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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

125.0000 Family Orchidaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 64 (1789), nom. cons.
over 800 genera, more than 30.000 spp. worldwide, mostly tropical
Species listed in database: 30547; hybrids: 1294
= Apostasiaceae Lindl., Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833), nom. cons.
= Cypripediaceae Lindl., Nix. Pl.: 22 (1833)
= Limodoraceae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 44 (1847)
= Liparidaceae Vines, Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 567 (1895)
= Neottiaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 50 (1834)
= Neuwiediaceae R.Dahlgren ex Reveal & Hoogland, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., ser. 4, sect. B Adansonia 13: 91 (1991)
= Ophrydaceae Vines, Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 566 (1895)
= Pycnanthaceae Ravenna, Onira 12(6): 29 (2011)
= Vanillaceae Lindl., Key Bot.: 73 (1835)
125.4360 Genus Anacamptis Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 47: 1818) 25 (1817)
Distribution: Europe to C-Asia and N-Iran. The genus concept has been expanded very much (based on molecular results), and includes now parts of the old Orchis s. lat. Recent attempts to split it further and redefine the genus limits have not been widely accepted.
Species listed in database: 21; hybrids: 21
= Anteriorchis Klein & Strack, Phytochemistry 28 (8): 2136 (1989)
= Herorchis D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Jour. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 539 (2008)
= Paludorchis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 24 (2009)
= Vermeulenia Á. & D.Löve, Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5): 554 (1972) [nom. nov.]
= xAnacampaludorchis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnacampterorchis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnacampteulenia P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnacamptorchis E.G.Camus, J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 113 (1892)
= xAnteriocamptis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnterioherorchis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnteriomeulenia P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xAnteriopaludorchis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xHeromeulenia P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xHeropaludorchis P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)
= xOrchidanacamptis Labrie, Guetrot, Pl. Hybr. France 2: 51 (1927), E. G. & A. Camus, Icon. Orch. Eur. 521 (1926 publ. 1929)
= xPaludomeulenia P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 30 (2009)

Search for: Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp. urvilleana

Nothing found!
species :
Anacamptis berica Doro; J. Eur. Orch. 52(2-4): 445 (2020)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Anacamptis boryi (Rchb.fil.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Bory´s Knabenkraut
Distribution: C-Greece; S-Greece (incl. Kyklades); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: sect. Moriae (morio agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis boryi (Rchb.fil.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis boryi Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. 13: 19 (1851)
= Orchis morio ssp. boryi (Rchb.fil.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 275 (1929)
= Orchis morio ssp. boryi (Rchb.fil.) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2(4/5): 139 (1932) [isonym]
= Orchis champagneuxii var. alba C. & A.Alibertis, L´Orchidophile 87: 112 (1989)
species :
Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Hügel-Knabenkraut (DE); Fan-lipped Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); Greece (incl. Kyklades); Malta (incl. Gozo, ?Comino Isl.); Sicily; Italy; Sardinia; Baleares; Spain; France; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Libya (Cyrenaica); Israel; Jordania; Lebanon; Syria; Cyprus; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (including Tilos, Rhodos, E-Karpathos); N-Iran; S-Iran; W-Iran; NE-Iraq; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus
12 BAL FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 32 TKM 33 NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Collinae (papilionacea agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis collina ssp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Kuropatkin & Efimov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(5): 567 (2014)
= Barlia collina (Banks & Sol.) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 127 (2001)
= Herorchis collina (Banks & Sol. ex Russell) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis chlorotica Woronow, Mitt. Kaukas. Mus. 4: IV. 263-268 (1909)
= Orchis collina Banks & Sol. ex Russell, Nat. Hist. Aleppo, ed. II, 2: 264 (1794), Banks ex Lindl., Gen. & Sp. Orch. 262 (1835)
= Orchis collina ssp. chlorotica (Woronow) Aver., Bot. Zhurn. 79 (10): 118 (1994), et Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 11 (2): 25 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Orchis collina ssp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Aver., Bot. Zhurn. 79 (10): 119 (1994), et Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. 11 (2): 25 (1994 publ. 1995)
= Orchis fedtschenkoi Czerniak., Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 147 (1922)
= Orchis leucoglossa O.Schwarz, Fedde, Repert. 36: 76 (1934)
= Orchis saccata ssp. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 50 (1929)
= Orchis saccata Ten., Fl. Nap. 1, Prod. 53 (1811-35)
= Orchis saccata var. fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Hautz., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 81: 49 (1978)
= Orchis sparsiflora Spruner ex Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14): 37 (1851)
= Orchis sparsiflora Ten. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 67 (1884)
= Vermeulenia chlorotica (Woronow) Á. & D.Löve, Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia collina (Banks & Sol.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
= Vermeulenia collina f. leucoglossa (O.Schwarz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)
= Vermeulenia fedtschenkoi (Czerniak.) Á. & D.Löve, Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia saccata (Ten.) Á. & D.Löve, Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5). 554 (1972)
species :
Anacamptis coriophora (L.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. coriophora
Name: Wanzen-Knabenkraut
Distribution: Albania; Austria; +Belgium; Luxembourg; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; +Germany; Greece; Switzerland; +Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; +Luxembourg; Portugal; Poland; Romania; ?Lithuania; +Estonia; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia, E-European Russia); Ukraine; Moldova; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Imertei, Adzharia, Shiga Kartli, Tiraleti, Kvemo Kartli); Armenia; ?Azerbaijan; Turkey; N-Iraq; Iran
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anteriorchis coriophora (L.) E.Klein & Strack, Phytochemistry 28 (8): 2137 (1989)
= Herorchis coriophora (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis cimicina Crantz, Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 498 (1769)
= Orchis coreosmus St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 131 (1880)
= Orchis coriophora L., Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis coriophora ssp. nervulosa (Sakalo) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budap.,Sect. Biol. 11: 63 (1969)
= Anacamptis coriophora ssp. nervulosa (Sakalo) Mosyakin & Tymch., Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 63(3): 317 (2006)
= Orchis coriophora var. nervulosa (Sakalo) Bordz.
