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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

131.0000 Family Orchidaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 64 (1789), nom. cons.
over 800 genera, more than 30.000 spp. worldwide, mostly tropical
Species listed in database: 30479; hybrids: 1409
= Apostasiaceae Lindl.; Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833), nom. cons.
= Cypripediaceae Lindl.; Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833)
= Limodoraceae Horan.; Char. Ess. Fam.: 44 (1847)
= Liparidaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 567 (1895)
= Neottiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 50 (1834)
= Neuwiediaceae R.Dahlgren ex Reveal & Hoogland; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., ser. 4, sect. B Adansonia 13: 91 (1991)
= Ophrydaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 566 (1895)
= Pycnanthaceae Ravenna; Onira 12(6): 29 (2011)
= Vanillaceae Lindl.; Key Bot.: 73 (1835)
131.4313 Genus Anacamptis Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 47: 1818) 25 (1817)
Distribution: Europe to C-Asia and N-Iran. The genus concept has been expanded very much (based on molecular results), and includes now parts of the old Orchis s. l. Recent attempts to split it further and redefine the genus limits have not been widely accepted.
Species listed in database: 21; hybrids: 17
= Anteriorchis E.Klein & Strack; Phytochemistry 28: 2136 (1989)
= Herorchis D.Tyteca & D.Klein; Jour. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 539 (2008)
= Paludorchis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 24 (2009)
= Rauranita Grélet; Bull. Soc. Bot. Deux-Sèvres 1894: 36 (1894)
= Vermeulenia Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Bot. Neerl. 21(5): 554 (1972), nom. nov.
= xAnacampaludorchis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnacampterorchis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnacampteulenia P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnteriocamptis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnterioherorchis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnteriomeulenia P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnteriopaludorchis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xHeromeulenia P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xHeropaludorchis P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xPaludomeulenia P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis berica Doro; J. Eur. Orch. 52(2-4): 445 (2020)
Distribution: N-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name. Taxon separated from A. pyramidalis by ploidy.
species :
Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.f.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Borys Knabenkraut (DE), Bory´s Orchid (EN)
Distribution: C-Greece; S-Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: sect. Moriae (morio agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis boryi (Rchb.f.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40: 541 (2008)
= Orchis boryi Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 19 (1850)
= Orchis boryi var. alba C.Alibertis & A.Alibertis; Orchidophile (Deuil-la-Barre) 87: 112 (1989)
= Orchis morio subsp. boryi (Rchb.f.) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 275 (1929), et Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2(4/5): 139 (1932), isonym
= Orchis quadripunctata var. boryi (Rchb.f.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 694 (1882)
species :
Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol. ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Hügel-Knabenkraut (DE); Fan-lipped Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta (incl. Gozo, ?Comino Isl.); Albania; Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya (Cyrenaica); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; East Aegaean Isl. (including Tilos, Rhodos, E-Karpathos); Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
12 BAL FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 32 TKM 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Collinae (papilionacea agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis collina f. flavescens (Soó) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 179 (2009)
= Anacamptis collina f. laxispicata F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 179 (2009)
= Anacamptis collina subsp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Kuropatkin & Efimov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(5): 567 (2014)
= Barlia collina (Banks & Sol. ex Russell) Szlach.; Polish Bot. J. 46: 127 (2001)
= Herorchis collina (Banks & Sol. ex Russell) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis chlorotica Woronow; Mitt. Kaukas. Mus. 4: IV. 263-268 (1909)
= Orchis collina Banks & Sol. ex Russell; Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. II, 2: 264 (1794)
= Orchis collina f. flavescens (Soó) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez; Orchid. Albacete: 127 (1987)
= Orchis collina f. purpurea Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 284 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Orchis collina subsp. chlorotica (Woronow) Aver.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(10): 118 (1994), et Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 11(2): 25 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Orchis collina subsp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Aver.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(10): 119 (1994), et Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 11(2): 25 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Orchis collina var. flavescens Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 165 (1932)
= Orchis fedtschenkoi Czerniak.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 147 (1922)
= Orchis leucoglossa O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 76 (1934)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. chlorotica (Woronow) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 36 (1928)
= Orchis saccata f. flavescens (Soó) Raynaud; Orchid. Maroc: 41 (1985)
= Orchis saccata f. orbicularis Ruppert; Verh. Naturhist. Vereines Preuss. Rheinl. Westphalens 1926: 307 (1926)
= Orchis saccata lusus flavescens Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: ? (1932)
= Orchis saccata subsp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 50 (1927)
= Orchis saccata Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LIII (1813)
= Orchis saccata var. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Hautz.; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 81: 49 (1978)
= Orchis sparsiflora Spruner ex Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14): 37 (1851)
= Vermeulenia chlorotica (Woronow) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Bot. Neerl. 21(5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia collina (Banks & Sol. ex Russell) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 25 (2009)
= Vermeulenia collina f. leucoglossa (O.Schwarz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)
= Vermeulenia fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Bot. Neerl. 21(5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia saccata (Ten.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5). 554 (1972)
species :
Anacamptis coriophora (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. coriophora
Name: Wanzen-Knabenkraut
Distribution: +Netherlands; +Belgium; Luxembourg; +Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Saarland, +Sachsen, +Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; +Estonia; ?Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Imertei, Adzharia, Shiga Kartli, Tiraleti, Kvemo Kartli); Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; Turkey; N-Iraq; Iran
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR EST KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora f. alba (E.G.Camus) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 200 (2009)
= Anacamptis coriophora f. virescens (E.G.Camus) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 200 (2009)
= Anacamptis coriophora subsp. nervulosa (Sakalo) Mosyakin & Tymch.; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 63(3): 317 (2006)
= Anteriorchis coriophora (L.) E.Klein & Strack; Phytochemistry 28(8): 2137 (1989)
= Herorchis coriophora (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis cimicina Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 498 (1769)
= Orchis coreosmus St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 131 (1880)
= Orchis coriophora f. alba E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 136 (1908)
= Orchis coriophora f. borosiana Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 28 (1927)
= Orchis coriophora f. nana W.Zimm.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 16: 7 (1910)
= Orchis coriophora f. virescens E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 136 (1908)
= Orchis coriophora L.; Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. cimicina (Crantz) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 656 (1882)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. cimicina (Crantz) E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orchid. 136 (1908), isonym
= Orchis coriophora subsp. nervulosa (Sakalo) Soó; Ann. Univ. Sci. Budap.,Sect. Biol. 11: 63 (1969)
= Orchis coriophora var. cimicina (Crantz) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 167 (1894)
= Orchis coriophora var. czeremossica Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 199 (1906)
= Orchis coriophora var. inodora DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 329 (1815)
= Orchis coriophora var. latifolia Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 437 (1836)
= Orchis coriophora var. nervulosa (Sakalo) Bordz.
