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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

513.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications
Species listed in database: 35205; hybrids: 668
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
513.7736 Genus Asteriscus Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (5), Cape Verde Isl., Mediterranean. Ighermia is possibly a separate genus.
Species listed in database: 10
= Bubonium Hill; Veg. Syst. 2: 74 (1761), nom. superfl.
= Dontospermum Neck. ex Sch.Bip.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 955 (1843), nom. superfl.
= Ighermia Wiklund; Nordic J. Bot. 3: 445 (1983)
= Nauplius (Cass.) Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 23: 566 (1822)
= Odontospermum Neck.; Elem. Bot. 1: 20 (1790), nom. inval.
species :
Asteriscus aquaticus (L.) Less.; Syn. Gen. Comp. 210 (1832)
Name: Einjähriger Strandstern (DE); Golden Starwort (EN); Joriada menuda (ES)
Distribution: Belgium; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Poland; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl., Ilhas Desertas); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania)
11 BGM ger POL SWI 12 BAL FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus aquaticus subsp. nanus (Boiss.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 761 (1995)
= Asteriscus aquaticus var. nanus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 179 (1875)
= Asteriscus citriodorus Heldr. & Halácsy; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 411 (1895)
= Asteriscus confusus Sennen; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon. 1923. n. s. 70: 66 (1924)
= Asteriscus morrisoni Bubani; Fl. Pyrenees 2: 245 (1899)
= Asteriscus nanus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 391 (1879)
= Asteriscus sessilis Moench; Methodus 592 (1794)
= Bubonium aquaticum (L.) Hill; Veg. Syst. 2: 74 (1761), Hort. Kew. 13 (1769)
= Bubonium aquaticum subsp. nanus (Boiss.) Malag.; Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr.: 14 (1973)
= Buphthalmum aquaticum L.; Sp. Pl. 903 (1753)
= Dontospermum aquaticum (L.) Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Inula aquatica (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 13: 108 (1905).
= Nauplius aquaticus (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 34: 273 (1825)
species :
Asteriscus daltonii (Webb) Walter; Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walp.) 2(5): 844 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. daltonii
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Bubonium daltonii (Webb) Halvorsen; Sommerfeltia 3: 80 (1986)
= Dontospermum arborescens Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 39 (1918)
= Dontospermum daltonii Webb; Niger Fl.: 140 (1849)
= Nauplius daltonii (Webb) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae): 78 (1986)
subspecies :
subsp. vogelii (Webb) Greuter; Flora Medit. 7: 46 (1997)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus vogelii (Webb) Walp.; Ann. 2: 845 (1852)
= Bubonium daltonii subsp. vogelii (Webb) Halvorsen; Sommerfeltia 3: 82 (1986)
= Dontospermum vogelii Webb; Niger Fl.: 140 (1849)
= Nauplius daltonii subsp. vogelii (Webb) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae) 79 (1986) et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 15 (1987)
species :
Asteriscus graveolens (Forssk.) Less.; Syn. Gen. Comp. 210 (1832)
subspecies :
subsp. graveolens
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Mali; N-Chad (Tibesti); Iraq (S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 22 MLI MTN 24 CHA 34 IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus schimperi Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 180 (1875)
= Bubonium graveolens (Forssk.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 27: 233 (1936)
= Buphthalmum graveolens Forssk.; Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 151 (1775)
= Ceruana schimperi Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 11: 4 (1849)
= Dontospermum graveolens Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel. Phyt. Canar. 2: 232 (1850)
= Nauplius graveolens (Forssk.) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae): 80 (1986) et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 16 (1987)
subspecies :
subsp. odorus (Schousb.) Greuter; Flora Medit. 7: 46 (1997)
Name: Wohlriechender Goldstern (DE); Botonera menuda (ES)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Libya; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
20 LBY MOR WSA 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus cavanillesii Caball.; Trab. Mus. Cienc. Nat., Madrid, Ser. Bot., No. 28, 20 (1935)
= Asteriscus odorus (Schousb.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 486 (1836)
= Asteriscus paui Caball.; Trab. Mus. Cienc. Nat., Madrid, Ser. Bot., No. 28, 21 (1935)
= Asteriscus stenophyllus var. villososericeus Kuntze
= Bubonium graveolens subsp. odorum (Schousb.) Wiklund ex Halvorsen & L.Borgen; Sommerfeltia 3: 72 (1986)
= Bubonium odorum (Schousb.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 27: 233 (1936)
= Buphthalmum odorum Schousb.; Vextr. Marokko, 199 (1800)
= Dontospermum odorum Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Nauplius graveolens subsp. odorus (Schousb.) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae) 92 (1986), et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 19 (1987)
subspecies :
subsp. stenophyllus (Link) Greuter; Flora Medit. 7: 46 (1997)
