Search

Reset
* Only valid names are shown as results

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (15)

Genus (844)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

175.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12088; hybrids: 386
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
175.4731 Genus Avena L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 79-81 (1753)
Distribution: Europe, N-Africa, Arabia, Asia Minor to India, Mongolia, Russia (15, all areas, except northern). Species circumscription highly problematic.
Species listed in database: 24; hybrids: 2
= Anelytrum Hack.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Nov. Sp 8: 519 (1910)
= Leptopyrum Raf.; Med. Repos. N. York 5: 351 (1808)
= Heuffelia Schur; Enum. Pl. Trans. 760 (1866)
= Preissia Opiz; Seznam, 79 (1852)
species :
Avena abyssinica Hochst.; Schimper, Iter Abyss. Sect. 3, Unit. Iter, No. 1877 (1846), et ex A. Rich. Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 415 (1851)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
24 DJI ERI ETH 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena abyssinica f. glaberrima Chiov.; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 343 (1908 publ. 1907)
= Avena abyssinica var. baldratiana Cufod.; Atti Ist. Bot. Lab. Crittog. Univ. Pavia, V 2: 152 (1944)
= Avena abyssinica var. chiovendae Mordv.; E. V. Wulff, Kult. Fl. SSSR 2: 421 (1936)
= Avena abyssinica var. neoschimperi Cufod.; Atti Ist. Bot. Lab. Crittog. Univ. Pavia, V 2: 152 (1944)
= Avena alba subsp. abyssinica (Hochst.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 50 (1961)
= Avena barbata var. abbreviata Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 14: 51 (1899), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena barbata var. pseudoabyssinica (Thell.) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II 13: t. 1 (1939), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena sativa var. abyssinica (Hochst.) Körn.; F. A. Körn. & H. Werner, Handb. Getried. 1: 216 (1885)
= Avena sativa var. braunii Körn.; F. A. Körn. & H. Werner, Handb. Getried. 1: 216 (1885)
= Avena sativa var. hildebrandtii Körn.; F. A. Körn. & H. Werner, Handb. Getried. 1: 216 (1885)
= Avena sativa var. schimperi Körn.; F. A. Körn. & H. Werner, Handb. Getried. 1: 216 (1885)
= Avena strigosa subsp. abyssinica (Hochst.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 335 (1912)
= Avena strigosa var. abyssinica (Hochst.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 45 (1894)
= Avena strigosa var. glaberrima (Chiov.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 336 (1912)
= Avena strigosa var. pseudoabyssinica Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 334 (1912), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena strigosa var. subglaberrima Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 285 (1930)
= Avena vaviloviana var. pseudoabyssinica (Thell.) C.E.Hubb.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 10: 119 (1937), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena wiestii var. pseudoabyssinica Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 307 (1912), nom. illeg. superfl.
species :
Avena aemulans Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. ser. 8b (Bot.) 17: 5 (1934)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena fatua subsp. aemulans (Nevski) H.Scholz; Willdenowia, 20(1-2): 110 (1991)
= Avena fatua subvar. basifixa (Malzev) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 332 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. basifixa Malzev; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 7: 329 (1914)
species :
Avena agadiriana B.R.Baum & Fedak; Canad. J. Bot. 63: 1379 (1985)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Avena atlantica B.R.Baum & Fedak; Canad. J. Bot. 63: 1057 (1985)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Avena barbata Pott ex Link; Schrad., J. für Bot. 2: 315 (1799)
subspecies :
subsp. barbata
Name: Bart-Hafer (DE); Slender Wild Oat (EN); Balango comun (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra [I]; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Midyan, Rub al Khali); Kuwait; Yemen (W-Yemen); Nepal; India (Tamil Nadu [I], Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh); Sri Lanka [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Massachusetts [I], Montana [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 aut ger HUN 12 ado BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 azo CNY MDR 27 saf 32 TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU YEM 40 IND NEP srl 50 aus lhi 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 79 glp mex 83 bol per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena alba f. fallax (Maire & Weiller) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 276 (1953)
= Avena alba f. triflora (Malzev) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 276 (1953)
= Avena alba subvar. aristulata (Malzev) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 277 (1953)
= Avena alba subvar. fallax Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 308 (1939)
= Avena alba subvar. glabrifolia (Malzev) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 277 (1953)
= Avena alba subvar. minor (Lange) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 308 (1939)
= Avena alba var. barbata (Pott ex Link) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 275 (1953)
= Avena almeriensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52: 443 (1905)
= Avena atheranthera C.Presl; Gram. Sicul.: 14 (1818)
= Avena barbata Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 108 (1804), nom. illeg.
= Avena barbata f. colorata Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 47 (1899)
= Avena barbata f. triflora Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 41 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Avena barbata subsp. atheranthera (C.Presl) Rocha Afonso; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 358 (1978)
= Avena barbata subsp. hoppeana (Scheele) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 62 (1890)
= Avena barbata subsp. subtypica (Malzev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 242 (1976)
= Avena barbata subvar. hirsuta (Moench) Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 13: 619 (1938)-9.
= Avena barbata var. atheranthera (C.Presl) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 412 (1855)
= Avena barbata var. caspica Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 41 (1894)
= Avena barbata var. frutescens Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 62 (1895)
= Avena barbata var. media Rouy; Rev. Sci. Nat. (Montpellier), sér. 3, 3: 248 (1883)
= Avena barbata var. minor Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan.: 39 (1860)
= Avena barbata var. solida Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 41 (1894)
= Avena barbata var. subtypica (Malzev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 242 (1976)
= Avena barbata var. triflora Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 68 (1861)
= Avena bolivaris Sennen; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 18: 176 (1918), nom. nud.
= Avena cypria Sibth.; R. Walpole, Trav. Var. East: 23 (1820)
= Avena damascena Rajhathy & B.R.Baum; Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 14: 646 (1972)
= Avena deusta Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 719 (1878), pro syn.
