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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

345.0000 Family Brassicaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 854, 1093, 1123 (1835), nom. cons., nom. alt.
339 genera, ca. 4050 spp. in ca. 50 tribes. Systematics taken from Al-Shehbaz et al. (2009-2012) and BrassiBase (2016)
Species listed in database: 4079; hybrids: 106
= Arabidaceae Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 573 (1843)
= Cruciferae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 237 (1789), nom. cons.
= Drabaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 215 (1820)
= Erysimaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 238 (1820)
= Isatidaceae Döll, Fl. Baden 3: 1310 (1861)
= Raphanaceae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 169 (1847)
= Schizopetalaceae A.Juss., V. V. D. d’Orbigny, Dict. Univ. Hist. Nat. 11: 419 (1848)
= Sisymbriaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 583 (1820)
= Stanleyaceae Nutt., J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 85 (1834)
= Thlaspiaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 633 (1820)
345.1312 Genus Cardamine L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 654 (1753)
Distribution: cosmopolitan, but chiefly temp. and cold Northern Hemisphere and montane areas of the tropics, also New Zealand (over 30). The genus is polyphyletic and needs further splitting, but the inclusion of Dentaria stands.
Species listed in database: 245; hybrids: 20
= Barbarea Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. I. 522 (1760)
= Dentaria L., Sp. Pl. 2: 653 (1753)
= Dracamine Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 40 (1915)
= Ghinia Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 158 (1901)
= Heterocarpus Phil., Bot. Zeit. 14: 641 (1856)
= Iti Garn.-Jones & P.N.Johnson, New Zealand J. Bot., 25(4): 603 1987 (1988)
= Kardanoglyphos Schltdl., Linnaea, 28: 472 (1856)
= Loxostemon Hook.fil. & Thomson, Journ. L. Soc. 5: (1861) 129, 147
= Porphyrocodon Hook.fil., Benth. & Hook. fil. Gen. 1: 79 (1862)
= Pteroneurum DC., Syst. 2: 269 (1821)
= Sphaerotorrhiza (O.E.Schulz) A.P.Khokhr., Fl. Magadan. Obl. 235 (1985)
species :
Cardamine abchasica Govaerts; World Checklist Seed Plants, 3(1): 12 (1999), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine georgiana Al-Shehbaz & Warwick, Rhodora, 101(907): 275 (1999), nom. nov. illeg.
= Dentaria microphylla Willd., Sp. Pl. 3, 1: 479 (1800)
species :
Cardamine acris Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 253 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. acris
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia
13 ALB BUL GRC MNT NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine raphanifolia ssp. acris (Griseb.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. 33: 497 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. pindicola Perný & Marhold; Folia Geobot. 39(4): 422 (2004)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. vardousiae Perný & Marhold; Folia Geobot. 39(4): 423 (2004)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Cardamine adriatica Jar.Kucera, Lihová & Marhold; Taxon 59(1): 161 (2010), nom. nov.
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteroneurum bipinnatum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 676 (1832)
= Cardamine maritima f. bipinnata (Rchb.) Sagorski, Österr. Bot. Ztg. 61: 17 (1911)
= Pteroneurum microphyllum J. & J.Presl, Delic. Prag. 237 (1822)
species :
Cardamine africana L.; Sp. Pl. 655 (1753)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Nigeria; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Cameroon; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe; Uganda; Rwanda; Burundi; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Comores; Madagascar; La Réunion; Peru [I]; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]; El Salvador [I]; Cuba [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Ecuador [I]; Chile [I]; Argentina [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Venezuela [I]; Colombia [I]; Java; New Guinea (alpine); Sri Lanka; Sumatra; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa); Sumatra; Moluccas (Seram); N-Yemen; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu)
22 NGA 23 BIO BUR CMN RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZIM 27 SAF SWZ 29 COM MDG REU 35 YEM 40 IND SRL 42 JAW LSI MOL NWG SUM 79 mex 80 cos els gua hon 81 cub his 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine africana ssp. borbonica (Pers.) O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine allevia Comm. ex DC., Syst. 2: 252 (1821)
= Cardamine anteniquana Burch. ex DC., Syst. 2: 252 (1821)
= Cardamine borbonica Bojer, Hort. Maurit. 11 (1837)
= Cardamine borbonica Pers., Syn. 2: 195 (1806)
= Cardamine burchellii Spreng., Syst. 2: 886 (1821)
= Cardamine holtziana Engl. & O.E.Schulz, Engl. Jahrb. 32: (1903)
= Cardamine innovans O.E.Schulz, Engl. Jahrb. 32: 417 (1903)
= Cardamine javanica Miq., Illustr. Fl. Archip. t. 10
= Cardamine porphyrophylla Ekman ex Urb., Fedde, Repert. 21: 62 (1925)
= Cardamine ternata Bory ex DC., Syst. 2: 252 (1821)
= Cardamine wightiana Wall., Cat. n. 4780 (1829)
= Pteroneurum javanicum Blume, Bijdr. 51 (1825)
species :
Cardamine akitensis Mochizuki; Journ. Jap. Bot. 44: 340 (1969)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cardamine alalata Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 33 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine alberti O.E.Schulz; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 10: 341 (1928)
Distribution: Colombia (Arauca, Boyacá, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Meta, Norte de Santander, Santander)
82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine alberti var. minor O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 10: 342 (1928)
species :
Cardamine alpina Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 481 (1800)
Name: Alpen-Schaumkraut
Distribution: Austria; ?Bulgaria; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; N-Spain (Pyrenees); Italy
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine bellidifolia ssp. alpina (Willd.) B.M.G.Jones, Feddes Repert. 69: 59 (1964)
= Ghinia alpina (Willd.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 159 (1901)
species :
Cardamine alticola Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 36 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine altigena Schltr. ex O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. lxii.479 (1929)
Distribution: New Guinea (alpine, widespread)
42 NWG
species :
Cardamine amara L.; Sp. Pl. 656 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. amara
Name: Bitteres Schaumkraut
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; NE-Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; Sicily; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA NMA ROM SIC SLV 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Remarks: amara agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine amara f. monochlamydea Soo, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18(1-2): 173 (1973)
= Cardamine amara f. procumbens Beauverd
= Cardamine amara ssp. olotensis O.Bolòs
= Cardamine amara var. parviflora Cadevall, Fl. Catalunya 1: 136 (1915)
= Cardamine amporitana Sennen & Pau, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 21(259): 104 (1911)
= Cardamine bicolor Opiz ex J. & J.Presl, Fl. Cech. 136 (1819)
= Cardamine bielzii Schauer, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw 4: 64 (1853)
= Cardamine borealis Laest. ex Nyman, Consp. 37 (1878)
= Cardamine crassifolia Opiz, Natural. 11: 412 (1826)
= Cardamine grandis Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 49 (1866)
= Cardamine hirsuta Oeder, Fl. Dan. t. 148 (1840) non L. 1753
= Cardamine libertiana Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa, 135 (1825)
= Cardamine macrophylla Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 49 (1866)
= Cardamine melananthera Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 280, 281 (1840)
= Cardamine melanthera Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 445 (1812)
= Cardamine nasturtiana Thuill., Fl. Par. ed. II. 1: 330
= Cardamine nasturtium Wallr., Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 235 (1840)
= Cardamine procumbens (Beauverd) E.P.Perrier, Cat. Pl. Vasc. Savoie, 1: (Mem Acad. Sc. Savoie, Ser. V. iv.) 46 (1917)
= Cardamine trifolia Pall., Reise, 3: 316
= Cardamine triphylla Pall., Reise, 2: 35 (1773)
= Cardamine umbrosa Lej., Fl. Spa, 2: 63 (1823)
= Crucifera amara (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 110 (1902)
= Ghinia amara (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 163 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. austriaca Marhold; Bot. Helvetica, 109(1): 77 (1999)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Italy; ?Liechtenstein; Switzerland
11 AUT CZE GER SWI 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine austriaca (Marhold) Landolt, Fl. Indicativa 268 (2010)
subspecies :
subsp. balcanica Marhold, Ancev & Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn., 33(3): 201 (1996)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC
subspecies :
subsp. opicii (J. & J.Presl) Celak.; Prodr. Blume Böhm. 3: 449 (1875)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Slovakia; Poland; Romania; Ukraine
11 CZE POL SLO 13 ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine opicii J. & J.Presl, Fl. Cechica 126 (1819)
species :
Cardamine anemonoides O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 340 (1903)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine matsumurae Hatus., Fukuoka Hakubuts. Zasshi (Edit. Ann. Soc. Hist.-Nat. Fukuok.) 2: 31 (1936)
= Cardamine matsumurana Nemoto, Fl. Jap. Suppl. 263 (1936)
= Dentaria corymbosa Matsum., Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 52 (1899)
species :
Cardamine angulata Hook.; Bot. Misc. 1: (1830) 343. t. 69
Name: Seaside bittercress
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine angulata var. alba Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray, (1838)
= Cardamine angulata var. hirsuta O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 407 (1903)
= Cardamine angulata var. pentaphylla O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 407 (1903)
= Dentaria grandiflora Raf., (1833)
species :
Cardamine angustata O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 349 (1903)
Name: Slender toothwort
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine angustata f. parviflora O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 350 (1903)
= Cardamine angustata var. ouachitana E.B.Sm., Brittonia, 34(4): 379 (1982)
= Cardamine heterophylla (Nutt.) Alph.Wood, Bot. & Flor. 38 (1870) (non Host 1797)
= Dentaria heterophylla Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 66 (1818)
species :
Cardamine anhuiensis D.C.Zhang & J.Z.Shao; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 6(2): 127-128, f. s. n. (1986)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine jinshaensis Q.H.Chen & T.L.Xu, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 15(4): 361 (1993)
species :
Cardamine apennina Lihová & Marhold; Pl. Syst. Evol. 245(1-2): 85 (2004)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Cardamine appendiculata Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 281 (1784)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria appendiculata Matsum., Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 51 (1899)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. appendiculata (Fr. & Sav.) Yatabe
species :
Cardamine arakiana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 119 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria arakiana Koidz., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 119 (1936)
species :
Cardamine armoracioides Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: (1854) II. 293
Distribution: Colombia (Magdalena); Venezuela (Merida)
82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine aschersoniana O.E.Schulz, Engl. Jahrb. 32: 410 (1903)
species :
Cardamine asarifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 654 (1753)
Name: Haselwurzblättriges Schaumkraut
Distribution: France; Switzerland; Italy (?Pyrenees, Alps, Appennini)
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
species :
Cardamine astoniae I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 156 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine auriculata S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 319 (1882)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Cardamine balnearia Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 157(1944)
Distribution: Guatemala (Volcán de Zuni)
80 GUA
Conservation Status: known only from type collection
species :
Cardamine barbaraeoides Halácsy; Denkschr. Acad. Wiss. Math. Nat. Kl. (Wien) 61: 228 (1894)
Distribution: Greece; Macedonia; ?S-Albania
13 GRC NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine raphanifolia ssp. barbareoides (Halácsy) A.Strid, A. Strid (ed.), Mount. Fl. Greece, 1: 257 (1986)
species :
Cardamine basicola Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 38 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine battagliae Cesca & Peruzzi; Pl. Biosystems 136(3): 316 (2002)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Cardamine bellidifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 654 (1753)
Name: Nordisches Schaumkraut, Alpine bittercress
Distribution: Finland; Iceland; Jan Mayen; Norway; N-European Russia; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; North Korea; Russian Far East; Mongolia; Greenland; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, N. W. T., Nunavut, Quebec, Yukon); Alaska; USA (California, Maine, New Hampshire, Oregon, Washington State)
10 FIN ICE JMY NOR SVA SWE 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 37 MON 38 NKO 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis bellidifolia (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 81 (1771) non Crantz
= Arabis bellidioides Lam., Encyc. 1: 220 (1783)
= Arabis cardamine Calest., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. 15: 376 (1908)
= Cardamine bellidifolia f. laxa (Lange) Polunin, (1940)
= Cardamine bellidifolia var. beringense A.E.Porsild, (1938)
= Cardamine bellidifolia var. laxa Lange, Consp. Fl. Groenland. 2: 251 (1887)
= Cardamine bellidifolia var. pinnatifida Hultén, Ark. Bot. a. s., 7: 62 (1968)
= Cardamine integrifolia Nasarow, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 1923-24, n. s. 32: 341 (1924)
= Cardamine lenensis Andrz., Fl. Altaic. 3: 33 (1831)
= Cardamine rotundifolia Bigelow, Fl. Bost. ed. II. 252 (1824) non Michx. 1803
= Crucifera bellidoides E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 116 (1902)
variant :
var. pachyphylla Coville & Leiberg; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 11: 170 (1897)
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Cardamine bilobata Kirk; Fl. N. Zeal. 27 (1899)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine bipinnata (C.A.Mey.) O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 344 (1903)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria bipinnata C.A.Mey., Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer 179 (1831)
species :
Cardamine bisetosa Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 42 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine bodinieri (Lév.) Lauener; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 336 (1966)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria bodinieri Lév., Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 452 (1910)
species :
Cardamine bonariensis Juss. ex Pers.; Syn. 2: 195 (1806)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Neuquen, Salta, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Chile (Tarapaca, Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Paraguay (Alto Paraná); Uruguay (Canelones, Florida Prov., Soriano); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda); NE-Brazil (Ceara, Paraíba, Bahia); WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil (São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); Peru; Costa Rica; Ecuador; Mexico (Chiapas, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine alsophila Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 81: 73 (1893)
= Cardamine alsophila var. tridens (Phil.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 90: 128 (1895)
= Cardamine axillaris var. tucumanensis Griseb.
= Cardamine axillaris Wedd., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. V. 1: 290 (1864)
= Cardamine bonariensis var. flaccida (Cham. & Schltdl.) J.F.Macbr.
