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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

145.0000 Family Asparagaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 40 (1789), nom. cons., s. l.
ca. 140 genera, ca. 3400 spp. The family is nowadays expanded very much to include all of former Asparagales (from Tecophilaeaceae to Ruscaceae)
Species listed in database: 3534; hybrids: 33
= Agavaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 57, 58 (1829), nom. cons.
= Anemarrhenaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall; Kew Bull. 52: 995 (1997)
= Anthericaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 27 (1858)
= Aphyllanthaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 421, 1153 (1835), Family
= Aspidistraceae Hassk.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 32 (1844)
= Behniaceae Conran, M.W.Chase & Rudall; Kew Bull. 52: 996 (1997)
= Chlorogalaceae Doweld & Reveal; Reveal, Bot. Rev (Lancaster) 71: 53 (2005)
= Convallariaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 53 (1834)
= Dracaenaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 73 (1866), nom. cons.
= Eriospermaceae Orb.; Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 5: 402 (1845)
= Eucomidaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 16 (1866)
= Eustrephaceae Chupov; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(3): 7 (1994)
= Herreriaceae Kunth; Enum. Pl. 5: 290 (1850)
= Hesperocallidaceae Traub; Pl. Life 28: 131 (1972)
= Hostaceae B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 43: 302 (1988)
= Hyacinthaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 315 (1797), Family
= Lachenaliaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 20 (1866)
= Laxmanniaceae Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 111 (1902), Family
= Lomandraceae Lotsy; Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 3: 761 (1911)
= Nolinaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 226 (1943)
= Ophiopogonaceae Meisn.; Pl. Vasc. Gen., Tab. Diagn. 397, Comm. 308 (1842)
= Ornithogalaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 33 (1866)
= Peliosanthaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Polygonataceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 63 (1866)
= Ruscaceae M.Roem.; Handb. Allg. Bot. 3: 446 (1840), nom. cons.
= Sansevieriaceae Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 12: 779 (1936)
= Scillaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 284 (1818)
= Themidaceae Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 84 (1866), Family
= Tupistraceae Schnizl.; Iconogr. Fam. Regn. Veg. 1: 72 (1846)
= Yuccaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 8 (1858)
145.7612 Genus Bellevalia Lapeyr.; J. Phys. 67: 425 (1808)
Distribution: mostly eastern Mediterranean, to France, North Africa, Middle Asia and Pakistan
Species listed in database: 78
= Amphibolis Schott & Kotschy; Kotschy, Reise Taur.: 379 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Borboya Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 52 (1836)
= Busbequia Salisb.; Gen. Pl.: 25 (1866)
= Foxia Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 7 (1854)
= Rytidolobus Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 113 (1867)
= Strangweja Bertol.; Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, Pt. Mem. Fis. 21: 2 (1835)
species :
Bellevalia anatolica B.Mathew & Özhatay; Kew Bull. 49(3): 483 (1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia assadii Wendelbo; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 428, t. 6d-e (1980)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia bayburtensis Sefali & Yildirim; Phytotaxa 441(3): 286 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey (Bayburt)
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia behcetii Pinar, Eroglu & Fidan; Phytotaxa 270(2): 129 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia bracteosa Velen.; Sitz.-Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 1911 19: 4 (1912)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir)
35 SAU
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Bellevalia brevipedicellata Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1940: 264 (1940)
Distribution: SW-Crete (incl. Gavdos Isl.)
13 KRI
species :
Bellevalia chrisii Yildirim & B.Sahin; Nordic J. Bot. 33(1): 45 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia ciliata (Cirillo) Nees; Gen. Pl. Fl. Germ. 4: t. 8 (1833 publ. 1837)
Distribution: France [I]; SE-Italy; Greece (Attiki, NE-Peloponnisos, rare Thessalia, Sporades, extinct Chalkidiki); Algeria; Tunisia; Libya
12 fra 13 GRC ITA 20 ALG LBY TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Amphibolis coelestis Schott & Kotschy; Kotschy, Reise Taur. 379 (1858)
= Hyacinthus azureus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 427 (1870)
= Hyacinthus ciliatus Cirillo; Pl. Rar Neap. Fasc. 2: 23. t. 10 (1792)
= Hyacinthus patulus Bertol.; Misc. Bot. 1: 21 (1842), nom. illeg., non Desf.
