Search

Reset

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (20)

Genus (36)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

V. 12.5
14.10.2021

347.0000 Family Capparaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 242 (1789), nom. cons.
33 genera, ca. 430 spp.
Species listed in database: 434
= Brassicaceae subfam.Capparoideae Pax
347.0119 Genus Capparis L.; Sp. Pl.: 503 (1753)
Distribution: trop., subtropical and warm-temp. regions of the Old World; 2 Crimea, Caucasus and Middle Asia. Two remaining neotropical taxa will need to be transferred into split genera. For the spinosa-group the latest revision of Fici (2014) is followed.
Species listed in database: 138
= Anisosticte Bartl., Ord. 294 (1830)
= Beautempsia Gaudich., Voy. Bonite, t. 56 (1844-46)
= Busbeckea Endl., Prod. Fl. Ins. Norf 64 (1833)
= Calyptranthus Thouars, Obs. Pl. Isles Afr.26 (1811)
= Destrugesia Gaudich., Bot. Voy. Bonite, t. 57 1844 (1846)
= Dugezia Montrouz., Mem. Acad. Lyon, 10: 187 (1860)
= Hombak Adans., Fam. 2: 408 (1763)
= Intutis Raf., Sylva Tellur. 108 (1838)
= Lindackera Sieber ex Endl., Gen. 893 (1841)
= Marsesina Raf., Sylva Tellur. 112 (1838)
= Octanema Raf., Sylva Tellur. 112 (1838)
= Oligloron Raf., Sylva Tellur. 109 (1838)
= Olofuton Raf., Sylva Tellur. 108 (1838)
= Petersia Klotzsch, Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 168. I. 30 (1861)
= Pleuteron Raf., Sylva Tellur. 109 (1838)
= Sodada Forssk., Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 81 (1775)
= Uterveria Bertol., Pl. Nov. Hort. Bonon. 2: 8 (1839)
= Voyara Aubl., H. Hallier in Meded. Herb. Leid. No. 35, 23 (1918)
species :
Capparis acutifolia Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. II. 585 (1830)
Distribution: Taiwan; China (Hainan, Yunnan, Fujian, Guangdong, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); N-Thailand; Myanmar; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Bhutan; India
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BHU IND 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acuminata Lindl., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 16: t. 1320 (1830)
= Capparis chinensis G.Don, Gen. Syst. 1: 278 (1831)
= Capparis kikuchii Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 3: 21 (1913)
= Capparis leptophylla Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 22 (1913)
= Capparis membranacea Gardner & Champ., Hook. Kew Journ. 1: 241 (1849)
= Capparis membranacea var. angustissima Hemsl.
= Capparis membranacea var. puberula B.S.Sun
= Capparis tenuifolia Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 23 (1913)
species :
Capparis annamensis (Baker fil.) M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 433 (1965)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis grandiflora var. annamensis Baker fil.
species :
Capparis arborea (F.Muell.) Maiden; Proc. L. Soc. N. S. W., 28: 696 (1904)
Distribution: Australia (coastal from Cape York Peninsula, Queensland, to C-New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea arborea F.Muell., Fragm. 1: 163 (1858)
= Capparis nobilis var. arborea (F.Muell.) Domin, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 201 (1912)
= Capparis nobilis var. pubescens Benth., FI. Austral. 1: 96 (1863)
= Capparis nobilis var. laurina Domin, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 201 (1912)
species :
Capparis artensis Montrouz.; Mem. Acad. Lyon, 10: 177 (1860)
Distribution: New Caledonia (incl. Ile Art, Lifou); Vanuatu
60 NWC VAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Dugezia artensis (Montrouz.) Montrouz., Mem. Acad. Lyon, 10: 187 (1860)
variant :
var. dielsiana (Schltr.) Fici; New Zealand J. Bot. 55(4): 417 (2017)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis dielsiana Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. 39: 112 (1906)
= Capparis dielsiana var. angusta Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. 39: 112 (1906)
= Capparis artensis var. angusta (Schltr.) Guillaumin, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 83: 578 (1936)
species :
Capparis assamica Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 177 (1872)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya); Bangladesh; Laos; Vietnam; Thailand; Bhutan; Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing); China (Guangdong, Hainan, Yunnan); S-Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis gallatlyi King, Ann. Bot. Gard. Calc. 5: 118 (1840)
species :
Capparis bachii Sy, R.K.Choudhary & Joongku Lee; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 55(1-3): 31 (2017)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis batianoffii Guymer; Austrobaileya 7(4): 723 (2008)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Capparis beneolens Gagnep.; Humbert, Suppl. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 162 (1939), gallice, et in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 85: 597 (1939), latine. (1938)
Distribution: C-Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis bodinieri Lév.; Fedde, Repert. 9: 450 (1911)
Distribution: N-India (incl. Sikkim); Bhutan; Myanmar; China (Guangxi, E-Guizhou, SW-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acutifolia ssp. bodinieri (Lév.) Jacobs, Blumea 12: 431 - 432, ff. 22 a-c (1965)
= Capparis subtenera Craib & W.W.Sm., Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 9: 90 (1916)
species :
Capparis brachybotrya Hallier fil.; Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 59 (1906)
Distribution: Moluccas (Kei Isl.); W-New Guinea
42 MOL NWG
form :
f. angustifolia (Haller fil.) Jacobs; (1960)
Distribution: Sulawesi; New Guinea
42 NWG SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis brachybotrya var. angustifolia Haller fil., (1906)
species :
Capparis brassii DC.; Prod. 1: 248 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Sierra Leone; Ghana; Benin; S-Mozambique; Togo
22 BEN GHA SIE TOG 26 MOZ 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis gueinzii Sond., Harv. & Sond. Fl. Cap. 1: 62 (1860)
= Capparis thonningii Schum., Schum. & Thonn. Beskr. Guin. Pl. 236 (1827)
= Capparis linearifolia Hook.fil., Niger Fl. [W. J. Hook.]. 217 (1849)
species :
Capparis brevispina Wight & Arn.; DC., Prodr. 1: 246 (1824)
Distribution: India (Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
species :
Capparis burmanica Collett & Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 28: 19 t. 2 (1890)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin, Magway, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing)
41 MYA
species :
Capparis buwaldae M.Jacobs; Fl. Males., Ser. 1, 6: 85 (1960)
Distribution: Borneo
42 BOR
species :
Capparis callophylla Blume; Bijdr. 53 (1825)
Distribution: Java (incl. Madura Isl.); Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Bohol, Mindanao); Palawan; Sulawesi; New Guinea; Taiwan
38 TAI 42 BOR JAW NWG PHI PLW SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis cumingii Merr. & Rolfe, Philipp. Journ. Sci. 3: 101 (1908)
= Capparis mucronata Elmer, Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 5: 1757 (1913)
= Capparis robusta Heine, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Munchen, Heft 6, 211 (1953)
= Capparis turczaninowii Elmer, Leaflets Philipp. Bot. 5: 1755 (1913)
= Capparis tylophylla Spreng., Syst. 4: Cur Post. 204 (1827)
species :
Capparis canescens Banks ex DC.; Prod. 1: 246 (1824)
Distribution: Australia (E-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea canescens (Banks ex DC.) F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 104 (1865)
= Capparis areolata Bailey, Queensland Agric. 1 26: 126, t. 13 (1911)
= Capparis armata Domin, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 200 (1912)
= Capparis ovata var. canescens (Coss.) Heywood, Feddes Repert. 69: 56 (1964)
species :
Capparis cantoniensis Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 330 (1790)
Distribution: India (West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya); Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Bhutan; China (Hainan, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan); Andaman Isl.; C-Sumatra; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok); Sulawesi; Philippines (Mindanao); Moluccas (Sula Isl., Mangoli, Buru); Thailand; Myanmar (widespread); Borneo
36 CHI 40 BHU IND 41 AND MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL PHI SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis ambigua Kurz, Forest Fl. Burma i. 65 (1877)
= Capparis celebica Miq., Illustr. Fl. Arch. Ind. 26 (1871)
= Capparis gomeziana Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 277 (1840)
= Capparis hasseltiana Miq., Illustr. Fl. Arch. Ind. 24. t. 13 (1871)
= Capparis pumila Champ. ex Benth., Hook. Kew Journ. 3: 260 (1851)
= Capparis punctata Wall., Cat. n. 7002 (1832)
= Capparis salaccensis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 54 (1825)
= Capparis sciaphila Hance, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. V. 5: 206 (1866)
= Cudrania bodinieri Lév.
