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V. 12.9
9.1.2022

036.0000 Family Aspleniaceae Newman; Hist. br. Ferns 6 (1840)
2(-6) genera, ca. 750 spp.
Species listed in database: 819; hybrids: 132
036.0001 Genus Asplenium L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1078 (1753)
Distribution: Worldwide. Inclusion of all formerly separate satellite genera fide Smith et al. (2006) and other recent authors. The separation of Hymenasplenium remains controversial.
Species listed in database: 756; hybrids: 129
= Acropteris Link, Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol. 55 (1833)
= Amesium Newman, Hist. br. Ferns ed. II: 10 (1844) (nom. superfl.)
= Antigramma C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 120 (1836)
= Arcasplenium T.Moore ms. ex Baker, Kew Bull. 145 (1901)
= Asplenidictyum (Hook.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 333 (1875)
= Asplenium nothosubgen.Asplenoceterach (D.E.Mey.) Rosselló, Muss, Salvo & N.Torres, Candollea 45(1): 80 (1990)
= Asplenium subgen.Ceterach (Willd.) Vida ex Bir, Fraser-Jenk. & Lovis, Fern Gaz. 13(1): 61 (1985)
= Asplenium subgen.Phyllitis (Hill) Jermy & Viane, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 109(3): 322 (1992)
= Asplenium subgen.Phyllitopsis (Reichst.) Jermy & Viane, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 109(3): 322 (1992)
= Biropteris Kümmerle, Mag. Bot. Lapok 19: 2, 1920 (1922)
= Caenopteris Berg, Acta Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. 6: 249 (1782)
= Camptosorus Link, Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol. 69 (1833)
= Ceterach Willd., (1804) (nom. cons., frequently considered to be a valid genus)
= Ceterachopsis (J.Sm.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10: 8 (1940)
= Ceterachopsis J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 317 (1875)
= Chamaefilix Hill, Brit. Herb. 526 (1756), ex Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268 (1931)
= Cheilosorum J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 317 (1875)
= Cryptostigma A.Braun ms. ex Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 80 (1856)
= Darea Juss., Gen. pl. 15 (1789)
= Dareastrum Fée, Gen. Fil. 190 (1850-52)
= Diellia Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 217 (1854)
= Diplora Baker, J. Bot. 235 (1873)
= Eremopodium Trevis., Atti Ist. Veneto V, 8: 589 (1877)
= Glossopteris Raf., Anal. Nat. Tabl. Univ. 205 (1815), Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 2: 268 (1818) (nom. superfl.)
= Glossopteris Raf., J. Phys. 89: 262 (1819)
= Hemionites J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 318 (1875)
= Hemionitidastrum Fée, Gen. Fil. 190 (1850-52)
= Holodictyum Maxon, Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 10: 481 (1908)
= Homatoneuron Klotzsch, Linn. 20: 354 (1847)
= Boniniella Hayata, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 709 (1927)
= Lobium Keyserl., Pol. Cyath. Hb. Bung. 15 (1873)
= Loxoscaphe (Blume) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 214 (1836)
= Loxoscaphe T.Moore, J. Bot. 5: 227 (1853)
= Macrophyllidium Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 216 (1914)
= Micrasplenium Keyserl., Pol. Cyath. Hb. Bung. 15 (1873)
= Micropodium Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 232 (1866) (non Saporta 1861)
= Neottopteridastrum Fée, Gen. Fil. 190 (1850-52)
= Nephrodium J.Sm., J. Bot. 3: 409 (1841)
= Notolepeum Newman, Hist. br. Ferns ed. II: 9 (1844)
= Onopteris Neck., Element. Bot. 3: 316 (1790)
= Parasplenium Keyserl., Pol. Cyath. Hb. Bung. 15 (1873)
= Phyllitis Hill, Brit. Herb. 525, t. 74 (1756)
= Pleurosorus Fée, Mém. Foug. 5 (Gen. Fil.):179 (1852)
= Schaffneria Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 56 (1857)
= Scolopendrium Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 20 (1763)
= Sinephropteris Mickel, Brittonia 28(3): 326 (1976)
= Stormesia J.Kickx fil., Fl. Crypt. Env. Louvain 8 (1835)
= Tarachia C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5, 6: 74 (1851)
= Thamnopteris (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5, 6: 68 (1851) (non Brongn. 1849, nom. superfl.)
= Trichomanes Bubani, Fl. Pyr. 4: 424 (1901)
= Triphlebia Baker, Malesia (Beccari) 3: 41 (1886)
= xAsplenoceterach D.E.Mey., Ber. dt. Bot. Ges. 70: 61 (1957)
= xAsplenophyllitis Alston, Proc. Linn. Soc. 152: 139 (1940)
= xAsplenosorus Wherry, Amer. Fern J. 27: 56 (1937) (nomen)
= xCeterophyllitis Pic.Serm., Webbia 34(1): 208 (1979)
= xPhyllitopsis Reichst., Bot. Helv. 91: 107 (1981)
species :
Asplenium abscissum Willd.; Sp. 6: 321 (1810)
Name: Cutleaf spleenwort
Distribution: USA (Florida); Virgin Isl.; Puerto Rico; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz); Colombia (Boyacá, Magdalena, Meta, Norte de Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Trujillo, Yaracuy); French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Canindeyu, San Pedro); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Rivera, Rocha, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Misiones, Salta); Trinidad; St. Eustatius; St. Kitts; Nevis; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Vincent; Grenada
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE STE STK STV TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium abscissum var. firmum (Kunze) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 462 (1904)
= Asplenium firmum Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 283 (1846)
= Asplenium laetum Schkuhr, Kr. Gew. 1: 65, t. 70 (1809) (non Sw. (1806))
= Asplenium platychlamys Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 48, t. 14, f. 3 (1857)
= Asplenium polymorphum M.Martens & Galeotti, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 16: 56, t. 15, f. 2 (1842)
= Tarachia polymorpha (M.Martens & Galeotti) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 260 (1851)
variant :
var. subaequilateralis Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 470 (1913)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia
83 BOL PER
species :
Asplenium abyssinicum Fée; Gen. 199 (1852)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; ?Liberia; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Malawi
23 BIO BUR CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cicutarium var. abyssinicum (Fée) Hook., Syn. Fil. 6: 220 (1867)
= Asplenium ducis-aprutii Pirotta, Ann. di Bot. 7. 173 (1908)
= Asplenium gracillimum Kuhn, Engl. Hochgebirgsfl. trop. Africa 103 (1892) (non Colenso (1890))
= Asplenium kuehnianum C.Chr., Ind. 117 (1905), nom. nov. for Asplenium gracillimum Kuhn (1892), non Colenso (1890)
species :
Asplenium achalense Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 22: 378 (1896)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba, San Luis Prov., Tucuman); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Asplenium acostae M.T.Murillo; Caldasia 13(63): 425 (1982)
Distribution: Colombia (Huila)
82 CLM
species :
Asplenium acrobryum Christ; Nova Guinea 8: 150 (1909)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram); Solomon Isl.
42 MOL NWG 43 SOL
species :
Asplenium actiniopteroides Peter; Fedde, Repert. Beih. 40: 79 (1929)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Rwanda; Kenya; Tanzania; Madagascar; Ethiopia
23 RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium majus (Hieron.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 37(1): 134 (1983)
= Asplenium goetzei var. major Hieron., Z. A. E. 2: 19, 21 (1910)
species :
Asplenium acuminatum Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 106 (1832)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); Society Isl. (Huahine); Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Makira, Rendova)
43 SOL 61 SCI 63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Tarachia acuminata C.Presl, (1851)
= Asplenium goldmannii Underw. ex W.J.Rob., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 40: 216 (1913)
= Asplenium polyphyllum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 108 (1836) (nomen), et ex Goldm. Nova Acta 19, Suppl. 1: 462 (1843) (non Bertero (1840))
= Tarachia polyphylla (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 83 (1851)
species :
Asplenium acutiusculum Blume; Enum. Fil. 178 (1828)
Distribution: Java; Sulawesi; Vietnam; peninsular Thailand; Myanmar; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore; Bangladesh (Sylhet, Chittagong); India (?Manipur, Meghalaya); Philippines; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Flores); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia)
29 CGS 40 BAN IND 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY NWG PHI SNG SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium anisodontum C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 73 (1851)
= Asplenium belangeri Bory, Belanger, Voy. Indes Or., Bot. 2(1): 47 (1833)
= Asplenium erectum Blume, Enum. Fil. 178 (1828)
= Asplenium flagelliferum Wall., Num. List no. 219 (1828)
= Asplenium longissimum Blume, Enum. Fil. 178 (1828)
= Asplenium sordidum Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 174 (1848)
= Darea appendiculata Blume, Enum. Fil. 206 (1828)
= Darea furcata Blume, Enum. Fil. 207 (1828)
species :
Asplenium adamsii Alston; Bol. Soc. Broter. ser. 2, 30: 7 (1956)
Distribution: Cameroon; Kenya; Tanzania; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CMN CON 25 KEN TAN
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1081 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. adiantum-nigrum
Name: Schwarzer Streifenfarn (DE), Black Spleenwort (EN), Culantrillo negro (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Wales; Scotland; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; ?Andorra; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Slovenia; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; ?Sicily; Sweden; European Turkey; Tunisia; Algeria; N-Chad (Tibesti); ?Libya; Morocco; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Sao Jorge); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, Hierro, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; South Africa; Lesotho (widespread, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Prov.); La Réunion; Crimea; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Tajikistan; ?Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; China (Shaanxi, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Turkey (Anatolia); Cyprus; Sinai peninsula; Pakistan; Saudi Arabia; N-Yemen; Iran; E-Afghanistan; East Aegaean Isl.; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai [I], Kaho´olawe, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); W-USA (Colorado, Utah, Arizona); Mexico (Durango, Chihuahua, Sonora)
10 DEN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 23 CMN ZAI 24 CHA ETH 25 KEN TAN 27 LES SAF 29 REU 32 KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN SIN TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 IND PAK 63 HAW 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: adiantum-nigrum agg., inclusion of ssp. yuanum fide Flora of China
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrostichum pulchrum L., Sp. 2: 1072 (1753)
= Adiantum argutum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 176 (1824)
= Asplenium adiantum-lanceolatum Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 2:12 (1795)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum f. deltoideum Maire, Encyclopédie Biologique 33: 56 (1952)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. nigrum (Lam.) Heufl., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 6: 310 (1856), nom. inval.
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. obtusum (Kit. ex Willd.) Schidlay, Futak, Fl. Sloven. 2: 148 (1966)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. yuanum (Ching) Reichst., Viane, Rasbach & Schneller, Candollea 49(1): 284 (1994)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum var. gaudichaudii Hook., Sp. Fil. 3: 188 (1860)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum var. lancifolium (Moench) Heufl., Verh. Kaiserl. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 6: 310 (1856)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum var. obtusum (Kit. ex Willd.) Hook. & Baker, Syn. Fil., ed. 2: 214 (1874)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum var. yuanum (Ching) Ching, Fl. Tsinlingensis 2: 125 (1974)
= Asplenium andrewsii Nelson, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 17: 174 (1904)
= Asplenium argutum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 176 (1824)
= Asplenium chihuahuense Baker, Ann. Bot. 5: 305 (1891)
= Asplenium davallioides Tausch, Flora 479 (1889)
= Asplenium dubiosum Davenp., Gard. and For. 4: 483 (1891)
= Asplenium humile Blume, Enum. Fil. 185 (1828) (patria erronea), non Spreng. 1822
= Asplenium lucidum Burm.fil., Fl. Ind. Fl. Cap. Prod. 28 (1768)
= Asplenium marlothii Hieron., Botanische Jahrbücher 46,3: 357, 358 (1911)
= Asplenium nigrum Lam., Fl. franc. 1: 28 (1778)
= Asplenium obtusum Kit. ex Willd., Sp. 6: 341 (1810)
= Asplenium patens Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 175 (1824)
= Asplenium productum Lowe, Trand. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 6. 524 (1838)
= Asplenium pumilum Davenp., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 16: 226 (1888)
= Asplenium rawsonii Baker, Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 10: 362 (1872)
= Asplenium serrulatum Cav., Anal. Ci. Nat. 4: 105 (1801)
= Asplenium tabulare Schrad., Gött. gel. Anz. 916 (1818)
= Asplenium trichomanoides Lumn., Fl. Poson. 1020 (1791), non Houtt. 1786
= Asplenium yuanum Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10: 174 (1940)
= Athyrium adiantum-nigrum (L.) Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 221 (1914)
= Athyrium patens (Kaulf.) Milde, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 354 (1870)
= Chamaefilix adiantum-nigrum (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Diplazium patens (Kaulf.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 114 (1836)
= Phyllitis lancifolia Moench, Meth. Suppl. 316 (1802)
= Polystichum lucidum (Burm.fil.) Bech., Candollea 7: 227 (1937)
= Tarachia adiantum-nigrum (L.) C.Presl, (1851)
= Tarachia arguta (Kaulf.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 82 (1851)
= Tarachia nigra (Lam.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 82 (1851)
= Tarachia obtusa (Kaulf.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 81 (1851)
= Trichomanes nigrum (Lam.) Bubani, Fl. Pyr. 4: 425 (1901)
variant :
var. silesiacum (Milde) Milde; Fil. Eur. 88 (1867)
Distribution: E-Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. silesiacum Milde, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 33: 93 (1856)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum var. silesiacum (Milde) Viane & Reichst., Candollea 49(1): 283 (1994), isonym
= Asplenium silesiacum Milde, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 33: 93 (1856), et Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 26(2): 605, t. 45, fig. 114 (1859)
variant :
var. solidum (Kunze) J.P.Roux; Cape Peninsula Ferns: 45 (1979)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium solidum Kunze, Linn. 10: 520 (1836)
= Asplenium solidum var. platyphylla Kunze, Linnaea 10: 520 (1836)
= Asplenium solidum var. stenophylla Kunze, Linnaea 10: 520 (1836)
= Tarachia solida (Kunze) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 80 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. corunnense (Christ) Rivas Mart.; Lazaroa 8: 424 (1985 publ. 1986)
Distribution: Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum var. corunnense Christ, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 13(172): 78 (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. woronowii (Christ) Fraser-Jenk.; New Sp. Syndr. Indian Pteridol. 44 (1997)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey; Iran
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium pseudolanceolatum Fomin, Kuzn. & al., Fl. Caucas. Crit. 1(1): 137 (1912)
= Asplenium sajanense Gudoschn. & Krasnob., Sist. Zametki Mater. Gerb. Krylova Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. Kuybysheva 84: 1 (1967) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Asplenium cuneifolium ssp. woronowii (Christ) Reichst., Viane, Rasbach & Schneller, Candollea 49(1): 291 (1994)
= Asplenium woronowii Christ, Moniteur Jard. Bot. Tiflis, livr. 6. 25 (1906)
species :
Asplenium adnatum Copel.; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.8: 280 (1909)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
Conservation Status: only known from the type
species :
Asplenium adulterinum Milde; Höh. Sporenpfl. Deutschl. 40 (1865)
Name: Braungrüner Streifenfarn, Ladder spleenwort
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Finland; Germany; Switzerland; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Serbia & Kosovo; +France; E-Canada (Vancouver Isl.)
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH ITA ROM SLV SRB 71 CDN 72 CDN
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium trichomanes ×, viride Milde
= Asplenium viride ssp. fallax Heufl., Verh. zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 6. 347 (1866)
= Asplenium fallax (Heufl.) Dörfl., Herb. norm. nr. 3668, Schedae Cent. 37. 233 (1898) (non Mett. (1859))
species :
Asplenium aegaeum Lovis, Reichst. & Greuter; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 1: 141 (1973)
Distribution: Crete; Turkey (Anatolia)
13 KRI 34 TUR
species :
Asplenium aequabile Baker; Synopsis filicum, edn. 2: 485 (1874)
Distribution: Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia)
29 CGS
species :
Asplenium aequibasis (C.Chr.) J.P.Roux; Kew Bull. 48(1): 81 (1993)
Distribution: Tristan da Cunha (Nightingale Isl.); Gough Isl.
91 TDC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium erectum var. aequibasis C.Chr., Results Norw. Sci. Exp. Tristan da Cunha 1937-1938, 6: 14, fig. 1c-3 (1940)
species :
Asplenium aethiopicum (Burm.fil.) Bech.; Candollea 6: 23 (1935)
subspecies :
subsp. aethiopicum
Name: Shredded spleenwort
Distribution: Morocco; N-Chad (Tibesti); Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; ?Ivory Coast; Togo; ?Niger; Chad; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (widespread); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Lesotho; Soqotra; St. Helena; Mauritius; La Réunion; Madagascar; Comores (Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mayotte); Saudi Arabia; Yemen; Sri Lanka; India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam State, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl.; Sulawesi; Moluccas (Seram); ?Thailand; Myanmar (Chin, etc.); Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Java; Philippines; China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Hunan, Jiangxi); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram, etc.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Wetar, Timor, Alor); Australia (SE-Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, SW-Western Australia); Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima); Volcano Isl. (Minami-Iwojima); Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); Guam; Northern Marianas (Rota Isl., Saipan, Tinian); Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Fulaga, Gau, Kabara, Kadavu, Koro, Naigani, Taveuni, Vanua Balavu, Waya); Rotuma Isl.; Palau (Koror, Ulebsechel, Urukthapel, Ngeanges, Ulong, Eil Malk, Angaur); Fed. States of Micronesia (Fais, Kosrae); Tonga (Late Isl., Tongatapu, ´Eua, Vava´u, Niuafo´ou, Tafahi); American Samoa (Tutuila, Ta´u); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); Society Isl. (Tahiti, Bora Bora); Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti, Tubuai); Niue; Society Isl. (Tahiti); New Caledonia
20 MOR 22 GUI LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB RWA SAO ZAI 24 CHA DJI ETH SOC SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 28 STH 29 COM MAU MDG REU 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 KZN OGA 40 BAN IND SRL 41 AND MYA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL 50 AUS 60 ASA FIJ NUE NWC ROT SAM TON 61 AUI SCI 62 GUM MIC MRN PLU 63 HAW
Remarks: taxonomy and distribution fide Salgado & Fraser-Jenkins 2013. Some of the Pacific and Australian distribution belongs probably to other, undescribed species
Conservation Status: IUCN R (Western Australia)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantoides (L.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil. 99 (1905) (non Lam. 1786), nom. rej., nec Raddi. 1819 etc.
= Asplenium adiantoides (L.) Lam., Encycl. 2, 1: 309 (1786) (non (L.) C. Chr. (1905)), nom. rej.
= Asplenium aemilii-guineae Alston, Bol. Soc. Espan. Hist. Nat. Soc. Biol. 49: 194, f. 1. map 1 (1951)
= Asplenium cultratum Gaudich., Voy. Uranie [Freycinet] 317 (1827)
= Asplenium cuneatum Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. t. 189 (1830)
= Asplenium dentex Kunze, Linn. 23: 233 (1850)
= Asplenium denticulatum Blume, Enum. Pl. Javae 2: 186 (1828)
= Asplenium falsum Retz., Obs. 6: 38 (1791)
= Asplenium fragrans Schkuhr, Kr. Gew. 1: 199, t. 130 b (1809)
= Asplenium furcatum f. platyphyllum Kunze, Linnaea 10: 519 (1836), nom. nud.
= Asplenium furcatum Thunb., Prod. Fl. Cap. 172 (1800)
= Asplenium hirsutum B.Heyne, Wall., List n. 212 (1828)
= Asplenium intermedium Kaulf., Sieb., Syn. Fil. exs. n. 68, Spreng., Syst. 4: 84 (1827)
= Asplenium lanceolatum Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 185 (1775), non Huds. 1762.
= Asplenium nigricans Kunze, Linnaea 9: 69 (1834)
= Asplenium praemorsum var. angustitripinnatum Bonap., Notes Pterid. 7: 328, 329 (1918)
= Asplenium praemorsum var. furcatum (Thunb.) T.Moore, Index Filicum 7 (1859)
= Asplenium rhipidoneuron W.J.Rob., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 40: 217 (1913)
= Asplenium tripartitum Blume, Enum. Fil. 186 (1828)
= Asplenium vinsonii Cordem., Fl. La Réunion 68 (1895)
= Chamaefilix adiantioides (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 272 (1931), nom. illeg.
= Tarachia adiantoides (L.) Nakai ex Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 505 (1935), nom. illeg.
= Tarachia browniana C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 260 (1851)
= Tarachia furcata (Thunb.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 80 (1851)
= Tarachia nigricans C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 79 (1851)
= Trichomanes adiantoides L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1098 (1753), nom. utique rej. prop. (Salgado & Fraser-Jenkins 2013)
= Trichomanes aethiopicum Burm.fil., Fl. Ind. 32 (err. 28) (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. filare (Forssk.) A.F.Braithw.; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 93(4): 362 (1986)
Distribution: Guinea; Sudan; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; South Africa; Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Saudi Arabia
22 GUI 24 ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrostichum filare Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 184 (1775)
= Asplenium filare (Forssk.) Alston, J. Bot. 72 (Suppl.): 4 (1934)
= Chamaefilix filaris (Forssk.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. tripinnatum (Baker) A.F.Braithw.; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 93(4): 355 (1986)
Distribution: Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa; Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium furcatum var. tripinnatum Baker, Syn. Fil. ed. 2: 487 (1874) (non Asplenium tripinnatum Roxb. ex Griffith)
= Asplenium tetraploideum Panigrahi, Phytologia 31: 257 (1975), nom. nov.
= Asplenium tripinnatum (Baker) Panigrahi, Proc. Nat. Inst. Sci. India B 29, 4: 394 (1963), nom. illeg.
species :
Asplenium affine Sw.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1800 (2): 56 (1801)
Distribution: Vietnam; Sri Lanka; S-India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Java; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Thailand; Cambodia; Laos; Sulawesi; Sumatra; Philippines; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram); Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Makira, Malaita, New Georgia, Nggatokae, Ranongga, Rendova, Santa Ysabel, Vangunu, Vella Lavella); Madagascar; Seychelles; La Réunion; Mauritius; Rodrigues; ?Tanzania; China (Hainan)
29 MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 36 CHI 40 IND SRL 41 CBD LAO THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 43 SOL
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium affine f. majus Sledge, Kew Bull. 15: 408 (1962) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Asplenium affine f. tenuisectum Sledge, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Natural History), Botany 3,6: 270, 271 (1965)
= Asplenium laceratum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 278 (1827)
= Asplenium obtusum (Desv.) Kuhn, Fil. afr.: 109 (1868), non Asplenium obtusum Willd. (1810)
= Asplenium spathulinum J.Sm., J. Bot. 8: 408 (1841), et ex Hook., Sp. Fil. 3: 170 (1860), et ex Kunze, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6(29): 524 (1848)
= Asplenium spathulinum var. amaurolobum Rosenst. ex C.Chr.
= Darea obtusa Desv., Berl. Mag. 5: 323 (1811)
variant :
var. mettenii (Kuhn) Tardieu; Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. Veg. 7: 48 (1956)
Distribution: Comores (Anjouan, Grande Comore, Mayotte); Madagascar; Seychelles; Rodrigues
29 COM MDG ROD SEY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium lavanchiei Bonap., Notes pterid. 4: 22. 1917, 10. 154 (1920)
= Asplenium lavanchiei var. elongatum Bonap., Notes Pterid. 4: 23, 24 (1920)
= Asplenium mettenii Kuhn, Fil. Deck. 20 (1867)
= Asplenium pygmaeum Hook., Sp. 8: 147, t. 180 B (1860) (non L. (1759))
species :
Asplenium africanum Desv.; Berl. Mag. 5: 322 (1811)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; Annobon Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola
22 BEN GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA NGR SIE 23 ANN BIO CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium guineense Schum., Vid. Selsk. Afh. 4: 232. (seors. 458) (1827)
= Asplenium serratum Bonap., (1915) (non L.)
= Asplenium sinuatum P.Beauv., Fl. d´Oware 2: 33, t. 79. post (1811) (non Salisb. (1796))
= Asplenium venosum Hook., Sp. 3: 83 (1860)
species :
Asplenium ahmarense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 168 (2021)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN
species :
Asplenium alatulum Ching; Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 359 (1964)
Distribution: China (Hainan); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Remarks: wrightii agg.
species :
Asplenium alatum Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 5: 319 (1810)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala; Nicaragua; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Honduras; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Vaupés); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Monagas, Sucre, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Argentina (Misiones); Jamaica; Hispaniola; Cuba; St. Vincent
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM STV 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium pterophorum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 107 (1836)
= Chamaefilix alata (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium albersii Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 380 (1911)
Distribution: Tanzania; Kenya; Malawi
25 KEN TAN 26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium albersii var. kirkii Hieron.
species :
Asplenium altajense (Komar.) Grubov; Not. syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS. 20: 33 (1960)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Bhutan
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 40 BHU
Remarks: frequently included in A. sarelii.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium chingianum C.Y.Yang, Fl. Xinjiangensis 1: 303 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Asplenium sarelii f. altajense Komar., Bull. Jard. Bot. Petr. 16: 150 (1916)
species :
Asplenium alvarezense R.N.R.Br.; J. Linn. Soc. 87: 247, c. fig. (1905)
Distribution: Gough Isl.; Tristan da Cunha (incl. Inaccessible Isl.)
91 TDC
species :
Asplenium ambanizanaense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 36 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium ambohitantelense Rakotondr.; Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia Ser. 4 10(4): 373 (1988 publ. 1989)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium amboinense Willd.; Sp. 6: 303 (1810)
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Moluccas (Ambon, Seram); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Sulawesi; Philippines; Palawan; Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Makira, Malaita, New Georgia, Nggatokae, Ranongga, Rendova, Santa Ysabel, Tetepare, Vangunu, Vella Lavella); Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Koro, Moala, Gau, Ovalau, Taveuni); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); American Samoa (Tutuila, Ta´u); Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva)
42 BOR MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL 43 SOL 60 ASA FIJ SAM 61 MRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium feejeense Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 147, t. 19, f. 1 (1854)
= Asplenium amboinense var. feejeense (Brack.) Luerss., (1874)
= Asplenium simplex Blume, Enum. Fil. 174 (1828)
= Asplenium taeniosum Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 145 (1848)
= Micropodium feejeense (Brack.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 323 (1875)
= Neottopteris taeniosa (Kunze) Fée, Gen. 203 (1850-52)
= Thamnopteris taeniosa (Kunze) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 69 (1851)
variant :
var. semiadnatum (C.Chr.) C.Chr.
Distribution: [Western] Samoa
60 SAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium semiadnatum C.Chr., Ind. Fil. 131 (1905)
= Asplenium decurrens Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 484 (1874) (non Willd. (1810))
species :
Asplenium ambrense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 38 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium anceps Buch; Beschr. Canar. Ins. 189 (1825)
Name: Zweischneidiger Streifenfarn (DE), Culantrillo calambur (ES)
Distribution: Azores (Pico); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl., Hierro, La Gomera, Tenerife); Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR 21 AZO CNY MDR
species :
Asplenium andapense Tardieu; Mém. Inst. Sc. Madagascar, ser. B, 6: f. 6(1-3), 234 (1955)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium andreisii Fraser-Jenk.; Annot. Checkl. Ind. Pterid. 1: 339 (2016)
Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Asplenium aneitense Carruth.; Seem., Fl. Vit. 353 (1873)
Distribution: Vanuatu
60 VAN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium angavokelyense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 40 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium angolense Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 485 (1874)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Uganda; Kenya; ?Tanzania; Angola
23 ZAI 25 KEN 26 ANG
species :
Asplenium anguifrons Gilli; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 81: 20 (1977 publ. 1978)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium anguineum Christ; J. de Bot. 21: 232, 265 (1908)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, ?Manipur, Mizoram); Cambodia; Myanmar; Philippines; Solomon Isl.; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Java; Moluccas (Seram); NE-India; Thailand; China (Hainan, SE-Yunnan); Vietnam; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
36 CHI 40 IND 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SUM 43 SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium latibasis (Ching) S.Y.Dong, Nordic J. Bot. 30(1): 101 (2012)
= Asplenium latibasis (Ching) Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 160 (1991), non (Ching & K. H. Shing) Nakaike (1986)
= Asplenium oblanceolatum Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.9: 229 (1914)
= Asplenium phyllitidis ssp. malesicum Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 27: 153 (1974)
= Asplenium subantiquum (Ching ex S.H.Wu) Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 163 (1991): (1991)
= Neottopteris latibasis Ching, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 357 (1964)
= Neottopteris subantiqua Ching ex S.H.Wu, Guihaia 9(4): 291 (1989)
species :
Asplenium angustum Sw.; Vet. Akad. Handl. 1817: 68, t. 4, f. 1 (1817)
Distribution: Venezuela (Bolívar, Amazonas); Colombia (Amazonas, Vaupés); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Amapá, Pará, Rondônia); Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando); Ecuador
82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium loriforme Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 926 (1854)
= Asplenium angustum var. loriforme (Hook.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. (T. Moore) 113 (1858)
= Asplenium surinamense Fée, Gen. 192 (1850-52)
= Asplenium angustum var. appunianum Baker, Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 431 (1870)
species :
Asplenium anisophyllum Kunze; Linn. 10: 511 (1836)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Annobon Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; La Réunion
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE 23 ANN BIO BUR CON EQG SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 MDG REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. acuminatum C.Chr., Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin- Dahlem 9: 180 (1924)
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. elongatum Mett. ex Kunze, Linnaea 10: 512 (1836)
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. microphyllum Kuhn, Fil. afr.: 20 (1868)
= Asplenium chlaenopteron Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. 194 (1852)
= Asplenium geppii Carruth., Cat. Welw. Pl. 28: 269 (1901)
= Asplenium subauriculatum Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. 46: 351 (1911)
species :
Asplenium anjozorobense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 41 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium annetii (Jeanp.) Alston; Bol. Soc. Espan. Hist. Nat. Soc. Biol. 49: 193 (1951)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 BIO CMN CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Diplazium annetii Jeanp., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 68: 326 (1921)
species :
Asplenium annobonense Hieron. ex Viane; Biol. Jaarb. 59: 158 (1992)
Distribution: Annobon Isl.
