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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

409.0000 Family Cactaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 310 (1789), nom. cons.
133 genera, ca. 1700-1800 spp. There has been excessive splitting, leading to over 3000 species in some collectors view. The phylogeny is still somewhat in flux, but is getting more stabilized now. It should be good practice in the future that each ´new species´ description is confirmed by molecular genetics, not only by morphology.
Species listed in database: 1775; hybrids: 74
= Cereaceae DC. & Spreng.(transl.Jameson); Elem. Philos. Pl.: 142 (1821)
= Nopaleaceae Schmid & Curtman; Pflanzenr. 2: 135 (1856)
= Opuntiaceae Desv.; S. Gérardin de Mirecourt & N. A. Desvaux, Dict. Rais. Bot.: 52, 385 (1817)
409.5883 Genus Cereus Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754) s. str.
Distribution: Tropical America, West Indies
Species listed in database: 34
= Cirinosum Neck.; Elem. Bot. 2: 84 (1790), opus utique oppr.
= Mirabella F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 108 (1979)
= Monvillea Britton & Rose; Cact. 2: 21 (1920) (p. p.)
= Piptanthocereus (Berger) Riccob.; Boll. R. Ort. Palermo 8: 255 (1909) (1)
= Praepilosocereus Guiggi; Cactology 2: 18 (2010)
= Subpilocereus Backeb.; Blätt. Kakt. Forsch. 1938(6): (22) (1938)

Search for: Cereus hildmannianus subsp. uruguayanus

Nothing found!
species :
Cereus adelmarii (Rizzini & Mattos) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus phatnospermus subsp. adelmarii (Rizzini & A.Mattos) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Kakt. u. a. Sukk. 48(6): 142 (1997)
= Monvillea adelmarii Rizzini & A.Mattos; Rev. Brasil. Biol. 45(3): 301 (1985)
= Monvillea phatnosperma subsp. adelmarii (Rizzini & A.Mattos) Lodé; Cact.-Avent. Int. 101: 14 (2014)
species :
Cereus aethiops Haw.; Phil. Mag. 109 (1830)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus albisetosus (Haw.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 496 (1825)
= Cephalocereus albispinus (Salm-Dyck) Borg; Cacti: 106 (1937)
= Cereus acromelas Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 84 (1837)
= Cereus aethiops var. landbeckii (Phil.) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2333 (1960)
= Cereus aethiops var. melanacanthus (K.Schum.) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2333 (1960)
= Cereus albispinus var. major Monv. ex Labour.; Monogr. Cact.: 341 (1853)
= Cereus anisacanthus var. ortholophus DC.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 117 (1828)
= Cereus anisacanthus var. subspiralis DC.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 117 (1828)
= Cereus auratus var. intermedius Regel & E.Klein bis; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1860: 45 (1860)
= Cereus auratus var. mollissimus Regel & E.Klein bis; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1860: 45 (1860)
= Cereus auratus var. pilosus Regel & E.Klein bis; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1860: 45 (1860)
= Cereus aureus var. pallidior Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 63 (1834)
= Cereus azureus J.Parm. ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 86 (1837)
= Cereus azureus var. seidelii (Lehm.) Dams; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 14: 157 (1904)
= Cereus chalibaeus Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 201 (1850), orth. var.