= Olofuton racemosum Raf., Sylva Tellur. 108 (1838)
= Vanieria bodinieri (Lév.) Chun
species :
Capparis cataphyllosa M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 443 (1965)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Capparis chingiana B.S.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 115 (1964)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis chrysomela Bojer; Bouton, Treiz. Rapp. Ann. Trav. Soc. Hist. Nat. Ile Maurice, 48 (1842)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis solanoides Bojer, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 20: 59 (1843)
= Capparis chrysomela f. meridionalis Hadj-Moust., Fl. Mad., fam. 83: 19 (1965)
= Capparis chrysomela f. occidentalis Hadj-Moust., Fl. Mad., fam. 83: 19 (1965)
species :
Capparis cinerea M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 444 (1965)
Distribution: +India (+Manipur)
40 IND
species :
Capparis cleghornii Dunn; Gamble, Fl. Madras, 146 (1915)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis roxburghii Cooke, Fl. Bomb. 1: 46, non DC.
species :
Capparis cucurbitina King; Journ, L. Soc. 58(2): 395 (1889)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak)
42 MLY
species :
Capparis daknongensis Sy, G.C.Tucker, Cornejo & Joongku Lee; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(1-2): 99 (2013)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis danielii Murugan, R.Manik., S.P.Nithya, B.Karthik & Arisdason; Phytotaxa 472(3): 284 (2020)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Capparis dasyphylla Merr. & Metcalf; Lingnan Sc. Journ., 16: 192 (1937)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew.; J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Bot. 6: 184 (1862)
Distribution: Bahrain; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Iran (S-Iran); Israel (Rift Valley); Oman (Mascat & Oman); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Midyan, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); Libya; Algeria; Morocco; Western Sahara; Mauritania; Senegal; Niger; Nigeria; Chad (incl. Tibesti); Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Soqotra; India (widespread, incl. Jammu & Kashmir); Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, N. W. Frontier Prov., Mirpur)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR WSA 22 MTN NGA NGR SEN 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SSU SUD 34 IRN ISR SIN 35 BAR OMA SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis aphylla Roth, Sp. Pl. Nov. 238 (1821)
= Capparis sodada R.Br., Observ. Pl. Denham & Clapp, Exp. Afr. App. 225 (1826)
= Lindackera capparoidea Sieber ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 2: 501 (1841)
= Sodada decidua Forssk., Fl. Aeg.-Arab. 81 (1775)
species :
Capparis diffusa Ridl.; Journ. As. Soc. Straits. 59: 68 (1911)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Langkawi Isl., Perak, Pahang); N-Sumatra; peninsular Thailand; Vietnam; Cambodia
41 CBD THA VIE 42 MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis cochinchinensis Jacq.
species :
Capparis divaricata Lam.; Encyc. 1: 606 (1785)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala); Sri Lanka; Laos; Myanmar
40 IND SRL 41 LAO MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis caerulea B.Heyne ex Wall., Cat. n. 6986 (1832)
= Capparis stylosa DC., Prod. 1: 246 (1824)
= Capparis horrida Banks ex Wight & Arn., Prod. 25 (1834)
= Capparis verrucosa Wight ex Wall., Cat. n. 6980 (1832)
= Capparis reticulata Klein ex Wall., Cat. n. 6986 (1832)
species :
Capparis diversifolia Wight & Arn.; Prod. 27 (1834)
Distribution: India (Pondicherry, Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Capparis dongvanensis Sy, B.H.Quang & D.V.Hai; Nordic J. Bot. 35(3): 272 (2016)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis echinocarpa Pierre ex Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 4: 212 (1908)
Distribution: Laos; Thailand
41 LAO THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis nana Craib, Kew Bull., 233 (1922)
species :
Capparis erycibe Hallier fil.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 217 (1898)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Pahang); Java; Borneo; Vietnam; S-Sumatra; peninsular Thailand
41 THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis paniculata Ridl., Journ. Fed. Mal. States Mus. 10: 129 (1920)
species :
Capparis erythrocarpos Isert; Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berl. Schrift. 9: 334. t. 9 (1789)
Distribution: Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Burkina Faso; Sierra Leone; Ghana; Ivory Coast; Nigeria; Benin; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; South Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; NE-Zambia; Togo; São Tomé
22 BEN BKN GHA GNB GUI IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 CAF CON SAO ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acutissima Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 202 (1915)
= Capparis afzelii DC., Prod. 1: 246 (1824) (non Pax 1891)
= Capparis bequaertii De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 210 (1922)
= Capparis carvalhoana Gilg, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C 185 (1895)
= Capparis sulphurea Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 201 (1915)
= Capparis warneckei Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33(2): 216 (1903)
= Capparis erythrocarpos var. acuminata (De Wild.) Hauman
= Capparis acuminata De Wild., Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot. sér. 5, 1[1]: 37 (1903) non Wall.
variant :
var. rosea (Klotzsch) DeWolf
Distribution: Guinea; SW-Ethiopia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
22 GUI 24 ETH 26 MOZ ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Petersia rosea Klotzsch, Peters, Reise Mossamb. Bot. 168. I. 30 (1861)
= Capparis rosea (Klotzsch) Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 99 (1868)
species :
Capparis fascicularis DC.; Prod. 1: 248 (1824)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Somalia; Ethiopia; Senegal; Burkina Faso; Sierra Leone; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Chad; N-Cameroon; South Sudan; Sudan; Eritrea; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
22 BKN MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE 23 CMN ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis brachyandra Pax, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C: 185 (1895)
= Capparis calvescens Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 195 (1915)
= Capparis flanaganii Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 197 (1915)
= Capparis jodotricha Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 196 (1915)
= Capparis oligantha Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 195 (1915)
= Capparis oliveriana Gilg, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 33(2): 216 (1903)
= Capparis rothii Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 97 (1868)
= Capparis rudatisii Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 198 (1915)
= Capparis somalensis Gilg, Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma, 6: 90 (1895)
= Capparis transvaalensis var. calvescens (Gilg & Gilg-Ben.) Marais
= Capparis transvaalensis Schinz, Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zürich, 57: 556 (1912), in adnot.