= Orchis coriophora var. subsancta Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., Lett. Bot. 133 (3): 281 (1986)
= Orchis nervulosa Sakalo, Trudy Inst. Bot. Charkov 4: 192 (1941)
= Orchis polliniana Spreng., Pugill. 2: 78 (1815)
subspecies :
subsp. carpetana (Willk.) Bernardos; Belgian J. Bot. 135(1-2): 82 (2002)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora var. carpetana (Willk.) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 198 (2009)
= Anteriorchis coriophora var. carpetana (Willk.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 28 (2009)
= Anacamptis coriophora var. carpetana (Willk.) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 143 (2007)
= Orchis carpetana (Willk.) Pau, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 21: 153 (1921)
= Orchis coriophora ssp. carpetana (Willk.) Landwehr, Orchid. Sauvages France & Europe, 2: 308 (1983)
= Orchis coriophora ssp. carpetana (Willk.) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968) [isonym]
= Orchis coriophora var. carpetana Willk., Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 1: 116 (1870)
= xOrchidactyla carpetana (Pau) Borsos & Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. R. Eötvös, Sect. Biol., 8: 316 (1966)
subspecies :
subsp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet & Scappat.; Répartit. Orchid. Sauvages France, 3e éd., 3e mise à jour 7 (2003)
Distribution: France; Spain; ?Portugal; ?Morocco; ?Algeria
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 143 (2007)
= Anteriorchis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 28 (2009)
= Anteriorchis coriophora ssp. apricorum (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet
= Anteriorchis coriophora ssp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet, Rectificatif a la Repartition des Orchidees sauvages de France (Orchidophile, 125): 111 (1997) [without basionym ref.]
= Anteriorchis coriophora ssp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Jacquet, Orchidophile 127: 134 (1997)
= Herorchis coriophora ssp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis coriophora ssp. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Nyman, Consp. 691 (1882)
= Orchis coriophora var. apricorum (Duffort) A.Camus
= Orchis coriophora var. martrinii (Timb.-Lagr.) Gaut., Fl. Pyr. Orient. 398 (1867)
= Orchis fragrans var. apricorum Duffort, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 435 (1898)
= Orchis martrinii Timb.-Lagr., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 3: 92 (1856)
species :
Anacamptis cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Remarks: sect. Collinae (papilionacea agg.), bona sp. fide Baumann & Baumann 2001
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis cyrenaica (Durand & Barratte) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Dactylorhiza cyrenaica (Durand & Barratte) Hautz., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 83: 477 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Orchis cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barratte, Fl. Libya, Prod. 226 (1910)
= Orchis cyrenaica E.A.Durand & Barratte ex Maire & Weiller, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 30: 303 (1939) [descr. ampl.]
= Orchis papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 81 (4): 398 (2000)
= Orchis melchifafii Hautz., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 83: 476 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 128 (2001)
= Vermeulenia cyrenaica (E.A.Durand & Barratte) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis fragrans (Pollini) R.M.Bateman; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1): 12 (2003)
Name: Wohlriechendes Knabenkraut (DE); Scented Orchid (EN)
Distribution: ?Austria; Baleares; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); France; ?Germany; Greece (incl. Kyklades); ?Switzerland; Spain; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Romania; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; European Turkey; Malta (incl. Gozo Isl., Cominotto Isl.); European Russia (SW-European Russia); Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Pserimos, Tilos); Cyprus; Lebanon; Iraq; Turkey; N-Iran; W-Iran; Israel; Syria; S-Azerbaijan (Talysh); Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Libya
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Coriophorae. Status very much disputed, frequently treated as ssp. of A. coriophora
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis coriophora ssp. fragrans (Pollini) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
= Anteriorchis coriophora ssp. fragrans (Pollini) Jacquet, Orchidophile 127: 134 (1997)
= Anteriorchis fragrans (Pollini) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 127 (2001)
= Herorchis coriophora ssp. fragrans (Pollini) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis cassidea M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 600 (1819)
= Orchis coriophora ssp. fragrans (Pollini) E.G.Camus, [comb. superfl.]
= Orchis coriophora ssp. fragrans (Pollini) Sudre, Fl. Toulous. 187 (1907) comb. superfl.
= Orchis coriophora var. cassidea (M.Bieb.) Nevski
= Orchis coriophora var. dolichoceras Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 69 (1939)
= Orchis coriophora var. elongata Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 42 (1940)
= Orchis coriophora var. fragrans (Pollini) Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2(19): 593 (1842)
= Orchis coriophora var. lusciniarum Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 69 (1939)
= Orchis coriophora var. major Camus, Actes Congr. Int. Bot. Paris 340 (1900)
= Orchis fragrans Pollini, Elem. Bot. 2: 157 (1811)
= Orchis fragrans var. elongata (Maire) Raynaud, Orchid. Maroc. 108 (1985)
species :
Anacamptis israelitica (H.Baumann & Dafni) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Israelisches Knabenkraut
Distribution: N-Israel
34 ISR
Remarks: sect. Moriae (morio agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis israelitica (H.Baumann & Dafni) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis israelitica H.Baumann & Dafni, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 11 (4): 261 (1979)
species :
Anacamptis laxiflora (Lam.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. laxiflora
Name: Lockerblütiges Knabenkraut (DE); Lax-flowered Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Austria; +Belgium; Baleares; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; France; Channel Isl.; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?+Netherlands; Portugal; Poland; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden (Gotland); European Turkey; Cyprus; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Karpathos); Israel; ?Algeria
10 SWE 11 AUT BGM GER HUN POL SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BIH BUL GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 34 CYP EAI ISR TUR
Remarks: sect. Laxiflorae (palustris agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis laxiflora (Lam.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis ambigua Degl. ex Le Gall., Fl. Morb. 585 (1852)
= Orchis biloba Arv.-Touv., Ess. Pl. Dauph. 61 (1872)
= Orchis dubia Le Gall., Fl. Morb. 585 (1852)
= Orchis ensifolia Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 29 (1787)
= Orchis laxiflora Lam., Fl. Fr. 3: 504 (1779)
= Orchis laxiflora ssp. ensifolia (Vill.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 711 (1907)
= Orchis mediterranea Ten., Syll. 455 (1831)
= Orchis morio Ucria, Hort. Reg. Panorm. 382 (1789)
= Orchis morio var. angustifolia L., Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis palustris ssp. laxiflora (Lam.) Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger. 30 (1895)
= Orchis tabernaemontani C.C.Gmel., Fl. Bad. 3: 542 (1808)
= Paludorchis laxiflora (Lam.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. dielsiana (Soó) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Adzharia); Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh); Afghanistan (Badghys, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Herat); E-Turkey
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 AFG TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) Eb.Fisch., Ill. Field Guide Fl. Georgia 810 (2018)