23 ANN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium annobonense Hieron. ex Mildbr., Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der zweiten deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1910–1911. Botanik 2: 159 (1922), nom. nud.
species :
Asplenium anogrammoides Christ; Fedde, Repert. 6: 11 (1908)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Vietnam; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; South Korea; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Tajikistan; Russian Far East
30 SIB 31 RFE 32 TZK 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS 41 VIE
Remarks: taxonomy following Flora of China which claims that A. sarelii is an endemic of China and all records for A. sarelii outside China are usually referrable to A. anogrammoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium leiboense Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 7 (1985)
= Asplenium sarelii var. anogrammoides (Christ) Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 27: 322 (1952)
= Asplenium wudangense Z.R.Wang & X.Hou, Acta Bot. Sin. 45(1): 4 (2003), nom. inval.
species :
Asplenium anteninaense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 42 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium antiquum Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 6: 32 (1929)
Distribution: China (Fujian, ?Hunan); Taiwan; South Korea (Cheju Isl.); Japan; Ryukyu Isl.
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI
Remarks: included in A. nidus sensu lato by several authors
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris antiqua (Makino) Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 22: 215 (1932)
= Neottopteris rigida var. erubescens Nakai, (1933)
= Thamnopteris antiqua (Makino) Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 8: 7 (1932)
species :
Asplenium antrophyoides Christ; Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 20: 170 (1909)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Laos; N-Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 LAO THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium antrophyoides var. grossidentatum Bonap. ex Tardieu, (1932) (monstr.)
= Asplenium latipes (Ching ex S.H.Wu) Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 160 (1991): (1991)
= Asplenium subspathulatum Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 122 (1913)
= Neottopteris antrophyoides (Christ) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10: 7 (1940)
= Neottopteris antrophyoides var. cristata Ching & S.H.Wu, Guihaia 9(4): 290 (1989)
= Neottopteris latipes Ching ex S.H.Wu, Guihaia 9(4): 290 (1989)
species :
Asplenium apertum C.Chr.; Cat. Pl. Madag. Pterid. 38 (1932) (nomen), Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 99, t. 34, f. 1-2 (1932)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium apoense Copel.; Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 185 (1906)
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao)
42 PHI
species :
Asplenium appendiculatum (Labill.) C.Presl; Tent. Pterid. 106 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. appendiculatum
Name: Ground spleenwort
Distribution: Australia (SW-Victoria, Flinders Isl., Cape Barren Isl.); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Antipodes Isl.
50 AUS 51 ATP NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. appendiculata Labill., (1815)
= Asplenium terrestre Brownsey, New Zealand J. Bot. 15(1): 17 (1977)
= Caenopteris appendiculata Labill., Nov. Holl. pl. spec. 2: 94, t. 243 (1806)
= Darea appendiculata (Labill.) Willd., Sp. 6: 296 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. maritimum (Brownsey) comb.ined.
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium terrestre ssp. maritimum Brownsey, New Zealand J. Bot. 15(1): 74 (1977)
species :
Asplenium arcanum A.R.Sm.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88 (Pterid. Mexico): 81 (2004)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Nayarit, Sinaloa); Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 NIC
species :
Asplenium arcumontanum Hemp & N.R.Crouch; Kew Bull. 73(4)-58: 1 (2018)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Asplenium argentinum Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 249 (1918)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, Salta, San Luis, Tucuman, Misiones)
85 ARG
species :
Asplenium ascensionis Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. 26: 163 (1891)
Distribution: Ascension Isl.
28 ASC
Conservation Status: IUCN R (local on Green Mountain)
species :
Asplenium asterolepis Ching; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 2, 1: 274 (1949)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
Remarks: possibly the same as A. sikkimbirii, in which case the name would have priority (Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017)
species :
Asplenium athertonense S.B.Andrews; Ferns of Queensland 383, 50 (1990)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland)
50 AUS
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium tinarooense S.B.Andrews, Ferns of Queensland 383, 67 (1990)
species :
Asplenium athyrioides Fée; Mém. Foug. 8: 83 (1857)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Sinaloa, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Peru; ?Ecuador
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON NIC 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium achilleifolium (M.Martens & Galeotti) Liebm., Vid. Selsk. Skr. V, 1: 249 (seors. 97) (1849) (non (Lam.) C. Chr.)
= Asplenium achilleifolium var. grande (Fée) Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hooker & Baker), ed. 2. 489 (1874)
= Asplenium achilleifolium var. pinnatifido-serratum Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 3: 230 (1860)
= Asplenium conchatum (Fée) T.Moore, (1857)
= Asplenium grande Fée, Mém. Foug. 8: 82 (1857) (non Sw. (1806))
= Athyrium achilleifolium (M.Martens & Galeotti) Fée, Gen. 186 (1850-52)
= Athyrium conchatum Fée, Gen. 188, t. 17 C, f. 1 (1850-52)
= Athyrium grande E.Fourn., Mex. Pl. 1: 101 (1872)
= Caenopteris achilleifolia M.Martens & Galeotti, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 16: 63, t. 16 (1842)
species :
Asplenium atrovirens (Hook.) Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 484 (1874)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Ranongga, Malaita); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland)
43 BIS SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium persicifolium var. atrovirens Hook., Sp. 8: 109 (1860)
species :
Asplenium attenuatum R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 150 (1810)
Name: Slender spleenwort
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales); New Caledonia
50 AUS 60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Tarachia attenuata (R.Br.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 75 (1851)
variant :
var. indivisum F.Muell.; Fragm. 5: 131 (1866)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium attenuatum var. integrum F.M.Bailey, (1881)
species :
Asplenium atuntzeense Viane & Reichst.; Biol. Jaarb. 59: 158 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: Nepal; Tibet; ?SW-China (?Sichuan)
36 TIB 40 NEP
Remarks: sarelii agg. Bona sp. and not a synonym of A. aitchisonii fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)
Conservation Status: very rare. Nepal EN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium subdigitatum Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 8 (1985), nom. illeg., non Mett. ex Kuhn 1868
species :
Asplenium aureum Cav.; Anal. Ci. Nat. 4: 100 (1801), Descr. Pl. 256 (1802)
Name: Gold-Milzfarn (DE); Doradilla medicinal (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); ?Cape Verde Isl. (?Santo Antao Isl., ?Fogo Isl.); Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia
21 CNY 24 DJI ERI SOM
Remarks: Subgen. Ceterach
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrostichum aureum Cav., Anales de Ciencias Naturales 4,10: 104 (1802), non L. (1753)
= Asplenium aureum var. parviflorum Benl & G.Kunkel
= Asplenium ceterach var. aureum Hook., Species filicum 3,15/16: 274 (1859–1860)
= Asplenium latifolium Bory, Ess. isles fort. 311, t. 6 (1803)
= Ceterach aurea (Cav.) Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 222 (1827)
= Ceterach aureum (Cav.) Buch, Abh. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1816-17: 361 (1819), nom. nud.
= Ceterach canariensis Willd., Sp. 6: 137 (1810)
= Ceterach latifolium (Bory) Fée, Gen. 206, 363, t. 30 t 1 (1850-52)
= Ceterach officinarum var. aureum (Cav.) Menezes, Madeira ferns, translated from the Portuguese: 20 (1906)
= Grammitis aurea (Cav.) Sw., Syn. 23: 215 (1805)
species :
Asplenium auriculatum Sw.; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 38: 68 (1817)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Roraima, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Canindeyu); Argentina (Misiones); Puerto Rico; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Trinidad; Galapagos; Guadeloupe
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB GDL HIS JAM PUE TRT 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium abscissum Raddi, Opusc. sci. Bot. 8: 291 (1819)
= Asplenium auriculatum var. acutidens Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 469 (1913)
= Asplenium auriculatum var. auriculatum (Sw.) Proctor & R.A.Howard, Fl. Lesser Antilles 2 (Pteridophyta): 321 (1977)
= Asplenium auriculatum var. incisuratum (Fée) Christ, Pl. Nov. Mineir. 2: 28 (1900)
= Asplenium auriculatum var. pimpinellifolium (Fée & Schaffn.) Christ, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79: 29 (1908)
= Asplenium auriculatum var. subintegerrima Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 469 (1913)
= Asplenium bangii var. subintegerrima (Rosenst.) Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 246 (1918)
= Asplenium brasiliense Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 273 (1827)
= Asplenium cultratum Sieber, Fl. Mart. exsicc. n. 365
= Asplenium cultrifolium Griseb., Fl. br. W. Ind. 680 (1864)
= Asplenium cultrifolium var. moorianum Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. [Grisebach] 680 (1864)
= Asplenium dimidiatum Lowe, Ferns 5, t. 13 A (1858)
= Asplenium discolor Kunze, Linn. 9: 65 (1834)
= Asplenium gibbosum Fée, Gen. 195 (1850-52)
= Asplenium pimpinellifolium Fée & Schaffn., Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 52, t. 25 t 5 (1857)
= Asplenium salicifolium var. auriculatum (Sw.) Proctor, Fl. Lesser Antilles [R. A. Howard] 2: 321 (1977)
= Asplenium semicordatum Raddi, Pl. Bras. 1: 36, t. 52, f. 1 (1825)
= Asplenium tenerum Gaudich., Voy. Uranie [Freycinet] 315 (1827)
species :
Asplenium auritum Sw.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 52 (1801)
Name: Eared spleenwort, Auricled Spleenwort
Distribution: USA (C-Florida, S-peninsular Florida); Galapagos; Puerto Rico; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Veracruz); Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Vaupés, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo); Trinidad; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Acre, Alagoas, Amazonas, Amapá, Bahia, Ceará, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Espirito Santo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pará, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia, Roraima, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Canindeyu, San Pedro); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Martinique; Saba; St. Eustatius; St. Kitts; Nevis; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Madagascar; La Réunion; Mauritius; Tanzania; Malawi; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 29 MAU MDG REU 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB DOM GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE SAB STE STK STL TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auritum f. angustisectum Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 466 (1904)
= Asplenium auritum f. laxum Hieron., Hedwigia 47: 227 (1908)
= Asplenium auritum f. pendens Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 105 (1906)
= Asplenium auritum var. auriculatum (Hook.fil.) Morton & Lellinger, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 15: 19 (1966)
= Asplenium auritum var. bipinnatifidum Kunze, Linnaea 18: 332 (1845 (1844))
= Asplenium auritum var. macilentum (Kunze ex Klotzsch) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. (T. Moore) 115 (1858)
= Asplenium auritum var. moritziana Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 467 (1904)
= Asplenium auritum var. obtusum Fée, Crypt. Vasc. Bresil 67 (1869)
= Asplenium auritum var. serratum (Aubl.) Baker, Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 438 (1870)
= Asplenium bidentatum Willd., Sp. 5: 318 (1810)
= Asplenium curvatum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 168 (1824)
= Asplenium levyi E.Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 19: 257 (1872)
= Asplenium macilentum Kunze ex Klotzsch, Linn. 20: 351 (1847)
= Asplenium marinum var. auriculatum Hook.fil., Tr. Linn. Soc. 20: 170 (1847)
= Asplenium plumbeum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 1089 (1904)
= Asplenium prolixum Schrad., Gött. gel. Anz. 870 (1824)
= Asplenium schottii C.Presl, Del. Prag. 1: 179 (1822)
= Asplenium shepherdii var. costaricensis Baker
= Asplenium sulcatum var. auritum (Sw.) Bonap., Notes Pteridol. 2: 144 (1915)
= Asplenium sulcatum var. rigidum C.Chr. ex Hassl., Trab. Inst. Bot. Farmacol. no. 45: 44 (1928)
= Asplenium umbrosum Schrad., Gött. gel. Anz. 870 (1824)
= Chamaefilix erosa var. serrata (Aubl.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 272 (1931)
= Diplazium bakerianum Domin, Kew Bull. 219 (1929)
= Polypodium serratum Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 972 (1775)
species :
Asplenium australasicum (J.Sm.) Hook.; Fil. Exot. t. 88 (1859)
Name: Bird´s nest fern
Distribution: Australia (E-Queensland, E-New South Wales); Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Kadavu, Moala, Ovalau); Norfolk Isl.; New Caledonia; Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea); Lord Howe Isl.; Tonga (Late Isl., ´Eua); Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva); Fed. States of Micronesia (Pohnpei); American Samoa (Tutuila, Ofu, Olosega, Ta´u); New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG 50 AUS LHI NFK 60 ASA FIJ NWC TON 61 MRQ SCI 62 MIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris australasica J.Sm., Cat. cult. ferns 49 (1857)
= Thamnopteris australasica (J.Sm.) T.Moore, Ind. 115 (1859)
form :
f. robinsonii (F.Muell.) P.S.Green; Kew Bull. 43(4): 649 (1988)
Distribution: Norfolk Isl.
50 NFK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium robinsonii F.Muell., J. Bot. 289 (1884), conf. Laing, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 47: 11 (1915)
species :
Asplenium austroafricanum (Schelpe) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 174 (2021)
Distribution: South Africa
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium preussii ssp. austroafricana Schelpe, Bol. Soc. Broter., ser. 2(41): 208 (1967)
species :
Asplenium austrobrasiliense (Christ) Maxon; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 10: 480 (1908)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium salicifolium var. austrobrasiliense Christ, Denkschr. Akad. Wien 79: 23, t. 5 t 1-2e, t. 8 t 3-4 (1907)
species :
Asplenium austrochinense Ching; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 2: 209, t. 27 (1931)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, SE-Yunnan, Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl.; Vietnam; ?Thailand
36 CHI 38 NNS 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium calcicola H.Itô, Nakai, Ic. Pl. As. Or. 2: 112, t. 46 (1937)
= Asplenium consimile Ching ex S.H.Wu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 9(2): 90 (1989), non Rémy (1854)
= Asplenium jinlungense Ching, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 2(2): 73 (1982)
= Asplenium nanchuanense Ching & Z.Y.Liu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 3(4): 6 (1983)
= Asplenium pseudowilfordii Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 108 (1938)
= Asplenium wilfordii var. austrochinense (Ching) Tagawa
= Asplenium wilfordii var. densum Rosenst., Hedwigia 56: 334 (1915)
= Tarachia austrochinensis (Ching) H.Itô, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 593 (1938)
species :
Asplenium ayopayense M.Kessler & A.R.Sm.; Candollea 61(2): 306 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Asplenium azoricum Lovis, Rasbach, K.Rasbach & Reichst.; Amer. Fern J. 67(3): 88 (1977)
Distribution: Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.)
21 AZO
species :
Asplenium badinii Sylvestre & P.G.Windisch; Novon 18(4): 538 (2008)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium baileyanum (Domin) Watts; Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 39: 783 (1915)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland); Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Makira); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Borneo; ?Sumatra
42 BOR NWG 43 SOL 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium hookerianum var. baileyanum Domin, Bibl. Bot. 85: 102 (1913) (Bull. Lith, t. 112)
= Asplenium amaurolobum Rosenst., Meded. Rijks Herb. no. 31: 4 (1917)
species :
Asplenium balansae (Baker) Sylvestre; Rodriguésia 61(1): 110 (2010)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Canindeyu, Cordillera, Paraguari); Argentina (Misiones); Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllitis balansae (Baker) C.Chr., Ind. 492 (1906)
= Scolopendrium balansae Baker, Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 1653 (1886)
= Antigramma balansae (Baker) Sylvestre & P.G.Windisch, Bradea 8(49): 332 (2002)
= Antigramma balansae (Baker) Pic.Serm., Webbia 60(1): 211 (2005)
species :
Asplenium balearicum Shivas; Brit. Fern Gaz. 10: 75: (1969)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca); Pantelleria Isl.; Italy (Palmarola Isl.)
12 BAL 13 ITA SIC
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium balense Chaerle & Viane; Novon 17(2): 149 (2007)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Asplenium bangii Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 245 (1918)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Peru; SE-Brazil; N-Paraguay; N-Argentina
83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
species :
Asplenium barbaense Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 214 (1919)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia); Ecuador
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium williamsii Stolze, Amer. Fern J. 68(2): 57 (1978)
species :
Asplenium barclayanum C.D.Adams; Novon 2: 290 (1992)
Distribution: Isla del Coco
80 COC
species :
Asplenium barteri Hook.; A 2nd Cent. Ferns, t. 75 (1861)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola
22 BEN GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 24 SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium barteri f. hymenophyllacea G.Kunkel, Nova Hedwigia 17,1/4: 145 (1969)
= Asplenium barteri var. acuta Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 46: 355 (1911)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. barteri (Hook.) Bonap., Bulletin du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle 13,6: 387 (1913)
= Asplenium pteropus var. barteri (Hook.) Kuhn, Von der Decken’s Reisen in Ost-Afrika in 1851–1861 3,3 Botany: 31 (1879)
= Asplenium sherburgense Baker, Ann. Bot. 6: 304 (1891)
species :
Asplenium batuense Alderw.; Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 18: 13 (1908)
Distribution: Singapore; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Sumatra (incl. Batu Isl.); peninsular Thailand; Nicobar Isl. (I?); Java; peninsular Malaysia
41 NCB THA 42 BOR JAW MLY SNG SUM
Remarks: Easily confused with and possibly conspecific with Asplenium phyllitidis
Conservation Status: IUCN CR for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012). Endangered (Singapore)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium brooksii Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 137, t. 20 B (1911)
= Asplenium grashoffii Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 215 (1914)
= Asplenium haplophyllum Rosenst.
= Asplenium spathulatum Baker, Ann. Bot. 8: 124 (1894)
= Diplora grashoffii (Rosenst.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. III: 78 (1934)
= Phyllitis grashoffii Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 216 (1914)
species :
Asplenium beankaense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 44 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium beckeri Brade; Bradea 1: 4, t. 1 (1969)
Distribution: Ilha da Trindade
84 ITR
Conservation Status: considered extinct but rediscovered 2009-2012
species :
Asplenium befingotraense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 45 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium belloides Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 10 (1918)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium subspathulatum Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 7 (1915) (non Rosenst. (1913))
species :
Asplenium biafranum Alston & Ballard ex Ballard; Hook., Ic. Pl. ser.5. 4: t. 3367 (1938)
Distribution: Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Nigeria; Togo
22 NGA TOG 23 BIO SAO
species :
Asplenium bicarinatum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. III, 2: 131, fig. (1920)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium bicentenniale D.L.Jones; Austrobaileya 2(5): 477 (1988)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Asplenium bifrons Sodiro; Rec. Cr. vasc. quit. 184 (1893)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Remarks: potential synonym of A. delitescens
Conservation Status: Known only from type
Synonyms: hidden
= Diplazium bifrons (Sodiro) C.Chr., Ind. 228 (1905)
species :
Asplenium bipartitum Bory ex Willd.; Sp. 5: 328 (1810)
Distribution: Comores; Madagascar; Seychelles; Mauritius; La Réunion
29 COM MAU MDG REU SEY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auritum Wall., Num. List no. 222 (1828)
= Asplenium mocquerysii Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 1: 553 (1901)
= Asplenium pygmaeum Bojer, Hort. Maur. 395 (1837)
= Asplenium sulcatum C.Chr., non Lam. 1786
= Chamaefilix erosa Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Diplazium bipartitum (Bory ex Willd.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 88 (1851)
species :
Asplenium bipinnatifidum Baker; Syn. Fil. ed. 1: 221 (1867), nom. nov.
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Kadavu, Koro, Moala, Ovalau, Taveuni); Vanuatu; Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Makira, Mono, New Georgia, Ranongga, Rendova, Santa Ysabel, Vella Lavella); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram); Sulawesi
42 MOL NWG SUL 43 SOL 60 FIJ VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium beccarianum Ces., Rend. Ac. Napoli 16: 26, 29 (1877)
= Asplenium bipinnatifidum var. beccarianum (Ces.) C.Chr., Brittonia 2: 289 (1937)
= Asplenium bipinnatum Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 344 (1854) (non Roxb. (1844))
= Asplenium furcatum Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 170 (1854) (non Thunb. (1800))
= Asplenium lauterbachii Christ, K. Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. deutsch. Südsee 130 (1901)
= Asplenium obtusilobum Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 1000 (1854) (non Desv. (1811))
= Asplenium oceanicum C.Chr., Ind. 124 (1905)
= Asplenium seemannii Carruth., Seem., Fl. Vit. 355 (1873) (non Baker (1867))
species :
Asplenium blastophorum Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 378 (1911)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Togo; Nigeria; Sudan; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Madagascar
22 GUI NGA SIE TOG 23 BUR 24 SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 29 MDG
species :
Asplenium blepharodes D.C.Eaton; Zoë 1: 197 (1890)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaefilix blepharodes (D.C.Eaton) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium blepharophorum Bertol.; Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 4: 443 (1840)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Panama; Haiti; Venezuela (Sucre)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON PAN 81 HIS 82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium commutatum Mett. ex Kuhn, Linn. 88: 99 (1869)
= Asplenium macrocarpon (Fée) T.Moore, (1859) (non Desv. 1827)
= Asplenium myapteron Fée, Mém. Foug. 8: 82 (1857)
= Asplenium onustum Christ, Primit. Fl. Costar. 3: 24 (1901)
= Asplenium subvestitum Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 19: 289, t. 39 (1941)
= Athyrium macrocarpon Fée, Mém. Foug., 5. Gen. Filic. 188 (1850)
species :
Asplenium blotiae Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 158 (2021)
Distribution: La Réunion; Ile Amsterdam; Ile St. Paul
29 REU 91 ASP
species :
Asplenium boiteaui Tardieu; Mém. Inst. Sc. Madagascar, ser. B, 7: 51 (1956)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium bolivianum M.Kessler & A.R.Sm.; Candollea 61(2): 307 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Asplenium boltonii Hook. ex Schelpe; Bol. Soc. Broter. Ser. 2, 41: 204 (1967)
Distribution: Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); ?Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; La Réunion
23 BIO ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 MDG REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. latifolium Hook., Species filicum 3,10/12: 111, pl. 166 (1859-1860)
species :
Asplenium bonapartii Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 53 (2021), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium rectangulare Bonap., N. Pl. 16: 189 (1925) (non Maxon (1908))
species :
Asplenium boreale (Ohwi ex Sa.Kurata) Nakaike; New Fl. Japan, Pterid. 839 (1992)
Distribution: Japan; Taiwan
38 JAP TAI
Remarks: included by Flora of China in A. normale but treated as separate taxon by Knapp (Ferns of Taiwan, 2011 ff.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium normale var. boreale Ohwi ex Sa.Kurata
species :
Asplenium borneense Hook.; Sp. 8: 135, t. 186 (1860)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pulau Tioman, Pahang); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR MLY
Remarks: not in India
species :
Asplenium bosseri Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 54 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium bourgaei Boiss. ex Milde; Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 24: 384 (1866)
Name: Bourgeaus Streifenfarn (DE); Bourgeau´s Spleenwort (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos, Karpathos); Turkey (Anatolia); Lebanon
34 EAI LEB TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium brachycarpum (Mett.) Kuhn; Linn. 36: 104 (1869)
Distribution: Vanuatu
60 VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Davallia brachycarpa Mett.ms., ex Baker, Syn. 470 (1874)
= Loxoscaphe brachycarpum (Mett.) Kuhn, v. Decken, Reis. 38: Bot. 36 (1879)
species :
Asplenium bradeanum Handro; Loefgrenia 39: 1 (1969)
Distribution: Brazil (São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium bradei Rosenst.; Fedde, Repert. 21: 347 (1955)
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium bradleyi D.C.Eaton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 4: 11 (1873)
Name: Bradley´s Spleenwort
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×stotleri Wherry, Amer. Fern J. 15: 32, t. 4, f. 12 (1919)
= Asplenium pinnatifidum var. stotleri (Wherry) Clute, Ferns in Their Haunts 209 (1938)
= Chamaefilix bradleyi (D.C.Eaton) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium braithwaitei (Ormonde) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 30 (2021)
Name: Braithwaites Streifenfarn (DE), Culantrillo de Braithwaite (ES)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Hierro, La Palma Isl., La Gomera); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.)
21 CNY CVI MDR
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium aethiopicum ssp. braithwaitei Ormonde, Bol. Mus. Munic. Funchal 43: 178 (1991)
= Asplenium maderense Penny, Loudon, Hort. Brit. 494 (1850)
= Asplenium mascareinense Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 278 (1827)
species :
Asplenium brasiliense Sw.; Vet. Akad. Handl. (1817): 65, t. 3, f. 1 (1817)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Argentina (Misiones); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Caazapa, Central, Guaira, Paraguari)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Antigramma brasiliensis (Sw.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 53 (1857)
= Antigramma oblongata (Schrad.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 120 (1836)
= Antigramma repanda (C.Presl) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 120 (1836)
= Antigramma repanda var. discreta Fée, Crypt. Vasc. Bresil 74 (1869)
= Phyllitis brasiliensis (Sw.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 818 (1891)
= Asplenium dubium Gaudich., Voy. Uranie [Freycinet] 314 (1827)
= Scolopendrium brasiliense (Sw.) Kunze, Linnaea 23: 291 (1850)
= Scolopendrium oblongatum Schrad., Gött. gel. Anz. 870 (1824)
= Scolopendrium repandum C.Presl, Del. Prag. 1: 180 (1822)
= Scolopendrium subsessile (Fée) Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 233 (1899)
= Antigramma subsessilis Fée, Gen. 210 (1850-52)
= Phyllitis brasiliensis var. decurrens Sehnem, Fl. Ilustr. Catarin. 1, fasc. Aspl: 91, tab. 34 (1968)
species :
Asplenium brausei Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 359 (1911)
Distribution: Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 CMN CON GAB
species :
Asplenium breedlovei A.R.Sm.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 4, 40: 209 (1975)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
species :
Asplenium buettneri Hieron.; Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 23 (1910)
Distribution: Guinea; Liberia; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Madagascar; Comores
22 GHA GUI LBR NGA TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 29 COM MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium parablastophorum Braithw., J. S. Afr. Bot. 38: 5 (1972)
species :
Asplenium bugoiense Hieron.; Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 10, t. 2, f. A, B (1910)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 RWA 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Asplenium bulbiferum G.Forst.; Prod. 80 (1786)
subspecies :
subsp. bulbiferum
Name: Mother spleenwort, Hen and Chickens fern, Manamana, Moki (Maori)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.; Auckland Isl.
51 AUC CTM NZL
Remarks: not in India. Records for Malesia refer to A. powellii
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. laxum Hook.fil., Fl. nov.-zeland. (1855)
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. minimum Armstr.
