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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

449.0000 Family Gentianaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 141 (1789), nom. cons.
95 genera, ca. 1850 spp.
Species listed in database: 1883; hybrids: 20
= Chironiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(104–114): 1, 36 (1823)
= Coutoubeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Obolariaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 427 (1820)
= Potaliaceae Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 2: 89, 91, 133 (1827)
= Saccifoliaceae Maguire & Pires, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 29: 242 (1978)
= Voyriaceae Doweld
449.0436 Genus Centaurium Hill; Brit. Herb. 62 (1756)
Distribution: mostly Mediterranean. The remaining New World species will need transfer in other genera, most probably Zeltnera
Species listed in database: 25; hybrids: 6
= Centaurella Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 28 (1800)
= Erythraea Renealm. ex Borck., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 28 (1796)
= Hippocentaurea Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 388 (1814)
= Libadion Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 539 (1897)
= Xanthaea Rchb., Nom. 132 (1841)
= Monodiella Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 34: 137 (1943)
species :
Centaurium ameghinoi (Speg.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1917)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Rio Negro, Neuquen)
85 ARG
Remarks: needs transfer into another genus, probably Zeltnera
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea ameghinoi Speg., Anal. Soc. Ci. Argentina. 53: 73 (1902), et Nov. Add. Fl. Patag. 2:, repr. 31 (1902)
species :
Centaurium anatolicum (K.Koch) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn., 78(6): 132 (1993)
Name: Anatolisches Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Anatolian Centaury (EN)
Distribution: Turkey; Greece; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Turkmenistan; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Albania
13 ALB BUL GRC TUE 14 RUS 32 TKM 33 NCS 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: status uncertain, probably a synonym of C. pulchellum
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. turcicum (Velen.) Melderis, Bot. J. L. Soc., 65(2): 232 (1972)
= Centaurium minus ssp. turcicum (Velen.) Soó
= Centaurium turcicum (Velen.) Bornm., Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien, 60: 150 (1910)
= Centaurium turcicum (Velen.) Ronniger, comb. superfl.
= Centaurium turcicum (Velen.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Brit. Isles, 614 (1916) (1917) comb. superfl.
= Centaurium turcicum (Velen.) Nábelek, Publ. Fac. Sc. Univ. Masaryk, Brno, No. 70, 12 (1926) comb. superfl.
= Erythraea anatolica K.Koch, Linnaea, 19: 27 (1847)
= Erythraea turcica Velen., Abh. bohm. Ges. Wiss. 7: Folge, 1: n. 8, 31 (1886)
species :
Centaurium barrelieroides Pau; Bol. Soc. Arag., 17: 131 (1918)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Centaurium cachanlahuen (Molina) B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 45: 396 (1910)
Distribution: Argentina (Chubut, Neuquen, Rio Negro); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, O´Higgins, Maule, Bio Bio, Araucania, Los Lagos, Reg. Metropolitana); Juan Fdz. Isl.
85 ARG CLE JNF
Remarks: needs transfer into another genus, probably Zeltnera
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium chilense (Willd.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Chironia chilensis Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1067 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Erythraea cachanlahuen (Molina) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4: 167 (1819)
= Erythraea chilensis (Willd.) Pers., Syn. 1: 283 (1805)
= Erythraea pallida Willd. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 138 (1838)
= Gentiana cachanlahuen Molina, Sagg. Chile, 147 (1782)
= Gentiana peruviana Lam., Encyc. 2: 642 (1788)
= Hippion cachanlahuen (Molina) F.W.Schmidt, Arch. Bot. [Leipzig] 1(1): 11 (1796)
species :
Centaurium capense C.R.Broome; System. Centaurium (Gentianac.) Mexico & Centr. Amer.: 290 (1973)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Colima); Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro)
79 MEX RGI
Remarks: needs transfer into another genus, probably Zeltnera
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium capense (C.R.Broome) C.R.Broome, Madrono, 24(4): 241 (1977)
species :
Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) R.S.Rolla & Hemadri; Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 67: 357 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. centaurioides
Distribution: India (Bengal); Nepal; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Lahore, Rawalpindi)
40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium centaurioides (Roxb.) Babu, Herb. Fl. Dehra Dun: 312 (1977)
= Centaurium centauroides (Roxb.) N.C.Nair, Rec. Bot. Surv. India, 21(1: Fl. Punjab Plains): 166 (1978), comb. superfl.