= Herorchis pseudolaxiflora (Soó) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Orchis laxiflora ssp. dielsiana Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis palustris ssp. pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) H.Baumann & R.Lorenz, J. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 729 (2005)
= Orchis palustris ssp. pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(3): 729 (2005)
= Orchis pseudolaxiflora Czerniak., Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder, 1: 525. 545 (1941)
= Paludorchis pseudolaxiflora (Czerniak.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: S-Turkey; Jordania; Syria; Lebanon; E-Saudi Arabia; Iraq; Israel
34 IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.Baumann & Dafni, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg, 13 (3): 323 (1981)
= Orchis elegans var. dinsmorei (Schltr.) H.I.Schäf., Orchidee 22 (5): 204 (1971)
= Orchis laxiflora var. dinsmorei Schltr., Monogr. Iconogr. Orch. Eur. 1(5/6): 191 (1927)
= Orchis laxiflora ssp. dinsmorei (Schltr.) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 113 (2005)
= Paludorchis dinsmorei (Schltr.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis morio (L.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. morio
Name: Kleines Knabenkraut
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; +Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sweden; European Turkey; Estonia; Lithuania; Latvia; Belarus; European Russia (C-European Russia, W-European Russia); Ukraine; Moldova; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Morocco
10 DEN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 MOR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: sect. Moriae (morio agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis champagneuxii f. albina F.M.Vázquez
= Anacamptis morio f. albicans (Linding.) Oddone & Forbicioni, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 227 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. albiflora (Wimm. & Grab.) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 224 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. albina (F.M.Vázquez) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 233 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. leuca Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 229 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. nivea Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 233 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. pallida (Maire & Weiller) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 232 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. picta-rosea (Barla) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 235 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. variegata (Pamp.) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 227 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio f. viridiflora (Tinant) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 233 (2015)
= Anacamptis morio ssp. rosea (Tinant) Oddone & Casabianca, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 58(2): 229 (2015)
= Helleborine athensis Hocq., Fl. Jem. 238 (1814)
= Herorchis morio (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis athensis Dum., Fl. Belg. 132 (1827)
= Orchis crenulata Gilib., Exercit. 2: 474 (1792)
= Orchis graeca Orph. ex Soó, Bot. Ark. 23: 37 (1928)
= Orchis intermedia Meigen & Weniger, Syst. Verz. Pfl. Rheins, 106 (1819)
= Orchis longicornu f. albiflora E.G.Camus
= Orchis longicornu f. pallida Maire & Weiller
= Orchis morio f. albiflora E.G.Camus
= Orchis morio f. variegata Pamp.
= Orchis morio L., Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
= Orchis morio var. albicans Linding.
= Orchis morio var. albiflora Wimm. & Grab.
= Orchis morio var. picta-rosea Barla
= Orchis morio var. rosea Tinant
= Orchis morio var. viridiflora Tinant
= Orchis officinalis Salisb., Prod. 6 (1796)
= Orchis skorpili Velen., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 32: 257 (1886)
= Serapias athensis Lej., Fl. Spa, 2: 196 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Name: Albanisches Knabenkraut
Distribution: Albania; Croatia
13 ALB CRO
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis albanica Gölz & H.R.Reinhard, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 16 (2): 223 (1984)
= Orchis morio ssp. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) Buttler, Willdenowia 16 (1): 116 (1986)
= Orchis picta var. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
= Anacamptis caucasica var. albanica (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 350 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica (K.Koch) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 125 (2007)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; N-Iran; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Nisyros)
14 KRY 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis morio var. caucasica C.Koch, Linnaea 22: 280 (1849)
= Orchis morio ssp. caucasica (C.Koch) Camus, Bergon & A.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 106 (1908)
= Orchis morio ssp. caucasica (C.Koch) Hayek, Fedde. Repert. Sp. Nov. Beih. 30(3): 385 (1933), isonym
= Orchis picta var. caucasica (K.Koch) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 87(Orchid. 19): 261 (2006)
= Anacamptis caucasica (K.Koch) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 349 (2015)
= Herorchis caucasica (K.Koch) Devillers-Tersch., Devillers, Dedroog, Baeten & Flausch, Naturalistes Belges 91(Orchid. 23): 245 (2010)
subspecies :
subsp. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Name: Dreiknollen-Knabenkraut
Distribution: Baleares; Spain; Portugal; France
12 BAL FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis champagneuxii (Barnéoud) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
= Anacamptis champagneuxii var. grandis F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 192 (2009)
= Anacamptis champagneuxii var. mesomelana (Rchb.fil.) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 191 (2009)
= Anacamptis morio var. mesomelana (Rchb.fil.) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 145 (2007)
= Herorchis champagneuxii (Barnéoud) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis champagneuxii Barnéoud, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. 2, 20: 380 (1843)
= Orchis champagneuxii f. albina (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [16] (2019)
= Orchis champagneuxii f. mesomelana (Rchb.fil.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 247 (2007)
= Orchis champagneuxii var. grandis (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [16] (2019)
= Orchis champagneuxii var. mesomelana (Rchb.fil.) D.Tyteca, L´Orchidophile 70: 997 (1986)
= Orchis morio ssp. champagneuxii (Barnéoud) E.G. & A.Camus, Icon. Orchid. Eur. 154 (1929)
= Orchis morio var. mesomelana Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 182 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. cortesii (E.G.Camus & A.Camus) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 125(1319): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Corsica; Italy
12 COR 13 ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. longicornu x Anacamptis morio ssp. morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×cortesii (E.G.Camus & A.Camus) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Orchis ×cortesii E.G.Camus & A.Camus, E. G. & A. Camus, Icon. Orch. Eur. 4 (1921)
= Herorchis ×cortesii (E.G.Camus & A.Camus) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. longicornu (Poir.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. lat. (2005)
Name: Langsporniges Knabenkraut
Distribution: +Malta; Sicily; Italy; Sardinia; Corsica; Baleares; Tunisia; Algeria
12 BAL COR SAR 13 ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis longicornu (Poir.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
= Herorchis longicornu (Poir.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis longicornis Lam., Encyc. 4: 591 (1798)
= Orchis longicornu Poir., Voy. Barb. 2: 247 (1789)
= Orchis longicornu ssp. balearica Chodat ex Colom, Biogeogr. Baleares ed. 2, 1: 198 (1978)
= Orchis longicornu var. balearica Chodat, Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve 15: 179 (1924) [nom. nud.]
