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Ver. 24.7
July 18th, 2024

450.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications. Barnadesioideae might be its own family, related to Calyceraceae.
Species listed in database: 35276; hybrids: 683
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
450.3238 Genus Centaurea L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 909 (1753)
Distribution: mostly Europe, Mediterranean and W-Asia, few E-Asia, trop. Africa. Delimitation and status of species (or subspecies) is fairly controversial. Recently, more former subspecies are (again) recognized as species. Retention of Cyanus and Lopholoma as subgenera fide Hilbert et al. (2014).
Species listed in database: 774; hybrids: 72
= Acosta DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 90 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Acrocentron Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 44: 37 (1826)
= Acrolophus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 50: 253 (1827)
= Alophium Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 54: 493 (1828)
= Ammocyanus (Boiss.) Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 19(1 -4): 78 (1973)
= Antaurea Neck.; Elem. Bot. 1: 70 (1790), nom. inval.
= Behen Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 41 (1762)
= Benedicta Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf.: 108 (1800)
= Calcitrapa Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl. 94 (1759)
= Calcitrapoides Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl. 94 (1759)
= Carbeni Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 116, 532 (1763), nom. superfl.
= Cardosanctus Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 2: 152 (1899), nom. superfl.
= Centaurium Haller; Hist. Stirp. Helv. 1: 69 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Cestrinus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 8: 24 (1817)
= Chartolepis Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 36 (1826)
= Cheirolepis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 106 (1849)
= Chrysopappus Takht.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 7: 275 (1938)
= Cistrum Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 36 (1762)
= Cnicus Gaertn.; Fruct. 2: 385. t. 162 (1791)
= Cnicus L.; Sp. Pl.: 826 (1753), nom. cons.
= Colymbada Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 31 (1762)
= Crepula Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 9 (1762)
= Cyanus Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754)
= Cynaroides (Boiss. ex Walp.) Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 19(1-4): 77 (1973)
= Eremopappus Takht.; Proc. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 2: No. 1, 25 (1945), reimpr.
= Erinacella (Rech.fil.) Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 19: 77 (1973)
= Eriopha Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 47 (1762)
= Grossheimia Sosn. & Takht.; Proc. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 3: No. 1, 22 (1945)
= Heraclea Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 37 (1762)
= Hierapicra Siegesb. ex Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 346 (1891)
= Hippophaestum Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 443 (1821)
= Hookia Neck.; Elem. Bot. 1: 70 (1790), nom. inval.
= Hyalea (DC.) Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. 3: 19. t. 214-217, 292 (1847)
= Hymenocentron Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 37 (1826)
= Jacea Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Lepteranthus Neck. ex Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, sér. 2, 17: 96 (1869)
= Leucacantha Nieuwl. & Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 5: 71 (1917)
= Leucantha Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 443 (1821)
= Lopholoma Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 37 (1826)
= Melanoloma Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 29: 472 (1823)
= Menomphalus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 32 (1874)
= Mesocentron Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 44: 38 (1826), nom. superfl.
= Microlophus Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 37 (1826)
= Paraphysis (DC.) Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 19: 76 (1973)
= Pectinastrum Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 38 (1826)
= Petrodavisia Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 10(2): 193 (1975)
= Phaeopappus (DC.) Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 6: 122 (1846)
= Phalolepis Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 50: 248 (1827)
= Philostizus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 39: 498 (1826)
= Phrygia (Pers.) Bosc; Déterv., Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat., ed. 2, 26: 17 (1818)
= Piptoceras Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 50: 469 (1827)
= Platylophus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 44: 36 (1826), nom. rej.
= Plumosipappus Czerep.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 20: 457 (1960)
= Podia Neck.; Elem. Bot. 1: 72 (1790), nom. inval.
= Polyacantha Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 443 (1821)
= Psora Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 30 (1762)
= Pterolophus Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 34 (1826)
= Pycnocomus Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 38 (1762), nom. superfl.
= Rhacoma Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 117 (1763), nom. illeg.
= Rhaponticum Ludwig; Inst. Reg. Veg., ed. 2: 123 (1757), nom. superfl.
= Sagmen Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 35 (1762)
= Seridia Juss.; Gen. 173 (1789)
= Setachna Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 518 (1867)
= Solstitiaria Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 21 (1762)
= Sphaerocephala Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 48 (1762)
= Spilacron Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 50: 238 (1827)
= Staebe Hill; Veg. Syst. 3: 145 (1761) 4: 33 (1762)
= Stenolophus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 44: 35 (1826), nom. superfl.
= Stephanochilus Coss. & Durieu ex Benth. & Hook.fil.; Gen. 2: 477 (1873)
= Tetramorphaea DC.; Guill. Arch. Bot. 2: 331 (1833)
= Tomanthea DC.; Prod. 5I. 564 (1837)
= Triplocentron Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 38 (1826)
= Veltis Adans.; Fam. 2: 116 (1763) 2: 116 (1763)
= Verutina Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 38 (1826) 58: 8 (1829)
= Wagenitzia Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 19(1-4): 76 (1973)
= xAcostitrapa Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 83: 655 (1973)
= xColycea Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
= xColymbacosta Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 83: 656 (1973)
= xJaceacosta Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 83: 655 (1973)
= xJaceitrapa Rauschert; Feddes Repert. 83: 656 (1973)
species :
Centaurea acarnanica (Matthäs) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea subciliaris subsp. acarnanica Matthäs; Bot. Jahrb., 95(4): 430 (1976)
species :
Centaurea acaulis L.; Sp. Pl. 914 (1753)
Distribution: France [I]; Isole Pelagie [I] (Lampedusa [I]); Algeria; Tunisia
12 fra 13 pel 20 ALG TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Aetheopappus balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 604 (1875)
= Amblyopogon balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 604 (1875)
= Centaurea acaulis subsp. balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Maire
= Centaurea balansae Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 82 (1856)
= Centaurea chamaerhaponticum Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 526 (1878)
= Centaurea chouletteana Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 31 (1874)
= Centaurea nidulans Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 280 (1874)
= Centaurea pharaonis Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 281 (1874)
= Cestrinus carthamoides Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 8: 24 (1817)
= Colymbada acaulis (L.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972)
= Colymbada balansae (Boiss. & Reut.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
= Cynara humilis Juss.; Gen. 173 (1789) non L. 1753
= Menomphalus acaulis (L.) Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 33 (1874)
= Menomphalus choulettiana (Pomel) Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 33 (1874)
= Serratula acaulis (L.) DC.; Diss. Comp. 2: 31
species :
Centaurea achaia Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 3(3): 79 (1856)
subspecies :
subsp. achaia
Distribution: Greece (C-Greece, Attiki, Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Carduiformes
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea achaia var. intermedia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., sér. 2, 3: 80 (1856)
= Centaurea achaia var. submutica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., sér. 2, 3: 79 (1856)
= Centaurea eryngioides Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. t. 913 (1840)
= Centaurea sibthorpii Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 635 (1898)
= Colymbada achaia (Boiss. & Heldr.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
= Colymbada sibthorpii (Halácsy) Holub; Folia Geobot Phytotax. 7(3): 316 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. corinthiaca (Boiss. & Heldr.) Phitos & T.Georgiadis; Bot. Chronika 1(2): 102 (1981)
Distribution: Greece (Achaia)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea corinthiaca Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. II. 6: 113 (1859)
species :
Centaurea achilleifolia Homrani-Bakali & Susanna; Phytotaxa 542(1): 84 (2022)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Centaurea achtarovii Urum.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 19: 37 (1920)
Distribution: SW-Bulgaria (Pirin Planina)
13 BUL
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea montana subsp. achtarovii (Urum.) Hayek
= Centaurea triumfettii subsp. achtarovii (Urum.) Kozuharov & N.Andreev; Opred. Vissh. Rast. Bulg.: 785 (1992)
= Cyanus achtarovii (Urum.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 144 (1973)
species :
Centaurea acicularis Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 203 (1813), et Fl. Graec. t. 911 (1840)
Name: Nadel-Flockenblume (DE); Needle Star-thistle (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Ikaria, Dodecanese, Samos, Kos, Symi, Chalki, Rhodos); Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea acicularis var. urvillei Boiss.
= Centaurea chrysoleuca Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 678 (1875)
= Centaurea exscapa d´Urv.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 373 (1822)
= Colymbada acicularis (Sm.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
= Colymbada exscapa (d´Urv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea acmophylla Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 68 (1856)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea schelkovnikovii Sosn.; Trud. Azerb. Otdyel. Zakavk. Fil. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Sect. Bot. 1: 47 (1933)
= Centaurea zangesura Grossh.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, 1924-25, n. s. Pt. 2, 89 (1926) ex Sosn.
= Cyanus acmophyllus (Boiss.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
species :
Centaurea adami Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 2310 (1803)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland; Slovakia; Italy; Sicily; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; N-Greece (mountains); E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Georgia [Caucasus]
11 ger SLO SWI 13 BUL GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA SIC SRB 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 GEO
Remarks: Subgen. Solstitiaria. Often included in C. solstitialis as subspecies
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa adami (Willd.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 409 (1866)
= Calcitrapa solstitialis subsp. adami (Willd.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 133 (1972)
= Centaurea solstitialis subsp. adami (Willd.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 430 (1879)
= Seridia adami (Willd.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
species :
Centaurea adamovicii Velen.; Fl. Bulg., Suppl. 1: 173 (1898)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus adamovicii (Velen.) Skokanová; Pl. Syst. Evol. 305(8): 585 (2019)
species :
Centaurea adpressa Ledeb.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Dorpat. 3 (1824)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia; Romania; S-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; China (Nei Mongol, N-Xinjiang)
11 ger SLO 13 ROM 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ UZB 33 AZE NCS 36 CHI
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Lopholoma. Often included in C. scabiosa s. l. as subspecies
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea apiculata subsp. adpressa (Ledeb.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 71: 196 (1976)
= Centaurea scabiosa subsp. adpressa (Ledeb.) Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 132 (1907)
= Centaurea scabiosa var. adpressa (Ledeb.) DC.
= Centaurea spinulosa subsp. adpressa (Ledeb.) Soldano; Boll. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Verona 18: 344 (1994)
= Colymbada adpressa (Ledeb.) Holub; Preslia 46: 228 (1974)
species :
Centaurea aegyptiaca L.; Mantissa 118 (1767)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, SE-Egypt); Sudan; Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Oman (Mascat & Oman)
20 EGY 24 SUD 34 ISR SIN 35 OMA SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa aegyptiaca (L.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (nomen) (1826)
= Centaurea cancellata Sieber ex Spreng.; Syst. 4: 406 (1827)
= Centaurea eriophora Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 74. n. 465 (1775), nom. illeg.
species :
Centaurea aeolica Guss. ex Lojac.; Fl. Sic. 2: 1. 136 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. aeolica
Distribution: Sicily (Isole Lipari)
13 SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta aeolica (Guss. ex Lojac.) Holub; Preslia 46: 226 (1974)
= Centaurea aplolepa subsp. aeolica (Guss. ex Lojac.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 202 (1976)
= Centaurea cineraria var. aeolica (Guss. ex Lojac.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 334 (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. pandataria (Fiori & Bég.) Anzal.; Boll. Soc. Sarda Sci. Nat. 30: 512 (1994-95 publ. 1995)
Distribution: W-Italy (Ventotene Isl.)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aplolepa subsp. pandataria (Fiori & Bég.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 202 (1976)
= Centaurea cineraria var. pandataria Fiori & Bég.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 334 (1904)
= Centaurea pandataria (Fiori & Bég.) Bég.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 3: 443 (1905)
species :
Centaurea aetaliae (Sommier) Bég.; Archiv. Bot., Forli 7: 93 (1931)
Distribution: Italy (Isola Elba)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aplolepa subsp. aetaliae (Sommier) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 203 (1976)
= Centaurea paniculata var. aetaliae Sommier; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 9: 329 (1902)
species :
Centaurea aetolica Phitos & T.Georgiadis; Bot. Chronika 1(2): 104 (1981)
Distribution: WC-Greece
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta aetolica (Guss. ex Lojac.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea affinis Friv.; Flora (Regensb.) 19: 435 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. affinis
Distribution: Germany [I]; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (mountains of mainland)
11 ger 13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta affinis (Friv.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140 (3-4): 133 (1972)
= Centaurea cinerea Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 236 (1846) non Lam. 1785
= Centaurea dissecta subsp. affinis (Friv.) Maire
= Centaurea rupestris Kit. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2(1): 322 (1840)
= Centaurea sulphurea Lag.; Gen. et Sp. Nov. 32 (1816)
subspecies :
subsp. balcanica (Urum. & H.Wagner) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 196 (1976)
Distribution: N-Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea balcanica Urum. & H.Wagner; Magyar Bot. Lap. 6: 166 (1907)
= Acosta balcanica (Urum. & J.Wagner) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. candida (Velen.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 197 (1976)
Distribution: S-Bulgaria
13 BUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea candida Velen.; Fl. Bulg. 315 (1891)
= Acosta candida (Velen.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 303 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. denudata (Halácsy) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: C-Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea affinis var. denudata Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 593 (1898)
= Centaurea pallidior subsp. denudata (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 197 (1976)
subspecies :
subsp. laconiae Prodan; Centaur. Roman. 137 (1930)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos, C-Greece)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea affinis subsp. peloponnesiaca (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 196 (1976)
= Centaurea affinis var. peloponesiaca Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 593 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. pallidior (Halácsy) Hayek; Arh. Minist. Zeml. Darz. Imoti 4-5: 1186 (1925)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece (scattered in mountains)
13 BUL GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta pallidior (Halácsy) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Centaurea grisebachii subsp. paucijuga (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
= Centaurea pallidior Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 594 (1898)
= Centaurea paucijuga Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 595 (1898)
= Centaurea paucijuga var. melanolepis Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 596 (1898)
species :
Centaurea aggregata Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.; Prodr. 6.: 585 (1838)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta aggregata (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 140: 133 (1972)
= Centaurea aggregata subsp. albida (K.Koch) Bornm.
= Centaurea aggregata var. argyrea Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 60B: 210 (1939)
= Centaurea albida K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 433 (1851)
= Centaurea amani Post; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 24: 434 (1888)
= Centaurea chrysolopha Boiss. & Kotschy; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 75 (1856)
= Centaurea desmicephala Fenzl; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1855: ? (1855)
= Centaurea pauciflora K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 433 (1851)
= Centaurea virgata subsp. aggregata (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.) Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 248 (1908)
species :
Centaurea ahverdovii Gabrieljan; Fl. Rast. Rast. Res. Armenii (Sborn. Nauch. Trud. 13): 22 (1991)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: Subgen. Grossheimia
Synonyms: hidden
= Grossheimia ahverdovii (Gabrieljan) Gabrieljan; Fl. Armenii 9: 332 (1995)
species :
Centaurea ainetensis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 117 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea eryngioides var. ainetensis (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 659 (1875)
species :
Centaurea akamantis T.Georgiadis & Hadjik.; Willdenowia 23(1-2): 157 (1993)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Conservation Status: IUCN CR. Known only from two small populations
species :
Centaurea akmanii Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 19(2): 7 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea akroteriensis Gennaio & Q.G.Manni; Phytotaxa 436(3): 260 (2020)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Centaurea aksoyi Hamzaoglu & Budak; Nordic J. Bot. 27: 16 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea aladaghensis Wagenitz; Willdenowia 2: 481, f. 4 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea alba L.; Sp. Pl. 914 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. alba
Name: Weiße Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain
11 ger 12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. macrocephala (Pau) Talavera; Lagascalia, 12(2): 248 (1984)
= Centaurea alba subsp. strepens (Hoffmanns. & Link) Rocha Afonso; Bol. Soc. Brot. 54: 228 1980-(1981 publ. 1981)
= Centaurea alba var. concolor DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 569 (1838)
= Centaurea alba var. macrocephala Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 1916: 15 (1916)
= Centaurea deusta var. heterochlamyda Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1929: no. 7154 (1930), nom. nud.
= Centaurea globosa DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 569 (1838)
= Centaurea leucolepis Ten. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 420 (1879)
= Centaurea nitida Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 49 (1779)
= Centaurea segoviensis Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52: 513 (1905)
= Centaurea splendens Ten.; Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 628 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea strepens Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 2: 236 (1820-34)
= Centaurea strobilacea Scop.; Delic. Fl. Faun. Insubr. 1: 38 (1786)
= Phalolepis alba (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 50: 249 (1828)
= Pterolophus pinnatifidus Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 50: 250 (1826)
variant :
var. latronum (Pau) E.López & Devesa; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 06:44 (2011)
Distribution: NC-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. latronum (Pau) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
= Centaurea latronum f. virens Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 6: 27 (1907)
= Centaurea latronum Pau; Not. Bot. 6: 67 (1895)
subspecies :
subsp. aristifera (Pau ex Vicioso) E.López & Devesa; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 06:45 (2011)
Distribution: EC-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aristifera Pau ex Vicioso; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 5: 234 (1906)
subspecies :
subsp. tartesiana Talavera; Lagascalia, 12(2): 248 (1984)
Distribution: SW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea tartesiana (Talavera) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle; Rivasgodaya 6: 24 (1991)
species :
Centaurea albanica Halácsy ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38: 11. 459 (1921)
Name: Aschgraue Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; North Macedonia; NW-Greece (mountains)
11 ger 13 GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. albanica (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
= Centaurea chthonocephala Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 677 (1875)
= Centaurea geocephala Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 677 (1875)
= Centaurea lasiorhiza DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 600 (1838)
= Centaurea ustulata Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 2: 134 (1902), nom. illeg., non DC.
= Psephellus ustulatus Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 576 (1838)
species :
Centaurea albertii Rexhepi; Glasn. Prir. Muz. Beogradu, B 41: 28 (1986), without latin descr., et in Fl. SR Srbije 10: 351 (1986)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo
13 KOS SRB
species :
Centaurea albofimbriata Stef. & T.Georgiev; Spis. Bulg. Akad. Nauk. 44: 167 (1931)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea triumfettii subsp. pirinensis (Degen, Urum. & H.Wagner) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 71: 208 (1976)
= Centaurea variegata var. pirinensis Degen, Urum. & H.Wagner; Magyar Bot. Lapok 13: 188 (1914)
= Cyanus albofimbriatus (Stef. & T.Georgiev) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
species :
Centaurea albonitens Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1930: 427 (1930)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea carthamoides Chevall.; Fl. Gen. Environs Paris 2(2): 569 (1827)
= Phaeopappus carthamoides (DC.) Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 125 (1846)
= Tomanthea carthamoides (DC.) Takht.; Trud. Molod. Uchen. Armyan. Fil. Akad. Nauk USSR 243 (1939)
species :
Centaurea alejandrei Patino, Urrutia & J.Valencia; Flora Montiber. 88: 88 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
variant :
var. leronensis Patino, Urrutia & J.Valencia; Flora Montiber. 88: 88 (2024)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Centaurea alexandrina Delile; Ill. Fl. Eg. 373, t. 49, f. 3 (1813)
Name: Alexandriner Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Mali; Chad
11 ger 12 fra 13 ita 20 EGY LBY 22 MLI 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa alexandrina (Delile) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 133 (1972)
= Centaurea pallescens Bové ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 597 (1838)
species :
Centaurea alfonsoi Negaresh; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 51(3): 195 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea ali-beyana Font Quer & Pau; Font Quer, Iter Marocc., No. 696 [1928]. (1927)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ali-beyana Font Quer; Cavanillesia 1: 79 (1928), in adnot.,nomen.
species :
Centaurea alveicola Rech.fil.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 72: 283 (1959)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia)
34 IRQ
species :
Centaurea amadanensis Sch.Bip.; Linnaea 19: 326 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. amadanensis
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Amberboa decurrens DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 560 (1838)
= Paraphysis decurrens (DC.) Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 19: 77 (1973)
= Phaeopappus decurrens (DC.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 600 (1875)
= Tomanthea decurrens (DC.) Takht.; Trudy Molod. Uchen. Armyan. Fil. Akad. Nauk USSR 1939: 243 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. gymnoclada (Jaub. & Spach) Negaresh; Phytotaxa 363(1): 20 (2018)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea amadanensis var. gymnoclada (Benth. & Hook.fil.) Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 191 (1963)
= Centaurea gymnoclada Benth. & Hook.fil.; Gen. 2: 482 (1873)
= Phaeopappus decurrens var. anoplos Bornm.; Beitr. Fl. Sudwest-Irans 4: 30 (1945)
= Phaeopappus decurrens var. gymnocladus (Benth. & Hook.fil.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 32(2): 413 (1914)
= Phaeopappus gymnocladus Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Orient. 3(21-23): 15 (1847)
= Tomanthea gymnoclada (Benth. & Hook.fil.) Takht.; Trudy Armyansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 1939: 243 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. ranjbarii Negaresh; Phytotaxa 363(1): 20 (2018)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea amaena Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 112 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea amanicola Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 322, t. 28 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea amanosensis M.Bona; Pl. Biosystems 150(5): 1083 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea ambigua Guss.; Ind. Sem. Horto Boccad. 1826: 3 (1826)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea laciniata Guss.; DC. Prod. 6: 582 (1838)
= Centaurea ambigua subsp. laciniata (Guss.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 392 (1882)
species :
Centaurea amblensis Graells; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Madrid 2: 462 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. amblensis
Distribution: N-Portugal; C- & SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Subsect. Lagascanae
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea amblensis f. luisieri (Samp.) M.Laínz; Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 13: 490 (1956)
= Centaurea luisieri Samp.; Brotéria, Sér. Bot. 14: 104 (1916)
= Colymbada amblensis (Graells) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 19 (1982)
subspecies :
subsp. tendudaica (Rivas Goday) Rivas Mart.; Lagascalia, 15(Extra): 116 (1988)
Distribution: SW-Spain (Sierra Tudia)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea amblensis var. tentudaica (Rivas Goday) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 1: 1 (1982)
= Centaurea tentudaica (Rivas Goday) Rivas Goday & Rivas Mart.; Lazaroa 2: 328 (1980)
= Centaurea toletana subsp. tentudaica Rivas Goday; Veg. Fl. Cuenca Extr. Guadiana 666 (1964)
= Colymbada amblensis var. tentudaica (Rivas Goday) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 19 (1982)
species :
Centaurea ammocyanus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 109 (1849)
Distribution: ?Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt); Iraq (S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze); Israel (C-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia)
20 EGY 34 IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ammocyanus arabicus Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 19 (1 -4): 78 (1973) (nom. nov. superfl.)
species :
Centaurea anathoth Al-Hali; Gazelle Palestinian Biol. Bull. 127: 10, figs. 1-4 (2015), nom. inval.
