variant :
var. rufescens (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acutula var. rufescens Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 266 (2008)
species :
Alsophila albida (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea albida Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 680 (1941)
species :
Alsophila albidosquamata (Rosenst.) Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 22 (2019)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaeropteris albidosquamata (Rosenst.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 21 (1970)
= Cyathea pumilio Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 14 (1918)
= Cyathea albidosquamata Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 525 (1913)
species :
Alsophila alderwereltii (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: C-Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila spinifera Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 182 (1922)
= Cyathea alderwereltii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 50 (1909)
= Cyathea horridipes Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea paraphysophora Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 145 (1930)
= Cyathea salticola Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea spinifera Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Hemitelia horridipes Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 16 (1914)
= Hemitelia paraphysophora Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 154 (1920)
= Hemitelia salticola Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 18 (1915)
= Hemitelia sumatrana Alderw., Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 18: 2 (1908)
species :
Alsophila alleniae (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Cameron Highlands, Pahang)
42 MLY
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea alleniae Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 52 (1962)
species :
Alsophila alpina Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 4 (1915)
Distribution: C-Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea trachypoda Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 1911 (1922), nom. nov.
= Cyathea alpicola Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 89 (1930)
= Cyathea alpina (Alderw.) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 18: 13 (1918) (non Cyathea alpina Roth 1800)
species :
Alsophila alta (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Santa Ysabel, Kolombangara, Makira, Malaita, Vella Lavella); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain); Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau, Taveuni); [Western] Samoa
42 NWG 43 BIS SOL 60 FIJ SAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea alta Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 60: 104, t. 10 (1936)
species :
Alsophila alternans Wall. ex Hook.; Syn. 41 (1866)
Distribution: Sumatra (Karo plateau, Bencoolen Distr.); peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Terengganu, Kelanton); N-Borneo (Sarawak)
Gunung Pulai and near Batu Pahat 42 BOR MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila janseniana Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 179 (1922)
= Amphicosmia alternans (Wall. ex Hook.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 104 (1857)
= Cyathea alternans (Wall. ex Hook.) C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 347 (1848)
= Cyathea alternans var. Iobbiana (Hook.) Domin
= Cyathea alternans var. sarawakensis (Hook.) Domin
= Cyathea alternans var. serrata Ridl.
= Cyathea janseniana (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 126 (1930)
= Cyathea lobbiana Hook., Syn. 24 (1865)
= Cyathea sarawakensis Hook., Syn. 23 (1865)
= Hemitelia alternans Wall. ex Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 622 (1844)
= Polypodium alternans Wall., Num. List no. 329 (1828), nom. nud.
= Polypodium impuber Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 494 (1844)
= Schizocaena alternans (Wall. ex Hook.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 244 (1875)
= Sphaeropteris alternans (Wall. ex Hook.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 21 (1970)
species :
Alsophila alticola (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea alticola (Tardieu) Tindale, Contr. N. S. Wales Nation. Herb. 2: 331 (1956)
= Gymnosphaera alticola Tardieu, Nat. Malgache 3: 76, t. 2 (1951)
species :
Alsophila amboinensis Alderw.; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.11: 103 (1916)
Distribution: Moluccas (Ambon, Seram, Bacan); Sulawesi
42 MOL SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea amboinensis (Alderw.) Merr., Interpr. Rumph. Herb. Amboin. 63 (1917)
= Alsophila latebrosa var. batjanensis Christ, Warb., Monsunia: 89 (1900)
= Cyathea amboinensis Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
species :
Alsophila andersonii J.Scott ex Bedd.; Ferns Brit. India t. 310 (1869)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); China (Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila andersonii var. miaoensis Sarn.Singh & Panigrahi, Pl. Sci. Res. (Orissa) 17(1-2): 47 (1995)
= Alsophila andersonii var. miaoensis Sarn.Singh & Panigrahi, Ferns Fern-Allies Arunachal Pradesh 1: 219 (2005), isonym
= Cyathea andersonii (J.Scott ex Bedd.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4C: 56 (1909)
= Cyathea nayarii T.Bandyop., T.Sen & U.Sen, Pteridol. New Millennium 126 (2003) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Cyathea suprasora Panigrahi & Sarn.Singh, Sarn. Singh & Panigrahi, Ferns Fern-Allies Arunachal Pradesh 1: 225 (2005), isonym
= Cyathea suprasora Panigrahi & Sarn.Singh, Pl. Sci. Res. (Orissa) 17(1-2): 47 (1995)
= Gymnosphaera andersonii (J.Scott ex Bedd.) Ching & S.K.Wu, Fl. Xizangica 1: 54 (1983)
= Gymnosphaera andersonii (J.Scott ex Bedd.) S.R.Ghosh, Pterid. Fl. E. India 198 (2004), comb. superfl.
species :
Alsophila andohahelensis Tardieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 683 (1941)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea andohahelensis (Tardieu) Tindale, Contr. N. S. Wales Nation. Herb. 2: 331 (1956)
= Gymnosphaera andohahelensis (Tardieu) Tardieu, Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam. 4: 34, f. 4(6-7) (1951)
species :
Alsophila aneitensis (Hook.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Moluccas (Ternate); Vanuatu (Anatom Isl.)
42 MOL 60 VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea aneitensis Hook., Syn. 26 (1865)
= Cyathea laciniata Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 12: 389 (1931)
species :
Alsophila annae Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 23: 3 (1916)
Distribution: Moluccas (Ambon); Sulawesi
42 MOL SUL
Conservation Status: IUCN V (two collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea annae (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 90 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera annae (Alderw.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 14 (2018)
species :
Alsophila apiculata Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 213 (1914)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila indrapurae Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 2 (1915)
= Cyathea apiculata (Rosenst.) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea crenulata f. subspinulosa Alderw., Handb. Suppl. 28 (1917)
= Cyathea indrapurae Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 13 (1918)
= Cyathea paleata Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 14: 372, t. 56 (1929)
species :
Alsophila apoensis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Aurora, Laguna, Quezon, Negros, Mindoro, Davao, Misamis Occidental)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: IUCN I. EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea apoensis Copel., Leafl. Phil. Bot. 3: 802 (1910)
= Cyathea lobata Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 81: 15, t. 13 (1952)
species :
Alsophila appendiculata (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea appendiculata Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 15: 411 (1876)
species :
Alsophila approximata (Bonap.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea approximata Bonap., Notes pterid. 6: 41 (1917)
variant :
var. sorisquamata (Bonap.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 60 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea sorisquamata Bonap., Notes pterid. 16: 21 (1925)
= Cyathea approximata var. sorisquamata (Bonap.) Tardieu, Fl. Madag. Comor. 4: 10 (1951)
species :
Alsophila archboldii (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Kolombangara); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG 43 SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea archboldii C.Chr., Brittonia 2: 278 (1937)
= Cyathea bidentata Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 218 (1942)
= Cyathea archboldii var. horrida Holttum
species :
Alsophila atropurpurea (Copel.) C.Chr.; Ind. Fil., Suppl. 4 (1913)
Distribution: Philippines (Oriental Mindoro, Agusan del Norte, Davao)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea atropurpurea Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.3: 354 (1909)
= Gymnosphaera atropurpurea (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
species :
Alsophila auneae D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 369 (1983), nom. nov.
Distribution: Jamaica; Hispaniola
81 HIS JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pubescens Mett. ex Kuhn, Linn. 36: 164 (1869)
= Nephelea pubescens (Mett. ex Kuhn) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila auriculata (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea auriculata Tardieu, Nat. Malgache 3: 75, f. 1, t. 1 (1951)
species :
Alsophila australis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 158 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. australis
Name: Rough tree fern
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, Victoria, Tasmania); Guam [I]
50 AUS 62 gum
Synonyms: hidden
= Amphicosmia australis (R.Br.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 59 (1857)
= Alsophila loddigesii Kunze, Linnaea 20: 7 (1847)
= Cyathea loddigesii (Kunze) Domin, Pterid. (1929)
= Cyathea australis (R.Br.) Domin, Pteridophyta 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. norfolkiensis (Holttum) A.R.Field; Austral. Syst. Bot. 33(1): 34 (2020)
Distribution: Norfolk Isl.
50 NFK
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea australis ssp. norfolkensis Holttum, Blumea 1: 244 (1964)
species :
Alsophila austroyunnanensis S.G.Lu; Acta Bot. Yunnan 20(1): 45 (1998)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gymnosphaera austroyunnanensis (S.G.Lu) S.G.Lu & Chun X.Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 27(1): 39 (2005)
species :
Alsophila baileyana Domin; Bibl. Bot. 86: 29 (1913)
Name: Wig tree fern
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland)
50 AUS
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila rebeccae var. commutata Bull., Queensl. Fl. Suppl. III: 91 (1890)
= Cyathea baileyana (Domin) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera baileyana (Domin) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 15 (2018)
species :
Alsophila balanocarpa (D.C.Eaton) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea balanocarpa D.C.Eaton, Mem. Amer. Acad. n. s. 8: 215 (1860)
= Nephelea balanocarpa (D.C.Eaton) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 38 (1970)
species :
Alsophila basirotundata (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea basirotundata Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 30(2): 270 (2008)
species :
Alsophila batjanensis Christ; Diels, Nat. Pfl. 138 (1899), et Warb., Monsunia: 90 (1900)
Distribution: Moluccas (Bacan, Seram, Tidore, Ternate, Buru, Saparua, Halmaheira); New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea batjanensis (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 45 (1909)
= Alsophila saparuensis Alderw., Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 18: 2 (1908)
= Alsophila straminea (Alderw.) A.Gepp, Gibbs, Dutch N. W. New Guinea 192 (1917)
= Cyathea geppiana Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 118 (1930)
= Cyathea saparuensis (Alderw.) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 13 (1918)
= Cyathea straminea Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 14 (1918) (non Karst (1856))
species :
Alsophila bellisquamata (Bonap.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bellisquamata Bonap., Notes pterid. 16: 13 (1925)
variant :
var. ambrensis (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bellisquamata var. ambrensis Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 290 (2008)
variant :
var. australis (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bellisquamata var. australis Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 291 (2008)
variant :
var. basilobata (C.Chr.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 60 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bellisquamata var. basilobata C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 25 (1932)
species :
Alsophila biformis Rosenst.; Fedde, Repert. 9: 423 (1911)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea biformis (Rosenst.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 364 (1911)
= Cyathea arfakensis A.Gepp, Gibbs, Arfak: 69 (1917)
= Cyathea gibbsiae Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 38: 129 (1929)
= Gymnosphaera biformis (Rosenst.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
= Hemitelia arfakensis (A.Gepp) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 26 (1918)
= Polybotrya arfakensis A.Gepp, Gibbs, Dutch N. W. New Guinea 71 (1917)
= Stenochlaena dubia Alderw., Bull. Dept. agric. Ind. néerl. 18: 26 (1908) (non Cyathea dubia (Bedd.) Domin (1929))
= Thysanobotrya dubia (Alderw.) Posth., Proc. Kon. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam 39: 825 (1936)
= Thysanobotrya arfakensis (A.Gepp) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 66, t. 10 (1918)
species :
Alsophila binayana (M.Kato) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea binayana M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Bot. 14(5): 371 (1990)
species :
Alsophila bisquamata (M.Kato) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bisquamata M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 14(5): 376 (1990)
species :
Alsophila boiviniiformis (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boiviniiformis Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 29(2): 198 (2007)
species :
Alsophila borbonica (Desv.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: La Réunion
29 REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila telfairiana Wall. ex Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 56 (1844)
= Aspidium telfairianum Wall., Num. List no. 385 (1828)
= Cyathea borbonica Desv., Berl. Mag. 5: 328 (1811)
= Cyathea discolor Fée, Gen. 353 (1850-52)
= Cyathea madagascariensis Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 257 (1824)
= Cyathea mascarena Sw.Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 322 (1827)
= Cyathea melanocaula Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 322 (1827)
= Cyathea robusta Bojer ex Wall., Num. List no. 182 (1828)
= Alsophila melanocaula (Desv.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970), non Alsophila melanocaulos Alderw. (1924)
variant :
var. latifolia (Hook.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 60 (2009)
Distribution: Mauritius
29 MAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea borbonica var. latifolia (Hook.) Bonap., Notes Pterid. 9: 48 (1920)
= Cyathea commersoniana Fée, Gen. 352 (1850-52)
= Cyathea canaliculata var. latifolia Hook., Sp. Fil. 1, 1: 24, pl. 13A (1846)
= Cyathea borbonica f. latifolia (Hook.) C.Chr., Dansk. Bot. Arch. 7: 21 (1932)
variant :
var. laevigata (Willd. ex Kaulf.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea borbonica var. laevigata (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Bonap., Notes Pterid. 9: 49 (1920)
= Cyathea laevigata Willd. ex Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 256 (1824)
= Schizocaena laevigata (Willd. ex Kaulf.) J.Sm., Lond. J. Bot. 1: 661 (1842)
variant :
var. pervilleana (Fée) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea borbonica var. pervilleana (Fée) C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag., Pterid. 20 (1932)
= Cyathea pervilleana Fée, Gen. 352 (1850-52)
variant :
var. sevathiana (Janssen & Rakotondr.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 60 (2009)
Distribution: Mauritius
29 MAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea borbonica var. sevathiana Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 28(2): 225 (2006)
species :
Alsophila borneensis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Thailand; S-Myanmar (Mergui); Borneo; peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang, Selangor); Cambodia; Vietnam
41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 BOR MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila latebrosa var. denudata Bedd., J. Bot. 31: 225 (1893)
= Cyathea borneensis Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 135 (1911)
= Cyathea hemichlamydea Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 361 (1911)
= Cyathea obtusata Rosenst., Meded. Rijks Herb. no. 31: 1 (1917)
= Hemitelia hemichlamydea (Copel.) Alderw., Handb. Suppl. 47, 488 (1917)
species :
Alsophila brachyphylla (Holttum) Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 22 (2019)
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea brachyphylla Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 27: 181 (1974)
species :
Alsophila brausei R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea hunsteiniana Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 56: 58 (1920)
species :
Alsophila brevipinna (Baker ex Benth.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea brevipinna Baker ex Benth., Fl. Austr. 7: 709 (1878)
species :
Alsophila brooksii (Maxon) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Puerto Rico; Hispaniola; Cuba
81 CUB HIS PUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea brooksii Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 18: 24 (1909)
species :
Alsophila bryophila R.M.Tryon; Rhodora 74: 443 (1972)
Distribution: Puerto Rico
81 PUE
Remarks: a true Alsophila based on molecular results
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bryophila (R.M.Tryon) Proctor, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 53: 85 (1989)
species :
Alsophila buennemeijeri (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Borneo (Natuna Isl.)
