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V. 12.7
27.11.2021

162.0000 Family Cyperaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 26 (1789), nom. cons.
91 genera, ca. 5700 spp.
Species listed in database: 5704; hybrids: 245
= Kobresiaceae Gilly, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 26: 210 (1952)
= Mapaniaceae Shipunov, Zhurn. Obshchei Biol. 64: 505 (2003)
= Papyraceae Burnett, Outlines Bot.: 761, 1129 (1835)
= Scirpaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 2: 340 (1797)
= Scleriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin: 263 (1820)
162.3901 Genus Carex L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 972 (1753)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan, mostly temperate, alpine and subarctic; many in North America (450), China (over 500). Inclusion of Kobresia, Schoenoxiphium and Uncinia following new molecular results.
Species listed in database: 2020; hybrids: 199
= Archaeocarex Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 262 (1913)
= Agastachys Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 146 (1789)
= Agistron Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 28 (1840)
= Ammorrhiza Ehrh., Phytophyl. (1789)
= Anithista Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Baeochortus Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 149 (1789)
= Bitteria Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 269 (1913)
= Blysmocarex N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 502 (1939), sine descr.
= Callistachya Sm., Trans. L. Soc. 9: (1808) 267
= Callistachys Heuff., Flora, 27: (1844) 528
= Caricella Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 146 (1789)
= Caricina St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fleurs, ed. 8. 2: (1889) 880
= Caricinella St.-Lag., Cariot. Etud. des fleurs. ed. 8. 2: (1889) 880
= Chionanthula Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 275 (1913)
= Chordorrhiza Ehrh., Beitr. 4: (1789) 148
= Coleachyron J.Gay ex Boiss., Fl. orient. 5: 408 (1881)
= Cryptoglochin Heuff., Flora, 27: (1844) 527, 528
= Cyperoides Seguier, Pl. Veron. 3: 73 (1754)
= Dapedostachys Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 265 (1913)
= Desmiograstis Börner, Abh. Nat Ver. Bremen, 21: 274 (1913)
= Deweya Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Diemisa Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Diplocarex Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 10: 70 (1921)
= Dornera Heuff. ex Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 697 (1866)
= Drymeia Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 148 (1789)
= Echinochlaenia Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 264 (1913)
= Edritria Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Elyna Schrad., Fl. Germ. 1: 155 (1806)
= Facolos Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Forexeta Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 28 (1840)
= Froelichia Wulfen ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 2: 156, in Syn. (1817)
= Genersichia Heuff., Flora, 27: (1844) II. 528
= Heleonastes Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 147 (1789)
= Hemicarex Benth., Journ. L. Soc. 18: (1881) 367
= Heuffelia Opiz, Ost & West, Beibl. 98, 392 (1845)
= Holmia Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Brenen, 22: 262 (1913)
= Homalostachys Boeckeler, Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 37
= Itheta Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 28 (1840)
= Kobresia Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 205 (1805)
= Kolerma Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Kuekenthalia Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 266 (1913)
= Lamprochlaenia Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 272 (1913)
= Leptostachys Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 147 (1789)
= Leptovignea Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 273 (1913)
= Leucoglochin Heufl., Flora, 27: (1844) 528
= Limivasculum Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 268 (1913)
= Limonaetes Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 148 (1789)
= Loncoperis Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Loxanisa Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Loxotrema Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Manochlaenia Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 271 (1913)
= Maukschia Heuff., Flora, 27: (1844) 527
= Meltrema Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Mondo Adans., Fam. 2: 496 (1763)
= Neilreichia Kotula, Spraw. Kom. Fis. Krakow. 17: (1883) 136
= Neskiza Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Olamblis Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Olotrema Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Onkerma Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Osculisa Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Phaeolorum Ehrh., Beitr. 4: (1789) 149
= Phyllostachys Torr., Ann. Lyc. N. York, 3: (1836) 404
= Physiglochis Neck., Elem. 3: 245 (1790)
= Polyglochin Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 146 (1789)
= Proteocarpus Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 266 (1913)
= Pseudocarex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2: 146 [1865] (1866)
= Psyllophora Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 146 (1789)
= Ptacoseia Ehrh., Beitr. 4: 147 (1789)
= Rhaptocalymma Borrer, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 272 (1913)
= Rhynchopera Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 272 (1913)
= Schelhammeria Moench, Meth. Suppl. 119 (1802)
= Schoenoxiphium Nees, Linnaea, 7: (1832) 581
= Scuria Raf., Journ. Phys. 89: (1819) 106
= Temnemis Raf., Good Book: 27 (1840)
= Thysanocarex Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 274 (1913)
= Trasus Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 53 (1821)
= Triodus Raf., Journ. Phys. 89: (1819) 106
= Triplima Raf., Am. Monthly Mag. (1819) 195
= Ulva Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 496, 615 (1763)
= Uncinia Pers., Syn. 2: 534 (1807)
= Vesicarex Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 1, 63 (1951)
= Vignantha Schur, Enum. Pl. Trans. 705 (1866)
= Vignea P.Beauv., T. Lestib. Essai Fam. Cyp. 22 (1819)
= Vignidula Börner, Abh. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 21: 275 (1913)
species :
Carex abrupta Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 43: 618 [1916] (1917)
Name: Abruptbeak sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Carex abscondita Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 37: 244 (1910)
Name: Thicket sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex abscondita var. glauca (Chapm.) Fernald, Rhodora 37: 406 (1935)
= Carex abscondita var. rostellata Fernald, Rhodora 44: 386 (1942)
= Carex digitalis var. glauca Chapm., Fl. South. U. S.: 541 (1860)
= Carex magnifolia Mack., J. K. Small, Fl. S. E. U. S., ed. 2: 1325 (1913)
= Carex ptychocarpa Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 234 (1855) [not Link 1799
= Carex ptychocarpa var. macrophylla L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 48 (1889)
species :
Carex acaulis d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. L. Par. 4: (1826) 599
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
species :
Carex accrescens Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 6: 255 (1931)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol); Siberia (C-Siberia, Chita); Russian Far East (Yakutia, Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex accrescens var. sylvipaludosa Luchnik, Vestn. Dal´nevost. Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR 31: 126 (1938)
= Carex pallida C.A.Mey., Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 1: (1831) 215
= Carex pallida f. angustifolia (Y.L.Chang) Y.L.Chou, Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4: 40 (1979)
= Carex pallida var. angustifolia Y.L.Chang, Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 11: 207 (1976)
= Carex pallida var. lithophiloides A.E.Kozhevn., Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 3: 381 (1988)
= Carex pallida var. papillosa Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 134 (1909)
species :
Carex acicularis Boott; Hook. Fl. N. Zel. 280. t. 63 (1853)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex inconspicua Colenso, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 28: 612 (1895)
= Carex pyrenaica F.Muell., Fragm. 8: 251 (1874)
species :
Carex acidicola Naczi; Novon. 12: 510, fig. 1 (2002)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia)
78 USA
species :
Carex acocksii C.Archer; S. Afr. J. Bot., 63(6): 342 (1997)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Carex acuta L.; Sp. Pl. 978 (1753)
Name: Zierliche Segge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; N-Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; ?Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; ?Azores; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira)
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 LEB SYR TUR 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acuta [f.] amblylepis Peterm., Anal. Pfl. Schlussel: 501 (1846)
= Carex acuta [f.] dioica Peterm., Anal. Pfl. Schlussel: 501 (1846)
= Carex acuta f. graciliflora Le Grand, Fl. Anal. Berry, ed. 2: 339 (1894)
= Carex acuta f. gracilis (Curtis) Sanio, Bot. Centralbl. 6: 441 (1881)
= Carex acuta f. obtusata (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex acuta f. pedicellata Peterm., Anal. Pfl. Schlussel: 501 (1846)
= Carex acuta f. tourangiana (Boreau) Sanio, Bot. Cantralbl. 6: 442 (1881)
= Carex acuta f. vaginata Peterm., Anal. Pfl. Schlussel: 501 (1846)
= Carex acuta var. intermedia Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 63 (1867)
= Carex ambigua Moench, Meth. 324 (1794)
= Carex corynophora Peterm., Flora, 27: (1844) 335
= Carex dichroandra V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 255 210, 596 (1935)
= Carex elata f. brachystachys (Podp.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex graciliformis V.I.Krecz., Maevskii, Fl. Sredn. Rossii, ed. 6. 199 (1933)[non Ohwi (1931)]
= Carex gracilis Curtis, Fl. Lond. fasc. 4: t. 60 (1782)
= Carex gracilis f. amblylepis (Peterm.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 94 (1902)
= Carex gracilis f. brachystachya Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 172 (1897)
= Carex gracilis f. corynophora (Peterm.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 321 (1909)
= Carex gracilis f. graciliflora (Le Grand) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex gracilis f. pedicellata (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex gracilis f. podperae Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16 (3-41: 370 1970 (1971), nom. nov.
= Carex gracilis f. rudis (Wimm.) Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 171 (1897)
= Carex gracilis f. seminuda (Beck) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 322 (1909)
= Carex gracilis f. vaginata (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex gracilis lus.dioica (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex gracilis ssp. corynophora Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 90 (1902)
= Carex gracilis ssp. erecta Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 171 (1897)
= Carex gracilis ssp. eugracilis Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 171 (1897), nom. inval.
= Carex cespitosa var. gracilis (Curtis) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 188 (1923)
= Carex gracilis ssp. intermedia (Celak.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex gracilis var. angustifolia Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 171 (1897)
= Carex gracilis var. approximata Kük. ex Junge, Verh. Naturwiss. Vereins Hamburg 3(12): 10 (1904)
= Carex gracilis var. humilis Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 3: 171 (1897)
= Carex gracilis var. libanotica Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 323 (1909)
= Carex gracilis var. rudis (Wimm.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 322 (1909)
= Carex gracilis var. tricostata (Fr.) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 776 (1864)
= Carex lilibaea Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 223 (1909)
= Carex moenchiana Wender., Flora, 6: (1823) 718
= Carex oenensis A.Neumann ex B.Walln., Linz. Biol. Beitr., 24(2): 832 (1992)
= Carex podperae Otruba, Sched. Fl. Exsicc. Reip. Bohem. Slov. Cent. 8: 22 (1933), in syn.
= Carex pratensis Hosé, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 35 (1797)
= Carex pulchella Nyl. ex Trevir., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 36(1): 537 (1863)
= Carex recurva Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 413 (1837)
= Carex riparia Moench ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 295 (1840)
= Carex rudis Wimm., Flora 33: 619 (1850)
= Carex rufa var. seminuda Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 136 (1890)
= Carex sareptana V.I.Krecz., Maevskii, Fl. Centr. Russ. ed. 6, 190 (1933)
= Carex schummelii Siegert, Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 2: 112 (1860)
= Carex strictifolia Opiz ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 777 (1882)
= Carex touranginiana Boreau, Fl. Cent. Fr. ed. II. 532 (1849)
= Carex tricostata Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 152 (1845)
= Carex virens Thuill., Fl. Par. 1: 489 (1790)
= Carex virginiana Woodson, A. Rees, Cycl. 6: 100 (1806)
= Carex virginica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 217 (1854)
= Carex wimmeri Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 215 (1855)
= Osculisa acuta (L.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Vignantha acuta (L.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 706 (1866)
= Vignantha moenchiana (Wender.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 706 (1866)
= Vignantha touranginiana (Boreau) Fourr., Ann. Soc. L. Lyon, N. S. 17: (1869) 176
= Vignea acuta (L.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1626 (1830)
= Vignea moenchiana (Wender.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1626 (1830)
= Vignea strictifolia Opiz, Seznam, 103 (1852)
species :
Carex acutata Boott; Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1846) 287
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Colombia (Boyacá, Meta, Nariño); Chile (Atacama, Maule, Bio Bio, Los Lagos, Aisen); Ecuador; Peru; Venezuela (Lara, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acutata var. ciliata Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 549 (1899)
= Carex anwandteri Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 498 (1896)
= Carex feminea Steud. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 138 (1867)
= Carex foeminea Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 203 (1854)
= Carex physocarpa Nees ex Boott, Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1846) 287
= Carex purpurea Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 157 (1867)
species :
Carex acutiformis Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. 4: 43 (1789)
Name: Sumpf-Segge, Lesser pond sedge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; N-Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Algeria; Morocco; Tanzania; Uganda; Ethiopia; Eritrea; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Afghanistan (Kabul, Takhar); Pakistan (Gilgit); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], New York [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR 24 ERI ETH 25 TAN UGA 27 LES SAF 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR LEB TUR 40 IND PAK 72 cdn 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acutiformis f. depauperata (Lange) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 734 (1909)
= Carex acutiformis f. gracilior Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 5(Beih. 1): 64 (1899)
= Carex acutiformis f. maxima (Urb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 734 (1909)
= Carex acutiformis f. minor Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 516 (1846)
= Carex acutiformis f. spadicea Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 215 (1903)
= Carex acutiformis var. abbreviata Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 143 (1890)
= Carex dubia Hosé, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 34 (1797)
= Carex intermedia Suter, Fl. Helvet. 2: 261, 262 (1802)
= Carex kochiana DC., Cat. Hort. Monsp. 8 (1813)
= Carex olgae Regel, A. P. Fedchenko, Putesh. Turkmenistan 3: 83 (1882)
= Carex paludosa f. depauperata Lange, Bot. Not. 1849: 165 (1849)
= Carex paludosa Gooden., Trans. L. Soc. London 2: 202 (1794)
= Carex paludosa var. longiglumis St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 865 (1889)
= Carex palustris Suter, Fl. Helvet. 2: 261 (1802)
= Carex rigens Thuill., Fl. Par. 1: 488 (1790)
= Carex riparia Geners., Elench. n. 874 (1798)
= Carex riparia var. acutiformis (Ehrh.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 201 (1923)
= Carex rivularis K.Koch ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 487 (1837)
= Carex rufa Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 305 (1789)
= Carex scheuchzeri J.F.Gmel., Syst. 144 (1791)
= Carex spadicea f. maxima Urb., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 22: 54 (1881)
= Carex spadicea Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 2: II. 461 (1793)
= Edritria paludosa (Gooden.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Trasus paludosus (Gooden.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 64 (1821)
species :
Carex adelostoma V.I.Krecz.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 275, 603 (1935)
Name: Circumpolar sedge
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Québec); Finland; Iceland; ?Norway; European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia)
10 FIN ICE 14 RUS 30 SIB 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex buxbaumii ssp. alpina (C.Hartm.) Liro, Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn. (Ser. A) 42: 523 (1938)
= Carex buxbaumii ssp. mutica (C.Hartm.) Isoviita, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 14: 208 (1977)
= Carex buxbaumii var. alpicola Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 41 (1820)
= Carex buxbaumii var. alpina C.Hartm.
= Carex buxbaumii var. mutica C.Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 40 (1820)
= Carex morrisseyi A.E.Porsild, Sargentia, 4: 21 (1943)
= Carex polygama ssp. alpina (C.Hartm.) Cajander
= Carex polygama ssp. mutica (C.Hartm.) Cajander
species :
Carex adrienii E.G.Camus; Lecomte, Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine, 7: 186 (1912)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Laos; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 LAO VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex chienii F.T.Wang & Tang, Contrib. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping, 6: 60 (1949)
= Carex kwangtungensis F.T.Wang & Tang, Contrib. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping, 6: 59 (1949)
= Carex scaposa var. baviensis Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, ser. 3, 8: 255 (1896)
species :
Carex adusta Boott; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 215 (1839)
Name: Lesser brown sedge
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex adusta var. glomerata L.H.Bailey, Carex Cat.: 2 (1884)
= Carex albolutescens var. glomerata Olney ex L.H.Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 149 (1886)
= Carex pinguis L.H.Bailey, Bull. 3: Geol. and Nat. Hist. Surv. Minn. (1887) 22
species :
Carex aematorrhyncha Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 224 (1854)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen Magallanes); Falkland Isl.; Ecuador
83 ECU 85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex campyloxys Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 213 (1854)
= Carex filiformis ssp. aematorrhyncha (Desv.) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 556 (1899)
= Carex filiformis var. aematorrhyncha (Desv.) W.Boott, S. Watson & al., Bot. California 2: 250 (1880)
= Carex potamostauros Steud., Lechl. Berb. Am. Austr. 52 (1857)
variant :
var. corralensis (Phil.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 748 (1909)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Cordoba, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex corralensis Phil., Linnaea, 33: 1864 (1865) 273
= Carex filiformis var. gracilis Kurtz ex Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 556 (1899)
species :
Carex aequialta Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac. Caricoid. 354 (1909)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Kyushu); China (Anhui, Jiangsu)
36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex prescottiana var. fuscocinnamomea Kük.
species :
Carex aestivalis M.A.Curtis ex A.Gray; Am. Journ. Sc. 42: (1842) 28
Name: Summer sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Georgia, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex darlingtonii Schwein. ex M.A.Curtis, Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. II. 7: (1849) 410
= Carex tabularia M.A.Curtis ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 1: 54 (1858)
species :
Carex aethiopica Schkuhr; Riedgr. 1: 107 (1801)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aethiopica var. iridifolia (Kunth) C.B.Clarke, T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 679 (1894)
= Carex aethiopica var. latispica C.B.Clarke, Fl. Cap. 7: 308 (1898)
= Carex iridifolia Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 492 (1837)
= Carex laevigata Wahlenb., Vet. Akad. Nya Handl. Stockh. (1803) 153
species :
Carex agglomerata C.B.Clarke; Journ. L. Soc. 36: 269 (1903)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex agglomerata var. rhizomata Y.C.Yang, Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 3: 89 (1984)
species :
Carex aggregata Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 37: 246 (1910)
Name: Glomerate sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex agglomerata Mack., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 442 (1906)
= Carex sparganioides var. aggregata (Mack.) Gleason, Phytologia 4: 22 (1952)
species :
Carex agrostoides Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 34: 607 [1907] (1908)
Name: Grassleaf sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Carex akiensis K.Okamoto; Bull. Okayama Coll. Sci., 1: 53 (1965)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Carex aladagensis Kük. ex W.Schultze-Motel; Willdenowia, 3: 92 (1962)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Carex alajica Litv.; Trav. Mus. Bot. Acad. Petersb. 7: 99 (1910)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KGZ TZK 36 CHI
species :
Carex alata Torr. & A.Gray; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 3: 396 (1836)
Name: Broadwing sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex albolutescens var. alata (Torr.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 209 (1909)
= Carex straminea var. alata (Torr.) Boeckeler, Linnaea 39: 117 (1875)
= Kolerma alata (Torr.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
species :
Carex alatauensis S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 19 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Turkey; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; ?Armenia; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Parwan); N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, etc.); Mongolia; China (?Ningxia, ?Qinghai, Xinjiang); Tibet
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRQ TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia humilis (C.A.Mey. ex Trautv.) Serg., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 111 (1935)
= Elyna humilis C.A.Mey. ex Trautv., Act. Hort. Petrop. 1: (1871) 21
= Kobresia persica Kük. & Bornm., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 133 (1897)
= Kobresia royleana var. humilis (C.A.Mey. ex Trautv.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 38: 46 (1909)
= Kobresia royleana var. parvinux T.Koyama, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 16: 168 (1956)
species :
Carex alba Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 2: 216 (1772)
Name: Weiße Segge
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; NE-Spain; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Tibet; Kazakhstan
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 33 GEO NCS 36 TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ajanensis Vorosch., Bull. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. URSS, No. 60, 35 (1965)
= Carex alba f. aprica Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 500 (1909)
= Carex alba ssp. ussuriensis Kom., Trudy Imp.S.-Peterburgsk.Bot.Sada 18: 443 (1901)
= Carex argentea J.F.Gmel., Syst. 143 (1791)
= Carex inclusa Turcz. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 177 (1867)
= Carex nemorosa Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 291 (1789)
species :
Carex albata Boott ex Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap., 2: 553 (1878)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Hubei); Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex albata var. laxiuscula Suto, Bull. Coll. Agric. Utsunomiya Univ. s. p. (1932)
= Carex argyrolepis Maxim. ex Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 126 (1873)
= Carex nubigena f. laxiuscula Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 146 (1909)
= Carex nubigena ssp. albata (Boott) T.Koyama, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 72: (853-854): 306 (1959)
= Carex nubigena var. albata (Boott ex Franch.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 146 (1909)
species :
Carex albert-smithii T.Koyama; Makinoa, n. s. 8: 11 (2010)
Distribution: Fiji
60 FIJ
species :
Carex albicans Willd. ex Sprengel; Syst. Veg. 3: 818 (1826)
Name: Whitetinge sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alpestris Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. 7: (1824) 268
= Carex artitecta Mack., N. Am. Fl. 18: 189 (1935)
= Carex artitecta var. subtilirostris F.J.Herm., Rhodora 40: 79 (1938)
= Carex collecta Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 11: 314 (1826)
= Carex davisii f. glabrescens Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 588 (1909)
= Carex emmonsii var. muhlenbergii (A.Gray) Rettig, Sida, 13(4): 451 (1989)
= Carex nigromarginata var. muehlenbergii (A.Gray ex Torr.) Gleason, Phytologia 4: 22 (1952)
= Carex nigromarginata var. muhlenbergii (A.Gray) Gleason
= Carex pennsylvanica Torr., Am. Lyc. N. York, 3: (1836) 410
= Carex pensylvanica var. muehlenbergii A.Gray ex Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 410 (1836)
= Carex pilulifera f. americana Boeckeler, Linnaea 41: 216 (1877)
= Carex varia f. colorata (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr. 1: 41 (1889)
= Carex varia f. distincta Howe, Rep. (Annual) Regents Univ. State New York New York State Mus., IV, 20(38): 449 (1909)
= Carex varia Muhl. ex Wahlenb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 159 (1803)
= Loxotrema alpestris (Dewey) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
variant :
var. australis (L.H.Bailey) Rettig; Sida, 14(1): 133 (1990)
Name: Stellate sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex emmonsii var. australis (L.H.Bailey) Rettig, Sida, 13(4): 452 (1989)
= Carex nigromarginata f. minor Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 364 (1881)
= Carex physorhyncha Liebm. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 219 (1855)
= Carex rhynchophysa Liebm., Mexic. Halvgr.: 264 (1850)
= Carex varia var. australis L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 17: 153 (1892)
variant :
var. emmonsii (Dewey ex Torr.) Rettig; Sida, 14(1): 133 (1990)
Name: Emmons´ sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex davisii Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 10: 279 (1826)
= Carex emmonsii Dewey, Ann. Lyc. N. York, 3: (1836) 411 [based on C. davisii Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 10: 279. 1826, not Schwein. & Torr. 1825]
= Carex lucorum var. emmonsii (Dewey ex Torr.) Chapm., Fl. South. U. S.: 539 (1860)
= Carex nigromarginata var. minor (Boott) Gleason, Phytologia 4: 22 (1952)
= Carex novae-angliae var. emmonsii (Dewey ex Torr.) Carey, A. Gray, Manual: 556 (1848)
= Carex varia var. minor Boott, Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 223 (1839)
species :
Carex albida L.H.Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club. 1: (1889) 9
Name: White sedge
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex luzulifolia f. albida (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 558 (1909)
= Carex sonomensis Stacey, Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 63 (1937)
species :
Carex albolutescens Schwein.; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1828) 66
Name: Greenwhite sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Mexico (Michoacan); Venezuela (Aragua, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Tachira, Trujillo); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alata var. ferruginea (A.Gray) Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 37: 477 (1902)
= Carex albolutescens var. ferruginea (A.Gray) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 209 (1909)
= Carex foenea Muhl. ex Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 315 (1836)
= Carex foenea var. ferruginea A.Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 580 (1867)
= Carex straminea var. chlorostachys Boeckeler, Linnaea 39: 118 (1875)
= Carex straminea var. ferruginea (A.Gray) L.H.Bailey, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 20: 421 (1893)
= Carex straminea var. intermedia A.Gray, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., II, 10: 364 (1838)
species :
Carex albonigra Mack.; Rydb. Fl. Rocky Mts. 137 (1917)
Name: Blackandwhite sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
species :
Carex alboviridis C.B.Clarke; Jounr. L. Soc. 29: 62 (1891)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Carex albowii Leskov; Zhurn. Russk. Bot. Obshch. 16: 72 (1931)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Carex albula Allan; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. N. Z. 76: 589 (1947)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex comans var. stricta Cheeseman, (1892)
species :
Carex albursina E.Sheld.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. 20: (1893) 284
Name: White bear sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex lasiocarpa var. latifolia (Boott) Gilly, Iowa State Coll. J. Sci 21: 125 (1946)
= Carex laxiflora var. latifolia Boott, Ill. Carex, 38, plate 93 (1858) [not C. latifolia Schkuhr 1801]
species :
Carex allanii Hamlin; Trans. Roy. Soc. N. Z., Bot., 1: 272 (1962)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Carex alligata Boott; Illustr. Carex, 4: 129 (1867)
Distribution: Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alligata var. degeneri R.W.Krauss, Pacific Sci. 4: 287 (1950)
= Carex cristacea Nelmes
= Carex pluvia R.W.Krauss, Pacific Science, 4: 271 (1950)
= Carex pluvia var. koolauensis R.W.Krauss, Pacific Sci. 4: 271 (1950)
= Carex sandwicensis Boeckeler, Flora, 58: (1875) 265
species :
Carex alliiformis C.B.Clarke; Journ. L. Soc. 36: 270 (1930)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Vietnam; China (Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan)
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex purpurascens Kük., J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 22: 496 (1906)
species :
Carex allivescens V.I.Krecz.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 9: 190 (1946)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
Remarks: status doubtful, not listed in Fl. of China
species :
Carex alma L.H.Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 1: (1889) 50
Name: Sturdy sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Guerrero, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arizonensis C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull., Addit. Ser. 8: 68 (1908)
= Carex vitrea Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 454 (1903)
species :
Carex alopecoidea Tuck.; Enum. Meth. Caric. 18 (1843)
Name: Foxtail sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Manitoba, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alopecoidea f. sparsispicata Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, II, 8: 350 (1894)
species :
Carex alopecuroides D.Don; Trans. L. Soc. 14: (1825) 332; Prod. Fl. Nep. 43
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (incl. Sikkim, Darjeeling)
40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alopecuroides D.Don ex Tilloch & Taylor, Phil. Mag., 62: 455 (1823)
= Carex emodorum Spreng., Syst. 3: 818 (1826)
= Carex japonica var. alopecuroides (D.Don) C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 737 (1894)
species :
Carex alsia Raymond; K. Danske Vis. Selsk., Biol. Skrift., 14: No. 4 (Symb. Afghan. vI.) 23(1965)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral)
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex decaulescens ssp. alsia (Raymond) Kukkonen, Ann. Bot. Fenn., 21(4): 387 (1984)
species :
Carex alsophila F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 257 (1874)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Carex alta Boott; Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1845) 254; et in Trans. L. Soc. 20: (1846) 130
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; N-Vietnam; Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, etc.); Thailand; Myanmar; Pakistan (Dir, Swat)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND PAK 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alta var. gymnocarpa H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 10: 125 (1901)
= Carex alta var. latialata Kük.