= Orchis coriophora var. odorata Ten. ex Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 21 (1850)
= Orchis coriophora var. strypiensis Zapal.; 205 (1906)
= Orchis coriophora var. subsancta Balayer; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133(3): 281 (1986)
= Orchis nervulosa Sakalo; Uchen. Zap. Khar´kovsk. Gosud. Univ. Gor´kogo 22: 194 (1941)
= Orchis polliniana Spreng.; Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 78 (1815)
subspecies :
subsp. carpetana (Willk.) Bernardos; Belgian J. Bot. 135(1-2): 82 (2002)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora var. carpetana (Willk.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 198 (2009)
= Anacamptis coriophora var. carpetana (Willk.) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 143 (2007)
= Anteriorchis coriophora var. carpetana (Willk.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 28 (2009)
= Orchis carpetana (Willk.) Pau; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 153 (1921)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. carpetana (Willk.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 268 (1890)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. carpetana (Willk.) Landwehr; Orchid. Sauvages France & Europe 2: 308 (1983), isonym
= Orchis coriophora subsp. carpetana (Willk.) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968), isonym
= Orchis coriophora var. carpetana Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 166 (1861)
= xOrchidactyla ×carpetana (Pau) Borsos & Soó; Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. R. Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 8: 316 (1966)
subspecies :
subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet & Scappat.; Répartit. Orchid. Sauvages France, 3e éd., 3e mise à jour 7 (2003)
Distribution: ?Portugal; Spain; France; ?Morocco; ?Algeria
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 143 (2007)
= Anteriorchis coriophora subsp. apricorum (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet
= Anteriorchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet; Rectificatif a la Repartition des Orchidees sauvages de France (Orchidophile, 125): 111 (1997) [without basionym ref.]
= Anteriorchis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 28 (2009)
= Anteriorchis fragrans f. apricorum (Duffort) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 28 (2009)
= Herorchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis coriophora proles martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 132 (1912)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. apricorum (Duffort) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1969)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 691 (1882)
= Orchis coriophora var. apricorum (Duffort) A.Camus
= Orchis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Gaut.; Fl. Pyr. Orient. 398 (1867)
= Orchis fragrans var. apricorum Duffort; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 45: 435 (1898 publ. 1899)
= Orchis martrinii Timb.-Lagr.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 3: 92 (1856)
species :
Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Remarks: sect. Collinae (papilionacea agg.), bona sp. fide Baumann & Baumann 2001
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Dactylorhiza cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) Hautz.; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 83: 477 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Herorchis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barratte; Fl. Libya, Prod. 226 (1910)
= Orchis cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barratte ex Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 30: 303 (1939) [descr. ampl.]
= Orchis melchifafii Hautz.; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 83: 476 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Orchis papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 81(4): 398 (2000)
= Vermeulenia cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) Szlach.; Polish Bot. J. 46(2): 128 (2001)
species :
Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1): 12 (2003)
Name: Wohlriechendes Knabenkraut (DE); Scented Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta (incl. Gozo Isl., Cominotto Isl.); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); European Turkey; European Russia (SW-European Russia); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Northern Caucasus; S-Azerbaijan (Talysh); East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Pserimos, Tilos); Turkey; Iraq; N-Iran; W-Iran; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel
12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Coriophorae. Status very much disputed, frequently treated as ssp. of A. coriophora
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
= Anteriorchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) Jacquet; Orchidophile 127: 134 (1997)
= Anteriorchis fragrans (Pollini) Szlach.; Polish Bot. J. 46(2): 127 (2001)
= Herorchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis cassidea M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 600 (1819)
= Orchis coriophora proles fragrans (Pollini) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 133 (1912)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) E.G.Camus; isonym
= Orchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 268 (1890)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. fragrans (Pollini) Sudre; Fl. Toulous. 187 (1907), isonym
= Orchis coriophora var. cassidea (M.Bieb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 691 (1882)
= Orchis coriophora var. cibiniensis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 639 (1866)
= Orchis coriophora var. dolichoceras Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 69 (1939)
= Orchis coriophora var. elongata Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 42 (1940)
= Orchis coriophora var. fragrans (Pollini) Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2(19): 593 (1842)
= Orchis coriophora var. lusciniarum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 69 (1939)
= Orchis coriophora var. major E.G.Camus; Actes Congr. Int. Bot., Paris 340 (1900)
= Orchis coriophora var. polliniana (Spreng.) Pollini; Fl. Veron. 3: 7 (1824)
= Orchis coriophora var. sennenii A.Camus; E. G. Camus & A. A. Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 1: 182 (1928)
= Orchis coriophora var. symphypetala Brot.; Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 19 (1835)
= Orchis fragrans f. cassidea (M.Bieb.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 124 (1830)
= Orchis fragrans f. grandiflora Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 124 (1830)
= Orchis fragrans Pollini; Elem. Bot. 2: t. Ultima, t. 2 (1811)
= Orchis fragrans var. elongata (Maire) Raynaud; Orchid. Maroc. 108 (1985)
species :
Anacamptis israelitica (H.Baumann & Dafni) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Israelisches Knabenkraut
Distribution: N-Israel
34 ISR
Remarks: sect. Moriae (morio agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis israelitica (H.Baumann & Dafni) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis israelitica H.Baumann & Dafni; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 11(4): 261 (1979)
species :
Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. laxiflora
Name: Lockerblütiges Knabenkraut (DE); Lax-flowered Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Sweden (Gotland); +Netherlands?; +Belgium; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; European Turkey; ?Algeria; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Karpathos); Turkey; Cyprus; Israel
10 SWE 11 AUT BGM POL SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 34 CYP EAI ISR TUR
Remarks: sect. Laxiflorae (palustris agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis laxiflora f. albiflora (Guss.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 170 (2009)
= Herorchis laxiflora (Lam.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis ambigua Degl. ex Le Gall; Fl. Morbihan: 585 (1852), nom. inval.
= Orchis biloba Arv.-Touv.; Ess. Pl. Dauph. 61 (1872)
= Orchis dubia Le Gall; Fl. Morbihan: 585 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Orchis ensifolia Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 29 (1787)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus albiflora (Guss.) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 59 (1928)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus albiflora Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28(2): 506 (1911), nom. illeg.
= Orchis laxiflora lusus bornmuelleri Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 29 (1927)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus leucantha Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 29 (1927)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus longibracteata (Willk.) W.Zimm.; Z. Naturwiss. 1911: 80 (1911)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus regis-ferdinandii Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus rosea Cortesi; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 14: 44 (1916), nom. illeg.
= Orchis laxiflora f. heldreichii Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis laxiflora f. lengyelii Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis laxiflora f. longibracteata (Willk.) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 59 (1928)
= Orchis laxiflora f. micrantha (Domin) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 713 (1907)
= Orchis laxiflora f. minor Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 3: 296 (1895)
= Orchis laxiflora f. zimmermannii Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 29 (1927)
= Orchis laxiflora Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 504 (1779)
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. ensifolia (Vill.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 711 (1907)
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. ensifolia (Vill.) F.Herm.; 134 (1912), isonym
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. longibracteata (Willk. & Lange) Malag.; 64 (1969)
= Orchis laxiflora var. albiflora Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 535 (1844)
= Orchis laxiflora var. breviflora Döll; 224 (1843), nom. inval.
= Orchis laxiflora var. guadarramica Rivas Goday; Revista Univ. Madrid (Farm.) 1(4): 244 (1941)
= Orchis laxiflora var. javorkae Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis laxiflora var. longibracteata Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 168 (1861)
= Orchis laxiflora var. paludosa Martrin-Donos; Fl. Tarn 1793 (1864)
= Orchis laxiflora var. tabernaemontani W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 573 (1844)
= Orchis mediterranea Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 455 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Orchis morio Ucria; Hort. Reg. Panorm. 382 (1789) non L.