= Centaurium roxburghii Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit Isles, 4: 1916, 614 (1915) (1917)
= Chironia brachiata Willd. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 145 (1838)
= Chironia carinata Banks, ex Roxb. Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 2: 284 (1824), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 1: 584 (1832)
= Chironia centaureoides Roxb., Hort. Beng. 16 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 2: 283 (1824), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey, 1: 584 (1832)
= Erythraea centaurioides (Roxb.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calc. 520 (1845)
= Erythraea ramosissima C.B.Clarke, Journ. L. Soc. 14: 428 (1875)
= Erythraea roxburghii G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 206 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. malzacianum (Maire) Zeltner; Bull. Soc. Neuchâtel. Sci. Nat., 113: 266 (1990)
Distribution: Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium malzacianum Maire, Humbert, Not. Syst. 8: 25 (1939)
species :
Centaurium chloodes (Brot.) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port. 106 (1913)
Distribution: S-France; NW-Spain; Portugal
12 FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium confertum (Pers.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Erythraea conferta Pers., Syn. 1: 283 (1805)
= Erythraea caespitosa Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 1: 352. t. 66
= Erythraea chloodes (Brot.) Gren. & Godr., Fl. Fr. 2: 484 (1853)
= Erythraea littoralis Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 338 (1821)
= Gentiana chloodes Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 276 (1804)
species :
Centaurium cochinchinense (Spreng.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 [1916] (1917)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea cochinchinensis Spreng., Syst. 1: 580 (1824)
species :
Centaurium discolor (Gand.) Ronniger; Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Steiermark 52: 321 (1916)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Ibiza)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium bianoris Herb. ex Sennen, Bull. Soc. Iber., 29: 41 (1930)
= Centaurium bianoris var. roseum Zeltner, Ann. Univ. Provence, Biol. Ecol. Medit., 5(1): 56 1978 (1979)
= Centaurium bianoris var. sulfureum Zeltner, Ann. Univ. Provence, Biol. Ecol. Medit., 5(1): 56 1978 (1979)
= Centaurium ×bianoris Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc 1928-35, 175 (1936), pro spec.
= Erythraea discolor Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 47: 122 (1900)
= Erythraea ×bianoris Sennen, Bol. Soc. Iber., 29: 41 (1930)
species :
Centaurium erythraea Rafn; Danm. Holst. Fl. 2: 75 (1800)
subspecies :
subsp. erythraea
Name: Echtes Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); European centaury (EN); Centaura roja (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Andorra; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Israel (N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Baghlan, Herat, Kabul, Orozgan / Daykundi, Parwan); Pakistan (Kurram); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Hierro, Tenerife, La Palma); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Indiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Michigan [I], North Carolina [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I]); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); Costa Rica [I]; Argentina [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Jamaica [I]; Peru [I]; Ecuador [I]; Colombia [I]; Honduras [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]
10 DEN GRB IRE SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 MOR 21 AZO CNY 30 SIB 32 KAZ TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 63 haw 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 80 cos hon 81 jam 82 clm 83 ecu per 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurella dichotoma Delarbre, Fl. Auv. ed. II. 29 (1800)
= Centaurium erythraea f. album Sigunov, Glasn. Prir. Muz. Beogradu, C, 10: 23 (1977)
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. austriacum (Ronniger ex Fritsch) Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 391 (1982)
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. austriacum (Ronniger) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18(2): 205 (1983), comb. superfl.
= Centaurium erythraea var. fasciculare (Duby) Ubsdell, Watsonia, 11(1): 23 (1976)
= Centaurium erythraea var. masclansii O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 90 (1983)
= Centaurium erythraea var. pieninicum (Borbás) Soó, Feddes Repert., 85(7-8): 439 (1974)
= Centaurium erythraea var. subcapitatum (Corb.) Ubsdell, Watsonia, 11(1): 23 (1976)
= Centaurium erythraea var. sublitorale (Wheldon & Salmon) Ubsdell, Watsonia, 11(1): 24 (1976)
= Centaurium latifolium (Sm.) Druce, Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist. 1905: 48 (1905)
= Centaurium lomae (Gilg) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Centaurium minus Moench, Methodus [Moench]: 449 (1794), nom. rej.
= Centaurium minus ssp. austriacum (Ronniger) O.Schwarz, (1949)
= Centaurium minus ssp. transiens (Wittr.) Bjelcic, (1974)
= Centaurium minus var. austriacum (Ronniger) Soó, Feddes Repert., 85(7-8): 438 (1974)
= Centaurium minus var. pieninicum (Borbás) Soó, Feddes Repert., 85(7-8): 439 (1974)
= Centaurium minus var. transiens (Wittr.) Soó, Feddes Repert., 85 (7-8): 439 (1974)
= Centaurium umbellatum Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 35 (1781) nom. invalid.
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. austriacum Ronniger, (1916)
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. transiens (Wittr.) Ronniger, (1916)
= Chironia centaurium Schmidt, Fl. Bohem. 2: 31 (1793)
= Chironia centaurium var. fascicularis Duby, Bot. Gall., pars prima 328 (1828)
= Chironia erythraea Schousb., lagttag. Vextrig. Marokko: 95 (1800)
= Erythraea centaurium var. subcapitatum Corb.
= Erythraea centaurium var. sublitoralis Wheldon & Salmon
= Erythraea centaurium var. transiens Wittr.
= Erythraea corymbosa Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 453 (1867) non Willd. ex Steud.