= Carex brizopyrum Kunze, C. Schkuhr, Beschr. Riedgräs., Suppl.: 169 (1851)
= Carex imbricata Kük., H. F. von Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 1260 (1936)
= Carex monopleura V.I.Krecz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS, 7: 35 (1937)
= Carex remota ssp. alta (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 234 (1909)
= Carex remota var. brizopyrum (Kunze) Boeckeler, Linnaea 39: 126 (1875)
= Vignea alta (Boott) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea monopleura (V.I.Krecz.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 196 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex altaica (Gorodkov) V.I.Krecz.; V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 3: 227 (1935)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Tibet; Mongolia
30 SIB 36 TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bigelowii ssp. altaica (Gorodkov) Malyschev, Fl. Tsentral´noi Sibiri, 1: 199 (1979)
= Carex orbicularis ssp. altaica (Gorodkov) T.V.Egorova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 22: 54 (1985)
= Carex rigida ssp. altaica Gorodkov, Zhurn. Russk. Bot. Obshch. 15: 183 (1930)
species :
Carex amgunensis Friedrich Schmidt Petrop.; Mem. Acad. Sci. Petersb. ser. 7, 12 (2): 69 (1868)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Hebei); C-European Russia; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Amur); Mongolia; Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex amgunensis var. chloroleuca (Meinsh.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 447 (1909)
= Carex chinganensis Litv., Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 6: 135 (1908)
= Carex chloroleuca Meinsh., Act. Hort. Petrop. 18: 398 (1892) nomen
species :
Carex amicta Boott; Illustr. Carex, 4: 131 (1867)
Distribution: Colombia; Ecuador; Venezuela (Merida, Tachira)
82 CLM VEN 83 ECU
species :
Carex amphibola Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 234 (1855)
Name: Eastern narrowleaf sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex grisea var. amphibola (Steud.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 520 (1909)
= Carex grisea var. minor Olney, E. Hall, Pl. Tex.: 25 (1873)
= Carex laxiflora Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 2: 549 (1824)
variant :
var. godfreyi (Naczi) D.B.Ward; Phytologia 94(3): 468 (2012)
Name: Godfrey´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex godfreyi Naczi, Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 19: 200 (1993)
species :
Carex amplectens Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 43: 611 [1916] (1917)
Name: Claspbract sedge
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Carex amplifolia Boott; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 228 (1839)
Name: Bigleaf sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
species :
Carex anbouensis Katsuy.; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4a: 288 (2020), nom. nov.
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex morrowii var. laxa Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 5: 260 (1930)
species :
Carex andersonii Boott; Hook. fil. Fl. Antarct. 364 (1846)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex eleopsammodes Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 213 (1854)
species :
Carex andicola G.A.Wheeler; Hickenia, 2(41): 196 (1996)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex setifolia var. neuquensis Barros
= Carex andina Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 93: 485 (1896)
species :
Carex andringitrensis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 70: 410 (1923)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Carex angustata Boott; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 218 (1839)
Name: Widefruit sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acuta var. erecta Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 10: 265 (1825)
= Carex auriculata L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 19 (1889)
= Carex egregia Mack., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 42: 414 (1915)
= Carex eurycarpa Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 170: 303 (1905)
= Carex eurycarpa var. attenuata Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 254 (1929)
= Carex eurycarpa var. oxycarpa (Holm) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 339 (1909)
= Carex oxycarpa Holm, Amer. Journ. Sci. 170: 303 (1905)
= Carex stricta f. angustata (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 330 (1909)
= Carex stricta var. erecta (Dewey) C.F.Reed, Phytologia 67: 453 (1989)
species :
Carex angustispica Reznicek & S.Gonzalez; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 346 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Carex angustisquama Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 39
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Carex angustiutricula F.T.Wang & Tang ex L.K.Dai; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 182 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex anisostachys Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: (1851) 266
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Veracruz); Guatemala; Venezuela (Lara); Colombia (Magdalena)
79 MEX 80 GUA 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex androgyna L.H.Bailey, Proc. Am. Acad. 22: (1887) 101
= Carex anisostachys var. chlorocarpos (Liebm.) L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 66 (1889)
= Carex anisostachys var. monticola Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 580 (1909)
= Carex chlorocarpos Liebm., Mexic. Halvgr.: 265 (1850)
= Carex felipensis C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 84 (1908)
= Carex liebmannii Walp., Ann. 3: 705 (1852)
= Carex monticola Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1: 364 (1881)
= Carex oaxacana L.H.Bailey, Coult. Bot. Gaz. 25: 271 (1898)
= Carex olivacea Liebm., Mexic. Halvgr.: 267 (1850)
species :
Carex annectens (E.P.Bicknell) E.P.Bicknell; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 35: 492 (1908)
Name: Yellowfruit sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex annectens var. ambigua (Barratt ex Boott) Gleason
= Carex annectens var. xanthocarpa (Kük.) Wiegand, Rhodora 24: 74 (1922)
= Carex bicknellii E.G.Camus, Lecomte, Not. Syst. 1: 239 (1910) [not Britton 1896
= Carex biformis var. sterilis F.W.Schultz, Flora 24: 55 (1841)
= Carex brachyglossa Mack., Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 1. 355 (1923)
= Carex setacea var. ambigua (Barratt ex Boott) Fernald, Rhodora 8: 167 (1906)
= Carex vulpinoidea f. annectens (E.P.Bicknell) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 148 (1909)
= Carex vulpinoidea var. ambigua Barratt, N. Amer. Caric.: 62 (1840)
= Carex vulpinoidea var. xanthocarpa Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 148 (1909)
= Carex xanthocarpa E.P.Bicknell, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 21 (1896) [not Degland 1807]
= Carex xanthocarpa var. annectens E.P.Bicknell, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 23: 23 (1896)
species :
Carex anningensis F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 171 (1999)
Distribution: China (C-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex anomoea Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 1267 (1936)
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (Sikkim)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex inaequalis Boott ex C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 762 (1894) [nom. illeg.]
= Carex inaequabilis V.I.Krecz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 9: 192 (1946)
species :
Carex anthoxanthea J.Presl & C.Presl; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 203 (1828)
Name: Grassyslope arctic sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Washington State); Canada (British Columbia, Yukon); Russian Far East (Chukotka)
31 RFE 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex leiocarpa C.A.Mey., Mem. Sav. Étr. Acad. St. Petersbourg 1: 208 (1831)
= Carex anthoxanthea var. leiocarpa (C.A.Mey.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 97 (1909)
species :
Carex antoniensis A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appliq., 15: 1032 (1935)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl.)
21 CVI
species :
Carex aperta Boott; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 218 (1839)
Name: Columbian sedge
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); China (Heilongjiang); Russian Far East
31 RFE 36 CHI 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex accedens Holm, Amer. Journ. Sci. 166: (1903) 457
= Carex acutina var. petrophila Holm, Amer. J. Sci., IV, 16: 32 (1903)
= Carex acutina var. tenuior L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 53 (1889)
= Carex aperta var. umbrosa Kük.
= Carex aperta var. viridans Kük.
= Carex bovina Howell, Fl. N. W. Amer. 1: 702 (1903)
= Carex stylosa var. virens L.H.Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 79 (1886)
= Carex turgidula L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 25: 271 (1898)
species :
Carex aphanolepis Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 580 (1877)
Distribution: Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea; China (Anhui, Jiangsu)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex japonica var. aphanolepis (Franch. & Sav.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 620 (1909)
= Carex japonica var. humilis Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., III, 10: 77 (1898)
= Carex vernicosa Franch. ex C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 85 (1908)
species :
Carex aphylla Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 421
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Coquimbo, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ebracteata Phil., Linnaea, 33: 1864 (1865) 271
= Schoenus marginatus Kunze ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 421 (1837)
species :
Carex aphyllopus Kük.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 53 (1904)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ×paludicola (Ohwi) Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 11: No. 5 (Cyperac. Jap. 1) 512 (1936)
= Carex aphyllopus var. paludicola Ohwi
species :
Carex apiahyensis Palla; Denkschr. Akad. Wien, Math.-Nat. 79: 199 (1908)
Distribution: +Brazil
84 BRA
Remarks: status uncertain, not mentioned in Checklist of Brazil
species :
Carex apoiensis Akiyama; Caric. Far East. Reg. As.: 117 (1955)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Carex appalachica J.M.Webber & P.W.Ball; Taxon, 28(5-6): 614 (1979)
Name: Appalachian sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Georgia, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
species :
Carex appendiculata (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) Kük.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 54 (1904)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol); Siberia (C-Siberia); Mongolia; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka, Amur, Ussuri)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acuta var. appendiculata Trautv., Trautv. & C. A. Mey., Fl. Ochot. 100 (1856)
= Carex gaudichaudiana ssp. appendiculata (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, 128(4): 504 [1975] (1976)
= Carex gaudichaudiana var. appendiculata (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) T.Koyama
= Carex koidzumiana Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, 6: 263 (1931)
= Carex spongiifolia A.E.Kozhevn., Bot. Zhurn., 72(12): 1660 (1987)
= Carex tato Y.L.Chang
= Carex thunbergii var. appendiculata (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) Ohwi, J. Jap. Bot. 11: 409 (1935)
= Carex vulpicaudata Akiyama, Journ. Fac. Sc., Sapporo, Ser. V. Bot., 1: 63 (1931)
variant :
var. sacculiformis Y.L.Chang & Y.L.Yang; Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 11: 206 (1976)
Distribution: China (Jilin, Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Carex applanata Thorsen & de Lange; New Zealand J. Bot. 54(3): 336 (2016)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Carex appressa R.Br.; Prod. 242 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Guinea; New Zealand; Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.; Antipodes Isl.; New Caledonia; Chatham Isl.
42 NWG 50 AUS 51 ATP AUC CTM NZL 60 NWC 91 CMP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex appressa f. minor Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 179 (1909)
= Carex appressa var. diaphana (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 179 (1909)
= Carex chlorantha var. composita F.Muell., G. Bentham, Fl. Austral. 7: 440 (1878)
= Carex collata Boott, Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 3: (1844) 417
= Carex diaphana Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 156 (1867)
= Carex paniculata Benth., 1878 non L.
= Carex paniculata var. appressa (R.Br.) Cheeseman, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 427 (1884)
= Carex paniculata var. subdiaphana F.Muell., G. Bentham, Fl. Austral. 7: 440 (1878)
= Carex virgata var. abbreviata Boeckeler, Linnaea 39: 99 (1875)
species :
Carex appropinquata Schumach.; Enum. Pl. Saell. 1: 266 (1801)
Name: Gedrängtährige Segge, Wunder-Segge, Schwarzschopf-Segge
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex paniculata var. paradoxa (Rchb.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 185 (1923)
= Carex paniculata Wahlenb., Vet. Akad. Nya Handl. Stockh. (1803) 143
= Carex paradoxa f. brachystachya Schatz, Verh. Gesch. der Baar 8: 14 (1893)
= Carex paradoxa f. sparsiflora Lange, Haandb. Danske Fl., ed. 4: 122 (1886)
= Carex paradoxa var. gracilis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 45 (1902)
= Carex paradoxa Willd., Sitz.-Ber. Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 39 (1794) [non J. F. Gmel. (1791)]
= Caricina approximata St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fleurs, ed. 8. 2: (1889) 879
= Caricina paradoxa (Rchb.) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 876 (1889)
= Vignea appropinquata (Schum.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea paradoxa Rchb., Moessl. Handb. ed. II. 3: 1621 (1830)
species :
Carex aquatilis Wahlenb.; Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. nov. ser., 24: 165 (1803)
Name: Wasser-Segge, Water sedge
Distribution: England; Finland; Germany; Ireland; Netherlands; Norway; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; +Lithuania; Belarus; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); South Georgia Isl. [I]; Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 GER NET 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS 30 SIB 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 91 sge
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acutinella Mack., N. Am. Fl. 18: 407 (1935)
= Carex aquatilis f. cuspidata Laest. ex Andersson, Cyper. Scand.: 46 (1849)
= Carex aquatilis f. epigaea Kurtz, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 478 (1894)
= Carex aquatilis f. laxa Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 311 (1909)
= Carex aquatilis f. sciaphila (Holm) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 311 (1909)
= Carex aquatilis f. virescens Andersson, Cyper. Scand.: 46 (1849)
= Carex aquatilis ssp. altior (Rydb.) Hultén
= Carex aquatilis var. altior (Rydb.) Fernald
= Carex aquatilis var. elatior Bab., Man. Brit. Bot.: 341 (1843)
= Carex aquatilis var. genuina Syme, J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3: 113 (1870), nom. inval.
= Carex aquatilis var. planifolia F.Nyl., Spic. Fl. Fenn. 2: 23 (1844)
= Carex aquatilis var. sphagnophila Fr., Summa Veg. Scand.: 72 (1845)
= Carex aquatilis var. substricta Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr. 38[IV,20]: 309 (1909)
= Carex aquatilis var. watsonii Syme, J. E. Sm., Engl. Bot., ed. 3: 113 (1870)
= Carex borealis Lang, Flora, 26: (1843) 142
= Carex chionophila Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 457 (1903)
= Carex interimus Maguire, Brittonia 5: 200 (1944)
= Carex limnocharis Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 457 (1903)
= Carex nardifolia Wahlenb., Vet. Akad. Nya Handl. Stockh. (1803) 165
= Carex rhomboidea Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 35 (1903)
= Carex sphacelata Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 457 (1903)
= Carex substricta (Kük.) Mack., Rydb. Fl. Rocky Mts. 139 (1917)
= Carex suksdorfii Kük., Fedde Repert. 16: 434 (1920)
= Carex variabilis L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 18 (1889)
= Carex variabilis var. sciaphila Holm, Amer. J. Sci., IV, 16: 22 (1903)
= Neskiza aquatilis (Wahlenb.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Vignea aquatilis (Wahlenb.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1624 (1830)
variant :
var. dives (Holm) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 28[IV,20]: 311 (1909)
Name: Sitka sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aquatilis f. angustata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 309 (1909)
= Carex aquatilis var. pachystoma (Holm) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 311 (1909)
= Carex aquatilis var. sitchensis (Prescott ex Bong.) Kelso
= Carex dives Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 167: 312, figs. 8, 9 (1904)
= Carex howellii L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 45 (1889)
= Carex pachystoma Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 170: 302 (1905)
= Carex panda C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull., Addit. Ser. 8: 71 (1908)
= Carex sitchensis Prescott ex Bong., Veg. Sitcha, 51 (1833)
= Carex wilkesii Olney, U. S. Expl. Exped., Phan. 2: 477 (1854)
variant :
var. minor Boott; Ill. Carex. 163 (1867)
Name: Water sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Yukon); Greenland; Finland; N-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, E-Siberia); Russian Far East (Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Magadan)
10 FIN 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aquatilis ssp. stans (Drejer) Hultén, Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. ser. 4, 8e: 74 (1962)
= Carex aquatilis var. stans (Drejer) Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 163 (1867)
= Carex concolor R.Br., Chlor. Melvill.: 283 (1823)
= Carex concolor var. minuscula Kuvaev, Kuvaev et al., Rast. pokrov ostrova Sibiryakova: 52 (1994)
= Carex minuscula (Kuvaev) Rebrist., Bot. Zhurn., 82(7): 33 (1997)
= Carex rigida var. concolor (R.Br.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 301 (1909)
= Carex stans Drejer, Revis. Caric. 40 (1841)
= Carex uzoni Kom., Fedde. Repert. 13: 165 (1914)
= Carex washingtonia Eaton, Man. Bot.: 156 (1829)
= Diemisa concolor (R.Br.) Raf., Good Book: 27 (1840)
species :
Carex aquilonalis Akiyama; J. Jap. Bot. 13: 651 (1937)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Carex arapahoensis Clokey; Rhodora, 21: 83 (1919)
Name: Arapaho sedge
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Carex arcatica Meinsh.; Act. Hort. petrop. 18: 336 (1901)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai); Tibet; Siberia; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
30 SIB 32 TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arcatica var. pedunculata Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 337 (1900)
species :
Carex archeri Boott; Hook. fil. Fl. Tasm. 2: 98. t. 150 (1858)
Distribution: Australia (Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Carex arcta Boott; Illustr. Carex, 4: 155 (1867)
Name: Northern cluster sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (California, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arcta var. oregana (Bailey) B.Boivin, Phytologia, 43(1): 49 (1979)
= Carex canescens var. oregana L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 75 (1889)
= Carex canescens var. polystachya Boott
= Carex canescens var. polystachya Boott, J. Richardson, Arct. Search. Exped. 2: 344 (1851)
= Carex heleonastes var. scabriuscula Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 215 (1909)
= Carex kunzei Olney ex A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 8: 406 (1872)
species :
Carex arctata Boott; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 227 (1839)
Name: Drooping woodland sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arctata var. faxonii L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 13: 87 (1888)
= Carex sylvatica Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. I. 10: (1826) 40
species :
Carex arctiformis Mack.; Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 18: 97 (1931)
Name: Polar sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Washington State); Canada (British Columbia)
70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arctiformis var. disjuncta Fernald
= Carex canescens ssp. arctiformis (Mack.) Calder & R.L.Taylor, Canad. J. Bot. 43: 1389 (1963)
= Carex heleonastes var. robustior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 215 (1909)
species :
Carex arenaria L.; Sp. Pl. 973 (1753)
Name: Sand-Segge, Sand sedge
Distribution: Belgium; England; Channel Isl.; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Netherlands; Spain; Croatia; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; Sweden; USA [I] (Delaware [I], Maryland [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], Virginia [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 BGM GER NET POL 12 CIS FRA POR SPA 13 CRO 14 EST LAT LIT RUS 73 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arenaria f. pallida Lackow., Fl. Berl., ed. 12: 21 (1901)
= Carex arenaria f. pumila Lackow., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 171 (1901)
= Carex arenaria f. remota T.Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 523 (1869)
= Carex arenaria var. prostrata De Langhe, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg., 104(1): 15 (1971)
= Carex arenaria var. pseudoarenaria T.Marsson, Fl. Neu-Vorpommern: 523 (1869)
= Carex arenaria var. spiralis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 30 (1902)
= Carex arenaria var. tenuis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 30 (1902)
= Carex intermedia d´Urv., Mem. Soc. L. Par. 1: (1822) 378
= Carex sabuletorum M.Bieb. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 178 (1867)
= Carex schreberi Desv., Fl. Anjou: 73 (1827)
= Carex spadicea Gilib., Exercit. 2: 546 (1792)
= Carex witheringii Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 48 (1821)
= Vignea arenaria (L.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1618 (1830)
= Vignea ohmuelleriana (O.Lang) Pritz., Icon. Bot. Index: t. 1161 (1855)
species :
Carex argentina Barros; Darwiniana, 8: 409 (1948)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz)
85 ARG
species :
Carex argunensis Turcz. ex Trautv.; Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 267 (1853)
subspecies :
subsp. argunensis
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang); Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex rupestris ssp. argunensis (Turcz. ex Trevir.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 156 (1985)
= Carex rupestris Turcz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 267 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. alticola (Popl. ex Sukaczev) Malyschev; Fl. Sibir. (Cyperac.), 3: 64 (1990)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East
30 SIB 31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alticola Popl., Sukaczev Arbeit. Amur-Exped., Bot., 1: 277 (1912)
= Carex rupestris ssp. alticola (Popl. ex Sukaczev) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 156 (1985)
species :
Carex argyi Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Agri. Sci. Arts Sarthe., 78 (1905)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hubei, Jiangsu)
36 CHI
species :
Carex argyrantha Tuck. ex Dewey; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2. 29: 346 (1860)
Name: Hay sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex foenea var. perplexa L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 27 (1889)
species :
Carex aridula V.I.Krecz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 9: 191 (1946)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Carex arimaensis (Ohwi) T.Hoshino; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4a: 298 (2020)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex sachalinensis var. arimaensis (Ohwi) Ohwi
= Carex alterniflora var. arimaensis Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 6: 259 (1931)
species :
Carex arisanensis Hayata; Journ. Coll. Sc. Tokyo, 30: Art. 1, 378 (1911)
subspecies :
subsp. arisanensis
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangxi, Hunan); Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex filipes ssp. arisanensis (Hayata) Koyama, (1954)
subspecies :
subsp. ruianensis H.Wang, C.Song & X.F.Jin; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45(2): 156 (2008)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex aristatisquamata Tang & F.T.Wang ex L.K.Dai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(2): 179, f. 4, 1-5 (1994)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex aristulifera P.C.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(2): 141-142, f. 6 (1990)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex arizonica Licher, G.Rink & Reznicek; Rhodora 120(981): 52 (2018)
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Carex arkansana (Bailey) Bailey; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 21: 6 (1896)
Name: Arkansas sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex rosea var. arkansana L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 13: 87 (1888)
species :
Carex arnellii Christ; Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. nov. ser., 22 (10): 177 (1888)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Jilin, Heilongjiang); North Korea; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia; Kazakhstan
14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex subconcolor Kitag., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 48: 20 (1934)
= Carex maximowiczii Boeckeler, Linnaea 41: 237 (1877)
= Carex turczaninowiana Meinsh. ex Korsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 411 (1892)
species :
Carex arnottiana Nees ex Drejer; Symb. Caric. 16, t. 5 (1844)
Distribution: Sri Lanka
40 SRL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex socia Boott, Proc. L. Soc. I. (1845) 254
species :
Carex arsenii Kük.; Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 326 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan)
79 MEX
species :
Carex ascocentra C.B.Clarke ex Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par. Ser. III. 9: 182 (1897)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Sichuan); Japan (Honshu, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; South Korea; Philippines (Luzon)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex davidii var. ascocentra (C.B.Clarke ex Franch.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 479 (1909)
= Carex formosensis Lév. & Vaniot, Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Math. Cherbourg, 35: (1905) 216
= Carex formosensis var. kabashimensis Ohwi
= Carex ichangensis C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 36: 290 (1903)
= Carex kelungensis Hayata, Icon. Pl. Formosan. 10: 63 (1921)
= Carex ligata ssp. formosensis (Lév. & Vaniot) T.Koyama, Fl. Taiwan, 5: 333 (1978)
= Carex ligata var. formosensis (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 474 (1909)
= Carex shimotsukensis Honda, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 44: 667 (1930)
species :
Carex aspericaulis (G.A.Wheeler) J.R.Starr; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015)
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia aspericaulis G.A.Wheeler, Darwiniana 45(1): 131 (2007)
species :
Carex asperifructus Kük.; Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 5: 111 (1930)
Distribution: China (Shanxi, Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Carex asraoi D.M.Verma; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 7(3): 606 [1985] (1986)
Distribution: NE-India (Assam)
40 IND
species :
Carex assiniboinensis Boott; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 9: (1884) 91
Name: Assiniboia sedge
Distribution: USA (Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
species :
Carex astricta K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia caespitosa Colenso ex Boott, Hook. fil. Fl. N. Zel. 1: 287 (1853)
= Uncinia caespitosa var. collina Petrie, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 52: 19 (1920)
= Uncinia compacta var. caespitiformis Kük., L. Cockayne, Rep. Bot. Surv. Stewart Isl.: 42 (1909)
species :
Carex asturica Boiss.; Boiss. & Reut., Pugillus 117 (1852)
Distribution: NW-Spain; N-Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gayana Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 290 (1840)
= Carex gallaecica H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 12: 96 (1903)
= Carex leiocarpa Gay apud Lacaita, Journ. Bot., 67: 1 10, descr. (1929)
= Carex leiocarpa J.Gay, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 6: (1836) 351
species :
Carex asynchrona Naczi; Sida, 13(4): 487 (1989)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Carex aterrima Hoppe; Denkschr. Bot. Ges. Regensb. (1815) I. 3. f. o, p, q.
subspecies :
subsp. aterrima
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; France; Bulgaria; Italy; Romania; Slovenia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altay, W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Mongolia; Tibet; Turkey
11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SWI 12 FRA 13 BUL ITA ROM SLV 14 UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM NCS 34 TUR 36 TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrata ssp. aterrima (Hoppe) Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhm. 67 (1867)
= Carex atrata ssp. aterrima (Hoppe) L.K.Dai & S.Yun Liang, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 12: 114 (2000) [isonym]
= Carex atrata ssp. perfusca (V.I.Krecz.) T.Koyama
= Carex atrata var. aterrima (Hoppe) Hartm., Sv. Norsk Exc.-Fl.: 131 (1846)
= Carex caucasica ssp. perfusca (V.I.Krecz.) T.Koyama
= Carex nigra Schkuhr, Riedgr. 2: 38 (1806)
= Carex perfusca V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 256, 600 (1935)
subspecies :
subsp. medwedewii (Leskov) T.V.Egorova; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 22: 54 (1985)
Distribution: Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Adzharia, Javakheti); Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Iraq (NW-Iraq)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aequivoca V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 257, 600 (1935)
= Carex medwedewii Leskov, Journ. Russ. Bot. Soc. 16: No. 1, 70 (1931)
species :
Carex atherodes Sprengel; Syst. Veg. 3: 828 (1826)
Name: Wheat sedge, Grannen-Segge
Distribution: Finland; Germany; Poland; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); NE-India (Assam); Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
10 FIN 11 GER POL 14 BLR EST LAT RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM GEO 34 TUR 37 MON 40 IND 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex amurensis var. mandschurica Kük., Bot. Centralbl. 77: 95 (1899)
= Carex aristata R.Br., Richards. in Frankl. Narr. 1st Journ. 751, 1823 non Honck. (1792)
= Carex aristata var. cujavica Asch. & Sprib.
