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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

486.0000 Family Boraginaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 128 (1789), nom. cons., s. str.
118 genera, ca. 2000 spp.
Species listed in database: 2036; hybrids: 25
= Anchusaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 274, 302 (1818)
= Cerinthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 244 (1820)
= Cynoglossaceae Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 406 (1843)
= Echiaceae Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 61 (1837)
= Onosmaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 437 (1820)
486.2229 Genus Anchusa L.; Sp. Pl.: 133 (1753)
Distribution: Europe, central and S-European part of Russia, Northern Caucasus, Middle Asia, Mediterranean, South Africa , SW-Asia eastward to S-Himalaya
Species listed in database: 29; hybrids: 2
= Buglossites Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 494 (1897)
= Buglossum Mill., Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Caryolopha Fisch. & Trautv., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petersb. 3: 31 (1837)
= Stomotechium Lehm., Asperif. 395 (1818)
species :
Anchusa affinis R.Br.; Salt., Voy. Abyss. App. 511 (1814)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Ethiopia; Eritrea; Cameroon [I]
23 cmn 24 ERI ETH 35 SAU
species :
Anchusa atlantica Ball; J. Bot. 11: 373 (1873)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa alborosea Benoist, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 27: 112 (1921)
= Anchusa mairei Gusul., Bul. Fac. Stiinte Cern. 1: 305 (1927)
= Anchusa pseudogranatensis (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Sennen & Mauricio, Cat Pl. Rif.- 80 (1933)
= Anchusa undulata ssp. atlantica (Ball) Braun-Blanq. & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 16: 37 (1925)
= Anchusa undulata ssp. pseudogranatensis (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Ouyahya, Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Ser. Bot. 37:56 (2005)
= Anchusa undulata var. pseudogranatensis Braun-Blanq. & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 16: 37 (1925)
species :
Anchusa azurea Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: no. 9 (1768)
Name: Italienische Ochsenzunge (DE); Italian bugloss (EN); Lengua de buey (ES)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Herat, Kabul, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Murree, Mirpur); India (Jammu & Kashmir); Hungary; Romania; Austria [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; San Marino; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Slovakia; Albania; Bulgaria; Germany [I]; Crimea; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Ukraine; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Russian Far East [I]; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Myanmar [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I])
11 aut ger HUN SLO swi 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 40 IND PAK 41 mya 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: italica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa amoena (Gaertn.) J.F.Gmel., Syst. 2: 318 (1791)
= Anchusa azurea var. kurdica (Gusul.) D.F.Chamb., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 35(3): 298 (1977)
= Anchusa azurea var. lucida (Vitman) Gams, 2202 (1927)
= Anchusa azurea var. macrocarpa (Boiss. & Hohen.) D.F.Chamb., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 35(3): 298 (1977)
= Anchusa italica Retz., Observ. Bot. 1: 12 (1779)
= Anchusa italica var. kurdica Gusul.
= Anchusa lucida Vitman, Summa Pl. 1: 387 (1790)
= Anchusa macrocarpa Boiss. & Hohen., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 4: 42 (1844)
= Anchusa macrophylla Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 402 (1792)
= Anchusa officinalis Gouan, Hort. Monsp. 81 (1762) non L.