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. tripinnatum Hook.fil., (1855)
= Asplenium canterburiense Armstr., Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 14: 361 (1882)
= Asplenium fabianum (Bory) Hombr. & Jacq., Voy. au Pole sud, t. 3 bis (1852)
= Asplenium laxum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 151 (1810)
= Asplenium marinum var. bulbiferum (G.Forst.) F.Muell., The Vegetation of the Chatham-Islands (1864)
= Asplenium ramosum Spreng. ex Bernh., (1802)
= Asplenium tremulum Hombr. & Jacq., Voy. au Pole sud, t. 3 bis, f. A (1852)
= Asplenium triste Raoul, Ann. sc. nat. III, 2: 115 (1844)
= Caenopteris bulbifera (G.Forst.) Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 268 (1827)
= Caenopteris fabiana Bory, Willd., Sp. 5: 299 (1810), syn., Spreng., Syst. 4: 91 (1827)
= Chamaefilix bulbifera (G.Forst.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. gracillimum (Colenso) Brownsey; New Zealand J. Bot. 15(1): 60 (1977)
Name: Hen and Chicken Fern
Distribution: New Zealand; Chatham Isl.; Australia (SE-Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, SE-South Australia, Tasmania)
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium gracillimum Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 22: 453 (1890)
species :
Asplenium bullatum Wall.; Num. List no. 215 (1828) ex Mett., Aspl. no. 51 (1859)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Japan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Darjeeling); Nepal; Bhutan; Vietnam; Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cavalerianum Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 1909, Mem. 20. 173 (1909)
= Asplenium grandifrons Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 959 (1898) (nomen), 7: 9 (1899)
= Asplenium latecuneatum Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 1901, Mem. 20: 171 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Asplenium viridissimum Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 231, f. 161 (1914)
species :
Asplenium burundense Pic.Serm.; Webbia 32,1: 78, fig. 2 (1977)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi
23 BUR ZAI
species :
Asplenium callipteris Fée; Gen. 193 (1850-52)
Distribution: Philippines (throughout)
42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium epiphyticum Copel., Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 184 (1905)
species :
Asplenium callmanderi Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 59 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium campos-portoi Brade; An. Prim. Reun. Sul-Amer. Bot. 2: 5, t. 1-2 (1940)
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium canariense Willd.; Sp. 6: 339 (1810)
Name: Kanaren-Streifenfarn (DE), Doradilla de monteverde (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium filare ssp. canariense (Willd.) Ormonde, Bol. Mus. Munic. Funchal 43: 180 (1991)
= Asplenium adiantoides var. canariensis (Willd.) Cout., Arquivos da Universidade de Lisboa 1: 268 (1914)
species :
Asplenium cancellatum Alston; Bol. Soc. Broter. ser. 2, 30: 8 (1956)
Distribution: Liberia; Ghana; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Madagascar
22 GHA LBR 23 BIO CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI 29 MDG
species :
Asplenium canelense Rosenst.; Fedde, Repert. 7: 293 (1909)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Remarks: status doubtful, excluded from genus in Fl. Ecuador
species :
Asplenium capense (Kunze) Bir, Fraser-Jenk. & Lovis; Fern Gaz. 13(1): 61 (1985)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov., Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpulamanga, North West, Gauteng, Limpopo); E-Zimbabwe
26 ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Ceterach cordatum var. capense (Spreng. ex Kaulf.) Hieron. ex Kümmerle, Botanikai Közlemények 8: 287 (1909), nom. nud.
= Ceterach capensis Kunze, Linn. 10: 496 (1836)
= Grammitis capensis (Kunze) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 53 (1857)
= Grammitis cordata var. pinnata Hook., A 2nd century of ferns: pl. 7 [1860] (1861), nom. superfl. for Ceterach capense Kunze
= Gymnogramma capensis (Kunze) Spreng. ex Kaulf., Linn. 6: 183 (1831)
species :
Asplenium capillipes Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 17: 77 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. capillipes
Distribution: China (?Gansu, Guizhou, Hunan, ?Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; South Korea; Bhutan; India (Uttarakhand, Sikkim); Japan; Nepal
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR TAI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium varians var. sakuraii Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13(352-354): 123 (1914)
= Asplenium muscicola Ching, in sched.
subspecies :
subsp. fugax (Christ) Fraser-Jenk.; Annot. Checkl. Ind. Pterid. 1: 342 (2016)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Sichuan, S-Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU
Remarks: Flora of China gives a much broader distribution in tropical Asia. Not in Taiwan
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium fugax Christ, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 62, Mem. 1: 53 (1905)
species :
Asplenium capitisyork D.L.Jones; Austrobaileya 2(5): 477 (1988)]
Distribution: Australia (N-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Asplenium carinatum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 9 (1918)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium cariocanum Brade; Arch. Inst. Biol. Veg. Rio de Janeiro 2: 1, t. 1(1), 2 (1935)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium caripense E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 1:106 (1872)
Distribution: Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Monagas)
82 VEN
species :
Asplenium carnavonense Brownsey; Fl. Australia 48: 709 (1998)
Distribution: Australia (C-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Asplenium carolinae Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 67 (2021)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., Northern Prov.); Kenya
25 KEN 27 SAF
species :
Asplenium carruthersii Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 483 (1874)
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Ovalau, Vanua Balavu); Vanuatu; Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Makira, Malaita, Nggatokae, Rendova, Santa Ysabel); New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG 43 SOL 60 FIJ VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium salignum Carruth., Seem., Fl. Vit. 354 (1873) (non Blume (1828))
species :
Asplenium carvalhoanum Herrero, Aedo, Velayos & Viane; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 38(3): 177 (2001)
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni)
23 EQG
species :
Asplenium castaneoviride Baker; Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 5(19): 304-305 (1891), pro hybr.
Distribution: China (Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shandong); Japan; South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium kobayashii Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. 1: 309 (1932)
= Asplenium shandongense Y.T.Liang, (in herb.)
= xAsplenosorus castaneoviridis (Baker) Nakaike, New Fl. Japan, Pterid. 839 (1992)
species :
Asplenium castaneum Schltdl. & Cham.; Linn. 5: 611 (1830)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Arauca, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); Chile (Magallanes); Brazil (Rio de Janeiro); Argentina (Mendoza)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium monanthes var. castaneum (Schltdl. & Cham.) Stolze, Fl. Ecuador 23(14:6): 45 (1986)
= Asplenium rubinum Davenp., Bot. Gaz. 19: 391 (1894)
= Asplenium trichomanes var. castaneum (Schltdl. & Cham.) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 459 (1904)
species :
Asplenium cataractarum Rosenst.; Hedwigia 66: 334 (1915) (non Blume 1828)
Distribution: Taiwan; ?etc.
38 TAI
Remarks: included by Fl. of China and Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017) in H. murakami-hatanakae but kept separate by Knapp (Ferns of Taiwan, 2011 ff.)
species :
Asplenium caudatum G.Forst.; Fl. ins. austr. Prodr. 80 (1786)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Polynesia; Society Isl. (Tahiti); Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva); Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti)
42 NWG 61 AUI MRQ SCI
Remarks: falcatum agg. See Salgado (2007) for justification of species status
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantoides var. caudatum (G.Forst.) Domin, Bibliotheca Botanica (1928)
= Asplenium horridum var. feani E.D.Br., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 89 [Fl. S. E. Polynesia II]: 63 (1931)
= Asplenium horridum var. marquesense E.D.Br., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 89 [Fl. S. E. Polynesia II]: 63 (1931)
= Asplenium horridum var. humile E.D.Br., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 89 [Fl. S. E. Polynesia II]: 62 (1931)
= Asplenium horridum var. rapense E.D.Br., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 89 [Fl. S. E. Polynesia II]: 63 (1931)
species :
Asplenium ceii Pic.Serm.; Cei & Pic. Ser., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. ser. 2, 47: 11, f. 3 (1940)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Congo [Brazzaville]
23 BUR CON 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium atroviride Schelpe, Bol. Soc. Broter. Ser. 2, 41: 204 (1967)
species :
Asplenium centrafricanum Pic.Serm.; Webbia 27: 436 (1972 publ. 1973)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi
23 BUR RWA ZAI
species :
Asplenium centrifugale Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 485 (1874)
Distribution: Christmas Isl. [Austr.]
42 XMS
Conservation Status: IUCN Ex/E
species :
Asplenium ceterach L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1080 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. ceterach
Name: Echter Milzfarn, Schriftfarn (DE); Rusty-back Fern (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Wales; Scotland; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Slovenia; Serbia & Kosovo; Portugal; Malta; Poland; Romania; San Marino; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; European Turkey; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Tajikistan; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; China (Xinjiang); Kyrgyzstan; N-Tibet; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Anatolia); Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Palestine; Jordania; Sinai peninsula; Iraq; Iran; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Saudi Arabia; N-Yemen; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand); E-Afghanistan; Pakistan; Argentina [I]
10 GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB PAL SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Ceterach
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium sinuatum Salisb., Prod. 403 (1796)
= Asplenium vulgare Hill, Brit. Herbal 516 (1756)
= Blechnum squamosum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 617 (1812)
= Ceterach ceterach (L.) Newman, Phytol. 1861, app. V. in obs., ante p. 105 (1861)
= Ceterach officinarum DC., Lam. & DC., Fl. franc. 2: 566 (1805), nom. inval.
= Ceterach officinarum Willd., Anleit. Selbststud. Bot.: 578 (1804)
= Ceterach vulgare Druce, Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 440 (1914) (nom. illeg.)
= Grammitis ceterach (L.) Sw., Syn. 23 (1806)
= Gymnogramma ceterach (L.) Spreng., Syst. 4: 38 (1827)
= Gymnopteris ceterach (L.) Bernh., Schrad., Neu. J. Bot. 12: 22 (1806)
= Hemidictyum ceterach (L.) Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India, Suppl. 13 (1876)
= Notolepeum ceterach (L.) Newman, Hist. br. Ferns ed. II: 9 (1844)
= Scolopendrium ceterach (L.) Symons, Syn. pl. 193 (1798)
= Vittaria ceterach (L.) Bernh., Schrad., J. Bot. 1799(1): 315 (1799)
= Ceterach officinarum var. lobulatum F.M.Vázquez & D.García, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 11: 118 (2017)
subspecies :
subsp. bivalens (D.E.Mey.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 10(1): 17 (1980)
Distribution: Sicily; Italy; Croatia; Slovakia; Bulgaria; Greece; Turkey (Anatolia)
11 SLO 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA SIC 34 TUR
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium glandulosoides Á. & D.Löve, Taxon 26: 326 (1974), nom. nov.
= Asplenium javorkeanum Vida, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 202, f. 1-4, 7, 8 (1963)
= Ceterach bivalens D.E.Mey., Ber. dt. Bot. Ges. 77: 8 (1964)
= Ceterach javorkeanum (Vida) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 419 (1963)
subspecies :
subsp. mantoniae (Váróczy & Vida) Jermy; Sommerfeltia 6: viii (1987) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Hungary; Algeria
11 HUN 20 ALG
Remarks: Asplenium ceterach ssp. ceterach x ssp. javorkeanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×mantoniae Váróczy & Vida, Vida, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 202, f. 6, 13, 14 (1963)
= Ceterach officinarum nothossp. mantoniae (Váróczy & Vida) Marchetti, Annali dei Musei Civici-Rovereto Sezione: Archeologia, Storia, Scienze Naturali 19: 169 [2003] (2004)
= Ceterach ×mantoniae (Váróczy & Vida) Soó, Acta. Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 9: 419 (1963)
subspecies :
subsp. mediterraneum Pinter; Organisms Diversity Evol. 2(4): 305 (2002)
Distribution: Cyprus; Greece; Italy; Sardinia; Sicily; Tunisia
12 SAR 13 GRC ITA SIC 20 TUN 34 CYP
Remarks: hexaploid
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cyprium Viane & Van den heede, GEP News 9: 2 (2002)
= Ceterach officinarum ssp. cyprium (Viane & Van den heede) Marchetti, Quad. Bot. Amb. Appl. 21: 189 (2010)
= Asplenium ceterach ssp. cyprium (Viane & Van den heede) Viane, GEP News 10: 6 (2002)
subspecies :
subsp. troodeum (Viane & van den Heede) Viane; GEP News 10: 6 (2002) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×troodeum Viane & van den Heede, GEP News 9: 3 (2002)
= Ceterach officinarum nothossp. troodeum (Viane & van den Heede) Marchetti, Quad. Bot. Amb. Appl. (2010)
species :
Asplenium chaseanum Schelpe; Bol. Soc. Broter. Ser. 2, 41: 206 (1967)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ZAM
species :
Asplenium chathamense Brownsey; New Zealand J. Bot. 23(1): 135 (1985)
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
species :
Asplenium chimantae A.R.Sm.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 249, fig. 1a-c (1990)
Distribution: Venezuela (Bolívar)
82 VEN
species :
Asplenium christii Hieron.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ostafr. C: 82 (1895)
Distribution: +South Africa (+KwaZulu-Natal); E-Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Tanzania; Kenya; Uganda
25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium amaurophyllum Peter, Fedde, Repert. Beih. 40: 73, Descr. Pl. 5, t. 1, f. 11-12 (1929)
= Asplenium amaurophyllum f. major Peter, Feddes Repert., Beiheft 40,1: 73, Anhang: 6 (1929)
= Asplenium amaurophyllum f. longicuspe Peter, Feddes Repert., Beiheft 40,1: 73, Anhang: 6 (1929)
species :
Asplenium ciliatum C.Presl ex Bertero
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Reg. Metropolitana); Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz Prov., Tierra del Fuego)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Pleurosorus papaverifolius (Kunze) Fée, Gen. 180 (1850-52)
= Asplenium papaverifolium (Kunze) Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 161 (1991)
= Asplenium subglandulosum ssp. papaverifolium (Kunze) Salvo, Prada & T.E.Díaz, Candollea 37(2): 479 (1982)
= Ceterach immersus (Fée) Sturm, Enum. pl. vasc. cr. chil. 29 (1858)
= Ceterach papaverifolium (Kunze) Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 80, t. 13, f. 14 (1856)
= Gymnogramma chilensis Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 22 (1854)
= Gymnogramma immersa (Fée) T.Moore, Ind. 232 (1861)
= Gymnogramma papaverifolia Kunze, Anal. 12, t. 8, f. 2 (1837)
= Gymnogramma pozoi var. papaverifolia (Kunze) Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hooker & Baker) 379 (1868)
= Pleurosorus immersus Fée, Gen. 180, t. 16C (1850-52)
= Pleurosorus papaverifolius var. hirsuta Villagrán, Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Santiago de Chile 32: 373, fig. 2 (1971)
= Pleurosorus papaverifolius var. nana Villagrán, Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Santiago de Chile 32: 371, fig. 1 (1971)
= Pleurosorus papaverifolius var. spegazzinii Hicken, Apuntes Hist. Nat. 1: 51 (1909)
species :
Asplenium cimmeriorum Brownsey & de Lange; New Zealand J. Bot. 35(3): 283 (1997)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.)
51 NZL
species :
Asplenium cirrhatum Rich. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 5: 321 (1810)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas); Belize; Guatemala; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Honduras; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Chocó, Magdalena, Nariño, Risaralda, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rondônia, Roraima, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Jamaica; Guadeloupe; Trinidad; Guyana; French Guiana; Puerto Rico; Hispaniola
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 GDL HIS JAM PUE TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium acutiserratum (Hieron.) Mickel, Amer. Fern J. 74(4): 115 (1984)
= Asplenium cirrhatum var. acutiserratum Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 259 (-260) (1918)
= Asplenium galipanense Hieron., Hedwigia 44: 196, t. 6, f. 2 (1905)
= Asplenium karstenianum Klotzsch, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 101 (1846)
= Asplenium radicans var. cirrhatum (Rich. ex Willd.) Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 102 (1906)
= Asplenium radicans var. galipanense (Hieron.) Vareschi, (1968)
= Asplenium radicans var. karstenianum (Klotzsch) Vareschi, (1968)
= Asplenium rhizophorum var. cirrhatum (Rich.) Baker, Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 434 (1870)
= Chamaefilix cirrhata (Rich. ex Willd.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium cladolepton Fée; Mém. Foug. 7: 65, t. 22, f. 4 (1857)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Norte de Santander, Santander, Tolima); etc.
82 CLM
Remarks: possibly a synonym of A. haenkeanum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cladolepton var. puraceensis Hieron., Hedwigia 47: 232 (1908)
species :
Asplenium claussenii Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 241 (1918)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia); Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Guyana?; Argentina (Misiones, Tucuman); Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija, Chuquisaca); Paraguay (Amambay, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera, Paraguari); Uruguay (Tacuarembo)
82 VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium claussenii f. angustifolium Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 243 (-244) (1918)
= Asplenium claussenii f. latifolium Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 244 (1918)
= Asplenium claussenii f. nigricans Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 244 (-245) (1918)
species :
Asplenium clutei Gilbert; Fern Bull. 8: 62 (1900)
Distribution: Jamaica; Hispaniola
81 HIS JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium rhizophyllum var. diminutum Jenman, Bull. Bot. Dept. Jamaica 1: 61 (1894)
species :
Asplenium cocae Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 70 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium coenobiale Hance; J. Bot. 142 (1874)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Japan; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 JAP 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bodinieri Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 242 (1902)
= Asplenium fuscipes Baker, J. Bot. 304 (1879)
= Asplenium subtoramanum Ching ex S.H.Wu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 9(2): 91 (1989)
= Asplenium toramanum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 6(60): 45 (1892), nom. hud., et Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 13(143): 13 (1899) (treated as bona sp. by Flora Reipubl. Sin. 4(2))
species :
Asplenium colubrinum Christ; Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 999 (1906)
Distribution: Philippines
42 PHI
Remarks: probably a synonym of A. phyllitidis
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium colubrinum var. taeniophyllum Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 131 (1907)
species :
Asplenium comosum Christ; K. Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. deutsch. Südsee 127 (1901)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Sulawesi
42 NWG SUL
species :
Asplenium compressum Sw.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 52 (1801)
Distribution: St. Helena
28 STH
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium foecundum Kunze, Linn. 20: 3 (1847)
= Darea foecunda (Kunze) Fée, Gen. 333 (1850-52)
species :
Asplenium concolor Hook.; Sp. 8: 88, t. 164 A (1860)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium confusum Tardieu & Ching; Not. syst. 5: 148, pl. 4, f. 3, pl. 7 (1936)
Distribution: Thailand (widespread); Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam
41 CBD LAO THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium confusum var. angustipinnatum Ching & Tardieu, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 150 (1936)
species :
Asplenium congestum C.Chr.; Ind. 105 (1906)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium debile Sodiro, Rec. Cr. vasc. quit. 141 (1893) (non Fée (1865) nec Mett. (1869))
species :
Asplenium contiguum Kaulf.; Enum. Fil. 172 (1824)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); Vanuatu; Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Kolombangara); ?Sulawesi
43 SOL 60 VAN 63 HAW
Remarks: Very similar and easily confusued with Asplenium nigrescens
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium filiforme Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 172 (1824)
= Tarachia contigua (Kaulf.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 78 (1851)
variant :
var. hirtulum C.Chr.
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Maui)
63 HAW
species :
Asplenium cordatum (Thunb.) Sw.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 54 (1801)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (widespread); Lesotho; Madagascar; Soqotra; La Réunion
24 ETH SOC SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF 29 MDG REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrostichum cordatum Thunb., Prod. Fl. Cap.171 (1800)
= Ceterach cordatum (Thunb.) Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 223 (1827)
= Ceterach cordatum var. namaquensis (Pappe & Rawson) Sim, The ferns of South Africa, edn. 2: 176, pl. 73, fig. 3 (1915)
= Ceterach cordatum var. pinnatifida Sim, The ferns of South Africa, edn. 2: 177, pl. 41, fig. 2 (1915)
= Ceterach cordatum var. subbipinnatum (Hook.) Kümmerle, Botanikai Közlemények 8: 289 (1909)
= Ceterach crenata Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 85 (1824) (nom. illeg.)
= Cincinalis cordata (Thunb.) Desv., Berl. Mag. 5: 311 (1811)
= Grammitis cordata (Thunb.) Sw., Syn. 23: 217 (1806)
= Grammitis cordata var. nudiuscula Hook., A 2nd century of ferns: pl. 7 [1860] (1861)
= Grammitis cordata var. pinnato-pinnatifida Hook., A 2nd century of ferns: pl. 7 [1860] (1861)
= Gymnogramma cordata (Thunb.) Schltdl., Adumbr. Fl. Aethiop. 16 (1825)
= Gymnogramma cordata var. bipinnata Sim, The ferns of South Africa: 212, pl. CXXV, fig. 2 (1892)
= Gymnogramma cordata var. namaquensis (Pappe & Rawson) Sim, The ferns of South Africa: 212, pl. CXXV, fig. 3 (1892)
= Gymnogramma cordata var. subbipinnata Hook., A 2nd century of ferns: pl. 7 [1860] (1861)
= Gymnogramma namaquensis Pappe & Rawson, Syn. Fil. Afr. austr. 42 (1858)
= Notholaena cordata (Thunb.) Desv., J. de Bot. appl. 1: 92 (1813)
species :
Asplenium corderoanum Proctor; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 53: 234 (1989)
Distribution: Puerto Rico; Cuba
81 CUB PUE
species :
Asplenium cornutissimum X.C.Zhang & R.H.Jiang; Brittonia 63(1): 83 (2011)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Asplenium cornutum Alston; Bol. Soc. Broter. ser. 2, 30: (1956)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Uganda; Kenya
23 BIO CMN GAB 25 KEN UGA
Remarks: treated by Roux (2009) as full species
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium theciferum var. cornutum (Alston) Benl, Cour. Forsch. Inst. Senckenberg 16: 40 (1975)
= Loxoscaphe cornuta (Alston) G.Kunkel, Nova Hedwigia 17: 124 (1969)
species :
Asplenium correardii Tardieu; Nat. Malgache 9: 33, f. 1-6 (1957)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium cowanii A.R.Sm.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 249, fig. 1d & e (1990)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas)
82 VEN
species :
Asplenium cremersii Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 73 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium creticum Lovis, Reichst. & Zaffran; Reichst., Lovis, Greuter & Zaffran, Ann. Mus. Goulandris 1: 145 (1973)
Distribution: Crete; ?Turkey (Anatolia)
13 KRI
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium crinicaule Hance; Ann. sc. nat. V, 5: 254 (1866)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Taiwan; Philippines; Vietnam; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Sikkim, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.)
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 IND 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium beddomei Mett. ex Kuhn, Linn. 36: 93 (1869)
= Asplenium falcatum Bedd., Ferns South. India, t. 141 (1865)
= Asplenium hancei Baker, Syn. Fil. ed. 1: 208 (1867)
= Asplenium polytrichum Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 1909, Mém. 20: 172 (1909)
= Asplenium saigonense Matthew & Christ, J. Linn. Soc. 30: 215 (1909)
species :
Asplenium cristatum Lam.; Lam. & al., Encycl. 2: 310 (1786)
Name: Hemlock Spleenwort
Distribution: USA (peninsular Florida); Galapagos; Puerto Rico; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Virgin Isl. (Tortola); Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Guatemala; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pará, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Trinidad; Tobago; St. Martin/St. Maarten; Antigua; Saba; St. Eustatius; St. Kitts; Nevis; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Grenada; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Isla del Coco
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COC COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SAB STE STK STL STM STV TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cicutarium Sw., Prodr. 130 (1788)
= Asplenium cicutarium var. dissectum (Link) Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 3: 198 (1860)
= Asplenium cicutarium var. geraniifolium (Poir.) E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 1: 110 (1872)
= Asplenium dissectum Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 68 (1833) non Sw.
= Asplenium rhizophorum var. cicutarium (Sw.) Jenman, Ferns Brit. W. Ind. 172 (1907)
= Asplenium trilobum (Desv.) E.Fourn., Mex. Pl. 1: 110 (1872)
= Caenopteris cicutaria (Sw.) Thunb., Nova Acta Hort. Petrop. 9: 158, t. C, f. 1 (1795)
= Caenopteris thalictroides Loudon, Hort. Brit. Suppl. 504 (1850)
= Caenopteris triloba Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 267 (1827)
= Chamaefilix cristata Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Darea cicutaria (Sw.) Willd., Sp. 6: 300 (1810)
= Darea thalictroides Fée, Gen. 333 (1850-52)
= Darea trilobata Desv., Berl. Mag. 5: 323 (1811)
= Polypodium geraniifolium Poir., Encycl. 5: 540 (1804)
species :
Asplenium cruegeri Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 254 (1918)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas); Trinidad; Tobago; Mexico (Chiapas); Honduras; Costa Rica; Brazil (Pará)
79 MEX 80 COS HON 81 TRT 82 VEN 84 BRA
species :
Asplenium cuneatiforme Christ; Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 613 (1904)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Tarachia cuneatiformis (Christ) H.Itô, Fil. Jap. Ill. t. 137 (1944)
= Asplenium arisanense Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 14: 707 (1938)
species :
Asplenium cuneatum Lam.; Encycl. 2: 309 (1786)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland); Philippines; Palawan; peninsular Malaysia; Java; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Sulawesi; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Solomon Isl.; Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Ovalau); Fed. States of Micronesia (Pohnpei); Palau; New Caledonia; [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); American Samoa (Tutuila, Ofu, Ta´u); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Norte de Santander); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Nueva Esparta); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Acre); Puerto Rico; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Grenada; Trinidad; Bolivia (La Paz); Ghana; São Tomé; Congo [Brazzaville]; Gabon; Ivory Coast; Liberia; Madagascar; Comores (Anjouan)
22 GHA IVO LBR 23 CON GAB SAO 29 COM MDG 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL 43 SOL 50 AUS 60 ASA FIJ NWC SAM 62 MIC PLU 80 COS GUA HON NIC 81 CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR PUE STL STV TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Remarks: This is a species complex. The type is from Jamaica and consequently Malesian and African plants may not be this species
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium crenatum (Poir.) Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 279 (1827)
= Asplenium dareoides Moritz, Verz. 110 (1845) non Desv.
= Asplenium gracile Fée, Gen. 198 (1850-52)
= Asplenium martinicense Willd., Sp. 6: 344 (1810)
= Asplenium obtusilobum Desv., Berl. Mag. 5: 323 (1811)
= Diplazium crenatum Poir., Encycl. suppl. 2: 488 (1811)
= Diplazium cuneatum (Lam.) Poir., Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] Suppl. 2. 488 (1812)
= Tarachia cuneata C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 81 (1851)
= Asplenium cuneatum var. gracile Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 4: 21 (1917), nom. illeg.
= Asplenium cuneatum var. neglectum G.Kunkel, Nova Hedwi gia 17,1/4: 148, t. 28 (1969)
species :
Asplenium cuneifolium Viv.; Fragm. Fl. Ital. 16, t. 18 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. cuneifolium
Name: Keilblättriger Streifenfarn, Serpentin-Streifenfarn
Distribution: ?France; ?Corsica; Italy; Croatia; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; ?Bulgaria; Greece; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Switzerland; Poland; Romania; Austria; Germany; Turkey (Anatolia); Cyprus; Iran; Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM 14 UKR 34 CYP IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. cuneifolium (Viv.) Asch., Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 7 1 (1896)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. serpentini (Tausch) Heufl., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 6: 310 (1856)
= Asplenium forsteri Sadler, Descr. pl. epiph. Hung. 29 (1820)
= Asplenium incisum Opiz, Kratos 2: 17 (1826)
= Asplenium lamotteanum Hérib., Note (1880), ex Le Grand, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80. 74 (1883)
= Asplenium multicaule H.Scholtz, Enum. Pl. Siles. 48 (1836)
= Asplenium novum Sadler, Descr. pl. epiph. Hung. 8 (1820)
= Asplenium serpentini Tausch, Flora (Regensburg) 22: 477 (1839)
subspecies :
subsp. dacicum (Borbás) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 23(3-4): 376 (1977 publ. 1978)
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium dacicum Borbás, Term. Közlem. 46. 71, fig. (1898)
species :
Asplenium currorii Hook.; Sp. 3: 82 (1860)
Distribution: Guinea; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Angola; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Mozambique; Central African Republic; Gabon
22 GHA GUI IVO NGA TOG 23 CAF CMN GAB PRI SAO ZAI 26 ANG MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium africanum var. currorii (Hook.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Franc. Afr. Noire 28: 172 (1953)
species :
Asplenium cuspidatum Lam.; Encycl. 2: 310 (1786)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Lara, Merida, Monagas, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Jamaica; Hispaniola; Guyana; Puerto Rico
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 HIS JAM PUE 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auritum var. bipinnatisectum Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 3: 147 (1859)
= Asplenium auritum var. dispersum (Kunze) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 467 (1904)
= Asplenium auritum var. mexicana (M.Martens & Galeotti) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 468 (1904)
= Asplenium auritum var. recognitum (Kunze) Griseb.