= Erythraea germanica Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Portug. [Hoffmanns.] 1: 351 (1813-1820)
= Erythraea latifolia Sm., Engl. Fl. 1: 322 (1824)
= Erythraea linarifolia Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2(4): 62 (1844)
= Erythraea linearifolia Boiss., Fl. Orient. [Boiss.] 4(1): 68 (1875)
= Erythraea lomae Gilg, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 2: 34 (1906)
= Erythraea pieninica Borbás
= Erythraea vulgaris Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 337 (1821)
= Gentiana centaurium L., Sp. Pl. 229 (1753)
= Gentiana gerardii F.W.Schmidt, Mayer, Samml. Phys. Aufs. 1: 192 (1791)
= Gentiana palustris Lam., Tabl. Encyc. 1: 486 (1793)
= Hippocentaurea centaurium Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 388 (1814)
= Libadion variabile Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 540 (1897)
= Xolemia palustris (Lam.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 22 (1837)
variant :
var. capitatum (Willd.) Melderis; Bot. J. L. Soc, 65(2): 232 (1972)
Distribution: France; NW-Germany; England
10 GRB 11 GER 12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium capitatum Britten & Rendle, List Brit. Seed-Plants & Ferns, 20 (1907)
= Erythraea capitata Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4: 168 (1819)
= Centaurium capitatum (Willd.) Borbás, Magyar Bot. Lap., 2: 267 (1903)
variant :
var. laxum (Boiss.) Mouterde ex Charpin & Greuter; Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Liban & Syrie, 3(1): 27 (1978)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea centaurium var. laxa Boiss.
subspecies :
subsp. apertum (H.Lindb.) Greuter; Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium suffruticosum ssp. apertum H.Lindb., Itin. Medit., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Nov. Ser. B, 1(2): 119 (1932)
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. apertum (H.Lindb.) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 577 (1934)
subspecies :
subsp. bernardii (Maire & Sauvage) Greuter; Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. bernardii Maire & Sauvage, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 34: 184 (1945)
subspecies :
subsp. enclusense (O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts.) O.Bolòs & Vigo; Collect. Bot., 14: 89 (1983)
Distribution: Baleares (Menorca)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea divaricata Porta, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 19: 312 (1887), non Schaffner ex Schltdl.
= Centaurium divaricatum (Porta) P.Monts., Collect. Bot., Barcinone, 3: 410 (1953)
= Centaurium divaricatum (Porta) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Centaurium enclusense O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts., Acta Geobot. Barcinon. 5: 60 (1970)
subspecies :
subsp. grandiflorum (Greuter) Melderis; Bot. J. L. Soc., 65(2): 235 (1972)
Distribution: Greece (Ionic Islands)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium limoniiforme Greuter, Boissiera, 13: 124 (1967)
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. limoniiforme (Greuter) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
subspecies :
subsp. rhodense (Boiss. & Reut.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 234 (1972)
Name: Rhodisches Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Rhodian Centaury (EN)
Distribution: E-Spain; Baleares; Albania; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Croatia; Turkey; Cyprus; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Morocco?; Tunisia
12 BAL COR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC 20 TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. sanguineum (Mabille) Jovet & Vilm., (1977)
= Centaurium erythraea var. sanguineum (Mabille) Gamisans, Cat.Pl.Vasc.Corse: 3(1): 152 (1985), without basionym ref.
= Centaurium erythraea var. sanguineum (Mabille) Greuter, Mouterde, Nouv. Fl. Liban & Syrie, 3(2): page 3 of the cover (1979)
= Centaurium majus ssp. rhodense (Boiss. & Reut.) Zeltner, Bull. Soc. Neuchätel. Sci. Nat. 93: 109 (1970)
= Centaurium rhodense (Boiss. & Reut.) Arrigoni, Fl. Sardegna 168 (2013)
= Erythraea rhodensis Boiss. & Reut., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 6: 121 (1859)
= Erythraea sanguinea Mabille, Rech. Pl. Corsica, fasc. 2: 45 (1869)
subspecies :
subsp. rumelicum (Velen.) Melderis; Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 232 (1972)
Distribution: Romania; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Turkey
12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA KRI ROM TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea var. rumelicum (Velen.) Kozuharov & Petrova, Fl. Nar. Republ. Bulgariya, 8: 391 (1982)
= Centaurium rumelicum (Velen.) Arrigoni, Fl. Sardegna 170 (2013)
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. rumelicum (Velen.) Ronniger, (1916)
= Erythraea centaurium ssp. rumelica Velen., (1894)
