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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

282.0000 Family Casuarinaceae R.Br.; M. Flinders, Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 571 (1814), nom. cons.
4 genera, 92 spp.
Species listed in database: 92
= Casuarineae Colla; Herb. Pedem. 5: 169 (1830)
= Casuarinoideae J.Williams; J. H. Balfour, Man. Bot., ed. 3: 524 (1855)
282.0004 Genus Casuarina L.; Amoen. Acad. 4: 143 (1759) ex Adans.
Distribution: Australia, Tasmania, New Caledonia (2-5), Oceania, few in continental Southeast Asia and Malesia
Species listed in database: 14
species :
Casuarina collina Poiss. ex Pancher & Sebert; Not. Bois Nouv. Caled. 174 (1873)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Casuarina cristata Miq.; Rev. Crit. Casuar. 70, t. 10. A (1848)
Distribution: Australia (Clermont, Queensland, S to Temora, New South Wales); Honduras [c]; Puerto Rico [I]
50 AUS 80 hon 81 pue
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina cambagei R.T.Baker; Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 24: 605 (1902)
= Casuarina lepidophloia F.Muell.; Fragm. 10: 115 (1876)
= Casuarina quadrivalvis var. cristata (Miq.) Miq.; Flora 48: 18 (1865)
species :
Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq.; Rev. Crit. Casuar. 56, t. 6 A. (1848)
subspecies :
subsp. cunninghamiana
Name: River sheoak
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Canary Isl. [I] (La Palma [I], Tenerife [I]); Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I]; China [I]; Taiwan [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; Australia (Laura, Queensland, S to Bega, New South Wales, inland to E of Chillagoe and Augathella, to Condobolin and W of Narrandera, New South Wales, Australian Capital Territory); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Belize [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Bolivia [I]
12 por spa 20 alg mor tun 21 cny 26 moz zim 27 saf 36 chi 38 tai 41 vie 42 jaw 50 AUS 51 nzl 60 nwc 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos els gua hon nic 81 cub pue vir 82 clm ven 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina equisetifolia var. microcarpa F.Muell.; Fragm. 6: 17 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. miodon L.A.S.Johnson; Fl. Australia 3: 200, 107 (1989)
Distribution: Australia (Daly R., Northern Territory, E to the Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Casuarina equisetifolia L.; Amoen. Acad. 4: 143 (1759)
subspecies :
subsp. equisetifolia
Name: Beach sheoak
Distribution: Morocco [c]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], Fuerteventura [I]); Guinea [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Benin [I]; Cameroon [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; São Tomé [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I]; St. Helena [I]; Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [I] (Ile Europa [I], Juan de Nova Isl. [I]); Mauritius [I] (Cargados Carajos Isl. [I], Tromelin Isl. [I]); Iles Glorieuses [I]; Aldabra [I] (Aldabra Isl. [I], Asuncio Isl. [I], Cosmoledo Isl. [I], Astove Isl. [I], Farquhar Isl. [I]); Seychelles [I] (incl. Remire Isl. [I], Desroches Isl. [I], Coetivy Isl. [I], Darros Isl. [I]); Agalega Isl. [I]; Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Saudi Arabia [I]; United Arab Emirates [I]; Oman [I]; Yemen [I]; China [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I], Hahajima [I], Mukohjima [I]); Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [c]; India (coastal widespread); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [I]; Maldives [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I]; Myanmar; Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (widespread coastal, incl. Langkawi Isl.); Singapore; Sumatra; Borneo; Brunei; Sulawesi; Philippines (throughout); Java [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; Cocos [Keeling] Isl. [I]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch.; Solomon Isl.; Australia (near Darwin, Northern Territory, E to about Cairns, Queensland); New Caledonia [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga [I] (Late Isl. [I], Tongatapu [I], ´Eua [I], Vava´u [I], Niuafo´ou [I], Niuatoputapu [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Wallis & Futuna [I] (Alofi Isl. [I], Futuna Isl. [I], ´Uvea Isl. and islets [Wallis] [I]); American Samoa [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (Savai´i); Tuvalu [I] (Nui Atoll [I]); Phoenix Isl. [I] (Kanton [I]); Gilbert Isl. [I] (Butaritari [I], Tarawa [I]); Nauru [I]; N-Line Isl. [I] (Palmyra Atoll [I], Teraina [I], Tabueran [I], Kiritimati [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Eiao [I], Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Tahuata [I], Morotani [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Mopelia Atoll [I], Tahiti [I], Raiatea [I], Tetiaroa Atoll [I], Tupai [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I] (Makatea Isl. [I], Rangiroa Atoll [I], Takapoto Atoll [I], etc. [I]); Palau [I] (Kayangel [I], Babeldaob [I], Koror [I], Ngarakabesang [I], Ngeanges [I], Peleliu [I], Angaur [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Uracas [I], Maug [I], Agrihan [I], Pagan [I], Alamagan [I], Anatahan [I], Farallon de Medinilla [I], Saipan [I], Tinian [I], Aguijan [I], Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Ulithi [I], Satawal [I], Namonuito [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Dublon [I], Udot [I], Satawan [I], Pohnpei [I], Mokil [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I], Likiep [I], Jaluit [I]); Wake Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kure Isl. [I], Midway Isl. [I], Pearl and Hermes Reef [I], Lisianski Isl. [I], Lanai [I], French Frigate Shoals [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Belize [I]; Belize [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Turks & Caicos Isl. [I]; Cuba [I]; Cayman Isl. [I]; Jamaica [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guyana [I]; Ecuador [I]
