Search

Reset

Filter

Reset

Order

Family (11)

Genus (1740)

Prev genus | Next genus

Display options

V. 14.3
November 10th, 2022

513.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and recent publications
Species listed in database: 35420; hybrids: 549
= Acarnaceae Link, (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 23 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar. 33 (1820)
= Arctotaceae Bessey Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914) (Arctotidaceae)
= Artemisiaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820) (Artemisiae)
= Athanasiaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820) (Athanasiae)
= Calendulaceae Link, (1829)
= Carduaceae Dumort. Comment. Bot.: 56 (1822)
= Centaureaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 117 (1820) (Centaureae)
= Cichoriaceae Durandé Notions Elém. Bot.: 272 (1782) (Cichoraceae), nom. cons
= Cnicaceae Vest Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818) (Cnicoideae)
= Compositae Adans. Fam. Pl. 2: 103 (1763), nom. cons., nom. alt.
= Coreopsidaceae Link Handbuch 1: 768 (1829) (Coreopsideae)
= Cynaraceae Durandé Notions Elém. Bot.: 273 (1782) (Cinarocephalae)
= Echinopaceae Dumort. Comment. Bot.: 56 (1822) (Echinopsidea)
= Eupatoriaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 239 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi, Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830) (Gnaphalieae)
= Heleniaceae Raf. Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824) (Helenidia)
= Helianthaceae Dumort. Comment. Bot.: 56 (1822) (Heliantheae)
= Helichrysaceae Link Handbuch 1: 712 (1829) (Elichryseae)
= Inulaceae Bessey Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Lactucaceae Drude, J.A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov, (1820)
= Matricariaceae J.Voigt, (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett, Outl. Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist., Handb. Naturgesch. 1: 290 (1837)
= Partheniaceae Link Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link Handbuch 1: 728 (1829) (Perdicieae)
= Picridaceae Martynov Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820) (Picrides)
= Santolinaceae Martynov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820) (Santolinae)
= Senecionaceae Spenn., Handb. Angew. Bot. 1: 339 (1834) (Senecionideae)
= Serratulaceae Martynov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820) (Serratulae)
= Tanacetaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818) (Tanacetoideae)
= Vernoniaceae Burm., Handb. Naturgesch. 1: 296 (1837)
= Xanthiaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818) (Xanthoideae)
513.3218 Genus Cirsium Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
Distribution: N- and Central America, temp. Eurasia, many in Japan (66), few N- and trop. Africa. Many microspecies with uncertain status in Japan.
Species listed in database: 470; hybrids: 83
= Acarna Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 13 (1762)
= Breea Less., Syn. Comp. 9 (1832)
= Cephalanophlos Neck., Elem. 1: 68 (1790)
= Chamaepeuce DC., Prod. 6: 657 (1837)
= Echenais Cass., Bull. Soc. Philom. 33 (1818)
= Epitrachys K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 396 (1851)
= Eriolepis Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 41: 331 (1825)
= Erythrolaena Sw., Brit. Flow. Gard. Ser. I. t. 134 (1825)
= Ixine Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 17 (1762)
= Lophiolepis Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 27: 180 (1823)
= Onotrophe Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 36: 145 (1825)
= Orthocentron Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 36: 480 (1823)
= Platyraphium Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 35: 173 (1825)
= Polycantha Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 12 (1762)
= Spanioptilon Less., Syn. Comp. 10 (1832)
= Tetralix Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 18 (1762)
= Xylanthema Neck., Elem. 1: 67 (1790)
species :
Cirsium acantholepis (Hemsl.) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 211 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Queretaro, Tlaxcala)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus acantholepis Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1892)
= Cnicus acantholepis Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 251 (1881)
species :
Cirsium acaulon (L.) Scop.; Annus Hist.-Nat. 2: 62 (1769)
subspecies :
subsp. acaulon
Name: Stängellose Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Norway; Sweden; France; Andorra; N-Spain; Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Italy; Sardinia; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
10 DEN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS FRA SAR SPA 13 BIH CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 EST LAT LIT
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus acaulos L., Sp. Pl. 1199 (1753)
= Carduus acaulis var. caulescens Pers., 389 (1807)
= Carduus acaulis var. dubius (Willd.) Merrem, 364 (1809)
= Carduus caulescens Pers. ex Steud., Nom. ed. I. 151 (1821)
= Carduus gmelini Steud., Nom. ed. I. 152 (1821)
= Carduus mollis Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 17 (1788)
= Carduus rosenii Vill., Fl. Delphin. 91
= Carduus spinosissimus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 743 (1846) non Vill.
= Carduus spinosus Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 743 (1846)
= Carlina acaulis (L.) Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 156 (1812)
= Cirsium acaulon f. caulescens (W.D.J.Koch & Ziz) Lindm., 549 (1918)
= Cirsium acaulon f. multiflorum (Ducommun) Hegi, 877 (1928)
= Cirsium acaulon f. pluriflorum Moritzi, 404 (1832)
= Cirsium acaulon var. caulescens (Pers.) Bluff & Fingerh., 321 (1825)
= Cirsium acaulon var. rosenii (Vill.) Rchb., XXVII (1833)
= Cirsium allionii K.F.Schimp. & Spenn., Fl. Friburg. 3: 1079 (1829)
= Cirsium bipontinum Sch.Bip., Arch. Fl. Fr. et Allem. 34 (1842)
= Cirsium decipiens Nyman, Syll. Suppl. 4
= Cirsium exigium Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees 2: 137 2: 137 (1899)
= Cirsium fallax Franch., Billot, Annot. 109
= Cirsium gmelini Tausch, Flora, 11: 482 (1828)
= Cirsium rosenii Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 14. t. 21 (1788)
= Cnicus acaulos (L.) Willd., Prod. Fl. Berl. 260 (1787)
= Cnicus acaulos var. caulescens Roth, 346 (1788), nom. inval., et 288 (1793)
= Cnicus dubius Willd., Prod. Fl. Berl. 260 (1787)
= Onotrophe acaulis (L.) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 36: 146 (1825)
= Polyacantha acaulos (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 71 (1769)
subspecies :
subsp. gregarium (Boiss. ex DC.) Talavera; Lagascalia, 4(2): 291 (1974)
Distribution: S- & SE-Spain (mountains)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium acaule var. gregarium Boiss. ex DC., Prodr. 7: 305 (1838)
= Cirsium gregarium (Boiss. ex DC.) Willk., Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 189 (1865)
= Cirsium acaule ssp. gregarium (Boiss. ex DC.) Werner, Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 70: 19 (1975), isonym
species :
Cirsium acrolepis (Petr.) G.B.Ownbey; (1982)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium occidentale ssp. acrolepis Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 66 (1911)
species :
Cirsium adjaricum Sommier & Lév.; Nuovo Gior. Bot. Ital. n. s. 2, 1: 20 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium noli-tangere Sommier & Levier, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. 2: 11 (1895)
= Cirsium caucasicum ssp. cladophorum Petr., (1912)
= Cirsium puniceum Soják, Novit. Bot. Delect. Sem. Horti Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag 37 (1961)
species :
Cirsium aduncum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 636 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. aduncum
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran, N-Iran); Iraq; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium fallax Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Hohen., Enum. Talysch 280 (1838)
= Epitrachys adunca (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 402 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. bashkalense P.H.Davis & Parris; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 414 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium aggregatum Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 737 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Georgia [Caucasus]; Northern Caucasus
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Cirsium aidzuense Nakai ex Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 2: 174 (1933)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium aitchisonii Boiss.; Fl. Or. Suppl. 308 (1888)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kabul, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Pakistan (Kurram)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium koeieanum Petr., K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift., 8: No. 2 (Symb. Afgh. II.) 178 (1955)
= Cirsium congestum ssp. afghanicum Petr., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60: 393 (1910)
species :
Cirsium akimontanum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(4): 190 (-192, 195; figs. 1-2, 5) (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium akimotoi Kadota & Mas.Saito; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 34(4): 146 (2008)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium alatum (S.G.Gmel.) Bobrov; Bot. zur. 43: 1547 (1958)
Distribution: E-Romania; E-Bulgaria; Moldova; Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Siberia (W-Siberia); China (Xinjiang); Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Turkey (Central Anatolia, E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (Rift Valley)
13 BUL ROM 14 MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ ISR TUR 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 283 (1841)
= Carduus polyanthemus Boeber, Pall. N. Nord. Beitr. 6: 261, M. Bieb. Casp. App. 210
= Cirsium desertorum Fisch. ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 300 (1822)
= Cirsium desertorum var. integerrimum Trautv.
= Cirsium desertorum var. sinuatolobum Trautv., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39(2): 376 (1866)
= Cirsium desertorum var. subintegerrima Trautv., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39(2): 376 (1866)
= Cirsium duriusculum K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 410 (1851)
= Cirsium elodes M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 555 (1819)
= Cirsium elodes var. setigerum (Ledeb.) Krylov
= Cirsium elodes var. sinuatolobatum (Trautv.) O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch., Consp. Fl. Turkest. 4: 284 (1911)
= Cirsium elodes var. subintegerrimum (Trautv.) O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch., Consp. Fl. Turkest. 4: 284 (1911)
= Cirsium setigerum Ledeb., Icon. Pl. 1: 9 (1829)
= Serratula alata S.G.Gmel., Reise 1: 155 (1770)
species :
Cirsium alberti Regel & Schmalh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 6(2): 318-319 (1880)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
species :
Cirsium albidum Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturw. Cl. 1888: 53 (1888)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria
13 BUL ROM
species :
Cirsium albowianum Sommier & Levier; Act. Hort. Petrop. 12: (1892) 153, et in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. ii. 19 (1895)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium svaneticum var. albowianum (Sommier & Lév.) Char., (1952)
species :
Cirsium alpicola Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 321 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium greatrexii Miyabe & Kudô, Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 6: 175 (1917)
= Cirsium inundatum ssp. alpicola (Nakai) Kitam., (1937)
= Cirsium inundatum var. alpicolum (Nakai) Ohwi, (1953)
species :
Cirsium alpis-lunae Brilli-Catt. & Gubellini; Webbia, 46(1): 9 (1991)
Name: Alpe della Luna Thistle
Distribution: C-Italy (Arezzo)
13 ITA
species :
Cirsium alsophilum (Pollini) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: France; Switzerland; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Albania; Kosovo
11 SWI 12 FRA 13 ALB CRO ITA KOS SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus alsophilus Pollini, Fl. Veron. 2: 620 (1822)
= Cnicus montanus Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1676 (1803)
= Cirsium montanum (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 376 (1826), nom. illeg., non Hill 1769
species :
Cirsium altissimum (L.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 373 (1826)
Name: Tall or roadside thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus altissimus L., Sp. Pl. 824 (1753)
= Cirsium altissimum var. biltmoreanum Petr.
