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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

452.0000 Family Apocynaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 143 (1789), nom. cons.
372 genera, ca. 6500 spp. According to modern authors and PCR Asclepiadaceae is only a subfamily of Apocynaceae.
Species listed in database: 6608; hybrids: 9
= Asclepiadaceae Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 31 (1797), nom. cons.
= Carissaceae Bertol; Nuevo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 212 (1891)
= Cerberaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 119 (1820)
= Cynanchaceae G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 245, 251 (1836)
= Ophioxylaceae Mart.; Consp. Regn. Veg.: 24 (1835)
= Pacouriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 447 (1820)
= Periplocaceae Schltr.; K. Schum. & C. A. G. Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 351 (1905), nom. cons.
= Plumeriaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 70 (1834)
= Stapeliaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 70 (1834)
= Vincaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 299 (1818)
= Willughbeaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 256 (1858)
452.1273 Genus Catharanthus G.Don; Gen. Syst. 4: 95 (1836)
Distribution: mostly Madagascar, 1 India and Sri Lanka
Species listed in database: 9
= Ammocallis Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 935 (1903)
= Lochnera Rchb. ex Endl.; Gen. Pl.: 583 (1838)
species :
Catharanthus coriaceus Markgr.; Adansonia n. s. 10: 23 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Conservation Status: IUCN I
species :
Catharanthus lanceus (Bojer ex A.DC.) Pichon; Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, n. s. 27: 237 (1948)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Tachiadenus parviflorus Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1897: 274 (1897)
= Vinca lancea Bojer ex A.DC.; A. DC.
= Lochnera lancea (Bojer ex A.DC.) K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl
species :
Catharanthus longifolius (Pichon) Pichon; Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, n. s. 27: 238 (1948)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Lochnera longifolia Pichon; Not. Syst., ed. Humbert 13: 207 (1948)
species :
Catharanthus makayensis L.Allorge, Phillipson & Razakamal.; Candollea 70(1): 65 (2015)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Catharanthus ovalis Markgr.; Adansonia n. s. 10: 24 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. ovalis
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Catharanthus ovalis var. tomentellus Markgr.; Adansonia
subspecies :
subsp. grandiflorus Markgr.; Adansonia n. s. 10: 24 (1970)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Catharanthus pusillus (Murray) G.Don; Gen. Syst. 4: 95 (1836)
Distribution: Nepal; India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Myanmar [I]
40 IND NEP SRL 41 mya
Synonyms: hidden
= Lochnera pusilla (Murray) K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl
= Vinca parviflora Retz.; Observ. Bot. 2: 14 (1781)
= Vinca pusilla Murray; Comment. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 3: 66 (1772 publ. 1773)
species :
Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don; Gen. Syst. 4: 95 (1836)
Name: Cangrejera, Desbarata casamiento, Flor de todo el afio, Jazmin del mar, Playera, Church flower, Madagascar Periwinkle
Distribution: Morocco [c]; Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Fuerteventura [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I], Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I], Ilha da Boa Vista [I], Ilha de Sao Tiago [I], Fogo Isl. [I], Ilha Brava [I]); Gambia [I]; Guinea [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Cameroon [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] (Fernando Poo [I]); São Tomé [I]; Annobon Isl. [I]; Gabon [I]; Chad [I]; Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar; Aldabra [I] (Aldabra Isl. [I], Asuncio Isl. [I], Cosmoledo Isl. [I], Astove Isl. [I], Farquhar Isl. [I]); Agalega Isl. [I]; Seychelles [I] (incl. Remire Isl. [I], Desroches Isl. [I]); Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Afghanistan [I]; China [I] (Fujian [I], Guizhou [I], Hunan [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang [I]); Volcano Isl. [I] (Iwojima [I]); Taiwan [I]; Pakistan [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I]; Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [I]; Maldives [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Andaman Isl. [I]; Nicobar Isl. [I] (Car Nicobar Isl. [I], Central Nicobar Isl. [I]); Myanmar [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Cambodia [I]; Vietnam [I]; South China Sea Isl. [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I] (Bali [I]); Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; Vanuatu [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I], ´Eua [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; American Samoa [c] (Tutuila [c]); [Western] Samoa [c] (Savai´i [c]); Tokelau [I] (Swains Isl. [I]); Phoenix Isl. [I] (Kanton [I]); Gilbert Isl. [I] (Tarawa [I], Nonouti [I], Tabiteauea [I], Onotoa [I]); Banaba [Ocean] Isl. [I]; Nauru [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (widespread, incl. Rarotonga [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Tahuata [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Mopelia Atoll [I], Tahiti [I], Moorea [I], Raiatea [I], Bora Bora [I], Tetiaroa Atoll [I], Tupai [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I] (Rangiroa Atoll [I], Takapoto Atoll [I], Makatea Isl. [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Tubuai [I]); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Palau [I] (Koror [I], Angaur [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Agrihan [I], Pagan [I], Alamagan [I], Sarigan [I], Anatahan [I], Saipan [I], Tinian [I], Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Ulithi [I], Faraulep [I], Ifalik [I], Lamotrek [I], Satawal [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Pohnpei [I], Kosrae [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I], Ailuk [I], Likiep [I], Ailinglapalap [I], Arno [I], Jaluit [I]); Wake Isl. [I]; Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Niihau [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I]); Mexico [I]; Belize [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Bahamas [I]; Turks & Caicos Isl. [I]; Cuba [I]; Cayman Isl. [I]; Jamaica [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Haiti [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Navassa Isl. [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; Anguilla [I]; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; Saba [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Barbuda [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]
20 mor 21 cny cvi 22 ben bkn gam gui tog 23 ann BIO cmn gab sao 24 cha 26 zam zim 27 bot nam saf swz 28 sth 29 aga ald cgs MDG sey 34 afg 36 chi 38 kzn tai 40 ban bhu ind ldv mdv pak 41 and cbd lao mya ncb tha vie 42 jaw lsi mly phi scs xms 50 aus 51 nzl 60 asa fij gil nru nue nwc oce phx rot sam tok ton van 61 aui coo eas mrq pit sci tua 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu wak 63 haw 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos hon nic pan 81 aba agu bah bbd cay cub dom gdl his jam mar mts nav pue sab stk stl stm stv tci trt vir 82 clm frg guy sur ven 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Ammocallis rosea (L.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 936 (1903)
= Lochnera rosea (L.) Rchb.; Consp. 134 (1828) ex Endl., Gen. Pl. 583 (1838)
= Lochnera rosea (L.) Rchb. ex K.Schum.; Nat. Pflanzenfam. IV(2): 145 (1895)
= Lochnera rosea var. flava Tsiang; Sunyatsenia 2(2): 103 (1934)
= Pervinca rosea (L.) Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montaub. 52 (1789)
= Pervinca rosea (L.) Moench; Methodus 463 (1794)
= Vinca gulielmi-waldemarii Klotzsch; Bot. Ergebn. Reise Waldemar: 89 (1862)
= Vinca rosea L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 944 (1759)
= Lochnera rosea (L.) Rchb. ex Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. (Spach) 8: 526 (1838)
= Vinca rosea var. albiflora Bertol.; Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 4: 411 (1840)
= Vinca speciosa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 147 (1796), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. angustus (Steenis) Bakh.; Blumea 6: 384 (1950)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Lochnera rosea var. angusta Steenis; Trop. Nat. 25: 18 (1936)
= Catharanthus roseus var. nanus Markgr.; Adansonia n. s. 12: 222 (1972)
species :
Catharanthus scitulus (Pichon) Pichon; Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, n. s. 27: 238 (1948)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Lochnera scitula Pichon; Not. Syst., ed. Humbert 13: 207 (1948)
species :
Catharanthus trichophyllus (Baker) Pichon; Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, n. s. 27: 238 (1948)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Vinca trichophylla Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 204 (1883)
= Lochnera trichophylla (Baker) Pichon; Not. Syst., ed. Humbert 13: 207 (1948)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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