species :
Centaurium flexuosum (Maire) J.-P.Lebrun & Marais; Elements Atlas Pl. Vasc. de l´Afrique Seche, 2: 107 1978 (1979)
Distribution: S-Libya (Tibesti); N-Chad
20 LBY 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Monodiella flexuosa Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 34: 137 (1943)
species :
Centaurium grandiflorum Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 [1916] (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. grandiflorum
Distribution: C- & E-Spain; Sicily
12 SPA 13 SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. grandiflorum (Biv.) Melderis, Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 234 (1972)
= Centaurium erythraea var. grandiflorum (Pers.) Galiano & Valdés, Mem. Soc. Brot., 21: 236 (1971)
= Centaurium minus ssp. grandiflorum (Biv.) Malag., Acta Phytotax. Barcin., 18: 9 1976 (1977), without basionym date
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. grandiflorum (Biv.) Maire
= Erythraea centaurium var. grandiflora Pers., (1805)
= Erythraea grandiflora (Pers.) Biv., Sic. Cent. 3 (1818)
= Erythraea major Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne, 412
subspecies :
subsp. boissieri (Willk.) Z.Díaz; Fl. Iber. (2012)
Distribution: S-Spain; N-Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. boissieri (Willk.) Z.Díaz, Lagascalia 27: 387 (2007)
= Erythraea boissieri Willk., Linnaea, 25: 48 (1852)
subspecies :
subsp. majus (Hoffmanns. & Link) Z.Díaz; Fl. Iber. (2012)
Distribution: Spain (widespread); Portugal; France; Sardinia; Sicily; ?Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 FRA POR SAR SPA 13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. majus (Hoffmanns. & Link) M.Laínz, Aport. Conocim. Fl. Gallega, 7: 18 (1971)
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. majus (Hoffmanns. & Link) Melderis, Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 235 (1972)
= Centaurium erythraea var. majus (Hoffmanns. & Link) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 90 (1983)
= Centaurium majus (Hoffmanns. & Link) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Erythraea linarifolia Willk. ex Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 662 (1870)
= Erythraea major Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 1: 349. t. 65 (1820)
= Centaurium microcalyx (Boiss. & Reut.) Ronniger, Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Steierm. 52: 321 (1916)
= Erythraea microcalyx Boiss. & Reut., Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 121 (1856)
species :
Centaurium littorale (Turner) Gilmour; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1937: 498 (1937)
subspecies :
subsp. littorale
Distribution: England; France; ?Slovakia; Argentina [I]; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
10 GRB 12 FRA 14 EST LAT LIT 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium glomeratum (Wittr.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Centaurium littorale var. glomeratum (Wittr.) Melderis, Bot. J. L. Soc., 65(2): 240 (1972)
= Centaurium littorale var. turneri (Wheldon & Salmon) Ubsdell, Watsonia, 11(1): 25(1976)
= Centaurium turneri (Wheldon & Salmon) Druce, Naturalist, 115 (1926)
= Centaurium vulgare Rafn, Danm. og Holst. Fl. 2: 73 (1800) nom. superfl.
= Chironia littoralis Turner, Turn. & Dillw., Bot. Guide Engl. 2: 469 (1805)
= Erythraea glomerata Wittr., Bot. Notiser (1884), 115
= Erythraea littoralis (Turner) Fr., Nov. Fl. Suec. 30 (1814)
= Erythraea turneri Wheldon & Salmon, Journ. Bot., 63: 347 (1925), nom. nov.
= Erythraea vulgaris var. glomerata Wittr.
subspecies :
subsp. compressum (Hayne) Kirschner; Preslia, 72(1): 87 (2000)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; France; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia; Serbia & Kosovo; Romania; Italy [I]; European Russia; Belarus; Northern Caucasus; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Ukraine
11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO 12 FRA 13 ita ROM SRB 14 BLR RUS UKR 32 KAZ UZB 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium elodes (Roem. & Schult.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Centaurium littorale ssp. uliginosum (Waldst. & Kit.) Melderis, Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 241 (1972)
= Centaurium uliginosum (Waldst. & Kit.) Fritsch, Excursionsfl. Oesterreich (Ed. 2). 479 (1909)
= Centaurium vulgare ssp. uliginosum (Waldst. & Kit.) Soó
= Chironia helodea St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 125 (1880)
= Chironia uliginosa Waldst. & Kit., Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 3: 287. t. 259 (1806-1812)
= Erythraea compressa Hayne, Kunth, Fl. Berol. 65 (1838)
= Erythraea elodes Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis [Roem. & Schult.] 4: 172 (1819)
= Erythraea helodes St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, 7: 125 (1880), orth. var.
