Search

Reset
* Only valid names are shown as results

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (14)

Genus (143)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

096.0000 Family Araceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 23 (1789), nom. cons.
123 genera, ca. 4100 spp.
Species listed in database: 4489; hybrids: 19
= Arisaraceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Caladiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 5 (1866)
= Callaceae Rchb. ex Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 25, 66 (1830)
= Colocasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 541 (1895)
= Cryptocorynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 32 (1858)
= Dracontiaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 7 (1866)
= Lasiaceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Lemnaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 729 (1822), nom. cons.
= Monsteraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Orontiaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 24, 68 (1830)
= Pistiaceae Rich. ex C.Agardh; Aphor. Bot.: 130 (1822)
= Philodendraceae Vines; Stud. Text-book Bot. 2: 540 (1895)
= Pothaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 16 (1838)
= Wolffiaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 22 (1902)
096.9459 Genus Arum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 964 (1753)
Distribution: Europe to C-Asia, Mediterranean, Asia Minor
Species listed in database: 27; hybrids: 1
= Gymnomesium Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 5: 17 (1855)
= Aron Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 470 (1763), orth. var.
species :
Arum apulum (Carano) P.C.Boyce; Genus Arum: 104 (1993)
Distribution: SE-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum nigrum var. apulum Carano; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 20: 584 (1934)
species :
Arum besserianum Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 349 (1858)
Distribution: S-Poland; Ukraine
11 POL 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum besserianum f. miodoborense (Szafer) Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 242 (1973)
= Arum besserianum var. miodoborense Szafer; Spraw. Komis. Fizjogr. 48: 72 (1914)
= Arum immaculatum f. miodoborense (Szafer) Tkachik; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 50(4): 44 (1993) (without basionym ref.)
= Arum maculatum subsp. besserianum (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum orientale subsp. besserianum (Schott) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax. 12(3): 307 (1977)
species :
Arum concinnatum Schott; Ic. Aroid, t. 39 (1859)
Name: Schöner Aronstab (DE); Elaborated Arum (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades, Sporades, Peloponnisos); Crete (widespread); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Kos, Symi, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia); Cyprus
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI TUR
Remarks: italicum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum byzantinum Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 7: 212 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Arum italicum f. purpureopetiolum Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 593 (1879)
= Arum italicum f. viridipetiolatum Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 593 (1879)
= Arum italicum subsp. concinnatum (Schott) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 172 (1890)
= Arum italicum subvar. marmoratum (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 85 (1920)
= Arum italicum subvar. nickelii (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 85 (1920)
= Arum italicum var. concinnatum (Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 592 (1879)
= Arum italicum var. marmoratum (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum italicum var. sieberi Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86 (1920)
= Arum italicum var. wettsteinii (Hruby) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 85 (1920)
= Arum marmoratum Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 85 (1860)
= Arum nickelii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 85 (1860)
= Arum wettsteinii Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 2(4): 152 (1912)
species :
Arum creticum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. (13): 9 (1853)
Name: Kreta-Aronstab (DE); Cretan Arum (EN)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Tilos, Chalki, Symi, Rhodos, Karpathos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
13 KRI 34 EAI TUR
species :
Arum cylindraceum Gasp.; G. Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2(2): 597 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. cylindraceum
Name: Südöstlicher Aronstab (DE); South-Eastern Arum (EN)
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden; Germany (Hamburg [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Portugal; Spain; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (scattered in mainland, Evvoia); Crete (mountains); Turkey (Anatolia)
10 DEN SWE 11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 COR POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum alpinum f. javorkae Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 235 (1973)
= Arum alpinum Schott & Kotschy; Bot. Zeitung 9: 285 (1851)
= Arum alpinum subsp. danicum (Prime) Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 238 (1973)
= Arum alpinum subsp. gracile (Unverr. ex Bielz) Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 238 (1973)
= Arum alpinum var. intermedium (Schur ex Schott) Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 18: 235 (1973)
= Arum alpinum var. pannonicum Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 234 (1973)
= Arum danicum (Prime) Dubovik; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn., 51(2-3): 236 (1994)
= Arum gracile Unverr. ex Bielz; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 5: 173 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Arum intermedium Schur ex Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 91 (1860)
= Arum italicum var. cylindraceum (Gasp.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum italicum var. lanceolatum Boiss. & Heldr. ex Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86 (1920)
= Arum maculatum f. alpinum (Schott & Kotschy) Suess.; 168 (1939)
= Arum maculatum subsp. alpinum (Schott & Kotschy) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 173 (1890)
= Arum maculatum subsp. angustatum (Engl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 173 (1890)
= Arum maculatum subsp. danicum (Prime) Prime; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 384 (1978)
= Arum maculatum subvar. alpinum (Schott & Kotschy) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 92 (1920)
= Arum maculatum subvar. gracile (Unverr. ex Bielz) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 92 (1920)
= Arum maculatum var. alpinum (Schott & Kotschy) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 595 (1879)
= Arum maculatum var. angustatum Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 595 (1879)
= Arum maculatum var. attenuatum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 92 (1920)
= Arum orientale subsp. alpinum (Schott & Kotschy) Riedl; G. Hegi, Illustr. Fl. Mitteleur., 2(1: Lief. 5): 333 (1979)
= Arum orientale subsp. danicum (Prime) Prime; T. G. Tutin et al. (eds. ), Fl. Eur. 5: 270 (1980), not validly publ.