variant :
var. scheffleri (Gilg & Gilg-Ben.) DeWolf
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis scheffleri Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 194 (1915)
variant :
var. elaeagnoides (Gilg) DeWolf
Distribution: South Sudan; D.R.Congo; to; Kenya; S to; Botswana; Zimbabwe; Zambia
24 SSU 25 KEN 26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis bangweolensis R.E.Fr., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod. Kongo-Exped. 1911-12, 1: 56 (1914)
= Capparis elaeagnoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 33: 215 (1903)
= Capparis elaeagnoides var. zizyphoides (Gilg) Hauman
= Capparis zizyphoides Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 33: 216 (1903)
variant :
var. zeyheri (Turcz.) Toelken
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis zeyheri Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 324 (1854)
species :
Capparis fengii B.S.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 113 (1964)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis flavicans Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39(2): 62 (1870)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh); Laos; Vietnam; Cambodia; Thailand; Myanmar (Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing)
40 IND 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis cambodiana Pierre ex Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 210 (1908)
= Capparis flavicans Wall., Cat. n. 7003 (1832) ex Hook. fil. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. India 1: 179 (1872)
species :
Capparis floribunda Wight; Illustr. Ind. Bot. 1: 35. t. 14 (1840)
Distribution: Taiwan; Philippines (Babuyan, Luzon); Sri Lanka; Vietnam; Thailand; Java (Kangean Arch.); Moluccas (Halmaheira, Tidore, Sula Isl., Seram, Kei Isl.); Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Ayeyarwady); India (Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Deccan)
38 TAI 40 IND SRL 41 AND MYA NCB THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MOL PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis andamanica King, Ann. Bot. Gard. Calc. 5: 119 (1840)
= Capparis luzonensis Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 324 (1854)
= Capparis malabarica Wall., Cat. n. 7000 (1832)
= Capparis oligandra Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 4: 577 (1854)
= Capparis oligostema Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 3: 22 (1913)
= Crateva octandra Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 400 (1837)
= Capparis floribunda f. induta Jacobs, (1960)
species :
Capparis florida Fici & Souvann.; Phytotaxa 429(1): 73 (2020)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis fohaiensis B.S.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 114 (1964)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis formosana Hemsl.; Ann. Bot., Lond. 9: 145 (1895)
Distribution: Taiwan; China (S-Guangdong, Hainan); Ryukyu Isl.; N-Vietnam
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis sikkimensis ssp. formosana (Hemsl.) Jacobs
= Capparis kanehirai Hayata ex Kaneh., Formosan Trees, ed. rev. 235 (1936)
species :
Capparis fusifera Dunn; Kew Bull., 377 (1914)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis tomentella Dunn, Gamble, Fl. Madras, 1: 46 (1915)
= Capparis parviflora Bedd., Ic. Pl. Ind. Or. 1: 65 (1874), non Hook. fil. & Thomson
species :
Capparis gialaiensis Sy; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 52(3-4): 219 (2015)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis grandidieri Baill.; Bull. Soc. L. Par. 1: 463 (1885)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Capparis grandiflora Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Brit. India 1: 174 (1872)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis pyrifolia Wight & Arn., Prod. 25 (1834) (non Lam. 1785)
species :
Capparis grandis L.fil.; Suppl. 263 (1781)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; Myanmar (Magway, Mandalay); India (Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala); Vietnam; Thailand
40 IND SRL 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis auricans Craib, Kew Bull., 169 (1922)
= Capparis bisperma Roxb., Hort Beng. (93) (1814), Fl. Ind. 2: 568 (1832)
= Capparis disperma Walp., Rep. 1: 199 (1842)
= Capparis grandis var. auricans Kurz
= Capparis maxima Roth, Sp. Pl. Nov. 237 (1832)
= Capparis mekongensis Gagnep. var. crispata Craib
= Capparis obovata Buch.-Ham. ex DC., Prod. 1: 248 (1824)
= Capparis racemifera DC., Prod. 1: 248 (1824)
species :
Capparis hainanensis Oliv.; Hook. Ic. pl. 16: t. 1588 (1887)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis henryi Matsum.; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 33 (1899)
Distribution: Taiwan; Vietnam
38 TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis micracantha var. henryi (Matsum.) Jacobs
species :
Capparis hereroensis Schinz; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 396 (1895)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 NAM SAF
Remarks: Section Capparis s. str.
species :
Capparis hinnamnoensis Souvann. & Fici; Webbia 73(2): 175 (2018)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis humistrata (F.Muell.) F.Muell.; Fragm. 5: 156 (1865)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea humistrata F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 156 (1865)
species :
Capparis irenae Fici; Adansonia 43(7): 62 (2021)
Distribution: Sumatra
42 SUM
species :
Capparis jacobsii Hewson; Fl. Australia, 8: 388, 220 (1982)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, N-Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Capparis kbangensis Sy & D.V.Hai; PhytoKeys 151: 84, figs. 1-4 (2020)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis kebarensis Fici; Kew Bull. 67(4): 739 (2012)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Capparis kerrii Craib; Kew Bull., 232 (1922)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Capparis khuamak Gagnep.; Humbert, Suppl. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 167 (1939), gallice, et in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 85: 598 (1939), latine. (1938)
Distribution: C-Vietnam; Laos; China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis trichopoda B.S.Sun, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 116 (1964)
species :
Capparis klossii Ridl.; Journ. Fed. Mal. States Mus. 10: 81 (1920)
Distribution: peninsular Thailand (Ranong)
41 THA
species :
Capparis kollimalavana M.B.Viswan.; Kew Bull., 55(1): 245 (2000)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Capparis lanceolaris DC.; Prodr. 1: 248 (1824)
Distribution: Australia (NE-Queensland); Taiwan; China (Hainan); Java (incl. Madura Isl.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor, Damar); Sulawesi; Philippines (throughout); Moluccas (Jamdena Isl., Seram, Nusa Laut); New Guinea (incl. Schouten Isl.); Bismarck Arch. (New Ireland)
36 CHI 38 TAI 42 JAW LSI MOL NWG PHI SUL 43 BIS 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis brownei Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 10: 3807 (1939), pro syn.
= Capparis copelandii Elmer, Leaflets Philipp. Bot. il. 680 (1910)
= Capparis elliptica Span., Linnaea, 15: 166 (1841)
= Capparis irosinensis Elmer ex Merr., Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 2: 212 (1923), pro syn.
= Capparis oblongata Merr., Philipp. Gov. Lab. Bur. Bull. 35: 15
= Capparis platyacantha Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 323 (1854)
= Capparis subspinosa Roxb., Hort. Beng. (93) (1814), Fl. Ind. 2: 568 (1832)
= Capparis torricellensis Lauterb., Engl. Jahrb. 52: 112 (1914)
= Capparis uberiflora F.Muell., Fragm. 9: 172 (1875)
= Capparis viridis Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 3076 (1919)
species :
Capparis lanceolatifolia Fici, Bouaman. & Souvann.; Webbia 73(1): 5 (2017)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis laotica Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 4: 212 (1908)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis lasiantha R.Br. ex DC.; Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, NW-New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis lasiantha var. citricarpa Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 131 (1926)
= Capparis lasiantha var. rhombifolia Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 131 (1926)
species :
Capparis lianosa Fici & Souvann.; Adansonia 42(5): 114 (2020)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis lobbiana Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 323 (1854)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon); Palawan
42 PHI PLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis ilocana Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 13: 13 (1918)
= Capparis littoralis Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 7: 270 (1912)
= Capparis loheri Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 7: 270 (1912)
= Capparis palawanensis Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot. 1915. 10: 304
= Capparis sepiaria var. acuta Vidal
species :
Capparis longestipitata Heine; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Munchen, Heft 6, 210 (1953)
Distribution: Borneo; S-Vietnam
41 VIE 42 BOR
species :
Capparis longgangensis S.L.Mo & X.S.Lee ex Y.S.Huang; Nordic J. Bot. 31(6): 724 (2013)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis longipes Merr.; Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 13: 12 (1918)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
Remarks: status doubtful, insufficiently known
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparidastrum longipes (Standl.) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 310 (1967)
species :
Capparis loranthifolia Lindl.; J. Exped. Trop. Australia [Mitchell] 220 (1848)
Distribution: Australia (arid Northern Territory, C- to S-Queensland, C-New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea lorantifolia (Lindl.) F.Muell., Fragm. 1: 164 (1858)
variant :
var. bancroftii C.T.White ex M.Jacobs; Blumea 12: 519 (1965)
Distribution: Australia (C-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Capparis lucens Hauman; Bul. Jard. Bot. Brux. 20: 191 (1950)
Distribution: Rwanda
23 RWA
Remarks: only known from type collected in 1933
species :
Capparis lucida (DC.) R.Br. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 96 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (E-Queensland, Booby Isl., E-New South Wales); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Komodo, Pada Isl., Timor); SE-Sulawesi; New Guinea; ?Bismarck Arch.