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
species :
Centaurea ankarica Uysal & Hamzaoglu; Türl. Hab. 3(2): 83 (2022)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea antalyensis H.Duman & A.Duran; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39: 45 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea antennata Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. 23: 158 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. antennata
Distribution: E-Spain (Tarragona, Valencia)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Lepteranthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Jacea antennata (Dufour) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 229 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. caballeroi (Pau & Font Quer) M.B.Crespo, López-Alvarado, L.Sáez & Mateo; Fl. Montiberica 52: 74 (2012)
Distribution: E-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea caballeroi Pau & Font Quer; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 18: 82 (1918)
= Centaurea linifolia subsp. caballeroi (Font Quer & Pau ex Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Centaurea linifolia var. caballeroi (Font Quer & Pau ex Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17: 92 (1988)
subspecies :
subsp. meridionalis (O.Bolòs & Vigo) Serra & M.B.Crespo; Ruizia 19: 858 (2008)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea antennata var. meridionalis (O.Bolòs & Vigo) M.A.Navarro & M.B.Crespo; Sierra Reclot: 58 (1999)
= Centaurea linifolia var. meridionalis O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea linifolia var. submollis Rouy; Excurs. Bot. Espagne 1881-1882 2: 72 (1883)
species :
Centaurea anthemifolia Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 319, t. 23 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea antiochia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 115 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
variant :
var. praealta (Boiss. & Balansa) Wagenitz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 429 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea praealta Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 112 (1856)
species :
Centaurea antitauri Hayek; Centaurea Exsicc. Crit. II no, 57 (1914)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Phaeopappus rupestris Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 598 (1875)
= Tomanthea rupestris (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Takht.; Trud. Molod. Uchen. Armyan. Fil. Akad. Nauk USSR, 242 (1939)
species :
Centaurea aphrodisea Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 4: 17 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea apiculata Ledeb.; Ind. Sem. Horti Dorpat., Suppl. 3 (1824)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; S-European Russia; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
11 ger HUN 13 ALB BUL KOS NMA ROM SRB 14 BLR KRY MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ UZB 33 AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Lopholoma. Often included in C. scabiosa s. l. as subspecies
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea apiculata subsp. spinulosa (Rochel ex Spreng.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 196 (1976)
= Centaurea pseudocoriacea Dobrocz.; Ukrayin. Bot. Zhurn. 6: No. 2, 72 (1949)
= Centaurea scabiosa subsp. apiculata (Ledeb.) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(3): 117 (2000)
= Centaurea scabiosa subsp. spinulosa (Rochel ex Spreng.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 390 (1882)
= Centaurea scabiosa var. angustata Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 4: 48 (1833)
= Centaurea spinulosa Rochel; 76, t. XXXVI (1828), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea spinulosa Rochel ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 403 (1826)
= Centaurea spinulosa subsp. apiculata (Ledeb.) Soldano; Boll. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Verona 18: 344 (1994)
= Colymbada apiculata (Ledeb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
= Colymbada apiculata subsp. spinulosa (Rochel) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 13 (1984)
= Colymbada spinulosa (Rochel) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 228 (1974)
species :
Centaurea aplolepa Moretti; Gior. Fis. (Brugnat.), ser. 2, 9: 154 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. aplolepa
Distribution: NW-Italy (Savona to Livorno)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta aplolepa (Moretti) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 142 (1973)
= Centaurea aeolica Guss. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 584 (1838)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. aplolepa (Moretti) Briq. & Cavill.; Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 7: 172 (1931)
= Centaurea paniculata var. aplolepa (Moretti) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 339 (1904)
= Centaurea rupicola Bad. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. bertolonii (Arrigoni) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea bertolonii Hausskn.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 6: 34 (1894), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. bertolonii Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 60 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. carueliana (Micheletti) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 202 (1976)
Distribution: W-Italy (Carrara to Grossato, inland to Firenze)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata f. carueliana Micheletti; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 316 (1891)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. carueliana (Micheletti) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 69 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. cosana (Fiori) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 203 (1976)
Distribution: C-Italy (Mte. Argentario, near Orbetello)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. cosana (Fiori) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 73 (2003)
= Centaurea paniculata var. cosana Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 338 (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. gallinariae (Briq. & Cavill.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 203 (1976)
Distribution: NW-Italy (Isola Gallinara, Savona)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. gallinariae (Briq. & Cavill.) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 55 (2003)
= Centaurea paniculata var. gallinariae Briq. & Cavill.; Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 7: 175 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. levantina (Arrigoni) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. levantina Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 62 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. lunensis (Fiori) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 203 (1976)
Distribution: NW-Italy (Genova to La Spezia, NW-Appennini)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. lunensis (Fiori) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 64 (2003)
= Centaurea paniculata var. lunensis Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 338 (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. maremmana (Fiori) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 202 (1976)
Distribution: W-Italy (Livorno)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata f. maremmana Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 339 (1904)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. maremmana (Fiori) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 71 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. parvula (Ces.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 391 (1882)
Distribution: NW-Italy (near Pieve de Teco, prov. Imperia)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta ligustica (Gremli ex Briq.) Holub; Preslia 46: 226 (1974)
= Centaurea aplolepa subsp. ligustica (Gremli ex Briq.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 202 (1976)
= Centaurea aplolepa var. ligustica Gremli ex Briq.; Monogr. Centaurées Alpes Marit.: 142 (1902)
= Centaurea aplolepa var. parvula Ces.; Comp. Fl. Italiana 2: 495 (1878)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. ligustica (Gremli ex Briq.) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 73 (2003)
= Centaurea paniculata var. brunnescens Briq.; Monogr. Centaurées Alpes Marit.: 152 (1902)
subspecies :
subsp. subciliata (DC.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 391 (1882)
Distribution: W-Italy (Genova to Livorno)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aplolepa var. subciliata DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 584 (1838)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. subciliata (DC.) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 67 (2003)
species :
Centaurea appendicata Klokov; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kharkov, ed. Med. 1: 94, 101 (1936)
Distribution: SE-Ukraine (by west bank of R. Dnepr, below Zaporoz´e)
14 UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea margaritacea subsp. appendicata (Klokov) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 204 (1976)
species :
Centaurea arachnoidea Viv.; Ann. Bot. 1: II. 185 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. arachnoidea
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada arachnoidea (Viv.) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 223 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. adonidifolia (Rchb.) F.Conti, Moraldo & Ricceri; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(3): 210 (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea adonidifolia Rchb.; Mössler Handb. ed. II. 2: 1545 (1829)
subspecies :
subsp. montis-ferrati Ricceri, Moraldo & F.Conti; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(3): 213 (-215; fig.14) (2011)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Centaurea ardabilica Ranjbar & Heydari; Phytotaxa 201(1): 80 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea arenaria M.Bieb. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 2278 (1803)
Name: Sand-Flockenblume
Distribution: Hungary; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; S-European Russia; Latvia [I]; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
11 HUN 13 BUL ROM TUE 14 KRY lat MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 AZE NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Arenariae
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta arenaria (M.Bieb. ex Willd.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140 (3-4): 133 (1972)
= Spilacron crupinoides Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 50: 239 (1827)
species :
Centaurea argecillensis Gredilla; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 5: 431 (1903), Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 14: 158
Distribution: C- & NE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Subsect. Lagascanae
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea toletana subsp. argecillensis (Gredilla) A.Segura, Mateo & J.Benito; Cat. Florist. Prov. Soria: 115 (1998)
= Centaurea toletana var. argecillensis (Gredilla) Fern.Casas & Susanna; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 38(2): 530 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Colymbada argecillensis (Gredilla) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 304 (1977)
= Colymbada toletana var. argecillensis (Gredilla) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 19 (1982)
species :
Centaurea argentea L.; Sp. Pl. 912 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. argentea
Distribution: Greece (Kithira); Crete
13 GRC KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta argentea (L.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Centaurea ragusina Sm.; Fl. Graec. 10: 2. t. 903 non L.
subspecies :
subsp. chionantha (Turland & L.Chilton) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea argentea var. chionantha Turland & L.Chilton; Bot. Chronika 13: 77 (2000)
subspecies :
subsp. macrothysana (Rech.fil.) Turland & L.Chilton; Bot. Chronika 13: 76 (2000)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea argentea var. macrothysana Rech.fil.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 105(2,1): 151 (1944)
species :
Centaurea arifolia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 112 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Centaurea aristata Hoffmanns. & Link; Fl. Port. 2: 226 (1820 publ. 1828)
Distribution: Portugal; NW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta aristata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Acosta castellana (Boiss. & Reut.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Amblyopogon aristata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 66 (1856)
= Centaurea castellana Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 129 (1846)
= Centaurea castellana var. asperrima Sennen; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 32: 101 (1932)
= Centaurea coerulescens var. aristata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Pau ex Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 414 (1906)
= Centaurea escobilla Coss. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426 (1879)
= Centaurea paniculata subvar. eucastellana Arènes; Agron. Lusit. 11: 19 (1949), nom. inval.
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. aristata (Hoffmanns. & Link) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 657 (1913)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. castellana (Boiss. & Reut.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 71: 199 (1976)
= Centaurea paniculata var. castellana (Boiss. & Reut.) Cout.; Fl. Portugal: 657 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea paniculata var. castellana (Boiss. & Reut.) Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 158 (1907)
= Phaeopappus aristatus (Hoffmanns. & Link) Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. 3: 18. t. 213 (1847)
species :
Centaurea armena (Jaub. & Spach) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 676 (1875)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 ARM 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea armena (Jaub. & Spach) Rech.fil.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 8: No. 2 (Symb. Afgh. II.) 184 (1955)
= Centaurea brevi-appendiculata Gugler; Centaur. Ungar. (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar. vi.) 241 (1907)
= Centaurea rhizantha Tchich.; Asie Min. Bot. 2: 320 (1860)
= Centaurea vacillans Rech.fil.; Symb. Bot. Upsal. 11: No. 5, 33.(1952)
= Phaeopappus armenus Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. 3: 13. t. 210 (1847)
species :
Centaurea armoraciifolia Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 205 (1813)
Distribution: +Greece (+Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: of uncertain status, never recollected
species :
Centaurea arrigonii Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 245-250 (2003), nom. nov.
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea intermedia (Micheletti) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 76 (2003) (non Mutel 1846)
= Centaurea maculosa f. intermedia Micheletti; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 315, 322 (1891)
species :
Centaurea ascalonica Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 373 (1928)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Microlophus ascalonicus (Bornm.) Soják; Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag., 47 (1962)
species :
Centaurea aspera L.; Sp. Pl. 916 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. aspera
Name: Raue Flockenblume (DE); Cardo aspera (ES)
Distribution: England; Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; ?Algeria; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], New South Wales [I])
10 GRB 11 ger 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 MOR 50 aus
Remarks: Subgen. Seridia
Synonyms: hidden
= Alophium tenuifolium Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 54: 494 (1829)
= Calcitrapa aspera (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 8: 252 (1827)
= Calcitrapa heterophylla Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 230 (1802), nom. superfl.
= Calcitrapa parviflora Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 32 (1779)
= Calcitrapoides aspera (L.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Calcitrapoides heterophylla (Willd.) Holub; Preslul, 46(3): 227 (1974)
= Centaurea alophium DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 601 (1838)
= Centaurea aspera subvar. subinermis (DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 168 (1905)
= Centaurea aspera f. parcespinulosa Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 128 (1936)
= Centaurea aspera f. praetermissa (Martrin-Donos) C.Arnaud; Bull. Soc. Dauphin. Échange Pl. 14: 580 (1887)
= Centaurea aspera subsp. euaspera Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 213 (1907), nom. inval.
= Centaurea aspera subsp. marotii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 70 (1936)
= Centaurea aspera var. auricularia DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 600 (1838)
= Centaurea aspera var. heterophylla Willd. ex Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 29: 113 (1882), nom. inval.
= Centaurea aspera var. microcephala Font Quer; Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Sèr. Bot. 5: 229 (1920)
= Centaurea aspera var. subinermis DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 600 (1838)
= Centaurea diversifolia Lag.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 354 (1845)
= Centaurea heterophylla (Moench) Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 2314 (1803)
= Centaurea isnardii L.; Sp. Pl.: 916 (1753)
= Centaurea praetermissa Martrin-Donos; Soc. Sci. Tarn et Gar. (1852), Pl. Crit. Tarn, 382
= Centaurea seridis Loisel.; Fl. Gall., ed. 2, 2: 212 (1828)
= Cistrum asperum (L.) Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 36 (1762)
= Cistrum isnardi (L.) Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 36 (1762)
= Polyacantha procumbens Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 443 (1821), nom. superfl.
= Seridia aspera (L.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Seridia isnardi (L.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Seridia microcephala Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 499 (1827)
= Seridia praetermissa (Martrin-Donos) Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 17: 97 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. gentilii (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Dobignard; Willdenowia 37(1): 140 (2007)
Distribution: Morocco; Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
20 MOR 21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapoides gentilii (Braun-Blanq. & Maire) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Centaurea fragilis var. integrifolia Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 531 (1878)
= Centaurea gentilii Braun-Blanq. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 13: 188 (1922)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudosphaerocephala (R.J.Shuttlew. ex Rouy) Gugler; Centaur. Ung. Nationalmus. 214 (1907)
Distribution: S-France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aspera proles pseudosphaerocephala Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 172 (1905)
= Centaurea aspera f. pseudosphaerocephala R.J.Shuttlew. ex Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 172 (1905)
= Centaurea pseudosphaerocephala R.J.Shuttlew. ex Rouy; Fl. France 9: 172 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. scorpiurifolia (Dufour) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 432 (1879)
Distribution: S-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aspera var. scorpiurifolia (Dufour) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 143 (1865)
= Centaurea scorpiurifolia Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. 23: 163 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. stenophylla (Dufour) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 432 (1879)
Distribution: S-Portugal (Algarve); E-Spain (S of Valencia); Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca)
12 BAL POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapoides stenophylla (Dufour) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 307(1977)
= Centaurea aspera var. stenophylla (Dufour) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 143 (1865)
= Centaurea stenophylla Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. I. 23: 162 (1831)
species :
Centaurea aspromontana Brullo, Scelsi & Spamp.; Vegetaz. Aspromonte 49 (2001)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
species :
Centaurea assadii Ranjbar & Negaresh; Phytotaxa 123(1): 6 (2013), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aucheri subsp. elbursensis Wagenitz; Fl. Iranica 139b: 360 (1980)
species :
Centaurea athoa DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 588 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. athoa
Distribution: NE-Greece (Athos); Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
13 GRC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea parolinii DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 592 (1838)
= Centaurea rupestris subsp. athoa (DC.) Gugler; Centaur. Ung. Nationalmus. 194 (1907)
= Centaurea trojana Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 101 (1923)
= Colymbada athoa (DC.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. chelmea Kit Tan, Zarkos, V.Christodoulou & G.Vold; Phytol. Balcan. 21: 388 (2015)
Distribution: S-Greece (Peloponnisos: Mt. Chelmos, Mt. Taygetos)
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. parnonia (Halácsy) E.Gamal-Eldin & Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb., 107(1-4): 101 (1985)
Distribution: S-Greece (Peloponnisos: Mt. Parnonas)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea macedonica subsp. parnonia (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 195 (1976)
= Centaurea parnonia Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 648 (1898)
= Centaurea rupestris subsp. parnonia (Halácsy) Routsi & T.Georgiadis; Candollea, 49(2): 366 (1994)
= Centaurea rupestris var. minor Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 668 (1875)
= Colymbada parnonia (Halácsy) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 228 (1974)
species :
Centaurea atlantica Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant. 283 (1875)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea nicaeensis subsp. atlantica (Pomel) Batt.
= Centaurea nicaeensis var. riaeana Rchb.fil.
= Centaurea riaeana (Rchb.fil.) Sennen; Campagn. Bot. Maroc Or. 1930-5, 83 (1936)
species :
Centaurea atlantis Maire & Weiller; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 31: 24 (1940)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Melanoloma atlantis (Maire & Weiller) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 1: 8 (1982)
species :
Centaurea atrata Willd.; Sp. Pl., ed. 4 [Willd.] 3(3): 2290 (1803)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea axillaris var. atrata (Willd.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 636 (1875)
= Centaurea cana f. fulgens Bornm.; Feddes Repert. 89: 375 (1944)
= Centaurea huetii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 69 (1856)
= Cyanus atratus (Willd.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 316 (1972)
= Cyanus huetii (Boiss.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
species :
Centaurea atropurpurea Olivier; Voy. Emp. Othoman, ed. 4: 313 (1801)
Distribution: Greece (C-Kikládhes: Naxos, Paros, Iraklia, Keros, Amorgos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Carduiformes
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea olivieriana DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 590 (1838), nom. superfl.
= Colymbada oliveriana (DC.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 316 (1972)
= Hyalea olivieri Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Orient. 3(30): 138 (1850), nom. superfl.
species :
Centaurea attica Nyman; Syll. 33 (1854 publ. 1855)
subspecies :
subsp. attica
Distribution: C-Greece (Attiki)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Arenariae
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea boissieri Walp.; Rep. 6: 298 (1847) (non DC.)