42 BOR
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea bunnemeijeri Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 187 (1922)
species :
Alsophila bullata Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 16: 412 (1876)
Distribution: Madagascar; Comores (Anjouan, Mayotte, Grande Comore)
29 COM MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila boivinii Mett. ex Ettingsh., Farnkr. 220, t. 155, f. 2-3 (1865), non C. boivinii Mett. ex Kuhn (1868)
= Alsophila castanea Baker, J. Bot. 29: 3 (1891)
= Alsophila melanotricha Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 684 (1941)
= Cyathea bullata (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929)
= Cyathea bullata (Baker) Rakotondr., Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia Ser. 4 10(4): 376 (1988 publ. 1989)
= Cyathea insularis Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), nom. nov. for Alsophila boivinii Mett. ex Ettingh., non Cyathea boivinii Mett. ex Kuhn
= Cyathea melanotricha (Tardieu) Tindale, Contr. N. S. Wales Nation. Herb. 2: 331 (1956)
= Cyathea badia Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929)
= Gymnosphaera boivinii (Mett. ex Ettingsh.) Tardieu, Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam. 4: 41 (1951)
= Gymnosphaera melanotricha (Tardieu) Tardieu, Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam. 4: 36, f. 5(2-3) (1951)
variant :
var. andringitrensis (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boivinii var. andringitrensis Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 324 (2008)
variant :
var. bevolo (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boivinii var. bevolo Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 326 (2008)
variant :
var. hildebrandtii (Kuhn) comb.ined.
Distribution: Comores (Anjouan); Madagascar
29 COM MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila hildebrandtii (Kuhn) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
= Cyathea boivinii var. hildebrandtii (Kuhn) Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 328 (2008)
= Cyathea hildebrandtii Kuhn, Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 20 (1876)
variant :
var. lobata (Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boiviniiformis var. lobata (Rakotondr.) Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 29(2): 201 (2007)
= Alsophila bullata var. lobata (Rakotondr.) J.P.Roux, Strelitzia 23: 61 (2009)
= Cyathea bullata var. lobata Rakotondr., Adansonia ser. 3, 21(1): 147 (1999)
= Gymnosphaera boivinii var. lobata (Rakotondr.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 15 (2018)
variant :
var. madagascarica (Bonap.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila bullata var. madagascarica (Bonap.) J.P.Roux, Strelitzia 23: 61 (2009)
= Alsophila madagascarica Bonap., Notes pterid. 2: 53 (1917)
= Cyathea boiviniiformis var. madagascarica (Bonap.) Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 29(2): 202 (2007)
= Cyathea bullata var. madagascarica (Bonap.) Rakotondr., Adansonia ser. 3, 21(1): 146 (1999)
= Cyathea malegassica Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 133 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera madagascarica (Bonap.) Tardieu, Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam. 4: 35, f. 6(2) (1951)
= Gymnosphaera boivinii var. madagascarica (Bonap.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 15 (2018)
variant :
var. parahildebrandtii (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boivinii var. parahildebrandtii Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 329 (2008)
species :
Alsophila calcicola Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 2 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila callosa (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Kalinga, Benguet, Bataan, Laguna, Quezon, Camarines Sur, Catanduanes, Camiguin); Palawan
42 PHI PLW
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea callosa Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 1008 (1906)
= Cyathea camiguinensis Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.81: 16 (1952) (as camaguinensis)
= Cyathea foxworthyi Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.3: Bot. 355 (1909)
species :
Alsophila camerooniana (Hook.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Liberia; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Congo [Brazzaville]
22 LBR NGA TOG 23 BIO CMN CON EQG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila camerunensis Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1 [4]. 135 (1899
= Cyathea camerooniana Hook., Syn. 21 (1865)
= Cyathea camerunensis (Diels) Domin, Pteridophyta: 262 (1929)
= Cyathea congoensis (Bonap.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
variant :
var. aethiopica (Welw. ex Hook.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 61 (2009)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola
23 EQG ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila aethiopica Welw. ex Hook., Hook. & Baker, Syn. 44 (1846)
= Alsophila congoensis Bonap., Notes pterid. 14: 241 (1924) (non Hort.)
= Cyathea aethiopica (Welw. ex Hook.) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea camerooniana var. aethiopica (Welw. ex Hook.) Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 480 (1981)
= Cyathea principis Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 150 (1930), nom. nov. for Alsophila congoensis Bonap. (1923)
variant :
var. congi (Christ) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 61 (2009)
Distribution: Liberia; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni)
22 LBR 23 CMN EQG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea canaliculata var. congi Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 86(2): 92 (1897)
= Cyathea camerooniana var. congi (Christ) Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 481 (1981)
variant :
var. currorii (Holttum) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 61 (2009)
Distribution: Principe Isl.; Angola
23 PRI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea camerooniana var. currorii Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 480 (1981)
variant :
var. occidentalis (Holttum) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 61 (2009)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Ghana; Cameroon
22 GHA SIE 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea camerooniana var. occidentalis Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 481 (1981)
variant :
var. ugandensis (Holttum) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 62 (2009)
Distribution: Uganda
25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea camerooniana var. ugandensis Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 481 (1981)
= Cyathea borbonica var. continentalis Bonap., Notes Pterid. 15: 8 (1924)
variant :
var. zenkeri (Hieron. ex Diels) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 62 (2009)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 IVO 23 CMN EQG GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila batesii Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 299 (1897)
= Alsophila zenkeri Hieron. ex Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 135 (1899)
= Cyathea aethiopica var. zenkeri (Hieron. ex Diels) Tardieu, Notulae Systematicae (Paris) 14, 4: 337 (1953)
= Cyathea batesii (Baker) Domin, Pteridophyta: 262 (1929)
= Cyathea camerooniana var. zenkeri (Hieron. ex Diels) Tardieu, Fl. Cameroun, Pteridoph. 67 (1964)
= Cyathea zenkeri (Hieron. ex Diels) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929)
species :
Alsophila capensis (L.fil.) J.Sm.; Lond. J. Bot. 1: 666 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. capensis
Name: Forest Tree Fern
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Malawi; E-Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Tanzania
25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Amphicosmia capensis (L.fil.) Klotzsch, Allg. Gartenzeit. 107 (1856)
= Amphicosmia riparia (Willd.) Gardner, Lond. J. Bot. 1: 441, t. 12 (1842)
= Aspidium capense (L.fil.) Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 42 (1801)
= Cormophyllum capense (L.fil.) Newman, Phytol. 6: 238 (1854)
= Cyathea capensis (L.fil.) J.E.Sm., Mém. Acad. Turin 5: 417 (1793)
= Cyathea riparia Willd., Sp. 6: 493 (1810)
= Gymnosphaera capensis (L.fil.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 15 (2018)
= Hemitelia capensis (L.fil.) Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 253 (1824)
= Hemitelia riparia (Willd.) Desv., Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 322 (1827)
= Polypodium capense L.fil., Suppl. 445 (1781)
= Polystichum capense (L.fil.) J.Sm., Bot. Mag. 72: Comp. 35 (1846)
= Trichomanes cormophyllum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 266 (1824)
= Trichomanes incisum Thunb., Prod. Fl. Cap. 173 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. polypodioides (Sw.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 369 (1983)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hemitelia gardneriana C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 320 (1848)
= Cyathea polypodioides Sw., Vet. Akad. Handl. 78 (1817)
= Gymnosphaera capensis ssp. polypodioides (Sw.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 15 (2018)
species :
Alsophila catillifera (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN I (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea catillifera Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 53 (1962)
species :
Alsophila caudata J.Sm.; J. Bot. 3: 419 (1841), nomen, et ex Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 52, t. 20B (1844)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Negros, Mindanao); Palawan
42 PHI PLW
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila manilensis C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 62 (1836)
= Amphicosmia manilensis (C.Presl) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 61 (1857)
= Cyathea arborescens Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.84: 162 (1955)
= Cyathea brevipes Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.81: 18 (1952)
= Cyathea caudata (J.Sm.) Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 1, Suppl. II: 144 (1906)
= Cyathea dupaxensis Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.46: 211 (1931)
= Cyathea manilensis Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Hemitelia caudata Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2: 30 (1859)
= Hemitelia extensa C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 351 (1848)
= Hemitelia manilensis (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 351 (1848)
species :
Alsophila celsa R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mauritius; La Réunion
29 MAU REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea excelsa Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 93 (1801)
= Cyathea canaliculata Willd. ex Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 260 (1824) (nomen) ex Spreng., Syst. 4: 26 (1827)
species :
Alsophila cincinnata (Brause) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea cincinnata Brause, Engl. Jahrb. 66: 52 (1920)
species :
Alsophila cinerea (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Agusan, Misamis Occidental)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea cinerea Copel., Elmer, Leafl. Phil. Bot. 5: 1681 (1913)
species :
Alsophila coactilis (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea coactilis Holttum, Blumea 11: 533 (1962)
species :
Alsophila colensoi Hook.fil.; Fl. New Zeal. 2: 8, t. 73 (1854)
Name: Mountain tree fern, Golden tree fern
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea colensoi (Hook.fil.) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
species :
Alsophila commutata Mett.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 53 (1863)
Distribution: Sumatra; peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Johor); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila heteromorpha Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 1 (1914)
= Alsophila heteromorpha var. decomposita Alderw., (1920)
= Alsophila hewittii (Copel.) Alderw., Handb. Suppl. 55 (1917)
= Alsophila squamulata (J.Sm.) Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 51 (1844) (p. p.)
= Alsophila subulata Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 1 (1918)
= Cyathea heteromorpha (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea hewittii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 134, t. 14 (1911)
= Cyathea recommutata Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 36 (1909), nom. nov.