= Arum transsilvanicum Cztez; Erdelyi Mùz.-Egyes. Évk. 6: 11 (1872)
subspecies :
subsp. pitsyllianum Hadjik., Hand & G.Mans.; Novon 21(4): 432 (2011)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
species :
Arum cyrenaicum Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. II. 4: 159 (1912)
Name: Cyrenaean Arum (EN)
Distribution: W-Crete; NE-Libya (Cyrenaica)
13 KRI 20 LBY
species :
Arum dioscoridis Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 245 (1816)
Name: Dioskorides-Aronstab (DE); Dioscorides Arum (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Dodecanese, Kos, Tilos, Symi, Rhodos, Kastellorhizo Isl.); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum dioscoridis var. liepoldtii (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 73 (1920)
= Arum dioscoridis var. luschanii R.R.Mill; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 46 (1983)
= Arum dioscoridis var. smithii Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 583 (1879)
= Arum dioscoridis var. spectabile (Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 584 (1879)
= Arum dioscoridis var. syriacum Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 584 (1879)
= Arum eggeri Barbey ex Engl.; Pflanzenr. Arac.-Aroid. & Pistioid. 74 (1920) (in syn.)
= Arum liepoldtii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 77 (1860)
= Arum spectabile Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 175 (1857)
= Arum spectabile var. liepoldtii (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 754 (1882)
variant :
var. cyprium (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 73 (1920)
Distribution: Cyprus; Lebanon; W-Syria
34 CYP LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum cyprium Schott; Bonplandia (Hannover) 10: 368 (1861)
= Arum dioscoridis f. confluens Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 156 (1912)
= Arum dioscoridis f. punctatum Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 156 (1912)
= Arum dioscoridis var. punctatum (Hruby) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 72 (1920)
variant :
var. philistaeum (Kotschy ex Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 73 (1920)
Distribution: NW-Syria
34 SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum dioscoridis f. atropurpureum Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 156 (1912)
= Arum philistaeum Kotschy ex Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 79 (1860)
variant :
var. syriacum (Blume) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 584 (1879)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Anatolia); NW-Syria
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum dioscoridis f. guttatum Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 584 (1879)
= Arum dioscoridis f. viridulum Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 156 (1912)
= Arum dioscoridis var. viridulum (Hruby) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 72 (1920)
= Arum pumilum Kotschy ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 586 (1879)
= Arum syriacum Blume; Rumphia 1: 119 (1836)
species :
Arum euxinum R.R.Mill; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41: 46 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum hygrophilum subsp. euxinum (R.R.Mill) Alpinar; Türk. Bitkileri List. 87 (2012)
= Arum hygrophilum var. ponticum Hruby ex Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 81 (1920), nom. nud.