42 JAW LSI NWG SUL 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea corymbiflora F.Muell., Fragm. 7: 163 (1869)
= Thylachium lucidum DC., Prodr. 1: 254 (1824)
species :
Capparis macrantha Souvann., Fici & Lanors.; Eur. J. Taxon. 656: 3 (2020)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis masakai Lév.; Fl. Kouy-Tcheou, 59 1914 (1915)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis sikkimensis ssp. masakai (Lév.) Jacobs
species :
Capparis mekongensis Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 213 (1908)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Capparis membranifolia Kurz; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 43: II. 70 (1874)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim); Bhutan; Myanmar; China (Guangdong, Guangxi, S-Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, S-Yunnan); S-Tibet; Vietnam; Cambodia; ?Thailand
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 CBD MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acutifolia ssp. viminea Jacobs, Blumea 12: 429 - 437, f. 22j-i (1965)
= Capparis viminea Hook.fil. & Thomson, (1872) non Hook. fil. ex Oliv. (1868)
= Capparis viminea var. ferruginea B.S.Sun
= Ficus marchandii Lév.
species :
Capparis micracantha DC.; Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. micracantha
Distribution: China (Hainan, SW-Guangdong, Guangxi, S-Yunnan); peninsular Malaysia; Thailand; S-Sumatra; Java (incl. Madura Isl., Kembangan Isl., Kangean Isl.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Komodo, Alor, Timor, Wetar); Borneo; Philippines (Luzon to Mindanao); Sulawesi; Moluccas (Halmaheira); Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.); Myanmar (Mon, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon); Cambodia; Laos
36 CHI 41 AND CBD LAO MYA THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL PHI SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis bariensis Pierre ex Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 209 (1908)
= Capparis billardieri DC., Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
= Capparis callosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 53 (1825)
= Capparis conspicua Wall., Cat. n. 6991 (1832)
= Capparis donnaiensis Pierre ex Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 4: 211 (1908)
= Capparis flexuosa Blume ex Hassk., Pl. Jáv. Rar. 179 (1844)
= Capparis forsteniana Miq., Illustr. Fl. Arch. Ind. 32 (1871)
= Capparis liangii Merr. & Chun, Sunyatsenia, 2: 29 (1934)
= Capparis odorata Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 439 (1837)
= Capparis petelotii Merr., Journ. Arn. Arb. 23: 166 (1942)
= Capparis roydsiaefolia Kurz, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 39: II. 62 (1870)
= Capparis venosa Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 10: 305 (1915)
variant :
var. microcarpa Fici; Webbia 71(2): 170 (2016)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
subspecies :
subsp. korthalsiana (Miq.) M.Jacobs; Fl. Males., Ser. 1, Spermat. 6(1): 86 (1960)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahang, Johor); Singapore; Borneo; Sumatra; Vietnam
41 VIE 42 BOR MLY SNG SUM
Conservation Status: critically endangered (Singapore)
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis korthalsiana Miq., Illustr. Fl. Arch. Ind. 31 (1871)
= Capparis finlaysoniana Wall., Cat. n. 6992 A (1832)
species :
Capparis micrantha A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 31 (1847)
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia
24 ETH SSU SUD
species :
Capparis mitchellii Lindl.; Mitch. Three Exped. 1: 315 (1838)
Distribution: Australia (widespread: Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea mitchellii (Lindl.) F.Muell., Fragm. 1: 164, et Vict. Pl. 1: 53 (1858)
species :
Capparis monantha M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 471 (1965)
Distribution: SW-Thailand
41 THA
species :
Capparis moonii Wight; Illustr. Ind. Bot. 1: 35 (1840)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Kerala); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
species :
Capparis multiflora Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 178 (1872)
Distribution: India (West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya); Nepal; Bhutan; China (Yunnan); S-Tibet; Myanmar (Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
species :
Capparis nilgiriensis Subba Rao, Kumari & V.Chandras.; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 78(1): 146 (1981)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Capparis nobilis F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 95 (1863)
Distribution: Norfolk Isl. (incl. Philip Isl.)
50 NFK
species :
Capparis nummularia DC.; Prod. 1: 246 (1824)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis spinosa ssp. nummularia (DC.) Fici, Webbia 58(1): 117 (2003)
= Capparis spinosa var. nummularia (DC.) Bailey, Synops. Queensl. Fl. (1883)
= Capparis nummularia var. minor Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 132 (1926)
species :
Capparis olacifolia Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Br. Ind. 1: 178 (1872)
Distribution: India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Orissa, NE-Andhra Pradesh, Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing); SE-Tibet
36 TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
species :
Capparis ornans F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 95 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (coastal E-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea nobilis Endl., Prodr. Fl. Norfolk. [Endl.] 64 (1833)
= Busbeckea ornans (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 104 (1865)
species :
Capparis pachyphylla M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 476 (1965)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam); SE-Tibet
36 TIB 40 IND
species :
Capparis parvifolia Fici; Phytotaxa 314(2): 285 (2017)
Distribution: NW-New Caledonia (Mt. Kaala)
60 NWC
species :
Capparis pranensis (Pierre ex Gagnep.) M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 477 (1965)
Distribution: Vietnam; Thailand
41 THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis thorelii var. pranensis PIerre ex Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: 214 (1908)
species :
Capparis pseudocerasifera Hauman; Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 20: 192 (1950)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis cerasifera Gilg, (1909) (non Gilg 1903)
species :
Capparis pubiflora DC.; Prod. 1: 246 (1824)
Distribution: Taiwan; China (Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi); Java (incl. Madura Isl.); peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Perak, Pahang, Selangor); Thailand; Sumatra; Borneo; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Timor); Sulawesi; Philippines (Mindanao, Luzon, Pujada); Palawan; Moluccas (Sula Arch., Seram, Ambon, Halmaheira); New Guinea (Irian Jaya); Vietnam
36 CHI 38 TAI 41 THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis borneensis Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15: 91 (1929)
= Capparis brachyscias Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 323 (1854)
= Capparis braianensis Gagnep., Humbert, Suppl. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 164 (1939), gallice, et in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 85: 597 (1939), latine. (1938)
= Capparis cerasifolia A.Gray, Bot. U. St. Expl. Exped. 1: 71 (1854)
= Capparis lutaoensis C.Y.Chang
= Capparis lasiopodia Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 322 (1854)
= Capparis myrioneura Hallier fil., Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 60 (1906), descr.