= Orchis morio ssp. longicornu (Poir.) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 114 (2005)
= Orchis morio var. longicornu Knoche, Fl. Balear. 1: 400 (1921)
= Anacamptis longicornu ssp. linkiana F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 345 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. picta (Loisel.) Jacquet & Scappat.; Répartit. Orchid. Sauvages France, 3e éd., 3e mise à jour 7 (2003)
Name: Geflecktes Kleines Knabenkraut (DE); Spotted Green-winged Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; Corsica; France; Greece; ?Switzerland; Spain; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Algeria?; Sicily; European Turkey; Romania; RU; Turkey; Iran; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos, Rhodos)
12 BAL COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis picta (Loisel.) R.M.Bateman, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1): 12 (2003)
= Herorchis morio ssp. picta (Loisel.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis longicornu var. picta (Loisel.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (4): 269 (1835)
= Orchis morio ssp. picta (Loisel.) Arcangeli, Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2, 167 (1894)
= Orchis morio ssp. picta (Loisel.) Asch. & Graebn., [comb. superfl.]
= Orchis morio ssp. picta (Loisel.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 265 [comb. superfl.]
= Orchis picta f. trimaculata (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [15] (2019)
= Orchis morio var. longecalcarata Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2(19): 594 (1842)
= Orchis morio var. picta (Loisel.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 17 (1851)
= Orchis picta Loisel., Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 6: 431 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. syriaca (E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. lat. (2005)
Name: Syrisches Knabenkraut
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria; Cyprus; S-Turkey; Israel; Palestine
34 CYP ISR LEB PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis syriaca (E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase, Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
= Herorchis syriaca (E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis morio ssp. libani Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 209 (1930)
= Orchis morio ssp. syriaca E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 106 (1908)
= Orchis syriaca (E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus) Boiss. ex H.Baumann & Künkele, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13 (3): 351 (1981)
= Orchis syriaca Boiss. & Bal. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 60 (1884)
subspecies :
subsp. tlemcenensis (Batt. & Trab.) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 146 (2007)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis longicornu ssp. tlemcenensis (Batt.) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 193 (2009)
= Orchis morio ssp. tlemcenensis (Batt. & Trab.) E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 1908: 106 (1908)
= Orchis longicornu var. tlemcenensis Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger. 1893: 27 (1893)
= Orchis morio var. tlemcenensis (Batt. & Trab.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afr. Nord 1959: 293 (1959)
= Anacamptis champagneuxii ssp. tlemcenensis (Batt.) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 350 (2015)
species :
Anacamptis palustris (Jacq.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. palustris
Name: Sumpf-Knabenkraut
Distribution: Austria; +Belgium; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Sweden; +Sicily; SW-Turkey; Cyprus
10 NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE SLO SWI 12 COR FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SRB 34 CYP TUR
Remarks: sect. Laxiflorae (papilionacea agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis palustris (Jacq.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Anacamptis laxiflora ssp. palustris (Jacq.) Kuropatkin & Efimov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(5): 563 (2014)
= Ophrys palustris Huds., Fl. Angl. 1: 339 (1762)
= Orchis festiva Heuff. ex Rochel, Bot. Reise Banat. 67 (1838)
= Orchis germanorum Moritz, Fl. Schweiz 509 (1839)
= Orchis heuffeliana Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 71 (1853)
= Orchis laxiflora C.A.Mey., Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 38 (1831)
= Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris (Jacq.) Asch. & Graebn., [comb. superfl.]
= Orchis laxiflora ssp. palustris (Jacq.) Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Vasc. Pl. France 311 (1894) [comb. superfl.]
= Orchis laxiflora var. palustris (Jacq.) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv. ed. 2, 2: 792 (1844)
= Orchis laxiflora var. mediterranea (Guss.) D.Rivera & López Vélez, Orq. Prov. Albacete: 140 (1987)
= Orchis mascula Crantz, Stirp. Austr. ed. II, fasc. 6: 500 (1769)
= Orchis mediterranea Guss., Pl. Rar. 365 (1826)
= Orchis michaelis Sennen
= Orchis palustris Jacq., Coll. 1: 75 (1787)
= Orchis palustris var. mediterranea (Guss.) Schltr., Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 1(5/6): 192 (1927)
= Orchis palustris ssp. mediterranea (Guss.) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968)
= Orchis speciosa Heuff. ex Rochel, Bot. Reise Banat. 67 (1838)
= Paludorchis palustris (Jacq.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. elegans (Heuff.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Romania; Slovakia; RU; Ukraine; Moldova; Crimea; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; SW-Turkey
11 HUN SLO 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY MLD UKR 32 TKM TZK UZB 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis elegans (Heuff.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Anacamptis laxiflora ssp. elegans (Heuff.) Kuropatkin & Efimov, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(5): 565 (2014)
= Orchis elegans Heuff. ex Rochel, Bot. Reise Banat. 67 (1838), et Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 8: 202 (1858)
= Orchis laxiflora ssp. elegans (Heuff.) Soó, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 9: 910 (1926)
= Orchis laxiflora var. elegans (Heuff.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 713 (1907)
= Orchis palustris ssp. elegans (Heuff.) Nyár.