= Carex aristata var. glabra Uechtr., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 8: 103 (1866)
= Carex aristata var. hirtiformis H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 11: 68 (1902)
= Carex aristata var. imberbis A.Gray, Manual, ed. 5: 597 (1867)
= Carex aristata var. kirschsteiniana Asch., Graebn. & Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 1899(11): 183 (1899)
= Carex aristata var. kirschsteinii Asch. & Graebn., Vossische Z.: 485 (15 Oct. 1899)
= Carex aristata var. lanceisquama Hand.-Mazz.
= Carex aristata var. longilanceolata Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 18: 102 (1854)
= Carex aristata var. maxima (Kük.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 754 (1909)
= Carex aristata var. subaristata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 755 (1909)
= Carex aristata var. vix-vaginans Kük.
= Carex atherodes f. imberbis (A.Gray) B.Boivin, Phytologia, 43(1): 99 (1979)
= Carex atherodes var. cujavica (Asch. & Sprib. ex Asch.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert., 93(1-2): 16 (1982)
= Carex atherodes var. glabra (Uechtr.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert., 93(1-2): 16 (1982)
= Carex atherodes var. kirschsteinii (Asch. & Graebn.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert., 93(1-2): 16 (1982)
= Carex atherodes var. maxima (Kük.) A.E.Kozhevn., Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 3: 342 (1988)
= Carex atherodes var. siegertiana (Uechtr.) Rauschert, Feddes Repert., 93(1-2): 16 (1982)
= Carex atherodes var. vix-vaginans (Kük.) A.E.Kozhevn., Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 3: 342 (1988)
= Carex frankii Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 290 (1840)
= Carex fuscifructus C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: (1894) 742
= Carex glaberrima Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 369 (1900)
= Carex lanceisquama (Hand.-Mazz.) V.I.Krecz., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S. S. S. R. 9: 187 (1946)
= Carex pergrandis V.I.Krecz. & Luczn., Trud. Dal. Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Bot., 2: 894, 895 (1937)
= Carex siegertiana Uechtr. ex Garcke, Fl. Deutschl. ed. VIII. 435 (1867)
= Carex siegertiana var. glabra Uechtr. ex Garcke, Fl. N. Mitt.-Deutschland, ed. 8: 435 (1867)
= Carex trichocarpa var. aristata L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 10: 294 (1885)
= Carex trichocarpa var. deweyi L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 10: 293 (1885)
= Carex trichocarpa var. maxima Kük., Bot. Centralbl. 77: 93 (1899)
= Carex trichocarpa var. turbinata Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 11: 159 (1899)
species :
Carex athrostachya Olney; Proc. Am. Acad. 8: (1868) 393
Name: Slenderbeak sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Veracruz)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Carex atlantica Bailey; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 20: (1893) 425
subspecies :
subsp. atlantica
Name: Prickly bog sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atlantica var. incomperta (E.P.Bicknell) F.J.Herm., Rhodora 67: 362 (1965)
= Carex echinata var. conferta (Chapm.) L.H.Bailey, Carex Cat.: 2 (1884)
= Carex incomperta E.P.Bicknell, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 35: 494 (1908)
= Carex stellulata var. conferta Chapm., Fl. South. U. S., 534 (1860) [not C. conferta Hochst. ex A. Rich. 1850]
subspecies :
subsp. capillacea (L.H.Bailey) Reznicek; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 14: 191 (1980)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atlantica var. capillacea (L.H.Bailey) Cronquist, H. A. Gleason & Cronquist, Man. Vasc. Pl. Northeast. U. S. & Adjacent Canada, ed. 2: 863 (1991)
= Carex delicatula E.P.Bicknell, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 35: 495 (1908)
= Carex howei Mack., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 37: 245 (1910)
= Carex howei var. capillacea (L.H.Bailey) Fernald
= Carex interior var. capillacea L.H.Bailey, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 20: 426 (1893)
= Carex mohriana Mack., N. Am. Fl. 18: 106 (1931)
= Carex stellulata f. capillacea (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 231 (1909)
species :
Carex atlasica (H.Lindb.) Ibn Tattou; Bocconea, 8: 198 (1998)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex leporina ssp. atlasica H.Lindb., Itin. Mediterr. (Act. Soc. Sc. Fenn. n. s. B, 1: No. 2) 29 (1932)
= Carex ovalis var. atlasica (H.Lindb.) Borat. & Romo, Candollea 62(1): 74 (2007)
species :
Carex atractodes F.J.Herm.; Journ. Wash. Acad. Sci. 40: 283 (1950)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Carex atrata L.; Sp. Pl. 976 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. atrata
Name: Trauer-Segge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; N-Spain (mountains); Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Greenland; Myanmar (Kachin); Bhutan; N-India (Chumbi, Sikkim); China (Jilin); Japan (Honshu); North Korea; Russian Far East; Northern Caucasus; Armenia
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 33 ARM NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR 36 CHI 38 JAP NKO 40 BHU IND 41 MYA 70 GNL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aethostachya Schkuhr, Riedgr. 2: 53 (1806)
= Carex apodostachya Ohwi, Jap. Journ. Bot. 7: 188 (1934)
= Carex aterrima Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. II. 874 (1837) non Hoppe
= Carex aterrima var. wolfii Kneuck., Bull. Murith. Soc. Valais. Sci. Nat. 19-20: 80 (1890)
= Carex atrata f. castanea K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 157 (1890)
= Carex atrata f. decolorans Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 698 (1901)
= Carex atrata f. gelida Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 708 (1866)
= Carex atrata f. wolfii (Kneuck.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 399 (1909)
= Carex atrata ssp. apodostachya (Ohwi) T.Koyama
= Carex atrata var. bicolor Celak., Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 67 (1867)
= Carex atrata var. brunnescens Andersson, Cyper. Scand.: 37 (1849)
= Carex atrata var. dubia Gaudin, Etrennes Fl.: 178 (1804)
= Carex atrata var. japonoalpina T.Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 30: 313 (1955)
= Carex atrata var. laxa Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Österr.: 107 (1857)
= Carex atrata var. longistolonifera Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 400 (1909)
= Carex atrata var. ovata Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 114 (1862)
= Carex atrata var. pseudocilicica Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 400 (1909)
= Carex atrata var. rectiuscula Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl.: 41 (1820)
= Carex atrata var. spadicea Beurl., Bot. Not. 1853: 36 (1853)
= Carex atrata var. spiculosior Norman, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1893: 50 (1893)
= Carex atrata var. varia Gaudin, Etrennes Fl.: 178 (1804)
= Carex atrofusca Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 4: (1813) 67
= Carex atropurpurea Fisch. ex Trevir., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 36: (1863) I. 538
= Carex baranovii Y.L.Chou & Liou, Claves Pl. Chin. Bor.-Or. 524 (1959)
= Carex bigelowii ssp. paishanensis (Nakai) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 153 (1985)
= Carex castanea Miel., Flora 32: 665 (1849)
= Carex cylindrica Miel. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 484 (1837)
= Carex distachya Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 220 (1805)
= Carex dubia Gaudin, Etrennes Fl. 178 (1804)
= Carex japonalpina (T.Koyama) T.Koyama, Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 16: 154 (1956)
= Carex paishanensis Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 28: 301 (1914)
= Carex perfusca var. japonoalpina (T.Koyama) Kitag., Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 134 (1979)
= Carex pseudoatrata Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 346 (1900)
= Carex pseudocilicica Hausskn., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 15: 6 (1900), nom. inval.
= Carex sudetica Opiz, Natural. 11: (1826) 413
= Carex tauricola Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 415 (1882)
= Loxanisa atrata (L.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Osculisa sudetica (Opiz) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840) (sudeta)
= Trasus atratus (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 56 (1821)
subspecies :
subsp. longistolonifera (Kük.) S.Yun Liang, L.K.Dai & S.Yun Liang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 12: 114 (2000)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
subspecies :
subsp. caucasica (Steven) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 400 (1909)
Distribution: E-European Russia (Urals); Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Tibet; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran); Afghanistan (Parwan)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrata var. caucasica (Steven) Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 114 (1862)
= Carex caucasica Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 4: (1813) 68
= Carex karacolica Polozhij, Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., Nos. 79-80. 11 (1956)
= Carex urbis-malorum Popov, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc., n. s. 44: 131 (1935)
subspecies :
subsp. pullata (Boott) Kük.; Engl., Pfl.-reich IV-20, Ht. 38: 400 (1909)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi, Jammu & Kashmir, etc.)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrata var. glacialis Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 114 (1862)
= Carex atrata var. pullata Boott, Illustr. Carex 3: 114, t. 364 (1862)
= Carex atrata var. sinensis Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 400 (1909)
= Carex duthiei C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 731 (1894)
species :
Carex atratiformis Britton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. 22: 222 (1895)
Name: Scrabrous black sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland
70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrata ssp. atratiformis (Britton) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 399 (1909)
= Carex ovata Rudge, Trans. L. Soc. London 7: 96, plate 9, fig. 1 (1804) [not Burm. fil. 1768]
species :
Carex atrivaginata Nelmes; Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, Ser. B. Bot., 4: 106 (1955)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Carex atrofusca Schkuhr; Beschr. Abbild. Riedgr. 106 (1801)
subspecies :
subsp. atrofusca
Name: Schwarzrote Segge, Darkbrown sedge
Distribution: Scotland; Austria; England; Slovakia; Finland; France; Switzerland; Italy; Norway; Romania; N-European Russia; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin); Mongolia; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Alaska; Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); Greenland
10 FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA ROM 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KGZ TZK UZB 37 MON 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrofusca f. flavescens Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 554 (1909)
= Carex maculata Turcz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 295 (1852)
= Carex sisukensis Akiyama, Caric. Far East. Reg. As. 125 (1955)
= Carex stilbophaea V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 283, 605. (1935)
= Carex taskanensis A.P.Khokhr., Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 88(5): 95 (1983)
= Carex ustulata var. pallida Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 357 (1900)
= Carex ustulata Wahlenb., Vet. Akad. Nya Handl. Stockh. (1803) 156
= Proteocarpus atrofuscus (Schkuhr) Fedde & J.Schust., Justs Bot. Jahresb., 41: II. 11 [1913](1918)
= Trasus ustulatus (Wahlenb.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 66 (1821)
subspecies :
subsp. minor (Boott) T.Koyama; Ohashi, Fl. East. Himal. 3: 122 (1975)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Pakistan (Karakorum); N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi, Jammu & Kashmir)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex angustifructus (Kük.) V.I.Krecz., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 9: 188 (1946), cum descr. ampl.
= Carex angustifructus (Kük.) Nelmes, Kew Bull., 271, cum descr. ampl. (1939)
= Carex atrofusca var. angustifructum (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pfl.-reich IV-20, Ht. 38: 554 (1909)
= Carex atrofusca var. minor (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pfl.-reich IV-20, Ht. 38: 554 (1909)
= Carex oxyleuca V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 284, 605.(1935)
= Carex ustulata var. minor Boott, Illustr. Carex 1: 71, t. 194, f. 1 (1858)
species :
Carex atrofuscoides K.T.Fu; Fl. Tsinlingensis, 1(1): 446 (1976)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Shaanxi, W-Sichuan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Carex atropicta Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 204 (1854)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Cordoba, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atropicta var. platycarpa Phil. ex Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 520 (1899)
= Carex fuegina Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 491 (1896)
= Carex lechleri Phil., Linnaea, 29: 1857 (1858) 83
= Carex pampae Kalela, Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 54: No. 5, 67 (1940)
= Carex peraltae Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 490 (1896)
= Limivasculum atropictum (Steud.) Fedde & J.Schust., Just´s Bot. Jahresb., 41: II. 11 [1913](1918)
species :
Carex atrosquama Mack.; Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 25: 51 (1912)
Name: Lesser blackscale sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Northern Territories, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex apoda Clokey, Amer. J. Sci., V, 3: 88 (1922)
= Carex atrata ssp. atrosquama (Mack.) Hultén, Acta Univ. Lund., n. s., 38: 354 (1942)
= Carex atrata var. atrosquama (Mack.) Cronquist, Vasc. Pl. Pacific Northw. 1: 243 (1969)
= Carex viridior Mack., L. Abrams, Ill. Fl. Pacific States 1: 331 (1923)
species :
Carex atroviridis Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, 6: 241 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex yakushimensis Masam., Journ. Soc. Trop. Agric., Taiwan, 4: 77 (1932)
species :
Carex auceps (de Lange & Heenan) K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015)
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia auceps de Lange & Heenan, Phytotaxa 104(1): 16 (2013)
= Carex auceps (de Lange & Heenan) K.A.Ford & Heenan, Phytotaxa 236(1): 100 (2015), isonym
species :
Carex aucklandica (Hamlin) K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015)
Distribution: Auckland Isl.; Campbell Isl.; New Zealand (South Isl., Stewart Isl.)
51 AUC NZL 91 CMP
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia aucklandica Hamlin, Domin. Mus. Bull., N. Zeal., No. 19 (Rev. Gen. Uncin. N. Zeal.) 63 (1959)
species :
Carex augustini Tuyama; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 52: 463 (1938)
Distribution: Volcano Isl. (Minami-Iwojima)
38 KZN
species :
Carex augustinowiczii Meinsh.; Act Hort. Petrop. 12: (1892) 411
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin); North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex augustinowiczii var. macrogyna Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 6: 261 (1931)
= Carex augustinowiczii ssp. soyaeensis (Kük.) T.V.Egorova, Bot. Zhurn., 75(6): 863 (1990)
= Carex bidentula Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 41
= Carex curtiglumis C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull., Addit. Ser. 8: 77 (1908)
= Carex eleusinoides var. flaccidior F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot.: 196 (1868)
= Carex flaccidior (F.Schmidt) Miyabe & Kudô, Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 7: 28 (1918)
= Carex infirma C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 78 (1908)
= Carex soyaeensis Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 53 (1904)
variant :
var. sharensis (Franch.) Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 11: 313 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex sharensis Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 90
species :
Carex aurea Nutt.; Gen. Am. 2: 205 (1818)
Name: Golden sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex mutica R.Br., Richards. in Frankl. Narr. 1st Journ. 751 (1823)
= Carex pyriformis F.W.Schultz, Pollichia, 15: (1855) 122
= Neskiza aurea (Nutt.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
species :
Carex aureolensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 223 (1855)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León); Argentina (Misiones); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrovirens Boeckeler, Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 52
= Carex involucrata Boeckeler, Flora 38: 594 (1855)
species :
Carex austrina (Small) Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 34: 151 (1907)
Name: Southern sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex communis var. wheeleri L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 41 (1889)
= Carex muehlenbergii var. australis Olney, E. Hall, Pl. Tex.: 25 (1873)
= Carex muehlenbergii var. australis Olney ex L.H.Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 141 (1886)
= Carex muehlenbergii var. austrina (Mack.) Small, Fl. S. E. U. S.: 218 (1903)
= Carex pedicellata (Dewey) Britton, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 87 (1894)
= Carex pedicellata var. wheeleri (L.H.Bailey) Britton, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 88 (1894)
= Carex varia var. pedicellata Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 11: 163 (1826)
species :
Carex austroalpina Bech.; Candollea 8: 12 (1939)
Distribution: Austria; Switzerland; N-Italy; S-France; NE-Spain (C-Pyrenees)
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ferruginea ssp. austroalpina (Bech.) W.Dietr., Feddes Repert. 75: 18 (1967)
= Carex ferruginea ssp. tenax (Christ) K.Richt., Pl. Eur.: s. p. (1890)
= Carex ferruginea var. tenax (Christ) Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 24(2): 14 (1885)
= Carex sempervirens var. tenax Christ, Pflanzenleben Schweiz: 50 (1879)
= Carex tenax Reut., Compt.-Rend. Trav. Soc. Haller 1854-1856: 130 (1855)
species :
Carex austroamericana G.A.Wheeler; Brittonia, 38(4): 319 (1986)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Santa Cruz); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Carex austrocaroliniana L.H.Bailey; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 20: (1893) 428
Name: Tarheel sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex caroliniana Buckley, Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. I. 45: (1843) 178 [non Schwein.]
species :
Carex austrocompacta K.L.Wilson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Campbell Isl.; Macquarie Isl.; Ile Amsterdam; Iles Crozet; Iles Kerguélen; Tristan da Cunha; Gough Isl.; Marion Isl.; Prince Edward Isl.; New Zealand; Chatham Isl.
50 AUS 51 CTM NZL 91 ASP CMP CRZ KEG MAQ MPE TDC
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex compacta (R.Br.) Poir., Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 282 (1813)
= Uncinia caespitosa var. viridis (C.B.Clarke) Hamlin, (1959)
= Uncinia compacta R.Br., Prod. 241 (1810)
= Uncinia compacta var. viridis C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 395 (1883)
= Uncinia filiformis Boott ex C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 392 (1883)
= Uncinia hookeri Colenso ex C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 20: (1883) 395 [non Boott]
= Uncinia moseleyana Boeckeler, Flora, 61: (1878) 170
= Uncinia rupestris Raoul, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. III. 2: (1844) 117
= Uncinia viridis (C.B.Clarke) Edgar, Moore & Edgar, Fl. N. Zeal. 2: 229 (1970)
species :
Carex austrodeflexa P.D.McMillan, Sorrie & van Eerden; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5(1): 45 (2011)
Distribution: USA (North Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Carex austroflaccida K.L.Wilson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia flaccida S.T.Blake, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland, 51: 49 [1939] (1940)
species :
Carex austrojacutensis Schekhovts.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 95 (7): 978 (2012)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Yakutia)
31 RFE
species :
Carex austrolucorum (Rettig) D.B.Poind. & Naczi; Brittonia 66(4): 364 (2014)
Name: Southern Blue Ridge sedge
Distribution: USA (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex lucorum var. austrolucorum Rettig, Sida, 13(4): 449 (1989)
= Carex lucorum ssp. austrolucorum (Rettig) A.Haines, Stantec Bot. Notes 13:02 (2010)
species :
Carex austromexicana Reznicek; Syst. Bot., 7(3): 340 (1982)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Carex austrooccidentalis F.T.Wang & Tang ex Y.C.Tang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 12: 527 (2000)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex austrosinensis Tang & F.T.Wang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33(5): 488-489, f. 1, 12-17 (1995)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
species :
Carex austrosulcata K.L.Wilson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia sulcata K.L.Wilson, Telopea, 5(4): 620 (1994)
species :
Carex austrotenella K.L.Wilson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia tenella R.Br., Prod. 241 (1810)
= Carex tenella Poir., Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 282 (1813)
species :
Carex austroussuriensis A.E.Kozhevn.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 92(6): 135 (1987)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye)
31 RFE
species :
Carex austrozhejiangensis C.Z.Zheng & X.F.Jin; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42(6): 546 (2004)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex autumnalis Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B. 5: No. 3, 251 (1930)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku); Ryukyu Isl.; China (Fujian, Zhejiang); North Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP NKO NNS
species :
Carex ayako-maedae T.Koyama; Makinoa, n. s. 11: 43 (2016)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Carex aztecica Mack.; N. Am. Fl. 18: 229 (1935)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Mexico State, Morelos, Oaxaca); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex fuscotincta Mack., Bull. Terr. Bot. Club, 36: 478, non Merino (1909)
species :
Carex baccans Nees; Wight, Contrib. Bot. Ind.: 122 (1834)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Vietnam; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Darjeeling, Assam); Sri Lanka; Java; New Guinea; Thailand; Cambodia; Myanmar (Chin, Kachin, Mandalay, Sagaing); Sumatra; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Lombok); Philippines (Luzon); New Guinea; peninsular Malaysia (Pahan); Laos
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BHU IND SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY NWG PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex baccans f. aurantiaca Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 747 (1891)
= Carex baccans f. nigra Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 747 (1891)
= Carex baccans f. normalis Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 747 (1891), nom. inval.
= Carex baccans f. recurvirostris Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 747 (1891)
= Carex baccans var. siccifructus Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 723 (1894)
= Carex curvirostris Kunze, Schkuhr, Riedgr. Suppl. 79. t. 20 (1842)
= Carex javanica Boeckeler, Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 43
= Carex recurvirostra Kunze, C. Schkuhr, Beschr. Riedgräs., Suppl.: 79 (1842)
species :
Carex backii Boott; Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 210 (1839)
Name: Back´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex backii var. subrostrata (Bates) Dorn
= Carex durifolia var. subrostrata Bates
= Carex durifolia Bailey, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 20: (1893) 428
species :
Carex badilloi Luceño & Márq.-Corro; Phytotaxa 303(1): 36 (2017)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
species :
Carex baileyi Britton; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 22: (1895) 220
Name: Bailey´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, Illinois, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia); Canada (Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex tentaculata var. gracilis Boott, Ill. Carex, 94 (1860) [not C. gracilis Ehrh. ex Schkuhr 1801]
species :
Carex baimaensis S.W.Su; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 10(4): 6-7, f. 2 (1990)
Distribution: China (Anhui)
36 CHI
species :
Carex baiposhanensis P.C.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(2): 145-146, f. 12 (1990)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex bajacalifornica Zika; Madroño 65(4): 192 (2019)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California)
79 MEX
species :
Carex balansae Franch.; Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par. Ser. III. 8: 258 (1896)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Carex baldensis L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 32 (1756)
Name: Monte-Baldo-Segge
Distribution: Austria; S-Germany; Switzerland; Italy; SE-France
11 AUT GER SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chionanthula baldensis (L.) Fedde & J.Schust., Just´s Bot. Jahresb., 41: II. 9 [1913](1918)
species :
Carex balfourii Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 129 (1909)
Distribution: La Réunion
29 REU
species :
Carex ballsii Nelmes; Kew Bull., 134 (1940)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Carex baltzellii Chapm. ex Dewey; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2. 3: 355 (1847)
Name: Baltzell´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex chapmanii Torr. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 1: 16
species :
Carex bamaensis X.F.Jin & W.Jie Chen; Phytotaxa 231(2): 167 (2015)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Carex bambusetorum Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci., C 13: 132 (1918)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
Remarks: status doubtful, not listed in Fl. of China
species :
Carex banksiana K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 29 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia banksii Boott, Hook. fil. Fl. N. Zel. 1: 287 (1853)
= Uncinia banksii var. major Boott, Hook. fil., Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 287 (1853)
= Uncinia capillaris Colenso, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 20: 1887 (1888) 210
= Uncinia riparia var. banksii (Boott) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 392 (1883)
species :
Carex banksii Boott; Trans. L. Soc. 20: (1851) 119; ex Hook. fil. Fl. Antarct. 465. t. 142
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrata Banks ex Boott, Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1849) 257
= Carex banksii f. brevifolia Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 522 (1899)
= Carex banksii f. ochrostachys (Phil.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 555 (1909)
= Carex banksii f. pallescens Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 522 (1899)
= Carex banksii var. distans Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 521 (1899)
= Carex germana Boott, Hook. fil. Fl. Antarct. 466 (1847)
= Carex leucocarpa Phil., Linnaea, 29: 1857 (1858) 82
= Carex magellanica Banks ex Boott, Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1884) 257
= Carex pterygocarpa Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 222 (1855)
= Carex trifida var. franchetii Kurz, Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 7: 192 (1896)
variant :
var. abbreviata Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 522 (1899)
Distribution: Argentina (Neuquen)
85 ARG
variant :
var. fonkii (Phil.) Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 522 (1899)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex fonkii Phil., Linnaea, 29: 1857 (1858) 83
variant :
var. gilliesii (Phil.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 555 (1909)
Distribution: Chile (Reg. Metropolitana)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gilliesii Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 1873: 556 (1873)
= Carex dessaueri Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 496 (1896)
species :
Carex baohuashanica Tang & F.T.Wang ex L.K.Dai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(2): 182-184, f. 5, 5-8 (1994)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu)
36 CHI
species :
Carex barbarae Dewey; W. H. Emory, Rep. U. S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 231 (1859)
Name: Santa Barbara sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex barbarae Dewey ex Torr., Bot. Mex. Bound. 231
= Carex laciniata Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 175 (1867)
= Carex lacunarum Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 458 (1903)
= Carex magnifica var. lacunarum (Holm) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 366 (1909)
species :
Carex barbata Boott; Illustr. Carex, 1: 68 (1858)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gunniana var. barbata (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 663 (1909)
species :
Carex barbayaki Jim.Mejías & Roalson; Phytotaxa 298(3): 283 (2017)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex baronii Baker; Journ. L. Soc. 21: (1885) 451
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Carex barrattii Torr. ex Schwein.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. 1: 361 (1825)
Name: Barratt´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex jacca Carey ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 1: 69 (1858)
= Carex littoralis Schwein., Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 70
= Carex variegata Scheele, Linnaea 23: 565 (1850)
= Olamblis barrattii (Torr. ex Schwein.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
species :
Carex barrosii Nelmes; Kew Bull., 87 (1955)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Carex basiantha Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 232 (1855)
Name: Willdenow´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex willdenowii var. pauciflora Olney ex L.H.Bailey, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 2: 482 (1894)
species :
Carex basutorum (Turrill) Luceño & Martín-Bravo; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 26 (2015)
Distribution: South Africa (Free State); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium basutorum Turrill, Kew Bull., 19 (1914)
= Kobresia basutorum (Turrill) Koyama
species :
Carex bathiei Lév.; Bull. Geogr. Bot., 27: 5 (1917)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Carex bavicola Raymond; Mem. Jard. Bot. Montreal, No. 53, 28 (1959)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Carex bebbii (L.H.Bailey) Olney ex Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 37: 478 (1902)
Name: Bebb´s sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex tribuloides var. bebbii L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 55 (1889)
species :
Carex beckii G.A.Wheeler; Darwiniana 40: 201 (2002)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Conservation Status: Known only from type
species :
Carex bella L.H.Bailey; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 17: (1892) 152
Name: Southwestern showy sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, South Dakota, Utah); Mexico (Nuevo León)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrata var. discolor L.H.Bailey, J. Bot. 26: 321 (1888)
= Carex uncompahgre Kelso, Biol. Leafl. 38: 1 (1947)
species :
Carex benkei Tak.Shimizu; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 60(1): 41 (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu, Honshu, Shikoku); China (Anhui)
36 CHI 38 JAP
species :
Carex bequaertii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 4: 246 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. bequaertii
Distribution: Uganda; Rwanda; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Tanzania; Kenya
23 RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
variant :
var. maxima Lye; Nordic J. Bot., 3(2): 244 (1983)
Distribution: Uganda
25 UGA
subspecies :
subsp. mossii (Nelmes) Míguez, Martín-Bravo & Jim.Mejías; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 188(1): 49 (2018)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex mossii Nelmes, Kew Bull., 137 (1940)
species :
Carex bermudiana Hemsl.; Journ. Bot. 21: (1883) 260
Distribution: Bermuda
81 BER
species :
Carex berteroana Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 198 (1854)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Araucania, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex berteroana Hohen. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 149 (1867)
= Carex colchaguensis Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 484 (1896)
= Carex moelleri Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 487 (1896)
= Carex pungens Boeckeler, Linnaea, 39: (1875) 46
= Carex setifolia var. berteroana (Desv.) Gunckel
= Carex setifolia var. colchaguensis (Phil.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 84 (1909)
= Carex setifolia var. pungens (Boeckeler) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 84 (1909)
species :
Carex berteroniana Steud.; Flora, 25: (1842) 604
Distribution: Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex paleata Boott, Trans. L. Soc. London 20: 127 (1846)
species :
Carex bhutanensis S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 19 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); Bhutan; Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia prainii Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 50 (1904)
= Kobresia prainii var. elliptica Y.C.Yang, Fl. Xizangica, 5: 387 (1987)
= Kobresia utriculata C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 67 (1908)
species :
Carex bichenoviana Boott; Hook. fil. Fl. Tasm. 2: 101 (1858)
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Zealand [I]
50 AUS 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex pumila var. bichenoviana (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 740 (1909)
species :
Carex bicknellii Britton & A.Br.; Fl. N. U. S. 1: 360 (1896)
Name: Bicknell´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brevior var. crawei (W.Boott) B.Boivin
= Carex straminea var. crawei Boott, Ill. Carex, 121, plate 388 (1862) [not C. crawei Dewey 1846
species :
Carex bicolor All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 267 (1785)
Name: Zweifarbige Segge, Twocolor sedge
Distribution: Austria; France; Switzerland; NE-Spain (C-Pyrenees); Iceland; Italy; Norway; Romania; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); Kazakhstan; Alaska; Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland
10 ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ITA ROM 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex androgyna Balb., Elenco, 97 (1801)
= Carex cenisia Balb., Roem. Arch. 3: 187 (1803)
= Carex minima Boullu, Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 5: 88 (1878)
= Carex pusilla Pers., Syn. 2: 536 (1807)
= Vignea bicolor (Bellardi ex All.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1624 (1830)
species :
Carex biegensis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 82: 343 (1935)
Distribution: Uganda; Rwanda; Tanzania
23 RWA 25 TAN UGA
species :
Carex bigelowii Torr. ex Schwein.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York, 1: 67 (1824)
subspecies :
subsp. bigelowii
Name: Starre Segge
Distribution: Austria; England; ?Bulgaria; Macedonia; Slovakia; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; Ireland; Iceland; Jan Mayen; Norway; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Svalbard; Sweden; Japan (Hokkaido); N-Siberia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka); North Korea; Alaska; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Wyoming); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Greenland
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE JMY NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT POL SLO 13 NMA ROM 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 38 JAP NKO 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex anguillata Drejer, Fl. Dan. t. 2846 (1871)
= Carex bigelowii ssp. hyperborea (Drejer) Böcher
= Carex bigelowii ssp. rigida (Raf.) W.Schultze-Motel, Willdenowia 4: 326 (1968)
= Carex cespitosa var. rigida (Raf.) Benth. & Hook.fil., Handb. Brit. Fl., ed. 6: 496 (1896)
= Carex drejeriana Lange, G. C. Oeder & al. (eds.), Fl. Dan.: t. 2975 (1880)
= Carex dubitata Dewey ex Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 167 (1867)
= Carex fyllae Holm, Bot. Jahrb. 8: (1887) 294
= Carex hartzii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 296 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Carex hyperborea Drejer, Revis. Caric. 43 (1841)
= Carex hyperborea f. cuspidata Rosenv., Till. Gronl. Fanerog. 2: 723 (1892)
= Carex hyperborea var. latifolia Andersson, Cyper. Scand.: 52 (1849)
= Carex hyperborea var. paradoxa Drejer, G. C. Oeder & al. (eds.), Fl. Dan.: t. 2483 (1849)
= Carex rigida f. aggregata Almq. ex Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 707 (1901)
= Carex rigida f. anguillata (Drejer) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 302 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. cuspidata (Rosenv.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 302 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. drejeriana (Lange) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 302 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. glacialis Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 148 (1845)
= Carex rigida f. infuscata (Drejer) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 301 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. juncelliformis Almq. ex Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 707 (1901)
= Carex rigida f. latifolia (Andersson) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 302 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. luteosa (Drejer) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 301 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. paradoxa (Drejer) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 302 (1909)
= Carex rigida f. pudica (Drejer) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 301 (1909)
= Carex rigida Gooden., Trans. L. Soc. Lond. 2: 193, t. 22, f. 10 (1794) [non Schrank.]