= Cirsium diversifolium DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 649 (1838)
= Cirsium filipendulum Engelm., A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. U. St. ed. V. 273 (1867)
= Cirsium iowense (Pammel) Fernald, Rhodora, 10: 94 (1908)
= Cnicus altissimus (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1671 (1803)
= Cnicus iowensis Pammel, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sc. 8: 231 (1901)
species :
Cirsium amani Post; J. Linn. Soc. (Bot.) 24: 434 (1888)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, S-Anatolia); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 SYR TUR
species :
Cirsium amplexifolium (Nakai) Kitam.; Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 16 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium nipponicum var. amplexifolium Nakai, (1912)
= Cirsium sendaicum f. albiflorum Kadota, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 40(2): 84 (2014)
= Cirsium tobai Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 620 (1932)
variant :
var. muraii (Kitam.) Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Univ. ser. B, 13: 123 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium muraii Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 5 (1934)
form :
f. albiflorum Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 24(4): 152 (1998)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium andersonii (A.Gray) Petr.; Bot. Tiddsskr. 31: 68 (1911)
Name: Anderson´s or rose thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus andersonii A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 44 (1874)
species :
Cirsium andrewsii (A.Gray) Jeps.; Fl. W. Mid. Calif. 506 (1901)
Name: Franciscan thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus amplifolius (A.Gray) Greene, Pittonia 1: 70 (1887)
= Cnicus andrewsii A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 45 (1874)
species :
Cirsium aomorense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 364 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium yesoanum Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 376 (1912)
= Cirsium maximowiczii Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 379 (1912)
species :
Cirsium apoense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 629 (1932)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kamtschaticum ssp. apoense (Nakai) Kitam. ex Shimizu, (1982)
species :
Cirsium appendiculatum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 250 (1846)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC MNT NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium appendiculatum f. albiflorum Delip., Thaiszia, 2: 64 1992 (1993)
= Cirsium appendiculatum f. pantocsekii (Rohlena) Gajic, Fl. SR Srbije, 7: 217 (1975)
= Cirsium appendiculatum var. pantocsekii Rohlena
species :
Cirsium arachnoideum (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3: 557 (1819)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Germany [I]
11 ger 33 AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus arachnoideus M.Bieb. ex Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 283 (1840)
= Carduus boujarti Piller & Mitterp., Iter Poseq. 1: 143. t. 13 (1783)
= Cnicus arachnoideus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 277 (1808)
= Epitrachys arachnoidea (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
species :
Cirsium arctorhaphis G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 13 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosí, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium argillosum Petrov ex Char.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Tphilis., Fasc. 20, 49 (1958)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus (Daghestan); Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
species :
Cirsium argyracanthum Wall. ex DC.; Prodr. 6: 640-641 (1837)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); Tibet; Nepal; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Wardak, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Pakistan (Murree, Pakistani Punjab, Kurram, Chitral, Hazara, Gilgit); N-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Bhutan
34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus argyracanthus Wall., Numer. List n. 2903 (1829)
= Cirsium royleanum Sch.Bip., Linnaea, 19: 335 (1846)
= Cirsium stenobracteatum Gilli, Fedde, Repert. 68: 97 (1963)
= Cirsium tibeticum Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 15(2): 43, f. 5 (1953)
= Cnicus argyracanthus (Wall. ex DC.) C.B.Clarke, Compos. Ind. 218 (1876)
= Echenais cirsioides DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 661 (1838)
species :
Cirsium aristatum DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 640 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium arizonicum (A.Gray) Petr.; Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 68 (1911)
Name: Arizona thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium arizonicum var. nidulum (M.E.Jones) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 43(2): 248 (1983)
= Cirsium nidulum (M.E.Jones) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1011 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cnicus arizonicus A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 44 (1874)
= Cnicus nidulus M.E.Jones, Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II, 5: 705 (1895)
variant :
var. bipinnatum (Eastw.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 209 (2004)
Name: Four Corners thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus diffusus (Eastw.) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia, 1: 6 (1900)
= Carduus pulchellus Greene ex Rydb., Fl. Colorado: 400, 401 (1906)
= Cirsium bipinnatum (Eastw.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1010 (1917)
= Cirsium calcareum (M.E.Jones) Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 19: 752 (1915)
= Cirsium calcareum var. bipinnatum (Eastw.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 43(2): 249 (1983)
= Cirsium calcareum var. pulchellum (Greene ex Rydb.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 43(2): 249 (1983)
= Cirsium diffusum (Eastw.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1010 (1917)
= Cirsium pulchellum (Greene) Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 19: 752 (1915)
= Cirsium pulchellum ssp. bipinnatum (Eastw.) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 513 (1917)
= Cirsium pulchellum ssp. diffusum (Eastw.) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 514 (1917)
= Cirsium pulchellum var. glabrescens Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 511 (1917)
= Cnicus bipinnatus Eastw., Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. 12(1): 121 (1898)
= Cnicus calcareus M.E.Jones, Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II. 5: 704 (1895)
= Cnicus diffusus Eastw., Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. 12(1): 121 (1898)
= Cnicus drummondii var. bipinnatus Eastw., Zoe 4: 8 (1893)
variant :
var. chellyense (R.J.Moore & Frankton) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 209 (2004)
Name: Navajo thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chellyense R.J.Moore & Frankton, Canad. J. Bot., 52(3): 547 (1974)
= Cirsium chuskaense R.J.Moore & Frankton, Canad. J. Bot., 52(3): 548 (1974)
= Cirsium navajoense R.J.Moore & Frankton, Canad. J. Bot., 52(3): 548 (1974)
variant :
var. rothrockii (A.Gray) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 210 (2004)
Name: Rothrock´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus rothrockii Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 362 (1892)
= Cirsium rothrockii (A.Gray) Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 68 (1911)
= Cnicus rothrockii A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 17: 1881 220 (1882)
variant :
var. tenuisectum D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 210 (2004)
Name: Desert mountains thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
species :
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 2: 126 (1772)
Name: Acker-Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: Iceland; Faeroe Isl.; England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; France; Andorra; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Italy; San Marino; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Algeria [I]; Azores; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Mongolia; China (Gansu, Xinjiang); Tibet; South Korea [I]; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Wardak, Nangarhar, Qunduz, Paktia / Khost, Takhar); Pakistan (widespread); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Nepal; Bangladesh; Greenland [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], N. W. T. [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I], Yukon [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], Nevada [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Falkland Isl. [I]; South Africa [I] (Mpulamanga [I], E-Cape Prov. [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Argentina [I]; Brazil [I] (Minas Gerais [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB ICE IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 alg 21 AZO 27 saf 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 kor 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 70 ask gnl 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 84 bra 85 arg cle 91 fal
Synonyms: hidden
= Aplotaxis cirsoides DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 540 (1838)
= Aplotaxis pungens DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 539 (1838)
= Breea arvensis (L.) Less., Syn. Gen. Compos. 9 (1832)
= Breea dioica (Cass.) Less., Syn. Comp. 10 (1832)
= Breea ochrolepidea (Juz.) Soják, Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag., 47 (1962)
= Breea praealta (Cass.) Less., Syn. Compos. 10 (1832)
= Carduus arvensis (L.) Robson, Brit. Fl. 163 (1777)
= Carduus arvensis var. latifolius Bab., 172 (1843)
= Carduus serratuloides Neck., Delic. Gallo-Belg. 338 (1768) non L. 1753
= Cephalonoplos arvense (L.) Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, ser. 2, 17: 95 (1869)
= Cephalonoplos ochrolepidium (Juz.) Juz., Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS, Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 290 (1937)
= Cirsium albicans Willk., Linnaea 30: 109 (1859)
= Cirsium arvense f. horridum (Wimm. & Grab.) Sagorski & Gus.Schneider, 245 (1891)
= Cirsium arvense f. incanum (Beck) Gajic, Fl. SR Srbije, 7: 202 (1975)
= Cirsium arvense var. albiflorum Wirtg., 107 (1841)
= Cirsium arvense var. decurrens Torges, 28 (1901)
= Cirsium arvense var. horridum Wimm. & Grab., 82 (1829)
= Cirsium arvense var. incanum Beck, non S. G. Gmel.
= Cirsium arvense var. maritimum Fr., Fr. & Broberg, 130 (1819)
= Cirsium arvense var. niveotomentosum Wender., 280 (1846)
= Cirsium arvense var. spinosissimum Ortmann, Glückselig, 86 (1842), nom. inval.
= Cirsium arvense var. tomentosum J.Becker, 498 (1827)
= Cirsium dioicum Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2 27: 190 (1823)
= Cirsium halophilum Turcz. ex Herder, Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 43: (1870) I. 83
= Cirsium horridum (Wimm. & Grab.) Stankov, Stankov & Taliev, Syst. Classif. Vasc. Pl. Eur. Russ. 664 (1949)
= Cirsium macrostylon Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 856 (1831)
= Cirsium mutatum Menyh., Kal. Vid. Növ. 102 (1877)
= Cirsium neglectum Fisch. ex Spreng., Syst. 3: 370 (1826)
= Cirsium praealtum Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2 41: 333 (1826)
= Cirsium rubricaule Novopokr., Engl. Jahrb. 62: 317 (1929), in adnot.
= Cirsium ruthenicum Fisch., Hort. Gorenk. ed. II. 35 (1812)
= Cirsium sordidum Wallr., Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 266 (1840)
= Cirsium stocksii Boiss., Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 40 (1856)
= Cnicus arvensis (L.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 2: 130 (1804)
= Cnicus arvensis (L.) Wibel, 172 (1799)
= Cnicus ruthenicus Henning, Mem. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 6: 78 (1828)
= Cynara repens Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 152 (1812)
= Ixine arvensis (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 74 (1769)
= Saussurea pungens (DC.) Sch.Bip., Linnaea, 19: 330 (1846)
= Serratula arvensis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 820 (1753)
= Serratula arvensis var. campestris Schweigg., 217 (1812)
= Serratula arvensis var. vulgaris Schweigg., 216 (1812)
= Serratula campestris Schweigg. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 671 (1838)
= Serratula corymbosofastigiata Krock., 274 (1823)
= Serratula lanata Poir., Encyc. 6: 565 (1805)
= Serratula spinosa Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 3: 184 (1782), opus utique oppr.
variant :
var. alpestre Nägeli; Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesammten Naturwiss. 5(1): 104 (1840)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang); Tibet; Europe
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Aplotaxis cirsioides DC., Prodr. 6: 540 (1837)
= Carduus lanatus Roxb. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1671 (1804)
= Cephalonoplos arvensis var. alpestris (Nageli) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 15(2): 42-43 (1953)
= Cirsium lanatum (Roxb. ex Willd.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 373 (1826)
= Cnicus lanatus Roxb. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1671 (1803)
variant :
var. integrifolium Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 92 (1829)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Zhejiang); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Belarus [I]; Estonia [I]; Germany [I]
11 ger 14 blr est 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Breea segeta f. lactiflora (Nakai) W.Lee, Lineamenta Florae Koreae 1110 (1996)
= Breea segetum (Willd.) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 18: 79 (1959)
= Breea setosa (Willd.) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 18: 79 (1959)
= Carduus arvensis ssp. setosus (Willd.) Hook.fil., 192 (1870)
= Carduus arvensis var. setosus (Willd.) Franch., Pl. David. 1: 178 (1884)
= Carduus arvensis var. setosus (Willd.) Bab., 184 (1847)
= Carduus segetum (Bunge) Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 6: 57 (1883)
= Carduus setosus (Willd.) Bab., Gard. Chron. 718 (1844)
= Cephalonoplos segetum (Bunge) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3(1): 8 (1934)
= Cephalonoplos segetum f. lactiflora (Nakai) Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 24 (1937)
= Cephalonoplos setosum (Willd.) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 8 (1934)
= Cirsium albiflorum (Kitag.) Kitag., Lin. Fl. Manshur. 447 (1939)
= Cirsium argunense DC., Prodr. 6: 644 (1837)
= Cirsium arvense f. albiflorum Kitag., Rep. Inst. Sci. Res. Manch. 1: 319 (1937)
= Cirsium arvense f. mite (Wimm. & Grab.) Vollm., 759 (1914)
= Cirsium arvense var. integrifolium K.Koch, Syn. Pl. Germ. ed. 1: 400 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium arvense var. mite Wimm. & Grab., 82 (1829)
= Cirsium arvense var. setosum (Willd.) Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 735 (1845)
= Cirsium arvense var. setosum (Willd.) Wirtg., 258 (1857)
= Cirsium arvense var. subulatum (Ledeb.) Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 735 (1845)
= Cirsium integrifolium (Wimm. & Grab.) L.Q.Zhao & Y.Z.Zhao, Key Vasc. Pl. Inner Mongolia 274 (2014)
= Cirsium laevigatum Tausch, Flora 11: 483 (1828)
= Cirsium segetum Bunge, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 2: 110 (1833)
= Cirsium segetum f. lactiflora Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 356 (1912)
= Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Besser ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 560 (1819)
= Cirsium setosum f. albiflorum (Kitag.) Kitag.
= Cirsium setosum var. mite (Wimm. & Grab.) Tzvelev, Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 7: 244 (1994)
= Cirsium setosum var. subulatum Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. 4: 10 (1833)
= Cnicus arvensis var. setosus (Willd.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 19(5): 511 (1874)
= Cnicus segetum (Bunge) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 19: 511 (1874)
= Cnicus setosus (Willd.) Besser, Prim. Fl. Galic. 2: 172 (1809)
= Serratula complanata Schweigg., Hagen, Chlor. Boruss. 303 (1819)
= Serratula integrifolia Krock., 277 (1823)
= Serratula setosa Willd., Sp. Pl. 3(3): 1664 (1803)
variant :
var. vestitum Krock. ex Wimm. & Grab.; Fl. Siles. 2(2): 92 (1829)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kyrgyzstan; Kazakhstan; Iran; Afghanistan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Armenia; Germany [I]
11 ger 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium argenteum Peyer ex Vest, Flora, 12: (1829) I. Erg. 57
= Cirsium arvense f. argenteum (Vest) Sagorski & Gus.Schneider, 245 (1891)
= Cirsium arvense f. incanum (Blytt) Stefánsson, 193 (1901)
= Cirsium arvense ssp. vestitum (Wimm. & Grab.) Petr.