= Cereus chalybaeus Otto ex Walp.; Rep. 2: 340 (1846)
= Cereus coerulescens f. landbeckii (Phil.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 80 (1907)
= Cereus coerulescens f. melanacanthus (K.Schum.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 80 (1907)
= Cereus coerulescens var. landbeckii (Phil.) K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 122 (1897)
= Cereus coerulescens var. melanacanthus K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 122 (1897)
= Cereus decagonus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 85 (1837)
= Cereus landbeckii Phil. ex Regel; Gartenflora 24: 162 (1875)
= Cereus landbeckii var. phillipii Rob.; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 8: 127 (1875)
= Cereus melanacanthus (K.Schum.) Schelle; Handb. Kakteenkult. 80 (1907)
= Cereus octogonus Otto; Allg. Gartenzeitung 1: 365 (1833)
= Cereus seidelii Lehm. ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 200 (1850)
= Echinocactus dumelianus Cels ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 39 (1850)
= Echinopsis aurata Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 39 (1850)
= Lemaireocereus bavosus (F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum.) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2136 (1960)
= Pilocereus albisetosus K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 196 (1897)
= Pilocereus auratus (Labour.) C.F.Först. & Rümpler; Handb. Kakteenk., ed. 2: 650 (1885)
= Piptanthocereus aethiops (Haw.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 435 (1980)
= Piptanthocereus azureus (J.Parm. ex Pfeiff.) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 225 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus chalibaeus (Salm-Dyck) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 227 (1909)
= Subpilocereus albispinus (Salm-Dyck) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. Sukkulentenpflege 1941: 60 (1941)
species :
Cereus albicaulis (Britton & Rose) Luetzelb.; Estud. Bot. Nordeste Braz. 3: 111 (1923) Insp. Fed. Obras Secc. Publ. 57
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Piauí, Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthocereus albicaulis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 2: 125 (1920)
= Mirabella albicaulis (Britton & Rose) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 110 (1979)
= Monvillea albicaulis (Britton & Rose) R.Kiesling; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 66(4): 165 (1994)
species :
Cereus bicolor Rizzini & A.Mattos; Rev. Brasil. Biol. 45(3): 307 (1985)
Distribution: WC-Brazil
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
species :
Cereus calcirupicola (F.Ritter) Rizzini; Rev. Brasil. Biol. 46(4): 782 (1986 publ. 1987)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus calcirupicola subsp. cabralensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(2): 83 (1995)
= Cereus calcirupicola subsp. cipoensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(2): 83 (1995)
= Cereus calcirupicola var. albicans Rizzini; Rev. Brasil. Biol. 46(4): 784 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Cereus calcirupicola var. cabralensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
= Cereus calcirupicola var. cipoensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
= Cereus calcirupicola var. pluricostatus (F.Ritter) Rizzini; Rev. Brasil. Biol. 46(4): 784 (1986 publ. 1987)
= Cereus jamacaru subsp. calcirupicola (F.Ritter) N.P.Taylor & Zappi; Cact. Consens. Init. 3: 7 (1997)
= Piptanthocereus cabralensis F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 235 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus calcirupicola F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 234 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus calcirupicola var. pluricostatus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 235 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus cipoensis F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 236 (1979)
species :
Cereus estevesii P.J.Braun; Brit. Cact. Succ. J. 22(1): 20 (2004)
Distribution: Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Mirabella estevesii (P.J.Braun) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 3 (2020)
= Monvillea estevesii (P.J.Braun) Lodé; Cact.-Avent. Int. 98(Suppl.): 6 (2013)
species :
Cereus fernambucensis Lem.; Nov. Cact. Gen. & Sp. 58 (1839)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus pitajaya Jacq.; Enum. Syst. Pl.: 23 (1760)
= Cactus undulosus Kostel.; Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 4: 1393 (1835)
= Cereus affinis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 99 (1837)
= Cereus brandii Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 49 (1850)
= Cereus caesius J.Forbes; J. Hort. Tour Germany: 154 (1837), nom. prov.