= Carex rigida var. bigelowii (Torr. ex Schwein.) Tuck., Enum. Meth. Caric.: 19 (1843)
= Carex rigida var. inferalpina Laest., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 11: 287 (1939)
= Carex rigida var. saxatilis Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 148 (1845)
= Carex saxatilis f. infuscata Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 43 (1841)
= Carex saxatilis f. luteosa Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 43 (1841)
= Carex saxatilis f. pudica Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 43 (1841)
= Carex saxatilis var. bigelowii (Torr. ex Schwein.) Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 2: 297 (1836)
= Carex saxatilis var. pallidior A.Blytt, Norges Fl. 1: 210 (1861)
= Carex spiralis Ewing, Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Glasgow 2: 110 (1886-1887 publ. 1888)
= Carex vulgaris var. alpina Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 167 (1867)
= Carex vulgaris var. hyperborea Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 167 (1867)
= Carex warmingii Holm, Lange, Consp. fl. Groenl. 2: (1887) 290
= Carex washingtoniana Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. 10: (1826) 272
= Diemisa concolor (R.Br.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Neskiza saxatilis Raf., Good Book: 27 (1840)
= Olotrema washingtoniana (Dewey) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Onkerma rigida (Gooden.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Vignantha rigida (Raf.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 705 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. arctisibirica (Jurtzev) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Univ. Colorado Stud. Biol. 24: 22 (1966)
Distribution: Norway; Svalbard; N-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, N-Siberia); Russian Far East
10 NOR SVA 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arctisibirica (Jurtzev) Czerep., Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 194 (1981)
= Carex bigelowii var. arctisibirica (Jurtzev) Malyschev, Fl. Sibir. (Cyperac.), 3: 163 (1990)
= Carex ensifolia ssp. arctisibirica Jurtzev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 2: 308 (1965)
subspecies :
subsp. dacica (Heuff.) T.V.Egorova; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 2: 202 (1976)
Distribution: Czech Republic; Bulgaria; Greece; Romania; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Turkey
11 CZE 13 BUL GRC NMA ROM SRB 14 UKR 33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex nigra ssp. dacica (Heuff.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 370 [1970] (1971)
= Carex bigelowii ssp. nardeticola Holub
= Carex cespitosa ssp. dacica (Heuff.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 154 (1890)
= Carex dacica Heuff., Flora (Regensb.) 18: 247 (1835)
= Carex fusca ssp. dacica (Heuff.) Serb. & Nyár.
= Carex rigida var. dacica (Heuff.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 302 (1909)
= Vignantha dacica (Heuff.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 705 (1866)
= Vignea dacica (Heuff.) Fuss, Fl. Transsilv.: 681 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. ensifolia (Gorodkov) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. (Praha) 3: 190 (1968)
Distribution: China (Gansu); Tibet; E-European Russia (S-Urals); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Mongolia; Nepal
14 RUS 30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ensifolia (Turcz. ex Gorodkov) V.I.Krecz., V. L. Kom. (ed.), Fl. URSS 3: 227 (1935)
= Carex ensifolia Turcz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 309
= Carex ensifolia Turcz. ex Besser, Flora, 18: Beibl. 1: 26 (1834)
= Carex rigida var. ensifolia Turcz. ex Gorodkov, Zhurn. Russk. Bot. Obshch. 15: 182 (1930)
species :
Carex bijiangensis S.Yun Liang & S.R.Zhang; Novon 16(3): 364 (2006)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex bilateralis Hayata; Journ. Coll. Sc. Tokyo, 30: Art. 1, 380 (1911)
Distribution: Taiwan; ?New Guinea
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acrophila S.T.Blake, Journ. Arn. Arb. 28: 114 (1947)
= Carex asperinervis Koyama, Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 16: 6 (1955)
= Carex kotoensis Hayata, Gen. Ind. Fl. Formos. 90 (1916), nomen
= Carex spathaceo-bracteata Kük., Engl. Jahrb. Ixx. 466 (1940)
= Carex subteinogyna Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 11: No. 5 (Cyperac. Jap. 1) 469 (1936)
species :
Carex billingsii (O.W.Knight) Kirschb.; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1(1): 401 (2007)
Name: Billings´ sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont); Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
72 CDN 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex trisperma var. billingsii O.W.Knight, Rhodora 8: 185 (1906)
species :
Carex biltmoreana Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 37: 234 (1910)
Name: Stiff sedge
Distribution: USA (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
species :
Carex binervis Sm.; Trans. L. Soc. London 5: 268 (1800)
Name: Zweinervige Segge
Distribution: Belgium; England; Channel Isl.; Faeroe Isl.; France; Germany; Ireland; Spain; Portugal; Norway
10 FOR GRB IRE NOR 11 BGM GER 12 CIS FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex binervis f. nigrescens Druce, J. Bot. 28: 44 (1890)
= Carex binervis var. alpina Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 56 (1841)
= Carex distans Lightf., Fl. Scot. 2: 561 (1777)
= Carex fulva Hornem., Fl. Dan. t. 1768 (1823)
= Carex multinervis Krock. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 293 (1840)
= Carex sadleri E.F.Linton, J. Bot. 36: 43 (1898)
= Carex versicolor Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 148 (1827)
= Trasus binervis (Sm.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 63 (1821)
species :
Carex bisexualis C.B.Clarke; Fl. Cap. 7: 302 (1898)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium thunbergii var. unisexuale Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 33 (1909)
= Kobresia ecklonii var. unisexualis (Kük.) Koyama
species :
Carex bistaminata (W.Z.Di & M.J.Zhong) S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 19 (2015)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Nei Mongol, ?Ningxia, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia myosuroides ssp. bistaminata (W.Z.Di & M.J.Zhong) S.R.Zhang, Novon, 9(3): 453 (1999)
= Kobresia bistaminata W.Z.Di & M.J.Zhong, Acta Bot. Bor.-Occid. Sin., 6(4): 275 (1986)
= Kobresia kashgarica Dickoré, Stapfia, 39: 79 (1995)
species :
Carex bitchuensis T.Hoshino & H.Ikeda; J. Jap. Bot. 78: 24 (2003)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Carex blakei Nelmes; Kew Bull., 311 (1939)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Carex blanda Dewey; Am. Journ. Sc. 10: (1826) 45
Name: Eastern woodland sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex laxiflora var. blanda (Dewey) Boott, Ill. Carex 1: 37 (1858)
= Deweya blanda (Dewey) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
species :
Carex blepharicarpa Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 46
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex hayatae Lév., Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 5: 240 (1908)
= Carex sadae H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 19: 33 (1909)
= Carex yezomontana Akiyama, Journ. Fac. Sc., Sapporo, Ser. V. Bot., 1: 62 (1931)
variant :
var. dueensis (Meinsh.) Akiyama
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Isl.); Japan; North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex blepharicarpa f. dueensis (Meinsh.) Koyama
= Carex dueensis Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 387 (1900)
= Carex duneensis var. rostrata Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 387 (1900)
variant :
var. hirtifructus (Kük.) Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 6: 247 (1931)
Distribution: Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex blepharicarpa var. stenocarpa Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 5: 269 (1930)
= Carex hirtifructus Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 5: 1163 (1905)
species :
Carex blinii Lév. & Vaniot; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 316 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. blinii
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Guangxi); Vietnam; Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA VIE
subspecies :
subsp. shanghaiensis S.X.Qian & Y.Q.Liu; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 37: 103 (1999)
Distribution: China (Shanghai)
36 CHI
species :
Carex bodinieri Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 85
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Hongkong, Hunan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex boelckeiana Barros; Fl. Patag., Pt. 2 (Colecc. Cient. viii.) 70 (1969)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen)
85 ARG
species :
Carex bohemica Schreb.; Beschr. Gräser 2: 52 (1772)
Name: Zypergras-Segge
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal (Estremadura); Poland; Romania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Kazakhstan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin); North Korea; Mongolia; Armenia
10 DEN FIN 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 21 AZO 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 ARM NCS 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bohemica f. aggregata (Domin) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 [1970] (1971)
= Carex cyperoidea Houtt., Nat. Hist., II, 13: 517 (1782)
= Carex cyperoides f. aggregata Domin, Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 18: 77 (1904)
= Carex cyperoides L., Syst. Veg. ed. 13: 703 (1774)
= Caricina cyperoides (L.) St.-Lag., Cariot. Etud. des fl. ed. 8, 2: (1889) 879
= Schelhammeria capitata Moench, Meth. Suppl. 119 (1802)
= Schelhammeria cyperoides (L.) Dumort., Fl. Belg. 145 (1827)
= Thysanocarex cyperoides (L.) Fedde & J.Schust., Just´s Bot. Jahresb., 41: II. 12 [1913](1918)
= Vignea bohemica (Schreb.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea cyperoides (L.) Peterm., Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 49 (1838)
species :
Carex bolanderi Olney; Proc. Am. Acad. 7: (1868) 393
Name: Bolander´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex deweyana var. bolanderi (Olney) W.Boott, S. Watson & al., Bot. California 2: 236 (1880)
species :
Carex boliviensis Van Heurck & Müll.Arg.; Van Heurck, Obs. Bot. 32 (1870)
subspecies :
subsp. boliviensis
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); Argentina (Cordoba, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex lorentziana Griseb., Goett. Abh. 19: (1874) 271
= Carex galbana L.H.Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 25: 271 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. occidentalis Reznicek & S.Gonzalez; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 343 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Carex bonanzensis Britton; Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 2: 160 (1901)
Name: Yukon sedge
Distribution: Alaska; Canada (Northern Territories, Yukon); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East
30 SIB 31 RFE 70 ASK CDN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cajanderi Kük., Oefvers. Förh. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. 45(8): 3 (1903)
= Vignea bonanzensis (Britton) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex bonariensis Desf.; Poir. Encyc. Suppl. 3: 250 (1813)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, La Pampa, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Luis, Tucuman); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul); Chile (Valparaiso, Bio Bio, Araucania); Paraguay (Canindeyu, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Durazno, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Treinta y Tres); Peru; Ecuador
83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex compressa Vahl ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 378 (1837)
= Carex papillosa Nees, J. Bot. (Hook.) 2: 398 (1840)
= Carex tuberculata Nees ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 2: 76 (1860)
variant :
var. glabrescens Kurtz ex Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 512 (1899)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba, Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Carex bonatiana (Kük.) K.V.Ivanova; Bot. Zhurn. S. S. S. R. 24: 501 (1939)
Distribution: China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; N-India (Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia fragilis C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 36: 267 (1903)
= Carex curvata Boott, Illustr. Carex 1: 2, t. 5 (1858)
= Kobresia bonatiana Kük., Bull. Geogr. Bot., 22: 250 (1912)
= Kobresia clarkeana (Kük.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr. 38: 48 (1909)
= Kobresia curticeps var. gyirongensis Y.C.Yang, Fl. Xizangica 5: 391 (1987)
= Kobresia curvata Kük., Engl., Pfl.-reich IV-20. Ht. 38: 48 (1909)
= Kobresia hispida Kük., Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 5: 39 (1930)
= Kobresia yuennanensis Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. Pt. VII. 1256 (1936)
= Schoenoxiphium clarkeanum Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 49 (1904)
= Schoenoxiphium fragile (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 67 (1908)
species :
Carex bonplandii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 380 (1837)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida, Tachira, Trujillo); Costa Rica; Peru; Ecuador; Mexico (Veracruz); Guatemala; Panama; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Putumayo, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle); N-Brazil
79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bonplandii var. angustifolia Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 115 (1862)
= Carex bonplandii var. humilior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 232 (1909)
= Carex bonplandii var. robustior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 232 (1909)
= Carex heptastachys Boeckeler, Linnaea, 39: (1875) 114
species :
Carex boottiana Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beech. Voy. 273 (1838)
Distribution: S-Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea; Taiwan; China (Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Minamijima, Anijima, Otohtojima, Nishinoshima, Hahajima, Mukohjima); Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR KZN NNS OGA TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bongardii Boott, Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1846) 260
= Carex bongardii var. robusta Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 561 (1878)
= Carex boninensis Koidz., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 32: 55 (1918)
= Carex oahuensis var. boottiana (Hook. & Arn.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 632 (1909)
= Carex reflexistyla Hayata, Journ. Coll Sc. Tokyo, 30: Art. 1, 393 (1911)
= Carex stupenda Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 10: (1901) 195
= Carex wahuensis ssp. robusta (Franch. & Sav.) T.Koyama, Fl. Taiwan 5: 326 (1978)
= Carex wahuensis var. robusta (Franch. & Sav.) Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 563 (1878)
= Carex wilfordii C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 318 (1904)
species :
Carex borbonica Lam.; Encyc. 3: 387 (1792)
Distribution: La Réunion
29 REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex typhoides Bory, Voy. 3: 24 (1804)
= Carex boryana var. rigidifolia Boeckeler, Linnaea 41: 285 (1877)
= Carex borbonica var. pallidior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 655 (1909)
species :
Carex borealihinganica Y.L.Chang & Y.L.Yang; Fl. Plant. Herb. Chinae bor.-or., 11: 206 (1976)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex borealipolaris S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 19 (2015), nom. nov.
Name: Siberian bog sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Montana, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Yukon); European Russia Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia
31 RFE 37 MON 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia sibirica (Turcz. ex Ledeb.) Boeckeler, Linnaea 39: 7 (1875)
= Elyna sibirica Turcz. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 262 (1852)
= Kobresia arctica A.E.Porsild, Sargentia, 4: 15 (1943)
= Kobresia bellardii var. macrocarpa (Clokey ex Mack.) H.D.Harr., Man. Pl. Colorado: 641 (1954)
= Kobresia hyperborea Porsild, Bull. Nat. Mus. Canada, No. 121 (Bot. Southeast. Yukon, etc.) 103 (1951)
= Kobresia hyperborea var. alaskana Duman
= Kobresia hyperborea var. lepagei Duman, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 83: 193 (1956)
= Kobresia macrocarpa Clokey, N. Am. Fl. 18: 5 (1931) ex Mack.
= Kobresia schoenoides var. lepagei (Duman) Boivin, Naturaliste Canad. 94: 525 (1967)
species :
Carex borii Nelmes; Kew Bull., 38 (1949)
Distribution: Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab, Karakorum, Baltistan); NW-India (Lahul)
40 IND PAK
variant :
var. lutea R.R.Stewart; Annot. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pakistan & Kashmir: 74 (1972)
Distribution: Pakistan (Baltistan, Deosai); NW-India
40 IND PAK
species :
Carex boryana Schkuhr; Riedgr. 2: 43 (1806)
Distribution: La Réunion; Mauritius
29 MAU REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex giraudiana Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 209 (1855)
= Carex boryana var. minor Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 111 (1862)
= Carex subulata Wahlenb., Vet. Akad. Nya Handl. Stockh. (1803) 152
species :
Carex bostrychostigma Maxim.; Bull. Acad, Petersb. 31: (1887) 118
Distribution: China (Jilin, Liaoning, Zhejiang, Shaanxi); North Korea; South Korea; Russian Far East (Ussuri); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex explens Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 2: 1017 (1902)
= Carex stenantha C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 311 (1904)
species :
Carex brachyanthera Ohwi; Jap. Journ. Bot. 7: 190 (1934)
Distribution: Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.; New Guinea; Sumatra
38 NNS TAI 42 NWG SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brachyanthera var. brevispiculosa Koyama
= Carex breviculmis var. perciliata Ridl., (1916) non Kük.
= Carex tricuspidata Kük., Engl. Jahrb. 70: 466 (1940)
= Carex tricuspidata var. brevispiculosa Kük., (1947)
= Carex tricuspidata var. minor Kük., (1947)
species :
Carex brachycalama Griseb.; Goett. Abh. 24: (1879) 315
Distribution: Peru; Argentina (Cordoba); Bolivia (La Paz); Ecuador
83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
species :
Carex brachystachys Schrank; Schrank & Moll, Naturh. Briefe 2: 285 (1785)
Name: Dünnstiel-Segge, Kurzährige Segge
Distribution: Austria; Slovakia; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; NE-Spain (Pyrenees); Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania
11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex compressa Kit. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 276 (1805)
= Carex linearis Clairv. ex Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 204 (1867)
= Carex mielichhoferi Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 465 (1837), nom. inval.
= Carex scheuchzeri Gaudin ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 204 (1867)
= Carex strigosa All., Fl. Pedem. 2: 270 (1785)
= Carex tenuis Host, Gram. Austr. 4: 51. t. 92 (1809)
= Carex valesiaca Suter, Fl. Helv. 259 (1802)
species :
Carex bracteosa (Kukkonen) comb.ined.; nec Kunze 1840
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium bracteosum Kukkonen, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 43(3): 365 (1986)
species :
Carex bracteosa Kunze; Schkuhr, Riedgr. Suppl. 12 (1840)
Distribution: Chile (Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex luteola Nees ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 181 (1867)
= Vignea bracteosa (Kunze) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1619 (1830)
species :
Carex bradei R.Gross; Fedde, Repert. 42: 176 (1937)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
species :
Carex brainerdii Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 40: 534 (1913)
Name: Brainerd´s sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Carex brandisii (C.B.Clarke ex Jana & R.C.Srivast.) O.Yano; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015)
Distribution: N-India (Uttaranchal)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia brandisii C.B.Clarke ex Jana & R.C.Srivast., J. Jap. Bot. 89(4): 205 (2014)
species :
Carex brasiliensis A.St.-Hil.; Voy. Bras. 1: 369 (1833)
Distribution: Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Misiones); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Caazapa); Uruguay (Rivera); SE-Brazil
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gynaecandra H.Pfeiff., Fedde, Repert. 17: 31 (1921)
= Carex brasiliensis f. robusta C.B.Clarke ex Kük., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 47: 210 (1905 publ. 1906)
= Carex procera Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 491 (1837)
= Carex procera var. brasiliensis (A.St.-Hil.) Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 138 (1867)
= Carex tetrasticha Boeckeler, Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 35
species :
Carex brehmeri Boeckeler; Allg. Bot. Zeitschr., 190 (1896)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Colombia (Antioquia, Magdalena)
82 CLM 83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex decidua var. brehmeri (Boeckeler) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(38.): 307 (1909)
= Carex goodenowii var. stolonifera (Hoppe) Asch.
species :
Carex breviaristata K.T.Fu; Fl. Tsinlingensis, 1(1): 444 (1976)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Hunan, Shaanxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex brevicaulis Thouars; Esquisse Fl. Tristan d´Acugna: 35 (1808)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz); Argentina (Chubut, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Bio Bio, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Juan Fdz. Isl.; Peru; Tristan da Cunha; Gough Isl.; Falkland Isl.; Hawaii (East Maui (Ke`anae to Pohakupalaha))
63 HAW 83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE JNF 91 FAL TDC
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia macloviana Gaudich., Freyc. Voy. Bot. 412 (1829)
= Carex de-la-costa (Steud.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 332 (1898)
= Uncinia brevicaulis (Thouars) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 528 (1837)
= Uncinia brevicaulis f. montana (Phil.) Kük.
= Uncinia brevicaulis var. macloviana (Gaudich.) C.B.Clarke
= Uncinia breviculmis Carmich., Trans. L. Soc. 12: (1819) 508
= Uncinia cylindrica Franch., Miss. Scient. Cap Horn. Phan. 5: (1889) 379 t. 7b
= Uncinia de-la-costa Steud., W. Lechl., Berberid. Amer. Austral.: 52 (1857)
= Uncinia gracilis Thouars, Fl. Trist. Acugna, 35. t. 5 (1808)
= Uncinia gracilis var. macloviana (Gaudich.) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 400 (1883)
= Uncinia macloviana var. cylindrica (Franch.) Kük.
