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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

257.0000 Family Fabaceae Lindl.; Edwards´ Bot. Reg. 22: ad t. 1845 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
728 genera, ca. 22.300 spp. Phylogeny and new subfamily system: Azani et al. (LPWG) (2017)
Species listed in database: 22250; hybrids: 146
= Acaciaceae E.Mey.; Comm. Pl. Afr. Austr. 1: 164 (1836)
= Aspalathaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 51 (1820)
= Astragalaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Bauhiniaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 67 (1820)
= Caesalpiniaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Cassiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Ciceraceae Steele; Handb. Field Bot.: xx, 63 (1847)
= Coronillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 162 (1820)
= Cytisaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Dalbergiaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Daleaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Detariaceae (DC.) J.Hess; Uebers. Phan. Nat. Pfl.-Fam.: 46 (1832)
= Galedupaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 277 (1820)
= Geoffroeaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Hedysaraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Inocarpaceae Zoll.; Syst. Verz. 2: 117 (1854-1855)
= Lathyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 660, 1092, 1138 (1835)
= Leguminosae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 345 (1789), nom. cons.
= Lotaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv, 727 (1826)
= Mimosaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 551 (1814), nom. cons.
= Papilionaceae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 415 (1792), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Phaseolaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 34 (1835)
= Robiniaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 270, 291 (1818)
= Sophoraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 229 (1820)
= Swartziaceae Bartl.; Ord. Nat. Pl.: 231, 413 (1830)
= Tamarindaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 622 (1820)
= Trifoliaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 230 (1820)
= Viciaceae Oken; Lehrb. Naturgesch. 2(2.2): xv (1826)
257.8504 Genus Bituminaria Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl. 165 (1759)
Distribution: Mediterranean, Africa, Asia Minor, Arabia
Species listed in database: 11
= Kartalinia Brullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Acar, Salmeri & Giusso; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(4): 618 (2018)
species :
Bituminaria acaulis (Hoffm.) Stirt.; Bothalia 13: 318 (1981)
Distribution: South Africa [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
27 saf 33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asphaltium acaulis (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Hutch.; Gen. Fl. Pl. 1: 420 (1964)
= Kartalinia acaulis (Hoffm.) Brullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Acar, Salmeri & Giusso; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 103(4): 618 (2018)
= Lotodes acaule (Steven ex M.Bieb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 194 (1891)
= Psoralea acaulis Hoffm.; Commentat. Soc. Phys.-Med. Univ. Lit. Caes. Mosq. 1: 47 (1808)
= Psoralea acaulis Steven ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 2: 206 (1808)
= Rhynchodium acaule (Steven ex M.Bieb.) C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 484 (1845)
species :
Bituminaria antiatlantica Brullo, C.Brullo, Cambria, Cristaudo & Giusso; PhytoKeys 85: 111 (2017)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Psoralea bituminosa var. rotundata Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 222 (1936)
species :
Bituminaria atropurpurea (Maire) Bogdanovic, C.Brullo, Brullo, Cambria & Giusso; Phytotaxa 451(3): 198 (2020)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Psoralea bituminosa var. atropurpurea Maire; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 15: 25 (1927)
species :
Bituminaria basaltica Miniss., C.Brullo, Brullo, Giusso & Sciandr.; Phytotaxa 98(1): 2 (2013)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) Stirt.; Bothalia 13: 318 (1981)
subspecies :
subsp. bituminosa
Name: Asphaltklee (DE); Pitch Trefoil (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); South Africa [I]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], Queensland [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I])
11 ger 12 ADO BAL COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 27 saf 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 40 ind 50 aus 76 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Asphaltium bituminosum (L.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. L. Lyon ser. 2, 16: 365 (1868)
= Asphaltium ellipticum Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 381 (1787), nomen
= Asphaltium frutescens Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 380 (1787), nom. superfl.
