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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

145.0000 Family Asparagaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 40 (1789), nom. cons., s. l.
ca. 140 genera, ca. 3400 spp. The family is nowadays expanded very much to include all of former Asparagales (from Tecophilaeaceae to Ruscaceae)
Species listed in database: 3534; hybrids: 33
= Agavaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 57, 58 (1829), nom. cons.
= Anemarrhenaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall; Kew Bull. 52: 995 (1997)
= Anthericaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 27 (1858)
= Aphyllanthaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 421, 1153 (1835), Family
= Aspidistraceae Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 32 (1844)
= Behniaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall; Kew Bull. 52: 996 (1997)
= Chlorogalaceae Doweld & Reveal; Reveal, Bot. Rev (Lancaster) 71: 53 (2005)
= Convallariaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 53 (1834)
= Dracaenaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 73 (1866), nom. cons.
= Eriospermaceae Orb.; Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 5: 402 (1845)
= Eucomidaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 16 (1866)
= Eustrephaceae Chupov; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(3): 7 (1994)
= Herreriaceae Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 290 (1850)
= Hesperocallidaceae Traub; Pl. Life 28: 131 (1972)
= Hostaceae B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 43: 302 (1988)
= Hyacinthaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 315 (1797), Family
= Lachenaliaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 20 (1866)
= Laxmanniaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 111 (1902), Family
= Lomandraceae Lotsy; Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 761 (1911)
= Nolinaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 226 (1943)
= Ophiopogonaceae Meisn.; Pl. Vasc. Gen., Tab. Diagn. 397, Comm. 308 (1842)
= Ornithogalaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 33 (1866)
= Peliosanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Polygonataceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Ruscaceae M.Roem.; Handb. Allg. Bot. 3: 446 (1840), nom. cons.
= Sansevieriaceae Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 779 (1936)
= Scillaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 284 (1818)
= Themidaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 84 (1866), Family
= Tupistraceae Schnizl.; Iconogr. Fam. Regn. Veg. 1: 72 (1846)
= Yuccaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 8 (1858)
145.2002 Genus Asparagus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 313 (1753)
Distribution: arid and semiarid regions of the Old World; incl. (ca. 30), Russia (from Europeana part to Far East), Caucasus, and Middle Asia, > 150 spp. tropical and South Africa, tropical Asia, Australia (1)
Species listed in database: 217
= Asparagopsis (Kunth) Kunth; Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1842: 35 (1844)
= Elachanthera F.Muell.; Vict. Naturalist 3: 108 (1886)
= Elide Medik.; Philos. Bot. 2: 71 (1791)
= Hecatris Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 66 (1866)
= Myrsiphyllum Willd.; Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 2: 25 (1808)
= Protasparagus Oberm.; S. African J. Bot. 2: 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus acicularis F.T.Wang & S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 93-94 (1978)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus acocksii Jessop; Bothalia 9: 74 (1966)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus acocksii (Jessop) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus acutifolius L.; Sp. Pl. 314 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (widespread, incl. Kiklades, Sporades, Ionian Isl.); European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (widespread except Rhodos and Karpathos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
12 BAL COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA PEL PTL SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus acutifolius subsp. aragonensis Sennen; Bull. Géogr. Bot. 20: 130 (1911)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. achhalii Valdés; Lagascalia 18(2): 327 (1996)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. ambiguus (De Not.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 716 (1882)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. brachyclados Bornm.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 48: 641 (1898)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. brevifolius (Tornab.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 716 (1882)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. commutatus (Ten.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 716 (1882)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. eremicus O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Man. Paisos Catalans 4: 131 (2001)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. gracilis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 602 (1875)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. mitis P.Palau; Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 7: 32 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Asparagus aetnensis Tornab.; Atti Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, ser. 2, 12: 345 (1856)
= Asparagus ambiguus De Not.; Repert. Fl. Ligust.: 401 (1844)
= Asparagus brevifolius Tornab.; Atti Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, ser. 2, 12: 359 (1856)
= Asparagus commutatus Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 374 (1827)
= Asparagus corruda Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. II. 1: 248 (1771)
= Asparagus inarimensis Tornab.; Atti Acc. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, ser. 2, 12: 368 (1856)
species :
Asparagus adscendens Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 24; Fl. Ind. 2: 153 (1832)
Distribution: N-Pakistan; Nepal; NW-India (Punjab, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh)
40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis adscendens (Roxb.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 102 (1850)
= Asparagus satawur James A.Murray; Drugs Pl. Sind: 24 (1881)
= Protasparagus adscendens (Roxb.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 707 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus aethiopicus L.; Mant. 1 (1767)
Name: Cabellera de la reina (ES); Äthiopischer Spargel (DE), Emerald fern (EN)
Distribution: Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I]); Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; South Africa (North-West Prov., N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Mauritius [I]; Philippines [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Queensland [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Nauru [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I]); Northern Marianas [I]; Northern Marianas [I]; Mexico [I]; Bahamas [c]; Cuba [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Virgin Isl. [c] (Guana [c], St. Croix [c]); St. Martin/St. Maarten [c]; Guadeloupe [c]; St. Lucia [c]; Trinidad [I]; Isla Margarita [c]
20 alg mor 21 cny 24 eri eth 27 SAF 29 mau 42 phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 60 nru 61 coo 62 mrn 79 mex 81 bah cub gdl his pue stl stm trt ven vir
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis aethiopica (L.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 95 (1850)
= Asparagopsis lancea (Thunb.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 104 (1850)
= Asparagus aculeatus Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 1047 (1895)
= Asparagus laetus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 253 (1796)
= Asparagus lanceus Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
= Asparagus maximus Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 1047 (1895)
= Protasparagus aethiopicus (L.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus africanus Lam.; Encycl. 1: 295 (1783)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Gambia; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Abd-al-Kuri Isl.; Samha Isl.; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Oman; Yemen (Aden Desert, SE-Yemen: coastal Hadhramaut); India (Maharashtra); Australia [I] (SE-Queensland [I])
20 EGY 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA IVO MTN NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 BUR CAF EQG GAB RWA ZAI 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG 27 SAF 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 IND 50 aus
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis juniperina Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 85 (1850)
= Asparagopsis lamarckii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 87 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Asparagopsis schlechtendalii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 90 (1850)
= Asparagopsis scoparia Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 80 (1850)
= Asparagus africanus var. biarticulatus De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 40: 31 (1901)
= Asparagus africanus var. microcarpus Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 411 (1884)
= Asparagus africanus var. pubescens Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 619 (1875)
= Asparagus asiaticus var. ellenbeckianus Engl.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 40: 737 (1906), nom. nud.
= Asparagus asiaticus var. mitis (A.Rich.) Chiov.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 26: 166 (1919)
= Asparagus buruensis Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 155 (1910)
= Asparagus conglomeratus Baker; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 428 (1898)
= Asparagus dependens Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
= Asparagus dinteri Engl. & Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 155 (1910)
= Asparagus fleckii Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: App. III. 43 (1896)
= Asparagus francisci K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 449 (1914)
= Asparagus gourmacus A.Chev.; Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 352 (1936), in syn.