= Erythraea uliginosa Waldst. & Kit., Pl. Rar. Hung. 3: t. 258 (1812)
= Hippocentaurea uliginosa (Waldst. & Kit.) Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 389 (1814)
species :
Centaurium mairei Zeltner; Bot. Helv. 95: 54 (1985)
Distribution: Senegal; Mauritania; Algeria; Egypt; ?Libya; Western Sahara
20 ALG EGY WSA 22 MTN SEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium pulchellum var. lauriolii Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 25: 309 (1934)
species :
Centaurium maritimum (L.) Fritsch; Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Wien 5: 97 (1907)
Name: Gelbes Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Centaura maritima (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; Bulgaria; Corsica; France; Spain; Italy; Croatia; ?Montenegro; Portugal; Sardinia; Sicily; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia; Turkey (NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Israel (coastal W-Israel, coastal W-Israel); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Egypt (?NW-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Pico, Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Victoria [I])
12 BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB TUR 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium maritimum ssp. shuttleworthianum (Rouy) Jovet & Vilm., (1977)
= Centaurium maritimum var. shuttleworthianum (Rouy) Melderis, Bot. J. L. Soc., 65(2): 249 (1972)
= Chironia lutea Bertol., Rar. It. Pl. dec. 2: 32 (1806)
= Chironia maritima (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1069 (1798)
= Chironia occidentalis DC., Fl. Fr. Suppl. 2782 (1815)
= Chironia virescens Willd. ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 352 (1840)
= Erythraea lutea Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4: 171 (1819)
= Erythraea maritima (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 283 (1805)
= Erythraea occidentalis (DC.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 4: 171 (1819)
= Erythraea shuttleworthiana Rouy, Le Naturaliste, Ser. II. Ann. 13, 5: 11 (1891)
= Gentiana maritima L., Mantissa 55 (1767)
= Gentiana pumila Gouan, Fl. Monsp. 473 (1764)
= Libadion maritimum (L.) Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 539 (1897)
= Thylacitis maritima (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 25 (1837)
species :
Centaurium minutissimum Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 34: 138 (1943)
Distribution: Chad
24 CHA
species :
Centaurium petrocaule C.R.Broome; Madrono 24(4): 237 (1977)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Remarks: needs transfer into another genus, probably Zeltnera
species :
Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce; Fl. Berks. 342 (1898)
subspecies :
subsp. pulchellum
Name: Zierliches Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Lesser Centaury (EN)
Distribution: Albania; Austria; Belgium; Luxembourg; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Bulgaria; Corsica; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Ireland; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Netherlands; Spain; Gibraltar; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Malta; Norway; Poland; Romania; Sardinia; Sicily; Sweden; Crimea; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Belarus; Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Russian Far East [I]; China (Xinjiang); Uzbekistan; Mongolia; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Morocco; Tunisia; Libya; Soqotra; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Chad (incl. Tibesti); Senegal; Jamaica [I]; Peru [I]; Chile [I]; Argentina [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Curacao [I]; Nevis [I]; Barbados [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, N Egypt); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Kuwait; Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Qatar [I]; Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Logar, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi, Gilgit, Skardu, N. W. Frontier Prov., Swat); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); USA [I] (Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Dakota [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 BAL CIS COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 22 SEN 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOC 31 rfe 32 UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 KUW OMA qat SAU 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 81 bbd cur jam stk 83 per 84 bra 85 arg cle uru
Remarks: pulchellum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium inapertum (Willd.) Rafn, Danm. og Holst. Fl. 2: 77 (1800)
= Centaurium intermedium (Mérat) Druce, Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist., 48 (1905)
= Centaurium pulchellum ssp. ramosissimum (Vill.) P.Fourn.
= Centaurium pulchellum var. intermedium (Pollini) Sauvage &Vindt, [nom. inval.]
= Centaurium ramosissimum (Vill.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit Isles, 4: 274 (1915) (1916)
= Chironia erythraea Schousb., Vextr. Marok. 95 (1800)
= Chironia gerardii Schmidt, Fl. Bohem. 2: 33 (1793)
= Chironia inaperta Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1069 (1798)
= Chironia intermedia Mérat, Fl. Paris, 91 (1812)
= Chironia minor Desf., Cat. Hort. Par. ed. III. 126 (1829)
= Chironia nana (Hegetschw.) Bastard ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 57 (1845)
= Chironia pulchella (Sw.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1067 (1798)
= Chironia ramosissima (Vill.) Ehrh. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 137 (1838)
= Chironia vaillantii F.W.Schmidt, Fl. Bohem. 2: 34 (1793)
= Cicendia pulchella (Sw.) Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 159 (1838)
= Erythraea arenaria J.Presl, Delic. Prag. 88 (1822)
= Erythraea candelabrum Lindb.