= Asplenium auritum var. rigidum (Sw.) Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 3: 180 (1860)
= Asplenium crenulatum var. bipinnatisectum (Mett.) Jenman, Ferns Brit. W. Ind. 181 (1907)
= Asplenium dispersum Kunze, Linn. 23: 233, 304 (1860)
= Asplenium dissectum J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. 28: 1302 (1791) non Sw. 1788
= Asplenium fragrans var. mexicanum (M.Martens & Galeotti) Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2, 5: 729 (1905)
= Asplenium lacerum Schltdl. & Cham., Linn. 6: 612 (1830)
= Asplenium mexicanum M.Martens & Galeotti, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 16: 62, t. 15, f. 4 (1842)
= Asplenium pyramidatum Liebm., Vid. Selsk. Skr. V, 1: 249. (seors. 97) (1849)
= Asplenium recognitum Kunze, Linnaea 22: 577 (1849)
= Asplenium rigidum Sw., Vet. Akad. Handl. 68 (1817)
= Asplenium sulcatum var. recognitum (Kunze) Hicken, Revista Mus. La Plata 15: 243 (1908)
= Tarachia lacera C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 81 (1851)
variant :
var. triculum Lellinger; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98: 367 (1985)
Distribution: Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Panama; Venezuela; Haiti
80 COS GUA HON PAN 81 HIS 82 VEN
species :
Asplenium cymbifolium Christ; Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 6: 999 (1906)
Distribution: Philippines; Palawan; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Sumatra (incl. Lingga Arch.); Moluccas (Seram); Solomon Isl.; ?Samoa
42 BOR MOL NWG PHI PLW SUM 43 SOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris cymbifolia (Christ) Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 22: 161 (1949)
= Asplenium ficifolium Goldm., Nova Acta 19, Suppl. 1: 461 (1843)
species :
Asplenium cyrtosorum K.W.Xu, Li Bing Zhang & W.B.Liao; Phytotaxa 351(2): 176 (2018)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asplenium daghestanicum Christ; Moniteur Jard. Bot. Tiflis, livr. 6: 24 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. daghestanicum
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); N-Chad (Tibesti); ?S-Libya
24 CHA 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium quezelii Tardieu, Quézel, Mission Bot. Tibesti 90, t. 1(6-9) (1958) [fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)]
subspecies :
subsp. hunzanum (Reichst. & Fraser-Jenk.) Fraser-Jenk.; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 192 (2011)
Distribution: Pakistan (Hunza); India (Uttarakhand)
40 IND PAK
Conservation Status: IUCN CR for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium hunzanum Reichst. & Fraser-Jenk., Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 173 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. iskardense (Viane & Reichst.) Fraser-Jenk.; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 191 (2011)
Distribution: +Pakistan (+Baltistan)
40 PAK
Conservation Status: Not found since the type collection in the first half of the 19th Century
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium iskardense Viane & Reichst., Pteridol. New Millennium 76 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. aitchisonii (Fraser-Jenk. & Reichst.) Fraser-Jenk.; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 190 (2011)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim); Bhutan; Pakistan (Kurram); Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Conservation Status: Nepal VU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium aitchisonii Fraser-Jenk. & Reichst., Candollea 37(2): 341 (1982)
= Asplenium minutum C.Y.Yang, Fl. Xinjiangensis 1: 304 (1992 publ. 1993), non Willd. ex Klotsch (1847)
= Asplenium xinjiangense Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 8 (1985)
species :
Asplenium dalhousiae Hook.; Ic. Pl. t. 105 (1837)
Name: Countess Dalhousies Spleenwort
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal; India (Darjeeling, Jammu & Kashmir, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bhutan; Pakistan (Murree, Hazara); Afghanistan; Eritrea; USA (SE-Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Sonora)
24 ERI 34 AFG 36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium alternans Wall., Num. List no. 221 (1828) (nom. nud.), et ex Hook., Sp. Pl. 3: 92 (1860)
= Asplenium ferrissii Clute, Fern Bull. 16: 1, t. 1 (1908)
= Asplenium rupium Goodd., Muhlenbergia 8: 92-94 (1912)
= Ceterach alternans Kuhn, v. Decken, Reis. 83: Bot. 36 (1879)
= Ceterach dalhousiae (Hook.) C.Chr., Ind. 170 (1905)
= Ceterachopsis dalhousiae (Hook.) Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 10: 9 (1940)
species :
Asplenium darainaense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 76 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium dareoides Desv.; Berl. Mag. 5: 322 (1811)
Distribution: Falkland Isl.; Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz Prov., Tierra del Fuego)
85 ARG CLE JNF 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium concisum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 277 (1827)
= Asplenium dareoides var. dentatum G.Kunkel, Nova Hedwigia 13: 332 (1967)
= Asplenium magellanicum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 175 (1824)
= Asplenium philippii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 60: 28 (1913)
species :
Asplenium daucifolium Lam.; Encycl. 2: 310 (1786)
Name: Mauritius spleenwort
Distribution: Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion
29 MAU MDG REU
Remarks: extremely variable but lots of intergrades between the various forms.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrostichum viviparum L.fil., Suppl. 444 (1781)
= Asplenium angustatum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 108 (1836)
= Asplenium balfourii Baker, Ann. Bot. 5: 303 (1891)
= Asplenium bifidum (Bory) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 109, t. 3, f. 19 (1836)
= Asplenium boryanum T.Moore, Ind. 117 (1859)
= Asplenium bulbiferum Baker, (non G. Forst.)
= Asplenium furcatum J.Sm., Cat. cult. ferns 45 (1857)
= Asplenium inaequale (Bory) Kunze, Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 176 (1848)
= Asplenium lineatum Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 51 (1801)
= Asplenium mascarenhense Fée, Gen. 194 (1850-52)
= Asplenium montbrisonis Fée, Cinquième mémoire sur la famille des fougères 5: 198, t. 6A, fig. 3 (1852)
= Asplenium nodulosum Kaulf., Spreng., Syst. 4: 83 (1827)
= Asplenium nodulosum var. bipinnatisectum Mett. ex Kuhn, Fil. afr.: 109 (1868)
= Asplenium notabile Fée, Mém. Foug. 10: 27, t. 36, f. 1 (1865)
= Asplenium semidentatum Fée, (1865)
= Asplenium violascens (Bojer) T.Moore, Ind. 177 (1860)
= Asplenium viviparum (L.fil.) Blume, Enum. Fil. 176 (1828)
= Asplenium viviparum (L.fil.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 109, pl. 3, fig. 20 (1836), comb. superfl.
= Asplenium viviparum var. daucifolium (Lam.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. veg. 7: 47 (1956)
= Asplenium viviparum var. inaequale (Willd.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. veg. 7: 48 (1956)
= Asplenium viviparum var. lineatum (Sw.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. veg. 7: 47 (1956)
= Caenopteris cuneata Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 267 (1827)
= Caenopteris daucifolia (Lam.) Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 268 (1827)
= Caenopteris inaequalis Bory, Willd., Sp. 5: 298 (1810), syn., ex Spreng., Syst. 4: 91 (1827)
= Caenopteris violascens Bojer, Hort. Maur. 394 (1837)
= Caenopteris vivipara (L.fil.) P.J.Bergius, Acta Hort. Petrop. 1782(2): 250 t 7, f. 3 (1786)
= Darea asplenioides Bory, Bél., Voy. Bot. 2: 53 (1833)
= Darea bifida Bory, Bél., Voy. Bot. 2: 54 (1833)
= Darea cuneata Desv., Berl. Mag. 5: 323 (1811)
= Darea inaequalis (Bory) Willd., Sp. 6: 298 (1810)
= Darea intermedia Kaulf., Bory, Bél., Voy. Bot. 2: 55 (1833)
= Darea prolifera Willd., Sp. 6: 299 (1810)
= Darea violascens (Bojer) Bory, Bél., Voy. Bot. 2: 55 (1833)
= Darea vivipara (L.fil.) Willd., Sp. 6: 302 (1810)
species :
Asplenium davisii Stolze; Fieldiana, Bot. 32: 30 (1993)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
species :
Asplenium dayi Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 225 (1918)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Conservation Status: Known only from type
species :
Asplenium decaryanum Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 77 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium decrescens Kunze; Linn. 24: 261 (1851)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
species :
Asplenium delavayi (Franch.) Copel.; Gen. Fil. 165 (1947)
Distribution: China (S-Gansu, S-Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan); N-Myanmar; N-Vietnam; India (Sikkim, Manipur); NE-Thailand; ?W-Nepal; Bhutan
36 CHI 40 BHU IND 41 MYA THA VIE
Remarks: the single record from Nepal needs confirmation (Fraser-Jenkins & Kandel 2015)
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Phyllitis delavayi (Franch.) C.Chr., Ind. 492 (1906)
= Schaffneria delavayi (Franch.) Tardieu, Nat. Malgache 9: 30 (1957)
= Scolopendrium delavayi Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 28 (1885)
= Sinephropteris delavayi (Franch.) Mickel, Brittonia 28: 326-328 (1976)
species :
Asplenium delicatulum C.Presl; Rel. Haenk. 1: 47 (1825)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Colombia (Antioquia); Venezuela (Aragua, Monagas, Yaracuy); Ecuador; Peru; Hispaniola; Cuba
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC 81 CUB HIS 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaefilix delicatula (C.Presl) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
variant :
var. cocosensis A.Rojas & Trusty; Brenesia 62: 2 (2004)
Distribution: Isla del Coco
80 COC
species :
Asplenium demerkense Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 375 (1911)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia
24 ETH SUD
species :
Asplenium dentatum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. X, 2: 1323 (1759)
subspecies :
subsp. dentatum
Name: Toothed Spleenwort
Distribution: USA (S-Florida); Puerto Rico; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Bahamas; Bermuda; Mexico (Chiapas, Campeche, Veracruz, Yucatan); Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Colombia; Venezuela (Falcon, Monagas)
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA HON 81 BAH BER CUB HIS JAM PUE 82 CLM VEN
Remarks: dentatum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium trichomanes-dentatum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1080 (1753)
= Asplenium pygmeum L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1323 (1759)
= Chamaefilix trichomanes-dentata (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Chamaefilix dentata (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 269 (1931)
variant :
var. jamaicense (Jenman) Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 72(4): 110 (1982)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium jamaicense Jenman, J. Bot. 268 (1886)
subspecies :
subsp. barbadense (Jenman) Christenh.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 161(3): 245 (2009)
Distribution: Barbados; Guadeloupe; Marie-Galante; Trinidad; Honduras
80 HON 81 BBD GDL TRT
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium barbadense Jenman, Gard. Chr. III, 15: 134 (1894)
= Asplenium dentatum var. barbadense (Jenman) C.D.Adams & Baksh.-Com., Fern Gaz. (U. K.) 16(1-2): 98 (2000)
species :
Asplenium depauperatum Fée; Mém. Foug. 7: 52, t. 15, f. 3 (1857)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Corrientes, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Tucuman); Paraguay (Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari); Peru; Brazil (Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, São Paulo)
83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium gilbertianum Hook., 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 22 (1860)
= Asplenium inciso-alatum T.Moore, Ind. 137 (1859)
= Asplenium micropteron Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 488 (1874)
= Asplenium micropteron var. minor Hicken, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 62: 173 (1906)
= Asplenium russellii Rosenst., Hedwigia 56: 362 (1915)
= Asplenium schiffneri Christ, Denkschr. Akad. Wien 79: 24, t. 6, f. 7-9 (1907)
= Asplenium spinescens Mett. ex Kuhn, Linn. 88: 98 (1869)
= Chamaefilix gilbertiana (Hook.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium dianae A.R.Sm.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88 (Pterid. Mexico): 92 (2004)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Asplenium dichotomum Hook.; Sp. 8: 210 (1860)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah, Sarawak)
42 BOR
species :
Asplenium dicranurum C.Chr.; Svensk Bot. Tidsskr. 16: 91, f. 1 (1922)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium dielerectum Viane; Biol. Jaarb.59: 159 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Davallia alexandri Hillebr., Lidgate, Syn. Hawaiian Ferns 14 (1873)
= Diellia alexandri (Hillebr.) Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 212, f. 114 G-H (1899)
= Diellia erecta Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 218, t. 31, f. 2 (1854)
= Diellia erecta f. alexandri (Hillebr.) W.H.Wagner, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 26: 155 (1952)
= Diellia erecta f. pumila (Brack.) W.H.Wagner, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 26: 157 (1952)
= Diellia pumila Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 219 (1854)
= Lindsaea alexandri (Hillebr.) Hillebr., Fl. Haw. 622 (1888) (Lindsaya)
= Lindsaea erecta (Brack.) Mett., Ann. sc. nat. IV, 15: 65 in obs. (1861)
= Lindsaea pumila (Brack.) Hook., Syn. 112 (1867)
= Schizoloma erectum (Brack.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 35 (1857)
= Schizoloma pumilum (Brack.) T.Moore, Ind. 320 (1861)
species :
Asplenium dielfalcatum Viane; Biol. Jaarb.59: 159 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Diellia falcata Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 219, t. 31, f. 1 (1854)
= Lindsaea falcata (Brack.) Hook., Syn. 113 (1867)
= Schizoloma falcatum (Brack.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 35 (1857)
species :
Asplenium diellaciniatum Viane; Biol. Jaarb.59: 159 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: IUCN E
Synonyms: hidden
= Diellia centifolia (Hillebr.) Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1 [4]. 212 f. 114 D (1899)
= Diellia knudsenii (Hillebr.) Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1 [4]. 212 f. 114 f. L-N (1899)
= Diellia laciniata (Hillebr.) Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1 [4]. 212 f. 114 E-F (1899)
= Lindsaea alexandri var. bipinnata Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 623 (1888) (Lindsaya)
= Lindsaea centifolia Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. 621 (1888) (Lindsaya)
= Lindsaea knudsenii Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. 623 (1888) (Lindsaya)
= Lindsaea laciniata Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. 621 (1888) (Lindsaya) non Asplenium laciniatum D. Don (1825)
species :
Asplenium dielmannii Viane; Biol. Jaarb.59: 160 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: IUCN E (one population with about 60 individuals known)
Synonyms: hidden
= Diellia mannii (D.C.Eaton) W.J.Rob., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 39: 582 (1912)
= Davallia mannii (D.C.Eaton) Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 471 (1874)
= Humata mannii (D.C.Eaton) Diels, Nat. Pfl. 1(4): 210 (1899)
= Lindsaea mannii (D.C.Eaton) Hillebr., Fl. Haw. 624 (1888)
= Microlepia mannii D.C.Eaton apud Mann, Proc. Amer. Acad. 7: 212 (1868)
species :
Asplenium dielpallidum N.Snow; Bishop Mus. Occas. Pap. (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: IUCN E (three populations with 7 individuals known
Synonyms: hidden
= Diellia pallida W.H.Wagner, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 19: 66 (1993), non Asplenium pallidum Blume (1828)
species :
Asplenium difforme R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 151 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales); New Zealand; Norfolk Isl.
50 AUS NFK 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium obtusatum var. difforme (R.Br.) Benth.
species :
Asplenium dimidiatum Sw.; Prod. 129 (1788)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Peru; Jamaica; Cuba; Hispaniola; Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda); Brazil (Brasilia Distrito Federal, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, São Paulo)
81 CUB HIS JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA
Remarks: bona sp. fide Tryon & Stolze 1993
Synonyms: hidden
= Tarachia dimidiata (Sw.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 76 (1851)
= Asplenium dimidiatum var. boliviense Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 470 (1913)
species :
Asplenium dimorphum Kunze; Linn. 23: 233 (1850)
Name: Three-in-one fern
Distribution: Norfolk Isl.
50 NFK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium diversifolium A.Cunn., Loudon, Hort. Brit. Suppl. 581 (1832) (non Blume (1828))
= Darea heterophylla Sm., Rees, Cycl. 11 no. 12 (1809)
species :
Asplenium diplaziosorum Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 351 (1911) (diplazisorum)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Togo; Ghana; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Central African Republic; Uganda; Madagascar
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR SIE TOG 23 CAF CMN CON GAB ZAI 25 UGA 29 MDG
species :
Asplenium diplosceum Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 232 (1918)
Distribution: Jamaica; Hispaniola; Cuba
81 CUB HIS JAM
species :
Asplenium diplotion Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 484 (1874)
Distribution: Vanuatu
60 VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium moorei Baker, Ann. Bot. 6: 303 (1891)
species :
Asplenium discrepans Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 469 (1913)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Peru
83 BOL PER
species :
Asplenium disjunctum Sledge; Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 3: 273 (1965)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Remarks: not in India
Conservation Status: IUCN I
species :
Asplenium dissectum Sw.; Prodr. 130 (1788)
Distribution: Guatemala; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Casanare, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Risaralda, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Bolívar, Falcon); Ecuador; Brazil (Roraima); Jamaica; Hispaniola; Cuba; Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bissectum Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 55 (1801)
species :
Asplenium divaricatum Kunze; Linn. 9: 71 (1834)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Remarks: not in other countries
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium myriophyllum var. divaricatum (Kunze) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. (T. Moore) 148 (1859)
species :
Asplenium dodecaploideum (A.F.Braithw.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 30 (2021)
Distribution: South Africa; Lesotho; Zimbabwe
26 ZIM 27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium aethiopicum ssp. dodecaploideum A.F.Braithw., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 93(4): 360 (1986)
species :
Asplenium dognyense Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 159 (1911)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium erectum var. exauriculatum E.Fourn., (1873)
= Asplenium tenerum var. neocaledonica Rosenst., (1911)
species :
Asplenium domingense Brause; Urban, Symb. Ant. 7: 157 (1911)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium constanzae Brause, Urban, Symb. Ant. 7: 156 (1911)
species :
Asplenium douglasii Hook. & Grev.; Icon. Fil. t. 150 (1829)
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Antigramma douglasii (Hook. & Grev.) Hook., Gen. ad t. 55a (1840)
= Antigramma lageana Fée & Glaz., Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 264 (1869)
= Antigramma lancifolia C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 102 (1836)
= Antigramma plantaginea (Schrad.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 120 (1836)
= Camptosorus rumicifolius Link, Fil. Sp. 83 (1841)
= Hemidictyum douglasii (Hook. & Grev.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 111 (1836)
= Phyllitis plantaginea (Schrad.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 818 (1891)
= Scolopendrium douglasii (Hook. & Grev.) Fisch., Hook., Sp. Fil. 4: 3 (1862)
= Scolopendrium plantagineum Schrad., Gött. gel. Anz. 870 (1824)
= Scolopendrium rumicifolium (Link) Regel, Ind. Sem. ht. Petr. 25 (1857)
species :
Asplenium dregeanum Kunze; Linn. 10: 517 (1836)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov., Mpulamanga); Comores (Grande Comore, Mayotte); Madagascar
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CMN EQG GAB RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 29 COM MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium brachypteron Kunze, Linnaea 23: 232 (1850) (nom. nud. ex Houlston & T. Moore, Gard. Mag. Bot. 3: 260 (1851))
= Asplenium brachypterum Kunze ex Houlston & T.Moore, The Gardeners’ Magazine of Botany, Horticulture, Floriculture, and Natural Science 3: 260 (1851), as ‘brachyopteron’
= Asplenium dregeanum var. brachypterum (Kunze ex Houlston & T.Moore) Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 14: 276 (1923), as ‘brachypteron’
= Asplenium dregeanum f. compactum Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 15: 15 (1924)
= Asplenium dregeanum var. gracile Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 4: 71 (1917)
= Asplenium dregeanum ssp. brachypterum (Kunze ex Houlston & T.Moore) Pic.Serm., Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 55(1-2): 30 (1985)
= Asplenium gracile (Bonap.) Peter, Fedde, Repert. Beih. 40: 73, Descr., t. 5, f. 2 (1929) (non D. Don (1825))
species :
Asplenium drepanophyllum Kunze; Linn. 9: 66 (1834)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Peru; Paraguay (Paraguari, San Pedro)
83 BOL PER 85 PAR
species :
Asplenium durum Copel.; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 222 (1942)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium eatonii Davenp.; Bot. Gaz. 21: 258 (1896)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cicutarium var. paleaceum Davenp., Bot. Gaz. 19: 390 (1894) (non Asplenium paleaceum R. Br. (1810))
species :
Asplenium eberhardtii Tardieu; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris II, 6: 484, fig. (1933)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium ecuadorense Stolze; Amer. Fern J. 74(2): 41 (1984)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Asplenium ekmanii C.Chr.; Kungl. Svenska Vetens.-akad. Handl. ser. 3, 16(2): 52, t. 13(1-5) (1937)
Distribution: Hispaniola (+Haiti, Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
Remarks: recently recollected: Majure et al. 2020
species :
Asplenium elaphoglossoides C.Chr.; Engl. Jahrb. 66: 55 (1933)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium elliottii C.H.Wright; Kew Bull. 262 (1908)
Distribution: Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania
23 BUR CMN RWA ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium aequilaterale (Hieron.) Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 157 (1991)
= Asplenium anisophylloides Bonap., Notes Pterid. 14: 220, 221 (1923)
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. pseudoplumosa Hieron., Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete 1, C: 82 (1895)
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. aequilaterale Hieron., Engl., Pflanzenw. Ostafr. C: 82 (1896)
= Asplenium stenopterum Peter, Feddes Repertorium, Beiheft 40,1: 75, Anhang: 6 (1929), as ‘stenopteron’
species :
Asplenium elmeri Christ; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.2: 164 (1907)
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Philippines (Luzon)
42 BOR PHI
species :
Asplenium emarginatum P.Beauv.; Flore d’Oware et de Bénin 2,11: 6, pl. 61 (1808)
Distribution: Guinea; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola
22 BEN GHA GUI IVO LBR TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 24 SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG
species :
Asplenium eminiminyense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 83 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium ensiforme Wall.; Num. List no. 200 (1828) ex Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. t.71 (1829)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Japan; Bhutan; Japan; Nepal; Sri Lanka; Vietnam; India (Arunachal Pradesh, ?Assam State, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Myanmar (Kachin, Chin, etc.); N-Thailand; ?Laos; Cambodia
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 40 BHU IND NEP SRL 41 CBD MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bicuspe Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 214, f. 146 (1914)
= Asplenium ensiforme f. bicuspe (Hayata) Ching ex S.H.Wu, Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 4(2): 24 (1999)
= Asplenium ensiforme f. stenophyllum (Bedd.) Ching ex S.H.Wu, Fl. Reipubl. Pop. Sin. 4(2): 22-24 (1999)
= Asplenium ensiforme var. bicuspe (Hayata) Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 26: 19 (1951)
= Asplenium ensiforme var. parvum Tardieu & Ching
= Asplenium ensiforme var. stenophyllum (Bedd.) Ching, Fl. Xizangica 1: 178 (1983)
= Asplenium gracilipes Ching & Y.X.Lin, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(3): 202 (1984)
= Asplenium melanolepis Baker, J. Bot. 264 (1890) (non Franch. & Sav (1879))
= Asplenium stenophyllum Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India, t. 147 (1966)
= Asplenium tonkinense C.Chr., Ind. 135 (1905)
= Diplazium bicuspe Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 4: 214, f. 146 (1914)
species :
Asplenium erectopaleaceum Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 84 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium erectum Bory ex Willd.; Linn. Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 5: 328 (1810)
Distribution: South Africa; Lesotho; Mozambique; ?Mauritius; La Réunion; Madagascar; Seychelles; Comores; India (Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Sumatra; [Western] Samoa (Savaii)
26 MOZ 27 LES SAF 29 COM MDG REU SEY 40 IND SRL 42 JAW LSI SUM 60 SAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium camptorhachis Kunze, Linn. 24: 262 (1851)
= Asplenium erectum var. mutilatum (Kaulf.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28,2: 468 (1973)
= Asplenium erectum var. sphenolobium (Zenker ex Kunze) Pic.Serm., Webbia 28,2: 468 (1973)
= Asplenium erectum var. subbipinnatum Hook., Species filicum 3,10/12: 127 (1860)
= Asplenium erectum var. zeyheri (Pappe & Rawson) Sim, The ferns of South Africa: 139, pl. LXVII, fig. c (1892), comb. superfl.
= Asplenium erectum var. zeyheri (Pappe & Rawson) T.Moore, Index filicum 2,11: 127 (1859)
= Asplenium lunulatum ssp. erectum (Bory ex Willd.) Bonap., Notes Pteridol. 7: 347 (1918)
= Asplenium lunulatum subvar. subbiauritum C.Chr., Dansk Botanisk Arkiv 7: 94 (1932)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. biauriculata Bonap., Notes Pterid. 4: 24, 25 (1917)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. camptorachis (Kunze) Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India 148 (1883)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. erectum (Bory ex Willd.) Baker, Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 435 (1870)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. sphenolobium Zenker ex Kunze, Linnaea 24: 264 (1851)
= Asplenium macraei var. sphenolobium (Kunze) Skottsb., Medd. Göteborg Bot. Trädgard. 15: 67 (1942)
= Asplenium mutilatum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 171 (1824)
= Asplenium pyramidatum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 271 (1827)
= Asplenium sphenolobium (Zenker ex Kunze) Hieron., Wissensch. Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika- Expedition 1907–1908. Botanik 2: 14 (1910)
= Asplenium zeyheri Pappe & Rawson, Syn. Fil. Afr. austr. 18 (1858)
= Chamaefilix lunulata var. erecta (Bory ex Willd.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 271 (1931)
variant :
var. usambarense (Hieron.) Schelpe; Bol. Soc. Brot. ser. 2, 41: 207 (1967)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe; São Tomé; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Guinea; Liberia; Ghana; Nigeria; Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Sudan
22 GHA GUI LBR NGA 23 BIO BUR CMN RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium quintasii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1920)
= Asplenium sphenolobium var. usambarense Hieron., Wiss. Ergebn. Deut. Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, Bot. 2: 14 (1910)
= Asplenium usambarense (Hieron.) Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 227 (1918) (nom. illeg.)
= Asplenium erectum f. usambarense (Hieron.) Viane, Aspleniaceae Madagascar 87 (2021)
species :
Asplenium erosum L.; Syst. Nat. ed. X, 2: 1324 (1759)
Distribution: Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola
81 CUB HIS JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium caryotoides C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 107 (1836)
= Asplenium coriaceum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 275 (1827)
= Asplenium falx Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 274 (1827)
= Tarachia caryotoides (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 76 (1851)
= Tarachia erosa C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 76 (1851)
= Tarachia zamiifolia C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 76 (1851)
variant :
var. duale (Jenman) Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 72(4): 109 (1982)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium falcatum Sw., Fl. West Indies 8: 1618 (1806), nom. illeg., non Lam. 1786
= Asplenium duale Jenman, Gard. Chr. III, 13: 10 (1893) (ex err. sub Adianto)
species :
Asplenium erythraeum Pic.Serm.; Webbia 32(1): 57 (1977)
Distribution: Eritrea
24 ERI
species :
Asplenium escaleroense Christ; Hedwigia 44: 366 (1905)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador; Colombia (Santander); Bolivia (La Paz); Brazil (Amazonas)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
species :
Asplenium eurysorum Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 364 (1911)
Distribution: São Tomé; Principe Isl.
23 PRI SAO
species :
Asplenium eutecnum A.R.Sm.; Novon 16(3): 424 (2006)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Asplenium excelsum Lellinger; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98: 369 (1985)
Distribution: Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Ecuador
80 COS NIC PAN 83 ECU
species :
Asplenium exhaustum (Christ) Alston; Exell, Cat. Vasc. Pl. S. Tome 76: f. 2 (1944)
Distribution: São Tomé
23 SAO
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium dimidiatum var. exhaustum Christ, A. Cheval., J. de Bot., ser. 2, 2: 23 (1909)
= Asplenium dimidiatum var. subintegrum Christ, Journal de Botanique (L. Morot, ed.) 22: 23 (1909)
species :
Asplenium exiguum Bedd.; Ferns South. India, pl. 146 (1864)
subspecies :
subsp. exiguum
Name: Little Spleenwort
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu); Philippines
40 IND 42 PHI
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium loherianum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 8: 152 (1898)
= Asplenium saulii var. latius Christ, Nu. Giorn. bot. It. n. s. 4: 89 (1897)
= Asplenium fontanum var. exiguum (Bedd.) Bedd., Handb. Ferns India 158 (1883)
subspecies :
subsp. glenniei (Baker) Fraser-Jenk.; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 197 (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: India
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium glenniei Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 488 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. lushanense (C.Chr.) Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 197 (2011)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Nepal; Vietnam; Bhutan; ?India (?Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI 40 BHU NEP 41 VIE
Remarks: kept as separate species by Flora of China
Conservation Status: Nepal VU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium lushanense C.Chr., Acta Hort. Gothob. 1: 80, t. 16 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. luyunense Z.R.Wang ex Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1 & 2): 198 (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Bhutan; China (Yunnan)
36 CHI 40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×luyunense Z.R Wang, Wang, Wang, Zhang & Hou, Act. Bot. Sin. 45(1): 11 (2003), nom. nud.