20 mor 21 cny 22 ben bkn gui 23 bio cmn sao 26 moz 27 saf 28 sth 29 aga ald cgs igl mau mci sey 35 oma sau uae yem 36 chi 38 oga tai 40 BAN IND ldv mdv nep pak srl 41 and CBD MYA ncb THA VIE 42 BOR BRN cki jaw LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 60 asa fij gil nru nue nwc phx rot sam ton tuv wal 61 coo lin mrq sci tua 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu wak 63 haw 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos els gua hon nic 81 bah cay cub his jam pue tci trt vir 82 clm guy ven 83 ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina africana Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 549 (1790)
= Casuarina brunoniana Miq.; Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, reimpr. 13: 21 (1848)
= Casuarina equisetifolia var. souderi Fosberg; Fl. Micronesica 2: 144 (1966)
= Casuarina excelsa Dehnh. ex Miq.; Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, reimpr. 13: 23 (1848)
= Casuarina indica Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 531 (1807)
= Casuarina lateriflora Poir.; J. B. A. M. de Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 2: 658 (1812)
= Casuarina littorea Oken; Allg. Naturgesch. 3: (1) 354 (1841)
= Casuarina littorea var. souderi (Fosberg) Fosberg & Sachet; Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 24: 6 (1975)
= Casuarina mertensiana Rupr. ex Miq.; DC., Prodr. 16(2): 339 (1868)
= Casuarina repens Hoffmanns.; Verz. Pfl.-Kult., Nachtr.: 83 (1841)
= Casuarina sparsa Tausch; Flora 22: 480 (1839)
= Casuarina truncata Willd.; Enum. Pl., Suppl.: 63 (1814)
subspecies :
subsp. incana (Benth.) L.A.S.Johnson; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6(1): 79 (1982)
Distribution: Australia (Rockhampton, Queensland, S to Laurieton, New South Wales); New Caledonia; Vanuatu; Honduras [c]
50 AUS 60 NWC VAN 80 hon
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina equisetifolia var. incana Benth.; Fl. Austral. 6: 197 (1873)
= Casuarina incana A.Cunn. ex Benth.; Fl. Austral. 6: 197 (1873)
species :
Casuarina glauca Sieber; Spreng. Syst. 3: 803 (1826)
Name: Gray sheoak
Distribution: Morocco [c]; China [I]; Taiwan [I]; Australia (Yeppoon, Queensland, S to Bermagui, New South Wales); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Fiji [I]; Phoenix Isl. [I] (Kanton [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Oahu [I], Lanai [I], West Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Honduras [c]; Bahamas [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Venezuela [I]; Bolivia [c]
20 mor 36 chi 38 tai 50 AUS lhi nfk 51 nzl 60 fij nwc phx 63 haw 78 usa 80 hon 81 bah his 82 ven 83 bol
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina obtusa Miq.; DC., Prodr. 16(2): 334 (1868)
species :
Casuarina grandis L.A.S.Johnson; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6(1): 79 (1982)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Casuarina junghuhniana Miq.; Pl. Jungh.: 7 (1851)
Distribution: India [I] (Andhra Pradesh [I], Tamil Nadu [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Vietnam [I]; Sumatra; Borneo; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas
40 ban ind 41 lao mya tha vie 42 BOR JAW LSI MOL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina montana Lesch. ex Miq.; H. Zollinger, Syst. Verz.: 86 (1854)
= Casuarina muricata Roxb. ex Hornem.; Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 161 (1819)
species :
Casuarina obesa Miq.; Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 1: 643 (1845)
Distribution: Australia (SW-Western Australia: widespread, disjunct Victoria: Wimmera region, +SW-New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Casuarina oligodon L.A.S.Johnson; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6(1): 81 (1982)
subspecies :
subsp. oligodon
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
subspecies :
subsp. abbreviata L.A.S.Johnson; J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6(1): 83 (1982)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Casuarina orophila L.A.S.Johnson; P. Royen, Alp. Fl. New Guinea 4: 2406 (1983)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
42 NWG
species :
Casuarina pauper F.Muell. ex Miq.; Neder. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 100 (1859)
Distribution: Australia (SW-Queensland, inland South Australia, S-inland Western Australia, W-New South Wales, NW-Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Casuarina cristata subsp. pauper (F.Muell. ex Miq.) L.A.S.Johnson; Nuytsia 1(3): 265 (1972)
species :
Casuarina potamophila Schltr.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(92): 21 (1908)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Casuarina tenella Schltr.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(92): 21 (1908)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
species :
Casuarina teres Schltr.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40(92): 22 (1908)
Distribution: New Caledonia
60 NWC
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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