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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

513.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications
Species listed in database: 35205; hybrids: 668
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
513.6626 Genus Chrysanthemum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 887 (1753), nom. cons.
Distribution: mostly E-Asia, 2 to arctic North America, 1 to Eastern Europe.
Species listed in database: 35; hybrids: 6
= Dendranthema (DC.) Des Moul.; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 20: 561 (1860)
= Hulteniella Tzvelev; Arktich. Fl. SSSR 10: 117 (1987)
species :
Chrysanthemum aphrodite Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 3: 212 (1934)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema aphrodite (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
species :
Chrysanthemum argyrophyllum Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 465 (1935)
Distribution: China (Henan, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema argyrophyllum (Y.Ling) Y.Ling & C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 9 (1980)
species :
Chrysanthemum arisanense Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 26-27, t. 6 (1916)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema arisanense (Hayata) Y.Ling & C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 7 (1980)
= Tanacetum arisanense Kitam.; Mem. Sci. Kyoto Univ., ser. B, 15: 364 (1940)
species :
Chrysanthemum bizarre C.Z.Shen; Phytotaxa 442(3): 220 (2020)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Chrysanthemum chalchingolicum Grubov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 57(12): 1592 (1972)
Distribution: Mongolia
37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema chalchingolicum (Grubov) K.Bremer & Humphries; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 114 (1993)
species :
Chrysanthemum chanetii H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9(222-226): 450 (1911)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Taiwan
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum erubescens Stapf; Bot. Mag. 156: sub t. 9330 (1933)
= Chrysanthemum maximoviczianum var. aristatomucronatum Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 463 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum maximoviczianum Y.Ling; Contrib. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping 3: 459 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum naktongense var. aristatomucronatum (Y.Ling) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 256 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. sinoalpinum Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 16(2): 75-76 (1940)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. erubescens (Stapf) Kitag.
= Dendranthema chanetii (H.Lév.) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N. E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 1980(6): 3 (1980)
= Dendranthema erubescens (Stapf) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 374 (1961)
species :
Chrysanthemum crassum (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 22: 125 (1967)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.
38 JAP NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema crassum (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166(1978)
= Chrysanthemum japonense var. crassum Kitam.
species :
Chrysanthemum cuneifolium Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 7: 68 (1938)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema cuneifolium (Kitam.) K.Bremer & Humphries; Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. (London), Bot., 23(2): 114 (1993)
= Dendranthema ×cuneifolium (Kitam.) H.Koyama; Fl. Japan 3b: 95 (1995), isonym
= Tanacetum cuneifolium Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 15: (Compos. Jap. II). 363 (1940)
species :
Chrysanthemum dichrum (C.Shih) H.Ohashi & Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 79(3): 188 (2004)
Distribution: China (Hebei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema dichrum C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 8 (1980)
species :
Chrysanthemum foliaceum (G.F.Peng, C.Shih & S.Q.Zhang) J.M.Wang & Y.T.Hou; Guihaia 36(6): 816 (2010)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema foliaceum G.F.Peng, C.Shih & S.Q.Zhang; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(6): 600 (1999)
species :
Chrysanthemum glabriusculum (W.W.Sm.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(4): 1112 (1936)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajania glabriuscula (W.W.Sm.) Y.Ling
= Chrysanthemum brachyglossum Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 470, 427, t. 48, f. 4 (1935)
= Dendranthema glabriusculum (W.W.Sm.) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 8 (1980)
= Tanacetum glabriusculum W.W.Sm.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 10(49-50): 202-203 (1918)
species :
Chrysanthemum horaimontanum Masam.; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 29: 26 (1939)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema horaimontanum (Masam.) S.S.Ying; Mem. Coll. Agric. Nation. Taiwan Univ., 29(1): 81 (1989)
species :
Chrysanthemum hypargyreum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 104-105 (1905)
Distribution: China (Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema hypargyreum (Diels) Y.Ling & C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 4 (1980)
= Chrysanthemum licentianum W.C.Wu; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 83: 237 (1934)
= Chrysanthemum neo-oreastrum C.C.Chang; Sinensia 5(1-2): 159-160 (1934)
species :
Chrysanthemum indicum L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 889 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Baleares [I] (Mallorca [I]); France [I]; Italy [I]; Bulgaria [I]; São Tomé [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; India [c]; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Philippines [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cuba [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]