= Erythraea centauroides Hort.Gotting. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 141 (1838)
= Erythraea emarginata Waldst. & Kit., Pl. Rar. Hung. 3: 305. t. 275 (1812)
= Erythraea gerardi (Schmidt) Baumg., Enum. Stirp. Transs. 1: 171 (1816)
= Erythraea inaperta (Willd.) Schltdl., Fl. Berol. 1: 131 (1823)
= Erythraea nana Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz, 202 (1839)
= Erythraea pulchella (Sw.) Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. ed. 1, 30 (1811)
= Erythraea pumila F.Dietr., Vollst. Lexik. Gaertn. Nachtr. 3: 248 (1817)
= Erythraea pyrenaica Rich. ex Pers., Syn. 1: 283 (1805)
= Erythraea ramosissima (Vill.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 283 (1805)
= Erythraea ramosissima var. intermedia (Pollini) Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 10: 243 (1908)
= Erythraea sparsiflora Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 50 (1853)
= Erythraea variabilis Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 50 (1853)
= Erythraea ×intermedia (Mérat) Pollini, Viagg. 16 (1816)
= Gentiana pulchella Sw., Kungl. Svenska Vet.-Acad. Handl. 4: 85 (1783)
= Gentiana ramosissima Vill., Syst. Pl. Eur. 1: 23 (1786)
= Gonipia pulchella (Sw.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 24 (1837)
= Hippion pulchellum (Sw.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 10 (1796), nomen
= Hippocentaurea emarginata (Waldst. & Kit.) Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 390 (1814)
= Hippocentaurea inaperta (Willd.) Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 390 (1814)
= Hippocentaurea pulchella (Sw.) Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 389 (1814)
= Microcala pulchella (Sw.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 213 (1837)
= Sabatia pulchella (Sw.) Spreng., Syst. 1: 581 (1824)
variant :
var. caspicum (Fisch. ex Griseb.) R.R.Stewart; Annot. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pakistan & Kashmir: 55 (1972), without basionym ref., et in Kew Bull., 29(2): 444 (1974)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium caspicum (Fisch. ex Griseb.) Tzvelev, Bot. Zhurn., 78(6): 133 (1993)
= Erythraea caspica Fisch., Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 145 (1838)
variant :
var. morierei (Corb.) Melderis; Bot. J. L. Soc., 65(2): 246 (1972)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea morierei Corb., Mem. Soc. sc. nat. Cherb. xxv. (1887) 269-71, et Nouv. Fl. Norm. 334 (1893)
subspecies :
subsp. grandiflorum (Batt.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 576 (1934)
Distribution: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium candelabrum H.Lindb., Itin. Mediterr. (Act. Soc. Sc. Fenn. n. s. B, 1: No. 2) 118 (1932)
= Centaurium pulchellum var. grandiflorum (Batt.) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 27: 249 (1936)
= Erythraea ramosissima var. grandiflora Batt.
subspecies :
subsp. meyeri (Bunge) Tzvelev; Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 3: 63 (1978)
Distribution: Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Mongolia; Iran; India; Egypt; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Kurram, Chitral, Drosh, Gilgit, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Turkey; ?Libya ?Egypt
14 KRY 20 EGY 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR 37 MON 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium centaurium W.Wight ex Piper, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 449 (1906)
= Centaurium meyeri (Bunge) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916 publ. 1917)
= Centaurium minus Garsault, Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 206 (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 137 (1767), Thell. in Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 788
= Centaurium pulchellum var. meyeri (Bunge) Omer, Fl. Pakistan, 197: 10 (1995)
= Erythraea meyeri Bunge, Ledeb. Fl. Alt. 1: 220 (1829)
= Centaurium meyeri var. saxatilis (C.B.Clarke) S.Garg, Indian Gentian. 3 (1988)
= Erythraea roxburghii var. saxatilis C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [Hook. fil.] 4(10): 102 (1883)
variant :
var. altaicum (Griseb.) Kitag. & H.Hara
Distribution: China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Zhejiang); Kazakhstan; Taiwan; India
32 KAZ 36 CHI 38 TAI 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea altaica Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 57 (1845)
species :
Centaurium quadrifolium (L.) G.López & C.E.Jarvis; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 40(2): 342 1983 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. quadrifolium
Distribution: SE- & C-Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: quadrifolium agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium cymosum Pau, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 16: 143 (1916)
= Centaurium gypsicola Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Centaurium linariifolium ssp. gypsicola (Boiss. & Reut.) G.López Gonzalez, An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 36: 127 1979 (1980)
= Centaurium quadrifolium f. rigualii (Esteve) E.Bayer & G.López, An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 49(1): 64 (1991)
= Centaurium rigualii Esteve, Anal. Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 23: 182 (1965)
= Centaurium triphyllum (W.L.E.Schmidt) Melderis, Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 243 (1972)
= Chlora quadrifolia (L.) L., Syst. ed. XII. 267 (1767)
= Chlora quadrifoliata F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 13 (1796)
= Erythraea centaurium var. cymosa Webb
= Erythraea gypsicola Boiss. & Reut. ex Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 5: 89 (1844)
= Erythraea triphylla W.L.E.Schmidt, Diss. t. 1 (1828)
= Erythraea turcica Velen. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. E. Suppl. 219 (1886)
= Gentiana quadrifolia L., Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1671 (1763)