= Acosta attica (Nyman) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 142 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. asperula (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
Distribution: EC-Greece (Attiki)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea asperula Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 588 (1898)
= Acosta asperula (Halácsy) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 303 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. megarensis (Halácsy & Hayek) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
Distribution: EC-Greece (near Megara)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta megarensis (Halácsy & Hayek) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 304 (1977)
= Centaurea megarensis Halácsy & Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 125 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. pentelica (Hausskn.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
Distribution: EC-Greece (around Athinai)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea pentelica Hausskn.; Mitth. Thür. Bot. Ver. N. Folge 7: 45 (1895)
= Acosta pentelica (Hausskn.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 304 (1977)
species :
Centaurea aucheri (DC.) Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. 82: 180 (1963)
subspecies :
subsp. aucheri
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Tomanthea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aucheriana DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 576 (1838)
= Centaurea cuspidata Aucher ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 577 (1838)
= Centaurea microcephala Benth. & Hook.fil. ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 474 (1893)
= Phaeopappus aucheri (DC.) Heimerl; Stapf, Bot. Polak´sch. Exped. Pers., Pt. 1 (Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien,Math.-Nat., l.) 65 (1882 publ. 1885)
= Phaeopappus depressus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. Suppl. 311 (1888)
= Phaeopappus leuzeoides Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 124 (1846)
= Phaeopappus macracanthus Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 129 (1860)
= Psephellus aucherianus (DC.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 611 (1875)
= Tomanthea aucheri DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 564 (1838)
= Tomanthea depressa (Boiss.) Czerep.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 20: 480 (1960)
subspecies :
subsp. szowitsii (Boiss.) Wagenitz; Fl. Iranica 139b: 359 (1980)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Amberboa phaeopappa DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 560 (1838)
= Centaurea aucheri var. szowitsii (Boiss.) Wagenitz
= Centaurea phaeopappa (DC.) Sch.Bip.; Linnaea 19: 326 (1846)
= Centaurea scleroblephara Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 271 (1901)
= Phaeopappus scleroblepharus Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 1: 271 (1901)
= Phaeopappus szowitsii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 6: 123 (1846), nom. superfl.
= Tomanthea phaeopappa (DC.) Takht. ex Czerep.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 20: 477 (1960)
species :
Centaurea australis Pancic ex A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 22: 118 (1872)
Name: Südliche Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Denmark [I]; Sweden [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; S-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], Nevada [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I])
10 den swe 11 aut ger HUN POL SLO swi 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ 33 NCS 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, stoebe agg. Often included as subspecies in C. stoebe but clearly separate on cytological grounds. In many places an aggressive neophyte (North America, Central Europe)
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta micranthos (S.G.Gmel. ex Gugler) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140 (3-4): 134 (1972)
= Acosta radoslavoffii (Urum.) Holub; Preslia 46 (3). 227 (1974)
= Centaurea biebersteinii subsp. australis (Pancic) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 200 (1976)
= Centaurea biebersteinii subsp. radoslavoffii (Urum.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 201 (1976)
= Centaurea biebersteinii subsp. rhodopaea (Hayek & H.Wagner) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 201 (1976)
= Centaurea epapposa Simonk.; Enum. fl. Transsilv. 350 (1886)
= Centaurea maculosa f. cylindriceps Gugler; 168 (1908)
= Centaurea maculosa f. rhodopaea Hayek & H.Wagner; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 125 (1913)
= Centaurea maculosa f. subcanescens Gugler; 167 (1908)
= Centaurea maculosa f. subpallida Gugler; 168 (1908)
= Centaurea maculosa subsp. micranthos Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 167 (1907)
= Centaurea micranthos (Griseb.) Hayek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 70: 676 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. micranthos (Griseb.) Cout.; 656 (1913)
= Centaurea paniculata var. micranthos Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 239 (1846)
= Centaurea radoslavoffii Urum.; Magvar Bot. Lap. 10: 65 (1911)
= Centaurea stoebe subsp. australis (Pancic ex A.Kern.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
= Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (Griseb.) Hayek; Stoj. & Stef.,
= Centaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (S.G.Gmel. ex Gugler) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 766 (1931)
= Centaurea stoebe var. micranthos (Griseb.) Tiehm; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 17(1): 22 (2023)
= Centaurea sublanata subsp. australis (Pancic ex A.Kern.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426 (1879)
species :
Centaurea austroanatolica Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 319, t. 24 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea austrobalcanica (Skokanová) Raus & Strid; Phytol. Balc. 26(3): 505 (2020)
subspecies :
subsp. austrobalcanica
Distribution: S-Bulgaria; N-Greece (mountains of N- and NE)
13 BUL GRC
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus austrobalcanicus Skokanová; Pl. Syst. Evol. 305(8): 590 (2019)
subspecies :
subsp. prisadana (Skokanová) Raus & Strid; Phytol. Balc. 26(3): 505 (2020)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus austrobalcanicus subsp. prisadanus Skokanová; Pl. Syst. Evol. 305(8): 592 (2019)
species :
Centaurea avilae Pau; Rev. de Montes, No. 782 (1909)
Distribution: C-Spain (Sa. de Gredos, Sa. Bejar)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta avilae (Pau) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
species :
Centaurea aytugiana Bancheva, Kaya & Binzet; Novon 23(2): 134 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea aziziana Rech.fil.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 255 (1950)
Distribution: Armenia; Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
Synonyms: hidden
= Jurinea sharifiana var. aziziana (Rech.fil.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 10: 215 (1980)
species :
Centaurea babylonica (L.) L.; Mantissa Alt. 460 (1771)
Distribution: Sardinia [I]; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
12 sar 34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium babylonicum (L.) K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 418 (1851)
= Microlophus babylonicus (L.) Soják; Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag., 47 (1962)
= Piptoceras babylonicum (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 54: 489 (1828)
= Serratula babylonica L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1199 (1759)
species :
Centaurea bachtiarica Hayek & Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 272 (1926)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea baldaccii Degen ex Bald.; Malpighia 9: 277 (1895)
Distribution: W-Crete (Lefka Ori)
13 KRI
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus baldaccii (Degen) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 228 (1974)
species :
Centaurea barrasii Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 52 (1922)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Cabo de Gata)
12 SPA
Remarks: subgen. Seridia
species :
Centaurea baseri Köse & Alan; Phytotaxa 117(1): 23 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea bavegehensis Ranjbar & Negaresh; Novon 23(3): 324 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea behen L.; Sp. Pl. 914 (1753)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
32 TKM 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Behen album Garsault; Fig. Pl. Méd. 1: t. 6 (1764), nom. inval.
= Centaurea acuta C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 65 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea acuta Vahl ex M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 82 (1798)
= Centaurea alata Lam.; Encyc. 1: 665 (1783)
= Centaurea babylonica M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 82 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea brachyptera DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 567 (1838)
= Centaurea germaniciae Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 682 (1875)
= Centaurium acutum K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 418 (1851)
= Centaurium alatum (Lam.) K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 418 (1851)
= Centaurium behen (L.) K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 418 (1851)
= Microlophus alatus (Lam.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 54: 491 (1826)
= Piptoceras behen (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 54: 487 (1828)
= Rhaponticum behen (L.) Kostel.; Allg. Med. Pharm. Fl. 2: 606 (1833)
= Rhaponticum behen (L.) Ratier; Pharm. Franç. 121 (1827)
= Serratula behen (L.) Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 3: 242 (1823)
species :
Centaurea beltrani (Pau) Blanca; Lagascalia, 10(2): 187 (1982), pro hybr.
Distribution: E-Spain (Valencia to Tarragona)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta ×beltrani (Pau) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
= Centaurea aguilellae Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Fl. Montiberica 40: 54 (2008)
= Centaurea boissieri subsp. beltranii (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17: 92 (1988)
= Centaurea boissieri subsp. saguntina (Mateo & M.B.Crespo) Greuter; Willdenowia 35(2): 229 (2005)
= Centaurea boissieri var. beltrani (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea boissieri var. saguntina (Mateo & M.B.Crespo) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Paisos Catalans 3: 933 (1995)
= Centaurea resupinata subsp. saguntina (Mateo & M.B.Crespo) Greuter; Willdenowia 35: 229 (2005)
= Centaurea saguntina Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Bol. Soc. Brot. 61: 262 (1988)
= Centaurea tenuifolia subsp. beltrani Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 13: 43 (1914)
species :
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.; Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 2: 1296 (1763)
Name: Benedikten-Flockenblume, Echtes Benediktenkraut (DE); Blessed Thistle; Holy Thistle (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France [I]; Sardinia; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania [I]; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread, Kiklades, Samothraki, Limnos); Crete; S-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Libya [I]; South Africa [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Herat, Kabul, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Dir, Chitral, Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); Australia [I] (+New South Wales [I]); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Maryland [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], Wisconsin [I]); Guatemala [I]; Ecuador [I]; S-Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Maule [I])
10 grb ire 11 bgm ger HUN SLO swi 12 fra POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI NMA rom SLV SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 alg lby mor 27 saf 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 40 PAK 50 aus 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 gua 83 ecu 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Benedicta officinalis Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf.: 159 (1800)
= Calcitrapa benedicta (L.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Calcitrapa lanuginosa Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 35 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Carbeni benedicta (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 397 (1882)
= Carbenia benedicta (L.) Adans.; Fam. Pl. 2: 116 (1763)
= Carbenia benedicta (L.) Benth.; Gen. Pl. 2: 482 (1873), isonym
= Cardosanctus officinalis (Bernh.) Bubani; Fl. Pyrenees 2: 152. (1900)
= Carduus benedictus (L.) Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 198 (1764)
= Carduus benedictus (L.) Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 151 (1821)
= Centaurea benedicta var. kotschyi (Sch.Bip.) Ghaz.; Fl. Iraq 6: 142 (2019), et Kew Bull. 75(2)-28: 1 (2020)
= Centaurea centriflora Friv. ex Gugler; Centaur. Ungar. (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar. vi.) 215 (1907), nom. inval.
= Centaurea pseudobenedicta E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Fl Deutschland, ed. 2, 14: 24 (1906)
= Cirsium munitum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 559 (1819)
= Cnicus benedictus L.; Sp. Pl. 826 (1753)
= Cnicus benedictus var. kotschyi (Sch.Bip.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 706 (1875)
= Cnicus benedictus var. microcephalus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 705 (1875)
= Cnicus bulgaricus Panov; Fitologiya 48: 9 (1996)
= Cnicus kotschyi Sch.Bip.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1857) App. 24
= Cnicus microcephalus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 705 (1875)
= Cnicus pseudobenedictus Asch.; Index Seminum hort. Berol. 1861: 5 (1861)
= Epitrachys microcephala K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 402 (1851)
= Hierapicra benedicta (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 347 (1891)
species :
Centaurea besseriana DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 585 (1838)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; Moldova; Ukraine
13 BUL ROM 14 MLD UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ovina agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta besseriana (DC.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140 (3-4): 133 (1972)
= Centaurea besseana Beauverd; Bull. Soc. Bot. Genève, sér. 2, 10: 312 (1918 publ. 1919)
= Centaurea ovina subsp. besseriana (DC.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 197 (1976)
= Centaurea squarrosa Roth; Catal. Bot. 2: 118 (1800)
= Centaurea virgata Besser; Enum. Pl. Volh.: 35 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea ×besseriana Beauverd; Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve Ser. 11. 10: 312 (1918 publ. 1919)
species :
Centaurea bethurica E.López & Devesa; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 65: 337 (2008)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW- & C-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea bimorpha Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 58. t. 24 (1824) (dimorpha auct.)
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NW-coastal Egypt); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapoides bimorpha (Viv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Centaurea eriocephala Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 86 (1856)
= Centaurea kralikii Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 84 (1856)
= Centaurea pseudophilostizus Godr.; Mem. Acad. Stanislas, Ser. III. (xvii) 1853 405 (1854)
species :
Centaurea bingoelensis Behçet & Ilçim; Turkish J. Bot. 41(2): 181 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea biokovensis Teyber; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 63: 27 (1913)
Distribution: Croatia (Mt. Biokovo)
13 CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum, cuspidata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta biokovensis (Teyber) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea blancheana Mouterde; Saussurea 4: 19 (1973)
Distribution: Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria)
34 SYR
species :
Centaurea bofilliana Sennen ex Devesa & E.López; Lagascalia 32: 250 (2012)
Distribution: Spain; SE-France; Argentina [I]
12 FRA SPA 85 arg
Remarks: subgen. Calcitrapa
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea pouzinii var. macrocephala Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 169 (1905)
species :
Centaurea boissieri DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7: 303 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. boissieri
Distribution: S- & SE-Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri (DC.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Acrocentron boissieri Webb; Iter Hisp. 32 (1838)
= Centaurea aznatinensis Cuatrec.; Trab. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona 12: 468 (1929)
= Centaurea boissieri var. straminea Degen & Hervier; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 15: 104 (1905)
= Centaurea boissieri var. tomentella Degen & Hervier; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 15: 104 (1905)
= Centaurea decumbens Boiss. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7: 303 (1838)
= Centaurea diversifolia Amo ex Campo & Amo; Revista 5: 56 (1855)
= Centaurea guilhelmi Pau & Sennen; Sennen, Pl. d´Esp. No. 8831, ex Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 26: 215 (1935), descr.
= Centaurea ochrolopha subsp. guilhelmi Pau & Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 193 (1936)
= Centaurea paui var. murcica Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1929: no. 7164 (1930), nom. nud.
= Centaurea prostrata var. straminea (Degen & Hervier) Pau; Carta Bot. 2: 7 (1905)
= Centaurea tenuifolia subsp. boissieri (DC.) Emb. & Maire; Jahand. et al., Cat. Pl. Maroc: 1157 (1941)
subspecies :
subsp. atlantica (Font Quer) Blanca; Lagascalia, 10(2): 153 (1982)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri subsp. atlantica (Font Quer) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
= Centaurea atlantica (Font Quer) Figuerola, Peris & Stübing; Feddes Repert. 102(1-2): 2 (1991)
= Centaurea boissieri var. atlantica Font Quer; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 5: 101 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. calvescens (Maire) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri subsp. calvescens (Maire) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
= Centaurea atlantica subsp. calvescens (Maire) Figuerola, Peris & Stübing; Feddes Repert. 102(1-2): 2 (1991)
= Centaurea boissieri var. calvescens Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 192 (1932)
subspecies :
subsp. funkii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk.) Blanca; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles 36: 352 (1979 publ. 1980)
Distribution: S-Spain (around Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri subsp. funkii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk.) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
= Centaurea boissieri var. funkii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 427 (1879)
= Centaurea boissieri var. nevadensis Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan. 67 (1852)
= Centaurea bombycina subsp. funkii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 202 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Centaurea funkii Sch.Bip. ex Willk.; Linnaea 25: 37 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. integrifolia (Willk.) Blanca & Suár.-Sant.; Acta Bot. Malac. 36: 95 (2012)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea boissieri subvar. integrifolia (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 93 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea pinae var. integrifolia (Willk.) Blanca; Lagascalia 10: 170 (1982)
= Centaurea tenuifolia var. integrifolia Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 152 (1865)
subspecies :
subsp. mariolensis (Rouy) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 201 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: E-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri subsp. mariolensis (Rouy) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 22 (1982)
= Centaurea boissieri var. mariolensis (Rouy) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 93 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea mariolensis Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 29: 110 (1882)
= Centaurea prostrata f. tenuisecta Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 27: 435 (1898)
= Centaurea tenuifolia subsp. mariolensis (Rouy) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Barcelona, n.s. 38: 10 (1967)
subspecies :
subsp. pinae (Pau) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 201 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: E-Spain (Castellon, Teruel)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta pinae (Pau) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 22 (1982)
= Centaurea boissieri subvar. pinae (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17: 93 (1988)
= Centaurea boissieri var. pinae (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 93 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Centaurea pinae Pau; Not. bot. fl. Espan. 1: 12 (1887), et Bol. Soc. Arag. 6: 61 (1907)
subspecies :
subsp. prostrata (Coss.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 71: 201 (1976)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri subsp. prostrata (Coss.) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 22 (1982)
= Centaurea prostrata Coss.; Notes Pl. Crit. 115 (1851)
= Centaurea resupinata subsp. prostrata (Coss.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
= Centaurea resupinata var. prostrata (Coss.) Amo; Fl. Fan. Penins. Ibérica 4: 344 (1872)
= Centaurea spachii subsp. prostrata (Coss.) Figuerola, Peris & Stübing; Feddes Repert. 102(1-2): 3 (1991)
subspecies :
subsp. transmalvana (Emb. & Maire) Breitw. & Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 22: 52 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea boissieri var. transmalvana Emb. & Maire; Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 21-22: 39 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. willkommii (Sch.Bip.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 201 (1976)
Distribution: S- & SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta boissieri subsp. willkommii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk.) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 22 (1982)
= Centaurea pauneroi Talavera & J.Muñoz; Lagascalia, 12(2): 250 (1984)
= Centaurea tenuifolia var. willkommii (Sch.Bip. ex Willk.) Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 173 (1907)
= Centaurea willkommii Sch.Bip. ex Willk.; Linnaea 25: 36 (1852)
species :
Centaurea bojnordensis Ranjbar, Negaresh & Joharchi; Feddes Repert. 124(4): 116 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea bombycina Boiss. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7: 302 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. bombycina
Distribution: S-Spain (mountains)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta bombycina (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Centaurea aemula Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 2(1): 147 (1903)
= Centaurea amoi Campo ex Campo & Amo; Revista 5: 56 (1855)
= Centaurea boissieri subsp. amoi (Amo) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 427 (1879)
= Centaurea krassoensis Borbás ex J.Wagner; Magyar Bot. Lapok 6: 111 (1907)
subspecies :
subsp. xeranthemoides (Willk.) Blanca, Cueto & Quesada; Saussurea 19: 29 (1988 publ. 1989)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. del Manar)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea funkii var. xeranthemoides Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 154 (1865)
species :
Centaurea borjae Valdés Berm. & Rivas Goday; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles 35: 160 (1978)
Distribution: NW-Spain (NE of La Coruna)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Subsect. Lagascanae
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada borjae (Valdés Berm. & Rivas Goday) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 20 (1982)
species :
Centaurea borysthenica Gruner; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41: (1868) II. 426
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; E-European Russia; Ukraine
13 KOS ROM SRB 14 RUS UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, arenaria agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta borysthenica (Gruner) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140 (3-4): 133 (1972)
= Centaurea arenaria subsp. borysthenica (Gruner) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 197 (1976)
species :
Centaurea bourgaei Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 637 (1875)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos); Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus bourgaei (Boiss.) Wagenitz & Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
species :
Centaurea bovina Velen.; Sitz.-Ber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. (Math.-Nat. KI.) 1889(2): 36 (1889)
Distribution: NE-Bulgaria; SC-Bulgaria; N- & NE-Greece (incl. Thasos)
13 BUL
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, ser. Cylindracea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta bovina (Velen.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea breviceps Iljin; Bull. Jard. Bot. Princ. U.R.S.S. 26: 33. 35 (1927)
Distribution: S-Ukraine (by the SE-bank of the lower Dnepr)
14 UKR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, ser. Pseudophalolepis
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea margaritacea subsp. breviceps (Iljin) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 204 (1976)
species :
Centaurea bruguiereana (DC.) Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 451 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. bruguiereana
Name: Brugière-Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, N. W. Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab)
11 ger 34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR 35 KUW SAU 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea bruguieriana var. spinosissima Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 60B: 214 (1939)
= Centaurea phyllocephala Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 134 (1846)
= Tetramorphaea bruguiereana DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 609 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. belangeriana (DC.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 60B: 214 (1939)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Afghanistan (Badghys, Baghlan, Farah, Faryab, Helmand, Herat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Kandahar, Parwan, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram, Peshawar); India (Punjab)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea belangeriana (DC.) Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 66 (1885)
= Centaurea phyllocephala var. belangeriana (DC.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 684 (1875)
= Centaurea phyllocephala var. persica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 6: 134 (1845)
= Tetramorphaea belangeriana DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 609 (1838)
species :
Centaurea brulla Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003), nom. nov.