= Asparagus irregularis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 620 (1875)
= Asparagus judtii Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 3): 44 (1896)
= Asparagus lecardii De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Ser. V. 17 (1904)
= Asparagus lugardii Baker; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 431 (1898)
= Asparagus mitis A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 319 (1850)
= Asparagus patens K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 448 (1914)
= Asparagus pilosus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 610 (1875)
= Asparagus pubescens Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 254 (1878)
= Asparagus retrofractus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 73 (1775), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus rivalis Burch. ex Kies; Bothalia 6: 179 (1951), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus rivalis Burch. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 337 (1829)
= Asparagus sennii Chiov.; Fl. Somala, II. 418 (1932)
= Asparagus shirensis Baker; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 427 (1898)
= Asparagus sidamensis Cufod.; Senckenberg. Biol. 50: 245 (1969)
= Protasparagus africanus (Lam.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
= Protasparagus pilosus (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
variant :
var. puberulus (Baker) Sebsebe; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Asparag. 8 (2006)
Distribution: Malawi
26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus puberulus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 618 (1875)
species :
Asparagus aggregatus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus aggregatus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 55 (1992)
species :
Asparagus albus L.; Sp. Pl. 314 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA PEL SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis alba (L.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 84 (1850)
= Asparagus pallidus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 252 (1796)
species :
Asparagus alopecurus (Oberm.) Malcomber & Sebsebe; Kew Bull. 48(1): 73 (1993)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Myrsiphyllum alopecurum Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 85 (1984)
species :
Asparagus altiscandens Engl. & Gilg; O. Warburg (ed.), Kunene-Sambesi Exped.: 196 (1903)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Asparagus altissimus Munby; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 287 (1855)
Distribution: S-Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Mauritania
20 ALG MOR WSA 22 MTN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus altissimus var. asperulus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 29: 453 (1938)
= Asparagus altissimus var. foeniculaceus (Lowe) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord (1931)
= Asparagus declinatus Schousb.; Iagttag. Vextrig. Marokko: 173 (1800), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus foeniculaceus Lowe; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 44 (1860)
species :
Asparagus angulofractus Iljin; Fl. URSS 4: 432, 746 (1935)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KGZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus soongaricus Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 432 (1935)
species :
Asparagus angusticladus (Jessop) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 60 (1995)
Distribution: S-Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus aethiopicus var. angusticladus Jessop; Bothalia 9: 69 (1966)
= Asparagus angusticladus (Jessop) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995), isonym
= Protasparagus angusticladus (Jessop) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus aphyllus L.; Sp. Pl. 314 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. aphyllus
Name: Blattloser Spargel (DE); Mediterranean Asparagus (EN)
Distribution: Portugal; NW-Spain; Gibraltar; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya (Cyrenaica)
12 GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ITA PEL SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus agul Forssk. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 337 (1829)
= Asparagus aphyllus f. macroclados Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 138 (1913)
= Asparagus aphyllus f. microclados Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 138 (1913)
= Asparagus aphyllus var. bovei Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 600 (1875)
= Asparagus erinaceus Borzì & Mattei; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 11: 238 (1912)
= Asparagus phyllacanthus Lam.; Encycl. 1: 296 (1783)
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis (Baker) P.H.Davis; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 8: 77 (1984)
Distribution: Greece (lowlands, incl. Kiklades, Ionian Isl., Sporades); European Turkey; Crete (widespread); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos, Kastellorhizo Isl.); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus; Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); W-Syria; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Oman (Dhofar)
13 GRC KRI TUE 20 EGY 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus acutifolius var. hookeri Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 602 (1875)
= Asparagus acutifolius var. orientalis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 602 (1875)
species :
Asparagus arborescens Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 337 (1829)
Name: Baum-Spargel (DE); Esparragon (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis arborescens (Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 79 (1850)
= Asparagus equisetifolius Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Asparagus retrofractus C.Sm. ex Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 2(3): 328 (1846), nom. illeg.
species :
Asparagus aridicola Sebsebe; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Asparag. 17 -(12)) (2006)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus falcatus var. pubescens Chiov.; Webbia 8: 9 (1951)
species :
Asparagus asiaticus L.; Sp. Pl. 313 (1753)
Distribution: Mozambique [I]; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); S-India (Karnataka)
26 moz 35 SAU YEM 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis willdenowii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 86 (1850)
= Asparagus divaricatus Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 393 (1840), nom. nud.
= Asparagus gracilis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 252 (1796)
= Asparagus steudneri Schweinf. ex Engl.; Abhandl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. 1891 (1892) 169
= Protasparagus asiaticus (L.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus asparagoides (L.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isl. 3: 414 (1914)
Name: African asparagus fern (EN); Zier-Spargel (DE); Alicacan (ES)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Sicily [I]; Morocco [I]; Tunisia [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Faial [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I]); USA [I] (California [I]); Mexico [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
12 bal gib por spa 13 sic 20 mor tun 21 azo cny mdr 23 ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 42 jaw 50 aus lhi 51 nzl 63 haw 76 usa 79 mex 85 arg uru
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus kuisibensis Dinter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 270 (1931)
= Asparagus medeoloides (L.f.) Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
= Asparagus medeoloides var. angustifolius (Mill.) Baker; Harv. et al. (eds.): Fl. Cap. 6: 273 (1896)
= Asparagus medeoloides var. falciformis (Kunth) Baker; Fl. Cap. 6: 273 (1896)
= Dracaena medeoloides L.f.; Suppl. 203 (1782)
= Elachanthera sewelliae F.Muell.; Vict. Natural 3: 108 (1886)
= Elide asparagoides (L.) Kerguélen; Collect. Partim. Nat. 8: xiii (1993)
= Luzuriaga sewelliae (F.Muell.) K.Krause; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, xv a. 379 (1930)
= Medeola angustifolia Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Medeola asparagoides L.; Sp. Pl. 339 (1753)
= Medeola latifolia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 252 (1796)
= Myrsiphyllum angustifolium (Mill.) Willd.; Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 2: 25 (1808)
= Myrsiphyllum asparagoides (L.) Willd.; Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 2: 25 (1808)
= Myrsiphyllum falciforme Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 107 (1850)
= Ruscus volubilis Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 13 (1794)
species :
Asparagus aspergillus Jessop; Bothalia 9: 71 (1966)
Distribution: S-Somalia; Kenya; ?Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
24 SOM 25 KEN 26 MOZ ZIM 27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus aspergillus (Jessop) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus azerbaijanensis Hamdi & Assadi; Phytotaxa 297(1): 93 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Asparagus baumii Engl. & Gilg; Warb. Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 196 (1903)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Asparagus bayeri (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus bayeri Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 21 (1992)
species :
Asparagus benguellensis Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 253 (1878)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Asparagus bequaertii De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 292 (1913)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: only known from type collected in 1911
species :
Asparagus biflorus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus biflorus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 63 (1992)
species :
Asparagus biradarii (Kamble) Kottaim.; Int. J. Curr. Res. Biosci. Pl. Biol. 6(10): 37 (2019)
Distribution: India (Odisha)
40 IND
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus biradarii Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 17(1): 197 (1993)
species :
Asparagus bojnurdensis Hamdi & Assadi; Kew Bull. 72(2)-22: 1 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Asparagus botschantzevii Vlassova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 65(4): 577 (1980)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 TKM UZB
species :
Asparagus botswanicus Sebsebe; Kew Bull. 63(2): 269 (2008)
Distribution: Botswana
27 BOT
species :
Asparagus brachiatus Thulin; Nordic J. Bot. 22: 431 (2002 publ. 2003)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Asparagus brachyphyllus Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 13: 78 (1840)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Hebei, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi); Mongolia; South Korea
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus trichophyllus var. trachyphyllus Bong. & C.A.Mey.; Verz. Saisang-nor. Pfl.: 74 (1841)
species :
Asparagus breslerianus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 323 (1829)
Distribution: SE-European Russia; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Afghanistan (Faryab); China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang)
14 RUS 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus komarovianus Vved.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 9: 246 (1946)
= Asparagus maritimus var. breslerianus (Schult. & Schult.f.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 337 (1881)
= Asparagus straussii Hausskn.; Mitteil. Thüring. Bot. Ver. n. s. 15: 6 (1900), nomen.
= Asparagus straussii Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24(2): 111 (1908)
= Asparagus verticillatus var. triphyllus Bresler; Gen. Aspar.: 27 (1826)
species :
Asparagus buchananii Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1893) 211
Distribution: ?E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; ?Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 BUR RWA 24 SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus buchananii (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus bucharicus Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 430, 746 (1935)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Asparagus burchellii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 618 (1875)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus burchellii (Baker) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 27 (1992)
species :
Asparagus burjaticus Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 86 (1974)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
species :
Asparagus calcicola H.Perrier; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 32 (1935)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asparagus capensis L.; Sp. Pl. 314 (1753)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis passerinoides Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 90 (1850), nom. superfl.
= Asparagus nelsonii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 617 (1875)
= Asparagus triacanthus Burm.f.; Fl. Indica, Prodr. Fl. Cap.: 10 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Protasparagus capensis (L.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983), without basionym ref., et Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 23 (1992)
variant :
var. litoralis Suess. & Karling; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2: 50 (1950)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus capensis var. litoralis (Suess. & Karling) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 24 (1992)
species :
Asparagus capitatus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 607 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. capitatus
Distribution: Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); NW-India (Punjab, Tamil Nadu)
34 AFG IRN 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus capitatus (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
subspecies :
subsp. gracilis (Royle) Browicz; Fl. Iranica, 165: 175 (1990)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Oman; N-Pakistan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
34 AFG 35 OMA 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus gracilis Royle ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 607 (1875), nom. illeg. [non Salisb. 1796]
= Asparagus royleanus P.Daniel; Indian J. Forest. 4: 334 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Protasparagus royleanus (P.Daniel) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15: 710 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus chimanimanensis Sebsebe; Kew Bull. 63(2): 271 (2008)
Distribution: E-Zimbabwe; W-Mozambique (Chimanimani Mts.)