= Cardamine bonariensis var. minima (Steud.) J.F.Macbr.
= Cardamine bracteata Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 85 (1892) nom. illeg.
= Cardamine caespitosa Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 79 (1892)
= Cardamine cymbalaria Chodat & Wilcz., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 2: 289 (1902)
= Cardamine demissa Triana & Planch., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. 17: 60 (1862)
= Cardamine flaccida Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea, 1: 21 (1826)
= Cardamine flaccida ssp. alsophila (Phil.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 449 (1903)
= Cardamine flaccida ssp. bonariensis (Pers.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 450 (1903)
= Cardamine flaccida ssp. ebracteata O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 452 (1903)
= Cardamine flaccida ssp. minima O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 451 (1903)
= Cardamine flaccida var. micrantha O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 452 (1903)
= Cardamine flaccida var. ravenii Rollins, Crucif. Continent. N. Amer.: 273 (1993)
= Cardamine flaccida var. tucumanensis (Griseb.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 451 (1903)
= Cardamine flaccida var. turfosiorum Rollins, Crucif. Continent. N. Amer.: 273 (1993)
= Cardamine killipii O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 10: 341 (1928)
= Cardamine laxa Benth., Pl. Hartw. 158 (1845)
= Cardamine laxa var. pumila A.Gray, U. S. Expl. Exped., Phan. 15: 50 (1854)
= Cardamine minima Steud., Flora, 39: 410 (1856)
= Cardamine nasturtiifolia Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 281 (1840)
= Cardamine nasturtioides Bertero, ´ Merc. Chil. (1829) ´, Bull. Ferussac, 20: (1830) 109, Barnéoud in Gay, Fl. Chil. 1: 113
= Cardamine nemophila Phil., Linnaea, 30: 186 (1859)
= Cardamine pusilla Phil., Linnaea 28: 665 (1858) non Hochst. ex A. Rich.
= Cardamine ramosissima Steud., Flora 39: 409 (1856)
= Cardamine tridens Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 74 (1892)
species :
Cardamine breweri S.Watson; Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 339 (1875)
Name: Brewer´s bittercress
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine hederifolia Greene, Pittonia 4: 202 (1900)
= Cardamine modocensis Greene, Pittonia 4: 203 (1900)
= Cardamine sandbergii Holz., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: (1895) tab. 3
variant :
var. leibergii (Holz.) C.L.Hitchc.; Univ. Wash. Publ. Bot. 17(2): 468 (1964)
Name: Leiberg´s bittercress
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine callosicrenata Piper, Bot. Gaz. 22: 488 (1896)
= Cardamine foliacea Greene, Pittonia 4: 201 (1900)
= Cardamine leibergii Holz., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 4. 212 (1895)
= Cardamine vallicola Greene, Pittonia, 3: 116 (1896)
= Cardamine vallicola ssp. leibergii O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 523 (1903)
variant :
var. orbicularis (Greene) Detling; Amer. J. Bot. 24: 73 (1937)
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine orbicularis Greene, Pittonia, 4: 202 (1900)
species :
Cardamine bulbifera (L.) Crantz; Class. Crucif. 127 (1769)
Name: Zwiebeltragende Zahnwurz, Coralroot bittercress
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Norway; Poland; Romania; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran); USA [I] (Ohio [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 75 usa
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria bulbifera L., Sp. Pl. 653 (1753)
= Cardamine bulbifera f. ptarmicifolia (DC.) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 3: 265 (1972)
= Cardamine bulbifera var. ptarmicifolia DC.
= Crucifera bulbifera (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 117 (1902)
species :
Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.; Prelim. Catal. (1888) 4
Name: Bulbous bittercress
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis bulbosa Schreb. ex Muhl., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 3: 174 (1793)
= Arabis rhomboidea Pers., Syn. 2: 204 (1807)
= Cardamine bulbosa f. fontinalis E.J.Palmer & Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 25: 771 (1938)
= Cardamine rhomboidea (Pers.) DC., Syst. 2: 246 (1821)
= Cardamine rhomboidea f. angustifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea f. integrifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea f. microphylla O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea var. grandiflora O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea var. hirsuta O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea var. parviflora O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea var. pilosa O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 426 (1903)
= Cardamine rhomboidea var. purpurea Torr., Fl. New York 1: 56 (1846)
= Dentaria rhomboidea (Pers.) Greene, Pittonia, 3: 124 (1896)
= Dracamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 40 (1915)
species :
Cardamine caesiella Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 44 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine calcicola W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11(55): 203 (1919)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine caldeirarum Guthnick; Seub., Fl. Azor. 43 (1844)
Distribution: Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.)
21 AZO
species :
Cardamine californica Greene; Fl. Francisc. (1891) 266, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 19 (1894)
Name: Milkmaids
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine californica ssp. cuneata (Greene) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 386 (1903)
= Cardamine californica var. brevistyla O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 389 (1903)
= Cardamine californica var. cardiophylla (Greene) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 44 (1993)
= Cardamine californica var. cuneata (Greene) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 44 (1993)
= Cardamine californica var. fecunda O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 386 (1903)
= Cardamine californica var. integrifolia (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 44 (1993)
= Cardamine californica var. pubescens O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 388 (1903)
= Cardamine californica var. robinsoniana O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 385 (1903)
= Cardamine californica var. sinuata (Greene) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 387 (1903)
= Cardamine cardiophylla Greene, Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 19 (1894)
= Cardamine cuneata Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. n. 3 74 (1885)
= Cardamine integrifolia (Nutt.) Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. 389 (1887)
= Cardamine integrifolia var. sinuata (Greene) C.L.Hitchc., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. [C. L. Hitchc. & al.] 2: 469 (1964)
= Cardamine pachystigma var. dissectifolia (Detling) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 45 (1993)
= Cardamine paucisecta Benth., Pl. Hartw. 297 (1849)
= Cardamine sinuata Greene, Erythea, 1: 148 (1893)
= Dentaria californica Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 88 (1838)
= Dentaria californica var. cardiophylla (Greene) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 576 (1936)
= Dentaria californica var. cuneata (Greene) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 576 (1936)
= Dentaria californica var. integrifolia (Torr. & A.Gray) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 576 (1936)
= Dentaria californica var. sinuata (Greene) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 576 (1936)
= Dentaria cardiophylla (Greene) Rob., Syn. Fl. N. Am. 1 1: 155 (1895)
= Dentaria cuneata (Greene) Greene, Pittonia, 3: 123 (1896)
= Dentaria integrifolia Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 88 (1838)
= Dentaria integrifolia var. californica (Nutt.) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 222 (1901)
= Dentaria integrifolia var. cardiophylla (Greene) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 426 (1925)
= Dentaria integrifolia var. tracyi Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 426 (1925)
= Dentaria pachystigma var. dissectifolia Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 575 (1936)
= Dentaria sinuata (Greene) Greene, Pittonia, 3: 123 (1896)
= Dentaria sinuata var. cuneata (Greene) J.T.Howell, Howitt & J. T. Howell. Suppl. Vasc. Pl. Monterey Co., Calif., 13 (1973)
species :
Cardamine calliphaea Kit Tan, Vold & Giannop.; Nordic J. Bot. 31(3): 282 (2013)
Distribution: Greece (Nomos Ilias)
13 GRC
species :
Cardamine calthifolia Lév.; Bull. Geogr. Bot., 24: 281 (1914)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Guangdong, Sichuan); Myanmar
36 CHI 41 MYA
species :
Cardamine carnosa Waldst. & Kit.; Pl. Rar. Hang. 2: 137 (1803)
Distribution: Albania; Greece; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Macedonia
13 ALB BIH CRO GRC NMA SRB
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine croatica Schott, Nyman & Kotschy, Analect. Bot. 46 (1854)
= Pteroneurum carnosum (Waldst. & Kit.) DC., Syst. 2: 270 (1821)
species :
Cardamine caroides C.Y.Wu; Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 16 (1987)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Conservation Status: holotype only
species :
Cardamine carrii B.L.Turner; Phytoneuron 2012-49: 1 (2012)
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
species :
Cardamine castellana Lihová & Marhold; Taxon 52(4): 795 (2003)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Cardamine cebollana B.L.Turner; Phytologia 94(3): 384 (2012)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon)
79 MEX
species :
Cardamine changbaiana Al-Shehbaz; Novon 10: 323 (2000), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (S-Jilin); North Korea
36 CHI 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine resedifolia var. morii Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 28: 303 (1914)
= Cardamine morii (Nakai) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 166 (2017)
species :
Cardamine chelidonia L.; Sp. Pl. 655 (1753)
Distribution: +Corsica; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Croatia; Sicily; Albania; Czech Republic [I]
11 cze 12 COR 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA SIC
species :
Cardamine chenopodiifolia Pers.; Synops. Pl. 2: 195 (1807)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Paraguay (Guaira); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, San Jose, Soriano); Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG JNF PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis commersonii DC., Syst. 2: 228 (1821)
= Arabis spathulata (Poir.) DC., Syst. Nat. [Candolle] 2: 227 (1821)
= Sisymbrium bellidifolium Poir., Encyc. 7: 220 (1806)
= Sisymbrium spathulatum Poir., Encyc. 7: 221 (1806)
species :
Cardamine cheotaiyienii Al-Shehbaz & G.Yang; Harv. Pap. Bot. 3(1): 73 (1998)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Hilliella alatipes var. macrantha Y.H.Zhang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 8(4): 403 (1986)
species :
Cardamine chilensis DC.; Syst. Nat. 2: 254 (1821)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta); Chile (Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine callitrichoides Speg., Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires, 7: 211 (1902)
= Cardamine chilensis var. angustifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 445 (1903)
= Cardamine chilensis var. nana (Barnéoud) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 445 (1903)
= Cardamine chilensis var. valdiviana (Phil.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 90: 124 (1895)
= Cardamine micropetala Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 76 (1892)
= Cardamine nana Barnéoud, Fl. Chil. [Gay] 1(2): 108 (1846)
= Cardamine solisi Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 27(2): 325 (1865)
= Cardamine valdiviana Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. (1865) II. 314
= Cardamine valdiviana var. callitrichoides (Speg.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 446 (1903)
= Cardamine valdiviana var. pinnatisecta Phil.
= Cardamine vulgaris var. micropetala (Phil.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 544 (1903)
species :
Cardamine chlorina Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 46 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine circaeoides Hook.fil. & Thomson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 144 (1861)
Distribution: China (Hunan, Yunnan, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Sichuan); Taiwan; Vietnam; Laos; N-Thailand; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim); Bhutan; N-Myanmar
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BHU IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine agyokumontana Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 3: 19-20, f. 6 (1913)
= Cardamine circaeoides var. diversifolia O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine heterandra J.Z.Sun & K.L.Chang, Taiwania 41(2): 113-115, f. 1, 1-7 (1996)
= Cardamine insignis O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 439-440. (1903)
= Cardamine macrocephala Z.M.Tan & S.C.Zhou, J. Sichuan Univ., Nat. Sci. Ed. 33(5): 601 (1996) (1996)
= Cardamine reniformis Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 29(19): 50-51 (1908)
= Cardamine violifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 440 (1903)
= Cardamine violifolia var. diversifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 440 (1903)
= Cardamine violifolia var. pilosa K.L.Chang & H.L.Huang, Taiwania 41(2): 115, f. 1, 8-14 (1996)
species :
Cardamine clematitis Shuttlew. ex A.Gray; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 7: 45 (1880)
Name: Small mountain bittercress
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
78 USA
species :
Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) O.Schwarz; Fedde, Repert. 46: 188 (1939)
Name: Cutleaf toothwort
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Quebec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine laciniata var. integra O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 349 (1903)
= Cardamine laciniata var. lasiocarpa O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 349 (1903)
= Cardamine laciniata f. minor (DC.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 349 (1903)
= Cardamine laciniata Wood, Bot. & Flor. 38 (1870) (non Steud. 1840)
= Dentaria concatenata Michx., Fl. Boreau Am. 2: 30 (1803)
= Dentaria laciniata Muhl., Cat. 60, ex Willd. Sp. Pl. 3: 479 (1800)
= Dentaria laciniata var. alterna Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 58 (1930)
= Dentaria laciniata var. coalescens Fernald, Rhodora 40: 421, tab. 520 (1938)
= Dentaria laciniata var. integra (O.E.Schulz) Fernald, Rhodora 10: 84 (1908)
= Dentaria laciniata var. latifolia Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 58 (1930)
= Dentaria laciniata var. opposita Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 58 (1930)
species :
Cardamine conferta Jurtzev; Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 311 [1965] (1965)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East
30 SIB 31 RFE
species :
Cardamine constancei Detling; Madrona, 3: 176 (1935)
Name: Constance´s bittercress
Distribution: USA (Idaho: Clearwater, Idaho, Kootenai, Nez Perce, Shoshone Co.)