= Cereus caesius Salm-Dyck ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 89 (1837)
= Cereus cognatus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 106 (1837)
= Cereus glaucus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 89 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cereus glaucus var. speciosus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 106 (1837)
= Cereus hexangularis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 106 (1837)
= Cereus laetevirens Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 336 (1834)
= Cereus laetevirens var. caesius C.F.Först.; Handb. Cacteenk.: 400 (1846)
= Cereus laetus Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 336 (1834)
= Cereus neotetragonus Backeb.; Cact. Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2363 (1960))
= Cereus obtusus Haw.; Saxifrag. Enum. 2: 70 (1821)
= Cereus prismatiformis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 106 (1837)
= Cereus pseudocaesius Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 13: 394 (1936)
= Cereus quadrangularis Haw.; Syn. Pl. Succ.: 181 (1812)
= Cereus salm-dyckianus Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck.: 31 (1841)
= Cereus trigonus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 106 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cereus variabilis Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 105 (1837)
= Cereus variabilis var. glaucescens Salm-Dyck ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 277 (1843)
= Cereus variabilis var. laetevirens Salm-Dyck ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 277 (1843)
= Cereus variabilis var. micracanthus Salm-Dyck ex Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 277 (1843)
= Cereus variabilis var. obtusus Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 277 (1843)
= Cereus variabilis var. salm-dyckianus Walp.; Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 277 (1843)
= Piptanthocereus obtusus (Haw.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 231 (1979), no basionym ref.
species :
Cereus forbesii C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 398 (1846)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santa Fe)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus cochabambensis Cárdenas; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 42: 30 (1970)
= Cereus cochabambensis var. longicarpa Cárdenas; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 42: 184 (1970)
= Cereus huilunchu Cárdenas; Succulenta (Netherl.) 1951: 49 (1951)
= Piptanthocereus forbesii (C.F.Först.) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 228 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus forbesii var. bolivianus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 554 (1980)
= Piptanthocereus huilunchu (Cárdenas) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 556 (1980)
species :
Cereus fricii Backeb.; Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakteen-Ges. 2: 164 (1930)
Distribution: Colombia (Magdalena); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Zulia)
82 CLM VEN
Remarks: Subgenus Oblongicarpi
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephalocereus fricii (Backeb.) Borg; Cacti, ed. 2: 149 (1951)
= Cephalocereus russellianus (Rümpler) Rose; Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 2: 715 (1914)
= Cereus grandis var. gracillior Salm-Dyck ex Labour.; Monogr. Cact.: 376 (1853)
= Cereus grandis var. ramosior Salm-Dyck ex Labour.; Monogr. Cact.: 376 (1853)
= Cereus margaritensis var. micracanthus Hummelinck; Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht 45: 51 (1938)
= Cereus russelianus Otto; J. M. F. zu Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 201 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Pilocereus russelianus Rümpler; Förster & Rümpler, Handb. Kakteenk., ed. 2: 682 (1885)
= Subpilocereus fricii (Backeb.) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. Sukkulentenpflege 1941: 59 (1941)
= Subpilocereus fricii (Backeb.) Guiggi; Cactology 2: 19 (2010), isonym
= Subpilocereus margaritensis var. micranthus (Hummelinck) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. Sukkulentenpflege 1941: 60 (1941)
= Subpilocereus repandus subsp. micracanthus (Hummelinck) Trujillo & Marisela Ponce; Ernstia 47: 28 (1988)
= Subpilocereus russelianus (Rümpler) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. Sukkulentenpflege 1941: 59 (1941)
= Subpilocereus russelianus (Salm-Dyck) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. und -pflege, 59 (1941), et Cact. Jahrb. Deutsch. Kakt.-Ges. 1941, Pt. 2, 51 (1941 publ. 1942)
= Subpilocereus russelianus var. micracanthus (Hummelinck) Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2381 (1960)
species :
Cereus gerardi N.P.Taylor; Taxon 72(6): 1329 (2023)
Distribution: Brazil (Tocantins)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
species :
Cereus hankeanus F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 88 (1897)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus comarapanus Cárdenas; Succulenta (Netherl.) 5 (1956)
= Cereus labouretianus Schelle; Handb. Kakteenk. 76 (1907)
= Piptanthocereus comarapanus (Cárdenas) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 555 (1980)
= Piptanthocereus hankeanus (F.A.C.Weber ex K.Schum.) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 229 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus labouretianus Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 231 (1909)