= Orchis platychila C.Koch, Linnaea 19: 13 (1847)
= Paludorchis palustris var. elegans (Heuff.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. robusta (T.Stephenson) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
Distribution: Baleares; Greece (Cephalonia); Algeria; Tunisia; ?Morocco
12 BAL 13 GRC 20 ALG TUN
Conservation Status: very local and rare
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis robusta (T.Stephenson) R.M.Bateman, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(1): 12 (2003)
= Herorchis robusta (T.Stephenson) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 540 (2008)
= Orchis palustris ssp. robusta (T.Stephenson) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 40 (1980)
= Orchis palustris var. robusta Stephenson, J. Bot. 69: 179 (1931)
= Orchis robusta (T.Stephenson) Gölz & Reinhard, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 85 (4): 288 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Orchis palustris ssp. robusta (T.Stephenson) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 128 (2004) [isonym]
= Paludorchis robusta (T.Stephenson) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 25 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis papilionacea (L.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. papilionacea
Name: Schmetterlings-Knabenkraut
Distribution: Italy; France; Sardinia; Slovenia; Croatia
12 FRA SAR 13 CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: sect. Laxiflorae (papilionacea agg.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. vexillifera (A.Terrac.), GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 124 (2020)
= Herorchis papilionacea (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis decipiens Bianca, Nov. Pl. Sp. 1
= Orchis papilionacea L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1242 (1759)
= Orchis papilionacea var. nivea (F.M.Vázquez) Hervás, De Bellard, Calzado, J.C.Huertas, Reyes Carr. & Ruíz Cano, Micobot. Jaén 14(1): [14] (2019)
= Orchis papilionacea var. vexillifera A.Terrac.
= Orchis ×moriopapilionacea Timb.-Lagr., Mem. Acad. Toul. Ser. IV. 4: 277 (1854)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea (L.) Á. & D.Löve, Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. vexillifera (A.Terrac.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
variant :
var. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 147 (2007)
Distribution: Montenegro; Albania; Croatia (Istria, Dalmatia)
13 ALB CRO MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. balcanica B. & H.Baumann, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 954 (2005)
= Orchis papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 248 (2007)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. balcanica (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. aegaea (P.Delforge) L.Lewis & Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 45(1): 74 (2013)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. aegaea P.Delforge
subspecies :
subsp. alibertis (Kretzschmar & Kretzschmar) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. alibertis Kretzschmar & Kretzschmar, Ber. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orchid. 18 (1): 162-176 (2001)
= Orchis papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85 (Orchid. 17): 252 (2004)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. alibertis (G.Kretzschmar & H.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. expansa (Ten.) Amardeilh & Dusak; L´Orchidophile (Asnieres) 36(165): 104 (2005)
Distribution: Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. grandiflora (Boiss.) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 148 (2007)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. expansa (Ten.) V.Campo & El Mokni, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 12 (2020)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. grandiflora (Boiss.) Romolini & Biagioli, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 63(1): 123 (2020)
= Herorchis papilionacea ssp. expansa (Ten.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 541 (2008)
= Orchis candida A.Terrac., Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 24 (1910)
= Orchis expansa Ten., Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1829) 17, et Syll. 455
= Orchis papilionacea f. grandiflora (Boiss.) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc. 149 (1931)
= Orchis papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 248 (2007)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. expansa (Ten.) Raynaud, Orchid. Maroc 43 (1985)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. grandiflora (Boiss.) H.Baumann, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 94 (1986)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. grandiflora (Boiss.) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. grandiflora var.morgetiana H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 959 (2005)
= Orchis papilionacea var. grandiflora Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 592 (1842)
= Orchis rubra var. expansa (Ten.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. (4): 266 (1835)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. morgetiana (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. grandiflora (Boiss.) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 128 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. messenica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: S-Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis papilionacea ssp. messenica (E.D.Clarke) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis papilionacea var. messenica Renz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 243 (1928)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. messenica (Renz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. messenica (Renz) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 117 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 46 (2009)
Name: Ägäisches Schmetterlings-Knabenkraut (DE); Aegaean Butterfly Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.); Greece (Kyklades); Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis heroica E.D.Clarke, Trav. 2: 117 (1812)
= Orchis papilionacea var. heroica (E.D.Clarke) P.Delforge, Nat. Belg. 72 (3): 101 (1991)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. heroica (E.D.Clarke) H.Baumann, Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 39: 95 (1986)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. heroica (E.D.Clarke) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 128 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 170 (2007)
Distribution: S-Turkey; Israel; Syria; Lebanon; Cyprus
34 CYP ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. palaestina H.Baumann & Lorenz, Jour. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 960 (2005)
= Herorchis papilionacea ssp. palaestina (H.Baumann & Lorenz) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis papilionacea f. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88(Orchid. 20): 248 (2007)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. palaestina (B.Baumann & R.Lorenz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. rubra (Jacq.) Pérez-Chisc. & J.P.Prieto; Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2011)
Distribution: Spain; ?Algeria; ?Libya; ?Morocco; ?Tunisia
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. rubra (Murr) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid., ed. 3: 40 (1980)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. rubra (Murr) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcinon. 1: 64 (1968)
= Orchis papilionacea var. rubra (Murr) Brot.
= Orchis rubra Jacq., Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 18, tab. 183 (1786)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea f. rubra (Jacq.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 92(Orchid. 24): 203 (2011)
= Anacamptis papilionacea var. rubra (Jacq.) Campo & Montoleone, GIROS Orch. Spont. Eur. 61(2): 441 (2018)
subspecies :
subsp. schirwanica (Woronow) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Die Gattung Orchis s. l. (2005)
Distribution: E-Northern Caucasus; NE-Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Herorchis papilionacea ssp. schirwanica (Woronow) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis bruhnsiana (Gruner) Majorov ex Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 1: 263 (1928)
= Orchis caspia Trautv., Act. Hort. Petrop. 2: 484 (1873)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Soó, Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2(4/5): 136 (1932)
= Orchis papilionacea ssp. schirwanica (Woronow) Soó
= Orchis papilionacea var. bruhnsiana Gruner, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 4: 463 (1867)
= Orchis schirwanica Woronow, Mitt. Kaukas. Mus. 4: IV. 263-268 (1909)
= Orchis ×dülükae Hautz., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 115: 52 (1976)
= Vermeulenia caspia (Trautv.) Á. & D.Löve, Acta Bot. Neerl. 21 (5): 554 (1972)
= Vermeulenia papilionacea var. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Szlach., Polish Bot. J. 46 (2): 128 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. septentrionalis Kreutz; J. Eur. Orch. 49(1): 51 (2017)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
subspecies :
subsp. thaliae Kreutz, J.Essink & L.Essink; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 43 (2009)
Name: Buntes Schmetterlings-Knabenkraut (DE); Spotted Butterfly Orchid (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (Antalya)
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: earlier flowering than ssp. heroica
species :
Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich.; Orch. Eur. Annot. (Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, 4: 55: 1818) 33 (1817)
Name: Pyramidenorchis (DE); Pyramidal Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Scandinavia; Sweden; European Turkey; Estonia; European Russia (C-European Russia); Ukraine; ?Moldova; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Israel; Jordania; Lebanon; Syria; Cyprus; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, including Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos, Chalki, Kastellorizo, Pserimos, Tilos); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Samegrelo, Imereti, Guria, Kartli, Trialeti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkmenistan; N-Iran; Iraq; S-Azerbaijan (Talysh)
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 EST RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Coriophorae
Synonyms: hidden
= Aceras pyramidalis (L.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. 13-14: 6 (1851)
= Anacamptis condensata C.Koch, Linnaea 22: 285 (1849) [in syn.]