= Avena fatua subsp. barbata (Pott ex Link) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 124 (1913)
= Avena hirsuta Moench; Methodus 64 (1802)
= Avena hirsuta Roth; Catal. Bot. 3: 19 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Avena hoppeana Scheele; Flora 27: 57 (1844)
= Avena lagascae Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1926: 5980 (1926)
= Avena malzevii Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 78(10): 89 (1993)
= Avena matritensis B.R.Baum; Monogr. Res. Branch Canada Dept. Agric. 14: 233 (1977)
= Avena maxima C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: xliv (1826)
= Avena sallentiana Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 17: 133 (1918)
= Avena sativa var. barbata (Pott ex Link) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 109 (1923)
= Avena segetalis Bianca ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 810 (1882), pro syn.
= Avena serrulatiglumis Sennen & Mauricio; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 248 (1936)
= Avena sterilis subsp. atheranthera (C.Presl) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 20: 108 (1991)
= Avena sterilis var. barbata (Pott ex Link) Lapeyrère; Fl. Départ. Landes: 468 (1902)
= Avena strigosa subsp. barbata (Pott ex Link) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 330 (1911)
= Avena strigosa subvar. aristulata Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 252 (1930)
= Avena strigosa subvar. deserticola Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 277 (1930)
= Avena strigosa subvar. glabrifolia Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 251 (1930)
= Avena strigosa subvar. minor (Lange) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 249 (1930)
= Avena strigosa subvar. triflora Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 271 (1930)
= Avena strigosa var. subtypica Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 275 (1930)
= Avena villosa Lag. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 670 (1817), pro syn.
subspecies :
subsp. castellana Romero Zarco; Lagascalia 16(2): 262 (1990)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; Isole Pelagie (Linosa); Sicily (Isole Lipari, Marettimo Isl.)
12 BAL POR SPA 13 PEL SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena barbata var. saxatilis Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 302 (1909)
= Avena castellana (Romero Zarco) Romero Zarco & L.Sáez; Acta Bot. Malac. 47: 31 (2022)
= Avena saxatilis (Lojac.) Rocha Afonso; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 359 (1978)
subspecies :
subsp. hirtula (Lag.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 70 (1974)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena alba var. hirtula (Lag.) Emb. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 933 (1941)
= Avena hirtula Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 4 (1816)
= Avena prostrata Ladiz.; Israel Jour. Bot. 20: 297 (1971)
= Avena strigosa subsp. hirtula (Lag.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Suppl. 38: 247 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. lusitanica (Tab.Morais) Romero Zarco; Lagascalia 14: 166 (1986)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
12 POR SPA 13 GRC KRI 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena barbata subvar. lusitanica Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 13 : 624 (1939)
= Avena lusitanica (Tab.Morais) B.R.Baum; Monogr. Res. Branch Canada Dept. Agric. 14: 227 (1977)
= Avena strigosa subsp. lusitanica (Tab.Morais) Jauzein; Fl. Champs Cult.: 863 (1995)
subspecies :
subsp. wiestii (Steud.) Mansf.; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 479 (1959)
Name: Wiests Hafer (DE); Wiest´s Oat (EN)
Distribution: SE-Spain; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Nafud Desert, Asir); Kuwait; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan (Peshawar)
12 SPA 13 GRC KRI 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 33 AZE 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA SAU 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena alba var. wiestii (Steud.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 277 (1953)
= Avena barbata subsp. wiestii (Steud.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 70 (1974) [comb. superfl.]
= Avena barbata var. wiestii (Steud.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 45 (1894)
= Avena nuda subsp. wiestii (Steud.) Á.Löve; Bot. Not. 114: 50 (1961)
= Avena strigosa subsp. wiestii (Steud.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 333 (1912)
= Avena wiestii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 231 (1854)
species :
Avena brevis Roth; Bot. Abh. 42 (1787)
Name: Silber-Hafer, Kurz-Hafer (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain; France; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); etc.
11 ger 12 FRA SPA 21 mdr
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena brevis var. uniflora (Parl.) Drouet; Mém. Soc. Acad. Dép. Aube 30: 206 (1866)
= Avena mandoniana Coss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 15: 185 (1868), nom. nud.
= Avena nuda subsp. brevis (Roth) Mansf.; Kulturpflanze, Beih. 2: 480 (1959)
= Avena sativa subsp. brevis (Roth) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 237 (1899)
= Avena sativa subsp. brevis (Roth) Douin; Bonnier & Douin, 15 (1934)
= Avena sativa var. brevis (Roth) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 109 (1923)
= Avena sativa var. brevis (Roth) Körn.; 17 (1873)
= Avena strigosa proles brevis (Roth) Hausskn.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 332 (1911)
= Avena strigosa subsp. brevis (Roth) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 30: 321 (1932)
= Avena strigosa subsp. brevis (Roth) Husn.; Graminées: 39 (1897)
= Avena strigosa subsp. mandoniana Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II 12: 244 (1937)
= Avena uniflora Parl.; Pl. Nov.: 84 (1842)
species :
Avena byzantina K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 392 (1848)
Name: Byzantinischer Hafer, Mittelmeer-Hafer (DE), Algerian Oat (EN), Avena amarilla (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Azores [I] (Terceira [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (La Palma [I]); Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Saudi Arabia (Dahana); Pakistan [I]; India [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 13 GRC KRI 20 alg mor 21 azo cny 26 moz zim 27 saf 29 mau mdg 33 AZE 34 CYP EAI IRN TUR 35 SAU 40 ind pak 50 lhi 83 bol 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena byzantina subvar. biaristata (Hack. ex Trab.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 289 (1953)
= Avena byzantina var. biaristata (Hack. ex Trab.) Parodi; 1: 127 (1959)
= Avena byzantina var. biaristata (Hack. ex Trab.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 228 (1909)
= Avena byzantina var. hypomelanthera (Thell.) Parodi; Encicl. Argent. Agric. Jard. 1: 127 (1959)
= Avena byzantina var. induta Thell. ex Parodi; Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin (Buenos Aires) 7: 165 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. glabrescens Coss. & Durieu; Fl. Algerie 113 (1855)
= Avena sativa subsp. byzantina (K.Koch) Romero Zarco; Lagascalia 18(2): 180 (1996)
= Avena sativa var. biaristata Hack. ex Trab.; Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 49: 229 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Avena sterilis f. hypomelanathera Thell.; Recueil Trav. Bot. Neerl. 25a: 431-432 (1928)
= Avena sterilis subsp. byzantina (K.Koch) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 56: 316 (1911)
= Avena sterilis subvar. biaristata (Hack. ex Trab.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 399 (1930)
= Avena sterilis subvar. hypomelanathera (Thell.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 398 (1930)
= Avena sterilis var. biaristata (Hack. ex Trab.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 56: 316 (1911)
= Avena sterilis var. hypomelanthera (Thell.) Parodi; Encicl. Argent. Agric. Jard. 1: 127 (1959)
species :
Avena canariensis Baum, Rajhathy & Sampson; Canad. J. Bot. 51(4): 759 (1973)
Name: Kanaren-Hafer (DE); Balango canario (ES)
Distribution: Morocco; Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Tenerife)
20 MOR 21 CNY
species :
Avena clauda Durieu; Duchartre, Rev. Bot. 1: 360 (1845)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Morocco; Algeria; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus; Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania)
13 BUL GRC 20 ALG MOR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 AZE NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena clauda var. eriantha Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 15 (1854)
= Avena pilosa Aucher ex Durieu; Duch. Rev. Bot. 1: 1845 (1846) 360 et sensu Hayek non M. Bieb.