species :
Cereus hexagonus (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 1 (1768)
Name: Cacto columnar, Tall columnar cactus, Blue Cereus, Queen of the Night
Distribution: India [I] (Uttar Pradesh [I]); Philippines [I]; Jamaica [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I]; St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; St. Eustatius [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad; Colombia (Cauca, La Guajira, Nariño, Santander); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador [I]; N-Brazil (Roraima, Pará)
40 ind 42 phi 81 aba gdl jam mts pue ste stk stm trt TRT vir 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 ecu 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthocereus thalassinus (Otto & A.Dietr.) Borg; Cacti: 133 (1937)
= Cactus hexagonus L.; Sp. Pl. 466 (1753)
= Cactus octogonus Page ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 246 (1840)
= Cactus peruvianus DC.; Pl. Hist. Succ.: t. 58 (1800)
= Cactus regalis Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 496 (1825)
= Cephalocereus perlucens (K.Schum.) Borg; Cacti, ed. 2, 144 (1951)
= Cereus horridus Otto ex Pfeiff.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 5: 370 (1837)
= Cereus horridus var. alatosquamatus Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 452 (1935)
= Cereus karstenii Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 207 (1850)
= Cereus longiflorus Alexander; Lloydia 2: 199 (1939)
= Cereus northumberlandianus Lamb.; Gard. Mag. (London) 17: 91 (1841)
= Cereus perlucens K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 173 (1900)
= Cereus regalis Haw. ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16. 2: 496 (1825), pro syn.
= Cereus thalassinus Otto & A.Dietr.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 6: 34 (1838)
= Cereus thalassinus var. quadrangularis C.F.Först.; Handb. Cacteenk.: 399 (1846)
= Pilocereus perlucens (K.Schum.) Werderm.; Bras. Säulenkakt. 112 (1933)
= Pilosocereus perlucens (K.Schum.) Byles & G.D.Rowley.; Cact. & Succ. J. Brit. 19: 67 (1957)
species :
Cereus hildmannianus K.Schum.; Mart. Fl. Bras. 6: II. (1898) 202, et Monats. fur Kakteenk. 2: 55 (1892), cum ic.
subspecies :
subsp. hildmannianus
Name: Hedge Cactus, Queen of the Night
Distribution: France [I]; Java [I]; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
12 fra 42 jaw 83 BOL 84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus abnormis Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 31 (1814)
= Cactus monstrosus Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 31 (1814), nom. inval.
= Cactus peruvianus var. monstruosus DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp.: 13 (1813), nom. nud.
= Cereus abnormis (Willd.) Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 171 (1826)
= Cereus alacriportanus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 87 (1837)
= Cereus alacriportanus var. bageanus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
= Cereus bonariensis C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 388 (1846)
= Cereus calvescens DC.; Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 17: 116 (1828)
= Cereus childsii Blanc; Hints Cacti: 39 (1891)
= Cereus curvispinus Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 89 (1837)
= Cereus hildmannianus subsp. xanthocarpus (K.Schum.) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cereus milesimus E.C.Rost; Desert Pl. Life 4: 43 (1932)
= Cereus monstrosus (DC.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 334 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Cereus monstrosus J.Forbes; J. Hort. Tour Germany: 154 (1837)
= Cereus monstrosus var. minor Woodson; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 1: 163 (1891)
= Cereus monstruosus K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(6a): 178 (1894)
= Cereus neonesioticus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
= Cereus neonesioticus var. interior (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
= Cereus pentagonus C.F.Först.; Handb. Kakteenk. 389 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Cereus peruvianus subvar. nanus Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 203 (1850)
= Cereus peruvianus var. alacriportanus (Pfeiff.) K.Schum.; Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 115 (1897)
= Cereus peruvianus var. brasiliensis C.F.Först.; Handb. Cacteenk.: 390 (1846)
= Cereus peruvianus var. cristatus Graebener; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 11: 29 (1901)
= Cereus peruvianus var. monstrosus DC.; Prodr. 3: 464 (1828)
= Cereus peruvianus var. ovicarpus Hertrich; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 11: 12 (1939)
= Cereus peruvianus var. persicinus Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 448 (1935)
= Cereus peruvianus var. proferrens Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 448 (1935)
= Cereus peruvianus var. reclinatus Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 448 (1935)
= Cereus validus Haw.; Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 10: 414 (1831)
= Cereus xanthocarpus K.Schum.; Gesamtb. Kakt. Nachtr. 1: 32 (1903)
= Cereus xanthocarpus K.Schum. ex Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 13: 403 (1936) (descr. ampl. & emend.)