= Asplenium ×mickelii Viane & Reichst., Fl. China 2-3: 293 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. yunnanense (Franch.) Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 196 (2011)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hunan, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Mongolia; Siberia (SW-Siberia); Thailand; N-Vietnam; N-Myanmar; Nepal; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Bhutan
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium tianshanense Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 4 (1985)
= Asplenium fontanum var. yunnanense (Franch.) Bedd., Suppl. [Handb.] Ferns Brit. India 31 (1892)
= Asplenium kangdingense Ching & H.S.Kung, H. S. Kung, L. B. Zhang & X. S. Guo, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 17(4): 421 (1995)
= Asplenium moupinense Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. II, 10: 114 (1887)
= Asplenium moupinense var. daraeiforme Franch., Pl. David. 2: 152 (1888)
= Asplenium woodsioides Christ, Bull. Soc. Bot. It. 261 (1900)
= Asplenium yunnanense Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 82: 28 (1885)
= Asplenium yunnanense var. daraeiforme (Franch.) H.S.Kung, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5(4): 360 (1983)
= Asplenium yunnanense var. simlense C.Hope ex Reichst. & Khullar, Khullar & Sharma, Himalayan Bot. Res. 390 (1991), nom. nud.
species :
Asplenium extensum Fée; Mém. Foug. 7: 51, t. 13, f. 2 (1857)
Distribution: Colombia (Norte de Santander); Peru; ?Ecuador
82 CLM 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaefilix extensa (Fée) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium falcatum Lam.; Encycl. 2: 306 (1786)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, SE-Yunnan); Taiwan; Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte); La Réunion; Mauritius; Rodrigues; Tanzania; India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); Nicobar Isl.; Andaman Isl.; Sri Lanka; peninsular Malaysia (Penang); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Thailand; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Vietnam; Philippines; Sulawesi; Java; Sumatra; ?Lesser Sunda Isl.; Cambodia; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
25 TAN 29 COM MAU MDG REU ROD 36 CHI 38 TAI 40 IND SRL 41 AND CBD MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY NWG PHI SUL SUM
Remarks: falcatum agg. Taxonomy and distribution fide Salgado & Fraser-Jenkins 2013
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantoides var. fibrillosum Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928)
= Asplenium adiantoides var. macrurum Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928)
= Asplenium contiguum Bedd., Ferns South. India, t. 140 (1863)
= Asplenium cultrifolium Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 498 (1844) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium cumingii Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 74, t. 12, f. g (1856) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium dentato-serratum E.Fourn., Ann. sc. nat. V, 18: 305 (1873) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium falcifolium T.Moore, Ind. 129 (1859) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium fastigiatum E.Fourn., Ann. sc. nat. V, 18: 305 (1873) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium lofouense Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 142 (1910)
= Asplenium longjinense Ching & S.H.Wu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 9(2): 89 (1989)
= Asplenium macrophyllum var. urophyllum Hook., Sp. Fil. 3: 158, t. 197 (1860)
= Asplenium multisectum Blume, Enum. Fil. 185 (1828) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium paradoxum Blume, Enum. Fil. 179 (1828)
= Asplenium urophyllum Wall., Num. List no. 192 (1828)
= Asplenium zamiifolium C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1: 43 (1825) (tentative synonym)
= Asplenium zamioides Hook., Sp. 3: 114, t. 170 (1860)
= Tarachia falcata (Lam.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 77 (1851)
= Tarachia haenkeana C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 76 (1851) (tentative synonym)
= Tarachia paradoxa (Blume) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 260 (1851)
species :
Asplenium feei Kunze ex Fée; Mém. Foug. 5: 194 (1852)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Boyacá, Magdalena); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Lara, Yaracuy); Ecuador; Surinam; French Guiana; Galapagos; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Cochabamba); Brazil (Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Roraima, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Cuba; Puerto Rico; Hispaniola
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS PUE 82 CLM FRG SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. sanguinolentum (Kunze) Hieron., (1908)
= Asplenium incisuratum Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 3: 44, t. 94, f. 1 (1872)
= Asplenium nigrescens Hook., Fil. Tr. Linn. Soc. 20: 170 (1847) (non Blume (1828))
= Asplenium nubilum T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 150 (1859)
= Asplenium sanguinolentum Kunze ex Mett., Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges. 3: 142, t. 4, fig. 10 (1858)
= Asplenium sarcodes Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 10: 494, t. 56, f. 3 (1908)
= Asplenium stenocarpon Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 64 t 19, f. 1 (1869)
species :
Asplenium fenzlii Ettingsh.; Denkschr. Akad. Wien 28. 67, t. 11, f. 10-11 (1864)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium fibrillosum Pringle & Davenp.; Bot. Gaz. 21: 257, t. 18, f. 1-4 (1896)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Asplenium filaroides Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 32 (2021)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Asplenium filiceps Copel.; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.6: 285 (1910)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cuspidifolium Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 7 (1916)
species :
Asplenium filidens Brownlie; Fl. Nouv.-Caléd. 3: 190, t. 24 (1969)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Asplenium finlaysonianum Wall. ex Hook.; Ic. Pl. t. 937 (1864)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan, Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi); Tibet; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Tripura, West Bengal); peninsular Malaysia; peninsular Thailand; ?Vietnam; Nepal; Bhutan; Sumatra
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 MYA THA 42 MLY SUM
Remarks: easily confused with Asplenium falcatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenidictyum finlaysonianum (Wall. ex Hook.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 334 (1875)
= Asplenium hookerianum Wall., Num. List no. 2682 (nomen) (1829)
= Asplenium integerrimum Wall., Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. t. 136 (1829), non Spreng. 1821
= Hemidictyum hookerianum Wall. ex T.Moore, Ind. 130 (1859)
= Hemidictyum integerrimum T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 130 (1859)
species :
Asplenium fissum Kit. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 5(1): 348 (1810)
Name: Zerschlitzter Streifenfarn
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; ?France; Germany; Greece; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Slovenia; Serbia & Kosovo; SW-Iran
11 AUT GER 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA SLV SRB 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium cuneatum Schkuhr, Kr. Gew. 1: 198 (1809) (non Asplenium cuneatum Lam. (1786))
= Asplenium angustifolium Guss., Tenore, Fl. Nap. Prod. App. V, 30 (1826)
= Asplenium tenuifolium Guss., Pl. rar. 377, t. 65 (1826)
= Asplenium trettenerianum Jan, Flora 1835(1): 32 (1835)
= Athyrium cuneatum (Schkuhr) Heufl., Verh. zool. Bot. Ges. 6: 346 (1868)
species :
Asplenium flabellifolium Cav.; Descr. Pl. 257 (1802)
Name: Necklace fern, Walking fern, Butterfly fern
Distribution: Australia (SW-Western Australia, S-South Australia, SE-Queensland, E-New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl.)
50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium flabellifolium var. dissecta F.Muell., Fragm. (1866)
= Asplenium flabellifolium f. tasmanica Gand., (1901)
= Chamaefilix flabellifolia Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium flabellulatum Kunze; Linn. 9: 71 (1834)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz); Puerto Rico; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo); Paraguay (Paraguari)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 HIS JAM PUE 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium flabellulatum var. dentatum Klotzsch, Linn. 20: 357 (1847)
= Asplenium flabellulatum var. partitum Klotzsch, Linn. 20: 357 (1847) (non Asplenium flabellulatum Kunze (1834))
= Asplenium paraguariense Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 261 (1918)
= Asplenium partitum (Klotzsch) C.Chr., Ind. 125 (1905)
= Asplenium radicans var. dentatum (Klotzsch) Bonap., (1918)
= Asplenium radicans var. partitum (Klotzsch) Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 84: 464 (1904)
= Asplenium rhizophorum var. flabellulatum (Kunze) Krug, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24(1): 105 (1897)
species :
Asplenium flaccidum G.Forst.; Prod. 80 (1786)
Name: Weeping spleenwort, Hanging spleenwort, Makawe o Raukatauri (Maori)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, E-New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Three Kings Isl., Stewart Isl.); Snares Isl.; Chatham Isl.; Kermadec Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM KER NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium appendiculatum var. angustilobum Müll., Linn. 26: 718 (1862)
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. flaccidum (G.Forst.) Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928)
= Asplenium heterophyllum A.Rich., Fl. N. Zél. 74 (1832)
= Asplenium marinum var. flaccida (G.Forst.) F.Muell., (1864)
= Asplenium odontites (Thunb.) R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 151 (1810)
= Caenopteris flaccida (G.Forst.) Thunb., Nova Acta Hort. Petrop. 9: 158, t. D, f. 1-2 (1795)
= Caenopteris novae-zelandiae Spreng., Schrad., J. Bot. 1799(2): 269 (1799)
= Caenopteris odontites Thunb., Nova Acta Hort. Petrop. 9: 159, t. E, f. 1 (1795)
= Darea flaccida (G.Forst.) Willd., Sp. 295 (1810)
= Darea odontites (Thunb.) Willd., Sp. 6: 296 (1810)
species :
Asplenium fontanum (L.) Bernh.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1799(1): 314 (1799)
subspecies :
subsp. fontanum
Name: Jura-Streifenfarn
Distribution: ?Austria; Baleares; Corsica; Slovakia; France; Luxembourg; Germany; Switzerland; Spain; Andorra; Hungary; Italy; Morocco; Ukraine
11 GER HUN LUX SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL COR FRA SPA 13 ITA 14 UKR 20 MOR
Remarks: fontanum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium fontanum (L.) Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 40 (1801)
= Aspidium halleri (Roth) Willd., Sp. 6: 274 (1810)
= Asplenium halleri (Roth) DC., Fl. franc. 5: 240 (1815)
= Asplenium lanceolatum ssp. fontanum (L.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France 15 (1934)
= Asplenium leptophyllum Lag. & al., Anal. Ci. Nat. 5: 155 (1802)
= Asplenium refractum T.Moore, Ferns Gr. Br. nat. Print, t. 35 A (1857)
= Asplenium spinulosum Dulac, Fl. Dépt. Hautes-Pyrenees 35 (1867)
= Athyrium fontanum (L.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 3: 59 (1799)
= Athyrium halleri Roth, Röm., Arch. 2(1): 105 (1799)
= Chamaefilix fontana (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Polypodium fontanum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1089 (1753) (basion.)
= Polypodium pedicularifolium Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 2: 10 (1795)
= Tarachia fontana (L.) Momose, J. Jap. Bot. 35: 317 (1960)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudofontanum (Kossinsky) Reichst. & Schneller; Candollea 37(1): 124 (1982)
Distribution: E-Afghanistan; Iran; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Darjeeling); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Gilgit, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir, Muzaffarabad); W-Nepal; Tibet; China (Xinjiang); E-Kazakhstan; E-Kyrgyzstan; E-Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium pseudofontanum Kossinsky, Not. syst. Hort. Petr. 3: 122 (1922)
species :
Asplenium foreziense Le Grand ex Magnier; Fl. Selecta Exsicc.: n 743 (1884)
Distribution: ?Belgium; Corsica; France; Germany; Switzerland; Spain; Italy; Sardinia; Libya; Algeria; Tunisia
11 GER SWI 12 COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG LBY TUN
Remarks: foreziense agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium fontanum ssp. foresiacum (Le Grand) Christ, Foug. Alpes Marit.: 14 (1900)
= Asplenium foresiacum (Le Grand) Christ, Farnkr. d. Schweiz 84, f. 10 (1900)
= Asplenium forisiense Grand, Ann. Soc. Sci. Loire 17: 378 (1873)
= Asplenium halleri var. foresiacum Le Grand, Bull. Soc. Bot. France (1869)
= Asplenium lanceolatum ssp. foresiacum (Le Grand) Mattir., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. ser. 2, 17: 565 (1910)
= Asplenium obovatum ssp. numidicum (Trab.) Salvo & Cabezudo, Acta Bot. Malac. 17: 288 (1992) (fide Dobignard et al. 2010)
= Asplenium obovatum var. numidicum (Trab.) Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 51 (1952)
= Asplenium lanceolatum var. numidicum Trab., Fl. Alg. (Batt. & Trab.) 403 (1905)
species :
Asplenium formosae Christ; Bull. Herb. Boiss. II, 4: 613 (1904) [non Asplenium formosanum Baker (1891)]
Distribution: China (Hainan, Guangdong); Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium loriceum Christ, C. Chr., Ind. Fil. 119 (1905)
= Asplenium makinoi (Y.Yabe) Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 224, f. 154 (1914)
= Asplenium sublongum Ching ex S.H.Wu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 9(2): 82 (1989)
= Diplazium makinoi Y.Yabe, Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 6: 272, f. 102 (1915)
= Asplenium loriceum var. karapinense (Hayata) Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 2: 200 (1933)
= Diplazium makinoi var. karapinense Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 5: 272 (1915)
species :
Asplenium formosum Willd.; Linn. Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 5: 329 (1810)
Distribution: Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Tolima); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Alagoas, Amazonas, Ceará, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pará, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Paraguay (Canindeyu); Argentina (Cordoba, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, San Luis, Tucuman); Saba; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; Puerto Rico; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Galapagos; Guyana; French Guiana; Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro); Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; São Tomé; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Central African Republic; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Madagascar; India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BUR CAF CMN CON GAB RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 29 MDG 40 IND SRL 79 MEX RGI 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB DOM GDL HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SAB 82 CLM FRG GUY VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium formosum var. incultum Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier ser. 2, 4: 972 (1904)
= Asplenium mexiae Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 19: 300, t. 57 (1941)
= Asplenium nanum Willd., Sp. 5: 323 (1810)
= Asplenium odontophyllum Wall., Num. List no. 2216 (1829)
= Asplenium subalatum Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beech. Voy. 312, t. 71 (1840)
= Chamaefilix formosa Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
variant :
var. carolinum (Maxon) Morton; Amer. Fern J. 59: 66 (1969)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium carolinum Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 17: 148 (1913)
species :
Asplenium fragrans Sw.; Prod. 130 (1788)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama; Ecuador; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Jamaica; Hispaniola; Peru; Colombia; Venezuela
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 HIS JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium abrotanoides C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1: 47, t. 8, f. 2 (1825)
= Asplenium auritum var. abrotanoides (C.Presl) Christ, Hedwigia 44: 367 (1905)
= Asplenium auritum var. abrotanoides (C.Presl) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 467 (1904)
= Asplenium auritum var. davallioides Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 232 (1908)
= Asplenium auritum var. foeniculaceum (Kunth) Baker, Mart., Fl. Bras. 1(2): 439 (1870)
= Asplenium auritum var. tripinnatum E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 1: 107 (1872)
= Asplenium cuspidatum var. abrotanoides (C.Presl) Morton & Lellinger, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 15: 29 (1966)
= Asplenium cuspidatum var. foeniculaceum (Kunth) Morton & Lellinger, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 15: 29 (1966)
= Asplenium cuspidatum var. tripinnatum (E.Fourn.) Morton & Lellinger, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 15: 29 (1966)
= Asplenium foeniculaceum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 15 (1815)
= Asplenium fragrans var. foeniculaceum (Kunth) Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 3: 181 (1860)
= Asplenium planicaule Lowe, Ferns 5, t. 10 (1858)
= Caenopteris foeniculacea (Kunth) Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 268 (1827)
= Chamaefilix fragrans (Sw.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Chamaefilix fragrans var. foeniculacea (Kunth) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 274 (1931)
= Tarachia fragrans (Sw.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 80 (1851)
species :
Asplenium franceae Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 98 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium funckii Fée; Mém. Foug. 8: 84 (1857)
Distribution: Colombia (Meta)
82 CLM
species :
Asplenium furcatisorum Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 102 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
variant :
var. pseudocapuronii Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 104 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium gardneri Baker; Gard. Chr. 1873: 712 (1873)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; Sumatra
40 SRL 42 SUM
Remarks: not in India
species :
Asplenium gastonis Fée; Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 70, f. 19, t. 2 (1869)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Uruguay (Rivera, Tacuarembo, Trenta y Tres); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Central, Guaira, Paraguari, San Pedro); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auritum f. diversifolium Rosenst., Engl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 232 (1908)
= Asplenium auritum var. divergens (Mett.) Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 104 (1906)
= Asplenium auritum var. diversifolium (Rosenst.) Brade
= Asplenium divergens Mett., Baker, Fl. Bras. 1(2): 445 (1870)
= Asplenium scandicinum Hook., Sp. 3: 183, t. 204 (1860) (non Kaulf. (1824))
species :
Asplenium gemmascens Alston; Bol. Soc. Broter. ser. 2, 30: 10 (1956)
Distribution: Guinea; S-Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Rwanda; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique
22 GUI NGA 23 CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium torrei Schelpe, Bol. Soc. Broter. Ser. 2, 41: 209 (1967)
species :
Asplenium gemmiferum Schrad.; Gött. gel. Anz. 916 (1818)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Comores; Madagascar; La Réunion; Mauritius
23 BIO BUR CMN CON ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF 29 COM MAU MDG REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium macrolobium Peter, Fedde, Repert. 40: 77 (1929)
species :
Asplenium gentryi A.R.Sm.; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88 (Pterid. Mexico): 97-98 (2004)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Hidalgo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Asplenium geraense (C.Chr.) Sylvestre; Rodriguésia 61(1): 111 (2010)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium serra var. geraense C.Chr., Bot. Tidsskr. 25: 80 (1902)
species :
Asplenium ghiesbreghtii E.Fourn.; Mex. Pl. 1: 111, t. 6 (1872)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Holodictyum ghiesbreghtii (E.Fourn.) Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 10: 482, t. 56, f. 4 (1908)
= Holodictyum finckii (Baker) Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 10: 482 (1908)
= Asplenium finckii Baker, Ann. Bot. 8: 126 (1894)
species :
Asplenium gibberosum (G.Forst.) Mett.; Novara Exp. Bot. 1: 211 (1870)
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Gau, Ovalau, Taveuni); Tonga (´Eua, Kao); Cook Isl. (Rarotonga); Society Isl. (Moorea, Tahiti, Bora Bora); Austral Isl. (Raivavae, Tubuai)
60 FIJ TON 61 AUI COO SCI
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxoscaphe gibberosum (G.Forst.) T.Moore, J. Bot. 5: 227 (1853)
= Davallia gibberosa (G.Forst.) Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 88 (1801)
= Davallia glaucescens Hedw., Fil. Gen. & Sp. (1803)
= Trichomanes gibberosum G.Forst., Prod. 85 (1786)
variant :
var. rapense (E.D.Br.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti)
61 AUI
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxoscaphe gibberosa var. rapense E.D.Br., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 89 [Fl. S. E. Polynesia II]: 66 (1931)
variant :
var. pitcairnense (E.D.Br.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Pitcairn Isl.
61 PIT
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxoscaphe gibberosa var. pitcairnense E.D.Br., Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 89 [Fl. S. E. Polynesia II]: 67 (1931)
species :
Asplenium gilbertii Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 72(4): 110 (1982)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
species :
Asplenium gilliesii Hook.; Exot. Fl. 8 ad t. 208 (1827)
Distribution: Peru; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Luis Prov., Tucuman); N-Chile (Tarapaca); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium debile Fée, Mém. Foug. 10: 28, t. 35, f. 2 (1865)
= Asplenium gilliesianum Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. t. 73 (1829)
species :
Asplenium glanduliserrulatum Ching ex S.H.Wu; Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 9(2): 83 (1989)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asplenium glaucostipes Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 16: 2 (1914)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium goetzei Hieron.; Bot. Jahrb. 28: 343 (1900)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Tanzania
23 RWA ZAI 25 TAN
species :
Asplenium gomezianum Lellinger; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98: 371 (1985)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
species :
Asplenium goudeyi D.L.Jones; Muelleria 9: 37, f. 1 (1996)
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
species :
Asplenium gracile (E.Fourn.) Hemsl.; Biol. Centr.-Amer., Bot. 3: 634 (1885) (non Don (1825)), nom. illeg., needs a new name
Distribution: USA (SE-Arizona); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Guatemala
76 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrium gracile E.Fourn., Mex. Pl. 1: 102 (1872)
= Chamaefilix gracilis (E.Fourn.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium gracilifolium Copel.; Philipp. J. Sci., Bot.4: 113 (1909)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium clemensiae Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 18: 222 (1942)
species :
Asplenium grandidentatum (Bonap. ex C.Chr.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 106 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium normale var. angustatum C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 97, pl. 34, figs. 4, 5 (1932)
= Asplenium normale var. grandidentatum Bonap., Notes Pterid. 16: 66 (1925)
= Asplenium normale var. grandidentatum Bonap. ex C.Chr., Notes Pteridol. 16: 66 (1925)
variant :
var. triangularipinnatum (Bonap. ex C.Chr.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 108 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium monanthes var. triangularipinnatum Bonap. ex C.Chr., Notes Pteridol. 16: 63 (1925)
species :
Asplenium gregoriae Baker; Kew Bull. 40 (1898)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium rosendahlii C.Chr., Ark. för Bot. 14(19): 6, t. 2, f. 7 (1916)
species :
Asplenium grevillei Wall.; Num. List no. 1036 (1828)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak); India (Kerala, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya); Thailand (widespread); Myanmar (Tenasserim); Laos; Vietnam; Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 MLY
Conservation Status: IUCN VU for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris grevillei (Wall.) J.Sm., J. Bot. 4: 176 (1841)
= Thamnopteris grevillei (Wall.) T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 50 (1857)
species :
Asplenium griffithianum Hook.; Ic. Pl. 87, f. 928 (1854)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Japan; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 40 BHU IND 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium baibarense Tatew. & Tagawa ex Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 82 (1938)
= Asplenium holophyllum Baker, Ann. Bot. 5: 301 (1891)
= Asplenium iridiphyllum Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 223, f. 152 (1914)
= Asplenium nakanoanum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28: 176 (1914)
= Asplenium scolopendrifrons Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 227, f. 157 (1914)
= Diplazium iridiphyllum (Hayata) Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 6: 272 (1915)
species :
Asplenium griseum Copel.; Polyp. Philipp. 82 (1905)
Distribution: Philippines (Mindanao, SE-Luzon, Visayas)
42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium insigne Copel., Perkins, Fragm. Fl. Philip. 185 (1905) (non Blume (1828) nec Liebm (1849))
species :
Asplenium guadalcanalensis Glenny; sp. nov. in prep.
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Santa Ysabel, Malaita, Rennell)
43 SOL
species :
Asplenium guangdongense Y.Fen Chang & H.Schneid.; J. Pl. Res. 131(4): 584 (2018)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
species :
Asplenium gueinzianum Mett. ex Kuhn; Fil. Afr. 103 (1868)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Comores (Grande Comore); Madagascar; La Réunion; Mauritius; St. Helena
22 NGA 23 BIO BUR CMN CON RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 28 STH 29 COM MAU MDG REU
Remarks: falcatum agg. Application of the name A. gueinzianum fide Salgado & Fraser-Jenkins (2013)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium caudatum var. minor C.Chr., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 7, 19: 417 (1912)
= Asplenium caudatum var. reflexum Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 4: 70, 71 (1917)
= Asplenium friesiorum C.Chr., Notizbl. bot. Gart. Berlin 9: 181 (1924)
= Asplenium friesiorum var. nesophilum Ballard, Hook. Ic. Pl., ser. 5, 4,3: pl. 3366 (1938)
= Asplenium monilisorum Domin, Preslia 8 (1929)
= Asplenium pseudoserra Domin, Preslia 8 (1929)
= Asplenium serra var. natalensis Baker, Syn. Fil., ed. 2: 485 (1874)
= Tarachia friesiorum (C.Chr.) Momose, J. Jap. Bot. 35: 321, f. 33,34 (1960)
species :
Asplenium haenkeanum (C.Presl) Hieron.; Hedwigia 47: 233 (1908)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Magdalena, Norte de Santander); Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru
80 COS PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium haenkeanum var. angustifolia Hieron., Hedwigia 47: 233 (1908)
= Asplenium haenkeanum var. minor Hieron., Hedwigia 47: 233 (1908)
= Athyrium haenkeanum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 98 (1836) (nomen, ex Epim. 66 (1849))
species :
Asplenium haenkei Copel.; Gen. Fil. 165 (1947)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon); Moluccas
42 MOL PHI
Remarks: Possibly conspecific with Asplenium translucens which if that is the case takes preference
Synonyms: hidden
= Diplora longifolia (C.Presl) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. III: 78 (1934)
= Micropodium longifolium (C.Presl) Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 233 (1866)
= Micropodium pinnatum (J.Sm.) Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 233 (1866)
= Phyllitis longifolia (C.Presl) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 818 (1891)
= Phyllitis pinnata Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 818 (1891)
= Scolopendrium longifolium C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 1: 48, t. 9, f. 1 (1825) (non Asplenium longifolium Schrad. nec D. Don)
= Scolopendrium pinnatum J.Sm., J. Bot. 3: 406 (1841), nomen, ex Kunze, Farnkr. 1. 124, t. 56 (1843)
= Triphlebia longifolia (C.Presl) Baker, Malesia 3: 41 (1886)
= Triphlebia pinnata (J.Sm.) Baker, Malesia 3: 42 (1886)
species :
Asplenium hagenii Alderw.; Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 18: 14 (1908)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium hainanense Ching ex Tardieu & Ching; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 140, t. 1(3) (1936)
Distribution: China (Hainan); Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 THA VIE
Remarks: possibly a synonym of A. phyllitidis but kept separate in Flora of China
species :
Asplenium haleakalense W.H.Wagner; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 22: 164 (1999)
Distribution: Hawaii (Maui)
63 HAW
species :
Asplenium hallbergii Mickel & Beitel; Pterid. Fl. Oaxaca (Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 46): 58 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Bolivia (Cochabamba)
79 MEX 80 GUA 83 BOL
species :
Asplenium hallei Tardieu; Fl. Gabon 8: 125 (1964)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
species :
Asplenium hallii Hook.; Sp. Fil. 3: 202 (1859 [1860])
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas); Colombia (Amazonas, Chocó, Valle, Vaupés); Ecuador; E-Peru; Brazil (Amazonas, Acre); Bolivia (La Paz)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium pectinatum T.Moore, Ind. 152 (1859) (nomen)
= Asplenium spruceanum Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 260 (1918)
= Asplenium hallii var. stubeliana Hieron., Hedwigia 47: 228 (1908)
species :
Asplenium hapalophyllum Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 167 (1913)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium harleyanum G.Kunkel; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 75: 54, f. 1 (1965)
Distribution: Liberia
22 LBR
species :
Asplenium harmanii D.L.Jones; Austrobaileya 2(5): 475 (1988)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Asplenium harpeodes Kunze; Linn. 18: 329 (1845)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Puebla, Chiapas, Veracruz, Oaxaca); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo); Guyana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Hispaniola; Jamaica; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; ?St. Vincent
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 DOM GDL HIS JAM MAR 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium araucarietii Sehnem, Sellowia 15: 19, t. 4 (1963)
= Asplenium donnell-smithii Christ, Bot. Gaz. 20: 544 (1895)
= Asplenium erectum var. harpeodes (Kunze) Mett., (1859)
= Asplenium erectum var. incisum Rosenst., Hedwigia 60: 238 (1919)
= Asplenium fluminense (Lindm.) Hieron., Hedwigia 61: 17 (1919)
= Asplenium harpeodes var. glazioviana Hieron.