species :
Avena eriantha Durieu; Duchartre, Rev. Bot. 1: 360 (1845)
Distribution: C- & E-Spain; Greece; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (N-Israel)
12 SPA 13 GRC 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 32 TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena clauda var. solida Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 43 (1894)
= Avena eriantha var. acuminata Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 14 (1854)
= Avena pilosa (Roem. & Schult.) M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 84 (1819) [non Scop. (1772)]
= Trisetum pilosum Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 662 (1817)
species :
Avena fatua L.; Sp. PI.: 80 (1753)
Name: Flughafer (DE), Wild Oat (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; Kenya [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], Cape Prov. [I]); Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Kuril Isl. [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Cyprus; Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Rub al Khali, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Taiwan; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Swat, Murree, Gilgit, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Chumbi, Meghalaya, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka [I]; Myanmar; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Northern Territories [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]; Jamaica [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]; South Georgia Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 24 eri eth 25 ken 26 moz zim 27 saf 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ SIN TUR 35 KUW OMA SAU UAE YEM 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap kor nns TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK srl 41 MYA 42 jaw phi 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 61 eas 63 haw 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 gua hon 81 jam trt 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru 91 fal sge
Synonyms: hidden
= Anelytrum avenaceum Hack.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 519 (1910)
= Avena ambigua Schönh.; Fl. Thüringen: 517 (1850), pro syn.
= Avena cultiformis (Malzev) Malzev; Sornye Rast. Tadzikistana 1: 208 (1934)
= Avena fatua f. deserticola Hausskn.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 13-14: 46 (1899)
= Avena fatua f. subcontracta Yamag.; Jap. J. Breed. 25: 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua subsp. brevipilosa Kiec; Stud. Grasses Poland: 16 (2001)
= Avena fatua subsp. cultiformis Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 142 (1929)
= Avena fatua subsp. septentrionalis (Malzev) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 140 (1929)
= Avena fatua subvar. naniformis H.Yamag.; Japan. J. Breed. 25(1): 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua subvar. pseudo-nana H.Yamag.; Japan. J. Breed. 25(1): 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua subvar. pumila H.Yamag.; Japan. J. Breed. 25(1): 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua subvar. zine H.Yamag.; Japan. J. Breed. 25(1): 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua var. acidophila Kiec; Studies on Grasses in Poland 15 (2001)
= Avena fatua var. alcaliphila Kiec; Studies on Grasses in Poland 14 (2001)
= Avena fatua var. alta Kiec; Studies on Grasses in Poland 17 (2001)
= Avena fatua var. altissima Kiec; Studies on Grasses in Poland 17 (2001)
= Avena fatua var. elongata Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 309 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. gravis Kiec; Studies on Grasses in Poland 17 (2001)
= Avena fatua var. hyugaensis H.Yamag.; Japan. J. Breed. 25(1): 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua var. leiocarpa Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 347 (1830)
= Avena fatua var. levis Kiec; Studies on Grasses in Poland 15 (2001)
= Avena fatua var. longiflora Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 308 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. longispiculata Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 309 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. nipponica Yamag.; Jap. J. Breed. 25: 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua var. pilosiformis Yamag.; Jap. J. Breed. 25: 45 (1975)
= Avena fatua var. pilosissima Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 131 (1821)
= Avena fatua var. pseudoculta Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 348 (1830)
= Avena fatua var. pseudofatua Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 842 (1866)
= Avena intermedia Lindgr.; Bot. Not. 1841: 151 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Avena japonica Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 231 (1854)
= Avena lanuginosa Gilib.; Excerc. Phyt. 2: 539 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Avena ludoviciana subvar. glabrescens (Durieu ex Godr.) Husn.; Graminées: 39 (1897)
= Avena ludoviciana var. glabrescens Durieu ex Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 513 (1856)
= Avena nigra Wallr.; Erst. Beitr. Fl. Hercyn.: 174 (1840)
= Avena occidentalis Durieu; Index Seminum (BORD, Burdigala) 1864: 25 (1864)
= Avena patens St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8. 2: 921 (1889), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena sativa subsp. fatua (L.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 109 (1923)
= Avena sativa subsp. fatua (L.) Jess.; 212 (1863)
= Avena sativa subsp. fatua (L.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 319 (1912)
= Avena septentrionalis Malzev; Bull. Angew. Bot. 6: 915 (1913)
= Avena sterilis Delile ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 543 (1884), pro syn.