= Capparis nigricans Span., Linnaea, 15: 165 (1841)
= Capparis perakensis Ridl., Journ. Fed. Mal. States Mus. 10: 129 (1920), et Fl. Mal. Penins. 1: 124 (1922)
= Capparis pubiflora var. perakensis King
= Capparis singalensis Korth. ex Miq., Illustr. Fl. Arch. Ind. 28 (1871)
species :
Capparis pubifolia B.S.Sun; Fl. Yunnanica, 2: 64 (1979)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis pyracantha Bojer; Bouton, Treiz. Rapp. Ann. Trav. Soc. Hist. Nat. Ile Maurice, 47 (1842), et Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 20: 59 (1843)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis spinosa var. pyracantha (Bojer) Hadj-Moust., Fl. Madag., fam. 83: 16 (1965)
= Capparis antanossarum Baill., Bull. Soc. L. Par. 1: 462 (1885)
species :
Capparis pyrifolia Lam.; Encyc. 1: 606 (1785)
Distribution: Java (incl. Kangean, Madura); Thailand; Vietnam; N-Sumatra; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, E-Sumbawa); Laos; Cambodia; Sulawesi
41 CBD LAO THA VIE 42 JAW LSI SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acuminata Willd. ex Wall., Cat. n. 6990 C (1832)
= Capparis dasypetala Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 322 (1854)
= Capparis foetida Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 52 (1825)
species :
Capparis quiniflora DC.; Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland); Sulawesi; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Semau Isl., Timor); Moluccas (Kei Isl., Tanimbar); New Guinea; New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Loyalty Isl.); Fiji; Tonga; Nauru
42 LSI MOL NWG SUL 50 AUS 60 FIJ NRU NWC TON
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis neocaledonica Vieill. ex Schltr., Engl. Jahrb. 39: 113 (1906), et ex Guillaumin, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 83: 578 (1937), descr.
= Capparis richii A.Gray, Bot. U. St. Expl. Exped. 1: 69 (1854)
= Capparis trapeziflora Span., Linnaea 15: 165 (1841)
= Capparis subcordata Span., Linnaea, 15: 166 (1841)
= Capparis quinqueflora Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 1: 277 (1840)
species :
Capparis radula Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 213 (1908)
Distribution: Laos; Thailand; Vietnam
41 LAO THA VIE
species :
Capparis ramonensis Danin; Willdenowia 41(2): 312 (2011)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
species :
Capparis rheedei DC.; Prodr. 1: 246 (1824)
Distribution: India (S-Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis formosa Dalzell, Hook. Kew Journ. 2: 40 (1850)
= Capparis heyneana Wall., Cat. n. 6985 (1832) ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 25 (1834)
= Capparis malabaria Wight ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 277 (1840)
species :
Capparis richardii Baill.; Bull. Soc. L. Par. 1: 463 (1885)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis chrysomela var. richardii (Baill.) Hadj-Moust., Fl. Mad., fam. 83: 19 (1965)
species :
Capparis rigida M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 485 (1965)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis rosanowiana B.Fedtsch.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 20: 297 (1906)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Capparis rotundifolia Rottler; Ges. Naturf. Fr. Neue Schr. 4: 185 (1803)
Distribution: Myanmar (widespread); India (Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry); Sri Lanka; Cambodia
40 IND SRL 41 CBD MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis longispina Hook.fil. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. India [Hook. fil.] 1: 176 (1872)
= Capparis orbiculata Wall. ex Hook.fil. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 176 (1872)
= Capparis pedunculosa Wall., Cat. n. 6999 (1832) ex Wight & Arn., Prodr. 27 (1834)
= Capparis sepiaria Wall., Cat. n. 6993 G (1832)
species :
Capparis roxburghii DC.; Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
Distribution: India (Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis aguba Banks ex DC., Prod. 1: 248 (1824)
= Capparis bisperma Wight ex Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 176 (1872)
= Capparis corymbosa Roxb., Hort. Beng. (93) (1814), Fl. Ind. 2: 569 (1832)
species :
Capparis rufidula M.Jacobs; Blumea, 12: 487 (1965)
Distribution: Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Capparis sabiifolia Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 179 (1872)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya); China (Hainan, S-Yunnan); Taiwan; S-Tibet; Laos; Vietnam; N-Thailand; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Shan)
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acutifolia ssp. sabiifolia (Hook.fil. & Thomson) Jacobs, Blumea 12: 432 - 433, ff. 22 d - f. (1965)
= Capparis vientianensis Gagnep., Humbert, Suppl. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 161 (1939), gallice, et in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 85: 599 (1939), latine. (1938)
species :
Capparis sarmentosa A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 1: 95 (1863)
Distribution: Australia (SE-Queensland, NE-New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Capparis scortechinii King; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 58: 2: 394 (1889)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Terengganu, Penang, Perak, Pahang, Selangor)
42 MLY
species :
Capparis sepiaria L.; Syst. ed. X. 1071 (1759)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland); peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Kelantan); Sri Lanka; India (Deccan, Indian Punjab); China (Hainan, Guangdong, Guangxi); Thailand; Cambodia; N-Borneo; Java (incl. Madura Isl., Kangean Arch.); Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Nusa Penida Isl., Sumbawa, Alor, Timor, Leti, Wetar); Sulawesi (incl. Selayar Isl., Buton Isl.); Philippines (Babuyan, Luzon, Mindanao); Palawan; Moluccas (Babar, Sula Arch., Halmaheira, Buru, Ambon, Kei Isl.); New Guinea; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl., Narcondum Isl., Barren Isl.); Myanmar (Magway, Mandalay, Mon); India (widespread, incl. Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal; Bangladesh; Sri Lanka; Maldives; Vietnam; Pakistan (Karachi, Sind)
36 CHI 40 BAN IND MDV NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis flexicaulis Hance, Journ. Bot. 6: 225 (1878)
= Capparis sepiaria var. incanescens (DC.) Hook.fil. & Thomson
= Capparis affinis Merr., Philipp. Journ. Sc., Bot., 10: 303 (1915)
= Capparis emarginata C.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 85 (1835)
= Capparis glauca Wall., Cat. n. 7005 (1832)
= Capparis emarginata Zipp. ex Span., Linnaea, 15: 166 (1841)
= Capparis incanescens DC., Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
= Capparis retusella Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 16, 400 (1859)
= Capparis sepiaria var. retusella Thwaites
= Capparis trichopetala Valeton, Bull. Dep. Agric. Indes Neerl. 10: 14 (1907)
= Capparis umbellata R.Br. ex DC., DC., Prodr. 1: 247 (1824)
variant :
var. citrifolia (Lam.) Toelken
Name: Wild Caper-bush
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Mozambique
26 MOZ 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis citrifolia Lam., Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 1(2): 606 (1785)
= Capparis capensis Thunb., Prod. Pl. Cap. 92 (1794)
variant :
var. boscioides (Pax) Kers; Kew Bull., 54(1): 220 (1999)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis boscioides Pax, Bot. Jahrb. 14: 297 (1892)
= Capparis chionantha Gilg ex Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 190 (1915), descr.
= Capparis chionantha Gilg ex Engl., Sotz. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., 743, nomen (1906)
variant :
var. subglabra (Oliv.) DeWolf; (1962)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo); Zanzibar; Tanzania; Ethiopia; Somalia; Senegal; Ivory Coast; Mali; Burkina Faso; Niger; Nigeria; Chad; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Kenya; Tanzania; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Malawi; Mozambique; Botswana
22 BKN IVO MLI NGA NGR SEN 23 CAF CMN ZAI 24 CHA ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis corymbosa var. subglabra Oliv.
= Capparis sansibarensis (Pax) Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 33: 213 (1903)
= Capparis subglabra (Oliv.) Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 192 (1915)
= Capparis victoriae-nyanzae Brenan, Kew Bull. 1949, 71 (1949)
variant :
var. fischeri (Pax) DeWolf
Distribution: Madagascar; Cameroon; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Benin; etc.