= Asplenium harpeodes var. incisum (Rosenst.) Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 238 (-239) (1918 publ. 1919))
= Asplenium lunulatum ssp. harpeodes (Kunze) I.Losch, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 1: 23 (1950)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. donnell-smithii Christ
= Asplenium lunulatum var. fluminense Lindm., Ark. för Bot. 1: 218, t. 10, f. 3 (1903)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. harpeodes (Kunze) Krug, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24(1): 104 (1897)
= Asplenium pendulum Fée, Gen. 196 (1850-52)
= Chamaefilix lunulata var. harpeodes (Kunze) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 271 (1931)
species :
Asplenium harrisii Jenman; Gard. Chr. III, 17: 68 (1895)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo); Jamaica
79 MEX 81 JAM
species :
Asplenium hastatum Klotzsch ex Kunze; Linn. 23: 235, 305 (1850)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba)
80 PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium fragrans Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 88 (1837) (non Sw. (1788))
= Asplenium odoratum T.Moore, Ind. 151 (1859)
= Asplenium hastatum var. fragrans (Hook.) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 464 (1904)
species :
Asplenium haughtonii (Hook.) Bir, Fraser-Jenk. & Lovis; Fern Gaz. 13(1): 62 (1985)
Distribution: St. Helena
28 STH
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Ceterach cordatum var. haughtonii (Hook.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil. 170, 336 (1905)
= Ceterach haughtonii (Hook.) Cronk, Endemic Fl. St. Helena 92 (2000)
= Gymnogramma haughtonii Hook. ex Baker, Syn. Fil. 381 (1868)
species :
Asplenium haurakiense (Brownsey) Ogle; New Zealand J. Bot. 25(4): 591 (1987 publ. 1988)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium flaccidum ssp. haurakiense Brownsey, New Zealand J. Bot. 15(1): 70 (1977)
species :
Asplenium hemionitis L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1078 (1753)
Name: Hierba candil (Esp), Efeufarn (D)
Distribution: Portugal; Morocco; Algeria; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava)
12 POR 20 ALG MOR 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium hastatum Bory, Munby, Fl. d´Alg. 111 (1847) (nomen)
= Asplenium hemionitis var. productum Bolle, Zeitschrift für Allge meine Erdkunde zu Berlin 17: 266 (1864)
= Asplenium hemionitis var. rotundatum Peter, Feddes Repertorium, Beiheft 40,1 Anhang: 5, t. 5, fig. 4a, b (1929)
= Asplenium palmatum Lam., Encycl. 12: 302 (1786)
= Chamaefilix hemionitis (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268 (1931)
= Phyllitis palmata (Lam.) Samp., Herb. Portug.: 10 (1913)
= Scolopendrium breve Bertol., Misc. bot. 18: 20, t. 5 (1857)
= Scolopendrium cordatum Fée, Gen. 209 (1850-52)
= Scolopendrium hemionitis (L.) Lag., Anales de Historia Natural 5: 150, 151, t. 41, fig. 2 (1802)
= Scolopendrium minus Fée, Gen. 209, t. 17 (1850-52)
= Tarachia palmata (Lam.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 75 (1851)
variant :
var. longilobatum G.Kunkel; Vieraea 8(2): 338 (1978 publ. 1980)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Gomera)
21 CNY
species :
Asplenium hemitomum Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 365 (1911)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Tanzania; Malawi
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium christensenii Tardieu, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 13: 372, t. 1(4) (1949)
species :
Asplenium herpetopteris Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 16: 200 (1877)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium affine var. herpetopteris (Baker) Bonap., Notes Pterid. 5: 88 (1917)
form :
f. acutipinnatum (Bonap.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 113 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium acutipinnata Bonap., Notes pterid. 4: 69 (1917)
= Asplenium nigropaleaceum Bonap., Notes pterid. 4: 72 (1917) (non A. Braun (1861))
= Asplenium herpetopteris var. acutipinnata (Bonap.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. veg. 7: 50 (1956)
variant :
var. afzelii (H.Rosend.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 125 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium afzelii H.Rosend., Ark. för Bot. 14(18): 3, t. 2, f. 3-4 (1916)
variant :
var. gilpiniae (Baker) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 118 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium affine var. gilpiniae (Baker) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. Veg. 7: 48 (1956)
= Asplenium gilpiniae Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 10. 260 (1877)
variant :
var. masoulae (Bonap.) Tardieu; Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. veg. 7: 50 (1956)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium masoulae Bonap., Notes pterid. 10: 182 (1920)
= Asplenium herpetopteris f. daroidea C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 101, 102 (1932)
form :
f. nigropilosum (Bonap. ex C.Chr.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 114 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium nigropilosum Bonap. ex C.Chr., Dansk Bot. Ark. 7: 96, t. 36, f. 11-15 (1932)
form :
f. pecten (Baker) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 121 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium affine var. pecten Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 199 (1877)
= Asplenium gilpinae var. pecten (Baker) C.Chr., Cat. pl. Madagascar, Pterid. 39 (1932)
= Asplenium lineatum ssp. supraauritum C.Chr., Ark. för Bot. 14 no. 19. 7, t. 2 (1916)
= Asplenium simillimum Kuhn ex Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 213 (1918)
form :
f. tanalense (Baker) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 119 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium affine var. tanalense Baker, J. Bot. 329 (1880)
variant :
var. villosum (Bonap.) Tardieu; Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B, Biol. veg. 7: 50 (1956)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium villosum Bonap., Notes pterid. 4: 72 (1917) (non C. Presl (1825))
species :
Asplenium heterochroum Kunze; Linn. 9: 67 (1834)
Name: Varicolored Spleenwort, Bicolored Spleenwort
Distribution: USA (N-Florida, S-Georgia, S-Alabama, South Carolina); Cuba; Puerto Rico; Hispaniola; Bermuda; Mexico (Chiapas, Veracruz); Belize; Guatemala; Colombia; Venezuela (Falcon); Ecuador
78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA 81 BER CUB HIS PUE 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium muticum Gilb., Amer. Botanist 4: 86 (1903)
species :
Asplenium heteromorphum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 20: 7 (1915)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium hildebrandtianum Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 56 (2021), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium buettneri var. hildebrandtii Hieron., Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 25 (1910)
species :
Asplenium hispanicum (Coss.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 10(1): 17 (1980)
Distribution: Spain; Algeria; Morocco
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Pleurosorus hispanicus (Coss.) C.V.Morton, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 106, 233 (1959)
= Asplenium nevadense (Salvo) Greuter & Burdet, Willdenowia 10: 230 (1980)
= Asplenium nevadensis (Salvo) Rivas Mart., Lazaroa 2: 327 (1980)
= Asplenium subglandulosum ssp. hispanicum (Coss.) Salvo, Prada & T.E.Díaz, Fl. Pterid. Andalucia: 286 (Oct. 1982), et Candollea 37(2): 481 (Dec. 1982)
= Ceterach hispanicum (Coss.) Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 80 (1856)
= Grammitis hispanica Coss., Notes Pl. Crit.: 48 (1849) (basion.)
= Gymnogramma rutifolia var. hispanica (Coss.) Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 935 (1854)
= Pleurosorus nevadensis Salvo, Lazaroa 1: 147 (1979)
species :
Asplenium hobdyi W.H.Wagner; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 19: 64 (1993)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, ?Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
species :
Asplenium holophlebium Baker; J. Bot. 15: 163 (1877)
Distribution: Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Nariño, Risaralda); E-Ecuador
80 COS NIC PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium filicaule Baker, J. Bot. 204 (1881)
species :
Asplenium holosorum Christ; Bull. Botan. 7: 10 (1898)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Vietnam; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland)
36 CHI 40 IND 41 VIE
Remarks: not in Taiwan
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium loxogrammoides Christ, Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 1909, Mém. 20. 171 (1909)
species :
Asplenium holstii Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 348 (1911)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Uganda; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 CON ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium africanum var. holstii (Hieron.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Franc. Afrique Noide 28: 172 (1953)
species :
Asplenium hookerianum Colenso; Tasm. J. 2: 169 (1844)
Distribution: Australia (E-Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adiantoides Raoul, Ann. sc. nat. III, 2: 115 (1844) (non Lam. (1786) nec Raddi)
= Asplenium adiantoides var. colensoi (Colenso) Hook.fil., Bot. Antarct. Voy. II. (Fl. Nov.-Zel.). 2(2.1): 35 (1854)
= Asplenium adiantoides var. hookerianum Hook.fil., (1855)
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. hookerianum (Colenso) Rodway, (1903)
= Asplenium colensoi Hook.fil., Tasm. J. 2: 170 (1845)
= Asplenium hookerianum var. colensoi (Hook.fil.) G.M.Thomson, The Ferns and Fern Allies of New Zealand (1882)
= Asplenium ornatum Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 22: 452 (1890)
= Asplenium raoulii Mett., Aspl. 118, n. 73 b (1859)
species :
Asplenium horizontale Baker; Ann. Bot. 8: 125 (1894)
Distribution: Sumatra; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR SUM
species :
Asplenium horridum Kaulf.; Enum. Fil. 173 (1824)
Distribution: Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Kolombangara, Rendova); Bougainville; Hawaii (Kauai, Maui); Cook Isl. (Rarotonga); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); American Samoa (Tutuila, Ofu, Olosega, Ta´u); Fiji; Fed. States of Micronesia (Pohnpei); Society Isl. (Moorea)
43 SOL 60 ASA FIJ SAM 61 COO SCI 62 MIC 63 HAW
Remarks: falcatum agg. See Salgado (2007) for restriction of range. Solomons/Bougainville records might refer to A. caudatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium horridum f. mirabile (Copel.) W.H.Wagner, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 22: 160 (1999)
= Asplenium mirabile Copel., Philipp. J. Sci., C 9: 440 (1914)
= Chamaefilix horrida (Kaulf.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
variant :
var. glabratum (W.J.Rob.) D.D.Palmer; Amer. Fern J. 92(2): 97 (2002)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium glabratum W.J.Rob., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 40: 214 (1913)
species :
Asplenium hostmannii Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 256 (1919)
Distribution: Guatemala; Panama; Venezuela (Bolívar); Brazil (Amapá, Pará, Amazonas); Trinidad; Surinam; French Guiana
80 GUA PAN 81 TRT 82 FRG SUR VEN 84 BRA
species :
Asplenium hovenkampii Kottaim.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 57(4-6): 243 (2020), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea, Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium polytocum Rosenst.
= Asplenium foersteri Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 168 (1913), nom. illeg.
species :
Asplenium howeanum (Watts) W.R.B.Oliv.; Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 49: 122 (1917)
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bulbiferum var. howeanum Watts, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 37: 329 (1913)
species :
Asplenium humbertii Tardieu; Aspl. du Tonkin 25, t. 2, f. 1-2 (1932)
Distribution: Laos; N-Vietnam; N-Thailand; China (Hainan, SE-Yunnan, Guangxi)
36 CHI 41 LAO THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris humbertii (Tardieu) Tagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 22: 161 (1949)
= Asplenium longistipes (Ching ex S.H.Wu) Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 161 (1991)
= Neottopteris longistipes Ching ex S.H.Wu, Guihaia 9(4): 289 (1989)
species :
Asplenium humblotii Hieron.; Hedwigia 60 (5/6): 263, 264 (1919)
Distribution: Comores
29 COM
species :
Asplenium hybridum (Milde) Bange; Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 21: 84 (1952)
Name: Bastard-Hirschzunge
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Phyllitis
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Ceterach reichardtii Haracic, Glasnik, Soc. hist. nat. croatica 8: 320 (1892)
= Gymnogramma arbensis Nikolic, Rassegna Dalmata, Zara (1904)
= Phyllitis hybrida (Milde) C.Chr., Ind. Fil. 492 (1906)
= Phyllitopsis hybrida (Milde) Reichst., Bot. Helv. 91: 107 (1981)
= Scolopendrium hybridum Milde, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 14: 235 (1864) (basion.)
= x Ceterophyllitis hybrida (Milde) Pic.Serm., Webbia 34(1): 208 (1979)
species :
Asplenium hymenophylloides Fée; Mém. Foug. 7: t. 15, f. 4 (1857)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Burundi; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Madagascar; NW-India (Rajasthan)
23 BUR 24 ETH SUD 25 TAN 26 MLW ZAM ZIM 29 MDG 40 IND
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium eylesii Sim, Ferns S. Afr. ed. 2: 147, t. 61, f. 2 (1915)
= Asplenium pumilum ssp. hymenophylloides (Fée) Schelpe, Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 41: 210 (1967)
= Asplenium pumilum var. hymenophylloides (Fée) C.B.Clarke, Tr. Linn. Soc. II, 1: 482 (1810)
= Asplenium schimperianum Hochst., Fée, Gen. 191 (1852), nom. nud.
= Asplenium tenerrimum Hochst., Schimp., Pl. abyss. 2064 (nomen)
species :
Asplenium hypomelas Kuhn; Fil. Afr. 104 (1868)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo)
22 GUI LBR SIE 23 BIO BUR CMN CON RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium floccigerum Rosenst., Fedde, Repert. 4: 3 (1907)
= Asplenium hollandii (Sim) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. I1 (1913)
= Asplenium morogorense Viane, Biologische Jaarb., Dodonaea 59: 161 (1992), nom. nov. for Asplenium spathulatum Peter, non Baker (1894)
= Asplenium spathulatum Peter, Feddes Repert., Beiheft 40,1: 81, Anhang: 8, 9 (1929), non Baker (1894)
= Davallia hollandii Sim, Trans. S. Afr. Phil. Soc. 10: 274, t. 4 (1906)
= Davallia nigrescens Hook., 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 93 (1861) (non Asplenium nigrescens Blume (1828))
= Loxoscaphe nigrescens (Hook.) T.Moore, Ind. 297 (1861)
= Loxoscaphe spathulata (Peter) Pic.Serm., Webbia 32,1: 77 (1977), nom. nov. for Asplenium spathulatum Peter, non Baker (1894)
species :
Asplenium ibityense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 126 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium inaequilaterale Bory ex Willd.; Linn. Sp. Pl. ed. 4, 5: 322 (1810)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ghana; Togo; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Gabon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Free State, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Comores (Anjouan); Madagascar; La Réunion; Brazil (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Pernambuco, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Uruguay (Tacuarembo); Paraguay (Caazapa, Guaira, Paraguari); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija, Cochabamba); India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam State, Mizoram, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; N-Thailand
22 GHA GUI LBR SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN GAB SAO ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 COM MDG REU 40 IND SRL 41 THA 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium brachyotus Kunze, Linn. 10: 512 (1836)
= Asplenium cordemoyi C.Chr., Index Filic. 106 (1905)
= Asplenium erectum var. brachyotus (Kunze) Sim, Ferns South Africa 138, pl. LXVI (1892)
= Asplenium laetum var. brachyotus (Kunze) Bonap., Notes Pterid. 16: 60 (1925)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. trapeziforme Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India 148 (1883) (p. p.)
= Asplenium polypodium Bory ap.Willd., Sp. 6: 322 (1810), syn., Desv., Prod. 273 (1827)
= Asplenium suppositum Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 46: 353 (1911)
variant :
var. falciforme (Bonap.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 130 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium laetum var. falciforme Bonap., Notes Pteridol. 4: 22 (1917)
species :
Asplenium incisum Thunb.; Tr. Linn. Soc. 2: 342 (1794)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Japan; North Korea; South Korea; Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Siberia (E-Siberia); Ryukyu Isl.
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI
Remarks: not in India
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium elegantulum Hook., Sp. 3: 190 (1860)
= Asplenium lanceolatum var. elegans Hook., J. Bot. 342 (1857)
= Asplenium trichomanes Thunb., Fl. Jap. 334 (1794) (non L. (1753))
species :
Asplenium incurvatum Fée; Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 69, t. 18 t 1 (1869)
Distribution: Venezuela; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Remarks: sometimes re-included in A. serra s. lat.
species :
Asplenium indusiatum Copel.; Occ. Pap. Bishop Mus. 14: 63, t. 16 (1938)
Distribution: Gambier Isl. (Mangareva); Austral Isl. (Tubuai)
61 AUI GBI
species :
Asplenium insiticium Brack.; U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 161, t. 22 t 2 (1854)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); Fiji (Viti Levu, Taveuni); American Samoa (Ta´u); Philippines (Luzon); Cook Isl. (Rarotonga); Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva); Vanuatu; New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG PHI 60 ASA FIJ SAM VAN 61 COO MRQ 63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cristatum Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 163, t. 21, f. 3 (1854) (non Lam. (1786))
= Asplenium cuneatum W.J.Rob, non Lam.
= Asplenium luzonicum Salgado, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61(2-3): 185 (2005), nom. nov. superfl.
species :
Asplenium insolitum A.R.Sm.; Amer. Fern J. 70(1): 15 (1980)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero)
79 MEX
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium insulanum C.W.Chen; Sol Amazing 283 (2017), nom. nov. for Scolopendrium durvillaei Bory 1828
Distribution: Borneo; Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Santa Ysabel, Kolombangara, Malaita, Rendova, Tetepare, Vella Lavella); Fed. States of Micronesia (Pohnpei, Kosrae); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 BOR NWG 43 BIS SOL 62 MIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium linza Ces., Rend. Ac. Napoli 16: 26, 29 (1877)
= Asplenium scolopendropsis F.Muell., Pap. Plants 3. 49 (1876)
= Diplora durvillaei (Bory) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. III: 78 (1934)
= Diplora integrifolia Baker, J. Bot. 11: 235 (1873)
= Micropodium d´urvillei Mett., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 233 (1866)
= Phyllitis durvillaei (Bory) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 818 (1891)
= Phyllitis intermedia Alderw., Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 21: 6 (1908)
= Phyllitis linza Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 1: 12 (1911)
= Phyllitis mambare (F.M.Bailey) Alderw., Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 21: 6 (1908)
= Phyllitis scolopendropsis (F.Muell.) Alderw., Bull. Dépt. agric. Ind. néerl. 21: 6 (1908)
= Scolopendrium durvillaei Bory, Dup., Voy. Bot. 1: 273, t. 37, f. 1 (1828)
= Scolopendrium integrifolium Christ, Farnkr. 212 (1798)
= Scolopendrium mambare Bailey, Queensl. Agric. J. 84: 162 (1898)
= Triphlebia dimorphophylla Baker, Malesia 3: 42, t. 4 (1886)
= Triphlebia linza (Ces.) Baker, Malesia 3: 42, t. 5 (1886)
species :
Asplenium insulare Carmich.; Tr. Linn. Soc. 12: 512 (1818)
Distribution: Gough Isl.; Tristan da Cunha (incl. Nightingale Isl., Inaccessible Isl.)
91 TDC
Remarks: often included in A. lunulatum
species :
Asplenium interjectum Christ; Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 241 (1902)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Yunnan); N-Thailand; N-Vietnam
36 CHI 41 THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium longkaense Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 123 (1913)
= Asplenium interjectum var. elatum Christ, (1907)
= Asplenium cuneifolium var. vegetius Christ, (1902)
species :
Asplenium irenemantoniae Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 182 (2021), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×mantoniae A.F.Braithw., Fern Gaz. 18(3): 85 (2008), nom. illeg.
species :
Asplenium irregulare Baker; Syn. Fil. 6: 222 (1867)
Distribution: Guinea
22 GUI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium productum Mett. ex Kuhn, Fil. afr.: 112 (1868)
species :
Asplenium isabelense Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 68: 382 (1915)
Distribution: Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon
23 BIO GAB
Conservation Status: IUCN R
species :
Asplenium itremoense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 131 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium ivohibense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 132 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium jahandiezii (Litard.) Rouy; Fl. France 14: 432 (1913)
Distribution: SE-France (Gorges du Verdon)
12 FRA
Conservation Status: IUCN R
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium fontanum ssp. jahandiezii Litard., Bull. Ac. Géogr. Bot. Mans 21: 273 (1911)
species :
Asplenium jaundeense Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 46: 369 (1911)
Distribution: Guinea; Ivory Coast; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 GUI IVO 23 CMN EQG GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium dimidiatum var. zenkeri Hieron., Engl., Veg. d. Erde 9: 28, f. 24 (1904)
species :
Asplenium jenmanii Proctor; Brit. Fern Gaz. 10: 21 (1968)
Distribution: Jamaica; Cuba
81 CUB JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auritum var. parvulum Jenman, Bull. Bot. Dep. Jamaica N. S. 1: 30 (1894)
= Asplenium cuspidatum var. parvulum (Jenman) Morton & Lellinger, (1966)
species :
Asplenium jensenii C.Chr.; Engl. Jahrb. 66: 55 (1933)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium jucundum Fée; Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 68, t. 17, f. 1 (1869)
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium harpeodes var. jucundum (Fée) Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 235 (1918 publ. 1919)
species :
Asplenium juglandifolium Lam.; Encycl. 2: 307 (1786)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Valle, Vaupés); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); Brazil (Acre, Amazonas, Amapá, Pará, Pernambuco, Rondônia); Trinidad; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Puerto Rico; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium falcinellum Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 18: 14 (1909)
= Asplenium flavescens Mett., Ann. sc. nat. V, 2: 234 (1864)
= Asplenium integerrimum Spreng., Nova Acta 10: 231 (1821)
= Asplenium juglandifolium var. angustipinnata Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34(4): 460 (1904)
= Asplenium juglandifolium var. eucalyptifolium Domin, Rozpr. Kral. Ceske Spolecn. Nauk, Tr. Mat.-Prir. n. s. no. 2: 169, pl. 28, fig. 7 (1929)
= Asplenium juglandifolium var. integerrimum (Spreng.) Domin, Rozpr. Kral. Ceske Spolecn. Nauk, Tr. Mat.-Prir. n. s., 2: 169 (1929)
= Asplenium juglandifolium var. subcrenulatum Domin, Rozpr. Kral. Ceske Spolecn. Nauk, Tr. Mat.-Prir. n. s. no. 2: 169 (1929)
= Asplenium klapperianum Kunze
= Asplenium neogranatense Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 47, t. 14, f. 1 (1857)
= Asplenium nicaraguense Domin, Mem. R. Czech. Soc. Sci. n. s. 12: 170, t. 29, f. 3 (1929)
= Asplenium salicifolium var. integerrimum (Spreng.) Mett., Abh. Senckenberg. Naturf. Ges. 3: 145 (1858)
= Asplenium salicifolium var. juglandifolium (Lam.) Krug, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24(1): 103 (1897)
= Asplenium subhastatum Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 929 (1854)
species :
Asplenium karthalense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 179 (2021)
Distribution: Comoros
species :
Asplenium kaulfussii Schltdl.; Adumbr. Fl. Aethiop. 29 (1825)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium enatum Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 153, t. 21, f. 1 (1854)
= Asplenium enatum var. appendiculatum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 594 (1888)
= Asplenium enatum var. caudatum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 593 (1888)
= Asplenium gemmiferum var. enatum (Brack.) O.Deg. & I.Deg.
= Asplenium gemmiferum var. flexuosum (Schrad.) Sims
= Asplenium kauaiense (Hillebr.) W.J.Rob., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 212 (1913)
= Asplenium kaulfussii var. membranaceum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 592 (1888)
= Asplenium mannii Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 594 (1888), nom. illeg., non Hook. 1861
= Asplenium mannii var. kauaiense Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 595 (1888)
= Asplenium protensum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 167 (1824) (non Schrad. (1818))
= Chamaefilix enata (Brack.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Chamaefilix kaulfussii (Schltdl.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
form :
f. bipinnatum (Hillebr.) D.D.Palmer; Amer. Fern J. 92(2): 98 (2002)
Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium parallelum Baker, Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 486 (1874)
= Asplenium bipinnatum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 595 (1888)
= Asplenium lydegatei Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 595 (1888)
= Asplenium meiotomum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 596 (1888)
form :
f. dareoides (Hillebr.) W.H.Wagner; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 22: 160 (1999)
Distribution: Hawaii (Oahu)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium enatum var. dareoides Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 594 (1888)
= Asplenium kaulfussii var. dareoides Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 593 (1888)
= Asplenium mannii var. dareoides Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 595 (1888)
form :
f. gemmiparum (Hillebr.) D.D.Palmer; Amer. Fern J. 92(2): 98 (2002)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Lanai, Maui)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium enatum var. gemmiparum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 593 (1888)
= Asplenium mannii var. gemmiparum Hillebr., Fl. Hawaiian Isl. [Hillebrand] 595 (1888)
species :
Asplenium kelelense Brause; Engl. Jahrb. 40: 29, f. 2 A (1912)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium keysserianum Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 328 (1912)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium khullarii Reichst. & Rasbach ex Fraser-Jenk.; Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 171 (2008)
Distribution: Nepal; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Bhutan; China
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Asplenium kiangsuense Ching & Y.X.Jing; Rec. Fl. Jiangsu (Fl. Kiang Su Prov.) 1: 465 (1977)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium gulingense Ching & S.H.Wu, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 9(2): 84 (1989)
= Asplenium hangzhouense Ching & C.F.Zhang, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 3(3): 38 (1983)
= Asplenium parviusculum Ching, Bull. Bot. Res. Harbin 3(3): 37 (1983)
species :
Asplenium kinabaluense Holttum; Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 7: 281, t. 62 (1934)
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 BOR NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium brassii C.Chr., Brittonia 2: 291 (1937)
species :
Asplenium kjellbergii C.Chr.; Engl. Jahrb. 66: 56 (1933)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium klossii C.Chr.; Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 7: 278, t. 60 (1934)
Distribution: Borneo (Sabah, Mt. Kinabalu)
42 BOR
species :
Asplenium komarovii Akasawa; Bull. Kochi Wom. Univ. 10: 26 (1962), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Jilin); Taiwan; Japan; North Korea; South Korea; Russian Far East; ?North America
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Remarks: included in A. scolopendrium L. by Knapp (Ferns of Taiwan, 2011 ff.) but kept separate by Flora of China
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium scolopendrium ssp. japonicum (Kom.) Rasbach, Reichst. & Viane, Biol. Jaarb. 59: 162 (1991)
= Phyllitis japonica Kom., Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R 30: 192 (1932)
species :
Asplenium konense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 69 (2021)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Asplenium kunzeanum Klotzsch; Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 100 (1907), nom. nov.
Distribution: Ecuador; Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)
83 ECU 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium pteropus var. radicans Mett.
species :
Asplenium labillardieri Kunze; Mett., Aspl. 95, n. 29, t. 4, f. 11 (1859)
Distribution: Moluccas (Buru)
42 MOL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium laciniatum D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal 8 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. laciniatum
Distribution: China (Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Chongqing, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Japan; Vietnam; North Korea; South Korea; N-Thailand; Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Nepal; Sri Lanka; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Pakistan; Vietnam; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; N-Yemen
23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ ZIM 27 LES SAF 35 YEM 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 MYA THA VIE
Remarks: priority of A. laciniatum over A. varians and inclusion of A. fimbriatum and Chinese microspecies fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017). Fl. China argues for conservation of A. varians over A. laciniatum, Fraser-Jenkins (2008, 2017) argues exactly the other way
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium caespitosum Wall., Num. List no. 217 (1828)
= Asplenium depauperatum Wall., Num. List no. 234 (1828) (nomen)
= Asplenium fimbriatum Kunze, Linn. 18: 117 (1844)
= Asplenium fimbriatum var. leptophyllum Kunze, Linn. 18: 117 (1844)
= Asplenium fimbriatum var. leptophyllum Zenker ex Kunze
= Asplenium kansuense Ching, Fl. Tsinlingensis 2: 220 (1974) [fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)]
= Asplenium lankongense Ching, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. Bot. 2, 1: 276 (1949)
= Asplenium mae Viane & Reichst., Fl. China 2-3: 299 (2013) [fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)]
= Asplenium neovarians Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 7 (1985)
= Asplenium parvulum Wall., Num. List no. 2207 (1829)
= Asplenium paucijugum Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 9 (1985), nom. illeg., non Ballard 1935
= Asplenium propinquum Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 8 (1985)
= Asplenium ruta Wall., Num. List no. 239 (1828)
= Asplenium truncatum D.Don, C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 107 (1836)
= Asplenium varians ssp. fimbriatum (Kunze) Schelpe, Bol. Soc. Broter., ser. 2, 41: 211 (1967)
= Asplenium varians var. fimbriatum (Kunze) Viane, Fl. China 2-3: 301 (2013)
= Asplenium varians Wall. ex Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. 2, t. 72 (1829)
= Chamaefilix parvula Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Tarachia laciniata (D.Don) H.Itô, Fil. Jap. Ill. t. 136 (1944)
subspecies :
subsp. fraser-jenkinsii Reichst. ex Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 185 (2011)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Tamil Nadu); China (Yunnan); Philippines; trop. E-Africa
36 CHI 40 IND 42 PHI
Remarks: frequently considered at species rank, for example Fl. of China
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium semivarians Viane & Reichst., Pteridol. New Millennium 78 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. kukkonenii (Viane & Reichst.) Fraser-Jenk.; Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 169 (2008)
Distribution: W-Nepal; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Bhutan; China (Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Remarks: frequently considered at species rank, for example Fl. of China
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium kukkonenii Viane & Reichst., Pteridol. New Millennium 81 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. xianchunii Fraser-Jenk.; Annot. Checkl. Ind. Pterid. 1: 361 (2016)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
subspecies :
subsp. tenuicaule (Hayata) Fraser-Jenk.; Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 169 (2008)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; Bhutan; Japan; Nepal; Pakistan; Siberia (S-Siberia); Russian Far East; Thailand; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 THA
Remarks: frequently considered at species rank, for example Fl. of China and Ferns of Taiwan
Synonyms: hidden
= Anogramma fauriei (Christ) Christ, C. Chr., Ind. 58 (1905), non Asplenium fauriei Christ (1899)
= Asplenium argutum Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 9 (1985), nom. illeg., non Kaulf. 1824
= Asplenium borealichinense Ching & S.H.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 9 (1985)
= Asplenium chengkouense Ching ex H.S.Kung, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 5(4): 358 (1983)
= Asplenium commixtum Ching ex Wang & al., Liou, Herb. Fl. N.-E. China 1: 69, f. 31 (1958)
= Asplenium hebeiense Ching & S.H.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 9 (1985)
= Asplenium hopehense Ching, Y. L. Zhang et al., Sporae Pterid. Sin. 249 (1976), nom. nud.
= Asplenium miyunense Ching & Z.R.Wang, Fl. Beijing 1: 30 (1984), nom. nud.
= Asplenium pseudovarians Ching, Fl. Beijing 1: 30 (1984), nom. nud.
= Asplenium siobarense Koidz., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 50 (1935), nom. superfl.
= Asplenium subvarians Ching, C. Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. III: 38 (1934), non A. fauriei Christ (1899)
= Asplenium tenuicaule Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 4: 228 t 158 (1914)
= Asplenium tenuicaule var. argutum Viane, Fl. China 2-3: 298 (2013), nom. nov. for A. argutum Ching
= Asplenium tenuicaule var. indopakistanicum Reichst. & Viane, Greuter, Fl. Iranica (2017), in prep.