= Avena sterilis subsp. fatua (L.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 359 (1894)
= Avena sterilis subvar. glabrescens (Durieu ex Godr.) Husn.; Graminées: 39 (1897)
= Avena sterilis var. glabrescens (Durieu ex Godr.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 373 (1930)
variant :
var. glabrata Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz: 13 (1841)
Distribution: Europe; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan; China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Taiwan; Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab, Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram, Chitral, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan); Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND PAK 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena fatua subsp. glabrata (Peterm.) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N. W. Coast: 46 (1915)
= Avena fatua var. glabrata (Peterm.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 320. pl. 53 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. mollis Keng; Sinensia 11: 411 (1940)
= Avena sativa var. sericea Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 7: 275 (1896)
variant :
var. meridionalis Malzev; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. Suppl. 38: 304 (1930)
Distribution: Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Iran; Pakistan (Kurram, Pakistani Punjab)
21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena fatua subsp. meridionalis Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 140 (1929)
= Avena meridionalis (Malzev) Roshev.; B. A. Fedchenko & al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 105 (1932)
= Avena meridionalis var. grandis Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 106 (1932)
species :
Avena longiglumis Durieu; Duchartre, Rev. Bot. 1: 359 (1845)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania)
12 POR SPA 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 ISR JOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena longiglumis subvar. australis Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 93 (1942)
species :
Avena magna H.C.Murphy & Terrell; Science 159: 103 (1968)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Avena murphyi Ladiz.; Israel Jour. Bot. 20: 24 (1971)
Distribution: SW-Spain (Cádiz, Sa. de Grazalema); Morocco (Tanger)
12 SPA 20 MOR
species :
Avena nuda L.; Amoen. Acad. 3: 401 (1756)
Name: Nackt-Hafer (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; Croatia [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; European Russia [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); China (Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Xinjiang, Yunnan); China [I] (Hubei [I], Yunnan [I])
11 ger hun 12 spa 13 cro 14 est lat rus UKR 31 rfe 36 CHI
Remarks: strigosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena albicans F.Lestib.; Botanogr. Belg. 2: 35 (1827)
= Avena chinensis (Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.) Janch.; 834 (1960), nom. inval.
= Avena chinensis (Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.) Metzg.; Eur. Cereal. 53 (1824)
= Avena fatua subsp. nuda (L.) Thell.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg 38: 111 (1912)
= Avena gracillima Keng; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol. 7: 36 (1936)
= Avena nuda var. chinensis Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 669 (1817)
= Avena nudibrevis Vavilov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 16: 176 (1926), nom. nud.
= Avena sativa convar. nuda (L.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 322 (1866)
= Avena sativa subsp. chinensis (Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.) Janch. ex Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 28(1): 106 (1993)
= Avena sativa subsp. chinensis (Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.) Janch.; 974 (1960), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa subsp. nuda (L.) Gillet & Magne; Nouv. Fl. Franç., ed. 3: 532 (1873)
= Avena sativa subsp. nuda (L.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 123 (1913)
= Avena sativa var. biaristata Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 322 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. chinensis (Fisch. ex Roem. & Schult.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 99 (1843)
= Avena sativa var. culinaris Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 322 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Avena sativa var. inermis Körn.; 17 (1873), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. nuda (L.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 322 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. nuda (L.) Gill. & Magne; 457 (1863)
= Avena sativa var. nuda (L.) Körn.; F. A. Körn. & H. Werner, Handb. Getried. 1: 218 (1885)
= Avena strigosa var. nuda (L.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 41 (1894)
species :
Avena orientalis Schreb.; Spic. Fl. Lips. 52 (1771)
Name: Fahnen-Hafer
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-Europe; Slovenia; European Russia; Siberia; Russian Far East; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
11 ger 13 SLV 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: often included as subspecies in A. sativa
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena fatua subvar. contracta (Neilr.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 341 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. contracta (Neilr.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 56: 326 (1911)
= Avena fatua var. contracta (Neilr.) Vollm.; 68 (1914)
= Avena heteromalla Haller; Novi Comment. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gött. 6: t. 6 (1775)
= Avena orientalis f. flavescens Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 528 (1846)
= Avena orientalis subsp. mutica (Spenn.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 71 (1834)
= Avena orientalis var. arundinacea Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 538 (1846)
= Avena orientalis var. flava Körn. ex Hegi; 255 (1907)
= Avena orientalis var. flavescens Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 538 (1846)
= Avena orientalis var. fuscoatra Peterm.; Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 539 (1846)
= Avena orientalis var. mutica Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 130 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Avena orientalis var. nuda Lej.; Rev. Fl. Spa: 224 (1825)
= Avena racemosa Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 59 (1799)
= Avena sativa convar. orientalis (Schreb.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 321 (1866)
= Avena sativa subsp. contracta (Neilr.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 1: 41 (1867)
= Avena sativa subsp. orientalis (Schreb.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 235 (1899)
= Avena sativa subsp. orientalis (Schreb.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 359 (1894)
= Avena sativa subsp. orientalis (Schreb.) Jess.; 212 (1863)
= Avena sativa subsp. orientalis (Schreb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 62 (1890)
= Avena sativa var. contracta Neilr.; Fl. Nieder-Osterreich 58 (1859)
= Avena sativa var. flava Körn.; 17 (1873), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. orientalis (Schreb.) Alef.; Landw. Fl. 321 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. orientalis (Schreb.) Merrem; 42 (1809)
= Avena tatarica Ard.; Saggi Sci. Lett. Acad. Padova 2: 101 (1789)
= Avena unilateralis Brouss. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 669 (1817), pro syn.
species :
Avena persica Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 230 (1854)
Name: Persischer Hafer (DE); Persian Oat; Winter Wild Oat (EN)
Distribution: Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; San Marino; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Morocco; Canary Isl. (La Palma, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote); Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; Russian Far East (Primorye); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Qunduz, Takhar); China [I] (Yunnan [I]); Pakistan (Kurram, Peshawar, Chitral); NW-India (Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Australia [I] (widespread); New Zealand [I]
11 HUN 12 cis FRA POR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI SMA 14 RUS 20 MOR 21 CNY 24 eri eth 31 RFE 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 AFG EAI IRN TUR 36 chi 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena abyssinica var. granulata Chiov.; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 343 (1908)
= Avena fatua var. ludoviciana (Durieu) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 72 (1908)
= Avena fatua var. trichophylla (K.Koch) Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 412 (1852)
= Avena ludoviciana Durieu; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 20: 37, 41 (1855)
= Avena ludoviciana subvar. glabrescens (Gren. & Godr.) Husn.; Graminées: 39 (1897)
= Avena ludoviciana var. franchetiana Durieu; Index Seminum (BORD, Burdigala) 1872: 14 (1872)
= Avena ludoviciana var. glabrescens Durieu ex Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Prosp. 3: 513 (1856)
= Avena ludoviciana var. macrantha Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 107 (1932)
= Avena ludoviciana var. psilathera Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 314 (1912)
= Avena ludoviciana var. turkestanica Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 107 (1932)
= Avena macrocalyx Sennen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 68: 407 (1922), nom. nud.