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea apula Bianco & Brullo; Braun-Blanquetia 2: 32 (1988) (non Lam. 1785).
species :
Centaurea brunnea (Halácsy) Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 2: 135 (1902)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; NW-Greece
13 GRC KOS SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. brunnea (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
= Centaurea deusta var. brunnea Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 575 (1898)
= Centaurea splendens f. brunnea (Halácsy) Gajic; Fl. SR Srbije 7: 256 (1975)
species :
Centaurea bugellensis (Soldano) Soldano; Nat. Bresciana 30: 151 (1994)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea uniflora subsp. bugellensis Soldano; Atti Soc. It. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 131(15): 250 (1991)
species :
Centaurea busambarensis Guss.; Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 873 (1844)
Distribution: WC-Italy; C-Sicily; W-Sicily
13 ITA SIC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ser. Pannophyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta busambarensis (Guss.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Centaurea cineraria subsp. busambarensis (Guss.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 196 (1976)
= Centaurea cineraria var. busambarensis (Guss.) Sommier; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 1: 87 (1894)
species :
Centaurea cadmea Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 4: 16 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. cadmea
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
subspecies :
subsp. pontica Wagenitz ex Köse & Ocak; Nordic J. Bot. 28(4): 476 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea calabra G.Caruso, S.A.Giardina, Raimondo & Spadaro; Pl. Biosystems 147(3): 844 (2013)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea calcitrapa L.; Sp. Pl. 917 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. calcitrapa
Name: Stern-Flockenblume (DE); Red Star-thistle (EN); Cardo estrellado (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Norway [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria; Poland [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece ; Crete; Latvia [I]; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); Sudan; South Africa [I] (Free State [I], Cape Prov. [I]); East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Lesvos, Kos, Tilos, Karpathos, Rhodos); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Pakistan [I]; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka [I]); Australia [I] (South Australia [I], +Victoria [I], +Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Iowa [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I]); Mexico [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I])
10 grb ire nor 11 AUT bgm ger HUN lux net pol SLO swi 12 BAL cis COR fra GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY lat UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 CNY CVI MDR 24 SUD 27 saf 34 CYP EAI IRN LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 IND pak 50 aus 51 nzl 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: Subgen. Calcitrapa
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa calcitrapa (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 62 (1768)
= Calcitrapa calcitrapoides Hill.; Hort. Kew.: 62 (1768)
= Calcitrapa hippophaestrum G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 3: 178 (1801)
= Calcitrapa hybrida Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Calcitrapa hypophaestum Gaertn.; Fruct. 2: t. 163 (1791)
= Calcitrapa lanceolata Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 34 (1779)
= Calcitrapa myacantha Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 8: 251 (1817)
= Calcitrapa phoenicea Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 218 (1826)
= Calcitrapa stellaris Hill; Herb. Brit. 1: 76 (1769)
= Calcitrapa stellata (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 34 (1779)
= Calcitrapa vulgaris Bernh.; Syst. Verz. Erf. 158 (1800)
= Centaurea adulterina Moretti ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 596 (1838)
= Centaurea calcitrapa proles myacantha (DC.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 167 (1905)
= Centaurea calcitrapa subsp. horrida (Ten.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 396 (1882)
= Centaurea calcitrapa var. autumnalis DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 6: 462 (1815)
= Centaurea calcitrapa var. brevispina Desv.; 128 (1818)
= Centaurea calcitrapa var. gracilis Merino; Fl. Galicia 2: 411 (1906)
= Centaurea calcitrapa var. microcephala Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 167 (1905)
= Centaurea calcitrapa var. myacantha (DC.) Coss. & Germ.; Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris: 391 (1845)
= Centaurea calcitrapa var. pourretiana (Timb.-Lagr. & Thevenau) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 166 (1905)
= Centaurea calcitrapoides Gouan; Fl. Monsp. 461 (1764)
= Centaurea calcitrapoides L.; 29 (1755)
= Centaurea calcitrapoides Thuill.; Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2: 446 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea carduifolia Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 208 (1796)
= Centaurea devauxii Boreau ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 431 (1879)
= Centaurea horrida Ten.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1829) 15, Syll. 449
= Centaurea myacantha DC.; Fl. Franc. 4: 101 (1805)
= Centaurea penicillata Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat.: 74 (1813)
= Centaurea trichacantha Willd. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 404 (1826)
= Hippophaestum vulgare (Bernh.) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 443 (1821)
= Rhaponticum calcitrapa (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 2: 136 (1771)
= Setachna calcitrapa (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 519 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. angusticeps (H.Lindb.) Meikle; Fl. Cyprus 2: 971, 1897 (1985)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea angusticeps H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., n. s. B. 2: No. 7, 34 (1946)
= Calcitrapa angusticeps (H.Lindb.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. cilicica (Boiss. & Balansa) Wagenitz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(2): 230 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (Cilicia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa cilicica (Boiss. & Balansa) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
= Centaurea cilicica Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 5: 113 (1856)
species :
Centaurea caliacrae Prodan; Bul. Grad. & Muz. Bot. Univ Cluj, 1928. 8: 127 (1929)
Distribution: SE-Romania; NE-Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. caliacrae (Prodan) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
species :
Centaurea calocephala Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 928 (1809)
Name: Schönköpfige Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea atropurpurea var. flava M.Loehr; 380 (1852)
= Centaurea atropurpurea Waldst. & Kit.; Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 2: 121 (1802) non Oliv. 1801
= Centaurea calophylla Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 173 (1821)
= Centaurea glauca Desf. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 587 (1838)
= Centaurea subalpina Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 407 (1866)
= Colymbada atropurpurea (Waldst. & Kit.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(31: 315 (1972)
= Cyanus atropurpureus (Waldst. & Kit.) Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transs. 3: 77 (1817)
species :
Centaurea calolepis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 129 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta calolepis (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 11(1): 80 (1976)
species :
Centaurea camelorum Velen.; Sitz. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 11: 9 (1912)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia)
35 SAU
species :
Centaurea cankiriensis H.Duman & A.Duran; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 39: 43 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea caprina Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) II. 394
Distribution: Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY MLD UKR 33 NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ovina agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea koktebelica Klokov; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 28: 528, 617 (1963)
= Centaurea ovina subsp. caprina (Steven) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(3): 119 (2000)
= Centaurea ovina subsp. koktebelica (Klokov) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 198 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Centaurea vicina Lipsky; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 13: 312 (1894)
species :
Centaurea carduiformis DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 590 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. carduiformis
Distribution: Germany [I]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, Central Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
11 ger 33 ARM AZE 34 IRN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea albiflora K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 430 (1851)
= Centaurea bicolor K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 428 (1851)
= Centaurea recurvata K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 428 (1851)
= Centaurea zederbaueri Hayek; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 20: 425 (1905)
= Colymbada carduiformis (DC.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. iranica Wagenitz; Fl. Iranica 139b: 391 (1980)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. orientalis Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6(3): 496 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
variant :
var. thrinciifolia (DC.) Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6(3): 496 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea thrinciifolia DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 590 (1838)
= Colymbada thrinciifolia (DC.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 316 (1972)
species :
Centaurea cariensiformis Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 7: 179 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea cariensis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 4: 19 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. cariensis
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta cariensis (Boiss.) Holub; Preslia. 45(2): 142 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. longipapposa Wagenitz; Wildenowia 6(3): 487 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. maculiceps (O.Schwarz) Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6(3): 485 (1972)
Name: Karische Flockenblume (DE); Carian Star-thistle (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Samos, Rhodos); Turkey (Lydia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea maculiceps O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 148 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. microlepis (Boiss.) Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6(3): 487 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (Lycia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea microlepis Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 651 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. niveotomentosa (Hub.-Mor.) Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6(3): 486 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea niveotomentosa Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 320 (1967)
species :
Centaurea carniolica Host; Fl. Austr. 2: 517 (1831)
Name: Wocheiner Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT ger HUN 13 CRO ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea dubia f. flosculosa (Rchb.) Hayek; 210 (1919)
= Centaurea dubia subsp. vochinensis (W.D.J.Koch) Hayek; 210 (1919)
= Centaurea dubia var. pseudocandollei (Gugler) Hayek; 211 (1919)
= Centaurea dubia var. tomentosa (Rchb.) Hayek; 211 (1919)
= Centaurea nigrescens subsp. vochinensis (W.D.J.Koch) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea nigrescens var. capitata W.D.J.Koch; 410 (1837)
= Centaurea nigrescens var. vochinensis W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 469 (1844)
= Centaurea vochinensis Bernh. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 214 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea vochinensis var. flosculosa Rchb.; 214 (1832)
= Jacea carniolica (Host) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 229 (1974)
= Jacea nigrescens subsp. vochinensis (Bernh. ex Rchb.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 132 (1972)
species :
Centaurea caroli-henrici Gabrieljan & Dittrich; Candollea, 48(1): 245 (1993)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Synonyms: hidden
= Grossheimia caroli-henrici (Gabrieljan & Dittrich) Gabrieljan; Fl. Armenii 9: 332 (1995)
species :
Centaurea carolipauana Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 1: 2 (1982), nom. nov.
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea prolongi subsp. macrocephala (Pau & Font Quer) Fern.Casas; Mem. Soc. Bot. Geneve 1: 119 (1979)
= Centaurea prolongoi var. macrocephala Pau & Font Quer; Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1930: no. 702 (1931)
= Colymbada carolipauana (Fern.Casas & Susanna) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 21 (1982)
species :
Centaurea carratracensis Lange; Vid. Meddel. Dansk Naturh. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1881: 94 (1882)
Distribution: S-Spain (Málaga)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta carratracensis (Lange) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea carystea Trigas & Constantin; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 158: 764 (2008)
Distribution: Greece (S-Evvoia)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ser. Acrolophus, related to C. pelia
species :
Centaurea caspia Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 4: 219 (1934)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea cassia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 108 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea castellanoides Talavera; Lagascalia, 12(2): 271 (1984), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. castellanoides
Distribution: S- & SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea castellana var. baetica (Pau) Cuatrec.; Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Sèr. Bot. 12: 468 (1929), nom. inval.
= Centaurea micrantha var. baetica Pau; Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Sèr. Bot. 12: 468 (1929), pro syn.
= Centaurea paniculata subvar. escobilla Coss. ex Arènes; Agron. Lusit. 11: 19 (1949)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. cossoniana (Arènes) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 199 (1976)
= Centaurea paniculata var. cossoniana Arènes; Mem. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Paris, B, Bot. 1(2): 200 (1951)
subspecies :
subsp. arundana E.López & Devesa; Acta Bot. Malac. 33: 60 (2008)
Distribution: S-Spain (Cadiz, Malaga)
12 SPA
subspecies :
subsp. talaverae E.López & Devesa; Acta Bot. Malac. 33: 60 (2008)
Distribution: SE- & EC-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Centaurea cataonica Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 669 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. cataonica
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Phaeopappus cataonicus Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 596 (1875)
= Cheirolepis cataonica (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Czerep.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 20: 469 (1960)
subspecies :
subsp. syriaca Negaresh; Phytotaxa 363(1): 32 (2018)
Distribution: Syria
34 SYR
species :
Centaurea celikhanensis (Kaya, Negaresh, Ateý & Özel) comb.ined.
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus celikhanensis Kaya, Negaresh, Ateý & Özel; Fresenius Environm. Bull. 27(4) 2585, figs. 1-2 (2018)
species :
Centaurea centauroides L.; Sp. Pl. 918 (1753)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Acrocentron
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa centauroides Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Centaurea latifolia Pers.; Syn. 2: 487 (1807)
= Centaurea neglecta Besser; Enum. Pl. Volh. 35 (1822)
= Crepula centauroides Hill; Hort. Kew. 58 (1768)
= Rhaponticum centauroides G.Don ex Loudon; Encyc. Pl. Suppl. 2: 1440 (1812)
species :
Centaurea cephalariifolia Willk.; Flora (Regensb.) 34: 762 (1851)
Distribution: N- & C-Spain; Andorra; S-France
12 ADO FRA SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Lopholoma
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea scabiosa subsp. cephalariifolia (Willk.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
= Centaurea scabiosa var. cephalariifolia (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Colymbada cephalariifolia (Willk.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea ceratophylla Ten.; Fl. Nop. 1: 1. p. li (1811 publ. 1815)
subspecies :
subsp. ceratophylla
Distribution: Italy (N-Appennini, C-Appennini)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea rupestris subsp. ceratophylla (Ten.) Gugler; Centaur. Ung. Nationalmus. 194 (1907)
= Colymbada ceratophylla (Ten.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
= Colymbada rupestris subsp. ceratophylla (Ten.) Banfi, Galasso & Soldano; Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civico Storia Nat. Milano 146(2): 224 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. danielae F.Conti, Moraldo & Ricceri; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 48(3): 209 (2011)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 BIH CRO
species :
Centaurea chalcidicea Hayek; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr 64: 359 (1914)
Distribution: WC-Greece (S-Pindos etc.)
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta chalcidicea (Hayek) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Centaurea affinis subsp. chalcidicea (Hayek) T.Georgiadis; Contrib. Phylogén. Centaurea L. (sect. Acrolophus (Cass.) DC.) en Grèce: 38 (1980)
species :
Centaurea charrelii Halácsy & Dörfl.; Jahres-Kat. Wien. Bot. Tauschver. 1894: 6 (1894)
Distribution: North Macedonia; N-Greece (near Edessa)
13 GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Cynaroides
species :
Centaurea cheiranthifolia Willd.; Phytogr. 1: 12, t. 7 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. cheiranthifolia
Distribution: Sweden [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
10 swe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea axillaris var. ochroleuca (Pushk. ex Willd.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 636 (1875)
= Centaurea cheiranthifolia var. purpurascens (DC.) Wagenitz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(2): 230 (1974)
= Centaurea fischeri subsp. cheiranthifolia (Willd.) Sosn.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 2: 86 (1926)
= Centaurea fischeri Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. Suppl. 61 (1814)
= Centaurea montana var. albida DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 579 (1838)
= Centaurea montana var. citrina DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 579 (1838)
= Centaurea montana var. purpurascens A.DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 579 (1838)
= Centaurea ochroleuca Pushk. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 2289 (1803)
= Cyanus cheiranthifolius (Willd.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
= Cyanus cheiranthifolius var. purpurascens (A.DC.) Negaresh; Phytotaxa 531(1): 22 (2022)
= Cyanus fischeri (Willd.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. willdenowii (Czerep.) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(9): 104 (1999)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea willdenowii Czerep.; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 28: 398, 608 (1963)
= Cyanus cheiranthifolius subsp. willdenowii (Czerep.) Greuter; Willdenowia 35(2): 229 (2005)
= Cyanus willdenowii (Czerep.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 132 (1972)
species :
Centaurea cheirolepidoides Wagenitz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 221 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea cheirolopha (Fenzl) Wagenitz; Willdenowia 2: 466 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cheiracantha Fenzl; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 693 (1875)
= Centaurea stevenii Kotschy; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 693 (1875), nom. inval.
= Chartolepis cheirolopha Fenzl; Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 2: 324 (1860)
species :
Centaurea chrysantha Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6: 504 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea chrysoleuca var. eriophylla Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 678 (1875)
= Centaurea eriophylla (Boiss.) Boiss. & Balansa ex Bornm.; Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 23: 33 (1919)
= Centaurea eriophylla Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 678 (1875)
= Colymbada chrysantha (Wagenitz) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
species :
Centaurea chrysocephala Phitos & T.Georgiadis; Biol.: aEcol. Medit. 4(1): 4 (1977 publ. 1978)
Distribution: NW-Greece (mountains)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea chrysolepis Vis.; Mem. Ist. Veneto 9. 172 (1860)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria
13 BIH BUL KOS MNT SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea chrysolepis f. subcitrina Gajic; Glasn. Prir. Muz. Beogradu, B 27: 34 (1972)
= Centaurea orientalis var. armata Pancic; Verh. Zool.-Bot. Vereins Wien 6: 556 (1856)
= Colymbada chrysolepis (Vis.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
species :
Centaurea cineraria L.; Sp. Pl. 912 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. cineraria
Distribution: England; Baleares (Mallorca); France; Monaco; Corsica; Italy; Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; Cuba [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Bolivia [I]
10 GRB 12 BAL COR FRA MCO 13 ITA 50 aus 51 nzl 81 cub his 83 bol
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ser. Pannophyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta cineraria (L.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Acosta cinerea (Lam.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 303 (1977)
= Centaurea acutifolia Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: (1866), nom. inval.
= Centaurea candidissima Lam.; Encycl. 1: 669 (1785), nom. superfl.
= Centaurea cineraria subsp. cinerea (Lam.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 196 (1976), nom. inval.
= Centaurea cinerea Lam.; Encycl. 1: 669 (1785), nom. superfl.
= Centaurea elegans Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 207 (1796), nom. superfl.
= Centaurea prostrata A.Huet ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 425 (1879) non Coss.
= Jacea cineraria (L.) Delarbre; Fl. Auv. ed. II. 200 (1800)
= Menomphalus cineraria (L.) Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 33 (1874)
= Staebe cineraria (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 65 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. circae (Sommier) Cela Renz. & Viegi; Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., B 89: 113 (1982 publ. (1983)
Distribution: S-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cineraria var. circae Sommier; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 1: 87 (1894)
subspecies :
subsp. sirenum (Lacaita) Pignatti & Iamonico ex Iamonico & Del Guacchio; Turkish J. Bot. 44(4): 448 (2020)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cineraria var. sirenum Lacaita; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n. s. 22: 242 (1915)
species :
Centaurea cithaeronea Phitos & Constantin.; Flora Medit. 3: 273 (1993)
Distribution: C-Greece (NW of Athens)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea citricolor Font Quer; Illustr. Fl. Occid. 7 (1926)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sa. Morena)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta citricolor (Font Quer) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 22 (1982)
= Centaurea monticola subsp. citricolor (Font Quer) Rivas Mart., A.Asensi, Molero Mesa & F.Valle; Rivasgodaya 6: 23 (1991)
species :
Centaurea clementei Boiss. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7: 303 (1838)
Distribution: S-Spain; NW-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ragusina Clemente; Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 346 (1840)
= Colymbada clementei (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea codringtonii Rech.fil.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 253 (1950)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Parwan)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Chartolepis umesaoi Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 17: 33 (1957)
species :
Centaurea codruensis Prodan; Centaur. Román. 155 (1930)
Distribution: Romania (Galati)
13 ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea. Status uncertain, near C. kanitziana
species :
Centaurea collina L.; Sp. Pl. 918 (1753)
Name: Hügel-Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; E-Spain; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera); France; Corsica; Italy
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Acrocentron
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrocentron collinum (L.) Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 44: 37 (1826)
= Calcitrapa collina (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 33 (1779)
= Centaurea cicutifolia Hornem.; Hort. Hafn. 2: 849 (1815)
= Colymbada collina (L.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
= Setachna collina (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 520 (1867)
species :
Centaurea conocephala Bolle; Bonplandia (Hannover) 8: 134 (1860)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Centaurea consanguinea DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 585 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta consanguinea (DC.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Centaurea argyrocephala Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 42: 240 (1892)
species :
Centaurea corcubionensis M.Laínz; An. Inst. For. Invest. & Exper., Madrid 12: (Aport. Conoc. Fl. Gallega, 5) 40 (1967)
Distribution: NW-Spain (La Coruna)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Lepteranthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Jacea corcubionensis (M.Laínz) M.Laínz; Fontqueria 3: 39 (1983)
species :
Centaurea cordubensis Font Quer; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 1: 310 (1947)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata var. marianica Pau; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., Tomo Extr.: 294 (1921)
species :
Centaurea corymbosa Pourr.; Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 310 (1788)
Distribution: SE-France (near Narbonne)
12 FRA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta corymbosa (Pourr.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Centaurea hybrida All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 161 (1785)
= Centaurea maculosa subsp. corymbosa (Pourr.) R.C.V.Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 6: 42 (1923)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. corymbosa (Pourr.) Arènes; Mém. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Bot. 1: 212 (1951)
species :
Centaurea costae Willk.; Linnaea 30: 115 (1859 publ. 1860)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. costae (Willk.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 205 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Centaurea alba var. costae (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 91 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea aragonensis Bubani; Fl. Pyrenees 2: 162 (1899)
= Centaurea pinae var. aragonensis (Bubani) J.M.Monts.; Collect. Bot. 15: 329 (1984)
variant :
var. maluqueri Font Quer; Treb. Musc. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 5: 230 (1920)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. maluqueri (Font Quer) Molero & Vigo; Treb. Inst. Bot. Barcelona 6: 24 (1981)
= Centaurea alba var. cinerascens (Bubani) J.M.Monts.; Fl. Veg. Sierra de Guara: 195 (1986)
= Centaurea alba var. maluqueri (Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 91 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Centaurea cinerascens Bubani; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 5: 319 (1873)
variant :
var. montsicciana Pau & Font Quer ex Font Quer; Treb. Musc. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 5: 230 (1920)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. ciliata (Font Quer ex O.Bolòs & Vigo) Greuter; Willdenowia 35(2): 227 (2005)
= Centaurea alba subsp. montsicciana (Pau & Font Quer) Romo; Fl. Veg. Montsec (Pre-Pirineus Catalans): 304 (1989)
= Centaurea alba var. ciliata Font Quer ex O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea alba var. montsicciana (Pau & Font Quer ex Font Quer) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. (1988)
= Centaurea biformis var. oscilans Pau & Font Quer; Treb. Musc. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 5: 229 (1920)
= Centaurea leucophaea var. oscilans (Pau & Font Quer) Romo; Fl. Veg. Montsec (Pre-Pirineus Catalans): 302 (1989)
species :
Centaurea coziensis Nyár.; Bull. Stint. Acad. Republ. Popul. Romine, Sect. Biol. Sci. 7: 230 (1955),et in Rev. Biol., Roumaine 1: No. 2, 37 (1956)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, stoebe agg.
species :
Centaurea cristata Bartl.; Bartl. & H. Wendl., Beitr. 2: 119 (1825)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro
11 ger 13 CRO ITA MNT SLV
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, spinosociliata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta cristata (Bartl.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Centaurea acutiloba DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 581 (1838)
= Centaurea karschiana Auersw. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426 (1879)
= Centaurea paniculata Pett. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426, 427 (1879)
= Centaurea rabenhorstiana Sch.Bip. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426 (1879)
= Centaurea scopolii Vest; Flora 12: (1829) I. Erg. 31
= Centaurea spinosociliata subsp. cristata (Bartl.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
species :
Centaurea crithmifolia Vis.; Fl. Dalm. 2: 40 (1847)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta crithmifolia (Vis.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
species :
Centaurea crnogorica Rohlena; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 33 (1921)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea chrysolepis subsp. crnogorica (Rohlena) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 751 (1931)
species :
Centaurea cuneifolia Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 198 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. cuneifolia
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; NE-Greece; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia)
13 BUL GRC TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, stoebe agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta cuneifolia (Sm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
= Acosta nicopolitana (Bornm.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Acosta oviceps (Bornm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972)
= Centaurea cylindrocarpa Rchb.fil.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 15: 34. t. 781 (1852)
= Centaurea lyrophylla Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 238 (1846)
= Centaurea maculosa Noë ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 425 (1879), nom. inval.