= Anchusa paniculata Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 177 (1789)
= Buglossum amoenum Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 322. t. 67 (1788)
= Buglossum caeruleum Pers., Syn. 1: 159 (1805)
= Buglossum elatum Moench, Meth. 418 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Buglossum italicum (Retz.) Tausch, Flora, 7: 230 (1824)
= Buglossum paniculatum (Aiton) Tausch, Flora, 7: 228 (1824)
= Buglossum vulgare Tausch, Flora, 7: 229 (1824)
species :
Anchusa calcarea Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 431 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. calcarea
Distribution: W- & S-Spain; Portugal; Morocco; ?Algeria
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: undulata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa calcarea var. scaberrima Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 431, t. 123 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. losadae (Valdés) Valdés & Mateos; Lagascalia 29: 317 (2009)
Distribution: SW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa calcarea var. losadae Valdés, Herb. Univ. Hispalensis Fl. Select. Cent. 3: 21 (1993)
species :
Anchusa capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 34 (1794)
Name: Cape bugloss
Distribution: South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Namibia [I]; Botswana; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Victoria [I]); Taiwan [I]; Myanmar [I]; USA [I] (Oregon [I]); India [c]
27 BOT LES nam SAF 38 tai 40 ind 41 mya 50 aus 73 usa
species :
Anchusa cespitosa Lam.; Encycl. 1: 504 (1785)
Distribution: Crete; Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 KRI 34 TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Anchusa crispa Viv.; App. Fl. Cors. Prodr. 1: 1. (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. crispa
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia
12 COR SAR
Remarks: undulata agg.
Conservation Status: IUCN V
Synonyms: hidden
= Lycopsis crispa (Viv.) Bertol., Fl. Ital. 2: 337 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. maritima (Vals.) Selvi & Bigazzi; Pl. Biosystems, 132(2): 136 (1998)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa maritima Vals., Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat., 26: 311 (1988)
subspecies :
subsp. valincoana Paradis, C.Piazza & Quilichini; Candollea 73(2): 203 (2018)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Anchusa formosa Selvi, Bigazzi & Bacch.; Pl. Biosystems, 131(2): 104 (1997)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
species :
Anchusa gmelini Ledeb.; Beitr. Naturk. Ostseeprov. Russlands 1: 62 (1820) ex Spreng., Syst. 1: 562 (1824)
Distribution: Serbia; Romania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Moldova; Northern Caucasus
13 ROM SRB 14 MLD RUS UKR 33 NCS
species :
Anchusa hybrida Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1: 45 (1815)
Name: Hybrid-Ochsenzunge (DE); Hybrid Alkanet (EN)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Germany [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); European Turkey; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
11 ger 12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SRB TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa amplexicaulis Sibth. & Sm., Prod. Fl. Graec. 1: 116 (1806)
= Anchusa claryi Batt., Fl. Alger.-Tun. 232 (1905)
= Anchusa crispata C.Presl, Fl. Sic. 1: 33 (1826)
= Anchusa granatensis Lange, Pugill. 191 (1863)
= Anchusa macrocalyx Hausskn., Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 571 (1886)
= Anchusa obliqua Vis., Sem. Rar. Hort. Patav. (1836)
= Anchusa parnassica Boiss. & Orph., Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orieni. ser. 2, 3: 134 (1856)
= Anchusa pinardi Boiss., Pl. Or. Nov. Dec. 2: 8 (1875)
= Anchusa undulata Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 2: t. 165 (1816)
= Anchusa undulata ssp. hybrida (Ten.) Bég., (1910)
species :
Anchusa iranica Rech.fil. & Esfand.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 58: 54 (1951)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Anchusa konyaensis Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 42 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. selcukensis Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 45 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Anchusa leptophylla Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. 4: 90 (1819)
subspecies :
subsp. leptophylla
Distribution: Bulgaria; Romania; Ukraine; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); European Turkey; Germany [I]
11 ger 13 BUL ROM TUE 14 KRY UKR 33 GEO 34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. incana (Ledeb.) D.F.Chamb.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 35(3): 298 (1977)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey
13 TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa incana Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 117 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. tomentosa (Boiss.) D.F.Chamb.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35: 298 (1977)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa tomentosa Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser, 3: 133 (1856)
species :
Anchusa littorea Moris; Atti Congr. Sci. Ital. 8: 566 (1846) [n. v.]