= Avena macrocarpa proles ludoviciana (Durieu) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 125 (1913)
= Avena melillensis (Durieu) Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif. Orient. 129 (1933)
= Avena persica var. glabrescens (Durieu ex Godr.) Tzvelev; Zlaki Rossii: 153 (2019)
= Avena persica var. glabriflora (Malzev) Tzvelev; Zlaki Rossii: 153 (2019)
= Avena sativa var. ludoviciana (Durieu) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 109 (1923)
= Avena sativa var. trichophylla (K.Koch) Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 412 (1852)
= Avena sterilis f. abbreviata Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 39 (1894)
= Avena sterilis subsp. ludoviciana (Durieu) Gillet & Magne; Nouv. Fl. Franç., ed. 3: 352 (1873)
= Avena sterilis subsp. trichophylla (K.Koch) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 143 (1929)
= Avena sterilis var. calviflora Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 394 (1930)
= Avena sterilis var. degenerans Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 40 (1894)
= Avena sterilis var. denudata Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 40 (1894)
= Avena sterilis var. glabrescens (Durieu ex Godr.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 314 (1911)
= Avena sterilis var. glabriflora Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 376 (1930)
= Avena sterilis var. ludoviciana (Durieu) Husn.; Graminees 39 (1899)
= Avena sterilis var. minor Coss. & Durieu; Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 109 (1855)
= Avena sterilis var. parallela Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 3: 240 (1884)
= Avena sterilis var. pseudovilis Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 39 (1894)
= Avena trichophylla K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 393 (1848)
= Avena ×ludoviciana (Durieu) Paunero; Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 15: 393 (1957)
species :
Avena sativa L.; Sp. Pl. 79 (1753)
Name: Saat-Hafer, Berg-Hafer (DE); Common Oats (EN); Avena (ES)
Distribution: of cultivated origin; Europe [c]; Germany [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Channel Isl. [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; Estonia [c]; Latvia [c]; Lithuania [c]; European Russia [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Madeira [c] (Madeira Isl. [c]); Canary Isl. [c] (Lanzarote [c], Fuerteventura [c], Gran Canaria [c]); Cape Verde Isl. [c]; Ethiopia [c]; Zimbabwe [c]; Mozambique [c]; South Africa [c]; Lesotho [c]; Siberia [c]; Russian Far East [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Northern Caucasus [c]; Georgia [Caucasus] [c]; Armenia [c]; Azerbaijan [c]; Iraq [c]; Cyprus [c]; China [c]; Mongolia [c]; Japan [c]; Ryukyu Isl. [c]; Pakistan [c] (Astor [c]); ndia [c]; Sri Lanka [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Laos [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Australia [c] (Western Australia [c], South Australia [c], Queensland [c], New South Wales [c], Victoria [c], Tasmania [c]); Lord Howe Isl. [c]; Norfolk Isl. [c]; New Zealand [c]; Auckland Isl. [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Fiji [c]; Guam [c]; Hawaii [c] (Oahu [c], Maui [c], Hawaii Isl. [c]); Alaska [c]; Greenland [c]; Canada [c] (Alberta [c], British Columbia [c], Manitoba [c], New Brunswick [c], Newfoundland [c], Nova Scotia [c], Northern Territories [c], Ontario [c], Prince Edward Isl. [c], Québec [c], Saskatchewan [c], Yukon [c]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [c]; USA [c] (Alabama [c], Arkansas [c], Arizona [c], California [c], Colorado [c], Connecticut [c], District of Columbia [c], Florida [c], Georgia [c], Iowa [c], Idaho [c], Illinois [c], Indiana [c], Kansas [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Massachusetts [c], Maryland [c], Maine [c], Michigan [c], Minnesota [c], Missouri [c], Mississippi [c], Montana [c], North Carolina [c], North Dakota [c], Nebraska [c], New Hampshire [c], New Jersey [c], New Mexico [c], Nevada [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oklahoma [c], Oregon [c], Pennsylvania [c], Rhode Island [c], South Carolina [c], South Dakota [c], Tennessee [c], Texas [c], Utah [c], Virginia [c], Vermont [c], Washington State [c], Wisconsin [c], West Virginia [c], Wyoming [c]); Mexico [c]; Isla Guadalupe [c]; Guatemala [c]; Honduras [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Cuba [c]; Jamaica [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Martinique [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Peru [c]; Bolivia [c]; Brazil [c]; Uruguay [c]; Argentina [c]; Chile [I] (Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I]); Campbell Isl. [c]; Marion Isl. [c]; Falkland Isl. [c]
11 cze ger hun slo 12 cis 13 bih cro slv 14 est lat lit rus 20 alg mor tun 21 cny cvi mdr 24 eth 26 moz zim 27 les saf 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 33 arm aze geo ncs 34 cyp irq 36 chi 37 mon 38 jap nns 40 ban pak srl 41 lao 42 jaw phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 auc nzl 60 fij nwc 62 gum 63 haw 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 cos gua hon 81 cub his jam mar pue trt 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru 91 cmp fal mpe
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena agraria var. mutica Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 106 (1804)
= Avena algeriensis Trab.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 2: 151, 153-5 (1910), in ic., Trab. ex Morais in Bol. Soc. Brot. Ser. II. 11: 60 (1936). in syn.