= Hyacinthus sarmaticus Pall.; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 10: 309 (1797)
= Muscari ciliatum (Cirillo) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg. 5: t. 394 (1819)
species :
Bellevalia clusiana Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 387 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia comosa subsp. clusiana (Griseb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 732 (1882)
= Bellevalia dubia subsp. clusiana (Griseb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 306 (1890)
= Muscari clusianum (Griseb.) K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 253 (1849)
= Muscari tenuiflorum subsp. clusianum (Griseb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 229 (1890)
species :
Bellevalia crassa Wendelbo; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 424, t. 5, f. c (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia cyanopoda Wendelbo; Nytt Mag. Bot. 14: 96 (1967)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia cyrenaica Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 31: 6, 44 (1940)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
species :
Bellevalia decolorans Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 24 2: 109 (1908)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus decolorans Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24: II. 109 (1908)
species :
Bellevalia densiflora Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 109 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus densiflorus (Boiss.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 432 (1871)
species :
Bellevalia desertorum Eig & Feinbrun; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 49 2: 666, f. 1 (1932)
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN
species :
Bellevalia douinii Pabot & Mouterde; Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Lib. Syr. 1: 249 (1966)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Bellevalia dubia (Guss.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 105 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. dubia
Distribution: Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; ?Tunisia
13 SIC 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia dolichophylla Brullo & Miniss.; Bocconea 5: 749 (1997)
= Bellevalia dubia f. riphaeana Pau; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1929: no. 72 (1930)
= Bellevalia dubia var. riphaeana (Pau) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 199 (1958)
= Bellevalia dubia var. variabilis (Freyn) Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 959 (1941)
= Bellevalia gussoniana Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 387 (1846)
= Bellevalia pelagica C.Brullo, Brullo & Pasta; Edinburgh J. Bot. 66: 66 (2009)
= Bellevalia variabilis Freyn; Flora 68: 29 (1885)
= Hyacinthus dubius Guss.; Adnot. Cat. Pl. Boccad. (1821) 32, 78
= Hyacinthus variabilis (Freyn) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1893 (1895) 388
= Muscari dubium (Guss.) Pau; Cavanillesia 8: 114 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. boissieri (Freyn) Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 348 (1939)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (Kerkyra, Epirus, Ionian Isl., C-Greece, Peloponnisos, Kithira, Andikithira); Crete (very rare); East Aegaean Isl. (Kalimnos, Chalki); Turkey (W-Anatolia)
13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia boissieri Freyn; Flora 68: 95 (1885)
= Bellevalia dubia var. boissieri (Freyn) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 306 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. hackelii (Freyn) Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 348 (1939)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia hackelii Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 27: 289 (1877)
= Hyacinthus dubius subsp. hackelii (Freyn) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 226 (1890)
species :
Bellevalia edirnensis Özhatay & B.Mathew; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 107: 90, f. 2 (1991)
Distribution: European Turkey; NE-Greece (Nomos Evrou)
13 GRC TUE
species :
Bellevalia eigii Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 1: 357, t. 17, f. 3 (1940)
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia alexandrina Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 1: 356, t. 17, f. 5 (1940)
species :
Bellevalia feinbruniae Freitag & Wendelbo; Israel J. Bot. 19: 221 (1970)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Helmand, Kabul, Logar, Zabul)
34 AFG
species :
Bellevalia flexuosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 36 (1854)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Kuwait
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR 35 KUW SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus flexuosus (Boiss.) Baker; J. Bot. 12: 8 (1874)
variant :
var. galalensis Täckholm & Drar ex Täckholm & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 80 (1972 publ. 1974)
Distribution: Egypt
20 EGY
species :
Bellevalia fominii Woronow; Bull. Jard. Bot. URSS 26: 617 (1927)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia aucheri (Baker) Losinsk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 401 (1935)
= Hyacinthus aucheri Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 431 (1870)
= Hyacinthus macrobotrys subsp. caucasicus Miscz.; Acta Inst. Agric. Kuban. 5: 158 (1927)
species :
Bellevalia galitensis Bocchieri & Mossa; Bot. Chronika 10: 810 (1991)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
species :
Bellevalia glauca (Lindl.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 309 (1843)
Distribution: Armenia; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta)
33 ARM 34 IRN IRQ 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia ciliata subsp. glauca (Lindl.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. Suppl. 2: 306 (1890)
= Bellevalia ciliata var. glauca (Lindl.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 302 (1882)
= Muscari ciliatum var. glaucum (Lindl.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 302 (1882)
= Muscari glaucum Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 13: t. 1085 (1827)
species :
Bellevalia gracilis Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 363 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia guneriana Tugay & Armagan; Bagbahce Bilim Derg. 8(3): 2 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia hermonis Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Lib. Syr. 1: 25, t. 78, f. 5 (1966)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Bellevalia heweri Wendelbo; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 165: 154, t. 131 (1990)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia hyacinthoides (Bertol.) K.Perss. & Wendelbo; Bot. Notiser 132(1): 65 (1979)