22 BEN 23 CMN 24 CHA SSU SUD 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis fischeri Pax, Bot. Jahrb. 14: 298 (1892)
= Capparis djurica Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 192 (1915)
variant :
var. stuhlmannii (Gilg) DeWolf; (1962)
Distribution: Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania
24 SOM 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis stuhlmannii Gilg, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 1: 63 (1895)
variant :
var. rivae (Gilg) DeWolf
Distribution: trop. Africa
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis mildbraedii Gilg, Wiss Ergebn. Deutsch. Zentr.-Afr.-Exped. 1907-8, 2: 217 (1911)
= Capparis mildbraedii var. roseiflora (Gilg & Gilg-Ben.) Hauman
= Capparis rivae Gilg, Ann. Ist. Bot. Roma, 6: 89 (1895)
= Capparis roseiflora Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Engl. Jahrb. 53: 193 (1915)
species :
Capparis shanesiana F.Muell.; Fragm. 10: 94 (1877)
Distribution: Australia (C-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Capparis shevaroyensis Sundararagh.; Kew Bull., 37(1): 72 (1982), nom. nov.
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis parviflora Hook.fil. & Thomson, Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 176 (1872) non Boiss. (1843)
species :
Capparis siamensis Kurz; For. Fl. Brit. Burma, 1: 63 (1877)
Distribution: Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; Cambodia
41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis adunca Craib, Kew Bull., 231 (1922)
= Capparis macropoda Pierre ex Gagnep., Lecomte, Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 196 (1908)
= Capparis winitii Craib, Kew Bull., 234 (1922)
species :
Capparis sikkimensis Kurz; Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 43: II. 181 (1874)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin); India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim); Bhutan; Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis cathcartii Hemsl. ex Gamble, Darjeefing List ed. 2 (1896)
species :
Capparis spinosa L.; Sp. Pl.: 503 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. spinosa
Name: Kapernstrauch
Distribution: France; Italy; Spain; Portugal; Albania; Slovenia; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl.; Israel; Egypt; Iraq; Cyprus; Tunisia; Algeria; Canary Isl. [I] (Hierro [I])
12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB ITA SLV 20 ALG EGY TUN 21 cny 34 CYP EAI IRQ ISR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis peduncularis J.Presl, Delic. Prag.: 20–21 (1822)
variant :
var. canescens Coss.; Not. Pl. Crit. 2: 28 (1849)
Distribution: Spain; S-France; Baleares; Sicily; Italy; Macedonia; Albania; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Morocco; Tunisia; Libya (Cyrenaica); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia, EC-Iran, E-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, S-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamian Lowlands, Western Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert); Saudi Arabia; Yemen; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Wardak, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); India; Pakistan; Nepal; Tajikistan
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA KRI NMA SIC 20 EGY LBY MOR TUN 32 TZK 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis spinosa ssp. canescens (Coss.) A.Bolòs & O.Bolòs, Misc. Fontserè: 88 (1961)
= Capparis sicula Veill., Duh., Traité Arbr. Arbust. ed. 2, 1: 159 (1801)
= Capparis ovata var. sicula (Veill.) Zohary, Bull. Res. Council of Israel, 8D: 55 (1960)
= Capparis spinosa ssp. sicula (Veill.) Holmboe, Berg. Mus. Skr. Ny Raekke. Bird I, 2: 1–344 (1914)
= Capparis ovata ssp. sicula (Veill.) Iraola, Blancoana, 7: 121 (1989)
= Capparis napaulensis DC., Prodr. 1: 246 (1824)
= Capparis obovata Royle, Ill. bot. himal. 1: 73 (1839)
= Capparis sicula ssp. leucophylla (DC.) Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 142 (2006)
= Capparis leucophylla DC., Prodr. 1: 246 (1824)
= Capparis spinosa var. leucophylla (DC.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 420 (1867)
= Capparis ovata var. palaestina Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel 8D: 56 (1960)
= Capparis sicula ssp. sindiana Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 144 (2006)
= Capparis sicula ssp. mesopotamica Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 142 (2006)
variant :
var. aegyptia (Lam.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 420 (1867)
Name: Ägyptischer Kapernstrauch (DE); Egyptian Caper (EN)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Lebanon; Egypt (Eastern Desert, SE-Egypt); Iran (S-Iran); Iraq (S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Israel (Rift Valley); Jordania (S-Jordania); Kuwait; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Nejd Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, W-Yemen); United Arab Emirates; Qatar; Iran; Afghanistan; Seychelles; Somalia; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania; Soqotra; N-Chad; Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] (Ile Europa, Juan de Nova Isl.); India (Gujarat); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Karachi); Libya; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
13 KRI 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 24 CHA DJI ETH SOC SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN 29 MCI SEY 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN 35 KUW OMA QAT SAU UAE YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis aegyptia Lam., Encycl. 1: 605 (1785)
= Capparis spinosa ssp. aegyptia (Lam.) Kit Tan & Runemark, Fl. Hellenica 2: 114 (2002)
= Capparis sinaica Veill., Duh., Traite Arbr. Arbust. ed. 2, 1: 144 (1801)
= Capparis spinosa var. pubescens Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel 8D: 53 (1960)
= Capparis spinosa var. aravensis Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel 8D: 53 (1960)
= Capparis spinosa var. deserti Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel, Sect. D, Bot. 8: 54 (1960)
= Capparis deserti (Zohary) Täckh. & Boulos, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb. 5: 14 (1974)
= Capparis zoharyi Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 145 (2006)
= Capparis hierosolymitana Danin, Fl. Medit. 20: 181(-184, fig. 1) (2010)
= Capparis cartilaginea Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 2, 3: 273 (1835)
= Capparis spinosa ssp. cartilaginea (Decne.) Maire & Weiller, Maire, Fl. Afrique N. 12: 120 (1965)
variant :
var. mucronifolia (Boiss.) Hedge & Lam. ex R.R.Stewart; Annot. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pakistan & Kashmir: 294 (1972)
Distribution: Oman (Mascat & Oman); Iran (S-Iran); Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Qatar; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Kurram, Khyber)
34 AFG IRN 35 OMA QAT SAU UAE 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis elliptica Hausskn. & Bornm. ex.Bornm., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F. 6: 49 (1894)
= Capparis spinosa var. galeata (Fresen.) Hook.fil. & Th., Fl. Brit. India 1: 173 (1872)
= Capparis galeata Fresen., Mus. Senckenb. 2: 111 (1836)
= Capparis elliptica var. maskatensis Hausskn. & Bornm. ex Bornm., Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. F. VI: 49 (1894)
= Capparis mucronifolia Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 1: 3 (1843)
variant :
var. parviflora (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. Vol. I: 420 (1867)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Iran; Syria; Lebanon; Bahrain; Saudi Arabia; Iraq; Israel; Egypt; Pakistan; India; Tajikistan
20 EGY 32 TZK 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR 35 BAR SAU 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis parviflora Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 1: 4. (1843)
= Capparis leucophylla var. parviflora (Boiss.) Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel 8 D: 59 (1960)