73 USA
species :
Cardamine cordata Barnéoud; Gay, Fl. Chil. 1: 109 (1846)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine andicola Phil., Anales Mus. Nac., Santiago de Chile 1891: 1 (1891)
= Cardamine andina Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 71 (1892)
= Cardamine calbucana Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 668 (1872)
= Cardamine cordata var. decumbens (Barnéoud) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 430 (1903)
= Cardamine decumbens Barnéoud, Fl. Chil. [Gay] 1(2): 109 (1846)
= Cardamine monticola Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 81: 72 (1893)
= Cardamine nivalis ssp. andina (Phil.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 519 (1903)
= Cardamine peteroana Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 74 (1892)
= Cardamine rostrata var. alpina Chodat, Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser. 2, 2: 288 (1902)
= Cardamine triphylla Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 72 (1893)
species :
Cardamine cordifolia A.Gray; Pl. Fendl. 8 (1849)
Name: Heartleaf bittercress
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine cordifolia f. microphylla O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 439 (1903)
= Cardamine cordifolia ssp. lyallii (S.Watson) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 438 (1903)
= Cardamine cordifolia var. cardiophylla O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 438 (1903)
= Cardamine cordifolia var. diversifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 438 (1903)
= Cardamine cordifolia var. incana Gray ex M.E.Jones, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. 5: 620 (1895)
= Cardamine cordifolia var. lyallii (S.Watson) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr., Bot. Gaz. 61: 31 (1916)
= Cardamine cordifolia var. pilosa O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 438 (1903)
= Cardamine cordifolia var. pubescens A.Gray ex O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 439 (1903)
= Cardamine incana (A.Gray ex M.E.Jones) A.Nelson, Bot. Gaz. 42: 50 (1906)
= Cardamine infausta Greene, Pittonia 4: 307 (1901)
= Cardamine lyallii S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 22: 466 (1887)
= Cardamine uintahensis F.J.Herm., Rhodora 36: 410 (1934)
species :
Cardamine coronata Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 49 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine corymbosa Hook.fil.; Ic. Pl. t. 686 (1844)
Distribution: New Zealand; Chatham Isl.; Macquarie Isl.; Auckland Isl.; Germany [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Netherlands [I]; England [I]; Ireland [I]
10 grb ire 11 bgm ger lux net 51 AUC CTM NZL 91 MAQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine heterophylla var. uniflora (Hook.fil.) Cockayne, (1909)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. corymbosa Hook.fil., (1864)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. uniflora Hook.fil., (1864)
= Cardamine uniflora (Hook.fil.) Allan, Fl. N. Zeal. 1: 183 (1961)
species :
Cardamine cubita Molloy, Heenan & Smissen; Phytotaxa 140(1): 48 (2013)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine dactyloides Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 58 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine debilis Banks ex DC.; Syst. 2: 265 (1821)
Name: Roadside bittercress
Distribution: New Zealand (widespread); Chatham Isl.; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Florida [I], Iowa [I], Texas [I]); Hispaniola [I]; Mexico [I]
51 CTM NZL 74 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 81 his
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine forsteri Govaerts, World Checklist Seed Plants, 3(1): 13 (1999), nom. nov. superfl.
= Cardamine heterophylla (G.Forst.) O.E.Schulz, (1903) (non Wood 1870)
= Cardamine heterophylla var. hirtella O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine heterophylla var. leiocarpa O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine heterophylla var. macrostylis O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine hirsuta var. debilis Banks ex Hook.fil., (1864)
= Sisymbrium heterophyllum G.Forst., Prod. 46 (1786)
species :
Cardamine delavayi Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 397 (1886)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Bhutan
36 CHI 40 BHU
species :
Cardamine densiflora N.P.Gontsch.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Uzbekistansk. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 2: 5 (1940)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Cardamine depressa Hook.fil.; Fl. Antarct. 6 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. depressa
Distribution: New Zealand (South Isl.)
51 NZL
subspecies :
subsp. stellata (Hook.fil.) Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 65 (2017)
Distribution: Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.; Macquarie Isl.
51 AUC 91 CMP MAQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine depressa var. stellata (Hook.fil.) Hook.fil., Handb. N. Z. Fl. 12 (1864)
= Cardamine stellata Hook.fil., Fl. Antarct. 7. t. 4 A (1844)
species :
Cardamine digitata Richardson; Frankl. Narr. 1st Journ. 743 (1823)
Name: Richardson´s bittercress
Distribution: Canada (N. W. T., Yukon); Alaska; Russian Far East; Siberia
30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine digitata var. oxyphylla Trautv.
= Cardamine digitata var. sphenophylla (Jurtzev) Khatri, Feddes Repert., 101(9-10): 443 (1990)
= Cardamine hyperborea O.E.Schulz, (1903)
= Cardamine hyperborea var. oxyphylla (Trautv.) O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine richardsonii Hultén, Fl. Alaska & Yukon (Lunds Univ. Arsskrift, n. fil. Avd. 2, 41: No. 1) 838 (1945) nom. superfl.
= Cardamine sphenophylla Jurtzev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 9: 184 (1972)
species :
Cardamine dilatata Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 67 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine dimidia Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 69 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph.Wood; Bot. & Fl. 37 (1870)
Name: Crinkleroot
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria bifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 443 (1812)
= Dentaria diphylla Michx., Fl. Boreau Am. 2: 30 (1803)
= Dentaria incisa Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 480 (1903) (non Eames 1903)
species :
Cardamine dissecta (Leavenw.) Al-Shehbaz; J. Arnold Arbor., 69(1): 82 (1988)
Name: Forkleaf toothwort
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee)
75 USA 78 USA
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine angustata var. multifida (Muhl.) Ahles, (1968) (nom. inval.)
= Cardamine laciniata var. multifida (Muhl.) Millsp., Fl. W. Virginia 329 (1892)
= Cardamine multifida (Muhl.) Wood, Bot. & Flor. 38 (1870) (non Pursh 1824)
= Dentaria dissecta Leav., Am. Journ. Sc. 7: 62 (1824)
= Dentaria furcata Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 480 (1903)
= Dentaria heterophylla var. multifida (Muhl.) H.E.Ahles, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 80: [172] (1964)
= Dentaria laciniata var. multifida (Muhl. ex Elliott) S.Watson & J.M.Coult., Manual (Gray), ed. 6. 64 (1890)
= Dentaria multifida Muhl., Cat. 63 (1822)
species :
Cardamine dolichostyla Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 73 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine douglassii (Torr.) Britton; Trans. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 9: (1889) 8
Name: Limestone bittercress
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis douglassii Torr., Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 83 (1838)
= Arabis rhomboidea var. purpurea Torr., Amer. J. Sci. Arts 4: 66 (1822)
= Cardamine douglassii f. albidula Farw., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 9: 261 (1925)
= Cardamine rhomboidea f. purpurea (Torr.) O.E.Schulz, (1903)
= Dentaria douglassii (Torr.) Greene, Pittonia, 3: 124 (1896)
= Dracamine purpurea (Torr.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 40 (1915)
= Thlaspi tuberosum Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. [Nutt.]. 2: 65 (1818)
species :
Cardamine ecuadorensis Hieron.; Bot. Jahrb. 20: 19 (1895)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Cardamine elegantula Hook.fil. & Thomson; J. Linn. S. B. 5: 146 (1861)
Distribution: India (West Bengal, Meghalaya); Nepal; Bhutan
40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Cardamine eminentia Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 77 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine engleriana O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 407-408 (1903)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine griffithii var. grandifolia T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 25 (1980)
species :
Cardamine enneaphyllos (L.) Crantz; Class. Crucif. 127 (1769)
Name: Quirlblättrige Zahnwurz, Neunblättrige Zahnwurz
Distribution: Macedonia; Albania; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany; Hungary; Italy; Poland; Romania; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine enneaphylla (L.) R.Br., Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. II. 4: 101 (1812), comb. superfl.
= Crucifera enneaphylla (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 118 (1902)
= Dentaria enneaphyllos L., Sp. Pl. 653 (1753)
= Turritis enneaphyllos (L.) Scop. ex Steud., Nom. ed. I. 268, 859 (1821)
species :
Cardamine eremita Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 53 (1944)
Distribution: Guatemala (Sa. de los Cuchumatanes)
80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine bonariensis ssp. eremita (Standl. & Steyerm.) Sjöstedt, Bot. Notiser, 128(1): 15 (1975)
species :
Cardamine exigua Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 79 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine fargesiana Al-Shehbaz; Novon 10: 324 (2000)
Distribution: China (NE-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine fauriei Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philon. Paris, Ser. VII. 12: 83 (1888)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine geumifolia Koidz., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 27: (564) (1913)
= Cardamine geifolia Koidz., Matsum. Ic. Pl. Koisikav. 2: 25, t. 97 (1914)
species :
Cardamine fialae Fritsch; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 47: 44 (1897)
Distribution: S-Bosnia & Hercegovina; SE-Croatia
13 BIH CRO
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine maritima ssp. fialae (Fritsch) Trinajstic, Suppl. Fl. Anal. Jugosl. 4: 8 (1976)
species :
Cardamine flagellifera O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 405 (1903)
Name: Blue Ridge bittercress
Distribution: USA (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine flagellifera var. hugeri (Small) Rollins, Crucif. Continent. N. Amer.: 274 (1993)
= Cardamine hugeri Small, Man. Southeast. Fl. 569 (1933)
species :
Cardamine flexuosa With.; Bot. Arr. Br. Pl. ed. 3, 3: 578 (1796)
Name: Wald-Schaumkraut, Woodland bittercress
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Latvia; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Venezuela [I]; Argentina [I]; Colombia [I]; Trinidad & Tobago [I]; Bolivia [I]; Mexico [I]; Nepal [I]; Laos [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania); Cuba [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR LAT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 26 zim 27 saf 40 ban nep 41 lao mya 42 mly 50 aus 51 nzl 79 mex 81 cub trt 82 clm ven 83 bol 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine hirsuta ssp. flexuosa (With.) F.B.Forbes & Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23(152): 43 (1886)
= Cardamine hirsuta ssp. sylvatica (Link) Syme, Engl. Bot. [Sowerby] ed. 3 [B], 1: 161 (1863)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. sylvatica (Link) Ball, Spicil. Fl. Maroc [Ball]: 319 (1877)
= Cardamine scutata ssp. flexuosa (With.) Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo. B. 6: 59 (1952)
= Cardamine sylvatica Link, Phytogr. Blatt. 1: 50. (1803)
= Cardamine umbrosa Andrz., Syst. Nat. [Candolle] 2: 260 (1821)
= Nasturtium obliquum Zoll. & Moritzi, Nat. en Geneesk. Arch. Neerl. Indie, 2: 580 (1845)
= Pteroneurum decurrens Blume, Bijdr. 51 (1825)
species :
Cardamine fragariifolia O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 446-447 (1903)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Myanmar; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine scoriarum W.W.Sm., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 11(55): 203-204 (1919)
= Cardamine smithiana Biswas, J. Bot. 76(901): 22-23 (1938)
= Cochlearia alatipes Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 370 (1931)
= Cochlearia scoriarum (W.W.Sm.) Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7(2): 359, 371 in obs. (1931)
= Hilliella alatipes (Hand.-Mazz.) Y.H.Zhang & H.W.Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 8(4): 402 (1986)
= Yinshania alatipes (Hand.-Mazz.) Y.Z.Zhao, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongol. 23(4): 568 (1992): (1992)
species :
Cardamine franchetiana Diels; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 5: 205 (1912)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxostemon delavayi Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 400-401 (1886) (non C. delavayi Franch. 1886)
= Loxostemon smithii O.E.Schulz, Acta Horti Gothob. 1(4): 161-162 (1924)
= Loxostemon smithii var. glabrescens O.E.Schulz
species :
Cardamine franklinensis I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 152 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine fulcrata Greene; Pittonia, 3: 155 (1897)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Zulia); Colombia (Santander); Panama
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON PAN 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine bradei O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin, 8: 328 (1923)
species :
Cardamine geraniifolia (Poir.) DC.; Syst. 2: 268 (1821)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Sisymbrium geraniifolium Poir., Encyc. 7: 218 (1806)
= Dentaria geraniifolia (Poir.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 90: 134 (1895)
species :
Cardamine glacialis (G.Forst.) DC.; Syst. 2: 264 (1821)
Distribution: Argentina (Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Falkland Isl.; Tristan da Cunha; Gough Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL TDC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine antiscorbutica Banks ex Griseb., Goett. Abh. 6: 115 (1854)
= Cardamine antiscorbutica var. andicola Albov, Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 363 (1896)
= Cardamine antiscorbutica var. pauciflora Speg.
= Cardamine antiscorbutica var. umbrosa Albov, Revista Mus. La Plata 7: 362 (1896)
= Cardamine glacialis var. pubescens (Phil.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 541 (1903)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. antiscorbutica (Banks) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 90: 130 (1895)
= Cardamine pubescens Phil., nom. illeg.