= Uncinia montana Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. (1865) II. 322
= Uncinia rigida Boeckeler, Flora, 65: (1882) 64
species :
Carex brevicollis DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Fr. ed. 3, 5: 295 (1815)
Distribution: C-Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; N-Spain; Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; Romania; Ukraine; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
11 CZE HUN SLO 12 FRA SPA 13 BUL ROM SRB 14 UKR 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex rhynchocarpa Heuff., Flora, 16: (1833) 365
species :
Carex breviculmis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 242 (1810)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Russian Far East; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Pakistan (Sind, N. W. Frontier Prov.); Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Guinea; N-India (Chumbi); Nepal; Vietnam; Myanmar; E-Java; Sulawesi; New Zealand; Lord Howe Isl.; Norfolk Isl.; Bhutan; Philippines
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA VIE 42 JAW NWG PHI SUL 50 AUS LHI NFK 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex boniana Boeckeler, Allg. Bot. Zeitschr., 190 (1896)
= Carex breviculmis f. filiculmis (Franch. & Sav.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 470 (1909)
= Carex breviculmis f. longiaristata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 470 (1909)
= Carex breviculmis f. wardiana (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 470 (1909)
= Carex breviculmis ssp. royleana Nees, R. Wight, Contr. Bot. India: 127 (1834)
= Carex breviculmis var. stipitata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 469 (1909)
= Carex candolleana H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 10: 273 (1901)
= Carex conorrhyncha Nelmes, Kew Bull., 182 (1956)
= Carex eggytera Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 220 (1855)
= Carex filiculmis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 563 (1878)
= Carex horikawae K.Okamoto, Bull. Okayama Coll. Sci. 1: 56 (1965)
= Carex langsdorffii Boott, Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1845) 259
= Carex leucochlora Bunge, Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 2: (1835) 142
= Carex leucochlora var. candolleana (H.Lèv. & Vaniot) Katsuy., Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4a: 304 (2020)
= Carex leucochlora var. horikawae (K.Okamoto) Katsuy., Bull. Kanagawa Prefect. Mus., Nat. Sci., 22: 59 (1993)
= Carex leucochlora var. morrisonicola (Hayata) Katsuy., Bull. Kanagawa Prefect. Mus., Nat. Sci., 22: 58 (1993)
= Carex leucochlora var. petrogena Kitag., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48: 11 (1934)
= Carex lonchophora Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B. 5: No. 3, 274 (1930)
= Carex morrisonicola Hayata, Journ. Coll Sc. Tokyo, 30: Art. 1, 387 (1911)
= Carex wardiana H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 10: 276 (1901)
variant :
var. cupulifera (Hayata) Y.C.Tang & S.Yun Liang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 12: 163 (2000)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex orthostemon Hayata var. cupulifera Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, 30: 390 (1911)
= Carex orthostemon Hayata, Journ. Coll. Sc. Tokyo, 30: Art. 1, 389 (1911) [might have priority]
variant :
var. fibrillosa (Franch. & Sav.) Kük. ex Matsum. & Hayata; Enum. Pl. Formos. 493 (1906)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Shaanxi); Taiwan; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex breviculmis f. fibrillosa (Franch. & Sav.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 470 (1909)
= Carex breviculmis ssp. fibrillosa (Franch. & Sav.) T.Koyama, Fl. Taiwan, 5: 336 (1978)
= Carex breviculmis var. pluricostata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 470 (1909)
= Carex fibrillosa Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 137 (1877)
= Carex leucochlora f. fibrillosa (Franch. & Sav.) K.T.Fu, Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(1): 249 (1976)
= Carex leucochlora var. fibrillosa (Franch. & Sav.) T.Koyama, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 16: 10 (1955)
= Carex pallens C.P.Wang, J. Nanjing Univ. (Biology) 1962(2): 49 (1962)
= Carex tosaensis Akiyama, Journ. Fac. Sc., Sapporo, Ser. V. Bot., 3: 267 (1935)
variant :
var. montivaga (S.T.Blake) Noot.; Fl. Males. ser. I, vol. 9(1): 151 (1979)
Distribution: New Guinea
42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex montivaga S.T.Blake ex Nelmes, Kew Bull., 26 (1946)
= Carex bulbostylis Kük., Engl. Jahrb. 69: 264 (1938)
variant :
var. perciliata Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 469 (1909)
Distribution: N-Borneo; SW-Sulawesi; New Guinea
42 BOR NWG SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brevis S.T.Blake, Journ. Arn. Arb. 28: 111 (1947)
= Carex perciliata (Kük.) Nelmes, Kew Bull., 26 (1946)
= Carex tricholoma S.T.Blake, Journ. Arn. Arb. 28: 1 10 (1947)
variant :
var. puberula (Boott) T.Koyama
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex leucochlora var. puberula (Boott) Koyama
= Carex puberula Boott, Perry, Jap. Exp. 2: 324 (1856)
species :
Carex brevicuspis C.B.Clarke; Journ. L. Soc. 36: 277 (1903)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
variant :
var. basiflora (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenr. Heft 38 (IV. 20): 630 (1909)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex basiflora C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 36: 274 (1903)
species :
Carex brevior (Dewey) Mack. ex Lunell; Amer. Midl. Nat., 4: 235 (1915)
Name: Shortbeak sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Mexico (Michoacan, Tamaulipas)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex festucacea var. brevior (Dewey) Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 37: 477 (1902)
= Carex straminea var. brevior Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 11: 158 (1826)
species :
Carex breviprophylla O.Yano; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia gandakiensis Rajbh. & H.Ohba, H. Ohba & S. B. Malla, Himalayan Pl., 2 (Univ. Mus. Tokyo Bull., 34): 132 (1991)
species :
Carex breviscapa C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil. Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: (1894) 736
Distribution: Australia (N-Queensland); Taiwan; Ryukyu Isl.; Java; Sri Lanka; NE-Thailand; Vietnam; Sumatra; Borneo; Philippines (Luzon); Palawan; New Guinea; peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl., Pahan, Negeri Sembilan); China (Fujian, Hainan); ?Japan; Myanmar; Sulawesi; Lesser Sunda Isl.
Gunung Pulai and near Batu Pahat 42 36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 40 SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY NWG PHI PLW SUL SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex curtisii Ridl., Mat. Fl. Mal. Penins. Pt. III. 117 (1907)
= Carex jackiana var. breviculmis Thwaites & Hook.fil., Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 356 (1864)
= Carex laxisquamata Tang & F.T.Wang, Fl. Hainan., 4: 535 (1977)
= Carex lutchuensis Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B. 5: No. 3, 270 (1930)
= Carex obtusobracteata Hayata, Ohwi in Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 11: No. 5 (Cyperac. Jap. 1) 343(1936)
species :
Carex breweri Boott; Illustr. Carex, 4: 142. t. 455 (1867)
Name: Brewer´s sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Carex brizoides L.; Cent. Pl. 1: 31 (1755)
Name: Zittergras-Segge, Seegras
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Czech Republic; Slovakia; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; N-Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; European Turkey
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brizoides f. brunnescens Kük., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 2: 45 (1892)
= Carex brizoides f. remota Peterm., Flora 27: 330 (1844)
= Carex brizoides f. subheterostachya Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 34 (1902)
= Caricina brizoidea (L.) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 877 (1889)
= Carex brizoides var. nemoralis Wimm., Fl. Schles., ed. 2, 1: 401 (1844)
= Carex enervis Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 53 (1867)
= Carex psammophila Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 700 (1866)
= Caricina brizoidea St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fleurs, ed. 8. 2: (1889) 877
= Vignea brizoides (L.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1611 (1830)
= Vignea psammophila Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 700 (1866)
= Vignea pseudo-schreberi Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 700 (1866)
species :
Carex bromoides Schkuhr ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4(1): 258 (1805)
subspecies :
subsp. bromoides
Name: Brome-like sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Loncoperis bromoides (Schkuhr) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. montana Naczi; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 17: 220 (1990)
Name: Brome-like sedge
Distribution: USA (North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
species :
Carex brongniartii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 380
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Misiones, Tucuman); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, Tacuarembo)
85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex hypoxanthos Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 193 (1854)
= Carex muehlenbergii Brongn., Voy. Duperr. Bot. 151 (1833)
= Carex muricata Schltdl., Linnaea, 6: (1831) 29
species :
Carex brownii Tuck.; Enum. Car. 21 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. brownii
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea; New Guinea; New Zealand [I]; China (Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Anhui, Henan, Sichuan, Shanxi, Gansu); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR TAI 42 NWG 50 AUS 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex rigens Boott, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s., 6: 419 (1859)
= Carex striata R.Br., Prod. 243 (1810) non Michx. (1803)
= Carex transversa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 148 (1866)
= Vignea striata Rchb., Moessl. Handb. ed. II. 3: 1625 (1830)
subspecies :
subsp. transversa (Boott) J.Kern; Fl. Males., Ser. 1, 9(1): 163 (1979)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Anhui, Jiangxi, Hunan); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; South Korea; New Guinea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS 42 NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brownii var. transversa (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 614 (1909)
= Carex transversa Boott, Hook. Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 215. t. 216 (1867)
species :
Carex brunnea Thunb.; Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 844 (1784)
subspecies :
subsp. brunnea
Name: Greater brown sedge
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Java; India; Vietnam; New Guinea; Moluccas (Buru); Philippines (Luzon, Bohol, Negros, Mindanao); Sulawesi; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores); NW-Borneo; N-Sumatra; Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; New Caledonia; Lord Howe Isl.; Palau (Babeldaob); Hawaii (all islands, +Kahoolawe); Myanmar (Mandalay, Shan); Pakistan (?Sind, Murree); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I])
29 MAU MDG REU ROD 36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI 40 IND PAK 41 MYA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 50 AUS LHI 60 NWC 62 PLU 63 HAW 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex amamioshimensis Akiyama, Journ. Fac. Sc., Sapporo, Ser. V. Bot., 2: 38, in clavi, 186 (1932)
= Carex asperifolia Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 195 (1854)
= Carex assimilis Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 195 (1854)
= Carex boissieri Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 215 (1854)
= Carex brunnea f. simplex Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(82): 8 (1905)
= Carex brunnea ssp. meyenii (Nees) T.Koyama
= Carex brunnea var. masoalensis (Cherm.) Cherm., Cat. pl. Mad. Cyp. 45 (1931)
= Carex brunnea var. meyenii (Nees) Koyama, (1968)
= Carex brunnea var. meyenii (Nees) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 601 (1909)
= Carex brunnea var. minor (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 601 (1909)
= Carex brunnea var. scabrifolia Boeckeler, Linnaea 39: 146 (1875)
= Carex buruensis Nelmes, Kew Bull. 201 (1950)
= Carex commersoniana Sieber ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 391 (1837)
= Carex conjugata Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 391 (1837), nom. inval.
= Carex fabri Hance, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 13: 90 (1873)
= Carex gentilis var. oshimensis Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 603 (1909)
= Carex hattoriana Nakai ex Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 508 (1935)
= Carex ischnantha Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 204 (1854)
= Carex kanehirae Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 8: 67 (1939)
= Carex masoalensis Cherm., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 70: 414 (1923)
= Carex mauritanica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 204 (1855)
= Carex megacarpa Koyama, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 69: 210 (1956)
= Carex meyenii Nees, Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: (1843) Suppl. 1: 123
= Carex remyi Boeckeler, Flora, 58: (1875) 264
= Carex spadiceo-vaginata Ohwi, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 56: 215 (1942)
= Carex tenuispica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 319 (1855)
= Olotrema brunnea (Thunb.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
variant :
var. abscondita Koyama
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. arabica S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull., 39(4): 748 (1984)
Distribution: Yemen (W-Yemen)
35 YEM
subspecies :
subsp. occidentalis Lye; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 4, Sect. B, Adansonia 18: 235 (1996)
Distribution: Somalia; Ethiopia
24 ETH SOM
species :
Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot., Suppl. 3: 286 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. brunnescens
Name: Bräunliche Segge, Alpen-Grausegge, Brownish sedge
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Norway; Poland; Romania; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Mongolia; Kazakhstan; Alaska; USA (Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland
10 FIN ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH ITA ROM SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 AZE GEO NCS 37 MON 38 JAP 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brunnescens ssp. alaskana Kalela, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 2: 207 (1965)
= Carex brunnescens ssp. pacifica Kalela, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 2: 211 (1965)
= Carex canescens ssp. brunnescens (Pers.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 61 (1902)
= Carex canescens var. alpicola Wahlenb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 147 (1803)
= Carex canescens var. brunnescens (Pers.) W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 754 (1837)
= Carex canescens var. persoonii (Sieber) Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 24(2): 18 (1885)
= Carex curta var. brunnescens Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 539 (1807)
= Carex gebhardii Hoppe, Caric. t. 30 (1826)
= Carex persoonii Sieber ex Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. II. 871 (1844)
= Carex vitilis var. sylvatica Meinsh., Fl. Ingr.: 402 (1878)
= Facolos brunnescens (Pers.) Raf., Good Book: 26 (1840)
= Vignea brunnescens (Pers.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea brunnescens ssp. alaskana (Kalela) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea brunnescens ssp. pacifica (Kalela) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. sphaerostachya (Tuck.) Kalela; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 2: 203 (1965)
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Japan; Siberia (W-Siberia); C-European Russia; Finland
10 FIN 14 RUS 30 SIB 38 JAP 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brunnescens ssp. vitilis (Fr.) Kalela
= Carex brunnescens var. gracilior Britton, Britton & A. Br., Ill. Fl. N. U. S. 1: 351 (1896)
= Carex brunnescens var. sphaerostachya (Tuck.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 220 (1909)
= Carex buckleyi Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. xlviii. (1845) 143
= Carex canescens var. sphaerostachya Tuck., Enum. Caric., 10, 19 (1843)
= Carex canescens var. vitilis (Fr.) J.Carey, A. Gray, Manual, ed. 2: 514 (1856)
= Carex persoonii ssp. vitilis (Fr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 780 (1882)
= Carex sphaerostachya (Tuck.) Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 49: 44 (1845)
= Carex vitilis Fr., Novit. Mant. 3: 137 (1845)
= Vignea brunnescens ssp. vitilis (Fr.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Mus. (Prague), 148(3-4): 194 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex brunnipes Reznicek; Syst. Bot., 11(1): 82 (1986)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Carex brysonii Naczi; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 19: 195 (1993)
Name: Bryson´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama)
78 USA
species :
Carex buchananii Berggr.; Journ. Bot. xviil. (1880) 104
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex tenax Berggr., (1878) [non Champ. ex Dewey]
= Carex lucida var. buchananii (Berggr.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 686 (1909)
species :
Carex bucharica Kük.; Fedde, Repert. 16: 433 (1920)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Afghanistan (Baghlan)
32 TZK UZB 34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia bucharica (Kük.) N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 491 (1939)
species :
Carex buekii Wimm.; Fl. Schles. ed. 3, 81 (1857)
Name: Banater Segge
Distribution: Austria; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Germany; Hungary; ?Italy; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; Ukraine; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Lebanon (C-Lebanon)
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 13 BUL CRO ROM SLV SRB 14 RUS UKR 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex banatica Heuff., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 222 (1858)
= Carex cespitosa var. buekii (Wimm.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 188 (1923)
species :
Carex bulbostylis Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club. 42: 617 (1915)
Name: False hair sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex amphibola var. globosa (Bailey) Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 5: 72 (1894)
= Carex grisea var. globosa L.H.Bailey, A. Gray, Manual: 605 (1848)
species :
Carex bullata Schkuhr ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4(1): 309 (1805)
Name: Button sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cylindrica Schwein., Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 71
= Carex greenii Boeckeler, Flora 41: 649 (1858)
= Carex physema Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, II, 29: 347 (1860)
species :
Carex burangensis (Y.C.Yang) S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia burangensis Y.C.Yang, Fl. Xizangica, 5: 374 (1987)
species :
Carex burchelliana Boeckeler; Linnaea, 41: (1877) 234
Distribution: South Africa (North-West Prov., N-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Carex burkei (C.B.Clarke) Luceño & Martín-Bravo; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 26 (2015)
Distribution: South Africa (Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium burkei C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 20: (1883) 386
species :
Carex burttii Noltie; Edinburgh J. Bot., 50(2): 186 (1993)
Distribution: N-India (Sikkim); Bhutan; ?Tibet
40 BHU IND
species :
Carex bushii Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 37: 241 (1910)
Name: Bush´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex hirsuta var. cuspidata Dewey, A. Wood, Class-book Bot.: 758 (1860)
= Carex caroliniana var. cuspidata (Dewey) Shinners, Field & Lab. 22: 30 (1954)
species :
Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb.; Kungt. Svenska Vet.-Akad. Handl. nov ser., 24: 163 (1803)
Name: Buxbaum´s sedge
Distribution: Austria; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; +Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Iceland; Italy; Slovenia; Norway; Poland; Romania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Japan (Hokkaido); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Kazakhstan; Australia [I] (Victoria [I]); Alaska; USA (Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon; Venezuela (Zulia)
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER LIE NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BUL ITA ROM SLV 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 NCS 38 JAP 50 aus 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA 82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex buxbaumii f. dilutior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 394 (1909)
= Carex buxbaumii f. heterostachya Andersson, Cyper. Scand.: 39 (1849)
= Carex buxbaumii f. mitis Norman ex Christian, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1893: 50 (1893)
= Carex buxbaumii f. oenipontana Grembl. ex Appel, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 8: 43 (1890)
= Carex buxbaumii f. virescens Norman ex Christian, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1893: 50 (1893)
= Carex buxbaumii var. anticostensis Raymond
= Carex buxbaumii var. australis Andersson, Cyper. Scand.: 39 (1849)
= Carex holmiana Mack., Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 36: 481 (1909)
= Carex oligandra F.Muell. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 136 (1867)
= Carex picea Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, VIII, 7: 39 (1895)
= Carex polygama Schkuhr, Riedgr. 1: 84 (1801) [non J. F. Gmel. 1796]
= Carex pseudobuxbaumii M.Winkl., Österr. Bot. Z. 18: 72 (1868)
= Carex subulata Schum. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 296 (1801)
= Carex tubulata K.Schum. ex Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 136 (1867)
= Physiglochis buxbaumii (Wahlenb.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
species :
Carex caduca Boott; Illustr. Carex, 4: 157 (1867)
Distribution: Falkland Isl.; Argentina (Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex caduca var. ortegae (Phil.) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 497 (1899)
= Carex ortegae Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 93: 488 (1896)
species :
Carex caeligena Reznicek; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 17: 280 (1990)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Carex caespititia Nees; Wight, Contrib. 127 (1834)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet; ?Nepal; NE-India (Assam)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
species :
Carex calcicola Tang & F.T.Wang; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 24(3): 244 (1986)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Carex calcis K.A.Ford; New Zealand J. Bot. 45(4): 726 (2007)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Carex californica L.H.Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 1: (1889) 9
Name: California sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex polymorpha var. californica (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 515 (1909)
species :
Carex callista Nelmes; Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, Ser. B. Bot., 4: 119 (1955)
Distribution: S-Myanmar
41 MYA
species :
Carex callitrichos V.I.Krecz.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 364, 613 (1935)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang); Japan (Kyushu); Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Primorye, Kuril Isl., Ussuri)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex humilis f. callitrichos (V.I.Krecz.) T.Koyama
= Carex humilis var. callitrichos (V.I.Krecz.) Ohwi
= Carex nanella var. callitrichos (V.I.Krecz.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 155 (1985)
species :
Carex cambodiensis Nelmes; Kew Bull. 1: 11 (1946)
Distribution: Cambodia; Vietnam
41 CBD VIE
species :
Carex camposii Boiss. & Reut.; Pugillus 117 (1852)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Nevada, Sa. de los Filabres)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex laevigata Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne, 2: 631 (1842)
species :
Carex camptoglochin V.I.Krecz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS, 7: 34(1937)
Distribution: Argentina (La Rioja, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego, Tucuman); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Peru; Falkland Isl.; Peru; Ecuador
83 ECU PER 85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex microglochin ssp. fuegina Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 546 (1899)
= Carex microglochin var. oligantha Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 109 (1909)
= Carex oligantha Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 174. t. 589 (1867)
= Carex parviflora C.A.Mey. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 436 (1837)
= Uncinia microglochin var. fuegina (Kük.) Macloskie
species :
Carex campylorhina V.I.Krecz.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 342,612 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex auriculata Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VII. 10: (1886) 106 non Bailey (1889)
= Carex pilosa f. gracilior Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18(3): 385 (1901)
species :
Carex canaliculata P.C.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(2): 148-149, f. 16 (1990)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex canariensis Kük.; Allg. Bot. Zeitschr., 235 (1900)
Name: Kanaren-Segge (DE); Cuchillera canaria (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Vignea canariensis (Kük.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex canescens L.; Sp. Pl. 974 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. canescens
Name: Silvery sedge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Croatia; Slovenia; Norway; Poland; Romania; Greece; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Ukraine; Sweden; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Primorye, Sakhalin); Uzbekistan; Mongolia; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol); Tibet; Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; New Guinea; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Pakistan (Astor, Deosai); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Sao Jorge); Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 21 AZO 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP NKO 40 IND PAK 42 NWG 50 AUS 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex badia Pers., Syn. 2: 541 (1807)
= Carex breutelii Schnizl. ex Lange, Consp. Fl. Groenl. 1: 136 (1881)
= Carex brizoides Huds., Fl. Angl. 349
= Carex canescens f. bracteata Klett & Richt., Fl. Leipzig: 752 (1830)
= Carex canescens f. subsabulosa (Norman) Toivonen, Acta Bot. Fenn. 116: 17 (1981)
= Carex canescens ssp. hylaea (V.I.Krecz.) R.Knapp, Oberhess. Naturwiss. Zeitschr., 44: 120 (1978)
= Carex canescens var. congesta Domin, Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. Prag, Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 58: 47 (1903)
= Carex canescens var. gracillima Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 702 (1866)
= Carex canescens var. laetevirens Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 770 (1864)
= Carex canescens var. longibracteata Porcius, Magyar Növenyt. Lapok 9: 131 (1885)
= Carex canescens var. robusta A.Blytt, Norges Fl. 1: 201 (1861)
= Carex canescens var. subtenella Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 218 (1909)
= Carex canescens var. subvitilis Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 710 (1901)
= Carex canescens var. tenuis Lang, Linnaea 24: 538 (1851)
= Carex cinerea Pollich, Hist. Pl. Palat. 2: 571 (1777)
= Carex compressa Hosé, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 21: 33 (1797)
= Carex curta Gooden., Trans. L. Soc. London 2: 145 (1794)
= Carex hylaea V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 179, 594 (1935)
= Carex kanitzii Porcius, Magyar Növenyt. Lapok 9: 131 (1885)
= Carex persoonii Lang, Flora, 25: (1842) 748, 767
= Carex richardii Thuill., Fl. Par. 1: 482 (1790)
= Carex salina Bong. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 281 (1852)
= Carex subsabulosa Norman, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 1893: 48 (1893)
= Carex tenella Ehrh., Beitr. 6: 83 (1791)
= Caricina canescens (L.) St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fleurs, ed. 8. 2: (1889) 877
= Edritria compressa (Hosé) Raf., Good Book: 26 (1840)
= Facolos curta (Gooden.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Onkerma badia (Pers.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Vignea canescens (L.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1612 (1830)
= Vignea cinerea (Pollich) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot., 21: 16 (1984)
= Vignea curta (Gooden.) Opiz, Seznam: 103 (1852)
= Vignea persoonii (Lang) Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 78 (1853)
variant :
var. robustior Blytt ex Andersson; Cyper. Scand.: 57 (1849)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Cordoba, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex canescens var. alpicola Kurtz, Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 7: 353 (1896)
= Carex canescens var. dubia Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 509 (1899)
= Carex canescens var. fallax Kurtz ex Kük., P. F. A. Asch. & K. O. R. Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 61 (1902)
= Carex curta var. robustior (Blytt ex Andersson) D.M.Moore & Chater, Bot. Notiser, 124 (3): 326 (1971)
= Carex similis d´Urv., Mem. Soc. L. Par. 4: (1826) 599
= Carex skottsbergii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 60: 27 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. disjuncta (Fernald) Toivonen; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 18: 94 (1981)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex canescens var. disjuncta Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 37: 488, plate 5, figs. 118-120 (1902)
= Carex disjuncta (Fernald) E.P.Bicknell, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 35: 495 (1908)
species :
Carex capensis Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 14 (1794)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Archaeocarex ecklonii (Nees) Pissjauk., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 12: 83 (1950)
= Archaeocarex thunbergii (Nees) Pissjauk., Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 12: 83 (1950)
= Carex capensis Schkuhr, Beschr. Riedgräs. 2: 39 (1806)
= Carex zeyheri C.B.Clarke, Fl. Cap. 7: 303 (1898)
= Hemicarex ecklonii (Nees) Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 367 (1881)
= Hemicarex thunbergii (Nees) Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 18: 367 (1881)
= Kobresia ecklonii (Nees) Koyama, Journ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, 8: 80 (1961)
= Kobresia thunbergii (Nees) Koyama
= Schoenoxiphium ecklonii Nees, Linnaea, 10: (1836) 200
= Schoenoxiphium thunbergii Nees, Linnaea, 9: (1834) 305
species :
Carex capillacea Boott; Illustr. Carex, 1: 44. t. 110 (1858)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Jiangxi, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Thailand; Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); North Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu); Java; New Guinea; Sumatra; N-Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Myanmar; NE-India (Assam); New Zealand
36 CHI 38 JAP NKO TAI 40 IND 41 MYA THA 42 BOR JAW NWG PHI SUL SUM 50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex capillacea var. linzensis Y.C.Yang, Fl. Xizangica, 5: 442 (1987)
= Carex capillacea var. yunnanensis Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., III, 8: 198 (1896)
= Carex ontakensis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 550 (1875)
= Carex rara f. yunnanensis (Franch.) Kük.