= Orchis morio var. angustifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis palustris f. micrantha Domin; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 20: 105 (1904)
= Orchis palustris subsp. laxiflora (Lam.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 30 (1895)
= Orchis tabernaemontani C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 3: 542 (1808)
= Paludorchis laxiflora (Lam.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. dielsiana (Soó) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adzharia); Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); E-Turkey; Afghanistan (Badghys, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Herat)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 AFG TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) Eb.Fisch.; Ill. Field Guide Fl. Georgia 810 (2018)
= Herorchis pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) D.Tyteca & E.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40: 540 (2008)
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. dielsiana Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis palustris subsp. pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; J. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 729 (2005)
= Orchis pseudolaxiflora Czerniak.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 525. 545 (1941)
= Paludorchis pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: S-Turkey; Iraq; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania; E-Saudi Arabia
34 IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.Baumann & Dafni; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13(3): 323 (1981)
= Orchis elegans var. dinsmorei (Schltr.) P.Schäf.; Orchidee (Hamburg) 22: 204 (1971)
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. dinsmorei (Schltr.) Kreutz; Eurorchis 17: 113 (2005)
= Orchis laxiflora var. dinsmorei Schltr.; Monogr. Iconogr. Orch. Eur. 1(5/6): 191 (1927)
= Orchis laxiflora var. persica Pau; Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat., Ser. Bot. 14: 46 (1918)
= Paludorchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis morio (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. morio
Name: Kleines Knabenkraut (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; +Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia); Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia); Armenia; Azerbaijan
10 DEN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 MOR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: sect. Moriae (morio agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis morio f. alba (Arcang.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 183 (2009)
= Anacamptis morio f. albicans (Linding.) Oddone & Forbicioni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 227 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. albiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 224 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. maculata F.M.Vázquez & Gut.Rubio; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 15: 37 (2021)
= Anacamptis morio f. nivea Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 233 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. picta-rosea (Barla) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 235 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. rosea (Tinant) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 229 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. variegata (Pamp.) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 227 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. viridiflora (Tinant) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 233 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio subsp. rosea (Tinant) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 229 (2015)
= Anacamptis ×albertii (A.Camus) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Helleborine athensis (Lej.) Hocq.; Fl. Jemmape 238 (1814)
= Herorchis morio (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008), nom. illeg.
= Orchis athensis (Lej.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 132 (1827)
= Orchis crenulata Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 474 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Orchis intermedia Meigen & Weniger; Syst. Verz. Pfl. Rheins, 106 (1819)
= Orchis morio f. alba (Arcang.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1894: 203 (1894)
= Orchis morio f. albiflora E.G.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe: 153 (1928), nom. illeg.
= Orchis morio f. bilobulata J.Houz. ex Verm.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 239 (1949)
= Orchis morio f. crispa Ruppert; 173 (1925)
= Orchis morio f. nana Chenevard ex M.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 48: 50 (1898)
= Orchis morio f. robustior Chenevard ex M.Schulze; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 48: 50 (1898)
= Orchis morio f. sublaxiflora Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 640 (1866)
= Orchis morio f. sublobatus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 199 (1906)
= Orchis morio f. subpicta (Sabr.) Soó; Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 37 (1928)
= Orchis morio f. unilobata J.Houz. ex Verm.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 239 (1949)
= Orchis morio f. variegata Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 10: 577 (1903)
= Orchis morio f. velutina (Schur) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 38 (1928)
= Orchis morio L.; Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis morio subsp. alba Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 655 (1882)
= Orchis morio subsp. athensis (Lej.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 266 (1890)
= Orchis morio var. alba Arcang.; 655 (1882)
= Orchis morio var. albicans Linding.; Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges.: 241 (1902)
= Orchis morio var. albiflora Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 245 (1829)
= Orchis morio var. athensis (Lej.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 132 (1827)
= Orchis morio var. bicornuta Ruppert; 173 (1925)
= Orchis morio var. brevicalcarata Ruppert; 173 (1925)
= Orchis morio var. carnea Sabr.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 58: 72 (1908)
= Orchis morio var. elatior Tinant; Fl. Luxemb. 437 (1836)
= Orchis morio var. flava Sabr.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 58: 72 (1908)
= Orchis morio var. gigas Podp.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 54: 359 (1904)
= Orchis morio var. irregularis Verm.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 238 (1949)
= Orchis morio var. parviflora Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 199 (1906)
= Orchis morio var. picta-rosea Barla; Fl. Ill. Nice, Orchid.: 45 (1868)
= Orchis morio var. resupinata Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 556 (1894)
= Orchis morio var. rosea Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 437 (1836)
= Orchis morio var. subpicta Sabr.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 58: 71 (1908)
= Orchis morio var. valida Verm.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 238 (1949)
= Orchis morio var. velutina Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 640 (1866)
= Orchis morio var. viridiflora Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 437 (1836)
= Orchis officinalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 6 (1796)
= Orchis ×albertii A.Camus; Riviera Sci. 13: 72 (1926)
= Serapias athensis Lej.; Fl. Spa 2: 196 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Name: Albanisches Knabenkraut
Distribution: Croatia; Albania
13 ALB CRO
Remarks: often included in subsp. caucasica
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis caucasica var. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 350 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio subsp. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 144 (2007)
= Herorchis albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Herorchis picta var. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 28 (2009)
= Herorchis picta var. skorpili (Velen.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 29 (2009)
= Orchis albanica Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 16(2): 223 (1984)
= Orchis graeca Orph. ex Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 27 (1928)
= Orchis morio subsp. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Buttler; Willdenowia 16(1): 116 (1986)
= Orchis morio var. skorpili (Velen.) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 28 (1927)
= Orchis picta var. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
= Orchis skorpili Velen.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 257 (1886)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 125 (2007)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Nisyros); Turkey; N-Iran
14 KRY 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis caucasica (K.Koch) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 349 (2015)
= Herorchis caucasica (K.Koch) Devillers-Tersch., Devillers, Dedroog, Baeten & Flausch; Naturalistes Belges 91(Orchid. 23): 245 (2010)
= Herorchis picta var. caucasica (K.Koch) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 28 (2009)
= Orchis morio subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 106 (1908)
= Orchis morio subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 385 (1933), isonym
= Orchis morio var. caucasica K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 280 (1850)
= Orchis picta var. caucasica (K.Koch) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Name: Dreiknollen-Knabenkraut
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France
12 BAL FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnéoud) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
= Anacamptis champagneuxii f. albina F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 192 (2009)
= Anacamptis champagneuxii var. grandis F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 192 (2009)
= Anacamptis champagneuxii var. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 191 (2009)
= Anacamptis morio f. albina (F.M.Vázquez) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 233 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio var. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 15: 37 (2021), isonym
= Anacamptis morio var. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 145 (2007)
= Herorchis champagneuxii (Barnéoud) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Herorchis champagneuxii f. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 28 (2009)
= Orchis champagneuxii Barnéoud; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. 2, 20: 380 (1843)
= Orchis champagneuxii f. albina (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano; Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [16] (2019)
= Orchis champagneuxii f. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
= Orchis champagneuxii var. grandis (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano; Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [16] (2019)
= Orchis champagneuxii var. mesomelana (Rchb.f.) D.Tyteca; L´Orchidophile 70: 997 (1986)
= Orchis morio proles champagneuxii (Barnéoud) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 130 (1912)
