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V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

460.0000 Family Gesneriaceae Rich. & Juss.; DC., Essai Propr. Méd. Pl., ed. 2: 192 (1816), nom. cons.
146 genera, ca. 3750 spp. Phylogeny: Weber et al. (2013)
Species listed in database: 3871; hybrids: 4
= Belloniaceae Martinov, Tekno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Besleriaceae Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 70 (1838)
= Cyrtandraceae Jack, Trans. L. Soc. London 14: 23 (1823)
= Didymocarpaceae D.Don, Edinburgh Philos. J. 7: 83 (1822)
= Ramondaceae Godr., J. C. M. Gren. & D. A. Godr., Fl. France 2: 506 (1850)
460.2311 Genus Besleria L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 619 (1753)
Distribution: Tropical and subtropical America, West Indies
Species listed in database: 162
= Pterobesleria C.V.Morton, Fieldiana, Bor., 28: No. 3, 532 (1953)
= Cyrtanthemum Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 130
= Gasteranthopsis Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 129 (Gesn. Centr. Am. 55. t. 10, f. 1) (1861)
= Hematophyla Raf., Sylva Tellur. 71 (1838)
= Parabesleria Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 126 (Gesn. Centr. Am. 52. t. 6) (1861)
= Eriphia P.Browne, Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica 270 (1756)
species :
Besleria affinis C.V.Morton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 48: 75 (1935)
Distribution: Colombia (Magdalena); Ecuador; Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Carabobo, Merida, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
species :
Besleria aggregata (C.Mart.) Hanst.; Mart. Fl. Bras. 8: 400 (1862)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Amazonas, Acre); Bolivia (Cochabamba); Colombia (Amazonas, Caquetá, Chocó, Putumayo, Vaupés); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria aggregata var. loretensis (C.V.Morton) C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 38: 137 (1968)
= Besleria aggregata var. mexiae (C.V.Morton) C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 38: 137 (1968)
= Besleria ignea Fritsch, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 966 (1934)
= Besleria ignea var. loretensis C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 444 (1939)
= Besleria ignea var. mexiae C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 444 (1939)
= Codonanthe aggregata (C.Mart.) Hanst., Linnaea, 26: 1853 209 (1855)
= Codonanthopsis aggregata (C.Mart.) Hoehne, Sellowia, No. 9, 49 (1958)
= Columnea aggregata (Mart.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 472 (1891)
= Hypocyrta aggregata C.Mart., Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 51. t. 201 (1829)
variant :
var. semiannularis (C.V.Morton) C.V.Morton; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 38: 137 (1968)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria ignea var. semiannularis C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 444 (1939)
species :
Besleria angusta C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 135 (1968)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria angustiflora Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 966 (1934)
Distribution: Ecuador; Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Chocó, Huila, Risaralda, Valle)
82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Besleria arborescens C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 20 (1944)
Distribution: Panama
80 PAN
species :
Besleria arbusta L.E.Skog; Op. Bot., 92: 231 (1987)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
species :
Besleria aristeguitae (C.V.Morton) Wiehler; Selbyana, 5(2): 218 (1979)
Distribution: Venezuela (Carabobo)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Pterobesleria aristeguietae C.V.Morton, Bol. Soc. Venezuela. Cienc. Nat. 26: 156 (1965)
species :
Besleria attenuata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 20 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria aurea I.G.Costa & G.E.Ferreira; Phytotaxa 263(3): 272 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria azulensis R.Rojas; Brittonia 74(1): 96 (2022)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria barbata (Poepp.) Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 327 (1866)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Huila, Putumayo); Peru; Ecuador
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria densiflora Fritsch, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 965 (1934)
= Hypocyrta barbata Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. (Poeppig & Endlicher) 3: 3 (1840)
species :
Besleria barbensis Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 319 (1866)
Distribution: Panama; Costa Rica
80 COS PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria barbensis var. hirsuta C.V.Morton, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 29: 38 (1942)
species :
Besleria barclayi L.E.Skog; Phytologia, 27(6): 502 (1974)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Valle); Ecuador; E-Panama
80 PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
species :
Besleria beltranii I.Salinas; Novon 18(2): 244 (2008)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria boliviana C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 432 (1939)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
species :
Besleria brevicalyx G.E.Ferreira & Chautems; Phytotaxa 263(3): 272 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria brevisepala O.L.Cortés; Phytotaxa 518(3): 182 (2021)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria calantha C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 21 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria calycina L.E.Skog; Brittonia, 30(3): 319 (1978)
Distribution: Panama
80 PAN
species :
Besleria capitata Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. (Poeppig & Endlicher) 3(2) (1840)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Columnea capitata (Poepp.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 6: 405 (1845), sphalm.