= Cardamine strictula Steud., Flora, 39: 410 (1856)
= Sisymbrium glaciale G.Forst., Comm. Götting. 9: 32 (1789)
= Sisymbrium grandiflorum Molina, Sagg. Chil. ed. II. 292 (1810)
species :
Cardamine glanduligera O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. 46: 188 (1939)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Poland; Romania; Ukraine; Austria [I]
11 aut CZE HUN POL SLO 13 BIH BUL ROM SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine glandulosa (Waldst. & Kit.) Schmalh., Fl. Centr. & S. Russia, 1: 50 (1895)
= Dentaria glandulosa Waldst. & Kit., Pl. Rar. Hung. 3: 302. t. 272
= Crucifera novemfolia E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 118 (1902)
species :
Cardamine glara Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 90 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine glauca Spreng.; DC., Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. 2: 266 (1821)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Croatia; Macedonia; Poland; Romania; Sicily
11 POL 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine bergeriana Andrz. ex DC., Syst. 2: 266 (1821)
= Cardamine corydaloides Guss. ex Spreng., Syst. 2: 888 (1821)
= Cardamine glauca f. pumila (O.E.Schulz) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 3: 253 (1972)
= Cardamine glauca subf.pumila O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine kopaonikensis Pancic ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 37 (1878)
= Cardamine kopaonikensis Pancic ex Wettst., Luerss. Bibl. Bot., Heft 26: 20 (1892)
= Cardamine pancicii Hayek, Denkschr, Akad, Wiss. Math.-Nat. Kl. (Wien) 94: 149 (1918)
= Pteroneurum glaucum (Spreng. ex DC.) Degen, Fl. Velebit. 2: 161 (1937)
species :
Cardamine glechomifolia H.Lév. & Vaniot; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11: 495 (1913)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
species :
Cardamine gouldii Al-Shehbaz; Novon 11(3): 289 (2001)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Cardamine gracilis (O.E.Schulz) T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 27 (1980)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine multijuga var. gracilis O.E.Schulz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17(492-503): 289 (1921)
species :
Cardamine graeca L.; Sp. Pl. 655 (1753)
Name: Griechisches Schaumkraut (DE); Greek Bitter-cress (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Corsica; Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; Crimea; Sicily; European Russia; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Tunisia
12 COR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 14 KRY RUS 20 TUN 34 CYP EAI LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine corsica Jord. ex Nyman, Consp. 38 (1878)
= Cardamine cretica Jord. ex Nyman, Consp. 38 (1878)
= Cardamine cupani Jord. ex Nyman, Consp. 38 (1878)
= Cardamine graeca var. lasiocarpa (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 164 (1867)
= Pteroneurum graecum var. lasiocarpum Boiss. & Heldr., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 8: 20 (1849)
= Cardamine lobata Moench, Meth. 260 (1794)
= Cardamine petiolaris DC., Syst. 2: 264 (1821)
= Cardamine tepelenensis F.K.Mey., Haussknechtia Beih., 15: 60 (2011)
= Pteroneurum corsicum Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 499 (1861), et Diagn. 1: 131 (1864)
= Pteroneurum creticum Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 501 (1861), et Diagn. 1: 133 (1864)
= Pteroneurum cupanii Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 501 (1861), et Diagn. 1: 133 (1864)
= Pteroneurum graecum (L.) DC., Syst. 2: 270 (1821)
= Pteroneurum rochelianum Rchb. ex Nyman, Consp. 38
= Pteroneurum trichocarpum Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 500 (1861), et Diagn. 1: 132 (1864)
species :
Cardamine grandiscapa Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 94 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine granulifera (Franch.) Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5: 204 (1912)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxostemon granulifer (Franch.) O.E.Schulz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 12: 390 (1922)
= Cardamine tenuifolia var. granulifera Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 399 (1886)
species :
Cardamine griffithii Hook.fil. & Thomson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 146 (1861)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; India (Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan; Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine griffithii var. pentaloba W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 16 (1987)
species :
Cardamine guatemalensis Al-Shehbaz; Nordic J. Bot. 30(6): 737 (2012)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
Conservation Status: known only from type collection
species :
Cardamine gunnii Hewson; Fl. Australia, 8: 390, 314 (1982), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine heterophylla Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 273 (1835)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. heterophylla (Hook.) Hook.fil., Fl. Tasmaniae 1: 20 (1855)
= Cardamine heterophylla var. minor Hook., J. Bot. 2: 404 (1840)
species :
Cardamine heleniae Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 97 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine heptaphylla (Vill.) O.E.Schulz; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 32: 371 (1903)
Name: Fieder-Zahnwurz
Distribution: France; Germany; Switzerland; N-Spain (mountains); Italy; Belgium [I]
11 bgm GER SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine heptaphylla (Vill.) Shetler, Taxon 10(9): 266 (1961), comb. superfl.
= Cardamine pinnata (Lam.) Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. II. iv. 101 (1812)
= Crucifera heptaphylla (Vill.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 116 (1902)
= Dentaria canescens Ten., Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1830) 13 ex Syll. 318
= Dentaria heptaphyllos Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 364 (1788)
= Dentaria pinnata Lam., Encyc. 2: 268 (1786)
species :
Cardamine hirsuta L.; Sp. Pl. 655 (1753)
Name: Behaartes Schaumkraut (DE); Hairy Bitter-cress (EN); Berro cimarron (Cuba)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia [I]; Lithuania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; China (throughout); Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Saudi Arabia; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Peshawar, Hazara); peninsular Malaysia (widespread); Sumatra; Borneo; Philippines [I]; New Guinea; Laos; Java; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Shan); India (Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu); Bangladesh; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; N-Somalia; Cameroon; Gabon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Madagascar [I]; South Africa [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Mexico [I]; Panama [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Jamaica [I]; Argentina [I]; Uruguay [I]; Chile [I]; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Cuba [I]; Ecuador [I]; Venezuela [I]; Colombia [I]; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Pico, Faial, Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, La Palma Isl.); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Mississippi [I], Missouri [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY lat LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 23 BIO CMN CON GAB ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 27 saf 29 mau mdg reu 32 TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY NWG phi SUM xms 50 aus nfk 51 ctm nzl 60 nwc 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos pan 81 cub his jam 82 clm ven 83 ecu 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis heterophylla J.R.Forst. ex DC., Syst. 2: 265 (1821)
= Arabis virginica Trel., Branner & Coville, Branner, Rep. Geol. Surv. Ark. 1888 165 (1891)
= Cardamine angulata Regel, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 34: (1861) II. 172
= Cardamine apetala Moench, Meth. 259 (1794) non Gilib.
= Cardamine belgaumensis Dalzell ex Hook., Hook. Kew Journ. 4: 294 (1852)
= Cardamine drymeja Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 47 (1866)
= Cardamine flexuosa With., Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl. ed. III. 3: 578
= Cardamine hirsuta f. apetala Soo, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 18 (1-2): 172 (1973)
= Cardamine hirsuta f. pilosa (O.E.Schulz) Kuusk, Fl. Estonskol SSR, 5: 380 (1973)
= Cardamine hirsuta f. unicaulis (O.E.Schulz) Jovan.-Dunj., Fl. SR Srbije, 3: 260 (1972)
= Cardamine hirsuta subf.unicaulis O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine hirsuta var. formosana Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 30-31 (1911)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. pilosa O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine micrantha Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 3: 922 (1829)
= Cardamine multicaulis Hoppe ex Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 47 (1866)
= Cardamine muscosa Vahl ex DC., Syst. 2: 260 (1821)
= Cardamine nilagirica Schltdl. ex Hook.fil. & T.Anderson, Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 138 (1872)
= Cardamine propinqua Carmich., Trans. L. Soc. 12: 507 (1819)
= Cardamine pusilla Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 47 (1866)
= Cardamine tenella E.D.Clarke, Trav. 2: 117
= Cardamine unalaschcensis Andrz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 127 (1841)
= Cardamine virginica Michx., Fl. Boreau Am. 2: 29 (1803) non L.
= Crucifera cardamine E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 112 (1902)
= Ghinia hirsuta (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 162 (1901)
= Ghinia sylvatica Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 161 (1901)
species :
Cardamine hispidula Phil.; Anal. Univ. Chil. 81: 79 (1893)
Distribution: Argentina (La Rioja); Chile (Bio Bio); Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 ARG CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine kruesselii Johow, Fl. Juan Fernandez, 112 (1896)
species :
Cardamine holmgrenii Al-Shehbaz; Harvard Pap. Bot. 11: 275 (2007)
Distribution: USA (Oregon: only type collection, from the Blue Mts. in Baker Co.)
73 USA
species :
Cardamine hongdeyuana Al-Shehbaz; Kew Bull. 70(1)-3: 1 (2015)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Cardamine hupingshanensis K.M.Liu, L.B.Chen, H.F.Bai & L.H.Liu; Novon 18(2): 135 (2008)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine hydrocotyloides W.T.Wang; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 9(1): 8-9, f. 1, 1-4 (1987)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine hygrophila T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 26 (1980)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, W-Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine impatiens L.; Sp. Pl. 655 (1753)
Name: Spring-Schaumkraut, Narrowleaf bittercress
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Andorra; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; Crimea; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Taiwan; South Africa [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar); Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, DIr, Swat, Hazara, Murree); Bhutan; India (Poonch, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Sikkim); Nepal; Thailand; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Kentucky [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], New Hampshire [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Virginia [I], West Virginia [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 27 saf 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 THA 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa 81 his
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis halleri var. senanensis Franch. & Sav.
= Arabis senanensis (Franch. & Sav.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 224 (1910)
= Cardamine apetala Moench, Methodus (Moench) 259 (1794)
= Cardamine basisagittata W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 10 (1987)
= Cardamine brachycarpa Opiz, Natural. 11: 411 (1826)
= Cardamine chelidonia S.G.Gmel., Reise Russland (S. G. Gmel.) 4: 108 (1784) non L. 1753
= Cardamine dasycarpa M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 437 (1819)
= Cardamine gilanensis Willd. ex DC., Syst. 2: 262 (1821)
= Cardamine glaphyropoda O.E.Schulz, Acta Horti Gothob. 1(4): 159-160 (1924)
= Cardamine glaphyropoda var. crenata T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 21 (1980)
= Cardamine impatiens prol.dasycarpa O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 457 (1903)
= Cardamine impatiens ssp. elongata O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine impatiens var. angustifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 459-460 (1903)
= Cardamine impatiens var. dasycarpa (M.Bieb.) T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 21 (1980)
= Cardamine impatiens var. eriocarpa DC., Prodr. (DC.) 1: 152 (1824)
= Cardamine impatiens var. fumaria H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 100 (1913)
= Cardamine impatiens var. macropetala Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl. 31 (1888)
= Cardamine impatiens var. microphylla O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine impatiens var. obtusifolia Knaf, Flora 29: 294 (1864)
= Cardamine impatiens var. pilosa O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine nakaiana H.Lév. & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 350 (1911)
= Cardamine saxatilis Salisb., Prod. 269 (1796)
= Cardamine senanensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 280 (1878)
= Crucifera impatiens (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 109 (1902)
= Ghinia impatiens (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 160 (1901)
variant :
var. longipes Hatus.; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon., 35(2): 64 (1987)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cardamine integra Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 104 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine intonsa Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 106 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine jamesonii Hook.; Lond. Journ. Bot. 6: 293 (1847)
Distribution: Haiti; Dominican Republic; Ecuador; Venezuela (Merida); Colombia (Antioquia, Cauca, Huila, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Tolima)
81 HIS 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine jamesonii prol.pulcherrima O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 422 (1903)
= Cardamine jamesonii var. nevadensis (Turcz.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 422 (1903)
= Cardamine johnstonii var. superba O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 421, pl. 7, fig. 37 (1903)
= Cardamine nevadensis Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(2): 295 (1854)
= Cardamine pulchra Linden & Planch., Trois. Voy. Linden, Bot., Pl. Columb. 1: 12 (1863)
species :
Cardamine jejuna Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 54 (1944)
Distribution: Guatemala; Mexico (Chiapas); Costa Rica
79 MEX 80 COS GUA
species :
Cardamine jonselliana Al-Shehbaz; Harvard Pap. Bot. 9(1): 5 (2004)
Distribution: Uganda
25 UGA
species :
Cardamine keysseri O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 62: 480 (1929)
Distribution: New Guinea (alpine, widespread); Moluccas
42 MOL NWG
species :
Cardamine kitaibelii Bech.; Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 43: 57 (1934)
Name: Vielblättrige Zahnwurz
Distribution: Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia
11 LIE SWI 13 BIH CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine polyphylla (Waldst. & Kit.) O.E.Schulz, Engl. Jahrb. 32: 366 (1903) non D. Don
= Dentaria polyphylla Waldst. & Kit., Pl. Rar. Hung. 2: 174. I. 160 (1803)
species :
Cardamine kokaiensis Yahara, Soejima, Kudoh, Slenker & Marhold; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 187(3): 477 (2018)
Distribution: Japan; China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI 38 JAP
species :
Cardamine komarovii Nakai; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13(363-362): 271 (1914)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); North Korea; South Korea
36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis cebennensis var. coreana H.Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 19: 260 (1909)
= Alliaria auriculata Kom., Act. Hort. Petrop. 18: 437 (1901) (non C. auriculata S. Watson 1882)
= Sisymbrium auriculatum (Kom.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 647 (1916) (1917)
species :
Cardamine kuankuoshuiense M.T.An, Yun Lin & Y.B.Yang; Phytotaxa 267(3): 233 (2016)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine lacustris (Garn.-Jones & P.N.Johnson) Heenan; New Zealand J. Bot. 40(4): 568 (2002)
Distribution: New Zealand (South Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Iti lacustris Garn.-Jones & P.N.Johnson, New Zealand J. Bot., 25(4): 603 1987 (1988)
species :
Cardamine latior Heenan; New Zealand J. Bot. 46(4): 562 (2008)
Distribution: Antipodes Isl.
51 ATP
species :
Cardamine leucantha (Tausch) O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 403 (1903)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Zhejiang); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea; Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Remarks: Subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine cathayensis Migo, Journ. Shanghai Sc. Inst. Sect. III. 3: 223 (1937)
= Cardamine dasyloba (Turcz.) Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 22(1): 363-364 1904 (1903), comb. superfl.
= Cardamine dasyloba (Turcz.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 2: 73. 1865-66
= Cardamine dasyloba Bernh. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 280 (1840)
= Cardamine koreana (Nakai) Nakai, Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 31, 49 (1952)
= Cardamine leucantha f. koreana (Nakai) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 531 (2017)
= Cardamine leucantha f. toensis (Nakai) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 531 (2017)
= Cardamine leucantha ssp. tomentella Vorosch.