= Echinocactus abnormis (Willd.) Paxton; Pocket Bot. Dict.: 114 (1840)
= Piptanthocereus alacriportanus (Pfeiff.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 236 (1979), no basionym ref.
= Piptanthocereus neonesioticus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 237 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus neonesioticus var. interior F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 237 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus peruvianus var. monstruosus (DC.) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 233 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus validus (Haw.) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 234 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus xanthocarpus (K.Schum.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 258 (1979)
subspecies :
subsp. uruguayanus (R.Kiesling) N.P.Taylor; Cact. Consens. Init. 6: 15 (1998)
Distribution: Hawaii [I] (south Kauai [I]); Puerto Rico [I]; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Colonia, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Rivera, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
63 haw 81 pue 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus uruguayanus F.Ritter ex R.Kiesling; Darwiniana 24: 448 (1982)
= Piptanthocereus bageanus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 238 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus uruguayanus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 244 (1979) (not validly published)
species :
Cereus horrispinus Backeb.; Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakt. Ges. 2: 164 (1930)
Distribution: Colombia (Atlántico); Venezuela (Falcon, Lara, Zulia)
82 CLM VEN
Remarks: Subgenus Oblongicarpi
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus humilis var. minor Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 115 (1837)
= Cereus mariculi Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 115 (1837)
= Cereus myriocaulon Mart. ex Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 115 (1837)
= Cereus rigidus Lem. ex Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 34 (1834)
= Pilocereus horrispinus (Backeb.) Backeb.; Möller´s Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 45: 82 (1930)
= Pilocereus wagenaarii Croizat; Noved. Ci., Ser. Bot. 1: 2 (1950), nom. inval.
= Subpilocereus fricii subsp. horrispinus (Backeb.) Guiggi; Cactology 2: 20 (2010)
= Subpilocereus horrispinus (Backeb.) Backeb.; Cact. & Succ J. Amer. 23: 123 (1951)
= Subpilocereus ottonis Backeb.; Cactaceae (Berlin) 5: 88 (1943 publ. 1944)
= Subpilocereus wagenaarii (Croizat) Backeb.; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 23: 123 (1951), nom. inval.