26 MOZ ZIM
species :
Asparagus clareae (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus clareae Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 54 (1992)
species :
Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.; Fl. Indo-Chine 6: 780 (1908)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido [I], Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Philippines (Luzon)
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI 41 CBD LAO VIE 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis sinica Miq.; J. Bot. Neerl. 1: 90 (1861)
= Asparagus cochinchinensis f. pygmaeus (Makino) Yamashita & M.N.Tamura; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4b: 148 (2016)
= Asparagus cochinchinensis var. dolichoclados (Merr. & Rolfe) F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 7: 291 (1937)
= Asparagus cochinchinensis var. longifolius F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 291 (1937)
= Asparagus cochinchinensis var. pygmaeus (Makino) Ohwi; Fl. Jap., ed. rev.: 1437 (1965)
= Asparagus dauricus var. elongatus Pamp.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 22(2): 264. (1915)
= Asparagus gaudichaudianus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 71 (1850)
= Asparagus insularis Hance; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 5, 5: 245 (1866)
= Asparagus lucidus Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 7: 29 (1844)
= Asparagus lucidus var. dolichocladus Merr. & Rolfe; Philipp. J. Bot., C 3: 96 (1908)
= Asparagus lucidus var. pygmaeus Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 11: 281 (1897), et Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15: 106 (1901)
= Asparagus pygmaeus (Makino) Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 24: 73 (1910)
= Asparagus sinicus (Miq.) C.H.Wright; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 103 (1903)
= Melanthium cochinchinense Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 1: 216 (1790)
species :
Asparagus coddii (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus coddii Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 53 (1992)
species :
Asparagus concinnus (Baker) Kies; Bothalia 6: 178 (1951)
Distribution: South Africa (Gauteng?, Mpulamanga, Free State, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus africanus var. concinnus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 619 (1875)
= Protasparagus concinnus (Baker) Oberm. & Immelman; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 61 (1992)
species :
Asparagus confertus K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 449 (1914)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus confertus (K.Krause) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 51 (1992)
species :
Asparagus coodei P.H.Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 48 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Asparagus cooperi Baker; Gard. Chron. (1874) I. 818
Distribution: Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus burkei Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 607 (1875)
= Protasparagus cooperi (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus crassicladus Jessop; Bothalia 9: 75 (1966)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus crassicladus (Jessop) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus curillus Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. 2, 2: 152 (1832)
Distribution: Nepal; NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Myanmar
40 IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis curilla (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 102 (1850)
= Asparagus nepalensis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. Bot. 14: 622 (1875)
= Protasparagus curillus (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus dabieshanensis Jia X.Yang, G.W.Hu & Q.F.Wang; Phytotaxa 641(2): 164 (2024)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hubei)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus dauricus Fisch. ex Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 340 (1821)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus burjaticus var. baicalensis N.V.Vlassova; Novye Dannye Fitogeogr. Sibiri 98 (1981)
= Asparagus gibbus Bunge; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2: 139 (1835)
= Asparagus gibbus var. baicalensis (N.V.Vlassova) N.V.Vlassova; Acta Biol. Sibir. 5(2): 26 (2019)
= Asparagus glycycarpus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 61 (1850)
= Asparagus officinalis var. gracilis Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 2: 43 (1841)
= Asparagus tuberculatus Bunge ex Iljin; Fl. URSS 4: 433, 747 (1935)
species :
Asparagus declinatus L.; Sp. Pl. 313 (1753)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.); Madagascar [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I]); Mexico [I]
27 NAM SAF 29 mdg 50 aus 79 mex
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis decumbens (Jacq.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 77 (1850)
= Asparagus comorensis Anon.; Wiener Ill. Gart.-Zeitung 13: 158 (1888)
= Asparagus crispus Lam.; Encycl. 1: 295 (1783)
= Asparagus decumbens Jacq.; Hort. Schoenb. 1: 51 (1797)
= Asparagus flexuosus Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
= Asparagus mauritianus Lam. ex Desf.; Tabl. École Bot.: 20 (1804)
= Asparagus sinensis Nois. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 607 (1875)
= Myrsiphyllum declinatum (L.) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 86 (1984)
species :
Asparagus deflexus Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 1: 254 (1878)
Distribution: NW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Asparagus deltae Blatt.; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 6: 70 (1927)
Distribution: Pakistan (Sind)
40 PAK
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop; Bothalia 9: 65 (1966)
Name: Zier-Spargel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); S-Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; St. Helena [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; China [I]; India [I] (Gujarat [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Australia [I] (E-Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Niue [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Raiatea [I], Bora Bora [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Tinian [I]); Guam [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], West Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Colombia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 21 mdr 26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ 28 sth 29 mau reu rod 36 chi 40 ban ind 50 aus lhi 60 nue rot 61 sci 62 gum mrn mrs 63 haw 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon nic 82 clm 85 arg uru
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis densiflora Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 96 (1850)
= Asparagus myriocladus Baker; J. Bot. 27: 43 (1889)
= Asparagus sarmentosus var. comatus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 625 (1875)
= Asparagus sarmentosus var. densiflorus (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 625 (1875)
= Asparagus sprengeri Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 11: 302 (1890)
= Protasparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
species :
Asparagus denudatus (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 606 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. denudatus
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis denudata Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 82 (1850)
= Asparagus denudatus var. fragilis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 606 (1875)
= Asparagus fragilis Burch. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 606 (1875), pro syn.
= Asparagus namaensis Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4(App. 3): 44 (1896)
= Protasparagus denudatus (Kunth) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 243 (1983)
subspecies :
subsp. nudicaulis (Baker) Sebsebe; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Asparag. 10 (2006)
Distribution: S-Kenya; N-Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus nudicaulis Baker; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 428 (1898)
species :
Asparagus devenishii (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus devenishii Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 41 (1992)
species :
Asparagus divaricatus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: SE-Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus divaricatus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 67 (1992)
species :
Asparagus drepanophyllus Welw. ex.Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 1: 254 (1878)
Distribution: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola
23 CAF CMN CON EQG ZAI 26 ANG
species :
Asparagus duchesnei L.Linden; Semaine Hort. 4: 471 (1900), et Cat. Ill. Pl. Nouv. Congo [Brazzaville]: 7 (1901)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: known only from old collections
species :
Asparagus dumosus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 609 (1875)
Distribution: Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran); Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan); India (Gujarat)
34 IRN 40 IND PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus dumosus (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus edulis (Oberm.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 61 (1995)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus edulis Oberm.; Flora of Southern Africa, 5(3) 41 (1992)
= Asparagus edulis (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995), isonym
species :
Asparagus elephantinus S.M.Burrows; Bothalia 38(1): 23 (2008)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Asparagus equisetoides Welw. ex Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 253 (1878)
Distribution: NW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Asparagus exsertus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 206 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus exsertus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 29 (1992)
species :
Asparagus exuvialis Burch.; Trav. 1: 432 (1822)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus hereroensis Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: App. III. 43 (1896)
= Protasparagus exuvialis (Burch.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
form :
f. ecklonii (Baker) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus ecklonii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 615 (1875)
= Protasparagus exuvialis f. ecklonii (Baker) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 43 (1992)
species :
Asparagus falcatus L.; Sp. Pl. 313 (1753)
Name: Sicheldorn-Spargel (DE)
Distribution: Rwanda; ?Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zanzibar; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Comores; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen (W-Yemen); Sri Lanka [I]; Java [I]; Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Martinique [I]
23 RWA 24 SOM 25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 COM 35 SAU UAE YEM 40 srl 42 jaw 79 mex 80 hon 81 mar
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus falcatus (L.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(2): 270 (1996), isonym
= Protasparagus falcatus (L.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus fallax Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar. 1: 4 (1960)
Name: Täuschender Spargel (D); Esparraguera de monteverde (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Gomera)
21 CNY
species :
Asparagus fasciculatus Thunb.; Fl. Cap. 2: 329 (1762)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.); Madagascar [I]
27 NAM SAF 29 mdg
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis consanguinea Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 76 (1850)
= Asparagus asiaticus var. pauciflorus Scott Elliot; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29: 60 (1890)
= Asparagus confusus Scott Elliot ex H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 25 (1935). in syn.