= Cardamine leucantha var. crenata D.C.Zhang, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 11(1): 42-43, t. 2 (1991)
= Cardamine leucantha var. koreana Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 27: 129 (1913), et Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 272 (1914)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. parviflora Trautv. & C.A.Mey., Fl. Ochot. Phaenog. 15 (1856)
= Cardamine toensis Nakai, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 31: 49 (1952)
= Cardamine tomentella (Vorosch.) Shlotg., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow), 136: 42 (1985)
= Dentaria cathayensis (Migo) Kitag., Rep. Ltst. Sc. Research Chinese Manchuria, 3: App. 1, 239 (1939)
= Dentaria dasyloba Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(2): 295. 1854
= Dentaria leucantha Tausch, Flora, 19: 404 (1836)
= Dentaria macrophylla var. dasyloba (Turcz.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 11: 157 (1897)
species :
Cardamine lihengiana Al-Shehbaz; Novon 10: 326 (2000)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine lilacina Hook.; Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 273 (1835)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine finitima f. lilacina (Hook.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 537 (1903)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. intermedia (Hook.) Hook.fil., Fl. Tasmaniae 1: 20 (1855)
= Cardamine intermedia Hook., Ic. Pl. t. 258 (1840)
= Cardamine pratensis var. lilacina (Hook.) Hook.fil., Fl. Tasmaniae 1: 19 (1855)
species :
Cardamine lineariloba I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 163 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine lojanensis Al-Shehbaz; Novon, 7(1): 6 (1997)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Cardamine longifructus Ohwi; Journ. Jap. Bot. 33: 211 (1958)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cardamine longii Fernald; Rhodora, 19: 91 (1917)
Name: Long´s bittercress
Distribution: USA (Florida, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
species :
Cardamine longipedicellata Rollins; Journ. Arn. Arb., xxi 395 (1940)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Cardamine loxostemonoides O.E.Schulz; Notizbl. 9: 1069 (1927)
Distribution: NE-Pakistan (Astor, Gilgit); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh); Nepal; Bhutan; Tibet; China (Yunnan); Japan
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine loxostemonoides var. luxurians O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine luxurians (O.E.Schulz) Rashid & H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot., 68(4): 205 (1993)
= Cardamine tibetana Rashid & H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot., 68(4): 206 (1993)
= Loxostemon incanus R.C.Fang ex T.Y.Cheo & Y.Z.Lan, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(3): 54-55, f. 2 (1981)
= Loxostemon loxostemonoides (O.E.Schulz) Y.Z.Lan & T.Y.Cheo, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(3): 53 (1981)
species :
Cardamine lyrata Bunge; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 79 (1833)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine argyi Lév., Mem. Acad. Ci. Art., Barcelona, 12: No. 22, 7 (1916)
species :
Cardamine macrocarpa Brandegee; Zoe, 5: 233 (1907)
Name: Largeseed bittercress
Distribution: USA (Texas: Chisos Mts., Brewster Co.); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine macrocarpa var. texana Rollins, J. Arnold Arbor. 21: 394 (1940)
species :
Cardamine macrophylla Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 484 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. macrophylla
Distribution: NE-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Russian Far East (Sakhalin); China (Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree); India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine chelidonia Pall., Reise, 3: 34 non L. 1753
= Cardamine dentariifolia Royle ex Hook.fil. & Thomson, Journ. L. Soc. 5: 145 (1861)
= Cardamine foliosa Wall., Cat. 167. n. 4779 (1831), nom. nud.
= Cardamine gmelini Tausch, Flora, 19: 402 (1836)
= Cardamine macrophylla ssp. polyphylla (D.Don) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 401 (1903)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. crenata Trautv. & C.A.Mey., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5(1): 18 (1877)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. dentariifolia Hook.fil. & Anderson, Fl. Br. Ind. 1: 139 (1872)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. diplodonta T.Y.Cheo, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 20 (1980)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. foliosa Hook.fil. & Anderson, Fl. Br. Ind. 1: 139 (1872)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. lobata Hook.fil. & Anderson, Fl. Br. Ind. 1: 139 (1872)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. moupinensis Franch.
= Cardamine macrophylla var. polyphylla (D.Don) T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 19 (1980)
= Cardamine macrophylla var. sikkimensis Hook.fil. & Anderson, Fl. Br. Ind. 1: 139 (1872)
= Cardamine polyphylla D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 201-202 (1825) (non O. E. Schulz 1903)
= Cardamine sachalinensis Miyabe & Miyake, Fl. Saghalin, No. 58, t. 3, fig. 1-3 (1915), japonice
= Cardamine sino-manshurica Kitag., Rep. Inst. Sc. Research Chinese Manchuria, 4: 111 (1940)
= Cardamine urbaniana O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 396-397 (1903)
= Cardamine willdenowii Tausch, Flora, 19: 403 (1836)
= Dentaria gmelinii Tausch, Flora, 19: 402 (1836)
= Dentaria hirsutula Andrz. ex DC., Prod. 1: 152 (1824)
= Dentaria macrophylla (Willd.) Bunge ex Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur. 45. (1859)
= Dentaria ochroleuca Gaudich. ex DC., Prod. 1: 154 (1824)
= Dentaria sino-manshurica Kitag., Rep. Inst. Sc. Research Chinese Manchuria, 4: 111 (1940)
= Dentaria wallichii G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 172 (1831)
= Dentaria willdenowii Tausch, Flora, 19: 403 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. acutidentata Kuvaev & Sonnikova; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir, Biol., 103(4): 68 (1998)
Distribution: Siberia
30 SIB
species :
Cardamine magnifica Heenan; Phytotaxa 415(1): 36 (2019)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine marginata Phil.; Anal. Univ. Chile 27: 324 (1865)
Distribution: Chile (Bio Bio, Araucania)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine vulgaris var. marginata (Phil.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 545 (1903)
species :
Cardamine marholdii Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 35: 99 (2003)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
species :
Cardamine maritima Port. ex DC.; Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. 2: 266 (1821)
Distribution: S-Croatia (coastal); S-Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 BIH CRO
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Pteroneurum dalmaticum Vis., Flora, 12: (1829) t. Erg. 17
= Pteroneurum maritimum (Port. ex DC.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 676 (1832)
= Cardamine dalmatica (Vis.) Nyman, Consp. 38 (1878)
= Cardamine maritima var. pilosa O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 580 (1903)
species :
Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) Wood; Bot. & Flor. 38 (1870)
Name: Large toothwort
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Quebec); USA (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont)
72 CDN 75 USA
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine ×anomala (Eames) Schum., Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 31, pt. 1: 830 (1904)
= Dentaria ×anomala Eames, Rhodora 5: 217 (1903)
= Dentaria maxima Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 66 (1818)
species :
Cardamine megalantha Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 112 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine mexicana O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 461 (1903)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Queretaro)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine ramosa Rollins, Crucif. Continent. N. Amer.: 295 (1993)
species :
Cardamine micranthera Rollins; Castanea, 5: 87 (1940)
Name: Streambank bittercress
Distribution: USA (North Carolina: Stokes Co.)
78 USA
species :
Cardamine microphylla Adams; Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 5: 111 (1817)
Name: Small-leaf bittercress
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; NE-Turkey; Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Canada (N. W. T., Yukon); Alaska
30 SIB 31 RFE 33 GEO NCS 34 TUR 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine minuta Willd. ex O.E.Schulz, (1903)
variant :
var. blaisdellii (Eastw.) Khatri; Feddes Repert., 101(9-10): 444 (1990)
Name: Small-leaf bittercress
Distribution: Alaska; Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East
30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine microphylla ssp. blaisdellii (Eastw.) D.F.Murray & S.Kelso, Rhodora, 99(897): 40 (1997)
= Cardamine blaisdellii Eastw., Coult. Bot. Gaz. 33: 146 (1902)
species :
Cardamine microthrix I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 165 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine microzyga O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 545-546 (1903)
Distribution: China (Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine prattii Hemsl. & E.H.Wilson, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906(5): 153. (1906)
variant :
var. duplolobata C.Y.Wu ex T.Y.Cheo; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 27 (1980)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
Remarks: does not belong to C. microzyga, probably a distinct species, but confirmation required
species :
Cardamine moirensis I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 167 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine monteluccii Brilli-Catt. & Gubellini; Webbia, 39(2): 398 (1986)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily
13 ITA SIC
Remarks: maritima agg.
species :
Cardamine montenegrina Jar.Kucera, Lihová & Marhold; Taxon 59(1): 161 (2010)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: maritima agg.
species :
Cardamine multiflora T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 21, f. 4 (1980)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine multijuga Franch.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 33: 399. (1886)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Bhutan
36 CHI 40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine griffithii ssp. multijuga (Franch.) O.E.Schulz
species :
Cardamine mutabilis Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 114 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine nepalensis N.Kurosaki & H.Ohba; J. Jap. Bot., 64(5): 135 (1989)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Cardamine niigatensis H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot., 58(11): 328 (1983)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cardamine nipponica Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 281 (1875)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Taiwan
38 JAP TAI
species :
Cardamine nuttallii Greene; Bull. Calif. Acad. 2: 389 (1887)
Name: Palmate toothwort
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine californica var. gemmata (Greene) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 387 (1903)
= Cardamine gemmata Greene, Pittonia, 1: 162 (1888)
= Cardamine nuttallii var. covilleana (O.E.Schulz) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 45 (1993)
= Cardamine nuttallii var. dissecta (O.E.Schulz) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 45 (1993)
= Cardamine nuttallii var. gemmata (Greene) Rollins, Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 45 (1993)
= Cardamine nuttallii var. pulcherrima (Greene) R.L.Taylor & MacBryde, Canad. J. Bot., 56(2): 185 (1978)
= Cardamine pulcherrima Greene, Erythea, 1: 148 (1893)
= Cardamine pulcherrima var. tenella (Pursh) C.L.Hitchc., Vasc. Pl. Pacif. N. W. [C. L. Hitchc. & al.] 2: 472 (1964)
= Cardamine quercetorum Howell, Erythea, 3: 33 (1895)
= Cardamine tenella (Pursh) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 389 (1903) (non Clarke 1812)
= Cardamine tenella f. pulcherrima (Greene) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 391 (1903)
= Cardamine tenella var. covilleana O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 391 (1903)
= Cardamine tenella var. dissecta O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 391 (1903)
= Cardamine tenella var. quercetorum (Howell) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 390 (1903)
= Dentaria gemmata (Greene) Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. 49 (1897) ex Greene, Pittonia, 1: 162 (1888)
= Dentaria macrocarpa Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray, (1838) (non Brandegee 1906)
= Dentaria macrocarpa var. pulcherrima (Greene) B.L.Rob., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1.1): 154 (1895)
= Dentaria pulcherrima Greene, Pittonia, 3: 123 (1896)
= Dentaria quercetorum (Howell) Greene, Pittonia, 3: 123 (1896)
= Dentaria tenella Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 439 (1814), not Cardamine tenella E. D. Clarke 1812
= Dentaria tenella var. palmata Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 573 (1936)
= Dentaria tenella var. pulcherrima (Greene) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 573 (1936)
= Dentaria tenella var. quercetorum (Howell) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 23: 573 (1936)
species :
Cardamine nymanii Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 72: 1042 (1925)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Iceland; Norway; N-European Russia; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Greenland; Canada (Manitoba, Newfoundland, Labrador, N. W. T., Nunavut, Quebec, Yukon); Alaska
10 FIN FOR ICE NOR SVA SWE 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine pratensis var. angustifolia Hook., App. Parry J. Sec. Voy. 389 (1825)
species :
Cardamine obliqua Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 19 (1847)
Distribution: Ethiopia; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Mexico [I]; Ecuador [I]; Colombia [I] (Caldas, Cauca, Nariño)
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 79 mex 82 clm 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine johnstonii Oliv., H. Johnst., The Kilim. Exped. Append. (1886) 337 nomen, et in Trans. L. Soc. Ser. II. 2: 328 (1887)
= Cardamine obliqua var. stylosa Rollins, J. Arnold Arbor. 21: 392 (1940)
= Cardamine rhizomata Rollins, Journ. Arn. Arb. 21: 392 (1940)
= Cardamine tolimensis Planch. & Linden, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. 17: 59 (1862)
species :
Cardamine occidentalis (S.Watson ex B.L.Rob.) Howell; Fl. N. W. Amer. 50 (1897)
Name: Big western bittercress
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine neglecta Greene, Pittonia 3: 154 (1897)
= Cardamine pratensis var. occidentalis S.Watson ex Rob., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(1,1): 158 (1895)
species :
Cardamine occulta Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn. Suppl. 71 (1819)
Name: Japanisches Reisfeld-Schaumkraut
Distribution: China (throughout); Taiwan; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; North Korea; South Korea; peninsular Malaysia (Genting Highlands, Pahang); N-Sumatra; Java; Sulawesi; Philippines; Moluccas (Buru, Seram); Bangladesh; Laos; Nepal; Thailand; Vietnam; Bhutan; Myanmar; India (Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur); Nepal; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara, Murree); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Rhode Island [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I]); Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Nicaragua [I]; South America [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Venezuela [I]; Haiti [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Martinique [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Mexico [I]; Panama [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); tropical Africa [I]; Madagascar [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Switzerland [I]; France [I]; Germany [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I])
11 bgm ger lux swi 12 fra 29 mdg 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW MLY MOL PHI SUL SUM 50 aus 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos els gua nic pan 81 bah cub gdl his mar 82 ven
Synonyms: hidden
= Barbarea arisanensis (Hayata) S.S.Ying, Alp. Pl. Taiwan in Color, 2: 170 (1978)
= Cardamine arisanensis Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 3: 20 (1913)
= Cardamine autumnalis Koidz., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 43: 404 (1929)
= Cardamine brachycarpa Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 26: (1879) 83 (non Opiz 1825)
= Cardamine debilis D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 201 (1875) (non Banks ex DC. 1821)
= Cardamine decurrens Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Zoll. 35
= Cardamine flexuosa ssp. debilis (D.Don) O.E.Schulz, B. Jahrb. 32: 478 (1903)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. debilis (D.Don) T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 23 (1980)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. formosana (Hayata) T.S.Liu & S.S.Ying, Fl. Taiwan, 2: 686 (1976)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. haleakalensis O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 480 (1903)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. longiloba P.Y.Fu, Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 4: 229 (1980)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. occulta (Hornem.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 479 (1903)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. ovatifolia T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 24 (1980)
= Cardamine hamiltonii G.Don, Gen. Syst. 1: 167 (1831), nom. nov. superfl.