species :
Besleria cinnabarina Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 976 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Nariño)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cremosperma cinnabarinum (Fritsch) C.V.Morton, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 25: 290 (1935)
species :
Besleria citrina Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 963 (1934)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria clivorum C.V.Morton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 48: 75 (1935)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Lara, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria cognata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 423 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Meta)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria columneoides Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 322 (1866)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Nicaragua
80 COS NIC
species :
Besleria comosa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 441 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
species :
Besleria compta C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 449 (1939)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
species :
Besleria concinna C.V.Morton; Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 3, 525 (1953)
Distribution: Venezuela (Anzoategui, Miranda, Sucre)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria concolor Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 970 (1934)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria conformis C.V.Morton; Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 3, 526 (1953)
Distribution: Venezuela (Anzoategui, Sucre)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria connata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 436 (1939)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Miranda, Portuguesa, Tachira)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria conspecta C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 424 (1939)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Besleria crassa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 466 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria cyrtanthemum Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 321 (1866)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtanthemum hirsutum Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 130
species :
Besleria decipiens C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 438 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria deflexa (Oerst.) Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 321 (1866)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtanthemum deflexum Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 130
species :
Besleria delvillari Cuatrec.; Trab. Mus. Cienc. Nat., Madrid, Ser. Bot., No. 29, 11 (1935)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Norte de Santander, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria diabolica G.E.Ferreira & Chautems; Phytotaxa 263(3): 274 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria discreta G.E.Ferreira; Syst. Bot. 44(4): 887 (2019)
Distribution: Brazil (Espirito Santo)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria disgrega C.V.Morton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 48: 74 (1935)
Distribution: Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria divaricata Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 2 (1845)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Columnea divaricata (Poepp.) Walp., Rep.Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 6: 405, sphalm.
species :
Besleria duarteana Hoehne; Sellowia, No. 9, 40 (1958)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria elegans Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 397 (1817)
Distribution: Colombia (Tolima)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria elongata Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 353 (1901)
Distribution: St. Vincent
81 STV
species :
Besleria emendata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 137 (1968)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria eriocalyx C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 22 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Huila)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria fallax C.E.González, L.E.Skog & M.Amaya; Caldasia 23(2): 401 (2001)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria fecunda C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 430 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Caquetá, Santander); Venezuela (Merida, Zulia)
82 CLM VEN
species :
Besleria ferreyrae C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 139 (1968)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria filipes Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 350 (1901)
Distribution: Dominica; Guadeloupe; St. Lucia
81 DOM GDL STL
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria filipes f. glaberrima C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 426 (1939)
= Besleria filipes f. latior C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 426 (1939)
= Besleria filipes f. pilicaulis C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 426 (1939)
species :
Besleria flava C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 463 (1939)
Distribution: Guatemala; Mexico (Chiapas); Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
species :
Besleria flavovirens Mart.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 11: 49 (1823)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Colombia (Amazonas, Chocó, Valle); Peru; N-Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Bahia); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar)
80 COS 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria luteovirens Mart., Nov. Gen. 3: 45 (1829)
= Besleria minutiflora Fritsch ex Ule, Engl. Jahrb. 40: 400 (1908), nomen.
