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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

168.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12061; hybrids: 384
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
168.5071 Genus Bromus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 76-78 (1753)
Distribution: Nearly cosmopolitan. Inclusion or separation of Anisantha, Ceratochloa and Bromopsis is highly disputed.
Species listed in database: 161; hybrids: 16
= Aechmophora Spreng. ex Steud.; Nom. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 29 (1840)
= Anisantha K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 394 (1848)
= Avenaria Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl. 206 (1759)
= Boissiera Hochst. ex Steud.; Nom. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 213 (1840)
= Bromopsis (Dumort.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 187 (1869)
= Calliagrostis Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 4: 146 (1789)
= Ceratochloa P.Beauv.; Agrost. 75. t. 15, f. 7 (1812)
= Euraphis (Trin.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. 776 (1891)
= Euraphis (Trin.) Lindl.; Veg. Kingdom 115 (1846)
= Forasaccus Bubani; Fl. Pyr. 4: 379 (1901)
= Genea (Dumort.) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: 67 (1868)
= Lasiopoa Ehrh.; Beitr. 4: 147 (1789)
= Libertia Lej.; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12: 755 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Michelaria Dumort.; Obs. Gram. Belg. 77 (1824)
= Nevskiella V.I.Krecz. & Vved.; Trudy Sredne-Az. Univ. Ser. 8b 17: 15, 22 (1934)
= Schnizleinia Steud.; Nom. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 213 (1840)
= Serrafalcus Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sic. 2: 14 (1840)
= Stenofestuca (Honda) Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 25: 6 (1950)
= Triniusa Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 328 (1854)
= Trisetobromus Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 15 (1934), in clavi
= Wiestia Boiss.; Fl. Or. 5: 559 (1884)
species :
Bromus aegyptiacus Tausch; Flora 20: 124 (1837)
Distribution: Egypt
20 EGY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus japonicus var. aegyptiacus (Tausch) Asch., Schweinf. & Muschl.; Muschl., Man. Fl. Egypt 1: 146 (1912)
= Bromus patulus var. aegyptiacus (Tausch) Asch. & Schweinf.; Mém. Inst. Égypt. 2: 175 (1887)
species :
Bromus alopecuros Poir.; Voy. Barb. 2: 100 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. alopecuros
Name: Fuchsschwanz-Trespe (DE); Weedy Brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Italy; Sicily; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Tasmania [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Michigan [I])
11 ger 12 POR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 27 saf 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 75 usa 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus alopecuroides Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 703 (1811)
= Bromus alopecuros var. calvus Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 400 (1904)
= Bromus alopecuros var. poiretianus Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 261 (1955), nom. inval.
= Bromus alopecurus Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 95 (1805), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus contortus Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 95. pl.25. (1798)
= Bromus lanceolatus subsp. macrostachys (Desf.) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 262 (1955)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. lanatus (Poir.) Kerguélen; Bull. Soc. bot. Fr. 124(56): 340 (1977), nom. nov. superfl.
= Bromus lanceolatus var. lanuginosus (Coss. & Durieu) Dinsm.; G. E. Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 774 (1933)
= Bromus macrostachys Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 96, pl. 19, f. 2 (1798)
= Bromus macrostachys var. brevispicatus Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 676 (1844)
= Bromus macrostachys var. languinosus (Poir.) Coss. & Durieu; Expl. Sci. Algerie 2: 162 (1855)
= Bromus scoparius Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 10 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Bromus scoparius var. alopecuros (Poir.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 101 (1896)
= Bromus sericeus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): x (1811), et Fl. Napol. 2: 84 (1829)
= Bromus squarrosus var. contortus (Desf.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Serrafalcus alopecuroides (Poir.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 399 (1850)
= Serrafalcus alopecuros (Poir.) C.A.Gardner; Fl. W. Austral. 1: 95 (1952), isonym
= Serrafalcus alopecuros (Poir.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 399 (1850)
= Serrafalcus contortus (Desf.) Parl.; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1: 326 (1844)
= Serrafalcus macrostachys (Desf.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 397 (1850)
= Serrafalcus macrostachys var. minor E.G.Camus; Cat. Pl. France, Suisse, Belg.: 307 (1888)
= Serrafalcus macrostachys var. minor Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3(2): 593 (1856)
= Serrafalcus scoparius var. contortus (Desf.) Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 362 (1909)
= Zerna macrostachys (Desf.) Panz.; Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 4: 297 (1813 publ. 1814)
subspecies :
subsp. biaristulatus (Maire) Acedo & Llamas; Flora Medit. 4: 207 (1994)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus lanceolatus subsp. biaristulatus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 98 (1942)
= Bromus caroli-henrici subsp. biaristulatus (Maire) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 7(2): 420 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. caroli-henrici (Greuter) P.M.Sm.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76(4): 360 (1978)
Name: Rechingers Trespe (DE); Rechinger´s Brome (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
13 GRC KRI 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus caroli-henrici Greuter; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 75: 83 (1971 publ. 1972)
species :
Bromus andringitrensis A.Camus; Not. Syst., Paris 15: 136 (1956)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Bromus anomalus Rupr. ex E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 126 (1886)
Name: Nodding brome
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan); USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama
71 CDN 77 USA 79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis anomala (Rupr. ex E.Fourn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 167 (1973)
= Bromus anomalus Rupr.; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 9(2): 236 (1842) [nom. nud.]
= Bromus ciliatus var. minor Munro ex L.H.Dewey; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2: 548 (1894)
= Bromus ciliatus var. montanus Vasey ex Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 619 (1896)
= Bromus kalmii var. major Vasey ex Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 624 (1896)
= Bromus kalmii var. major Vasey ex Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 35 (1900) [nom. inval.]
= Bromus kalmii var. occidentalis Vasey ex Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 624 (1896)
= Bromus meyeri Swallen; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29: 395 (1950)
= Zerna anomala (Rupr. ex E.Fourn.) Henrard; Blumea 4: 499 (1941)
species :
Bromus araucanus Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 343 (1896)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Rio Negro, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Araucania, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus alpestris Steud.; Berberid. Amer. Austral. 52 (1857)
= Bromus araucanus var. obtusiflorus (Hack.) J.Hern.; Fl. Patagonica 3: 86 (1978)
= Bromus obtusiflorus Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 171 (1911)
species :
Bromus arenarius Labill.; Nov. Holland. Pl. 1: 23. t. 28 (1804)
Name: Australian brome
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand (incl. Three Kings Isl.); Chatham Isl.; USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I]); Mexico [I]
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 79 mex
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus arenarius var. macrostachya Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 661 (1878)
= Serrafalcus arenarius (Labill.) C.A.Gardner; Fl. W. Austral. 1: 96 (1952)
species :
Bromus aristatus (K.Koch) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 320 (1854)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis aristata (K.Koch) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 167 (1973)
= Festuca aristata K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 412 (1848)
= Zerna aristata (K.Koch) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh Rast. 7: 54 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna benekenii var. minor Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, ed. 2, 1: 302 (1939), no Latin descr.
species :
Bromus arizonicus (Shear) Stebbins; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 25: 309 (1944)
Name: Arizona brome
Distribution: USA (California, S-Nevada, Arizona); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus carinatus var. arizonicus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 62 (1900)
= Ceratochloa arizonica (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
species :
Bromus armenus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 642 (1884)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis armena (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
species :
Bromus arrhenatheroides Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 20: 301 (1884)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Bromus arvensis L.; Sp. Pl. 77 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. arvensis
Name: Acker-Trespe (DE); Field Brome (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Rub al Khali); China [I] (Gansu [I], Jiangsu [I]); Pakistan (Baluchistan); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Tamil Nadu, Rupshu, Ladakh, Zanskar); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]
10 DEN fin grb nor swe 11 AUT BGM GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL cis FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est lat lit RUS UKR 30 sib 31 rfe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI LEB TUR 35 SAU 36 chi 40 IND PAK 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 bol 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena arvensis (L.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 23 (1796)
= Bromus arvensis f. compactus (Asch. & Graebn.) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972)
= Bromus arvensis f. degeneri (Schur) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972)
= Bromus arvensis f. diffusus Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972), nom. illeg.
= Bromus arvensis f. flavescens Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 184 (1926)
= Bromus arvensis f. puberulus H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2(7): 7 (1946)
= Bromus arvensis f. umbrosus Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 54 (1899)
= Bromus arvensis f. violaceus (Asch. & Graebn.) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972)
= Bromus arvensis unranked splendens (Velen.) Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1888(2): 71 (1889)
= Bromus arvensis subsp. hyalinus (Schur) Domin; Preslia 13-15: 37 (1935)
= Bromus arvensis subsp. oliganthus Hartm.; 16 (1846)
= Bromus arvensis subsp. splendens (Velen.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2(2): 337 (1890)
= Bromus arvensis subvar. depauperatus Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2: 831 (1861)
= Bromus arvensis subvar. violaceus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 609 (1901)
= Bromus arvensis var. compactus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 609 (1901)
= Bromus arvensis var. degener Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866)
= Bromus arvensis var. depauperatus Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris 2: 654 (1845)
= Bromus arvensis var. diffusus Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 82 (1857)
= Bromus arvensis var. diffusus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Bromus arvensis var. fragilis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 83 (1866)
= Bromus arvensis var. giganteus Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 189 (1904)
= Bromus arvensis var. gracilis Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus arvensis var. hirtus Velen.; 464 (1888)
= Bromus arvensis var. hyalinus (Schur) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866)
= Bromus arvensis var. inermis Schumach.; Enum. Pl. 1: 32 (1801)
= Bromus arvensis var. intermedius Kozuharov, Stoeva & Kuzmanov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 25: 53 (1974), nom. illeg.
= Bromus arvensis var. intermedius Mutel; Fl. Franç. 4: 134 (1837)
= Bromus arvensis var. laxus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 609 (1901)
= Bromus arvensis var. major J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 51 (1841)
= Bromus arvensis var. nutans Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 82 (1857)
= Bromus arvensis var. oliganthos Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 5: 289 (1849)
= Bromus arvensis var. pubiflorus N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 327 (1838)
= Bromus arvensis var. recurvatus H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2(7): 7 (1946)
= Bromus arvensis var. sericostachys Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 395 (1904)
= Bromus arvensis var. splendens (Velen.) Velen.; Fl. Bulg.: 618 (1891)
= Bromus arvensis var. turcicus Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 105 (1936)
= Bromus arvensis var. velutinus Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. ParisFl. Env. Paris, éd. 1 2: 654 (1845)
= Bromus arvensis var. velutinus Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 54 (1899)
= Bromus arvensis var. versicolor Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval., et Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866)
= Bromus arvensis var. verticillatus (Cav.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 415 (1855)
= Bromus erectus var. arvensis (L.) Huds.; Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 50 (1778)
= Bromus fragilis Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
= Bromus hyalinus Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
= Bromus mollis var. leptostachyus Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 95 (1805)
= Bromus mollissimus Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 13 (1819)
= Bromus multiflorus Weigel; Observ. Bot.: 2 (1772)
= Bromus phragmitoides Nyár.; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 19: 84 (1939)
= Bromus polymorphus Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus polystachyus Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 18 (1779)
= Bromus secalinus var. multiflorus (Weigel) Lamotte; Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
= Bromus spiculitenuata Knapp; Gram. Brit.: t. 81 (1804)
= Bromus splendens Velen.; Sitz. boehm. Ges. Wiss. (1886) 46 sep. ex Nyman Consp. fl. Eur. Suppl. II. i.(1889) 337
= Bromus ventolana Schleich. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 229 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus versicolor Pollich; Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 109 (1776)
= Bromus verticillatus Cav.; Icon. 6: 66 (1801)
= Festuca arvensis (L.) T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern 595 (1869)
= Forasaccus arvensis (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 385 (1901)
= Serrafalcus arvensis (L.) Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 185 (1844)
= Serrafalcus arvensis proles duvalii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 234 (1913)
= Serrafalcus arvensis var. pilosus Husn.; Graminées: 77 (1899)
= Serrafalcus arvensis var. pubescens Caldesi; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 279 (1880)
= Serrafalcus duvalii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 234 (1913)
= Serrafalcus verticillatus (Cav.) Amo; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Exact. Madrid 5: 402 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. parviflorus (Desf.) H.Scholz; Florist. Rundbr. 36: 35 (2002)
Name: Kleinblütige Acker-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen, Thüringen); etc.
11 GER
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus arvensis var. triflorus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 608 (1901)
= Bromus parviflorus Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 387 (1829)
species :
Bromus atlanticus H.Lindb.; Itin. Mediterr. (Act. Soc. Sci. Fenn. n. s. B 1: No. 2) 13 (1932)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: status unconfirmed, often included in B. benekenii
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis atlantica (H.Lindb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis ramosa subsp. atlantica (H.Lindb.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Zerna atlantica (H.Lindb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 439 (1970)
species :
Bromus attenuatus Swallen; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 397 (1950)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Michoacan, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis attenuata (Swallen) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
species :
Bromus auleticus Trin. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 468 (1829)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Santa Fe, San Luis)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis auletica (Trin. ex Nees) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6(5- 6): 144 (1940)
= Bromus erectus var. auleticus (Trin. ex Nees) Döll; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(3): 109 (1878)
species :
Bromus ayacuchensis Saarela & P.M.Peterson; Sida 22(2): 919 (2006)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Bromus benekenii (Lange) Trimen; J. Bot., Lond. 10: 333 (1872)
Name: Frühe Wald-Trespe, Beneken-Wald-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; N-Spain; France; Italy; Sicily; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Remarks: ramosa agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis benekenii (Lange) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis ramosa subsp. benekenii (Lange) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 175 (1974)
= Bromus asper subsp. benekenii (Lange) Murr; 31 (1923)
= Bromus asper var. benekenii (Lange) Syme; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 11: 157 (1873)
= Bromus asper var. intermedius Ilse; 346 (1866)
= Bromus benekenii f. denudatus Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 184 (1926)
= Bromus benekenii var. dalmaticus Degen & B.Lengyel; A. von Degen, Fl. Veleb. 1: 557 (1936)
= Bromus benekenii var. flaccidus Podp.; 11 (1922)
= Bromus benekenii var. villosus Podp.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 12: 11 (1922)
= Bromus ramosus f. macrostachys Litard. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 26: 52 (1930)
= Bromus ramosus subsp. benekenii (Lange) Schinz & Thell.; H. Schinz & R. Keller, Fl. Schweiz, ed. 4: 80 (1923)
= Bromus ramosus subsp. benekenii (Lange) Zapal.; 185 (1905)
= Bromus ramosus var. algeriensis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 231 (1933)
= Bromus ramosus var. benekenii (Lange) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 576 (1901)
= Bromus ramosus var. macrostachys (Litard. & Maire) Jahand. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 83 (1931)
= Schedonorus benekenii Lange; G. C. Oeder & al. (eds.), Fl. Dan.: t. 2826 (1871)
= Zerna benekenii (Lange) Lindm.; Svensk Fanerogamfl. 101 (1918)
= Zerna ramosa subsp. benekenii (Lange) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 53 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bromus berteroanus Colla; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 39: 25 (1836)
Name: Chilean chess (EN)
Distribution: USA [I] (California [I], S-Nevada [I], SW-Utah [I], Arizona [I], SW-Montana [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Argentina (Chubut, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Aisén); Juan Fdz. Isl.
73 usa 76 usa 79 glp mex 82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Aira berteroniana Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 220 (1854)
= Avena paupercula Phil.; Linnaea 29: 94 (1858)
= Avena villosula Kunze ex É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 442 (1854)
= Bromus barbatoides Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 614 (1896) [nom. nov.]
= Bromus barbatoides var. sulcatus Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 615 (1896)
= Bromus berteroanus var. excelsus (Shear) Pavlick; Bromus North America: 128, 144 (1995)
= Bromus bicuspis Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 322 (1854)
= Bromus leyboldtii Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 344 (1896)
= Bromus trinii É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 441 (1854), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus trinii var. effusus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 442 (1854)
= Bromus trinii var. excelsus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 25 (1900)
= Bromus trinii var. manicatus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 441 (1854)
= Bromus trinii var. micrantherus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 441 (1854)
= Bromus trinii var. pallidiflorus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 441 (1854)
= Bromus trinii var. strictus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 442 (1854)
= Danthonia pseudospicata Müll.Hal.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 14: 348 (1856), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Trisetobromus hirtus (Trin.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 15 (1934)
= Trisetum barbatum Steud.; Nomencl. Bot (ed. 2) 2: 713 (1841) [nom. nud.], et Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 229 (1854) [nom. illeg., non Nees 1841]
= Trisetum barbatum var. major Vasey; U. S. D. A. Div. Bot. Bull. 13: 60 (1893)
= Trisetum berteronianum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 220 (1854)
= Trisetum hirtum Trin.; Linnaea 10: 300 (1836)
= Trisetum litorale Phil.; Linnaea 29: 92 (1857)
= Trisetum trinii (É.Desv.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1929)
= Trisetum trinii var. effusum (É.Desv.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1928 publ. 1929)
= Trisetum trinii var. litorale (Phil.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1929)
= Trisetum trinii var. majus (Vasey) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1929)
= Trisetum trinii var. manicatum (É.Desv.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1929)
= Trisetum trinii var. micrantherum (É.Desv.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1929)
= Trisetum trinii var. pallidiflorus (É.Desv.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1928)
= Trisetum trinii var. strictum (É.Desv.) Louis-Marie; Rhodora 30: 243 (1929)
species :
Bromus biebersteinii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 638 (1817)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey; Iraq; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Parwan); Pakistan (Baltistan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis beckeri (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 278 (2009)
= Bromopsis biebersteinii (Roem. & Schult.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis biebersteinii subsp. beckeri (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Konspekt Fl. Kavkaza 2: 279 (2006)
= Bromopsis biebersteinii subsp. kazbecki (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Konspekt Fl. Kavkaza 2: 279 (2006)
= Bromopsis biebersteinii var. beckeri Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 72 (1974)
= Bromopsis biebersteinii var. kazbecki Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 72 (1974)
= Bromopsis kazbecki (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 278 (2009)
= Bromus albidus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 79 (1819)
= Bromus angustissimus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 421 (1848)
= Bromus chloroticus M.Bieb. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 420 (1833), pro syn.
= Bromus erectus var. albidus (M.Bieb.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 98 (1896)
= Bromus inermis Steven; Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 3: 252 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Zerna biebersteinii (Roem. & Schult.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi
species :
Bromus bikfayensis A.Camus & Gomb.; Bull Soc. Bot. France 84: 310 (1937)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis bikfayensis (Camus & Gomb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Zerna bikfayensis (A.Camus & Gomb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 439 (1970)
species :
Bromus bonariensis Parodi & J.A.Cámara; Revista Argent. Agron. 29: 12 (1963)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe)
85 ARG
species :
Bromus borianus H.Scholz; Willdenowia 11: 95 (1981)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Bromus brachyantherus Döll; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: III. 110 (1878)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Misiones, Tucuman)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus uruguayensis var. glabrescens Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 496 (1897)
= Bromus uruguayensis var. robustior Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 496 (1897)
variant :
var. uruguayensis (Arechav.) Cámara; Fl. Prov. Buenos Aires 4(2): 93 (1970)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Salto, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis uruguayensis (Arechav.) Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 6: 144 (1940)
= Bromus brachyanthera subsp. uruguayensis (Arechav.) Roseng.; B. R. Arrill. & Izag., Gram. Urug. 113 (1970)
= Bromus uruguayensis Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 493, t. 54 (1897)
species :
Bromus brachystachys Hornung; Flora (Regensb.) 16: 417 (1833)
Name: Kurzährige Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany (+Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], +Sachsen-Anhalt); Hungary; Slovenia [I]; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Bamyan, Herat, Kabul, Samangan); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China [I] (Gansu [I])
11 GER HUN 13 slv 20 EGY 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR 36 chi
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus aegyptiacus subsp. palaestinus Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 2: 300 (1952)
= Bromus brachystachys f. macranthera Oppenh.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 31: 166 (1940)
= Bromus brachystachys var. longipes Post; Fl. Syria: 894 (1896)
= Bromus leptostachys Ehrenb. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 654 (1884), pro syn.
= Bromus palaestinus (Melderis) Mouterde; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 103: 22 (1956)
= Bromus tigridis Boiss. & Noë; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II 4: 141 (1859)
species :
Bromus brevis Nees & Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 326 (1854)
Distribution: Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, La Pampa, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
50 aus 51 nzl 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus brevis subsp. festucarioides Covas & Millot; Apuntes Fl. Pampa 62: 247 (1981)
= Bromus catharticus var. rupestris (Speg.) Planchuelo & P.M.Peterson; Novon 8: 54 (1998)
= Bromus unioloides f. brevis (Nees ex Steud.) Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch (1917): 175. 1918
= Bromus unioloides var. brevis (Nees ex Steud.) Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 11: 144 (1904)
= Bromus unioloides var. rupestris Speg.; Contr. Fl. Sierra Vent.: 76 (1896)
= Ceratochloa brevis (Steud.) B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 487 (1893)
species :
Bromus briziformis Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Fisch., C. A. Mey. & Trautv., Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 3: 30 (1837)
Name: Rattlesnake brome (EN), Zittergras-Trespe, Bukett-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Latvia [I]; European Russia; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Iraq; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, N-Iran); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I])
11 ger slo 14 lat RUS 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ 70 ask 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus briziformis var. aristata Willk.; Linnaea 25: 66 (1852)
= Bromus briziformis var. dasyanthus Lomakin ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 125 (1928), no Latin descr.
= Bromus briziformis var. thalysianus Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 31: 105 (1936)
= Bromus dasyanthus (Lomakin ex Grossh.) Tzvelev; Zlaki Rossii 146 (2019)
= Bromus squarrosus var. muticus C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 19, 24 (1831)
= Serrafalcus briziformis (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Amo; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Exact. Madrid 5: 402 (1861)
species :
Bromus bromoideus (Lej.) Crép.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 6: 399 (1867)
Name: Ardennen-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: +SE-Belgium; +NE-France
11 BGM 12 FRA
Remarks: among crops of Triticum spelta; now extinct except in Botanic Gardens
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus arduennensis Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 77 (1824), nom. prov.
= Bromus arduennensis Dumort. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 416 (1833), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus auriculatus Raspail; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 439 (1825), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus grossus f. arduennensis (Rchb.) Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 38: 332 (1968)
= Bromus grossus f. teorascensis (Cugnac) Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 38: 332 (1968)
= Bromus grossus var. arduennensis Lej. & Courtois; Comp. Fl. Belg. 3: 345 (1831)
= Bromus grossus var. inermis (Cugnac) Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 38: 332 (1968)
= Bromus multiflorus var. arduennensis Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 11: 31 (1834)
= Bromus multiflorus var. auriculatus Trevir.; Index Seminum (BONN, Bonnensi) 1833: 1 (1833)
= Bromus platystachys Desf.; Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 19, 387 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus var. bromoideus (Lej.) Lloret; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 22: 151 (1993), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus triaristatus Loisel.; Fl. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 89 (1828)
= Bromus velutinus var. triaristatus (Loisel.) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 136 (1837)
= Calotheca bromoidea Lej.; Messager Sci. Art. Gand 2: 202 (1824)
= Libertia arduennensis Lej.; Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 12: 755 (1825), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Libertia arundinacea Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1: 344 (1827)
= Michelaria arduennensis (Rchb.) Dumort., Bull.Soc.Roy.Bot.Belgique 7: 59 (1868), nom.illeg.superfl.
= Michelaria bromoidea (Lej.) Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 77 (1824)
= Serrafalcus arduennensis (Rchb.) Crép.; Man. Fl. Belgique: 211 (1859), nom. prov.
species :
Bromus cabrerensis C.Acedo & Llamas; Willdenowia, 27(1-2): 48 (1997)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: near B. hordeaceus
species :
Bromus cappadocicus Boiss. & Balansa; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 4: 306 (1857)
subspecies :
subsp. cappadocicus
Distribution: Macedonia; S-Albania; Greece; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, W-Iran); China [I] (Gansu [I])
13 ALB GRC NMA 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 36 chi
Remarks: often included in B. sclerophyllus
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis cappadocica (Boiss. & Balansa) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis tomentella subsp. cappadocica (Boiss. & Balansa) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 217 (1976)
= Bromus cappadocicus var. argaeus Hack.; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 20: 433 (1905)
= Bromus cappadocicus var. velutinus Bornm.; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 140: 172 (1928)
= Zerna cappadocica (Boiss. & Balansa) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna tomentella subsp. cappadocica (Boiss. & Balansa) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 56 (1970 publ. 171)
subspecies :
subsp. lacmonicus (Hausskn.) P.M.Sm.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76(4): 360 (1978)
Distribution: Albania; S-Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis lacmonica (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis cappadocica subsp. lacmonica (Hausskn.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromus lacmonicus Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13: 53 (1899)
= Zerna lacmonica (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus carinatus Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 403 (1840)
Name: California brome (EN), Kalifornische Trespe, Plattähren-Trespe, Gekielte Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Estonia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; China [I]; South Korea [I]; Taiwan [I]; Philippines [I]; Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, Yukon); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Costa Rica; Venezuela (Barinas, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo); Peru
10 grb 11 ger hun net slo 12 cis 14 blr est lit rus 31 rfe 33 geo 36 chi 38 kor tai 42 phi 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON 82 VEN 83 PER
Remarks: status disputed, probably to be included in C. sitchensis
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus californicus Nutt. ex Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia (1862): 336 (1862) [nom. inval., as syn. of Bromus virens Buckley]
= Bromus carinatus var. californicus (Nutt. ex Buckley) Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 60 (1900)
= Bromus carinatus var. densus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 61 (1900)
= Bromus carinatus var. hookerianus (Thurb.) Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 60, f. 38 (1900)
= Bromus carinatus var. linearis Shear; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 23: 61 (1900)
= Bromus compressus Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl. 4 (1816) [nom. inval.]
= Bromus hookeri var. pendulinus (Spreng.) E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 128 (1886), nom. inval.
= Bromus hookeri var. schaffneri E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 127 (1886), nom. inval.
= Bromus hookeri var. schlechtendalii E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 127 (1886), nom. inval.
= Bromus hookerianus (Hook.) Thurb.; U. S. Expl. Exped. 17: 493 (1874)
= Bromus hookerianus var. minor Scribn.; G. Vasey, Descr. Cat. Grass. U.S.: 92 (1895), nom. nud.
= Bromus laciniatus Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 615 (1896)
= Bromus luzonensis J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 262 (1830)
= Bromus nitens Nutt. ex A.Gray; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia (1862): 336. 1862. [nom. inval., as syn. of Bromus virens Buckley]
= Bromus oregonus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 59 (1900), pro syn.
= Bromus pendulinus Brouss. ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 100 (1813) [, non Schrad. 1810]
= Bromus pendulinus Sessé ex Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 4 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Bromus proximus var. schlechtendalii (E.Fourn.) Shear; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 245 (1901)
= Bromus schaffneri (E.Fourn.) Scribn. & Merr.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 24: 30 (1901)
= Bromus sitchensis var. carinatus (Hook. & Arn.) R.E.Brainerd & Otting; Phytoneuron 2016-36: 2 (2016)
= Bromus subvelutinus Shear; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 23: 52 (1900)
= Bromus virens Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia (1862): 98. 1862
= Bromus virens var. minor Scribn. ex Beal; Grasses N. Amer. 2: 614 (1896)
= Ceratochloa carinata (Hook. & Arn.) Tutin; Clapham, Tutin & E. F. Warb. Fl. Brit. Isles, 1458(1952)
= Ceratochloa carinata var. hookeriana (Thurb.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 248 (1981)
= Ceratochloa grandiflora Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 253 (1840)
= Ceratochloa laciniata (Beal) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Festuca pendulina Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 1: 356 (1824) [nom. nov.]