= Orchis morio subsp. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) E.G.Camus & A.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 154 (1929)
= Orchis morio subsp. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus & A. A. Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe: 154 (1929)
= Orchis morio var. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) J.A.Guim.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 64 (1887)
= Orchis morio var. mesomelana Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 182 (1851)
= Orchis picta var. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 692 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. cortesii (E.G.Camus & A.Camus) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 125(1319): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Corsica; Italy
12 COR 13 ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. longicornu x Anacamptis morio ssp. morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×cortesii (E.G.Camus & A.Camus) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Herorchis ×cortesii (E.G.Camus & A.Camus) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
= Orchis ×cortesii E.G.Camus & A.Camus; E. G. Camus & A. Camus, Icon. Orchid. Eur. 4 (1921)
subspecies :
subsp. heraclea (Verg.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 15: 39 (2021) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. morio x Anacamptis (morio ssp.) picta
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×heraclea Verg.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 602 (1908)
= Anacamptis ×heraclea (Verg.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 188 (2009)
= Herorchis ×heraclea (Verg.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. litardierei (Ruppert & Lebrun) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. 125(1319, Suppl.): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: A. morio ssp. longicornu x A. morio ssp. picta
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×litardierei Ruppert & Lebrun; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 35: 104 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. longicornu (Poir.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Name: Langsporniges Knabenkraut
Distribution: Baleares; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; +Malta; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL COR SAR 13 ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis longicornu (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
= Anacamptis longicornu f. leuca (Oddone & Casabianca) Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 150 (2023)
= Anacamptis longicornu f. pallida (Maire & Weiller) Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 151 (2023)
= Anacamptis longicornu subsp. linkiana F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 345 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. leuca Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 229 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. pallida (Maire & Weiller) Oddone & Casabianca; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58: 232 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio subsp. linkiana (F.M.Vázquez) F.M.Vázquez & Gut.Rubio; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 15: 36 (2021)
= Herorchis longicornu (Poir.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis longicornis Lam.; Encycl. 4: 591 (1798)
= Orchis longicornu f. albiflora E.G.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe: 156 (1928)
= Orchis longicornu f. pallida Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 290 (1959)
= Orchis longicornu Poir.; Voy. Barbarie 2: 247 (1789)
= Orchis longicornu subsp. balearica Chodat ex Colom; Biogeogr. Baleares ed. 2, 1: 198 (1978)
= Orchis longicornu var. balearica Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve 15: 179 (1924), nomen
= Orchis morio subsp. longicornu (Poir.) Douin; Fl. Ill. France 11: 27 (1931)
= Orchis morio subsp. longicornu (Poir.) Kreutz; Eurorchis 17: 114 (2005), isonym
= Orchis morio var. longicornu Knoche; Fl. Balear. 1: 400 (1921)
subspecies :
subsp. picta (Loisel.) Jacquet & Scappat.; Répartit. Orchid. Sauvages France, 3e éd., 3e mise à jour 7 (2003)
Name: Geflecktes Kleines Knabenkraut (DE); Spotted Green-winged Orchid (EN)
Distribution: ?Switzerland; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Greece; European Turkey; ?Algeria; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey; Iran
12 BAL COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1): 12 (2003)
= Anacamptis picta f. nivea F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 187 (2009)
= Anacamptis picta f. nivea (Oddone & Casabianca) Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 151 (2023)
= Anacamptis picta f. trimaculata F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 187 (2009)
= Herorchis morio subsp. picta (Loisel.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Herorchis picta (Loisel.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 25 (2009)
= Orchis aschersonii (Rouy) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A 2: 188 (1932)
= Orchis longicornu var. picta (Loisel.) Lindl.; Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.(4): 269 (1835)
= Orchis morio proles picta (Loisel.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 130 (1912)
= Orchis morio subsp. picta (Loisel.) Arcangeli; Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2, 167 (1894)
= Orchis morio subsp. picta (Loisel.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 265 isonym
= Orchis morio var. longecalcarata Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2(19): 594 (1842)
= Orchis morio var. parviflora St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 802 (1889), nom. superfl.
= Orchis morio var. picta (Loisel.) Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 17 (1850)
= Orchis picta f. trimaculata (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano; Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [15] (2019)
= Orchis picta Loisel.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 431 (1827)
= Orchis ×nicodemi var. aschersonii Rouy; Fl. France 13: 160 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. romerae (Hervás) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 15: 38 (2021) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×romerae Hervás; Micobot. Jaén 13(3): 94 (2018)
subspecies :
subsp. syriaca (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Name: Syrisches Knabenkraut
Distribution: S-Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Palestine
34 CYP ISR LEB PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis syriaca (E.G.Camus) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
= Herorchis syriaca (E.G.Camus) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis morio subsp. libani Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 209 (1930)
= Orchis morio subsp. syriaca E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 106 (1908)
= Orchis morio var. libani (Renz) Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 139 (1932)
= Orchis morio var. syriaca (E.G.Camus) Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 139 (1932)
= Orchis picta subsp. libani Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 209 (1929)
= Orchis syriaca (E.G.Camus) Boiss. ex H.Baumann & Künkele; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13(3): 351 (1981), isonym
= Orchis syriaca (E.G.Camus) Boiss. & Bal. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 60 (1884)
subspecies :
subsp. tlemcenensis (Batt.) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 146 (2007)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: often included in subsp. champagneuxii
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis champagneuxii subsp. tlemcenensis (Batt.) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 350 (2015)
= Anacamptis longicornu subsp. tlemcenensis (Batt.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 193 (2009)
= Orchis longicornu f. tlemcenensis Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 27 (1895)
= Orchis morio subsp. tlemcenensis (Batt.) E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 1908: 106 (1908)
= Orchis morio var. tlemcenensis (Batt.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 1959: 293 (1959)
species :
Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. palustris
Name: Sumpf-Knabenkraut
Distribution: Norway; Sweden; +Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; +Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; SW-Turkey; Cyprus
10 NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE SLO SWI 12 COR FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB 34 CYP TUR
Remarks: sect. Laxiflorae (papilionacea agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacq.) Kuropatkin & Efimov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(5): 563 (2014)
= Herorchis palustris (Jacq.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Ophrys palustris Huds.; Fl. Angl. 1: 339 (1762)
= Orchis festiva Heuff. ex Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat. 67 (1838)
= Orchis germanorum Moritzi; Fl. Schweiz Berücksicht.: 509 (1844)
= Orchis heuffeliana Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 71 (1853)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus alba Rupp ex W.Zimm.; Form. Orch. Deut.: 28 (1912)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus carnea E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 163 (1908)
= Orchis laxiflora lusus rosea Rupp ex W.Zimm.; Form. Orch. Deut.: 28 (1912)
= Orchis laxiflora C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 38 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Orchis laxiflora f. quadriloba Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 3: 296 (1895)
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacq.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Vasc. Pl. France 311 (1894), isonym
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. palustris (Jacq.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie 558 (1894)
= Orchis laxiflora var. longiflora Döll; 224 (1843)
= Orchis laxiflora var. mediterranea (Guss.) D.Rivera & López Vélez; Orq. Prov. Albacete: 140 (1987)
= Orchis laxiflora var. pachycentra Peterm.; 368 (1844)
= Orchis laxiflora var. palustris (Jacq.) M.Bieb.; 600 (1819), isonym
= Orchis laxiflora var. palustris (Jacq.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris 343 (1812)
= Orchis laxiflora var. palustris (Jacq.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. ed. 2, 2: 792 (1844), isonym
= Orchis mascula Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 500 (1769)
= Orchis mediterranea Guss.; Pl. Rar. 365 (1826)
= Orchis palustris Jacq.; Collectanea 1: 75 (1787)
= Orchis palustris subsp. mediterranea (Guss.) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968)
= Orchis palustris var. mediterranea (Guss.) Schltr.; Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 1(5/6): 192 (1927)
= Orchis palustris var. minor Bréb.; Fl. Normandie éd. 3: 256 (1859)
= Orchis palustris var. quadrifida Bréb.; 256 (1849)
= Orchis speciosa Heuff. ex Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat. 67 (1838)
= Paludorchis palustris (Jacq.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
= Rauranita paludosa Grélet; Bull. Soc. Bot. Deux-Sèvres 1894: 36 (1894), orth. var.