= Cirsium arvense var. argenteum (Vest) Fiori
= Cirsium arvense var. incanum (Fisch.) Ledeb., 735 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium arvense var. incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 735 (1845)
= Cirsium incanum (S.G.Gmel.) Fisch. ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 561 (1819)
= Serratula incana S.G.Gmel., Reise 1: 155 (1770)
species :
Cirsium ashinokuraense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 31(1): 42 (2005)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium ashiuense S.Yokoy. & T.Shimizu; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon., 44(1-2): 19 (1996)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium austrohidakaense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 39(3): 121 (2013)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium ayasii H.Duman & Dirmenci; Bagbahce Bilim Derg. 7(3): 36 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium aytachii H.Duman & R.R.Mill; Davis, Fl. Turkey 11: 321 (2000)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium babanum Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 38: 93 (1924)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium badakhschanicum Char.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 28: 144, 604 (1963)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Cirsium balikesirense Yildiz, Arabaci & Dirmenci; Turkish J. Bot. 37(6): 1046 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium balkharicum Char.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 22, 69 (1961)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Cirsium barnebyi S.L.Welsh & Neese; Brittonia, 33(3): 296 (1981)
Name: Barneby´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Cirsium basaseachense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 21 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium baytopae Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 415 (1975)
Distribution: European Turkey
13 TUE
species :
Cirsium bertolonii Spreng.; Syst. 3: 377 (1826)
Distribution: Italy (Appennini, Alpi Apuane)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium spinosissimum ssp. bertolonii (Spreng.) Werner, Bot J. L. Soc., 70(1): 18 (1975)
species :
Cirsium bicentenariale Rzed.; Acta Bot. Mex., 29: 101 (1994)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium bitchuense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 374 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium bitchuense var. manisanense Kitam., (1937)
= Cirsium indefensum Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 2: 40 (1933)
species :
Cirsium bocoynense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 25 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium boluense Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 415 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium boninense Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 28: 172 (1914)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Keetaajima, Chichijima, Nakohdojima, Minamijima, Anijima, Otohtojima, Nishinoshima, Hahajima)
38 OGA
species :
Cirsium borealinipponense Kitam.et al. ex Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 31: 44 (1980)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium nipponense Koidz., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 38: 93 (1924)
= Cirsium maximowiczii var. nipponense (Nakai) Nakai, (1912)
species :
Cirsium bornmuelleri Sint. ex Bornm.; Feddes Repert. 8: 261 (1910)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Turkmenistan
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Cirsium botryodes Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 109 (1926)
Distribution: China (W-Guizhou, W-Hunan, S-Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium griseum H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(325-330): 284 (1913), not (Rydb.) Cockerell (1911)
= Cirsium heleophilum Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 108 (1926)
= Cirsium mairei (H.Lév.) H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 189 (1913), et Cat. Pl. Yunnan, 41 (1916), not Halácsy (1908)
= Cirsium yunnanense Petr., Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 75: 152 (1971)
= Cnicus mairei H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11(286-290): 307 (1912)
species :
Cirsium boujartii (Piller & Mitterp.) Sch.Bip.; Österr. Bot. Wochenbl. 6: 205 (1856)
Distribution: Romania; +Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; N-Albania
11 HUN 13 ALB MNT ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium bubakianum Rohlena ex Petr., Bibliolh. Bot. 78: 79 (1912)
= Cirsium boujartii ssp. wettsteinii Petr., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60: 351 (1910)
species :
Cirsium bozkirense H.Duman, Dirmenci & Tugay; Turkish J. Bot. 41(4): 376 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium brachycephalum Jur.; Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 7: 99 (1857)
Distribution: Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Romania
11 AUT CZE HUN SLO 13 CRO ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium pseudopalustre Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 420 (1866)
= Cirsium chailleti W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 393 (1837)
species :
Cirsium bracteiferum C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(5): 388 (1984)
Distribution: China (Chongqing)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium bracteosum DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 641 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium bracteosum var. brevicuspis Boiss.
species :
Cirsium brevicaule A.Gray; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 6: 1858 396 (1859)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.
38 NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium albescens Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1(1): 56-57 (1932)
= Cirsium brevicaule var. oshimense Kitam., (1937)
= Cirsium irumtiense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 2: 41 (1933)
= Cirsium liukiuense Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 620 (1932)
species :
Cirsium brevifolium Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 421 (1841)
Name: Palouse thistle
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Oregon, Washington)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus palousensis Piper, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 11: 610 (1906)
= Cirsium palousense (Piper) Piper, Piper & Beattie, Fl. S. E. Wash. & Idaho, 260 (1914)
species :
Cirsium brevipapposum Tscherneva; Fl. Uzbekist. 6: 373, 514 (1962)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Cirsium brevistylum Cronquist; Leafl. West. Bot. 7: 26 (1953)
Name: Indian or clustered or short-style thistle
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington); New Zealand [I]
51 nzl 73 USA
species :
Cirsium buchwaldii O.Hoffm.; Engl. Jahrb. 38: 211 (1906)
Distribution: Zambia; South Sudan; Uganda; Rwanda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 RWA 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM
species :
Cirsium buergeri Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2: 185 (1866)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus buergeri (Miq.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 502 (1874)
= Cirsium confertissimum var. herbicolum Nakai, (1913)
= Cirsium buergeri var. araneosum Kitam., (1937)
= Cirsium buergeri var. decurrens Kitam., (1931)
species :
Cirsium bulgaricum DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 639 (1838)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 BUL TUE 34 TUR
species :
Cirsium buschianum Char.; Fl. Georgiae, 8: 488 (1952), et Kom., Fl. URSS, 28: 84, 602 (1963)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium osseticum ssp. erythrolepis Petr., (1912) non C. erythrolepis W. D. J. Koch 1843
= Cirsium tricholoma var. aciculare Sommier & Lév., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. n. s. 1: 11 (1895)
species :
Cirsium byzantinum Steud.; Nom. ed. 2(1): 367 (1840)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium polycephalum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 639 (1838)
= Cirsium ponticum C.A.Mey., Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 9: 67
= Epitrachys pontica K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 398 (1851)
species :
Cirsium candelabrum Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 251 (1846)
Distribution: Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; SW-Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey
13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC MNT NMA ROM SRB TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chelmeum Orph., Boiss. Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 41 (1856)
species :
Cirsium canescens Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. vii 420 (1841)
Name: Platte or prairie thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, South Dakota, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus nebraskensis Britton, Britton & A. Br., Fl. N. U. S. 3: 487 (1898)
= Carduus plattensis Rydb., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 3: 3. (1895) 167 t.2
= Cirsium nebraskense (Britton) Lunell, Amer. Midl. Nat., 2: 301 (1912)
= Cirsium nelsonii (Pammel) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1012 (1917)
= Cirsium plattense (Rydb.) Cockerell ex Daniels, Univ. MissouriStudies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 254 (1911)
= Cnicus canescens Pammel, Contrib. Bot. Dep. Iowa Coll. Agric. No. 19, 20 (1901)
= Cnicus nelsoni Pammel, Proc. Iowa Acad. Sc. 8: 235 (1901)
species :
Cirsium canoasense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 21 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium canum (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 151 (1785)
Name: Graue Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: Sweden; France; Germany (Brandenburg [I], Berlin [I], +Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, +Hessen, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Italy; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Romania; Bulgaria; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Siberia (W-Siberia); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
10 SWE 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BUL CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus canus L., Mantissa 105 (1767)
= Cirsium biebersteinii Char., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 112 (1963)
= Cirsium pseudopannonicum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 420 (1866)
= Cnicus canus (L.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 345 (1788)
species :
Cirsium caput-medusae Sommier & Lév.; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. 2: (1895) 10. Ser. II. 2: 10 (1895)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Cirsium carniolicum Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 2: 128 (1772)
subspecies :
subsp. carniolicum
Distribution: Austria; Italy; Slovenia (E-Alps)
11 AUT 13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus carniolicus (Scop.) Pers., Syn. 2: 388 (1807)
= Serratula carniolica (Scop.) Poir., Encyc. 6: 563 (1805)
subspecies :
subsp. rufescens (Ramond ex DC.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr. 1006 (1940)
Distribution: SW-France; NE-Spain (W- & C-Pyrenees)
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus rufescens (Ramond ex DC.) Pers., Syn. 2: 389 (1807)
= Cirsium rufescens Ramond ex DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 114 (1805)
= Cnicus rufescens (Ramond ex DC.) Loisel., Fl. Gall. 541 (1807)
species :
Cirsium carolinianum (Walter) Fernald & Schub.; Rhodora, 50: 229 (1948)
Name: Carolina or purple or soft or smallhead thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus carolinianus Walter, Fl. Carol. 195 (1788)
= Carduus flaccidus Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 1307 (1903)
= Carduus glutinosus (Bigelow) Beck, Bot. N. & Mid. St. 173 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium flaccidum (Small) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 543 (1917)
= Cnicus glutinosus Bigelow, Fl. Bost. ed. II. 291 (1824) non Gilib. 1792
species :
Cirsium cassium Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 416 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium caucasicum (Adams) Petr.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 12, 1: 1 (1912)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus caucasicus Adams, Weber & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 64 (1805)
= Chamaepeuce horrida (M.Bieb.) DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 660 (1838), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium caucasicum var. wwedenskyi Petr.
= Cirsium horridum (M.Bieb.) Fisch., Cat. Jard. Gorenki ed. 2: 35 (1812)
= Cirsium wwedenskyi (Petr.) Soják, Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag., 34 (1961)
= Cnicus horridus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 278 (1808) non Forssk. 1775
= Epitrachys caucasica (Adams) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
= Lamyra pinnatifida Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 25: 221 (1827)
species :
Cirsium cephalotes Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 6: 102 (1846)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Cirsium cernuum Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl. [Lag.] 24 (1816)
Distribution: Mexico (México State, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium charkeviczii Barkalov; Sosud. Rast. Sovet. Dal´nego Vostoka, 6: 307 (1992)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.)
31 RFE
species :
Cirsium chiapanum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 16 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium chikabumiense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 39(3): 117 (2013)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium chikushiense Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 33: 115 (1919)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium chilaishanense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 246 (2020)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cirsium chinense Gardner & Champ.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 1: 323. (1849)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Myanmar (Mandalay); NE-India (Assam)
36 CHI 40 IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chinense var. laushanense (Y.Yabe) Kitam., Cirs. Nov. Orient.-Asiat. 4 (1931)
= Cirsium laushanense Y.Yabe, Prel. Rep. Tsing-Tau Reg. 112 (1919)
= Cirsium lineare var. glabrescens Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 273-274 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare var. laushanense (Y.Yabe) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 10: 17 (1941)
= Cirsium lineare var. tchefouense (Debeaux) Y.Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 6: 102 (1949)
= Cirsium manshuricum Kitag., J. Jap. Bot. 39(9): 266-268, f. (1964)
= Cirsium tchefouense Debeaux, Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 31: 225 (1876)
= Cirsium uninervium var. laushanense (Y.Yabe) Kitag., Index Fl. Jehol 94 (1936)
= Cnicus chinensis (Gardner & Champ.) Benth., Gen. Pl. (Benth. & Hook.) 2: 468 (1863)
= Cnicus tchefouensis (Debeaux) Franch., Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 24: 229 (1884)
species :
Cirsium chionanthum G.L.Nesom & García-Mor.; Phytoneuron 2021-69: 1 (2021)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium chlorocomos Sommier & Levier; Act. Hort. Petrop. 12: (1893) 154, et in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. 2: 14 (1895)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kemulariae Char., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bor. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 114 (1963)
species :
Cirsium chlorolepis Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 109 (1926)
Distribution: China (SW-Guizhou, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium taliense (Jeffrey) H.Lév., Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 43 (1916)
= Cnicus taliensis Jeffrey, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 196 (1912)
species :
Cirsium chokaiense Kitam.; Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 5 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium chrysacanthum (Ball) Jahand.; Mem. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc, No. Iv. 84 (1923)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus chrysacanthus Ball, Journ. Bot. 11: 369 (1873)
= Cnicus ornatus Ball, Journ. Bot. 11: 368 (1873)
= Cirsium chrysacanthum var. ornatum (Ball) Maire
= Cirsium chrysacanthum var. subornatum Emb. & Maire
species :
Cirsium chrysolepis C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(6): 451-452, pl. 1, f. 3 (1984)
Distribution: S-Tibet (Nyalam)
36 TIB
species :
Cirsium ciliatum (Murray) Moench; Meth. Suppl. 227 (1802)
subspecies :
subsp. ciliatum
Distribution: Romania; Moldova; Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Siberia (W-Siberia)
13 ROM 14 MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus ciliatus Murray, Comment. Götting. 35 (1784)
= Cirsium boujarti Sch.Bip., Cestr. Bot. Wochenbl. 6: 299 (1856)
= Cirsium ciliatum (Murray) M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3: 556 (1819)
= Cirsium discolor Hort. ex Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 368 (1840)
= Cirsium ferox Schur ex Nyman, Consp. 405 (1879)
= Cnicus ciliatus (Murray) Roth, Catalect. 2: 104
= Epitrachys ciliata (Murray) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 397 (1851)
= Lophiolepis calocephala Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 27: 181 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. szovitsii (K.Koch) Petr.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 12: 2 (1912)
Distribution: Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Iran
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium szovitsii (K.Koch) Boiss., Fl. 3: 527 (1875)
= Epitrachys szovitsii K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 397 (1851)
species :
Cirsium cilicicum Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 416 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium ciliolatum (L.F.Hend.) J.T.Howell; Leafl. West. Bot. 9: 9 (1959)
Name: Ashland thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium howellii Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 486 (1917)
= Cirsium undulatum var. ciliolatum L.F.Hend., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 348. (1900)
species :
Cirsium clavatum (M.E.Jones) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 310 (1917)
Name: Fish Lake thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium clavatum var. markaguntense S.L.Welsh, Utah Fl., ed. 3. 168 (2003)
= Cirsium markaguntense (S.L.Welsh) Ackerf. & D.J.Keil, J. Syst. Evol. 58(6): 905 (2020)
= Cnicus clavatus M.E.Jones, Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II. 5: 704 (1895)
variant :
var. americanum (A.Gray) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 211 (2004)
Name: Rocky Mountain fringed thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus centaureae Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 507 (1901)
= Carduus griseus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 509 (1901)
= Carduus laterifolius Osterh., Muhlenbergia, 1: 141 (1906)
= Carduus modestus Osterh., Muhlenbergia, 9: 54 (1913)
= Carduus spathulatus Osterh., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 612 (1905)
= Cirsium centaureae (Rydb.) K.Schum., Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 29, pt. 1: 566 (1903)
= Cirsium griseum (Rydb.) Cockerell ex Daniels, Univ. Missouri Studies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 253 (1911)
= Cirsium laterifolium (Osterh.) Rydb., Fl Rocky Mts. 1008 (1917), ex Petr.