= Cyathea subulata (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 164 (1930)
= Cyathea toppingii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.12: 51 (1917)
= Gymnosphaera commutata (Mett.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 15 (2018)
= Gymnosphaera hewittii (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
= Gymnosphaera recommutata (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
= Gymnosphaera squamulata J.Sm., J. Bot. 3: 419 (1841) (non Blume (1828))
species :
Alsophila conantiana Lehnert; Organisms Diversity Evol. 6(4): 321 (2006)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Alsophila conferta (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea conferta Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 272 (2008)
species :
Alsophila confinis (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Hispaniola
81 HIS
Remarks: genus uncertain, possibly a Cyathea s. str.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea confinis C.Chr., Kungl. Svenska Vetens.-akad. Handl. ser. 3, 16(2): 13 (1937)
species :
Alsophila costalisora (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea costalisora Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 218 (1942)
species :
Alsophila coursii Tardieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 684 (1941)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea coursii (Tardieu) Tindale, Contr. N. S. Wales Nation. Herb. 2: 331 (1956)
= Gymnosphaera coursii (Tardieu) Tardieu, Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam. 4: 40 (1951)
species :
Alsophila crassicaula R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ledermannii Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 56: 56 (1920)
species :
Alsophila crenulata (Mett.) Hook.; Syn. 44 (1865)
Distribution: S-Sumatra; W-Java
42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila brevifoliolata Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 3 (1915)
= Cyathea brevifoliolata (Alderw.) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 13 (1918)
= Cyathea raciborskii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 45 (1909), nom. nov.
= Hemitelia capensis Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 36 (1844) (p. p. non (L. fil.) R. Br.)
= Hemitelia crenulata Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 55 (1863) (non Cyathea crenulata Blume (1828))
= Hemitelia junghuhniana var. dissoluta Racib., Fl. Buitenz. 38 (1898)
species :
Alsophila crinita Hook.; Ic. Pl. 7: t. 671 (1844)
Distribution: S-India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea crinita (Hook.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4C: 40 (1909)
= Sphaeropteris crinita (Hook.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 21 (1970)
species :
Alsophila cubensis (Underw. ex Maxon) Caluff & Shelton; Fl. Rep. Cuba, Ser. A. Pl. Vasc. 8(2): 29 (2003)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Nephelea cubensis (Underw. ex Maxon) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Cyathea cubensis Underw., N. Amer. Fl. 16: 73 (1909)
= Nephelea woodwardioides var. cubensis (Maxon) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 110 (1973)
species :
Alsophila cucullifera (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea cucullifera Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 54 (1962)
species :
Alsophila cunninghamii (Hook.fil.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Name: Gully tree fern, Slender tree fern
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales, S-Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.); Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boylei F.Muell., South. Science Record 33 (1881)
= Cyathea cunninghamii Hook.fil., Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 985 (1854)
species :
Alsophila cuspidata (Kunze) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 371 (1983)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Chocó, Meta, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Acre, Bahia, Para, Rondônia); Paraguay (Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera); French Guiana; Venezuela
80 COS NIC PAN 82 CLM FRG VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 PAR
Remarks: a true Alsophila based on molecular results
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea cuspidata Kunze, Linn. 9: 101 (1834)
= Cyathea hassleriana Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 7: 926 (1907)
= Cyathea hassleriana var. rojasii Hassl., Trab. Inst. Bot. Farmacol. no. 45: 18 (1928)
= Cyathea oxyacantha Sodiro, Sert. Fl. Ecuad. II: 6 (1908)
= Cyathea oyapoka Jenman, Ferns Brit. W. Ind. Guiana 58 (1898)
= Cyathea punctifera Christ, Primit. Fl. Costar. 3: 40 (1901)
= Nephelea cuspidata (Kunze) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila dealbata (G.Forst.) C.Presl; Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 343 (1848)
Name: Silver fern, Ponga
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Three Kings Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Lord Howe Isl.; Ireland [I]
10 ire 50 LHI 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila dealbata var. tricolor (Colenso) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 27 (1913)
= Alsophila tricolor (Colenso) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
= Cyathea dealbata (G.Forst.) Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 94 (1801)
= Cyathea falciloba (Colenso) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea tricolor Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 15: 304 (1883)
= Hemitelia falciloba Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 24: 394 (1892)
= Polypodium dealbatum G.Forst., Prod. 83 (1786)
species :
Alsophila deckenii (Kuhn) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Tanzania; Mozambique
23 ZAI 24 SUD 25 TAN 26 MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea deckenii Kuhn & Decken, Reisen Ost Afr. [Decken] 3 [3]. Bot. 57 (1879)
species :
Alsophila decrescens (Mett. ex Kuhn) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea decrescens Mett. ex Kuhn, Fil. Afr. 164 (1868)
variant :
var. cristata (Rakotondr. & Janssen) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea decrescens var. cristata Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 30(2): 249 (2008)
variant :
var. hirsutifolia (Bonap.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 62 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea decrescens var. hirsutifolia (Bonap.) C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag., Pterid. 20 (1932)
= Cyathea hirsuta Baker, J. Bot. 140 (1884) (non C. Presl (1822))
= Cyathea hirsutifolia Bonap., N. Pt. 5. 46. 1917 (1917)
= Cyathea hirsutifrons C.Chr., Index filicum: 192 (1905), nom. nov. for C. hirsuta Baker, non C. Presl
variant :
var. manongarivensis (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea decrescens var. manongarivensis Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 249
species :
Alsophila dicksonioides (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea dicksonioides Holttum, Blumea 11: 529 (1962)
species :
Alsophila dilatata (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea dilatata Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 30(2): 252 (2008)
species :
Alsophila dimorpha Christ; Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 19: 41 (1904)
Distribution: C-Sulawesi; SE-Sulawesi
42 SUL
Conservation Status: IUCN I (2 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea dimorpha (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: Bot. 34 (1909)
= Gymnosphaera dimorpha (Christ) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 16 (2018)
species :
Alsophila doctersii (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN V (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea doctersii Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 136 (1920)
species :
Alsophila dregei (Kunze) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Name: Common Tree Fern
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ghana; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, North West, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar
22 GHA GUI LBR NGA SIE 23 BIO BUR CMN CON RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila baronii Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 21: 455 (1885)
= Alsophila dregei var. polyphlebia (Baker) Benl, Acta Botanica Barcinonensia 31: 29 (1978)
= Alsophila dregei var. segregata (Baker) Benl, Acta Botanica Barcinonensia 31: 29 (1978)
= Cyathea angolensis Welw., Apont., Ann. Cons. Ultram. 358 (1858)
= Cyathea baronii (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929)
= Cyathea burkei Hook., Sp. 1: 23, t. 17B (1844)
= Cyathea dregei Kunze, Linn. 10: 551 (1836)
= Cyathea dregei var. polyphlebia (Baker) C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag., Pterid. 21 (1932)
= Cyathea dregei var. segregata (Baker) C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag., Pterid. 21 (1932)
= Cyathea flavovirens Kuhn ex Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 127 (1899)
= Cyathea polyphlebia Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 20: 303 (1883)
= Cyathea segregata Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 20: 303 (1883)
species :
Alsophila dryopteroides (Maxon) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Puerto Rico
81 PUE
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea dryopteroides Maxon, Amer. Fern J. 14: 99 (1925)
= Alsophila amintae D.S.Conant, Rhodora 83(833): 149 (1981), nom. nov.
species :
Alsophila edanoi (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Cagayan, Quezon)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines. IUCN R (3 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea edanoi Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.46: 211 (1931)
species :
Alsophila elata O.G.Martínez; Brittonia 67(1): 49 (2014)
Distribution: NW-Argentina
85 ARG
species :
Alsophila emilei (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea emilei Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 293 (2008)
variant :
var. dauphinensis (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea emilei var. dauphinensis Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 296 (2008)
species :
Alsophila engelii R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida, Trujillo); Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila plagiopteris Mart., Ic. Cr. Bras. 73, t. 50 (1834)
= Alsophila plagiopteris var. columbensis Hieron., Hedwigia 45: 235 (1906)
= Cyathea elongata Mett. ex H.Karst., Fl. Columb. 2: 169, t. 183, f. 2 (1869) (non Alsophila elongata Hook.)
= Cyathea plagiopteris (Mart.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
species :
Alsophila erinacea (H.Karst.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 371 (1983)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Peru; Honduras; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Putumayo, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Lara, Merida, Portuguesa, Trujillo); Ecuador; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Trinidad
80 COS HON PAN 81 TRT 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea erinacea H.Karst., Linn. 28: 453 (1856)
= Cyathea aureonitens Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 948 (1904)
= Cyathea cuspidata var. rigida Rosenst., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 19: 6 (1913)
= Cyathea portoricensis Christ, Primit. Fl. Costar. 3: 40 (1901)
= Cyathea purpurascens Sodiro, Rec. Cr. vasc. quit. 603 (1893), et Sert. Fl. Ecuad. II. 5 (1908), descr. emend.
= Nephelea aureonitens (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea erinacea (H.Karst.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea erinacea var. purpurascens (Sodiro) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 122 (1973)
= Nephelea purpurascens (Sodiro) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila eriophora (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200-. 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: 3 collections
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea eriophora Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 55 (1962)
species :
Alsophila esmeraldensis R.C.Moran; Nordic J. Bot. 15(1): 49 (1995)
Distribution: Ecuador; Colombia (Valle)
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Alsophila everta (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea everta Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 218 (1942)
= Cyathea globosora Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 218 (1942)
species :
Alsophila excavata (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Cameron Highlands, Pahang)
42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea excavata Holttum, Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 8: 306, t. 31 (1935)
species :
Alsophila excelsior Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 2 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila exilis (Holttum) Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 24 (2019)
Distribution: Australia (N-Queensland)
50 AUS
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea exilis Holttum, Kew Bull. 41(3): 532 (1986)
= Alsophila exilis (Holttum) A.R.Field, Austral. Syst. Bot. 33(1): 35 (2020), comb. superfl.
species :
Alsophila fenicis (Copel.) C.Chr.; Ind. Fil., Suppl. 5 (1913)
Distribution: Taiwan (Lan Yu Isl.); Philippines (N-Luzon, Manila); Moluccas (Bacan)
38 TAI 42 MOL PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila fujiiana Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 72 (1927)
= Cyathea fenicis Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.3: 354 (1909)
= Cyathea fujiiana (Nakai) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 14: 94 (1951)
= Cyathea fujiiana (Nakai) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
species :
Alsophila ferdinandii R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea macarthurii (F.Muell.) Baker, J. Bot. 280 (1874)
= Cyathea moorei Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 453 (1874)
= Hemitelia macarthurii F.Muell., Fragm. 8: 176 (1874)
species :
Alsophila ferruginea (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Balabac, Negros); Palawan
42 PHI PLW
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines. IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ferruginea Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 181 (1907)
= Cyathea ferrugineoides Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.81: 15 (1952)
species :
Alsophila firma (Baker) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 372 (1983)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama; E-Ecuador; Colombia (Nariño)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
Remarks: a true Alsophila based on molecular results
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila costalis Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 951 (1904)
= Alsophila tenerifrons Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 959 (1904)
= Cyathea arida Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 180 (1906)
= Cyathea articulata Fée, Mém. Foug. 8: 111 (1857)
= Cyathea costalis (Christ) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea denudans Kunze, Linn. 18: 349 (1844)
= Cyathea firma (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea firmula Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 115 (1930)
= Cyathea gemmifera Christ, Jiménez, Bol. Fomento Org. Min. Fomento San José, Costa Rica 8. 661 c. fig. (1913)
= Cyathea hexagona Fée & W.Schaffn. ex Fée, Mém. Foug. 8: 111 (1857)
= Cyathea mexicana Schltdl. & Cham., Linn. 5: 616 (1830)
= Cyathea patellaris Christ, Ann. Jard. Cons. Bot. Genève 4. 207 (1900)
= Cyathea tenerifrons (Christ) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea trejoi Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 733 (1905)
= Hemitelia firma Baker, J. Bot. 161 (1877)
= Nephelea mexicana (Schltdl. & Cham.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea patellaris (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea tenerifrons (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila foersteri (Rosenst.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea foersteri Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 321 (1912)
species :
Alsophila fulgens (C.Chr.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Dominican Republic
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea fulgens C.Chr., Kungl. Svenska Vetens.-akad. Handl. ser. 3, 16(2): 14 (1937)
= Nephelea fulgens (C.Chr.) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 104 (1973)
species :
Alsophila fuliginosa Christ; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 138 (1898)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Biliran, Leyte, Negros, Mindanao)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila mindanensis Christ, Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 136 (1899)
= Alsophila warihon (Copel.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. 2: 4 (1917)
= Cyathea bicolor Copel., Elmer, Leafl. Phil. Bot. 3: 804 (1910)
= Cyathea dura Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.81: 13 (1952)
= Cyathea fuliginosa (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 43 (1909)
= Cyathea lanaensis Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.3: Bot. 271 (1908)
= Cyathea lepidigera Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.81: 16 (1952)
= Cyathea loheri var. tonglonensis Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 180 (1907)
= Cyathea mindanensis (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 34 (1909)
= Cyathea squamicosta Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.46: 212 (1931)
= Cyathea sulitii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.81: 18 (1952)
= Cyathea tonglonensis Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea warihon Copel., Leafl. Phil. Bot. 5: 1680 (1913)
= Hemitelia bicolor (Copel.) Alderw., Mal. Ferns Suppl. 44 (1917)
= Hemitelia tonglonensis (Domin) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 7: 14 (1912)
= Hemitelia warihon (Copel.) Alderw., Mal. Ferns Suppl. 43 (1917)
species :
Alsophila gammiei R.D.Dixit; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 34(1-4): 206 (1997) ("1992")
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Nepal
40 BAN IND NEP
Remarks: Exclusion from A. henryi fide Dong, Haque & Rahman 2020
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea sharmae T.Bandyop., T.Sen & U.Sen, Pteridol. New Millennium 100 (2003)
species :
Alsophila gastonyi Lehnert; Brittonia 63(1): 29 (2011)
Distribution: Peru (Pasco)
83 PER
species :
Alsophila geluensis (Rosenst.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (C-New Guinea, Papua New Guinea, Louisiade Arch.)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea geluensis Rosenst., Fedde, Repert, 5. 371 (1908)
= Cyathea novoguineensis Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 49: 12, fig. 113 (1912)
= Cyathea sepikensis Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 56: 54 (1920)
= Cyathea subspathulata Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 56: 53 (1920)
species :
Alsophila gigantea Wall. ex Hook.; Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 53 (1844)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan); Sri Lanka; C-Sumatra; W-Java; peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi Isl., Penang, Perak); India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Chhatishgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); Nepal; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Thailand (widespread); Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl.; Bhutan
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila balakrishnanii (R.D.Dixit & Tripathi) R.D.Dixit
= Alsophila helferiana C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 341 (1848)
= Alsophila polycampta Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 4: 475 (1846)
= Alsophila rheosora Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 972 (1898)
= Alsophila umbrosa Wall. ex Ridl., J. Mal. Br. R. As. Soc. 4: 6 (1926) (p. p.)
