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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

463.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3860; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
463.9703 Genus Bifora Hoffm.; Umb. Gen. ed. II. 191 (1816)
Distribution: Europe, N-Africa to Middle Asia
Species listed in database: 2
= Anidrum Neck.; Elem. 1: 188 (1790)
= Corion Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 2: 457 (1820)
species :
Bifora radians M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 233 (1819)
Name: Strahlen-Hohlsame (DE); Wild bishop (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; E-Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (N-Greece, Peloponnisos); Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Algeria [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Nangarhar); USA [I] (New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I])
11 aut CZE ger HUN pol SLO swi 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 20 alg 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN TUR 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Anidrum radians (M.Bieb.) Calest.; 273 (1905), nom. illeg.
= Anidrum radians (M.Bieb.) Kunze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 264 (1891)
= Bifora dicocca subsp. radians (M.Bieb.) Bonnier & Layens; 125 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Coriandrum radians (M.Bieb.) E.H.L.Krause; 162 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Coriandrum radians (M.Bieb.) Prantl; Exkursionsfl. Bayern, 292 (1884)
species :
Bifora testiculata (L.) Roth; Enum. 1(1): 888 (1827)
Name: European bishop (EN); Hoden-Hohlsame (DE); Bifora (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Ibiza, Mallorca); France; +Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades, Limnos); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; ?Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Dodecanese, Kos, Karpathos, Kasos, Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); USA [I] (Maryland [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL SIC SLV SMA TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY 32 TKM UZB 33 AZE NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 50 aus 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Anidrum didymum Raf.; Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 59 (1840)
= Anidrum flosculosum (M.Bieb.) Calest.; Webbia 1: 273 (1905)
= Anidrum testiculatum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 264 (1891)
= Atrema testiculatum (L.) Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 1: I. 744 (1856)
= Bifora dicocca Hoffm.; Umb. Gen. ed. II. 192 (1816)
= Bifora flosculosa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 3: 234 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Bifora testiculata (L.) DC.; Prod. 4: 249 (1830)
= Coriandrum didymum Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 121 (1812)
= Coriandrum testiculare (L.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 166 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Coriandrum testiculatum L.; Sp. Pl. 256 (1753)
= Corion testiculatum (L.) Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 2: 457 (1820)
= Sium testiculatum (L.) Vest; Man. Bot.: 517 (1805)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life