= Besleria minutiflora Fritsch, Fedde, Repert. 18: 9 (1922)
species :
Besleria floribunda Fritsch; Fedde, Repert. 18: 10 (1922)
Distribution: Colombia (Norte de Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria florida C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 23 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Quindío, Risaralda, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria fluminensis Brade; Rev. Brazil. Biol. 8: 73 (1948)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria formicaria Nowicke; Brittonia, 26(1): 37 (1974)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; W-Colombia (Chocó)
80 COS PAN 82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria subulata Nowicke, Brittonia, 26(1): 38 (1974)
species :
Besleria formosa C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 18: 1151 (1938)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Valle); Panama; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Venezuela (Tachira); Honduras
80 COS HON PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria amabilis C.V.Morton, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 440 (1939)
species :
Besleria furva C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 447 (1939)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria gibbosa (Poepp.) Hanst.; Mart. Fl. Bras. 8: 421 (1864)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Caquetá, Cundinamarca, Meta, Norte de Santander); Peru; N-Brazil (Amazonas); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Bolívar, Merida, Tachira, Zulia)
82 CLM VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria multiflora C.V.Morton, Acta Bot. Venezuel., 6(1-4): 95 1971 (1972)
= Hypocyrta gibbosa Poepp., Poepp. & Endl., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 3: 3 (1840)
species :
Besleria glabra (Oerst.) Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 325 (1866)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Gasteranthopsis glabra Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 129 (Gesn. Centr. Am. 55. t. 10, f. 1) (1861)
species :
Besleria gracilenta C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 421 (1939)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria heterosepala Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 971 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria hirsuta (Oerst.) Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 326 (1866)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Magdalena, Nariño); Honduras
79 MEX 80 COS HON PAN 82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Gasteranthopsis hirsuta Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 129 (Gesn. Centr. Am. 55. t. 10, f. 1) (1861)
= Besleria chiriquensis Wiehler, Selbyana, 5(1): 73 (1978)
species :
Besleria hirsutissima C.V.Morton; Acta Bot. Venezuela. 1: No. 2, 66 (1966)
Distribution: Venezuela (Sucre)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria hutchisonii C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 142 (1968)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria illustris C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 428 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria imberbis C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 430 (1939)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria immitis C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 449 (1939)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador; Colombia (Amazonas, Meta, Putumayo)
82 CLM 83 ECU PER
species :
Besleria impressa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 448 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Meta)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria inaequalis C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 24 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Putumayo)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria insolita C.V.Morton; Phytologia, 1: 153 (1935)
Distribution: Guyana; French Guiana; N-Brazil (Amapa)
82 FRG GUY 84 BRA
species :
Besleria kalbreyeri Fritsch; Fedde, Repert. 18: 8 (1922)
Distribution: Colombia (Santander); Venezuela (Merida, Portuguesa)
82 CLM VEN
species :
Besleria labiosa Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 326 (1866)
Distribution: Venezuela (Aragua, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria laeta C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 432 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria lanceolata Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 351 (1901)
Name: Ortie grand bois (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique
81 DOM GDL MAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria coriacea Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 351 (1901)
= Besleria lanceolata f. hirsuta Stehlé, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 92: 266 (1945)
= Besleria lanceolata f. parvifolia Stehlé, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 92: 266 (1945)
= Besleria lanceolata var. coriacea (Urb.) Stehlé, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 92: 266 (1945)
species :
Besleria lara G.E.Ferreira & M.J.G.Hopkins; Brittonia 69(2): 241 (2017)
Distribution: Brazil (Amazonas); Peru
83 PER 84 BRA
species :
Besleria lasiantha C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 25 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Caquetá, Putumayo)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria laxiflora Benth.; Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 5: 361 (1846)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Roraima, Acre); NE-Brazil (Bahia); Nicaragua; Honduras; Panama; Costa Rica; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó, Magdalena, Norte de Santander); Belize; Guatemala; Guatemala; Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz); Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria chiapensis Brandegee, Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 6: 64 (1914)
= Besleria debilis Rusby, Descr. New Sp. S. Am. Pl. 122 (1920)
= Besleria tenuifolia Rusby, Descr. New Sp. S. Am. Pl. 123 (1920)
species :
Besleria lehmannii Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 967 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria leucocarpa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 422 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Putumayo, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria leucostoma (Hook.) Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 326 (1866)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypocyrta leucostoma Hook., Bot. Mag. 73: t. 4310 (1847)
species :
Besleria longimucronata Hoehne; Sellowia, No. 9, 41 (1958)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria daui Flaster, Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio. de Janeiro, n. s., Bot., No. 33, 1 (1966)
species :
Besleria longipedunculata Britton ex Rusby; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 27: 69
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria aurantiaca Fritsch, Meded Herb. Leid., No. 29, 51 (1916)
species :
Besleria longipes Urb.; Fedde, Repert. 17: 165 (1921)
Distribution: Trinidad; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Miranda, Tachira)
81 TRT 82 VEN
species :
Besleria lucida Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 3: 2 (1845)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Columnea lucida Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 6: 405 (1847), sphalm.