= Cirsium modestum (Osterh.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1011 (1917), ex Petr.
= Cirsium scapanolepis Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 559 (1917)
= Cirsium spathulifolium Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1011 (1917)
= Cnicus carlinoides var. americanus A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 48 (1874)
variant :
var. osterhoutii (Rydb.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 212 (2004)
Name: Osterhout´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus araneosus Osterh., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 612 (1905)
= Carduus osterhoutii Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 131 (1905)
= Cirsium araneans Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1006 (1917)
= Cirsium griseum var. osterhoutii (Rydb.) Ackerf. & D.J.Keil, J. Syst. Evol. 58(6): 905 (2020)
= Cirsium osterhoutii (Rydb.) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 554 (1917)
species :
Cirsium coahuilense G.B.Ownbey & Pinkava; Syst. Bot., 5(3): 326 1980 (1981)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium confertissimum Nakai; Bot. Mag, Tokyo, 27: 262 (1913)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium congestissimum Kitam.; Compos. Nov. Jap. 1 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium consociatum S.F.Blake; Brittonia, 2: 355 (1937)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Cirsium conspicuum (Sw.) Sch.Bip.; Seem. Bot. Voy. Herald, 312 (1856)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus heterolepsis Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1892), non Cirsium heterolepis Benth.
= Carduus pyrochros Less., Linnaea, 5: 130 (1830)
= Cirsium anartiolepis Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 65 (1911)
= Cnicus conspicuus (Sw.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 251 (1881)
= Erythrolaena conspicua Sw., Brit. Flow. Gard. Ser. I. t. 134 (1825)
species :
Cirsium crassicaule (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. W. Mid. Calif. 506 (1901)
Name: Slough thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus crassicaulis Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 (1892) 357, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay (1894)217
species :
Cirsium creticum (Lam.) d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 363 (1822)
subspecies :
subsp. creticum
Name: Kretische Distel (DE); Cretan Thistle (EN)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Albania; European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Libya
13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI ROM SIC SRB TUE 20 LBY 34 EAI IRN LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus creticus Lam., Encycl. 1: 701 (1785)
= Cirsium creticum ssp. dictaeum Greuter, Matthäs & Risse, Willdenowia, 14(2): 271 1984 (1985)
subspecies :
subsp. triumfetti (Lacaita) Werner; Bot. Jour. Linn. Soc. 70: 19 (1975)
Distribution: Corsica; Sicily; Italy; San Marino
12 COR 13 ITA SIC SMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium creticum var. triumfetti Lacaita
= Cirsium triumfetti Lacaita, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ltal., n. s. 25: 104 (1918)
subspecies :
subsp. gaillardotii (Boiss.) Davis & Parris; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 33(3) 429 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Jordania
34 ISR JOR LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium gaillardotii Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 3: 42 (1856)
species :
Cirsium culebraense Ackerf.; Capitulum 1(2): 7, figs. 3-5, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
species :
Cirsium cymosum (Greene) J.T.Howell; Amer. Midl. Nat. 30: 37 (1943)
Name: Peregrine thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus cymosus Greene, Fl. Francisc. 480 (1897)
= Cirsium botrys Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 483 (1917)
= Cirsium triacanthum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 481 (1917)
variant :
var. canovirens (Rydb.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 212 (2004)
Name: Graygreen thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium canovirens (Rydb.) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 540 (1917)
= Cirsium canovirens Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1011 (1917)
species :
Cirsium czerkessicum Char.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 28: 72, 602 (1963)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Cirsium daghestanicum Char.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 22, 68 (1961)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium tindaicum Char., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 22, 66 (1961)
= Cirsium ketzkhovelii Char., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 22, 64 (1961)
species :
Cirsium dasyphyllum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 8 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium davisianum Kit Tan & Sorger; Pl. Syst. Evol. 154: 122 (1986)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium dealbatum M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Cauc. 3: 560 (1819)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium heterophyllum var. dealbatum (M.Bieb.) Schmalh., (1897)
species :
Cirsium decussatum Janka; Linnaea 30: 582 (1860)
Distribution: Poland; Slovakia; Romania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia
11 POL SLO 13 ROM 14 BLR MLD RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium polonicum (Petr.) Iljin, Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sc. URSS, 30: 350 (1931) (1932)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. polonicum Petr.
species :
Cirsium dender Friis; Norw. J. Bot., 22(3): 203 (1975)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Cirsium dipsacolepis (Maxim.) Matsum.; Enum. Sci. Names 82 (1895)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus dipsacolepis Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 497 (1874)
variant :
var. calcicola (Nakai) Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Univ. ser. B, 13: 82 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium calcicola Nakai, Bot. Moig., Tokyo, 35: 148 (1921)
species :
Cirsium dirmilense R.M.Burton; Karaca Arbor. Mag., 3(3): 123 (1996)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Spreng.; Syst. 3: 373 (1826)
Name: Field thistle, chardon discolore
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 180 (1818)
= Cnicus discolor Muhl. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1670 (1803)
= Serratula discolor (Muhl. ex Willd.) Poir., Encyc. 6: 565 (1805)
species :
Cirsium dissectum (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 63 (1768)
Name: Englische Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Norway; France; Netherlands; Belgium; Germany (Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen)
10 GRB IRE NOR 11 BGM GER NET 12 CIS FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus anglicus Lam., Encyc. 1: 705 (1785)
= Carduus cirsium Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 5 (1768), nom. inval.
= Carduus dissectus L., Sp. Pl. 822 (1753)
= Carduus glomeratus Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 20 (1779)
= Carduus pratensis Huds., Fl. Angl. ed. II. 353 (1778)
= Carduus pumilus Vill., 17 (1788)
= Carduus semipinnatus Desf. ex Steud., Nom. ed. I. 153 (1821)
= Carduus tuberosus L., Sp. Pl. 824 (1753)
= Cirsium anglicum (Lam.) DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 118 (1805)
= Cirsium anglicum f. aquaticum Brochon, CLXXIII (1893)
= Cirsium anglicum f. diversifolium (Brochon) Glück, 17 (1911)
= Cirsium anglicum f. submersum Glück, 394 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium anglicum f. succulentum Brochon, LXXIII (1893)
= Cirsium anglicum f. terrestre Brochon, CLXXIII (1893)
= Cirsium anglicum f. terrestre Glück, 394 (1923), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium anglicum var. diversifolium Brochon, CLXXIII (1893)
= Cirsium anglicum var. pumilum (Vill.) Rchb., XXVII (1833)
= Cirsium britannicum Scop., Ann. II. Hist. Nat. 60 (1769)
= Cirsium bulbosum ssp. anglicum (Lam.) Bonnier & Layens, 176 (1894)
= Cirsium lanceolatum Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 80 (1769)
= Cirsium pratense (Huds.) DC., 113 (1805)
= Cirsium pratense (Huds.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles, 4: 417 (1916) (1917)
= Cirsium spurium (Hoffm.) Delastre, Ann. Sc. Nat. Ser. II. 18: 149 (1842)
= Cirsium tuberosum ssp. anglicum (Lam.) Braun-Blanq., 121 (1923)
= Cnicus anglicus (Lam.) C.C.Gmel., Fl. Bad. 3: 372 (1808)
= Cnicus britannicus Druce, Ann. Scot. Nat. Hist., 222 (1906)
= Cnicus dentatus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1672 (1803)
= Cnicus dissectus (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1665 (1803)
= Cnicus pratensis (Huds.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1672 (1803)
= Cnicus spurius Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. ed. II. 2: 128 (1813)
species :
Cirsium domonii Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 33(1): 33 (2007)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium douglasii DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 643 (1838)
Name: California swamp thistle, Douglas´s thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium breweri var. wrangelii Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 461 (1917)
variant :
var. breweri (A.Gray) D.J.Keil & C.E.Turner; Phytologia, 73(4): 313 (1992)
Name: Brewer´s thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus breweri (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1892)
= Cirsium breweri (A.Gray) Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 507 (1901)
= Cirsium breweri var. canescens Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Abt. 2: 462 (1917)
= Cirsium douglasii var. canescens (Petr.) J.T.Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 9: 11 (1959)
= Cnicus breweri A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 43 (1874)
species :
Cirsium drummondii Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 459 (1843)
Name: Drummond´s or dwarf or short-stemmed thistle
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, N. W. T., Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, South Dakota, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus drummondii (Torr. & A.Gray) Coville, Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 4: 142 (1892)
= Cirsium coccinatum Osterh., Torreya, 34: 45 (1934)
= Cnicus drummondii (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 40 (1874)
species :
Cirsium ducellieri Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 15: 104 (1924)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Cirsium durangense (Greenm.) G.B.Ownbey; Brittonia, 20: 337 (1968)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium ochrocentrum var. durangense Greenm., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 40: 51 (1904)
species :
Cirsium dyris Jahand. & Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord, 14: 71 (1923)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Cirsium eatonii (A.Gray) B.L.Rob.; Rhodora, 13: 240 (1911)
Name: Mountaintop or Eaton´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Nevada, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium eatonii var. harrisonii S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 42(2): 200 (1982)
= Cirsium harrisonii (S.L.Welsh) Ackerf. & D.J.Keil, J. Syst. Evol. 58(6): 905 (2020)
= Cnicus eatonii A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 56 (1883)
variant :
var. clokeyi (S.F.Blake) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 212 (2004)
Name: Clokey or Spring Mountains or white-spine thistle
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium clokeyi S.F.Blake, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 51: 8 (1938)
variant :
var. eriocephalum (A.Gray) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 1645 (2005)
Name: Mountain or alpine thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, New Mexico, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus hookerianus var. eriocephalus (A.Gray) A.Nels., New Man. Bot. Centr. Rocky Mt. 585 (1909)
= Carduus scopulorum Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 362 (1892)
= Cirsium eriocephalum A.Gray, Proc. Acad. Sc. Philad. ´ 1863 ´ 69 (1864)
= Cirsium scopulorum (Greene) Cockerell ex Daniels, Univ. Missourn Studies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 253 (1911)
= Cnicus eriocephalus A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 46 (1874)
variant :
var. hesperium (Eastw.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 212 (2004)
Name: Tall mountain thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus hesperius (Eastw.) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 6 (1900)
= Cirsium hesperium (Eastw.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1007 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cnicus hesperius Eastw., Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. I2(1): 122 (1898)
variant :
var. murdockii S.L.Welsh; Great Basin Naturalist. 42: 200 (1982)
Name: Northern mountain thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus polyphyllus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 37: 542 (1910)
= Carduus tweedyi Rydb., Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 449 (1900)
= Cirsium murdockii (S.L.Welsh) Cronquist, Intermountain Fl., Vasc. Pl. Intermountain West, USA, 5: 404 (1994)
= Cirsium polyphyllum Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1007 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cirsium tweedyi (Rydb.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1007 (1917) ex Petr.