= Stipa virletii E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 7 (1886)
= Trisetum luzonense (J.Presl) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840)
= Triticum luzonense (J.Presl) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 446 (1833)
species :
Bromus catharticus Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 22 (1791)
Name: Pampa-Trespe, Willdenow-Trespe, Anden-Trespe (DE); Chirato de Willdenow (ES)
Distribution: Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Andorra [I]; Gibraltar [I]; France [I]; +Monaco [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Croatia [I]; Greece [I]; Estonia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Egypt [I] (Great Southwestern Desert [I], Nile Delta [I], Nile Valley [I], NW-coastal Egypt [I]); Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I], Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I]); Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; St. Helena [I]; La Réunion [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); Tajikistan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Iran [I]; Cyprus [I]; Israel [I] (Rift Valley [I], N-Israel [I], coastal W-Israel [I]); Saudi Arabia [I] (Nejd Desert [I]); China [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Delhi [I], Himachal Pradesh [I], Jammu & Kashmir [I], Meghalaya [I], Sikkim [I], Tamil Nadu [I], West Bengal [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Easter Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada (Alberta, Ontario); USA [I] (Washington, California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, North Dakota [I], Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota [I], Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Illinois [I], Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine); Mexico (Chihuahua, Queretaro, Veracruz, Coahuila, Sonora, etc.); Guatemala; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Oruro, Potosí, Tarija); Bolivia (La Paz); WC-Brazil (Brasilia Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central, San Pedro); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Durazno, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Desventuradas Isl.; Juan Fdz. Isl.; Falkland Isl.; Tristan da Cunha
11 bgm ger hun lie swi 12 ado cis fra gib mco por spa 13 cro grc 14 blr est lit rus ukr 20 alg egy mor tun 21 azo cny cvi mdr 26 zim 27 les nam saf swz 28 sth 29 reu 31 rfe 32 tzk 33 aze geo 34 cyp irn isr 35 sau 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 40 bhu ind nep pak srl 42 jaw phi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 61 EAS 63 haw 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA 81 his jam 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE DSV JNF PAR URU 91 FAL TDC
Remarks: Subgen. Ceratochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus angustatus Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 719 (1898)
= Bromus bolivianus Hack. ex Buchtien; 1: 84 (1910) [nom. nud.]
= Bromus bolivianus Hack. ex Renvoize; Gramineas de Bolivia: 247 (1998)
= Bromus brongniartii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 421 (1833) [nom. nov.]
= Bromus catharticus var. striatus (Hitchc.) Pinto; Caldasia, 15(71-75): 26 (1986)
= Bromus haenkeanus (J.Presl) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 416 (1833)
= Bromus matthewsii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 323 (1854)
= Bromus mucronatus Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2. 1: 228 (1840) [nom. inval.]
= Bromus preslii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 416, 545 (1833) [nom. nov.]
= Bromus schraderi Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 416 (1833) [nom. illeg. superfl.]
= Bromus schraderi var. lasiophyllus Goiran; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1907: 6 (1907)
= Bromus schraderi var. leiophyllus Goiran; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1907: 6 (1907)
= Bromus striatus Hitchc.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 24: 316 (1927)
= Bromus strictus (Poir.) Kunth; Révis. Gramin. 1: 134 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Bromus strictus Brongn.; Voy. Monde 45 (1829) [nom. illeg., non Scop. 1772]
= Bromus tacna Steud.; Lechl., Berberid. Amer. Austral.: 56 (1856), nom. nud.
= Bromus unioloides (Willd.) Kunth; F. W. H. A. von Humb., A. J. A. Bonpl. & C. S. Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 151 (1816)
= Bromus unioloides (Willd.) Kunth ex Raspail; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 439 (1825), nom. illeg.
= Bromus unioloides subf. achalensis Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 172 (1911)
= Bromus unioloides f. chasmogamus Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 13: 527 (1906)
= Bromus unioloides f. cleistogamus Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 13: 527 (1906)
= Bromus unioloides f. effusus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 175 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides f. glabrescens Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 175 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides f. lanatus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 175 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides f. oliveus Aellen ex Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 164 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides f. pictus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 176 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides f. pseudoparviflorus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 176 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides f. pubiculmis Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 175 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 151 (1816)
= Bromus unioloides var. glaucescens Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 470 (1829)
= Bromus unioloides var. grandiflorus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III, 1917: 172 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides var. haenkeanus (J.Presl) Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 52 (1900)
= Bromus unioloides var. humilis Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin (Buenos Aires) 30-31: 587 (1897) [nom. illeg., non É. Desv. 1854]
= Bromus unioloides var. lanceolatus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III, 1917: 173 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides var. major A.Zobel; Verz. Anhalt Phan. 2: 74 (1907)
= Bromus unioloides var. micranthus Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 630 (1897)
= Bromus unioloides var. montanus Hack. ex Stuckey; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 11: 144 (1904)
= Bromus unioloides var. multiflorus Aellen & Thell. ex Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III, 1917: 164 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides var. parviflorus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III, 1917: 170 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides var. pubiflorus Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III, 1917: 173 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides var. sanjuaninus Hieron.; Bol. Acad. Nac. Ci. Republ. Argent. 4: 69 (1881)
= Bromus willdenowii Kunth; Révis. Gramin. 1: 134 (1829)
= Bromus willdenowii var. haenkeanus (J.Presl) Shear; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 244 (1901)
= Bromus willdenowii var. lasiophyllus (Goiran) Beetle; Phytologia 27: 442 (1974)
= Bromus willdenowii var. schraderi Hein; Grässerfl. N.-Mitt.-Deutschl.: 131 (1877)
= Ceratochloa australis Spreng. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 332 (1840), pro syn.
= Ceratochloa boryana Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 597 (1817)
= Ceratochloa breviaristata Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 253 (1840)
= Ceratochloa cathartica (Vahl) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 144 (1940), et Blumea 4: 498 (1941)
= Ceratochloa festucoides P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr. 158 (1812) [nom. illeg. superfl.]
= Ceratochloa haenkeana J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 285 (1830)
= Ceratochloa haenkeana var. patens Nees; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 36 (1841) [nom. nud.]
= Ceratochloa haenkeana var. subspicata Nees; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 36 (1841) [nom. nud.]
= Ceratochloa pendula Schrad.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Götting. (1830), Linnaea 6: (1831) Litt. 72
= Ceratochloa secunda J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 285 (1830)
= Ceratochloa simplex Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 323 (1854) [nom. inval., as a syn. of Bromus matthewsii Steud.]
= Ceratochloa submutica Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 321 (1854) orth. var.
= Ceratochloa unioloides (Willd.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr. 75, t. 15, f. 7 (1812)
= Ceratochloa unioloides var. glauca Schltdl.; Linnaea 24: 652 (1851)
= Ceratochloa unioloides var. humilis Nees; Gramineae: 35 (1841)
= Ceratochloa unioloides var. lasiophylla (Goiran) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 150 (1923)
= Ceratochloa willdenowii (Kunth) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 51(6): 371 (1982)
= Festuca quitensis Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 1: 356 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Festuca stricta Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 636 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Festuca unioloides Willd.; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, pl. 3 (1803)
= Forasaccus breviaristatus (Hook.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 225 (1915)
= Schedonorus unioloides (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 708 (1817)
= Serrafalcus unioloides (Kunth) Samp.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 81 (1947)
= Tragus unioloides (Willd.) B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 2: 1099 (1895), pro syn.
= Zerna unioloides (Kunth) Lindm.; Svensk Fanerogamfl. 101 (1918)
species :
Bromus cebadilla Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 321 (1854)
Name: Roadside brome (EN), Lanco, cebadilla, pasto del perro [Chile]
Distribution: Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Oregon [I], Washington State [I]); Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
50 aus 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 76 usa 85 ARG CLE jnf
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus catharticus subsp. stamineus (É.Desv.) A.N.Massa; Canad. J. Bot. 82(1): 143 (2004)
= Bromus catharticus var. elatus (É.Desv.) Planchuelo; Sida 22: 556 (2006)
= Bromus stamineus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 440 (1854)
= Bromus unioloides f. elatus (É.Desv.) Allen & Thell. ex Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch (1917): 164. 1918
= Bromus unioloides var. elatus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 438 (1854)
= Bromus valdivianus Phil.; Linnaea 29: 102 (1858)
= Ceratochloa cathartica var. elata (É.Desv.) Planchuelo; Sida 22(1): 556 (2006)
= Ceratochloa staminea (É.Desv.) Stace; Watsonia 18(4): 413 (1991)
= Ceratochloa valdiviana (Phil.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 171.(1973)
species :
Bromus ceramicus Ohwi; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 11 (1947)
Distribution: Moluccas (Seram)
42 MOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus insignis var. ceramicus (Ohwi) Jansen; Reinwardtia 2: 245 (1953)
species :
Bromus chrysopogon Viv.; Fl. Lib. Specim. 4 (1824)
Name: Goldene Besen-Trespe (DE); Golden Broom Brome (EN)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); ?Cyprus
13 GRC KRI 20 ALG LBY TUN 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus scoparius subsp. chrysopogon (Viv.) Chrtek & B.Slavík; Flora Medit. 4: 17 (1994)
= Bromus scoparius var. stenanthus Stapf; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 369 (1907)
= Bromus szaboi Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 135 (1936)
species :
Bromus ciliatus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 76 (1753)
Name: Fringed Brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Sakhalin); China (Nei Mongol); North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido); Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon, N.W.T., British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Labrador, Newfoundland, Isle Anticosti, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Isl.); USA (Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, W-Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
11 ger 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP NKO 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis canadensis (Michx.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis ciliata (L.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromus canadensis Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 65 (1803)
= Bromus canadensis subsp. yezoensis (Ohwi) Vorosch.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol. 95(2): 91 (1990)
= Bromus capillaris Vahl ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 1: 101 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Bromus ciliaris Panz.; G. F. Christmann, Vollst. Pflanzensyst. 12: 429 (1785), pro syn.
= Bromus ciliatus f. denudatus Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 91 (1922)
= Bromus ciliatus subvar. denudatus (Wiegand) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 203 (1927)
= Bromus ciliatus var. denudatus (Wiegand) Fernald; Rhodora 28: 20 (1926)
= Bromus ciliatus var. intonsus Fernald; Rhodora 32: 70. pl. 196 (1930)
= Bromus densiciliatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 422 (1854)
= Bromus dudleyi Fernald; Rhodora 32: 63. pl. 196 (1930)
= Bromus hookeri E.Fourn. ex Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 583 (1885)
= Bromus hookeri subvar. brevicaulis E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 128 (1886), nom. nud.
= Bromus hookeri var. canadensis (Michx.) E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 128 (1886), nom. inval.
= Bromus hookeri var. ciliatus (L.) E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 128 (1886), nom. inval.
= Bromus hookeri var. longicaulis E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 128 (1886), nom. nud.
= Bromus inermis var. ciliatus (L.) Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 135 (1877)
= Bromus pendulinus Schrad.; Neues J. Bot. 4(1): 70 (1810)
= Bromus pubescens f. glabriflorus (Wiegand) Voss; Rhodora 68: 440 (1966)
= Bromus pubescens var. canadensis Eaton & Wright; A. Eaton, Man. Bot. N. States, ed. 8: 161 (1840)
= Bromus pubescens var. ciliatus Eaton & Wright; Man. Bot. N. States, ed. 8: 161 (1840)
= Bromus purgans var. ciliatus (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 763 (1891)
= Bromus purgans var. longispicatus Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 252 (1840)
= Bromus purgans var. pallidus Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 252 (1840)
= Bromus richardsonii subsp. pallidus (Hook.) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N. W. Coast: 51 (1915)
= Bromus richardsonii var. pallidus (Hook.) Shear; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 23: 34 (1900)
= Bromus segetum Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea 6: 38 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Bromus yezoensis Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 2: 30 (1933)
= Forasaccus ciliatus (L.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 225 (1915)
= Zerna canadensis (Michx.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 54 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna ciliata (L.) Henrard; Blumea 4: 498 (1941), in obs.
= Zerna yezoensis (Ohwi) Sugim.; Amat. Herb. 19: No. 1, 5 (1958)
species :
Bromus coloratus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 429 (1854)
Distribution: Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén, Magallanes)
50 aus 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus coloratus var. viviparus Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 5: 98 (1896)
= Bromus hackelii Macloskie; Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(Suppl.): 241 (1915)
= Bromus patagonicus Hack.; P. K. H. Dusén, Ergebn. Schwed. Exp. Magell. 3(5): 230 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Bromus patagonicus Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 43: 577 (1873)
= Bromus unioloides var. coloratus (Steud.) Pilg.; Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 56(5): 179 (1916)
= Ceratochloa colorata (Steud.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
species :
Bromus commutatus Schrad.; Fl. Germ. 353 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. commutatus
Name: Verwechselte Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, MV? Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal [I]; Spain; Andorra [I]; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores [I] (Faial [I]); South Africa [I]; Lesotho [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Parwan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); China (Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang); Tibet; New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (N.W.T. [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], Mississippi [I], Alabama [I], Georgia [I], Florida [I], South Carolina [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
10 den GRB IRE swe 11 BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ado cis COR FRA por SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 azo 27 les saf 31 rfe 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI TIB 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 84 bra 85 arg uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Brachypodium commutatum (Schrad.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr. 101, 155 (1812)
= Bromus agrarius Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 118 (1824)
= Bromus agrarius subsp. diffusus (Dumort.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 116 (1890)
= Bromus commutatus f. depauperatus Prodan; Bul. Sti. Acad. Republ. Populare Romîne, Sect. Biol. Sti. Agric. Ser. Agron. 9: 290 (1957)
= Bromus commutatus f. perglaber F.Seym.; Rhodora 68: 515 (1966)
= Bromus commutatus subsp. apricorum (Simonk.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 115 (1890)
= Bromus commutatus subsp. scabratus (Link) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 115 (1890)
= Bromus commutatus var. apricorum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 583 (1866)
= Bromus commutatus var. apricorum Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 583 (1887)
= Bromus commutatus var. gyorffyi Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 124 (1936)
= Bromus commutatus var. lanceolatus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 615 (1836)
= Bromus commutatus var. macrostachys Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 67 (1926)
= Bromus commutatus var. microstachys Podp.; Kvetna Mor. Rakousk. Slezska 6: 67 (1926)
= Bromus commutatus var. minor Bluff & Nees; M. J. Bluff, Comp. Fl. German., ed. 2, 1: 188 (1836)
= Bromus commutatus var. multiflorus Parn.; Grass. Britain: 274 (1845)
= Bromus commutatus var. pubens H.C.Watson; Phytologist 1: 1062 (1844)
= Bromus commutatus var. villosus Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger: 86 (1884)
= Bromus commutatus var. violaceus Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 67 (1926)
= Bromus decumbens var. commutatus (Schrad.) Petif; Enum. Pl. Fl. Palat.: 13 (1830)
= Bromus diffusus Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 118 (1824), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus gaudinii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 632 (1817)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. commutatus (Schrad.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149 (1923)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. pratensis (F.W.Schultz) Fiori; Fiori et al., Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149 (1923)
= Bromus japonicus f. diffusus (Dumort.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus mollis var. commutatus (Schrad.) Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 113 (1839)
= Bromus mollis var. commutatus (Schrad.) Sanio; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 23: Abh (3) 31 (1882)
= Bromus multiflorus Host; Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 1: 10 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Bromus multiflorus var. muticus N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 328 (1838)
= Bromus multiflorus var. ustulatus N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 328 (1838)
= Bromus mutabilis var. commutatus (Schrad.) F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 234 (1849), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus mutabilis var. pratensis F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 234 (1849)
= Bromus pendulinus Desf. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 119, 120 (1821), pro syn.
= Bromus pratensis Ehrh.; 84 (1791), nom. inval.
= Bromus pratensis Hoffm.; Deutschl. Fl. Bot. Taschenb. 4: 52 (1804), nom. illeg., non Lam.
= Bromus pratensis var. apricorum (Simonk.) Druce; Fl. Oxfordshire, ed. 2: 496 (1927)
= Bromus pratensis var. multiflorus (Parn.) Druce; Fl. Oxfordshire, ed. 2: 496 (1927)
= Bromus racemosus subsp. commutatus (Schrad.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 246 (1955)
= Bromus racemosus subsp. commutatus (Schrad.) Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 11: 168 (1872)
= Bromus racemosus var. commutatus (Schrad.) Coss. & Durieu; Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 165 (1855)
= Bromus racemosus var. commutatus (Schrad.) Lagr.-Foss.; Fl. Tarn Garonne: 454 (1843)
= Bromus racemosus var. glabriglumis Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 248 (1955), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus racemosus var. villosus (Batt. & Trab.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 248 (1955)
= Bromus scabratus Link; Linnaea 17: 402 (1844)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. commutatus (Schrad.) Lloret; Collect. Bot. 22: 151 (1993)
= Bromus secalinus var. gladewitzii Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 24 (1926)
= Bromus simplex Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 96 (1805)
= Bromus simplex var. commutatus (Schrad.) Pauquy; Statist. Bot. Somme: 460 (1831)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. commutatus (Schrad.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 246 (1955)
= Bromus tzvelevii Mussajev; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Azerbaidzhansk. S.S.R. 32(9): 56 (1976)
= Festuca racemosa var. commutata (Schrad.) T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern.: 595 (1869)
= Forasaccus commutatus (Schrad.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 387 (1901)
= Serrafalcus commutatus (Schrad.) Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 374 (1843)
= Serrafalcus commutatus (Schrad.) Godr.; 184 (1844), isonym
= Serrafalcus commutatus var. multiflorus (Parn.) Bab.; 398 (1847)
= Serrafalcus racemosus subsp. commutatus (Schrad.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 235 (1913)
= Serrafalcus racemosus var. commutatus (Schrad.) Husn.; Graminées: 72 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. decipiens (Bomble & H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Bot. Naturschutz Hessen 16: 21 (2003)
Name: Täuschende Verwechselte Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Sweden; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Italy; Greece; Georgia [Caucasus]; Palestine (Israel); USA [I] (California [I], North Carolina [I])
10 DEN GRB SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER POL SLO 12 FRA 13 GRC ITA 33 GEO 34 PAL 76 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus decipiens (Bomble & H.Scholz) Landolt; Fl. Indicativa 268 (2010)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. decipiens Bomble & H.Scholz; Feddes Repert. 110(5-6): 427 (1999)
subspecies :
subsp. neglectus (Parl.) P.M.Sm.; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 76: 360 (1978)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; E-Greece; Algeria
13 GRC ITA SIC 20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus commutatus var. neglectus (Parl.) Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 227 (1895)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. neglectus (Nyman) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149 (1923)
= Bromus mollis var. neglectus (Parl.) Fiori; Fl. Italia 1: 100 (1896)
= Bromus neglectus (Parl.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 419 (1855)
= Bromus racemosus var. neglectus (Parl.) Asch. & Graebn; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 614 (1901)
= Serrafalcus neglectus Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 391 (1850)
species :
Bromus condensatus Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. condensatus
Distribution: N-Italy; ?Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Falkland Isl. [I]
13 ALB CRO ITA 91 fal
Remarks: erectus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis condensata (Hack.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis condensata subsp. australis (Griseb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromus condensatus subvar. australis (Griseb.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 206 (1932)
= Bromus condensatus subvar. cilifer (Asch. & Graebn.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 206 (1932)
= Bromus condensatus var. pomoensis (Teyber ex Ginzb.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 206 (1932)
= Bromus erectus f. cilifer Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 585 (1901)
= Bromus erectus subsp. australis (Griseb.) Beck; Fl. Bosne 1: 49 (1903)
= Bromus erectus subsp. condensatus (Hack.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(l): 580 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. australis Griseb.; Verh. Vereins Natur- Heilk. Presburg, n.s., 2: 13 (1874)
= Bromus erectus var. cilifer (Asch. & Graebn.) Beck; Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 455 (1904)
= Bromus erectus var. condensatus (Hack.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 98 (1896)
= Bromus erectus var. pomoensis Teyber ex Ginzb.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 70: 247 (1921)
= Zerna condensata (Hack.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 439 (1970)
= Zerna condensata subsp. australis (Griseb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 440 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. microtrichus (Borbás) Poldini & Oriolo; Inform. Bot. Ital. 34(1): 113 (2002)
Distribution: Italy; Hungary; etc.
11 HUN 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis condensata subsp. microtricha (Borbás) Jogan & Bacic; Hladnikia 11: 26 (2001)
= Bromus condensatus var. microtrichus (Borbás ex Hirc) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 206 (1932)
= Bromus erectus var. microtrichus Borbás ex Hirc; Rad Jugoslav. Akad. Znan. 69: 234 (1884)
= Bromus microtrichus (Borbás ex Hirc) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 561 (1936)
species :
Bromus confinis Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 310 (1854)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran); China [I] (Gansu [I]); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan, Deosai); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Dras, Kashmir)
34 IRN 36 chi 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis confinis (Nees ex Steud.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 425 (1977)
= Bromus inermis var. confinis (Nees ex Steud.) Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 358 (1896)
= Bromus munroi Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 643 (1884)
species :
Bromus danthoniae Trin.; C. A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 24 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. danthoniae
Name: Oat brome
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Logar, etc.); Cyprus (E-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (Negev Desert, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Asir); Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); W-Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram, Chitral); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE 36 TIB 40 IND PAK 72 cdn
Synonyms: hidden
= Boissiera danthoniae (Trin.) A.Braun; Index Seminum (B) 1857: 3 (1857)
= Bromus danthoniae var. lanuginosus Roshev.; B. A. Fedchenko, Fl. Turkm. 1: 166 (1932)
= Bromus danthoniae var. pauciaristatus Naderi; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 118: 174 (2016)
= Bromus danthoniae var. robustus Roshev.; B. A. Fedchenko, Fl. Turkm. 1: 166 (1932)
= Bromus danthoniae var. submuticus Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 127 (1966)
= Bromus danthoniae var. uniaristatus Melderis; Ark. Bot., n. s. 5(1): 63 (1959)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. danthoniae (Trin.) Dinsm.; G. E. Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 775 (1933)
= Bromus macrostachys subsp. danthoniae (Trin.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 627 (1901)
= Bromus macrostachys var. danthoniae (Trin.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 627 (1901)
= Bromus macrostachys var. triaristatus Hack.; Flora 62: 155 (1879)
= Bromus macrostachys var. triaristatus Hack. ex Druce; List Brit. Pl.: 84 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Bromus turcomanicus H.Scholz; Willdenowia 28: 148 (1998)
= Triniusa danthoniae (Trin.) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 328 (1854)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudodanthoniae (Drobow) H.Scholz; Willdenowia, 28(1-2): 146 (1998)
Distribution: Belarus [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Afghanistan (Ghorat, Kabul, Takhar)
14 blr 32 KAZ TKM UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus macrostachys var. triaristatus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 652 (1884)
= Bromus pseudodanthoniae Drobow; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 38 (1923), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 39 (1925)
= Bromus pseudodanthoniae var. pubiglumis Tzvelev; Spis. Rast. Gerb. Fl. SSSR, 103-106: 61 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. rogersii C.E.Hubb. ex H.Scholz; Willdenowia, 28(1-2):147 (1998)
Distribution: Iran; Afghanistan (Ghorat, Bamian)
34 AFG IRN
species :
Bromus densus Swallen; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 29: 396 (1950)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis densa (Swallen) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
species :
Bromus diandrus Roth; Bot. Abh. 44 (1787)
Name: Großährige Trespe, Gussone-Trespe (DE); Gussone´s Brome (EN); Espiguilla chirata (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Macedonia; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Belarus [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Sudan; Kenya [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia: Nafud Desert); India [I] (Tamil Nadu [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Delaware [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Guatemala [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Ecuador [I]
10 grb 11 bgm ger 12 ADO BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA SIC SLV SMA TUE 14 blr kry 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 24 SUD 25 ken tan 31 rfe 33 AZE GEO 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 ind srl 42 lsi 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm ker nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 76 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 80 gua 81 his jam 83 ecu
Remarks: diandrus agg. Inclusion of B. macrantherus fide Flora Iberica. See also B. rigidus which is frequently included here.
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha diandra (Roth) Tutin; A. R. Clapham & al., 1149 (1962), nom. inval.
= Anisantha diandra (Roth) Tutin ex Tzvelev; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Acad. Nauk SSSR 22: 4 (1963)
= Anisantha gussonei (Parl.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 20 (1934), in clavi
= Anisantha macranthera (Hack. ex Henriq.) P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 29: 7 (1968)
= Bromus diandrus f. glaber (Willk.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus diandrus f. pilosus (F.Dietr.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus diandrus f. propendens Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus diandrus var. macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) Alcaraz, Garre & Sánchez-Gómez; Anales Biol., Fac. Biol., Univ. Murcia 6: 86 (1985)
= Bromus gussonei Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 8 (1840)
= Bromus gussonei var. propendens (Jord.) Fouill.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80: 484 (1933)
= Bromus macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) Henriq.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 20: 145 (1905)
= Bromus madritensis var. diandrus (Roth) Hook.f.; 450 (1870)
= Bromus maximus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 796 (1882)
= Bromus maximus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Douin; Fl. Iraq 9: t. 48 (1968)
= Bromus maximus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) K.Richt.; 114 (1890)
= Bromus maximus subsp. macrantherus Hack. & Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 226 (1895)
= Bromus maximus subsp. pilosus (F.Dietr.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 114 (1890)
= Bromus maximus var. glaber Willk.; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 98 (1861)
= Bromus maximus var. gussonei (Parl.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 407 (1850)
= Bromus maximus var. macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) Hack.; Bol. Soc. Brot. 20: 145 (1905)
= Bromus maximus var. major Gaut.; Cat. Fl. Corbières: 247 (1912)
= Bromus murorum Bernh. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 651 (1817), pro syn.
= Bromus pallens Cav.; Icon. 6: 66 (1801)
= Bromus pilosus F.Dietr.; Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 1: 558 (1802)
= Bromus propendens Jord.; P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 231 (1855), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus rigens subsp. macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) A.Fern., J.G.García & R.Fern.; Mem. Soc. Brot. 4: 27 (1948)
= Bromus rigens subsp. macrantherus (Hack.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 94 (1913)
= Bromus rigens var. gussonei (Parl.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 94 (1913)
= Bromus rigens var. gussonei (Parl.) T.Durand & Schinz; Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 926 (1894)
= Bromus rigidus f. propendens (Jord.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 235 (1955)
= Bromus rigidus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 865 (1934)
= Bromus rigidus var. gussonei (Parl.) Coss. & Durieu; Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 159 (1855)
= Bromus rigidus var. macrantherus (Hack. ex Trab.) Maire & Weiller ex Laínz; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 14: 554 (1956)
= Bromus villosus proles gussonei (Parl.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 248 (1913)
= Bromus villosus subsp. gussonei (Parl.) Holmb.; Stud. Veg. Cypr.: 36 (1914)
= Bromus villosus var. gussonei (Parl.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 595 (1901)
= Zerna gussonei (Parl.) Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, viii/48 (Fl. Kavkaza, 1) 305 (1939)
species :
Bromus dolichocarpus Wagnon; Leafl. West. Bot. 6: 65 (1950)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis dolichocarpa (Wagnon) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
species :
Bromus elidis H.Scholz; Feddes Repert. 108(1-2): 99 (1997)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Bromus epilis Keng f.; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 4(4): 348 (1982)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Bromus erectus Huds.; Fl. Angl. 39 (1762)
subspecies :
subsp. erectus
Name: Aufrechte Trespe (DE), Erect brome (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal [I]; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; European Russia [I]; Ukraine; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Tibet [I]; New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], North Dakota [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Biobío [I], Magallanes [I])
10 den fin GRB ire nor swe 11 BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO cis COR FRA por SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB 14 BLR est lat lit rus UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN TUR 36 tib 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle
Remarks: erectus agg. A highly variable species with unclear infraspecific delimitation
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis alexeenkoi (Tzvelev) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 336 (1981)
= Bromopsis aspera Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n. s. 17: 187 (1869), nom. nud.