Name: Schmalblättriger Goldstern (DE); Botonera grancanaria (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Mauritania [I]; Chad [I]
21 CNY 22 mtn 24 cha
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus stenophyllus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 319 (1891)
= Asteriscus stenophyllus var. filifolius (G.Kunkel) O.E.Erikss., A.Hansen & Sunding; Fl. Macaronesia, ed. 2, 1: 92 (1979)
= Bubonium graveolens subsp. stenophyllum (Link) Halvorsen; Sommerfeltia 3: 74 (1986)
= Buphthalmum stenophyllum Link; Buch, Beschr. Canar. Ins. 150 (1825)
= Dontospermum stenophyllum f. tenui-ascendens G.Kunkel; Vieraea 8: 350 (1980)
= Dontospermum stenophyllum Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Nauplius graveolens subsp. stenophyllus (Link) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae) 94 (1986), et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 19 (1987)
= Nauplius stenophyllus (Link) Webb; Webb & Berthel. Phyt. Canar. 2: 237 (1850)
species :
Asteriscus hierochunticus (Michon) Wiklund; Nordic J. Bot. 5(4): 307 (1985)
Name: Jericho-Sternauge (DE); Ojo de buey (ES)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Almeria); Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Hejaz, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Qatar; Pakistan (Baluchistan)
12 SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR 35 KUW QAT SAU 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus aquaticus subsp. pygmaeus (DC.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 90 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Asteriscus aquaticus var. pygmaeus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7(1): 287 (1838)
= Asteriscus pygmaeus (DC.) Coss. & Durieu; Ann. Sci. Nat., Ser. 4, Bot. 4: 284 (1856)
= Dontospermum pygmaeum (DC.) O.Hoffm.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(5): 209 (1890)
= Pallenis hierochuntica (Michon) Greuter; Flora Medit. 7: 47 (1997)
= Saulcya hierochuntica Michon; Voy. Relig. Or. 2: 383 (1854)
species :
Asteriscus imbricatus (Cav.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 487 (1836)
Distribution: SW-Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bubonium imbricatum (Cav.) Pau; Mem. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 342 (1924)
= Buphthalmum chrysanthemoides Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 1: 747 (1811)
= Buphthalmum elegans Brouss. ex Willd.; Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berl. Mag. 1: 138 (1807)
= Buphthalmum imbricatum Cav.; Anales Ci. Nat. 4: 94 (1801)
= Dontospermum imbricatum Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Nauplius imbricatus (Cav.) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae) 60 (1986): et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 10 (1987)
species :
Asteriscus intermedius (DC.) Pit. & Proust; Iles Canaries 224 (1909)
Name: Mittlerer Goldstern (DE); Boton de Lanzarote (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus sericeus var. intermedius DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 486 (1836)
= Bubonium intermedium (DC.) Halvorsen & Wiklund; Sommerfeltia 3: 66 (1986)
= Dontospermum intermedium Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Nauplius intermedius (DC.) Webb ex Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel. Phyt. Canar. 2: 236 (1850)
species :
Asteriscus pinifolius Maire & Wilczek; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 26: 128 (1935)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus pinifolius Maire & Wilczek, Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 27: 233, descr. ampl. (1936)
= Ighermia pinifolia (Maire & Wilczek) Wiklund; Nordic J. Bot. 3(4): 445 (1983)
species :
Asteriscus schultzii (Bolle) Pit. & Proust; Iles Canar. 224 (1909)
Name: Schultz´ Goldstern (DE); Tojia blanca (ES)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura, Lanzarote)
20 MOR WSA 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Asteriscus longiradiatus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 8 (1939)
= Bubonium longiradiatum (Maire) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 348 (1939 publ. 1940)
= Bubonium schultzii (Bolle) Svent.; Ind. Sem., Agron. Investig. Nat. Hs. Inst., 52 (1968 publ. 1969)
= Dontospermum schultzii Bolle; Bonplandia (Hannover) 7: 295 (1859)
= Nauplius schultzii (Bolle) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae) 55 (1986): et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 8 (1987)
species :
Asteriscus sericeus (L.f.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 486 (1836)
Name: Seidenhaariger Goldstern (DE); Tojia (ES)
Distribution: Morocco [I]; Canary Isl. (El Hierro, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Gran Canaria)
20 mor 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bubonium sericeum (L.f.) Halvorsen & Wiklund; Sommerfeltia 3: 68 (1986)
= Buphthalmum sericeum L.f.; Suppl. 379 (1782)
= Dontospermum sericeum (L.f.) Sch.Bip.; Webb & Berthel., Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
species :
Asteriscus smithii (Webb) Walp.; Ann. 2: 844 (1852)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Nicolau)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Bubonium smithii (Webb) Halvorsen; Sommerfeltia 3: 77 (1986)
= Dontospermum smithii Webb; Niger Fl.: 139 (1849)
= Nauplius smithii (Webb) Wiklund; Some genera in Inula-group (Asterac.-Inuleae) 77 (1986): et in Nordic J. Bot. 7(1): 15 (1987)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life