species :
Cereus ingens N.P.Taylor & M.C.Machado; Taxon 72(6): 1326 (2023)
Distribution: Brazil
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
species :
Cereus insularis Hemsl.; Bot. Voy. Challenger 1: II. 16 (1884)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Pernambuco: Sao Miguel Isl.)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus ridleii Andrade-Lima ex Backeb.; Backeb. Cact. Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2352 (1960)
= Monvillea insularis (Hemsl.) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 2: 23 (1920)
species :
Cereus jamacaru DC.; Prod. 3: 467 (1828) ex Werderm., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 13: 399 (1936)
Name: Mandacarú
Distribution: Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; Java [I]; NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas, Sergipe); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
27 bot saf swz 42 jaw 84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus jamacaru (DC.) Kostel.; Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 4: (1835)
= Cereus goiasensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
= Cereus jamacaru subsp. goiasensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cereus jamacaru var. caesius Salm-Dyck; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 18: 90 (1908)
= Cereus jamacaru var. glaucus Ladenberg; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 3: 70 (1893)
= Cereus laetevirens Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 99 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cereus lividus Pfeiff.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 3: 380 (1835)
= Cereus lividus var. glaucior Labour.; Monogr. Cact.: 359 (1853)
= Cereus perrottetii Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 98 (1837)
= Piptanthocereus goiasensis F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 234 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus jamacaru (DC.) Riccob.; Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 8: 229 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus jamacaru var. caesia (Salm-Dyck) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 230 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus jamacaru var. cyanea Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 230 (1909)
= Piptanthocereus jamacaru var. glauca (Ladenberg) Riccob.; Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 8: 231 (1909)
species :
Cereus lamprospermus K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 166 (1899)
subspecies :
subsp. lamprospermus
Distribution: NW-Paraguay
85 PAR
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Piptanthocereus lamprospermus (K.Schum.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 259 (1979)
subspecies :
subsp. colosseus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(2): 84 (1995)
Distribution: Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus colosseus (F.Ritter) Guiggi; Cactology 3: 06 (2012)
= Cereus grandicostatus Werderm.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 12: 460 (1935)
= Piptanthocereus colosseus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 553 (1980)
species :
Cereus lanosus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
Distribution: Paraguay (Cordillera)
85 PAR
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Piptanthocereus lanosus F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 259 (1979)
species :
Cereus lepidotus Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 207 (1850)
Distribution: Trinidad; Colombia; Venezuela
81 TRT 82 CLM VEN
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Piptanthocereus lepidotus (Salm-Dyck) Backeb.; Blätt. Kakteenf. 1(12): 7 (1934)
species :
Cereus mirabella N.P.Taylor; Bradleya 9: 85 (1991), nom. nov.
Distribution: N-Brazil (Tocantins); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brasilia Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Mirabella minensis F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 111 (1979)
= Monvillea minensis (F.Ritter) R.Kiesling; Cact. Succ. J. (USA) 66(4): 165 (1994)
species :
Cereus mortensenii (Croizat) D.R.Hunt & N.P.Taylor; Bradleya 9: 85 (1991)
Distribution: Venezuela (Falcon, Lara, Trujillo)
82 VEN
Remarks: Subgenus Oblongicarpi
Synonyms: hidden
= Pilocereus mortensenii Croizat; Nov. Cient. Contrib. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. La Salle, Caracas, Ser. Bot., No. 1, 3 (1950)
= Pilosocereus gruberi Schatzl & H.Till; Kakt. u. a. Sukk. 33(1): 9 (1982)
= Pilosocereus mortensenii (Croizat) Backeb.; Cact. Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2450 (1960)
= Praepilosocereus mortensenii (Croizat) Guiggi; Cactology 2: 19 (2010)
= Subpilocereus mortensenii (Croizat) Trujillo & Marisela Ponce; Ernstia 47: 28 (1988)
species :
Cereus pachyrrhizus K.Schum.; Gesamtb. Kakt. Nachtr. 1: 33 (1903)
Distribution: Paraguay
85 PAR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unconfirmed
Synonyms: hidden
= Piptanthocereus pachyrhizus (K.Schum.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 259 (1979)
species :
Cereus phatnospermus K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 186 (1899)
Distribution: Bolivia; WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Concepcion)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 PAR
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus kroenleinii N.P.Taylor; Kew Bull. 50(4): 819 (1995)
= Cereus phatnospermus subsp. kroenleinii (N.P.Taylor) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Kakt. u. a. Sukk. 48(6): 142 (1997)
= Monvillea kroenleinii R.Kiesling; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 66: 159 (1994), no holotype indicated.