= Cyathea balakrishnanii R.D.Dixit & A.K.Tripathi, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 26(3-4): 170 (1984 publ. 1986) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Cyathea gigantea (Wall. ex Hook.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 8: 318 (1935)
= Cyathea pectinata Ching & S.H.Wu, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 365 (1964)
= Cyathea petiolulata Ching & S.H.Wu, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 365 (1964)
= Cyathea pseudogigantea Ching & S.H.Wu, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 365 (1964)
= Cyathea tinganensis Ching & S.H.Wu, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 366 (1964)
= Dichorexia gigantea (Wall. ex Hook.) C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 344 (1848)
= Gymnosphaera gigantea (Wall. ex Hook.) J.Sm., Lond. J. Bot. 1: 667 (1842)
= Gymnosphaera gigantea (Wall. ex Hook.) S.Y.Dong, Phytotaxa 400(2): 87 (2019), comb. superfl.
= Polypodium giganteum Wall., List 64 n. 321 (1828) (non Desv. (1827))
= Polypodium umbrosum Wall., Num. List no. 336 (1828)
species :
Alsophila glaberrima (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Goodenough Isl., Fergusson Isl.)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea glaberrima Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 55 (1962)
species :
Alsophila glabra (Blume) Hook.; Sp. 1: 51 (1844)
Distribution: Sumatra; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); W-Java; peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Kedah, Kelantan, Terengganu, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor); +Singapore; Sulawesi; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Flores); Laos
Gunung Pulai and near Batu Pahat 42 41 LAO 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY SNG SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila dubia Bedd., J. Bot. 1: t. 279 A (1888)
= Alsophila reducta Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 1 (1918)
= Alsophila vexans Ces., Atti Acad. Napoli 76: 4 (1876)
= Cyathea dubia (Bedd.) Copel., Sarawak Mus. J. 2: 349 (1917)
= Cyathea glabra (Blume) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 35 (1909)
= Cyathea reducta Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea venulosa Wall., Num. List no. 180 (1828)
= Cyathea vexans (Ces.) C.Chr., Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 7: 218 (1934)
= Gymnosphaera glabra Blume, Enum. Fil. 242 (1828)
= Gymnosphaera vexans (Ces.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
species :
Alsophila glaucifolia R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: La Réunion
29 REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea glauca Bory, Voy. 2: 206 (1804)
species :
Alsophila grangaudiana (Janssen & Rakotondr.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 63 (2009)
Distribution: Mauritius
29 MAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea grangaudiana Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 28(2): 234 (2006)
species :
Alsophila gregaria Brause; Bot. Jahrb. 56: 68 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN V (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea gregaria (Brause) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 120 (1930)
species :
Alsophila grevilleana (Mart.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea arborea var. pallida Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 1: 17 (1844)
= Cyathea elegans Heward, Mag. Nat. Hist. II, 2: 466 (1838)
= Cyathea grevilleana Mart., Ic. Cr. Bras. 78 (1834)
= Disphenia grevilleana (Mart.) Kunze, Linn. 23: 252 (1850)
= Nephelea grevilleana (Mart.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila halconensis (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Mountain Province, Benguet, Nueva Vizcaya, Mindoro)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines. IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea halconensis Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.8: 270 (1908)
= Cyathea mearnsii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.3: 356 (1909)
= Cyathea melanophlebia Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.38: 131 (1929)
species :
Alsophila havilandii (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: N-Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea havilandii Baker, Tr. Linn. Soc. II, Bot. 4: 249 (1894)
= Cyathea paleacea Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.12: 53 (1917)
= Cyathea rigida Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 12: 53 (1917)
species :
Alsophila hebes (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea hebes Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 276 (2008)
species :
Alsophila henryi Baker; Kew Bull. 229 (1898)
Distribution: Thailand; Myanmar; China (Himalayas)
36 CHI 41 MYA THA
Remarks: bona sp. and not a synonym of C. gigantea fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015b, 2017)
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila gigantea var. polynervata (Miou) Q.Xia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27(1): 11 (1989)
= Cyathea gigantea var. polynervata R.H.Miao, Act. Sci. Nat. Univ. 1: 100 (1980)
= Cyathea henryi (Baker) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4C: 38 (1909)
= Gymnosphaera gigantea var. polynervata (R.H.Miao) Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu, Chin. Wild Pl. Resour. 21(6): 4 (2002)
= Gymnosphaera henryi (Baker) S.R.Ghosh, Pterid. Fl. E. India 200 (2004)
species :
Alsophila hermannii R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 290: 34 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Philippines (Negros Oriental, Davao Oriental, Davao del Sur, North Cotabato, Bukidnon)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines. IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea christii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.1, Suppl. II: 144 (1906)
species :
Alsophila heterochlamydea (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon, Negros, Panay, Mindanao)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea heterochlamydea Copel., Elmer, Leafl. Phil. Bot. 2: 418 (1908)
= Cyathea caudiculata (Rosenst.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea merrillii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.46: 212 (1931)
= Hemitelia caudiculata Rosenst., Meded. Rijks Herb. no. 31: 2 (1917)
= Hemitelia heterochlamydea (Copel.) Alderw., Mal. Ferns Suppl. 53 (1917)
species :
Alsophila hooglandii (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea hooglandii Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 56 (1962)
species :
Alsophila hookeri (Thwaites) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea hookeri Thwaites, Enum. pl. Zeyl. 396 (1864)
= Schizocaena hookeri (Thwaites) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
species :
Alsophila hornei Baker; J. Bot. 17: 293 (1879)
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Ovalau, Taveuni); New Guinea (Louisiade Arch., Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya); Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Makira, New Georgia, Nggatokae, Santa Ysabel, Vella Lavella)
42 NWG 43 SOL 60 FIJ
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila brunnea Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 56: 73 (1920)
= Alsophila dissitifolia Baker, J. Bot. 24: 182 (1886)
= Alsophila ledermannii Brause, Bot. Jahrb. 56: 76 (1920)
= Alsophila melanocaulos Alderw., Nova Guinea 14: 1 (1924)
= Cyathea brunnea (Brause) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 101 (1930)
= Cyathea dimorphophylla Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 111 (1930), nom. nov. for Alsophila ledermannii
= Cyathea dissitifolia (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea hornei (Baker) Copel., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 59: 38 (1929)
= Cyathea melanoclada Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 174 (1930), nom. nov. for Alsophila melanocaulos
= Gymnosphaera hornei (Baker) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
= Gymnosphaera melanocaulos (Alderw.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
species :
Alsophila horridula (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea horridula Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 219 (1942)
species :
Alsophila hotteana (C.Chr. & E.Ekman) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Dominican Republic; Haiti
81 HIS
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea hotteana C.Chr. & Ekman ex C.Chr., Kungl. Svenska Vetens.-akad. Handl. ser. 3, 16(2) (1937)
species :
Alsophila humbertiana (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea humbertiana (C.Chr.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 123 (1930)
= Hemitelia humbertiana C.Chr., Arch. Bot. (Caen) 2, Bull. mens. 210 (1928)
species :
Alsophila humilis (Hieron.) Pic.Serm.; Webbia 27: 405 (1972 publ. 1973)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Sudan
24 SUD 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila holstii Hieron., Pterid. Ost-Afr. 87 (1895), non Cyathea holstii Hieron. (1895)
= Alsophila stuhlmannii (Hieron.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
= Cyathea humilis Hieron., Engl., Pflanzenw. Ostafr. C: 88 (1895)
= Cyathea opizii Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), nom. nov. for C. holstii Hieron. (1895)
= Cyathea stuhlmannii Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 28: 340 (1899)
= Cyathea ulugurensis Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 28: 340 (1900)
variant :
var. pycnophylla (Holttum) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 63 (2009)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea humilis var. pycnophylla Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 477 (1981)
species :
Alsophila hyacinthei R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970), nom. nov. for Cyathea boivinii Mett. ex Kuhn 1868, non Alsophila boivinii Ettingsh. 1864
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boivinii Mett. ex Kuhn, Fil. Afr. 162 (1868), non Alsophila boivinii Mett. ex Ettingsh. (1864)
variant :
var. humblotii (Baker) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 64 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea humblotii Baker, J. Bot. 140 (1884)
= Cyathea boivinii var. humblotii (Baker) C.Chr., Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 7: 34, pl. 7, figs 1–7 (1932)
= Cyathea goudotii Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 2: 283 (1844c)
= Cyathea rigidula Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 22: 534 (1887)
variant :
var. concava (Bonap.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 64 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila ballardii (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
= Cyathea ballardii Tardieu, Nat. Malgache 3: 75 (1951)
= Cyathea boivinii var. concava (Bonap.) Tardieu, Fl. Madag. Comor. 4: 32 (1951)
= Cyathea concava Bonap., Notes pterid. 6: 43 (1917)
= Cyathea humblotii var. concava (Bonap.) Tardieu
species :
Alsophila hymenodes (Mett.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra; peninsular Malaysia (Pahang, Johor)
42 MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea amphicosmioides Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 138 (1920)
= Cyathea arthropterygia Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 138 (1920)
= Cyathea hymenodes Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 57 (1863)
= Cyathea latebrosa var. indusiata Holttum, Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 8: 305 (1935)
= Cyathea korthalsii Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 57 (1863)
species :
Alsophila imbricata (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea imbricata Alderw., Nova Guinea 14: 11 (1924)
species :
Alsophila impolita (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea impolita Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 29(2): 203 (2007)
= Gymnosphaera impolita (Rakotondr. & Janssen) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 16 (2018)
variant :
var. michelii (Rakotondr. & Janssen) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea impolita var. michelii Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 29(2): 204 (2007)
= Gymnosphaera impolita var. michelii (Rakotondr. & Janssen) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 16 (2018)
species :
Alsophila imrayana (Hook.) Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64: 371 (1983)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Lara, Sucre, Yaracuy); Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Trinidad; Peru; Colombia; Ecuador
81 DOM GDL MAR STL STV TRT 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Remarks: a true Alsophila based on molecular results
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila nigra Jenman, Ferns Brit. W. Ind. Guiana 38 (1898) non Mart. 1834
= Cyathea caribaea Jenman, Ferns Brit. W. Ind. Guiana 57 (1898)
= Cyathea imrayana Hook., Sp. 1: 18, t. 9B (1844)
= Cyathea imrayana var. caribaea (Jenman) Proctor, Rhodora 63: 32 (1961)
= Cyathea imrayana var. subnudata Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 1: 18 (1844)
= Cyathea purdiaei Jenman, Ferns Brit. W. Ind. Guiana 58 (1898)
= Nephelea imrayana (Hook.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
variant :
var. basilaris (Christ) Lellinger; Amer. Fern J. 75(1): 31 (1985)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia); Venezuela (Bolívar, Yaracuy); Ecuador; Surinam; French Guiana
80 COS PAN 82 CLM FRG SUR VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea basilaris Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 949 (1904)
= Cyathea reticulata Wercklé ex Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 251 (1906)
= Nephelea basilaris (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea imrayana var. basilaris (Christ) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 127 (1973)
species :
Alsophila incana (H.Karst.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 371 (1983)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Nariño, Tolima); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea canescens Sodiro, Sert. Fl. Ecuad. II: 4 (1908)
= Cyathea incana H.Karst., Fl. Columb. 1: 75, t. 37 (1859)
= Cyathea incanescens Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 124 (1930)
= Cyathea sprucei var. squamosa Bosco, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. new ser. 45, no. 2: 142 (1938)
= Nephelea canescens (Sodiro) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea incana (H.Karst.) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 137 (1973)
species :
Alsophila incisoserrata (Copel.) C.Chr.; Ind. Fil., Suppl. 6 (1913)
Distribution: Borneo (Sarawak); peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak, Pahang, Johor)
42 BOR MLY
Conservation Status: IUCN V (Malaysia)
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila latebrosa var. ornata Ridl., J. Mal. Br. R. As. Soc. 4: 8 (1926)
= Alsophila ornata Bedd., Kew Bull. 423 (1909) (non J. Scott)
= Alsophila ornata var. sikkimensis Bedd., J. Bot. 31: 225 (1893) (non Cl. & Baker)
= Cyathea incisoserrata Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 361 (1911)
species :
Alsophila indiscriminata Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 5 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila inquinans (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: SW-Sulawesi; ?Moluccas (?Seram)
42 SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea inquinans Christ, Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 11: 422 (1896)
species :
Alsophila insulana (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (d´Entrecasteaux Arch.: Goodenough Isl., Normanby Isl., Fergusson Isl., Louisiade Arch.: Misima Isl., Rossel Isl.)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea insulana Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 56 (1962)
species :
Alsophila isaloensis (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea isaloensis C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag. Pterid. 21 (1932) (nomen), et Dansk Bot. Ark. 35, t. 6 (1932)
species :
Alsophila javanica (Blume) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra; Java
42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila benculensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 23: 2 (1916)
= Cyathea javanica Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 245 (1828)
= Alsophila palembanica Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 23: 4 (1916)
= Cyathea barisanica (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea benculensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 14 (1918)
= Cyathea caudipinnula (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea palembanica Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 13 (1918)
= Hemitelia barisanica Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 17 (1915)
= Hemitelia caudipinnula Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 7: 16 (1912)
species :
Alsophila jimeneziana D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea crassa Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 18: 40 (1909)
= Cyathea domingensis Brause, Urban, Symb. Ant. 7: 153 (1911)
= Nephelea crassa (Maxon) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 38 (1970)
species :
Alsophila johnsii Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 9 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila junghuhniana Kunze; Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 6: 284 (1848)
Distribution: S-Sumatra; C-Sumatra
42 SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila debilis de Vriese ex Jungh., Java ed. germ. 310, 476. 1852 (1852)
= Alsophila extensa Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 240 (1828) (p. p., non (G. Forst.) Spreng.)