= Carex rara ssp. capillacea (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 102 (1909)
= Carex simplicissima F.Muell., Fragm. 9: 191 (1875)
= Carex wallii Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 53: 371 (1921)
variant :
var. sachalinensis (F.Schmidt) Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 11: 442 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin, Ussuri); North Korea; Borneo; Philippines; New Guinea
31 RFE 38 JAP NKO 42 BOR NWG PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aomorensis Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par. Ser. III. 8: 198 (1896)
= Carex capillacea ssp. aomorensis (Franch.) T.V.Egorova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 22: 58 (1985)
= Carex capillacea var. aomorensis (Franch.) Ohwi
= Carex nana Boott, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s., 6: 418 (1859)
= Carex rara var. nana Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 103 (1909)
= Carex uda var. sachalinensis F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot. 1: 353 (1868)
species :
Carex capillaris L.; Sp. Pl. 977 (1753)
Name: Hair-like sedge
Distribution: Austria; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; Spain (mountains); Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Svalbard; Sweden; Morocco; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan; Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin, Kuril Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; China (Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Alaska; USA (Colorado, Idaho, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 FIN FOR GRB ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT CZE GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 MOR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 38 JAP NKO 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex boecheriana Á.Löve, D.Löve & Raymond, Canad. Journ. Bot. 35: 748 (1957)
= Carex capillaris f. major Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 54 (1841)
= Carex capillaris f. minima Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 144 (1890)
= Carex capillaris f. saskatschewana (Boeckeler) L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 70 (1889)
= Carex capillaris ssp. fuscidula (V.I.Krecz. ex T.V.Egorova) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Not. 128: 504 (1976)
= Carex capillaris ssp. robustior Drejer ex Böcher, Meddel. Grønland: 147 (1952)
= Carex capillaris var. boecheriana Drejer
= Carex capillaris var. elongata Olney ex Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 37: 509 (1902)
= Carex capillaris var. major Blytt
= Carex capillaris var. nana (Cham. ex Steud.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 591 (1909)
= Carex capillaris var. paludosa F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot.: 69 (1868)
= Carex capillaris var. tenuior Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 53 (1841)
= Carex fuscidula V.I.Krecz. ex T.V.Egorova, Novit. Syst. Pl. Vasc., Acad. Sci. URSS, 36 (1964)
= Carex nana Cham. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 228 (1855)
= Carex pendula Geners., Elench. n. 871 (1798)
= Carex plena Clairv., Man. d´Herbor. 292 (1811)
= Carex saskatschewana Boeckeler, Linnaea 41: 159 (1877)
= Loxotrema capillaris (L.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Trasus capillaris (L.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 66 (1821)
species :
Carex capilliculmis S.R.Zhang; Novon 15(3): 498 (2005)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, S-Gansu, E-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex filamentosa K.T.Fu, Fl. Tsinlingensis, 1(1): 445 (1976) [nom. illeg., non Petrie 1916]
species :
Carex capillifolia (Decne.) S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Waziristan, Kurram, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Deosai, Baltistan, Azad Kashmir); NW-India (Dras, Ladakh, Zanskar, Kashmir, Sikkim, etc.); Tibet; Nepal; Bhutan; China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; ?Armenia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia capillifolia (Decne.) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 20: 378 (1884)
= Elyna capillifolia Decne., Jacquem., Voy. 4 (Bot.). 173, t 174 [1835] (1840)
= Elyna spicata Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 394 (1882)
= Kobresia brunnescens Boeckeler, Cyper. Nov. 1: (1888) 45
= Kobresia capillifolia ssp. capilliformis (N.A.Ivanova) Ovcz.
= Kobresia capillifolia ssp. pamirica Ovcz., nom. inval.
= Kobresia capilliformis N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 484 (1939)
= Kobresia elata Boeckeler, Cyper. Nov. 2: (1890) 32
= Kobresia macrolepis Meinsh., Act. Hort. Petrop. 18: 276 (1901)
= Kobresia scirpina Aitch., Journ. L. Soc. 18: (1881) 104
= Kobresia thomsonii Maxim. ex N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 486, in syn. (1939)
= Kobresia ×ovczinnikovii T.V.Egorova, Akad. Nauk SSSR Bot. Inst. Komarova, Rast. Tsentral. Azii, Fasc. 3, 35 (1967)
= Kobresia yushuensis Y.C.Yang, Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 2: 6 (1984)
species :
Carex capilliformis Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 89
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex capilliformis var. major Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(82): 9 (1905)
= Carex pisformis var. major (Kük.) T.Koyama
species :
Carex capitata L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1261 (1759)
subspecies :
subsp. capitata
Name: Capitate sedge
Distribution: Austria; Finland; +France; +Germany; Iceland; Italy; Norway; C-European Russia; N-European Russia; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; ?Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia; Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Magallanes); Alaska; USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland
10 FIN ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT GER 12 FRA 13 ITA 14 RUS 30 SIB 31 RFE 33 NCS 37 MON 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex antarctogena Roiv., Ann. Bot. Soc. ` Vanamo´, 28: No. 2, 197 (1954)
= Carex capitata f. alpicola Andersson, Nya Bot. Not. Stockh.: 2 (1849)
= Carex rahuiensis Kurtz ex Kük., Engl. Jahrb. 27: 497 (1899), in syn.
= Diemisa capitata (L.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Psyllophora capitata (L.) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 697 (1866)
= Vignea capitata (L.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. arctogena (Harry Sm.) Hiitonen
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, New Hampshire, Nevada, Wyoming); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
70 CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arctogena H.Sm., Acta Phytogeogr. Suec. 13: 193 (1940)
= Carex capitata f. arctogena (H.Sm.) Raymond
= Carex capitata ssp. arctogena (H.Sm.) Böcher ex Á.Löve, D.Löve & B.M.Kapoor, Arctic Alp. Res., 3(2): 144 (1971) comb. superfl.
= Carex capitata var. arctogena (H.Sm.) Hultén
species :
Carex capitellata Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Fl. 5: 399 (1882)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Carex capricornis Meinsh.; Bull. Acad. Petersb. 31: (1887) 119
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East (Ussuri); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Jiangsu, Liaoning)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex pseudocyperus var. brachystachya Regel & Maack, Tent. Fl. Ussur.: 165 (1861)
= Carex brachystachya (Regel & Maack) Akiyama, J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ., Ser. 5, Bot. 2: 219 (1932)
species :
Carex cardiolepis Nees; Wight, Contrib. 127 (1834)
Distribution: NW-India (Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Nepal; Afghanistan (Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram, Chitral); China (S-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
species :
Carex careyana Torr. ex Dewey; Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. I. 30: (1836) 60
Name: Carey´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex heterostachya Torr., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, II, 2: 248 (1846)
species :
Carex caricina (Kük.) comb.ined.; nec Don
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium caricinum Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 49 (1904)
species :
Carex caricoides (C.B.Clarke) comb.ined.
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.); Zambia; Uganda; Tanzania
25 TAN UGA 26 ZAM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium caricoides C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 67 (1908)
species :
Carex caroliniana Schwein.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York. 1: 67 (1824)
Name: Carolina sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
species :
Carex carsei Petrie; Trans. N. Z. Inst., 54: 570 (1923)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Carex caryophyllea Latourr.; Chlor. Lugd. 27 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. caryophyllea
Name: Vernal sedge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; W-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Mongolia; Turkey (NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey; USA [I] (District of Columbia [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], New York [I]); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 37 MON 72 cdn spm 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex anomala Janka, Linnaea 30: 609 (1860)
= Carex caryophyllea f. argyrata (Waisb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. chlorantha (Waisb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. dissita Franch. ex Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 466 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. globuliflora (Waisb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. glomerata (Waisb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. laxiflora (Waisb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. leiocarpa Franch. ex Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 466 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. longibracteata (Beck) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. longivaginata (Kük.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. luxurians (Kük.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 464 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. pallescens Kneuck., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 2: 104 (1896)
= Carex caryophyllea f. pedunculata (Beck) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. pygmaea (J.Fleisch.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 464 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. refracta (Roth) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. subpolyrrhiza (Kük.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. umbrosiformis (J.Fleisch.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 464 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea f. vidalii (Franch. & Sav.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 466 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea ssp. insularis (Christ ex Barbey) Arrigoni, Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat., 23: 220 (1984)
= Carex caryophyllea ssp. nervata Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 141 (1877)
= Carex caryophyllea var. angustifolia Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 126 (1896)
= Carex caryophyllea var. caespitosa (J.Fleisch.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex caryophyllea var. mollis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 126 (1896)
= Carex caryophyllea var. oxycarpa (Waisb.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 465 (1909)
= Carex fuscotincta Merino, Fl. Galicia 3: 179 (1909)
= Carex heribaudiana H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 10: 275 (1901)
= Carex insulana (Christ) Rouy, Fl. France, 13: 443 (1912)
= Carex mollis Host, Gram. 4: 46. t. 82 (1809)
= Carex multipes H.Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 10: 271 (1901)
= Carex pediformis var. rostrata F.Schmidt, Reis. Amur-Land., Bot.: 68 (1868)
= Carex praecox f. fissa Kük., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 10: 37 (1897)
= Carex praecox f. longivaginata Kük., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 10: 37 (1897)
= Carex praecox f. luxurians Kük., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 10: 37 (1897)
= Carex praecox f. pygmaea J.Fleisch., Riedgr. Wurtemb.: 18 (1832)
= Carex praecox f. subpolyrrhiza Kük., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 10: 37 (1897)
= Carex praecox f. umbrosiformis J.Fleisch., Riedgr. Wurtemb.: 18 (1832)
= Carex praecox Jacq., Fl. Austr. 5: 23 (1778) [non Schreb. 1771]
= Carex praecox var. caespitosa J.Fleisch., Riedgr. Wurtemb.: 18 (1832)
= Carex praecox var. diastachya Callmé, Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 6: 2 (1888)
= Carex praecox var. dumetorum A.Blytt, Norges Fl. 1: 225 (1861)
= Carex praecox var. elatior Bogenh., Taschenb. Fl. Jena: 378 (1850)
= Carex praecox var. insularis Christ ex Barbey, Barbey, Fl. Sard. Comp.: 64 (1885)
= Carex praecox var. longifrons Waisb. & Kük., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. s., 10: 37 (1897)
= Carex praecox var. magna Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 716 (1866)
= Carex praecox var. reflexa (Roth) Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 12: t. 635 (1850)
= Carex praecox var. vidalii Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 565 (1878)
= Carex refracta Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 2: II. 451 (1793)
= Carex ruthenica V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 325, 610 (1935)
= Carex scabricuspis V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 324, 609 (1935)
= Carex setosa Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 142 (1873)
= Carex trachyantha Dorner ex Heuff., Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 8: (1858) 219
= Carex verna Chaix & Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 1: 312 (1786) non Lam.
= Carex verna f. argyrata Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 430 (1897)
= Carex verna f. chlorantha Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 430 (1897)
= Carex verna f. globuliflora Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 430 (1897)
= Carex verna f. glomerata Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 4 (1897)
= Carex verna f. laxiflora Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 430 (1897)
= Carex verna f. longibracteata Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 238 (1890)
= Carex verna f. pedunculata Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 138 (1890)
= Carex verna var. caespitiformis Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 43: 281 (1893)
= Carex verna var. minor Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 139 (1890)
= Carex verna var. oxycarpa Waisb., Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 430 (1897)
= Olamblis verna (Chaix & Vill.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
variant :
var. microtricha (Franch.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 466 (1909)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin, Kuril Isl., Kamchatka); North Korea
31 RFE 38 JAP NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex microtricha Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Par. Ser. III. 9: 189 (1897)
= Carex squamoidea Akiyama, Journ. Fac. Sc., Sapporo, Ser. V. Bot., 1: 60 (1931)
= Carex verna var. microtricha (Franch.) Ohwi, J. Jap. Bot. 11: 410 (1935)
subspecies :
subsp. conspissata (V.I.Krecz.) Hämet-Ahti
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex conspissata V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 326, 610 (1935)
species :
Carex castanea Wahlenb.; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 155 (1803)
Name: Chestnut sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex flexilis Rudge, Trans. L. Soc. 7: (1804) 98. t. 10
= Loxotrema castanea (Wahlenb.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Carex blepharophora A.Gray, Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 235 (1835)
species :
Carex castanostachya K.Schum. ex Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich. Cyperac.-Caricoid. 276 (1909)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex castaneostachya K.Schum., Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost. Afr. A (1895) 131 nomen.
species :
Carex castroviejoi Luceño & Jim.Mejías; Acta Bot. Malac. 34: 231 (2009)
Distribution: N-Greece; Albania
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: flava agg.; to be expected in S-Northern Macedonia
species :
Carex catamarcensis C.B.Clarke ex Kük.; Engl. Jahrb. 27: 518 (1899)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Tucuman); Chile (Coquimbo)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex latibracteolata Kük., Engl. Jahrb. 27: 518 (1899)
species :
Carex cataphyllodes Nelmes; Kew Bull. 1: 13 (1946)
Distribution: SW-Thailand
41 THA
species :
Carex cataractae R.Br.; Prod. 242 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Tasmania); S-New Zealand; Argentina (Buenos Aires); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina)
50 AUS 51 NZL 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex oederi var. cataractae (R.Br.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 675 (1909)
= Carex fuscula ssp. catharinensis (Boeckeler) Luceño & M.Alves
species :
Carex catharinensis Boeckeler; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 2: 191 (1896)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina); Uruguay; Argentina (Buenos Aires)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex fuscula ssp. catharinensis (Boeckeler) Luceño & M.Alves, An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 57(1): 173 (1999)
species :
Carex caudata (Kük.) Pereda & Laínz; Fedde, Repert. 81: 481, 483 (1970)
Distribution: N-Spain (Cordillera Cantabrica)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ferruginea ssp. caudata (Kük.) Pereda & Laínz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur. (Ser. C) 3: 183 (1961)
= Carex ferruginea var. caudata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 573 (1909)
species :
Carex caudispicata F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 170 (1999)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. longiutriculata X.F.Jin; Phytotaxa 217(2): 122 (2015)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex caxinensis F.J.Herm.; Brittonia, 23(2): 146 (1971)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Carex celebica Kük.; Engl. Jahrb. 70: 465 (1940); et in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. III. xvi. 318 (1940)
Distribution: New Guinea; SW-Sulawesi; Sumatra
42 NWG SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex constricta S.T.Blake, Journ. Arn. Arb. 28: 112 (1947)
species :
Carex cenantha A.E.Kozhevn.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 92(6): 129 (1987)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
species :
Carex cephaloidea (Dewey) Dewey; Rep. Herb. Fl. Pl. 262 (1840)
Name: Thinleaf sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex muricata var. cephaloidea Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 11: 308 (1826)
= Carex sparganioides var. cephaloidea (Dewey) Carey, A. Gray, Manual: 513 (1848)
= Carex sparganioides var. minor Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 123 (1862)
species :
Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4(1): 220 (1805)
Name: Oval-leaf sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cephalophora Muhl. ex Schkuhr, Riedgr. 2: 4
= Diemisa cephalophora (Muhl.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Vignea cephalophora (Muhl.) Rchb., Moessl. Handb. ed. II. 3: 1607 (1830)
species :
Carex cephalotes F.Muell.; Trans. Phil. Soc. Vict. 1: (1855) 110
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria); New Zealand
50 AUS 51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex pyrenaica var. cephalotes (F.Muell.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 106 (1909)
species :
Carex cercostachys Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 27
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Deosai); ?NW-India
36 CHI TIB 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia cercostachys (Franch.) C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 36: 267 (1903)
= Kobresia cercostachys var. capillacea P.C.Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(1): 17-18 (1990)
species :
Carex cespitosa L.; Sp. Pl. 978 (1753)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; ?Switzerland; Netherlands; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; ?Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-Spain (Rio Bidasoa); W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Primorye, Amur, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Japan (Hokkaido); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
10 DEN FIN NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN NET POL SLO 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex alpestris Lam., Encyc. 3: 389 (1792)
= Carex cespitosa f. acutiuscula Lackow., Fl. Berl., ed. 12: 27 (1901)
= Carex cespitosa f. fuliginosa Döll, Fl. Baden: 260 (1857)
= Carex cespitosa f. major (Peterm.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 329 (1909)
= Carex cespitosa f. polystachya Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 499 (1846)
= Carex cespitosa var. alpina (Schur) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 329 (1909)
= Carex cespitosa var. latifolia Uechtr. ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 87 (1902)
= Carex cespitosa var. multifibrillosa Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 329 (1909)
= Carex cespitosa var. retorta Fr., Bot. Not. 1843: 10 (1843)
= Carex cespitosa var. strictissima Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 329 (1909)
= Carex cespitosa var. waisbeckeri Kük., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 53 (1901)
= Carex drejeri Lange, Flora, 25: (1842) 548
= Carex erecta Gilib., Exercit. 2: 549 (1792)
= Carex fascicularis Siev. ex Trevir., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 36: (1863) I. 543
= Carex ferax Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 3: 270 (1797)
= Carex fridrichsthaliana Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 211 (1854)
= Carex glabella Pabrez apud C.Regel, Script. Hort. Bot. Univ. Vyt. Magni, 2: 32, 64 (1932)
= Carex humilis Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. pl. 2: 411 (1837)
= Carex inaequalis Raeusch., Nom. ed. III. 270 (1797)
= Carex inumbrata V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 218 (1935)
= Carex neglecta Peterm., Flora, 27: (1844) 331
= Carex neglecta var. major Peterm., Flora 25: 331 (1842)
= Carex nitida Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 411 (1837)
= Carex nutans Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 3: 270 (1797)
= Carex obesa Schleich. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 411 (1837)
= Carex oligophylla Freyn, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 40: (1890) 305
= Carex pacifica Drejer, Revis. Car. 292 (1841)
= Carex quinata Raeusch., Nom. ed. III. 270 (1797)
= Carex retorta (Fr.) V.I.Krecz., Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 219, 598 (1935)
= Carex rigida Clairv. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 295 (1840)
= Carex rubra Lév. & Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 19: 33 (1909)
= Carex spreta Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 212 (1854)
= Carex usta Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, VIII, 7: 41 (1895)
= Limivasculum caespitosum (L.) Fedde & J.Schust., Just´s Bot. Jahresb., 41: II. 11 [1913] (1918)
= Neskiza caespitosa (L.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Vignantha drejeri (Lange) Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 706 (1866)
= Vignantha drejeri var. alpina Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 706 (1866)
= Vignea cespitosa (L.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1625 (1830)
= Vignea drejeri (Lange) Fuss, Fl. Transsilv.: 680 (1866)
= Vignea pacifica (Drejer) Rchb. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 777 (1882)
variant :
var. minuta (Franch.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 329 (1909)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Sakhalin); Japan (Hokkaido); China (Heilongjiang, Jilin)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex minuta Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 41
= Carex cespitosa ssp. minuta (Franch.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 153 (1985)
species :
Carex chaffanjonii E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 2: 205 (1912)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
species :
Carex chamissonis Meinsh.; Act. Hort. Petrop. 18: 361 (1900)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
species :
Carex changmuensis Tang & F.T.Wang ex Y.C.Yang; Fl. Xizangica, 5: 410 (1987)
Distribution: SE-Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Carex chaofangii C.Z.Zheng & X.F.Jin; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42(6): 548 (2004)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex chapmannii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 222 (1855)
Name: Chapman´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex fusiformis Chapm. ex Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 6: 244 (1848) [not Nees 1834
species :
Carex charkeviczii A.E.Kozhevn.; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 92(6): 135 (1987)
Distribution: Russian Far East
31 RFE
species :
Carex chathamica Petrie; Trans. N. Z. Inst., 47: 55 [1914] (1915)
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
Conservation Status: Endangered
species :
Carex cheesemanniana (Boeckeler) K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 30 (2015)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia cheesemanniana Boeckeler, Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: (1884) 521
= Uncinia compacta var. nervosa (Boott) C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 395 (1883)
= Uncinia nervosa Boott, Hook. fil. Fl. Tasman. 2: 102. t. 153 (1858)
species :
Carex cheniana Tang & F.T.Wang ex S.Yun Liang; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 36(6): 532 (1998)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex chermezonii Luceño & Martín-Bravo; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 27 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Schoenoxiphium gracile Cherm., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 70: 300 (1923)
species :
Carex cherokeensis Schwein. & Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 369, t. 25. f. 1
Name: Cherokee sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex baazasana Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 236 (1855)
= Carex brazatana Boeckeler, Flora 39: 321 (1856)
= Carex christyana Boott, Bost. Journ. Nat. Hist. 5: (1847) 114
= Carex recurva Muhl., Desc. Gram. Uber. n. 55 (1817)
= Edritria recurva (Muhl.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
species :
Carex chiapensis F.J.Herm.; Brittonia, 19: 68 (1967)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Carex chichijimensis Katsuy.; J. Jap. Bot. 83(6): 331 (2008)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Carex chihuahuensis Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 35: 265 (1908)
Name: Chihuahuan sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Carex chilensis Brongn.; Duperr. Voy. Bot. 156 (1833)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Chubut, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Misiones, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, San Juan); Chile (Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen); Paraguay (Paraguari); Uruguay (Canelones, Montevideo, Rio Negro, San Jose, Soriano)
85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex riparia ssp. chilensis (Brongn. ex Duperrey) Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 553 (1899)
= Carex riparia var. chilensis (Brongn.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 736 (1909)
species :
Carex chillanensis Phil.; Anal. Univ. Chil. II. (1862) 384
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex melanolepis Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 499 (1896)
species :
Carex chinensis Retz.; Obs. 3: 42 (1783)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex retzii Nees, Wight, Contrib. 128 (1834)
= Carex sinensis J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. 2: 144 (1791)
variant :
var. longkiensis (Franch.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenr. Heft 38 (IV. 20): 625 (1909)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex longkiensis Franch., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris 8 ser, 7: 86 (1895)
species :
Carex chinganensis Litv.; Sched. ad. Herb. Fl. Ross. 4: 135 (1909)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol); Russian Far East
31 RFE 36 CHI
species :
Carex chinoi Ohwi ex Koyama; Journ. Jap. Bot. 32: 147 (1957)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Carex chitralensis Nelmes; Nytt Mag. Bot., Oslo, 1: 22 (1952)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex koshewnikowii ssp. chitralensis (Nelmes) Dickoré, Stapfia, 39: 48 (1995)
variant :
var. excedens Raymond; Symb. Afgh. 6: 25 (1965)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral)
40 PAK
species :
Carex chiwuana F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(2): 143-144, f. 9 (1990)
Distribution: China (NE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex chlorantha R.Br.; Prod. 242 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
species :
Carex chlorocephalula F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li; Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(2): 143, f. 8 (1990)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex chlorosaccus C.B.Clarke; Journ. L. Soc. 34: 298 (1899)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Rwanda; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; South Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda; Mozambique; Malawi; Zambia
23 BIO CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brassii Nelmes, Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 9: 100 (1954)
= Carex echinochloe var. chlorosaccus (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 271 (1909)
species :
Carex chlorostachys Steven; Mem. Soc. Nat. Moscou 4: 68 (1813)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol, Hebei, Shanxi, Gansu, Sichuan, Qinghai); Tibet; Japan; Siberia
30 SIB 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex capillaris ssp. chlorostachys (Steven) Á.Löve, D.Löve & Raymond, Canad. J. Bot. 35: 749 (1957)
= Carex capillaris var. chlorostachys (Stev.) Grossh.
= Carex chlorostachys var. conferta Tang & F.T.Wang ex L.K.Dai, Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 12: 526 (2000)
= Carex chlorostachys var. conferta Tang & F.T.Wang ex L.K.Dai, Fl. China (2010)
species :
Carex chordalis Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: (1851) 269
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida); Costa Rica; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Honduras; Ecuador; Guatemala; Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex jamesonii var. gracilis Bailey, Bot. Gaz. 13: 88 (1888)
= Carex jamesonii var. chordalis (Liebm.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 409 (1909)
species :
Carex chordorrhiza Ehrh. ex Linnaeus fil.; Suppl. Pl. 414 (1782)
Name: Ranken-Segge, Fadenwurzel-Segge, Creeping sedge
Distribution: Austria; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Iceland; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; North Korea; South Korea; Kazakhstan; Mongolia; Alaska; USA (Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE NOR SWE 11 AUT CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 ROM 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 33 NCS 37 MON 38 KOR NKO 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex chordorrhiza var. aestivalis Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 23 (1902)
= Carex chordorrhiza var. sphagnicola Laest. ex Th.Fr., Bot. Not. 1857: 208 (1857)
= Carex fischeriana J.Gay, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 10: (1838) 286
= Carex fulvicoma Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. 29: (1836) 249
= Carex funiformis Clairv., Man. Herb. 287 (1811)
= Carex teretiuscula Willk., Bot. Zeit. 6: (1848) 414
= Caricina chordorrhiza (L.fil.) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 874 (1889)
= Vignea chordorrhiza (L.fil.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1608 (1830)
species :
Carex chosenica Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 1: 73 (1932)
Distribution: Russian Far East; North Korea
31 RFE 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex dahurica ssp. chosenica (Ohwi) T.V.Egorova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 22: 61 (1985)
species :
Carex christii Boeckeler; Centralbl. 42: 134 (1890)
Distribution: India
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Carex chrysolepis Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 571 (1878)
Distribution: Taiwan; Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gokwanensis Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 10: 65 (1921)
= Carex kiusiuana Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B. 5: No. 3, 268 (1930)
= Carex odontostoma var. variegata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 571 (1909)
= Carex picea var. asensis Lév. & Vaniot
variant :
var. glabrior (Ohwi) Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 6: 250 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex glabrior (Ohwi) Akiyama, Caric. Far East. Reg. As. 129 (1955)
= Carex odontostoma var. glabrior Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 5: 253 (1930)
variant :
var. odontostoma (Kük.) Ohwi; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 6: 250 (1931)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex odontostoma Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 5: 1162 (1905)
species :
Carex chuiana F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 167 (1999)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex chuii Nelmes; Kew Bull., 108 (1948)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex chungii Z.P.Wang; J. Nanjing Univ. 2: 44 (1962)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Japan
36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex kamagariensis K.Okamoto, Bull. Okayama Coll. Sci., 1: 66 (1965)
= Carex anhuiensis S.W.Su & S.M.Xu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 9(1): 47 (1989)
= Carex truncatirostris f. erostris S.W.Su & S.M.Xu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 9(1): 47 (1989)
= Carex truncatirostris S.W.Su & S.M.Xu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 9(1): 45 (1989)
= Carex xuanchengensis S.W.Su & S.M.Xu, Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Inst., 9(1): 48 (1989)
variant :
var. rigida Y.C.Tang & S.Yun Liang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 12: 522 (2000)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex ciliaris Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. 43: 61 (1907)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Durango, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Carex cilicica Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 124 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. cilicica
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Armenia
33 ARM 34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex hostiana var. froedinii Fagerstr., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 79(3): 2 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. muglaica Ö.Nilsson; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl., 9: 622, 132 (1985)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. muratica Ö.Nilsson; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl., 9: 622, 132 (1985)
Distribution: C-Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Carex cinerascens Kük.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 2: 1017 (1902)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Japan (Honshu); North Korea; South Korea; China (Anhui, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cheilungkiangnica A.I.Baranov & Skvortsov, Quart. J. Taiwan Mus. 18: 225 (1965)
= Carex ouensanensis Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, 6: 262 (1931)
= Carex micrantha Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 2: 1018 (1902)
species :
Carex circinata C.A.Mey.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans. 1: 209, plate 6 (1831)
Name: Coiled sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Washington State); Canada (British Columbia); Russian Far East (Commander Isl.)