= Avena anglica Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 669 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena byzantina var. thellungiana (Malzev) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II 13: 611 (1939)
= Avena cinerea Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 699 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena diffusa (Celak.) M.Goldschm.; 323 (1903)
= Avena diffusa subf. trisperma (Schübl.) M.Goldschm.; 323 (1903)
= Avena diffusa f. aristata (Krause) M.Goldschm.; 323 (1903)
= Avena diffusa f. mutica (Alef.) M.Goldschm.; 323 (1903)
= Avena dispermis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 1 (1768), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena distans Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 20: 22 (1870)
= Avena fatua f. brachytricha Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 55 (1913)
= Avena fatua f. glaberrima Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 54 (1913)
= Avena fatua f. macrathera Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 54 (1913)
= Avena fatua f. setulosa Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 55 (1913)
= Avena fatua subsp. macrantha (Hack.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 141 (1929)
= Avena fatua subsp. nodipilosa Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 140 (1929)
= Avena fatua subsp. praegravis (E.Krause) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 352 (1930)
= Avena fatua subsp. sativa (L.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 56: 325 (1911)
= Avena fatua var. glaberrima (Thell.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 340 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. macrotricha Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 354 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. microtricha Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 355 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. pilifera Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 311 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. pilosa (Koeler) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Selekc., Priloz. 38: 336 (1930)
= Avena fatua var. pilosa Syme; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club 71: 20 (1872)
= Avena fatua var. sativa (L.) Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. (Thüringen) Jena 3: 238 (1885)
= Avena fatua var. subuniflora (Trab.) Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zurich 56: 327 (1911)
= Avena fatua var. transiens Hausskn.; Mitt. Geogr. Ges. Thüringen (Jena) 3: 238 (1885)
= Avena flava Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 669 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena fusca Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 756 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Avena fusciflora Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 756 (1866), pro syn.
= Avena georgiana Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 669 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena glabrata Hausm.; Harz, Landw. Samenk.: 1317 (1885)
= Avena grandis Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 6 (1934), in clavi
= Avena heteromalla Moench; 195 (1794) non Haller 1775
= Avena hungarica Lucé; Topog. Nachr. Oesel: 20 (1823), nom. nud.
= Avena macrantha (Hack.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 6 (1934)
= Avena mutata Samp.; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 7: 118 (1931)
= Avena mutica Krock.; Fl. Siles., Suppl. 1: 187 (1823)
= Avena nodipilosa (Malzev) Malzev; Sorn. Rast. URSS 1: 205 (1934)
= Avena pendula Gilib.; Excerc. Phyt. 2: 539 (1792), nom. inval.
= Avena persarum Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 6 (1934), nom. nud.
= Avena pilosa Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 86 (1771), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena podolica Pascal ex Zuccagni; Roem., Collecteana: 126 (1806), pro syn.
= Avena polonica Schwägr. ex Schmalh.; Fl. Sredn. Yuzhn. Rossii 2: 619 (1897)
= Avena ponderosa L. ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Linn. Herb.: 42 (1912), nom. nud.
= Avena praecocioides Litv.; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 564 (1915)
= Avena praecoqua Litv.; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 564 (1915)
= Avena praegravis (E.Krause) Roshev.; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 268 (1934)
= Avena pseudosativa (Thell.) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 141 (1940)
= Avena sativa proles grandiuscula Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Suppl. 38: 356 (1930)
= Avena sativa convar. nodipilosa (Malzev) Tzvelev; Fl. Severo-Vostoka Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 132 (1974)
= Avena sativa convar. patula Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 320 (1866), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa f. arundinacea (Peterm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 121 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Avena sativa subsp. aristata Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 71 (1834)
= Avena sativa subsp. diffusa Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 234 (1899)
= Avena sativa subsp. macrantha (Hack.) Rocha Afonso; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 359 (1978), isonym
= Avena sativa subsp. mutica Schübl. & G.Martens; 71 (1834)
= Avena sativa subsp. nodipilosa (Malzev) Vasc.; Revista Agron. (Lisbon) 19: 19 (1931)
= Avena sativa subsp. patula Körn.; 208 (1885)
= Avena sativa subsp. praegravis (E.Krause) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II 13: 604 (1939)
= Avena sativa subvar. pilosa Koeler; Descr. Gramin.: 290 (1802)
= Avena sativa var. abbreviata Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 154 (1827)
= Avena sativa var. alba DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 34 (1805)
= Avena sativa var. alba Koeler; Descr. Gram. Gall. Germ.: 290 (1802)
= Avena sativa var. alba Schübl. & G.Martens; 71 (1834)
= Avena sativa var. arduennensis Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 70 (1860)
= Avena sativa var. aristata Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 70 (1860)
= Avena sativa var. atrosperma Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. aurea Körn.; 16 (1873), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. aurea Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 539 (1846)
= Avena sativa var. brachytricha (Thell.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 241 (1976)
= Avena sativa var. brunnea Körn.; 17 (1873), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. degener Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyrén.: 703 (1837)
= Avena sativa var. diffusa (Celak.) Thell.; 110 (1912)
= Avena sativa var. diffusa Neilr.; 58 (1857), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. erythrosperma N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 313 (1838)
= Avena sativa var. flavescens (Peterm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 121 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Avena sativa var. fusca Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 321 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. fusciflora Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 71 (1860)
= Avena sativa var. fuscoatra (Peterm.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 121 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Avena sativa var. fuscoatra Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 539 (1846)
= Avena sativa var. glaberrima (Thell.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 282 (1953)
= Avena sativa var. grisea Körn.; 17 (1873), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. hyemalis Vilm.; Bon Jard. 1837: 362 (1837)
= Avena sativa var. leucosperma Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. macrantha Hack.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 244 (1885)
= Avena sativa var. macrathera (Thell.) Parodi; Encicl. Argent. Agric. Jard. 1: 125 (1959)
= Avena sativa var. macrotricha (Malzev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 241 (1976)
= Avena sativa var. melanosperma Rchb.; 52 (1830)
= Avena sativa var. microtricha (Malzev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 241 (1976)
= Avena sativa var. montana Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 320 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. mutica Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 130 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Avena sativa var. nigra Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 321 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Avena sativa var. nigra E.Krause; Getreide & Mehl 7: 15 (1837)
= Avena sativa var. nigra Gorter; Fl. Belgica: 27 (1767)
= Avena sativa var. nigra Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 130 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Avena sativa var. nigra Homann; 42 (1828)
= Avena sativa var. nigra Koeler; Descr. Gram. Gall. Germ.: 290 (1802)
= Avena sativa var. nigra Schübl. & G.Martens; 71 (1834)
= Avena sativa var. obtusata Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 321 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. pilifera (Malzev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 241 (1976)
= Avena sativa var. pilosa (Koeler) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., ser. 2, 13: 598 (1938)-39.