variant :
var. peckii (L.F.Hend.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 212 (2004)
Name: Steens Mountain or ghost thistle
Distribution: USA (Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium peckii L.F.Hend., Madrono, 5: 97 (1939)
variant :
var. viperinum D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 212 (2004)
Name: Snake Range thistle
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium viperinum (D.J.Keil) Ackerf. & D.J.Keil, J. Syst. Evol. 58(6): 905 (2020)
species :
Cirsium echinatum (Desf.) DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Fr. ed. 3, 5: 465 (1815)
Name: Stachelige Kratzdistel
Distribution: France; N-, E- & S-Spain; Baleares (Mallorca); Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Colombia [I]
12 BAL FRA SPA 13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 82 clm
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus echinatus Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 247 (1799)
= Cnicus echinatus (Desf.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1668 (1803)
= Eriolepis echinata Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 50: 470 (1825)
= Cirsium echinatum var. willkommianum (Porta & Rigo) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 91 1987 (1988)
= Cirsium willkommianum Porta & Rigo ex Willk., Illustr. Fl. Hisp. 2: (1886) 19, et in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. 19: 309 (1887)
species :
Cirsium echinus (M.Bieb.) Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. (Wien) 23: 197 (1909)
Distribution: European Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); European Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
13 TUE 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carlina echinus M.Bieb., Beschr. Länd. Flüss. Terek Casp. 199 (1800)
= Cirsium echinus (M.Bieb.) Sch.Bip., Linnaea, 19: 335 (1846)
= Cirsium scleranthum M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 559 (1819)
= Echenais sclerantha (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 404 (1851)
species :
Cirsium edule Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 420 (1841)
Name: Hall´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Oregon, Washington)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus edulis (Nutt.) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 (1892) 362, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay (1894)217
= Carduus hallii A.Heller, Cat. N. Amer. Pl. 7 (1898)
= Cirsium hallii (A.Gray) M.E.Jones, Bull. Univ. Montana, Biol. Ser. No. 15, 47 (1910)
= Cnicus edulis (Nutt.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 47 (1874)
= Cnicus hallii A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 56 (1883)
variant :
var. macounii (Greene) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 213 (2004)
Name: Macoun´s thistle
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); Alaska; USA (Oregon, Washington)
70 ASK 73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus macounii Greene, Ottawa Naturalist 16: 38. 1902
= Cirsium macounii (Greene) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1007 (1917)
variant :
var. wenatchense D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 213 (2004)
Name: Wenatchee thistle
Distribution: USA (Washington)
73 USA
species :
Cirsium ehrenbergii Sch.Bip.; Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald, p. 312 (1856)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Guanajuaro, Morelos, Hidalgo, San Luis Potosí, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium ekimianum Yildiz & Dirmenci; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 158: 669 (2008)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium elbrusense Sommier & Levier; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. 2: 16 (1895)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium pubigerum var. elbrusense (Sommier & Lév.) Petr., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2, 1: 20 (1960)
species :
Cirsium eliasianum Kit Tan & Sorger; Pl. Syst. Evol. 154: 123, f. 1E (1986)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium ellenbergii Bornm.; Feddes Repert. 49: 242, t. 334 (1940)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium engelmannii Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mts. 1013 (1917)
Name: Blackland or Engelmann´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium terrae-nigrae Shinners, Field & Lab. 17: 27 (1949)
= Cirsium virginianum var. filipendulum A.Gray, Manual ed. 2, 233 (1856) not Lange 1861
= Cirsium altissimum var. filipendulum (Engelm.) A.Gray
species :
Cirsium englerianum O.Hoffm.; Engl. Jahrb. 38: 210 (1906)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Cirsium eorythros G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 15 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium epiroticum Petr.; Mitt. Thür. Bot. Ges. 2(I): 13 (1960)
Distribution: NW-Greece (Pindos Oros)
13 GRC
Remarks: status doubtful, maybe conspecific with, C. mairei (Strid & Tan 1991)
species :
Cirsium eriophoroides (Hook.fil.) Petr.; Biol. Bot. 78: 9 (1912)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, Yunnan); SE-Tibet; Myanmar (Kachin); Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim)
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium bolocephalum Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 107 (1926)
= Cirsium bolocephalum var. racemosum Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 108 (1926)
= Cirsium bolocephalum var. setchwanicum Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 108 (1926)
= Cnicus eriophoroides Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3(8): 363 (1881)
species :
Cirsium eriophorum (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 2: 130 (1772)
Name: Wollköpfige Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Northern Ireland; France; Andorra; N-Spain; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], Niedersachsen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Saarland, +Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Italy; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Greece; Turkey
10 GRB IRE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO GRC ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus eriophorus L., Sp. Pl. 823 (1753)
= Carduus spurius L., Hort. Ups. 249
= Carduus tomentosus Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 188 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Cirsium chatenieri Le Grand
= Cirsium chodati Barb.-Gamp., Bull. Soc. Bot. Geneve, Ser. II. 12: 234 (1920) (1921)
= Cirsium corbariense Sennen, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 49: 376 (1903)
= Cirsium corbariense var. costae Sennen & Pau ex Sennen
= Cirsium eriocephalum J.C.Buxb. ex Wallr., Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 262 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium eriophorum f. oxyonychinum (Wallr.) Hegi, 872 (1928)
= Cirsium eriophorum f. platyonychinum (Wallr.) Hegi, 871 (1928)
= Cirsium eriophorum ssp. chodatii (Barb.-Gamp.) Rivas Mart., T.E.Díaz, Fern.Prieto, Loidi & Penas, Vegetacion Picos de Europa: 262 (1984)
= Cirsium eriophorum ssp. degenii (Petr.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17(1-2): 125 1971 (1972)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. bosniacum (Vand.) E.Mayer, Fl. Bosnae & Hercegovinae, 4(4): 99 (1983)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. costae (Sennen & Pau ex Sennen) O.Bolòs & Vigo, Collect. Bot., 17(1): 91 1987 (1988)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. degenii Petr.
= Cirsium eriophorum var. oxyonychinum Wallr., 448 (1822)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. platyonychinum Wallr., 448 (1822)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. spurium (L.) DC.
= Cirsium insubricum Moretti ex Bertol., Fl. It. 9: 25 (1853)
= Cirsium ligulare var. bosniacum Vand.
= Cirsium longebracteatum Formánek ex Petr., Biblioth. Bot. 78: 57 (1912)
= Cirsium spurium (L.) Lacaita, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It., n. s. 25: 119 (1918)
= Cirsium vandasii Petr., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60: 352 (1910)
= Cnicus cynaroides Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 9: 20. t. 828 (1808)
= Cnicus eriophorus (L.) C.B.Clarke, Comp. Ind. 217 (1876)
= Cnicus eriophorus (L.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 345 (1788)
= Cynara eriocephala Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 145 (1812)
= Tetralix eriophora (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 75 (1769)
species :
Cirsium erisithales (Jacq.) Scop.; Annus Hist.-Nat. 2: 62 (1769)
Name: Klebrige Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; France; NE-Spain; Switzerland; Austria; Italy; Poland; Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Slovenia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine
10 grb 11 AUT HUN POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR MLD UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus erisithales Jacq., Enum. Vindob. 146, 279 (1762)
= Carduus hybridus (Schleich.) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 152 (1821)
= Cirsium candolleanum Nägeli, Cirs. Schweiz, 98
= Cirsium erisithales var. glutinosum Moritzi, 403 (1832)
= Cirsium erisithales var. ochroleucum Moritzi, 403 (1832)
= Cirsium flavescens W.D.J.Koch, Taschenb. Deut. Schweiz. Fl. 292 (1843)
= Cirsium glutinosum Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 27 (1779)
= Cirsium parviflorum Schleich. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. [Steud.], ed. 2. 1: 369 (1840)
= Cirsium scopolianum Sch.Bip. ex Nyman, Consp. 408 (1879)
= Cirsium ×ausserdorferi Hausm. ex Treuinf., Zeitschr. Ferdin. Tirol. 111. 19: 223 (1875)
= Cnicus autareticus Chaix, Vill. Hist. Pl. Danph. 1: 381 (1786)
= Cnicus ciliatus Vitman, Summa, 4: 447
= Cnicus erisithales (Jacq.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1157 (1763)
= Cnicus glutinosus (Lam.) Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 185 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Cnicus hybridus Schleich., Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 3. 12 (1815)
= Cnicus saanensis Schltdl. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 648 (1838)
species :
Cirsium erythrolepis K.Koch; Linnaea, 17: 41 (1843)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Epitrachys erythrolepis (K.Koch) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 398 (1851)
species :
Cirsium esculentum (Siev.) C.A.Mey.; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 6: 42 (1849)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, N-Xinjiang); Turkey; Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Mongolia; Tajikistan
14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium acaule ssp. esculentum (Siev.) Werner, Bot. J. L. Soc., 70(1): 19 (1975)
= Cirsium acaule var. gmelinii (Spreng.) DC., Prodr. 6: 652 (1837)
= Cirsium acaule var. sibiricum Ledeb.
= Cirsium esculentum var. acaule C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 6: 43 (1849)
= Cirsium esculentum var. acaule Trautv., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39(2): 377 (1866)
= Cirsium esculentum var. caulescens C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 6: 44 (1849)
= Cirsium esculentum var. sibericum C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 6: 43 (1849)
= Cirsium gmelinii (Spreng.) Tausch, Flora 11(31): 482 (1828)
= Cirsium rhodoleucanthum Walp., Ann. 1: 453 (1849)
= Cnicus esculentus Siev., Neueste Nord. Beytr. Phys. Geogr. Erd- Volkerbeschreib. 3: 362 (1796)
= Cnicus gmelinii Spreng., Hist. Rei Herb. 2: 270 (1808)
species :
Cirsium euxinum Char.; Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 108 (1963)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
species :
Cirsium excelsius (Greene) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 222 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus excelsior Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 364 (1892)
= Cnicus excelsior (Greene) B.L.Rob., Proc. Am. Acad. 27: 179 (1893)
species :
Cirsium falconeri (Hook.fil.) Petr.; Biblioth. Bot. 78: 9 (1912)
Distribution: Pakistan (Chitral, Swat); India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Darjeeling, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim); Nepal; Bhutan; Myanmar
40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus falconeri Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 363 (1881)
variant :
var. horrida (Hook.fil.) Aswal & Goel; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 12(1): 12 (1988)
Distribution: India (Meghalaya, Uttarakhand)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium involucratum var. horridum (Hook.fil.) N.P.Balakr., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 22: 175 (1982)
= Cnicus horridus (Hook.fil.) C.B.Clarke, Comp. Ind. 220 (1876)
= Cnicus involucratus var. horrida Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 362 (1881)
species :
Cirsium fangii Petr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(1111-1114): 48-50 (1938)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium fanjingshanense C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(5): 394, pl. 1, f. 3 (1984)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium fargesii (Franch.) Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 627 (1901)
Distribution: China (Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus fargesii Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 11(2): 22 (1897)
species :
Cirsium faucium Petr.; Fedde, Repert. 58: 231 (1955)
Distribution: Mexico (México State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium fauriei Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 322 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium ferox (L.) DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Fr. ed. 3, 4: 120 (1805)
Distribution: C- & S-France; NW-Italy; W-Spain
12 FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus boujarti Savi, Fl. Pis. 2: 243 (1798)
= Carduus ferox (L.) Vill., Prosp. 30 (1779)
= Carthamus ferox (L.) Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 11 (1779)
= Cirsium hellenicum Boiss. & Orph. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 530 (1875)
= Cnicus ferox L., Mant. 1: 109 (1767)
= Eriolepis ferox (L.) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 50: 470 (1825)
species :
Cirsium filipendulum Lange; Vid. Meddel. Dansk Naturh. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1861: 92 (1861)
Distribution: SW-France; N-Portugal; N-Spain
12 FRA POR SPA
Remarks: tuberosum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium bulbosum Willk., Flora, 34: 760 (1851)
= Cirsium filipendulum ssp. grumosum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Franco, Nova Fl. Portugal, 2: 448, 570 (1984)
= Cnicus grumosus Hoffmanns. & Link, Fl. Port. 2: 196 (1820)
= Cirsium grumosum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 199 (1865)
species :
Cirsium flavisquamatum Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 26(1-2): 16 (1974)
Distribution: India (Sikkim); Nepal
40 IND NEP
species :
Cirsium flodmanii (Rydb.) Arthur; Torreya, 12: 34 (1912)
Name: Prairie or Flodman´s thistle, chardon de Flodman
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus flodmanii Rydb., Mem. N. York Bot. Gard. 1: 451 (1900)
= Carduus oblanceolatus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 510 (1901)
= Cirsium nebraskense var. discissum Lunell, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 2: 301 (1912)
= Cirsium oblanceolatum (Rydb.) K.Schum., Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 29, pt. 1: 566 (1903)
species :
Cirsium foliosum (Hook.) DC.; DC. Prod. 6: 654 (1838)
Name: Leafy or foliose or elk thistle
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, N. W. T., Yukon); USA (Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus foliosus Hook., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 303 (1833)
= Cnicus foliosus (Hook.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 40 (1874)
species :
Cirsium fominii Petr.; Act. Hort. Tiflis, 12: I. 23 (1912)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Cirsium fontinale (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. W. Mid. Calif 505 (1901)