= Asparagus consanguineus (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 615 (1875)
= Asparagus falcatus var. fasciculatus (Thunb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 315 (1898)
= Asparagus neofasciculatus Idrees; Plants [Basel] 12(13)-2537: 7 (2023), nom. nov.
= Myrsiphyllum fasciculatum (Thunb.) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 87 (1984)
species :
Asparagus faulkneri Sebsebe; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Asparag. 17 -(7)) (2006)
Distribution: S-Kenya; E-Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
species :
Asparagus ferganensis Vved.; Fl. Uzbekist., ed. Schreder 1: 492, 544 (1941)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus monoclados Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 9: 247 (1946)
species :
Asparagus filicinus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 49 (1825)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; India (Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan); Thailand
36 CHI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 MYA THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus filicinus var. brevifolius Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 605 (1875)
= Asparagus filicinus var. brevipes Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 605 (1875)
= Asparagus filicinus var. giraldii C.H.Wright; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 44: 122 (1908)
= Asparagus filicinus var. megaphyllus F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 290 (1937)
= Asparagus filicinus var. microclada Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 315 (1892)
= Asparagus qinghaiensis Y.Wan; Guihaia 11(4): 289, f. 1 (1991)
= Protasparagus filicinus (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15: 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Protasparagus filicinus var. brevifolius (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Protasparagus filicinus var. brevipes (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Protasparagus filicinus var. microclada (Hook.f.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus filicladus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus filicladus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 51 (1992)
species :
Asparagus filifolius Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 20 (1842)
Distribution: Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus chesneyi Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 603 (1875)
= Asparagus euphraticus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 73 (1850)
species :
Asparagus flagellaris (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 614 (1875)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Saudi Arabia (Asir)
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 CAF CMN EQG RWA ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis flagellaris Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 103 (1850)
= Asparagus abyssinicus Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 319 (1850)
= Asparagus africanus var. abyssinicus (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Fiori; Boschi Piante Legnose dell´Eritrea: 106 (1910)
= Asparagus pauli-guilelmi Solms; Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 203 (1867)
= Asparagus pauli-guilelmi var. daltonii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 613 (1875)
= Asparagus pauli-guilelmi var. katangensis De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 40: 33 (1901)
= Asparagus schweinfurthii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 616 (1875)
= Asparagus somalensis Chiov.; Result. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli Somal. Ital. 1: 170 (1916)
species :
Asparagus flavicaulis (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. flavicaulis
Distribution: E-Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga)
26 ZIM 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus flavicaulis Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 29 (1992)
subspecies :
subsp. setulosus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus flavicaulis subsp. setulosus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 30 (1992)
species :
Asparagus fouriei (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus fouriei Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 62 (1992)
species :
Asparagus fractiflexus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus fractiflexus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 40 (1992)
species :
Asparagus fysonii MacBride; Contr. Gray Herb. (N. S.) 56: 17 (1918)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus asiaticus Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: t. 2055 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus subulatus Steud. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 614 (1875) non Thunb., 1794
= Protasparagus fysonii (J.F.Macbr.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 1991 (1992)
species :
Asparagus gharoensis Blatt.; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 6: 70 (1927)
Distribution: Pakistan (Sind)
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus gharoensis (Blatt.) Kamble; Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(2): 269 (1996)
species :
Asparagus glaucus Kies; Bothalia 6: 229 (1951)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus glaucus (Kies) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus gobicus Ivan. ex Grubov; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Acad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 17: 9 (1955)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi); Mongolia
36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus angulofractus var. scabridus Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 13(6): 434 (1937)
species :
Asparagus gonocladus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 627 (1875)
Distribution: Pakistan [I] (Sind [I]); S-India (Goa, Maharashtra); Sri Lanka
40 IND pak SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus gonoclados (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus graniticus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus graniticus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 42 (1992)
species :
Asparagus greveanus H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 22. (1935)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asparagus griffithii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 604 (1875)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan); Pakistan (Gilgit); India (Himachal Pradesh)
34 AFG IRN 40 IND PAK
species :
Asparagus gypsaceus Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 9: 246 (1946)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Asparagus hajrae Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(3): 688 (1996)
Distribution: NE-India (Meghalaya)
40 IND
species :
Asparagus hirsutus S.M.Burrows; Bothalia 38(1): 25 (2008)
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Asparagus homblei De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 292 (1913)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: only known from type collected in 1912
species :
Asparagus horridus L.; Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 274 (1774)
Name: Stechender Spargel (DE); Grey Asparagus (EN); Esparrago borriquero (ES)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Greece (Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura); East Aegaean Isl. (Dodecanese, Nisyros, Symi, Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir)
12 BAL SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN 35 SAU
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus aphyllus subsp. stipularis (Forssk.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 230 (1890)
= Asparagus aphyllus var. stipularis (Forssk.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 600 (1875)
= Asparagus horridus L.f.; Suppl. 203 (1782), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus stipularis Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. 72 (1775)
= Asparagus stipularis var. brachyclados Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 338 (1884)
= Asparagus stipularis var. horridus Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 220 (1958)
= Asparagus stipularis var. tenuispinus Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cypr.: 52 (1914)
species :
Asparagus humilis Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 154 (1910)
Distribution: SE-Kenya; E-Tanzania; Mozambique
25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus humilis (Engl.) B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 44(1): 181 (1989)
species :
Asparagus inderiensis Blume ex Ledeb.; Fl. Alt. 2: 44 (1830)
Distribution: SE-European Russia; Crimea; Kazakhstan
14 KRY RUS 32 KAZ
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus kasakstanicus Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 747 (1935)
species :
Asparagus intricatus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga?, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus intricatus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 65 (1992)
species :
Asparagus juniperoides Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 3 (1889)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Myrsiphyllum juniperoides (Engl.) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 84 (1984)
species :
Asparagus kaessneri De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 293 (1913)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: only known from type collected in 1908
species :
Asparagus kansuensis F.T.Wang & Tang ex S.C.Chen; Novon 21(1): 69 (-70) (2011)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus kansuensis F.T.Wang & Tang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 94 (1978)
species :
Asparagus karthikeyanii (Kamble) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5A: 166 (2009)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus karthikeyanii Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 19(3): 735 (1995 publ. 1996)
species :
Asparagus katangensis De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 40: 32 (1901)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: only known from type collected in 1899
species :
Asparagus khorasanensis Hamdi & Assadi; Feddes Repert. 120(7-8): 421 (419 - 425, figs) (2009)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Asparagus kiusianus Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 21: 161 (1907)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Asparagus kraussianus (Kunth) J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. n. s. 56: 17 (1918)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus krausii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 628 (1875), nom. superfl.
= Myrsiphyllum gramineum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 108 (1850)
= Myrsiphyllum kraussianum Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 107 (1850)
species :
Asparagus krebsianus (Kunth) Jessop; Bothalia 9: 73 (1966)
Distribution: Malawi; Mozambique; South Africa (Gauteng, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 MLW MOZ 27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis krebsiana Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 93 (1850)
= Protasparagus krebsianus (Kunth) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus laevissimus Steud. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 623 (1875)
Distribution: India (Goa, Maharashtra)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus laevissimus (Steud.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus laricinus Burch.; Trav. 1: 537 (1822)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; SW-Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus angolensis Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 254 (1878)
= Asparagus laricinus var. katangensis De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 40: 33 (1901)
= Protasparagus laricinus (Burch.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus ledebourii Miscz.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, Ann. 12: 30(1916)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
32 KAZ 33 AZE NCS
species :
Asparagus leptocladodius Chiov.; Atti R. Accad. Ital., Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. etc. 11 (Pl. Nov. Aethiop.) 58 (1940)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Kenya
24 DJI ETH SOM 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus gillettii Chiov. ex J.Gillet; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1941: 183 (1941)
= Asparagus racemosus var. ruspolii Engl.; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 9: 245 (1902)
species :
Asparagus lignosus Burm.f.; Fl. Cap. Prod. 10 (1768)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus africanus var. wrightii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 619 (1875)
= Asparagus compactus T.M.Salter; J. S. African Bot. 6: 165 (1940)
= Asparagus compactus var. nanus Pynaert; Nursery Cat. (Éd. Pynaert - Van Geert) 1893-1894: 6 (1893)
= Protasparagus compactus (T.M.Salter) Oberm.; S. African J. Bot. 2: 243 (1983)
= Protasparagus lignosus (Burm.f.) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 37 (1992)
= Protasparagus lignosus (Burm.f.) Oberm. ex Wijnands; Bothalia 21(2): 157 (1991)
species :
Asparagus longicladus N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1921: 298 (1921)
Distribution: Zambia; S-Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana
26 MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus longicladus (N.E.Br.) B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 44(1): 181 (1989)
species :
Asparagus longiflorus Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 7: 110 (1884)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus longipes Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1901: 134 (1901)
Distribution: +Cameroon
23 CMN
Conservation Status: known only from old material
species :
Asparagus lycaonicus P.H.Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 48 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Asparagus lycicus P.H.Davis; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 49 (1983)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus brevifolius Boiss. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 602 (1875), nom. illeg.