species :
Arum gratum Schott; Syn. Aroid. 11 (1856)
Distribution: C-Turkey (Anatolia); N-Lebanon; W-Syria
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum melanopus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 40 (1882)
= Arum orientale var. gratum (Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 588 (1879)
species :
Arum hainesii Agnew & Hadac ex Riedl; Kew Bull. 36: 643 (1981)
Distribution: Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia)
34 IRQ
species :
Arum hygrophilum Boiss.; Diagn. ser.1 13: 8 (1854)
Distribution: NE-Morocco; Cyprus (N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
20 MOR 34 CYP ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum albinervium Kotschy ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 590 (1879)
= Arum hygrophilum subsp. aurorum Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Hist. Nat. Afr. 13: 20 (1922)
= Arum hygrophilum subsp. maurum Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Hist. Nat. Afr. 13: 20 (1922)
= Arum hygrophilum var. albinervium Kotschy ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 590 (1879)
= Arum hygrophilum var. maurum (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Jahand. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 107 (1931)
= Arum longicyrrhum Schott; Syn. Aroid. 14 (1856)
species :
Arum idaeum Coustur. & Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 63: 11, 14 (1916 publ. 1917)
Name: Idaean Arum (EN), Ida-Aronstab (DE)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Arum italicum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 2 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. italicum
Name: Italienischer Aronstab (DE), Italian lords and ladies (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; +Monaco; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, Samothraki, Limnos); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Kos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (SW-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Illinois [I], Missouri [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger net SWI 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA PTL SIC SLV SMA TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ SYR TUR 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum italicum (Mill.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 63 (1837)
= Arum divaricatum Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 46 (1867)
= Arum facchinii Porta ex Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. II. 4: 133 (1912), et ex Engl. in Engl. Pflanzenreich, Arac.-Aroid. & Pistioid. 74 (1920) (in syn.)
= Arum immaculatum var. inbesseranum Tkachik; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 50(4): 43 (1993), contrary to Art. 37.5 ICBN (1988)
= Arum italicum f. majoricense (L.Chodat) Mus, Pericás & Rosselló; Candollea 42(1): 397 (1987)
= Arum italicum f. purpurascens Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 35: 302 (1928)
= Arum italicum subsp. gaibolense Mattei
= Arum italicum subsp. majoricense (L.Chodat) O.Bolòs, Masalles & Vigo; Collect. Bot. 17(1): 96 (1987) (1988)
= Arum italicum subvar. immaculatum (DC.) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 82 (1920)
= Arum italicum var. concolor Beck; Fl. Bosne 2: 59 (1903)
= Arum italicum var. facchinii (Porta ex Hruby) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86 (1920)
= Arum italicum var. hercegovinum Beck; Fl. Bosne 2: 59 (1903)
= Arum italicum var. immaculatum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç. 5: 303 (1815)
= Arum italicum var. intermedium Mutel; Fl. Franç. 3: 340 (1836)
= Arum italicum var. maculatum Hoschede; Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 12: 204 (1903)
= Arum italicum var. parvulum Borhidi; Bot. Közlem. 54: 162 (1967)
= Arum italicum var. yvesii Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 237 (1910)
= Arum maculatum f. parvulum (Borhidi) Terpó; Bot. Közlem. 58: 158 (1971)
= Arum maculatum subsp. italicum (Mill.) Uechtr.; 446 (1822)
= Arum maculatum subvar. immaculatum DC.
= Arum maculatum var. italicum (Mill.) O.Targ.Tozz.; Inst. Bot., ed. 2, 3: 279 (1813)
= Arum majoricense Chodat; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. 2, 15: 194 (1924)
= Arum modicense Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 227 (1894)
= Arum numidicum Schott; Syn. Aroid. 10 (1856)
= Arum ponticum Schott; Bonplandia (Hannover) 10: 148 (1862)
= Arum provinciale Sommier ex Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 133 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. albispathum (Steven ex Ledeb.) Prime; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 76: 384 (1978)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
14 KRY 33 ARM GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum albispathum Steven ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 9 (1852)
= Arum italicum subsp. albispathum (Steven) Prime; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 384 (1978)
= Arum orientale subsp. albispathum (Steven ex Ledeb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum orientale var. albispathum (Steven ex Ledeb.) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 588 (1878)
subspecies :
subsp. canariense (Webb & Berthel.) P.C.Boyce; Genus Arum: 77 (1993)
Name: Kanaren-Aronstab (DE); Orejaburro (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum canariense Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 293 (1848)
= Arum italicum var. canariense (Webb & Berthel.) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 592 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. neglectum (Towns.) Prime; Watsonia 5: 107 (1961)
Distribution: S-England; Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Morocco; Algeria
10 GRB 12 CIS FRA SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum italicum subvar. foucaudii (Corb.) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 83 (1920)
= Arum italicum subvar. obtusilobum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 83 (1920)
= Arum italicum subvar. punctatum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 83 (1920)
= Arum italicum var. foucaudii Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie, Suppl. 2 (1898)
= Arum italicum var. neglectum F.Towns.; Fl. Hampshire: 327 (1883)
= Arum neglectum (F.Towns.) Ridl.; J. Bot. 76: 144 (1938)
species :
Arum jacquemontii Blume; Rumphia 1: 118 (1835)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; ?Iran; Afghanistan (Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Tibet; Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum griffithii Schott; Syn. Aroid. 15 (1856)
species :
Arum korolkowii Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 2: 407 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan); China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Biarum sewerzowii Regel; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 6: 489 (1880)
species :
Arum lucanum Cavara & Grande; Bull. Ort. Bot. Napoli 3: 409 (1913)
Distribution: C- & S-Italy; Sicily; Croatia
13 CRO ITA SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum majoricense subsp. lucanum (Bonafè) Romo; Fl. Silvestres Baleares: 391 (1994), basionym not validly publ.