Name: Fountain thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus fontinalis (Greene) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 (1892) 363, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 216 (1894)
= Cnicus fontinalis Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. 2: VI. 151 (1886)
variant :
var. campylon (H.Sharsm.) Pilz ex D.J.Keil & C.E.Turner; Phytologia, 73(4): 313 (1992)
Name: Mt. Hamilton thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium campylon Sharsm., Madrono, 5: 85 (1939)
variant :
var. obispoense J.T.Howell; Leafl. W. Bot. 2: 71 (1938)
Name: Chorro Creek bog thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
species :
Cirsium forrestii (Diels) H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 41 (1916)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
Remarks: not a synonym of C. henryi fide Jin et al. 2021
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus forrestii Diels, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 5(25): 196-197 (1912)
species :
Cirsium funagataense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 37(1): 31 (2011)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium funkiae Ackerf.; Capitulum 1(2): 8, figs. 3-4, 6, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
species :
Cirsium furiens Griseb. & Schenk; Arch. Naturgesch. (Berlin) 18 (1): 348 (1852)
Distribution: E-Hungary; Romania
11 HUN 13 ROM
species :
Cirsium furusei Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 14: 147 (1952)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium fuscotrichum C.C.Chang; Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 161 (1936)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium gaditanum Talavera & Valdés; Lagascalia, 5(2): 186 (1976)
Distribution: S-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium pyrenaicum ssp. gaditanum (Talavera & Valdés) Talavera & Valdés, Herb. Univ. Hisp. Fl. Selecta, Cent. 1: 34 (1982)
species :
Cirsium gadukense Petr.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 109: 169 (1972)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Cirsium gagnidzei Char.; Kom., Fl. URSS, 28: 71, 600 (1963)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium longiflorum Char., Kom., Fl. URSS, 28: 71, 601 (1963)
species :
Cirsium ganjuense Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 13: (Compos. Jap. 1.) 125 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium glaberrimum (Petr.) Petr.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 109: 170 (1972)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Kazakhstan
32 KAZ 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium apiculatum ssp. glaberrimum Petr., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60: 460 (1910)
species :
Cirsium glabrifolium (C.Winkl.) O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch.; Consp. Fl. Turkest. 4: 286 (1911)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Tibet; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium glabrifolium (C.Winkl.) Petr., Österr. Bot. Z. 61(9): 324 (1911)
= Cnicus glabrifolius C.Winkl., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9(2): 523 (1886)
species :
Cirsium glabrum DC.; Lam. & DC., Fl. Fr. ed. 3, 5: 463 (1815)
Distribution: SW-France; NE-Spain (Pyrenees)
12 FRA SPA
species :
Cirsium grahamii A.Gray; Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5(6): 102 (1853)
Name: Graham´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit, Sonora, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus grahamii A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 57 (1883)
= Carduus grahamii (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1892)
= Cirsium undulatum var. grahamii (A.Gray) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. (Abt. 2) 27: 247 (1910)
species :
Cirsium grandirosuliferum Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 21(1): 13 (1995)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium gratiosum Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 2: 39 (1933)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium grayanum Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 360 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Hokkaido)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus kamtschaticus var. grayanus Maxim., (1874)
species :
Cirsium grecescui Rouy; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 37: 164 (1890)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Romania
13 ROM SRB
species :
Cirsium greimleri Bures; Preslia 90(2): 118 (2018)
Distribution: Austria
11 AUT
species :
Cirsium griffithii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 540 (1875)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar)
34 AFG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium griffithii var. crassispinum Bornm., (1938)
species :
Cirsium gyojanum Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 31 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hachijoense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 620 (1932)
Distribution: Japan (Izu Isl.)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hachimantaiense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 30(3): 120 (2004)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hagurosanense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 40(2): 89 (2014)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hakkaricum Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 417 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium handaniae Yildiz, Dirmenci & Arabaci; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 46(3): 239 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium handelii Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 110 (1926)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium happoense Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 21(1): 17 (1995)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hasunumae Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 37(1): 34 (2011)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. 3: 535 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chynisicum Boiss., Fl. 3: 536 (1875)
species :
Cirsium heiianum Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 33: 114 (1919)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium albrechtii (Maxim.) Kudô, Jap. Journ. Bot. 2: 281 (1925)
= Cnicus buergeri var. albrechtii Maxim., (1874)
= Cirsium ruderale Nakai, Bot. Mag, Tokyo, 46: 621 (1932)
species :
Cirsium heldreichii Halácsy; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 40: 114 (1890)
subspecies :
subsp. heldreichii
Distribution: C-Greece
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. euboicum Petr.; Bot. Jahrb. 80: 420 (1961)
Distribution: C-Greece (Evvoia)
13 GRC
species :
Cirsium heliorhaphis G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 16 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium henryi (Franch.) Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 627 (1901)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium melanolepis Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 45(1131-1137): 48-50 (1938)
= Cnicus henryi Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 21 (1897)
species :
Cirsium heterophyllum (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 64 (1768)
Name: Verschiedenblättrige Kratzdistel (DE), Melancholy thistle (EN)
Distribution: Iceland [I]; England; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; France; N-Spain; Denmark; Belgium; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hessen [I], +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], +Schleswig-Holstein, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Italy; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Slovenia; Croatia; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Romania; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; NW-European Russia; N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Greenland
10 DEN FIN GRB ice IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 33 NCS 70 GNL
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus ambiguus (All.) Pers., Syn. 2: 389 (1807)
= Carduus autareticus (Chaix) Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 12 (1788)
= Carduus hastatus Lam., Encyc. 1: 704 (1785)
= Carduus helenifolius Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 185 (1796)
= Carduus heterophyllus L., Sp. Pl. 824 (1753)
= Carduus polymorphus Lapeyr., Mem. Acad. Toulouse, 1: (1782) 217. t. 19, 20, nom. illeg.
= Cirsium autareticum (Chaix) Mutel, Fl. Dauph. 2: 262
= Cirsium hastatum (Lam.) Thell. ex Schinz, Vierteljahrsschr. Nat. Ges. Zürich, 55: 276 (1910)
= Cirsium helenioides All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 152 (1785)
= Cirsium heterophyllum subf.angustisectum (Huter) Hegi, 887 (1928)
= Cirsium heterophyllum var. integrifolium M.Loehr, 360 (1852)
= Cirsium heterophyllum var. obskiense Lomon., Turczaninowia 4(1-2): 77 (2001)
= Cirsium mielichhoferi Saut., Flora, 28: 130 (1845)
= Cirsium pauciflorum W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. I. 395 (1837)
= Cirsium ×carolorum C.Jenner ex Nyman, Consp. 407 (1879)
= Cnicus ambiguus Loisel., Fl. Gall. 540 (1807)
= Cnicus autareticus Chaix, Vill. Hist. Pl. Dauph 1: 381 (1786)
= Cnicus heterophyllus (L.) Retz., Fl. Scand. Prodr. ed. 2, 191 (1795)
= Cnicus heterophyllus (L.) Roth, Catalect. 1: 114
= Cynara diversifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 146 (1812)
species :
Cirsium heterotrichum Pancic; Elem. Fl. Bulg. 42 (1883)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Albania; Bulgaria
13 ALB BUL SRB
species :
Cirsium hidakamontanum Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 25(3): 95 (1999)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hida-paludosum Kadota & Nagase; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 14(1): 13 (1988)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium homolepis Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 44: 534 (1930)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium hookerianum Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 418 (1841), nom. nov.
Name: Hooker´s or white thistle
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia); USA (Idaho, Montana, Washington, Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus discolor Hook., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 302 (1833) non Nutt. 1818
= Carduus hookerianus (Nutt.) A.Heller, Cat. N. Amer. Pl. 7 (1898)
= Carduus kelseyi Rydb., Mem. N. York Bot. Gard. 1: 449 (1900)
= Cirsium kelseyi (Rydb.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1006 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cnicus hookerianus (Nutt.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 46 (1874)
species :
Cirsium horiianum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 31(1): 36 (2005)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium horridulum Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 90 (1803)
Name: Horrid thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Belize; Bahamas; Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Nuevo Leon, Queretaro, Quintana Roo); Guatemala; Honduras
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA HON 81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus horridulus var. elliottii Torr. & A.Gray
= Carduus spinosissimus Walter, Fl. Carol. 194 (1788), non Cirsium spinosissimum (L.) Scop. 1772
= Cirsium chrismarii (Klatt) Petr.
= Cirsium horridulum f. atropurpureum Moldenke, Phytologia, 26(4): 224 (1973)
= Cirsium horridulum f. elliottii (Torr. & A.Gray) Fernald
= Cirsium horridulum ssp. chrismarii (Klatt) Petr.
= Cirsium horridulum var. elliottii Torr. & A.Gray
= Cnicus chrismarii Klatt
= Cnicus horridulus (Michx.) Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 507 (1813)
variant :
var. megacanthum (Nutt.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 214 (2004)
Name: Bigspine thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium megacanthum Nutt., Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 421 (1841)
variant :
var. vittatum (Small) R.W.Long; Rhodora. 72: 45 (1970)
Name: Florida thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina); Bahamas
78 USA 81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus pinetorum Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 1308 (1903)
= Carduus smallii (Britton) Ahles, Journ. F. Mitchell Sci. Soc. 80: 173 (1964)
= Carduus vittatus Small, Bull. N. York Bot. Gard. 3: 439 (1905)
= Cirsium pinetorum (Small) Small, Fl. Miami 199 (1913), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium smallii Britton, Britton & Millp. Fl. Baham. 458 (1920)
= Cirsium vittatum (Small) Small, Fl. Miami, 199 (1913)
species :
Cirsium hupingshanicum Z.C.Jin & Y.S.Chen; Phytotaxa 544(1): 95 (2022)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium hydrophilum (Greene) Jeps.; Fl. W. Mid. Calif. 507 (1901)
Name: Suisun thistle
Distribution: USA (California: Solano Co.)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus hydrophilus Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 358, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 218 (1894)
= Cirsium vaseyi var. hydrophilum (Greene) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 458 (1917)
variant :
var. vaseyi (A.Gray) J.T.Howell; Leafl. W. Bot. 9: 11 (1959)
Name: Mount Tamalpais or Vasey´s thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium montigenum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 454 (1917)
= Cirsium vaseyi (A.Gray) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif 1165 (1925)
= Cnicus breweri var. vaseyi A.Gray, A. Gray et al., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1(2): 404. (1884)
species :
Cirsium hygrophilum Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 10: 89 (1849)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan)
33 AZE NCS 34 IRN IRQ
species :
Cirsium hygropodum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2021-69: 3 (2021)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Nayarit)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium hypoleucum DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 645 (1838)
Distribution: ?Croatia; European Turkey; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
13 TUE 33 ARM GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium wiedemannii Fisch., C.A.Mey. & Avé-Lall., Index Seminum [St. Petersburg (Petropolitanus)] 6: 48 (1840)
species :
Cirsium hypopsilum Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Or. Nov. 1(6): 101 (1846)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium cylleneum Halácsy, Maire & Petitmengin, Mat. Etude Fl. Geogr. Bot. Orient, 4: 123 (1908)
species :
Cirsium imbricatum (B.L.Rob. & Greenm.) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 223 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus imbricatus B.L.Rob. ex Greenm., Am. Journ. Sci. Ser. III. I. 159 (1895)
species :
Cirsium imereticum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 537 (1875)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Cirsium inamoenum (Greene) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 214 (2004)
Name: Greene´s thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus inamoenus Greene, Fl. Francisc., 479 (1897)
= Carduus undulatus var. nevadensis Greene, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 44: 361 (1893), non C. nevadensis Greene 1896, non Cirsium nevadense (Greene) Petr. 1917
variant :
var. davisii (Cronquist) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 214 (2004)
Name: Davis´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium davisii Cronquist, Leafl. West. Bot. 6: 46 (1950)
species :
Cirsium interpositum Petr.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 283-285 (1938)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (SW-Yunnan); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Sikkim); Bhutan
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium lipskyi Petr., Feddes, Repert. 9: 197 (1911)
= Cnicus griffithii Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3(8): 363 (1881) (non Boiss. (1875))
species :