= Bromopsis erecta (Huds.) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 187 (1869)
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. alexeenkoi (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 215 (1976)
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. gordjaginii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 215 (1976)
= Bromopsis gordjaginii (Tzvelev) Galushko; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 13 254 (1976)
= Bromopsis zangezura Ogan.; Fl. Rastitel´nost´ Rast. Res. Arm. 16: 12 (2007)
= Bromus agrestis All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 249 (1785)
= Bromus angustifolius Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 13 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Bromus angustifolius Schrank; Baier. Fl. 1: 366 (1789)
= Bromus arvensis Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 607 (1778), nom. illeg.
= Bromus asper Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 73 (1808), pro syn.
= Bromus bertolae Colla; Herb. Pedem. 6: 67 (1836)
= Bromus caprearum Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209 (1879), pro syn.
= Bromus condensatus var. australis Griseb.; Verh. Vereins Natur- Heilk. Presburg, n.s., 2: 13 (1874)
= Bromus erectus f. angustifolius (Schrank) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 738 (1901)
= Bromus erectus f. glabratus Zapal.; 186 (1905)
= Bromus erectus f. glabriflorus (Borbás) Zapal.; 186 (1905)
= Bromus erectus f. humilis Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 584 (1901)
= Bromus erectus f. trichophilus Zapal.; 186 (1905)
= Bromus erectus f. villosus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Zapal.; 186 (1905)
= Bromus erectus f. viviparus Ugolini; Comment. Ateneo Brescia 1907: 141 (1907)
= Bromus erectus subsp. borbasii (Hack.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 113 (1890)
= Bromus erectus subsp. caprearum Oudem.; Enum. Syst. Fung. 1: 898 (1919)
= Bromus erectus subsp. glabriflorus (Borbás) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 113 (1890)
= Bromus erectus subsp. hackelii (Borbás) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 112 (1890)
= Bromus erectus subsp. multiflorus Castagne ex K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 112 (1890)
= Bromus erectus subsp. pubiflorus (Borbás) K.Richt.; 112 (1890)
= Bromus erectus subsp. racemiflorus (Borbás) K.Richt.; 112 (1890)
= Bromus erectus subsp. suberectus (Fr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 822 (1882)
= Bromus erectus subsp. uniculmis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. 1928-1935: 31 (1936)
= Bromus erectus subvar. angustifolius (Sagorski) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 207 (1932), nom. illeg.
= Bromus erectus subvar. leiostachys Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 51 (1926)
= Bromus erectus subvar. montenegrinus (Sagorski) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 207 (1932)
= Bromus erectus var. angustifolius (Schrank) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 106 (1890)
= Bromus erectus var. anisophyllus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 421 (1848)
= Bromus erectus var. argillaceus A.Bras; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Départ. Aveyron: 516 (1877)
= Bromus erectus var. arvensis With.; Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl., éd. 2, 1: 107 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Bromus erectus var. borbasii Hack. ex Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. contractus Regel; Index Seminum (LE) 1862: 27 (1862)
= Bromus erectus var. depauperatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. dissolutus Beck; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 5: 566 (1890)
= Bromus erectus var. fallax Beck; Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 453 (1904)
= Bromus erectus var. fasciculatus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. flaccidus Podp.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 12: 11 (1922)
= Bromus erectus var. glaber Heuff.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 234 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Bromus erectus var. glaber Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
= Bromus erectus var. glabra Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 101 (1838)
= Bromus erectus var. glabratus Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 866 (1934)
= Bromus erectus var. glabrescens Arechav.; Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 499 (1897)
= Bromus erectus var. glabriflorus Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. glabrifolius N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 325 (1838)
= Bromus erectus var. glaucus (Lapeyr.) Lamotte; Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
= Bromus erectus var. glaucus (Spreng. ex Hornem.) Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 282 (1833)
= Bromus erectus var. gracilis Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 885 (1869)
= Bromus erectus var. hirsutus Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 282 (1833)
= Bromus erectus var. hirsutus Parn.; Grass. Scotland 1(1): 120 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Bromus erectus var. inermiformis Murr; Studi Trentini Cl. II, Sci. Nat. 1: 4 (1927)
= Bromus erectus var. laxus (Hornem.) Döll; Fl. Bad. 1: 144 (1857)
= Bromus erectus var. longiaristatus Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 247 (1887)
= Bromus erectus var. longispiculatus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 97 (1942)
= Bromus erectus var. macrostachys Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 587 (1856)
= Bromus erectus var. nutans Caldesi; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 280 (1880)
= Bromus erectus var. pauciflorus Pauquy; Statist. Bot. Somme: 460 (1831)
= Bromus erectus var. piliferus Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun 13: 282 (1900)
= Bromus erectus var. planifolius Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. pseudoverticillatus Röhl.; Veda Prír. 18: 151 (1937)
= Bromus erectus var. pubescens Delastre; Fl. Vienne: 493 (1842)
= Bromus erectus var. pubescens Hoschedé; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 12: 206 (1903)
= Bromus erectus var. pubiculmis J.Webb; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 377 (1911)
= Bromus erectus var. pubiflorus Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. purpurascens Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
= Bromus erectus var. pycnotrichus Borbás; Math. Term. Közlem. 15: 334 (1878)
= Bromus erectus var. pygmaeus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. racemifer Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. racemiflorus Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. reptans Borbás ex Jáv.; Magyar Fl. 1: 108 (1924)
= Bromus erectus var. rohlenae Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 50 (1926)
= Bromus erectus var. roxolanicus Zapal.; Crit. Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Prz. Krakow, III, 4B: 186 (1904)
= Bromus erectus var. scaber Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
= Bromus erectus var. suberectus Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 181 (1842)
= Bromus erectus var. subvillosus Grün; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 133 (1869)
= Bromus erectus var. trachystachys Grün; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 233 (1869)
= Bromus erectus var. trichanthus C.A.Mey.; Verz. Caucasus Pfl. 6: 9 (1849)
= Bromus erectus var. tricolor Hack.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 109 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. velutinus Gunn; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 133 (1869)
= Bromus erectus var. versicolor C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 24 (1831), nom. nud.
= Bromus erectus var. villosus Döll; Fl. Baden: 144 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Bromus erectus var. villosus Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
= Bromus erectus var. villosus Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 1: 73 (1842)
= Bromus erectus var. wildtii Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 49 (1926)
= Bromus glabriflorus (Borbás) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 560 (1936)
= Bromus glaucus Lapeyr.; Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 633 (1813)
= Bromus macounii Vasey; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 48 (1888)
= Bromus montanus P.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 1: 134 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Bromus odoratus Gouan; Herbor. Montpellier: 11 (1796)
= Bromus pauciflorus Schumach.; Enum. Pl. Saell. 1: 32 (1801)
= Bromus perennis Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 122 (1787)
= Bromus pratensis Lam.; Encycl. 1: 468 (1785)
= Bromus pseudarvensis Koeler; Descr. Gramin.: 241 (1802)
= Bromus pubiflorus (Borbás) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 561 (1936)
= Bromus racemifer (Borbás) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 560 (1936)
= Bromus subrectus Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 181 (1842)
= Festuca bromiformis Schleich.; Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 4: 17 (1821), nom. nud.
= Festuca drymeja var. fagetina Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 797 (1866)
= Festuca erecta (Huds.) Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 35 (1822)
= Festuca fagetina (Schur) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 797 (1866)
= Festuca hirta Seenus; Beschr. Reise Istr. Dalmat.: 59 (1805)
= Festuca montana Savi; Fl. Pis. 1: 118 (1798)
= Festuca montana var. villosa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 674 (1823)
= Forasaccus erectus (Huds.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 384 (1901)
= Schedonorus erectus (Huds.) Gaudich. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 637 (1817)
= Schedonorus erectus subsp. suberectus (Fr.) Hartm.; 15 (1846)
= Schedonorus erectus var. suberectus (Fr.) Fr.; Summa Veg. Scand.: 76 (1846)
= Schedonorus laxus Fr.; Bot. Notis. (1843) 130
= Serrafalcus pratensis (Lam.) Wilmott; C. C. Babington, Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 10: 509 (1922)
= Zerna angustifolia Besser; Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 6: 203 (1823)
= Zerna erecta (Huds.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 116 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Zerna erecta (Huds.) Panz.; Denkschr. Akad. Muench. (1813 publ. 1814)
= Zerna erecta subsp. alexeenkoi Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 55 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna erecta subsp. gordjaginii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 54 (1970 publ. 1971)
variant :
var. caprinus (A.J.Kern. ex Hack.) Fiori; Fl. Italia 1: 98 (1896)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis caprina (A.J.Kern. ex Hack.) Banfi & N.G.Passal.; Inform. Bot. Ital. 41(1): 140 (2009)
= Bromus caprinus A.J.Kern. ex Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. longiflorus (Willd. ex Spreng.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 797 (1882)
Name: Langährige Aufrechte Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Sachsen); E-Europe; etc.
11 GER
Remarks: frequently included in a variable B. erectus subsp. erectus
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. longiflora (Willd. ex Spreng.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
= Bromus erectus var. longiflorus (Willd. ex Spreng.) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 413 (1850)
= Bromus longiflorus Willd. ex Spreng.; Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 23 (1815)
subspecies :
subsp. permixtus H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 14 (1932)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: status disputed, often included in subsp. erectus but also treated as full species
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. microchaeta (Font Quer) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. permixta (H.Lindb.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis microchaeta (Font Quer) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis permixta (Lindb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus erectus subsp. microchaetus (Font Quer) Maire & Weiller; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 86 (1931)
= Bromus microchaetus Font Quer; Cavanillesia 4: 26 (1931)
= Bromus permixtus (H.Lindb.) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 14 (1932)
= Zerna microchaeta (Font Quer) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
= Zerna permixta (H.Lindb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. stenophyllus (Link) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(l): 583 (1901)
Distribution: N-Italy; San Marino; Croatia
13 CRO ITA SMA
Remarks: frequently included in a variable B. erectus subsp. erectus
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. stenophylla (Link) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis stenophylla (Link) Lazzeri; Quad. Mus. Storia Nat. Livorno 25: 69 (2014)
= Bromus erectus subsp. stenophyllus (Link) Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 43 (1950), isonym
= Bromus erectus var. stenophyllus (Link) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 146 (1923), isonym
= Bromus erectus var. stenophyllus (Link) Heynh.; Nom. Bot. Hort.: 132 (1840)
= Bromus stenophyllus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 94 (1821)
subspecies :
subsp. transsilvanicus (Steud.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(l): (1901)
Distribution: N-Italy; Croatia; Serbia; Albania; C-Romania; S-Bulgaria
13 ALB BUL CRO ITA ROM SRB
Remarks: frequently included in a variable B. erectus subsp. erectus. See also B. riparius
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. transylvanicus (Steud.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis transsilvanica (Steud.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus erectus var. transsilvanicus (Steud.) Beck; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 2: 46 (1887)
= Bromus transsilvanicus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 320 (1854)
= Bromus transsilvanicus var. angustifolius Sagorski; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 16: 34 (1901)
= Bromus transsilvanicus var. montenegrinus Sagorski; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 16: 34 (1901)
= Zerna transsilvanica (Steud.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 441 (1970)
species :
Bromus exaltatus Bernh.; Index Seminum (Erfordia) 1840: [3] (1841)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS GUA NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis exaltata (Bernh.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromus subalpinus Rupr. ex Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 9(2): 236 (1842), nom. nud.
species :
Bromus fasciculatus C.Presl; Cyper. Gram. Sic. 39 (1820)
subspecies :
subsp. fasciculatus
Name: Gebündelte Trespe (DE); Bundled Brome (EN)
Distribution: E-Spain; Baleares; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iraq; Iran; Afghanistan (Farah, Kandahar); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Cyprus; Palestine
12 BAL COR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB PAL SYR TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Anisantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha fasciculata (C.Presl) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 2 (1934)
= Anisantha fasciculata (C.Presl) Spalton; B. S. B. I. News 95: 25 (2004)
= Anisantha flabellata (Hack. ex Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 176 (1973)
= Bromus fascicularis Ten.; Fl. Napol. 4: 17, 161 (1830)
= Bromus fasciculatus f. parlatorei Pamp.; Arch. Bot. (Forlì) 12: 18 (1936)
= Bromus fasciculatus var. fallax Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 97 (1942)
= Bromus fasciculatus var. flavescens Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 355 (1909)
= Bromus fasciculatus var. multiflorus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 355 (1909)
= Bromus fasciculatus var. pubescens Bég.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 3: 319 (1905)
= Bromus fasciculatus var. tenuiflorus Bég. & Vacc.; Fl. Tripolitania: 35 (1912)
= Bromus flabellatus Hack. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 648 (1884)
= Bromus flavescens Tausch; Flora 20: 124 (1837)
= Bromus rubens Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2: 52 (1813), nom. nud.
= Bromus rubens subsp. fasciculatus (C.Presl) Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 226 (1895)
= Bromus rubens var. fasciculatus (C.Presl) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 148 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Bromus rubens var. puberulus Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 310 (1939)
= Bromus sterilis var. fasciculatus (C.Presl) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 251 (1887)
= Bromus tenuiflorus Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 5 (1824)
= Genea fasciculata (C.Presl) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: 67 (1868), in adnot.
= Triniusa flavescens (Tausch) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 328 (1854)
variant :
var. alexandrinus Thell.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 161 (1908)
Distribution: S-Greece; Crete; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Rub al Khali, Asir); Kuwait; Oman (Mascat & Oman); China [I] (Xinjiang [I])
13 GRC KRI 20 EGY 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA SAU 36 chi
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus rubens var. alexandrinus (Thell.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 242 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. delilei (Boiss.) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 6(2): 291 (1971)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Algeria; Libya
11 ger 20 ALG LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha fasciculata subsp. delilei (Boiss.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 659 (2006)
= Anisantha madritensis subsp. delilei (Boiss.) Bracchi, Banfi & Galasso; Mem. Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Milano 33(2): 7 (2005)
= Bromus madritensis subsp. delilei (Boiss.) Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 311 (1939)
= Bromus madritensis var. delilei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 649 (1884)
species :
Bromus firmior (Nees) Stapf; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 7: 733 (1900)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus firmior var. leiorhachis Stapf; Harv. et al., Fl. Cap. 7: 734 (1900)
= Bromus speciosus var. firmior Nees; Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 454 (1841)
species :
Bromus flexuosus Planchuelo; Kurtziana 16: 123 (1983)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, La Rioja, Salta)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus flexuosus var. famatinensis Planchuelo; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 4: 657 (2010)
species :
Bromus formosanus Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 136 (1928)
Distribution: Taiwan; Borneo; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
38 TAI 42 BOR NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus insignis var. scopulorum (Chase) Jansen; Reinwardtia 2: 246 (1953)
= Bromus insignis var. kinabaluensis Jansen; Reinwardtia 2: 245 (1953)
= Bromus kinabaluensis (Jansen) Veldkamp; Blumea 35: 492 (1991)
= Bromus scopulorum Chase; J. Arnold Arbor. 24: 78 (1943)
species :
Bromus frigidus Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 645 (1884)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis frigida (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
species :
Bromus frondosus (Shear) Wooton & Standl.; 81: 144 (1912)
Name: Weeping brome
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis frondosa (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromus porteri var. frondosus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 37 (1900)
species :
Bromus gedrosianus Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 111 (1936)
Distribution: Iran; Afghanistan; Pakistan
34 AFG IRN 40 PAK
species :
Bromus gracillimus Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: 527 (1851), et Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 351 (1852)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey; Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Herat, Wardak, Parwan); China (Xinjiang); W-Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Baltistan, Gilgit, Zanskar, Dras, Rupshu, Lahul)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus bornmulleri Hausskn.; Pl. Pers.-turc.: no. 4922 (1872), nom. nud.
= Bromus crinitus Boiss. & Hohen.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 13: 64 (1854)
= Deschampsia aralensis Regel; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 41: (1868) II. 300
= Nevskiella gracillima (Bunge) V.I.Krecz. & Vved.; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 22 (1934)
species :
Bromus grandis (Shear) Hitchc.; Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 175 (1912)
Name: Tall brome
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis grandis (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromus orcuttianus var. grandis Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 43 (1900)
= Bromus porteri var. assimilis Burtt Davy; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 1: 55 (1902)
species :
Bromus grossus Desf. ex DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Fr. ed. 3, 3: 68 (1805)
Name: Dicke Trespe, Spelz-Trespe (DE), Whiskered brome (EN)
Distribution: Belgium; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Rheinland-Pfalz, +Saarland); Switzerland; Austria; France; Italy; Slovenia; Tibet [I]; USA [I] (New York [I], Oregon [I])
11 AUT BGM GER SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA SLV 36 tib 73 usa 75 usa
Remarks: secalinus agg. A modification developed in spelt fields
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus grossus f. glabrescens (Kirschl.) Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 38: 331 (1968)
= Bromus grossus var. glaber Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 147 (1825)
= Bromus grossus var. nitidus (Dumort.) Cugnac & A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 83: 62 (1936)
= Bromus grossus var. nitidus (Dumort.) Michel; Fl. Fraipont & Nassonveaux: 350 (1877)
= Bromus grossus var. subvillosus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 147 (1825)
= Bromus grossus var. tomentosus (Monnard) Bech.; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 48: 286 (1938)
= Bromus grossus var. velutinus (Schrad.) G.Schäfer; Trier Fl. 1: 76 (1826)
= Bromus grossus var. velutinus (Schrad.) Godet; Fl. Jura: 826 (1853)
= Bromus grossus var. villosus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 147 (1825)
= Bromus multiflorus var. velutinus (Schrad.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 43 (1830)
= Bromus mutabilis var. velutinus (Schrad.) F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 235 (1849), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus nitidus Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 119 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Bromus racemosus var. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Chaub.; Arch. Bot. (Paris) 2: 408 (1833)
= Bromus secalinus f. glabrescens Kirschl.; Fl. Alsace 2: 345 (1855)
= Bromus secalinus f. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Asch.; 863 (1864)
= Bromus secalinus f. pubescens Döll; Fl. Baden: 135 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus f. velutinus (Schrad.) Asch.; 863 (1864)
= Bromus secalinus f. velutinus (Schrad.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1901: 74 (1901), isonym
= Bromus secalinus subsp. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Domin; Preslia 13-15: 37 (1935), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus subsp. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 114 (1890)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. multiflorus Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 85 (1834)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. velutinus (Schrad.) Janch.; Phyton (Horn) 5: 60 (1953)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. velutinus (Schrad.) Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 85 (1834)
= Bromus secalinus subvar. villosus Magne; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 57: 61 (1924)
= Bromus secalinus var. cugnacianus Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belgique 38: 331 (1968)
= Bromus secalinus var. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Hampe; 11 (1836)
= Bromus secalinus var. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Lamotte; Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
= Bromus secalinus var. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 80 (1857), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus var. multiflorus (Schübl. & G.Martens) Asch.; 863 (1864)
= Bromus secalinus var. multiflorus Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 121 (1821)
= Bromus secalinus var. nitidus (Dumort.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 822 (1882)
= Bromus secalinus var. nitidus Crép.; Man. Fl. Belgique, ed. 3: 522 (1874)
= Bromus secalinus var. pubescens Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 135 (1837)
= Bromus secalinus var. triticeus Kirschl.; Fl. Alsace 2: 345 (1855)
= Bromus secalinus var. velutinus (Schrad.) W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 819 (1837)
= Bromus segetalis A.Braun & Döll; Döll, 73 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Bromus segetalis A.Braun ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 822 (1882)
= Bromus segetalis f. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Döll; Fl. Baden: 135 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Bromus segetalis f. pubescens Döll; 136 (1855)
= Bromus segetalis f. velutinus (Schrad.) A.Braun & Döll; Döll, 74 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Bromus segetalis Sm. ex Wirtg.; 528 (1857)
= Bromus segetalis subvar. pubescens Döll; Fl. Baden: 136 (1855)
= Bromus segetalis var. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Wirtg.; 528 (1857)
= Bromus segetalis var. multiflorus Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 73 (1843)
= Bromus segetalis var. velutinus (Schrad.) Wirtg.; 528 (1857)
= Bromus velutinus Schrad.; Fl. Germ.: 349 (1806)
= Bromus velutinus var. nitidus T.Durand & Pittier; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31(Mem.): 312 (1893)
= Bromus velutinus var. tomentosus Monnard; J. F. A. Gaudin, Syn. Fl. Helv.: 76 (1836)
= Serrafalcus grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
= Serrafalcus secalinus proles grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
= Serrafalcus secalinus subsp. velutinus (Schrad.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 797 (1882)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. grossus (Desf. ex DC.) Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 67 (1850)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. macrostachys Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 182 (1844)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. velutinus (Schrad.) Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 183 (1844)
species :
Bromus gunckelii Matthei; Gayana, Bot., 43(1-4): 62 (1986)
Distribution: Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá)
85 CLE
species :
Bromus haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 648 (1884)
Name: Haussknecht-Trespe (DE); Haussknecht´s Brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-Europe; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Iran (E-Iran, S-Iran); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia)
11 ger 13 GRC KRI 33 AZE NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ JOR SIN TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha haussknechtii (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 176 (1973)
= Anisantha madritensis subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss.) H.Scholz; Ber. Inst. Landschafts Pflanzenökol. Univ. Hohenheim Beih. 16: 21 (2003)
= Bromus madritensis subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss.) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 19(1): 107 (1989)
species :
Bromus himalaicus Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 358 (1896)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Kumaon, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi, Assam, West Bengal); Bangladesh
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis himalaica (Stapf) Holub; Fol. Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Zerna himalaica (Stapf) Henrard; Blumea 4: 499 (1941), in obs.
species :
Bromus hordeaceus L.; Sp. Pl. 77 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. hordeaceus
Name: Flaum-Trespe (DE); Common Soft-brome (EN); Espiguilla de burro (ES)
Distribution: Iceland [I]; Faeroe Isl. [I]; England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Palma); St. Helena [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Primorye, Sakhalin); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, N-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); China [I] (Gansu [I], Hebei [I], Qinghai [I], Xinjiang [I]); South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Hokkaido [I], Honshu [I]); Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Bhutan [I]; NW-India [I] ; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (N.W.T. [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Newfoundland [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], New Mexico [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Minnesota [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], South Carolina [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], ?Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Falkland Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN for GRB ice IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 28 sth 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 CYP TUR 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 40 bhu ind pak 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm ker nzl 63 haw 70 gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru 91 fal
Remarks: hordeaceus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena mollis (L.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 23 (1796)
= Bromus affinis (Dumort.) B.D.Jacks.; Index Kewensis 1: 341 1753-1885 (1893)
= Bromus atticus Steud. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 823 (1882), pro syn.
= Bromus baumgartenii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 320 (1854)
= Bromus braunii Sennen & Mauricio; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941), nom. nud.
= Bromus compactus Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 227 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus coytaei Curtis; Pract. Observ. Brit. Grasses, ed. 3: 50 (1798)
= Bromus demissus Porta; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 328 (1887)
= Bromus glabratus Lindgr.; Bot. Not. 1843: 2 (1843)
= Bromus glomeratus Tausch; Flora 20: 124 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Bromus hordeaceus f. villosus Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 11 (1914)
= Bromus hordeaceus subsp. mollis (L.) Hyl.; Uppsala Univ. Arsskr. 7: 84 (1945)
= Bromus hordeaceus subsp. mollis (L.) Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941)
= Bromus hordeaceus subvar. divergens Hack.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58: xxxvii (1911)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. compactus (Bréb.) B.de Lesd.; Publ. Soc. Dunkerque 1934: 72 (1934)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. conglomeratus (Pers.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 596 (1917)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. contractus (Lange) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 616 (1901)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. elatior Pauquy; Statist. Bot. Somme: 461 (1831)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. glabratus Lindgr. ex Lindm.; Svensk. Fanerogamfl.: 103 (1918)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. glomeratus (Tausch) Asch.; Schweinf. & Muschl., R. C. Muschl., Man. Fl. Egypt 1: 146 (1912)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. minor B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Velikago, Suppl. 2: 90 (1915)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. mollis (L.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149 (1923)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. ovalis (Parn.) Druce; List Brit. Pl., ed. 2: 133 (1928)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. palustris Petr.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 16: 5 (1910)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. pseudoracemosus H.C.Watson ex Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 616 (1901)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. robustus Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 190 (1904)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. simplicissimus (Ces.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 616 (1901)
= Bromus javorkae Pénzes; Magyar Bot. Lapok 33: 23 (1934)
= Bromus leptostachys var. pubescens Fouill. ex B.de Lesd.; Publ. Soc. Dunkerque 1934: 73 (1934)
= Bromus megapotamicus Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 4(2): 36 (1827)
= Bromus molliformis var. pacensis H.Scholz & F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 2: 16 (2008)
= Bromus molliformis var. tunetanus (Hack. ex Trab.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 2: 16 (2008)
= Bromus mollis f. cladostachyus J.A.Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 265 (1922)
= Bromus mollis f. contractus (Lange) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 325 (1972)
= Bromus mollis f. simplicissimus (Ces.) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 325 (1972)
= Bromus mollis L.; Sp. Pl (ed. 2) 1: 112 (1762)
= Bromus mollis subsp. affinis Dumort.; Observ. Gramin. Belg.: 118 (1824)
= Bromus mollis subsp. conglomeratus (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 86 (1834)
= Bromus mollis subsp. hordeaceus (L.) Hiitonen; Suom. Kasvio: 219 (1933)
= Bromus mollis subsp. hordeaceus (Wahlenb.) Hartm.; 16 (1846)
= Bromus mollis subsp. leptostachys (Pers.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 86 (1834)
= Bromus mollis var. arenarius Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 113 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mollis var. compactus Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 2: 318 (1849)
= Bromus mollis var. congestus Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 60 (1823)
= Bromus mollis var. conglomeratus Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 95 (1805)
= Bromus mollis var. contractus Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2(1): 53 (1860)
= Bromus mollis var. effusus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 802 (1866)
= Bromus mollis var. elatior Pauquy; Statist. Bot. Somme: 461 (1831)
= Bromus mollis var. fallax Rohlena; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 8: 86 (1902)
= Bromus mollis var. filiformis Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus mollis var. glabratus Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 5: 289 (1849)
= Bromus mollis var. glabratus Loret & Barrandon; Fl. Montpellier 2: 764 (1876), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mollis var. glabrescens Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris 2: 654 (1845)
= Bromus mollis var. glabriusculus Peterm.; Anal. Pfl. Bot. Exkurs. Leipzig: 563 (1846)
= Bromus mollis var. glabriusculus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 802 (1866)
= Bromus mollis var. hordeaceus (L.) Asch.; 865 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mollis var. hordeaceus (L.) Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. 16 (1814)-23.