31 RFE 70 ASK 71 CDN 73 USA
species :
Carex cirrhosa Berggr.; Minneskr. Fisiog. Sallks. Lund (1877) n. VIII. 29
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cirrhosa var. lutescens Kük., T. F. Cheeseman, Man. New Zealand Fl.: 825 (1906)
species :
Carex clavata Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 14 (1794)
Distribution: Tanzania; South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Botswana; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; SW-Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Rwanda; Burundi
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Anithista clavata (Thunb.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Anithista triticea (Wahlenb.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
= Carex clavata f. lutensis (Kunth) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 737 (1909)
= Carex clavata var. campylostachya Nees, Linnaea 10: 204 (1836)
= Carex lutensis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 487 (1837)
= Carex macrocystis Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 1: 50 (1888)
= Carex retrorsa Nees, Linnaea, 10: 1835 (1836) 204
= Carex triticea Wahlenb. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 299 (1840)
species :
Carex clavispica S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Kumaon, Sikkim); Bhutan; China (Sichuan); Tibet; Nepal
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia duthiei C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 697 (1894)
= Kobresia rostrata C.B.Clarke ex N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 500, in syn. (1939)
species :
Carex clivorum Ohwi; Fedde, Repert. 36: 42 (1934)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Carex cochinchinensis Raymond; Mem. Jard. Bot. Montreal, No. 53, 32 (1959)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Carex cochranei Reznicek; McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galiciana, 13: 249 (1993)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan)
79 MEX
species :
Carex cockayneana Kük.; Cheeseman, Man. N. Zeal. Fl. 836 (1906)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cinnamomea Cheesman, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 14: (1882) 301 [non Boott]
= Carex forsteri var. cockayneana (Kük.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 695 (1909)
species :
Carex cognata Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 502 (1837)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Uganda; Mozambique; Burundi; Angola; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Malawi
23 BUR ZAI 25 UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex acutatiformis H.E.Hess, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 63: 355 (1953)
= Carex cognata var. congolensis (Turrill) Lye, Nordic J. Bot., 3(2): 244 (1983)
= Carex cognata var. drakensbergensis (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 699 (1909)
= Carex congolensis Turrill, Kew Bull., 240 (1912)
= Carex drakensbergensis C.B.Clarke, Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 309 (1898)
= Carex pseudocyperus var. cognata (Kunth) Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 141 (1867)
= Carex pseudosphaerogyna Nelmes, Kew Bull., 473 (1937)
species :
Carex colchica J.Gay; Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 10: (1838) 303
Name: Französische Segge
Distribution: Denmark; Sweden; Germany; Netherlands; Poland; France; Bulgaria; Romania; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Crimea; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (W-Siberia); Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); European Turkey
10 DEN SWE 11 GER NET POL 12 FRA 13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ TKM 33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex arenaria ssp. colchica (J.Gay) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 782 (1882)
= Carex arenaria var. castanea Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 178 (1867)
= Carex arenaria var. colchica (J.Gay) Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 24(2): 17 (1885)
= Carex colchica ssp. ligerica (J.Gay) T.V.Egorova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast., 10: 104 (1973)
= Carex colchica ssp. ligerica (J.Gay) T.V.Egorova, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 10: 104 (1973)
= Carex ligerica f. capitata Lackow. & Paul, Doubl.-Verz. Berl. Bot. Tauschv. 36: 25 (1904)
= Carex ligerica J.Gay, Ann. Sci. Nat. ser. 2, 10: 360 (1838)
= Carex ligerina Guépin ex Boreau, Mem. Soc. Acad. Maine-et-Loire, 6: (1859) 171
= Carex pseudo-arenaria Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ. 8: 8. t. 208 (1846)
= Carex schoenoides Schrank, Baier. Fl. 1: 274 (1789), provisional synonym.
= Carex schreberi ssp. ligerica (J.Gay) Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 11: 475 (1879)
= Vignea colchica (J.Gay) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea ligerica (J.Gay) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 196 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea pseudo-arenaria Rchb., Ic. Fl. Germ. 8: t. 208 (1846)
species :
Carex colensoi Boott; Hook. fil. Fl. N. Zeal. 281. t. 63 (1853)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex picta Colenso, (1889) [non Steud.
species :
Carex collifera Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 2: 26 (1933)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
Remarks: known from type collection only
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex canina ssp. collifera (Ohwi) X.F.Jin, Taxon. Carex sect. Rhomboidales 142 (2013)
species :
Carex collinsii Nutt.; Gen. Am. 2: 205 (1818)
Name: Collins´ sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex michauxii Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. 10: (1826) 273 [not Schwein. 1824
= Carex subulata Michx., Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 173 (1803) [not J. F. Gmel. 1791
= Olotrema collinsii (Nutt.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
species :
Carex collumanthus (Steyerm.) L.E.Mora; Acta Biol. Colomb., 1(1): 40, 41, 31 (1982)
Distribution: Venezuela (Merida, Tachira); Colombia; Bolivia (La Paz, Potosí); Peru
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Vesicarex collumanthus Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28(1): 63 (1951)
species :
Carex comans Berggr.; Minneskr. Fisiog. Sallk. Lund (1877) n. VIII. p. 28
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cheesemanii Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 15: (1883) 358
= Carex comans f. stricta Cheeseman, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 24: 415 (1892)
= Carex comans var. cheesemanii (Petrie) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 689 (1909)
= Carex comans var. pulchella (Berggr.) C.B.Clarke, (1906)
= Carex comans var. pulchella Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 689 (1909)
= Carex pulchella Berggr., Minneskr. Fisiog. Sallks. Lund (1877) n. VIII. 29 [non Nyland. 1863]
= Carex vilmorinii Mottet, Rev. Hort. 1897: 79 (1897)
species :
Carex commixta Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 207 (1855)
Distribution: W-Java; C-Java; Vietnam; N-Thailand; Sumatra; ?Myanmar; China (Hainan)
36 CHI 41 THA VIE 42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex blepharolepis Nelmes, Kew Bull. 1: 18 (1946)
= Carex chuniana F.T.Wang & Tang, Contrib. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping, 6: 56 (1949), reimpr.
= Carex hainanensis Merr. ex Chun & F.C.How, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 7: 80 (1958)
= Carex humbertii F.T.Wang & Tang, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 6: 57 (1949), not Cherm. (1927)
= Carex hypolytrifolia Koyama, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 69: 209 (1956)
= Carex smitinandii Raymond, Dansk Bot. Arkiv, 23: 255 (1965)
= Carex spatiosa Boott, Illustr. Carex, 2: 86 (1860)
= Carex spatiosa var. bogorensis C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 12 (1904)
species :
Carex communis L.H.Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club. 1: (1889) 41
Name: Fibrousroot sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
variant :
var. amplisquama (F.J.Herm.) Rettig; Novon, 6(1): 117 (1996)
Name: Dixie sedge
Distribution: USA (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex amplisquama F.J.Herm., Rhodora, 57: 158 (1955)
species :
Carex comosa Boott; Trans. L. Soc. 20: (1846) 117
Name: Longhair sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); Mexico (Michoacan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex furcata Elliott, Sketch, 2: 552 (1824) nom. illeg.
= Carex pseudocyperus var. comosa (Boott) Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 141 (1867)
species :
Carex complanata Torr. & Hook.; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 3: (1836) 408
subspecies :
subsp. complanata
Name: Hirsute sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Maine, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bolliana Boeckeler, Flora 61: 40 (1878)
= Facolos complanata (Torr. & Hook.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. tropicalis Reznicek & S.Gonzalez; Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 344 (2001)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca, Chiapas); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Carex composita Boott; Illustr. Carex; 1: 3 (1858)
Distribution: Bhutan; China (Guizhou, Yunnan); N-Thailand; NE-India (Assam)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND 41 THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex composita f. simplicior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 260 (1909)
species :
Carex concava H.B.Yang, Xiao X.Li & G.D.Liu; Phytotaxa 283(2): 156 (2016)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex concinna R.Br.; Richards. Frankl. Narr. 1st Journ. 751 (1823)
Name: Low northern sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Michigan, Montana, Oregon, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Edritria concinna (R.Br.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
species :
Carex concinnoides Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club, 33: 440 (1906)
Name: Northwestern sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
species :
Carex conferta Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 512 (1850)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; NE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Tanzania; South Sudan
23 ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Carex confertiflora Boott; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 6: 1858 (1859) 418
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); China (Guizhou, Hubei, Yunnan)
36 CHI 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex olivacea ssp. confertiflora (Boott) Koyama, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 72 (1959) 307
= Carex olivacea var. angustior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 618 (1909)
species :
Carex confertospicata Boeckeler; Bot. Jahrb. 8: (1887) 206
Distribution: Ecuador; Panama
80 PAN 83 ECU
species :
Carex congdonii L.H.Bailey; Coult. Bot. Gaz. 21: 6 (1896)
Name: Congdon´s sedge
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Carex congestiflora Reznicek & M.S.González; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 22: 125 (1999)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Carex conica Boott ex Perry; Jap. Exped. 2: 325 (1856)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea
38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex conica f. longirostrata Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 479 (1909)
= Carex conica f. mollis Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 479 (1909)
= Carex conica f. rubens Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 479 (1909)
= Carex conica var. leucolepis Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 143 (1877)
= Carex digama Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 28: 326 (1914)
= Carex discolor Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 519 (1884)
= Carex doiana Akiyama, Journ. Fac. Sc., Sapporo, Ser. V. Bot., 1: 59 (1931)
= Carex excisa Boott ex Perry, Jap. Exp. 2: 326 (1856)
= Carex naumanniana Boeckeler, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 518 (1884)
= Carex okushirensis Akiyama, Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 14: 108 (1935)
= Carex yoshinoi Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, 6: 265 (1931)
variant :
var. pallescens T.Hoshino & H.Ikeda; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4a: 287 (2020)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. scabrocaudata (T.Koyama) Hatus. ex T.Hoshino; Fl. Jap. (Iwatsuki et al., eds.) 4a: 287 (2020)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atroviridis var. scabrocaudata T.Koyama, J. Jap. Bot. 32(5): 149 (1957)
species :
Carex coninux (F.T.Wang & Tang) S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet; ?Pakistan (?Chitral)
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia pusilla N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 496 (1939)
= Kobresia coninux F.T.Wang & Tang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 182 (1951)
= Kobresia daqingshanica X.Y.Mao, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Intramongolicae, 19(2): 341 (1988)
= Kobresia helanshanica W.Z.Di & M.J.Zhong, Acta Bot. Bor.-Occid. Sin., 5(4): 311 (1985)
species :
Carex conjuncta Boott; Illustr. Carex, 3: 122 (1862)
Name: Soft fox sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex vulpina Carey ex Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. II. 8: (1849) 348
= Vignea conjuncta (Boott)Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex conoidea Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4(1): 280. 1805. (1805)
Name: Openfield sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex granularioides Schwein., Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 69
= Carex illinoensis Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, II, 4: 245 (1847)
= Carex katahdinensis Fernald, Rhodora, 3: 171 (1901)
= Carex tetanica Schwein. & Torr., Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 347
species :
Carex conspecta Mack.; N. Am. Fl. 18: 294 (1935)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Mexico State, Michoacan, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Carex constanceana Stacey; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 123 (1938)
Name: Contance´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Washington State)
73 USA
species :
Carex continua C.B.Clarke; Hook., Fl. Brit. India 6: 717 (1894)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan); India (incl. Sikkim); Laos; Myanmar; Philippines; Thailand; Vietnam; Nepal
36 CHI 40 IND NEP 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex continua var. plebeia (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 282 (1909)
= Carex plebeia C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 718 (1894)
species :
Carex contracta F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 258 (1874)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
Remarks: Status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gaudichaudiana var. contracta (F.Muell.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 313 (1909)
species :
Carex cordillerana Saarela & B.A.Ford; Syst. Bot. 26: 715, figs. 1C, 2C, 3C, 4C, 8 (2001)
Name: Cordilleran sedge
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia)
71 CDN
species :
Carex coriacea Hamlin; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. N. Z. 82: 63 (1954)
Distribution: New Zealand (widespread)
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex ternaria f. pallida (Cheeseman) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 369 (1909)
= Carex ternaria var. pallida Cheeseman, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 431 (1884)
species :
Carex coriophora Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 463 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. coriophora
Distribution: China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shanxi); Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Mongolia; Alaska
30 SIB 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex atrofusca var. coriophora (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Kunth) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 554 (1909)
= Carex atrofusca var. major (Boeckeler) Raymond, Canad. Field-Naturalist 66: 98 (1952)
= Carex maculata Turcz. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 292 (1840)
= Carex ustulata var. major Boeckeler, Linnaea 41: 260 (1877)
subspecies :
subsp. langtaodianensis S.Yun Liang, L.K.Dai & S.Yun Liang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 12: 231. 524 (2000)
Distribution: China (Gansu)
36 CHI
species :
Carex corrugata Fernald; Rhodora, 44: 76 (1942)
Name: Prune-fruit sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex rugata Fernald, Rhodora, 43: 545 (1941) [non Ohwi 1932
species :
Carex cortesii Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: (1851) 268
Distribution: Costa Rica; Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 COS GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex galeottiana C.A.Mey., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 9(2): 248 (1842), nom. nud.
species :
Carex corynoidea K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 30 (2015)
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia clavata (Kük.) Hamlin, Domin. Mus. Bull., N. Zeal., No. 19 (Rev. Gen. Uncin. N. Zeal.) 68 (1959)
= Uncinia uncinata var. clavata (Kük.) Kük.
= Uncinia australis var. clavata Kük., T. F. Cheeseman, Man. New Zealand Fl.: 802 (1906)
species :
Carex coulteri Boott ex Hemsl.; Biol. Contr. Am. Bot. 3: 473 (1885)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Mexico State, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex longicaulis var. coulteri (Boott ex Hemsl.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 580 (1909)
species :
Carex coxiana Petrie; Trans. & Proc. N. Z. Inst. 56: 6 (1926)
Distribution: Chatham Isl.
51 CTM
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Carex cranaocarpa Nelmes; Kew Bull., 184 (1939)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Carex craspedotricha Nelmes; Kew Bull., 657 [1939] (1940)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Henan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); N-Thailand
36 CHI 41 THA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex squamata V.I.Krecz., Not. Syst. Herb. List. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 9: 196 (1946)
= Vignea craspedotricha (Nelmes) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex crassiflora Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 403 (1909)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex brunnescens Boeckeler, Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 44 [non (Pers.) Poir.]
= Facolos brunnescens (Poir.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
species :
Carex crawei Dewey; Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2. 2: 246 (1846)
Name: Crawe´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex crawei var. heterostachya Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, II, 42: 4 (1866)
species :
Carex crawfordii Fernald; Proc. Amer. Acad. 37: 469 (1902)
Name: Crawford´s sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Germany [I]
11 ger 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex scoparia var. minor Boott, Ill. Carex 3: 116 (1862)
= Carex crawfordii var. vigens Fernald, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 37: 470 (1902)
species :
Carex crebra V.I.Krecz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS, 9: 190 (1946)
Distribution: China (Gansu, S-Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
species :
Carex crebriflora Wiegand; Rhodora, 24: 197 (1922)
Name: Coastal plain sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
species :
Carex cremnicola K.A.Ford; New Zealand J. Bot. 45(4): 722 (2007)
Distribution: S-New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Carex cremostachys Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 34
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex prescottiana var. cremostachys (Franch.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 356 (1909)
species :
Carex cretica Gradst. & Kern; Acta Bot. Neerl. 17: 242 (1968)
Distribution: Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Ikaria)
13 KRI 34 EAI
species :
Carex crinita Lam.; Encyc. 3: 393 (1791)
Name: Fringed sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex crinita f. minor Boott, Ill. Carex 1: 18 (1858)
= Carex leonura Wahlenb., Vet. Akad. Nya Handl. Stockh. (1803) 161
= Diemisa crinita (Lam.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
= Neskiza crinita (Lam.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840)
variant :
var. brevicrinis Fernald; Rhodora. 48: 54 (1946)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
variant :
var. porteri (Olney) Fernald; Proc. Portland Soc. Nat. Hist. 2: 135 (1897)
Name: Porter´s fringed sedge
Distribution: USA (Maine, New York, Vermont)
75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex porteri Olney, Car. Bor. Am. 12 (1871)
species :
Carex crispa K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 30 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia involuta Hamlin, Domin. Mus. Bull., N. Zeal., No. 19 (Rev. Gen. Uncin. N. Zeal.) 49 (1959)
species :
Carex cristatella Britton & A.Br.; Fl. N. U. S. 1: 357 (1896)
Name: Crested sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); Europe [I]
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cristata Schwein., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1: 66 (1824) [not Clairville 1811
= Carex straminea var. cristata Tuck., Enum. Meth. Caric.: 18 (1843)
= Carex lagopodioides var. cristata (Tuck.) Carey, A. Gray, Manual: 545 (1848)
= Carex tribuloides var. cristata (Tuck.) L.H.Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 148 (1886)
= Carex tribuloides var. cristata (Tuck.) Macoun, Cat. Canad. Pl. 4: 130 (1888)
species :
Carex cruciata Wahlenb.; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl., Stockh. 24: 149 (1803)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, etc.); China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; Tibet; Nepal; Laos; Vietnam; Sumatra; N-Borneo; S-Japan (Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; peninsular Malaysia (Perak, Pahan); Myanmar; ?Pakistan (?Sind); Thailand; Cambodia
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP NNS TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bengalensis f. glauca Boeckeler ex Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 748 (1891)
= Carex bengalensis Roxb., Hort. Beng. 103
= Carex condensata Nees ex Wight, Contrib. Bot. Ind.: 123 (1834)
= Carex cruciata ssp. rubrobrunnea (Ohwi) T.Koyama, Fl. Taiwan, 5: 312 (1978)
= Carex cruciata var. argocarpa C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 716 (1894)
= Carex cruciata var. nagporensis C.B.Clarke, Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. India 6: 716 (1894)
= Carex bengalensis var. nagporensis (C.B.Clarke) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 300 (2009)
= Carex cruciata var. rubrobrunnea Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 11: 461 (1936)
= Carex galactolepis Nelmes, Kew Bull., 20 (1946), in clavi et in adnot.
= Carex hakkuensis Hayata, Ic. Pl. Formos. 6: 122 (1916)
= Carex spongocrepis Nelmes, Mem. Mus. Hist. Paris, Ser. B. Bot., 4: 128 (1955)
= Carex valida Nees, R. Wight, Contr. Bot. India: 123 (1834)
variant :
var. rafflesiana (Boott) Noot.; Fl. Males. 9(1): 122 (1979)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland); Java; Sumatra; peninsular Malaysia; Philippines; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Borneo; New Guinea; Taiwan; Thailand; Nicobar Isl. (Great Nicobar Isl.); Moluccas (Seram); Sulawesi; Bismarck Arch.
38 TAI 41 NCB THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 43 BIS 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bengalensis var. scaberrima Boeckeler, Linnaea 40: 347 (1876)
= Carex bengalensis var. virgata Boeckeler, Linnaea 40: 347 (1876)
= Carex buennemeijeri Nelmes, Kew Bull., 191 (1950)
= Carex ceramica Nelmes, Kew Bull., 193 (1950)
= Carex clarkeana Kük., Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 4: 52 (1904)
= Carex gembolensis var. timorensis C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 10 (1904)
= Carex macrothyrsa Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 351 (1856)
= Carex oblonga Nelmes, Kew Bull., 192 (1950), non J. F. Gmel. (1850)
= Carex pentacarpa Boeckeler, Flora, 58: (1875) 265
= Carex pycnothyrsos Kük., Philipp. Journ, Sc., Bot. 6: 60 (1911)
= Carex rafflesiana Boott, Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1845) 285
= Carex rafflesiana ssp. scaberrima (Boeckeler) T.Koyama, Fl. Taiwan, 5: 310 (1978)
= Carex rafflesiana var. macrothyrsa (Miq.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 282 (1909)
= Carex rafflesiana var. scaberrima (Boeckeler) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 283 (1909)
= Carex rafflesiana var. tenuior C.B.Clarke, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 10 (1904)
= Carex scaberrima (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 72 (1908)
= Carex semiglomerata Kük., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ser. III. 16: 315 (1940)
= Carex spongoneura Nelmes, Kew Bull., 18 (1946), in clavi et in adnot. (1946)
= Carex timorensis (C.B.Clarke) Nelmes, Kew Bull., 24 (1946)
= Carex virgata Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 351 (1856), non Sol. ex Hook. fil.
= Carex xestogyne Nelmes, Kew Bull., 16 (1946)
species :
Carex cruenta Nees; Wight, Contrib. Bot. Ind.: 128 (1854)
Distribution: Tibet; N-India; Nepal; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Astor, Deosai, Baltistan); NW-India (Dras, Zanskar, Kashmir); China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex heterolepis Boeckeler, Beitr. Cyper. 1: 48 (1888)
species :
Carex crus-corvi Shuttlew. ex Kunze; Schkuhr, Riedgr. Suppl. 128. t. 32 (1842)
Name: Ravenfoot sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bayardii Fernald, Rhodora, 44: 71 (1942)
= Carex crus-corvi f. orthoclados Kunze, Suppl. Riedgräs.: 166 (1844)
= Carex crus-corvi var. virginiana Fernald, Rhodora 39: 393 (1937)
= Carex halei Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. Ser. II. 2: (1846) 248
= Carex hystrix A.Gray ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 1: 26 (1858)
= Carex ornithorhyncha Boott, Illustr. Carex, 1: 26 (1858)
= Carex siciformis Boott, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 113 (1845)
= Carex virginiana (Fernald) Fernald, Rhodora, 43: 542 (1941)
species :
Carex cryptolepis Mack.; Torreya, 14: 157 (1914)
Name: Northeastern sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex flava var. graminis Bailey
species :
Carex cryptosperma Zika, D.S.Bell & L.J.Gross; Madroño 65(4): 196 (2019)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Carex cryptostachys Brongn.; Duperr. Voy. Bot. 152 (1828)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales); Java; New Guinea; Vietnam; Thailand; Sumatra; E-Borneo; Philippines (Luzon, Mindanao); Moluccas (Aru Isl.); peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl., Perak, Pahan, Johor); Singapore; Nicobar Isl. (Great Nicobar Isl.); China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI 41 NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUM 50 AUS
Conservation Status: critically endangered (Singapore)
species :
Carex cubensis Kük.; Fedde, Repert. 23: 220 (1926)
Distribution: Cuba; Haiti
81 CUB HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cubensis var. flaccida Kük., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 221 (1926)
species :
Carex cuchumatanensis Standl. & Steyerm.; Ceiba, 4: 62 (1953)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Carex culmenicola Steyerm.; Fieldiana, Bot., 28: No. 1, 65 (1951)
Distribution: Venezuela (Sucre)
82 VEN
species :
Carex cumberlandensis Naczi, Kral & Bryson; Sida. 19: 994, figs. 1-5, 7 (2001)
Name: Cumberland sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
species :
Carex cumulata (Bailey) Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 49: 366 [1922] (1923)
Name: Clustered sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin); Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec)
71 CDN 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex straminea var. cumulata L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 23 (1889)
= Carex albolutescens var. cumulata (L.H.Bailey) L.H.Bailey, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 20: 422 (1893)
species :
Carex cuneata (Kük.) comb.ined.
Distribution: China (Gansu, ?Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia cuneata Kük., Acta Hort. Gothoburg. 5: 39 (1930)
species :
Carex cuprina (I.Sándor ex Heuff.) Nendtv. ex A.Kern.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 566 (1863)
Name: Hain-Fuchssegge (DE); Copper Sedge (EN); Cuchillera densa (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; ?Corsica; Crete; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Belarus; Crimea; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Tibet; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran; Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Herat); Azores (Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera); Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Uruguay [I]; New Zealand [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 TIB 51 nzl 85 uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cuprina var. subcontigua (Kük.) De Langhe & Lambinon, Nouv. Fl. Belgique, Luxembourg, N. France et Reg. vois. (ed. 3): 922 (1983)
= Carex nemorosa var. cuprina I.Sándor ex Heuff., Linnaea 31: 662 (1862)
= Carex otrubae f. bracteata (G.Mey.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 [1970] (1971)
= Carex otrubae f. interrupta (Peterm.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 [1970] (1971)
= Carex otrubae Podp., Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk 12: 15 (1922)
= Carex otrubae Podp. ex J.Kern & Reichg., Ned. Kruidk. Arch., Versl. 47: 271 (1937)
= Carex subvulpina Senay, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, Ser. 2, 17: 339, 444 (1945)
= Carex vulpina f. bracteata G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 578 (1836)
= Carex vulpina f. interrupta Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 490 (1846)
= Carex vulpina ssp. cuprina (I.Sándor ex Heuff.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Man. Paisos Catalans 4: 251 (2001)
= Carex vulpina var. subcontigua Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 170 (1909)
= Vignea cuprina (Sand. ex Heuff.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 140 [1981] (1982)
= Vignea otrubae (Podp.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 196 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex curaica Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 375 (1837)
Distribution: Tibet; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; N-India; Pakistan
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 36 TIB 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex borotalicola Regel, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 7: 566 (1880)
= Carex commutata Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 27(2): 205 (1854)
= Carex curaica var. angustifolia Turcz., Fl. Baical.-Dahur. 2(1): 261 (1856)
= Carex curaica var. latifolia Turcz., Fl. Baical.-Dahur. 2(1): 261 (1856)
= Carex curaica var. rigida Meinsh., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 18: 317 (1901)
= Vignea curaica (Kunth) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
species :
Carex curatorum Stacey; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 13 (1937)
Name: Kaibab sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex haysii S.L.Welsh, Mem. New York Bot. Gard., 64: 124 (1990)
= Carex scirpoidea var. curatorum (Stacey) Cronquist, Cronquist et al., Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, U. S. A.,6: 113 (1977)
species :
Carex curticeps C.B.Clarke; Hook. fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 729 (1894)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, Chumbi, etc.); Nepal; Tibet
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia curticeps (C.B.Clarke) Kük., Engl., Pfl. reich IV-20, Ht. 38: 47 (1909)
= Kobresia curticeps var. gyirongensis Y.C.Yang, Fl. Xizangica, 5: 391 (1987)
species :
Carex curvata All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 264 (1785)
Name: Gekrümmte Segge
Distribution: Austria; Switzerland; France; Bulgaria; Germany; Italy; Romania; Serbia & Kosovo; Ukraine
11 AUT GER SWI 12 FRA 13 BUL ITA ROM SRB 14 UKR
species :
Carex curvicollis Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 579 (1878)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex viridula Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 579 (1878)
= Carex savatieri Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., III, 10: 71 (1898)
species :
Carex curviculmis Reznicek; Contrib. Univ. Mich. Herb., 19: 107 (1993)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guanajuato, Mexico State, Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Carex curvula All.; Fl. Pedem. 2: 264 (1785)
subspecies :
subsp. curvula
Name: Krumm-Segge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Bulgaria; France; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; NE-Spain (Pyrenees); Italy; Slovenia; Romania; Ukraine
11 AUT LIE SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BUL ITA ROM SLV 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex curvula f. elongata Husn., Cyperacees 1: 12 (1905)
= Carex curvula f. orbelica (Velen.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 186 (1909)
= Carex curvula f. pallida Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 51 (1902)
= Carex curvula f. pygmaea Holler ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 51 (1902)
= Carex curvula f. rodnensis Porcius ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 51 (1902)
= Carex curvula ssp. mirabilis Arcang.