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. condensata (Desf.) Dobignard, J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 124 (2009)
= Anacamptis durandi Bréb., Fl. Norm. ed. II, 258 (1835)
= xNeotinacamptis durandii (Bréb.) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 272 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. angustifolia Bréb., Fl. Normandie, ed. 5: 392 (1879)
= Orchis appendiculata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 291 (1812)
= Orchis bicornis Gilib., Exercit. 2: 473 (1792)
= Orchis condensata Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 316 (1799)
= Orchis duquesnii Nyman, Syll. 358 (1855)
= Orchis pyramidalis L., Sp. Pl. 940 (1753)
variant :
var. brachystachys (d´Urv.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 57 (1884)
Distribution: Distribution unknown
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp. brachystachys (d´Urv.) Presser & S.Hertel, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 29 (1): 233 (2012)
= Orchis brachystachys d´Urv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 377 (1822)
= Anacamptis brachystachys Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 292 (1890)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp. algarbiensis Gand., Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur. 463 (1910)
variant :
var. cerigensis P.Delforge; Natural. belges 91: 164 (2010)
Distribution: Greece (Kythera)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp. cerigensis (P.Delforge) Presser & S.Hertel, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 29 (1): 233 (2012)
variant :
var. dunensis Londo, Kreutz & Slings; Gorteria 38: 77 (2016)
Distribution: Netherlands
11 NET
variant :
var. nivea P.Delforge; Nat. Belg. 81 (4): 396 (2000)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
variant :
var. purpuralis Lachmair; Stapfia 111: 84 (2019)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
variant :
var. sanguinea (Druce) Kreutz; J. Eur. Orchideen 35(4): 767 (2003)
Distribution: Ireland
10 IRE
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis pyramidalis var. sanguinea Druce, Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 8(5): 639 (1929)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. sanguinea (Druce) P.D.Sell, Fl. Great Brit. & Irel. 5: 365 (1996)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis f. sanguinea (Druce) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96 (Orchid. 28): 14 (2015), comb. superfl.
variant :
var. orientalis Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 276 (-278; figs.) (2011)
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
variant :
var. serotina (Presser) Kreutz; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 28(2): 275 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp. serotina Presser, J. Eur. Orch. 39(1): 87 (2007)
variant :
var. tanayensis Chenevard; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 8: 73 (1897)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp. tanayensis (Chenevard) Quentin, Cah. Soc. Fr. Orchidophilie 1: 33 (1993)
variant :
var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Schltr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Sonderbeih. A 1(Lief. 3-4): 153 (1926)
Distribution: Malta (incl. Gozo, Comino Isl., Cominotto Isl.)
13 MLT
Conservation Status: IUCN R (Malta)
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid. 30 (2004), comb. superfl.
= Anacamptis pyramidalis ssp. urvilleana (Sommier & Caruana) Landwehr, Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 342 (1977)
= Anacamptis urvilleana Sommier & Caruana, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo, n. s. 1: App. 273 (1915)
= Anacamptis pyramidalis var. sommieriana (Sommier & Caruana) Borg, Desc. Fl. Malt. Isl. 372-373 (1937), comb. illeg.
species :
Anacamptis sancta (L.) Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase; Lindleyana 12 (3): 113-141 (1997)
Name: Heiliges Knabenkraut (DE); Holy Orchid (EN)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (including Rhodos, Karpathos, Nisyros, Tilos); Israel; Jordania; Lebanon; Syria; Cyprus; S-Turkey
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: sect. Coriophorae
Synonyms: hidden
= Anteriorchis sancta (L.) E.Klein & Strack, Phytochemistry 28 (8): 2137 (1989)
= Herorchis sancta (L.) D.Tyteca & D.Klein, Journ. Eur. Orch. 40(3): 542 (2008)
= Orchis coriophora ssp. sancta (L.) Hayek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 386 (1933)
= Orchis coriophora var. sancta (L.) Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13/14: 173 (1851)
= Orchis sancta L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1242 (1759), et Fl. Palaest. n. 512, et Amoen. Acad. 4: 464
species :
Anacamptis ×alata (Fleury) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. alata
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis alata Fleury, Orch. Rennes (1819), 17
= xHeropaludorchis alata (Fleury) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. apolonana (B. & H.Baumann) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 513 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x morio ssp. caucasica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis alata nssp. apolonana B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 537 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. sarcidani (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x Anacamptis longicornu
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×sarcidani Scrugli & M.P.Grasso, Webbia 40 (2): 290 (1986)
= xHeropaludorchis sarcidani (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 33 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×sarcidani (Scrugli & M.P.Grasso) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
species :
Anacamptis ×alatoides (Gadeceau) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Anacamptis ×albertii (A.Camus) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×albertii A.Camus, Riviera Sci. 13: 72 (1926)
species :
Anacamptis ×caccabaria (Verg.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: France; Greece; etc.
12 FRA 13 GRC
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×caccabaria Verg., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 54: 603 (1908)
= xPaludomeulenia caccabaria (Verg.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 34 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×dulukae (Hautz.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
Distribution: Syria; Italy; Israel; etc.
13 ITA 34 ISR SYR
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr., Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
= Orchis ×dafnii Luz & Schmidt, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 13 (4): 451 (1981)
= Orchis ×dulukae Hautz., Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 115: 52 (1976)
= Vermeulenia ×dafnii (Wolfg.Schmidt & R.Luz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 30 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nothossp. solanoi Serra & López Esp., Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 75(1): e065-3 (2018)
variant :
var. camparonensis (Kohlmüller) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012) [nothovar.]