12 bal fra por 13 bul ita 23 sao 29 mau reu 32 tkm tzk uzb 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 BHU ind NEP PAK 41 CBD LAO VIE 42 phi 80 cos hon 81 cub his 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Arctotis elegans Thunb.; Arctotis: 14 (1799)
= Bidens bardanna Wall.; Numer. List no. 3291 (1831), nomen
= Chrysanthemum indicum subsp. albescens Kitam.; Compos. Jap. 130 (1940)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. acutum Uyeki; Suigen Gakuho 21: 14 (1928)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. albescens Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 6: 10 (1929)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. coreanum H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 351 (1912)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. edule Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 19(11): 343-344 (1943)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. hibernum Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16: 88 (1902)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. iyoense Kitam.; (1939)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. litorale Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 469 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. lushanense (Kitam.) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 257 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. maruyamanum Kitam.; (1941)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. procumbens (Lour.) Nakai; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 31: 25 (1911)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. tokschonense Uyeki; J. Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 54 (1934)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. tsurugisanense Kitam.; (1967)
= Chrysanthemum japonicola f. roseum Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3(9): 33 (1926)
= Chrysanthemum japonicola Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 33 (1926)
= Chrysanthemum japonicola var. plenum Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3(9): 33 (1926)
= Chrysanthemum koraiense Nakai; Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No. 31, 115 (1952)
= Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium var. acutum (Uyeki) C.Y.Li; Fl. Liaoningica 2: 506 (1992)
= Chrysanthemum littorale F.Maek.; Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 8: 15 (1921)
= Chrysanthemum lushanense Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 13(3): 163-164 (1937)
= Chrysanthemum nankingense Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 258-259 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum procumbens Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 499-500 (1790)
= Chrysanthemum purpureum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 461 (1807)
= Chrysanthemum tripartitum Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. 2: t. 193 (1827)
= Chrysanthemum ×sabinii Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1287 (1829), nom. inval.
= Chrysanthemum yamazutanum Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 15: (Compos. Jap. II.) 369 (1940)
= Dendranthema coreanum subsp. littorale (F.Maek.) Lauener; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 40(1): 204 (1982)
= Dendranthema indicum (L.) Des Moul.; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 20: 561 (1855)
= Dendranthema indicum var. acutum (Ueki) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29: 165 (1978)
= Dendranthema indicum var. edule (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29(6): 165 (1978)
= Dendranthema indicum var. huludaoensis G.Y.Zhang, L.J.Yu & Y.J.Liu; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Univ., 14(2): 152 (1994)
= Dendranthema indicum var. iyoense (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 165 (1978)
= Dendranthema indicum var. maruyamanum (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 165 (1978)
= Dendranthema indicum var. procumbens (Lour.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Dendranthema indicum var. tsurugisanense (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Dendranthema littorale (F.Maek.) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 384 (1961)
= Dendranthema littorale subsp. coreanum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Lauener; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 34(3): 352 (1976)
= Dendranthema nankingense (Hand.-Mazz.) P.S.Hsu; Pl. Shanghai 1: 625 (1999), isonym
= Dendranthema nankingense (Hand.-Mazz.) X.D.Cui; Fl. Tsinlingensis 1(5): 252 (1985)
= Matricaria indica (L.) Desr.; Encycl. 3(2): 734 (1792)
= Matricaria procumbens Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 3: 604 (1814)
= Pyrethrum indicum (L.) Cass.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. ed. 2. 44: 149 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Pyrethrum matricarioides Paxton ex E.Vilm.; Fl. Pleine Terre, éd. 3: 264 (1870)
= Pyrethrum procumbens Kostel.; Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 2: 691 (1833)
= Tanacetum indicum (L.) Sch.Bip.; Tanaceteen 50 (1844)
variant :
var. aromaticum (Q.H.Liu & S.F.Zhang) J.M.Wang & Y.T.Wu; Guihaia 36(6): 816 (2010)
Distribution: China (Hubei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema indicum var. aromatica Q.H.Liu & S.F.Zhang; Wuhan Bot. Res. 1: 237 (1983)
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium var. aromaticum (Q.H.Liu & S.F.Zhang) S.J.Zhou & D.K.Zang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16: 297 (1996)
species :
Chrysanthemum japonense (Makino) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 459 (1928)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum japonense var. ashizuriense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 5: 29 (1936)
= Chrysanthemum ornatum var. spontaneum (Makino) Kitam.; (1956)
= Chrysanthemum ×morifolium f. japonense Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 216 (1912)
= Dendranthema japonense (Nakai) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Dendranthema japonense var. ashizuriense (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Dendranthema occidentalijaponense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 31: 45 (1980), nom. nov. superfl.