= Bromus mollis var. hordeaceus (L.) Lilj.; Utkast Sv. Fl., ed. 3: 73 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mollis var. latiglumis Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III 42: 319 (1932)
= Bromus mollis var. laxiflorus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 149 (1825)
= Bromus mollis var. leptostachys Peterm.; Handb. Gewächsk.: 99 (1836)
= Bromus mollis var. liostachys Asch.; 865 (1864)
= Bromus mollis var. major Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alger: 86 (1884)
= Bromus mollis var. monostachys De Cessac; Cat. Pl. Vasc. Creuse: 448 (1862)
= Bromus mollis var. multiflorus Delastre; Fl. Vienne: 495 (1842)
= Bromus mollis var. ovalis Parn.; Grass. Britain: 258 (1845)
= Bromus mollis var. palustris (Petr.) Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 65 (1926)
= Bromus mollis var. patens Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 81 (1857)
= Bromus mollis var. pratensis Parn.; Grass. Britain: 260 (1845)
= Bromus mollis var. procerus Schltdl.; Fl. Berol. 1: 60 (1823)
= Bromus mollis var. pumilus Wahlenb.; Fl. Suec. 1: 66 (1824)
= Bromus mollis var. pygmaeus Lange; Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 4: 97 (1887)
= Bromus mollis var. ramosus Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 728 (1878)
= Bromus mollis var. rarus Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 99 (1838)
= Bromus mollis var. simplicissimus (Ces.) Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 64 (1926)
= Bromus mollis var. subglaber Bastard; Essai Fl. Maine et Loire: 42 (1809)
= Bromus mollis var. thyrsiformis Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., III 42: 319 (1932)
= Bromus mollis var. vernus Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 113 (1839), nom. inval.
= Bromus pratensis var. simplex Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 10 (1842)
= Bromus racemosus var. hordeaceus (L.) Hampe; 11 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus (L.) Huds.; Fl. Angl.: 39 (1762)
= Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus (L.) L.; 33 (1755)
= Bromus segetalis var. hordeaceus (L.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 74 (1843), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus simplex Gaudin; Agrost. Helv. 1: 296 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Bromus simplicissimus Ces.; J. von Russegger, Reise Eur. As. Afr.: 273 (1838)
= Bromus velutinus H.C.Watson; Phytologist 3: 808 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Festuca mollis (L.) T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern 594 (1869)
= Festuca mollis var. hordeaceus (L.) T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern.: 594 (1869), nom. illeg.
= Forasaccus mollis (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 386 (1901)
= Serrafalcus hordeaceus (L.) Godr. & Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 590 (1856)
= Serrafalcus mollis (L.) Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 16 (1840)
= Serrafalcus mollis subsp. hordeaceus (L.) Husn.; Graminées: 72 (1898), nom. illeg.
= Serrafalcus mollis var. contractus Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan.: 53 (1860)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. glabrescens St.-Lag.; Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8, 2: 950 (1889)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. ovalis (Parn.) Bab.; 398 (1847)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. polyanthos Merino; Contr. Fl. Galicia, Suppl. 4: 8 (1904)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. pratensis (Parn.) Bab.; 398 (1847)
= Serrafalcus pauciflorus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 360 (1909), pro syn.
= Serrafalcus rigens Samp.; Fl. Portugal, ed. 2: 81 (1947)
= Serrafalcus siculus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 359 (1909)
= Serrafalcus tineoi Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 360 (1909)
variant :
var. parviglumis Hohla & H.Scholz; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 40(1): 284 (2008)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
subspecies :
subsp. bicuspis Hohla & H.Scholz; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 40(1): 281 (2008)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
subspecies :
subsp. divaricatus (Bonnier & Layens) Kerguélen; Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 18: 27 (1981)
Name: Kurzstielige Trespe (DE); Chirato (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); South Africa [I]; Turkey; Cyprus; USA [I] (California [I], Louisiana [I], Michigan [I], New Mexico [I], Texas [I])
11 ger 12 BAL FRA POR SPA 13 CRO ITA SLV 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 27 saf 34 CYP TUR 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus confertus (G.Mey.) Boreau; Fl. Centre France, ed. 2: 586 (1849), nom. illeg.
= Bromus confertus var. alpinus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 418 (1848)
= Bromus confertus var. nanus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 418 (1848)
= Bromus hordeaceus subsp. molliformis (J.Lloyd ex Billot) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 255 (1955)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. devesanus (F.M.Vázquez) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 13(2): 61 (2019)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. lloydianus E.S.Marshall; J. Bot. 46: 319 (1908), nom. illeg.
= Bromus hordeaceus var. molliformis (J.Lloyd ex Billot) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 396 (1904)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. pacensis (H.Scholz & F.M.Vázquez) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 13(2): 61 (2019)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. tunetanus (Hack. ex Trab.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 13(2): 61 (2019)
= Bromus intermedius subsp. divaricatus Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 369 (1894)
= Bromus lloydianus (Godr. & Gren.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 73 (1865)
= Bromus molliformis J.Lloyd; Fl. Loire-Inf. 315 (1844), nom. inval.
= Bromus molliformis J.Lloyd ex Billot; Exsicc. (Fl. Gall. & Germ.) 2: 14 (1854)
= Bromus molliformis J.Lloyd ex Godr.; 12 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Bromus molliformis var. devesanus F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 2: 16 (2008)
= Bromus molliformis var. glabrescens (Freyn) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 620 (1901)
= Bromus molliformis var. tunetanus (Hack.) F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 2: 16 (2008)
= Bromus mollis var. confertus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 614 (1836)
= Bromus mollis var. lloydianus (Godr. & Gren.) Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B, 11: 170 (1873)
= Bromus mollis var. lloydianus (Godr. & Gren.) Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 228 (1895)
= Bromus mollis var. molliformis (J.Lloyd ex Billot) Crép.; Man. Fl. Belgique, ed. 2: 351 (1866)
= Bromus mollis var. subtortilis Le Gall; Fl. Morbihan: 745 (1852)
= Bromus mollis var. tunetanus Hack. ex Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 228 (1895)
= Bromus tunetanus Hack. ex Trab.; Batt. & Trab. Fl. de l´Algerie (Monoc.) (1895) 228
= Serrafalcus lloydianus Godr. & Gren.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France 3: 591 (1856)
= Serrafalcus lloydianus var. glabrescens Freyn; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 475 (1877 publ. 1878)
= Serrafalcus molliformis (J.Lloyd ex Billot) F.W.Schultz; Arch. Fl.: 320 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. longipedicellatus Spalton; Watsonia 23(4): 530 (2001)
Name: Langstielige Flaum-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Belgium; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Sachsen); France; Channel Isl.; etc.
10 GRB 11 BGM GER 12 CIS FRA
subspecies :
subsp. mediterraneus (H.Scholz & F.M.Vázquez) H.Scholz; Kochia 3: 10 (2008)
Name: Mediterrane Flaum-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen, Sachsen [I]); Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], Maui [I]); etc.
11 GER 13 ALB GRC KRI 34 EAI TUR 50 aus 63 haw
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus mediterraneus (H.Scholz & F.M.Vázquez) Bomble & Patzke; 72 (2013)
= Bromus molliformis subsp. mediterraneus H.Scholz & F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 2: 16 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. parvispiculatus (H.Scholz) Barina; Phytotaxa 378(1): 322 (2018)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Spain [I]; Albania; Greece; Crete; Canary Isl. (La Palma)
11 ger 12 spa 13 ALB GRC KRI 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus parvispiculatus H.Scholz; Willdenowia 38(2): 414 (2008)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudothominei (P.M.Sm.) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 6: 148 (1970)
Name: Kleinere Flaum-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Netherlands; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Albania; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Tasmania [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Missouri [I], New York [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE 11 GER NET 12 cis FRA POR SPA 13 ALB 50 aus 71 cdn 72 cdn 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus mollis var. glabratus Döll; Fl. Baden: 140 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mollis var. leiostachys Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 33 (1832)
= Bromus ×pseudothominei P.M.Sm.; Watsonia 6: 330 (1968)
subspecies :
subsp. thominei (Hardouin) Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941)
Name: Thomine-Flaum-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Belgium; Germany (Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Schleswig-Holstein); France; Channel Isl.; Italy; Greece; Turkey; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Maine [I], Rhode Island [I])
10 GRB 11 BGM GER 12 CIS FRA 13 GRC ITA 34 TUR 71 cdn 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus arenarius Thom.-Desm.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Calvados 1824: 40 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Bromus hordeaceus f. compactus J.A.Christ. ex Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 265 (1922)
= Bromus hordeaceus f. simplex J.A.Christ. ex Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 265 (1922)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. nanus (Weigel) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 616 (1901)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. thominei (Hardouin) Brand; W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 2784 (1907)
= Bromus leptostachys var. thominei (Hardouin) Fouill. ex B.de Lesd.; Publ. Soc. Dunkerque 1934: 72 (1934)
= Bromus mollis f. nanus (Weigel) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 76 (1910)
= Bromus mollis f. nanus (Weigel) Jansen & Wacht.; 319 (1932)
= Bromus mollis subsp. thominei (Hardouin) Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 366 (1908)
= Bromus mollis var. arenarius (Thomine-Desmazures) Bréb.; Fl. Normandie: 371 (1835)
= Bromus mollis var. littoralis Le Gall; Fl. Morbihan: 744 (1852)
= Bromus mollis var. nanus (Weigel) Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 18 (1779)
= Bromus mollis var. pumilus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 316 (1828)
= Bromus mollis var. thominei (Hardouin) Bréb.; Fl. Normandie, ed. 2: 318 (1849)
= Bromus nanus Weigel; Observ. Bot.: 8 (1772)
= Bromus thominei Hardouin; Congr. Sci. France 1: 56 (1833)
= Bromus thominii (Ard.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 256 (1955)
= Serrafalcus mollis subsp. thominei (Hardouin) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941)
= Serrafalcus mollis subsp. thominei (Hardouin) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 237 (1913)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. nanus (Weigel) Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 887 (1869)
= Serrafalcus racemosus var. arenarius (Bab.) Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 375 (1843)
= Serrafalcus thominei (Hardouin) Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 360 (1896)
species :
Bromus husainii P.Agnihotri & R.Yadav; Phytotaxa 516(1): 74, figs. 1-4 (2021)
Distribution: India
40 IND
species :
Bromus incisus R.Otto & H.Scholz; Willdenowia 38(2): 416 (2008)
Distribution: Germany [I] (Brandenburg [I], Bayern [I]); Austria [I]
11 aut ger
Remarks: of unclear origin, found as an adventive in both countries, has again disappeared
species :
Bromus induratus Hausskn. & Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 20: 48 (1905)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey; Iran
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis indurata (Hausskn. & Bornm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis indurata subsp. nachiczevanica (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 218 (1976)
= Bromopsis nachiczevanica (Tzvelev) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 425 (1977)
= Bromus induratus var. major Hausskn. & Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f. 20: 49 (1905)
= Bromus saposhnikovii Schischk.; Izv. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 81: 422 (1928)
= Zerna indurata (Hausskn. & Bornm.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 57 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna indurata subsp. nachiczevanica Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 57 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bromus inermis Leyss.; Fl. Halensis (1761), nom. cons. prop.
Name: Wehrlose Trespe, Unbewehrte Trespe (DE), Smooth brome (EN)
Distribution: Iceland [I]; England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands; ?Belgium; Luxembourg; GermanyGermany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland [I]; Liechtenstein [I]; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain [I]; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], Mpulamanga [I], E-Cape Prov. [I]); Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Parwan); China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan (Hokkaido, Kyushu); N-Pakistan (Chitral, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Lahul, Uttar Pradesh); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Australian Capital Territory [I]); New Zealand [I]; Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Yukon [I], N.W.T. [I], British Columbia [I], Alberta [I], Saskatchewan [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Labrador [I], Newfoundland [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], New Mexico [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Minnesota [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Mexico [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]
10 den fin grb ice nor swe 11 AUT CZE HUN lie LUX NET POL SLO swi 12 FRA spa 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 26 zim 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP kor 40 IND PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 83 bol per 85 arg uru
Remarks: probably native in C-Asia, introduced in all of Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis australis (Zherebina) Tzvelev & Prob.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 95(6): 859 (2010)
= Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis inermis subsp. aristata (Schur) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 106 (2006)
= Bromopsis inermis subsp. australis (Zherebina) Soskov & Sinjakov; Nauchno-Tekhn. Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 198: 12 (1990)
= Bromopsis inermis subsp. australis (Zherebina) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 78(10): 88 (1993), isonym
= Bromopsis inermis subsp. reimannii (Asch. & Graebn.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
= Bromopsis inermis var. aristata (Schur) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 179 (1974)
= Bromopsis inermis var. hirta (Drobow) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 179 (1974)
= Bromopsis inermis var. malzevii (Drobow) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 179 (1974)
= Bromopsis inermis var. pellita (Beck) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 179 (1974)
= Bromopsis probatovae Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 280 (2009)
= Bromus erectus f. laxus (Hornem.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 738 (1901)
= Bromus erectus Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 358 (1852), pro syn.
= Bromus erectus Turcz. ex Griseb.; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 358 (1852), pro syn.
= Bromus erectus var. laxus (Hornem.) Heynh.; Nom. Bot. Hort.: 133 (1840)
= Bromus glabrescens Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 136 (1928)
= Bromus inermis f. aristatus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 228 (1914), nom. illeg.
= Bromus inermis f. bulbifer J.W.Moore; Rhodora 43: 76 (1941)
= Bromus inermis f. glabratus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 227 (1914)
= Bromus inermis f. laxus (Hornem.) Junge; Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 26: 19 (1909)
= Bromus inermis f. muticus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 228 (1914)
= Bromus inermis f. pellitus (Beck) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 737 (1901)
= Bromus inermis f. pellitus (Beck) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 307 (1972)
= Bromus inermis f. prolifer Louis-Marie; Rev. Oka Agron. Inst. Agric. 14: 144 (1940)
= Bromus inermis f. pubescens Litv. ex Ganewin; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 13: 32 (1915), nom. nud.
= Bromus inermis f. villosus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 316 (1933)
= Bromus inermis f. villosus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 307 (1972)
= Bromus inermis subsp. australis Zherebina; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 25: 313 (1931)
= Bromus inermis subsp. laxus (Hornem.) K.Richt.; 113 (1890)
= Bromus inermis subsp. reimannii (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus inermis subsp. reimannii Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 590 (1901)
= Bromus inermis subvar. muticus Beck; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 228 (1914)
= Bromus inermis var. aristatus Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 565 (1846)
= Bromus inermis var. aristatus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 805 (1866)
= Bromus inermis var. breviaristatus Zapal.; 188 (1905)
= Bromus inermis var. contractus Röhl.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43: 298 (1938)
= Bromus inermis var. divaricatus Rohlena; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 24: 5, 8 (1899)
= Bromus inermis var. flexuosus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 227 (1914)
= Bromus inermis var. giganteus Dobrocz. & Nyár.; Stud. Cercet. Sti. (Jassy) 10: 81 (1959)
= Bromus inermis var. glaber Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 135 (1877)
= Bromus inermis var. grandiflora Rupr.; Fl. Samojed. Cisural.: 61 (1845)
= Bromus inermis var. hirsutus Celak.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1888: 507 (1889)
= Bromus inermis var. hirtus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 225 (1914)
= Bromus inermis var. latifolius Podp.; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 12: 11 (1922)
= Bromus inermis var. laxus (Hornem,) Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 358 (1852)
= Bromus inermis var. longiflorus Keng; Fl. Ill. Pl. Prim. Sin., Gram.: 266 (1959), nom. nud.
= Bromus inermis var. macrostachys Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 53 (1926)
= Bromus inermis var. magnificus Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 53 (1926)
= Bromus inermis var. malzevii Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 229 (1914)
= Bromus inermis var. mucronatus Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus inermis var. pallidus Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 106 (1890)
= Bromus inermis var. pellitus Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 106 (1890)
= Bromus inermis var. pilosus Freyn; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 46: 35 (1896)
= Bromus inermis var. podolicus Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 188 (1906)
= Bromus inermis var. reimannii Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 590 (1901)
= Bromus inermis var. subulatus Trin. ex Rupr.; Hist. Stirp. Fl. Petrop.: 40 (1845)
= Bromus inermis var. villosus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 106 (1890)
= Bromus inermis var. villosus Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 565 (1846), nom. inval.
= Bromus inopinatus B.B.Brues & C.T.Brues; Trans. Wisconsin Acad. Sci. 17: t. 72 (1911)
= Bromus latifolius Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 865 (1841)
= Bromus laxus Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. 2: 954 (1815)
= Bromus pseudoinermis Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
= Bromus pskemensis Pavlov; Vestn. Akad. Nauk Kazakhsk. S.S.R. 1: 26 (1949)
= Bromus pumpellianus var. melicoides Shear; Bull. U.S.D.A. (1895-1901) 23: 50 (1900)
= Bromus purpurascens Turcz. ex Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 357 (1852), pro syn.
= Bromus reimannii (Asch. & Graebn.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 590 (1901)
= Bromus tatewakii Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 135 (1928)
= Festuca inermis (Leyss.) DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franc (ed. 3) 3: 49 (1805)
= Festuca inermis subsp. villosa (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Schübl. & G.Martens; 84 (1834)
= Festuca inermis var. villosa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Roehl., Deutschl. Fl. 1: 675 (1823)
= Festuca leysseri Moench; Enum. Pl. Hass.: 41 (1777)
= Festuca poiformis Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 94 (1805), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Festuca poioides Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 51 (1799)
= Festuca speciosa Schreb.; Spic. Fl. Lips.: 59 (1771), nom. illeg.
= Festuca speciosa var. villosa (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Klett & Richt.; 102 (1830)
= Forasaccus inermis (Leyss.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 225 (1915)
= Schedonorus inermis (Leyss.) P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr. 99, 177 (1812)
= Schedonorus longifolius Trin. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 529 (1841), pro syn.
= Zerna inermis (Leyss.) Lindm.; Svensk Fanerogamfl. 101 (1918)
= Zerna inermis var. malzevii (Drobow) Tzvelev; Spis. Rast. Gerb. Fl. SSSR, 103-106: 59 (1972)
species :
Bromus insignis Buse; Miq. Pl. Jungh. 347 (1854)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Zerna insignis (Buse) Henrard; Blumea 4: 498 (1941), in obs.
species :
Bromus intermedius Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 1: 114 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. intermedius
Name: Mittlere Trespe (DE); Intermediate Brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia, E-Anatolia); Iraq; Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Farah, Kabul, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); China [I] (Xinjiang [I])
11 ger 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI NMA PEL SIC SLV SRB TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 chi
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena lasiantha Link; Linnaea 9: 135 (1834)
= Bromus alopecuroides Moris ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 226, 228 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus commutatus var. nanus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 4: 17 (1830)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. intermedius (Guss.) Shear; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 23: 19 (1900)
= Bromus hughii Tod. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 823 (1882), pro syn.
= Bromus intermedius f. major Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 54 (1899)
= Bromus intermedius f. minor Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 54 (1899)
= Bromus intermedius subsp. divaricatus J.Lloyd ex Bonnier & Layens; 369 (1894)
= Bromus intermedius subsp. optimae (H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 38: 421 (2008)
= Bromus intermedius var. hughii Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 113 (1936)
= Bromus intermedius var. laevis Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 44 (1899)
= Bromus intermedius var. polystachya Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 3: 341 (1851)
= Bromus intermedius var. requienii (Loisel.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 823 (1882)
= Bromus lanceolatus subsp. intermedius (Guss.) Lloret; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 22: 151 (1993)
= Bromus optimae H.Scholz; Bocconea 11: 86 (1999)
= Bromus requienii Loisel.; Fl. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 90 (1828)
= Bromus scoparius var. intermedius (Guss.) Borza; Consp. Fl. Roman. 1: 11 (1947)
= Bromus squarrosus var. minor Ten.; Viagg. Abruzz.: 46 (1832)
= Serrafalcus hughii Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1866: 33 (1867)
= Serrafalcus intermedius (Guss.) Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 17 (1840)
species :
Bromus interruptus (Hack.) Druce; Jour. Bot. (London) 33: 344 (1895)
Distribution: +England
10 GRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus pseudovelutinus Barnard ex H.C.Watson; Phytol. 3: 807 (1850), without description
= Bromus mollis var. interruptus Hack.; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1888: 240 (1889) [cited in original recombination by Druce as ´1880´, later corrected by Druce (1897)]
species :
Bromus japonicus Houtt.; Nat. Hist. 2(13): 315 (1782)
subspecies :
subsp. japonicus
Name: Japanische Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Luxembourg; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Israel (Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan (widespread); Nepal; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Alberta [I], Saskatchewan [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], New Mexico [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Minnesota [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], Mississippi [I], Alabama [I], Georgia [I], Florida [I], South Carolina [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Mexico [I]; Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]
11 AUT CZE ger HUN LUX POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 EGY 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 IND NEP PAK 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 83 bol 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus abolinii Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 40 (1925)
= Bromus annuus Jacq. ex Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 361 (1896)
= Bromus arvensis subsp. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 368 (1894)
= Bromus arvensis subsp. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Hartm.; 17 (1866)
= Bromus arvensis var. japonicus (Thunb.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149 (1923)
= Bromus arvensis var. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 134 (1837)
= Bromus chiapporianus De Not. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 824 (1882), pro syn.
= Bromus cyrii Trin.; C. A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 24 (1831)
= Bromus decumbens var. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Petif; Enum. Pl. Fl. Palat.: 13 (1830)
= Bromus erectus var. aequifolius Nees; Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 453 (1841)
= Bromus hirtus Licht.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 654 (1817)
= Bromus japonicus f. bosnensis Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 117 (1936)
= Bromus japonicus f. luxurians (Döll) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus japonicus f. polyanthus Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 185 (1926)
= Bromus japonicus f. tenuis (Prodan) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 11: 331 (1972)
= Bromus japonicus f. variegatus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ.5 Feb.1972)
= Bromus japonicus f. zomboriensis Prodan; Magyar Bot. Lapok 14: 301 (1915)
= Bromus japonicus subsp. sooi Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 122 (1936)
= Bromus japonicus Thunb.; Murray (ed.), Syst. Veg. ed. 14.: 119 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Bromus japonicus var. breviramosus Roshev.; B. A. Fedchenko, Fl. Turkm. 1: 171 (1932)
= Bromus japonicus var. chiapporianus Hack.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 62 (1903)
= Bromus japonicus var. glabriglumis Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 88 (1973)
= Bromus japonicus var. grandis (Velen.) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 117 (1936)
= Bromus japonicus var. grossus (Celak.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 620 (1901)
= Bromus japonicus var. incanus Hack.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 167 (1903)
= Bromus japonicus var. laxus Podp.; Práce Morav. Prír. Spolecn. 2(10): 340 (1926)
= Bromus japonicus var. multiflorus Kozuharov, Stoeva & Kuzmanov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 25: 45 (1974)
= Bromus japonicus var. pendulus Schur ex Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 620 (1901)
= Bromus japonicus var. porrectus Hack.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 58 (1903)
= Bromus japonicus var. rapaicsii Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 119 (1936)
= Bromus japonicus var. sooi (Pénzes) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 17(1-2): 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus japonicus var. tenuis Prodan; Bul. Sti. Acad. Republ. Populare Romîne, Sect. Biol. Sti Agric. Ser. Agron. 9: 291 (1957)
= Bromus japonicus var. transsylvanicus (Auersw.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 213 (1932)
= Bromus japonicus var. umbrosus Hack.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1903: 176 (1903)
= Bromus japonicus var. variegatus (Schur) Todor; Fl. Republ. Social. Român. 12: 331 (1972)
= Bromus japonicus var. velutinus (W.D.J.Koch) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 619 (1901)
= Bromus japonicus var. zomboriensis (Prodan) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 120 (1936)
= Bromus kochii (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 4: 76, pl.6. (1826)
= Bromus patulus Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. ed. 3, I: 685 (1823)
= Bromus patulus var. grandis Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 297 (1898)
= Bromus patulus var. grossus Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 4: 726 (1881)
= Bromus patulus var. luxurians Döll; Fl. Baden: 142 (1857)
= Bromus patulus var. micostachyus Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 361 (1896)
= Bromus patulus var. multiflorus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 824 (1882)
= Bromus patulus var. pallidus Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus patulus var. pendulus (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 824 (1882), nom. inval.
= Bromus patulus var. polymorphus Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 364 (1852)
= Bromus patulus var. transsylvanicus Auersw.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 14: 207 (1856)
= Bromus patulus var. unilateralis Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval., et Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 802 (1866)
= Bromus patulus var. variegatus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 802 (1866)
= Bromus patulus var. velutinus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 821 (1837)
= Bromus patulus var. versicolor Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus patulus var. vllosus K.Koch; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1857(App.): 3 (1857)
= Bromus pendulus Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
= Bromus racemosus var. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Jess.; 567 (1879)
= Bromus regnii H.Scholz; Willdenowia 25: 237 (1995)
= Bromus squarrosus var. cyrii (Trin.) Griseb.; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 363 (1852)
= Bromus squarrosus var. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 602 (1881)
= Bromus ugamicus Drobow; M. G. Popov (ed.), Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent: 36 (1923)
= Bromus unilateralis Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
= Bromus vestitus var. minor Nees; Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 451 (1841)
= Bromus vestitus var. purpurascens Nees; Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 451 (1841)
= Bromus villifer Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 326 (1854)
= Bromus ×karlobagensis Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 568 (1936)
= Bronus arvensis subsp. patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Andersson; Pl. Scand. 2: 29 (1852)
= Forasaccus patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 387 (1901)
= Serrafalcus chiapporianus De Not. ex Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 394 (1850), pro syn.
= Serrafalcus japonicus (Houtt.) Wilmott; Bab., Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 10: 510 (1922)
= Serrafalcus patulus (Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 394 (1850)
= Serrafalcus patulus subsp. multiflorus (Ces., Pass. & Gibelli) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 798 (1882)
= Serrafalcus patulus var. glaber Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 887 (1869)
= Serrafalcus patulus var. multiflorus Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 80 (1869)
= Serrafalcus patulus var. velutinus Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 334 (1850)
subspecies :
subsp. anatolicus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 118 (1936)
Distribution: Greece; S-Crimea; Turkmenistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey; Iran
13 GRC 14 KRY 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus anatolicus Boiss. & Heldr.; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 63 (1854)
= Bromus japonicus var. anatolicus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 619 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. phrygius (Boiss.) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 117 (1936)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus japonicus var. phrygius (Boiss.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 620 (1901)
= Bromus phrygius Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 140 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. subsquarrosus (Borbás) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 119 (1936)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary [I]; France [I]; European Russia; etc.
11 ger hun 12 fra 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus japonicus var. subsquarrosus Sãvul. & Rayss; Bul. Acad. Stud. Agron. Cluj 4(Suppl. 2): 39 (1924), pro syn.
= Bromus patulus var. subsquarrosus Borbás; Fl. Comit. Temesiensis: 21 (1884)
= Bromus subsquarrosus (Borbás) Borbás; Fl. Comit. Temesiensis: 21 (1884)
= Bromus subsquarrosus (Borbás) Tzvelev; Zlaki Rossii 144 (2019), isonym
species :
Bromus kalmii A.Gray; Manual 600 (1848)
Name: Wild Chess
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec); USA (South Dakota, Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, NW-South Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis kalmii (A.Gray) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromus ciliatus var. purgans (L.) A.Gray; Manual: 600 (1848)
= Bromus imperialis Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 227 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus malacanthus Trin. ex Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 361 (1852), pro syn.
= Bromus purgans L.; Sp. Pl.: 76 (1753), nom rej.
= Bromus steudelii Frank ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 229 (1840), pro syn.