= Alsophila lunulata Blume, Enum. Fil. 246 (1828) (non (G. Forst.) R. Br. (1810))
= Alsophila melanopus Hassk., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 7: 325 (1855)
= Alsophila robusta de Vriese, Jungh., Java 1: 310, 476 (1852)
= Amphicosmia javanica (C.Presl) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 60 (1857)
= Cyathea alsophiliformis (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea fallax (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 115 (1930)
= Cyathea glaucophylla (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea junghuhniana (Kunze) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 58 (1909)
= Cyathea melanopus Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 48 (1909)
= Cyathea merapiensis (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Hemitelia alsophiliformis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 15 (1914)
= Hemitelia fallax Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 153 (1920)
= Hemitelia glaucophylla Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 7: 16 (1912)
= Hemitelia javanica C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5, 6: 34 (1851)
= Hemitelia junghuhniana (Kunze) Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2: 31 (1859)
= Hemitelia latebrosa (Wall.) Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 54 (1863) (p. p.)
= Hemitelia merapiensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 16 (1914)
= Hemitelia vrieseana Trevis., Atti Ist. Veneto II, 2: 164 (1851)
species :
Alsophila katoi Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017), nom. nov.
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram); New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea coriacea M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 14(5): 376 (1990), non (Rosenst.) Domin
species :
Alsophila kermadecensis (W.R.B.Oliv.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Distribution: Kermadec Isl.
51 KER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea kermadecensis W.R.B.Oliv., Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 42: 158 (1910)
species :
Alsophila khasyana T.Moore; Kuhn, Linn. 86: 154 (1869)
Distribution: Tibet; China (Yunnan); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Bhutan; Bangladesh; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila latebrosa var. ornata (J.Scott ex Bedd.) Bedd., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1909: 423 (1909)
= Alsophila oldhamii Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India, t. 343 (1870)
= Alsophila ornata J.Scott ex Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India, t. 342 (1870)
= Alsophila ornata var. sikkimensis (C.B.Clarke & Baker) Bedd., J. Bot. 31: 225 (1893)
= Alsophila pingbianica Y.K.Yang, Y.M.He & J.K.Wu, J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 17(3): 211 (1999)
= Alsophila scottiana Baker, Gard. Chr. 699 (1872)
= Alsophila sikkimensis C.B.Clarke & Baker, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 24: 409 (1888) (non A. ornata var. sikkimensis Bedd., nor A. latebrosa var. ornata Bedd.)
= Cyathea khasyana (T.Moore ex Kuhn) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 362 (1930)
= Cyathea oldhamii (Bedd.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea ornata (J.Scott ex Bedd.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 59 (1909)
= Cyathea sikkimensis (C.B.Clarke & Baker ) Cretz., Fedde, Repert. 60: 316 (1941) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Gymnosphaera hongheensis Y.K.Yang, Z.Y.Yu & J.K.Wu
= Gymnosphaera khasyana (T.Moore ex Kuhn) Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(3): 196 (1984)
= Gymnosphaera pingbianica (Y.K.Yang, Y.M.He & J.K.Wu) Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu
species :
Alsophila kirkii (Hook.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Comores (Anjouan)
29 COM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea kirkii Hook., Syn. 22 (1865)
species :
Alsophila klossii (Ridl.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970))
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea klossii Ridl., Tr. Linn. Soc. II, 9: 251 (1916)
species :
Alsophila lamoureuxii (W.N.Takeuchi) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea lamoureuxii W.N.Takeuchi, Blumea 52(1): 148 (2007)
species :
Alsophila lastii (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea lastii Baker, J. Bot. 3 (1891)
species :
Alsophila latebrosa Wall.; C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 62 (1836), nomen, ex Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 37 (1844)
Distribution: China (Hainan, S-Yunnan); Thailand; Sumatra; peninsular Malaysia; Cambodia; Laos; Vietnam; Singapore; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali); Philippines
36 CHI 41 CBD LAO THA VIE 42 BOR LSI MLY PHI SNG SUM
Conservation Status: vulnerable (Singapore)
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila lastreoides Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 23: 5 (1916)
= Alsophila leucocarpa (Copel.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. 5 (1913)
= Alsophila longipinna (Copel.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. 5 (1913)
= Cyathea lastreoides Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 128 (1930)
= Cyathea latebrosa (Wall. ex Hook.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 52 (1909)
= Cyathea leptolepia Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea leucocarpa Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 362 (1911)
= Cyathea longipinna Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 363 (1911)
= Cyathea rudimentaris (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea tsangii Ching & S.H.Wu, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 366 (1964)
= Dichorexia latebrosa (Wall. ex Hook.) C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 344 (1848)
= Hemitelia latebrosa (Wall. ex Hook.) Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 111 (1856)
= Hemitelia leptolepia Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 23: 12 (1916)
= Hemitelia rudimentaris Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 205 (1922)
= Polypodium latebrosum Wall., Num. List no. 318 (1828) (nomen)
species :
Alsophila latipinnula (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34(1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Sibuyan); Borneo
42 BOR PHI
Conservation Status: VU in the Philippines. IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea latipinnula Copel., Leafl. Phil. Bot. 4: 1149 (1911)
= Hemitelia latipinnula Alderw., Mal. Ferns Suppl. 52 (1917)
species :
Alsophila leichhardtiana F.Muell.; Fragm. 5: 53 (1865)
Name: Prickly tree fern
Distribution: Australia (EC-Queensland, E-Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila macarthurii Hook., Syn. Fil. ed. 1: 40 (1866)
= Alsophila moorei J.Sm., Ferns Brit. For. 245 (1866)
= Cyathea leichhardtiana (F.Muell.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.9: 360 (1911)
= Hemitelia australis C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 33 (1851)
= Sphaeropteris australis (C.Presl) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 24 (1970)
species :
Alsophila lepidoclada Christ; K. Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. deutsch. Südsee 37 (1905)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea lepidoclada (Christ) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 130 (1930)
species :
Alsophila lepifera J.Sm. ex Hook.; Sp. 1: 54 (1844)
Name: Flying Spider-monkey tree fern
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, Hongkong); Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.; Philippines (Luzon, Panay, Mindoro, Babuyan)
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 42 PHI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila calocoma Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 182 (1907)
= Cyathea lepifera (J.Sm. ex Hook.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 40 (1909)
= Alsophila pustulosa Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 1: 1019 (1901)
= Cyathea calocoma (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 53 (1909)
= Cyathea pteridioides Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 66: 98, t. 4 (1935)
= Cyathea pustulosa Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 51 (1909)
= Cyathea umbrosa Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.56: 98, pl. 3, fig. 1-3 (1935)
= Sphaeropteris lepifera (J.Sm. ex Hook.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 21 (1970)
species :
Alsophila leptochlamys (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea leptochlamys Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 22: 535 (1887)
species :
Alsophila ligulata (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ligulata Baker, J. Bot. 140 (1884)
species :
Alsophila lilianiae R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea kanehirae Holttum, Fl. Males., ser. 2, Pterid. 1(2): 113 (1963)
= Alsophila arfakensis A.Gepp, Gibbs, Arfak: 70 (1917) (non Cyathea arfakensis A. Gepp)
species :
Alsophila lisyae (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea lisyae Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 258 (2008)
species :
Alsophila loerzingii (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN I (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea loerzingii Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 58 (1962)
species :
Alsophila loheri (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Taiwan; Philippines (Luzon, Negros, Mindanao); N-Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
38 TAI 42 BOR PHI
Conservation Status: very rare in Taiwan
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila matthewii Christ, J. Linn. Soc. 89: 213 (1909)
= Cyathea campbellii Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 38: 132 (1929)
= Cyathea fructuosa Copel., Elmer, Leafl. Phil. Bot. 2: 419 (1908)
= Cyathea indusiosa Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 81: 14 (1952)
= Cyathea korthalsii C.Chr., Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 7: 222 (1934) (non Mett.)