= Centaurea nicopolitana Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40: 374 (1936)
= Centaurea oviceps Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 455 (1921)
subspecies :
subsp. pallida (Friv.) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 763 (1931)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (N- & NC-Greece)
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta pallida (Friv.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972)
= Acosta pallida (Friv.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140 (3-4): 134 (1972)
= Acosta sublanata (DC.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
= Centaurea ciliata Friv.; Flora 18: 334 (1835)
= Centaurea cuneifolia subsp. sublanata (DC.) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 763 (1931)
= Centaurea cuneifolia var. sublanata (DC.) T.Georgiadis; Contrib. Phylogén. Centaurea L. (sect. Acrolophus (Cass.) DC.) en Grèce: 30 (1980)
= Centaurea karstiana Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 240 (1846)
= Centaurea pallida Friv.; Flora 18: 333 (1835)
= Centaurea paniculata var. sublanata DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 584 (1838)
= Centaurea sublanata (DC.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 645 (1875)
= Centaurea sublanata var. litochorensis O.Behr, E.Behr & J.Wagner; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 51(2): 349 (1944)
species :
Centaurea cuspidata Vis.; Flora (Regensb.) 12 (Ergänz. 1): 22 (1829)
Distribution: Croatia (S of Split)
13 CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum, cuspidata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta cuspidata (Vis.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea cyanoides Berggr. & Wahlenb.; Berggren, Resor Eur. Österland 2, Bihang: 65 (1826)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
11 ger 34 CYP ISR JOR LEB SYR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus cyanoides (Berggr. & Wahlenb.) Wagenitz & Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
species :
Centaurea cyanomorpha Stef. & T.Georgiev; Spis. Bulg. Akad. Nauk. 44: 181 (1931)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea diospolitana (Bancheva & Stoyanov) Bancheva; Int. J. Pl. Sci. 172: 244 (2011)
= Cyanus cyanomorphus (Stef. & T.Georgiev) Stoyanov; Phytotaxa 268(1): 52 (2016)
= Cyanus diospolitanus Bancheva & Stoyanov; Novon 19: 421 (2009)
species :
Centaurea cyanus L.; Sp. Pl. 911 (1753)
Name: Echte Kornblume (DE); Cornflower, Bachelor´s Button (EN)
Distribution: England; Northern Ireland; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread on mainland, Samothraki, Limnos); Crete; S-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; South Africa [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Buryatia [I], Chita [I], Irkutsk [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia [I], Yakutia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Amur [I], Kamchatka [I], Khabarovsk [I], Magadan [I], Primorye [I], Sakhalin [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Samos, Kos, Nisyros, Symi, Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon; Syria; NW-China [I]; South Korea [I]; Pakistan (Baluchistan); Nepal [I]; Bhutan [I]; India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Bangladesh [I]; Vietnam [I]; Java [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Lanai [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Alaska [I]; Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland. Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Yukon [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], Nevada [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Cuba [c]; Hispaniola [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Aisén [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 alg mor tun 27 saf 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ tkm tzk uzb 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 36 chi 38 kor 40 ban bhu IND nep PAK 41 vie 42 jaw 51 nzl 63 haw 70 ask cdn gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 els hon 81 cub his pue 82 clm 83 ecu 85 arg cle 91 fal
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cyaneum St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 122 (1880), nom. inval.
= Centaurea cyanocephala Velen.; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 7, 1(8): 26 (1886)
= Centaurea cyanus subsp. coa Rech.fil.; Phyton (Horn) 1: 216 (1949)
= Centaurea cyanus var. denudata Suksd.; Werdenda 1: 43 (1927)
= Centaurea cyanus var. violacea J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 276 (1841)
= Centaurea hoffmanniana Asch.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 752 (1899)
= Centaurea hortorum Pau; Not. Bot. Fl. Españ. 1: 12 (1887)
= Centaurea lanata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 62 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind. 3: 444 (1832)
= Centaurea pulcherrima Wight ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 578 (1838), nom. inval.
= Centaurea pulchra DC.; Prodr. 6: 578 (1837)
= Centaurea rhizocephala Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 2: 476 (1873)
= Centaurea segetalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 207 (1796)
= Centaurea umbrosa A.Huet & Reut.; Cat. Grain. Jard. Bot. Genev. 4 (1856)
= Cyanus arvensis Moench; Methodus 561 (1794)
= Cyanus cyanus (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 64 (1768)
= Cyanus dentato-folius Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 191 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Cyanus segetum Hill; Veg. Syst. 4: 29 (1762)
= Cyanus vulgaris Delarbre; Fl. Auv. ed. II. 203 (1800)
= Jacea segetalis Lam. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2(1): 795 (1840)
= Jacea segetum (Hill) Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 54 (1778)
= Leucacantha cyanus (L.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 5: 71 (1917)
= Setachna cyanus (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 520 (1867)
species :
Centaurea cylindrocephala Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 453 (1921)
Distribution: North Macedonia; N-Greece
13 GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, stoebe agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea biebersteinii subsp. cylindrocephala (Bornm.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 201 (1976)
species :
Centaurea cyprensis (Holub) T.Georgiadis; Willdenowia 23(1-2): 161 (1993)
Distribution: Cyprus (S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus)
34 CYP
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta cyprensis Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 204 (1983) (nom. nov.)
= Centaurea aksamica Soldano; Compositae Newsl. 32: 17 (1998), nom. nov.
= Centaurea veneris B.L.Burtt & P.H.Davis; Kew Bull. 104 (1949)
species :
Centaurea cyrenaica Bég. & Vacc.; Sp. Nuov. & Rar. Fl. Lib. 3 (1912)
Distribution: Libya (Cyrenaica)
20 LBY
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea dalmatica A.Kern.; Sched. Fl. Exsicc. Austr.-Hungar. 1: 87 (1881), in adnot.
Distribution: Slovenia (Dalmatia)
13 SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta dalmatica (A.Kern.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 313 (1972)
species :
Centaurea damascena Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 112 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Negev Desert, S-Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea daneshvarii Negaresh & Oreizi; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 59(1): 202 (2022)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea daralagoezica (Fomin) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Remarks: Subgen. Tomanthea
Synonyms: hidden
= Phaeopappus daralagoezicus Fomin; Mitt. Kauk. Mus. Tiflis 3: 282 (1903 publ. 1907)
= Tomanthea daralagoezica (Fomin) Takht.; Trud. Molod. Uchen. Armyan. Fil. Akad. Nauk USSR, 242 (1939), et Trud. Bot. Inst. Armf. 2: 34 (1941)
species :
Centaurea davisii Wagenitz; Willdenowia 6: 497, t. 3 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada davisii (Wagenitz) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 144 (1973)
species :
Centaurea debdouensis Breitw. & Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 22: 54 (1986)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
species :
Centaurea debeauxii Godr. & Gren.; Fl. France Corse 2: 243 (1850)
Distribution: N-Spain; SW-France; Uruguay [I]
12 FRA SPA 85 uru
Remarks: subgen. Jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea jacea subsp. debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) R.C.V.Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 6: 44 (1923)
= Centaurea nigra subsp. debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) Arènes; Centaurea Fr. sous-sect. Eu-Jacea: 26 (1939), isonym
= Centaurea nigra subsp. debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 79 (1907)
= Centaurea nigra subsp. debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) Malag.; Subesp. Variac. Geogr.: 15 (1973), isonym
= Centaurea pratensis proles debeauxii (Godr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 127 (1905)
= Centaurea pratensis f. debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 127 (1905)
= Centaurea pratensis subsp. debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) Sudre; Fl. Toulous.: 119 (1907)
= Jacea debeauxii (Godr. & Gren.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
= Jacea nemoralis subsp. debeauxii (Gren. & Godr.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 14 (1984)
species :
Centaurea decipiens Thuill.; Fl. Paris 4 2, 445 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. decipiens
Name: Täuschende Wiesen-Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland); Switzerland; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Italy
10 DEN GRB NOR SWE 11 BGM GER LUX NET SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Fimbriatae. Status somewhat uncertain, frequently treated as stabilized hybrid
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea amara subsp. serotina (Boreau) Berher; Louis, Fl. Vosges, éd. 2: 140 (1887)
= Centaurea amara var. serotina (Boreau) St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 425 (1889)
= Centaurea crocata Gand.; Obs. Centaurea: 13 (1873)
= Centaurea gradata (Rouy) Soest; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 54: 98 (1947)
= Centaurea jacea nothosubsp. decipiens (Thuill.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea jacea proles decipiens (Thuill.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 119 (1905)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. decipiens (Thuill.) Celak.; Prodr. Fl. Böhmen: 250 (1871)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. serotina (Dubois) E.H.L.Krause; 39 (1906)
= Centaurea jacea var. decipiens (Thuill.) W.D.J.Koch & Ziz; 15 (1814)
= Centaurea jacea var. lacera W.D.J.Koch; 469 (1844)
= Centaurea jacea var. serotina (Dubois) Hayek; 202 (1919)
= Centaurea nigra nothosubsp. decipiens (Thuill.) H.P.Fuchs; Feddes Repert. 90: 631 (1980)
= Centaurea nigra var. decipiens (Thuill.) Mérat; Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 337 (1812)
= Centaurea nigrescens nothosubsp. serotina (Dubois) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea nigrescens subsp. serotina (Boreau) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea pratensis proles gradata Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 125 (1905)
= Centaurea pratensis proles serotina (Boreau) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 125 (1905)
= Centaurea pratensis subsp. decipiens (Thuill.) Corb.; Nouv. Fl. Normandie: 352 (1894)
= Centaurea pratensis subsp. gradata (Rouy) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 294 (1928)
= Centaurea pratensis subsp. serotina (Boreau) Sudre; Fl. Toulous.: 119 (1907)
= Centaurea queyrasensis Arènes; Bull. Soc. Franç. Échange Pl. Vasc. 2(1): 43 (1949)
subspecies :
subsp. microptilon (Godr.) G.H.Loos; Jahrb. Bochum. Bot. Vereins 1: 118 (2010)
Distribution: Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz, Baden-Württemberg, Nordrhein-Westfalen, etc.); Spain; France
11 BGM GER LUX NET 12 FRA SPA
Remarks: transitional between C. decipiens and C. jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea jacea subsp. microptilon (Godr.) Bonnier; Bonnier & R. C. V. Douin, 44 (1923)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. microptilon (Godr.) E.Sauer; Gefässpfl. des Saarlandes (Natur u. Landschaft Saarland, Sonderb. 5): 149 (1993), isonym
= Centaurea jacea subsp. microptilon (Godr.) R.C.V.Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 6: 44 (1923)
= Centaurea jacea var. microptilon (Godr.) Briq.; Monogr. Centaurées Alpes Marit.: 77 (1902)
= Centaurea microptilon Godr.; Fl. Franc. 2: 242 (1851)
= Centaurea nigra subsp. microptilon (Godr.) Malag.; Subesp. Variac. Geogr.: 15 (1973), without basionym date
= Centaurea nigra subsp. microptilon (Godr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 428 (1879)
= Centaurea nigrescens var. microptilon (Godr.) Gugler; Cent. Ung. Nationalmus.: 69 (1907)
= Centaurea pratensis subsp. microptilon (Godr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 126 (1905)
= Centaurea pratensis subsp. microptilon Sudre; Fl. Toulous.: 119 (1907)
= Centaurea vulgaris Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 2: 53 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea vulgaris var. microptilon Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 2: 54 (1843)
= Jacea microptilon (Godr.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. ruscinonensis (Boiss.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 206 (1975 publ. 1976)
Distribution: Spain; France
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea jacea nothovar. ruscinonensis (Boiss.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea jacea proles ruscinonensis (Boiss.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 120 (1905)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. ruscinonensis (Boiss.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 293 (1928)
= Centaurea jacea var. lamyi (Lamotte) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 120 (1905)
= Centaurea ruscinonensis Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 70 (1856)
= Centaurea ×decipiens nothosubsp. ruscinonensis (Boiss.) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 71: 206 (1976)
= Centaurea ×jacea nothof. ruscinonensis (Boiss.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 120 (1905), pro "forme"
= Centaurea ×jacea nothosubsp. ruscinonensis (Boiss.) P.Fourn.; Fl. Compl. Plaine Franç.: 293 (1928)
species :
Centaurea degeniana H.Wagner; Magyar Bot. Lapok 6: 114 (1907)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Status uncertain, probably a hybrid
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea phrygia subsp. degeniana (H.Wagner) Stoj. & Acht.
= Jacea degeniana (H.Wagner) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
species :
Centaurea degenianiformis Prodan; Anal. Acad. Rep. Pop. Románe 3(18): 678 (1950)
Distribution: Romania
13 ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Status uncertain, probably a hybrid
species :
Centaurea delbesiana Arènes; Not. Syst. (Leningrad) 14: 187 (1952)
Distribution: Iraq (W-Iraq: Desert); Syria (C-Syrian Desert)
34 IRQ SYR
species :
Centaurea delicatula Breitw. & Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 22: 59 (1986)
Distribution: Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG TUN
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Willkommia
species :
Centaurea delucae C.Guarino & Rampone; Bocconea 19: 85 (2006), nom. nov.
Distribution: C-Italy (C-Appennini)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ambigua subsp. nigra (Fiori) Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. Ital. 113: 367 (1980)
= Centaurea dissecta var. montium Gugler
= Centaurea dissecta var. nigra Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 335 (1904)
= Centaurea parlatoris subsp. nigra (Fiori) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 71: 197 (1976)
species :
Centaurea demetrii Dumbadze; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armjanskoi SSR 5(2): 49 (1946)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ovina agg.
species :
Centaurea demirizii Wagenitz; Willdenowia 2: 456, f. 1 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chartolepis demirizii (Wagenitz) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
species :
Centaurea demirkapiensis Micevski; Prilozi Oddel. Biol. Med. Nauki Makedonska Akad. Nauk. Umet., 8(1-2): 49 (1987 publ. 1990)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
species :
Centaurea depressa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 2: 346 (1808)
Name: Low cornflower (EN), Orient-Kornblume (DE)
Distribution: Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Sicily [I]; Bulgaria [I]; European Turkey; E-Crete (very rare); Belarus; Ukraine; Crimea [I]; Tunisia [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos); Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Farah, Faryab, Ghazni, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Kandahar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Kurram); NW-India (Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (Maryland [I], Nevada [I])
11 bgm ger 12 fra spa 13 bul KRI sic TUE 14 BLR kry UKR 20 tun 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ TUR 40 IND PAK 76 usa 78 usa
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea anatolica Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 234 (1846)
= Centaurea depressa var. amasiana Bornm.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 4: 260 (1905)
= Centaurea pygmaea Hoffm.; Hort. Mosc. (1808) n. 783
= Centaurea rivasmateoi Ladero; An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavan. 27: 87 (1970)
= Cyanus depressus (M.Bieb.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
species :
Centaurea derderiifolia Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. 82: 171, t. 13 (1963)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea derventana Vis. & Pancic; Mem. Ist. Venet. 12: 472 (1864)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo
13 BIH KOS SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum, cuspidata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta derventana (Vis. & Pancic) Holub; Preslia. 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Centaurea incompta subsp. derventana (Vis. & Pancic) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
species :
Centaurea deusta Ten.; Prod. Fl. Nap. 51 (1811)
subspecies :
subsp. deusta
Name: Glanz-Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Belgium; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece (NW- & NC-Greece)
11 BGM ger SWI 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA SIC SMA SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba f. titani Pamp.; Boll. Mus. Republ. San Marino 4: 117 (1920)
= Centaurea alba subsp. deusta (Ten.) Ces.; Car. Catt., 302 (1844)
= Centaurea alba subsp. deusta (Ten.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 420 (1879), isonym
= Centaurea deusta var. tenuisecta Arcang.; Index Seminum (FI, Florentinii) 1877: [2] (1877)
= Centaurea splendens f. pseudodeusta (Hayek) Hegi; 941 (1928)
subspecies :
subsp. leucolepis (DC.) Del Guacchio, Cennamo & P.Caputo; Turkish J. Bot. 44: 444 (2020)
Distribution: Sardinia; Italy
12 SAR 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea corensis Vals. & Filigh.; Webbia 45: 235 (1991)
= Centaurea leucolepis DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 568 (1838)
species :
Centaurea deustiformis Adamovic; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. (Wien) 74: 145 (1904)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Albania; N-Greece (Pindos to Falakron)
13 ALB GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
species :
Centaurea devasiana Bergmeier & Strid; Phytol. Balcan. 25(3): 281 (2019)
Distribution: N-Greece (Mt. Devas near Macedonian border)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ser. Acrolophus, triniifolia agg.
species :
Centaurea dezfulica Ranjbar & S.Mohamadi; Phytotaxa 480(2): 126 (2021)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea dhofarica Baker; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 182 (1895)
Distribution: Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman)
35 OMA
species :
Centaurea dichroa Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 111 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Phaeopappus dichrous (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 601 (1875)
species :
Centaurea dichroantha A.Kern.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 24: 104 (1874)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Austria; NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia
11 AUT ger 13 CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Acroptilon
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa sordida (Willd.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Centaurea alpigena Paulin; Carniola, n. s. 8: 104 (1917)
= Centaurea dichroantha subsp. alpigena Paulin; Carniola, n. s. 8: 104 (1917)
= Centaurea sordida Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 2323 (1803)
= Colymbada dichroantha (A.Kern.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
= Colymbada dichroantha subsp. alpigena (Paulin) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Preslia 46(2): 135 (1974)
species :
Centaurea diffusa Lam.; Encycl. Máth. Bot. 1: 675 (1785)
Name: Sparrige Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy; Slovenia; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (N- & NE-Greece, Samothraki, Thasos); S-European Russia; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); China [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], Nevada [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Oregon [I], Rhode Island [I], Tennessee [I], Utah [I], Washington [I], Wyoming [I]); Argentina [I]
10 grb nor 11 AUT bgm cze ger HUN pol SLO swi 12 fra spa 13 BUL GRC ITA KOS NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 rfe 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 chi 70 cdn 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, ser. Cylindracea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta aemulans (Klokov) Holub; Preslia 46: 226 (1974)
= Acosta diffusa (Lam.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140 (3-4): 133 (1972)
= Acrolophus diffusus (Lam.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 114: 44 (1961)
= Centaurea aemulans Klokov; Bobrov & Czerep., Fl. U.R.S.S. 28: 617 (1963)
= Centaurea ammophila Besser ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 586 (1838)
= Centaurea comperiana Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29(II): 393 (1856)
= Centaurea iljiniana N.B.Illar.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 18: 307 (1957)
= Centaurea microcalathina A.O.Tarassov; Pochvy Rast. Yugo-Vostoka 1970: 101 (1970)
= Centaurea ovina Pall. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 321 (1840), nom. inval.