= Forasaccus purgans (L.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 225 (1915)
= Zerna purgans (L.) Henrard; Blumea 4: 498 (1941)
species :
Bromus kashmirensis P.Agnihotri & R.Yadav; Nordic J. Bot. e03727: [3] (2022)
Distribution: NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
species :
Bromus koeieanus Melderis; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 14: No. 4 (Symb. Afgh. VI.) 57(1965)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Kabul, Parwan)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis koeieana (Melderis) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 425 (1977)
species :
Bromus kopetdagensis Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 38 (1925)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis kopetdagensis (Drobow) Holub; Folil Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis kopetdagensis var. longipila Czopanov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 73 (1974)
= Bromus tomentellus var. subglaber Roshev.; Fedtsch., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 161 (1932)
= Zerna kopetdagensis (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
species :
Bromus kozhevnikovii (Prob.) comb.ined.
Distribution: Russian Far East (Khabarovsk)
31 RFE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis kozhevnikovii Prob.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 49: 12 (2018)
species :
Bromus kresnaensis (D.Dimitrov) comb.ined.
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis kresnaensis D.Dimitrov; Phytol. Balcan. 27(3): 321 (2021)
species :
Bromus laevipes Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 45, f. 25 (1900)
Name: Chinook brome
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis laevipes (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
species :
Bromus lanatipes (Shear) Rydb.; Bull. Colorado State Univ. Exp. Sta. 100: 52 (1906)
Name: Woolly brome
Distribution: USA (S-Nevada, Colorado, New Mexico, W-Oklahoma, W-Texas); Mexico (Coahuila, San Luis Potosi)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis lanatipes (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis pinetorum (Swallen) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus anomalus var. lanatipes (Shear) Hitchc.; J. Washington Acad. Sci. 23: 449 (1933)
= Bromus lanatipes f. glaber Wagnon; Leafl. W. Bot. 6(1): 68 (1950)
= Bromus pinetorum Swallen; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 56: 77 (1943)
= Bromus porteri var. lanatipes Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 37 (1900)
species :
Bromus lanatus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 150 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, La Rioja, San Juan, Tucuman); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus canus Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 227 (1840), nom. nud.
= Bromus oliganthus Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 718 (1898)
= Bromus pauciflorus Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus pflanzii Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 189 (1913)
= Festuca mollis Kunth; Revis. Gramin. 1: 132 (1829) [nom. illeg. superfl.]
= Schedonorus lanatus (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 708 (1817)
species :
Bromus lanceolatus Roth; Catalecta Bot. 1: 18 (1797)
Name: Lanzettblütige Trespe (DE); Large-headed Brome (EN); Chirato de lanza (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; ?Macedonia; ?Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Laghman, Logar, Nimroz, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Canada [I] (Alberta [I]); USA [I] (District of Columbia [I], Louisiana [I], New York [I], Texas [I]); Uruguay [I]; Chile [I] (Maule [I])
11 ger HUN SLO 12 BAL COR GIB POR SAR SPA 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI SIC SRB TUE 14 est 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 71 cdn 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus argypheus Paine; Palestine Explor. Soc. 3: 128 (1875)
= Bromus canariensis Zuccagni; Obs. Bot., Cent. 1 [p. 13] No. 27 (1806)
= Bromus depauperatus H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006), nom. illeg., homonym
= Bromus discretus F.M.Vázquez & H.Scholz; Folia Bot. Extremadur. (2009), nom. nov.
= Bromus divaricatus Rhode ex Loisel.; J. Bot. (Paris) 2: 214 (1809)
= Bromus divaricatus var. lanuginosus Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 43 (1830), nom. inval.
= Bromus divaricatus var. macrostachys (Desf.) Lamotte; Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Bromus lanceolatus f. coloratus Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 944 (1941)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. dasystachys Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 98 (1942)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. divaricatus (Rohde ex Loisel.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 419 (1855)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. lanatus Kerguélen; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 124: 340 (1977), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus lanceolatus var. lanuginosus (Rchb.) Gonnet; Fl. Élém. Fr.: 138 (1840)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. leiostachys Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 98 (1942)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. macrostachys (Desf.) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 137 (1837)
= Bromus lanceolatus var. oxyphloeus (Paine) Dinsm.; G. E. Post, Fl. Syria, ed. 2, 2: 775 (1933)
= Bromus lanuginosus Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 703 (1811), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus lanuginosus var. divaricatus (Rohde ex Loisel.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 1: 703 (1810), nom. illeg.
= Bromus macrostachys f. albovirens Cavara; Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 9: 148 (1929)
= Bromus macrostachys f. pubescens Pamp.; Arch. Bot. (Forlì) 12: 18 (1936)
= Bromus macrostachys f. robustus Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 168 (1932)
= Bromus macrostachys subsp. lanuginosus (Rchb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 117 (1890)
= Bromus macrostachys var. divaricatus (Rhode ex Loisel.) Druce; List Brit. Pl.: 84 (1908), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus macrostachys var. lanuginosus Coss. & Durieu; Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 162 (1855)
= Bromus macrostachys var. pauciflorus Post; Fl. Syria: 894 (1896)
= Bromus macrostachyus Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 115 (1827)
= Bromus modensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 324 (1854)
= Bromus multiflorus Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1841) 865
= Bromus oxyphloeus Payne; Palest. Expl. Rep. (1874) 128
= Bromus poiretii Tzvelev & Prob.; Zlaki Rossii 142 (2019), nom. nov. for Bromus macrostachys var. lanuginosus Coss. & Dur.
= Bromus squarrosus var. lanuginosus (Coss. & Durieu) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Bromus squarrosus var. macrostachys (Desf.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Bromus tomentosus Rohde; Neues J. Bot. 3: 42 (1809), nom. nud.
= Bromus turgidus Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 95 (1805)
= Bromus wolgensis var. turgidus (Pers.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot.: 121 (1821)
= Forasaccus lanceolatus (Roth) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 384 (1901)
= Serrafalcus lanceolatus (Roth) Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 18 (1840)
= Serrafalcus macrostachys var. divaricatus (Rohde ex Loisel.) Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 80 (1869)
= Serrafalcus macrostachys var. secundus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 361 (1909)
species :
Bromus latiglumis (Shear) Hitchc.; Rhodora 8: 211 (1906)
Name: Ear-leaved Brome Grass
Distribution: Canada (SE-British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, ?Québec, ?New Brunswick); USA (Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, SE-Kansas, NE-Oklahoma, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, N-Tennessee, NW-North Carolina)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis latiglumis (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9(3): 272 (1974)
= Bromus altissimus f. incanus (Shear) Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 91 (1922)
= Bromus altissimus Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 2: 728 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Bromus ciliatus subvar. latiglumis Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 204 (1927)
= Bromus ciliatus var. incanus (Shear) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 204 (1927)
= Bromus ciliatus var. latiglumis Scribn. ex Shear; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 23: 40 (1900), pro syn.
= Bromus incanus (Shear) Hitchc.; Rhodora 8(95): 212 (1906)
= Bromus latiglumis f. incanus (Shear) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 316 (1933)
= Bromus purgans var. incanus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 41 (1900)
= Bromus purgans var. latiglumis Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 40 (1900)
= Forasaccus latiglumis (Shear) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 225 (1915)
= Zerna latiglumis (Shear) Henrard; Blumea 4: 498 (1941), in obs.
species :
Bromus lepidus Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1924: 326 (1924)
Name: Zierliche Trespe (DE), Slender soft brome (EN)
Distribution: Of unknown origin, nowhere certainly native; England [I]; Ireland [I]; Denmark [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], Hamburg [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen [I], Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Hungary [I]; NW-Spain [I]; ?France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Slovenia [I]; European Russia [I]; Cyprus [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); China [I] (Xinjiang [I]); Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], New York [I]); Uruguay [I]
10 den grb ire swe 11 bgm GER hun lux net 12 cis spa 13 slv 14 rus 21 cny 34 cyp 36 chi 50 aus 75 usa 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus bidentatus Holmstr. & H.Scholz; Bot. Jahrb., 122(2): 196 (2000)
= Bromus britannicus I.A.Williams; J. Bot. 67: 65 (1929)
= Bromus gracilis Krösche; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 329 (1924), nom. illeg.
= Bromus gracilis var. micromollis Krösche; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 330 (1924)
= Bromus hordeaceus subsp. lepidus (Holmb.) A.Pedersen; Bot. Tidsskr., 68(3-4): 205 (1974)
= Bromus hordeaceus subvar. microstachys Hack.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 172 (1910)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. pseudoracemosus Druce; Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 6: 326 (1921 publ. 1922)
= Bromus lepidus f. lasiolepis Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1924: 326 (1924)
= Bromus lepidus f. spathaceus Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 397 (1926)
= Bromus lepidus var. micromollis (Krösche) Holmb.; Skand. Fl. 2: 265 (1926)
= Bromus mollis f. lasiolepis (Holmb.) Suess.; 470 (1936)
= Bromus mollis subsp. lepidus (Holmb.) Suess.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 1: 469 (1936)
= Bromus mollis var. lepidus (Holmb.) Suess.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 1: 469 (1936)
= Bromus mollis var. microstachys Duval-Jouve; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 208 (1865), nom. nud.
= Bromus mollis var. mollissimus Baudin; Bull. Soc. Bot. Deux-Sèvres 4: 119 (1892)
= Bromus oostachys Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 20: 69 (1924)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. microstachys (Hack.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 236 (1913)
species :
Bromus leptoclados Nees; Fl. Afr. Austr. 453 (1841)
Distribution: Cameroon; Rwanda; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; La Réunion; Yemen (W-Yemen)
23 CMN RWA 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZIM 27 LES SAF 29 REU 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus cognatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 321 (1854)
= Bromus cognatus var. macrophyllus Engl.; Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1891(2): 137 (1892)
= Bromus petitianus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 438 (1850)
= Bromus runssoroensis K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 116 (1895)
= Bromus scabridus Hook.f.; J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 231 (1864)
species :
Bromus lithobius Trin.; Linnaea 10: 303 (1836)
Distribution: Australia [I] (Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos, Aisén); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Campbell Isl. [I]
50 aus 51 ctm nzl 85 ARG CLE jnf 91 cmp
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus andinus Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 342 (1896)
= Bromus andinus var. scabrivalva Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 3: 629 (1897)
= Bromus chilensis Trin.; Linnaea 10: 804 (1836)
= Bromus collinus Phil.; Linnaea 29: 1857 (1858) 101
= Bromus dolichostachys Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 343 (1896)
= Bromus fonkii Phil.; Linnaea 29: 102 (1858)
= Bromus scaber Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 341 (1896)
= Bromus unioloides f. humilis (É.Desv.) Aellen & Thell. ex Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 1917: 164 (1918)
= Bromus unioloides subvar. pubescens (Kunth) Kloos; Ned. Kruidk. Arch (1917): 164. 1918
= Bromus unioloides var. humilis É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 438 (1854)
= Bromus unioloides var. pubescens Hack.; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 173 (1911)
species :
Bromus macrocladus Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 13: 64 (1854)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (W-Anatolia)
11 ger 34 TUR
species :
Bromus madritensis L.; Cent. Pl. I: 5 (1755)
subspecies :
subsp. madritensis
Name: Compact brome (EN); Mittelmeer-Trespe (DE); Espiguilla de Madrid (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Germany [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra [I]; Gibraltar; Baleares; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Ilhas Desertas, Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Kabul, Laghman, Parwan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Tibet; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Illinois [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], Mississippi [I], Nevada [I], Oregon [I], Virginia [I]); Mexico [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Maule [I], Araucanía [I])
10 grb ire 11 ger HUN 12 ado BAL cis COR GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL PTL SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 est KRY 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 27 saf 33 GEO 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE 36 TIB 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: Subgen. Anisantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha madritensis (L.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 21 (1934), in clavi
= Anisantha madritensis var. ciliata (Guss.) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 185 (1974)
= Bromus arenaceus Pourr.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 808 (1788)
= Bromus asperrimus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: t. 105 (1824), nom. nud.
= Bromus darderi Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 208 (1936)
= Bromus decipiens Cav.; Elench. Pl. Horti Matr.: 7 (1803)
= Bromus diandrus Curtis; Fl. Londin. 6: t. 5 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Bromus diandrus var. curtisii Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 114 (1839)
= Bromus diandrus var. madritensis (L.) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 11 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Bromus diandrus var. polystachyus J.Woods; Tourist´s Fl.: 415 (1850)
= Bromus digitatus Poir. ex P.Beauv.; Ess. Agrostogr.: 156 (1812), nom. nud.
= Bromus dilatatus Lam.; Encycl. 1: 468 (1785)
= Bromus gynandrus Roth; Roem. & Ust. Mag. 4: 10tes St. (1790) 20
= Bromus madritensis f. persterilis Cugnac & A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 340 (1931)
= Bromus madritensis f. umbrosus Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 53 (1899)
= Bromus madritensis subsp. eumadritensis Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 237 (1955), nom. inval.
= Bromus madritensis var. ambiguus Coss. & Durieu; Durieu, Expl. Sci. Algérie 2: 158 (1855)
= Bromus madritensis var. ciliatus Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 78 (1843)
= Bromus madritensis var. curtisii Bab. ex Syme; J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3, 11: 161 (1873)
= Bromus madritensis var. curtisii Syme & Sowerby; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B, 11: 161 (1873), nom. illeg.
= Bromus madritensis var. diandrus Hook.f.; Student. Fl. Brit. Isl.: 450 (1870)
= Bromus madritensis var. glabriculmis Maire & Weiller; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941)
= Bromus madritensis var. glabriglumis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 311 (1939)
= Bromus madritensis var. monandrus Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 1: 78 (1843)
= Bromus madritensis var. monandrus Parl.; Pl. Nuov.: 65 (1842)
= Bromus madritensis var. polystachyus Guépin; Fl. Maine-et-Loire (1830)
= Bromus madritensis var. pubiculmis Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 238 (1955)
= Bromus madritensis var. purpureus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 353 (1909)
= Bromus madritensis var. urbicus P.Candargy; Thèse Fac. Sci. Paris, A, no. 1: 25 (1899)
= Bromus madritensis var. victorinii Maire; Cat. Maroc.: 943 (1941)
= Bromus madritensis var. villiglumis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 311 (1939)
= Bromus madritensis var. villosissimus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 386 (1937)
= Bromus maximus Roth; Neue Beytr. Bot. 1: 114 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Bromus maximus var. minor Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 677 (1844)
= Bromus multispicatus Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 650 (1817), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus muralis Huds.; Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 50 (1778)
= Bromus muralis var. madritensis (L.) Huds.; Fl. Angl., éd. 2: 51 (1778), nom. illeg.
= Bromus myrthensis Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 353 (1909)
= Bromus oranensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 319 (1854)
= Bromus polystachyus DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 5: 276 (1815)
= Bromus rigidus var. minor (Boiss.) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941)
= Bromus rochelianus Opiz; Natural. n. 9 (1825) 119
= Bromus rubens subsp. madritensis (L.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 369 (1894)
= Bromus rubens var. polystachyus (DC.) Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 133 (1837)
= Bromus rubens var. villosus Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Ital. 4: 30 (1907)
= Bromus sterilis f. diandrus (Hook.f.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 251 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis f. varius (Brot.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 251 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis var. madritensis (L.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 250 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis var. scaberrimus (Ten.) Fiori; Fl. Italia 1: 99 (1896)
= Bromus varius Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 113 (1804)
= Bromus viciosoi Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 169 (1936)
= Bromus victorinii Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 133 (1933), nom. nud.
= Bromus villosus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. 23 (1775) [nom. illeg., non Scop. 1772]
= Bromus villosus var. minor (Boiss.) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 1: 169 (1910)
= Festuca madritensis (L.) Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 91 (1798)
= Forasaccus arenaceus (Pourr.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 383 (1901)
= Forasaccus diandrus (Hook.f.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 380 (1901)
= Genea madritensis (L.) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 67 (1868)
= Schedonorus madritensis var. ciliatus (Guss.) Lange; Pug. Pl. Hispan. 1: 53 (1860)
= Zerna madritensis (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 117 (1821)
= Zerna madritensis (L.) Panz.; Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 4: 297 (1813 publ. 1814)
= Zerna madritensis var. triandra Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 118 (1821 publ. 1822)
subspecies :
subsp. tefedesticus Quézel; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 46: 132 (1956)
Distribution: Algeria (Tefedest)
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha madritensis subsp. tefedestica (Quézel) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
species :
Bromus magnus Keng; Sunyatsenia 6: 53 (1941)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Bromus mairei Hack.; ex Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 1290 (1936)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Zerna mairei (Hack.) Henrard; Blumea 4: 499 (1941), in obs.
species :
Bromus malyschevii (N.V.Vlassova) comb.ined.
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia)
30 SIB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis malyschevii N.V.Vlassova; Rast. Mir Aziatsk. Rossii 1(21): 52 (2016)
species :
Bromus mango É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 440 (1853)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Araucanía)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus burkartii P.Muñoz; Agric. Tecn. Chile 8: 83 (1948)
= Ceratochloa mango (É.Desv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
species :
Bromus marginatus Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 322 (1854)
Name: Mountain brome
Distribution: Germany [I]; Czech Republic [I]; China [I] (Hebei [I]); Auckland Isl. [I]; Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan); USA (Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, ?Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, ?Utah, Colorado, Illinois [I], Maine [I]); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Sonora); El Salvador
11 cze ger 36 chi 51 auc 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 79 MEX 80 ELS
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus breviaristatus (Hook.) Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia (1862): 98. 1862
= Bromus breviaristatus (Hook.) Thurb.; U. S. Expl. Exped. 17(2): 493 (1874), isonym
= Bromus carinatus var. marginatus (Nees ex Steud.) Barkworth & Anderton; Madroño 53: 240 (2006)
= Bromus flodmanii Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 538 (1909)
= Bromus hookeri var. marginatus (Nees ex Steud.) E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 127 (1886)
= Bromus latior (Shear) Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts. 89 (1917)
= Bromus marginatus var. breviaristatus (Buckley) Beetle; Phytologia 55(3): 209 (1984)
= Bromus marginatus var. latior Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 55 (1900)
= Bromus marginatus var. seminudus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 55 (1900)
= Bromus parviflorus A.Gray; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 336 (1863), pro syn.
= Bromus pauciflorus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U. S. D. A. 23: 53 (1900), nom. illeg.
= Bromus proximus Shear; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 245 (1901)
= Bromus sitchensis var. marginatus (Nees ex Steud.) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 521 (1967)
= Ceratochloa marginata (Nees ex Steud.) W.A.Weber; Brittonia, 33(3) 325 (1981)
= Forasaccus marginatus (Nees ex Steud.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 225 (1915)
species :
Bromus maritimus (Piper) Hitchc.; Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 177 (1912)
Name: Seaside brome
Distribution: USA (W-Oregon, California)
73 USA 76 USA
Remarks: Subgen. Ceratochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus carinatus var. maritimus (Piper) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific NW 1: 504 (1969)
= Bromus marginatus subsp. maritimus Piper; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 18: 148 (1905)
= Bromus sitchensis var. maritimus (Piper) Otting & R.E.Brainerd; Phytoneuron 2016-36: 2 (2016)
= Ceratochloa maritima (Piper) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
species :
Bromus maroccanus Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc., No. 79 (1928). (1927)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis maroccana (Pau & Font Quer) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Zerna maroccana (Pau & Font Quer) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus moellendorffianus (Asch. & Graebn.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 208 (1932)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 BIH
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus erectus subsp. moellendorfianus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 582 (1901)
= Bromopsis moellendorfiana (Asch. & Graebn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Zerna moellendorfiana (Asch. & Graebn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus moesiacus Velen.; Fl. Bulg. (1891) 616
Distribution: SW-Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis moesiaca (Velen.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Zerna moesiaca (Velen.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus moeszii Pénzes; Magyar Bot. Lapok 33: 24 (1934)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iraq (NW-Iraq, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Wardak, Parwan, Zabul); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Nafud Desert, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; China (Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ JOR SIN 35 KUW SAU 36 CHI TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha sericea (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 20 (1934), in clavi
= Anisantha sericea subsp. fallax (H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Anisantha sericea var. glabriglumis Czopanov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 74 (1974)
= Bromus sericeus Drobow; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 36 (1923), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 39 (1925), nom. illeg.
= Bromus sericeus subsp. fallax H.Scholz; Willdenowia 19(1): 134 (1989)
= Bromus tectorum subsp. lucidus M.F.Sales; T. Engel et al. (eds.), Contrib. Select. Fl. Veg. Orient. (Fl. Veg. Mundi, 9): 32 (1991), nom. nov.
= Bromus tectorum var. grandiflorus Hack. ex O.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Velikago 14(Suppl. 2): 89 (1915), nom. nud.
species :
Bromus morrisonensis Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 137 (1928)
Distribution: Taiwan; Philippines (Luzon)
38 TAI 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus piananensis (Ohwi) L.Liu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 9(2): 349 (2002)
= Bromus remotiflorus var. piananensis Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 106 (1941)
species :
Bromus mucroglumis Wagnon; Leafl. W. Bot. 6(3): 67 (1950)
Name: Sharpglume brome
Distribution: USA (Arizona, SW-New Mexico); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis mucroglumis (Wagnon) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus thysanoglottis Soderstr. & Beaman; Publ. Mus. Michigan State Univ., Biol. Ser. 3(5): 509 (1968)
species :
Bromus musadoghanii Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(2): 38 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Bromus natalensis Stapf; W. H. Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 732 (1900)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus natalensis var. lasiophilus Stapf; W. H. Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 732 (1900)
species :
Bromus nepalensis Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 125 (1978)
Distribution: Tibet; Nepal
36 TIB 40 NEP
species :
Bromus nervosus Acedo & Llamas; Willdenowia, 27(1-2): 50 (1997)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus nervosus var. glabrescens F.M.Vázquez; Folia Bot. Extremadur. 2: 17 (2008)
species :
Bromus nottowayanus Fernald; Rhodora 43: 530 (1941)
Name: Nottoway Valley brome
Distribution: USA (E-Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, S-Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, Tennessee, N-Alabama)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis nottowayana (Fernald) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
species :
Bromus orcuttianus Vasey; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 10: 223 (1885)
Name: Orcutt´s brome
Distribution: USA (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California, Nevada)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis orcuttiana (Vasey) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus brachyphyllus Merr.; Rhodora 4: 146 (1902)
= Bromus hallii (Hitchc.) Saarela & P.M.Peterson; Sida 21(4): 2004 (2005)
= Bromus orcuttianus var. hallii Hitchc.; Jeps., Fl. Calif. 1: 175 (1912)
species :
Bromus orientalis Behcet & Yapar; Nordic J. Bot. 39(4)-e02959: 2 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Bromus oxyodon Schrenk; Bull. Sci. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersb. 10: 355 (1842)
Distribution: Latvia [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); China (Xinjiang); W-Mongolia; Pakistan (Chitral, Gilgit, Astor, Baltistan); NW-India (Zanskar, Jammu & Kashmir, Dras)
14 blr lat rus 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus krausei Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 600 (1880)
= Bromus lanceolatus subsp. oxyodon (Schrenk) Tzvelev; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. SSSR. Bot. Inst. Vsesojuzn. Akad. Nauk 18: 19 (1970)
= Bromus macrostachys var. oxyodon (Schrenk) Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 363 (1852)
= Bromus nototropus Rupr.; F. von der Osten-Saken, Sert. Tianschan.: 73 (1869)
= Bromus oxyodon f. minor Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 171 (1932)
= Bromus oxyodon var. lanuginosus Roshev ex Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 89 (1973)
= Bromus sterilis var. krausei (Regel) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
species :
Bromus pacificus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 38, f. 21 (1900)
Name: Pacific brome
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (British Columbia); USA (Washington, Oregon, N-California)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis pacifica (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus magnificus Elmer; Bot. Gaz. 36: 53 (1903)
species :
Bromus pannonicus Kumm. & Sendtn.; Flora (Regensb.) 32: 757 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. pannonicus
Distribution: Hungary; Croatia; Romania
11 HUN 13 CRO ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis pannonica (Kumm. & Sendtn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus erectus f. hirtiflorus K.Malý; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 54: 179 (1904)
= Bromus erectus subsp. pannonicus (Kumm. & Sendtn.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 581 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. hackelii Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. hercegovinus Beck; Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 581 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. pannonicus (Kumm. & Sendtn.) Asch. & Kanitz; Cat. Cormophyt. Anthophyt. Serbiae: 12 (1877)
= Bromus erectus var. reptans Borbás; Foldmiv. Erdek.: 98 (1882)
= Bromus erectus var. vernalis Pancic; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 6: 592 (1856)
= Bromus pannonicus subvar. hirtiflorus (K.Malý) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 208 (1932)
= Bromus pannonicus var. hercegovinus (Beck) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 208 (1932)
= Bromus pannonicus var. reptans Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus repens Borbás ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 822 (1882), pro syn.
= Bromus reptans (Borbás) Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 562 (1936)
= Bromus reptans f. glaber Degen; Fl. Veleb. 1: 563 (1936)
= Bromus vernalis (Pancic) Pancic ex Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 205 (1870)
= Zerna pannonica (Kumm. & Sendtn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. monocladus (Domin) P.M.Sm.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 360 (1978)
Distribution: Slovakia; N-Hungary
11 HUN SLO
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis monoclada (Domin) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis pannonica subsp. monoclada (Domin) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 205 (1983)
= Bromus monocladus Domin; Mem. Soc. Sci. Boheme, No. 14, 1 (1932 publ. 1933)
= Bromus pannonicus var. monocladus (Domin) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Zerna monoclada (Domin) Holub; Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag. 9 (1960)
species :
Bromus parodii Covas & Itria; Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 12: 1 13 (1968)
Distribution: Argentina (La Pampa)
85 ARG
species :
Bromus paulsenii Hack.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 55: 174 (1903)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Kabul, Parwan); China (Nei Mongol, Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis angrenica (Drobow) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis pamirica (Drobow) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis paulsenii (Hack.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis paulsenii subsp. angrenica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 218 (1976)
= Bromopsis paulsenii subsp. pamirica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 218 (1976)
= Bromopsis paulsenii subsp. turkestanica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 218 (1976)
= Bromopsis turkestanica (Drobow) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus angrenicus Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 38 (1925)
= Bromus erectus var. unionodis Hack.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 26: 56 (1906)
= Bromus pamiricus Drobow; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 38 (1925)
= Bromus turkestanicus Drobow; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 35 (1923), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 37(1925)
= Zerna angrenica (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna pamirica (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna paulsenii (Hack.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna paulsenii subsp. angrenica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 57 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna paulsenii subsp. pamirica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 57 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna paulsenii subsp. turkestanica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 57 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna turkestanica (Drobow) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 13 (1934)
species :
Bromus pectinatus Thunb.; Prodr. Fl. Cap 1: 22 (1794)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Algeria (Hoggar); S-Libya (incl. Tibesti); Egypt (Nile Valley); Mauritania; N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); St. Helena [I]; Madagascar
11 ger 20 ALG EGY LBY 22 MTN 24 CHA ERI ETH SUD 25 KEN UGA 26 zim 27 SAF 28 sth 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus adoensis Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 326 (1854)
= Bromus adoensis var. velutinus Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 8: 379 (1908)
= Bromus capensis Steud.; Flora 12: 491 (1829)
= Bromus garamas Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 97 (1942)
= Bromus japonicus var. acutidens Melderis; Biol. Skr. 14(4): 56 (1965)
= Bromus japonicus var. falconeri (Stapf) R.R.Stewart; Brittonia 5: 413 (1945)
= Bromus japonicus var. pectinatus (Thunb.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 620 (1901)
= Bromus japonicus var. vestitus (Schrad.) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 397 (1904)
= Bromus mollis Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 22 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Bromus patulus var. falconeri Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 361 (1896)
= Bromus patulus var. pectinatus (Thunb.) Stapf; W. H. Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 730 (1900)
= Bromus patulus var. vestitus (Schrad.) Stapf; W. H. Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 730 (1900)
= Bromus pectinatus var. vestitus (Schrad.) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 124 (1936)
= Bromus tibesticus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 34: 140 (1943)
= Bromus vestitus Schrad.; Gött. Gel. Anz. 3: 2074 (1821)
= Danthonia anomala Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 245 (1854)
= Serrafalcus adoensis (Hochst. ex Steud.) Heldr.; Index Seminum (ATHD, Athenarum) 1860: 5 (1860)
species :
Bromus pellitus Hack.; Dusén, Ergebn. Schwed. Exp. Magell. 3(5): 230 (1900)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Bromus picoeuropeanus Acedo & Llamas; PhytoKeys 121: 4 (2019)
Distribution: NW-Spain (Picos de Europa)
12 SPA
Remarks: near B. erectus
species :
Bromus pindicus Hausskn.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. nov. ser., 13-14: 53 (1897)
Distribution: NC-Greece (Pindhos)
13 GRC
Remarks: often included in B. riparius
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis pindica (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Zerna pindica (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus pitensis Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 152 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Venezuela (Merida, Tachira, Trujillo); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia; Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus buchtienii Hack.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 30 (1912)
= Bromus frigidus Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 63 (1885) [nom. illeg., non Boiss. & Hausskn. 1884]
= Bromus glaber Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 227 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus lenis J.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 262 (1830)
= Bromus modestus Renvoize; Kew Bull. 49(3): 545 (1994) [nom. nov.]