species :
Asparagus lycopodineus (Baker) F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 291 (1937)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh); Myanmar
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus filicinus var. lycopodineus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11(80): 605 (1875)
= Asparagus lycopodineus var. sessilis F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 291 (1937)
= Protasparagus filicinus var. lycopodineus (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 708 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus lynetteae (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus lynetteae Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 47 (1992)
species :
Asparagus macowanii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 609 (1875)
Distribution: S-Mozambique; South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ 27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus macowanii var. zuluensis (N.E.Br.) Jessop; Bothalia 9: 58 (1966)
= Asparagus zuluensis N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1912: 283 (1912)
= Protasparagus macowanii (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus macrorrhizus Pedrol, J.J.Regalado & López Encina; Fl. Iber. 20: 589 (2013)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Murcia)
12 SPA
species :
Asparagus madecassus H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 24 (1935)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
variant :
var. montanus H.Perrier; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 25 (1935)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asparagus mahafalensis H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 29 (1935)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asparagus mairei H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7(152-156): 339 (1909)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus mariae (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus mariae Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 24 (1992)
species :
Asparagus maritimus (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 2 (1768)
Distribution: France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; ?Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania; ?Bulgaria; Greece (rare NE- & C-Greece); Ukraine; Crimea
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA MNT SLV 14 KRY UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus amarus DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 81 (1813)
= Asparagus levinae Klokov; J. Agric. Bot., Charkov 1: Pt. 3, 171 (1927)
= Asparagus marinus Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 10: t. 520 (1848), orth. var.
= Asparagus officinalis var. grandiflorus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 118 (1830)
= Asparagus officinalis var. maritimus L.; Sp. Pl.: 313 (1753)
= Asparagus scaber Brign.; Fasc. Rar. Pl.: 22 (1810)
= Asparagus tauscheri Fisch. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Alt. ii 44 (1830)
species :
Asparagus meioclados H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8(160-162): 59 (1910)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus vaniotii H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 164 (1916)
= Asparagus yunnanensis H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 164 (1916)
species :
Asparagus merkeri K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 238 (1921)
Distribution: +Tanzania
25 TAN
Conservation Status: only known from type collected in 1904
species :
Asparagus microraphis (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 612 (1875)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis microrhaphis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 83 (1850)
= Protasparagus microraphis (Kunth) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus migeodii Sebsebe; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Asparag. 9 (2006)
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
species :
Asparagus minutiflorus (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 616 (1875)
Distribution: Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis minutiflora Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 89 (1850)
= Protasparagus minutiflorus (Kunth) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus mollis (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 207 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.?)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus mollis Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 32 (1992)
species :
Asparagus monophyllus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 604 (1875)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Herat, Kabul); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Asparagus mozambicus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 72 (1850)
Distribution: +Mozambique
26 MOZ
Remarks: status uncertain, known only from old material
species :
Asparagus mucronatus Jessop; Bothalia 9: 56 (1966)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus mucronatus (Jessop) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 38 (1992)
species :
Asparagus multiflorus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 610 (1875)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus multiflorus (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus multituberosus R.A.Dyer; Bothalia 6: 442 (1954)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Myrsiphyllum multituberosum (R.A.Dyer) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 77 (1984)
species :
Asparagus munitus F.T.Wang & S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 91-92 (1978)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus myriacanthus F.T.Wang & S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 92 (1978)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Asparagus natalensis (Baker) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 61 (1995)
Distribution: Rwanda; S-Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 RWA 24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus aethiopicus var. natalensis Baker; Harv. et al. (eds.): Fl. Cap. 6: 272 (1896)
= Asparagus aethiopicus var. ternifolius Baker; Refug. Bot. 4: t. 261 (1871)
= Asparagus africanus var. pubescens Chiov.; Webbia 8: 9 (1951)
= Asparagus falcatus var. ternifolius (Baker) Jessop; Bothalia 9: 70 (1966)
= Asparagus natalensis (Baker) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995), isonym
= Protasparagus natalensis (Baker) Oberm.; S. African J. Bot. 2: 244 (1983), without basionym ref., et Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 56 (1992)
species :
Asparagus neglectus Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 750 (1841)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Faryab, Kunar / Nuristan, Takhar); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram, Baluchistan); India (Himachal Pradesh)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus flexuosus (Ledeb.) Krylov; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 9, 1 (1928)
= Asparagus misczenkoi Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 431, 746 (1935)
= Asparagus neglectus var. dentatus N.V.Vlassova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 65(4): 578 (1980)
= Asparagus officinalis var. decorticatus Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 2: 43 (1841)
= Asparagus officinalis var. flexuosus Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 2: 44 (1841)
= Asparagus trichophyllus var. decorticatus (Ledeb.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 269 (1869)
= Asparagus trichophyllus var. flexuosus (Ledeb.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 270 (1869)
species :
Asparagus nelsii Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: App. III. 44 (1896)
Distribution: ?S-Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., N-Cape Prov.)
26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus nelsii (Schinz) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus nesiotes Svent.; Ind. Sem., Agron. Investig. Nat. Hispan. Inst., 56 (1968 publ. 1969)
subspecies :
subsp. nesiotes
Distribution: Islas Selvagens
21 SEL
subspecies :
subsp. purpuriensis Marrero Rodr. & A.Ramos; Bot. Macaronésica 18: 20 (1989)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote)
21 CNY
species :
Asparagus nodulosus (Oberm.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 61 (1995)
Distribution: S-Angola; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov.)
26 ANG ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus nodulosus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995), isonym
= Protasparagus nodulosus Oberm.; Flora of Southern Africa 5(3): 59 (1992)
species :
Asparagus officinalis L.; Sp. Pl. 313 (1753)
Name: Gemüse-Spargel (DE), Garden asparagus (EN); Esparrago (ES); Asperge (FR)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway [I]; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino [I]; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (N- & C-Greece, Ionian Isl., Korfu); European Turkey; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria; Tunisia; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Gardabani); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NW-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan (Laghman, Kabul); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Xinjiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; N-Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Laos [I]; Philippines [c]; Java [I]; Solomon Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Tuvalu [c]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Guam [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Labrador [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; Saba [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Grenada [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
10 DEN fin GRB IRE nor SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA por SAR spa 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV sma SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG mor TUN 29 mau reu 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN LEB SYR TUR 35 YEM 36 CHI 38 jap kor 40 ban bhu nep pak 41 lao mya 42 jaw phi 43 sol 50 aus 51 nzl 60 tuv 61 sci 62 gum 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos hon nic 81 cub gdl gre his pue sab stm 82 clm 83 bol ecu 85 arg uru
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus altilis (L.) Asch.; Fl. Brandenburg 1: 730 (1864)
= Asparagus altilis subsp. oxycarpus (Steven) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 230 (1890)
= Asparagus altilis subsp. polyphyllus (Steven ex Ledeb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 230 (1890)
= Asparagus caspicus Hohen.; Enum. Pl. Talysch. 24 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus caspius Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 322 (1829)
= Asparagus collinus Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 355 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus esculentus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 252 (1796)
= Asparagus fiori Sennen; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Barcelona, ser. 3, 20(14): 9 (1928)
= Asparagus hedecarpus Andrews ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 599 (1875)
= Asparagus hortensis Mill. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 598 (1875)
= Asparagus litoralis Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30(II): 92 (1857)
= Asparagus officinalis f. intermedius Zapal.; 96 (1906)
= Asparagus officinalis subsp. altilis (L.) Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 449 (1950)
= Asparagus officinalis subsp. litoralis (Steven) Shiyan; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 77(3): 130 (2020)
= Asparagus officinalis subsp. polyphyllus (Steven ex Ledeb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 716 (1882)
= Asparagus officinalis var. altilis L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 313 (1753), nom. inval.