= Monvillea phatnosperma (K.Schum.) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 2: 24 (1920)
= Monvillea phatnosperma var. arenasii Oakley & R.Kiesling; Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 50(2): 251, figs. 2-3 (2015)
species :
Cereus pierre-braunianus Esteves; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 75(6): 266-270 (2003)
Distribution: Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
species :
Cereus repandus (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 5 (1768)
Name: Cadushi, Giant Club Cactus, Hedge Cactus, Peruvian Apple Cactus
Distribution: Cameroon [I]; Pakistan [I]; Nepal [I]; India [I] (Karnataka [I], Maharashtra [I], commonly grown almost throughout [I]); Vietnam [I]; Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Grenada; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, La Guajira, Magdalena); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Bolívar, Carabobo, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Trujillo, Zulia)
23 cmn 40 ind nep pak 41 vie 61 sci 81 ARU BON CUR GRE VEN 82 CLM VEN
Remarks: Subgenus Oblongicarpi
Synonyms: hidden
= Acanthocereus horribarbis (Salm-Dyck) Borg; Cacti: 133 (1937)
= Cactus peruvianus L.; Sp. Pl.: 467 (1753)
= Cactus repandus L.; Sp. Pl. 467 (1753)
= Cephalocereus atroviridis (Backeb.) Borg; Cacti, ed. 2, 149 (1951)
= Cephalocereus remolinensis (Backeb.) Borg; Cacti, 106 (1937), ed. 2, 145 (1951)
= Cereus atroviridis Backeb.; Neue Kakteen, 69 (1931), Backeb. in Fedde. Repert. 30: 59 (1932)
= Cereus gladiger Cels ex Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 47 (1850)
= Cereus gracilis Haw.; Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 1827: 125 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Cereus grenadensis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 2: 18, 223 (1920)
= Cereus horribarbis Salm-Dyck; Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 2: 205 (1850)
= Cereus lanuginosus Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 3 (1768)
= Cereus margaritensis J.R.Johnst.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 40: 693 (1905)
= Cereus peruvianus (L.) Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 4 (1768)
= Cereus remolinensis Backeb.; Monatsschr. Deutsch. Kakt.-Ges. 2: 162 (1930)
= Cereus repandus var. laetevirens Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 335 (1834), nom. subnud.
= Neoraimondia peruviana (L.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 4: 1267 (1981)
= Pilocereus atroviridis Backeb.; Möller´s Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 45: 82 (1930)
= Pilocereus fricii Backeb.; Möller´s Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 45: 81 (1930)
= Pilocereus remolinensis Backeb.; Möller´s Deutsche Gärtn.-Zeitung 45: 82 (1930)
= Pilocereus repandus (L.) K.Schum.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(6a): 181 (1894)
= Pilocereus russelianus subsp. margaritensis (J.R.Johnst.) Croizat; Noved. Ci., Ser. Bot. 1: 3 (1950)
= Piptanthocereus peruvianus (L.) Riccob.; Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 8: 232 (1909)
= Stenocereus peruvianus (L.) R.Kiesling; Darwiniana 24: 446 (1982)
= Subpilocereus atroviridis (Backeb.) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. u. -pflege, 59 (1941)
= Subpilocereus grenadensis (Britton & Rose) Backeb.; Cact. Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2383 (1960)
= Subpilocereus margaritensis (J.R.Johnst.) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. u. -pflege, 60 (1941)
= Subpilocereus remolinensis (Backeb.) Backeb.; Beitr. Sukkulentenk. u. -pflege, 59 (1941)
= Subpilocereus repandus (L.) Backeb.; Cact. & Succ J. Amer. 23: 123 (1951)
= Subpilocereus repandus var. weberi Backeb.; Cact.: Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2385 4: (1960)
= Subpilocereus russelianus var. margaritensis (J.R.Johnst.) Backeb.; Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 23: 123 (1951)
species :
Cereus saddianus (Rizzini & Mattos) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Mirabella
Synonyms: hidden
= Monvillea saddiana Rizzini & A.Mattos; Rev. Brazil, II. Biol. 45(3): 304 (1985)
species :
Cereus sericifer (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun; Bradleya 6: 86 (1988)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus fernambucensis subsp. sericifer (F.Ritter) N.P.Taylor & Zappi; Cact. Consens. Init. 3: 7 (1997)
= Piptanthocereus sericifer F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 232 (1979)
species :
Cereus serruliflorus Haw.; Philos. Mag. Ann. Chem. 7: 113 (1830)
Distribution: Haiti
81 HIS
Remarks: Subgenus Oblongicarpi
Synonyms: hidden
= Harrisia serruliflora (Haw.) Lourteig; Bradea, 5(44): 408 (1991)
= Serrulatocereus serruliflorus (Haw.) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 6): 1 (2018)
= Cereus ayisyen M.H.J.van der Meer; Cact. Phantast. 4(2): 14 (2019), nom. nov. superfl.