= Cardamine hirsuta var. flaccida Franch.
= Cardamine hirsuta var. formosana Hayata
= Cardamine hirsuta var. omeiensis T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 23 (1980)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. rotundiloba Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 31 (1911)
= Cardamine konaensis H.St.John, Occas. Pap. Bernice Pauahi Bishop Mus. 18: 89 (1945)
= Cardamine koshiensis Koidz., Fl. Symb. Or.-Asiat. 43 (1930)
= Cardamine nasturtioides D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 201 (1825)
= Cardamine zollingeri Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscow 27(2): 294 (1854)
species :
Cardamine ochroleuca Stapf; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturw. Kl. (Wien) 51: 297 (1886)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Armenia; ?Turkey; ?Iran; ?Iraq
33 ARM AZE
species :
Cardamine oligosperma Nutt.; Torr. &Gray, Fl. N. Am. 1: 85 (1838)
Name: Little western bittercress
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California, Sonora)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine acuminata (Nutt.) Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 29: 237 (1902)
= Cardamine bracteata (O.E.Schulz) Suksd., Rhodora, 20: 198 (1918), non Moore
= Cardamine hirsuta ssp. oligosperma (Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 468 (1903)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. acuminata Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Amer. (Torr. & A. Gray) 1(1): 85 (1838)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. bracteata O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 470 (1903)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. parviflora Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray, (1838)
= Cardamine lucens Suksd., Rhodora, 20: 198 (1918)
= Cardamine oligosperma var. bracteata (O.E.Schulz) G.S.Torr., Rhodora 17: 157 (1915)
= Cardamine oligosperma var. lucens G.S.Torr., Rhodora 17: 157 (1915)
= Cardamine oligosperma var. unijuga (Rydb.) G.S.Torr., Rhodora 17: 158 (1915)
= Cardamine parviflora f. gracillima O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 485 (1903)
= Cardamine unijuga Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 246 (1897)
species :
Cardamine ovata Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 158 (1843)
Distribution: Guatemala; Honduras; Costa Rica; Peru; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); Ecuador; Panama; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo)
80 COS GUA HON PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine ibaguense Triana & Planch., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. IV. 17: 60 (1862)
= Cardamine lehmanii Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. 20: Beibl. n. 49 19 (1895)
= Cardamine ovata ssp. lehmannii (Hieron.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 412 (1903)
= Cardamine ovata var. bracteata O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 413 (1903)
= Cardamine ovata var. corymbosa Britton, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 16: 16 (1889)
= Cardamine ovata var. eriocarpa O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 413 (1903)
species :
Cardamine pachyphylla Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 118 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine pachystigma (S.Watson) Rollins; Harvard Pap. Bot., 4: 45 (1993)
Name: Serpentine bittercress
Distribution: USA (California: Plumas, Tehama, Tulare Co.)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine californica var. pachystigma (S.Watson) O.E.Schulz, (1903)
= Dentaria californica var. pachystigma S.Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 14: 289 (1879)
= Dentaria corymbosa var. grata Jeps., Fl. Calif. [Jeps.] 2: 57 (1936)
= Dentaria pachystigma (S.Watson) S.Watson, Syn. Fl. N. Am. 1. 1: 155 (1895)
= Dentaria pachystigma var. corymbosa (Jeps.) Abrams, Ill. Fl. Pacific States 2: 283 (1944)
species :
Cardamine panatohea Heenan & de Lange; Phytotaxa 379(3): 256 (2018)
Distribution: New Zealand (North Isl.)
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine papillata I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 161 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine papuana (Lauterb.) O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 55: 271 (1918)
Distribution: New Guinea (alpine); New Caledonia
42 NWG 60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine africana var. papuana Lauterb., (1905)
species :
Cardamine parviflora L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1131 (1759)
Name: Kleinblütiges Schaumkraut
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; ?Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Finland; France; Germany; Spain; Portugal; Hungary; Italy; Poland; Romania; Croatia; Belarus; Ukraine; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; Crimea; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Algeria; China (Heilongjiang, Anhui, Guangxi, Hebei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Zhejiang, Nei Mongol); Taiwan; Japan; North Korea; South Korea; Iran (N-Iran)
10 FIN SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN POL SLO 12 FRA POR SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA ROM 14 BLR KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine fallax (O.E.Schulz) Nakai, Veget. Dagelet Isl. 19: No. 167 (1919) ex Koidz., Fl. Symb. Or.-Asiat. 43 (1930)
= Cardamine flexuosa f. microphylla O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine flexuosa ssp. fallax O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 478 (1903)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. fallax (O.E.Schulz) T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 23 (1980)
= Cardamine manshurica (Kom.) Nakai, Tyosen-Syobubutu, 113 (1914)
= Cardamine parviflora f. hispida Franch.
= Cardamine parviflora var. manshurica Kom., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 22: 370 (1904)
= Cardamine scutata ssp. fallax (O.E.Schulz) Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 59 (1952)
= Crucifera parviflora (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 113 (1902)
variant :
var. arenicola (Britton) O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 485 (1903)
Name: Sand bittercress
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, N. W. T., Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine flexuosa var. gracilis O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 481 (1903)
= Cardamine arenicola Britton, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 19: 220 (1892)
species :
Cardamine parvula Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 120 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine pattersonii L.F.Hend.; Rhodora, 32: 25 (1930)
Name: Saddle Mountain bittercress
Distribution: USA (Oregon: Saddle Mountain, Onion Peak in Clastop Co.)
73 USA
species :
Cardamine paucifolia Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7: 359 (1931)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine yunnanensis var. obtusata C.Y.Wu ex T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 20 (1980)
species :
Cardamine paucijuga Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 27: (1854) II. 295
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine intermedia ssp. antipodum O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 486 (1903)
species :
Cardamine pectinata Pall. ex DC.; Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. 2: 264 (1821)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Macedonia; N-Greece; Turkey; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia
13 BUL GRC NMA 14 RUS 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine impatiens var. pectinata (Pall. ex DC.) Trautv.
= Cardamine lucorum Boiss. & A.Huet ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 1: 161 (1867)
= Cardamine oxycarpa Boiss., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 17: 56 (1842)
= Cardamine impatiens ssp. pectinata Pall. ex DC., Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. 2: 264 (1821)
= Cardamine tenera Boiss., Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 17: 56 (1842)
species :
Cardamine pedata Regel & Tiling; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 11: 47 (1859)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
species :
Cardamine penduliflora O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 538 (1903)
Name: Willamette Valley bittercress
Distribution: USA (Oregon: Douglas Co. north into Benton, Lane, Marion, Polk, Yamhill Co.)
73 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine rariflora M.Peck, (1932)
species :
Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl.; Cat. 60 ex Willd. Sp. Pl. 3: 486 (1801)
Name: Pennsylvania bittercress
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, N. W. T., Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Quebec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Alaska; USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington State, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Bahamas; Puerto Rico [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I])
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 BAH cub his pue vir
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine breweri var. oregana (Piper) Detling, Amer. J. Bot. 24: 73 (1937)
= Cardamine flexuosa ssp. pensylvanica (Muhl. ex Willd.) O.E.Schulz, Symb. Antill. (Urb.). 3(3): 521 (1903)
= Cardamine hirsuta f. pensylvanica (Muhl. ex Willd.) E.L.Rand & Redfield, Fl. Mt. Desert Isl. 78 (1894)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. pensylvanica (Muhl. ex Willd.) P.W.Graff, Castanea 10: 95 (1945)
= Cardamine multifolia Rydb., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 29: 238 (1902)
= Cardamine oregana Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 37: 92 (1924)
= Cardamine pensylvanica var. brittoniana Farw., Asa Gray Bull. 2: 46 (1894)
= Cardamine rotundifolia var. diversifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 427 (1903)
= Dracamine pennsylvanica (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 40 (1915)
species :
Cardamine pentaphyllos (L.) Crantz; Class. Crucif. 127 (1769)
Name: Gefingerte Zahnwurz
Distribution: Austria; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; NE-Spain (Pyrenees); Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria pentaphyllos L., Sp. Pl. 654 (1753)
= Crucifera pentaphylla (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 117 (1902)
= Dentaria digitata Lam., Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 2(1): 268 (1786)
= Dentaria intermedia Sond., Flora, 38: 129 (1855)
species :
Cardamine penzesii Ancev & Marhold; Ann. Bot. Fenn., 36(3): 172 (1999), nom. nov.
Distribution: Hungary
11 HUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine tuberosa Penzes & Vida, Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Nat. Hungar., Bot., 57: 174 (1965)
species :
Cardamine picta Hook.; Lond. Journ. Bot. 6: (1847) 292. t. 12
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, Risaralda); Ecuador; Venezuela (Merida)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Porphyrocodon pictum (Hook.) Hook.fil., Benth. & Hook. fil. Gen. 1: 79 (1862)
= Porphyrocodon pictus (Hook.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 3: 241 (1871)
species :
Cardamine plumieri Vill.; Prosp. Pl. Dauph. 38 (1779)
Name: Efeublättriges Schaumkraut
Distribution: Albania; Corsica; France; Italy; Sardinia; Bulgaria; Greece; Bosnia & Hercegovina
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL GRC ITA
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine bocconi Vis., Prod. Fl. Cors. App. 4
= Cardamine hederacea DC., Syst. 2: 264 (1821)
= Cardamine microphylla J. & J.Presl, Delic. Prag. 15 (1822)
= Cardamine thalictroides All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 261 (1785)
species :
Cardamine polyodontes Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 122 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine porphyroneura Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 125 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine pratensis L.; Sp. Pl. 656 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. pratensis
Name: Wiesen-Schaumkraut, Cuckoo flower
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; ?Faeroe Isl.; ?Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Jan Mayen; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; Sweden; European Turkey; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; New Guinea [I]; ?Laos; China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Xinjiang); Tibet; Kazakhstan; North Korea; Mongolia; Azores (Terceira); Canada (British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec); USA (Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont); New Zealand [I]
10 DEN GRB IRE JMY NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA SLV TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 21 AZO 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 NKO 42 nwg 51 nzl 71 CDN 72 CDN 75 USA
Remarks: pratensis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine acaulis Berg, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 14: 874 (1856)
= Cardamine amara Lam., Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 2(1): 185 (1786) non L.
= Cardamine buchtormensis Willd. ex DC., Syst. Nat. (Candolle) 2: 258 (1821)
= Cardamine fontinalis Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 48 (1866)
= Cardamine fossicola Godet, Suppl. Fl. Jura, 13
= Cardamine fragilis Degl., Fl. Ouest France 36 (1854)
= Cardamine grandiflora Hallier, Bot. Zeit. 24: 209 (1866)
= Cardamine herbivaga Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 497 (1861)
= Cardamine integrifolia Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 68 (1782)
= Cardamine nasturtioides Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 48 (1866)
= Cardamine oxyphylla Andrz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. (Ledeb.) 1(1): 128 (1841)
= Cardamine paludosa Knaf, Flora, 29: 293 (1846)
= Cardamine pentaphylla R.Br., Hortus Kew. (ed. 2) 4: 101 (1812)
= Cardamine pratensis f. arctica O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 536 (1903)
= Cardamine pratensis ssp. angustifolia (Hook.) O.E.Schulz, (1903)
= Cardamine pratensis var. angustifolia Hook., App. Parry J. Sec. Voy. 389 (1825)
= Cardamine praticola Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 496 (1861)
= Cardamine pseudopratensis Schur ex G.Nicholson, Journ. Bot. 18: 200 (1880)
= Cardamine scaturiginosa Wahlenb. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 281 (1840)
= Cardamine stolonifera Tausch, Cat. Fl. Böhm. 1: 5 (1851)
= Cardamine sylvatica Link, Phytogr. Blume 1: 50 (1803)
= Cardamine udicola Jord., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, n. s., 7: 498 (1861)
= Crucifera pratensis (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 111 (1902)
= Dracamine pratensis (L.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Nat. 4: 40 (1915)
= Ghinia pratensis (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 163 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. atlantica (Emb. & Maire) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia, 13(1): 86 (1983)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine pratensis var. atlantica Emb. & Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 28: 334 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. dentata (Schult.) Celak.
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Hungary; Croatia; Slovenia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sweden; European Russia; Belarus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BUL CRO ROM SLV 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS 30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine dentata Schult., Obs. 126 (1809)
= Cardamine dentata var. palustris (Wimm. & Grab.) Khatri, Feddes Repert., 97(5-6): 281 (1986)
= Cardamine hayneana Welw. ex Rchb., nom. inval.
= Cardamine palustris (Wimm. & Grab.) Peterm., Bot. Cent. Deutschl. 1846: 47 (1846)
= Cardamine pratensis var. palustris Wimm. & Grab.