= Asparagus officinalis var. campestris Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France 3: 231 (1856)
= Asparagus officinalis var. collinus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 716 (1882)
= Asparagus officinalis var. littoralis Sennen ex O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paí¯sos Catalans 4: 132 (2001)
= Asparagus officinalis var. oxycarpus (Steven) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 299 (1890)
= Asparagus officinalis var. pallidus Alef.; Landw. Fl. 295 (1866)
= Asparagus officinalis var. ruficeps Alef.; Landw. Fl. 295 (1866)
= Asparagus officinalis var. sativus (Mill.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 186 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Asparagus officinalis var. sativus Dierb.; 12 (1826)
= Asparagus officinalis var. silvestris Alef.; Landw. Fl. 295 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus officinalis var. strictus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 335 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus officinalis var. strictus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 118 (1830), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus officinalis var. viridis Alef.; Landw. Fl. 295 (1866)
= Asparagus oxycarpus Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30(II): 92 (1857)
= Asparagus paragus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 197 (1852)
= Asparagus polyphyllus Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30: 343 (1857)
= Asparagus polyphyllus Steven ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 198 (1852)
= Asparagus sativus Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. Add. (1768)
= Asparagus scaber var. litoralis (Steven) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 716 (1882)
= Asparagus setiformis Krylov; Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 9, 2 (1928)
= Asparagus setiformis var. tenuior Krylov; Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 9: 2 (1928)
= Asparagus tenuifolius Gilib.; Excerc. Phyt. 2: 459 (1792), nom. illeg., non Lam.
= Asparagus trichophyllus var. medius Bong. & C.A.Mey.; Verz. Saisang-Nor Pfl.: 74 (1841)
= Asparagus vulgaris Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 197 (1852)
species :
Asparagus oligoclonos Maxim.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 9: 286 (1859)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Shandong); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Kyushu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus oligoclonos var. purpurascens X.J.Xue & H.Yao; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 14(3): 242, f. 2 (1994)
= Asparagus stachyphyllus H.Lév. & Vaniot; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 282 (1908)
= Asparagus tamaboki Yatabe; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 7: 61 (1893)
species :
Asparagus oliveri (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995)
Distribution: Botswana; South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus oliveri Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 30 (1992)
species :
Asparagus ovatus T.M.Salter; J. S. African Bot. 6: 166 (1940)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Myrsiphyllum ovatum (T.M.Salter) Oberm.; Bothalia 15: 79 (1984)
species :
Asparagus oxyacanthus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 625 (1875)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus oxyacanthus (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus pachyrrhizus N.A.Ivanova ex N.V.Vlassova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 65(4): 577 (1980)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Asparagus palaestinus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 602 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon; Syria; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus lownei Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 601 (1875)
species :
Asparagus pastorianus Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 329. t. 229 (1846)
Name: Hirten-Spargel (DE); Esparraguera espina blanca (ES)
Distribution: SW-Morocco; Western Sahara; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera)
20 MOR WSA 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis alba var. pastoriana (Webb & Berthel.) Ball; Spic. Moroc.: 696 (1878)
= Asparagus pastorianus f. longifolius G.Kunkel; Vieraea 8(2): 339 (1978 publ. 1980)
species :
Asparagus pearsonii Kies; Bothalia 6: 179 (1951)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus pearsonii (Kies) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus pendulus (Oberm.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 61 (1995)
Distribution: Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Namibia (Caprivi Strip); Botswana
26 MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus pendulus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995), isonym
= Protasparagus pendulus Oberm.; Flora of Southern Africa 5(3): 32 (1992)
species :
Asparagus penicillatus H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 49: 134, f. 1 right (1974)
Distribution: Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus penicillatus (H.Hara) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(2): 269 (1996)
species :
Asparagus persicus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. London Bot. 14: 603 (1875)
Distribution: Romania; SE-European Russia (Volga delta); Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); W-Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Central Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Farah, Parwan, Takhar, Zabul); China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang); Mongolia
13 ROM 14 KRY RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus leptophyllus Schischk.; Ber. Tomsk. Staats Univ. 81: 434 (1928)
= Asparagus oligophyllus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 604 (1875)
= Asparagus pallasii Miscz.; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, Ann. 12: 27 (1916)
species :
Asparagus petersianus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 72 (1850)
Distribution: Tanzania; Mozambique
25 TAN 26 MOZ
species :
Asparagus plocamoides Webb ex Svent.; Ind. Sem., Agron. Investig. Nat. Hispan. Inst., 43 (1968 publ. 1969)
Name: Esparragon colgante (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus plocamoides Webb ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 150 (1840), nom. nud
= Asparagus scoparius var. plocamoides Bolle ex Pit. & Proust; Iles Canaries: 356 (1908), nom. nud.
species :
Asparagus plumosus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 613 (1875)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Greece [I]; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Comores [I]; Mauritius [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I]); Myanmar [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], South Australia [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Tonga [I] (´Eua [I], Lifuka [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Mexico [I]; Belize [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Ecuador [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 13 grc 27 SAF 29 com mau 38 oga 41 mya 42 jaw phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 60 fij nue ton 63 haw 79 mex 80 blz cos els hon 83 ecu 85 arg uru
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus plumosus (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
= Asparagus tenuissimus Van Geert; Nursery Cat. (Auguste Van Geert) 83: 4 (1882)
= Asparagus plumosus var. tenuissimus (Van Geert) L.H.Bailey; Cycl. Amer. Hort. 106 (1906)
species :
Asparagus poissonii H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 21 (1935)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asparagus prostratus Dumort.; Fl. Belg. 138 (1827)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Belgium; Spain; France; Channel Isl.
10 DEN GRB IRE 11 BGM 12 CIS FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus altilis subsp. prostratus (Dumort.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 230 (1890)
= Asparagus officinalis subsp. prostratus (Dumort.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normand. 568 (1894)
= Asparagus officinalis var. prostratus (Dumort.) Hegi; 262 (1909), isonym
= Asparagus officinalis var. prostratus (Dumort.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 716 (1882)
species :
Asparagus przewalskyi N.A.Ivanova ex Grubov & T.V.Egorova; Rast. Centr. Azii, Mater. Bot. Inst. Kom. 7: 81 (1977)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus borealis S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(4): 502 (1981)
= Asparagus dolichorhizomatus J.M.Ni & R.N.Zhao; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 31(4): 378-380, f. 1 (1993)
species :
Asparagus pseudoscaber Grecescu; Consp. Fl. Roman. 556 (1898)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Romania; Ukraine
13 BIH ROM SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
species :
Asparagus psilurus Welw. ex Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 1: 253 (1878)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus bechuanicus Baker; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 429 (1898)
= Protasparagus bechuanicus (Baker) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 33 (1992)
species :
Asparagus punjabensis J.L.Stewart; Punjab Pl.: 233 (1869)
Distribution: India (Punjab)
40 IND
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Asparagus racemosus Willd.; Sp. Pl. 2: 152 (1799)
Distribution: Guinea-Bissau; ?Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Equatorial Guinea; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Mauritius [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran); Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (W-Yemen); S-Tibet; Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, NW-Pakistan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Magway, Mandalay); Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Langkawi Isl.); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor); Moluccas (Tanimbar); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland); Jamaica [I]; Trinidad [I]
22 GHA GNB IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 CAF EQG RWA 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MOZ 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 mau MDG rod 34 IRN 35 OMA YEM 36 TIB 40 BAN BHU IND LDV MDV NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL 50 AUS 81 jam trt
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagopsis
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis abyssinica Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 101 (1850)
= Asparagopsis acerosa Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 102 (1850)
= Asparagopsis brownei Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 103 (1850)
= Asparagopsis decaisnei Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 103 (1850)
= Asparagopsis floribunda Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 98 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Asparagopsis hohenackeri Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 100 (1850)
= Asparagopsis javanica Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 100 (1850)
= Asparagopsis retrofracta Schweinf. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 623 (1875)
= Asparagopsis sarmentosa Dalzell & A.Gibson; Bombay Fl.: 246 (1861), nom. illeg.