= Cereus haitiensis A.R.Franck & Peguero; Phytoneuron 2017-29: 2 (2017), nom. illeg.
species :
Cereus spegazzinii F.A.C.Weber; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 102 (1899)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); Fernando Noronha Isl.; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Concepcion, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Santa Fe)
84 BRA FNI 85 ARG PAR
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus anisitsii K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 185 (1899)
= Cereus haageanus (Backeb.) N.P.Taylor; Bradleya 9: 85 (1991)
= Cereus lindenzweigianus Gürke; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 16: 146, 174 (1906)
= Cereus spegazzinii var. ebenacanthus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves; Succulenta (Netherl.) 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cereus spegazzinii var. hassleri Weing.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 32: 163 (1922)
= Monvillea anisitsii (K.Schum.) A.Berger; Kakteen, 154, 343 (1929)
= Monvillea ebenacantha F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 5112 (1980)
= Monvillea haageana Backeb.; Sukkulentenk.: Jahrb. Schweiz. Kakt.-Ges. 2: 54 (1948)
= Monvillea lindenzweigiana (Gürke) Backeb.; Backeb. & Knuth, Kaktus-ABC, 183 (1935)
= Monvillea spegazzinii (F.A.C.Weber) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 2: 23 (1920)
= Piptanthocereus lindenzweigianus (Gürke) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 260 (1979)
= Piptanthocereus spegazzinii (F.A.C.Weber) Riccob.; Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 8: 233 (1909)
species :
Cereus stenogonus K.Schum.; Monatsschr. Kakteenkd. 165 (1899)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Amambay, Central, Concepcion, Paraguari, San Pedro); Uruguay (Rio Negro); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa, Misiones, Salta)
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR URU
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus argentinensis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae 2: 11 (1920)
= Cereus candelabrius Pfeiff.; Enum. Diagn. Cact.: 109 (1837)
= Cereus dayami Speg.; Anal. Mus. Buenos Aires 11: 480 (1903)
= Cereus platygonus Speg.; Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires, ser. 3, 11: 481 (1911), nom. illeg.
= Cereus roseiflorus Speg.; Anales Soc. Ci. Argentina. 99: 113 (1925)
= Cereus tacuaralensis Cárdenas; Cactus (Paris) 80-81: 19 (1964)
= Cereus tehuacanensis Roezl; Ann. Bot. Hort. 33: 162 (1883)
= Piptanthocereus dayami (Speg.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 2: 554 (1980)
= Piptanthocereus stenogonus (K.Schum.) F.Ritter; Kakteen Südamer. 1: 258 (1979)
species :
Cereus trigonodendron K.Schum. ex Ule; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 40: 413 (1908)
Distribution: Peru (Loreto); Bolivia (Beni)
83 BOL PER
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus braunii Cárdenas; Succulenta (Netherl.) 2 (1956)
species :
Cereus vargasianus Cárdenas; Succulenta (Netherl.) 34 (1951)
Distribution: Peru (Cuzco)
83 PER
Remarks: Subgen. Cereus
species :
Cereus yungasensis A.Fuentes & Quispe; Revista Soc. Boliv. Bot. 4(2): 198 (2009)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unconfirmed
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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