Cirsium inundatum Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 19: 154 (1905)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium iranicum Petr.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 101: 438 (1964)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Cirsium iraqense Petr.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 109: 168 (1972)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
species :
Cirsium ishizuchiense (Kitam.) Kadota; Mem. Nation. Sci. Mus. (Tokyo), 32: 132 (2000)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium tenue var. ishizuchiense Kitam., (1937)
species :
Cirsium isophyllum (Petr.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavk. 4: 18 (1934)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium horridum ssp. isophyllum Petr., Izv. Kauk. Mus. 8: 49 (1914)
= Cirsium munitum var. tomentosum (C.A.Mey.) Boiss., Fl. 3: 533 (1875)
= Cirsium tomentosum C.A.Mey., Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 69 (1831)
species :
Cirsium italicum (Savi) DC.; Cat. Pl. Horti Monsp. 96 (1813)
Name: Italienische Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: France; Germany [I]; Italy; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
11 ger 12 COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BUL GRC ITA SIC TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus italicus Savi, Bot. Etrur. 3: 140
= Cnicus italicus (Savi) Sebast. & Mauri, Fl. Rom. Prodr. 2: 282
= Eriolepis italica (Savi) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 50: 470 (1825)
species :
Cirsium ito-kojianum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 34(1): 32 (2008)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium jaliscoense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 16 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Jalisco)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium japonicum Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. 6: 642 (1837)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Hunan, S-Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, NE-Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Russian Far East; Vietnam; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Poland [I]
11 pol 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus japonicus (Fisch. ex DC.) Franch., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., ser. 2, 6: 571 (1883)
= Cirsium belingshanicum Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 63: 110 (1926)
= Cirsium bodinieri (Vaniot) H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 189 (1913)
= Cirsium cerberus (Vaniot) H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 189 (1913)
= Cirsium hainanense Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 33: 167 (1943)
= Cirsium ibukiense Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 623 (1932)
= Cirsium japonicum f. albiflorum G.Y.Li & D.Y.Ou, Acta Bot. Boreal.-Occid. Sin. 30(8): 1702 (2010)
= Cirsium japonicum f. albiflorum Akasawa, Bull. Kochi Women´s Univ. Ser. Nat. Sci., 25: 5 (1977)
= Cirsium japonicum f. fukienense (Kitam.) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 41(4-6): 179 (1990)
= Cirsium japonicum var. australe Kitam., Cirs. Nov. Orient.-Asiat. 12 (1931)
= Cirsium japonicum var. fukienense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1(2): 149 (1932)
= Cirsium japonicum var. horridum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 25: 59 (1911)
= Cirsium japonicum var. ibukinense Nakai ex Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 66 (1937)
= Cirsium japonicum var. intermedium (Maxim.) Matsum., Index Pl. Jap. 2: 640 (1912)
= Cirsium japonicum var. kiusianum (Nakai) Nemoto, Fl. Jap. Suppl. 761 (1936)
= Cirsium japonicum var. littorale (Maxim.) Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 41(4-6): 177 (1990)
= Cirsium japonicum var. takaoense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1(1): 57-58 (1932)
= Cirsium japonicum var. villosum Kadota, Fl. Japan, 3b: 135 (1995)
= Cirsium japonicum var. vulkani Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 25: 59 (1911)
= Cirsium kawakamii Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 159-161 (1911)
= Cirsium kitagoense Nakai, Journ. Jap. Bot. 25: 134 (1950)
= Cirsium kiusianum Nakai
= Cirsium laciniatum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 376 (1912)
= Cirsium lacinulatum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 622 (1932)
= Cirsium littorale Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur. 173-174 (1859)
= Cirsium maackii var. horridum (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 375 (1912)
= Cirsium maackii var. intermedium (Maxim.) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 376 (1912)
= Cirsium maackii var. kiusianum (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 624 (1932)
= Cirsium maackii var. taquetii Nakai, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 31: 109 (1911)
= Cirsium maackii var. vulkani Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 376 (1912)
= Cirsium senile Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 623 (1932)
= Cirsium smithianum Petr., Mitth. Thür. Bot. Vereins 1: 175 (1943)
= Cirsium taquetii (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 373 (1912)
= Cnicus bodinieri Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 12: 121 (1903)
= Cnicus cerberus Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Intern. Geogr. Bot. 12: 120 (1903)
= Cnicus japonicus (Fisch. ex DC.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 19(5): 503-504 (1874)
= Cnicus japonicus var. intermedius Maxim., Melanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 9: 325-326 (1873)
= Cnicus taquetii H.Lév. & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 168 (1910)
variant :
var. diabolicum (Kitam.) Kadota; Fl. Japan, 3b: 134 (1995)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium diabolicum Kitam., Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 6. (1931)
variant :
var. vestitum Kitam.; Cirs. Nov. Or.-Asiat. 11 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus maackii var. koraiensis Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23(268): 99 (1909)
= Cirsium japonicum var. okiense H.Koyama & Murata, Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 37(4-6): 188 (1986)
form :
f. arakii (Kitam.) Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Univ. ser. B, 13: 67 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
variant :
var. maritimum Konta & Katsuy.; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 31(4): 142 (2005)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium joannae S.L.Welsh, N.D.Atwood & L.C.Higgins; S. L. Welsh et al., Utah Fl. ed. 3. 168 (2003)
Name: Joanna´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Utah)
76 USA
species :
Cirsium jorullense (Kunth) Spreng.; Syst. 3: 376 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. jorullense
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus jorullensis Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4: 22 (1820)
= Cirsium jorullense var. glabrescens Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 60 (1911)
= Cirsium jorullense var. pilosum Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 59 (1911)
= Cirsium oxylepis Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 60 (1911)
subspecies :
subsp. lanosum Petr.; Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 60 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Valle de Mexico)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium kagamontanum Nakai; Bot. Mag, Tokyo, 26: 375 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium buergeri var. sparsum Nakai, (1912)
species :
Cirsium kamtschaticum Ledeb. ex DC.; Prod. 6: 644 (1837)
Name: Kamchatka thistle
Distribution: Russian Far East (Kuril Isl., Sakhalin, Kamchatka); Japan (Hokkaido); Aleutes
31 RFE 38 JAP 70 ASK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus kamtschaticus Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 495 (1874)
= Cirsium weyrichii Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur. 174 (1859)
= Cnicus weyrichii (Maxim.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 495 (1874)
= Cirsium kamtschaticum ssp. weyrichii (Maxim.) Vorosch., A. K. Skvortsov (ed.), Florist. issl. v razn. raionakh SSSR: 198 (1985)
= Cirsium korsakoviense H.Lév. & Vaniot, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 7: 102 (1909)
= Cnicus korsakoviensis H.Lév. & Vaniot, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 168 (1910)
= Cirsium boreale Kitam., Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 2 (1931). 2 (1931)
species :
Cirsium karduchorum Petr.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 101: 435 (1964)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ TUR
species :
Cirsium kasaianum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 37(1): 38 (2011)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium katoanum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 33(1): 35 (2007)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium kenji-horieanum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 39(3): 118 (2013)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium kirbense Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 274 (1875)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
species :
Cirsium kirishimense Kadota & Mas.Saito; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 34(4): 136 (2008)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium kisoense (T.Yamaz. & K.Asano) Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(1): 48 (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium norikurense var. kisoense T.Yamaz. & K.Asano, (1965)
species :
Cirsium komarovii Schischk.; Journ. Bot. URSS, 24: 420 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. komarovii
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, Altai); Kazakhstan
30 SIB 32 KAZ
subspecies :
subsp. schischkinii (Serg.) Zhirova; Fl. Sibir. (Asterac.), 13: 219 (1997 publ. 1998)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia)
30 SIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium schischkinii Serg., Animadvers. Syst. Herb. Univ. Tomsk., No. 2, 5 (1941)
species :
Cirsium kosmelii (Adams) Fisch. ex Hohen.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 6: 251 (1833)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus cosmelii Adams ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 637, 638 (1838)
= Carduus kosmelii Adams, Weber & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 66 (1805)
= Cirsium kosmelii (Adams) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 531 (1875)
= Cnicus kosmelii (Adams) Willd. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 729 (1846)
= Epitrachys kosmelii (Adams) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 398 (1851)
species :
Cirsium kubikialpicola Kadota; J. Jap. Bot. 96(3): 132 (2021)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kubikialpicola f. albiflorum Kadota, J. Jap. Bot. 96(3): 133 (2021)
species :
Cirsium kujuense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 34(4): 140 (2008)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium lacaitae Petr.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 64: 456 (1914) ex Lacaita, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It., n. s. 25: 120 (1918)
Distribution: S-Italy (hills N of Amalfi)
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus ferox Ten., Corso Bot. Les. ed. 2, 4: II. 35 (1823), non L.
= Cirsium stabianum Lacaita, Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It., n. s. 25: 120 (1918)
species :
Cirsium laniflorum (M.Bieb.) Fisch.; Cat. Jard. Gorenki ed. 2, 35 (1812)
Distribution: European Turkey; Ukraine; Crimea
13 TUE 14 KRY UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus laniflorus (M.Bieb.) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 152 (1821)
= Cirsium lipskyi Klokov, Fl. RSS Ucr. 11: 533, 570 (1962), homonym, non Petr. (1911)
= Cirsium fimbriatum ssp. bornmuelleri Petr.
= Cirsium leucophanum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 418 (1866)
= Cirsium sublaniflorum Soják, Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag., 36 (1961), inobs. (1961)
= Cirsium tauricum Soják, Novit. Bot. & Del. Sem. Hort. Bot. Univ. Carol. Prag. 35 (1961)
= Cnicus laniflorus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 2: 276 (1808)
= Epitrachys laniflora (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
= Eriolepis laniflora (M.Bieb.) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 50: 470 (1825)
species :
Cirsium lappoides (Less.) Sch.Bip.; Seem. Bot. Voy. Herald, 312 (1856)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, Morelos, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus lappoides Less., Linnaea, 5: 129 (1830)
= Cnicus lappoides (Less.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 251 (1881)
= Cnicus liebmannii Klatt, Leopoldina 24: 128 (1888)
= Cirsium liebmannii (Klatt) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27 (Abt. 2): 227 (1910)
species :
Cirsium latifolium Lowe; Trans. Cambess. Phil. Soc. 4: 28 (1831)
Distribution: Madeira (Madeira Isl.)
21 MDR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus latifolius Banks ex Lowe, Trans. Cambess. Phil. Soc. 4: 28 (1831)
species :
Cirsium lecontei Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 458 (1843)
Name: Black or Le Conte´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus lecontei (Torr. & A.Gray) Pollard, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 157 (1897)
= Cirsium virginianum (Hook.) Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. t. (1835) 4
= Cnicus lecontei (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 39 (1874)
= Cnicus virginianus Hook., Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 48 (1835)
species :
Cirsium leducei (Franch.) H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 41 (1915)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium lineare f. subintegrifolium Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 275-276 (1938)
= Cnicus leducei Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 23 (1897)
species :
Cirsium leo Nakai & Kitag.; Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(1): 60 (1934)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chienii C.C.Chang, Bull. Fan Mem. Inst. Biol., Bot. 7: 160 (1936)
= Cirsium leo var. angustilobum Y.Ling
= Cirsium pinnatibracteatum Y.Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 3: 148 (1935)
species :
Cirsium leucocephalum (Willd.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 377 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. leucocephalum
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
13 TUE 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium anatolicum (Petr.) Petr. ex Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza, 4: 182 (1934)
= Cirsium cataonicum Boiss. & Hausskn., Fl. Orient. [Boiss. ] 3: 535 (1875)
= Cirsium lappaceum ssp. anatolicum Petr.
= Cirsium penicillatum ssp. anatolicum (Petr.) Soldano, Compositae Newsl., 20-21: 6 (1992)
subspecies :
subsp. hermonis (Boiss.) Greuter; Willdenowia 35(1): 57 (2005)
Distribution: Syria; Lebanon
34 LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium penicillatum ssp. hermonis (Boiss.) Soldano, Compositae Newsl., 20-21: 6 (1992)
= Cirsium lappaceum ssp. hermonis (Boiss.) Petr.
= Cirsium hermonis Boiss., Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 40 (1856)
subspecies :
subsp. penicillatum (K.Koch) Greuter; Willdenowia 35(1): 57 (2005)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Northern Caucasus; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq)
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus lappaceus M.Bieb., Casp. 193 (1798)
= Cirsium lappaceum (M.Bieb.) Fisch., Hort. Gorenk. ed. II. 35 (1812)
= Cirsium lappaceum var. ferox Boiss.
= Cirsium lappaceum var. tomentosum Boiss.
= Cirsium penicillatum K.Koch, Linnaea, 17: 41 (1843)
= Cirsium penicillatum var. ferox (Boiss.) D.Heller, Conspect. Fl. Oriental., 8: 171 (1993)
= Cirsium penicillatum var. tomentosum (Boiss.) D.Heller, Conspect. Fl. Oriental., 8: 171 (1993)
= Cirsium rechingeri Negaresh, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 53(5-6): 405 (2016), nom. nov. for C. lappaceum (M. Bieb.) Fisch.