= Dendranthema occidentalijaponense var. ashizuriense (Kitam.) H.Koyama; Fl. Japan, 3b: 92 (1995)
species :
Chrysanthemum jeongseonense (M.Kim & H.Jo) comb.ined.
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema jeongseonense M.Kim & H.Jo; Korean Endemic Pl. 341 (2017)
species :
Chrysanthemum kokanicum (Krasch.) H.Ohashi & Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 79(3): 190 (2004)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Ajania kokanica (Krasch.) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 408 (1961)
= Poljakanthema kokanica (Krasch.) Kamelin; Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii 10: 635 (1993)
= Tanacetum kokanicum Krasch.; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 7 (1923)
species :
Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium (Fisch. ex Trautv.) Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 25(288): 11 (1911)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum bellum Grüning; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 311 (1913)
= Chrysanthemum bellum var. glabriusculum Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 2: 498 (1934)
= Chrysanthemum bellum var. jucundum (Nakai & Kitag.) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 260 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum boreale (Makino) Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23(265): 20 (1909), not (Fisch. ex DC.) B. Fedtsch. (1915)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. boreale Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16(182): 89 (1902)
= Chrysanthemum jucundum Nakai & Kitag.; Rep. First. Sci. Exp. Manch. 4(1): 58 (1934)
= Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium var. glabriusculum (Y.Ling) Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 19: 342 (1934)
= Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium var. jucundum (Nakai & Kitag.) Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 13(3): 166 (1937)
= Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium var. sianense Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 20(4): 197 (1944)
= Chrysanthemum namikawanum Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 13(3): 162-163 (1937)
= Chrysanthemum seticuspe (Maxim.) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(4): 1111 (1936)
= Chrysanthemum seticuspe f. boreale (Makino) H.Ohashi & Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 79(3): 191 (2004)
= Chrysanthemum seticuspe var. boreale (Makino) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(4): 1111 (1936)
= Chrysanthemum wilsonianum Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12: 258 (1937-1938 publ. 1938)
= Dendranthema boreale (Makino) Y.Ling; Iconogr. Cormophytorum Sinicorum 4: 510 (1975) ex Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium (Fisch. ex Trautv.) Y.Ling & C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 5 (1980)
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium var. glabriusculum (Y.Ling) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 40(5-6): 138 (1989)
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium var. seticuspe (Maxim.) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 6 (1980)
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium var. sianense (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema seticuspe (Maxim.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 38: 380-381 (1987)
= Dendranthema seticuspe f. boreale (Makino) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 38: 381 (1987)
= Pyrethrum lavandulifolium Fisch. ex Trautv.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 1(2): 181-182 (1871)
= Pyrethrum seticuspe Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 17(4): 423-424 (1872)
variant :
var. discoideum Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 259-260 (1938)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium var. discoideum (Hand.-Mazz.) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 7 (1980)
variant :
var. tomentellum Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12: 260 (1938)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema boreale var. tomentellum (Hand.-Mazz.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema lavandulifolium var. tomentella (Hand.-Mazz.) Y.Ling & C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N. E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 1980(6): 7 (1980)
= Dendranthema seticuspe var. tomentella (Hand.-Mazz.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 41: 185 (1990)
species :
Chrysanthemum longibracteatum (C.Shih, G.F.Peng & S.Y.Jin) J.M.Wang & Y.T.Hou; Guihaia 36(6): 816 (2010)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema longibracteatum C.Shih, G.F.Peng & S.Y.Jin; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 37(6): 598 (1999)