= Bromus pitensis var. latifolius Sodiro; Anales Univ. Centr. Ecuador 3(25): 483 (1889), nom. nud.
= Ceratochloa pitensis (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 171 (1973)
species :
Bromus plurinodis Keng; Fl. Ill. Pl. Prim. Sin., Gramin., 260 (1959), sine descr. lat., et Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(1): 439 (1976)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Ningxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, SE-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis plurinodis (Keng) Tzvelev; Pl. Central Asia 4: 293 (2001)
= Zerna plurinodis (Keng) Tzvelev; Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 4, 176 (1968), cum. descr. lat.
species :
Bromus polyanthus Scribn. ex Shear; Bull. U.S.D.A. (1895-1901) 23: 56 (1900)
Name: Great Basin brome
Distribution: European Russia [I]; Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora, Tamaulipas)
14 rus 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: Subgen. Ceratochloa
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus multiflorus Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 13: 46 (1898) [nom. illeg., non Weigel 1772]
= Bromus paniculatus (Shear) Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts. 90 (1917)
= Bromus polyanthus f. parisiana A.Chev.; Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 30: 188 (1950)
= Bromus polyanthus var. paniculatus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 57, f. 35 (1900)
= Bromus sitchensis var. polyanthus (Scribn. ex Shear) R.E.Brainerd & Otting; Phytoneuron 2016-36: 2 (2016)
= Ceratochloa polyantha (Scribn. ex Shear) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 51 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Ceratochloa polyantha (Scribn.) W.A.Weber; Brittonia, 33(3) 325 (1981), isonym
species :
Bromus porphyranthos Cope; Fl. Pakistan, 143: 574 (1982), nom. nov.
Distribution: Tibet; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Uttarakhand, Kumaon, Sikkim)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus grandis (Stapf) Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 125 (1978)
= Bromus himalaicus var. grandis Stapf; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 359 (1896)
species :
Bromus porteri (Coult.) Nash; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 512 (1895)
Name: Porter brome
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba); USA (E-California, Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis porteri (Coult.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus ciliatus var. montanus Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 619 (1896)
= Bromus ciliatus var. porteri (Coult.) Rydb.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 3: 192 (1895)
= Bromus ciliatus var. scariosus Scribn.; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 13: 46 (1898)
= Bromus kalmii var. occidentalis Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 624 (1896)
= Bromus kalmii var. porteri Coult.; Man. Bot. Rocky Mt.: 425 (1885)
= Bromus porteri var. havardii Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 37 (1900) [nom. illeg. superfl.]
= Bromus scabratus Scribn.; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 13: 46 (1898), nom. illeg.
species :
Bromus psammophilus P.M.Sm.; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42: 492 (1985)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus psammophilus var. robustus Çakan & H.Scholz; Turkish J. Bot. 35: 714 (2011)
species :
Bromus pseudobrachystachys H.Scholz; Bot. Jahrb. 91: 462 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kabul, Laghman); Israel (Rift Valley)
34 AFG IRQ ISR TUR
species :
Bromus pseudolaevipes Wagnon; Leafl. West. Bot. 6: 64 (1950)
Name: Coast range brome
Distribution: USA (Baja California Norte)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis pseudolaevipes (Wagnon) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
species :
Bromus pseudoramosus Keng f. ex L.Liu; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 9(2): 387 (2002)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus pseudoramosus Keng f. [Acta Bot.Yunnanica 4(4): 347 (1982)]
= Bromus pseudoramosus var. sedgioides B.S.Sun & H.Peng; Guihaia 13: 224 (1993)
species :
Bromus pseudosecalinus P.M.Sm.; Feddes Repert. 77: 63 (1968)
Name: Falsche Roggen-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Germany (+Brandenburg, +Bayern, +Rheinland-Pfalz, +Thüringen)
10 GRB IRE 11 GER
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus pseudosecalinus subsp. fallacinus H.Scholz; Kochia 3: 7 (2008)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. pseudosecalinus (P.M.Sm.) Lloret; Collect. Bot. 22: 151 (1993)
species :
Bromus pubescens Muhl. ex Willd.; Enum. Pl. 120 (1809)
Name: Hairy woodland brome, Canada Blue Gras
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, ?Québec); USA (Wyoming, Colorado, South Dakota, Nebraska, E-Kansas, Oklahoma, E-Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, West Virginia, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis pubescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 168 (1973)
= Bromus ciliatus f. laeviglumis (Scribn. ex Shear) Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 91 (1922)
= Bromus ciliatus subvar. laevivaginatus (Wiegand) Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 10: 204 (1927)
= Bromus ciliatus var. laeviglumis Scribn. ex Shear; Bull. U.S.D.A. (1895-1901) 23: 32 (1900)
= Bromus hookeri var. pubescens (Muhl. ex Willd.) E.Fourn.; Mexic. Pl. 2: 127 (1886), nom. inval.
= Bromus laeviglumis (Scribn. ex Shear) Hitchc.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 41: 157 (1928)
= Bromus pubescens f. laevivaginatus (Wiegand) F.Seym.; Fl. New England: 60 (1969)
= Bromus purgans f. glabriflorus Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 92 (1922)
= Bromus purgans f. laevivaginatus Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 92 (1922)
= Bromus purgans var. laeviglumis (Scribn. ex Shear) Swallen; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 54: 45 (1941)
= Forasaccus ciliatus var. laeviglumis (Scribn. ex Shear) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 225 (1915)
species :
Bromus pulchellus Fig. & De Not.; Mem. Acad. Sci. Torino ser. 2, 12: 260 (1852)
Distribution: Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran, EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Farah, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Laghman, Nangarhar, Takhar); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Asir); United Arab Emirates; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, N.W.Frontier Prov.); Bhutan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh); New Zealand [I]
31 rfe 32 KGZ TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ SIN 35 OMA SAU UAE YEM 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND PAK 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus gracilis Popov; Trans. Turkest. Univ., Tashkent, No. 4 (Veg. Monts SaryTaou, etc.) 46 (1922), nomen. non Leyss. 1761 nec Weigel (1772)
= Bromus japonicus subsp. sinaicus Hack.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 167 (1903)
= Bromus pseudojaponicus H.Scholz; Bot. Jahrb. 102: 485 (1981)
= Bromus rechingeri Melderis; Fl. Iranica 70: 114 (1970)
= Bromus rechingeri subsp. afghanicus (H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 38: 422 (2008)
= Bromus rechingeri var. afghanicus H.Scholz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 102: 482 (1981)
= Bromus sinaicus (Hack.) Täckh.; Bull. Fac. Sci. Fouad I Univ. 17: 153 (1941)
= Bromus tytthanthus Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 30 (1934)
species :
Bromus pumilio (Trin.) P.M.Sm.; Feddes Repert. 79: 338 (1969)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Zabul); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Midyan, Asir); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta)
20 EGY 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Boissiera bromoides Hochst. & Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 200 (1854), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Boissiera bromoides var. glabriflora Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 560 (1884)
= Boissiera pumilio (Trin.) Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 9 (1885)
= Boissiera squarrosa (Banks & Sol.) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 30 (1934)
= Boissiera squarrosa var. glabriflora (Boiss.) Bor; Taxon 16: 67 (1967)
= Bromus bromoides Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 200 (1854) [nom. illeg.]
= Euraphis pumilio (Trin.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 776 (1891)
= Euraphis squarrosa (Banks & Sol.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 140 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Pappophorum pumilio Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 1: 92 (1830)
= Pappophorum sinaicum Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 4(2, Bot.): 54 (1836)
= Pappophorum squarrosum Banks & Sol.; Russ., Nat. Hist. Aleppo ed. 2, 2: 244 (1794)
species :
Bromus pumpellianus Scribn.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15(1): 9, t. 76D (1888)
Name: Pumpelly´s brome
Distribution: Germany [I]; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Magadan, Primorye, Sakhalin); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (Yukon, N.W.T., Nunavut, Canadian Arctic Isl., British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, S-Québec); USA (Washington, Oregon, NW-Nevada, Idaho, ?Montana, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, South Dakota)
11 ger 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis alpina (Malyschev) Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 26 (1986)
= Bromopsis altaica Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 26 (1986)
= Bromopsis arctica (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis arctica var. alpina (Malyschev) Peschkova; Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri 1: 125 (1979)
= Bromopsis austrosibirica Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 28 (1986)
= Bromopsis bargusinensis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 279 (2009)
= Bromopsis dicksonii (Mitch. & Wilton) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 501 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Bromopsis flexuosa (Drobow) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 278 (2009)
= Bromopsis gorodkovae Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 105 (2006)
= Bromopsis inermis subsp. pumpelliana (Scribn.) W.A.Weber; Phytologia 33(2): 105 (1976)
= Bromopsis ircutensis (Kom.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 128(4): 501 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Bromopsis karavajevii (Tzvelev) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 337 (1981)
= Bromopsis korotkyi (Drobow) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis ornans (Kom.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis pavlovii (Roshev.) Peschkova; Fl. Sibir. (Poaceae) 2: 63 (1990)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana (Scribn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. arctica (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 221 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. flexuosa (Drobow) Prob.; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka 1: 144 (1985)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. ircutensis (Kom.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 182 (2000)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. karavajevii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 220 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. korotkiji (Drobow) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 220 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. ornans (Kom.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 220 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. sibirica (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 182 (2000)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. simaczevae Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 104 (2006)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. taimyrensis (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 32: 182 (2000)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana subsp. vogulica (Soczava) Tzvelev; Fl. Severo-Vostoka Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 129 (1974), et in Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 178 (1974)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. arctica (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Kozhevn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 234 (1981), no basionym ref.
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. barguzinensis (Drobow) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 220 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. flexuosa (Drobow) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 219 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. ircutensis (Kom.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 220 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. pellita (Drobow) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 178 (1974)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. taimyrensis (Roshev.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 219 (1976)
= Bromopsis pumpelliana var. villosissima (Hultén) Kozhevn.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 18: 234 (1981)
= Bromopsis pumpellianus subsp. arctica (Shear) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 221 (1976), isonym
= Bromopsis roshevitziana Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 279 (2009)
= Bromopsis sibirica (Drobow) Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 31 (1986), without basionym ref. nom. inval.
= Bromopsis sibirica var. bargusinensis (Drobow) Gubanov; Kat. tip. obraztsov sosud. rast. gerb. Moskovskogo Univ. (MW): 16 (1993)
= Bromopsis simaczevae (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 279 (2009)
= Bromopsis taimyrensis (Roshev.) Peschkova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 23: 31 (1986)
= Bromopsis ubsunurica Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 76: 609 (1991)
= Bromopsis uralensis (Govor.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 94(2): 279 (2009)
= Bromopsis vogulica (Soczava) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus arctica var. alpina (Malyschev) Peschkova; Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri 1: 125 (1979)
= Bromus arcticus Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 13: 83 (1910)
= Bromus arcticus subsp. ornans (Kom.) Karav.; Konsp. Fl. Yakut.: 59 (1958)
= Bromus arcticus var. ornans (Kom.) Hultén; Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. Handl., III 5(1): 147 (1927)
= Bromus arcticus var. paramushirensis (Kudô) Miyabe & Kudô; Fl. Hokk. Saghal. 2: 174 (1931)
= Bromus arcticus var. vogulicus (Soczava) Gubanov & V.N.Tikhom.; Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n. s. 99(1): 126 (1994)
= Bromus ciliatus var. coloradensis Vasey ex Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 619 (1896)
= Bromus inermis subsp. pumpellianus (Scribn.) Wagnon; Rhodora 52(651): 211 (1950)
= Bromus inermis subsp. purpurascens (Hook.) Wagnon; Rhodora 52: 211 (1950)
= Bromus inermis var. arcticus (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Wagnon; Rhodora 52: 211 (1950)
= Bromus inermis var. pumpellianus C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 507 (1969), nom. inval.
= Bromus inermis var. purpurascens (Hook.) Wagnon; Rhodora 52(621): 211 (1950), et Brittonia 7: 465 (1952)
= Bromus inermis var. sibiricus (Drobow) Krylov; Fl. Zap. Sibiri 2: 335 (1928)
= Bromus inermis var. tweedyi (Scribn. ex Beal) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 507 (1969)
= Bromus ircutensis Kom.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 2: 130 (1921)
= Bromus jaluanus Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 139 (1921)
= Bromus julii Govor.; Fl. Urala: 532 (1937)
= Bromus korotkiji Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 238 (1914)
= Bromus occidentalis (Nevski) Pavlov; Fl. Kazakhstana 1: 276 (1956)
= Bromus ornans Kom.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 87 (1914)
= Bromus paramushirensis Kudô; J. Col. Agric. Sapporo 11: 75 (1922)
= Bromus pavlovii Roshev.; North Mongolia I. Prelim. Rep. Exped., 162 (1926), Kom., Fl. URSS, ii.559 (1934), in syn. (1925)
= Bromus pumpellianus subsp. dicksonii W.W.Mitch. & Wilton; Brittonia 18: 163 (1966)
= Bromus pumpellianus var. arcticus (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) A.E.Porsild; Rhodora 41: 182 (1939)
= Bromus pumpellianus var. tweedyi Scribn. ex Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 622 (1896)
= Bromus pumpellianus var. villosissimus Hultén; Acta Univ. Lund., n.f. 38: 252 (1942)
= Bromus pumpellii Scribn.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 9 (1888), orth. var.
= Bromus purgans var. purpurascens Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 252 (1840)
= Bromus richardsonii subsp. flexuosus (Drobow) T.Koyama; Grass. Japan: 493 (1987)
= Bromus sibiricus Drobow; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 12: 229 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus f. alpinus Malyschev; Visokog. Fl. Vost. Sayana: 71 (1965)
= Bromus sibiricus f. pilosus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 236 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus subsp. flexuosus (Drobow) Kuvaev; Fl. Subarkt. Gor Evraz. 79 (2006)
= Bromus sibiricus subsp. julii (Govor.) Kuvaev; Fl. Subarkt. Gor Evraz.: 79 (2006)
= Bromus sibiricus var. barguzinensis Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 237 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus var. flexuosus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 235 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus var. glaber Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 232 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus var. pauciflorus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 238 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus var. pellitus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 234 (1914)
= Bromus sibiricus var. taimyrensis Roshev.; Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR., Ser. A, 7: 108 (1930)
= Bromus sibiricus var. villosus Drobow; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 12: 237 (1914)
= Bromus uralensis Govor.; Fl. Urala: 531 (1937)
= Bromus vogulicus Soczava; Zhurn. Russk. Bot. Obshch. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 14: 280 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Forasaccus pumpellianus (Scribn.) Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 225 (1915)
= Zerna arctica (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Tzvelev; Fl. Arct. URSS 2: 228 (1964)
= Zerna irkutensis (Kom.) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 17 (1934)
= Zerna korotkiji (Drobow) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 17 (1934)
= Zerna occidentalis Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 18 (1934)
= Zerna ornans (Kom.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna pumpelliana (Scribn.) Tzvelev; Fl. Arct. URSS, Fasc. 2, 225 (1964)
= Zerna pumpelliana subsp. arctica (Shear ex Scribn. & Merr.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 56 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna pumpelliana subsp. karavajevii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 58 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna pumpelliana subsp. korotkiji (Drobow) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 58 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna pumpelliana subsp. ornans (Kom.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 58 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna pumpelliana subsp. vogulica (Soczava) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 58 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna vogulica (Soczava) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
species :
Bromus racemosus L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 114 (1762)
subspecies :
subsp. racemosus
Name: Trauben-Trespe (DE), Bald brome (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania; E-European Russia; Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Kabul, Samangan); South Korea [I]; Bhutan [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Alberta [I], Ontario [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], S-Idaho [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], ?Mississippi [I], Alabama [I], ?North Carolina [I], ?West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], ?Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 cis FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC SMA SRB 14 est lat LIT RUS 31 rfe 32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG EAI TUR 38 kor 40 bhu 50 aus 51 nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: racemosus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus agrarius Hornung ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 226 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus arduennensis var. hirsutus (Davr.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 602 (1901)
= Bromus arvensis var. racemosus (L.) Neilr.; Fl. Nieder-Osterreich 81 (1859)
= Bromus decumbens var. racemosus (L.) Petif; Enum. Pl. Fl. Palat.: 13 (1830)
= Bromus elongatus var. pubescens Lej.; P. Michel, Agrost. Belg. Cent. 2: 113 (1825)
= Bromus hordeaceus f. leiostachys (Hartm.) Hyl.; Uppsala Univ. Årsskr. 7: 84 (1945)
= Bromus hordeaceus f. leptostachys (Pers.) Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 90 (1922)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. glabrescens (Coss.) Shear; Bull. U. S. D. A. (1895-1901) 23: 20 (1900)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. leptostachys (Pers.) Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 109 (1890)
= Bromus hordeaceus var. racemosus (L.) Fiori; Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 149 (1923)
= Bromus leptostachys (Pers.) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 324 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mollis f. leiostachys (Hartm.) Fernald; Rhodora 35: 316 (1933)
= Bromus mollis f. leptostachys (Pers.) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 332 (1900)
= Bromus mollis f. leptostachys (Pers.) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 740 (1901)
= Bromus mollis var. glabrescens Coss.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris: 654 (1845)
= Bromus mollis var. leptostachys Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 95 (1805)
= Bromus mollis var. racemosus (L.) Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 113 (1839)
= Bromus mollis var. racemosus (L.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Ital. 1: 100 (1896)
= Bromus multiflorus Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 47 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Bromus popovii Drobow; Key Pl. Envir. Tashkent, ed. Popov, 38 (1923), et in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 40(1925)
= Bromus racemosus f. brachystachys (Schur) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 322 (1972)
= Bromus racemosus f. pratorum (Schur) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 322 (1972)
= Bromus racemosus var. brachystachys Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 802 (1866)
= Bromus racemosus var. brevisetus N.H.F.Desp.; Fl. Sarthe: 327 (1838)
= Bromus racemosus var. gracilis Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 61 (1836)
= Bromus racemosus var. laevis Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 61 (1836)
= Bromus racemosus var. major Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 136 (1837)
= Bromus racemosus var. monostachys Godet; Fl. Jura: 827 (1853)
= Bromus racemosus var. pratensis Döll; Fl. Baden: 138 (1855)
= Bromus racemosus var. pratorum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 802 (1866)
= Bromus racemosus var. ramosus Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 100 (1838)
= Bromus racemosus var. simplex Sond.; Fl. Hamburg.: 68 (1851)
= Bromus racemosus var. submuticus Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 4: 725 (1881)
= Bromus racemosus var. subpaniculatus St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 43 (1821)
= Bromus racemosus var. subsecalinus Parn.; Grass. Britain: 264 (1845)
= Bromus racemosus var. tenuis Waisb.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 4: 71 (1905)
= Bromus squarrosus var. racemosus (L.) Regel; Acta Horti Petrop. 7: 602 (1881)
= Bromus supernovus H.Scholz; Willdenowia 38: 417 (2008)
= Bromus tuzsonii Pénzes; Bot. Kozlem. 33: 136 (1936)
= Festuca racemosa (L.) T.Marsson; 594 (1869)
= Festuca racemosa var. pratensis (Döll) T.Marsson; 595 (1869)
= Forasaccus racemosus (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 387 (1901)
= Michelaria hirsuta Davr.; Necr. Lieg. (1854) 36
= Serrafalcus racemosus (L.) Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 14 (1845)
= Serrafalcus racemosus var. villosus Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 184 (1844)
= Serrafalcus velutinus Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 16 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. lusitanicus (Sales & P.M.Sm.) H.Scholz & Spalton; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Nordrhein-Westfalen); Portugal; Greece (incl. Kiklades); etc.
11 GER 12 POR 13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus lusitanicus Sales & P.M.Sm.; Edinburgh J. Bot. 47(3): 361 (1990)
species :
Bromus ramosus Huds.; Fl. Angl. 40 (1762)
Name: Späte Wald-Trespe, Hohe Wald-Trespe (DE), Hairy brome (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl.; ?Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia); Tibet [I]; N-Pakistan (Chitral, Kurram, Swat); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Meghalaya, Naga- land, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand); USA [I] (District of Columbia [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Mississippi [I])
10 DEN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 LAT LIT UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 tib 40 IND PAK 75 usa 78 usa
Remarks: ramosus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena nemoralis (Huds.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 23 (1796)
= Bromopsis aspera (Murray) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 187 (1869)
= Bromopsis chitralensis (Melderis) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 425 (1977)
= Bromopsis fedtschenkoi (Tzvelev) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 336 (1981)
= Bromopsis ramosa (Huds.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromopsis ramosa subsp. fedtschenkoi (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 214 (1976)
= Bromus altissimus Weber; Wigg., Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 9 (1780), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus asper Murray; Prodr. Stirp. Gött. 42 (1770)
= Bromus asper subsp. serotinus (Beneken) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 822 (1882)
= Bromus asper var. angustifolius Nees; Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 417 (1839), nom. nud.
= Bromus asper var. cristatus Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen 4: 726 (1881)
= Bromus asper var. depauperatus Nees; J. F. Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 417 (1839), nom. nud.
= Bromus asper var. glaucescens Albov; Prodr. Fl. Colchic.: 264 (1894)
= Bromus asper var. grandis Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 27: 18 (1902)
= Bromus asper var. hirsutissimus Link; Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol. 1: 167 (1827)
= Bromus asper var. pauciflorus Mutel; Fl. Franç. 4: 130 (1837)
= Bromus asper var. serotinus (Beneken) Wirtg.; 523 (1857)
= Bromus asper var. serotinus (Beneken) Zabel; Arch. Vereins Freunde Naturgesch. Mecklenburg 13: 94 (1859)
= Bromus asper var. vernus Crép. ex Husn.; Graminées: 70 (1899)
= Bromus chitralensis Melderis; Rech.f., Fl. Iran., Lief. 70, 139 (1970)
= Bromus dumetorum Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 605 (1779)
= Bromus giganteus Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 118 (1787), nom. illeg.
= Bromus hirsutissimus Cirillo; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis] 2: 643 (1817)
= Bromus hirsutus Curtis; Fl. Londin. 2: 8 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Bromus montanus Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 124 (1779), nom. illeg.
= Bromus montanus Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 82 (1771)
= Bromus nemoralis Huds.; Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 51 (1778)
= Bromus nemorosus Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 1: 294 (1786)
= Bromus pseudoasper Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 804 (1866)
= Bromus ramosus f. abbreviatus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 3: 232 (1911)
= Bromus ramosus f. glabrior Holmb.; Bot. Not. 1926: 184 (1926)
= Bromus ramosus subsp. serotinus (Beneken) Kneuck.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 32 (1903)
= Bromus ramosus subsp. serotinus Bech.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 25: 11 (1928)
= Bromus ramosus subvar. cristatus (Celak.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 576 (1901)
= Bromus ramosus subvar. grandis (Velen.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 204 (1932)
= Bromus ramosus var. corniculatus St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 46 (1821)
= Bromus ramosus var. elatior Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 186 (1904)
= Bromus ramosus var. hirsutus (Curtis) Brand; W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 2787 (1907)
= Bromus ramosus var. irmischii Wein; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 31: 390 (1933)
= Bromus ramosus var. serotinus (Beneken) Hack. & Briq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 10: 85 (1907)
= Bromus ramosus var. violaceus Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 185 (1904)
= Bromus serotinus Beneken; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 724 (1845)
= Bromus sylvaticus Vogler; Duab. Gram. Sp.: 13 (1776), nom. illeg.
= Festuca aspera (Murray) Mérat; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 19 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Festuca aspera (Murray) Mert. & W.D.J.Koch; 672 (1823)
= Festuca aspera var. minor Dierb.; 18 (1825)
= Festuca aspera var. multiflora Lej. & Courtois; Comp. Fl. Belg. 1: 94 (1828)
= Festuca ramosa (Huds.) Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Prodr. 1: 110 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Festuca wightiana Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 316 (1854)
= Forasaccus asper (Murray) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 383 (1901)
= Schedonorus asper Murray; Prod. Stirp. Gött.: 42 (1770), pro syn.
= Schedonorus asper subsp. serotinus (Beneken) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 10: 261 (1870)
= Schedonorus serotinus (Beneken) Rostr.; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1864: 119 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Zerna aspera (Murray) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 117 (1821 publ. 1822), isonym
= Zerna aspera (Murray) Panz.; Denkschr. Akad. Muench. 1813 (1814) 297
= Zerna ramosa (Huds.) Lindm.; Svensk Fanerogamfl. 101 (1918)
= Zerna ramosa subsp. fedtschenkoi Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 53 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bromus remotiflorus (Steud.) Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 4: 58 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus pauciflorus (Thunb.) Hack.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 713 (1899), nom. illeg.
= Bromus remotiflorus (Steud.) Keng; Contrib. Biol. Lab. Sci. Soc. China, Bot. Ser. 10: 177 (1936), isonym
= Bromus stenanthus Hack. ex Honda; J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo, Sect. III. Bot. 3: 55 (1930), in syn.
= Festuca pauciflora Thunb.; Fl. Jap. (Thunb.) 52 (1784), et Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 119 (1784)
= Festuca remotiflora Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 315 (1854)
= Schedonorus pauciflorus (Thunb.) Miq.; Prolus. Fl. Jap. 171 (1866)
= Schedonorus remotiflorus (Steud.) Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 283 (1866)
= Stenofestuca pauciflora (Thunb.) Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 25: 7 (1950)
species :
Bromus richardsonii Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 281 (1833)
Name: Richardsons brome
Distribution: S-Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan); USA (California, Nevada, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, South Dakota, W-Texas)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis canadensis subsp. richardsonii (Link) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR 214 (1976)
= Bromopsis richardsonii (Link) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 168 (1973)
= Bromus ciliatus var. richardsonii (Link) Y.Q.Jiang; Fl. Intramongolica 7: 104 (1983)
= Zerna canadensis subsp. richardsonii (Link) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 54 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna richardsonii (Link) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
species :
Bromus rigidus Roth; Bot. Mag. (Römer & Usteri) 4(10): 21 (1790)
Name: Zottige Trespe (DE); Stiff Brome (EN); Barba de macho (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; European Turkey; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); South Africa [I] (Cape Prov. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); China (Jiangxi [I]); South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I]); Taiwan [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], SE-Queensland [I], Tasmania [I], Western Australia [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Atacama [I], Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
11 ger HUN 12 BAL cis COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 est 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 27 saf 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 36 CHI 38 jap kor tai 50 aus 71 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 bol 85 arg cle jnf
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha diandra subsp. rigida (Roth) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 223 (1976)
= Anisantha diandra var. rigida (Roth) Spalton; B. S. B. I. News 95:25 (2004)
= Anisantha hispanica (Rivas Ponce) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 11(1): 82 (1976)
= Anisantha rigida (Roth) Hyl.; Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfi. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr., No. 7) 32(1945)
= Bromus ambigens Jord.; Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 229 (1855)
= Bromus asperipes Jord.; P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 229 (1855)
= Bromus boraei Jord.; P. C. Billot, Annot. Fl. France Allemagne: 230 (1855)
= Bromus diandrus f. asperipes (Jord.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972), no basionym ref.