= Asplenium tenuicaule var. subvarians (Ching) Viane, Pteridol. New Millennium 100 (2003)
= Asplenium tianmushanense Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 9 (1985)
= Gymnogramma fauriei (Christ) Christ, Bull. Herb. Boissier II. 2. 561 (1902)
= Pityrogramma fauriei Domin, Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Charles 70 (1928) (non Asplenium fauriei Christ (1899))
subspecies :
subsp. chasei (Viane & Reichst.) Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1 & 2): 187. (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: India (Maharashtra); Zimbabwe
26 ZIM 40 IND
Remarks: Asplenium laciniatum ssp. fraser-jenkinsii x A. laciniatum ssp. laciniatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×chasei Viane & Reichst., Pteridology New Millennium 89 (2004) [2003]
subspecies :
subsp. hopei (Viane & Reichst.) Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 187 (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: India (Uttarakhand); N-Pakistan (Swat, Murree, etc.)
40 IND PAK
Remarks: Asplenium laciniatum ssp. kukkonenii x A. laciniatum ssp. tenuicaule
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×hopei Viane & Reichst., Pteridol. New Millennium 85 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. lacei (Viane & Reichst.) Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 187 (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh)
40 IND
Remarks: Asplenium laciniatum ssp. kukkonenii x A. laciniatum ssp. laciniatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×lacei Viane & Reichst., Pteridol. New Millennium 88 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. laciniocaule Z.R.Wang & W.M.Chu ex Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 188 (2011) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Bhutan; China; Nepal; Japan (Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP 40 BHU NEP
Remarks: Asplenium laciniatum ssp. tenuicaule x A. laciniatum ssp. laciniatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ×tenuivarians Z.R.Wang ex Ebihara, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 65(2): 63 (2014)
= Asplenium ×tenuivarians Z.R.Wang et al., Wang, Wang, Zhang & Hou, Act. Phytotax. Sin. 45(1): 11 (2003), nom. nud.
species :
Asplenium lacinioides Fraser-Jenk., Pangtey & Khullar; Indian Fern J. 27(1-2): 211 (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, ?Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Tibet; Taiwan; China (Yunnan); Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); N-Thailand; Nepal; Vietnam; Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA THA VIE
Remarks: the name A. gueinzianum applies to an African species fide Salgado & Fraser-Jenkins 2013
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium gueinzianum var. acutipinna (Bir) Bir, Vasudeva, Bir & Kachroo, Indian Fern J. 7(1-2): 67 (1990) (comb. inval., fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Asplenium gueinzianum var. acutipinna (Bir) Panigrahi, Plant Sci. Res. (Orissa) 20(1 & 2): 37 (1998)
= Asplenium gueinzianum var. depauperatum (C.B.Clarke) Panigrahi, Pl. Sci. Res. (India) 20(1-2): 37 (1998)
= Asplenium gueinzianum var. subintegrifolium (Hook.) Panigrahi, Pl. Sci. Res. (India) 20(1-2): 37 (1998)
= Asplenium laciniatum var. acutipinna Bir, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 43: 558 (1964) (fide Fraser-Jenkins (1997, 2008))
= Asplenium laciniatum var. bipinnatum Hook., Sp. Fil. 3: 165 (1860)
= Asplenium laciniatum var. depauperatum C.B.Clarke, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1(7): 482 (1880)
= Asplenium laciniatum var. subintegrifolium (Hook.) Mehra & Bir, Res. Bull. (N. S.) Panjab Univ., Sci. 15: 157 (1964) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Asplenium laciniatum var. subintegrifolium Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 3(10-12): 165 (1860)
= Asplenium subintegrifolium (Hook.) Bir, Indian Fern J. 7(1-2): 69 (1990) (without basionym ref., comb. inval., fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Asplenium subintegrifolium (Hook.) Khullar, Bhardwaja & Gena (eds.), Perspect. Pterid. Pres. & Fut.2 (Aspects Plant Sci. 14): 515 (1992) (comb. inval., fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Tarachia caespitosa Wall. ex C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 81 (1851), non Asplenium caespitosum Blume. 1828
= Tarachia truncata C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 78 (1851), non Asplenium truncatum Blume 1828
species :
Asplenium lacinulatum Schrad.; Gött. gel. Anz. 870 (1824)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium lademannianum Rosenst.; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni Veg. 6: 177 (1908)
Distribution: Rwanda; Burundi; Tanzania
23 BUR RWA 25 TAN
species :
Asplenium lambinonii Pic.Serm.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Belg. 55(1-2): 140 (1985)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Asplenium lamprocaulon Fée; Mém. Foug. 5: 197 (1852)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium melanorachis C.Chr., Ind. 121 (1905)
= Asplenium nigricans D.C.Eaton, Proc. Amer. Acad. 8: 619 (1873) (non Kunze (1834))
species :
Asplenium lamprophyllum Carse; Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 66: 81 (1926)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl.)
51 NZL
species :
Asplenium lancifolium C.Chr.; Engl. Jahrb. 60: 56 (1933)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Asplenium laserpitiifolium Lam.; Encycl. 2: 310 (1780)
Name: Johnston River fern
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland); ?Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima); Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima); Moluccas (Seram); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Sumba, Flores, Sumbawa); Solomon Isl. (Bougainville, Choiseul, Guadalcanal, Makira, Malaita, Rennell); Bismarck Arch.; Philippines; Palawan; Sulawesi; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu, Kadavu, Ovalau, Taveuni); Fed. States of Micronesia (Sonsorol, Truk, Moen, Pohnpei, Kosrae); Palau (Babeldaob, Urukthapel, Angaur); Guam; Northern Marianas (Rota Isl.); Tonga (Late Isl., Tafahi); New Caledonia (incl. Loyalty Isl.); Niue; American Samoa (Tutuila, Ta´u); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); Society Isl. (Tahiti); Austral Isl. (Tubuai); Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa); Vanuatu
38 KZN OGA 42 LSI MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 60 ASA FIJ NUE NWC SAM TON VAN 61 AUI MRQ SCI 62 GUM MIC MRN PLU
Remarks: distribution borders unclear due to confusion with other species of the complex in trop. Asia. See also A. nitidum, pseudolaserpitiifolium and neolaserpitiifolium.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium angustatum Blume, Enum. Fil. 187 (1828)
= Asplenium cuneatum var. laserpitiifolium Luerss., (1871)
= Asplenium cuneatum var. orarum Domin, Bibl. Bot. (1928)
= Asplenium macilwraithense S.B.Andrews, Ferns of Queensland 383, 58 (1990)
= Asplenium robustum Blume, Enum. Fil. 189 (1828)
= Asplenium tripinnatum Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 500 (1844)
= Tarachia angustata (Lam.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 260 (1851)
= Tarachia laserpitiifolia (Lam.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 83 (1851)
= Tarachia laserpitiifolia (Lam.) Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 506 (1935)
species :
Asplenium lastii C.Chr.; Ind. 117 (1905)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium longisorum Baker, J. Bot. 4 (1891) (non Baker (1881))
species :
Asplenium laurentii J.Bommer; Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 4: 663 (1896)
Distribution: Liberia; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda
22 LBR NGA 23 CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI 25 UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ginkgo Hieron. ex De Wild., Mission Émile Laurent 1: 2, pl. iv (1905), nom. nud.
species :
Asplenium laxifolium Alderw.; Nova Guinea 14: 8 (1924)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL NWG
species :
Asplenium leandrianum Tardieu; Mem. Inst. Sc. Madagascar, ser. B, 7: 51 (1956)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium lepidotum Perrie & Brownsey; New Zealand J. Bot. 54(3): 384 (2016)
Distribution: New Zealand (Australasia)
51 NZL
species :
Asplenium lepidum C.Presl; Verh. Ges. Vaterl. Mus. Böhmen 14: 63 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. lepidum
Distribution: France; Sicily; Italy; Slovakia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Slovenia; Serbia & Kosovo; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; Austria; Romania; Hungary; Turkey (Anatolia); Lebanon
11 AUT HUN SLO 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 34 LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium lepidum ssp. pulverulentum Christ & Chatenier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58: 348 (1911)
= Asplenium anauniense Loss, Voce Cattolica n. 90(1872)
= Asplenium brachyphyllum Gasp., Rend. Ac. Napoli 4: 108 (1845)
= Tarachia lepida (C.Presl) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 81 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. haussknechtii (Godet & Reut.) Brownsey; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 72: 261 (1976)
Distribution: Crete; Turkey (Anatolia); Afghanistan; Lebanon; Iran; Iraq; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan
13 KRI 32 KAZ 33 GEO 34 AFG IRN IRQ LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium haussknechtii Godet & Reut. ex Milde, Fil. Eur. 78 (1867) (basion.)
= Asplenium hermanni-christii Fomin, Kuzn. & al., Fl. Caucas. Crit. 1(1): 229 (1913)
= Asplenium lepidum ssp. hermani-christii (Fomin) Askerov, Zametki Sist. Geogr. Rast. 39: 5 (1983) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997)
= Asplenium lepidum var. samarkandense (Kossinsky) Brownsey, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 72(4): 261 (1976)
species :
Asplenium lepturus J.Sm.; J. Bot. 8: 408 (1841) et ex C. Presl, Epimel. Bot. 72 (1851)
Distribution: China (Hainan); Laos; Vietnam; Philippines; Sulawesi
36 CHI 41 LAO VIE 42 PHI SUL
Remarks: sometimes included in A. contiguum Kaulf. from Hawaii
species :
Asplenium leucostegioides Baker; Ann. Bot. 5: 302 (1891)
Distribution: +Hawaii (+Maui)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: IUCN Ex
Synonyms: hidden
= Diellia leucostegioides (Baker) W.H.Wagner, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 20: 248 (1995)
species :
Asplenium lilloanum de la Sota; Darwiniana 18: 198 (1973)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Tucuman, Corrientes, Jujuy)
83 BOL 85 ARG
species :
Asplenium linckii Kuhn; Fil. Deck. 22 (1867)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium daubenbergii Rosenst., Fedde, Repert. 4: 2 (1907)
= Asplenium albersii var. eickii Hieron., Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 46,3: 381 (1911)
= Asplenium decompositum Peter, Fedde, Repert. Beih. 40: 79 (1929)
species :
Asplenium listeri C.Chr.; Ind. 118 (1905), nom. nov.
Distribution: Christmas Isl. [Austr.]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); New Caledonia; Vanuatu
42 NWG XMS 60 NWC VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium centrifugale Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 26: 360 (1889) (non Baker (1874))
species :
Asplenium lividum Mett. ex Kuhn; Linn. 36: 100 (1869)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua); Peru; Sierra Leone; Cameroon; São Tomé; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga); Madagascar; La Réunion
22 SIE 23 CMN SAO 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 29 MDG REU 82 VEN 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bernieri Cordem., Bull. Soc. Sc. Arts La Réunion 1890-91: 175 (1891)
species :
Asplenium lobangense C.Chr.; Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 7: 279, t. 60 (1934)
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.)
42 BOR
species :
Asplenium lobatum Pappe & Rawson; Syn. Fil. Afr. austr. 22 (1858)
Distribution: Malawi; Mozambique; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); ?Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar
26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium erectum var. gracile (Pappe & Rawson) Tardieu, Fl. Madag. Comoros 5(1)-10: 222, fig. XXX, t. 4, 5 (1958)
= Asplenium erectum var. lobatum (Pappe & Rawson) Sim, The ferns of South Africa: 139, pl. LXVII (1892)
= Asplenium gracile Pappe & Rawson, Syn. Fil. Afr. austr. 22 (1858) (non Don (1826) nec Fée (1850))
= Asplenium lunulatum var. gracile Sim, The ferns of South Africa, edn. 2: 146, pl. 49, t. a, b (1892)
= Asplenium pappei T.Moore, Ind. 152 (1859), nom. nov. for Asplenium gracile Pappe & Rawson (1858), non D. Don (1825), nec Fée (1852)
= Asplenium reclinatum Houlston, Gard. Mag. Bot. 3: 260 (1851)
= Lastrea radicans (Pritch.) T.Moore, Ind. 102 (1858)
species :
Asplenium lobulatum Mett.; Kuhn, Linn. 36: 100 (1869)
Distribution: Philippines; Sulawesi; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); Java; Moluccas (Seram); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch.; Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); Henderson Isl.; ?Society Isl. (?Tahiti); Fiji; New Caledonia
42 BOR JAW MOL NWG PHI SUL 43 BIS SOL 60 FIJ NWC SAM 61 HEN 63 HAW
Remarks: Records for A. steerei from SE-Malesia and Pacific refer to this species
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cromwellianum Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 327 (1912)
= Asplenium ledermannii Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 56: 150 (1920)
= Asplenium ledermannii var. lobulata Hieron.
= Asplenium pseudofalcatum Hillebr., Fl. Haw. 597 (1888)
= Chamaefilix lobulata (Mett.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Chamaefilix pseudofalcata (Hillebr.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium lobulopartitum A.Rojas; Mét. Ecol. Sist. 10(1): 110 (2015)
Distribution: Costa Rica; ?Panama; Colombia (Meta); Venezuela (Amazonas)
80 COS 82 CLM VEN
species :
Asplenium lokohoense Tardieu; Mem. Inst. Sc. Madagascar ser. B. 7: 52 (1956)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium lolegnamense (Gibby & Lovis) Viane; Biol. Jaarb. 59: 161 (1991)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Ceterach lolegnamense Gibby & Lovis, Fern Gaz. 13(5): 287 (1989)
species :
Asplenium longicauda Hook.; 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 69 (1861)
Distribution: Liberia; Togo; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; Madagascar
22 LBR TOG 23 BIO CMN CON PRI 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium pachysorum Baker, J. Bot. 4 (1891)
species :
Asplenium longipes Fée; Gen. 195 (1850-52)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Conservation Status: IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium walkerae Hook., Sp. 3: 108, t. 163 (1860)
species :
Asplenium longum Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 8 (1918)
Distribution: Sumatra (Bangka Isl.)
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium lorentzii Hieron.; Engl. Jahrb. 22: 375 (1896)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman, Catamarca); Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
species :
Asplenium loxocarpum Copel.; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 14: 375, t. 59 (1929)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium loxoscaphoides Baker; Tr. Linn. Soc. II, Bot. 2: 354 (1887)
Distribution: Malawi; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium loxoscapoides var. compacta Bonap., Notes Ptérid. 14: 224 (1923)
species :
Asplenium lunulatum Sw.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 52 (1801)
Distribution: Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Ascension Isl.
23 BIO 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 28 ASC 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auricularium Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 273 (1827)
= Asplenium bilobulatum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919)
= Asplenium consanguineum Gaudich., Voy. Uranie [Freycinet] 315 (1827)
= Asplenium cuneatum Kunze, Linn. 10: 516 (1836)
= Asplenium dolabella Fée, Gen. 191 (1850-52)
= Asplenium erectum var. lunulatum (Sw.) Sim, Handbook of the ferns of Kaffraria: 40 (1891)
= Asplenium erectum var. minor Sim, Handbook of the ferns of Kaffraria: 40, pl. 31, t. 2 (1891)
= Asplenium falcatum Thunb., Prod. Fl. Cap. 172 (1800) non Lam. 1786 nec Retz. 1791
= Asplenium kohautianum C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 107 (1836)
= Asplenium lofgreni Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919)
= Asplenium lunulatum var. minor (Sim) Sim, The ferns of South Africa, edn. 2 144, pl. 45, fig. 2 (1915)
= Asplenium marinum Thouars, Fl. Trist. d´Ac. 34 (1804), non L.
= Asplenium miersii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919)
= Asplenium oblongipinnum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919)
= Asplenium pringleanum Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919)
= Asplenium pulchrum Thouars, C. Presl, Tent. Pterid. 108 (1836) (Wall., List n. 2211)
= Asplenium radicans S.Pritch., An alphabetical list of indigenous and exotic plants on the island of St Helena: 6 (1836), nom. nud.
= Asplenium reclinatum Houlston & T.Moore, The Gardeners’ Magazine of Botany, Horticulture, Floriculture, and Natural Science 3: 260 (1851)
= Asplenium reflexum Bory, Bél., Voy. Bot. 2: 48 (1833)
= Asplenium tenellum Roxb., Tracts relative to the island of St Helena: 299 (1816)
= Asplenium tenerum Raddi, Opusc. sci. Bot. 290 (1919)
= Asplenium warmingii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 305 (1919)
= Chamaefilix lunulata (Sw.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium lyallii Hook.; Fil. Fl. New Zeal. 33, t. 77 (1854) ex T. Moore, Ind. 143 (1859)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.
51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium lucidum var. lyallii (Hook.) Hook.fil., (1855)
= Asplenium anomodum Colenso, Tr. New Zeal. Inst. 16: 309 (1883)
= Asplenium lucidum var. anomodum (Colenso) Cheeseman, (1906)
species :
Asplenium macarenianum C.V.Morton & Lellinger; Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 15: 43, f. 1 (1966)
Distribution: Colombia (Meta)
82 CLM
species :
Asplenium macedonicum Kümmerle; Bot. Közlem. 15, 145 (1916)
Distribution: Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: foreziense agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bornmuelleri Kümmerle, Bot. Közlem. 19: 81 (1921)
species :
Asplenium macraei Hook. & Grev.; Icon. Fil. t. 217 (1831)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); Samoa; Marquesas Isl. (Ua Huka)
61 MRQ 63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium strictum Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 168, t. 23, f. 1 (1854)
= Asplenium macraei var. strictum (Brack.) Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 231 (1918 publ. 1919)
= Asplenium macraei var. angustifolium Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 232 (1918 publ. 1919)
= Asplenium macraei var. originarium Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 230 (-231) (1918 publ. 1919)
species :
Asplenium macrodon Fée; Mém. Foug. 10: 28 (1865)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); Colombia
82 CLM 83 BOL
Remarks: synonymy fide Kessler & Smith 2018, still not finally confirmed
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium herzogii Rosenst., Meded. Rijks Herb. no. 19: 12 (1913)
species :
Asplenium macrophlebium Baker; Syn. Fil. (Hook. & Baker) ed. 2: 485 (1874)
Distribution: Guinea; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni); Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Uganda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania
22 GUI IVO LBR 23 BIO BUR CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI 24 SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Asplenium macrophyllum Sw.; Schrad., J. Bot. 1800 (2): 52 (1801)
Distribution: Philippines; Borneo; ?Madagascar; ?Mauritius
42 BOR PHI
Remarks: Distribution fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017 - see also A. simile
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium capuronii Tardieu, Nat. Malgache 9: 33, f. 7-9 (1957)
species :
Asplenium macrosorum Bertero; Colla, Mém. Acad. Torino 39: 39, t. 67 (1836)
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 JNF
Conservation Status: IUCN E
species :
Asplenium macrurum Mickel & Stolze; Fl. Ecuador 23(14:6): 41 (1986), nom. nov.
Distribution: Venezuela (Anzoategui); Ecuador; Peru
82 VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium longicaudatum Mickel & Stolze, Amer. Fern J. 74(4): 115 (1984) (nom. illeg.
species :
Asplenium maguanense S.Q.Liang, R.Wei & X.C.Zhang; Biodivers. Sci. 27(11): 1218 (2019)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asplenium malcolm-smithii Proctor; Brit. Fern Gaz. 9: 75 (1962)
Distribution: St. Kitts
81 STK
species :
Asplenium manarikobaense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 143 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium mangindranense Tardieu; Nat. Malgache 7: 91, t. 1(6-9) (1955)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium mannii Hook.; 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 60 (1861)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Madagascar
22 GUI SIE 23 BIO BUR CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxoscaphe mannii (Hook.) Kuhn, v. Decken, Reis. 3(3), Bot. 37 (1879)
species :
Asplenium mantalingahanum P.M.Zamora & Co; Nat. Appl. Sci. Bull. Univ. Philipp. 32(1-4): 46 (1980)
Distribution: Palawan
42 PLW
species :
Asplenium marattioides (Brack.) C.Chr.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 177: 66 (1943)
Distribution: Fiji (Viti Levu, Kadavu, Taveuni); American Samoa (Ta´u); [Western] Samoa (Savaii, Upolu); Tonga (´Eua); Sulawesi; Solomon Isl.; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG SUL 43 SOL 60 ASA FIJ SAM TON
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium distans Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 155 (1864) (non Don (1826) nec Fée (1850))
= Asplenium dubium Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 172 (1854)
= Asplenium ludens Baker, J. Linn. Soc. 19: 294 (1882)
= Asplenium multilineatum Hook., Sp. 3: 102, t. 183 (1860)
= Asplenium multilineatum var. dareoides Rosenst.
= Asplenium remotum T.Moore, Ind. 160 (1869)
= Polybotrya marattioides Brack., U. S. Expl. Exped., Filic. 16: 79 (1854)
species :
Asplenium marinum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1081 (1753)
Name: Meeres-Streifenfarn (D), Helecho marino (Esp)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Wales; Scotland; Ireland; Northern Ireland; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Malta; Sicily; Italy; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl., Lanzarote); Cape Verde Isl.
10 GRB IRE 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA MLT SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR SEL
Synonyms: hidden
= Adiantum trapeziforme Huds., Fl. Angl. 391 (1762)
= Trichomanes maritimum Bubani, Fl. Pyr. 4: 425 (1901)
= Asplenium marinum f. incisum (Christ) R.C.Moran & Salvo, Trab. Monogr. Dep. Bot. Malaga 2: 55 (1981)
= Asplenium marinum var. incisum Christ
= Asplenium marinum var. depauperatum R.C.Moran & Salvo, Trab. Monogr. Dep. Bot. Malaga 2: 51 (1981)
= Asplenium marinum var. praealtum T.E.Díaz & Salvo, Trab. Monogr. Dep. Bot. Malaga 2: 51 (1981)
species :
Asplenium marojejyense Tardieu; Mém. Inst. Sc. Madagascar, ser. B, 6: 234, f. 7 (1955)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Asplenium martianum C.Chr.; Ind. 120 (1905)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium angustatum Kunze, Flora 1839(1), Beibl. 40 (1839) (non Desv. (1827) nec Blume (1828))
= Asplenium angustatum var. langsdorffii C.Mart., Mart., Fl. Bras. 447 (1840)
= Asplenium attenuatum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 174 (1824) non R. Br.
= Asplenium langsdorffii (C.Mart.) Sehnem, Fl. Ilustr. Catar. 1, Aspleniáceas, 74 (1968)
= Asplenium martianum var. langsdorffii (Mart. ex Baker) Rosenst.
= Asplenium martianum var. muelleri Rosenst., Hedwigia 46: 105 (1906)
= Asplenium pseudonitidum var. schmalzii Rosenst., Hedwigia 43: 222 (1914)
= Asplenium sulcatum var. attenuatum (Kaulf.) T.Moore, Index Filic. 171 (1860)
species :
Asplenium mauritianum (C.Presl) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 149 (2021)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Pemba Isl.; Zanzibar; Comores (Anjouan, Grande Comore); Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion; +Rodrigues; Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia)
25 KEN TAN 29 CGS COM MAU MDG REU ROD
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris mauritiana (C.Presl) Fée, 5e mem. 203 (1850-52)
= Thamnopteris mauritiana C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 68 (1851)
species :
Asplenium mauritiensis Lorence; Fern Gaz. 11(6): 369 (1978)
Distribution: Mauritius
29 MAU
species :
Asplenium maxonii Lellinger; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 98: 372 (1985)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó); Ecuador; Peru
80 COS PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU PER
species :
Asplenium megalura Hieron.; Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 17 (1910)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Sudan; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
22 GHA GUI IVO LBR SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CMN CON GAB RWA SAO ZAI 24 SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium dimidiatum var. longicaudatum Hieron., Veg. Erde 9, 2: 28, fig. 24c, (1908), nom. nud.
= Asplenium megalura var. exhaustoides G.Kunkel, Nova Hedwigia 17,1/4: 141 (1969)
= Asplenium megalura var. moelleri (Hieron.) Tardieu, Mem. Inst. Franc. Afrique Noire 28: 190 (1953)
= Asplenium moelleri Hieron., Engl. Jahrb. 46: 371 (1911)
species :
Asplenium merapohense Jaman & K.Imin; PhytoKeys 89: 86 (2017)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia
42 MLY
species :
Asplenium micantifrons (Tuyama) Tuyama ex H.Ohba; Sci. Rep. Taihoku Univ. 4, 36: 99 (1971)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Hahajima); Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima)
38 KZN OGA
Conservation Status: IUCN I, VU in Japan
Synonyms: hidden
= Tarachia micantifrons Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 378, f. 32 (1936)
species :
Asplenium micropaleatum M.Kessler & A.R.Sm.; Candollea 61(2): 308 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Peru
83 BOL PER
species :
Asplenium microtum Maxon; Contr. U. S. Nat. Herb. 12: 411, t. 60 (1909)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Asplenium microxiphion Baker; Kew Bull. 40 (1896)
Distribution: Borneo (Natuna Isl.)
42 BOR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium mildbraedii Hieron.; Deutsche Zentralafr. Exp. 2: 21 (1910)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Tanzania; Madagascar
23 BUR RWA ZAI 25 TAN UGA 29 MDG
species :
Asplenium milnei Carruth.; Seem., Fl. Vit. 353 (1873)
Name: Shining spleenwort
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
species :
Asplenium minimum M.Martens & Galeotti; Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 15(5): 55 (1842)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Panama; Colombia
79 MEX 80 GUA PAN 82 CLM
species :
Asplenium minutidentatum (Bonap.) Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 151 (2021)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium anisophyllum var. minutidentatum Bonap., Notes Pterid. 4: 70 (1917)
species :
Asplenium minutifolium Kanem. & Tagane; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 45(1): 30 (2017)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Asplenium miradorense Liebm.; Vid. Selsk. Skr. V, 1: 243 (1849)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Tolima); Venezuela (Merida)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bradeorum Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 217 (1918)
= Asplenium schlechtendalianum Hieron., Hedwigia 60: 218 (1918)
= Asplenium standleyi Maxon, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 43: 85 (1930)
species :
Asplenium modestum Maxon; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 31: 667 c. fig. (1904)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua)
79 MEX
species :
Asplenium monanthes L.; Mant. Pl. 1: 130 (1767)
Name: Single-sorus Spleenwort (EN), Einsoriger Streifenfarn (D), Culantrillo de pozo (Esp)
Distribution: Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl.); Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Rwanda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; E-Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Madagascar; La Réunion; Gough Isl.; Tristan da Cunha (incl. Inaccessible Isl.); USA (SE-Arizona, North Carolina, South Carolina, N-Alabama, Florida); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Jamaica; Hispaniola; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Maldonado); Chile; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, San Luis Prov., Tucuman); Chile (Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Hawaii (Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
21 AZO CNY MDR 23 BIO CMN RWA 24 ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZIM 27 LES SAF 29 MDG REU 63 HAW 76 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 HIS JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU 91 TDC
Remarks: records from tropical Africa refer possibly to other species
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium arcuatum Liebm., Vid. Selsk. Skr. V, 1: 241 (seors 89) (1849)
= Asplenium blandulum Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 51 (1857)
= Asplenium cultrifolium Bory, Ess. isles fort. 312 (1803)
= Asplenium curvatum Fée, Mém. Foug. 9 (Cat. Foug. Mex.): 16 (1857)
= Asplenium dentex Buch, Beschr. Canar. Ins. 189 (1825)
= Asplenium denudatum Mett., Kuhn, Linn. 36: 93 (1869)
= Asplenium galeottii Fée, Gen. 192 (1850-52)
= Asplenium leptophyllum Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 50, t. 14, f. 2 (1857)
= Asplenium longifolium Phil. ex Gottschl., non Schrad. 1824
= Asplenium macrocarpum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 271 (1827)
= Asplenium menziesii Hook. & Grev., Icon. Fil. t. 100 (1829)
= Asplenium monanthemum L., Linn. Syst. Veg. ed. 14: 933 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Asplenium monanthemum var. menziesii (Hook. & Grev.) Sodiro, Anales Univ. Centr. Ecuador 8: 270 (1893)
= Asplenium monanthes var. yungense Rosenst., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 54 (1912)
= Asplenium obtusissimum Fée, Gen. 197 (1850-52)
= Chamaefilix monanthes (L.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
variant :
var. wagneri (Mett. ex Kuhn) Stolze; Fl. Ecuador 23(14:6): 46 (1986)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela
82 VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium wagneri Mett. ex Kuhn, Linn. 36: 96 (1869)
= Asplenium vargasii Abbiatti, Darwiniana 14: 61, fig. 1, pl. 1A (1966)
species :
Asplenium monodon Liebm.; Vid. Selsk. Skr. V, 1: 247 (seors. 95) (1849)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador; Martinique; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Zulia); Colombia (Valle); Trinidad; Cuba
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON 81 CUB MAR TRT 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium auritum var. monodon (Liebm.) E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 1: 106 (1872)
species :
Asplenium monotis Christ; K. Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. deutsch. Südsee 43 (1905)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium montanum Willd.; Sp. Pl. 5(1): 342 (1810)
Name: Mountain Spleenwort
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaefilix montana (Willd.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Asplenium montanum f. shawangunkense T.Reeves, Amer. Fern J. 64: 105, figs. 1, 2 (1974)
species :
Asplenium mortonii Duek; Adansonia 11: 718 (1971) publ. 1972
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
species :
Asplenium mosetenense M.Kessler; Candollea 61(2): 309 (2006)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba)
83 BOL
species :
Asplenium mossambicense Schelpe; J. S. Afr. Bot. 34: 235, t. 1 (1968)
Distribution: Kenya; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
25 KEN 26 MOZ ZIM
species :
Asplenium mourai Hieron.; Hedwigia 60: 220 (1918)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Asplenium mucronatum C.Presl; Del. Prag. 1: 178 (1822)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Argentina (Misiones); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Caaguazu, Canindeyu, San Pedro)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium angustatum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 276 (1827)
= Asplenium lassum Raddi, Pl. Bras. 37, t. 22 bis, f. 4 (1825) (err. vide laxum)
= Asplenium laxum Raddi, Opusc. sci. Bot. 8: 291 (1819) (non R. Br. (1810))
= Asplenium retortum Kaulf., Enum. Fil. 171 (1824)
= Chamaefilix laxa (Raddi) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 272 (1931)
species :
Asplenium multiforme Krasser; Ann. Hofmus. Wien 15: 4, t. 1 (1900)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; ?Lesotho
27 SAF SWZ
species :
Asplenium munchii A.R.Sm.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 4, 40: 211, 228 (1975), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium rhizophyllum var. proliferum Davenp., Bot. Gaz. 19: 390 (1894)
species :
Asplenium musifolium Mett.; Aspl. 86. n. 3 (1859)
Distribution: Thailand (SW-Thailand, peninsular Thailand); Laos; peninsular Malaysia; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Sulawesi; Palawan; Moluccas (Seram); Sumatra; Nicobar Isl.