= Capparis murrayana J.Graham, Cat. Pl. Bomb. 9 (1839)
= Capparis murrayi Stewart ex Dalzell, Journ. L. Soc. 13: 74 (1873)
= Capparis parviflora ssp. kurdica (Zohary) Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 139 (2006)
= Capparis ovata var. kurdica Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel, Vol. 8D, 56 (1960)
= Capparis parviflora ssp. sphaerocarpa Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 139 (2006)
= Capparis spinosa ssp. parviflora (Boiss.) Ahmadi, H.Saeidi & Mirtadz., Phytotaxa 456(1): 16 (2020)
variant :
var. herbacea (Willd.) Fici; Phytotaxa 174(1): 13 (2014)
Distribution: Afghanistan; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Iran; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Turkey; Turkmenistan; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; W-China
14 UKR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis herbacea Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 560 (1809)
= Capparis leucophylla var. microphylla (Ledeb.) Täckh. & Boulos, Publ. Cairo Univ. Herb., 5: 13 1972 (1974)
= Capparis herbacea var. microphylla Ledeb., Fl. Ross.: 235 (1842)
= Capparis ovata var. herbacea (Willd.) Zohary, Bull. Res. Council Israel 8D: 56 (1960)
= Capparis sicula ssp. herbacea (Willd.) Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 140 (2006)
= Capparis mucronifolia ssp. rosanoviana (B.Fedtsch.) Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 135 (2006)
= Capparis rosanoviana B.Fedtsch., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 20: 297 (1906), et Consp. Fl. Turk. 2: 98 (1909)
variant :
var. atlantica (Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz) Fici; Phytotaxa 174(1): 15 (2014)
Distribution: Morocco (Atlas)
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis atlantica Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 131 (2006)
subspecies :
subsp. cordifolia (Lam.) Fici; Phytotaxa 203(1): 28 (2015)
Distribution: New Caledonia (Loyalty Isl.); Niue; Fiji; Austral Isl. (Rurutu); Solomon Isl.; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor, Semau Isl.); Bismarck Arch. (New Ireland, New Britain); Philippines (Luzon [I], Bohol); American Samoa (Olosega, Ta’u); Marshall Isl. (Jaluit); Fed. States of Micronesia (Fais, Kosrae); Nauru; Palau (Koror, Ulebsechel, Urukthapel, Ngeanges, Peleliu, Angaur); Society Isl.; Northern Marianas (Maug, Pagan, Sarigan, Anatahan, Saipan, Tinian, Rota); Guam; Tuamotu Arch. (Niau, Makatea Isl.); Cook Isl. (Rarotonga); Henderson Isl.; Tonga (Tongatapu); [Western] Samoa (Savaii); Hawaii (Midway Isl., Pearl and Hermes Reef, +Laysan Isl., all Hawaii Islands); Rotuma Isl.
42 LSI PHI 43 BIS SOL 60 ASA FIJ NRU NUE NWC ROT SAM TON 61 AUI COO HEN SCI TUA 62 GUM MIC MRN MRS PLU 63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis baducca Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 438 (1837)
= Capparis cordifolia Lam., Encyc. 1: 609 (1785)
= Capparis mariana Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. 1: 57. t. 109 (1797)
= Capparis sandwicensis Walp., Rep. 5: 54 (1845)
= Capparis sandwichiana var. zoharyi O.Deg. & I.Deg.
= Capparis spinosa var. mariana (Jacq.) K.Schum., Bot. Jahrb. 9: 201 (1888)
= Capparis sandwichiana DC., Prod. 1: 245 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. himalayensis (Jafri) Fici; Phytotaxa 203(1): 32 (2015)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal; China (Xinjiang, Gansu); Tibet; Tajikistan
32 TZK 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis spinosa var. himalayensis (Jafri) Jacobs, Blumea 12: 419 (1965)
= Capparis himalayensis Jafri, Pakistan, J. For. 6: 197, t. 1, f. 13, map (1956)
subspecies :
subsp. rupestris (Sm.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 68 (1878)
Name: Felsen-Kapernstrauch (DE); Rock Caper (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Algeria; Croatia; Italy; Libya; Malta; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Sardinia; Sicily; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Egypt; Libya; Tunisia; Algeria
12 BAL FRA GIB SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC 20 ALG EGY LBY TUN 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis inermis Turra, Fl. Ital. Prodr.: 65 (1780) (non Forssk. 1775)
= Capparis exstipulata J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis]. 2(1): 807 (1791)
= Capparis rupestris Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 355 (1809)
= Capparis spinosa ssp. inermis A.Bolòs & O.Bolòs, Misc. Fontserè: 88 (1961) (nom. illeg.)
= Capparis spinosa ssp. orientalis (Veill.) Jafri, Ali & al., Fl. Libya 12: 3. (1977)
= Capparis orientalis Veill., Duh., Traite Arbr. Arbust. ed. 2, 1: 142 (1801)
variant :
var. ovata (Desf.) Fici; Phytotaxa 174(1): 18 (2014)
Distribution: Tunisia; Algeria; Morocco; Libya; Sicily
13 SIC 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis fontanesii DC., Prod. 1: 245 (1824)
= Capparis spinosa var. ovata (Desf.) Batt., Batt. & Trab., Fl. Alg. 82 (1888)
= Capparis spinosa var. kruegerana (Pamp.) Jafri, Fl. Libya, 12: 4 (1977)
= Capparis sicula var. kruegeriana Pamp., L’Agricoltura Col. 22: 459 (1926)
= Capparis ovata Desf., Fl. Atlant. 1: 404 (1798)
variant :
var. myrtifolia (Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz) Fici; Phytotaxa 174(1): 20 (2014)
Distribution: SE-Algeria (Hoggar, Tassili); W-Libya; N-Chad (Tibesti, Ennedi)
20 ALG LBY 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis ovata ssp. myrtifolia Inocencio, D.Rivera, Obón & Alcaraz, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 93(1): 137 (2006)
species :
Capparis srilankensis Sundararagh.; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 28(1-4): 185 1986 (1988)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
species :
Capparis subsessilis B.S.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 110 (1964)
Distribution: China (Guangxi); ?Vietnam
36 CHI
species :
Capparis subtomentosa De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 1: 212 (1922)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Capparis sunbisiniana M.L.Zhang & G.C.Tucker; Fl. of China 7: (2008), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Hainan); Myanmar; N-Vietnam; ?Thailand
36 CHI 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acutifolia ssp. obovata Jacobs, Blumea 12: 433 (1965), non Buch.-Ham. ex DC. 1824
species :
Capparis tagbanuorum Fici; Phytotaxa 267(2): 146 (2016)
Distribution: Philippines
42 PHI
species :
Capparis tchaourembensis Fici; Kew Bull. 66(2): 299 (2011)
Distribution: Comores (Mayotte)
29 COM
species :
Capparis tenera Dalzell; Hook. Kew Journ. 2: 41 (1850)
Distribution: India (Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala); Nicobar Isl.; Sri Lanka; N-Thailand; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Yangon); China (W-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 IND SRL 41 AND MYA NCB THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis oxyphylla Wall., Cat. n. 6997 (1832)
= Capparis tetrasperma Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 15 (1859)
= Capparis uncinata Wall., Cat. n. 6998 (1832)
= Capparis disticha Kurz, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 43: II. 70 (1874)
= Capparis tenera var. dalzellii Hook.fil. & Thomson
species :
Capparis thorelii Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 214 (1908)
Distribution: Laos; Thailand; Vietnam; Cambodia
41 CBD LAO THA VIE
species :
Capparis thozetiana (F.Muell.) F.Muell.; Fragm. 5: 104 (1865)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland: Rockhampton)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea thozetiana F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 104 (1865)
species :
Capparis tomentosa Lam.; Encyc. 1: 606 (1785)
Name: Woolly Caper-bush
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Namibia; Botswana; Benin; Somalia; Ethiopia; Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Guinea; Ghana; Niger; Togo; N-Cameroon; Chad; Central African Republic; Sudan; South Sudan; São Tomé; Eritrea; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Malawi; Mozambique; Saudi Arabia; N-Yemen