subspecies :
subsp. elegans (Heuff.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Hohes Sumpf-Knabenkraut (DE)
Distribution: +Germany (+Hessen); Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; SW-Turkey
11 GER HUN SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY MLD UKR 32 TKM TZK UZB 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis laxiflora subsp. elegans (Heuff.) Kuropatkin & Efimov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(5): 565 (2014)
= Herorchis elegans (Heuff.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Orchis elegans Heuff.; Flora 18: 250 (1835)
= Orchis elegans Heuff. ex Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat. 67 (1838), et Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 8: 202 (1858)
= Orchis elegans var. platychila (K.Koch) P.Schäf.; Orchidee (Hamburg) 22: 204 (1971)
= Orchis laxiflora subsp. elegans (Heuff.) Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis laxiflora var. elegans (Heuff.) Asch. & Graebn.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1888(2): 62 (1888)
= Orchis laxiflora var. pocutica Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 206 (1906)
= Orchis palustris subsp. elegans (Heuff.) Soó; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis palustris var. elegans (Heuff.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 693 (1882)
= Orchis platychila K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 13 (1847)
= Orchis rubra Lerchenf.; 95 (1853), nom. inval.
= Paludorchis palustris var. elegans (Heuff.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
Distribution: Baleares; Greece (Cephalonia); ?Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 BAL 13 GRC 20 ALG TUN
Conservation Status: very local and rare
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis robusta (T.Stephenson) R.M.Bateman; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1): 12 (2003)
= Herorchis robusta (T.Stephenson) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Orchis palustris subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) H.Sund.; Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 40 (1980)
= Orchis palustris subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 128 (2004), isonym
= Orchis palustris var. robusta T.Stephenson; J. Bot. 69: 179 (1931)
= Orchis robusta (T.Stephenson) Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 85: 288 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Paludorchis robusta (T.Stephenson) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. papilionacea
Name: Schmetterlings-Knabenkraut
Distribution: France; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
12 FRA SAR 13 CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: sect. Laxiflorae (papilionacea agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. nivea F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 174 (2009)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. parviflora (Willk.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 174 (2009)
= Herorchis papilionacea (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis decipiens Bianca; Nov. Pl. Sp. Prope Hyblam: 1 (1842)
= Orchis papilionacea f. rosea (Alleiz.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 186 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Orchis papilionacea L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1242 (1759)
= Orchis papilionacea var. decipiens (Bianca) Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 16 (1850)
= Orchis papilionacea var. major E.G.Camus; Actes Congr. Int. Bot., Paris 342 (1900)
= Orchis papilionacea var. minimus E.G.Camus; Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 1: 3 (1921)
= Orchis papilionacea var. nivea (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano; Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [14] (2019)
= Orchis papilionacea var. parviflora Willk.; Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 165 (1861)
= Orchis papilionacea var. rosea Alleiz.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 14: 43 (1923)
= Orchis ×moriopapilionacea Timb.-Lagr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. Ser. IV. 4: 277 (1854)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Bot. Neerl. 21(5): 554 (1972)
variant :
var. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 147 (2007)
Distribution: Croatia (Istria, Dalmatia); Montenegro; Albania
13 ALB CRO MNT
Remarks: minor taxon of questionable value, probably best treated as variety
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 248 (2007)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. balcanica B.Baumann & H.Baumann; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 954 (2005)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: minor taxon of questionable value, probably best treated as variety
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. alibertis G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 18: 130 (2001)
= Orchis papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 85: 252 (2004)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. expansa (Ten.) Amardeilh & Dusak; L´Orchidophile (Asnieres) 36(165): 104 (2005)
Distribution: Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boiss.) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 148 (2007)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) V.Campo & El Mokni; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 12 (2020)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. grandiflora (Boiss.) Romolini & Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 123 (2020)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. vexillifera (Terraciano) Romolini & Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 124 (2020)
= Herorchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis candida A.Terracc.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 24 (1910)
= Orchis expansa Ten.; Index Seminum (NAP, Neapolitano) 1829: 17 (1829)
= Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 149 (1931)
= Orchis papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 248 (2007)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) Guadagno; Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 7: 122 (1924)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. expansa (Ten.) Raynaud; Orchid. Maroc 43 (1985), isonym
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boiss.) H.Baumann; Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 94 (1986)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora (Boiss.) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. grandiflora var.morgetiana H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 959 (2005)
= Orchis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl.; Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 267 (1835)
= Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 592 (1842)
= Orchis papilionacea var. morgetiana H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; J. Eur. Orch. 37: 959 (2005)
= Orchis papilionacea var. vexillifera Terraciano; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 23 (1910)
= Orchis rubra var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl.; Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.(4): 266 (1835)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 91: 247 (2010)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. grandiflora (Boiss.) Szlach.; Polish Bot. J. 46(2): 128 (2001)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. vexillifera (Terraciano) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. messenica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: minor taxon of questionable value, probably best treated as variety
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis papilionacea subsp. messenica (E.D.Clarke) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. messenica (Renz) Kreutz; Eurorchis 17: 117 (2005)
= Orchis papilionacea var. messenica Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 243 (1928)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. messenica (Renz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 46 (2009)
Name: Ägäisches Schmetterlings-Knabenkraut (DE); Aegaean Butterfly Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kyklades); Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos); Turkey
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis papilionacea subsp. aegaea (P.Delforge) L.Lewis & Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 45(1): 74 (2013)
= Orchis heroica E.D.Clarke; Trav. 2: 117 (1812)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) H.Baumann; Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 95 (1986)
= Orchis papilionacea var. heroica (E.D.Clarke) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 72(3): 101 (1991)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. aegaea P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 91: 20 (2010)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. heroica (E.D.Clarke) Szlach.; Polish Bot. J. 46(2): 128 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestina (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 170 (2007)
Distribution: S-Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel
34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis papilionacea subsp. palaestina (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis papilionacea f. palaestina (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88: 248 (2007)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. palaestina H.Baumann & R.Lorenz; J. Eur. Orch. 37: 960 (2005)
= Vermeulenia palaestina (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) Kreutz & M.H.Schot; Orchids Israel: 137 (2021)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. palaestina (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 29 (2009)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. palaestina (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. rubra (Jacq.) Pérez-Chisc. & J.P.Prieto; Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2011)
Distribution: Spain; ?Morocco; ?Algeria; ?Tunisia; ?Libya
12 SPA
Remarks: minor taxon of questionable value, probably best treated as variety
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Campo & Montoleone; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(2): 441 (2018)
= Orchis papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 333 (1900)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Jacq.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 655 (1882)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Murr) H.Sund.; Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 40 (1980)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. rubra (Murr) Malag.; Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968)
= Orchis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Brot.; Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 17 (1827 publ. 1835)
= Orchis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Lindl.; Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 266 (1830)
= Orchis rubra Jacq.; Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 18, tab. 183 (1786)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 92(Orchid. 24): 203 (2011)
subspecies :
subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: E-Northern Caucasus; NE-Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis papilionacea subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis bruhnsiana (Gruner) Majorov ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 263 (1928)
= Orchis caspia Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 484 (1873)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Soó; Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2(4/5): 136 (1932)
= Orchis papilionacea subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 36 (1928)
= Orchis papilionacea var. bruhnsiana Gruner; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 463 (1867)
= Orchis schirwanica Woronow; Mitt. Kaukas. Mus. 4: IV. 263-268 (1909)
= Vermeulenia caspia (Trautv.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Acta Bot. Neerl. 21(5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Szlach.; Polish Bot. J. 46(2): 128 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. septentrionalis Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 49(1): 51 (2017)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: minor taxon of questionable value
subspecies :
subsp. thaliae Kreutz, J.Essink & L.Essink; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 43 (2009)
Name: Buntes Schmetterlings-Knabenkraut (DE); Spotted Butterfly Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (Antalya)
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: minor taxon of questionable value, probably best treated as variety
species :
Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich.; De Orchid. Eur.: 33 (1817)
Name: Pyramiden-Knabenkraut, Pyramiden-Spitzorchis (DE); Pyramidal Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Scandinavia; England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; European Turkey; Estonia; ?Moldova; Ukraine; European Russia (C-European Russia); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Kartli, Trialeti); Armenia; S-Azerbaijan (Talysh); East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, including Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos, Chalki, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos); Turkey; Iraq; N-Iran; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SMA SRB TUE 14 EST RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Coriophorae
Synonyms: hidden
= Aceras pyramidale (L.) Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 6 (1850)
= Aceras pyramidale var. duquesnei (Rchb.f.) Gill. & Magne; 408 (1863)
= Anacamptis condensata K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 285 (1849), pro syn.