= Bromus diandrus f. boraei (Jord.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972), no basionym ref.
= Bromus diandrus subsp. maximus (Desf.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sct. Hung., 17(1-2): 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus diandrus subsp. rigidus (Roth) Laínz; Anales Inst. Forest. Invest. 12: 49 (1967)
= Bromus diandrus subsp. rigidus (Roth) O.Bolòs, Masalles & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17: 96 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Bromus diandrus var. ambigens (Jord.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 595 (1901)
= Bromus diandrus var. maximus (Desf.) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 11 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Bromus diandrus var. rigidus (Roth) Bab.; Prim. Fl. Sarnicae: 114 (1839)
= Bromus diandrus var. rigidus (Roth) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 11 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Bromus diandrus var. rigidus (Roth) M.F.Sales; Edinburgh J. Bot. 50(1): 9 (1993)
= Bromus gussonei var. boraei (Jord.) Fouill.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80: 482 (1933)
= Bromus gussonei var. rigidus (Roth) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 15 (1932)
= Bromus hispanicus Rivas Ponce; Lagascalia 3: 53 (1973)
= Bromus indicus Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 227 (1840), pro syn.
= Bromus madritensis Cav. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 1: 419 (1833), pro syn.
= Bromus madritensis var. maximus (Desf.) St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 45 (1821)
= Bromus madritensis var. rigidus (Roth) Bab.; 374 (1843)
= Bromus madritensis var. rigidus (Roth) Bab. ex Syme; Eng. Bot (ed. 3b) 11: 161 (1873)
= Bromus madritensis var. rigidus (Roth) Syme; Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3B, 11: 101 (1873)
= Bromus madritensis var. strictus Guépin; Fl. Maine-et-Loire: 47 (1830)
= Bromus matritensis Cav.; Icon. 6: 67 (1801)
= Bromus maximus Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 95 (1798) [nom. illeg., non Gilib. 1792]
= Bromus maximus var. ambigens (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 82 (1882)
= Bromus maximus var. asperipes (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 82 (1882)
= Bromus maximus var. erectus Sanguin.; Fl. Roman. Prodr. Alt. 2: 102 (1864)
= Bromus maximus var. rigidus (Roth) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 821 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Bromus megalanthus Keng; Sinensia 6: 152 (1935)
= Bromus nitidus E.D.Clarke; Trav. Var. Eur. 2: 260 (1812)
= Bromus rigens subsp. maximus (Desf.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 94 (1913)
= Bromus rigidus f. asperipes (Jord.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 235 (1955)
= Bromus rigidus subsp. ambigens (Jord.) Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 111: 59 (1977)
= Bromus rigidus subsp. maximus (Desf.) O.Bolòs et al.; Collect. Bot (Barcelona) 17: 96 (1987)
= Bromus rigidus subsp. maximus (Desf.) Rothm. & P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 1: 248 (1939)
= Bromus rigidus var. ambigens (Jord.) Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 234 (1955)
= Bromus rigidus var. gracilis Cugnac; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 338 (1931)
= Bromus rigidus var. gracilis Le Gall; Fl. Morbihan: 748 (1852)
= Bromus rigidus var. maximus (Desf.) Delastre; Fl. Vienne: 496 (1842)
= Bromus rubens Host; Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 1: t. 18 (1801), nom. illeg.
= Bromus rubens var. maximus (Desf.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 99 (1896)
= Bromus rubens var. rigidus (Roth) Mutel; Fl. Franç. 4: 133 (1837)
= Bromus sterilis var. maximus (Desf.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 250 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis var. rigidus (Roth) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Bromus villosus proles ambigens (Jord.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 248 (1913)
= Bromus villosus proles rigidus (Roth) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 249 (1913)
= Bromus villosus subsp. ambigens (Jord.) Braun-Blanq.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 26 (1919)
= Bromus villosus subsp. maximus (Desf.) Rothm. & P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 1: 248 (1939)
= Bromus villosus subsp. rigidus (Roth) Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 8(1): 169 (1924)
= Bromus villosus subsp. rigidus (Roth) Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 80 (1931), isonym
= Bromus villosus var. ambigens (Jord.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 595 (1901)
= Bromus villosus var. maximus (Desf.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 595 (1901)
= Bromus villosus var. rigidus (Roth) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 596 (1901)
= Forasaccus maximus (Desf.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 382 (1901)
= Genea maxima (Desf.) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 67 (1868)
= Genea rigens (Roth) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 67 (1868)
= Genea rigida (Roth) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 67 (1868), et Etude Agrostogr. Gen. Michelaria 30 (1868)
species :
Bromus riparius Rehmann; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 10: 8 (1871 publ. 1872)
Name: Ufer-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); China [I] (Gansu [I])
11 ger swi 13 ALB BUL KOS ROM SRB 14 BLR est KRY lat RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 rfe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 chi
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis calcarea Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiev), 1976: 41 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Bromopsis cimmerica Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiev), 1976: 38 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Bromopsis divaricata (Tzvelev) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 336 (1981)
= Bromopsis dolichophylla Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiev), 1976: 33 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Bromopsis fibrosa (Hack.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 38: 102 (2006)
= Bromopsis glabrata Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast 1976: 36 (1977)
= Bromopsis heterophylla (Klokov) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 167 (1973)
= Bromopsis pseudocappadocica Klokov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Nizsh. Rast. (Kiev), 1976: 43 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Bromopsis riparia (Rehmann) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromopsis riparia subsp. arenaria (Heuff.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 169 (1973)
= Bromopsis riparia subsp. barcensis (Simonk.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 169 (1973)
= Bromopsis riparia subsp. divaricata (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 216 (1976)
= Bromopsis riparia subsp. fibrosa (Hack.) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 176 (1974)
= Bromopsis riparia subsp. heterophylla (Klokov) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 178 (1974)
= Bromopsis riparia var. cimmerica (Klokov) Tzvelev; Konspekt Fl. Kavkaza (2006)
= Bromopsis taurica Sljuss.; Zlaki Ukrainy: 146 (1977)
= Bromus angustifolius var. villosellus Borbás; Fl. Comit. Temesiensis: 43 (1884)
= Bromus barcensis Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transs. 584 (1887)
= Bromus barcensis var. romanicus (F.Herm.) Todor; Fl. Republ. Social. Roman. 12: 311 (1972)
= Bromus dobrogensis Prodan; Consp. Fl. Dobr.: 31 (1935)
= Bromus erectus subsp. barcensis (Simonk.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 579 (1901)
= Bromus erectus subsp. fibrosus (Hack.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 578 (1901)
= Bromus erectus var. arenarius Heuff.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 234 (1858)
= Bromus erectus var. fibrosus (Hack.) Roshev.; Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 40: 211 (1928)
= Bromus erectus var. puberulus Beck; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 5: 566 (1890)
= Bromus fibrosus Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209 (1879)
= Bromus fibrosus subsp. barcensis (Simonk.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 205 (1932)
= Bromus fibrosus subsp. macedonicus Degen & Dörfl.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 64: 741 (1897)
= Bromus fibrosus var. barcensis (Simonk.) Jáv.; Magyar Fl. 1: 108 (1924)
= Bromus fibrosus var. contractus Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 53 (1899)
= Bromus fibrosus var. orbelicus Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 29: 18 (1902)
= Bromus fibrosus var. villosellus Borbás ex Jáv.; Magyar Fl. 1: 108 (1924)
= Bromus heterophyllus (Klokov) Stank.; Opred. Vyssh. Rast. Evrop. Chasti SSSR, ed. 2: 638 (1957), nom. inval.
= Bromus orbelicus (Velen.) Petrova; Kozuharov & Ehrend., Bocconea 5: 778 (1997)
= Bromus ramosus var. romanicus F.Herm.; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 51: 57 (1909)
= Bromus riparius subsp. barcensis (Simonk.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus riparius subsp. barcensis (Simonk.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus riparius subsp. heterophylla (Klokov) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR 1: 178 (1974)
= Bromus riparius subsp. macedonicus (Degen & Dörfl.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus riparius subsp. villosellus (Borbás) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972)
= Bromus transsilvanicus Schur; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 10: 227 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Bromus transsilvanicus var. compactus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 584 (1901)
= Bromus transsilvanicus var. densiflorus Borbás; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
= Bromus transsilvanicus var. humilis Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 584 (1901)
= Bromus transsilvanicus var. puberulus (Beck) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 584 (1901)
= Bromus variegatus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 645 (1884), pro syn.
= Zerna fibrosa (Hack.) Grossh.; Trudy Bot. Inst. (Baku) 8: 394 (1939)
= Zerna heterophylla Klokov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 12: 59 (1950)
= Zerna pseudocappadocica Klokov; Vizn. Rosl. RSS Ucr.: 1895 (1950), no Latin descr.
= Zerna riparia (Rehmann) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna riparia subsp. divaricata Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 55 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna riparia subsp. fibrosa (Hack.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 56 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna riparia subsp. heterophylla (Klokov) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 56 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna taurica Sljuss.; Kostri Ukr. Fl., Avtorph. Liss.: 7 (1970), nom. nud.
species :
Bromus rubens L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 5 (1755)
subspecies :
subsp. rubens
Name: Zottige Trespe (DE), Red brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; +Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Latvia [I]; European Russia [I]; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); N-Chad (Tibesti); Namibia [I]; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Helmand, Kandahar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Nejd Desert); China (Xinjiang); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); Hawaii [I] (Molokai [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Idaho [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Montana [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 GRC ITA KRI PEL SIC TUE 14 lat rus 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 24 CHA 27 nam 32 TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 50 aus 63 haw 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha rubens (L.) Nevski; Trudy Sredne-Aziatsk. Gosud. Univ., Ser. 8b, Bot. 17: 19 (1934)
= Anisantha rubens var. caucasica (Hack.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 224 (1976)
= Anisantha rubens var. glabriglumis (Maire) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 224 (1976)
= Bromus canescens Viv.; Fl. Libyc. Spec.: 5 (1824)
= Bromus coloratus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 354 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Bromus kerkerianus Sennen & Mauricio; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 298 (1936)
= Bromus madritensis subsp. rubens (L.) Douin; Bonnier & Douin, 52 (1934)
= Bromus madritensis subsp. rubens (L.) Husn.; Graminees 71 (1899)
= Bromus madritensis var. caucasicus Hack.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 36: 29 (1913), nom. nud.
= Bromus madritensis var. purpurascens (Delile) Post; Fl. Syria: 892 (1896)
= Bromus madritensis var. rubens (L.) Husn.; Graminées: 71 (1898)
= Bromus ponderosus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 355 (1909)
= Bromus purpurascens Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 117 (1813)
= Bromus rigidus Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1: 31 (1834), nom. nud.
= Bromus rubens f. canescens (Viv.) Coss.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 12: 280 (1865)
= Bromus rubens f. intermedius Pamp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1914: 11 (1914)
= Bromus rubens subsp. eurubens Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc: 81 (1931), nom. inval.
= Bromus rubens var. ambiguus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 34: 141 (1943)
= Bromus rubens var. borosii Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 126 (1936)
= Bromus rubens var. canescens Coss. ex Bég. & Vacc.; Fl. Tripolitania: 35 (1912)
= Bromus rubens var. fallax Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 97 (1942)
= Bromus rubens var. fasciculatus Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 133 (1837)
= Bromus rubens var. glabellus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 325 (1934)
= Bromus rubens var. glabriglumis Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 943 (1941), nom. nud.
= Bromus rubens var. paniculatus Noulet; Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyrén.: 709 (1837)
= Bromus rubens var. villosulus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 325 (1934)
= Bromus scoparius var. rubens (L.) St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 45 (1821)
= Bromus sterilis var. rubens (L.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Festuca rubens (L.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 94 (1805)
= Zerna rubens (L.) Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, viii/48 (Fl. Kavkaza,i.) 306 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. kunkelii (H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 25(2): 578 (1996)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha rubens subsp. kunkelii (H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromus kunkelii (H.Scholz) H.Scholz; Mitteilungsb. Botaniker-Tagung Wien (1984): 137 (1984)
= Bromus madritensis subsp. kunkelii H.Scholz; Willdenowia 11: 251 (1981)
species :
Bromus salangensis Naderi; Nordic J. Bot. 32(5): 554 (2013)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Bromus sclerophyllus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 65 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: see also B. cappadocicus which is frequently included here
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis cappadocica subsp. sclerophylla (Boiss.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis sclerophylla (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus cappadocicus subsp. sclerophyllus (Boiss.) P.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42: 496 (1985)
= Bromus crassipes Halácsy; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 56: 282 (1906)
= Bromus parilicus Petrova; Kozuharov & Ehrend., Bocconea 5: 775 (1997)
= Bromus tomentellus var. sclerophyllus (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24: 497 (1909)
= Zerna sclerophylla (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus scoparius L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 6 (1755)
Name: Besen-Trespe (DE); Broom Brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; E-European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Faryab, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Parwan, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Qatar; United Arab Emirates; China (Jiangsu, W-Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Peshawar); India (Jammu & Kashmir); Norfolk Isl. [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Michigan [I], New York [I], Virginia [I]); Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Biobío [I])
11 ger 12 POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI PTL SIC SLV TUE 14 est KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW QAT SAU UAE 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK 50 nfk 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha rigens (L.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 20 (1934), in clavi
= Bromus cavanillesii Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 101 (1861)
= Bromus confertus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 71 (1808)
= Bromus confertus var. lasianthus Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1: 18 (1871)
= Bromus confertus var. leianthus Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1: 18 (1871)
= Bromus degenii Pénzes; Magyar Bot. Lapok 33: 23 (1934)
= Bromus erectus Moris; Stirp. Sard. Elench. 1: 50 (1827), nom. illeg., non L.
= Bromus humilis Cav.; Icon. 6: 65 (1801)
= Bromus molliformis subsp. humilis (Cav.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 823 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Bromus ovatus Gaertn.; Nov. Comm. Acad. Petrop. 14: (1770) 537. t. 19, f. 1
= Bromus rigens L.; Mant. Pl. 1: 33 (1767)
= Bromus scoparius f. cylindricus Kozuharov, Stoeva & Kuzmanov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 25: 39 (1974)
= Bromus scoparius f. pauciflorus Kozuharov, Stoeva & Kuzmanov; Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 25: 39 (1974)
= Bromus scoparius var. confertus (M.Bieb.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Bromus scoparius var. glaber Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 601 (1881)
= Bromus scoparius var. hirtulus Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 602 (1881)
= Bromus scoparius var. humilis (Cav.) Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 2(1): 53 (1860)
= Bromus scoparius var. humilis (Cav.) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur.: 419 (1855)
= Bromus scoparius var. lasianthus (Trautv.) B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Velikago 14(Suppl. 2): 90 (1915)
= Bromus scoparius var. leianthus (Trautv.) B.Fedtsch.; Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Velikago 14(Suppl. 2): 90 (1915)
= Bromus scoparius var. multiflorus Oppenh.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève 31: 165 (1940)
= Bromus scoparius var. psilostachys Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 399 (1904)
= Bromus scoparius var. stenantha Stapf; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1907: 369 (1907)
= Bromus scoparius var. villiglumis Maire & Weiller; Fl. Afrique N. 3: 259 (1955), nom. inval.
= Bromus squarrosus var. confertus (M.Bieb.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Bromus squarrosus var. scoparius (L.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Serrafalcus cavanillesii Willk.; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 101 (1861)
= Serrafalcus scoparius (L.) Parl.; Rar. Pl. Sicilia 2: 19 (1840)
species :
Bromus secalinus L.; Sp. Pl. 76 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. secalinus
Name: Roggen-Trespe (DE), Rye brome (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; N-Portugal; C- & N-Spain; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine; Algeria [I]; Siberia (Buryatia, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Kamchatka [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (WN-Anatolia); China (Gansu [I], Xinjiang [I]); Tibet [I]; South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Hokkaido [I], Honshu [I]); Taiwan [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I] (Kipukapuaulu [I], single collection)); Canada [I] (Yukon [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], New Mexico [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Minnesota [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], Mississippi [I], Alabama [I], Georgia [I], Florida [I], South Carolina [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Mexico [I]; Colombia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I])
10 den fin grb nor swe 11 AUT BGM GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 blr est lat lit rus UKR 20 alg 30 SIB 31 rfe 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI TUR 36 CHI tib 38 jap kor tai 50 aus 63 haw 70 cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 82 clm 85 arg cle
Remarks: secalinus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Avena secalina (L.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 22 (1796)
= Bromus brevisetus Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 155 (1827)
= Bromus ehrhartii Gaudin; J. J. Roem., Collecteana: 19 (1806)
= Bromus elongatus Gaudin; Agrost. Helv. 1: 305 (1811)
= Bromus hybridus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 801 (1866)
= Bromus mollis var. secalinus (L.) Huds.; Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 49 (1778), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus multiflorus Sm.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 283 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Bromus mutabilis F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 234 (1849), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus mutabilis var. glabratus F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 234 (1849)
= Bromus mutabilis var. grossus (W.D.J.Koch) F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 235 (1849)
= Bromus mutabilis var. hirtus F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 235 (1849)
= Bromus mutabilis var. hordeaceus F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 235 (1849)
= Bromus mutabilis var. secalinus (L.) F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 235 (1849), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus polymorphus Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 1: 79 (1771)
= Bromus racemosus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Duby; Bot. Gall., ed. 2, 1: 516 (1828)
= Bromus secalinus subf. glabratus (F.W.Schultz) M.Goldschm.; 331 (1903)
= Bromus secalinus f. divergens (Rchb.) Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 317 (1972)
= Bromus secalinus f. glabrescens Zapal.; 189 (1905), nom. inval.
= Bromus secalinus f. hirtus (F.W.Schultz) Wiegand; Rhodora 24: 89 (1922)
= Bromus secalinus f. lasiophyllus (Beck) Neuman; Sver. Fl.: 739 (1901)
= Bromus secalinus f. submuticus (Rchb.) Asch.; 862 (1864)
= Bromus secalinus f. submuticus (Rchb.) Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 48: 175 (1938)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. barthae Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 32: 7a (1936)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. vulgaris (W.D.J.Koch) Domin; Preslia 13-15: 37 (1935), nom. inval.
= Bromus secalinus var. aristatus Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus secalinus var. arvensis Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 100 (1838)
= Bromus secalinus var. asper Neilr.; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 80 (1857)
= Bromus secalinus var. badensis (C.C.Gmel.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 606 (1901)
= Bromus secalinus var. dilatatus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 800 (1866)
= Bromus secalinus var. divergens Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 44 (1830), nom. inval.
= Bromus secalinus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 604 (1901)
= Bromus secalinus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Lamotte; Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
= Bromus secalinus var. glaber Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 153 (1812)
= Bromus secalinus var. grossus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl.: 819 (1837)
= Bromus secalinus var. hirsutus Kindb.; Bot. Not. 1887: 32 (1887)
= Bromus secalinus var. hirtus (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 604 (1901)
= Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 1(ed. 2): 44 (1850)
= Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl.: 819 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus var. hybridus (Schur) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 605 (1901)
= Bromus secalinus var. hybridus (Schur) Jáv.; Magyar Fl. 1: 105 (1924)
= Bromus secalinus var. integer Schumach.; Enum. Pl. 1: 31 (1801)
= Bromus secalinus var. intermedius Mutel; Fl. Franç. 4: 135 (1837)
= Bromus secalinus var. lasiophyllus Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 108 (1890)
= Bromus secalinus var. leiophyllus Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 108 (1890)
= Bromus secalinus var. macrostachys Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 800 (1866)
= Bromus secalinus var. major Ehrh.; 9 (1790)
= Bromus secalinus var. minimus Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 189 (1905)
= Bromus secalinus var. minor Ehrh.; 9 (1790)
= Bromus secalinus var. muticus Blytt; Norges Fl. 1: 152 (1861), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus var. muticus Delastre; Fl. Vienne: 494 (1842)
= Bromus secalinus var. muticus Schur; 183 (1850), nom. inval.
= Bromus secalinus var. muticus Sendtn.; 902 (1854), nom. inval.
= Bromus secalinus var. pratensis Wahlenb.; Fl. Suec. 1: 66 (1824)
= Bromus secalinus var. pubescens Pauquy; Statist. Bot. Somme: 462 (1831)
= Bromus secalinus var. pubescens Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 153 (1812)
= Bromus secalinus var. rhenanthus Bég.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 22: 419 (1915)
= Bromus secalinus var. submuticus Hagenb.; Tent. Fl. Basil. 1: 95 (1821)
= Bromus secalinus var. submuticus Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 135 (1837)
= Bromus secalinus var. submuticus Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 11: t. 75 (1834), nom. nud.
= Bromus secalinus var. vitiosus (Weigel) Retz.; Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 18 (1779)
= Bromus segetalis A.Braun; Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 73 (1843), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus segetalis var. hordaceus (W.D.J.Koch) A.Braun & Döll; Döll, 74 (1843)
= Bromus segetalis var. multiflorus (Schübl. & G.Martens) A.Braun & Döll; Döll, Rhein. Fl. 73 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Bromus segetalis var. secalinus (L.) A.Braun & Döll; Rhein. Fl. 74 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Bromus segetalis var. secalinus (L.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 74 (1843), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus submuticus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 312 (1854)
= Bromus vitiosus Weigel; Observ. Bot.: 4 (1772)
= Festuca secalina (L.) T.Marsson; Fl. Neu-Vorpommern 593 (1869)
= Forasaccus secalinus (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 388 (1901)
= Serrafalcus divaricatus Dulac; Fl. Hautes -Pyrénées: 97 (1867)
= Serrafalcus gmelinii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
= Serrafalcus secalinus (L.) Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 374 (1843)
= Serrafalcus secalinus (L.) Godr.; 182 (1844)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. elongatus (Gaudin) Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 886 (1869)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. glaber Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 3: 183 (1844)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. hordeaceus Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 886 (1869)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. microstachys (Godr.) Godr.; 588 (1856)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. submuticus (Mutel) Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 886 (1869)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. submuticus (Rchb.) Rouy; Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Charente-Inférieure Suppl.: 233 (1913)
= Serrafalcus secalinus var. submuticus Parl.; Fl. Ital. 1: 369 (1850)
subspecies :
subsp. billotii (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 605 (1901)
Name: Billot-Roggen-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: C-Europe; Germany (Bayern, ?Nordrhein-Westfalen, ?Thüringen); Slovenia
11 GER 13 SLV
Remarks: status unconfirmed. This might be a synonym of B. arvensis.
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus arvensis subsp. segetalis H.Scholz; Willdenowia 6: 145 (1970)
= Bromus badensis C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 4: 75 (1826)
= Bromus billotii F.W.Schultz; Flora 32: 233 (1849), nom. inval.
= Bromus hordeaceus C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 4: 68 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Bromus multiflorus C.C.Gmel.; 225 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Bromus secalinus subsp. billottii (F.W.Schultz) Hauman & Balle; Cat. Fl. Belg.: 105 (1934)
= Bromus secalinus subsp. billottii Cif. & Giacom.; Nomencl. Fl. Ital. 1: 44 (1950)
= Bromus secalinus var. billotii (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 605 (1901)
= Bromus secalinus var. billotii (F.W.Schultz) Vollm.; 87 (1914)
= Bromus segetalis (H.Scholz) Landolt; Fl. Indicativa 268 (2010), nom. illeg.
= Serrafalcus billotii (F.W.Schultz) Rouy; G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
= Serrafalcus secalinus proles billotii (F.W.Schultz) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. infestus H.Scholz; Kochia 6: 2 (2012)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Niedersachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); ?etc.
11 GER
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Bromus segetum Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 151 (1816)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Tachira); Ecuador; Peru; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus procerus Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 1: 357 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Bromus quitensis Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840), pro syn.
species :
Bromus setifolius J.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 261 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus macranthos var. dusenii Hack.; Macloskie, Rep. Princeton Univ. Exped. Patagonia, Botany 8(Suppl.): 63 (1915)
= Bromus macranthus var. setifolius (J.Presl) É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 443 (1853)
variant :
var. brevifolius Nees; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 19: (Suppl.) 1: 36 (1841)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, La Rioja, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus macranthos É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 443 (1854)
= Bromus macranthos var. macrantha É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 443 (1854) [nom. inval.]
= Bromus macranthus Meyen; Reise Erde 1: 311 (1834) [nom. nud.]
variant :
var. pictus (Hook.f.) J.Hern.; Fl. Patagonica 3: 87 (1978)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus macranthus var. minor É.Desv.; Fl. Chil. 6: 443 (1853)
= Bromus pictus Hook.f.; Fl. Antarct. 1: 387 (1847)
= Bromus setifolius var. minor (É.Desv.) Govaerts; World Checklist Seed Plants, 2(1-2): 13 (1996)
= Bromus setifolius var. pictus (Hook.f.) J.A.Cámara; Fl. Patagonica 3: 87 (1978)
= Bromus setifolius var. pictus (Hook.f.) Skottsb.; Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 56(5): 179 (1916)
species :
Bromus sewerzowii Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: (1880) 601 (severtzovii)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; NE-Iran; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Faryab, Kabul, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI
species :
Bromus sinensis Keng f.; Acta Bot. Yunnanica 4(4): 349 (1982)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, W-Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus sinensis var. minor L.Liu; Fl. Xizang. 5: 136 (1987)
species :
Bromus sipyleus Boiss.; Diagn. ser.1 13: 65 (1854)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis sipylea (Boiss.) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
species :
Bromus sitchensis Trin.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 173 (1832)
Name: Alaska brome (EN), Sitka-Trespe (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; New Zealand [I]; Alaska; Aleutes; Canada (British Columbia); USA (Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana, NW-Wyoming)
11 ger 51 nzl 70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Ceratochloa sitchensis (Trin.) Cope & Ryves; Watsonia 21(1): 135 (1996)
variant :
var. aleutensis (Trin. ex Griseb.) Hultén; Fl. Alaska 254 (1942)
Name: Aleutian brome
Distribution: Aleutes; Canada (British Columbia, W-Alberta, Vancouver Isl.); USA (Washington)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus aleutensis Trin. ex Griseb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 361 (1853)
= Bromus sitchensis subsp. aleutensis (Trin. ex Griseb.) Hultén; Fl. Aleutian Isl., ed. 2: 105 (1960)
species :
Bromus speciosus Nees; Fl. Afr. Austr. 1: 454 (1841)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus speciosus var. laxior Nees; Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.: 454 (1841)
species :
Bromus squarrosus L.; Sp. Pl. 76 (1753)
Name: Sparrige Trespe (DE), Corn brome (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Italy; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Azores [I] (Faial [I]); Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura); Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); China (Gansu, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); +Hawaii [I] (+East Maui [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Nevada [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Colorado [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Arkansas [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Wisconsin [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I]); Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Biobío [I], Los Lagos [I])
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 azo CNY 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 50 aus 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus balsiensis Prodan; Bul. Sect., Acad. Republ. Popul. Romine, Sect. Biol. & Stiint. Agric., Ser. Bot. 9: 291 (1957)
= Bromus briziformis Willk.; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 101 (1861), pro syn.