Distribution: Albania; Greece (Kerkyra, Ionian Isl., Thessalia, Attiki, Peloponnisos, Kiklades: Paros, Sikinos, Thira)
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia spicata (Raf.) Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 110 (1846)
= Borboya spicata Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 52 (1837)
= Foxia spicata (Raf.) Parl.; Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 18 (1854)
= Hyacinthus spicatus Sm.; J. Sibthorp & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 237 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Puschkinia dubia Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 338 (1843)
= Strangweja hyacinthoides Bertol.; Mem. Soc. Ital. Modena 21: 2. t. 1 (1835)
= Strangweja spicata (Raf.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 309 (1882)
species :
Bellevalia juliana Bareka, Turland & Kamari; Pl. Biosystems 149(3-4): 704 (2015)
Distribution: E-Crete
13 KRI
species :
Bellevalia koeiei Rech.f.; Dansk Bot. Ark. 15 4: 55 (1955)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia koyuncui Karabacak & Yildirim; Phytotaxa 203(1): 81 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia kurdistanica Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 381 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Bellevalia leucantha K.Perss.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 150(2): 253 (2006)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia lipskyi (Miscz.) Wulff.; Fl. Krim 3: 56 (1930), as ´lypskyi´
Distribution: Crimea
14 KRY
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus lipskyi Miscz.; Acta Inst. Agric. Kuban. 5: 158 (1927), as ´lypskyi´
species :
Bellevalia longipes Post; Post & Autran, Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 165 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia ciliata var. paniculata Post; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 440 (1888)
species :
Bellevalia longistyla (Miscz.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavk. 1: 234 (1928)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia araxensis Woronow ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 234 (1928), in syn.
= Bellevalia araxina Woronow; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 26: 615 (1927)
= Hyacinthus longistylus Miscz.; Acta Inst. Agric. Kuban. 5: 157 (1927)
species :
Bellevalia macrobotrys Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 35 (1854)
subspecies :
subsp. macrobotrys
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Talysh, Nachichevan); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania)
20 EGY 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia macrobotrys var. minor Post; Fl. Syria: 798 (1896)
= Bellevalia zygomorpha Woronow; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada S.S.S.R. 26: 618 (1927)
= Hyacinthus macrobotrys (Boiss.) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 433 (1871)
subspecies :
subsp. pomelii (Maire) Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 345 (1939)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia pomelii Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 231 (1935)
species :
Bellevalia malatyaensis Uzunh. & H.Duman; Turkish J. Bot. 37(4): 652 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia mathewii Özhatay & Koçak; P. H. Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 323 (2000 publ. 2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia mauritanica Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 255 (1874)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia battandieri Freyn; Flora 68: 25 (1885)
= Bellevalia dubia var. fallax (Pomel) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 5: 198 (1958)
= Bellevalia dubia var. maura Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 8: 175 (1924)
= Bellevalia fallax Pomel; Nouv. Mal. Fl. Atl.: 254 (1874)
= Bellevalia fallax var. maura (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 377 (1939)
= Bellevalia mauritanica var. tunetana Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58: 187 (1911)
= Bellevalia romana var. battandieri (Freyn) Durieu & Barratte; Fl. Libyc. Prodr.: 236 (1910)
= Bellevalia romana var. mauritanica (Pomel) Bonnet G.E.M.Bonnier & Barr., Cat.Tun.: 416
= Hyacinthus battandieri (Freyn) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1893 (1895) 386
= Hyacinthus fallax (Pomel) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 387 (1894)
= Hyacinthus mauritanicus (Pomel) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1893 (1895) 387
species :
Bellevalia modesta Wendelbo; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 425, t. 5, f. b (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia montana (K.Koch) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 304 (1882)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Gare Kakheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia albana Woronow; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 26: 615 (1927)
= Bellevalia makuensis Woronow ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 234 (1928)
= Bellevalia wilhelmsii (Steven) Woronow ex Grossh.; Trav. Mus. Georgie 3: 113 (1925)
= Bellevalia wilhelmsii var. albana (Woronow) Grossh.; Fl. Cauc. 1: 235 (1928)
= Hyacinthus glaucus var. montanus (K.Koch) Miscz.; Trudy Kubansk. Sel´skokhoz. Inst. 5: 156 (1927)
= Muscari montanum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 253 (1850)
= Muscari wilhelmsii Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30(II): 84 (1857)
species :
Bellevalia mosheovii Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 380 (1939)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Israel (Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 IRQ ISR JOR SYR
species :
Bellevalia multicolor Wendelbo; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 429, t. 6b (1980)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia nivalis Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 110 (1856)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 CYP LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia pieridis (Holmboe) Chrtek & B.Slavík; Flora Medit. 4: 11 (1994)
= Bellevalia pieridis (Holmboe) Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot., Ser. J, 1: 378 (1939), in adnot.