species :
Besleria lutea L.; Sp. Pl. 619 (1753)
Name: Bois gleau, Herbe a miel, Herbe a pique batard (Lesser Antilles)
Distribution: Cuba; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Dominica; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Montserrat; Saba; St. Kitts; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; French Guiana
81 CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MTS SAB STK STL STV 82 FRG
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria berteroana DC., Prod. 7: 538 (1839)
= Besleria imrayi Hook., Bot. Mag. t. 6341 (1878)
= Besleria lutea var. alpestris Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 348 (1901)
= Besleria lutea var. brevipes Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 348 (1901)
= Besleria lutea var. imrayi (Hook.) Urb., Symb. Antill. (Urban). 2(3): 348 (1901)
= Besleria lutea var. intermedia Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 348 (1901)
= Besleria lutea var. leucantha Urb., Symb. Antill. 8: 644 (1921)
= Besleria lutea var. vincentina Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 348 (1901)
= Eriphia jamaicensis Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 3: 337 (1818)
= Eriphia lutea (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. 77 (1838)
= Eriphia pallida Raf., Sylva Tellur. 77 (1838)
= Gesneria calycina Sieber ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 680, 200, non Sw. (1840)
species :
Besleria macahensis Brade; Rev. Brazil. Biol. 8: 74 (1948)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria macrocalyx C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 9: 335 (1940)
Distribution: Honduras
80 HON
species :
Besleria macropoda Donn.Sm.; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 25: 155 (1898)
Distribution: Costa Rica
80 COS
species :
Besleria melancholica (Vell.) C.V.Morton; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 446 (1939)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria cuneata Gardner, Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 1: 543 (1842)
= Besleria geminiflora Gardner, Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 1: 543 (1842)
= Besleria riedeliana Hanst., Mart. Fl. Bras. 8: 399 (1862)
= Orobanche melancholica Vell., (1829)
species :
Besleria membranacea C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 445 (1939)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria meridionalis C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 446 (1939)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria microphylla Fritsch; Fedde, Repert. 18: 8 (1922)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó)
82 CLM
variant :
var. serrulata C.V.Morton; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 420 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Bolívar)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria miniata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 420 (1939)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Besleria mirifica C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 442 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria modica C.V.Morton; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 48: 58 (1935)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Besleria montana Britton; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 4: 240 (1895)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Besleria moorei C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 141 (1968)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria mortoniana Steyerm.; Brittonia, 22(4): 303 1970 (1971)
Distribution: Venezuela (Sucre)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria mucronata Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 331 (1866)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Roraima); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia)
82 VEN 84 BRA
species :
Besleria naquenensis Arellano-Peña & Aymard; Harvard Pap. Bot. 25(2): 206, figs. 1-2 (2020)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria neblinae Feuillet; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(1): 269 (2008)
Distribution: Venezuela (Rio Negro)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria nemorosa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 422 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Risaralda, Valle); Peru
82 CLM 83 PER
species :
Besleria nitens Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 964 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Magdalena, Santander, Tolima, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria notabilis C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 18: 1153 (1938)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Nicaragua; Colombia (Antioquia)
80 COS NIC PAN 82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria subdecurrens C.V.Morton, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 29 (1944)
species :
Besleria nubigena C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 425 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Caldas)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria obtusa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 26 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Meta)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria ornata C.V.Morton; Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 3, 527 (1953)
Distribution: Venezuela (Apure, Merida, Tachira)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria ovalifolia Britton; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 4: 240 (1895)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Besleria ovoidea C.V.Morton; Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 3, 528 (1953)