species :
Chrysanthemum makinoi Matsum. & Nakai; Index Seminum (TI, Tokyo) 1915-1916: 31 (1916)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum japonicum (Maxim.) Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 19 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Chrysanthemum makinoi f. dianthiflorum Honda; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 20: 19 (1962)
= Chrysanthemum makinoi f. frondosum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44(528): 668 (1930)
= Chrysanthemum makinoi f. roseum (Makino) Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43(514): 542 (1929)
= Chrysanthemum makinoi var. chrysanthum Makino & SÅ?ich.Sakag.; J. Jap. Bot. 7(7): 17 (1931)
= Chrysanthemum makinoi var. plenum (Makino) Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43(514): 543 (1929)
= Chrysanthemum makinoi var. tuberosum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 45: 139 (1931)
= Chrysanthemum makinoi var. wakasaense (Shimot. ex Kitam.) Govaerts; World Checklist Seed Plants 3(1): 15 (1999)
= Chrysanthemum wakasaense Shimotomai; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 70 (1938)
= Dendranthema japonicum (Makino) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Dendranthema japonicum var. wakasaense (Shimot. ex Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Pyrethrum ×sinense var. japonicum Maxim.; Mélanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 8: 518 (1872)
= Tanacetum japonicum (Maxim.) Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 15: 358 (1940)
species :
Chrysanthemum maximowiczii Komar; Bull. Jard. Bot. Pierre Grand. 16: 179 (1916)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Nei Mongol)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum coreanum subsp. maximowiczii (Kom.) Vorosch.; A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 195 (1985)
= Dendranthema maximowiczii (Komar) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 379 (1961)
species :
Chrysanthemum morii Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 8: 61-62 (1919)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema morii (Hayata) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema morii (Hayata) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 3 (1980), isonym
species :
Chrysanthemum naktongense Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23(273): 186 (1909)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Kyushu)
31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. latilobum (Maxim.) Komar; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 25(2): 642-643 (1907)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. latilobum (Maxim.) Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Manshur. 444 (1939)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. naktongense (Nakai) Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea: 1162 (1996)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. latilobum (Maxim.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7(3): 210 (1938)
= Dendranthema naktongense (Nakai) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 375 (1959)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. latiloba (Maxim.) H.C.Fu; Fl. Intramongolica 6: 90 (1982)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. latilobum (Maxim.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. naktongense (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 339 (2017)
= Leucanthemum sibiricum var. latilobum Maxim.; Prim. Fl. Amur. 156 (1859)
species :
Chrysanthemum okiense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 8: 76 (1939)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema okiense (Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 168 (1978)
= Tanacetum okiense Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 15: (Compos. Jap. II.) 366 (1940)
species :
Chrysanthemum oreastrum Hance; J. Bot. 16(184): 108-109 (1878)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); China (Hebei, Jilin, Yunnan); North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum coreanum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai ex T.Mori; Enum. Pl. Corea 352 (1922)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. alpinum Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31(364): 109 (1917)
= Chrysanthemum sichotense (Tzvelev) Vorosch.; Byull. Glavn. Bot. Sada (Moscow) 84: 34 (1972)
= Chrysanthemum sinchangense Uyeki; Suigen Gakuho 21: No. 2 (New Sp. Korean Chrysanth.) 13 (1928)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii f. alpinum (Nakai) Kitam.; J. Jap. Bot. 41: 190 (1966)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. coreanum (Nakai) Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea: 1162 (1996)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. alpinum (Nakai) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7(3): 210 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. alpinum (Nakai) Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea: 1162 (1996), isonym