= Arum orientale subsp. lucanum (Cavara & Grande) Prime; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 76(4): 384 (1978)
species :
Arum maculatum L.; Sp. Pl. 966 (1753)
Name: Gefleckter Aronstab (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark [I]; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; N- & NE-Spain; ?Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Italy; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (scattered in mainland, Amorgos Isl.); Ukraine; Crimea; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (Samos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia); Myanmar [I]
10 den GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 33 ARM 34 EAI TUR 41 mya
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum maculatum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 63 (1837)
= Arum alpinum subsp. gracile (Unverr.) Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 238 (1973)
= Arum alpinum subsp. pyrenaeum (Dufour) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 755 (1882)
= Arum amoenum (Engl.) Dubovik; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn., 51(2-3): 236 (1994)
= Arum byzantinum Blume; Rumphia 1: 121 (1835)
= Arum gracile Unverr.apud Bielz; Verh. Mitt. Sciebenburg. Ver. Naturw. Hermannstadt 5: 173 (1854)
= Arum gracile Unverr. ex Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 91 (1860)
= Arum heldreichii Orph. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 40 (1882)
= Arum immaculatum (Rchb.) Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 7: 6 (1845)
= Arum italicum subsp. byzantinum (Blume) Nyman; Consp. 755 (1882)
= Arum italicum var. amoenum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86 (1920)
= Arum italicum var. byzantinum (Blume) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 593 (1879)
= Arum maculatum subf. immaculatum (Mutel) Suess.; 168 (1939)
= Arum maculatum f. flavescens (Melzer ex Janch.) Riedl; C. Hegi, Illustr. Fl. Mitteleur., 2(1: Lief. 5): 331 (1979)
= Arum maculatum f. flavescens Riedl; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2(1.5): 331 (1979)
= Arum maculatum f. immaculatum (Mutel) Topa; Fl. Republ. Social Roman. 12: 779 (1972)
= Arum maculatum f. roseum (Grembl. ex Engl.) Riedl; Phyton (Horn) 12: 166 (1967)
= Arum maculatum f. scolopendriforme Priszter ex Horvat; Borbásia 9: 129 (1949)
= Arum maculatum f. spathulatum Terpó; Bot. Kozlem. 58(3): 157 (1971)
= Arum maculatum f. tetrelii (Corb.) Terpó; Bot. Kozlem. 58(3): 160 (1971), as ´tetrelli´
= Arum maculatum subsp. pyrenaeum (Dufour) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum maculatum subvar. eumaculatum Engl.; 88 (1920), nom. inval.
= Arum maculatum subvar. immaculatum Mutel; Fl. Franç. 3: 339 (1836) (1836)
= Arum maculatum subvar. malyi (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 93 (1920)
= Arum maculatum subvar. pyrenaeum (Dufour) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 91 (1920)
= Arum maculatum subvar. roseum Grembl. ex Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 91 (1920)
= Arum maculatum var. flavescens Melzer ex Janch.; Cat. Fl. Austr. 1: 877 (1960)
= Arum maculatum var. heldreichii (Orph. ex Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum maculatum var. immaculatum (Schott) Domin; 32 (1931), nom. illeg.
= Arum maculatum var. immaculatum Gill. & Magne; 416 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Arum maculatum var. immaculatum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 10 (1830), nom. inval.