= Cyathea loheri Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 1007 (1906)
= Cyathea matthewii (Christ) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea mitrata Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.3: 354 (1909)
species :
Alsophila longipes (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: N-Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea longipes Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 12C: 54 (1917)
species :
Alsophila longipinnata (Bonap.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea longipinnata Bonap., Notes pterid. 6: 48 (1917)
species :
Alsophila longispina (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea longispina Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 300 (2008)
species :
Alsophila lurida (Blume) Hook.; Sp. 1: 55 (1844)
Distribution: Sumatra; W-Java; Philippines (Mindoro); peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang); Sulawesi
42 JAW MLY PHI SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila bakeri Zeiller, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 82: 72 (1885)
= Alsophila heterophylla (Domin) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 2 (1914)
= Alsophila kingii C.B.Clarke, Ferns Brit. India 475 (1883)
= Alsophila melanorachis Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 146 (1907)
= Alsophila subdimorpha (Copel.) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 2 (1914)
= Chnoophora lurida Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 244 (1828)
= Cyathea heterophylla Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea kingii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 56 (1909)
= Cyathea lurida (Blume) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 45 (1901)
= Cyathea melanorachis (Copel.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 38 (1909)
= Cyathea subdimorpha Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.8: 140, t. 2 (1913)
= Gymnosphaera kingii (C.B.Clarke ex Bedd.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
= Gymnosphaera lurida (Blume) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 17 (2018)
= Gymnosphaera melanorhachis (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
species :
Alsophila macgillivrayi Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 458 (1874)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea, incl. Louisiade Arch.)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea gracillima Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 219 (1942)
= Cyathea macgillivrayi (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera gracillima (Copel.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
species :
Alsophila macgregorii (F.Muell.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila gleichenioides (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 33 (1970)
= Cyathea cheilanthoides Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 219 (1942)
= Cyathea gleichenioides C.Chr., Brittonia 2: 281 (1937)
= Cyathea keysseri Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 164 (1913)
= Cyathea macgregorii F.Muell., Tr. Roy. Soc. Victoria 1: 40 (1889)
species :
Alsophila macropoda (Domin) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: C-Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN R (3 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea longipes Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 189 (1922) (non Copel. (1917))
= Cyathea macropoda Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 133 (1930)
species :
Alsophila magnifolia (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acanthopoda Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 190 (1922)
= Cyathea magnifolia Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 135 (1920)
species :
Alsophila major Caluff & Shelton; Moscosoa 13: 6 (2002)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
species :
Alsophila manniana (Hook.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Annobon Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE 23 ANN BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea engleri Hieron., Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 1 (1910)
= Cyathea laurentiorum Christ, Miss. Émile Laurent 14 (1905)
= Cyathea manniana Hook., Syn. 21 (1865)
= Cyathea manniana var. preussii (Diels) Tardieu, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 14, 4: 337 (1952)
= Cyathea preussii Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 127 (1899)
= Cyathea sellae Pirotta, Ann. di Bot. 7: 173 (1908)
= Cyathea usambarensis Hieron., Engl., Pflanzenw. Ostafr. C: 88 (1895)
species :
Alsophila mapahuwensis (M.Kato) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea mapahuwensis M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 14(5): 373 (1990)
species :
Alsophila marattioides (Willd. ex Kaulf.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea canaliculata var. marattioides (Willd. ex Kaulf.) Baker, Handb. Fern-Allies 452 (1887)
= Cyathea cordata (Desv.) Mett. ex Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 126 (1899)
= Cyathea marattioides Willd. ex Kaulf., Enum. 256 (1824)
= Cyathea phanerophlebia Baker, Ann. Bot. 8: 122 (1894)
= Hemitelia cordata Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 321 (1827)
species :
Alsophila masapilidensis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 34 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Benguet, ?Bukidnon)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: EN in the Philippines. IUCN R (2 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea masapilidensis Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 81: 17 (1952)
species :
Alsophila matitanensis R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea madagascarica Bonap., Notes pterid. 5: 49 (1917)
species :
Alsophila media (W.H.Wagner & Grether) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch. (Admirality Isl.)
42 NWG 43 BIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea media Wagner & Grether, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 23: 44, t. 15 (1948)
species :
Alsophila melleri (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea glandulosa Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929)
= Cyathea melleri (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929)
= Gymnosphaera melleri (Baker) Tardieu, Humbert, Fl. Madag. Fam. 4: 38 (1951)
= Hemitelia melleri Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 456 (1874)
= Hemitelia glandulosa Kuhn ex Baker, Ann. Bot. 5: 188 (1891)
variant :
var. virescens (C.Chr.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 65 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea melleri var. virescens C.Chr., Dansk. Bot. Ark. 7: 36, 37 (1932)
= Cyathea virescens C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag. Pterid. 22 (1931), nom. nud.
= Gymnosphaera melleri var. virescens (C.Chr.) Tardieu, Fl. Madag. Comor. 4: 38 (1951)
species :
Alsophila meridionalis (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea meridionalis Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 260 (2008)
species :
Alsophila metteniana Hance; J. Bot. 175 (1868)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Vietnam; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila formosana Baker, Ann. Bot. 5: 190 (1891)
= Alsophila lamprocaulis (Christ) Ching, Sinensia 2: 36 (1931)
= Alsophila metteniana var. subglabra Ching & Q.Xia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 27(1): 14 (1989)
= Aspidium lamprocaulon Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 117 (1906)
= Cyathea formosana (Baker) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 36 (1909)
= Cyathea lamprocaulis (Christ) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 2, 1: 288 (1949)
= Cyathea metteniana (Hance) C.Chr. & Tardieu, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris II, 6: 450 (1934)
= Dryopteris lamprocaulis (Christ) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. 34 (1913)
= Gymnosphaera formosana (Baker) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
= Gymnosphaera lamprocaulis (Christ) Ching ex L.K.Ling
= Gymnosphaera metteniana (Hance) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 14: 94 (1951)
= Gymnosphaera metteniana var. subglabra (Ching & Q.Xia) Y.K.Yang & J.K.Wu
species :
Alsophila micra R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea parva Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 219 (1942), non Alsophila parva Maxon
species :
Alsophila microchlamys (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Catanduanes)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: CR in the Philippines. IUCN R (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea microchlamys Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 58 (1962)
species :
Alsophila microphylloides (Rosenst.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea microphylloides Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 164 (1913)
= Cyathea peranemiformis C.Chr., Brittonia 2: 277 (1937)
species :
Alsophila mildbraedii Brause; Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 2, t. 1, f. A-C (1910)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Ruwenzori); Uganda
23 ZAI 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea mildbraedii (Brause) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera mildbraedii (Brause) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 17 (2018)
species :
Alsophila milnei (Hook.fil.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Distribution: Kermadec Isl. (Raoul Isl.)
51 KER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea milnei Hook.fil., Handb. Fl. New Zeal. 349 (1864)
species :
Alsophila minervae Lehnert; Amer. Fern J. 93(4): 169 (-171, fig. 1A-B) (2003)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Peru
83 BOL PER
species :
Alsophila minor (D.C.Eaton) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Cuba; Hispaniola; Dominican Republic
81 CUB HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea minor D.C.Eaton, Mem. Amer. Acad. n. s. 8: 216 (1860)
species :
Alsophila modesta Baker; J. Bot. 210 (1880)
Distribution: Sumatra; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea confluens (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea modesta (Baker) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 48 (1909)
= Cyathea singalanensis (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea subconfluens (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Hemitelia confluens (Baker) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 14 (1914)
= Hemitelia singalanensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 15 (1914)
= Hemitelia subconfluens Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 25 (1918)
species :
Alsophila montana (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN I (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea costulisora Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 108 (1930)
= Hemitelia montana Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 153 (1920) (non Cyathea montana Sm. (1793))
species :
Alsophila mossambicensis (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Sudan; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; ?Kenya
24 SUD 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila campanulata R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 30 (1970), nom. nov.
= Cyathea holstii Hieron., Engl., Pflanzenw. Ostafr. C: 88 (1895)
= Cyathea mossambicensis Baker, Ann. Bot. 6: 185 (1891)
= Cyathea usambarensis Domin, Pteridophyta: 263 (1929), nom. nov. for Cyathea holstii Hieron. (1895), non Alsophila holstii Hieron. (1895), non C. usambarensis Hieron. (1895)
species :
Alsophila mostellaria Lehnert; Amer. Fern J. 93(4): 171 (-172, fig. 1C-D) (2003)
Distribution: Peru (Amazonas); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Ecuador
83 BOL ECU PER
species :
Alsophila muelleri (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea longipaleata Alston, J. Bot. 78: 226 (1940) (Oct.), Nova Guinea ser. 2, 4: 110, t. 4(2), 5(3) (1940) (Dec.)
= Cyathea muelleri Baker, J. Bot. 104 (1890)
species :
Alsophila murkelensis (M.Kato) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea murkelensis M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 14(5): 373 (1990)
species :
Alsophila nebulosa Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 11 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila negrosiana (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Negros, Leyte, Biliran)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea negrosiana Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 181 (1907)
species :
Alsophila nicklesii (Tardieu & F.Ballard) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Central African Republic
23 CAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea nicklesii (Tardieu & F.Ballard) Tindale, Contr. N. S. Wales Nation. Herb. 2: 331 (1956)
= Gymnosphaera nicklesii Tardieu & F.Ballard ex Tardieu, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 14: 329 (1953)
species :
Alsophila nigrolineata (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea nigrolineata Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 58 (1962)
species :
Alsophila nigropaleata (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea nigropaleata Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 59 (1962)
species :
Alsophila nilgirensis (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila latebrosa Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 37 (1844) (p. p., quoad Bedd.)
= Alsophila latebrosa var. schmidiana Kunze, Linn. 24: 294 (1851) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Alsophila nilgirensis (Holttum) B.K.Nayar & Kaur, Comp. to Bedd. Handb. Ferns Brit. India 6 (1974) (comb. superfl.)
= Cyathea nilgirensis var. lobata Manickam & Irudajaray, Holttum, Pterid. Fl. West. Ghats, S. India: 161 (1992) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Cyathea nilgirensis Holttum, Kew Bull. 19: 468 (1965)
= Cyathea schmidiana (Kunze) N.C.Nair, Indian Forester 94: 170 (1968) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
species :
Alsophila nockii (Jenman) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea nockii Jenman, J. Bot. 257 (1879)
species :
Alsophila nothofagorum (Holttum) Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 24 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea nothofagorum Holttum, Blumea 14: 327 (1967)
species :
Alsophila novabrittanica Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 13 (2019)
Distribution: Bismarck Arch. (New Britain)
43 BIS
species :
Alsophila obtecta (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea obtecta Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 30(2): 307 (2008)
species :
Alsophila obtusiloba Hook.; Syn. Fil. 45 (1865)
Distribution: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon
23 CMN EQG GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea obtusiloba (Hook.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929)
species :
Alsophila odonelliana (Alston) Lehnert; Brittonia 57(3): 231 (2005)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea odonelliana Alston, Lilloa 30: 108, t. 1-2 (1960)
species :
Alsophila ogurae Hayata; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 149 (1925)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Chichijima)
38 OGA
Conservation Status: VU in Japan
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ogurae (Hayata) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera ogurae (Hayata) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 14: 94 (1951)
species :
Alsophila ohaensis (M.Kato) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ohaensis M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 14(5): 378 (1990)
species :
Alsophila oinops (Hassk.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok); SW-Sulawesi
42 JAW LSI SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea oinops Hassk., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 7: 322 (1855)
= Cyathea crenulata f. latissima Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 11 (1918)
= Cyathea crenulata f. squamulosa Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 10 (1915)
= Cyathea faberiana Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 114 (1930)
= Cyathea oligocarpia Jungh., Nat. Geneesk. Arch. N. I. 2: 39 (1845) (non Kunze 1834)
= Cyathea zollingeriana Alderw., Handb. 20, 785 (1908) (non Mett.)
species :
Alsophila olivacea Brause; Bot. Jahrb. 56: 74 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea olivacea (Brause) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 143 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera olivacea (Brause) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 17 (2018)
species :
Alsophila oosora (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: N-Sulawesi; peninsular Malaysia (Pulau Tioman, Pahang); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, N-Borneo)
42 BOR MLY SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea assimilis Christ, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 15: 82 (1898) (non Hook.)
= Cyathea oosora Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 59 (1962)
species :
Alsophila orientalis (Kunze) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok, Bali, Flores)
42 JAW LSI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea arborea var. pallida Hassk., Obs. Fil. Jav. 1: 15 (1856) (non (L.) Sm.)