= Pleurimaria quadrifolia (L.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 31 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. barrelieri (Dufour) G.López; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 41(1): 202 (1984)
Distribution: E-Spain; Baleares
12 BAL SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium barrelieri (Dufour) Font Quer & Rothm., Sched. Fl. Iber. Select., Cent. II-III 179 (1935)
= Centaurium barrelieri Dörfl., Herb. Norm No. 5296 (1911)
= Centaurium linariifolium ssp. barrelieri (Dufour) G.López Gonzalez, An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 36: 125 1979 (1980)
= Centaurium quadrifolium var. barrelieri (Dufour) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Fl. Països Catalans, 3: 116 (1995)
= Erythraea barrelieri Dufour, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 351 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. linariifolium (Lam.) G.López; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 41(1): 201 (1984)
Distribution: S- & E-Spain; Czech Republic [I]
11 cze 12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium compressum Druce, Naturalist, 115 (1926)
= Centaurium linariifolium (Lam.) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österr. 2: 935 (1893)
= Centaurium linariifolium (Lam.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 613 (1916) (1917)
= Chironia linearifolia Loisel., Notes, 155 (1810)
= Chironia linifolia Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 351 (1840)
= Chironia scabriuscula Willd. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 143 (1838)
= Erythraea aggregata Thouin ex Mert. & Koch, Deutschl. Fl. 2: 234 (1826)
= Erythraea angustifolia Wallr., Sched. Crit. 504 (1822)
= Erythraea linarifolia Pers., Syn. 1: 283 (1805)
= Erythraea linariifolia Wittr., Bot. Notiser (1884), 112
= Erythraea paludosa Schrad. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 144 (1838)
= Erythraea palustris Schrad. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 143 (1838)
= Erythraea tenuifolia Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 143 (1838)
= Gentiana linariifolia Lam., Encycl. [Lam. & al.] 2(2): 641 (1788)
variant :
var. pulverulentum (Pau) G.López; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 41(1): 202 (1984)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium cymosum var. pulverulentum Pau, (1922)
= Centaurium linariifolium var. pulverulentum (Pau) G.López Gonzalez, An. Inst. Bot. A. J. Cavanilles, 36: 125 1979 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. parviflorum (Willk.) Pedrol; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 43(1): 31 (1986)
Distribution: S-France; NE- & C-Spain
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium triphyllum var. parviflorum (Willk.) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 89 (1983)
= Erythraea gypsicola var. parviflora Willk., (1870)
= Centaurium favargeri Zeltner, Bull. Soc. Neuchátel. Sci. Nat. 93: 73 (1970)
species :
Centaurium scilloides (L.fil.) Samp.; Lista Esp. Herb. Port. 106 (1913)
Distribution: England; W-France; NW-Spain; N-Portugal; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.)
10 GRB 12 FRA POR SPA 21 AZO
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium portense (Brot.) Butcher, Butcher & Strudwick, Further Illustr. Brit. Pl. ed. 1, 237, fig. 252 (1930)
= Centaurium scilloides (L.fil.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit Isles, 4: 1916, 614 (1917)
= Centaurium scilloides (L.fil.) Samp., Herb. Portug. 106 (1913)
= Chironia nummularifolia Willd. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 144 (1838)
= Erythraea diffusa J.Woods, Hook. Comp. Bot. Mag. 2: 274 (1836)
= Erythraea maritima Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 596 (1840)
= Erythraea massonii Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. II. 363 (1830), H. C. Watson in Hook. Lond. Journ. Bot. 3: 595 (1844)
= Erythraea nummulariifolia Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 596 (1840)
= Erythraea portensis (Brot.) Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 1: 351 (1813-1820)
= Erythraea scilloides (L.fil.) Chaub. ex Puel, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 7: 502 (1860)
= Gentiana portensis Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 278 (1804)
= Gentiana scilloides L.fil., Suppl. 175 (1782)
= Hippion scilloides (L.fil.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
species :
Centaurium serpentinicola Carlström; Willdenowia, 16(1): 75 (1986)
Name: Serpentin-Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Serpentine Centaury (EN)
Distribution: SW-Turkey; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI TUR
species :
Centaurium somedanum M.Laínz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Supl. Cienc., 22(Aport. Conoc. Fl. Cantabro-Astur,xi.): 32 (1976)
Distribution: NW-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium chloodes ssp. somedanum (Lainz) Romero, Bol. Estac. Centr. Ecol. 11: 32 (1977)
species :
Centaurium subspicatum (Velen.) Ronniger; Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Steierm. 52., 321 (1916)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey
13 BUL TUE 34 TUR
Remarks: status questionable, near C. spicatum
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium subspicatum (Velen.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 614 (1916) (1917)
= Erythraea subspicata Velen., Sitz. Boehm. Ges. Wiss. 1889. (1890) II. 37
species :
Centaurium suffruticosum (Griseb.) Ronniger; Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Steierm. 52: 321 (1916)
Distribution: S-Spain; Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. bifrons (Pau) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
= Centaurium minus var. bifrons Pau, Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 22: 60 (1922)
= Centaurium erythraea ssp. suffruticosum (Salzm. ex Griseb.) Greuter, Willdenowia, 11(2): 279 (1981)
= Centaurium suffruticosum (Salzm. ex Griseb.) H.Lindb., Itin. Mediterr. (Act. Soc. Sc. Fenn. n. s. B, 1: No. 2) 119 (1932)