= Anacamptis pyramidalis lusus albiflora (Fors.-Major ex E.G.Camus) Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 92 (1928)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis lusus albiflora Raulin ex G.Keller & Soó; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 122 (1932), nom. illeg.
= Anacamptis pyramidalis lusus carnea G.Keller; Keller, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 123 (1932)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subvar. albiflora Fors.-Major ex E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orchid.: 92 (1908)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. angistiloba Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 5: 392 (1879)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. apiculata Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 340 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. condensata (Desf.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 340 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. fumeauxiana Marg. & Kowalk.; Richardiana 8: 3 (2008), no clear type indication.
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. longispica Andr.; Ind. Horti Bot. Univ. Budapest 1934: 110 (1934)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. platycheila Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 226 (1928)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. platyglossa Krösche in Seeland; 89 (1929)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. stenoloba Krösche in Seeland; 89 (1929)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. condensata (Desf.) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 32 (1932)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. angustifolia Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 5: 392 (1879)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. condensata (Desf.) Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 124 (2009)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. trichocera (Brongn.) Griseb.; 362 (1846)
= Orchis appendiculata Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 291 (1812)
= Orchis bicornis Gilib.; Exerc. Phyt. 2: 473 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Orchis condensata Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 316 (1799)
= Orchis cylindrica K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 12 (1846)
= Orchis pyramidalis L.; Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis pyramidalis var. fudayensis Hesl.-Harr.; Vasculum 24: 116 (1938)
variant :
var. brachystachys (d´Urv.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 57 (1884)
Distribution: Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Aceras pyramidale var. brachystachys (d´Urv.) Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 7 (1850)
= Anacamptis brachystachys (d´Urv.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 292 (1890)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. algarbiensis Gand.; Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur. 463 (1910)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. brachystachys (d´Urv.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 277 (1890)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. brachystachys (d´Urv.) Presser & S.Hertel; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 29(1): 233 (2012), isonym
= Orchis brachystachys d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 377 (1822)
variant :
var. cerigensis P.Delforge; Natural. belges 91: 164 (2010)
Distribution: Greece (Kythera)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. cerigensis (P.Delforge) Presser & S.Hertel; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 29(1): 233 (2012)
variant :
var. dunensis Londo, Kreutz & Slings; Gorteria 38: 77 (2016)
Distribution: Netherlands
11 NET
variant :
var. nivea P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 81(4): 396 (2000)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. nivea (P.Delforge) O.Gruss & M.Wolff; Orchid. Atlas: 34 (2007)
variant :
var. orientalis Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 276 (-278; figs.) (2011)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
variant :
var. purpuralis Lachmair; Stapfia 111: 84 (2019)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
variant :
var. sanguinea (Druce) Kreutz; J. Eur. Orchideen 35(4): 767 (2003)
Distribution: Ireland
10 IRE
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. sanguinea (Druce) P.D.Sell; Fl. Great Brit. & Irel. 5: 365 (1996)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. sanguinea (Druce) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 96 (Orchid. 28): 14 (2015), isonym
= Orchis pyramidalis var. sanguinea Druce; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 8(5): 639 (1929)
variant :
var. serotina (Presser) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 275 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. serotina (Presser) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 88: 245 (2007)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. serotina Presser; J. Eur. Orch. 39(1): 87 (2007)
variant :
var. tanayensis Chenevard; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 8: 73 (1897)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. tanayensis (Chenevard) Soó; Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 92 (1928)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. tanayensis (Chenevard) P.Quentin; Cah. Soc. Franç. Orchidophilie 1: 33 (1993)
variant :
var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Schltr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A 1(Lief. 3-4): 153 (1926)
Distribution: Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl., Cominotto Isl.)
13 MLT
Conservation Status: IUCN R (Malta)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Landwehr; Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 342 (1977)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. sommieriana (Sommier & Caruana) Borg; Desc. Fl. Malt. Isl. 372-373 (1937), comb. illeg.
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Kreutz; Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 30 (2004), isonym
= Anacamptis urvilleana Sommier & Caruana; Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo, n. s. 1: App. 273 (1915)
= Orchis pyramidalis var. sommieriana Borg; Descr. Fl. Malt. Isl.: 820 (1927), nom. superfl.
= Orchis pyramidalis var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 323 (1923)
species :
Anacamptis sancta (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12(3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Heiliges Knabenkraut (DE); Holy Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Nisyros, Tilos); S-Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Coriophorae
Synonyms: hidden
= Anteriorchis sancta (L.) E.Klein & Strack; Phytochemistry 28(8): 2137 (1989)
= Herorchis sancta (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein; J. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis coriophora subsp. sancta (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 386 (1933)
= Orchis coriophora var. sancta (L.) Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 173 (1851)
= Orchis sancta f. minor Bornm. ex Soó; Bot. Arch. 23: 40 (1928)
= Orchis sancta L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1242 (1759), et Fl. Palaest. n. 512, et Amoen. Acad. 4: 464
species :
Anacamptis ×alata (Fleury) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. alata
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x A. morio ssp. champagneuxii
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis laxiflora var. alata (Fleury) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 693 (1882)
= Orchis ×alata Fleury; Orch. Rennes: 17 (1819)
= xHeropaludorchis ×alata (Fleury) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. apolonana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 513 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x morio ssp. caucasica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis alata nothosubsp. apolonana B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 537 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. rayyana (Robles, D.Quintana & M.Becerra) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 15: 37 (2021) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x A. morio ssp. champagneuxii
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×rayyana Robles, D.Quintana & M.Becerra; Acta Bot. Malac. 45: 132 (2019)
subspecies :
subsp. sarcidani (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x A. morio ssp. longicornu
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×sarcidani (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Orchis ×sarcidani Scrugli & M.P.Grasso; Webbia 40(2): 290 (1986)
= xHeropaludorchis ×sarcidani (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 33 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×alatoides (Gadeceau) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x A. laxiflora x A. morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×alatoides Gadeceau; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 34: 163 (1887)
species :
Anacamptis ×caccabaria (Verg.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: France; Greece; etc.