41 LAO NCB THA 42 BOR MLY MOL NWG PLW SUL SUM
Remarks: valid species fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium nidus var. musifolium (Mett.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil. 122 (1905)
= Neottopteris musifolia (Mett.) J.Sm., J. Bot. 3: 409 (1841)
= Thamnopteris musifolia (Mett.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 68 (1851)
= Thamnopteris nidus var. musifolia (Mett.) Bedd., Handb. Ferns Brit. India: 139 (1883)
= Asplenium nidus var. musifidium (Mett.) Alderw., Handb. Malayan Ferns 439 (1908)
species :
Asplenium musiraense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 58 (2021)
Distribution: Rwanda; Tanzania; Uganda
23 RWA 25 TAN UGA
species :
Asplenium myriophyllum (Sw.) C.Presl; Rel. Haenk. 1: 48 (1825)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Monagas, Sucre, Zulia); Ecuador; Peru; Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Isla del Coco
79 MEX 80 COC COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium cicutarium var. dissectum E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 1: 110 (1872)
= Asplenium cicutarium var. monteverdense (Hook.) Christ, Prim. Fl. Costaric. 3: 24 (1901)
= Asplenium monteverdense Hook., 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 41 (1860)
= Asplenium monteverdense var. shermaniana Jenman, Bull. Bot. Dept. Jamaica 1: 60 (1894)
= Asplenium myriophyllum var. monteverdense (Hook.) Griseb., Cat. Pl. Cub. [Grisebach] 277 (1866)
= Asplenium myriophyllum var. rhizophyllum (Thunb.) Bonap., Notes Pteridol. 1, 170 (1915)
= Asplenium rhizophyllum (Thunb.) Kunze, Linn. 9: 71 (1834) (non L. (1753) nec L. (1763))
= Asplenium rhizophyllum var. myriophyllum (Sw.) Hook., Sp. Fil. [W. J. Hooker] 3: 201 (1860)
= Asplenium verecundum Chapm. ex Fourn., Mex. Pl. 1: 111 (1872)
= Caenopteris myriophylla Sw., Schrad., J. Bot. 1800(2): 60 (1801)
= Caenopteris rhizophylla Thunb., Sm., Pl. Ic. ined. 2, t. 50 (1790)
= Chamaefilix myriophylla (Sw.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
= Darea membranacea Poir., Encycl. suppl. 2: 451 (1811)
= Darea myriophylla (Sw.) Willd., Sp. 6: 301 (1810)
= Darea rhizophylla (Thunb.) Willd., Sp. 5: 300 (1810)
= Darea tripinnata Cav., Descr. Pl. 269 (1802)
variant :
var. brevisorum Proctor; Amer. Fern J. 72(4): 110 (1982)
Distribution: Jamaica
81 JAM
species :
Asplenium mysorense Roth; Nov. pl. Spec. 395 (1821)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; peninsular Malaysia; ?Bangladesh; Madagascar
29 MDG 40 IND SRL 42 MLY
Conservation Status: IUCN NT for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium bipinnatum (Sledge) Azeez & Madhus., Spleenworts S. India 122, fig. 9A-E, t. 12 A-E (2008), comb. superfl.
= Asplenium bipinnatum (Sledge) Philcox, A Revised Handbook for the Flora of Ceylon 15a: 24 (2006)
= Asplenium falcatum var. bipinnatum Sledge, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 3: 262 (1965) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Asplenium lakshmananii M.N.Viswan., Curr. Sci. 58(6): 318 (1989) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Asplenium polyodon var. bipinnatum (Sledge) Sledge, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 84(1): 6 (1982)
species :
Asplenium namibicum Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 66 (2021)
Distribution: Angola; Namibia
26 ANG 27 NAM
species :
Asplenium neobrackenridgei W.H.Wagner; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 20: 249 (1995)
Distribution: Hawaii
63 HAW
species :
Asplenium neohainanense Viane; Biol. Jaarb. 59: 161 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Hainan, etc.)
36 CHI
Remarks: bona sp. and not a synonym of A. nidus fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2015)
Synonyms: hidden
= Neottopteris hainanensis Ching, Ching & Chu H. Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 357 (1964)
species :
Asplenium neolaserpitifolium Tardieu & Ching; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 153, t. 6, f. 1, 2 (1936)
Distribution: Taiwan; China (distribution?); Vietnam
36 CHI 38 TAI 41 VIE
Remarks: included by Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017) in A. nitidum s. lat. but kept separate by Fl. of China and Ferns of Taiwan
species :
Asplenium nephrolepioides Christ; J. de Bot. 21: 232, 264 (1908)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Asplenium nesii Christ; Nu. Giorn. bot. It. n. s. 4. 90 (1897)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; India (Uttarakhand); Nepal; Pakistan (Kurram)
36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK
Remarks: the synonyms A. barkamense and A. mainlingense probably do not belong to this species fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium barkamense Ching, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(1): 2 (1985)
= Asplenium mainlingense Chin. & S.K.Wu, Fl. Xizangica 1: 184 (1983)
species :
Asplenium nesioticum Maxon; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 17: 142, f. 4 (1913)
Distribution: Jamaica; Hispaniola; Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Mexico State, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX 81 HIS JAM
species :
Asplenium niamniamense Viane; Aspleniaceae Madagascar 57 (2021)
Distribution: Sudan; Tanzania; Zambia
24 SUD 25 TAN 26 ZAM
species :
Asplenium nidiforme Alderw.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 7: 6 (1907)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium nidoides Fraser-Jenk. & Kandel; Ferns and Fern-allies of Nepal 1: 20 (2015)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Nepal; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Laos; Vietnam; Cambodia; ?Thailand; peninsular Malaysia; Borneo; Java; Sri Lanka; China; ?Japan; ?Korea; ?Taiwan; Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN IND NEP SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY
Remarks: largely replaces A. nidus on the Indian subcontinent and China
Conservation Status: Nepal VU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium nidus var. acutifolium Bir, J. Indian Bot. Soc. 43: 567 (1964) [fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997, 2017]
species :
Asplenium nidus L.; Sp. 2: 1079 (1753)
Name: Bird´s-nest or Crow´s-nest fern
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Tibet; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Philippines; Palawan; Sri Lanka; Vietnam; Laos; peninsular Malaysia (throughout); Bangladesh; Singapore; Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba, Bali, Lombok, Flores, Sumbawa); Thailand (widespread); Sumatra; Sulawesi; Moluccas (Seram, etc.); Solomon Isl. (Guadalcanal, Kirakira Isl., Kolombangara, Makira, Malaita, New Georgia, Ranongga, Rendova, Rennell, Santa Ysabel, Stewart Isl., Tetepare, Ulawa, Vangunu, Vella Lavella, Wagina); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch. (New Ireland); Santa Cruz Isl.; Vanuatu; Fed. States of Micronesia (Sonsorol, Sorol, Yap, Ulithi, Eauripik, Woleai, Faraulep, Ifalik, Satawal, Puluwat, Namonuito, Truk, Moen, Dublon, Tol, Piis, Nama, Losap, Namoluk, Lukunor, Satawan, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi, Ant, Pohnpei, Pingelap, Kosrae); Palau (Kayangel, Babeldaob, Ngarakabesang, Malakal, Urukthapel, Ngeanges, Angaur); Tuvalu; Tokelau (Swains Isl., etc.); N-Line Isl. (Palmyra, Washington); New Caledonia (incl. Loyalty Isl.); Guam; Northern Marianas (Rota Isl., Saipan, Tinian, Uracas, Maug, Asuncion, Agrigan, Pagan, Anatahan, Alamagan, Guguan, Sarigan, Farallon de Medinilla); Marshall Isl. (Ailinginae, Kwajalein, Ailinglapalap, Majuro, Arno, Jaluit); Gilbert Isl. (Tarawa); S-Cook Isl. (Mangaia, Rarotonga); Tuamotu Arch. (Arutu, Makatea, Niau, Ahii, Takaroa, Aratika, Toau, Kaukura, Katiu, Manihi, Kauehi, Rangiroa, Takapoto Atoll, etc.); Gambier Isl. (Mangareva); Austral Isl. (Rurutu, Raivavae, Tubuai, Rimatara, Rapa Iti, Marotiri); Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Hahajima, Mukohjima, Imohtojima); Volcano Isl. (Iwojima, Kita-Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima); Fiji (Taveuni); Tonga (Late Isl., Tongatapu, ´Eua, Kao, Vava´u, Tafahi); Rotuma Isl.; [Western] Samoa (Aleipata Isl., Savaii, Upolu); Henderson Isl.; Society Isl. (Tahiti, Maupiti, Tupai, Tetiaroa Atoll, Mopelia Atoll, etc.); Tuvalu (Nui Atoll); Niue; American Samoa (Tutuila, Ofu, Olosega, Ta´u); Australia (NE-Queensland); Christmas Isl. [Austr.]; Trinidad [I]
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KZN NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN SRL 41 LAO THA VIE 42 BOR LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SNG SUL SUM XMS 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 60 ASA FIJ GIL NUE NWC ROT SAM SCZ TOK TON TUV VAN 61 AUI COO GBI HEN LIN SCI TUA 62 GUM MIC MRN MRS PLU 63 HAW 81 trt
Remarks: in strict sense a Malesian species fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017). Records outside Malesia and Pacific may belong to other species like A. nidoides. Also the species is widely cultivated
Synonyms: hidden
= Aconiopteris gorgonea (Cl.) Bedd., Handb. 427 (1883)
= Acrostichum gorgoneum C.B.Clarke, Tr. Linn. Soc. II, 1: 578 (1880)
= Asplenium ellipticum (Fée) Copel., Leafl. Phil. Bot. 8: 819 (1910)
= Asplenium nidus var. multilobum Bailey, (1897)
= Asplenium scolopendrium Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2: 832 (1790)
= Asplenium simplex Mett., Aspl. 86. n. 5 (1859)
= Neottopteris elliptica Fée, Gen. 203 (1850-52)
= Neottopteris nidus (L.) J.Sm., Hook. & Baker, Gen. Fil., t. 113 B (1842)
= Neottopteris orientalis Fée, Gen. 203 (1850-52)
= Neottopteris ovata J.Sm., Fée, Gen. 203 (1850)
= Neottopteris rigida Fée, Gen. 203 (1850-52)
= Neottopteris simplex (C.Presl) Fée, Gen. 203 (1850-52)
= Neottopteris stenocarpa Fée, Gen. 203 (1850-52)
= Neottopteris vulgaris J.Sm., J. Bot. 3: 409 (1841)
= Polypodium giganteum Noronha, Verh. Bat. Genootsch. 5: 83 (1927)
= Thamnopteris nidus (L.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 68 (1851)
= Thamnopteris simplex C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 69 (1851)
variant :
var. curtisorum (C.Chr.) Holttum
Distribution: Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); Sulawesi; Philippines
42 BOR PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium curtisorum Christ, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 4: 39 (1904)
= Neottopteris curtisorus (Christ) Hosok., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 31: 474 (1941)
species :
Asplenium nigrescens Blume; Enum. Fil. 180 (1828)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Borneo (Mt. Kinabalu, etc.); ?Java; Moluccas (Seram, Tidore); Philippines (Mindanao); Sulawesi; Solomon Isl.
42 BOR MOL NWG PHI SUL 43 SOL 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrium costale T.Moore, Ind. Fil. 49 (1857)
= Asplenium militare Copel., Phil. J. Sci. 1, Suppl. IV: 254 (1906)
= Asplenium parvum Watts, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. Wales 39: 784 (1915)
species :
Asplenium nigripes (Fée) Hook.; J. Bot. 9: 268, t. 9 (1857)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Cuba
79 MEX 80 COS GUA 81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Antigramma nigripes (Fée) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 331 (1875)
= Schaffneria nigripes Fée, Mém. Foug. 7: 56 (1857)
= Phyllitis nigripes (Fée) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 818 (1891)
= Scolopendrium nigripes (Fée) Hook., Sp. 4: 3 (1862)
species :
Asplenium nigritianum Hook.; 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 44 (1860)
Distribution: Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Annobon Isl.; ?Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]
23 ANN PRI SAO
Remarks: sometimes considered to be identical with the neotropical A. pedicularifolium
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrium nigritianum (Hook.) J.Sm., Hist. Fil. 328 (1875)
species :
Asplenium nitens Sw.; Syn. 264, 421 (1806)
Distribution: Mauritius; La Réunion
29 MAU REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium nitens var. angustifolia Kuhn, Fil. afr.: 21, 22 (1868)
species :
Asplenium nitidum Sw.; Syn. Fil. 84: 280 (1806)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, Kerala, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); ?Sri Lanka; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Borneo; Java; peninsular Thailand; Nicobar Isl.; Vietnam; +Singapore; Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.)
40 BHU IND 41 MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY SNG SUM
Remarks: A. neolaserpitiifolium and pseudolaserpitiifolium have possibly to be included here fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2013, 2017). Not known from Nepal.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium glaucophyllum Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 7: 6 (1912) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Asplenium insigne Blume, Enum. Fil. 188 (1828)
= Asplenium laserpitiifolium Bedd., Ferns South. India, t. 225 (1863) & auctt. quoad pl. ind.
= Asplenium nitidum var. obtusum Bedd., Ferns South. India, t. 149 (1865)
= Asplenium polystichoides Blume, Mett., Aspl. 160 (1859)
= Asplenium pulchellum Wall., Num. List no. 214 (1828)
= Asplenium spathulinum Kunze, Bot. Ztg. 6: 524 (1848)
= Tarachia insignis (Blume) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 260 (1851)
= Tarachia nitida (Sw.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 83 (1851)
= Tarachia polystichoides (Blume) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 260 (1851)
species :
Asplenium normale D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 7 (1825)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; South Korea; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam State, ?Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Nepal; Myanmar (Kachin, etc.); Java; Sumatra; Bhutan; Thailand (widespread); Laos; Cambodia; Borneo; peninsular Malaysia; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Philippines; Vietnam; Moluccas (Seram); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Uganda; Rwanda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique; Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, ?Hawaii Isl.); Fiji (Viti Levu, Vanua Levu); Australia (Queensland)
23 RWA 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI 40 BHU IND NEP SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 50 AUS 60 FIJ 63 HAW
Remarks: reports from Australia refer to a different (probably yet unnamed) species fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2017)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium induratum Hook., 2. Cent. Ferns, t. 68 (1861) [fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017]
= Asplenium minus Blume, Enum. Fil. 183 (1828)
= Asplenium monanthemoides Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 497 (1844)
= Asplenium multicaule Wall., Num. List no. 208 (1828)
= Asplenium multijugum Wall., Num. List no. 207 (1828) ex Mett., Aspl. 135 (1859)
= Asplenium opacum Kunze, Linn. 24: 261 (1851)
= Asplenium pavonicum Brack., U. S. Expl. Exp. 16: 150, t. 20, f. 1 (1854) [fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2017]
= Asplenium pseudonormale W.M.Chu & X.C.Zhang, Acta Bot. Yunnan., Suppl. 5: 46 (1992)
= Asplenium normale f. scythiforme Z.X.Chang, Taiwania 65(2): 259 (2020)
species :
Asplenium normaloides Y.Fen Chang & H.Schneid.; J. Pl. Res. 131(4): 583 (2018)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Guangxi); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
species :
Asplenium novae-caledoniae Hook.; Ic. Pl. t. 911 (1854)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium ceratophyllum Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 14: 364 (1929)
species :
Asplenium novoguineense Rosenst.; Fedde, Repert. 6: 40 (1908)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxoscaphe novoguineense (Rosenst.) C.Chr., Ind. Fil., Suppl. III: 126 (1934)
= Asplenium tenuisectifolia A.Gepp, J. Bot. 1923, Suppl. 60 (1923)
species :
Asplenium nutans Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 168 (1913)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Asplenium obesum Baker; Hook. & Baker, Syn. Fil. 209 (1867)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium kellermanii Maxon, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 17: 152 (1913)
= Asplenium pinnatum Copel., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 10: 289, t. 40 (1941)
species :
Asplenium oblongatum Mett. ex Kuhn; Linn. 36: 97 (1896)
Distribution: Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó)
80 PAN 82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium psilacrum Maxon, Amer. Fern J. 19: 46 (1920)
species :
Asplenium oblongifolium Colenso; Tasm. J. 2: 171 (1845)
Name: Shining spleenwort, Glossy spleenwort, Huruhuruwhenua (Maori)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl., South Isl., Three Kings Isl., Stewart Isl.); Chatham Isl.
51 CTM NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium durvillei Mett. ex Kuhn, Linnaea 36: 95 (1869)
= Asplenium lucidum G.Forst., Prod. 80 (1786) (non N. L. Burm.)
= Asplenium obtusatum var. lucidum Hook. & Baker
= Tarachia lucida (G.Forst.) Momose, J. Jap. Bot. 35: 315, f. 28-30 (1960)
species :
Asplenium obovatum Viv.; Fl. Lib. 68 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. obovatum
Distribution: France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Turkey (Anatolia); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
12 COR FRA SAR 13 GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: obovatum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium lanceolatum ssp. obovatum (Viv.) Christ, Foug. Alpes Marit.: 13 (1900)
= Athyrium obovatum (Viv.) Fée, Gen. 186 (1850-52)
= Cystopteris obovata (Viv.) C.Presl, Tent. Pterid. 93 (1836)
variant :
var. ibericum Rasbach, K.Rasbach, Reichst., Viane & Bennert; Bot. Helv. 100(1): 12 (1990) [nothovar.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Asplenium obovatum ssp. lanceolatum x var. protobillotii
variant :
var. deltoideum Demiriz, Viane & Reichst.; Candollea 45(1): 244 (1990)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. protobillotii Demiriz, Viane & Reichst.; Candollea 45(1): 244 (1990)
Distribution: Turkey (Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium obovatum ssp. protobillotii (H.Demiriz, Viane & Reichst.) Herrero, Pajaron & Prada, Amer. J. Bot. 88: 2049 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. billotii (F.W.Schultz) O.Bolòs, Vigo, Masalles & Ninot; Fl. Man. Paisos Catalans: 1213 (1990)
Name: Billots Streifenfarn (DE); Culantrillo de Billot (ES)
Distribution: Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Hierro); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Crimea; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Luxembourg; SW-Germany; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Greece; Channel Isl.; SW-England; Channel Isl.; Wales
10 GRB 11 GER LUX 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA SIC 14 KRY 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium billotii F.W.Schultz, Flora (Regensburg) 28: 738 (1845)
= Asplenium cuneatum F.W.Schultz, Flora 807 (1844)
= Asplenium fontanum var. lanceolatum Fiori, Nuova flora anal- itica d’Italia 1,1: 26 (1923)
= Asplenium lanceolatum Huds., Fl. Angl. ed. 2: 454 (1778) (non Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 185 (1775))
= Asplenium lanceolatum var. grandifrons Merino, Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural 30: 169 (1901)
= Asplenium lanceolatum var. obovatum (Viv.) T.Moore, Index filicum 2,12: 140 (1859)
= Asplenium obovatum ssp. billotii (F.W.Schultz) Kerguélen, ERICA (France) 10: 8 (1998), comb. superfl.
= Asplenium obovatum ssp. lanceolatum (Huds.) P.Silva, Agronomia Lusitana 20: 217 (1959)
= Asplenium obovatum var. numidicum Trab., Flore analytique et synoptique de l’Algérie et de la Tunisie: 403 (1905)
= Asplenium rotundatum Kaulf. ex Holl, Flora 374 (1830)
= Athyrium lanceolatum (Huds.) Heufl., Verh. zool. Bot. Ges. 6: 345 (1856)
= Polypodium adianthifolium Poir., Encycl. 5: 540 (1804)
= Tarachia lanceolata (Huds.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 82 (1851)
= Trichomanes lanceolatum (Huds.) Bubani, Fl. Pyr. 4: 424 (1901)
species :
Asplenium obtusatum G.Forst.; Prod. 80 (1786)
subspecies :
subsp. obtusatum
Name: Shore spleenwort, Parako, Parenako (Maori)
Distribution: New Zealand (Three Kings Isl., North Isl., South Isl., Stewart Isl.); Kermadec Isl.; Snares Isl.; Chatham Isl.; Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.; Antipodes Isl.; Tristan da Cunha (incl. Nightingale Isl., Inaccessible Isl.); Gough Isl. (incl. Stoltenhoff Isl.); Iles Crozet; Henderson Isl.; Tonga (´Eua); Society Isl. (Tahiti); Austral Isl. (Rurutu, Rapa Iti, Marotiri); Tuamotu Arch. (Makatea)
51 ATP AUC CTM KER NZL 60 TON 61 AUI HEN SCI TUA 91 CMP CRZ TDC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium marinum var. obtusatum (G.Forst.) F.Muell., The Vegetation of the Chatham-Islands (1864)
= Asplenium crassum Thouars, Fl. Trist. d´Ac. 33 (1804)
= Asplenium obtusatum var. crassum (Thouars) C.Chr., Sci. Results Norweg. Antarct. Exped. 1927-1928 no. 16: 12 (1937)
variant :
var. obliquum (G.Forst.) Hook.; (1844)
Distribution: Auckland Isl.
51 AUC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium apicidentatum Moritz, Hombr. & Jacq., Voy. au Pole sud, Crypt., t. 1, f. A (1852)
= Asplenium cristatum Desv., Mem. Soc. Linn. Paris 6, 2: 271 (1827)
= Asplenium lucidum var. obliquum (G.Forst.) T.Moore, (1859)
= Asplenium obliquum G.Forst., Prod. 80 (1786)
variant :
var. sphenoides (Kunze) C.Chr. ex Skottsb.
Distribution: Chile (Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 CLE JNF
Conservation Status: IUCN R (Juan Fdz. Isl.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium sphenoides Kunze, Linn. 9: 63 (1834)
= Asplenium chondrophyllum Bertero, Colla, Mém. Acad. Torino 89: 40, t. 68 (1836)
= Asplenium consimile J.Rémy, Fée, Gen. 191 (1850)
= Asplenium obliquum var. sphenoides (Kunze) Mett.
= Asplenium obliquum var. chondrophyllum (Bertero ex Colla) Mett.
variant :
var. squamulosum (C.Chr.) R.A.Rodr.
Distribution: Easter Isl.
61 EAS
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium adianthoides var. squamulosum C.Chr.
subspecies :
subsp. northlandicum Brownsey; New Zealand J. Bot. 15(1): 49 (1977)
Distribution: New Zealand; Tonga (´Eua); Australia (Western Australia, Victoria, Tasmania, +SW-Western Australia)
50 AUS 51 NZL 60 TON
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium sarmentosum Willd., Sp. 6: 316 (1810)
= Asplenium northlandicum (Brownsey) Ogle, New Zealand J. Bot. 25(4): 592 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Asplenium decurrens Willd., Sp. 5: 316 (1810)
species :
Asplenium ocoense C.Chr.; Kungl. Svenska Vetens.-akad. Handl. ser. 3, 16(2): 53, t. 13(6-8) (1937)
Distribution: Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; ?Central America; ?South America
81 HIS PUE
species :
Asplenium octoploideum Viane & Van den heede; GEP News 9: 3 (2002)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl., La Gomera, Tenerife)
21 CNY
Remarks: similar to A. aureum, but octoploid
species :
Asplenium oellgaardii Stolze; Amer. Fern J. 74(4): 45 (1984)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Asplenium oldhamii Hance; Ann. sc. nat. V, 6: 256 (1866)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Vietnam; Taiwan; ?Japan
36 CHI 38 TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium formosanum Baker, Ann. Bot. 6: 305 (1891)
= Asplenium hancockii Baker, J. Bot. 104 (1885) (non Maxim (1883))
species :
Asplenium oligolepidum C.Chr.; Ind. 124 (1905)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium subnudum Baker, Syst. 483 (1874) (non H. Karst. (1865))
= Asplenium obliquum var. acutifolium E.Fourn., (1873)
= Asplenium obliquum var. integra (E.Fourn.) Bonap., (1922)
= Asplenium obtusatum var. acutifolium E.Fourn., (1914)
= Asplenium obtusatum subvar. integra E.Fourn., (1914)
species :
Asplenium oligophlebium Baker; Gard. Chr. n. s. 14: 494 (1880)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl. (Okinawa Isl., Iejima)
38 NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium fauriei Christ, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 7: 818 (1899)
= Asplenium miyoshianum Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 6: 45 (1892)
variant :
var. iezimaense (Tagawa) Tagawa; (1934)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl. (Okinawa Isl., Kyo)
38 JAP NNS
Conservation Status: EN in Japan
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium iezimaense Tagawa, Acta Phytotax. 2: 200 (1933)
= Asplenium fauriei Kodama, Matsum., Ic. pl. Koisik. 1, t. 45 (1912) (non Christ (1899))
species :
Asplenium oligophyllum Kaulf.; Enum. Fil. 166 (1824)
Distribution: Brazil (Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa); Argentina (Corrientes); Paraguay (Central); ?Ecuador
82 VEN 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium camptocarpon Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 63, t. 16 t 1 (1869)
= Asplenium escragnollei Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 1: 62, t. 15 (1869)
= Asplenium macrolepis Domin, Mem. R. Szech. Soc. Sci. n. s., 2. 172 t. 28 f. 5-6. (1929)
= Asplenium oligophyllum var. escragnollei (Fée) Luetzelb., Estud. Bot. Nordéste 3: 247 (1923)
= Asplenium lineatum Wawra, Maxim. Reise 195, t. 98 (1866)
= Chamaefilix oligophylla (Kaulf.) Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 268-275 (1931)
species :
Asplenium oligosorum Mickel & Beitel; Pterid. Fl. Oaxaca (Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 46): 64 (1988)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Asplenium olivaceum A.R.Sm.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 4, 40: 212 (1975)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Asplenium onopteris L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 1081 (1753)
Name: Spitzer Streifenfarn (DE), Culantrillo negro de monte (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Albania; Croatia; Montenegro; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Ireland; Poland; Turkey (Anatolia); Israel; Palestine; Lebanon; Syria; Cyprus; Iran; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
10 IRE 11 POL 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT SIC TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB PAL SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asplenium acutum Bory ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 5(1): 347 (1810)
= Asplenium adiantum-nigrum ssp. onopteris (L.) Heufl., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 6: 310 (1856)
= Asplenium onopteris var. triangularis Kunkel
= Asplenium virgilii Bory, Exp. Sci. Morée Bot. 289 (1832)
= Tarachia acuta (Bory ex Willd.) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 5(6) (Epim. Bot.): 82 (1851)