= Centaurea parviflora Besser; Enum. Pl. Volhyn. 35 (1822)
= Centaurea parviflora Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 10: 9 (1840), non Lam.
= Centaurea sabulosa Ledeb. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 405 (1826)
= Centaurea seresiensis Rech.fil.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 69: 525 (1939)
= Centaurea spinosa Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 241 (1846) non L. 1753
= Centaurea stoebe Tausch; Flora 12(1, Ergänzungsbl.): 42 (1829), nom. illeg.
species :
Centaurea diluta Aiton; Hort. Kew. 3: 261 (1789)
subspecies :
subsp. diluta
Name: Trübe Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; SW- & E-Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Morocco; Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Sao Jorge); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Tenerife, La Gomera, Lanzarote, Gran Canaria [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Missouri [I], New York [I])
10 grb nor 11 aut bgm ger pol swi 12 BAL cis fra SPA 13 ita sic 20 MOR 21 AZO CNY MDR 75 usa 76 usa
Remarks: Subgen. Solstitiaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa diluta (Aiton) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
= Calcitrapa subspinosa Moench; Methodus Suppl. 228 (1794)
= Calcitrapoides micracantha (Dufour) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 227 (1974)
= Centaurea elongata Schousb.; Vextr. Marokko, 199 (1800)
= Centaurea micracantha Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. 23: 164 (1831)
= Centaurea raphanifolia Salzm. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 591 (1838)
= Centaurea subspinosa (Moench) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2(1): 322 (1840)
= Hymenocentron dilutum (Aiton) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 37 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. algeriensis (Coss. & Durieu) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 814 (1934)
Name: Algerische Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; France [I]; Morocco; Algeria
10 nor 11 bgm ger 12 fra 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea algeriensis Coss. & Durieu; Notes Pl. Crit. 136 (1851)
species :
Centaurea diomedea Gasp.; Descr. Isole Tremiti 19, 23 (1837)
Distribution: Italy (Isole Tremiti)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. diomedea (Gasp.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
species :
Centaurea djebel-amouri Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba var. mauritanica Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 494. (1889) (non Centaurea mauritanica (Font Quer) Pau 1930)
species :
Centaurea doddsii Post; Boiss., Fl. Orient. Suppl. 315 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea dolopica Zograf., Koutr., Liveri & Dimop.; Phytotaxa 584(3): 176 (2023)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Centaurea dominii (Dostál) Dubovik; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 75(11): 1579 (1990)
Distribution: Slovakia; Bulgaria; Ukraine
11 SLO 13 BUL 14 UKR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea axillaris var. sokolensis Pawl.; Kosmos (Lvov) 55: 70 (1930)
= Centaurea triumfettii subsp. dominii Dostál; Acta Bot. Bohem. 10: 71 (1931)
= Centaurea triumfettii var. slovenica Dostál; Acta Bot. Bohem. 10: 71 (1931)
= Cyanus dominii (Dostál) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 308 (1977)
= Cyanus dominii subsp. slovenicus (Dostál) Olsavská; Preslia 83(1): 92 (2011)
= Cyanus dominii subsp. sokolensis (Pawl.) Olsavská; Preslia 83(1): 92 (2011)
= Cyanus strictus subsp. dominii (Dostál) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 131 (1972)
= Cyanus triumfettii subsp. dominii (Dostál) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 14 (1984)
species :
Centaurea donetzica Klokov; Trav. Inst. Bot., Univ. Kharkov, ed. Med. 1: 86, 101 (1936)
Distribution: S-European Russia (Donets valley); E-Ukraine
14 RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea margaritacea subsp. donetzica (Klokov) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 204 (1976)
species :
Centaurea drabifolia Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 202 (1813)
subspecies :
subsp. drabifolia
Distribution: Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Chartolepis drabifolia (Sm.) Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Orient. 3(29): 136 (1850)
= Cheirolepis drabifolia (Sm.) Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 107 (1849)
= Phaeopappus drabifolius (Sm.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 594 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. austrooccidentalis Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 160 (1963)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. cappadocica (DC.) Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 162 (1963)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cappadocica DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 595 (1838)
= Chartolepis cappadocica (DC.) Fenzl; Tchich. Asie Min. Bot. 2: 328 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Cheirolepis cappadocica (DC.) Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 107 (1849)
= Phaeopappus cappadocicus (DC.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 594 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. libanotica (Boiss.) Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 161 (1963)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cheirolepis libanotica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 107 (1849)
= Phaeopappus libanoticus (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 594 (1875)
species :
Centaurea drabifolioides Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 322, t. 29 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea dracunculifolia Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. 23: 157 (1831)
Distribution: E-Spain; S-France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea jacea proles dracunculifolia (Dufour) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 122 (1905)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. dracunculifolia (Dufour) A.Bolòs; Veg. Comarcas Barcelon. 533 (1950)
= Jacea dracunculifolia (Dufour) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 316 (1972)
species :
Centaurea drenovensis Pils; Ill. Fl. Albania 9, tt. 57, 376-377 (2016)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
species :
Centaurea dubjanskyi Iljin; Bul. Jard. Bot. Princ. U.R.S.S.. 26: 36 (1927)
Distribution: C-European Russia (near Borisogiebsk, Voronelskaja Obl.)
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea margaritacea subsp. dubjanskyi (Iljin) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 204 (1976)
species :
Centaurea ducellieri Batt. & Trab.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 9: 15 (1918)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Centaurea dumanii (Dinç, A.Duran & Bilgili) Dinç & Dogu; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 87 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cassia subsp. dumanii Dinç, A.Duran & Bilgili; Biologia (Bratislava), Sect. Bot. 64(5): 898 (2009)
species :
Centaurea dumulosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 111 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Negev Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta dumulosa (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972)
species :
Centaurea dursunbeyensis Uysal & Köse; Turk. J. Bot. 33: 42 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea ebenoides Heldr. ex S.Moore; J. Bot. (London) 16: 133 (1878)
Distribution: Greece (N-Evvoia and around Korinth)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Carduiformes
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada ebenoides (Heldr.) Holub; Folia Geobot Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea edith-mariae Radic; Acta Biokovica 1: 133 (1981)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Centaurea eflanensis (Kaya & Bancheva) Sirin & Ertugrul; Turkish J. Bot. 43(4): 540 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus eflanensis Kaya & Bancheva; Novon 19: 175 (2009)
species :
Centaurea elazigensis Kaya & Vural; Novon 17: 198 (2007)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea elbrusensis Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 131 (1860)
Distribution: Armenia; Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM 34 IRN
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus elbrusensis (Boiss. & Buhse) Wagenitz & Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
= Centaurea lanigera subsp. elbrusensis (Boiss. & Buhse) Dostál; Preslia 10: 68 (1931)
species :
Centaurea elegantissima Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 369 (1928)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada elegantissima (Bornm.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea emigrantis Bubani; Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. 5: 318 (1873), et Fl. Pyrenees 2: 165 (1899)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Lepteranthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea uniflora subsp. emigrantis (Bubani) Pau & Font Quer; Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 5: 229 (1920)
species :
Centaurea emiliae Huseynova & Garakhani; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 99(3): 350 (2014)
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
species :
Centaurea emporitana Vayr. ex Hayek; Cent. Exsicc. Crit. No. 89 (1914)
Distribution: NE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: subgen. Jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea microptilon subsp. emporitana (Vayr. ex Hayek) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 206 (1975 publ. 1976)
= Centaurea microptilon var. emporitana (Vayr. ex Hayek) C.Blanché, Molero & Rovira; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 51 Bot. 5: 119 (1984)
= Centaurea microptilon var. emporitana Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., sér. 3, 18: 470 (1908)
= Jacea emporitana (Vayr.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 304 (1977)
species :
Centaurea ensiformis P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 67, t. 1 (1956)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea epapposa Velen.; Sitz. Bohm. Ges. Wiss., no. 28, 6 (1903)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir)
13 BUL KOS SRB 35 SAU
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. epapposa (Velen.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
= Centaurea splendens var. epapposa (Velen.) Gajic; Fl. SR Srbije 7: 255 (1975)
species :
Centaurea epirota Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 581 (1898)
Distribution: Albania; NW-Greece (Epiros)
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus. Very close to C. pindicola
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus epirotus (Halácsy) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 144 (1973)
species :
Centaurea erinacella Rech.fil.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 258 (1950)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Erinacella rechingeri Dostál; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 19(1-4): 77 (1973) (nom. nov.)
species :
Centaurea eriophora L.; Sp. Pl. 916 (1753)
Name: Woll-Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; ?Portugal; S- & E-Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Canary Isl. (Fuerteventura); Israel (N-Negev Desert); Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
10 grb 11 ger 12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 CNY 34 ISR 50 aus
Remarks: Subgen. Solstitiaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa eriophora (L.) Moench; Methodus 564 (1794)
= Cyanus eriophorus (L.) Gaertn.; Fruct. 2: 382. t. 161 (1791)
= Eriopha eriopha (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 69 (1769)
= Jacea eriophora (L.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 132 (1972)
= Mesocentron eriophorum (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 44: 38 (1826)
= Rhaponticum eriophorum (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 2: 135 (1771)
species :
Centaurea ertugruliana Uysal; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 45: 137 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea erycina Raimondo & Bancheva; Bocconea 17: 299 (2004)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
species :
Centaurea eryngioides Lam.; Encycl. 1: 675 (1785)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Midyan)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR LEB SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada eryngioides (Lam.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea esfandiarii Rech.fil. & Aellen; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 253 (1950)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea euboica Rech.fil.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat. 93: 102 (1956)
subspecies :
subsp. euboica
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. intermedia Phitos & T.Georgiadis; Bot. Chronika 1(2): 111 (1981)
Distribution: Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
species :
Centaurea euxina Velen.; Sitzb. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. 2: 50 (1889 publ. 1890)
Distribution: NE-Bulgaria
13 BUL
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. euxina (Velen.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
species :
Centaurea exarata Boiss. ex Coss.; Not. Pl. Crit. 116 (1851)
Distribution: S-Portugal; SW-Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta exarata (Boiss. ex Coss.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea fabregatii Mateo & M.B.Crespo; Fl. Montiberica 40: 55 (2008)
Distribution: E-Spain (Castellon, Tarragona)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea farsistanica (Wagenitz) Ranjbar & Negaresh; Phytotaxa 123(1): 14 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aucheri subsp. farsistanica Wagenitz; Fl. Iranica 139b: 361 (1980)
species :
Centaurea fenzlii Reichardt; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 1039 (1863)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea ferox Desf.; Med. Eclairee Sci. Phys. 3: 163 (1792)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa ferox (Desf.) Moench; Methodus Suppl. 229 (1794)
= Philostizus fontanesianus Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 39: 498 (1826)
= Seridia ferox (Desf.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
species :
Centaurea filiformis Viv.; Fl. Cors., App. 1: 6 (1825)
subspecies :
subsp. filiformis
Distribution: Sardinia
12 SAR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, stoebe agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ceratophylla Moris; Elench. 1: 55 (1827)
= Centaurea speciosa Moritzi ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 428 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. ferulacea (Martelli) Arrigoni; Webbia, 27(1): 286 (1972)
Distribution: E-Sardinia (Baunei)
12 SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ferulacea Martelli; Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. nov., ser. 3: 370 (1896)
species :
Centaurea finazzeri Adamovic; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr., 235 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. finazzeri
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Bulgaria; N-Greece (Greek Macedonia)
13 BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea rupestris subsp. finazzeri (Adamovic) Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 754 (1931)
= Colymbada finazzeri (Adamovie) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. kozanii (Routsi & T.Georgiadis) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Albania; NC-Greece
13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea rupestris subsp. kozanii Routsi & T.Georgiadis; Candollea, 49(2): 366 (1994)
species :
Centaurea flosculosa Balb. ex Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 2285 (1803)
Distribution: Switzerland; SE-France; N-Italy
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea discoidea Balb. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 573 (1838)
= Centaurea ferdinandi Gren.; Cat. Sem. Hort. Bot. Grat. (1847) Collect. 20
= Centaurea rhaetica subsp. ferdinandi (Gren.) Pignatti; Giorn. Bot. It., 113(5-6): 367 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Centaurea thomasiana Dalla Torre; Anleit. Beob. Alpenpfl.: 141 (1882)
= Centaurea uniflora subsp. ferdinandi (Gren.) Bonnier; Fl. Compl. Fr. 6: 45 (1923)
= Cyanus flosculosus (Balb. ex Willd.) Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 79 (1817)
= Jacea ferdinandli (Gren.) Holub; Preslia. 46(3): 229 (1974)
= Jacea flosculosa (Willd.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 316 (1972)
= Lepteranthus incoronatus Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 26: 66 (1823)
species :
Centaurea formanekii Halácsy ex Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 30: (1892) extr. 15, et in Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 43: 55 (1893)
Distribution: C-North Macedonia (SE of Titov Veles); NW-Greece (Epiros)
13 GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. formanekii (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
species :
Centaurea foucauldiana Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 20: 186 (1929)
Distribution: S-Algeria (C-Saharan Mts., Hoggar)
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea tougourensis subsp. foucauldiana (Maire) Quézel & Santa
species :
Centaurea foveolata Blakelock; Kew Bull. 1949: 46 (1949)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Centaurea fragilis Durand; Duch. Rev. Bot. 2: 429 (1847)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea fragilis var. subinermis Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 350 (1924)
= Centaurea fragilis var. zeluana Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 52 (1922)
= Centaurea sphaerocephala Schousb. ex Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 531 (1878), nom. inval.
species :
Centaurea francoi Figueiredo & Gideon F.Sm.; Phytotaxa 344(1): 99 (2018)
Distribution: SW-Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea crocata Franco; Nova Fl. Portugal 2: 474, 572 (1984), nom. illeg.
species :
Centaurea friderici Vis.; Fl. Dalm. 2: 40 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. friderici
Distribution: S-Croatia (Palagruja Isl.)
13 CRO
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta friderici (Vis.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax 7(3): 314 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. jabukensis (Ginzb. & Teyber) [Dostál in J.Linn.Soc., Bot.71: 196.1976, comb.inval., ex] Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: S-Croatia (Jabuka Isl.)
13 CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea jabukensis Ginzb. & Teyber; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 70: 31 (1921)
= Acosta jabukensis (Ginzb. & Teyber) Holub; Preslia. 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea furfuracea Coss. & Durieu; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 4: 363 (1857)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa furfuracea (Coss. & Durieu) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 143 (1973)
= Centaurea contracta Viv.; Fl. Lib. Spec. 58. t. 24, f. 1, 2 (1824)
= Centaurea delilei Godr.; Mem. Acad. Montp. (Sect. Medik.) 1: 435 (1853)
= Centaurea prolifera Delile ex Godr.; Mem. Acad. Montp. (Sect. Medik.) 1: 435 (1853)
species :
Centaurea fuscomarginata (K.Koch) Juz.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 14: 41 (1951)
Distribution: Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus
14 KRY UKR 33 NCS
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea axillaris var. fuscomarginata K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 426 (1851)
= Cyanus fuscomarginatus (K.Koch) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
species :
Centaurea fusiformis Blakelock; Kew Bull. 1949: 47 (1949)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Centaurea gabrielae (Bornm.) Wagenitz; Willdenowia 2: 492 (1960)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Phaeopappus gabrielae Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 59: E. 303 (1939)
= Tomanthea gabrielae (Bornm.) Czerep.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 20: 481 (1960)
species :
Centaurea gabrielis-blancae Fern.Casas; Fontqueria 10: 6 (1986), nom. nov.
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: status uncertain, near C. ornata
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ornata var. microcephala Willk.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 147 (1865)
= Centaurea ornata var. tenuispina Pau; Cavanillesia 4: 131 (1931)
species :
Centaurea gabrieljanae Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003), nom. nov.
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey
33 ARM AZE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea biebersteinii (Jaub. & Spach) Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 1: 448 (1849) (non DC. (1838))
= Centaurea finitima Boraz; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 13: 24 (1912)
= Chartolepis biebersteinii Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Orient. 3(21-23): 11 (1847)
= Chartolepis finitima (Boraz) Iljin; Izv. Bot. Sada Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 30: 353 (1931 publ. 1932)
species :
Centaurea gadorensis Blanca; Lazaroa 6: 173 (1984 publ. 1985), nom. nov.
Distribution: SE-Spain (Sa. de Gador, S-Sa. Nevada)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea tenuifolia var. tenuiloba Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 346 (1840)
= Centaurea segredoi subsp. tenuiloba (Boiss.) Blanca; Lagascalia, 10(2): 200 (1982)
species :
Centaurea galicicae Micevski; Acta Bot. Croat. 44: 83 (1985)
Distribution: S-North Macedonia (Galicica Planina); SE-Albania; NW-Greece (Lake Megali Prespa)
13 ALB GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, triniifolia agg.
species :
Centaurea gallaecica (M.Laínz) Arnelas & Devesa; Acta Bot. Malac. 37: 66 (2012)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: subgen. Jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Jacea janeri subsp. gallaecica (M.Laínz) M.Laínz; Fontqueria 3: 39 (1983)
= Centaurea janeri subsp. gallaecica M.Laínz; Anal. Inst. Forest. Invest. 12: 40 (1968)
species :
Centaurea gattefossei Maire; Contrib. Etude Fl. Afr. Nord, Fasc. 21, reimpr. p. 1 (1933), Maire in Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 13: 269 (1933 publ. 1934)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Melanoloma gattefossei (Maire) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 1: 6 (1982)
species :
Centaurea geluensis Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 674 (1875)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea gerberi Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) II. 391
Distribution: S-European Russia; E-European Russia
14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea margaritacea subsp. gerberi (Steven) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 204 (1976)
species :
Centaurea gerhardii M.V.Agab.; Lagascalia, 19(1-2): 897 (1997)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Centaurea germanicopolitana Bornm.; Feddes Repert. Beih. 89: 376 (1944)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus germanicopolitanus (Bornm.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 144 (1973)
species :
Centaurea ghahramanii Wagenitz & Esfand.; Willdenowia 13: 139, f. 2 (1983)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea giardinae Raimondo & Spadaro; Naturalista Sicil., ser. 4, 30: 373 (2006)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
species :
Centaurea gigantea Sch.Bip.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 672 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. gigantea
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea chaldaeorum Nábelek; Publ. Fac. Sci. Univ. Masaryk Brno 52: 4, t. VIII (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. rechingeri Negaresh; Phytotaxa 363(1): 45 (2018)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
species :
Centaurea gjurasinii Bosnjak; Glasn. Hrvatsk. Prir. Drustva 49-50: 26 (1937-1938 publ. 1938)
Distribution: Montenegro
13 MNT
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Centaurea glaberrima Tausch; Flora (Regensb.) 10: 249 (1827)
subspecies :
subsp. glaberrima
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Albania
13 ALB BIH CRO MNT
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea punctata Vis.; Flora 19: 23 (1829)
= Centaurea virgata Port. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 426 (1879)
subspecies :
subsp. divergens (Vis.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(2): 260 (1931)
Distribution: France; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina
12 FRA 13 BIH CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta divergens (Vis.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140 (3-4): 134 (1972)
= Centaurea divergens Vis.; Fl. Slovenia (Dalmatia). 2: 37. t. 12 b. (1847)
= Centaurea petteri Rchb.fil.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 15: 36. t. 783 (1852)
species :
Centaurea glabroauriculata Uysal & Demir.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 44: 219 (2007)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea glastifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 915 (1753) emend. Czerep., Not. Syst. (Leningrad) 20: 461-462 (1960)
subspecies :
subsp. glastifolia
Distribution: France [I]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
12 fra 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Chartolepis
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea tournefortii (Jaub. & Spach) Walp.; Ann. 1: 448 (1849)
= Chartolepis cassiniana Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. 3: 9 (1847)
= Chartolepis glastifolia (L.) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 54: 492 (1829)
= Chartolepis tournefortii Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Or. 3: 9, t. 207 (1847)
= Rhaponticum argentatum Moench; Methodus 562 (1794)
subspecies :
subsp. intermedia (Boiss.) L.Martins; Fl. China 20-21: 192 (2011)
Distribution: Romania; S-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
13 ROM 14 MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea chartolepis Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003), nom. nov.