12 FRA 13 GRC
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x A. papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×caccabaria Verg.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 603 (1908)
= Orchis ×nicodemi var. caccabaria (Verg.) Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 133 (1908)
= xPaludomeulenia ×caccabaria (Verg.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 34 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×dulukae (Hautz.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
Distribution: Italy; Syria; Israel; etc.
13 ITA 34 ISR SYR
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nothosubsp. camparonensis (Kohlmüller) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nothosubsp. solanoi Serra & López Esp.; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 75(1): e065-3 (2018)
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nothovar. panii Licheri & Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 64(1): 41 (2021)
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nothovar. solanoi (Serra & López Esp.) Licheri & Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 64(1): 41 (2021)
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nothovar. camparonensis (Kohlmüller) Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 150 (2023)
= Anacamptis ×dulukae var. camparonensis (Kohlmüller) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012) [nothovar.]
= Orchis ×dafnii Luz & Schmidt; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13(4): 451 (1981)
= Orchis ×dulukae nothosubsp. camparonensis Kohlmüller; Orchidee (Hamburg) 44(2): 96 (1993)
= Orchis ×dulukae Hautz.; Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 115: 52 (1976), as ´dülükae´
= Vermeulenia ×dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 30 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.f.) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 119(1295): 62 (2011)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis palustris x A. pyramidalis
Synonyms: hidden
= Aceras ×duquesneyi Rchb.f.; Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 171 (1851)
= Anacamptis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.f.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012), isonym
= Anacamptis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.f.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
= Orchis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.f.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 358 (1855)
= xAnacampaludorchis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.f.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= xAnacamptorchis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.f.) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 124 (1932)
species :
Anacamptis ×eccarii H.Kretzschmar & G.Kretzschmar; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 22(2): 12 (2006)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x fragrans
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnterioherorchis ×eccarii (H.Kretzschmar & G.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×feinbruniae (H.Baumann & Dafni) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Remarks: Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. caspia x Anacamptis israelitica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×feinbruniae H.Baumann & Dafni; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 11(4): 266 (1979)
= xHeromeulenia ×feinbruniae (H.Baumann & Dafni) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×genevensis (Chenevard) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Anacamptis morio x A. palustris
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×genevensis Chenevard; Bull. Trav. Soc. Bot. Genève 9: 119 (1898)
= xHeropaludorchis ×genevensis (Chenevard) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 33 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×gennarii (Rchb.f.) Nazzaro & la Valva (Rchb.f.) Nazzaro & la Valva; Biodivers. Parco Naz. Vesuvio 93 (2000)
subspecies :
subsp. gennarii
Distribution: Italy; Croatia; S-Europe
13 CRO ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×gennarii Rchb.f.; Icon. Fl. Germ. 13-14: 172 (1851)
= xHeromeulenia ×gennarii (Rchb.f.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×gennarii nothovar. fulviae Biagioli, Liberti & Torino; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 365 (2023)
= Orchis ×gennarii nothomorph. popii Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (1-2): 177 (1973) [without type]
subspecies :
subsp. baroukensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) comb.ined.; [nothossp.]
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. baroukensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orch. 37(2): 265 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. bornemanniae (Asch.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. longicornu x A. papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×bornemanniae (Asch.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Orchis ×bornemanniae Asch.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 15: 70 (1865)
= xHeromeulenia ×bornemanniae (Asch.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. choirokitiana (Kreutz & Scraton) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. caucasica x A. papilionacea ssp. messenica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×choirokitiana Kreutz & Scraton; J. Eur. Orch. 34: 816 (2002)
= xHeromeulenia ×choirokitiana (Kreutz & Scraton) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. istriaca (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) comb.ined.; [nothossp.]
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. istriaca B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 955 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. kusadasiensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. heroica x morio ssp. caucasica
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×nicodemi nothosubsp. kusadasiensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Güler; Res. Türkiye Fl. 3a: 310 (2022)
= Anacamptis ×orientecaucasica nothosubsp. kusadasiensis (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
= Orchis ×gennarii nothosubsp. kusadasiensis B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 961 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. meknesiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) comb.ined.; [nothossp.]
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nothosubsp. meknesiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 538 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. orientecaucasica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: Anacamptis morio x Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. schirwanica
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×orientecaucasica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
= Orchis ×gennarii nothosubsp. orientecaucasica Baumann et al.; Jour. Eur. Orch. 35(1): 192 (2003)
= xHeromeulenia ×orientecaucasica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & R.Peter) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. rebbasii Babali, Kreutz, Bouazza, Minara & Ait-Hamm.; Lagascalia 33: 346 (2013) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×subpapilionacea nothosubsp. rebbasii (Babali, Kreutz, Bouazza, Minara & Ait-Hamm.) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. subpapilionacea (R.Lopes) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: S-Europe
Remarks: Anacamptis morio subsp. champagneuxii x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×subpapilionacea (R.Lopes) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
= Orchis ×gennarii nothovar. subpapilionacea R.Lopes; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2.A, 54: 306 (1980-1981 publ. 1981)
= xHeromeulenia ×subpapilionacea (R.Lopes) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×gerakarionis (Faller & Kreutz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x Anacamptis laxiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×gerakarionis Faller & Kreutz; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22(2): 365 (1990)
= xHeropaludorchis ×gerakarionis (Faller & Kreutz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 33 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×kallithea E.Klein & Güler; Res. Türkiye Fl. 3a: 310 (2022)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Anacamptis (coriophora ssp.) fragrans x Anacamptis sancta
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×kallithea E.Klein; Orchidee (Hamburg) 24(5): 210 (1973)
= Anacamptis ×kallithea (E.Klein) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
= Anteriorchis ×kallithea (E.Klein) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×laniccae (Braun-Blanq.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. laniccae
Distribution: Switzerland
11 SWI
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis morio
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacampterorchis ×laniccae (Braun-Blanq.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= xAnacamptorchis ×guetrotii (Labrie) Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A 2: 125 (1932)
= xAnacamptorchis ×laniccae Braun-Blanq.; Jahresb. Naturf. Ges. Graub. n. s. 60: 167 (1921), et Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 30: 82 (1922)
= xOrchidanacamptis ×guetrotii Labrie; M. Guétrot, Pl. Hybr. France 2: 51 (1926 publ. 1927)
subspecies :
subsp. galloprovinciana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 513 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. picta x pyramidalis
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacampterorchis ×galloprovinciana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge; Guide Orchid. France, Suisse Benelux, ed. 3.: 352 (2021)
= xAnacamptorchis ×laniccae nothosubsp. galloprovinciana B.Baumann & H.Baumann; J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 542 (2006)
= Anacamptis ×galloprovinciana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
species :
Anacamptis ×larzacensis (H.Kurze & O.Kurze) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis laxiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacampaludorchis ×larzacensis (H.Kurze & O.Kurze) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= xAnacamptorchis ×klingei P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 511 (1928), nom. nud.
= xAnacamptorchis ×larzacensis H. & O.Kurze; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22(4): 742 (1990)
species :
Anacamptis ×lasithica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×lasithica Renz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 28: 241 (1930)
= xHeromeulenia ×lasithica (Renz) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×lesbiensis (Biel) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos)
34 EAI
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis sancta
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis ×lesbiensis Biel; J. Eur. Orchid. 30(2): 276 (1998)
= xAnteriocamptis ×lesbiensis (Biel) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×lloydiana (Rouy) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: Switzerland; France; etc.