= Hyacinthus nivalis (Boiss. & Kotschy) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 430 (1870)
= Hyacinthus pieridis Holmboe; Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 51 (1914)
species :
Bellevalia olivieri (Baker) Wendelbo; Towns. & Guest, Fl. Iraq 8: 120 (1985)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia latifolia Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot. Jerusalem ser. 1: 369, t. 18, f. 9 & t. 33 (1940)
= Hyacinthus olivieri Baker; J. Bot. 12: 8 (1874)
species :
Bellevalia palmyrensis Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 372 (1939)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 SYR
species :
Bellevalia paradoxa (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 308 (1882)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia acutifolia (Boiss.) L.N.Delaunay; Monit. Jard. Bot. Tiflis, n.s., 1: 44 (1922)
= Botryanthus paradoxus (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 312 (1843)
= Hyacinthella paradoxa (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Chouard; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. II. 3: 178 (1931)
= Hyacinthus paradoxus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 1: 30 (1835)
= Muscari acutifolium Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 300 (1882)
= Muscari paradoxum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 253 (1849)
= Pseudomuscari acutifolium (Boiss.) Garbari; Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat. Mem., B 77: 112 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Pseudomuscari paradoxum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Garbari; Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat. Mem., B 77: 112 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bellevalia parva Wendelbo; Kew Bull. 28: 32, f. 2 (1973)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Bellevalia pseudofominii Özhatay & E.Kaya; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 528, fig. 2 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia pseudolongipes Karabacak & Yildirim; Phytotaxa 188(4): 210 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia pycnantha (K.Koch) Losinsk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 4: 404 (1935)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia elwendia Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24(2): 110 (1908)
= Hyacinthella pycnantha (K.Koch) Chouard; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 3: 178 (1931)
= Hyacinthus elwendius Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24: II. 110 (1908)
= Hyacinthus pycnanthus (K.Koch) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 430 (1870)
= Muscari elwendium Hausskn.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24: II. 110 (1908)
= Muscari pycnanthum K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 255 (1849)
species :
Bellevalia rixii Wendelbo; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(3): 431 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia romana (L.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 105 (1830)
Distribution: SW-France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; W-Greece (Kerkyra, W-Epirus, Ionian Isl., rare Peloponnisos); Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
12 COR FRA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA SRB 20 EGY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia appendiculata Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 186 (1813)
= Bellevalia cyanoleuca St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 121 (1880)
= Bellevalia operculata Lapeyr.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 67: 426 (1808)
= Hyacinthus romanus L.; Mantissa Alt. 224 (1771)
= Rytidolobus appendiculatus (Lapeyr.) Dulac; Fl. Dept. Haut.-pyren. 113 (1867)
= Scilla romana (L.) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 24: t. 939 (1806)
species :
Bellevalia salah-eidii Täckh. & Boulos; Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 80 (1974)
Distribution: Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt)
20 EGY
species :
Bellevalia sasonii Fidan; Phytotaxa 394(2): 127 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia saviczii Woronow; Bull. Jard. Bot. URSS 26: 614 (1927)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badghys, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Zabul); Kuwait; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ 35 KUW 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia ciliata var. stenophylla Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 302 (1882)
= Hyacinthus saviczii (Woronow) Vved.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 309 (1932)
species :
Bellevalia sessiliflora (Viv.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 309 (1843)
Distribution: Libya; Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
20 LBY 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus capitatus Baker; J. Bot. 12: 8 (1874)
= Hyacinthus sessiliflorus Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 2 1, t. 8, f. 2 (1824)
= Muscari ciliatum Kotschy ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 429 (1870), nom. inval.