= Dendranthema coreanum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Lauener; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 40(1): 204 (1982)
= Dendranthema coreanum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Vorosch.; Bull. Princ. Bot. Gard. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., No. 49, 57 (1963)
= Dendranthema oreastrum (Hance) Y.Ling; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 4 (1980)
= Dendranthema sichotense Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 879, pl. 16: 1 (1961)
= Dendranthema sinchangense (Ueki) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. alpinum (Nakai) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 40(5-6): 138 (1989)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. coreanum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 337 (2017)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. sichotense (Tzvelev) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 339 (2017)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. sinchangense (Uyeki) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 339 (2017)
= Matricaria coreana H.Lév. & Vaniot; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 169 (1910)
= Tanacetum sinchangense (Ueki) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29: 167 (1978)
species :
Chrysanthemum ornatum Hemsl.; Bot. Mag. 130: t. 7965 (1904)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum marginatum Raffill; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 35: 51 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Chrysanthemum satsumense (Yatabe) Makino; Ill. Fl. Jap. 46 (1948)
= Chrysanthemum sinense var. satsumense Yatabe
= Dendranthema ornatum (Hemsl.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Tanacetum ornatum Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 15: (Compos. Jap. II.) 352 (1940)
variant :
var. tokarense (M.Hotta & Hirai) H.Ohashi & Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 79(3): 190 (2004)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema ornatum var. tokarense M.Hotta & Hirai; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 47(1): 103 (1996)
species :
Chrysanthemum parvifolium C.C.Chang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Peiping, Bot. Ser. 7: 159 (1936)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
Remarks: known only from the type
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema parvifolium (C.C.Chang) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 2 (1980)
species :
Chrysanthemum potentilloides Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 261-262 (1938)
Distribution: China (Shanxi, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema potentilloides (Hand.-Mazz.) C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 7 (1980)
species :
Chrysanthemum rhombifolium (Y.Ling & C.Shih) H.Ohashi & Yonek.; J. Jap. Bot. 79(3): 190 (2004)
Distribution: China (NE-Chongqing)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema rhombifolium Y.Ling & C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 2 (1980)
species :
Chrysanthemum sinuatum Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 4: 116 (1833)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum absinthifolium Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 46 (1838)
= Chrysanthemum cinerarium Stephan; Fl. Ross. 2: 542 (1845)
= Dendranthema sinuatum (Ledeb.) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 370 (1961)
= Leucanthemum sinuatum (Ledeb.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 46 (1838)
= Tanacetum sinuatum (Ledeb.) Sch.Bip.; Tanacet. 35 (1844)
species :
Chrysanthemum vestitum (Hemsl.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 5: 28 (1936)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Shaanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum sinense var. vestitum Hemsl.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 23: 439 (1888)
= Chrysanthemum vestitum (Hemsl.) Stapf; Bot. Mag. 156: sub 9330 (1933)
= Dendranthema vestitum (Hemsl.) Y.Ling; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 2 (1980)
variant :
var. latifolium J.Zhou & Jun Y.Chen; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 30(6): 649 (2010)
Distribution: China (Anhui, ?Henan)
36 CHI
species :
Chrysanthemum yantaiense M.Sun & J.T.Chen; Phytotaxa 374(1): 92 (2018)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
species :
Chrysanthemum yoshinaganthum Makino; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 7: 69, 201 (1938), pro hybr.