= Asphaltium herbaceum Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 381 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Asphaltium nigrum Medik.; Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Ökon. Ges. 2: 381 (1787), nomen
= Bipontinia bituminosa (L.) Alef.; Pollichia, 22-24: 123 (1866)
= Bituminaria bituminosa var. albomarginata P.Méndez, Fern.Galván & A.Santos; Pastos 20: 160 (1991)
= Bituminaria bituminosa var. crassiuscula P.Méndez, Fern.Galván & A.Santos; Pastos 20: 162 (1991)
= Dorychnium angustifolium (Willd.) Moench; Methodus 110 (1794)
= Dorychnium rotundifolium Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 37 (1802)
= Lotodes bituminosum (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 193 (1891)
= Psoralea angustifolia Willd.; Roem. & Usleri, Mag. Bot. 4: 11tes St. 33 (1790)
= Psoralea bituminosa f. atripilosa H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 88 (1932)
= Psoralea bituminosa L.; Sp. Pl.: 763 (1753)
= Psoralea bituminosa subsp. latifolia (Moris) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 182 (1882)
= Psoralea bituminosa subvar. lanceolata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 131 (1899)
= Psoralea bituminosa subvar. ovata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 5: 131 (1899)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. angustifolia Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr.: 479 (1832)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. communis Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr.) 3(2) 2: 92 (1842)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. decumbens Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 125 (1951)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. humilis Bég. & A.Vacc.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 12: 108 (1913)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. latifolia Moris; Fl. Sard. 1: 519 (1837)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. laxa Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 415 (1938)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. prostrata Zohary; Fl. Palaestina 2: 455 (1972)
= Psoralea elata Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 332 (1796)
= Psoralea foetida C.Presl; J. & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 52 (1822)
= Psoralea frutescens Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 5: 684 (1804)
= Psoralea punctata F.Dietr.; Neu. Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 7: 295 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Psoralea taurica Ledeb. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 188 (1878), nomen
= Rhynchodium bituminosum (L.) C.Presl; Bot. Bemerk. 54 (1845)
= Rhynchodium foetidum (C.Presl) C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 484 (1845)
= Trifolium bituminosum (L.) Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. I. 603 (1764)
variant :
var. brachycarpa (Feldman) Danin; Willdenowia, 28(1-2): 141 (1998)
Distribution: Jordania
34 JOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Psoralea bituminosa var. brachycarpa Feldmann; Zohary Fl. Palaestina 2: 455 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. pontica (A.P.Khokhr.) V.V.Fateryga & Fateryga; Wulfenia 28: 224 (2021)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus (Krasnodar); Georgia [Caucasus] (incl. Abkhazia)
14 KRY 33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Psoralea pontica A.P.Khokhr.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 175: 52 (1997)
= Psoralea bituminosa subsp. pontica (A.P.Khokhr.) Zernov; Rast. Severo-Zapad. Zakavkaz ya (Pl. Transcaucas. Bor-Occ.): 70 (2000)
species :
Bituminaria flaccida (Nábelek) Greuter; Willdenowia 16: 108 (1986)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula; Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 JOR SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Psoralea flaccida Nábelek; Spisy Prir. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 35: 74 (1923)
species :
Bituminaria kyreniae Giusso, C.Brullo, Brullo, Cambria & Miniss.; Phytotaxa 220(3): 288 (2015)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
species :
Bituminaria morisiana (Pignatti & Metlesics) Greuter; Willdenowia 16: 108 (1986)
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Psoralea morisiana Pignatti & Metlesics; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 15: 55 (1976)
species :
Bituminaria palaestina (Bassi) Brullo, C.Brullo, Miniss., Salmeri & Giusso; Phytotaxa 266(2): 65 (2016)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
Synonyms: hidden
= Asphaltium palaestinum (Gouan) Medik.; Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 381 (1787)
= Bituminaria bituminosa var. palaestina (Bassi) R.Jahn; R. Jahn & P. Schönfelder, Exkursionsfl. Kreta: 28 (1995)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. hulensis Feldmann; Zohary, Fl. Palaestina 2: 455 (1972)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. palaestina (Bassi) Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Psoralea palaestina Bassi; Bononiensi Sci. Inst. Acad. Comment. 6(Opusc.): 14 (1768)
= Psoralea palaestina Gouan; Ill. Observ. Bot.: 51 (1773), nom. illeg.
= Rhynchodium palestinum (Bassi) C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 484 (1845)
species :
Bituminaria plumosa (Rchb.) Bogdanovic, C.Brullo, Brullo, Ljubicic & Giusso; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 149(3): 348 (2016)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Lotodes plumosum (Rchb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 194 (1891)
= Psoralea bituminosa subsp. plumosa (Rchb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 188 (1878)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. plumosa (Rchb.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 566 (1936)
= Psoralea bituminosa var. plumosa (Rchb.) Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 22: 91 (1867)
= Psoralea plumosa Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 869 (1832)
species :
Bituminaria tunetana C.Brullo, Brullo, Cambria, El Mokni & Giusso; Phytotaxa 297(3): 222 (2017)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life