Distribution: Sardinia; ?Sicily
12 SAR
species :
Anchusa milleri Spreng.; Nachtr. Bot. Gart. Univ. Halle 10 (1801)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert); Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Pakistan (Kurram)
20 EGY 34 ISR SIN SYR 35 SAU 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa ryssosperma Steud. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 88 (1850)
= Lycopsis milleri (Spreng.) Hornem., Hort. Hafn. 1: 181 (1813)
species :
Anchusa montelinasana Angius, Pontec. & Selvi; Syst. Biodivers. 6(2): 166 (2008)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
species :
Anchusa ochroleuca M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 125 (1808)
Name: Gelbe Ochsenzunge (DE)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Bulgaria; Hungary; Romania; Ukraine; Moldova; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Kazakhstan; Germany [I]; France [I]; Belgium [I]; Switzerland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Italy [I]
11 bgm ger HUN net swi 12 fra 13 BUL ita ROM SRB 14 MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa angustifolia Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 178 (1809)
= Anchusa angustissima C.Koch, Linnaea, 22: 633 (1849)
= Anchusa aspera Boiss., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. 2: 243 (1854)
= Anchusa azurea Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 466 (1866)
= Anchusa canescens Stev. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 118 (1847)
= Anchusa ciliata Schltdl. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 118 (1847)
= Anchusa exasperata Clark, Trav. ed. III. 1: 625
= Anchusa intermedia Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 466 (1866)
= Anchusa linearifolia d´Urv., Mem. Soc. L. Par. 1: 276 (1822)
= Anchusa lorenti A.DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 10: 52 (1846)
= Anchusa ochroleuca ssp. popovii Gusul.
= Anchusa officinalis M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 124 (1808)
= Anchusa popovii (Gusul.) Dobrocz., Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiev), 1976: 120 1976 (1977)
= Anchusa sabulosa Stev. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 118 (1847)
= Anchusa undulata Pall., Reise, 3: 682 (1776)
= Anchusa versicolor Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 466 (1866)
species :
Anchusa officinalis L.; Sp. Pl.: 133 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. officinalis
Name: Gebräuchliche Ochsenzunge, Gewöhnliche Ochsenzunge (DE), Common bugloss (EN)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Norway [I]; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Belgium [I]; Finland [I]; ?Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Italy; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Kazakhstan; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Argentina [I]; Bolivia [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); India [I] (Punjab [I]); European Turkey; USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Dakota [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I])
10 DEN fin nor SWE 11 AUT bgm CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 cis COR FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 NCS 34 TUR 40 ind 50 aus 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 83 bol 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa angustifolia L., Sp. Pl.: 133 (1753)
= Anchusa arvalis Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 3: 83 (1825)
= Anchusa baumgartenii Nyman, Consp. 3: 510 (1881)
= Anchusa davidovii Stoj., Izv. Carsk. Prir. Inst. Sofija 6: 210 (1933)
= Anchusa incarnata Schrad. ex Steud., Nom. ed. I. 42 (1821)
= Anchusa incarnata Wender., 46 (1846), nom. inval.
= Anchusa leptophylla Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. II. 2: 573
= Anchusa lycopsidis Besser ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 166 (1821)
= Anchusa macedonica Velen., Fl. Bulg. Suppl. 1: 197 (1898) (non Degen & Dörfl. in Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 64: 730 (1897))
= Anchusa maculata Hornem. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 85 (1840)
= Anchusa microcalyx Vis., Flora (Regensburg) 12, Ergänzungsbl. 1: 8. (1829)
= Anchusa moesiaca Velen., Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturw. Cl 1893(37): 44 (1894)
= Anchusa ochroleuca Baumg., Fl. Transs. 1: 120
= Anchusa officinalis f. arvalis (Rchb.) Neuman, 181 (1901)
= Anchusa officinalis ssp. angustifolia (L.) Bjelcic, Posebna lzd. Zemajsk. Muz. Bosne Hercegovine 2: 50 (1967) (comb. inval.)
