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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

463.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3860; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
463.9305 Genus Ammi L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 256 (1753)
Distribution: Macaronesia, Mediterranean, Ethiopia, SW-Asia (incl. Caucasus)
Species listed in database: 4
= Gohoria Neck.; Elem. 1: 172 (1790)
= Visnaga Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Pseudammi H.Wolff; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 173 (1921)
species :
Ammi majus L.; Sp. Pl. 243 (1753)
Name: Große Knorpelmöhre (DE); Bullwort (EN)
Distribution: Sweden [I]; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades, Limnos); Crete; Estonia [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Canary Isl. (Hierro, La Palma, Gomera, Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote); Ethiopia; Eritrea; South Africa [I] (widespread); Tajikistan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Kos, Tilos, Symi, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar [I]; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (SW-Yemen, W-Yemen); China [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan [I] (Baluchistan [I], Pakistani Punjab [I]); India [I] (Meghalaya [I], Odisha [I], Rajasthan [I], Tamil Nadu [I], Uttarakhand [I], Uttar Pradesh [I], West Bengal [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Texas [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Galapagos [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], Chaco [I], Chubut [I], Entre Rios [I], Formosa Prov. [I], La Pampa [I], Salta [I], Santiago del Estero [I], Santa Fe Prov. [I]); Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 swe 11 ger 12 BAL cis COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT PEL PTL SIC SLV TUE 14 est kry rus UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 24 ERI ETH 27 saf 32 tzk 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 OMA qat SAU YEM 36 chi 38 jap 40 ind pak 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nwc 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos els gua hon 81 bah cub his 82 clm ven 83 bol gal 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Aethusa ammi Spreng.; Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 6: 260 (1812)
= Ammi apiifolium Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Portug. 2: 403 (1820-34)
= Ammi boeberi Hoffm.; Gen. Umbell. p. 18 (1814)
= Ammi broussonetii DC.; Prod. 4: 113 (1830)
= Ammi cicutifolium Willd. ex Schult.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 6: 531 (1820)
= Ammi diversifolium var. daucifolium Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyréno. 280 (1837)
= Ammi diversifolium var. glaucifolium (L.) Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyréno. 280 (1837)
= Ammi elatum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 162 (1796)
= Ammi glaucifolium L.; Sp. Pl. 243 (1753)
= Ammi intermedium DC.; Prod. 4: 113 (1830)
= Ammi majus f. minimum (Kuntze) Thell.; 1172 (1926)
= Ammi majus subsp. glaucifolium (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 305 (1879)
= Ammi majus subsp. intermedium (DC.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 272 (1882)
= Ammi majus var. apiifolium (Hoffmanns. & Link) Cout.; Fl. Portugal 446 (1913)
= Ammi majus var. daucifolium (Noulet) Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(1): 93 (1938)
= Ammi majus var. glaucifolium (L.) Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 238 (1840), isonym
= Ammi majus var. glaucifolium (L.) Godr.
= Ammi majus var. glaucifolium (L.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris 107 (1812)
= Ammi majus var. glaucifolium (L.) Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyrén. 280 (1837), isonym
= Ammi majus var. intermedium (DC.) Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 1: 732 (1848-49)
= Ammi majus var. laciniatum Godr.; Fl. Lorraine: 274 (1843)
= Ammi majus var. serratum Mutel; Fl. Dauphiné ed. 2, 240 (1848)
= Ammi majus var. tenue Ball; Spic. Moroc.: 468 (1878)
= Ammi pauciradiatum Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 322 (1848)
= Ammi pumilum (Brot.) DC.; Prodr. 4: 113 (1830)
= Ammi topalii Beauverd; Candollea 7: 264 (1937)
= Anethum pinnatum Ruiz & Pav. ex Urban; Mart., Fl. Bras. 11(1): 342 (1879)
= Apium ammi Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. I. fasc. 3: 109 (1767), nom. illeg.
= Apium ammi-maius Crantz; Class. Umbell. emend. 103 (1767), nom. illeg.
= Apium candollei M.Hiroe; Umbell. World: 860 (1979)
= Apium elatum (Willk.) Calest.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1905: 284 (1905)
= Apium petraeum Crantz; Cl. Umb. Emend. 104 (1767)
= Apium pumilum (Brot.) Calest.; Webbia 1: 175 (1905), nom. illeg.
= Carum majus (L.) Koso-Pol.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, n.s. 29: 198 (1915 publ. 1916)
= Cuminum aethiopicum Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 230 (1835)
= Cuminum regium Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himal. 230 (1835)
= Daucus glaber Parsa; Kew Bull. 3(2): 199 (1948) non Opiz ex Celak.
= Daucus parsae M.Hiroe; Umbelliferae World 595 (1979), nom. nov. for Daucus glaber Parsa
= Helosciadium lateriflorum W.D.J.Koch; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12(1): 126 (1824)
= Pimpinella capillacea Poit. ex Urb.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 11(1): 342 (1879)
= Pimpinella dichotoma Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 335 (1841), nom. inval.
= Pimpinella dioica Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 285 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Pimpinella lateriflora Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 285 (1821)
= Pimpinella ramosissima Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 285 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Selinum ammoides E.H.L.Krause; Sturm. Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 12: 43 (1904)
= Seseli ammoides Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 285 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Sison fasciculatum Pohl ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 105 (1830), nom. inval.
= Sison haenkei C.Presl ex DC.; Prodr. 4: 105 (1830), nom. inval.
= Sison lateriflorum Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 3: 283 (1838)
= Sison majus (L.) Eaton & Wright; N. Am. Bot. ed. VIII. 429 (1840)
= Sison pumilum Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 425 (1804)
= Visnaga major (L.) J.Vick; Vick´s Ill. Cat. Fl. Guide: 54 (1866)
= Visnaga vulgaris Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 350 (1899)
species :
Ammi procerum Lowe; Man. Fl. Mad. 351 (1864)
Distribution: Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Flores Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 AZO CNY MDR SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Ammi majus subsp. procerum (Lowe) Menezes; Fl. Madeira 76 (1914)
= Ammi majus var. heterophyllum Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 350 (1864)
= Ammi majus var. isophyllum Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 351 (1864)
= Ammi majus var. tenuifolium Lowe; Man. Fl. Madeira 1: 351 (1864)
species :
Ammi seubertianum (H.C.Watson) Trel.; Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 8: 115 (1897)
Distribution: Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Pakistan [I]
21 AZO 40 pak
Synonyms: hidden
= Apium seubertianum (H.C.Watson) Koehne; Just´s Bot. Jahresber. 25(2): 454 (1899)
= Petroselinum seubertianum H.C.Watson; London J. Bot. 6: 387 (1847)
species :
Ammi trifoliatum (H.C.Watson) Trel.; Ann. Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard. 8: 116 (1897)
Distribution: Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Sao Jorge, Pico, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.)
21 AZO
Synonyms: hidden
= Ammi huntii H.C.Watson; London Jour. Bot. (Hook.) 6: 382 (1847)
= Apium trifoliatum (H.C.Watson) Koehne; Just´s Bot. Jahresber. 25(2): 454 (1899)
= Petroselinum trifoliatum H.C.Watson; London J. Bot. 3: 502 (1844)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life