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GUI IVO MLI MTN NGR SEN TOG 23 CAF CMN SAO ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis alexandrae Chiov., Fl. Somala, II. 463 (1932)
= Capparis biloba Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 1: 85 (1927), Hutch. & Dalziel in Kew Bull., 25 (1928)
= Capparis corymbifera E.Mey. ex Harv. & Sond., Fl. Cap. (Harvey) 1: 62 (1860)
= Capparis corymbosa Lam., Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 1(2): 605 (1785)
= Capparis floribunda Lepr. ex Walp., Rep. 1: 197 (1842)
= Capparis persicifolia A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 31 (1847)
= Capparis polymorpha Rich., Guill. & Perr. Fl. Seneg. Tent. i, 24 (1830)
= Capparis puberula DC., Prod. 1: 248 (1824)
= Capparis verdickii De Wild., Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. IV. 35 (1902)
= Capparis volkensii Gilg, Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr C 185 (1895)
species :
Capparis tonkinensis Gagnep.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 215 (1908)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Capparis trichocarpa B.S.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 113 (1964)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis trinervia Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 175 (1872)
Distribution: peninsular Malaysia (Gunung Bubu, Perak); Vietnam; NE-Sumatra; Myanmar (Kachin, Kayin, Shan, Taninthayi)
41 MYA VIE 42 MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis kunstleri King, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 58: 2: 396 (1889)
species :
Capparis trisonthiae Srisanga & Chayam.; Adansonia 26(1): 64 (2004)
Distribution: Thailand
41 THA
species :
Capparis umbonata Lindl.; Mitch. Journ. Trop. Austral. 257 (1848)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, C-Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Busbeckea umbonata (Lindl.) F.Muell., Fragm. 1: 164, 5: 104 (1858)
= Capparis umbonata f. exumbonata Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 134 (1925)
= Capparis acacioides Diels & O.Schwarz ex O.Schwarz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 84 (1927)
= Capparis citrifera O.Schwarz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 84 (1927)
species :
Capparis urophylla F.Chun; Journ. Arn. Arb. 29: 419 (1948)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Hunan, Yunnan); N-Laos
36 CHI 41 LAO
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis cuspidata B.S.Sun, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 111 (1964)
= Capparis tenera var. caudata B.S.Sun
species :
Capparis velutina P.I.Forst.; Austrobaileya, 5(1): 107 (1997)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Capparis versicolor Griff.; Notul. 4: 577 (1845)
Distribution: peninsular Thailand; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Selangor); Myanmar (Taninthayi); China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan); India (Assam)
36 CHI 40 IND 41 MYA THA VIE 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis koioides M.Jacobs, Blumea, 12: 459 (1965)
= Capparis koi Merr. & Chun, Sunyatsenia, 2: 28 (1934)
= Capparis larutensis King, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 58: 2: 393 (1889)
= Capparis nhatrangensis Gagnep., Humbert, Suppl. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 165 (1939), gallice, et in Bull Soc. Bot. France, 85: 598 (1939), latine. (1938)
species :
Capparis viburnifolia Gagnep.; Humbert, Suppl. Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 1: 168 (1939), gallice, et in Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 85: 598 (1939), latine. (1938)
Distribution: N-Vietnam; N-Thailand; China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI 41 THA VIE
species :
Capparis viminea Hook.fil. & Thomson; Fl. Brit. India [Hook. fil.] 1: 179 (1872)
Distribution: Benin; Nigeria; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Kenya; Tanzania; Mozambique; Myanmar (Kayin, Shan, Taninthayi); Vietnam
22 BEN NGA 23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MOZ 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis linearis Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 438 (1837)
= Capparis lilacina Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 33: 215 (1903)
= Capparis welwitschii Pax & Gilg, Engl. Jahrb. 33: 214 (1903)
= Capparis holliensis A.Chev., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58(Mém. 8d): 137 (1912) p. p.
variant :
var. orthacantha (Gilg & Gilg-Ben.) DeWolf
Distribution: Tanzania; Mozambique; Zimbabwe
25 TAN 26 MOZ ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis orthacantha Gilg & Gilg-Ben., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 12: 504 (1935)
species :
Capparis wui B.S.Sun; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 9: 109 (1964)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Capparis xanthophylla Collett & Hemsl.; Journ. L. Soc. 28: 20 (1890)
Distribution: Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing)
41 MYA
species :
Capparis yunnanensis Craib & W.W.Sm.; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 9: 91 (1916)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Guangdong); Myanmar (Kachin); ?N-Thailand; N-Vietnam
36 CHI 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis bhamoensis Raizada, Indian Forest Rec., n. s. Bot., 3: 127 (1941)
= Capparis sikkimensis ssp. yunnanensis (Craib & Sm.) Jacobs
species :
Capparis zeylanica L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 72 (1762)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; Thailand; China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok, Sumbawa, Semau, Timor); Sulawesi (incl. Selayar Isl.); Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Mindanao); Moluccas (Sula Arch.); Taiwan [I]; Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.); Myanmar (widespread); India (widespread); Nepal; Bangladesh; Pakistan (Sind); Vietnam; Laos; Cambodia
36 CHI 38 tai 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MOL PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis acuminata Roxb., Hort. Beng. 41 (1814), Fl. Ind. 2: 566 (1832)
= Capparis aurantioides C.Presl, Rel. Haenk. 2: 86 (1835)
= Capparis baducca L., Sp. Pl. 504 (1753) p. p.
= Capparis crassifolia Kurz, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 42: II. 227 (1873)
= Capparis dealbata DC., Prod. 1: 246 (1824)
= Capparis erythrodasys Miq., Pl. Jungh. 397 (1854)
= Capparis formosa Wall., Cat. n. 6982 A (1832)
= Capparis hastigera Hance, Journ. Bot. 6: 296 (1868)
= Capparis horrida L.fil., Suppl. Pl. 264 (1781)
= Capparis latifolia Craib, Kew Bull., 232 (1922)
= Capparis nemorosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. I. 438 (1837)
= Capparis ovalifolia Zipp. ex Miq., Ill. Fl. Arch. Ind. 33 (1870)
= Capparis polymorpha Kurz, Journ. As. Soc. Beng. 42: II. 227 (1873)
= Capparis quadriflora DC., Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
= Capparis rufescens Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: II. 321 (1854)
= Capparis subhorrida Craib, Kew Bull., 234 (1922)
= Capparis swinhoei Hance, Journ. Bot. 6: 296 (1868)
= Capparis terniflora DC., Prod. 1: 247 (1824)
= Capparis wallichiana Wight & Arn., Prod. 25 (1834)
= Capparis wightiana Wall., Cat. n. 6987 (1832)
= Oligloron zeylanica (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. 109 (1838)
= Pleuteron baduca (L.) Raf., Sylva Tellur. 109 (1838)
= Capparis zeylanica var. pubipetala S.Y.Liu, X.Q.Ning & Y.F.Tan, Guihaia 32 (3): 324 (2012)
species :
Capparis zippeliana Miq.; Illustr. Fl. Arch. Ind. 25. I. 14 (1871)
Distribution: New Guinea; Moluccas (Tanimbar, Kei Isl.); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain, New Ireland); Solomon Isl.; Palau (Koror, Urukthapel, Peleliu, Angaur)
42 MOL NWG 43 BIS SOL 62 PLU
Synonyms: hidden
= Capparis carolinensis Kaneh., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 48: 919 (1934)
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)