= Anchusa officinalis subvar. arvalis (Rchb.) Gams, 2200 (1927)
= Anchusa officinalis subvar. minor (Gaudin) Gams, 2200 (1927)
= Anchusa officinalis var. angustifolia (L.) Pohl, 178 (1809)
= Anchusa officinalis var. angustifolia Tausch, 233 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Anchusa officinalis var. arvalis (Rchb.) Hampe, 15 (1836)
= Anchusa officinalis var. glabrescens Wimm. & Grab., 161 (1827)
= Anchusa officinalis var. hirsuta Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 60 (1826)
= Anchusa officinalis var. hispida Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, 60 (1826)
= Anchusa officinalis var. incarnata (Schrad.) Steud., 42 (1821)
= Anchusa officinalis var. maculata (Hornem.) Rchb., XXXIII (1833)
= Anchusa officinalis var. minor Gaudin, 45 (1828)
= Anchusa officinalis var. undulatifolia Wimm. & Grab., 161 (1827)
= Anchusa officinalis var. velenovskii Gusul., Bulu Fac. Sti. Ce-mäuti 1: 103 (1927)
= Anchusa officinalis var. versicolor Tausch, 232 (1824)
= Anchusa osmanica Velen., Sitz. bohm. Ges. Wiss. (1885) sep. 32
= Anchusa pustulata Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 465 (1866)
= Anchusa spicata Lam., Illustr. n. (1810)
= Anchusa tinctoria Woodv., Med. Bot. t. 92
= Anchusa velenovskii (Gusul.) Stoj., Izv. Carsk. Prir. Inst. Sofija 6: 211 (1933)
= Anchusa velenovskii var. stojanovii Kozuharov, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 9: 506, 171 (1989)
= Buglossum angustifolium (L.) Moench, Meth. 418 (1794)
= Buglossum asperum Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 21 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Buglossum officinale (L.) Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 278 (1779)
subspecies :
subsp. intacta (Griseb.) Selvi & Bigazzi; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(4): 435 (2003)
Distribution: Italy; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC ITA 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa undulata var. intacta Griseb.
subspecies :
subsp. leucantha (Selvi & Bigazzi) Kit Tan; Phytotaxa 140(1): 37 (2013)
Distribution: Greece (W-Macedonia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa leucantha Selvi & Bigazzi, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(4): 436 (2003)
species :
Anchusa procera Besser ex Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 166 (1821)
Name: Hohe Ochsenzunge (DE)
Distribution: Greece; Macedonia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Bulgaria; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Germany [I]
11 ger 13 BIH BUL GRC NMA 14 RUS 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa officinalis ssp. procera (Besser ex Link) Lambinon, Nouv. Fl. Belg., Grand-Duche Luxemb., Nord France, 5. ed. 1047 (2000)
= Anchusa procera var. alboprocera Matevski, Fl. Republ. Makedonija 2(1): 132, 175 (2010)
species :
Anchusa pseudoochroleuca Des.-Shost.; Uchen. Zap. Khar´kovsk. Gosud. Univ. Gor´kogo 22: 199 (1941)
Distribution: European Russia
14 RUS
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Anchusa puechii Valdés; Lagascalia, 9(2): 239 (1980)
Distribution: S-Spain (Guadalquivir, Guadiana)
12 SPA
species :
Anchusa pusilla Gusul.; Bul. Fac. Sti. Cernauti 1: 109 (1927)
Distribution: Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey
13 TUE 14 KRY 33 GEO 34 TUR
species :
Anchusa samothracica Bigazzi & Selvi; Nordic J. Bot., 20(2): 141 (2000)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Anchusa sardoa (Illario) Selvi & Bigazzi; Pl. Biosystems, 132(2): 136 (1998)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa crispa var. sardoa Illario
species :
Anchusa strigosa Banks & Sol.; Russ., Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 246 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. strigosa
Name: Gestreifte Ochsenzunge (DE); Striped Alkanet (EN)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, C-Mountains, W-Cyprus, E-Cyprus); Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria); Germany [I]
11 ger 13 GRC 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: italica agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa echinata Lam., Encyc. 1: 505 (1785)
= Buglossum echinatum (Lam.) Tausch, Flora, 7: 230 (1824)
= Buglossum syriacum Tausch, Flora, 7: 231 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. macrophylla (Bornm.) Riedl; Fl. Iranica 40: 238 (1967)
Distribution: Iran; Iraq
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa macrophylla Bornm., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 21: 80 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. tonsa Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 28B: 467 (1911)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa strigosa var. tonsa (Bornm.) Gusul.