11 SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x Anacamptis palustris
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis laxiflora var. intermedia J.Lloyd; Fl. Ouest France, Herbor.: 11 (1880)
= Orchis ×intermedia (J.Lloyd) Gadeceau; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Ouest 2: 4 (1892), nom. illeg.
= Orchis ×lloydiana Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 171 (1912)
= Paludorchis ×lloydiana (Rouy) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 30 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×menosii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis (coriophora ssp.) fragrans x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×menosii nothovar. basilii Biagioli, Licheri & Medau; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 344 (2023)
= Orchis ×menosii C.Bernard & G.Fabre; L´Orchidophile 78: 1345 (1987)
= xAnteriomeulenia ×menosii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×nicodemi (Cirillo ex Ten.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
subspecies :
subsp. nicodemi
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. morio x A. papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×nicodemi (Cirillo ex Ten.) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 352 (2015), isonym
= Orchis morio var. nicodemi (Cirillo ex Ten.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 691 (1882)
= Orchis ×burolletiana Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 872 (1934), nom. nud.
= Orchis ×debeauxii E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 34 (1892)
= Orchis ×nicodemi Cirillo ex Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LIII (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. yvesii (Verg.) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 125(1319): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×yvesii (Verg.) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 354 (2015)
= Orchis ×yvesii Verg.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 600 (1908)
species :
Anacamptis ×olida (Bréb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. olida
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg); France
11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x Anacamptis morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis coriophora subsp. olida (Bréb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 291 (1890)
= Orchis ×badensis W.Zimm.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 15: 150 (1909)
= Orchis ×camusii nothosubsp. olida (Bréb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 691 (1882)
= Orchis ×camusii Duffort; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 45: 435 (1899)
= Orchis ×cimicina Bréb.; Fl. Normandie: 296 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Orchis ×olida Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 2: 257 (1849)
= Orchis ×olida var. camusii (Duffort) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 161 (1912)
= Orchis ×tectulum Desmoulins; (1840)
= xAnterioherorchis ×olida (H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. darcissii (Murr ex Dalla Torre & Sarnth.) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 125(1319): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora ssp. fragrans x A. morio ssp. picta
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×darcissii (Murr ex Dalla Torre & Sarnth.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2012)
= Orchis ×darcissii Murr ex Dalla Torre & Sarnth.; Fl. Tirol 6(1): 505 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. paparistoi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x A. morio ssp. caucasica
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×paparistoi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) F.M.Vázquez; J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 354 (2015)
= Orchis ×paparistoi Gölz & H.R.Reinhard; Mitt. Arbeitskreis Heimische Orchid. Baden-Württemberg 16: 231 (1984)
= xAnterioherorchis ×paparistoi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. pauliana (Malinv.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis olida var. pauliana (Malinv.) Rouy; Fl. France 13: 161 (1912)
= Anacamptis ×pauliana (Malinv.) Biagioli; GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 66(2): 347 (2023)
= Orchis ×pauliana Malinv.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 36: p. 267, t. 1 (1889), et J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 354 (1892)
= xAnterioherorchis ×pauliana (Malinv.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×parviflora (Chaub.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. parviflora
Distribution: Europe (France, Greece, etc.)
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x A. laxiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×parvifolia Chaub.; St.-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 369 (1821)
= xAnteriopaludorchis ×parviflora (Chaub.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. bicknellii (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France; Croatia; etc.
12 FRA 13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×bicknellii E.G.Camus; Monogr. Orch. 230 (1908)
= Orchis ×parviflora nothosubsp. bicknellii (E.G.Camus & al.) Deschâtres & Lambinon; Candollea 47(2): 274 (1992)
= xAnteriopaludorchis ×bicknellii (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×bicknellii (E.G.Camus) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 43: 219 (2012)
species :
Anacamptis ×sciathia (Biel) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x A. morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis ×sciathia (Biel) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
= Orchis ×sciathia Biel; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 20(1): 73-74 (2003)
species :
Anacamptis ×semisaccata (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. semisaccata
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis morio ssp. champagneuxii
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×semichampagneuxii E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 217 (1908)
= Orchis ×semisaccata E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 217 (1908)
= xHeromeulenia ×semisaccata (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. murgiana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis morio ssp. morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×murgiana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 184 (2009)
= Orchis ×semi-saccata nothosubsp. murgiana Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 25(3): 349 (1993)
= xHeromeulenia ×murgiana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. santamariotae (Galesi & M.P.Grasso) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x A. morio ssp. longicornu
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×santamariotae (Galesi & M.P.Grasso) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Orchis ×santamariotae Galesi & M.P.Grasso; Naturalistes Belges 73(3): 106 (1992)
= xHeromeulenia ×santamariotae (Galesi & M.P.Grasso) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×simorrensis (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis coriophora
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×simorrensis nothosubsp. ticinensis (Gsell) Fateryga & Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 418 (2014)
= Anacamptis ×ticinensis (Gsell) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
= xAnacamptorchis ×simorrensis E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 95 (1908)
= xAnacamptorchis ×simorrensis nothovar. ticinensis (Gsell) Del Prete & M.Tomas.; Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 16(3): 500 (1984)
= xAnacamptorchis ×ticinensis Gsell; Boll. Soc. Ticinese Sci. Nat. 43: 74 (71-74) (1948)
= xAnteriocamptis ×simorrensis (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. timbali
Distribution: Europe; Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x A. palustris ssp. palustris
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis parvifolia nothosubsp. timbalii (Velen.) Potucek & F.Proch.; Jahresber. Naturwiss. Vereins Wuppertal 25: 58 (1972)
= Orchis ×kelleriana Ugr.; Trudy Obshch. Isp. Prir. Imp. Khar´kovsk. Univ. 46: 151 (1913)
= Orchis ×timbali Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag 1882: 254 (1882)
= xAnteriopaludorchis ×timbali (Velen.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 91: 247 (2010)
= xPaludomeulenia ×timbali (Velen.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 34 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. albuferensis (R.M.Bateman) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Baleares
12 BAL
Remarks: Anacamptis palustris ssp. robusta x Anacamptis fragrans
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×albuferensis R.M.Bateman; Taxon 53(1): 53 (2004)
= Anacamptis ×timbali nothosubsp. albuferensis (R.M.Bateman) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea, ed. 2: 428 (2007)
= xPaludomeulenia ×albuferensis (R.M.Bateman & Hollingsw.) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 34 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. barlae (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×barlae E.G.Camus; J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 406 (1892)
= xAnteriopaludorchis ×barlae (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 91: 246 (2010)
= xPaludomeulenia ×barlae (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90: 34 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. reinhardii (Ugr. ex E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Europe; European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x A. palustris ssp. elegans
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×timbali nothosubsp. ugrinskyana (Soó) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea, ed. 2: 428 (2007)
= Orchis ×kelleriana Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 163 (1950)
= Orchis ×reinhardii Ugr. ex E.G.Camus; E. G. Camus et al., Monogr. Orchid.: 230 (1908)
= Orchis ×ugrinskyana Soó; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A 2: 186 (1932)
species :
Anacamptis ×vanlookenii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis ×vanlookenii C.Bernard & G.Fabre; L´Orchidophile 78: 1345 (1987)
= xAnacampteulenia ×vanlookenii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) P.Delforge; Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life