= Cyathea orientalis (Kunze) T.Moore, Ind. 272 (1861)
= Disphenia orientalis Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 6: 283 (1848)
species :
Alsophila orthogonalis (Bonap.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea orthogonalis Bonap., Notes pterid. 5: 29, 32 (1917)
species :
Alsophila pachyrrhachis (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, d´Entrecasteaux Arch.: Goodenough Isl.)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pachyrrhachis Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 19: 218 (1942)
species :
Alsophila pacifica Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: [Western] Samoa (Savaii)
60 SAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea samoensis Baker, J. Bot. 9 (1878), non A. samoensis Brack.
species :
Alsophila pallidipaleata (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: SW-Sulawesi (Latimodjong Mts.); New Guinea [I]
42 nwg SUL
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pallidipaleata Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 60 (1962)
species :
Alsophila parrisiae Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 14 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila patellifera (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: C-Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN I (2 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea patellifera Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 4 (1914)
species :
Alsophila percrassa (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea percrassa C.Chr., Brittonia 2: 279 (1937)
species :
Alsophila perpelvigera (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea perpelvigera Alderw., Nova Guinea 14: 11 (1924)
species :
Alsophila perpunctulata (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN I (2 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea perpunctulata (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 146 (1930)
= Hemitelia perpunctulata Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 25 (1918)
species :
Alsophila perrieriana (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea perrieriana C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag. Pterid. 22 (1932) (nomen), et Dansk Bot. Ark. 7 19, t. 3 (1932)
species :
Alsophila phlebodes Lehnert & Coritico; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 882 (2014)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Gymnosphaera phlebodes (Lehnert & Coritico) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 17 (2018)
species :
Alsophila physolepidota (Alston) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea physolepidota Alston, Nova Guinea ser. 2, 7: 1 (1956)
species :
Alsophila pilosula (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pilosula Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 681 (1941)
species :
Alsophila plagiostegia (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu)
60 FIJ SAM
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila samoensis Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 287, t. 40, f. 1 (1854) (non C. samoensis Baker, nec H. samoensis Christ)
= Cyathea plagiostegia Copel., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 69: 9 (1929)
= Cyathea wilkesiana Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 171 (1930)
species :
Alsophila podophylla Hook.; J. Bot. 9: 334 (1857)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Thailand (widespread); Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI 41 CBD LAO THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila kohchangensis C.Chr., Bot. Tidsskr. 32: 341 (1916)
= Alsophila podophylla var. procumbens Tutcher
= Alsophila rheosora Baker, J. Bot. 292 (1890)
= Cyathea bonii Christ, J. de Bot. 4: 410 (1890)
= Cyathea kohchangensis Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea podophylla (Hook.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 33 (1909)
= Cyathea podophylla var. occulata C.Chr. & Tardieu, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 10: 449 (1934)
= Cyathea rheosora Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 34 (1909)
= Dryopteris subconjuncta Christ, Not. syst. 1: 185 c. fig. (1910)
= Gymnosphaera podophylla (Hook.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
species :
Alsophila polycarpa (Jungh.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok, Flores); ?Sumatra
42 JAW LSI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea crenulata Blume, Enum. Fil. 244 (1828)
= Cyathea distans Rosenst., Meded. Rijks Herb. no. 31: 2 (1917)
= Cyathea excelsa Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 6: 284 (1848) (non Sw.)
= Cyathea javanica var. rigida Blume, Enum. Pl. Jav. 245 (1828) (p. p.)
= Cyathea leucophaes Hassk., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 7: 323 (1855)
= Cyathea polycarpa Jungh., Nat. Geneesk. Arch. N. I. 2: 40 (1845)
= Cyathea oinops Racib., Pter. Buitenz. 36 (1898) (non Hassk.)
= Cyathea spinulosa var. muriculata Hassk., J. Bot. Kew Misc. 7: 322 (1855)
= Cyathea zollingeriana Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 57 (1863)
= Polypodium arboreum Roxb., Wall., List n. 2226 (1829)
= Polypodium arborescens Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 495 (1844)
species :
Alsophila polystichoides Christ; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 85: 177 (1896)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Honduras
80 COS HON PAN
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila mucronata Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 85: 178 (1896)
= Cyathea polystichoides (Christ) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea caduca Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. Il, 7: 271 (1907)
= Cyathea hastulata Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 945 (1904)
= Cyathea hemiotis Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 182 (1906)
= Cyathea mucronata (Christ) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea werckleana Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 8: 181 (1906)
= Nephelea polystichoides (Christ) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila poolii C.Chr.; Ind. 46 (1905)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila vestita (C.Chr.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 16: 412 (1876) (non C. Presl (1849))
= Cyathea poolii (C.Chr.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea poolii (C.Chr.) Rakotondr., (1999) (comb. superfl.)
= Gymnosphaera poolii (C.Chr.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila portoricensis (Kuhn) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Puerto Rico
81 PUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea portoricensis Spreng. ex Kuhn, Linn. 36: 163 (1869)
= Nephelea portoricensis (Kuhn) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila pruinosa (Rosenst.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pruinosa Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 163 (1913)
species :
Alsophila pseudobellisquamara (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pseudobellisquamata Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 310 (2008)
species :
Alsophila pseudomuelleri (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pseudomuelleri Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 61 (1962)
species :
Alsophila punctulata Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20 (1915)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Conservation Status: IUCN R (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea punctulata (Alderw.) Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 13 (1918)
species :
Alsophila pycnoneura (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 35 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Sulawesi
42 NWG SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea pycnoneura Holttum, Blumea 11: 533 (1962)
species :
Alsophila quadrata (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea decrescens var. quadrata (Baker) Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 250 (2008)
= Cyathea quadrata Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 16: 411 (1876)
variant :
var. ivohibensis (C.Chr.) J.P.Roux; Strelitzia 23: 66 (2009)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea quadrata var. ivohibensis C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 28 (1932)
= Cyathea ivohibensis (C.Chr.) Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 254 (2008)
= Alsophila ivohibensis (C.Chr.) Christenh., The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
species :
Alsophila ramispina Hook.; Syn. 42 (1866)
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila amaiambitensis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 1 (1918)
= Alsophila burbidgei Christ, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 20: 138 (1906) (p. p., non Baker)
= Alsophila hallieri Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 2 (1918) (non Rosenst.)
= Alsophila kenepaiana Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 129 (1920)
= Cyathea ramispina (Hook.) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 36 (1909)
= Cyathea amaiambitensis (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 90 (1930)
= Cyathea kenepaiana Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 127 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera ramispina (Hook.) Copel., Gen. Fil. 98 (1947)
species :
Alsophila ramispinoides (M.Kato) Lehnert; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 883 (2014), et 40(2): 386 (2015)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ramispinoides M.Kato, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 14(5): 378 (1990)
= Gymnosphaera ramispinoides (M.Kato) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila rebeccae F.Muell.; Fragm. 5: 33 (1865), 53, 36: 117 (1896)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Flores)
42 LSI 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea rebeccae (F.Muell.) Domin, Pterid. 263, et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Gymnosphaera rebeccae (F.Muell.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila recurvata Brause; Bot. Jahrb. 56: 61 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN I (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea recurvata (Brause) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 153 (1930)
species :
Alsophila rigens (Rosenst.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea, Goodenough Isl.); Solomon Isl. (Kolombangara)
42 NWG 43 SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea rigens Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 163 (1913)
species :
Alsophila rolandii R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea costularis Bonap., Notes pterid. 6: 44 (1917)
species :
Alsophila roroka (Hovenkamp) Lehnert & Coritico; Blumea 62: 93 (2017)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea roroka Hovenkamp, Hovenkamp & de Jonch., Blumea 33(2): 397 (1988)
= Alsophila roroka (Hovenkamp) Christenh., The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018), isonym
species :
Alsophila rosenstockii Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 56: 63 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ascendens Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 94 (1930)
species :
Alsophila rouhaniana (Rakotondr. & Janssen) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea rouhaniana Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 29(2): 207 (2007)
= Gymnosphaera rouhaniana (Rakotondr. & Janssen) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila rubella (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea, d´Entrecasteaux Arch.)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea rubella Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 61 (1962)
= Gymnosphaera rubella (Holttum) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila rubiginosa Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 56: 66 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila hunsteiniana Brause, Engl. Jahrb. 56: 65 (1920)
= Cyathea albidula Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88 (1930)
= Cyathea rubiginosa (Brause) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 154 (1930)
species :
Alsophila rufopannosa (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Zamboanga)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: VU in the Philippines. IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea rufopannosa Christ, Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 180 (1907)
species :
Alsophila rupestris (Maxon) Gastony & R.M.Tryon; Amer. J. Bot. 63(6): 743 (1976)
Distribution: Colombia (Norte de Santander)
82 CLM
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea rupestris Maxon, J. Arnold Arbor. 27: 438 (1946)
species :
Alsophila saccata (Christ) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea saccata Christ, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 19: 42 (1904)
species :
Alsophila salletii (Tardieu & C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea salletii Tardieu & C.Chr. ex C.Chr. & Tardieu, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris II, 6: 450 (1934)
= Gymnosphaera salletii (Tardieu & C.Chr. ex C.Chr. & Tardieu) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila salvinii Hook.; Syn. 36 (1866)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Peru; Belize; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 83 PER
Remarks: a true Alsophila (Gymnosphaera) based on molecular results
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila munchii Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 5: 734 (1905)
= Cyathea salvinii (Hook.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera salvinii (Hook.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
species :
Alsophila scandens Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 66: 77 (1910)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN I (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea grenadensis Trevis., Atti Ist. Veneto II, 2: 164 (1851)
= Cyathea scandens (Brause) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 156 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera scandens (Brause) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 18 (2018)
= Thysanobotrya scandens (Brause) Posth., Proc. Kon. Akad. Wet. Amsterdam 39: 826 (1936)
species :
Alsophila schlechteri Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 49: 16, f. 1 D (1912)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea schlechteri (Brause) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera schlechteri (Brause) Copel., Gen. Fil. 99 (1947)
species :
Alsophila schliebenii Reimers; Notizbl. bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 918 (1933)
Distribution: Tanzania (Uluguru Mts., Ukaguru Mts.)
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea fadenii Holttum, Kew Bull. 36(3): 470 (1981), nom. nov.
= Gymnosphaera schliebenii (Reimers) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 19 (2018)
species :
Alsophila sechellarum (Mett.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar; Seychelles (Mahé)
29 MDG SEY
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea sechellarum Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1: 58 (1863)
species :
Alsophila semiamplectens (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea semiamplectens Holttum, Kew Bull. 16: 62 (1962)
species :
Alsophila serratifolia (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea regularis Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 26: 349 (1889)
= Cyathea serratifolia Baker, J. Bot. 139 (1884)
species :
Alsophila setosa Kaulf.; Enum. Fil. 249 (1824)
Distribution: Argentina (Misiones); Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Amambay, Caazapa, Cordillera)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila beyrichiana J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 249 (1875)
= Alsophila dorsalis (Fée) Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 2: 648 (1902)
= Amphicosmia beyrichiana (C.Presl) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 104 (1857)
= Cyathea beyrichiana C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 55 (1836)
= Cyathea dorsalis (Fée) Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea leucosticta Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 182, t. 65 (1869)
= Cyathea setosa (Kaulf.) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Hemitelia beyrichiana (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 353 (1848)
= Hemitelia setosa (Kaulf.) Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2: 30 (1859)
= Hemitelia setosa var. crenata Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 64 (1906)
= Lophosoria dorsalis Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 173, t. 51, f. 3 (1869)
= Nephelea setosa (Kaulf.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila setulosa (Copel.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Philippines (Kalinga, Isabela, Quezon)
42 PHI
Conservation Status: VU in the Philippines. IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea setulosa Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 81: 14 (1952)
species :
Alsophila similis (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea discolor Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 15: 412 (1876) (non Bory (1828))
= Cyathea similis C.Chr., Ind. 196 (1905)
variant :
var. leptoderma (Rakotondr. & Janssen) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea similis var. leptoderma Rakotondr. & Janssen, Adansonia 30(2): 356 (2008)
variant :
var. montana (Janssen & Rakotondr.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea similis var. montana Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 358 (2008)
species :
Alsophila simulans Baker; J. Bot. 3 (1891)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea borbonica var. simulans (Baker) C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 22 (1932)
= Cyathea remotifolia Bonap., Notes pterid. 6: 51 (1917)
= Cyathea simulans Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929)
= Cyathea simulans (Baker) Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 316 (2008)
species :
Alsophila sinuata (Hook. & Grev.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea sinuata Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. t. 106 (1828)
= Schizocaena sinuata (Hook. & Grev.) J.Sm., Lond. J. Bot. 1: 661 (1842)
species :
Alsophila sledgei (Ranil, Pushpak. & Fraser-Jenk.) Ranil; Phytotaxa 511(2): 184 (2021)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea sledgei Ranil, Pushpak. & Fraser-Jenk., Fern Gaz. 18(7): 321 (2010)
species :
Alsophila smithii (Hook.fil.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Name: Soft tree fern, Katote (Maori)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Auckland Isl.