= Avena sativa var. praecox Metzg. ex Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 320 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. praegravis E.Krause; Abbild. Getreideart. 7: 7 (1837)
= Avena sativa var. pugnax Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 321 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. rubella Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 66 (1836)
= Avena sativa var. rufa Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 70 (1860)
= Avena sativa var. secunda Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot., ed. 2a: 610 (1847)
= Avena sativa var. setulosa (Thell.) Parodi; Encicl. Argent. Agric. Jard. 1: 125 (1959)
= Avena sativa var. subuniflora (Trab.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 241 (1976)
= Avena sativa var. trisperma (Schübler) Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 539 (1846)
= Avena sativa var. trisperma Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Avena sativa var. tristis Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 322 (1866)
= Avena sativa var. uniflora Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 158 (1812)
= Avena sexflora Larrañaga; Escritos D. A. Larrañaga 2: 49 (1923)
= Avena shatilowiana Litv.; Trudy Byuro Prikl. Bot. 8: 564 (1915)
= Avena sterilis f. pseudosativa Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 53 (1913)
= Avena sterilis subsp. nodipubescens Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot., Suppl.: 783 (1930)
= Avena sterilis subsp. pseudosativa (Thell.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 20: 783 (1929)
= Avena sterilis var. thellungiana Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 378 (1930)
= Avena thellungii Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 6 (1934)
= Avena trabutiana Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 53 (1913)
= Avena transiens (Hausskn.) Tzvelev; Zlaki Rossii 152 (2019)
= Avena trisperma Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 669 (1817)
= Avena trisperma Schübler; Diss. Inaug. Obs. Bot.: 8 (1825)
= Avena verna Heuze; Pl. Aliment. 1: 504 (1873)
species :
Avena sterilis L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 118 (1762), nom. cons.
Name: Taub-Hafer (DE); Animated Oat (EN); Balango esteril (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Faial, Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); La Réunion [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Yemen (SW-Yemen); Pakistan; India (Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Sri Lanka [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Australian Capital Territory [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (California [I], New Jersey [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I]); Mexico [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I])
10 grb 11 bgm CZE ger slo 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 est KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 26 zam zim 27 saf 29 reu 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW QAT SAU UAE YEM 40 IND PAK srl 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 79 mex 80 cos 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena affinis P.J.Bergius ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 171 (1840), pro syn.
= Avena byzantina var. solida (Hausskn.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 2: 288 (1953)
= Avena fatua var. major Savi; Fl. Pis. 1: 136 (1798)
= Avena fatua var. sterilis (L.) Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine et Loire: 31 (1809)
= Avena fatua var. sterilis (L.) Fiori & Paol.; Iconogr. Fl. Ital. 1: 29 (1895)
= Avena hirsuta var. sallentiana Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 17: 133 (1918)
= Avena macrocarpa Moench; Methodus: 196 (1794), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena maroccana Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 658 (1909)
= Avena nutans St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 11(Mém.): 43 (1883 publ. 1884), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena sativa subsp. sterilis (L.) de Wet; Kulturpflanze 29: 186 (1981)
= Avena sativa var. sterilis (L.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 109 (1923)
= Avena sensitiva Voss; Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3. 1: 1205 (1895), pro syn.
= Avena solida (Hausskn.) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 144 (1940)
= Avena sterilis f. aprica Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 38 (1894)
= Avena sterilis f. biflora Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 43 (1899)
= Avena sterilis f. deserticola Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 46 (1899)
= Avena sterilis f. macranthera Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 44 (1899)
= Avena sterilis f. subulifera Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 53 (1913)
= Avena sterilis subsp. macrocarpa (Moench) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 105 (1910), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena sterilis var. algeriensis (Trab.) Trab.; J. Heredity 5: 77 (1914)
= Avena sterilis var. culta Raizada; Indian Forester 80: 36 (1954), nom. nud.
= Avena sterilis var. maxima Pérez Lara; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 15: 398 (1886)
= Avena sterilis var. media Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 375 (1930)
= Avena sterilis var. solida Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 6: 40 (1894)
= Avena sterilis var. subcalvescens Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 383 (1930)
= Avena sterilis var. subulifera (Thell.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 239 (1976)
= Avena syriaca Boiss. & Balansa; P. E. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 542 (1884), pro syn.
= Avena turonensis Tourlet; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Indre-et-Loire: 568 (1908), pro syn.
species :
Avena strigosa Schreb.; Spicil. Fl. Lips. 52 (1771)
Name: Black oats (EN); Sand-Hafer (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern, +Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen [I]); Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia [I]; Crete [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Azores [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I]); Northern Caucasus [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], California [I]); Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Biobío [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 den fin grb ire nor swe 11 aut bgm cze GER hun net pol slo swi 12 cis fra por spa 13 cro ita kri 14 blr est lat lit rus 21 azo cny 33 ncs 34 eai 50 aus 51 nzl 75 usa 76 usa 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena agraria Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 105 (1804)
= Avena agraria var. sesquialtera Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 106 (1804)
= Avena agraria-mutica Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 106 (1804)
= Avena agraria-sesquialtera Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 106 (1804)
= Avena alta Cav. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 691 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena arduensis Lej. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 171 (1840), pro syn.
= Avena barbata subsp. strigosa (Schreb.) Vollm.; 68 (1914), nom. illeg.