= Cardamine trachypoda A.Kern. ex Domin, Acta Bot. Bohem. 10: 40 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. nuriae (Sennen) Sennen; Monde Pl. 63(178): 7 (1929)
Name: Dickblättriges Schaumkraut
Distribution: Andorra; SW-France; NE-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine pratensis ssp. crassifolia (Pourr.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 75 (1974)
= Cardamine crassifolia Pourr., Mém. Acad. Toulouse 3: 310 (1788)
= Cardamine nuriae Sennen, Treb. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 3: 70 (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. granulosa (All.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. ed. 2: 260 (1894)
Distribution: NW-Italy (Piemonte)
13 ITA
Conservation Status: now possibly extinct
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine granulosa All., Auct. Fl. Pedem. 16 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. iliciana (Fritsch) O.E.Schulz
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine iliciana (Fritsch) N.Busch, Fl. Caucasus Crit. 3: 4: 354 (1908)
= Cardamine hayneana var. iliciana Fritsch, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 44: 321 (1895)
subspecies :
subsp. major Tomsovic; Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 21(4): 429 (1986)
Distribution: Slovakia
11 SLO
subspecies :
subsp. matthioli (Moretti) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 36 (1878)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany; ?France; Switzerland; Hungary; N-Italy; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Romania
11 AUT CZE GER HUN SLO SWI 13 ALB BUL ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine hayneana Welw. ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 676 (1832)
= Cardamine majovskii Marhold & Záborský, Preslia, 58(3): 194 (1986)
= Cardamine matthioli Moretti, Comolli, Fl. Comense 5: 157 (1847)
= Cardamine pratensis ssp. hayneana (Rchb.) P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France 413 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. picra De Langhe & D´hose; Gorteria, 8(3): 48 (1976)
Distribution: Belgium; France (French Jura, Alps)
11 BGM 12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine latifolia Lej., Fl. Spa, 2: 348 (1823)
= Cardamine nemorosa Lej., Fl. Spa 2: 62 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. rivularis (Schur) O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot., 1: 75 (1974)
Distribution: Austria; Bulgaria; Switzerland; Romania; Serbia & Kosovo; Italy; European Russia
11 AUT SWI 13 BUL ITA ROM SRB 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine amethystea Pancic, Nova Grada Fl. Bug 15 (1886)
= Cardamine pratensis ssp. rivularis (Schur) Jáv., (comb. superfl.)
= Cardamine pratensis ssp. rivularis (Schur) Simonk.
= Cardamine rivularis Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4 (2): 60 (1853)
subspecies :
subsp. submatthiolii Tzvelev; Opred. Sosud. Rast. Severo-Zap. Rossii: 679 (2000)
Distribution: NW-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine submatthioli (Tzvelev) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 271 (2001)
variant :
var. spasskajae Tzvelev; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 35: 101 (2003)
Distribution: NW-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Cardamine prorepens Fisch. ex DC.; Syst. Nat. 2: 256 (1821)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol); North Korea; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine borealis Andrz. ex DC., Syst. Nat. (Candolle) 2: 256 (1821)
= Cardamine hirsuta Pall. ex DC., Syst. 2: 256 (1821)
= Cardamine millsiana Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 27: 129, nomen, et in Fedde, Repert. 13: 272, descr. (1914)
= Cardamine pilosa Willd. ex DC., Syst. Nat. (Candolle) 2: 256 (1821)
= Cardamine pratensis var. prorepens (Fisch.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 18 (3): 278 (1873)
= Cardamine prorepens ssp. roseiflora (Vorosch.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 172 (1985)
= Cardamine prorepens var. hebecarpa N.Busch, Fl. Sibir. Orient. Extremi 2: 256 (1915)
= Cardamine pubescens Steven ex DC., Syst. Nat. (Candolle) 2: 256 (1821)
= Cardamine yezoensis var. roseiflora Vorosch., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada 83: 35 (1972)
species :
Cardamine pseudotrifoliolata Al-Shehbaz; Novon 24: 4 (2015)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Cardamine pulchella (Hook.fil. & Thomson) Al-Shehbaz & G.Yang; Harv. Pap. Bot. 3(1): 77 (1998)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; SE-Tibet; China (Qinghai, Yunnan, Sichuan); India (West Bengal, Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxostemon pulchellus Hook.fil. & Thomson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 147 (1861)
species :
Cardamine purpurascens (O.E.Schulz) Al-Shehbaz et al.; Novon 10: 324 (2000)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine microzyga var. purpurascens O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11(103): 225 (1931)
= Loxostemon purpurascens (O.E.Schulz) R.C.Fang ex Y.Z.Lan & T.Y.Cheo, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(3): 54 (1981)
species :
Cardamine purpurea Cham. & Schltdl.; Linnaea, 1: 20 (1826)
Name: Purple bittercress
Distribution: Russian Far East; Alaska; Canada (Yukon)
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine eschscholtziana Andrz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 128
= Cardamine purpurea f. albiflora (Hultén) Cody, Canad. Field-Nat., 108(1): 93 (1994)
= Cardamine purpurea var. albiflora Hultén, Madroño 19: 223 (1968)
= Cardamine purpurea var. lactiflora O.E.Schulz ex Steffen, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 54, Abt. B: 551 (1936)
species :
Cardamine quinquefolia (M.Bieb.) Schmalh.; Fl. Sred. Juz. Ross. 1: 51 (1895)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Romania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran)
13 BUL ROM 14 KRY RUS UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria quinquefolia M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 2: 109 (1808)
= Dentaria caucasica Willd. ex DC., Prod. 1: 155 (1824)
= Dentaria hypanica Besser ex DC., Syst. 2: 278 (1821)
= Dentaria pentaphyllos Gueldenst., Reis. Russland (Gueldenst.) i. 194, 420 (1787)
= Dentaria pinnata Pall. ex DC., Syst. 2: 277 (1821)
species :
Cardamine raphanifolia Pourr.; Mém. Acad. Toulouse 3: 310 (1788)
subspecies :
subsp. raphanifolia
Name: Rettich-Schaumkraut
Distribution: Andorra; N-Spain; France; ?Italy
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine chelidonia Lam., Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 2(1): 183 (1786)
= Cardamine latifolia Vahl, Symb. Bot. (Vahl) 1: 77 (1790) non Lej.
= Cardamine pyrenaica (L. ex Loefl.) Rothm., Fedde, Repert. 49: 276 (1940)
= Cardamine pyrenaica ssp. merinoi M.Laínz
= Cardamine raphanifolia ssp. merinoi (M.Laínz) M.Laínz, Aport. Conocim. Fl. Gallega. 7: 4(1971)
= Cardamine runcinata Pourr., Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 310 (1788)
= Ghinia raphanifolia (Pourr.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 165 (1901)
= Sisymbrium pyrenaicum L. ex Loefl., Iter Hisp. 61, 304 (1758)
subspecies :
subsp. gallaecica M.Laínz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., 16 (Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro-Astur. x: 19): 175 (1973)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine gallaecica (M.Laínz) Rivas Mart. & Izco, Itinera Geobot. 15(2): 699 (2002)
species :
Cardamine repens (Franch.) Diels; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 204 (1912)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine tenuifolia var. repens (Franch.) Franch.
= Dentaria repens Franch., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 5. 1885
= Loxostemon repens (Franch.) Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7(2): 362 (1931)
species :
Cardamine reptans Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 129 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine resedifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 656 (1753)
Name: Resedenblättriges Schaumkraut
Distribution: Austria; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; Spain (mountains); Italy; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania
11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA NMA ROM SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Arabis hastulata Bertero ex DC., Prod. 1: 150 (1824)
= Arabis resedifolia (L.) Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 511 (1779)
= Cardamine gelida Schott, Oesterr. Bot. Wochenbl. 5: 145 (1855)
= Cardamine hamulosa Bertol., Mant. Fl. Alp. Apuan. 43
= Cardamine hastulata Steud., Nom. ed. 11. 1: 280 (1840)
= Cardamine heterophylla Host, Syn. Pl. Austr. 366 (1797)
= Cardamine insularis Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. de Fr. 1: 241 (1893)
= Cardamine nivalis Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 46 (1866)
= Crucifera resedifolia (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 114 (1902)
= Ghinia resedifolia (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees. 3: 160 (1901)
species :
Cardamine robusta I.Thomps.; Muelleria, 9: 151 (1996)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine rockii O.E.Schulz; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9(87): 473-474 (1926)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine rostrata Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 6: 115 (1854)
Distribution: Chile (Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine reniformis Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 27(2): 313 (1865)
= Cardamine rostrata var. reniformis (Phil.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 434 (1903)
species :
Cardamine rotundifolia Michx.; Fl. Boreau Am. 2: 30 (1803)
Name: American bittercress
Distribution: USA (Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria rotundifolia (Michx.) Greene, Pittonia, 3: 124 (1896)
species :
Cardamine rupestris K.Malý; Glasn. Zem. Mus. Bosn. i Hercegov. 23: 588 (1911)
Distribution: S-Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro
13 BIH MNT
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine maritima var. rupestris O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 580 (1903)
species :
Cardamine rupicola (O.E.Schulz) C.L.Hitchc.; Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw., Pt. 2 (Univ. Wash. Publ. Biol. 17) 474 (1964)
Name: Cliff bittercress
Distribution: USA (Montana: Flathead, Lewis, Clarke, Missoula Co.)
73 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine californica var. rupicola O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 388 (1903)
= Dentaria rupicola (O.E.Schulz) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 348 (1917)
species :
Cardamine scaposa Franch.; Pl. David. 1: 33 (1884)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine denudata O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 46. (1905)
species :
Cardamine schinziana O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 503 (1903)
Distribution: Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido)
31 RFE 38 JAP
species :
Cardamine sciaphila Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 131 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine scutata Thunb.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 339 (1794)
Name: Japanese bittercress
Distribution: China (Anhui, Guangdong, Guizhou, Jiangsu, Jilin, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; South Korea; Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Sakhalin, etc.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); ?Alaska
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine baishanensis P.Y.Fu, Fl. Pl. Herb. Chin. Boreau-Orient. 4: 116, f. 67 (1980)
= Cardamine dentipetala Matsum., Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 51 (1899)
= Cardamine drakeana Boissieu, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 7: 791 (1899)
= Cardamine flexuosa ssp. regeliana (Miq.) Franch. & Sav. ex O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 476 (1903)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. latifolia Makino, Fl. Japan (Makino & Nemoto) 447 (1925)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. manshurica (Kom.) P.Y.Fu, Clavis Pl. Chinae Boreau-Or. ed. 2 (ed. P. Y. Fu): 244 (1995)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. regeliana (Miq.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 42: 476 (1903)
= Cardamine flexuosa var. scutata (Thunb.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 477 (1903)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. latifolia Maxim.
= Cardamine hirsuta var. regeliana (Miq.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 18 (3): 279 (1873)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. rotundiloba Hayata
= Cardamine regeliana Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavum 2: 73. (1865)
= Cardamine regeliana var. manshurica (Kom.) Kitag., Lin. Fl. Manshur. 238 (1939)
= Cardamine scutata ssp. regeliana (Miq.) H.Hara, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 6: 59 (1952)
= Cardamine scutata var. manshurica (Kom.) P.Y.Fu, Clavis Pl. Chinae Boreau-Or. ed. 2 (ed. P. Y. Fu): 244 (1995)
= Cardamine scutata var. regeliana (Miq.) H.Hara
= Cardamine scutata var. rotundiloba (Hayata) T.S.Liu & S.S.Ying
= Cardamine sylvatica var. regeliana (Miq.) Franch. & Sav.
= Cardamine taquetii Lév. & Vaniot, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 259 (1910)
= Cardamine zhejiangensis T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 24, f. 5 (1980)
= Cardamine zhejiangensis var. huangshanensis D.C.Zhang, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 11(1): 41 (1991)
species :
Cardamine seidlitziana Alboff; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 2: 448 (1894)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
species :
Cardamine seravschanica Botsch.; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR, 5: 626, 77 (1978)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Cardamine serbica Pancic; Fl. Serbiae Addit.: 111 (1884) ex Asch. & Kanitz, Cat. Corm. Serb. 76
Distribution: SW-Kosovo; NW-Montenegro
13 KOS MNT
Remarks: maritima agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine maritima f. serbica (Pancic) Sagorski, Österr. Bot. Z. 61: 17 (1911)
= Cardamine maritima prol.serbica (Pancic) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 579 (1903)
= Cardamine maritima var. maglicensis Rohlena, Feddes Repert. 36/37: 145 (1906)
= Cardamine maritima ssp. maglicensis (Rohlena) Trinajstic, Suppl. Fl. Anal. Jugosl. 4: 8 (1976)
species :
Cardamine serpentina Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 134 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine sibirica (O.E.Schulz) Govaerts; World Checklist Seed Plants, 3(1): 13 (1999)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia)
30 SIB
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine glanduligera ssp. sibirica (O.E.Schulz) O.Schwarz
= Dentaria sibirica (O.E.Schulz) N.Busch, Kom., Fl. URSS, 8: 151 (1939)
species :
Cardamine silana Marhold & Perný; Willdenowia 33(1): 69 (2003)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
species :
Cardamine simplex Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(2): 361-362, t. 8, f. 3 (1931)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxostemon axillus Y.Z.Lan & T.Y.Cheo, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(3): 52-53, f. 1 (1981)
= Cardamine truncatolobata W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 14 (1987)
species :
Cardamine sinuatifolia Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 136 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine speciosa Britton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, vix. 16 (1889)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine jamesonii var. speciosa (Britton) O.E.Schulz, Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 32: 422 (1903)
species :
Cardamine stenoloba Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29(202): 303 (1892)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxostemon stenolobus (Hemsl.) Y.Z.Lan & T.Y.Cheo, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(3): 56 (1981)
= Cardamine pratensis ssp. chinensis O.E.Schulz
species :
Cardamine subcarnosa (Hook.fil.) Allan; Fl. N. Zeal. 1: 184 (1961)
Distribution: New Zealand; Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.
51 AUC NZL 91 CMP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine hirsuta var. subcarnosa Hook.fil., (1844)
= Cardamine glacialis var. subcarnosa (Hook.fil.) O.E.Schulz, (1903)
species :
Cardamine tanakae Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 36 (1875)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine tenuis (Miq.) Koidz., Fl. Symb. Orient.-Asiat. 13 (1930) (excl. basionymo)
= Cardamine chelidonioides S.Moore, Journ. Bot. 16: 130 (1878)
species :
Cardamine tangutorum O.E.Schulz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(2-3): 360-361 (1903)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Cardamine tenera S.G.Gmel.; C. A. Mey., Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 179 (1831)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (N-Iran); Crimea; European Russia; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
14 KRY RUS 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
species :
Cardamine tenuifolia Hook.; Journ. Bot. 1: 247 (1834)
Distribution: Australia (E-South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine finitima O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32: 537 (1903), nom. nov.