51 AUC CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea smithii Hook.fil., Fl. New Zeal. 2: 8 t, 72 (1854)
= Cyathea novae-zelandiae Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), nom. nov. for Hemitelia microphylla Colenso 1885
= Hemitelia microphylla Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 27: 399 (1895)
= Hemitelia smithii (Hook.fil.) Hook., Syn. 31 (1865)
= Hemitelia smithii var. microphylla (Colenso) Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 951 (1906)
= Hemitelia stellulata Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 18: 222 (1886)
species :
Alsophila societarum (Baker) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 6 (2018)
Distribution: Society Isl. (Tahiti, Hitiaa)
61 SCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea societarum Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 453 (1874)
species :
Alsophila solomonensis (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Malaita, Rendova)
43 SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea solomonensis Holttum, Blumea 12: 252 (1964)
species :
Alsophila spinulosa (Wall. ex Hook.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 32 (1970)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.; Bangladesh; India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Chhattisgarh, ?Goa, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, ?Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Nepal; Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); N-Thailand; Vietnam; Laos; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima); Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima)
36 CHI TIB 38 KZN NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila boninsimensis (Christ ex Diels) Christ, Warb., Monsunia 1: 90 (1900)
= Alsophila confucii Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 102 (1906)
= Alsophila decipiens J.Scott ex Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India, t. 311 (1869)
= Alsophila fauriei Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 1: 1019 (1901)
= Alsophila taiwaniana Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 68 (1927)
= Amphicosmia decipiens (J.Scott ex Bedd.) Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India, Suppl. 1 (1876)
= Cyathea austrosinica Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 141 (1910)
= Cyathea boninsimensis (Christ ex Diels) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 38 (1909)
= Cyathea confucii (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 60 (1909)
= Cyathea decipiens (J.Scott ex Bedd.) C.B.Clarke & Baker, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 24: 409 (1888)
= Cyathea fauriei (Christ) Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 60 (1909)
= Cyathea spinulosa Wall., Num. List no. 178 (1828) ex Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hook.] 1: 25, t. 12 (1844)
= Cyathea taiwaniana Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 68 (1927)
= Hemitelia beddomei C.B.Clarke, Tr. Linn. Soc. II, 1: 429 (1880)
= Hemitelia boninsimensis Christ ex Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 132 (1899)
= Hemitelia decipiens (J.Scott ex Bedd.) J.Scott, Tr. Linn. Soc. 30: 33, t. 14 (1874)
species :
Alsophila srilankensis (Ranil) Ranil; Phytotaxa 511(2): 184 (2021)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea srilankensis Ranil, Amer. Fern J. 100(1): 39 (2010)
species :
Alsophila stelligera (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea stelligera Holttum, Blumea 12: 250 (1964)
species :
Alsophila sternbergii (Sternb.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 371 (1983)
Distribution: Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Cordillera)
84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea caesariana Christ, Denkschr. Akad. Wien 79: 12, t. 2, f. 2, t. 8 t 5-6 (1907)
= Cyathea rojasii Christ, Fedde, Repert. 6: 348 (1909)
= Cyathea sampaioana Brade & Rosenst., Bol. Mus. Rio de Janeiro 7: 137, t. 1, 4 (1931)
= Cyathea schizolepis Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 17: 27, t. 3 (1932)
= Cyathea sternbergii Pohl ex Sternb., Vers. Fl. Vorwelt 1: 47 (1820)
= Hemitelia caesariana (Christ) Samp., Bol. Mus. Rio de Janeiro 1: 19 (1923)
= Nephelea sternbergii (Sternb.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea sternbergii f. sampaioana (Brade & Rosenst.), Bradea 1 (10): 74 (1971)
variant :
var. acanthomelas (Fée) Conant
Distribution: Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Paraná, Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea acanthomelas Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 177, t. 64, f. 1 (1869)
= Nephelea sternbergii f. acanthomelas (Fée) Brade, Bradea 1 (10): 74 (1971)
= Nephelea sternbergii var. acanthomelas (Fée) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 135 (1973)
species :
Alsophila subdubia Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 3 (1915)
Distribution: C-Sumatra; W-Java
42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila persquamulata Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 1 (1918)
= Cyathea persquamulata (Alderw.) Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea subdubia (Alderw.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Gymnosphaera subdubia (Alderw.) S.Y.Dong, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(1): 19 (2018)
species :
Alsophila subtripinnata (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea subtripinnata Holttum, Blumea 11: 534 (1962)
species :
Alsophila sumatrana (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Sumatra; peninsular Malaysia (Selangor)
42 MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea schizochlamys Baker, J. Bot. 18: 209 (1880)
= Cyathea subuliformis Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 11: 6 (1913)
= Cyathea sumatrana Baker, J. Bot. 209 (1880)
= Cyathea tuberculata Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 11 (1918)
species :
Alsophila sundueana Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 16 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila tahitensis Brack.; U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 288, t. 40 (1854)
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu); [Western] Samoa; American Samoa; Cook Isl.; Marquesas Isl. (Hiva Oa, Nuku Hiba, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva); Society Isl. (Moorea, Tahiti, Raiatea); Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti)
60 ASA FIJ SAM 61 AUI COO MRQ SCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Amphicosmia tahitensis (Brack.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 61 (1857)
= Cyathea affinis (G.Forst.) Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 94 (1801)
= Cyathea bisulca Schkuhr, Kr. Gew. 1: sub t. 132 b (1809)
= Cyathea rapensis Copel., Occ. Pap. Bishop Mus. 14: 53, t. 5 (1938)
= Cyathea tahitensis (Brack.) Copel., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 59: 10 (1929)
= Cyathea tahitensis (Brack.) Domin, Pterid. 264 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
= Cyathea thurstonii Baker, J. Bot. 182 (1886)
= Hemitelia d´urvillei Mett. ex Kuhn, Linn. 36: 160 (1869)
= Hemitelia raiateensis J.W.Moore, Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 102: 6 (1933)
= Hemitelia tahitensis (Brack.) Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2: 31 (1859)
= Polypodium affine G.Forst., Prod. 83 (1786)
species :
Alsophila tanzaniana R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970), nom. nov.
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea schliebenii Reimers, Notizbl. bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 916 (1933)
species :
Alsophila telefominensis Lehnert; Kew Bull. 74(3)-46: 18 (2019)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila tenuis Brause; Bot. Jahrb. 56: 71 (1920)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea tenuicaulis Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 165 (1930), nom. nov.
species :
Alsophila ternatea (Alderw.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram, Ternate)
42 MOL
Conservation Status: IUCN V (2 collections)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ternatea Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 5: 191 (1932)
species :
Alsophila thomsonii (Baker) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
23 BUR ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea thomsonii Baker, J. Bot. 180 (1881)
= Cyathea zambesiaca Baker, Ann. Bot. 8: 121 (1894)
species :
Alsophila tryoniana (Gastony) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 371 (1983)
Distribution: Nicaragua; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON NIC
Remarks: a true Alsophila based on molecular results
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea tryoniana (Gastony) C.Nelson, Gamarra & Fern.Casas, Fontqueria 43: 69 (1996)
= Nephelea tryoniana Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 118 (1973)
species :
Alsophila tsaratananensis (C.Chr.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea subincisa C.Chr., Cat. Pl. Madag. Pterid. 22 (1931) (nomen), Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 27, t. 5 (1932) (non Domin (1929))
= Cyathea tsaratananensis C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. III: 64 (1934), nom. nov. for C. subincisa C. Chr. 1931
species :
Alsophila tsilotsilensis (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea tsilotsilensis Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 682 (1941)
species :
Alsophila tussacii (Desv.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea tussacii Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 323 (1827)
= Cyathea tussacii var. magnifolia Jenman, Bull. Bot. Dept. Jamaica 29: 5 (1892)
= Nephelea tussacii (Desv.) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
species :
Alsophila tuyamae (H.Ohba) Nakaike; Checkl. Lycophytes Ferns Japan 7 (2013)
Distribution: Volcano Isl. (Minami-Iwojima)
38 KZN
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea boninsimensis var. ramosa Tuyama, (1938)
= Cyathea tuyamae H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot. 57(11): 323 (1982), nom. nov.
species :
Alsophila urbanii (Brause) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 29 (1970)
Distribution: Dominican Republic; Hispaniola
81 HIS
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea urbanii Brause, Urban, Symb. Ant. 7: 151 (1911)
species :
Alsophila valdesquamata (Janssen & Rakotondr.) Christenh.; The Global Flora, Special edition, part 1(4): 7 (2018)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea valdesquamata Janssen & Rakotondr., Adansonia 30(2): 358 (2008)
species :
Alsophila vandeusenii (Holttum) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 36 (1970)
Distribution: New Guinea (N-Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Conservation Status: IUCN R (one collection)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea vandeusenii Holttum, Blumea 11: 529 (1962)
species :
Alsophila veitchii Baker; Syn. Fil. ed. 2: 41 (1874)
Distribution: Vanuatu
60 VAN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea veitchii (Baker) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
species :
Alsophila vieillardii (Mett.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Distribution: New Caledonia; Vanuatu
60 NWC VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea vieillardii Mett., Ann. sc. nat. IV, 15: 82 (1861)
= Cyathea neocaledonica Compton, J. Linn. Soc. 45: 440 (1923)
= Cyathea sclerolepis Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 453 (1874)
= Cyathea incisocrenata Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 452 (1874)
species :
Alsophila viguieri (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea viguieri Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 682 (1941)
species :
Alsophila walkerae (Hook.) J.Sm.; Hist. Fil. 249 (1875)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea walkerae Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 647 (1844)
= Amphicosmia walkerae (Hook.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 104 (1857)
= Hemitelia walkerae (Hook.) C.Presl, Abh. (K.) Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. V, 5: 351 (1848)
= Hemitelia latebrosa var. walkerae (Hook.) Mett., Fil. Lechl. 2: 31 (1859)
variant :
var. tripinnata (Hook. & Baker) Panigrahi
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea walkerae var. tripinnata Hook. & Baker, Syn. Fil. 31 (1865)
species :
Alsophila weidenbrueckii Lehnert; Blumea 61(1): 21 (2016)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Alsophila welwitschii (Hook.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: São Tomé
23 SAO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea welwitschii Hook., Syn. 21 (1865)
species :
Alsophila wengiensis Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 49: 13, f. 1C (1912)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea brauseana Domin, Pterid. 262 (1929)
= Cyathea wengiensis (Brause) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929), et Acta Bot. Bohem. 9: 88-174 (1930)
species :
Alsophila woodwardioides (Kaulf.) D.S.Conant; J. Arnold Arbor. 64(3): 370 (1983)
Distribution: Jamaica; Cuba; Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)
81 CUB HIS JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Alsophila hieronymi Brause, Engl. Jahrb. 49: 14 (1912)
= Cyathea araneosa Maxon, N. Amer. Fl. 16: 74 (1909)
= Cyathea arborea var. nigrescens Hook., Sp. 1: 17 (1844)
= Cyathea hieronymi Brause, Urban, Symb. Ant. 7: 152 (1911)
= Cyathea hystricosa C.V.Morton, Amer. Fern J. 55: 30 (1965)
= Cyathea nigrescens (Hook.) J.Sm., Ferns Brit. For. 242 (1866)
= Cyathea woodwardioides Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 255 (1824)
= Cyathea woodwardioides var. hieronymi Kaulf.
= Nephelea araneosa (Maxon) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 38 (1970)
= Nephelea hieronymi (Brause) R.M.Tryon, Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 40 (1970)
= Nephelea woodwardioides (Kaulf.) Gastony, Contr. Gray Herb. 203: 107 (1973)
species :
Alsophila woollsiana F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 179 (1874)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea woollsiana (F.Muell.) Domin, Pterid. 263 (1929)
= Cyathea woollsiana (F.Muell.) Wakef., Vict. Nat. 66: 59 (1949), comb. superfl.
= Alsophila leichhardtiana var. woollsiana (F.Muell.) Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928)
species :
Alsophila zakamenensis (Tardieu) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 31 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea zakamenensis Tardieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 88: 683 (1941)
species :
Alsophila ×boytelii Caluff & Shelton; Willdenowia 32(2): 306, 304 (2002)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Remarks: Alsophila balanocarpa x woodwardioides
species :
Alsophila ×fagildei Caluff & Shelton; Willdenowia 32(2): 303, 304 (2002)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Remarks: Alsophila minor x woodwardioides
species :
Alsophila ×marcescens (N.A.Wakef.) R.M.Tryon; Contr. Gray Herb. 200: 37 (1970)
Name: Skirted tree fern
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, E-Tasmania)
50 AUS
Remarks: Alsophila australis x cunninghamii
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyathea ×marcescens N.A.Wakef., Vict. Nat. 59: 33, f. 1.5 (1942)
species :
Alsophila ×medinae Caluff & Shelton; Willdenowia 32(2): 307, 304 (2002)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Remarks: Alsophila balanocarpa x cubensis
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 12.9 (January 2022)

Covering 353,476 valid species, 43,533 valid infraspecific taxa and 860,583 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

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