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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

096.0000 Family Araceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 23 (1789), nom. cons.
123 genera, ca. 4100 spp.
Species listed in database: 4489; hybrids: 19
= Arisaraceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Caladiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 5 (1866)
= Callaceae Rchb. ex Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 25, 66 (1830)
= Colocasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 541 (1895)
= Cryptocorynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 32 (1858)
= Dracontiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 7 (1866)
= Lasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Lemnaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 729 (1822), nom. cons.
= Monsteraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Orontiaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 24, 68 (1830)
= Pistiaceae Rich. ex C.Agardh; Aphor. Bot.: 130 (1822)
= Philodendraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Pothaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Wolffiaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 22 (1902)
096.9001 Genus Arisarum Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
Distribution: Azores, Northwest Africa, Mediterranean
Species listed in database: 3; hybrids: 1
= Balmisa Lag.; Gen. et Sp. Nov. 17 (1816)
species :
Arisarum proboscideum (L.) Savi; Osserv. Div. Piante 6 (1816)
Distribution: SW-Spain; C- & S-Italy
12 SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum proboscideum L.; Sp. Pl. 966 (1753)
= Homaida proboscidea (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 63 (1836)
species :
Arisarum simorrhinum Durieu; Duch. Rev. Bot. 1: 360 (1845 publ. 1846)
Distribution: Portugal; S- & W-Spain; Gibraltar; Morocco; Algeria; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
12 GIB POR SPA 20 ALG MOR 21 AZO MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. simorrhinum (Durieu) Maire & Weiller; Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 241 (1957)
variant :
var. clusii (Schott) Talavera; Lagascalia 14: 116 (1986)
Distribution: S- & W-Spain; Algeria; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
12 SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum clusii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 23 (1860)
= Arisarum simorrhinum subsp. clusii (Schott) P.Monts.; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 6: 442 (1964), not validly publ.
= Arisarum simorrhinum var. atrata P.Monts.; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 6: 442 (1964)
= Arisarum simorrhinum var. pallida P.Monts.; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 6: 443 (1964)
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. clusii (Schott) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 174 (1890)
= Arisarum vulgare var. clusii (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 756 (1882)
variant :
var. subexertum (Webb & Berthel.) Talavera; Lagascalia 14(1): 115 (1986)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura)
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum simorrhinum subsp. subexertum (Webb) P.Monts.; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 6: 443 (1964), not validly publ.
= Arisarum subexertum Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Arisarum tingitanum Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 22 (1860)
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. exsertum Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afr. Nord 4: 241 (1957)
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. subexertum (Webb & Berthel.) G.Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canaria 22: 25 (1974)
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. transiens Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 4: 241 (1957), not validly publ.
= Arisarum vulgare var. subexertum (Webb) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 564 (1879)
species :
Arisarum vulgare O.Targ.-Tozz.; Ann. Mus. Firenze 2(2): 67 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. vulgare
Name: Krummstab (DE); FriarĀ“s Cowl (EN)
Distribution: E- & SE-Spain; Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Albania; Greece (widespread in lowlands, incl. Kiklades); Crete; Tunisia [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
12 BAL COR FRA MCO SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI PEL PTL SIC 20 tun 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum arisarum (L.) Huth; Helios 11: 133 (1893), not validly publ.
= Arisarum australe Rich.; Guillaumin Arch. 1: 20 (1833)
= Arisarum azoricum Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 190 (1857)
= Arisarum balansae Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 198 (1857)
= Arisarum crassifolium Schott; Bonplandia (Hannover) 9: 369 (1861)
= Arisarum forbesii Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 190 (1857)
= Arisarum incurvatum Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 43 (1914), nom. illeg.
= Arisarum jacquinii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 22 (1860)
= Arisarum latifolium Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 29 (1901)
= Arisarum latifolium Hill; Brit. Herb.: 336 (1756), opus utique oppr.
= Arisarum libani Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 21 (1860)
= Arisarum serpentrium Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 63 (1837), nom. superfl.
= Arisarum sibthorpii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 21 (1860)
= Arisarum subalpinum Kotschy ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 563 (1879)
= Arisarum veslingii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 20 (1860)
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. incurvatum Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus 43 (1914)
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. veslingii (Schott) Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus 43 (1914), isonym
= Arisarum vulgare subsp. veslingii (Schott) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 174 (1890)
= Arisarum vulgare var. veslingii (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 756 (1882)
= Arum arisarum L.; Sp. Pl.: 966 (1753)
= Arum arisarum Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 655 (1790), nom. illeg.
= Arum calyptrale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 261 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Arum incurvatum Lam.; Fl. Fr. 3: 538 (1779)
= Arum libani Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 21 (1860)
= Balmisa vulgaris (O.Targ.Tozz.) Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 17 (1816), nom. superfl.
subspecies :
subsp. hastatum (Pomel) Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 46-47: 108 (2009)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum hastatum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 390 (1875)
species :
Arisarum ×aspergillum Dunal; Mem. Sect. Sci. Acad. Sci. Montpellier 1: 8 (1847)
Distribution: Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Arisarum simorrhinum x vulgare
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum ×oligocarpum Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 390 (1875)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life