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema yoshinaganthum (Makino ex Kitam.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 166 (1978)
= Tanacetum yoshinaganthum Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 15: (Compos. Jap. II.) 357 (1940)
species :
Chrysanthemum zawadzkii Herbich; Addit. Fl. Galic. 43 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. zawadzkii
Distribution: Poland; Slovakia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Sakhalin); China (Anhui, Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
11 POL SLO 14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum gmelinii Ledeb. ex Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 1: 94 (1838)
= Chrysanthemum hakusanense Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 302 (1910)
= Chrysanthemum hwangshanense Y.Ling; Cotr. Inst. Bot. Acad. Peiping 3: 472 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum leiophyllum Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 149 (1921)
= Chrysanthemum lucidum Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 110 (1918)
= Chrysanthemum marginatum (Miq.) N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1888: 99 (1888)
= Chrysanthemum maximoviczianum var. dissectum Y.Ling; Coutr. Inst. Bot. Nat. Acad. Peiping 3: 461 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum naktongense var. dissectum (Y.Ling) Hand.-Mazz.; Acta Horti Gothob. 12(9): 256-257 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum Turcz. ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.]. 6: 46 (1838)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. acutilobum (DC.) Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.- Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 25: 642 (1907)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. aristato-mucronatum Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 463 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. campanulatum Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7(1): 27 (1930)
= Chrysanthemum sibiricum var. gmelinii (Ledeb.) Nakai
= Chrysanthemum weyrichii Miyabe & Miyake; Fl. Saghal. n, No. 314 (1915)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii f. tenuisectum (Nakai) Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 41: 191 (1966)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. acutilobum Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Manshur. 444 (1939)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. lucidum (Nakai) Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea (Lee) 1192 (1996)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. acutilobum (DC.) Sealy; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 43: 269 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. alpinum (Nakai) B.Y.Lee ex K.T.Jong; Pl. Mt. Paektu Hyunamsa, Seoul: 523 (1993), without basionym ref.
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. campanulatum (Makino) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7(3): 210 (1938)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. leiophyllum (Nakai) Y.N.Lee; Fl. Korea: 1162 (1996)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. tenuisectum Kitag.; Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manchoukuo 6: 129 (1942)
= Dendranthema weyrichii (Maxim.) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 383 (1961)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii (Herbich) Tzvelev; Schischk. & Bobrov, FI U.R.S.S. 26: 376 (1961)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. campanulatum (Makino) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 29(6): 167 (1978)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. leiophyllum (Nakai) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl. 339 (2017)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. lucida (Nakai) Pak; Gen. Vasc. Pl. Korea 1025 (2007)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii var. tenuisecta (Kitag.) Pak; Gen. Vasc. Pl. Korea 1026 (2007)
= Leucanthemum sibiricum var. acutilobum DC.
= Leucanthemum weyrichii Maxim.; Prim. Fl. Amur. 156 (1859)
= Leucanthemum zawadzkii (Herbich) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 372 (1879)
= Pyrethrum marginatum Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 85 (1856)
= Pyrethrum zawadzkii (Herbich) Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur. 11. 1854-55
= Tanacetum gmelinii Sch.Bip.; Tanaceteen 35 (1844)
= Tanacetum marginatum (Miq.) Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 177 (1866)
= Tanacetum zawadzkii (Herbich) Pawl.; Rosl. Polsk., Pl. Polon. Exsicc. Ser. II. Cent. II. 23 (1934), et in Rosl. Polsk., Pl. Polon. Exsicc. Ser. II. Cent. III. 20 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. peleiolepis (Trautv.) Zuev; Konspekt Fl. Sibir. Sosud. Rast.: 218 (2005)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Sakhalin); China (Nei Mongol); Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Chrysanthemum mongolicum Y.Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 463 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii subsp. peleiolepis (Trautv.) A.V.Grebenjuk & Chepinoga; Konspekt Fl. Irkutsk. Obl. 227 (2008), isonym