= Arum maculatum var. immaculatum Rchb. ex Mutel; 339 (1836)
= Arum maculatum var. karpatii Terpó; Bot. Kozlem. 58(3): 157 (1971)
= Arum maculatum var. malyi (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum maculatum var. pyrenaeum (Dufour ex Lapeyr.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 143 (1935)
= Arum maculatum var. roseum (Grembl. ex Engl.) Vollm.; 128 (1914)
= Arum maculatum var. tetrelii Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie, Suppl. 2 (1898)
= Arum maculatum var. vulgare (Lam.) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 86 (1920)
= Arum maculatum var. zeleborii (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum malyi Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 93 (1860)
= Arum orientale subsp. amoenum (Engl.) R.R.Mill; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41(1): 47 (1983)
= Arum pyrenaeum Dufour; Lap. Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. Suppl. 143 (1818)
= Arum trapezuntinum Schott ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 592 (1879), nom. nud.
= Arum vernale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 261 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Arum vulgare subf. maculatum (Engl.) Suess.; 168 (1939)
= Arum vulgare Lam.; Fl. Fr. 3: 537 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Arum vulgare var. albovenosum DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 302 (1815)
= Arum vulgare var. immaculatum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 38 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Arum vulgare var. immaculatum Walther; 667 (1802)
= Arum vulgare var. maculatum Walther; 667 (1802)
= Arum zeleborii Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 94 (1860)
species :
Arum megobrebi Lobin, M.Neumann, Bogner & P.C.Boyce; Willdenowia 37(2): 447 (2007)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey
33 GEO 34 TUR
species :
Arum meryemianum Yildirim; Bagbahce Bilim Derg. 10(1): 33 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Arum nigrum Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 212 (1857)
Name: Schwarzer Aronstab
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Albania; Greece (Mt. Athos, Sporades, Skiros)
13 BIH CRO GRC MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum neumayeri Vis. ex Beck; Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 68 (1904)
= Arum nigrum var. schottii Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 74 (1920)
= Arum nigrum var. variolatum (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 75 (1920)
= Arum orientale f. variolatum (Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 587 (1879)
= Arum orientale subsp. nigrum (Schott) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 172 (1890)
= Arum orientale var. nigrum (Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 586 (1879)
= Arum variolatum Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 81 (1860)
species :
Arum orientale M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 2: 407 (1808)
subspecies :
subsp. orientale
Distribution: E-Austria; Poland; Hungary; Sicily; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; NE-Greece (incl. Thasos, Samothraki); E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Jordania (S-Jordania); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Myanmar [I]
11 AUT HUN POL 13 BUL CRO GRC KOS ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP IRN JOR LEB SYR TUR 41 mya
Remarks: A. elongatum (Black Sea area, E-Greece, Turkey) is frequently kept separate
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum alpinariae (Alpinar & R.R.Mill) P.C.Boyce; Aroideana 29: 133 (2006)
= Arum balansanum R.R.Mill; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 41: 45 (1983)
= Arum consobrinum Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid.: 87 (1860)
= Arum elongatum subsp. alpinariae Alpinar & R.R.Mill; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 10: 236, 219 (1988)
= Arum elongatum Steven; Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 30(3): 67 (1857)
= Arum incomptum Schott; Ic. Fl. Germ. 7: 6, Schott, Prod. Aroid. 89 (1860)
= Arum maculatum var. caucasicum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 483 (1805)
= Arum nigrum subsp. petteri (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 754 (1882)
= Arum nigrum var. petteri (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 75 (1920)
= Arum normannii Schott; Syn. Aroid.: 12 (1856)
= Arum orientale subsp. elongatum (Steven) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 79 (1920)
= Arum orientale subsp. incomptum (Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 81 (1920)
= Arum orientale subsp. petteri (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 754 (1882)
= Arum orientale subvar. depauperatum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 79 (1920)
= Arum orientale subvar. pleiocyclum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 79 (1920)
= Arum orientale var. albescens Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 75 (1920)
= Arum orientale var. elongatum (Steven) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 587 (1879)
= Arum orientale var. normannii (Schott) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
= Arum orientale var. petteri (Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 587 (1879)
= Arum orientale var. stevenii Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 79 (1920)
= Arum petteri Schott; Syn. Aroid. 12 (1856)
= Arum phrygium Boiss. ex Tchich.; Asie Min. Bot. 2: 648 (1860)