= Muscari sessiliflorum (Viv.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 2: 66 (1825)
species :
Bellevalia shiraziana Parsa; Kew Bull. 4: 34 (1949)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia siirtensis Firat; Bellevalia Spec. Anatolia 200 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia sirnakense (Yild.) Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 21(1): 36 (2015), et 24(1): 44 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari sirnakense Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 105 (2010)
species :
Bellevalia sitiaca Kypriotakis & Tzanoud.; Bot. Helv. 109: 85 (1999)
Distribution: E-Crete
13 KRI
species :
Bellevalia speciosa Woronow; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. URSS 26: 613 (1927)
Distribution: E-Romania; ?Bulgaria; European Turkey; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Javakheti); Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran)
13 ROM TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia lutea Bordz.; Ukrayins´k. Bot. Zhurn. 3: 50 (1926)
= Bellevalia sarmatica (Pall. ex Miscz.) Woronow; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada S.S.S.R. 26: 615 (1927)
= Bellevalia trojana Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 360 (1939)
= Hyacinthus sarmaticus Pall. ex Miscz.; Trudy Kubansk. Sel´skokhoz. Inst. 5: 155 (1927)
species :
Bellevalia stepporum Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 370 (1939)
Distribution: Iraq; Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (Negev Desert); Jordania (E-Jordania, S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 IRQ ISR JOR SYR
variant :
var. edumea Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 371 (1939)
Distribution: Lebanon; Palestine
34 LEB PAL
variant :
var. transjordanica Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 370 (1939)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Bellevalia tabriziana Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 234 (1929)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus tabrizianus Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 235 (1929)
species :
Bellevalia tauri Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 353 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Muscari tauri Siehe ex Feinbrun; Palest. J. Bot., Ser. J, 1: 352 (1939), in syn.
species :
Bellevalia trifoliata (Ten.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 308 (1843)
Name: Dreiblättrige Hyazinthe (DE); Three-leaved Hyacinth (EN)
Distribution: France [I]; Italy; European Turkey; Greece (very rare Attiki, Egina, NE-Peloponnisos, Kithira); Crete (very rare); Egypt (Desert Oases, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Kos, Tilos, Simi, Chalki, Rhodos, Karpathos, Kastellorhizo Isl.); Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai)
12 fra 13 GRC ITA KRI TUE 20 EGY 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia abortiva (Cavalier) Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 217 (1855)
= Bellevalia pendulina Chiov.; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital.: 283 (1894)
= Bellevalia syriaca Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30: t. 88 (1844)
= Bellevalia trifoliata var. abortiva (Caval.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 732 (1882)
= Bellevalia trifoliata var. pendulina (Chiov.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 261 (1923)
= Hyacinthus abortivus Cavalier; Deux Nouv. Esp.: 14 (1848)
= Hyacinthus syriacus (Herb.) Baker; J. Bot. 12: 8 (1874)
= Hyacinthus trifoliatus Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 376, t. 136 (1824)
= Leopoldia abortiva Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 732 (1882), nom. inval.
species :
Bellevalia tristis Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centrabl. 24 2: 108 (1908)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus tristis Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24: II. 108 (1908)
species :
Bellevalia turcica Pinar & Eroglu; Biologia (Bratislava) 74(5): 449 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia turkestanica Franch.; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. VI. 18: 256 (1884)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Samangan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia atroviolacea Regel; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 8: 654 (1884)
= Bellevalia inconspicua Vved.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 9: 245 (1946)
= Hyacinthus atroviolaceus (Regel) B.Fedtsch.; Rastit. Turkest. 250 (1915)
= Hyacinthus turkestanicus (Franch.) B.Fedtsch.; Rastit. Turkest. 250 (1915)
species :
Bellevalia undulatifolia Özhatay, Gürdal & E.Kaya; Türk. Geofitleri 3: 526, fig. 1 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia validicarpa Ponert; Ukr. Bot. Zhurn. 28(6): 774 (1971)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia vuralii B.Sahin & Aslan; Turkish J. Bot. 40(4): 395 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bellevalia warburgii Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 355 (1939)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
34 ISR SIN
species :
Bellevalia webbiana Parl.; Nuovi Gen. Sp. Monocot. 19 (1854)
Distribution: C-Italy; N-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hyacinthus webbianus (Parl.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 64 (1865)
species :
Bellevalia wendelboi Maassoumi & Jafari; Edinburgh J. Bot. 65: 470 (2008)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Bellevalia zoharyi Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 372 (1939)
Distribution: Israel (Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR SIN
variant :
var. pyricarpa (Feinbrun) Feinbrun; Fl. Palaestina 4: 67 (1986)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bellevalia zoharyi subsp. pyricarpa Feinbrun; Palestine J. Bot., Jerusalem Ser. 1: 373 (1939)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life