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V. 14.0
August 2nd, 2022

409.0000 Family Cactaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 310 (1789), nom. cons.
133 genera, ca. 1700 spp. listed (conservative approach following Anderson 2001). There has been excessive splitting, leading to over 3000 species in some collectors view. The phylogeny is still somewhat in flux, but is getting more stabilized now.
Species listed in database: 1768; hybrids: 59
= Cereaceae DC. & Spreng.(transl.Jameson), Elem. Philos. Pl.: 142 (1821)
= Nopaleaceae Schmid & Curtman, Pflanzenr. 2: 135 (1856)
= Opuntiaceae Desv., S. Gérardin de Mirecourt & N. A. Desvaux, Dict. Rais. Bot.: 52, 385 (1817)
409.5216 Genus Ariocarpus Scheidw.; Bull. Acad. Sci. Brux. 5: 491 (1838)
Distribution: S-USA (Texas), E-Mexico
Species listed in database: 6; hybrids: 1
= Anhalonium Lem., Cact. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 1. (1839)
= Neogomesia Castañeda, Cact. Succ. J. (US) 13: 98 (1941), et W. T. Marshall & T. M. Bock, Cactaceae, 164 (1941)
= Roseocactus Berger, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 15: 45 (1925)
species :
Ariocarpus agavoides (Castañeda) E.F.Anderson; Amer. Journ. Bot. 49: 615 (1962)
Name: Tamaulipas Living Rock Cactus
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Neogomesia agavoides Castañeda, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 13: 99 (1941), et W. T. Marshall & T. M. Bock, Cactaceae, 164 (1941)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. agavoides (Castañeda) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(1): 35 (1998)
= Ariocarpus agavoides ssp. pulcher Halda & Horácek, Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 10(2): 149 (2003)
species :
Ariocarpus fissuratus (Engelm.) K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. 3: 6 a. 195 (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. fissuratus
Name: Chautle livingrock
Distribution: USA (SW-Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Anhalonium engelmannii Lem., Cact. 42 (1868)
= Anhalonium fissuratum (Engelm.) Engelm., Cact. Mex. Bound. 75 (1859)
= Ariocarpus fissuratus ssp. lloydii (Rose) U.Guzmán, Cactaceae Syst. Init. 16: 16 (2003)
= Ariocarpus fissuratus ssp. pailanus Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 5(5): 184 (1998)
= Ariocarpus fissuratus var. lloydii (Rose) W.T.Marshall, (1941)
= Ariocarpus intermedius (Backeb. & Kilian) M.Voldan, Friciana Rada. 5: 9 (1965)
= Ariocarpus lloydii Rose, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 13: 308 (1911)
= Mammillaria fissurata Engelm., Syn. Cact. 14 (1856)
= Roseocactus fissuratus (Engelm.) Berger, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 15: 46 (1925)
= Roseocactus intermedius Backeb. & Kilian, Kakt. & Sukkulent. 11: 151 (1960)
= Roseocactus lloydii (Rose) A.Berger, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 15: 48 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. bravoanus (H.M.Hern. & E.F.Anderson) Lüthy; Kakt. and. Sukk., 50(11): 278 (1999)
Distribution: Mexico (S-San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. bravoanus (H.M.Hern. & E.F.Anderson) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(1): 35 (1998)
= Ariocarpus bravoanus H.M.Hern. & E.F.Anderson, Bradleya, 10: 1 (1992)
subspecies :
subsp. hintonii (Stuppy & N.P.Taylor) Halda; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(1): 36 (1998)
Distribution: Mexico (N-San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ariocarpus fissuratus var. hintonii Stuppy & N.P.Taylor, Bradleya, 7: 84 (1989)
= Ariocarpus bravoanus ssp. hintonii (Stuppy & N.P.Taylor) E.F.Anderson & W.A.Fitz Maur., Haseltonia, 5: 11 (1997 publ. 1998)
species :
Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus (Lem.) K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl, Pflanzenf. Nachtr. 259 (1898)
Name: Living Rock, Pata de Venado, Pezuna de Venado
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Anhalonium kotchubeyi Lem. ex Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 5 (1850)
= Anhalonium kotschoubeyanum Lem., Cact. 41, tr. Hortic. 16: (1869) Misc. 72, Hort. Univ. 6: 63
= Anhalonium sulcatum Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. ed. II. 5, 78 (1850)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. albiflorus (Backeb.) C.E.Glass, Guia Identific. Cact. Amenazadas Mexico, 1: Ar/ko ssp. albiflorus (1998 publ. 1997)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. elephantidens Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 5(5): 185 (1998)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. macdowellii (Backeb.) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(5): 184 (1998)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. neotulensis Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 9(1): 51 (2002)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. skarupkeanus Halda & Horácek, Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 9(1): 3 (2002)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. sladkovskyi Halda & Horácek, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(5): 185 (1998)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus ssp. tulensis Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(1): 35 (1998)
= Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus var. elephantidens Skarupke, Stachelpost, 9(44): 33 (1973)
= Ariocarpus sulcatus (Salm-Dyck) K.Schum., Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. 3: 6 a. 195 (1894)
= Cactus kotschubeyi (Lem.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 260 (1891)
= Roseocactus kotschoubeyanus (Lem.) Berger, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 15: 48 (1925)
= Stromatocactus kotschoubeyi Karw. ex C.F.Först., Handb. Cact. ed. II. 1: 232 (1885)
species :
Ariocarpus retusus Scheidw.; Bull. Acad. Brux. 5: (1838) 492. t. 1
Name: Chaute, Chautle, Living Rock Cactus, Peyote Cimarron, Seven Stars, Tsuwiri
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. jarmilae Halda, Horácek & Panar., Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(4): 162 (1998)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. panarottoi Halda & Horácek, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 5(4): 163 (1998)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. sladkovskyi Halda & Kupcák, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 7(1): 33 (2000)
= Anhalonium areolosum Lem., (1859)
= Anhalonium elongatum Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 15 (1845)
= Anhalonium furfuraceum (S.Watson) Coult., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 130 (1894)
= Anhalonium prismaticum Lem., Cact. Nov. Gen. & Sp. 1 (1839)
= Anhalonium pulvilligerum Lem., Hortic. 16: (1869) 72, Hort. Monv. 1: 275
= Anhalonium retusum (Scheidw.) Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 15 (1845)
= Ariocarpus confusus Halda & Horácek, Cactaceae etc., 7(1): 1, 3-4 (1997)
= Ariocarpus elongatus (Salm-Dyck) M.H.Lee, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 9(5): 71, 74 (1937)
= Ariocarpus elongatus (Salm-Dyck) Wettst., Kakteenkunde, 1933(1): 13 (1933)
= Ariocarpus elongatus ssp. horacekii (Halda) Halda, Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(1): 36 (1998)
= Ariocarpus furfuraceus (S.Watson) H.J.Thomps., Rep. Missouri Bot. Gard., 130 (1898)
= Ariocarpus prismaticus Hort. ex Cobbold, Journ. Hortic., I. 332 (1903)
= Ariocarpus pulvilligerus (Lem.) K.Schum., Engl. Jahrb. 24: 550 (1898)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. confusus (Halda & Horácek) Lüthy, Kakt. and. Sukk. 50(11): 278 (1999)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. horacekii Halda & Panar., Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 5(4): 163 (1998)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. pectinatus Weisbarth, Kakteen And. Sukk. 54(11): 291 (2003)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. scapharostroides Halda & Horácek, Cactaceae etc., 7(3): 97-98 (1997)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. sladkovskyi Halda & Kupcák, Acta Mus. Richnov., Sect. Nat. 7(1): 33 (2000)
= Ariocarpus retusus var. furfuraceus (Watson) G.Frank, Kakteen, 63: CVIIIb (1975)
= Ariocarpus trigonus var. horacekii Halda, Cactaceae etc., 7(3): 97-99 (1997)
= Cactus areolosus (Hemsl.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 260 (1891)
= Cactus prismaticus (Lem.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 261 (1891)
= Chilita elongata Orcutt, Cactography, 2 (1926)
= Leptocladia elongata (DC.) Buxb., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 98: 82 (1951)
= Leptocladodia elongata (DC.) Buxb., Kakteen, Lief. 15, Gen. CVIIIc. (Nov. 1960)
= Mammillaria aloides Monv., Cat. (1846), ex Labour. Cact. 153
= Mammillaria areolosa Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1: 503 (1880)
= Mammillaria elongata Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1: 509 (1880)
= Mammillaria furfuracea S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 4: 130 (1894)
= Mammillaria prismatica (Lem.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 1: 517 (1880)
= Mammillaria pulvilligera Monv.Cat. ex C.F.Först., Handb. Cact. ed. II. 1: 231
= Neomammillaria elongata Britton & Rose, Cactaceae, 4: 134 (1923)
species :
Ariocarpus scaphirostris Boed.; Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakt.-Ges. 2: 60 (1930) (scapharostris)
Name: Nuevo Leon Living Rock Cactus, Orejas de Conejo, Orejitas
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Ariocarpus retusus var. swobodae Halda, Horácek & Panar., Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Not., 5(4): 163 (1998)
species :
Ariocarpus trigonus (F.A.C.Weber) K.Schum.; Engl. Jahrb. 24: 550 (1898)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Coahuila)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Anhalonium trigonum F.A.C.Weber, (1893)
= Ariocarpus retusus ssp. trigonus (F.A.C.Weber) E.F.Anderson & W.A.Fitz Maur., Haseltonia, 5: 18 (1997 publ. 1998)
= Ariocarpus trigonus var. minor M.Voldan, Kaktusy, 12: 3-6(1976)
species :
Ariocarpus ×drabi Halda & Sladk.; Acta Mus. Richnov. Sect. Nat., 7(1): 33 (2000)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
Remarks: Ariocarpus kotschoubeyanus x retusus
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.0 (August 2022)

Covering 355,099 valid species, 42,912 valid infraspecific taxa and 858,614 synonyms


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