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. bifrons (Pau) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 577 (1934)
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. perenne Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 436 (1938)
= Centaurium umbellatum ssp. suffruticosum (Griseb.) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 577 (1934)
= Centaurium umbellatum var. brevifolium Batt. ex Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 32: 213 (1941)
= Centaurium umbellatum var. perenne (Maire) Sauvage &Vindt, Fl. Maroc [Sauvage & Vindt] 1: 108 (1952)
= Chironia suffruticosa Salzm. ex Griseb., Gen. et Sp. Gent. 141 (1838)
= Erythraea centaurium var. suffruticosa Griseb., Gen. Sp. Gent.: 140 (1838)
= Erythraea fastuosa Caball., Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat., 13: 237 (1913)
= Erythraea graciliflora Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 1: 83 (1874)
= Erythraea suffruticosa Salzm. ex Griseb., DC. Prod. 9: 58 (1845)
species :
Centaurium tenuiflorum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Fritsch; Mitt. Naturw. Ver. Wien 5: 97 (1907)
subspecies :
subsp. tenuiflorum
Name: Slender centaury (EN); Zartblütiges Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Centaura fina (ES)
Distribution: Albania; Baleares; England; Channel Isl.; Corsica; France; Spain; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Montenegro; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Portugal; Crimea; Sardinia; Sicily; European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Iran (S-Iran); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Afghanistan (Kabul); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Faial); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro); Pakistan (Baluchistan); USA [I] (California [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], Oregon [I], Texas [I])
10 GRB 12 BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI NMA SIC SLV TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO CNY MDR 33 GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 40 PAK 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 73 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa
Remarks: pulchellum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Centaurium hermannii (Sennen) Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc 1928-35, 176 (1936)
= Centaurium laxiflorum H.Lindb., Itin. Medit., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Nov. Ser. B, 1(2): 118 (1932)
= Centaurium ludovicii Sennen, Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 196 (1951)
= Centaurium pulchellum ssp. laxiflorum (H.Lindb.) Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 576 (1934)
= Centaurium pulchellum ssp. tenuiflorum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Maire, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 17: 41 (1928)
= Centaurium pulchellum var. affine (Rouy) Emb. & Maire, Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1096 (1941)
= Centaurium pulchellum var. hermannii (Sennen) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 14: 89 (1983)
= Centaurium tenuiflorum Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 350 (1908) (1909)
= Centaurium tenuiflorum var. affine (Rouy) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 28 (1940)
= Erythraea balearica Sennen, Bol. Soc. Iber., 29: 40 (1930)
= Erythraea hermannii Sennen, Bol. Soc. Iber., 29: 40 (1930)
= Erythraea latifolia Boiss., Fl. 4: 67 (1875) (non Sm. (1824))
= Erythraea laxiflora H.Lindb., Itin. Mediterr. (Act. Soc. Sc. Fenn. n. s. B, 1: No. 2) 118 (1932)
= Erythraea tenuiflora Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 1: 354, t. 67 (1813-1820)
= Erythraea tenuiflora var. affinis Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 10: 242 (1908)
= Gentiana ramosissima Brot., Fl. Lusit. 1: 276 (1804)
subspecies :
subsp. acutiflorum (Schott) Zeltner; Bull. Soc. Neuchátel. Sci. Nat. 93: 94 (1970)
Name: Spitzblütiges Tausendgüldenkraut (DE); Acute-flowered Centaury (EN)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Italy; Croatia; European Turkey; Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Morocco; Tunisia; Chad
12 BAL COR FRA SAR SPA 13 CRO GRC ITA KRI SIC TUE 20 MOR TUN 24 CHA 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea acutiflora Schott, Oken, Isis (1818), 821
= Centaurium acutiflorum (Schott) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 612 (1916) (1917)
subspecies :
subsp. viridense (Bolle) O.E.Erikss., A.Hansen & Sunding; Fl. Macaronesia, ed. 2, 1: 92 (1979)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava)
21 CVI
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea viridensis Bolle, Bonplandia, 9: 52 (1861)
= Centaurium viridense (Bolle) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Brit. Isles, 614 (1916) (1917)
= Centaurium viridense (Bolle) Rivas Mart., Lousã, J.C.Costa & Maria C.Duarte, Int. J. Geobot. Res. 7: 21 (2017), comb. superfl.
species :
Centaurium ×aschersonianum (Seemen) Hegi
Distribution: Czech Republic; etc.
11 CZE
Remarks: Centaurium littorale x Centaurium pulchellum
species :
Centaurium ×cicekii Yild. & Yaprak; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 21(1): 36 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Centaurium ×jolivetinum (P.Fourn.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France, 856 (1938)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Erythraea ×jolivetina P.Fourn., Le Monde des Plantes, 32: 26 (1931)
species :
Centaurium ×klattii P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France, 856 (1938) ex T. C. G. Rich, Edinburgh J. Bot. 76(2): 175 (2018)
Distribution: France; Great Britain
10 GRB 12 FRA
species :
Centaurium ×litardierei Ronniger apud Litard.; Candollea, 11: 213 (1948)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
species :
Centaurium ×ubsdellii Croat; Edinburgh J. Bot. 76(2): 175 (2018)
Distribution: Great Britain
10 GRB
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)