= Asparagopsis subquadrangularis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 94 (1850)
= Asparagus acerosus Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. 1832. 2: 150 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus dubius Decne.; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Par. 3: 363 (1834)
= Asparagus fasciculatus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 281 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus jacquemontii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 615 (1875)
= Asparagus penduliflorus Zipp. ex Span.; Linnaea 15: 476 (1841)
= Asparagus petitianus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 320 (1850)
= Asparagus racemosus var. javanicus (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 624 (1875)
= Asparagus racemosus var. longicladodius Chiov.; Malpighia 34: 530 (1937)
= Asparagus racemosus var. subacerosus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. Bot. 14: 624 (1875)
= Asparagus racemosus var. tetragonus (Bresler) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 624 (1875)
= Asparagus racemosus var. zeylanicus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 623 (1875)
= Asparagus saundersiae Baker; J. Bot. 27: 42 (1889)
= Asparagus stachyoides Spreng. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 624 (1875)
= Asparagus tetragonus Bresler; Gen. Aspar.: 15 (1826)
= Asparagus zeylanicus (Baker) Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 317 (1892)
= Geitonoplesium scandens Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 31 (1844)
= Protasparagus acerosus (Kunth) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15: 707 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Protasparagus jacquemontii (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 1991 (1992)
= Protasparagus racemosus (Willd.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
= Protasparagus racemosus var. javanicus (Kunth) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Protasparagus racemosus var. subacerosus (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 (1991 publ. 1992)
= Protasparagus zeylanicus (Hook.f.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20: 269 (1996)
species :
Asparagus radiatus Sebsebe; Kew Bull. 63(2): 275 (2008)
Distribution: S-Mozambique; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 SWZ
species :
Asparagus ramosissimus Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 2: 6 (1874)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 LES SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus scandens var. deflexus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 622 (1875)
= Myrsiphyllum ramosissimum (Baker) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 87 (1984)
species :
Asparagus recurvispinus (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus recurvispinus Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 19 (1992)
species :
Asparagus retrofractus L.; Sp. Pl. 313 (1753)
Distribution: Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov., N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I])
27 BOT NAM SAF 61 coo
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis retrofracta (L.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 88 (1850)
= Asparagus africanus var. microphyllus Baker; Harv. et al. (eds.): Fl. Cap. 6: 266 (1896)
= Asparagus declinatus Sieber ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 621 (1875), nom. inval.
= Asparagus microphyllus (Baker) Kies; Bothalia 6: 178 (1951)
= Protasparagus retrofractus (L.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus richardsiae Sebsebe; Kew Bull. 63(2): 271 (2008)
Distribution: Zambia
26 ZAM
species :
Asparagus rigidus Jessop; Bothalia 9: 64 (1966)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus rigidus (Jessop) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus ritschardii De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 3, 98 (1930)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Asparagus rogersii R.E.Fr.; Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod. Kongo-Exped. 1911-12 1: 230 (1916)
Distribution: W-Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia
25 KEN TAN 26 ZAM
species :
Asparagus rottleri Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 611 (1875)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus floribundus Rottler ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 611 (1875)
= Asparagus floribundus Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 393 (1840), nom. inval.
= Asparagus verticillatus subsp. floribundus (Baker) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 230 (1890)
= Asparagus verticillatus var. floribundus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 601 (1875)
= Protasparagus rottleri (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 15(3): 709 (1991 publ. 1992)
species :
Asparagus rubicundus P.J.Bergius; Desc. Pl. Cap. 88 (1767)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov.?, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis dregei Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 84 (1850)
= Asparagopsis niveniana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 88 (1850)
= Asparagopsis thunbergii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 85 (1850)
= Asparagus nitidus J.R.Forst. ex Baker; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 6: 263 (1896)
= Asparagus nivenianus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 331 (1829)
= Asparagus thunbergianus Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 333 (1829)
= Protasparagus rubicundus (P.J.Bergius) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus rubricaulis (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 616 (1875)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis rubricaulis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 87 (1850)
= Protasparagus rubricaulis (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(2): 270 (1996)
species :
Asparagus sapinii De Wild.; Compagnie du Kasai, 267 (1910)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: only known from type collected in 1907
species :
Asparagus sarmentosus L.; Sp. Pl. 314 (1753)
Distribution: India; Bangladesh
40 BAN IND
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis sarmentosa (L.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 97 (1850)
= Asparagus sarmentosus var. kunthii Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 625 (1875)
= Protasparagus sarmentosus (L.) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(2): 270 (1996)
species :
Asparagus scaberulus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 320 (1850)
Distribution: NE-Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus asiaticus var. scaberulus (A.Rich.) Engl.; Hochgebirgsfl. Afrika: 169 (1892)
species :
Asparagus scandens Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.?); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Niue [I]
27 SAF 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nue
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis scandens (Thunb.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 78 (1850)
= Asparagus pectinatus Redouté; Liliac. 7: t. 407 (1813)
= Myrsiphyllum scandens (Thunb.) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 86 (1984)
species :
Asparagus schoberioides Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 70 (1850)
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus micranthus Siebold & Zucc. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 604 (1875)
= Asparagus parviflorus Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 130 (1854), et Fl. Baic.-Dahur 2: 226 (1856)
= Asparagus rigidulus Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 27: 213 (1913)
= Asparagus schoberioides var. subsetaceus Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 7: 112 (1884)
= Asparagus sessiliflorus Oett.; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 6: 83 (1905)
= Asparagus sieboldii Maxim.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 9: 287 (1859)
= Asparagus wrightii A.Gray; Mem. Amer. Acad. N. S. 6: 1858 (1859) 413
species :
Asparagus schroederi Engl.; Jahrb. 32: 97 (1902)
Distribution: Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; ?Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; Angola; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo)
22 BEN BKN GHA IVO NGA TOG 23 BUR ZAI 26 ANG 27 BOT NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus obermeyerae Jessop; Bothalia 9: 73 (1966)
= Asparagus striatus De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 293 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus wildemanii Weim.; Bot. Not. 1937: 446 (1937)
= Protasparagus schroederi (Engl.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus schumanianus Schltr. ex H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 23 (1935)
Distribution: S-Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus aymoninorum M.Pignal & Phillipson
species :
Asparagus scoparius Lowe; Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 4: 11 (1831)
Name: Besen-Spargel (DE); Esparragon raboburro (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl., Fuerteventura); Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); Argentina [I]
21 CNY CVI MDR SEL 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus exaltatus C.Sm. & Buch ex Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 326 (1846)
species :
Asparagus sekukuniensis (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo?, Mpulamanga?)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus sekukuniensis Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 63 (1992)
species :
Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop; Bothalia 9: 51 (1966)
Name: Common asparagus fern
Distribution: Morocco [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zanzibar; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Comores [I] (Mayotte [I]); Mauritius [I]; China [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Gujarat [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Tonga [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Raiatea [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I] (Takapoto Atoll [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I]); Mexico [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; St. Eustatius [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Argentina [I]
20 mor 21 cny mdr 23 ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES SAF SWZ 29 com mau 36 chi 38 nns 40 ban bhu ind 50 lhi 60 rot ton van 61 coo sci tua 62 gum mrn mrs 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos els hon 81 bah cub gdl his jam mar pue ste stk stl stm trt vir 82 clm 83 ecu 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis setacea Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 82 (1850)
= Asparagus asiaticus var. amharicus Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana, vii. Ricerche Bot. 1: 194 (1951)
= Asparagus lujae De Wild.; Pl. Nov. Hort. Then. t. 34 (1905)
= Asparagus zanzibaricus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 614 (1875)
= Protasparagus setaceus (Kunth) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus sichuanicus S.C.Chen & D.Q.Liu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(5): 418-419, pl. 2 (1984)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Asparagus simulans Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 609 (1875)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus madagascariensis Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 206 (1878)
= Asparagus rusciformis Brongn. ex H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 30 (1935), in syn.