Distribution: Venezuela (Tachira)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria oxyphylla C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 27 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Huila)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria pallidiflora Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 968 (1934)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria parviflora L.E.Skog & Steyerm.; Novon, 1(4): 211 (1991)
Distribution: Guyana; N-Brazil (Roraima); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar)
82 GUY VEN 84 BRA
species :
Besleria patrisii DC.; Prod. 7: 538 (1839)
Distribution: French Guiana; Guyana; Surinam
82 FRG GUY SUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria maasii Wiehler, Selbyana, 5(1): 73 (1978)
= Besleria verecunda C.V.Morton, Phytologia, 1: 152 (1935)
species :
Besleria pauciflora Rusby; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 31 (1900)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Amazonas); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Caldas, Chocó, Vaupés); Costa Rica; Ecuador; Panama; Peru
80 COS PAN 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria pauciflora var. uniflora C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 452 (1939)
= Besleria sprucei var. flavescens C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 38: 135 (1968)
= Besleria wurdackii C.V.Morton, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 146 (1968)
species :
Besleria pendula Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 333 (1866)
Distribution: Venezuela (Barinas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Lara, Merida, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Gasteranthus pendulus Hanst., Linnaea, 26: 216. t. 2, f. 58 (1853)
species :
Besleria penduliflora Fritsch; Fedde, Repert. 18: 9 (1922)
Distribution: Guyana; N-Brazil (Roraima); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Tachira)
82 GUY VEN 84 BRA
species :
Besleria pennellii C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 421 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria peruviana Fritsch; Fedde, Repert. 18: 7 (1922)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria peruviana var. dissimilis C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 452 (1939)
= Besleria peruviana var. occulta C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 452 (1939)
species :
Besleria petiolaris (Griseb.) Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 352 (1901)
Distribution: Dominica
81 DOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Collandra petiolaris Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 463 (1862)
species :
Besleria physaloides O.L.Cortés; Phytotaxa 332(2): 182 (2017)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria placita C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 38: 132 (1968)
Distribution: Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER
species :
Besleria princeps Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 317 (1866)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
species :
Besleria quadrangulata L.E.Skog; Selbyana, 7(1): 96 (1982)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Besleria racemosa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 450 (1939)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba); Peru
83 BOL PER
species :
Besleria rara L.E.Skog; Brittonia, 30(3): 320 (1978)
Distribution: Panama
80 PAN
species :
Besleria reticulata Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 969 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caquetá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela (Aragua, Merida)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU PER
variant :
var. macrophylla Hoehne; Sellowia no. 9: 42 (1958)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
variant :
var. pubistyla Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 970 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
variant :
var. venosa C.V.Morton; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 434 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria rhytidophyllum Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 334 (1866)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Amazonas); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Yaracuy)
82 VEN 84 BRA
species :
Besleria riparia C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 448 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Putumayo, Risaralda)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria robusta Donn.Sm.; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 25: 156 (1898)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Nicaragua; Panama
80 COS NIC PAN
species :
Besleria rosea (C.V.Morton) Wiehler; Selbyana, 5(2): 218 (1979)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Pterobesleria rosea C.V.Morton, Fieldiana, Bor., 28: No. 3, 533 (1953)
species :
Besleria rotundifolia Rusby; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 6: 98 (1896)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz)
83 BOL
species :
Besleria salicifolia Fritsch; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 62: 407 (1912)
Distribution: Colombia (Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria santaclarensis Clavijo & Sánchez-Taborda; PhytoKeys 162: 73, figs. 1-3 (2020)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria saxicola C.V.Morton; Phytologia, 1: 151 (1935)
Distribution: Guyana
82 GUY
species :
Besleria seitzii Krug & Urb.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 1: 325 (1897)
Distribution: Tobago
81 TRT
species :
Besleria selloana Klotzsch & Hanst.; Mart. Fl. Bras. 8: 398 (1862)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Sao Paulo); S-Brazil (Paraná)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria silverstoneana O.L.Cortés; Phytotaxa 332(2): 185 (2017)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Besleria solanoides Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 398 (1818)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida); Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle, Vaupés); Costa Rica; Ecuador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru
80 COS HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria acutifolia Benth., Pl. Hartw. 237 (1846)
= Besleria costaricensis (Oerst.) Hanst., Linnaea, 34: 1865 330 (1866)
= Besleria obliqua C.V.Morton, Ann. Mossouri Bot. Gard. 29: 40 (1942)
= Besleria solanoides var. parvifolia C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 419 (1939)
= Parabesleria costaricensis Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 127 (1861)
variant :
var. dentata C.V.Morton; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 29: 27 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
variant :
var. tenera C.V.Morton; Fl. Costa Rica 1155 (1938)
Distribution: Costa Rica
80 COS
species :
Besleria spinulosa C.V.Morton; Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 3, 528 (1953)
Distribution: Venezuela (Monagas, Sucre)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria spissa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 28 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria sprucei Britton ex Rusby; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 31 (1900)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Amazonas); Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz); Colombia (Vaupés); Peru
82 CLM 83 BOL PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria uleana Fritsch, Engl. Jahrb. 37: 483 (1906)
species :
Besleria standleyi C.V.Morton; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser.,xviii. 1155(1938)
Distribution: Costa Rica
80 COS
species :
Besleria steyermarkiorum Wiehler ex L.E.Skog; Op. Bot., 92: 233 (1987)
Distribution: Venezuela (Yaracuy)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria stricta L.E.Skog; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard., 65(3): 819 1978 (1979)
Distribution: Ecuador; Panama; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); Colombia (Caquetá, Cauca, Chocó, Meta, Putumayo, Risaralda)
80 PAN 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU
species :
Besleria subcarnosa Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 972 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Santander)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria symphytum Klotzsch & Hanst. ex Hanst.; Mart. Fl. Bras. 8: 899 (1862)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria tambensis C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 428 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Chocó, Nariño, Risaralda, Valle); Costa Rica; Ecuador; Panama
80 COS PAN 82 CLM 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria maxima C.V.Morton, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 429 (1939)
= Besleria crassicaulis C.V.Morton, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 29: 39 (1942)
species :
Besleria tetrangularis Ruiz ex Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 331 (1866)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria trichiata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 451 (1939)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Acre); Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER 84 BRA
species :
Besleria trichostegia Donn.Sm.; Bot. Gaz., 61: 380 (1916)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama; Nicaragua
80 COS NIC PAN
species :
Besleria triflora (Oerst.) Hanst.; Linnaea, 34: 1865 329 (1866)
Distribution: Costa Rica; Panama
80 COS PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria triflora var. subcorymbosa Donn.Sm., Bot. Gaz. 61: 380 (1916)
= Parabesleria triflora Oerst., Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 5: 127 (1861)
variant :
var. australis C.V.Morton; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 441 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Chocó, Risaralda, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria tuberculata C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 443 (1939)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria umbrosa Mart.; Nov. Gen. 3: 44. t. 218 (1829)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Besleria vanderwerffii R.Rojas; Brittonia 74(1): 99 (2022)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria vargasii C.V.Morton; Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 35: 126 (1945)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Besleria variabilis C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 435 (1939)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); Colombia (Antioquia, Norte de Santander, Putumayo); Ecuador; Peru
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Besleria variabilis f. barbatula C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 436 (1939)
= Besleria variabilis f. pallida C.V.Morton, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 26: 436 (1939)
species :
Besleria ventricosa C.V.Morton; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 30 (1944)
Distribution: Colombia (Cauca, Cundinamarca, Putumayo)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria vestita Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 971 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Risaralda, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria villosa Fritsch; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 11: 964 (1934)
Distribution: Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Caquetá, Nariño, Valle)
82 CLM
species :
Besleria yaracuyensis Hoehne; Sellowia, No. 9, 39 (1958)
Distribution: Venezuela (Yaracuy)
82 VEN
species :
Besleria yatuana Feuillet; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 2(1): 271 (2008)
Distribution: Venezuela (Rio Negro)
82 VEN
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 14.4 (December 2022)

Covering 354,183 valid species, 9,038 hybrids, 58,691 valid infraspecific taxa and 933,256 synonyms, in total 1,355,167 names


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 30 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life