= Avena cavanillesii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 691 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena freita Ortega ex Spreng.; Bot. Gart. Halle, Nachtr. 1: 14 (1801)
= Avena fusca Ard.; Saggi Sci. Lett. Acad. Padova 2: t. 4 (1789), pro syn.
= Avena glabrescens (Marquand) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 141 (1940)
= Avena hispanica Ard.; Saggi Accad. Padov. 2: 112 (1789)
= Avena hispanica Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 691 (1817), pro syn.
= Avena nervosa Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 201 (1791)
= Avena preissia (Schreb.) Opiz; Seznam: 20 (1852), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Avena sativa subsp. strigosa (Schreb.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 359 (1894)
= Avena sativa subsp. strigosa (Schreb.) Rouy; 123 (1913)
= Avena sativa var. hispanica (Ard.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 95 (1821)
= Avena sativa var. strigosa (Schreb.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 359 (1894)
= Avena sativa var. strigosa (Schreb.) Körn.; 17 (1873)
= Avena strigosa f. quadricuspis Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 181 (1926)
= Avena strigosa subsp. agraria (Brot.) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II 12: 240 (1937)
= Avena strigosa subsp. glabrescens Marquand; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 6: 324 (1922)
= Avena strigosa subsp. sesquialtera (Brot.) K.Richt.; 62 (1890)
= Avena strigosa var. abbreviata Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 6: 44 (1894)
= Avena strigosa var. agraria (Brot.) Samp.; Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 7: 116 (1931)
= Avena strigosa var. glabrescens (Marquand) Thell.; Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 25: 435 (1928)
= Avena strigosa var. hispanica (Ard.) B.Bock; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 43: 215 (2012)
= Avena strigosa var. tricholepis Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 182 (1926)
= Danthonia strigosa (Schreb.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 160 (1812)
= Danthonia strigosa var. elatior Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 691 (1817), pro syn.
= Preissia italica Corda; Opiz, Naturalientausch: 647 (1829)
= Preissia strigosa (Schreb.) Opiz; Seznam: 79 (1852)
species :
Avena vaviloviana (Malzev) Mordv.; Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 2: 422 (1936)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Yemen (W-Yemen)
24 ERI ETH 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena barbata subsp. vaviloviana (Malzev) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II, 13 : 626 (1939)
= Avena barbata var. pilosiuscula (Thell.) Tab.Morais; Bol. Soc. Brot., II 13: 627 (1939)
= Avena strigosa subsp. vaviloviana Malzev; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl. Breed. 20: 138 (1929)
= Avena strigosa var. intercedens Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 334 (1912)
= Avena strigosa var. pilosiuscula Thell.; Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 56: 336 (1912)
= Avena vaviloviana var. glabra (Hausskn.) C.E.Hubb.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 10: 119 (1937)
= Avena vaviloviana var. intercedens (Thell.) C.E.Hubb.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 10: 120 (1937)
= Avena vaviloviana var. pilosiuscula (Thell.) C.E.Hubb.; Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 10: 119 (1937)
= Avena wiestii var. glabra Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s.,13-14: 49 (1899)
species :
Avena ventricosa Balansa ex Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 14 (1854)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Libya; Azerbaijan; Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia)
20 ALG LBY MOR 33 AZE 34 CYP IRQ 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena beguinotiana Pamp.; Archiv. Bot., Forli 12: (n. s. ii.) 18 (1936)
= Avena bruhnsiana Gruner; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 458 (1868)
= Avena ventricosa subsp. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 379 (1930)
= Avena ventricosa var. bruhnsiana (Gruner) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 242 (1930)
species :
Avena vilis Wallr.; Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 173 (1840), et in Linnaea 14: 543 (1840)
Name: Nördlicher Hafer (DE)
Distribution: Europe; Sweden; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Thüringen); Poland; Canada [I] (Prince Edward Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I]); Argentina [I]; etc.
10 SWE 11 GER POL 72 cdn 75 usa 85 arg
Remarks: derived from A. fatua x A. sativa
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena fatua subsp. intermedia (Lindgr.) Hartm.; 14 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Avena fatua subsp. intermedia (Lindgr.) K.Richt.; 62 (1890), nom. illeg.
= Avena fatua subsp. intermedia Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 810 (1882)
= Avena fatua var. hybrida (Peterm.) Asch.; 828 (1864)
= Avena fatua var. intermedia (Lindgr.) Syme; 79 (1877), nom. illeg.
= Avena fatua var. intermedia (T.Lestib.) Lej. & Courtois; Comp. Fl. Belg. 1: 71 (1828)
= Avena fatua var. vilis (Wallr.) Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 6: 39, 45 (1894)
= Avena fatua var. vilis (Wallr.) Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 326 (1930)
= Avena hybrida Peterm.; H. G. L. Reichenbach, Fl. Saxon.: 17 (1841)
= Avena intermedia T.Lestib.; Botanogr. Belg. 2: 36 (1827)
species :
Avena volgensis (Vavilov) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. ser. 8b (Bot.) 17: 5 (1934)
Distribution: S-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena fatua subvar. speltiformis Malzev; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 38: 302 (1930)
= Avena sativa var. kazanensis Vavilov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Selekts. 16(2): 92, 210 (1926)
= Avena sativa var. volgensis Vavilov; Trudy Prikl. Bot. Selekts. 16(2): 92, 210 (1926)
= Avena volgensis Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 5 (1934), in clavi
= Avena volgensis var. kazanensis (Vavilov) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 240 (1976)
species :
Avena ×haussknechtii Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 17 (1934)
Distribution: Europe; Spain; European Russia; etc.
12 SPA 14 RUS
Remarks: Avena sativa x A. sterilis
species :
Avena ×scholzii Tzvelev; Zlaki Rossii: 153 (2019)
Distribution: Europe; European Russia; etc.
14 RUS
Remarks: Avena fatua x A. (sterilis ssp.) ludoviciana
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena sterilis nothosubsp. malzevii H.Scholz; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 66-67: 229 (1996)
Loading ...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.3 (June 16th, 2024)

Covering 355,120 accepted species,
8,650 hybrids, 47,763 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,061 synonyms,
in total 1,408,594* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life