= Chartolepis intermedia Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 64 (1856) (non Centaurea intermedia Mutel 1846)
species :
Centaurea globurensis Nyár.; Bul. Grad. Bot. Univ. Cluj 14: 218 (1934)
Distribution: SW-Romania (Banat)
13 ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma
species :
Centaurea glomerata Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 94 (1791)
Distribution: Italy [I]; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai)
13 ita 20 EGY LBY TUN 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapoides glomerata (Vahl) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 170 (1973)
= Centaurea acaulis Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 52 (1775)
= Centaurea coarctata Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 407 (1826)
= Centaurea prolifera Vent.; Jard. Cels, 16 (1800)
= Centaurea straminea Willd.; Sp. Pl. 3: 2312 (1803)
= Seridia glomerata (Vahl) Cass.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 48: 499 (1827)
= Seridia prolifera (Vent.) Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
= Seridia straminea Sweet; Hort. Brit. ed. I. 218 (1826)
species :
Centaurea gloriosa Radic; Acta Biokovica 1: 127 (1981)
Distribution: Croatia
13 CRO
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Centaurea goerkii Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 25(2): 5 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea goksivriensis M.Bona; Phytotaxa 203(1): 63 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea golestanica Akhani & Wagenitz; Edinburgh J. Bot., 56(1): 6 (1999)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea gracilenta Velen.; Fl. Bulg. 321 (1891)
Distribution: E-Romania; E-Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Arenariae
species :
Centaurea graeca Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 242 (1846)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Greece (NW-, NC- & C-Greece)
13 ALB GRC KOS NMA SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Carduiformes
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ceccariniana Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 81 (1856)
= Centaurea cordonis Boiss. & Orph.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 663 (1875)
= Centaurea graeca subsp. ceccariniana (Boiss. & Heldr.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 195 (1976)
= Centaurea guicciardii var. minutispina Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 642 (1898)
= Centaurea paniculata Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prod. 2: 199 (1813)
= Colymbada ceccariniana (Boiss. & Heldr.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 228 (1974)
= Colymbada graeca (Griseb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea graminifolia (Lam.) Muñoz Rodr. & Devesa; Acta Bot. Malac. 35: 36 (38) (2012)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea lingulata Lag.; Gen. et Sp. Nov. 32 (1816)
= Centaurea lingulata var. linearifolia Sennen & Pau; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1918: no. 3431 (1919), nom. nud.
= Centaurea montana subsp. lingulata (Lag.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea montana subsp. variegata (Lam.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 144 (1905)
= Centaurea montana var. lingulata (Lag.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17: 92 (1988)
= Centaurea seusana Chaix; Pl. Vapicens.: 61 (1785)
= Centaurea seusana var. lingulata (Lag.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 2: 160 (1865)
= Centaurea triumfettii subsp. lingulata (Lag.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 209 (1976), isonym
= Centaurea triumfettii subsp. lingulata (Lag.) Vicioso; Exsicc. (Centaur. Crit.) 2: no. 53 (1914)
= Centaurea triumfettii subsp. variegata (Lam.) Dostál; Preslia 10: 62 (1931), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea triumfettii var. seusana (Chaix) Gugler; Schinz & Keller, Fl. Schweiz, ed. 3, 2: 353 (1914)
= Centaurea variegata Lam.; Encycl. 1: 668 (1785), nom. superfl.
= Centaurea variegata var. decurrentifolia Pau; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1927: no. 700 (1928)
= Cyanus graminifolius (Lam.) Olsavská; Taxon 58(1): 183 (2009)
= Cyanus lingulatus (Lag.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 144 (1973)
= Cyanus triumfettii subsp. lingulatus (Lag.) Á.Löve & Kjellq.; Lagascalia 4(2): 199 (1974)
= Cyanus variegatus Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 74 (1817), nom. superfl.
= Jacea graminifolia Lam.; Fl. Franc. 3: 638 (1779)
species :
Centaurea granatensis Boiss. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 7: 303 (1838)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Acrocentron
Synonyms: hidden
= Acrocentron granatense (Boiss.) Webb; Iter Hisp. 32 (1838)
= Centaurea granatensis var. acaulis Cuatrec.; Treb. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Sèr. Bot. 12: 467 (1929)
= Centaurea prolongoi var. granatensis (DC.) Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 51 (1922)
= Colymbada granatensis (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea grbavacensis (Rohlena) Stoj. & Acht.; Stud. Centaur. Bulg. 39 (1935)
Distribution: NC-North Macedonia (near Prilep); N-Greece (Mt. Olimpos north to the border)
13 GRC NMA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea atropurpurea subsp. soskae (Stoj. & Acht.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 195 (1976)
= Centaurea atropurpurea var. soskae Stoj. & Acht.
= Centaurea immanuelis-loewii var. grbavacensis Rohlena
= Colymbada grbavacensis (Rohlena) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 228 (1974)
species :
Centaurea greuteri E.Gamal-Eldin & Wagenitz; Willdenowia 13(2): 324 (1983 publ. 1984)
Distribution: NE-Greece (Chalkidiki: Sithonia peninsula)
13 GRC
species :
Centaurea grisebachii (Nyman) Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Ver. Brünn 34. 300 (1896)
subspecies :
subsp. grisebachii
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; N-Greece
13 ALB GRC KOS NMA SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Maculosae, triniifolia agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta grisebachii (Nyman) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 303 (1977)
= Centaurea graeca subsp. grisebachii Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 427 (1879)
= Centaurea paniculata var. macedonica Griseb.; non C. macedonica Boiss.
subspecies :
subsp. confusa (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 198 (1976)
Distribution: N-Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea confusa Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 596 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. occidentalis E.Gamal-Eldin & Wagenitz; Strid & Kit Tan (eds.), Mount. Fl. Greece 2: 500 (1991)
Distribution: NW-Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea macedonica Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 595 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. transiens (Halácsy) T.Georgiadis; Contrib. Phylogén. Centaurea L. (sect. Acrolophus (Cass.) DC.) en Grèce: 47 (1980)
Distribution: N-Greece (Mt. Olimbos)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta transiens (Halácsy) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 227 (1974)
= Centaurea transiens Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 587 (1898)
species :
Centaurea gubanovii Kamelin; Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 88(6): 86 (1983)
Distribution: Afghanistan
34 AFG
species :
Centaurea gudrunensis Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 673 (1875)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Centaurea gulissashvilii Dumbadze; Dokl. Akad. Nauk Armyanskoi S. S. R. 5(2): 49 (1946)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey
33 ARM GEO 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ovina agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ovina subsp. gulissaschvilii (Dumbadze) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(3): 119 (2000)
species :
Centaurea gussonei Raimondo & Spadaro; Bocconea 20: 10, 394 (2007), nom. nov.
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea dissecta var. tomentosa (Guss.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 3: 336 (1904)
= Centaurea parlatoris var. tomentosa Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2(1): 510 (1844)
species :
Centaurea gymnocarpa Moris & De Not.; Fl. Insul. Caprar. 76, t. 2 (1839)
Distribution: Italy (Capraia Isl.)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Centaurea, Ser. Pannophyllum
Conservation Status: IUCN CR, known only from few populations
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea cineraria var. gymnocarpa (Moris & De Not) Fiori
= Centaurea dealbata Moris ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 425 (1879), pro syn.
= Centaurea gymnocarpa var. plumosa E.Vilm.; Fl. Pleine Terre, éd. 3: 245 (1870)
species :
Centaurea hadacii Wagenitz; Kew Bull. 40: 793, f. 1 (1985)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Centaurea haenseleri (Boiss.) Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Midi Esp. 2: 349 (1840)
Distribution: S-Spain (Sierra Bermeja)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Subsect. Lagascanae
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea acaulis Haens. ex Willk. & Lange; Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 151 (1865)
= Centaurea acaulis var. haenseleri Boiss.; Elench. Pl. Nov.: 61 (1838)
= Centaurea haenseleri (Boiss.) Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Nov. 67 (1852)
= Centaurea saxicola var. haenseleri (Boiss.) Pau; Mem. Mus. Ci. Nat. Barcelona, Ser. Bot. 1(1): 52 (1922)
= Centaurea toletana subsp. haenseleri (Boiss.) Rivas Goday; Veg. Fl. Guadiana: 666 (1964), nom. inval.
= Colymbada haenseleri (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., 12(3): 304 (1977)
species :
Centaurea hakkariensis Wagenitz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 224 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea halophila Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 318, t. 22 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (Central Anatolia, Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea haluntina Gianguzzi, Di Grist., Barone & Domina; Phytotaxa 646(2): 177 (2024)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Centaurea handelii Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. 82: 182, t. 4/7 (1963)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Phaeopappus haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 599 (1875) (non C. haussknechtii Boiss. (1875))
= Tomanthea haussknechtii (Boiss.) Takht.; Trud. Molod. Uchen. Armyan. Fil. Akad. Nauk USSR, 243 (1939)
species :
Centaurea hanryi Jord.; Obs. Pl. Crit. 5: 70 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. hanryi
Distribution: NE-Spain; S-France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Paniculatae
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta coerulescens (Willd.) Holub; Preslia 46 (3). 226 (1974)
= Acosta hanryi (Jord.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972)
= Acosta isernii (Willk.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
= Centaurea bubanii Timb.-Lagr.; Mem. Acad. Sci. Toul. Ser. VI2(1): II. 187 (1879)
= Centaurea cadevallii Pau; Butll. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 6: 46 (1906)
= Centaurea caerulescens subsp. hanryi (Jord.) Bonnier; Fl. Ill. France 6: 43 (1923)
= Centaurea hanryi subsp. isernii (Willk.) Smythies; Englera 3(1): 138 (1984), et Englera 3(3): 880 (1986)
= Centaurea hanryi subsp. spinabadia (Bubani ex Timb.-Lagr.) Smythies; Englera 3(1): 139 (1984), without direct basionym ref., et 3(3): 880 (1986)
= Centaurea isernii Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 155 (1865)
= Centaurea limbata subsp. hanryi (Jord.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 428 (1879)
= Centaurea micrantha var. catalaunica Pau ex Cadevall; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Barcelona 6: 436 (1908)
= Centaurea paniculata Lag. ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 583 (1838), nom. inval.
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. caerulescens Rouy; Rev. Bot. Syst. Géogr. Bot. 2: 158 (1904)
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. hanryi (Jord.) Rouy; Rev. Bot. Syst. Géogr. Bot. 2: 146 (1904)
= Centaurea rigens Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 32 (1816)
= Centaurea spinabadia Bubani; Fl. Pyrenees 2: 160 (1899) ex Timb.-Lagr., Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse, ser. 8, l(2): 187 (1879)
= Centaurea spinabadia subsp. hanryi (Jord.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 199 (1976)
= Centaurea spinabadia subsp. isernii (Willk.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 199 (1976)
subspecies :
subsp. shuttleworthii (Rouy) Kerguélen; Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xii (1993)
Distribution: SE-France (foothills of L´Esterel)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata subsp. shuttleworthii Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 155 (1905)
= Centaurea shuttleworthii Rouy; Rev. Bot. Syst. Geogr. Bot. 2: 147 (1904)
= Centaurea spinabadia subsp. shuttleworthii (Rouy) Dostál; J. Linn. Soc., Bot., 71(3): 198 (1975 publ. 1976)
species :
Centaurea haradjianii Wagenitz; Willdenowia 2: 479, f. 3 (1961)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 670 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea haynaldiiformis Prodan; Anal. Acad. Rep. Pop. Románe 3(18): 691 (1950)
Distribution: W-Romania (Arad region)
13 ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea hekimhanensis Sirin & Yildirim; Bot. Serbica 45(1): 14 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: subgen. Cyanus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyanus hekimhanensis (Sirin & Yildirim) Negaresh; Phytotaxa 531(1): 25 (2022)
species :
Centaurea heldreichii Halácsy; Denkschr. Akad. Wien 61: 315 (1894)
Distribution: W-Greece (S-Epirus)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. heldreichii (Halácsy) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
species :
Centaurea helenioides Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 633 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Grossheimia helenioides (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Sosn. & Takht.; Proc. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 3: No. 1, 24 (1945)
= Phaeopappus helenioides Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 633 (1875)
species :
Centaurea hellwigii Ranjbar & Negaresh; Phytotaxa 123(1): 17 (2013), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa araneosa (Boiss.) Holub; Preslia 45: 143 (1973)
= Centaurea araneosa Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 121 (1849)
= Centaurea spectabilis var. araneosa (Boiss.) Wagenitz; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 82: 178 (1963)
= Phaeopappus araneosus (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 598 (1875) non Centaurea araneosa Boiss.
= Tomanthea araneosa (Boiss.) Takht.; Trudy Armyansk. Fil. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. Biol. 1939: 241 (1939)
species :
Centaurea heratensis Rech.fil. & Köie; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 8: No. 2 (Symb. Afgh. II.) 183 (1955)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Ghorat, Herat)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Tomanthea heratensis (Rech.fil. & Köie) Soják; Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag., 48 (1962)
species :
Centaurea hermannii F.Herm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Bulg. 4: 27, f. 1 (1931)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Seridia
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea sisymbriifolia Arènes; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 30: 210 (1958)
species :
Centaurea heterocarpa Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 680 (1875)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Centaurea heywoodiana Raimondo, Spadaro & Di Grist.; Fl. Medit. 30: 370, fig. 1 (2020)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Centaurea hierapolitana Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 4: 15 (1844)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea hohenackeri Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) II. 395
Distribution: Azerbaijan
33 AZE
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea, ovina agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea ovina subsp. hohenackeri (Steven) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(3): 119 (2000)
= Centaurea hohenackeriana Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 8: 493 (1883)
species :
Centaurea hololeuca Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 694 (1875)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria
34 LEB SYR
species :
Centaurea horrida Badarò; Gior. Fis. (Brugnat.) ser.2 7: 363 (1824)
Distribution: Sardinia (Asinara Isl., Tavolara Isl.)
12 SAR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Horridae
species :
Centaurea huljakii H.Wagner; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 287 (1935)
Distribution: N-Greece (Mt. Athos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis
species :
Centaurea hyalolepis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 133 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. hyalolepis
Name: Glasschuppige Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Malta [I]; Morocco; Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen)
10 grb 11 bgm ger 12 fra spa 13 ita mlt sic 20 MOR 34 CYP IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM
Remarks: Subgen. Calcitrapa
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa hyalolepis (Boiss.) Holub; Preslia 46: 227 (1974)
= Centaurea pallescens f. hyalolepis (Boiss.) Gugler; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 209 (1908)
= Centaurea pallescens subsp. hyalolepis (Boiss.) Holmboe; Bergens Mus. Skr., ser. 2, 1: 190 (1914)
= Centaurea pallescens var. hyalolepis (Boiss.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 691 (1875)
variant :
var. brevispina Plitmann; Israel J. Bot., 22(1): 50 (1973)
Distribution: Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR
subspecies :
subsp. negevensis Plitmann; Israel J. Bot., 22(1): 50 (1973)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
species :
Centaurea hymettia Kit Tan, Zograf. & Bancheva; Phytol. Balcan. 20(1): 58 (2014)
Distribution: Greece (Attiki: Mt. Imittos)
13 GRC
Remarks: related to C. laureotica
species :
Centaurea hyrcanica Bornm.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 7: 425 (1907)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea hyrcana Grossh.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, ser. 2, 1: 42 (1920)
= Centaurea trichocephala var. latifolia Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Horti Petrop. 8: 54 (1841)
= Jacea hyrcanica (Bornm.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
species :
Centaurea hyssopifolia Vahl; Symb. Bot. 1: 75 (1790)
Distribution: C- & E-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Lepteranthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea linifolia Lam.; Encyc. 1: 667 (1783)
= Centaurea punctata Dufour; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. I. 23: 159 (1831)
= Jacea hyssopifolia (Vahl) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 229 (1974)
species :
Centaurea iberica Trevis. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 406 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. iberica
Name: Iberische Flockenblume (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (Kos, Rhodos); Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghazni, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Qunduz, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jazira, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Murree, Waziristan, Kurram, N. W. Frontier Prov., Peshawar, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit); NW-India (Poonch, Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (California [I], Kansas [I], Oregon [I], Washington [I], Wyoming [I]); Argentina [I]
11 ger 12 fra 13 BIH BUL ita KOS MNT ROM sic SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 73 usa 74 usa 76 usa 85 arg
Remarks: Subgen. Calcitrapa
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa iberica (Trevis. ex Spreng.) Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv. 409 (1866)
= Centaurea aegyptiaca Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. t.907 (1840)
= Centaurea calcitrapa M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3: 594 (1819)
= Centaurea calcitrapoides DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 597 (1838)
= Centaurea iberica var. brevispina Freyn & Sint.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 259 (1894)
= Centaurea macracantha Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 690 (1875)
= Centaurea noeana Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 84 (1856)
= Centaurea pallescens var. iberica (Trevir. ex Spreng.) Gugler & Thell.; Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 6: 209 (1908)
= Leucantha iberica (Trevis. ex Spreng.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 114(1): 44 (1961)
variant :
var. mesocentroides Plitmann; Israel J. Bot., 22(1): 49 (1973)
Distribution: Israel
34 ISR
subspecies :
subsp. hermonis (Boiss.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 233 (1914)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea hermonis Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 122 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. holzmanniana (Boiss.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 203 (1976)
Distribution: Greece (scattered on mainland)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea holzmanniana Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 316 (1888), pro syn.