= Bromus coloratus Baumg. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 824 (1882), pro syn.
= Bromus hirsutus Schrank; Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 1818: 161 (1818)
= Bromus japonicus subsp. noeanus (Boiss.) Pénzes; Bot. Kozlem. 33: 107, f. 18 (1936)
= Bromus japonicus var. paniculatus (Kuntze) Roshev.; B. A. Fedchenko & al., Fl. Turkm. 1: 171 (1932)
= Bromus leptostachys Pieri; Ionios Antologia 3: 680 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Bromus littoralis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 325 (1854)
= Bromus megastachys Borbás; Gerlóczy & Dulácska, Budap. Körn. Növén.: 53 (1879)
= Bromus noeanus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., II 4: 141 (1859), pro syn.
= Bromus patulus var. squarrosus (L.) Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 76 (1843)
= Bromus patulus var. velutinus Döll; 76 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Bromus squarrosus f. grandistachys (Borbás) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 130 (1936)
= Bromus squarrosus f. nanus Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 332 (1900)
= Bromus squarrosus f. pauciflorus Todor; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 327 (1972)
= Bromus squarrosus f. uberrimus (Murb.) Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 131 (1936)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. australis (Willk.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 116 (1890)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. briziformis Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 824 (1882)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. consimilis H.Scholz; Willdenowia 40(2): 199 (-200) (2010)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. danubialis Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 131 (1936)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. noeanus Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 133 (1936)
= Bromus squarrosus subsp. villosus (Roth) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 116 (1890)
= Bromus squarrosus subvar. villosus (Roth) Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 31: 277 (1884)
= Bromus squarrosus var. australis (Willk.) D.Rivera & M.A.Carreras; An. Biol. Fac. Biol. Univ. Murcia 13: 24 (1987)
= Bromus squarrosus var. balsiensis (Prodan) Todor; Fl. Republ. Social. Roman. 12: 327 (1972)
= Bromus squarrosus var. coloratus Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 253 (1816)
= Bromus squarrosus var. danthoniae Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 248 (1887)
= Bromus squarrosus var. dasystachys Gaudin & Monnard; Syn. Fl. Helv.: 77 (1836)
= Bromus squarrosus var. exilis Mutel; Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 137 (1837)
= Bromus squarrosus var. gomboczii Pénzes; Bot. Közlem. 33: 129 (1936)
= Bromus squarrosus var. grandistachys Borbás; Mat. Term. Közlem. 15: 613 (1878)
= Bromus squarrosus var. inermedius Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 247 (1887)
= Bromus squarrosus var. megastachys (Borbás) Grecescu; Consp. Fl. Roman. 4: 635 (1898)
= Bromus squarrosus var. megastachys Borbás ex Jáv.; Magyar Fl. 1: 107 (1924)
= Bromus squarrosus var. megastachyus Grecescu; Consp. Fl. Roman.: 635 (1898)
= Bromus squarrosus var. minor Sebast. & Mauri; Fl. Roman. Prodr.: 54 (1818)
= Bromus squarrosus var. multiflorus Trab.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Monocot.: 228 (1895)
= Bromus squarrosus var. multiflorus Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 296 (1890)
= Bromus squarrosus var. nanus Bolzon; Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1900: 332 (1900)
= Bromus squarrosus var. nanus DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 69 (1805)
= Bromus squarrosus var. paniculatus Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 248 (1887)
= Bromus squarrosus var. parviflorus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 417 (1848)
= Bromus squarrosus var. puberulus Beck; Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 109 (1890)
= Bromus squarrosus var. pubescens Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 1: 74 (1842)
= Bromus squarrosus var. simplex Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 247 (1887)
= Bromus squarrosus var. uberrimus Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund. 27(5): 26 (1892)
= Bromus squarrosus var. velutinus Döll; Fl. Baden: 141 (1857)
= Bromus squarrosus var. villosus Roth; Neue Beytr. Bot. 1: 109 (1802)
= Bromus squarrosus var. villosus W.D.J.Koch; 821 (1837)
= Bromus squarrosus var. wolgensis (Fisch. ex J.Jacq.) Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 290 (1868)
= Bromus stribrnyi Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 297 (1898)
= Bromus valdefissus Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 134 (1933), nom. nud.
= Bromus villosus (Roth) C.C.Gmel.; Fl. Bad. 1: 229 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Bromus wolgensis Fisch. ex J.Jacq.; Ecl. Gram. Rar.: 20 (1813)
= Forasaccus squarrosus (L.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 385 (1901)
= Serrafalcus mollissimus Arv.-Touv.; Ess. Pl. Dauph.: 68 (1871)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus (L.) Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 375 (1843)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus subsp. villosus (Roth) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 798 (1882)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus var. australis Willk.; M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 101 (1861)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus var. macrostachys Bouvier; Fl. Alpes Suisse Savoie: 765 (1878)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus var. minor Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 887 (1869)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus var. parviflorus Bouvier; Fl. Alpes Suisse Savoie: 765 (1878)
= Serrafalcus squarrosus var. villosus (Roth) Ces., Pass. & Gibelli; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 80 (1867)
species :
Bromus staintonii Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 125 (1978)
Distribution: S-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sik- kim, Uttar Pradesh)
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus staintonii var. guoxunianus N.X.Zhao & M.F.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 16: 230 (1994)
= Bromus staintonii var. pilosiusculus Melderis; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 125 (1978)
species :
Bromus stenostachyus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 643 (1884)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral)
34 AFG IRN 36 CHI 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis stenostachya (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 169 (1973)
= Zerna stenostachya (Boiss.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 16 (1934), in obs.
species :
Bromus sterilis L.; Sp. Pl. 77 (1753), nom. cons.
Name: Taube Trespe (DE); Sterile Brome; Poverty Brome (EN); Espiguilla colgante (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Madeira; Canary Isl. (La Palma); Siberia (Krasnoyarsk); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kabul, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); China (Sichuan, Jiangsu); South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; +Hawaii [I] (+Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Idaho [I], Nevada [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], New Mexico [I], Arizona [I], Texas [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], Alabama [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Massachusetts [I]); Mexico [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I])
10 DEN fin GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 38 jap kor 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 81 his jam 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha sterilis (L.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 20 (1934), in clavi
= Anisantha sterilis var. sicula (Strobl) H.Scholz; Bocconea 20: 8 (2007)
= Anisantha sterilis var. stenantha (Chiov.) H.Scholz; Bocconea 20: 9 (2007)
= Anisantha sterilis var. velutina (Volkens ex Hegi) Tzvelev; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S.S.S.R. Bot. Inst. Vsesojuzn. Akad. Nauk 18: 21 (1970)
= Bromus amplus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 418 (1848)
= Bromus delicatulus Sennen; Sennen & H. Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 134 (1933), nom. nud.
= Bromus distichus Moench; Methodus: 193 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Bromus grandiflorus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 419 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Bromus grandiflorus Weigel; Observ. Bot.: 9 (1772), nom. illeg.
= Bromus jubatus Ten.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 118 (1787), nom. illeg., et Fl. Napol. 3: 10 (1824)
= Bromus jubatus Vill.; Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 118 (1787)
= Bromus longearistatus Gilib.; Excerc. Phyt. 2: 536 (1792), opus utique oppr.
= Bromus scaberrimus St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 11(Mém.): 43 (1883 publ. 1884), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus scaberrimus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 89 (1824)
= Bromus sterilis f. giganteus J.A.Christ. ex Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 264 (1922)
= Bromus sterilis f. glaberrimus Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 115 (1971 publ. 1972), no replaced synonym date.
= Bromus sterilis f. hirsutior Waisb.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 51: 127 (1901)
= Bromus sterilis f. lanuginosus (Rohlena) Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 264 (1922)
= Bromus sterilis f. nanus Bolzon; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 20: 316 (1913)
= Bromus sterilis f. pilosus Rohlena; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 39: 31 (1902)
= Bromus sterilis var. arrectus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 805 (1866)
= Bromus sterilis var. glabrescens Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., III 4: 188 (1904)
= Bromus sterilis var. humilis Tinant; Fl. Luxemb.: 59 (1836)
= Bromus sterilis var. intermedius Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 42 (1830)
= Bromus sterilis var. jubatus (Ten.) Heynh.; Nom. Bot. Hort.: 132 (1840)
= Bromus sterilis var. lanuginosus (Rohlena) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 592 (1901)
= Bromus sterilis var. oligostachyus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 592 (1901)
= Bromus sterilis var. pubescens Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 251 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis var. purpureus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 805 (1866)
= Bromus sterilis var. siculus Strobl; Flora 61: 127 (1878)
= Bromus sterilis var. stenanthus Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 17: 82 (1927)
= Bromus sterilis var. trichanthus Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 250 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis var. validus Zapal.; Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., ser. 3, 4: 188 (1904)
= Bromus sterilis var. velutinus Volkens ex Hegi; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 1: 362 (1908)
= Bromus sterilis var. viridis Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 805 (1866)
= Bromus tenoreanus Schult.; Mant. 2: 360 (1824), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Festuca sterilis (L.) Jess.; Deutschl. Gräser: 170 (1863)
= Forasaccus distichus Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 380 (1901), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Genea sterilis (L.) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: 67 (1868), in adnot.
= Schedonorus sterilis (L.) Fr.; Bot. Not. 131 (1843)
= Zerna sterilis (L.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 117 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Zerna sterilis (L.) Panz.; Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 4: 297 (1813 publ. 1814)
species :
Bromus suksdorfii Vasey; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 10: 223 (1885)
Name: Suksdorf´s brome
Distribution: USA (Oregon, California, NW-Nevada)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis suksdorfii (Vasey) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
species :
Bromus sundaicus Ohwi; Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 11 (1947)
Distribution: Java
42 JAW
species :
Bromus syriacus Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 139 (1859)
Distribution: Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis erecta subsp. syriaca (Boiss. & Blanche) H.Scholz & Valdés; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis syriaca (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 169 (1973)
= Bromus erectus var. syriacus (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 644 (1884)
= Zerna syriaca (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 440 (1970)
species :
Bromus tectorum L.; Sp. PI.: 77 (1753)
Name: Dach-Trespe (DE); Cheatgrass (EN); Espiguilla colgante (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores (Corvo Isl., Terceira, Pico); Canary Isl. (La Palma, Tenerife, Gran Canaria); South Africa [I] (Gauteng [I], N-Cape Prov. [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, WN-Anatolia: Bithynia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran, EC-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Bamyan, Farah, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar, Zabul); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus, SW-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, Negev Desert, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Rub al Khali, Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Honshu [I]); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Pakistani Punjab, Gilgit, Astor, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Ladakh, Zanskar, Chumbi); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; +Hawaii [I] (+East Maui [I]); Alaska [I]; Canada [I] (Yukon [I], N.W.T. [I], British Columbia [I], Alberta [I], Saskatchewan [I], Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I], Oregon [I], California [I], Nevada [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], Wyoming [I], Utah [I], Colorado [I], Arizona [I], New Mexico [I], North Dakota [I], South Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], Kansas [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I], Minnesota [I], Iowa [I], Missouri [I], Arkansas [I], Louisiana [I], Wisconsin [I], Illinois [I], Michigan [I], Indiana [I], Ohio [I], Kentucky [I], Tennessee [I], Mississippi [I], Alabama [I], Georgia [I], ?Florida [I], South Carolina [I], North Carolina [I], West Virginia [I], Virginia [I], Maryland [I], Delaware [I], New Jersey [I], Pennsylvania [I], New York [I], Vermont [I], New Hampshire [I], Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Rhode Island [I], Maine [I]); Mexico [I]; Isla Guadalupe [I]; Bolivia [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Araucanía [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 DEN fin grb NOR SWE 11 BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO cis COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY 27 saf 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 jap kor 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 70 ask cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 glp mex 83 bol 85 arg cle
Remarks: Subgen. Anisantha
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha pontica K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 394 (1848)
= Anisantha tectorum (L.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 22 (1934), in clavi
= Anisantha tectorum var. hirsuta (Regel) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 225 (1976)
= Bromus abortiflorus St.-Amans; Fl. Agen.: 44 (1821)
= Bromus australis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 1: 178 (1810)
= Bromus avenaceus Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 194 (1791)
= Bromus lateripronus St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 121 (1880), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus longipilus Kumm. & Send.; Flora 32: 757 (1849)
= Bromus madritensis var. caucasica Hack.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 29: 26 (1913)
= Bromus mairei Sennen & Mauricio; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 298 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Bromus nutans St.-Lag.; Cariot, Etud. des fl. ed. 8, 2: 945 (1889)
= Bromus scabriflorus Opiz; Naturalientausch 9: 119 (1825)
= Bromus setaceus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 98 (1863 publ. 1864)
= Bromus sterilis f. ponticus (K.Koch) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 251 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis Láng ex Kumm. & Sendtn.; Flora 33: 758 (1849), pro syn.
= Bromus sterilis var. nudus (Klett & Richt.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 250 (1887)
= Bromus sterilis var. tectorum (L.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 249 (1887)
= Bromus tectorius Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 96 (1867), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Bromus tectorum f. coloratus Jansen & Wacht.; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., ser. 3, 52: 212 (1942)
= Bromus tectorum f. glabratus (Spenn.) H.St.John; Fl. S.-E. Washington, ed. 2: 536 (1956)
= Bromus tectorum f. nudus (Klett & Richt.) Werner Christ.; J. A. Christ. & al., 264 (1922)
= Bromus tectorum subsp. abortiflorus (St.-Amans) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 114 (1890)
= Bromus tectorum subsp. glabratum Schübl. & G.Martens; Fl. Würtemberg: 87 (1834)
= Bromus tectorum subsp. longipilus (Kumm. & Sendtn.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 114 (1890)
= Bromus tectorum subsp. lucidus Sales; Fl. Veg. Mundi 9: 32 (1991)
= Bromus tectorum subsp. nudus (Klett & Richt.) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N. W. Coast: 51 (1915)
= Bromus tectorum var. abortiflorus (St.-Amans) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 73 (1865)
= Bromus tectorum var. anisantha Hack.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 10 (1885)
= Bromus tectorum var. australis Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. France Corse 3: 583 (1856)
= Bromus tectorum var. floridus Gremli; Excursionsfl. Schweiz, ed. 9: 438 (1901)
= Bromus tectorum var. genevensis Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 12: 52 (1933)
= Bromus tectorum var. glaber Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris: 653 (1845)
= Bromus tectorum var. glaber DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 72 (1805)
= Bromus tectorum var. glabratus Spenn.; Fl. Friburg. 1: 152 (1825)
= Bromus tectorum var. hirsutus Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 600 (1881)
= Bromus tectorum var. longipilus (Kumm. & Sendtn.) Borbás; Földmüv. Érdek. 10: 48 (1882)
= Bromus tectorum var. nudus Klett & Richt.; Fl. Leipzig: 109 (1830)
= Bromus tectorum var. oligostachys Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 57 (1926)
= Bromus tectorum var. pauciflorus Lindeman; Fl. Elisabethgr.: 358 (1867)
= Bromus tectorum var. ponticus (K.Koch) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 594 (1901)
= Bromus tectorum var. pubescens Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 805 (1866)
= Bromus tectorum var. purpurascens Lindeman; Fl. Elisabethgr.: 358 (1867)
= Bromus tectorum var. robustus Zapal.; Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 76 (1905)
= Bromus tectorum var. rubens Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 805 (1866)
= Bromus tectorum var. rubescentus Rochel; Bot. Reise Banat: 40 (1838)
= Bromus tectorum var. scabriflorus (Opiz) Kostel.; Clav. Anal. Fl. Bohem.: 18 (1824)
= Bromus tectorum var. sirjaevii Podp.; Kvetena Moravy 6: 57 (1926)
= Bromus tectorum var. spiralis Hack.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 76 (1885)
= Bromus tectorum var. triflorus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 618 (1836)
= Bromus tectorum var. umbrosus Borbás; Mat. Term. Közlem. 15: 339 (1878)
= Bromus tectorum var. velutinus Ducommun; Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 884 (1869)
= Bromus tectorum var. velutinus Gaudin & Monnard; Syn. Fl. Helv.: 75 (1836)
= Bromus tectorum var. villosus G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 618 (1836)
= Bromus tectorum var. virens Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 449 (1846)
= Festuca tectorum (L.) Jess.; Deutschl. Gräser: 171 (1863)
= Festuca tectorum var. glabrata T.Marsson; 593 (1869)
= Genea tectorum (L.) Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 7: 67 (1868), in adnot.
= Schedonorus tectorum (L.) Fr.; Bot. Notis. (1843) 131
= Zerna tectorum (L.) Panz.; Denkschr. Königl. Akad. Wiss. München 4: 297 (1813 publ. 1814)
species :
Bromus texensis (Shear) Hitchc.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 17(3): 381 (1913)
Name: Texas brome
Distribution: USA (SE-Arizona, SE-Texas); Mexico (Coahuila, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosi)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis texensis (Shear) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus purgans var. texensis Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 41 (1900)
species :
Bromus timorensis Veldkamp; Blumea 35(2): 495 (1991)
Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor)
42 LSI
species :
Bromus tomentellus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 126 (1846)
Distribution: Crete; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jbel Druze); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania)
13 KRI 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis shelkovnikovii (Tzvelev) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 425 (1977)
= Bromopsis tomentella (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromopsis tomentella subsp. nivalis (Bornm.) H.Scholz; Willdenowia 36(2): 660 (2006)
= Bromopsis tomentella subsp. shelkovnikovii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 217 (1976)
= Bromopsis tomentella subsp. woronowii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 217 (1976)
= Bromopsis woronowii (Tzvelev) Czerep.; Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 338 (1981)
= Bromus sphacioticus Gand.; Fl. Cret.: 110 (1916)
= Bromus tomentellus f. brachyathera Oppenh.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 31: 163 (1940)
= Bromus tomentellus subsp. nivalis (Bornm.) H.Scholz & Byfield; Turkish J. Bot. 24(4): 263 (2000)
= Bromus tomentellus var. alpinus Roshev.; Fedtsch. et al., Fl. Turkmen. 1: 161 (1932)
= Bromus tomentellus var. hispidus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., II 4: 140 (1859)
= Bromus tomentellus var. nivalis Bornm.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, II 8: 825 (1908)
= Bromus tomentellus var. strigillosus Bornm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 61(140): 174 (1928)
= Bromus tomentellus var. tauricola Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 111: 21 (1929)
= Bromus tomentellus var. velutinus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 24: 497 (1909)
= Bromus variegatus var. tomentellus (Boiss.) Griseb.; C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 357 (1852)
= Zerna tomentella (Boiss.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 17 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna tomentella subsp. shelkovnikovii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 56 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Zerna tomentella subsp. woronowii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 56 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bromus trinianus Schult.; Mantissa 2: 354 (1824)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan (Wakhan, Bamyan, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral)
33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis gabrielianae Ogan.; Fl. Rastitel´nost´ Rast. Res. Arm. 15: 12 (2004)
= Bromopsis triniana (Schult.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus persicus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 66 (1854), pro syn.
= Bromus pilosus Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 1: 358 (1824), nom. illeg.
= Bromus tomentosus Trin.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Pétersbourg Hist. Acad. 6: t. 9 (1813)
= Bromus villosus F.Dietr.; Neu. Nachtr. Vollst. Lex. Gärtn. 2: 51 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Schedonorus trichodes Schult. & Schult.f.; Mant. 3: 645 (1827)
= Zerna tomentosa (Trin.) Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, viii/48 (Fl. Kavkaza,i.) 394 (1939), in obs.
= Zerna tomentosa (Trin.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi nom. illeg.
= Zerna triniana (Schult.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 58 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bromus tunicatus Phil.; Linnaea 33: (1865) 298
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Aisén, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus culmineus Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 94: 343 (1896)
= Bromus unioloides var. hirsuta Speg.; Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin (Buenos Aires) 30-31: 586 (1897)
species :
Bromus tyttholepis (Nevski) Nevski; Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 563 (1934)
Distribution: E-Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis tyttholepis (Nevski) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Zerna tyttholepis Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 16 (1934)
species :
Bromus variegatus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 79 (1819)
subspecies :
subsp. variegatus
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kabul); Tibet
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR 36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis variegata (M.Bieb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus adjaricus Sommier & Levier; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 51 (1893)
= Bromus glaberrimus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 420 (1848)
= Bromus pubescens K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 420 (1848) [nom. illeg., non Muhl. ex Willd. 1809]
= Bromus variegatus var. laxior Hack.; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 20: 433 (1905)
= Bromus variegatus var. leiantha Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 482 (1877)
= Bromus variegatus var. muradicus Schischk.; Izv. Tomsk. Gosud. Univ. 81: 423 (1929)
= Bromus variegatus var. pubescens Trautv. ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 123 (1929)
= Bromus variegatus var. subhirsutus Hack.; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 20: 433 (1905)
= Zerna adjarica (Sommier & Levier) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi
= Zerna variegata (M.Bieb.) Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, p. 18 (1934), in clavi
subspecies :
subsp. villosulus (Steud.) P.M.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(3): 496 (1985)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey; NW-Iran
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis variegata subsp. villosula (Steud.) Tzvelev; Zlaki SSSR: 215 (1976)
= Bromopsis villosula (Steud.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 169 (1973)
= Bromus villosulus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 327 (1854)
= Zerna variegata subsp. villosula (Steud.) Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 55 (1970 publ. 1971)
species :
Bromus villosissimus Hitchc.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 36: 195 (1923)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Oruro)
83 BOL PER
species :
Bromus vulgaris (Hook.) Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 43, f. 24 (1900)
Name: Columbia brome
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Vancouver Isl., Queen Charlotte Isl., Alberta); USA (Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, N-Utah)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromopsis vulgaris (Hook.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 169 (1973)
= Bromus ciliatus var. glaberrimus Suksd.; Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 19: 93 (1901)
= Bromus ciliatus var. ligulatus Macoun; Cat. Canad. Pl. 2(4): 238 (1888), nom. nud.
= Bromus ciliatus var. pauciflorus Vasey ex Beal; Grass. N. Amer. 2: 619 (1896)
= Bromus debilis Nutt. ex Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 43 (1900) [nom. inval.]
= Bromus eximius (Shear) Piper; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 143 (1906)
= Bromus eximius subsp. robustus (Shear) Piper; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 11: 143 (1906)
= Bromus eximius subsp. umbraticus Piper; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 144 (1906) [nom. illeg. superfl.]
= Bromus eximius var. robustus (Shear) Piper; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 11: 143 (1906)
= Bromus purgans var. vulgaris Hook.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 252 (1840)
= Bromus vulgaris subsp. eximius (Shear) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N.W. Coast: 51 (1915)
= Bromus vulgaris subsp. robustus (Shear) Piper & Beattie; Fl. N.W. Coast: 51 (1915)
= Bromus vulgaris var. eximius Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 44 (1900)
= Bromus vulgaris var. robustus Shear; Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 23: 44 (1900)
= Zerna vulgaris (Hook.) Henrard; Blumea 4: 498 (1941)
species :
Bromus ×bolzeanus H.Scholz; Ber. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 81: 149 (2011)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Bromus arvensis x commutatus
species :
Bromus ×brevieri Chass.; Invent. Analyt. Fl. Auvergne 1: 105 (1956)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Bromus commutatus x B. hordeaceus
species :
Bromus ×commutatojaponicus Nyár.; Acta Bot. (Szeged) 1: 34 (1942)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Bromus commutatus x B. japonicus
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus ×gusuleacii Prodan & Nyár.; Bul. Sti. Acad. Republ. Populare Romîne, Sect. Biol. Sti. Agric. Ser. Bot. 9: 290 (1957)
species :
Bromus ×eburonensis (Nyman) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 117 (1890)
Distribution: +Belgium
11 BGM
Remarks: Bromus bromoideus x B. grossus
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus arduennensis var. villosus (Strail ex Spring) Crép.; Man. Fl. Belgique: 211 (1859)
= Bromus bromoideus var. villosus (Strail ex Spring) Tournay ex Lawalrée; Biol. Jaarb. 23: 253 (1956)
= Bromus grossus subsp. eburonensis (Nyman) Tournay; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 38: 331 (1968)
= Michelaria bromoidea subsp. eburonensis Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 824 (1882)
= Michelaria bromoidea var. villosa (Strail ex Spring) Strail; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 2: 319 (1863)
= Michelaria ×eburonensis Dumort.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 7: 60 (1868), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Michelaria ×villosa Strail ex Spring; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 22(2): 516 (1855)
species :
Bromus ×ferronii Mabille; Act. Soc. Linn. Bord. 25: (1864) 613. Cf. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 14: (1867) Bibl. 138
Distribution: England; France; Channel Isl.; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I]
10 GRB 12 CIS FRA 26 zim 27 saf
Remarks: Bromus hordeaceus x B. lepidus
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus hordeaceus subsp. ferronii (Mabille) P.M.Sm.; Watsonia 6: 330 (1968)
= Serrafalcus mollis proles ferronii (Mabille) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 237 (1913)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. compactus (Bréb.) Le Jol.; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 6: 114 (1860)
= Serrafalcus mollis var. velutinus Bab.; Man. Brit. Bot.: 375 (1843)
= Serrafalcus ×ferronii (Mabille) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 237 (1913)
species :
Bromus ×fischeri Cugnac & A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 339 (1931)
Distribution: Spain; France; etc.
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Bromus madritensis x B. sterilis
species :
Bromus ×granatensis A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80: 38 (1933)
Distribution: Spain; etc.
12 SPA
Remarks: Bromus madritensis x B. rubens
Synonyms: hidden
= Anisantha ×granatensis (A.Camus) Valdés; Lagascalia 27: 317 (2007)
species :
Bromus ×guetrotii A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 91: 79 (1944)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Bromus sterilis x B. tectorum
species :
Bromus ×hannoverianus K.Richt.; Pl. Europ. 1: 117 (1890)
Distribution: Germany (Brandenburg, Bayern)
11 GER
Remarks: Bromus hordeaceus x B. racemosus
species :
Bromus ×husnotii A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 76: 596 (1929)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Bromus madritensis x B. rigidus
species :
Bromus ×jansenii A.Camus; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, Ser. 2. 29: 184 (1957)
Distribution: Netherlands; France; etc.
11 NET 12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Bromus hordeaceus nothosubsp. jansenii (A.Camus) Lambinon; Nouv. Fl. Belg., Grand-Duche Luxemb., Nord France, 5. ed. 1047 (2004)
= Bromus mollis var. jansenii Pénzes; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 85: 64 (1936)
species :
Bromus ×laagei Cugnac & A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 91: 172 (1945)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Bromus squarrosus x B. tectorum
species :
Bromus ×litvinovii Roshev. ex Nevski; Acta Univ. As. Med. Ser. VIII b, Bot. Fasc. 17, 25 (1934)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
Remarks: Bromus japonicus Thunb. x Bromus racemosus L.
species :
Bromus ×robustus H.Scholz; Kochia 03:11 (2008)
Distribution: Germany (Bayern, Hessen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, Thüringen); Spain; etc.
11 GER 12 SPA
Remarks: Bromus commutatus x B. hordeaceus
species :
Bromus ×rosettiae A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 78: 101 (1931)
Distribution: France; etc.
12 FRA
Remarks: Bromus madritensis x B. tectorum
species :
Bromus ×segoviensis A.Camus; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 80: 39 (1933)
Distribution: Spain; etc.
12 SPA
Remarks: Bromus rubens x B. tectorum
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life