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×dafnii nssp. camparonensis (Kohlmüller) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr., Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
= Orchis ×dulukae nssp. camparonensis Kohlmüller [Orchidee 44 (2): 96 (1993)]
species :
Anacamptis ×duquesnei (Rchb.fil.) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 119(1295): 62 (2011)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Aceras duquesnei Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. 13-14: 171 (1851)
= xAnacamptorchis duquesnei (Rchb.fil.) Soó, Fedde, Repert. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 124 (1932)
= xAnacampaludorchis duquesnei (Rchb.fil.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×duquesnei (Rchb.fil.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr., Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
= Anacamptis ×duquesneyi (Rchb.fil.) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012), isonym
species :
Anacamptis ×eccarii H.Kretzschmar & G.Kretzschmar; Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 22(2): 12 (2006)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x coriophora ssp. fragrans
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnterioherorchis eccarii (H.Kretzschmar & G.Kretzschmar) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×feinbruniae (H.Baumann & Dafni) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Remarks: Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. caspia x Anacamptis israelitica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×feinbruniae H.Baumann & Dafni, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 11 (4): 266 (1979)
= xHeromeulenia feinbruniae (H.Baumann & Dafni) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×genevensis (Chenev.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= xHeropaludorchis genevensis (Chenev.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 33 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×gennarii (Rchb.fil.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. gennarii
Distribution: S-Europe; Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: Anacamptis morio x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×gennarii Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. 13-14: 172 (1851)
= xHeromeulenia gennarii (Rchb.fil.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
= Orchis ×gennarii nm.popii Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18 (1-2): 177 (1973) [without type]
subspecies :
subsp. baroukensis (B. & H.Baumann) comb.ined.; [nothossp.]
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nssp. baroukensis B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 37(2): 265 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. bornemannii (Asch.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×bornemannii (Asch.) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Orchis ×bornemannii Asch., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 15: 70 (1865)
= xHeromeulenia bornemannii (Asch.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. choirokitiana (Kreutz & Scraton) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Remarks: Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. schirwanica x syriaca
Synonyms: hidden
= xHeromeulenia choirokitiana (Kreutz & Scraton) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. istriaca (B. & H.Baumann) comb.ined.; [nothossp.]
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nssp. istriaca B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 955 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. kusadasiensis (B. & H.Baumann) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. heroica x morio ssp. caucasica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nssp. kusadasiensis B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 37(4): 961 (2005)
= Anacamptis ×orientecaucasica nothossp. kusadasiensis (B. & H.Baumann) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. meknesiana (B. & H.Baumann) comb.ined.; [nothossp.]
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis gennarii nssp. meknesiana B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 538 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. orientecaucasica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: Anacamptis morio x Anacamptis papilionacea ssp. schirwanica
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×gennarii nssp. orientecaucasica Baumann et al., Jour. Eur. Orch. 35(1): 192 (2003)
= xHeromeulenia orientecaucasica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & R.Peter) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×orientecaucasica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. rebbasii Babali, Kreutz, Bouazza, Minara & Ait-Hamm.; Lagascalia 33: 346 (2013) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×subpapilionacea nothossp. rebbasii (Babali, Kreutz, Bouazza, Minara & Ait-Hamm.) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. subpapilionacea (R.Lopes) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: S-Europe; rare
Remarks: Anacamptis champagneuxii x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×gennarii nm.subpapilionacea R.Lopes, Bol. Soc. Brot. 54: 306 [1980-1981] (1981)
= xHeromeulenia subpapilionacea (R.Lopes) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×subpapilionacea (R.Lopes) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 353 (2015)
species :
Anacamptis ×gerakarionis (Faller & Kreutz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x Anacamptis laxiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×gerakarionis Faller & Kreutz, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22 (2): 365 (1990)
= xHeropaludorchis gerakarionis (Faller & Kreutz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 33 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×heraclea (Verg.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 188 (2009)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. morio x Anacamptis (morio ssp.) picta
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×heraclea Verg., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 54: 602 (1908)
= Herorchis ×heraclea (Verg.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×kallithea (E.Klein) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007); nom. inval.
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: Anacamptis (coriophora ssp.) fragrans x Anacamptis sancta
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×kallithea E.Klein, Orchidee 24 (5): 210 (1973)
= Anteriorchis ×kallithea (E.Klein) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×laniccae (Braun-Blanq.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. laniccae
Distribution: Switzerland
11 SWI
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis morio
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis laniccae Braun-Blanq., Jahresb. Naturf. Ges. Graub. n. s. 60: 167 (1921), et Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 30: 82 (1922)
= xAnacamptorchis guetroti (Labrie) Soó, Fedde, Repert. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 125 (1932)
= xOrchidanacamptis guetroti Labrie, Guetrot, Pl. Hybr. France 2: 51 (1927), E. G. & A. Camus, Icon. Orch. Eur. 521 (1926 publ. 1929)
= xAnacampterorchis laniccae (Braun-Blanq.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. galloprovinciana (B. & H.Baumann) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 513 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis morio ssp. picta x pyramidalis
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis laniccae nssp. galloprovinciana B. & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 38(3): 542 (2006)
= Anacamptis ×galloprovinciana (B. & H.Baumann) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
species :
Anacamptis ×larzacensis (H.Kurze & O.Kurze) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis laxiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis larzacensis H. & O.Kurze, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 22 (4): 742 (1990)
= xAnacampaludorchis larzacensis (H.Kurze & O.Kurze) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×lasithica (Renz) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: Anacamptis boryi x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×lasithica Renz, Fedde, Repert. 28: 241 (1930)
= xHeromeulenia lasithica (Renz) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×lesbiensis (Biel) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos)
34 EAI
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis sancta
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis lesbiensis Biel, J. Eur. Orchid. 30 (2): 276 (1998)
= xAnteriocamptis lesbiensis (Biel) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×lloydiana (Rouy) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 429 (2007)
Distribution: France; Switzerland; etc.