= Asparagus ternatus Brongn. ex H.Perrier; Lecomte, Notul. Syst. 5: 30 (1935), in syn.
species :
Asparagus spinescens Steud.; Schult.f. Syst. 7: 334 (1829)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus spinescens (Steud. ex Roem. & Schult.) Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 27 (1992)
species :
Asparagus squarrosus J.A.Schmidt; Beitr. Fl. Cap. I. Verd. Ins. 165 (1852)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Santa Luzia Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Sal Isl., Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus vicentinus Welw. ex Cout.; Herb. Gorg. Cat. 1: 277 (1914)
species :
Asparagus stellatus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 612 (1875)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus stellatus (Baker) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983), et Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 61 (1992)
species :
Asparagus stipulaceus Lam.; Encycl. 1: 296 (1783)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis stipulacea (Lam.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 91 (1850)
= Asparagus densus Sol. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 616 (1875)
= Protasparagus stipulaceus (Lam.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus striatus (L.f.) Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 65 (1794)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus engleri K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 450 (1914)
= Asparagus erectus (L.f.) Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 65 (1794)
= Asparagus striatus var. dregei Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 622 (1875)
= Asparagus striatus var. linearifolius Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 622 (1875)
= Dracaena erecta L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 204 (1782)
= Dracaena striata L.f.; Suppl. 204 (1782)
= Myrsiphyllum erectum (L.f.) Schltdl. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 109 (1850)
= Myrsiphyllum striatum (L.f.) Schltdl. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 110 (1850)
= Protasparagus striatus (L.f.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus suaveolens Burch.; Trav. 1: 226 (1822)
Distribution: S-Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe; S-Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis spinescens Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 93 (1850)
= Asparagopsis suaveolens (Burch.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 617 (1875)
= Asparagopsis triacantha Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 91 (1850)
= Asparagopsis zeyheri Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 92 (1850)
= Asparagus intangibilis Dinter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 269 (1931)
= Asparagus omahekensis K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 447 (1914)
= Asparagus spinescens Steud. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7: 334 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus spinosissimus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 315 (1898)
= Asparagus stipulaceus var. spinescens (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 618 (1875)
= Asparagus triacanthus Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Syst. Veg. 7: 334 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Protasparagus suaveolens (Burch.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus subfalcatus De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert 1: 42 (1921)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: known only from old collections
species :
Asparagus subscandens F.T.Wang & S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 92-93 (1978)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus subulatus Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus subulatus (Thunb.) Oberm.; S. Afr. J. Bot. 2(3): 244 (1983)
species :
Asparagus sylvicola S.M.Burrows; Bothalia 38(1): 26 (2008)
Distribution: S-Mozambique; South Africa (Mpulamanga, Northern Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
species :
Asparagus taliensis F.T.Wang & Tang ex S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 91 (1978)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus tamariscinus N.A.Ivanova ex Grubov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 17: 10 (1955)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva); Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus tamariscinus var. issykkulensis N.V.Vlassova; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 65(4): 579 (1980)
species :
Asparagus tenuifolius Lam.; Encycl. Méth. Bot. 1: 294 (1783)
Distribution: Switzerland; Austria; France; ?Sardinia; Italy; ?Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; N-Greece; European Turkey; ?C-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus collinus Jan ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 14 (1858)
= Asparagus sylvaticus Waldst. & Kit.; Pl. Rar. Hung. 3: 223 (1812)
species :
Asparagus tibeticus F.T.Wang & S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(1): 93 (1978)
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 NEP
species :
Asparagus touranensis Hamdi & Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 19(1): 44 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Asparagus transvaalensis (Oberm.) Fellingham & N.L.Mey.; Bothalia 25(2): 208 (1995)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Protasparagus transvaalensis Oberm.; Fl. S. Afr. 5(3): 52 (1992)
species :
Asparagus trichoclados (F.T.Wang & Tang) F.T.Wang & C.Chen; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 15: 111, pl. 35: 4-5 (1978)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus meioclados var. trichoclados F.T.Wang & Tang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 290 (1937)
species :
Asparagus trichophyllus Bunge; Enum. Pl. China Bor. 65 (1831)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); China (Hebei, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi); Mongolia
34 IRN IRQ SYR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus maritimus Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 329 (1773), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus maritimus var. laevis Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 270 (1869)
= Asparagus purpurascens M.Bieb. ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 602 (1875)
= Asparagus verrucosus Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 69 (1923)
= Asparagus vulgaris var. maritimus Bong. & C.A.Mey.; Verz. Saisang-Nor Pfl.: 74 (1841)
species :
Asparagus turkestanicus Popov; B. Fedtsch. et alii, Fl. Turkm. 1: 312 (1932)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 TKM UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus popovii Iljin; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 430, 745 (1935)
species :
Asparagus uhligii K.Krause; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 238 (1921)
Distribution: +Tanzania
25 TAN
Conservation Status: known only from type collected in 1904
species :
Asparagus umbellatus Link; Buch, Beschr. Canar. Ins. 140 (1828)
subspecies :
subsp. umbellatus
Name: Dolden-Spargel (DE); Esparraguera comun (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis grandiflora (Willd. ex Webb & Berthel.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 80 (1850)
= Asparagopsis umbellata (Link) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 79 (1850)
= Asparagus dichotomus Brouss. ex Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 327 (1846)
= Asparagus grandiflorus Willd. ex Webb & Berthel.; Phyt. Canar. 3: 327 (1846)
= Asparagus scaber Lowe; Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 4: 11 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus umbellatus var. scaber Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 611 (1875)
variant :
var. flavescens Svent.; Addit. Fl. Canar.: 3 (1960)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
variant :
var. gomerae Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar. 25: 21 (1975)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gomera)
21 CNY
subspecies :
subsp. lowei (Kunth) Valdés; Lagascalia 9(1): 86 (1979)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis lowei (Kunth) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 611 (1875)
= Asparagus lowei Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 79 (1850)
species :
Asparagus umbellulatus Bresler; Diss. n. 24 (1826)
Distribution: Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Aldabra (Aldabra Isl., Asuncio Isl., Cosmoledo Isl., Astove Isl.); Seychelles
29 ALD MAU REU ROD SEY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagopsis umbellulata (Bresler) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 81 (1850)
species :
Asparagus undulatus (L.f.) Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 66 (1794)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus klinghardtianus Dinter; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 270 (1931)
= Asparagus undulatus var. rugosus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 629 (1875)
= Dracaena undulata L.f.; Suppl. 203 (1782)
= Myrsiphyllum undulatum (L.f.) Schltdl. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 109 (1850)
species :
Asparagus usambarensis Sebsebe; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Asparag. 19 -(4)) (2006)
Distribution: NE-Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Asparagus vaginellatus Bojer ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 612 (1875)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asparagus verticillatus L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 450 (1762)
Name: Wirtel-Spargel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; NE-Greece (Samothraki); E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Libya [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Samos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
11 ger 13 BUL GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 lby 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Asparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus buxbaumius Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 199 (1852)
= Asparagus scandens Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 199 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus tricarinatus K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 266 (1849)
= Asparagus verticillaris Lam.; Encycl. 1: 297 (1783)
species :
Asparagus virgatus Baker; Saund. Ref. Bot. t. 214 (1870)
Distribution: Tanzania; S-Angola; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; La Réunion [I]; Yemen; Java [I]; Australia [I] (SE-Queensland [I]); Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]
25 TAN 26 ANG MOZ ZIM 27 NAM SAF SWZ 29 reu 35 YEM 42 jaw 50 aus 81 trt 82 clm
Remarks: Subgen. Protasparagus
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus sylvaticus Burch. ex Baker; Refug. Bot. 3: t. 214 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Asparagus virgatus var. capillaris Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 606 (1875)
= Protasparagus virgatus (Baker) Kamble; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 20(2): 270 (1996), isonym
= Protasparagus virgatus (Baker) Oberm.; Fl. Australia 45: 494 (1987)
species :
Asparagus volubilis (L.f.) Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 66 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: Subgen. Myrsiphyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Dracaena volubilis L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 204 (1782)
= Myrsiphyllum volubile (Thunb.) Oberm.; Bothalia 15(1-2): 82 (1984)
species :
Asparagus vvedenskyi Botsch.; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 268 (1965)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Asparagus warneckei (Engl. ex Hutch.) Hutch.; Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 351, in clavi, 352 (1936); et in Kew Bull. 245, cum descr. (1939)
Distribution: Guinea; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; W-Cameroon; Gabon
22 BEN GHA GUI IVO TOG 23 CMN GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Asparagus drepanophyllus var. warneckei Engl.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 97 (1902)
species :
Asparagus yanbianensis S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 26(2): 139 (1988)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Asparagus yanyuanensis S.C.Chen; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 19(4): 501-502, f. 2, 3-5 (1981)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life