species :
Anchusa stylosa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 123 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. stylosa
Distribution: S-Spain [I]; Albania; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Crimea; Greece; Romania; Ukraine; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 spa 13 ALB BUL GRC NMA ROM TUE 14 KRY UKR 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa annua Pall., Ind. Taur. ex A. DC. in DC. Prod. 10: 48 (1846)
= Anchusa hispida Pall. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 120 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. spruneri (Boiss.) Selvi & Bigazzi; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(4): 447 (2003)
Distribution: Greece (N-Aegaean Isl.)
13 GRC
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa spruneri Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 11: 98 (1849)
species :
Anchusa thessala Boiss. & Spruner; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 11: 99 (1849)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Macedonia; Crimea; Greece; European Turkey; Romania; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; East Aegaean Isl.
13 BUL GRC NMA ROM TUE 14 KRY 33 NCS 34 EAI
species :
Anchusa tiberiadis Post; Pl. Post. 4: 9 (1892)
Distribution: Syria (NW-Syria)
34 SYR
Remarks: arvensis agg.
species :
Anchusa undulata L.; Sp. Pl.: 133 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. undulata
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; Sardinia; ?Morocco; ?Algeria
12 BAL POR SAR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa angustissima (DC.) Bourg. ex Nyman, Consp. 510 (1881)
= Anchusa undulata var. angustissima DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 10: 44 (1846)
= Anchusa clavata Viv. ex DC., Prod. 10: 52 (1846)
= Anchusa nonneoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. 1: 35 (1854)
= Anchusa undulata var. barceloi O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 91 (1983)
= Anchusa undulata var. maritima Vals., Webbia, 30(1): 55 (1976)
= Buglossum angustifolium All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 47 (1785)
= Lycopsis elongata Lehm., Asperif. 2: 264. n. 195 (1818)
subspecies :
subsp. capellii (Moris) Vals.; Webbia 30: 57 (1976)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa capellii Moris, Stirp. Sard. Elench. 2: 6. (1828)
subspecies :
subsp. granatensis (Boiss.) Valdés; Lagascalia 10: 109 (1981)
Distribution: Portugal; SW-, S- & C-Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa granatensis Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: (1842)
= Anchusa subglabra A.Caball., Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 5: 509 (1945)
= Anchusa undulata f. subglabra (A.Caball.) E.Rico, An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 41(2): 415 1984 (1985)
= Anchusa undulata ssp. hybrida Cout., Fl. Portugal 495 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Anchusa undulata ssp. viciosoi Valdés, Lagascalia, 10(1): 108 (1981)
= Anchusa undulata ssp. viciosoi Laínz, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 38: 531 1981 (1982)
= Anchusa undulata Vahl ex DC., Prod. 10: 42 (1846)
= Anchusa undulata var. hybrida Cout., Bol. Soc. Brot. 21: 149 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. lamprocarpa Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist Nat. Afrique N. 16: 36 (1925)
Distribution: Morocco; ?Algeria
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa undulata var. macrotricha Faure & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 250 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. sartorii (Heldr. ex Gusul.) Selvi & Bigazzi; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 142(4): 444 (2003)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Anchusa sartorii Gusul., Bul. Fac. Sti. Cernauti 1: 96 (1927)
= Anchusa macrosyrinx Rech.fil., Österr. Bot. Z. 107: 471 (1960)
species :
Anchusa ×digenea Gusul.; Bul. Fac. Stiinte Cern. 1: 104 (1927)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey
13 TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Anchusa officinalis x undulata ssp. hybrida
species :
Anchusa ×thirkeana Gusul.; Bul. Fac. Stiinte Cern. 1: 263 (1927)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.4 (December 2022)

Covering 354,183 valid species, 9,038 hybrids, 58,691 valid infraspecific taxa and 933,256 synonyms, in total 1,355,167 names


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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