= Cardamine hirsuta var. tenuifolia (Hook.) Rodway, Tasmanian Fl. 6 (1903)
= Cardamine pratensis var. tenuifolia (Hook.) Hook.fil., Fl. Tasmaniae 1: 19 (1855)
species :
Cardamine tenuirostris Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 6 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine affinis Hook. & Arn., Bot. Misc. 3: 137 (1833)
= Cardamine flavescens Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 667 (1872)
= Cardamine pentaphylla Phil., Linnaea 33: 6 (1864) non Aiton
= Cardamine tenuirostris ssp. affinis (Hook. & Arn.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 494 (1903)
= Cardamine tenuirostris ssp. reicheana O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 495 (1903)
= Nasturtium stenophyllum Phil., Anal Univ. Chil. 81: 177 (1893)
species :
Cardamine thalassica Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 139 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine tianqingiae Al-Shehbaz & Boufford; Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(1): 89 (2008)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 18 (1847)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Ethiopia; Eritrea; Cameroon; Angola; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Djibouti; Madagascar; India (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
23 BIO CMN GAB ZAI 24 DJI ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG 27 SAF 29 MDG 40 IND SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine subumbellata Hook. ex Hook.fil. & T.Anderson, Fl. Brit. Ind. 1: 138 (1872)
= Cardamine talamontiana Chiov., Ann. Bot. (Rome) 9: 51 (1911)
= Cardamine trichocarpa f. leiocarpa O.E.Schulz
= Cardamine trichocarpa var. elegans Engl.
species :
Cardamine trifida (Lam. ex Poir.) B.M.G.Jones; Feddes Repert. 69: 57 (1964)
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol); Kazakhstan; North Korea; Mongolia
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine grandiflora Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 15: 238 (1842)
= Cardamine schulziana Baehni, Candollea 7: 281 (1937)
= Cardamine tenuifolia (Ledeb.) Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 15: (1842) 238 (non Hook. 1834)
= Cardamine tenuifolia var. grandiflora Trautv.
= Dentaria alaunica Golitsin, Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Voroneg. 8: 48 (1947)
= Dentaria tenuifolia Ledeb., Mem. Acad. Petersb. 5: 547 (1815)
= Dentaria trifida f. grandiflora (Trautv.) Polozhij, Fl. Krasnoyarsk. Kraya, 5(4): 24 (1975)
= Dentaria trifida Lam., Tabl. Encycl. tome 3: 115 (1823)
= Dentaria trifida Lam. ex Poir., Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] Suppl. 2. [pt. 2]: 465 (1812)
= Erysimum tuberosum Dombey ex DC., Syst. 2: 254 (1821)
= Sisymbrium tuberosum Lag. ex DC., Syst. 2: 254 (1821)
= Sphaerotorrhiza trifida (Lam. ex Poir.) A.P.Khokhr., Fl. Magadan. Obl. 235 (1985)
= Sphaerotorrhiza trifida f. parviflora (Trautv.) V.I.Dorof., Turczaninowia 20(1): 134 (2017)
= Sphaerotorrhiza trifida var. dissecta (O.E.Schulz) V.I.Dorof., Turczaninowia 20(1): 134 (2017)
species :
Cardamine trifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 654 (1753)
Name: Dreiblättriges Schaumkraut
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Switzerland; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Ukraine; European Russia
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH CRO ITA SLV 14 RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crucifera trifolia (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 6: 114 (1902)
species :
Cardamine trifoliolata Hook.fil. & Thomson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 145 (1861)
Distribution: India (Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan; China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine flexuosoides W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 12 (1987)
= Cardamine flexuosoides var. glabricaulis W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 13 (1987)
= Loxostemon smithii var. wenchuanensis Y.Z.Lan & T.Y.Cheo, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(3): 55-56 (1981)
species :
Cardamine tryssa I.Thomps.; Muelleria 18: 27 (2003)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Cardamine tuberosa DC.; Syst. Nat. 2: 254 (1821)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Bio Bio, Araucania, Aisen, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine tuberosa ssp. cognata (Steud.) O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 491 (1903)
species :
Cardamine umbellata Greene; Pittonia, 3: 154 (1897)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, N. W. T., Yukon); Alaska; USA (Washington State); Russian Far East
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine flexuosa var. kamtschatica (Regel) Matsum.
= Cardamine hirsuta ssp. kamtschatica (Regel) O.E.Schulz, (1903)
= Cardamine kamtschatica (Regel) Piper, (1906)
= Cardamine oligosperma ssp. kamtschatica (Regel) Cody, Canad. Field-Nat., 108(1): 93 (1994)
= Cardamine oligosperma var. kamtschatica (Regel) Detling
= Cardamine sylvatica var. kamtschatica Regel, (1861)
species :
Cardamine unguiculus Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 142 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine unicaulis Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 144 (2017), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine hirsuta var. uniflora Hook.fil., Handb. N. Zeal. Fl. 12 (1864)
species :
Cardamine variabilis Phil.; Linnaea 33: 5 (1864)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine dichondroides (Speg.) Govaerts, World Checklist Seed Plants, 3(1): 12 (1999)
= Cardamine integrifolia Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 81: 71 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Cardamine integrifolia var. diversifolia O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 431 (1903)
= Cardamine rostrata var. dichondroides Speg., Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 7: 212 (1902)
= Cardamine thermarum Martic., Gayana, Bot. 57(2): 191 (2000 publ. 2001), nom. nov. superfl.
= Cardamine variabilis prol.pinnatisecta O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 432 (1903)
= Sisymbrium simpsonii Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 184 (1892)
species :
Cardamine verna Heenan; Phytotaxa 330(1): 146 (2017)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Cardamine victoris N.Busch; Bull. Acad. Sc. URSS, Ser. VII. 454 (1931)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin)
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine chiriensis Miyabe & Tatew., Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 260 (1936)
species :
Cardamine violacea (D.Don) Wall. ex Hook.fil. & Thomson; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 5: 145 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. violacea
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; China (Yunnan); India (Sikkim)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Erysimum violaceum D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 202 (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. bhutanica Grierson; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 42(1): 109 (1984)
Distribution: Bhutan
40 BHU
species :
Cardamine volckmannii Phil.; Linnaea 33: 7 (1864)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen, San Juan); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine nivalis Gillies ex Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 136 (1833)
= Cardamine petiolulata Phil. ex O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 520 (1903)
species :
Cardamine vulgaris Phil.; Linnaea, 28: 665 (1856)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Tucuman); Chile (Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 ARG CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine garaventae O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 208 (1934)
= Cardamine grandjotii O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 39 (1934)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. vulgaris (Phil.) Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 90: 130 (1895)
= Cardamine macrostachya Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 81: 75 (1892)
= Cardamine vulgaris var. oligozyga O.E.Schulz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32(4): 544 (1903)
species :
Cardamine waldsteinii Dyer; Kew Handlist Herb. Pl. 97 (1891)
Name: Dreiblättrige Zahnwurz
Distribution: ?Hungary; S-Austria; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT 13 BIH CRO MNT SLV
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine savensis O.E.Schulz, Engl. Jahrb. 32: 355 (1903)
= Dentaria trifolia Waldst. & Kit., Pl. Rar. Hung. 2: 148. t. 139 (1803)
= Dentaria alternifolia Dalla Torre, Atl. Alpenfl. 62 (1882)
= Dentaria savensis (O.E.Schulz) Wehrh., Gartenstauden, 1: 479 (1930)
species :
Cardamine wiedemanniana Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 162 (1867)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus
33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine lazica Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss., Fl. Suppl. 31 (1888)
species :
Cardamine xinfenii Al-Shehbaz; Harvard Pap. Bot. 20(2): 145, fig. 1 (2015)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cardamine yezoensis Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 18: 277 (1873)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku); North Korea; Siberia
30 SIB 31 RFE 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine amariformis Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 324 (1912)
= Cardamine fauriei H.Lév. & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 350 (1911) non Franch.
= Cardamine kiusiana Hara, Journ. Jap. Bot., 14: 516 (1938)
= Cardamine miyabei Matsum., Ind. Plant. Jap. 2: II. (1912), 153
= Cardamine nipponica Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 42: 25 (1928) (non Fr. & Sav.)
= Cardamine torrentis Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 42: 479 (1928)
= Cardamine valida (Takeda) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 26 (1928)
= Cardamine valida Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 42: 26 (1928)
= Cardamine yezoensis var. roseiflora Vorosch., Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow),83: 35 (1972)
species :
Cardamine yunnanensis Franch.; Bull. S. B. Fr. 33: 398 (1886)
Distribution: Pakistan (Hazara); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan; China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine bijiangensis W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnanica, 9(1): 12 (1987)
= Cardamine heterophylla T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 27, f. 7 (1980) (non Host 1797 nec Lapeyr. 1813 etc.)
= Cardamine heterophylla T.Y.Cheo & R.C.Fang, Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 27 (1980)
= Cardamine hirsuta var. oxycarpa Hook.fil. & Anderson, Fl. Br. lnd. 1: 138 (1872)
= Cardamine inayatii O.E.Schulz, Notizbl. 9: 1069 (1927)
= Cardamine longipedicellata Z.M.Tan & G.H.Chen, (1996) (nec Rollins 1940)
= Cardamine longistyla W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 9(1): 14-15, f. 3,4 (1987)
= Cardamine muliensis W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 9(1): 11-12 (1987)
= Cardamine sikkimensis Hara, J. Jap. B. 37: 97 (1962)
= Cardamine sinica Rashid & H.Ohba, J. Jap. Bot., 68(3): 182 (1993) (nom. nov.)
= Cardamine weixiensis W.T.Wang, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 9(1): 9 (1987)
species :
Cardamine ×ambigua O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 547 (1903)
Distribution: European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Cardamine ×degeniana Janch. & Watzl; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 58: 36 (1908)
Distribution: Distribution unknown
Remarks: subgen. Dentaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria ×degeniana (Janch. & Watzl) Wehrh., Gartenstauden, 1: 480 (1930)
species :
Cardamine ×digenea (Gremli) O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 381 (1903)
Distribution: Europe; France; Switzerland
11 SWI 12 FRA
Remarks: Subgen. Dentaria, Dentaria heptaphylla x pentaphyllos
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria ×rapini Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. de Fr. 1: 245 (1893)
= Dentaria ×digenea Gremli, Neue Beitr. Fl. Schw. 3
species :
Cardamine ×dubia Zapal.; Bull. Acad. Crac., B, 13 (1912)
Distribution: European Russia; Poland
11 POL 14 RUS
Remarks: Cardamine opizii J. & J. Presl x Cardamine pratensis L.
species :
Cardamine ×enriquei Marhold, Lihová & Perný; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 139(3): 293 (2002)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Cardamine ×fockei P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France, 414 (1936)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Cardamine ×grafiana O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 383 (1903)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
species :
Cardamine ×haussknechtiana O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 548 (1903)
Distribution: Germany
11 GER
species :
Cardamine ×incisa (Eames) Schum.; Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 31: 830 (1904)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York)
75 USA
Remarks: Cardamine concatenata x maxima
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria incisa Eames, (1903) (non D. incisa Small 1903)
= Dentaria incisifolia Eames in Britton, Man. Fl. N. States [Britton], ed. 2. 1066 (1905)
species :
Cardamine ×insueta K.Urbanska-Worytkiewicz; Ber. Geobot. Inst. Eidgenöss. Techn. Hochsch. Stift. Rubel, 44: 87 (1977)
Distribution: Switzerland
11 SWI
Remarks: Cardamine amara x rivularis
species :
Cardamine ×keckii A.Kern.; Zeitschr. Ferdinand. Tirol. III. 15: 280 (1870)
Distribution: Europe
species :
Cardamine ×killiasii (Brügger) O.E.Schulz
Distribution: Europe
Remarks: Subgen. Dentaria, Cardamine kitabelii x pentaphyllos
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria ×killiasii Brügg., Jahresb. Naturf. Ges. Graub. II. xxiii-xxiv. 73 (1880)
species :
Cardamine ×paxiana O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 383 (1903)
Distribution: Slovakia
11 SLO
Remarks: Dentaria enneaphyllos x glandulosa
Synonyms: hidden
= Dentaria ×paxiana (O.E.Schulz) Jáv.
species :
Cardamine ×rhodopaea Ancev; Phytol. Balcan. 19(3): 326 (2013)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Cardamine ×rohlenae Domin; Preslia, xiii-xv. 90 (1935)
Distribution: Slovakia
11 SLO
species :
Cardamine ×smejkalii Tomsovic; Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 21(4): 430 (1986)
Distribution: Czech Republic
11 CZE
Remarks: Cardamine matthiolii x pratensis ssp. pratensis
species :
Cardamine ×tatrensis Zapal.; Bull. Acad. Crac., B, 12 (1912)
Distribution: Poland
11 POL
species :
Cardamine ×uliginosa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 438 (1819)
Distribution: Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
13 TUE 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ LEB TUR
Remarks: Cardamine amara L. x Cardamine dentata Schult.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cardamine uliginosa var. amethystina Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl. 31 (1888)
= Cardamine amara M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Caucasus 2: 109 (1808)
= Cardamine caucasica Willd. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 126 (1841)
= Cardamine hastata Willd. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 1: 125 (1841)
= Cardamine olympica Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 8: 19 (1849)
species :
Cardamine ×wettsteiniana O.E.Schulz; Engl. Jahrb. 32: 569 (1903)
Distribution: Switzerland; Austria
11 AUT SWI
species :
Cardamine ×zapalowiczii Domin; Preslia, xiii-xv. 90 (1935)
Distribution: Slovakia
11 SLO
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)