= Carex lobata Bellardi, App. Fl. Pedem. 42 (1793)
= Carex lobata Wahlenb. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 292 (1840)
= Carex mirabilis Schleich., Cat. (1821) ex Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 6: 63
= Carex orbelica Velen., Fl. Bulg.: 575 (1891)
= Carex ovata C.A.Mey., C. F. von Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 4: 207 (1833)
= Carex rodnensis (Porcius ex Asch. & Graebn.) Rouy, G. Rouy & J. Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 404 (1912)
= Caricina curvula (All.) St.-Lag., Cariot, Etud. des fleurs, ed. 8. 2: (1889) 876
= Cryptoglochin curvulus (All.) Heuff., Flora, 27: (1844) 528
= Kobresia curvula (All.) N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 489 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. rosae Gilomen; Mitt. Naturf. Ges. Bern 1937: xxvii (1937)
Distribution: Austria; Switzerland; France; Andorra; NE-Spain; Italy; (Alps, Pyrenees)
11 AUT SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex rosae (Gilomen) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 12(4): 429 (1977)
species :
Carex cusickii Mack.; Piper & Beattie. Fl. N. W. Coast, 72 (1915)
Name: Cusick´s sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex obovoidea Cronquist, Madrono, 7: 78 (1943)
= Carex teretiuscula var. ampla L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 53 (1889)
species :
Carex cyanea K.A.Ford; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 30 (2015), nom. nov.
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia leptostachya Raoul, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. III. 2: (1844) 116 (Choix Pl. N. Zel. 12. t. 5 B)
= Uncinia australis R.Br., Prod. 241 (1810)
species :
Carex cylindrostachya Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 32
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
species :
Carex cyprica A.M.Molina, Acedo & Llamas; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 156(3): 398 (2008)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
species :
Carex cyrtostachya Janeway & Zika; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 7(1): 25, fig. 1, 2A, 3A-B, 4A-G, 5 (2013)
Distribution: USA (California: Butte Co.)
76 USA
species :
Carex dabieensis S.W.Su; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 20: 221 (1982)
Distribution: China (Anhui)
36 CHI
Remarks: status doubtful, not mentioned in Fl. of China
species :
Carex dahurica Kük.; Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 326 (1910)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia; China (Jilin)
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
species :
Carex dailingensis Y.L.Chou; Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 4: 42 (1979)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex daisenensis Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 33: 41 (1919)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Carex dallii Kirk; Trans. N. Z. Inst. 26: 1893 (1894) 261
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gibbsii Petrie, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 46: 35 [1913] (1914)
species :
Carex daltonii Boott; Illustr. Carex 1: 5 (1858)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (incl. Sikkim)
40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex crassipes Boeckeler, Linnaea, 40: (1876) 329
species :
Carex damiaoshanensis X.F.Jin & C.Z.Zheng; J. Syst. Evol. 46(2): 226 (2008)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Carex dapanshanica X.F.Jin, Y.J.Zhao & Zi L.Chen; Nordic J. Bot. 29(6): 670 (2011 publ. 2012)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex darwinii Boott; Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1845) 261
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex nigricans Hombr. ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 156 (1867)
= Carex incompta Franch., Miss. scient. Cap. Horn, 5: Phan. (1889) 376 t. 6
variant :
var. serranoi (Phil.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 367 (1909)
Distribution: Chile (Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex darwinii var. robustior Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 528 (1899)
= Carex serranoi Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 501 (1896)
variant :
var. urolepis (Franch.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 367 (1909)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Rio Negro); Chile (Magallanes)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex darwinii var. aristata C.B.Clarke ex Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 529 (1899)
= Carex urolepis Franch., Miss. scient. Cap Horn, 5: Bot. (1889) 376 t. 5
species :
Carex dasycarpa Muhl.; Desc. Gram. Uber. 236 (1817)
Name: Sandywoods sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Edritria dasycarpa (Muhl.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
species :
Carex davalliana Sm.; Trans. L. Soc. London 5: 266 (1800)
Name: Torfsegge, Davalls Segge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; +England; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; +Denmark; France; Germany; Luxembourg; France; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; N- & C-Spain; Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Poland; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
10 DEN GRB 11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE LUX POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex curvula Willd. ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 269 (1837), nom. inval.
= Carex davalliana f. sieberiana (Opiz) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 369 (1837)
= Carex davalliana var. androgyna Döll, Fl. Baden: 244 (1857)
= Carex dioica var. davalliana (Sm.) Wahlenb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 138 (1803)
= Carex dioicotrigona St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: (1880) 121
= Carex leucorhizia Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 452 (1867)
= Carex recurvirostra Hallier fil. ex Steud., Nom. ed. I. 156 (1821)
= Carex reflexa Gaudin, Etrennes Fl. 53 (1804)
= Carex scabra Hoppe, Taschenb. (1800) 242
= Carex sieberiana Opiz, Natural. 11: (1826) 413
= Carex villosa Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 142 (1877)
= Caricinella scabra (Hoppe) St.-Lag., A. Cariot, Étude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 880 (1889)
= Maukschia scabra (Hoppe) Heuff., Flora, 27: (1844) 528
= Psyllophora davalliana (Sm.) Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: (1853) 78
= Psyllophora sieberiana (Opiz) Opiz, Seznam: 80 (1852)
= Vignea davalliana (Sm.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1605 (1830)
species :
Carex davidii Franch.; Pl. Davidian. 1: (1884) 319
Distribution: China (Anhui, Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex kengiana Z.P.Wang, J. Nanjing Univ. (Biology) 1962(2): 46 (1962)
species :
Carex david-smithii Reznicek; Novon, 2(4): 433 (1992)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Carex davisii Schwein. & Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 326
Name: Davis´ sedge
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Ontario)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aristata Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. vii. (1824) 277. t. A. f. 1
= Carex torreyana Dewey, Am. Journ. Sc. 10: (1826) 47
= Loxotrema davisii (Schwein. & Torr.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
species :
Carex davyi Mack.; Bull. Torr. Bot. Cl., 43: 606 [1916] (1917)
Name: Davy´s sedge
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Carex dawsonii (Hamlin) K.L.Wilson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 30 (2015)
Distribution: New Guinea; New Zealand (incl. Stewart Isl.); New Caledonia; Auckland Isl.; Society Isl. (Tahiti); Austral Isl. (Tubuai); Hawaii (Kauai, Molokai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
42 NWG 51 AUC NZL 60 NWC 61 AUI SCI 63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex hamosa Thouars, Fl. Trist. Acugn. 35 (1808)
= Uncinia uncinata (L.fil.) Kük., Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Caricoid. 62 (1909)
= Carex uncinata L.fil., Suppl. 413 (1781)
= Uncinia alopecuroides Colenso, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 15: (1883) 335
= Uncinia australis Pers., Syn. 2: 534 (1807)
= Uncinia australis var. pedicellata (Kük.) Petrie, (1915)
= Uncinia bractata Colenso, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 16: (1884) 341
= Uncinia dawsonii Hamlin, Trans. Roy. Soc. N. Z., Bot., 2: 128 (1963)
= Uncinia lindleyana Kunth, Enum. Pl. 2: 526 (1837)
= Uncinia lindleyana var. uliginosa (Skottsb.) O.Deg. & I.Deg.
= Uncinia pedicellata Kük., Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Caricoid. 61 (1909)
= Uncinia pedicellata Kük. ex Cheeseman, Trans. N. Z. Inst., 42: 211 [1909] (1910)
= Uncinia polyneura Colenso, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 19: 270 (1886 publ. 1887)
= Uncinia rigidula Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 245 (1855)
= Uncinia scaberrima Nees, Linnaea, 9: 1835 (1836) 305
= Uncinia uncinata var. laxior Carse, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 48: 240 (1916)
= Uncinia uncinata var. pedicellata (Kük.) Petrie, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 47: 54 (1915)
= Uncinia uncinata var. uliginosa Skottsb.
species :
Carex daxinensis Y.Y.Zhou & X.F.Jin; Phytotaxa 164(2): 135 (2014)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Carex deasyi (C.B.Clarke) O.Yano & S.R.Zhang; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 20 (2015)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; NW-Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Parwan); Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Pakistan (Kurram, Chitral, Baltistan, Deosai, Gilgit); N-India (Rupshu, Zanskar, Kashmir, Sikkim, Chumbi, etc.); Nepal; Bhutan; China (Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia, Altay); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kobresia schoenoides (C.A.Mey.) Steud., Synops. Cyper.: 246 (1855)
= Carex curvula Stev., Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 6: (1823) 67
= Elyna schoenoides C.A.Mey., Ledeb., Fl. Altaica 4: 235 (1833)
= Elyna sibirica Turcz., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. (1838) 103
= Kobresia deasyi C.B.Clarke, Kew Bull. 1908: 68 (1909)
= Kobresia glaucifolia F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 153 (1999)
= Kobresia lacustris P.C.Li, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 12(1): 14, f. 4 (1990)
= Kobresia maquensis Y.C.Yang, Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 2: 4 (1984)
= Kobresia pamiroalaica N.A.Ivanova, J. Bot. U. R. S. S. 24: 481 (1939), sine descr. Iat., et Fl. Uzbek. 1: 347, 540 (1941), cum descr. Iat.
= Kobresia royleana Hend., Yarkand, 339
= Kobresia schoenoides Boeckeler, Linnaea, 39: (1875) 7
= Kobresia septatonodosa Koyama, Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 16: 168 (1956)
= Kobresia smirnovii N.A.Ivanova, Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 480 (1939)
species :
Carex debilior (F.Muell.) K.L.Wilson; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 179: 30 (2015)
Distribution: Lord Howe Isl.
50 LHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Uncinia debilior F.Muell., Fragm. 8: 151 (1874)
= Uncinia filiformis var. debilior (F.Muell.) W.R.B.Oliv., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 49: 128 (1917)
species :
Carex debilis Michx.; Fl. Bor. -Amer. 2: 172 (1803)
Name: White edge sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Azores (Faial)
21 AZO 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex debilis var. prolixa L.H.Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 105 (1886)
variant :
var. intercursa Fernald; Rhodora 44: 307 (1942)
Distribution: USA (Maryland, North Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
variant :
var. rudgei L.H.Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club. 1: 34 (1889)
Name: White edge sedge
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec); St. Pierre et Miquelon
72 CDN SPM 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex flexuosa Muhl. ex Schkuhr, Riedgr. 2: 74
= Carex flexuosa Muhl. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 297 (1805)
= Carex tenuis Rudge, Trans. L. Soc. 7: (1804) 97. t. 9. f. 2
variant :
var. interjecta Bailey; Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 20: 418 (1893)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont)
75 USA 78 USA
variant :
var. pubera A.Gray; Manual, ed. 5: 593 (1867)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex debilis ssp. pubera (A.Gray) Á.Löve & D.Löve
= Carex allegheniensis Mack., N. Am. Fl. 18: 291 (1935)
variant :
var. strictior Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 34 (1889)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont)
75 USA
species :
Carex decidua Boott; Proc. L. Soc. 1: (1845) 255
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Cordoba, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Aisen, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Falkland Isl.
85 ARG CLE 91 FAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex pedicellata Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 93: 500 (1896)
= Carex rahmeri Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 93: 502 (1896)
= Carex vulgaris var. antucensis Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 525 (1899)
species :
Carex deciduisquama F.T.Wang & Tang ex P.C.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 160 (1999)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex declinata Boott; Illustr. Carex, 4: 171. t. 580 (1867)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Carex decomposita Muhl.; Descr. Gram. Uber. 264 (1817)
Name: Cypressknee sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex paniculata var. decomposita (Muhl.) Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 10: 276 (1826)
species :
Carex decora Boott; Illustr. Carex 1: 5, t. 15 (1858)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Darjeeling, Sikkim, etc.); Nepal
40 BHU IND NEP
species :
Carex decurtata Cheeseman; Trans, N. Z. Inst. 24: 1891 (1892) 414
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex cryptocarpa Cheeseman, Trans. N. Z. Inst. 16: (1884) 412
species :
Carex deflexa Hornem.; Fors. Oecon. Plantel. ed. 3. 1: 938 (1821)
Name: Northern sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Idaho, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New York, South Carolina, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); Greenland; St. Pierre et Miquelon
70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex deflexa var. deanei L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 42 (1889)
= Carex pilulifera var. deflexa (Hornem.) Drejer, Rev. Car. Bor.: 54 (1841)
variant :
var. boottii L.H.Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club. 1: 43 (1889)
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex globosa var. brevipes Boott, S. Watson & al., Bot. California 2: 485 (1880)
= Carex rossii var. brevipes (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 452 (1909)
species :
Carex delavayi Franch.; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, Ser. VIII. 7: (1895) 29
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex delicata C.B.Clarke; Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 79 (1908)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
species :
Carex demissa Hornem.; Dansk Oekon. Plantel. ed. 3, 1: 939 (1821)
Name: Grün-Segge, Aufsteigende Gelbsegge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Faeroe Isl.; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Netherlands; Spain; Iceland; Portugal; Norway; Poland; Greece; Croatia; Estonia; Latvia; Sweden; Australia [I] (Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Iran (E-Iran, N-Iran); Afghanistan; Morocco; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Maine [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], Rhode Island [I], Vermont [I]); Canada [I] (Labrador [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Québec [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC 14 EST LAT 20 MOR 34 AFG IRN 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn spm 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex viridula ssp. oedocarpa (Andersson) B.Schmid, Watsonia, 14: 316 (1983)
= Carex demissa ssp. iranica Kukkonen, Ann. Bot. Fenn., 21(4): 385 (1984)
= Carex flava f. demissa (Hornem.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 672 (1909)
= Carex flava ssp. demissa (Hornem.) O.Bolòs, Masalles & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 95 [1987] (1988)
= Carex flava ssp. oedocarpa (Andersson) P.D.Sell, P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, Fl. Great Britain Ireland 5: 363 (1996)
= Carex oederi f. oedocarpa (Andersson) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 674 (1909)
= Carex oederi ssp. oedocarpa Andersson, Pl. Scand. 1: 25 (1849)
= Carex tumidicarpa Andersson, Bot. Notiser (1849)
species :
Carex densa (Bailey) Bailey; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club, 1: (1889) 50
Name: Dense sedge
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex breviligulata Mack., Erythea, 8: 92 (1922)
= Carex brongniartii L.H.Bailey, Proc. Am. Acad, 22: (1886) 137
= Carex brongniartii var. densa L.H.Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 137 (1887)
= Carex chrysoleuca Holm, Amer. J. Sci. 166: 454 (1903)
= Carex vulpinoidea var. vicaria (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 148 (1909)
species :
Carex densenervosa Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 9: 149 (1911)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Carex densicaespitosa L.K.Dai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(2): 173-175, f. 1, 1-4 (1994)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Carex densifimbriata Tang & F.T.Wang; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 24(3): 240 (1986)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. hirsuta P.C.Li; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(2): 162 (1999)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex densipilosa C.Z.Zheng & X.F.Jin; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 42(6): 544 (2004)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Carex depauperata Curtis; Cat. Brit. Pl., Lond. Bot. Gard. 92, No. 228 (1783), nomen; With. Bot. Arrang Brit. Pl. ed. 2, 2: 1049 (1787), descr.
Name: Armblütige Segge
Distribution: Albania; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; France; Germany; Greece; Ireland; Switzerland; N-Spain; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Romania; Crimea; Sicily; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Tajikistan; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iraq; Iran
10 GRB IRE 11 BGM GER LUX SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB 14 KRY 32 TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex monilifera Thuill., Fl. Par. 1: 490 (1790)
= Carex triflora Schkuhr, Riedgr. 1: 94, 2: 66 (1801)
= Carex ventricosa Curt, Fl. Lond. fasc. 6: t. 68 (1790)
= Loxotrema triflora (Schkuhr) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 25 (1840)
= Trasus depauperatus (Curtis ex With) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 63 (1821)
species :
Carex depressa Link; Schrad., Jour. für die Bot. 1799 (2): 309 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. depressa
Distribution: ?Baleares; Corsica; France; Spain; Italy; Portugal; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex depressa f. tenella Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 463 (1909)
= Carex laxiflora Merino, Contr. Fl. Galicia: 48 (1897)
= Carex merinoi Gand., Nov. Consp. Fl. Eur.: 475 (1910)
= Carex pilulifera var. vaginata Boeckeler, Flora 61: 41 (1878)
subspecies :
subsp. basilaris (Jord.) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, 120: 62 (1987)
Distribution: Andorra; N-Spain (mountains); S-France; Italy
12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex basilaris Jord., Obs. Pl. Crit. 3: (1846) 246
= Carex depressa var. basilaris (Jord.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 1: 148 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. transsilvanica (Schur) T.V.Egorova; Nov. Syst. Pl. Vasc. (Leningrad) 9: 80 (1972)
Name: Transsylvanische Segge
Distribution: Slovakia; Serbia & Kosovo; Poland; Romania; Lithuania; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey; Iran (N-Iran)
11 POL SLO 13 ROM SRB TUE 14 KRY LIT UKR 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex baritiana Porcius, Anal. Acad. Romanae, Ser. II. 14: (1892) 285
= Carex debilis Boiss. & Balansa ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 410 (1882)
= Carex depressa ssp. transsilvanica (Schur) K.Richt.
= Carex depressa var. transsilvanica (Schur) Christ, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 24(2): 14 (1885)
= Carex euxina Marc. ex Kneuck., Allg. Bot. Zeitschr., 33 (1906), nomen
= Carex transsilvanica Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: (1853) 80
species :
Carex deqinensis L.K.Dai; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 32(2): 182, f. 5, 1-4 (1994)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex derelicta Stepánková; Preslia 80(4): 390 (2008), nom. nov.
Distribution: Czech Republic
11 CZE
Synonyms: hidden
= C. viridula ssp. pseudoscandinavica [nom.inval.]
species :
Carex desponsa Boott; Illustr. Carex, 2: 82 (1860)
Distribution: Bhutan; NE-India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh)
40 BHU IND
species :
Carex devia Cheeseman; Trans. N. Z. Inst. 15: (1883) 301
Distribution: New Zealand
51 NZL
species :
Carex deweyana Schwein.; Ann. Lyc. N. York, 1: (1824) 65, 310
Name: Dewey sedge
Distribution: Alaska; USA (Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon)
70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex deweyi Eaton, Man. Bot. ed. 5, 150 (1829)
= Vignea deweyana (Schwein.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 27 (1840) (deweyi)
variant :
var. collectanea Fernald; Rhodora 15: 93 (1913)
Name: Roundfruit sedge
Distribution: Canada (Québec)
72 CDN
variant :
var. senanensis (Ohwi) Koyama
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex senanensis Ohwi, Mem. Coll. Sc., Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, 6: 248 (1931)
= Carex hondae Akiyama, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 45: 474 (1931)
species :
Carex dianae Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 238 (1854)
Distribution: St. Helena
28 STH
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex aequabilis Boott, Illustr. Carex, 1: 66. t. 178 (1858)
= Carex dianae var. aequablis (Boott) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 650 (1909)
= Carex longifolia Burch. ex Hemsl., Bot. Challeng. Exped. 1: II. 87 (1884)
= Carex pedunculata Willd. ex Roxb., A. Beatson, Tracts St. Helena: 302 (1816)
= Carex praealta Boott, Ill. Carex 1: 66 (1858)
species :
Carex diandra Schrank; Cent. Bot. Anmerk. 57 [49] (1781)
Name: Draht-Segge, Lesser panicled sedge
Distribution: Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Hungary; Iceland; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-Spain; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East (incl. Kamchatka, Kuril Isl., Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); Mongolia; China (Nei Mongol); New Zealand; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Bhutan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, etc.); Alaska; USA (California, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Labrador, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Northern Territories, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); St. Pierre et Miquelon; Hispaniola
10 DEN FIN GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP 40 BHU IND 51 NZL 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN SPM 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex bernardina Parish, Bull. S. Calif. Acad. 5: 24 (1906)
= Carex diandra f. longibracteata Chwast., Fragm. Flor. Geobot., 24(4): 641 [1978] (1979)
= Carex diandra f. major (W.D.J.Koch) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 177 (1909)
= Carex diandra f. tenella (Beckm.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 177 (1909)
= Carex diandra var. ampla (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 177 (1909)
= Carex ehrhartiana Hoppe ex Boott, Illustr. Carex, 4: 145 (1867)
= Carex fulva Thuill., Fl. Par. 483 (1790)
= Carex paniculata var. diandra (Schrank) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 185 (1923)
= Carex paniculata var. minor Retz., Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 1152 (1779)
= Carex pseudo-paradoxa S.Gibson, Phytol. 1: (1844) 778
= Carex teretiuscula f. simplicior Sanio, Bot. Centralbl. 6: 430 (1881)
= Carex teretiuscula Gooden., Trans. L. Soc. 2: (1794) 163
= Carex teretiuscula var. ampla L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 53 (1889)
= Carex teretiuscula var. crassior Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 4: (1843)
= Carex teretiuscula var. major W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 751 (1837)
= Carex teretiuscula var. ramosa Boott, Ill. Carex 4: 145 (1867)
= Carex teretiuscula var. tenella Beckm., Flor. Bassum.: 508 (1889)
= Caricina teretiuscula (Gooden.) St.-Lag., Cariot. Etud. des fl. ed. 8, 2: (1889) 875
= Physiglochis teretiuscula (Gooden.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad.: 27 (1841)
= Vignea diandra (Schrank) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 195 [1979] (1980)
= Vignea teretiuscula (Gooden.) Rchb., J. C. Mössler, Handb. Gewächsk. ed. 2, 3: 1621 (1830)
species :
Carex diaoluoshanica H.B.Yang, G.D.Liu & Qing L.Wang; PLoS ONE 9(6): e97658 (2) (2014)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex diastena V.I.Krecz.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 3: 255 172, 594 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kamchatka)
31 RFE
species :
Carex dickinsii Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 581 (1879)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); North Korea; South Korea; China (Fujian)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex coreana Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 8 (1889)
species :
Carex diclina Phil.; Linnaea 33: 271 (1865)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Chubut, Cordoba, Jujuy, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Santa Cruz, San Juan, Tierra del Fuego); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Magallanes, Reg. Metropolitana); Peru; Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex gayana Desv., Gay, Fl. Chil. 6: 205 (1854), nom. illeg., non Steud.
= Carex gayana var. densa Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 501 (1899)
= Carex gayana var. rufa Kük., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 501 (1899)
= Carex gayana var. schedonautos (Steud.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 123 (1909)
= Carex gayana var. taurina (Phil.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 123 (1909)
= Carex schedonautos Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 189 (1854)
= Carex taurina Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. 93: 490 (1896)
= Carex nitens Phil., Anal. Univ. Chil. (1873) 557
species :
Carex dielsiana Kük.; Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 8: 10 (1913)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Carex digitalis Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 298 (1805)
Name: Slender woodland sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Canada (Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex digitalis f. podostachys (Steud.) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 528 (1909)
= Carex oligocarpa Muhl., Descr. Gram. Uber. 242
= Carex oligocarpa var. van-vleckii Schwein. ex Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts 10: 281 (1826)
= Carex podostachys Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 232 (1855)
= Edritria digitalis (Willd.) Raf., Good Book Amenit. Nat., Philad. 26 (1840)
variant :
var. floridana (L.H.Bailey) Naczi & Bryson; Novon 12: 531 (2002)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex digitalis var. asymmetrica Fernald, Rhodora 43: 544 (1941)
= Carex laxiculmis var. floridana L.H.Bailey, Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 1: 47 (1889)
= Carex retrocurva var. floridana (L.H.Bailey) Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 529 (1909)
species :
Carex digitata L.; Sp. Pl. 975 (1753)
Name: Fingersegge
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; England; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; NE-Spain (Pyrenees); Hungary; Italy; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Slovenia; Croatia; Norway; Poland; Romania; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea; Sweden; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 30 SIB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bitteria digitata (L.) Fedde & J.Schust., Just´s Bot. Jahresb., x11. 11. 7 [1913] (1918)
= Carex digitata f. brevifolia Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 786 (1864)
= Carex digitata f. compactior Kük., K. W. von Dalla Torre & L. von Sarntheim, Fl. Tirol 6(1): 354 (1906)
= Carex digitata f. glabrescens Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 497 (1909)
= Carex digitata f. intermedia Crép., Notes Pl. Rar. Belgique 1(1): 26 (1859)
= Carex digitata f. robustior Kük., Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 497 (1909)
= Carex digitata f. speirostchys Neuman, Bot. Not. 1902: 190 (1902)
= Carex digitata ssp. piroskana (Nyár.) Serb.
=