= Chrysanthemum zawadzkii var. mongolicum (Y.Ling) Gubanov; L. G. Byazrov et al., Fl. Khangaya: 151 (1989)
= Dendranthema calciphilum Volot.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 79(8): 102 (1994)
= Dendranthema mongolicum (Y.Ling) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 378 (1961)
= Dendranthema xeromorphum A.P.Khokhr.; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 62(10): 1447 (1977)
= Dendranthema zawadzkii subsp. peleiolepis (Trautv.) Boldyreva; Fl. Sibir. (Asterac.) 13: 88 (1997 publ. 1998)
= Leucanthemum arcticum subsp. peleiolepis (Trautv.) Kuvaev; Vysotnoe Raspredelenie Rast. Gor. Putorana: 136 (1980)
= Leucanthemum sibiricum var. peleiolepis Trautv.; Middend., Reise Sibir. 1(2
species :
Chrysanthemum zhuozishanense L.Q.Zhao & Jie Yang; Novon 23(2): 255 (2014)
Distribution: China (Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
species :
Chrysanthemum ×konoanum Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 2: 18 (1921)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema ×konoanum (Makino) H.Koyama; Fl. Japan, 3b: 95 (1995)
= Chrysanthemum ×togakushiense Kitag. & Nagami; J. Jap. Bot. 35: 146 (1960)
species :
Chrysanthemum ×leucanthum (Makino) Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 1: 33 (1918)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema ×leucanthum (Makino) Koyama; Fl. Japan. 3b: 96 (1995)
= Chrysanthemum indicum var. leucanthum Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 459 (1938)
species :
Chrysanthemum ×miyatojimense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 5: 28 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema ×miyatojimense (Kitam.) H.Koyama; Fl. Japan 3b: 96 (1995), isonym
= Dendranthema miyatojimense (Kitam.) D.J.N.Hind; Kew Mag., et in Kew Mag. 5(2): 59 (1988) 6(1): 48 (1989)
species :
Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat. ex Hemsl.; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 6: 586 (1889)
Name: Garten-Chrysantheme (DE)
Distribution: Of hybridogenous origin; Germany [I]; European Russia [I]; Cameroon [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; China [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan [I]; India [c]; Vietnam [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Austral Isl. [I] (Tubuai [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]
11 ger 14 rus 23 cmn 32 tkm tzk uzb 33 ncs 36 chi 38 jap tai 40 ind 41 vie 42 jaw phi 60 fij nue rot 61 aui 62 gum mrn 79 mex 80 cos els gua hon nic pan 82 clm 83 bol ecu per
Remarks: Chrysanthemum indicum x Chrysanthemum spp.
Synonyms: hidden
= Anthemis ×artemisifolia Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 3: 2184 (1803)
= Anthemis ×grandiflora Ramat.; J. Hist. Nat. 2: 234 (1792)
= Anthemis ×stipulacea Moench; Suppl. Meth.: 258 (1802)
= Chrysanthemum ×grandiflorum (Ramat) Jäger; Jäger & al., 613 (2008), nom. inval.
= Chrysanthemum ×hortorum W.Mill.; Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 2: 755 (1914)
= Chrysanthemum ×indicum Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 320 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Chrysanthemum ×indicum var. purpureum Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 461 (1807)
= Chrysanthemum ×maximoviczianum Ling; Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 459 (1935)
= Chrysanthemum ×morifolium Ramat.; J. Hist. Nat. 2: 240 (1792), nom. inval.
= Chrysanthemum ×morifolium var. gracile Hemsl.; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 6: 586 (1889)
= Chrysanthemum ×morifolium var. sinense (Sabine) Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 215 (1912)
= Chrysanthemum ×sinense Sabine; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 145 (1823)
= Chrysanthemum ×sinense var. hortense Makino ex Matsum.; Index Pl. Jap. 2: 639 (1912)
= Chrysanthemum ×sinense var. spontaneum Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 18 (1909)
= Chrysanthemum ×stipulaceum (Moench) W.Wight; U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. Bull. 137: 21 (1909)
= Dendranthema ×grandiflorum (Ramat.) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29: 165 (1978)
= Dendranthema ×morifolium (Ramat.) Tzvelev; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 26: 373 (1961)
= Dendranthema ×sinense (Sabine) Des Moul.; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 20: 562 (1855)
= Matricaria ×morifolia Ramat.; J. Hist. Nat. 2: 240 (1792)
= Pyrethrum ×sinense (Sabine) DC.; Prodr [A. DC.]. 6: 62 (1838)
= Tanacetum ×morifolium Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 15: 373 (1940), pro syn.
= Tanacetum ×sinense (Sabine) Sch.Bip.; Tanaceteen: 50 (1844)
species :
Chrysanthemum ×ogawae Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto 5: 244 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema ×ogawae (Kitam.) H.Koyama; Fl. Japan, 3b: 96 (1995)
species :
Chrysanthemum ×shimotomaii Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 8: 13 (1932)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Dendranthema ×shimotomaii (Makino) H.Koyama; Fl. Japan, 3b: 96 (1995)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life