= Centaurea iberica var. holzmanniana Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 316 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. meryonis (DC.) Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 31(2): 233 (1914)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea meryonis DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 598 (1838)
species :
Centaurea ibn-tattoui Chamboul.; Phytotaxa 174(3): 157 (2014)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Centaurea idaea Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 2(10): 119 (1849)
Distribution: Crete (widespread)
13 KRI
Remarks: Subgen. Solstitiaria
Synonyms: hidden
= Calcitrapa idaea (Boiss. & Heldr.) Soják; Cas. Nar Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4) 133 (1972)
species :
Centaurea ilvensis (Sommier) Arrigoni; Parlatorea 6: 76 (2003)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea dissecta var. ilvensis Sommier; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 9: 329 (1902)
species :
Centaurea immanuelis-loewii Degen; Magyar Bot. Lapok 16: 117 (1917)
Distribution: Bulgaria; NE-Greece
13 BUL GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Orientales
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada immanuelis-loewii (Degen) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 228 (1974)
species :
Centaurea imperialis Hausskn. ex Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 20 2: 168 (1906)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Leucacantha imperialis Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 5: 71 (1917)
species :
Centaurea incompleta Halácsy; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 6: 583 (1898)
Distribution: NC-Greece (Mt. Olimpos)
13 GRC
species :
Centaurea incompta Vis.; Fl. Dalm. 2: 38 (1847)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro
13 BIH CRO MNT
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Arenariae
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta incompta (Vis.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972)
species :
Centaurea indistincta (Wagenitz) Ranjbar & Negaresh; Phytotaxa 123(1): 20 (2013)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aucheri subsp. indistincta Wagenitz; Fl. Iranica 139b: 361 (1980)
species :
Centaurea indurata Janka; Flora (Regensb.) 41: 444 (1858)
Distribution: Slovakia; Hungary; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Ukraine
11 HUN SLO 13 BUL NMA ROM 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea phrygia subsp. indurata (Janka) Stoj. & Acht.; Stud. Centaur. Bulg. 71 (1935)
= Jacea indurata (Janka) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 132 (1972)
species :
Centaurea inermis Velen.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 52: 154 (1902)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 BUL TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea inexpectata Wagenitz; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 219 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Jacea inexpectata (Wagenitz) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 11(1): 83 (1976)
species :
Centaurea inexpugnabilis P.P.Ferrer, Mansanet-Salvador & R.Roselló; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 35(e006): 3 (2017)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Centaurea infestans Durand; Duch. Rev. Bot. 2: 430 (1847)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
species :
Centaurea integrans (Fiori) Naggi ex Prain; Index Kew., Suppl. 3: 38 (1908)
Distribution: N-Italy (Liguria)
13 ITA
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea paniculata subvar. integrans Fiori; Fl. Italia 4(1): 188 (1907)
species :
Centaurea intricata Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 130 (1846)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
species :
Centaurea involucrata Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 2: 295 (1799)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Almeria); France; Morocco; Algeria
12 FRA SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Subgen. Melanoloma
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea pullata subsp. involucrata (Desf.) Talavera; Lagascalia, 12(2): 273 (1984)
= Jacea involucrata Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 54 (1779)
species :
Centaurea ionica Brullo; Fl. Aspromonte 47 (2001)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
species :
Centaurea ipecensis Rech.fil.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 342 (1935)
Distribution: Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania
13 ALB KOS MNT SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Phalolepis, alba agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea alba subsp. ipecensis (Rech.fil.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
= Centaurea splendens var. ipecensis (Rech.fil.) Gajic; Fl. SR Srbije 7: 255 (1975)
species :
Centaurea ipsaria Stoj. & Kitan.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Bulg. 9: 102 (1943)
Distribution: NE-Greece (Thasos)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea thasia Hayek; Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balcan. 2: 762 (1931), nom. nud. (lack of type, fragmentary description)
species :
Centaurea iranshahrii Wagenitz & Esfand.; Willdenowia 13: 137, f. 1 (1983)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea elymaitica Mozaff.; Iran. J. Bot. 12: 109 (2006)
species :
Centaurea irritans Wagenitz; Rech. fil., Fl. Iranica 139b: 390, t. 358 (1980)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
variant :
var. longispinosa Montaz.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 163(1): 100 (2010)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea isaurica Hub.-Mor.; Bauhinia 3: 323, t. 30 (1967)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea isiliae H.Duman, Uzunh. & Bahadir; Nordic J. Bot. 39(10)-e03244: 2 (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurea ispahanica Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 133 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. ispahanica
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
subspecies :
subsp. macrocarpa (Boiss.) Negaresh; Phytotaxa 174(1): 48 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea macrocarpa Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 677 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. sirjanensis Negaresh; Phytotaxa 174(1): 50 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea jacea L.; Sp. Pl. 914 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. jacea
Name: Gewöhnliche Wiesen-Flockenblume (DE), Brown knapweed (EN)
Distribution: England; Northern Ireland; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; S-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Kuril Isl. [I], Primorye [I]); Tajikistan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Australia [I] (Queensland [I], South Australia [I], Victoria [I]); Greenland [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kentucky [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Montana [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I]); Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Araucanía [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 CIS COR FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 tzk 33 GEO 34 TUR 50 aus 70 gnl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 85 arg cle
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Jacea. There are many taxa with uncertain status in the group which are variously treated as species, subspecies or synonyms. The assignment of the synonyms is quite uncertain.
Synonyms: hidden
= Behen jacea (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 68 (1768)
= Calcitrapa jacea (L.) Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz, 48 (1841)
= Calcitrapa pratensis Peterm.; Fl. Bienitz: 49 (1841)
= Centaurea amara L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II: 1292 (1763)
= Centaurea consimilis Boreau; Fl. Centre Fr. ed. 3(2): 351 (1857)
= Centaurea croatica (Hayek) Soest; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., Versl. 54: 83 (1947)
= Centaurea decumbens Dubois; Fl. Orl. ex Pers. Syn. 485
= Centaurea flavicans Vuk.; Rad Jugos. Akad. Zagreb. 58: 149 (1881)
= Centaurea gracilior Reut. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea gracilis Boreau ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea hastata Gugler; Centaur. Ungar. (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar. vi.) 261 (1907)
= Centaurea humifusa Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 696 (1846)
= Centaurea jacea subvar. canescens Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 5: 406 (1829)
= Centaurea jacea subvar. paludosa Hayek; 206 (1919)
= Centaurea jacea subvar. pygmaea (Asch.) Hayek; 206 (1919)
= Centaurea jacea f. alvarensis J.Erikson; Bot. Notiser 1901: 202 (1901)
= Centaurea jacea f. cuculligera (Rchb.) Hayek; 205 (1919)
= Centaurea jacea f. humilis (Schrank) Vollm.; 763 (1914)
= Centaurea jacea f. jungens (Gugler) Hayek; 205 (1919)
= Centaurea jacea f. lacera (W.D.J.Koch) Hayek; 205 (1919)
= Centaurea jacea f. monocephala Glaab; 22 (1894)
= Centaurea jacea f. schrankii Glaab; 22 (1894)
= Centaurea jacea f. scopulicola Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 122 (1905)
= Centaurea jacea f. tomentosa (Asch.) Vollm.; 763 (1914)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. elata (Rchb.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 547 (1834)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. iungens Gugler; 406 (1904)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. matura E.H.L.Krause; 40 (1906), nom. inval.
= Centaurea jacea subsp. nana (Gaudin) Schübl. & G.Martens; 547 (1834)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. vulgaris Celak.; 250 (1871)
= Centaurea jacea var. amara (L.) Boenn.; Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal.: 261 (1824)
= Centaurea jacea var. argyrocoma Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 486 (1822)
= Centaurea jacea var. cadevallii Font Quer ex O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 17: 92 (1988)
= Centaurea jacea var. communis J.J.Schmitz & Regel; 274 (1841), nom. inval.
= Centaurea jacea var. crispofimbriata W.D.J.Koch; 469 (1844)
= Centaurea jacea var. croatica Hayek
= Centaurea jacea var. cuculligera Rchb.; 213 (1832)
= Centaurea jacea var. elata Klett & Richt.; 714 (1830)
= Centaurea jacea var. humilis (Schrank) T.Marsson; 264 (1869)
= Centaurea jacea var. monocephala Wirtg.; 262 (1857)
= Centaurea jacea var. nana Gaudin; 406 (1829)
= Centaurea jacea var. parvifolia Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 5: 405 (1829)
= Centaurea jacea var. phaeocoma Wallr.; Sched. Crit.: 486 (1822)
= Centaurea jacea var. pygmaea Glaab; 79 (1893)
= Centaurea jacea var. subacaulis Prantl; 12 (1873)
= Centaurea jacea var. uniflora Wirtg.; 109 (1841)
= Centaurea jacea var. vulgaris W.D.J.Koch; 469 (1844)
= Centaurea lacera Simonk.; Enum. fl. Transilv. 345 (1886)
= Centaurea livoniana Weinm.; Bot. Gart. Dorpat: 38 (1810)
= Centaurea majuscula (Rouy) Soest; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 54: 101 (1947)
= Centaurea media Gugler; Centaur. Ungar. (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar. vi.) 261 (1907)
= Centaurea mollis Schleich.; Cat. Pl. Helv. ed. IV. 12 (1821)
= Centaurea nana Chesn. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 320, 318 (1840)
= Centaurea nemophila Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea nigrescens Gren. & Godr.; Fl. Franc. 2: 241 (1779)
= Centaurea pratensis (Lam.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 208 (1796)
= Centaurea pygmaea Chesn. ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 571 (1838)
= Centaurea scopulicola (Rouy) Soest; Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 54: 77 (1947)
= Centaurea simplex Murr. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 322 (1840), nom. inval.
= Centaurea syrmiensis Gugler; Centaur. Ungar. (Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar. vi.) 261 (1907)
= Centaurea viretorum Jord. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 421 (1879)
= Centaurea vulgaris (W.D.J.Koch) Simonk.; 345 (1887)
= Centaurea vulgaris subsp. lacera (W.D.J.Koch) Simonk.; 345 (1887)
= Centaurea vulgaris var. jacea (L.) Godr.; Fl. Lorraine 2: 53 (1843)
= Cyanus jacea (L.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.; Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 3(1): 172 (1801)
= Jacea alba Delarbre; Fl. Auv. ed. II. 202 (1800)
= Jacea amara (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Bot. Notiser 114: 43 (1961)
= Jacea communis Delarbre; Fl. Auv. ed. II. 201 (1800)
= Jacea decumbens Delarbre; Fl. Auv. ed. II. 201 (1800)
= Jacea pratensis Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 54, Cass. in Dict. Sci. Nat. 24: 89 (1779)
= Jacea supina Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 53 (1779)
= Jacea tomentosa Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 193 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Rhaponticum jacea (L.) Moench; 562 (1794)
= Rhaponticum jacea (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol. ed. II. 2: 136 (1771)
= Setachna amara (L.) Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 518 (1867)
= Setachna fimbriata Dulac; Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 519 (1867)
subspecies :
subsp. banatica Hayek; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 68: 203 (1918)
Distribution: Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria
11 HUN 13 BIH BUL CRO KOS NMA ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea banatica Hayek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 70: 701 (1901), nom. illeg.
= Centaurea jacea var. rocheliana Heuff.
= Centaurea rocheliana (Heuff.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 205 (1976)
= Jacea banatica (Rochel ex Rchb.) Soják; Cas. Nar Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 132 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. forojulensis (Poldini) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea forojulensis Poldini; Giorn. Bot. It., 111(6): 303 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. gaudinii (Boiss. & Reut.) Gremli; Excursionsfl. Schweiz ed. 2: 248 (1874)
Distribution: Switzerland; Austria; France; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Morocco; Algeria; ?Tunisia
11 AUT SWI 12 FRA 13 CRO ITA SIC SLV SMA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea amara subsp. bracteata (Scop.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 388 (1882)
= Centaurea amara subsp. gaudinii (Boiss. & Reut.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 388 (1882)
= Centaurea amara var. bracteata (Scop.) DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 570 (1838)
= Centaurea bracteata Scop.; Delic. Fl. Insubr. 2: 17 (1786)
= Centaurea gaudinii Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 70 (1856)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. bracteata (Scop.) Hayek
= Centaurea jacea var. bracteata (Scop.) Briq. & Cavill.; Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 7: 104 (1931)
= Centaurea saxatilis subsp. gaudinii (Boiss. & Reut.) Lovric; Rapp. Commiss. Int. Mer Médit. 23(6): 37 (1976)
= Jacea bracteata (Scop.) Soják; Cas. Nar Muz. (Prague), 140(3-4): 132 (1972)
= Jacea gaudinii (Boiss. & Reut.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
= Jacea pratensis subsp. gaudinii (Boiss.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Preslia 46(2): 135 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. haynaldii (Hayek) Hayek; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 68: 204 (1918)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania
13 ALB BIH CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea haynaldii Borbás ex Vuk.; Rad Jugosl. Akad. Znan. Umj. 58: 149 (1881)
= Centaurea haynaldii Hayek; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 70: 696 (1901)
= Centaurea jacea subsp. haynaldii (Borbás ex Vuk.) Hayek; Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Nat. 70: (Cent.-Art. Österr.-Ung. 112) 696 (1901)
= Jacea haynaldii (Hayek) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
= Jacea pratensis subsp. haynaldii (Borbás ex Vuk.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Preslia 46(2): 135 (1974)
subspecies :
subsp. julica (Hayek) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: NE-Italy; Slovenia
13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea haynaldii subsp. julica (Hayek) E.Mayer; Lazar, Ad Annum Horti Bot. Labac. Solemn. 150: 39 (1960)
= Centaurea haynaldii var. julica Hayek; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 68: 204 (1918)
= Centaurea jacea var. julica Hayek
= Centaurea julica (Hayek) Soest; Ned. Kruidk. Arch., Versl. 54: 81 (1947)
subspecies :
subsp. substituta (Czerep.) Mikheev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 84(9): 105 (1999)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-European Russia; C-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
11 ger 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea pannonica subsp. substituta (Czerep.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 206 (1976)
= Centaurea substituta Czerep.; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 28: 448, 612 (1963)
= Jacea substituta (Czerep.) Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague). 140(3-4): 133 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. vinyalsii (Sennen) O.Bolòs, Nuet & Panareda; Patrim. Biol. Montseny 76 (1986)
Distribution: NE-Spain; Andorra; S-France
12 ADO FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea jacea var. godeti Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 120 (1905)
= Centaurea jacea var. vinyalsii (Sennen) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 17(1): 92 (1987 publ. 1988)
= Centaurea vinyalsii Sennen; Brotéria (Bot.) 23: 88 (1927)
subspecies :
subsp. weldeniana (Rchb.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Greece (N- & C-Greece)
13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea amara subsp. weldeniana (Rchb.) Kusan; Prir. Istr. Kral. Jugoslavije 20: 29 (1936)
= Centaurea jacea var. weldeniana (Rchb.) Briq.; Monogr. Centaurées Alpes Marit.: 69 (1902)
= Centaurea weldeniana Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 213 (1831), et Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 15: 12. t. 753 (1852)
= Centaurea weldeniana var. balcanica Hayek
= Jacea weldeniana (Rchb.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 229 (1974)
species :
Centaurea jaennensis Degen & Debeaux; Magyar Bot. Lap. 5: 8 (1906)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta jaennensis (Degen & Debeaux) Fern.Casas & Susanna; Fontqueria 2: 22 (1982)
= Centaurea boissieri subsp. jaennensis (Degen & Debeaux) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 202 (1976)
= Centaurea gienensis Degen & Debeaux; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., sér. 3, 17: 50 (1907)
species :
Centaurea janeri Graells; Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Madrid 2: 466 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. janeri
Distribution: WC-Spain (Sierra de Avila, Sa. de Gredos)
12 SPA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Lepteranthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea iserniana Graells ex Willk. & Lange; Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 162 (1865)
= Jacea janeri (Graells) M.Laínz; Fontqueria 3: 39 (1983)
= Mantisalca duriaei var. iserniana (J.Gay & Webb ex Graells) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Fl. Països Catalans 3: 912 (1995)
= Mantisalca salmantica var. iserniana (J.Gay & Webb ex Graells) Ladero, F.Navarro & C.J.Valle; Stud. Bot. 3: 266 (1984)
= Microlonchus isernianus J.Gay & Webb ex Graells; Mem. Acad. Cienc. Madr. 2: 466 (1859)
subspecies :
subsp. babiana M.Laínz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., 22(Aport. Conoc. Fl. Catanbro -Astur,xi.): 36(1976)
Distribution: N-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Jacea janeri subsp. babiana (M.Laínz) M.Laínz; Fontqueria 3: 39 (1983)
species :
Centaurea jankae Brândzã; Anal. Acad. Romane, ser. 2, 4: 446 (1884)
Distribution: SE-Romania; Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
Remarks: Subgen. Lopholoma, Sect. Hyaleoloma
Synonyms: hidden
= Colymbada jankae (Brândzã) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 315 (1972)
species :
Centaurea jankeana Simonk.; Term. Füz. 1: 168 (1877)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; Romania
13 KOS ROM SRB
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, sect. Centaurea
species :
Centaurea japygica (Lacaita) Brullo; Braun-Blanquetia 2: 32 (1988)
Distribution: Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea diomedea var. japygica Lacaita; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s. 32: 104 (1925)
species :
Centaurea jeffreyana Mesfin; Kew Bull. 47(4): 737 (1992)
Distribution: Eritrea
24 ERI
species :
Centaurea jiroftensis (Ranjbar & Negaresh) Ranjbar & Heydari; Phytotaxa 277(2): 183 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea phaeopappa subsp. jiroftensis Ranjbar & Negaresh; Phytotaxa 123(1): 29 (2013)
species :
Centaurea joharchii Ranjbar & Negaresh; Turkish J. Bot. 38(5): 977 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea johnseniana Strid & Kit Tan; Phytol. Balcan. 9: 476 (2003)
Distribution: N-Greece (mountains near border)
13 GRC
species :
Centaurea jordaniana Godr.; Gren. & Godr., Fl. Franc. 2: 245 (1850)
subspecies :
subsp. jordaniana
Distribution: SE-France (SE of Villars, Alpes Maritimes)
12 FRA
Remarks: Subgen. Jacea, Sect. Lepteranthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea balbisiana subsp. jordaniana (Godr.) Kerguélen; Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xii (1993)
= Centaurea procumbens Jord.; Obs. 5: 57
= Centaurea procumbens subsp. jordaniana (Godr.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 131 (1905)
= Centaurea procumbens var. jordaniana (Godr.) Gugler; Cent. Ung. Nationalmus.: 99 (1907)
= Jacea jordaniana (Gren. & Godr.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. aemilii (Briq.) Kerguélen; Erica 10: 11 (1998)
Distribution: SE-France (SE of Villars, Alpes Maritimes)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea aemilii Briq.; Monogr. Centaur. Alp. Marit. 91 (1902)
= Centaurea balbisiana subsp. aemilii (Briq.) Kerguélen; Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xii (1993)
= Centaurea procumbens proles aemilii (Briq.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 9: 131 (1905)
= Centaurea procumbens subsp. aemilii (Briq.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 208 (1976)
= Centaurea procumbens var. aemilii (Briq.) Briq. & Cavill.; Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 7: 123 (1931)
= Centaurea procumbens var. aemilii P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 1019 (1940)
subspecies :
subsp. balbisiana (Soldano) Kerguélen; Erica 10: 11 (1998)
Distribution: SE-France (N of Nice)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea balbisiana Soldano; Atti Soc. It. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano, 127(3-4): 217 (1986), nom. nov.
= Centaurea procumbens Balb.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Turin, Sci. Phys. 16: 229 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Jacea procumbens (Balb.) Holub; Preslia 45(2): 145 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. verguinii (Briq. & Cavill.) Kerguélen; Erica 10: 12 (1998)
Distribution: SE-France (Alpes Maritimes)
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea balbisiana subsp. verguinii (Briq. & Cavill.) Kerguélen; Index Synonym. Fl. France (Coll. Patrim. Nat., 8): xii (1993)
= Centaurea procumbens subsp. verguinii (Briq. & Cavill.) Dostál; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 208 (1976)
= Centaurea procumbens var. verguinii Briq. & Cavill.; Burnat, Fl. Alpes Marit. 7: 123 (1931)
= Centaurea verguinii (Briq. & Cavill.) Landolt; Fl. Indicativa 268 (2010)
species :
Centaurea josiae Humbert; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 15: 231 (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Centaurea jurineifolia Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 73 (1856)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta jurineifolia (Boiss.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 7(3): 314 (1972). as jurinifolia
= Centaurea provincialis Boiss. ex Lindem.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 55: (1880) II. 181
= Centaurea rutifolia subsp. jurineifolia (Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 425 (1879)
species :
Centaurea kabirkuhensis Mozaff., F.Ghahrem. & Fereid.; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 114: 133 (2012)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurea procera Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 16(2): 204 (2010), nom. illeg., homonym
species :
Centaurea kalambakensis Freyn & Sint.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 5: 784 (1897)
Distribution: NC-Greece (near Kalambaka)
13 GRC
Remarks: Subgen. Centaurea, Sect. Arenariae
Synonyms: hidden
= Acosta kalambakensis (Freyn & Sint.) Holub; Preslia 46(3): 226 (1974)
species :
Centaurea kamalnejadii Negaresh; Phytotaxa 363(1): 65 (2018)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea kamyaranensis Ranjbar & Negaresh; Novon 23(3): 322 (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea kandavanensis Wagenitz; Rech. fil., Fl. Iranica 139b: 392, t. 359 (1980)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Centaurea kanitziana Janka ex Brândzã; A