11 SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x Anacamptis palustris
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×lloydiana Rouy, Fl. France 13: 171 (1912)
= Paludorchis ×lloydiana (Rouy) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 30 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×menosii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis (coriophora ssp.) fragrans x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×menosii C.Bernard & G.Fabre, L´Orchidophile 78: 1345 (1987)
= xAnteriomeulenia menosii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×nicodemi (Cirillo ex Ten.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
subspecies :
subsp. nicodemi
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis nicodemi Cirillo ex Ten., Prod. Fl. Neap. p. 53 (1811)
= Anacamptis ×nicodemi (Cirillo ex Ten.) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 352 (2015), comb. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. yvesii (Verg.) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 125(1319): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×yvesii (Verg.) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 354 (2015)
= Orchis ×yvesii Verg., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 54: 600 (1908)
species :
Anacamptis ×olida (Bréb.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. olida
Distribution: France; Germany
11 GER 12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x Anacamptis morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×camusi Duffort, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 45: 435 (1899)
= Orchis ×tectulum Desmoulins, (1840)
= Orchis ×olida Bréb., (1849)
= Orchis ×camusi nssp. olida (Bréb.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 691 (1882)
= xAnterioherorchis olida (H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. darcissii (Murr) J.M.H.Shaw; Orchid Rev. Suppl., 125(1319): 56 (2017) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×darcissii (Murr) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 266 (2011 publ. 2012)
= Orchis ×darcissii Murr, Dalla Torre & Sarnth. Fl. Tirol 6(1): 505 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. paparistoi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnterioherorchis paparistoi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×paparistoi (Gölz & H.R.Reinhard) F.M.Vázquez, J. Eur. Orch. 47(2-4): 354 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. pauliana (Malinv.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×pauliana Malinv., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 36: p. 267, t. 1 (1889), et J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 354 (1892)
= xAnterioherorchis pauliana (Malinv.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×parviflora (Chaub.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. parviflora
Distribution: Europe (France, Greece, etc.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×parviflora Chaub., Fl. Agen. 369 (1821)
= xAnteriopaludorchis parviflora (Chaub.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. bicknellii (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France; Croatia; etc.
12 FRA 13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×bicknellii E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 230 (1908)
= Orchis ×parviflora nssp. bicknellii (E. G.Camus & al.) Deschâtres & Lambinon, Candollea 47 (2): 274 (1992)
= xAnteriopaludorchis bicknellii (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×bicknellii (E.G.Camus, Bergon & A.Camus) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 43: 219 (2012)
species :
Anacamptis ×rayyana Robles, D.Quintana & M.Becerra; Acta Bot. Malac. 45: 132 (2019)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Anacamptis ×richardiorum (Soca) comb.ined.
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Anacamptis ichnusae x papilionacea var. grandiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×richardiorum Soca, Caesiana 11: 59 (1998)
species :
Anacamptis ×sciathia (Biel) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Anacamptis morio x Orchis boryi
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×sciathia Biel, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 20(1): 73-74 (2003)
= Herorchis ×sciathia (Biel) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90(Orchid.22): 29 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×semisaccata (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. semisaccata
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis champagneuxii
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×semi-saccata E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 217 (1908)
= xHeromeulenia semisaccata (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. murgiana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis morio
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×murgiana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 184 (2009)
= Orchis ×semi-saccata nssp. murgiana Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco, Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 25 (3): 349 (1993)
= xHeromeulenia murgiana (Medagli, D´Emerico, Ruggiero & Bianco) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. santamariotae (Galesi & M.P.Grasso) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 427 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Anacamptis collina x Anacamptis longicornu
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×santamariotae Galesi & M.P.Grasso, Nat. Belg. 73 (3): 106 (1992)
= xHeromeulenia santamariotae (Galesi & M.P.Grasso) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 32 (2009)
= Anacamptis ×santamariotae (Galesi & M.P.Grasso) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
species :
Anacamptis ×simorrensis (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis coriophora
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×simorrensis nothossp. ticinensis (Gsell) Fateryga & Kreutz, J. Eur. Orch. 46(2): 418 (2014)
= Anacamptis ×ticinensis (Gsell) B.Bock, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 42: 267 (2011 publ. 2012)
= xAnacamptorchis simorrensis E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 95 (1908)
= xAnacamptorchis simorrensis nvar. ticinensis (Gsell) Del Prete & M.Tomas., Mitt. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württemberg 16 (3): 500 (1984)
= xAnacamptorchis ticinensis Gsell, Boll. Soc. Ticinese Sci. Nat. 43: 74 (71-74) (1948)
= xAnteriocamptis simorrensis (E.G.Camus) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
species :
Anacamptis ×timbali (Velen.) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. timbali
Distribution: Europe; Iran; Turkey
34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Anacamptis laxiflora x Anacamptis coriophora
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×parvifolia nssp. timbalii (Velen.) Potucek & F.Proch., Jahresber. Naturwiss. Ver. Wuppertal 25: 58 (1972)
= Orchis ×timbalii Velen., Sitzb. Boehm. Acad. (1882) 254
= xPaludomeulenia timbali (Velen.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 34 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. albuferensis (R.M.Bateman) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Baleares
12 BAL
Remarks: Anacamptis robusta x Anacamptis fragrans
Synonyms: hidden
= Anacamptis ×albuferensis R.M.Bateman, Taxon 53(1): 53 (2004)
= xPaludomeulenia albuferensis (R.M.Bateman & Hollingsw.) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 34 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. barlae (E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: France
12 FRA
subspecies :
subsp. reinhardii (Ugr. ex E.G.Camus) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: European Russia; Europe
14 RUS
Remarks: Anacamptis coriophora x Anacamptis palustris
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×kelleriana Cif. & Giacom., Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 163 (1950)
= Orchis ×reinhardii Ugr. ex E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orch. 230 (1908)
= Orchis reinhardii Ugr., Trud. Obshch. Ispuit. Prir. Kharkov, 46: 151 (1913), et Fedde, Repert. 18: 144 (1922)
subspecies :
subsp. ugrinskyana (Soó) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 428 (2007) [nothossp.]
Distribution: European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: Anacamptis (coriophora ssp.) fragrans x Anacamptis palustris
Synonyms: hidden
= Orchis ×ugrinskyana Soó, Fedde, Repert. Sonderbeih. A. 2: 186 (1932)
species :
Anacamptis ×vanlookenii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) H.Kretzschmar, Eccarius & H.Dietr.; Orchid Gen. Anacamptis Orchis Neotinea 430 (2007)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Anacamptis pyramidalis x Anacamptis papilionacea
Synonyms: hidden
= xAnacamptorchis vanlookenii C.Bernard & G.Fabre, L´Orchidophile 78: 1345 (1987)
= xAnacampteulenia vanlookenii (C.Bernard & G.Fabre) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 90 (Orchid. 22): 31 (2009)
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)