= Arum pictum Petter; Bot. Wegweis. Spalato: ? (1832), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. longispathum (Rchb.) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 80 (1920)
Distribution: W-Croatia; Albania
13 ALB CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum longispathum Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. 7: 5 (1845)
= Arum orientale var. longispathum (Rchb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 755 (1882)
species :
Arum palaestinum Boiss.; Diagn. ser.1 13: 6 (1854)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); USA [I] (California [I])
34 ISR LEB SYR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum magdalenae Sprenger; Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ortic. 1894: 227 (1894)
= Arum sanctum Damm.; Dammann, Catal. (1889) 3 et 5 fig. i, et in Gartenfl. 655 (1889)
= Richardia sancta (Dammer) Pynaert; Nursery Cat. (Éd. Pynaert - Van Geert) 1893-1894: 16 (1893)
species :
Arum pictum L.f.; Suppl. 410 (1781)
subspecies :
subsp. pictum
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Italy
12 COR SAR 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arisarum pictum (L.f.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 63 (1837)
= Arum balearicum Buc´hoz; Hist. Univ. Règne Vég. 8: 11 (1775)
= Arum corsicum Loisel.; Fl. Gall. 2: 617 (1807)
= Arum pictum lusus bispathaceum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 72 (1920)
= Gymnomesium pictum (L.f.) Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 5: 17 (1855)
subspecies :
subsp. sagittifolium Rosselló & L.Sáez; Acta Bot. Barcin., 44:170 (1997)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca)
12 BAL
species :
Arum purpureospathum P.C.Boyce; Aroideana 10(1): 8 (1987)
Name: Purple-spatha Arum
Distribution: SW-Crete
13 KRI
species :
Arum rupicola Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 13: 7 (1854)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum cilicicum Kotschy ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 589 (1879)
= Arum conophalloides Kotschy ex Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 97 (1860)
= Arum conophalloides subvar. purpureum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 76 (1920)
= Arum conophalloides var. caudatum Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 76 (1920)
= Arum detruncatum C.A.Mey. ex Schott; Prodr. Syst. Aroid. 80 (1860)
= Arum detruncatum var. caudatum (Engl.) Alpinar & R.R.Mill; P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 10: 220 (1988)
= Arum detruncatum var. conophalloides (Kotschy ex Schott) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 36 (1882)
= Arum ehrenbergii Schott; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 8: 386 (1858)
= Arum elongatum f. detruncatum (C.A.Mey. ex Schott) Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 145 (1912)
= Arum elongatum f. engleri (Hausskn.) Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, II 4: 145 (1912)
= Arum elongatum subsp. detruncatum (C.A.Mey. ex Schott) Riedl; Fl. Iran. 1: 5 (1963)
= Arum elongatum subsp. engleri (Hausskn.) Riedl; Fl. Iran. 1: 5 (1963)
= Arum engleri Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 9(Mitt.): 22 (1891)
= Arum giganteum Ghahr.; Iran. J. Bot. 2: 80 (1983)
= Arum guellekense Kotschy ex Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 589 (1879), pro syn.
= Arum hygrophilum var. rupicola (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 38 (1882)
= Arum kotschyi Boiss. & Hohen.; P. E. Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 8 (1854)
= Arum orientale subsp. detruncatum (C.A.Mey. ex Schott) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 81 (1920)
= Arum orientale subsp. engleri (Hausskn.) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 80 (1920)
= Arum rupicola var. caudatum (Engl.) Alpinar & R.R.Mill; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 10: 220 (1988)
= Arum rupicola var. conophalloides (Kotschy ex Schott) Engl.; DC. & A. DC., Monogr. Phan. 2: 588 (1879)
= Arum rupicola var. detruncatum (C.A.Mey. ex Schott) Tzvelev; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 98(6): 107 (1993) (1994)
variant :
var. virescens (Stapf) P.C.Boyce; Genus Arum: 135 (1993)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia); Iraq; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Israel
34 IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum conophalloides subvar. virescens (Stapf) Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 75 (1920)
= Arum conophalloides var. virescens (Stapf) Bornm. & Gauba; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 47: 71 (1939)
= Arum detruncatum var. virescens (Stapf) Alpinar & R.R.Mill; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 10: 220 (1988)
= Arum elongatum f. virescens (Stapf) Hruby; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 2: 145 (1912)
= Arum virescens Stapf; Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 50: 6 (1885)
species :
Arum sintenisii (Engl.) P.C.Boyce; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 9: 33 (1994 publ. 1995)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Arum orientale var. sintenisii Engl.; Pflanzenr., IV, 23F: 80 (1920)
= Arum orientale subsp. sintenisii (Engl.) P.C.Boyce; Genus Arum: 96 (1993)
species :
Arum taiwanianum S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 205 (2022)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Arum ×sooi Terpó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 240 (1973)
Distribution: Hungary; etc.
11 HUN
Remarks: Arum cylindraceum x maculatum
Loading ...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life