= Cirsium rechingeri var. ferox (Boiss.) Negaresh, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 53(5-6): 406 (2016)
= Cirsium rechingeri var. tomentosum (Boiss.) Negaresh, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 53(5-6): 408 (2016)
= Cnicus lappaceus (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 277 (1808)
= Epitrachys lappacea (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 399 (1851)
= Epitrachys penicillata (K.Koch) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 399 (1851)
subspecies :
subsp. tenuilobum (K.Koch) Greuter; Willdenowia 35(1): 57 (2005)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium lappaceum ssp. tenuilobum (K.Koch) Davis & Parris, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh. 33(3): 430 (1975)
= Cirsium penicillatum ssp. tenuilobum (K.Koch) Soldano, Compositae Newsl., 20-21: 6 (1992)
= Epitrachys tenuiloba K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
species :
Cirsium leucopsis DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 644 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium libanoticum DC.; Prodr. 6: 647 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. libanoticum
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Turkmenistan
32 TKM 34 IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium apiculatum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 642 (1838)
= Cirsium kotschyanum Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 103 (1846)
= Cirsium uliginosum Heldr. ex Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 10: 90 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. arachnoideum P.H.Davis & Parris; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33(3): 419 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey; Syria
34 SYR TUR
subspecies :
subsp. lycaonicum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Davis & Parris; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 419 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey; ?Iran
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium lycaonicum Boiss. & Heldr., Diagn. Ser. I. 10: 90 (1849)
species :
Cirsium lidjiangense Petr. ex Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(4): 1170 (1936)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium ligulare Boiss.; Fl. Or. 3: 529 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. ligulare
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. albanum Wettst.; Luerss. Bibl. Bot. Heft 26: (1892) 71 t. 5. fig. 24
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC MNT NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium ligulare var. albanum (Wettst.) Gajic, Fl SR Srbije, 7: 205 (1975)
= Cirsium pelii Formánek
subspecies :
subsp. armatum (Velen.) Petr.; Biblioth. Bot. 78: 72 (1912)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria
13 BUL NMA SRB
species :
Cirsium limophilum Petr.; Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 61 (1911)
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz, Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium lineare (Thunb.) Sch.Bip.; Linnaea 19: 335 (1847)
Distribution: China (S-Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, S-Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, NE-Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Taiwan; E-Thailand; Vietnam; NE-India (Assam); Myanmar; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); South Korea
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR TAI 40 IND 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus linearis Thunb., Fl. Jap. 305 (1784), et Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 726
= Cirsium buergeri var. chanroenicum Nakai, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 31: 47 (1911)
= Cirsium chanroenicum (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 368 (1912)
= Cirsium coreanum Nakai, Bot. Mag, Tokyo, 26: 372 (1912)
= Cirsium hupehense Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s., 18(1): 86-87. (1911)
= Cirsium japonicum f. nakaianum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) W.Lee, Lineamenta Florae Koreae 1130 (1996)
= Cirsium japonicum var. nakaianum Kitam., Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 1: 12 (1931)
= Cirsium lineare f. albidum Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 41(4-6): 182 (1990)
= Cirsium lineare f. discolor Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 41(4-6): 181 (1990)
= Cirsium lineare f. foliosum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 672. (1932)
= Cirsium lineare f. oreithales (Hance) H.Koyama, Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 32(1-4): 63 (1981)
= Cirsium lineare f. pallidum Kitam., J. Jap. Bot. 20(4): 199 (1944)
= Cirsium lineare f. tomentosum Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 280 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare f. viride Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 280 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare var. discolor Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 62. (1932)
= Cirsium lineare var. franchetii Kitam., J. Jap. Bot. 20(4): 198-199 (1944)
= Cirsium lineare var. latifolium H.C.Fu, Fl. Intramongolica, 6: 328 (1982)
= Cirsium lineare var. pallidum (Kitam.) Y.Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 6: 102 (1949)
= Cirsium lineare var. salicifolium Y.Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 6: 100 (1949)
= Cirsium lineare var. tsoongianum (Y.Ling) Y.Ling, Contr. Inst. Bot. Natl. Acad. Peiping 6: 102 (1949)
= Cirsium maackii var. nakaianum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 31: 109 (1911)
= Cirsium moekchangense Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 29: 9 (1915)
= Cirsium nakaianum (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 378 (1912)
= Cirsium oreithales Hance, Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 944 (1852)
= Cirsium toraiense Nakai ex Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 31 (1936)
= Cirsium tsoongianum Y.Ling, Contr. Bot. Surv. Northwest. China 1(2): 36 (1939)
= Cirsium uninerve Nakai, Mori, Enum. Pl. Cor. 355 (1922) (nomen)
= Cirsium uninervium (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 627 (cum syn.) (1932)
= Cnicus chanroenicus Nakai, Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 23: 187 (1909)
= Cnicus linearis (Thunb.) Benth. & Hook.fil. ex Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 1: 261 (1873)
= Cnicus nakaianus H.Lév. & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 168 (1910)
= Cnicus uninervius H.Lév. & Vaniot, Fedde, Repert. Nov. Sp. 8: 169 (1910)
= Spanioptilon lineare (Thunb.) Less., Syn. Comp. 10 (1832)
species :
Cirsium lobelii Ten.; Ind. Sem. Horti Neap. 1830: 16 (1830)
Distribution: C-Italy
13 ITA
species :
Cirsium lomatolepis (Hemsl.) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 28 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, México State, Morelos, Puebla)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus lomatolepis Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 251 (1881)
= Cnicus linearifolius S.Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 26: 143 (1891)
= Carduus linearifolius (S.Watson) Greene, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1892: 363 (1893)
species :
Cirsium longepedunculatum Kitam.; Compos. Nov. Jap. 6 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium longistylum J.W.Moore & Frankton; Canad. Journ. Bot. 41: 1562 (1963)
Name: Long-style thistle
Distribution: USA (Montana)
73 USA
species :
Cirsium lucens Kitam.; Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 14 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. bracteosum S.Imae & S.Watan.; J. Jap. Bot., 51(5): 159 (1976)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium luzoniense Merr.; Philipp. Journ. Sci. V. 399 (1910)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Cirsium maackii Maxim.; Prim. Fl. Amur. 172-173. (1859)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea
38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium asperum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 618 (1912)
= Cirsium japonicum ssp. maackii (Maxim.) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 99 (1909)
= Cirsium japonicum var. amurense Kitam., Cirs. Nov. Orient.-Asiat. 12 (1931)
= Cirsium japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Matsum., Index Pl. Jap. 2: 641 (1912)
= Cirsium japonicum var. spinossimum Kitam., J. Jap. Bot. 20: 198 (1944)
= Cirsium japonicum var. ussuriense (Regel) Kitam., J. Jap. Bot. 20(4): 198 (1944)
= Cirsium littorale var. ussuriense Regel, Tent. Fl. Ussur. 102 (1861)
= Cirsium maackii f. albiflora W.Wang & C.Y.Li, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 15(3): 331-332 (1995)
= Cirsium maackii f. koraiense (Nakai) Nakai, Fl. Kor. 2: 47 (1911)
= Cirsium maackii var. kiusianum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 624 (1932)
= Cirsium maackii var. koraiense (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26(312): 375 (1912)
= Cirsium maackii var. nakaii (H.Lév.) Nakai ex T.Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea 354 (1922)
= Cirsium maackii var. spinosissimum Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 63 (1937)
= Cirsium xanthacanthum Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 619 (1932)
= Cnicus japonicum var. maackii (Maxim.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 19: 506 (1874)
= Cnicus maackii (Maxim.) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 99 (1909)
= Cnicus maackii var. koreiensis Nakai
species :
Cirsium macrobotrys (K.Koch) Boiss.; Fl. 3: 532 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Epitrachys macrobotrys K.Koch, Linnaea 24: 399 (1851)
species :
Cirsium macrocephalum C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 70 (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Transcaucasus; Azerbaijan
33 AZE NCS
species :
Cirsium macvaughii G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 20 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium magdalenense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 18 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium magofukui Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 3: 6 (1934)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium mairei Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec., Suppl. 59 (1908)
Distribution: SC-Greece (Giona Oros)
13 GRC
species :
Cirsium maritimum Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 24: 249 (1910)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium maroccanum Petr.; Fedde, Repert. 58: 232 (1955)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Cirsium maruyamanum Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 6: 20 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium masami-saitoanum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 32(2): 86 (2006)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium matsumurae Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 362 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium matsumurae var. pubescens Kitam.
= Cirsium hokkokuense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 5 (1934), in obs.
variant :
var. dubium Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Univ. ser B, 13: 124 (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium mexicanum DC.; Prod. 6: 636 (1837)
Distribution: Mexico (Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco, Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana Roo); Nicaragua; Puerto Rico [I]; Cuba [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Costa Rica; Belize; Panama; Honduras; Guatemala; El Salvador; Colombia (Chocó)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 cub his pue 82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus mexicanus (DC.) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1892)
= Carduus mexicanus Moric. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 637 (1838)
= Cirsium costaricense (Pol.) Klatt ex T.Durand & Pittier, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 31: 1892 214 (1893)
= Cirsium mexicanum var. bracteatum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27 (Abt. 2): 231 (1910)
= Cirsium portoricense Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 237 (1910)
= Cnicus costaricensis Polak., Linnaea, 12: 581 (1879)
= Cnicus mexicanus (DC.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 251 (1881)
= Cnicus portoricensis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 329 (1891)
species :
Cirsium michiliense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 21 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium microspicatum Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 44: 535 (1930)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. kiotoense Kitam.; (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. yechizenense Kitam.; (1937)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium mimbresense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 20 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena. Known only from type
species :
Cirsium mohavense (Greene) Petr.; Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 68 (1911)
Name: Mojave thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus mohavensis Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 361 (1892)
= Carduus rusbyi Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 361 (1892)
= Cirsium mohavense (Greene) Davidson & Moxley, Fl. S. Calif 438 (1923) ex Petr.
= Cirsium rusbyi (Greene) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 559 (1917)
= Cirsium virginensis S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 42(2): 201 (1982)
species :
Cirsium mollissimum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 10 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Chihuahua)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium monocephalum (Vaniot) H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 41 (1915)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, S-Gansu, Guizhou, SW-Hubei, S-Shaanxi, S-Shanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium cavaleriei (H.Lév.) H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(317-321): 189 (1913)
= Cirsium provostii f. subulatum Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(111-1114): 53-54 (1938)
= Cirsium provostii var. monocephalum (Vaniot) Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(1111-1114): 52 (1938)
= Cirsium provostii var. oleracioides Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(1111-1114): 52-53 (1938)
= Cirsium provostii var. racemosum Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(1111-1114): 54-55 (1938)
= Cirsium provostii var. spinosum Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(1111-1114): 54 (1938)
= Cnicus cavaleriei H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 11(301-303): 496 (1913)
= Cnicus monocephalus Vaniot, Bull. Acad. Int. Geogr. Bot. 12: 122 (1903)
species :
Cirsium monspessulanum (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 63 (1768), All. Fl. Pedem. 1: 152
Name: Montpellier-Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: France; Andorra; NE-Spain; Italy; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus monspessulanus L., Sp. Pl. 822 (1753)
= Cirsium bulbosum Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 22 (1779)
= Cirsium compactum Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 24 (1779)
= Cirsium montanum Bubani, Fl. Pyrenees 2: 131 (1899)
= Cirsium pratense DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 113 (1805)
= Cnicus monspessulanus (L.) Roth, Usteri, Ann. Bot. 8: 9
species :
Cirsium morinifolium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Or. 3: 530 (1875)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Cirsium morisianum Rchb.fil.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 15: 59 (1852)
Distribution: SE-France; Italy (SW-Alps, Apennini); +San Marino
12 FRA 13 ITA SMA
species :
Cirsium muliense C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin., 22(5): 393 (1984)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium muramatsui Kadota; J. Jap. Bot. 96(3): 138 (2021)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium muticum Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 89 (1803)
Name: Swamp Thistle
Distribution: St. Pierre et Miquelon; Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio., Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 SPM 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus muticus (Michx.) Pers., Syn. 2: 386 (1807)
= Cirsium bigelowii DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 652 (1838)
= Cirsium muticum var. monticola (Fernald) Fernald, Rhodora 9: 28 (1907)
= Cirsium muticum var. subpinnatifidum (Britton) Fernald, Rhodora 10: 95 (1908)
= Cnicus muticus (Michx.) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina [Elliott] 2: 268 (1823)
species :
Cirsium myokoense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(1): 41 (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium nagatoense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(4): 190 (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium nagisoense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(1): 44 (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium nambuense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 365 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium nanhutashanense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 4: 338 (2021)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cirsium nasuense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 37(1): 41 (2011)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium neomexicanum A.Gray; Pl. Wright, 2: 101 (1853)
Name: Desert or New Mexico thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus neomexicanus (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 362 (1892)
= Carduus vaseyi (A.Gray) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 61 (1904)
= Cirsium arcuum A.Nels., Am. Journ. Bot., 25: I 18 (1938)
= Cirsium humboldtense Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1007 (1917)
= Cirsium neomexicanum var. utahense (Petr.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 43(2): 251 (1983)
= Cirsium undulatum var. albescens D.C.Eaton, Botany [Fortieth Parallel] 194 (1871)
= Cirsium utahense Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 470 (1917)
= Cirsium wallowense M.Peck, Madrono, 5: 247 (1940)
= Cnicus neomexicanus (A.Gray) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 45 (1874)
species :
Cirsium nerimaniae Yildiz, Dirmenci & Arabaci; Turkish J. Bot. 37(6): 1050 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium nigriceps Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser., 23: 258 (1947)
Distribution: Guatemala; Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Cirsium nippoense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 30(2): 64 (2004)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium nipponicum (Maxim.) Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 19: 155 (1905)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu); South Korea
38 JAP KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium abukumense Kadota, Mem. Nation. Sci. Mus. (Tokyo), 29: 96 (1996)
= Cirsium makinoi Kadota, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 40(2): 74 (2014), nom. nov.
= Cirsium makinoi var. abukumense (Kadota) Kadota, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 40(2): 78 (2014)
= Cirsium matsushimense Kitam., Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 16 (1931)
= Cirsium nipponicum f. lanuginosum (Nakai) Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto
= Cirsium nipponicum var. alpestre Kitam., Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 25: 1 (1971)
= Cirsium nipponicum var. amplexicaule (Nakai) Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 109 (1937)
= Cirsium nipponicum var. lanuginosum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 621 (1932)
= Cirsium nipponicum var. sendaicum (Nakai) Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 108 (1937)
= Cirsium pseudopendulum Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 25: 61 (1911)
= Cirsium sendaicum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 536 (1930)
= Cirsium sendaicum var. amplexicaule Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 628 (1932)
= Cnicus nipponicus Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 496 (1874)
variant :
var. incomptum (Maxim.) Kadota; Fl. Japan, 3b: 142 (1995)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium comosum (Franch. & Sav.) Matsum., Ind. Pl. Jap. 2: tt. 639 (1912)
= Cirsium ovalifolium (Franch. & Sav.) Matsum., Ind. Pl. Jap. 2: II. 641 (1912)
= Cirsium tanakae (Franch. & Sav.) Matsum., Enum. Sci. Names 83 (1895)
= Cirsium tonense Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 625 (1932)
= Cnicus comosus Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 409 (1877)
= Cnicus incomptus Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 410 (1877)
= Cnicus ovalifolius Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 412 (1877)
= Cnicus suffultus var. incomptus Maxim., (1874)
= Cnicus tanakae Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 411 (1877)
variant :
var. sadoense T.Yamaz.; J. Jap. Bot., 64(2): 49 (1989)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. shikokianum (Kitam.) Kitam. ex Kitam. & Murata; (1957)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium yoshinoi var. shikokianum Kitam., (1931)
variant :
var. shiroumense Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 21(1): 25 (1995)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium makinoi var. shiroumense (Kadota) Kadota, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 40(2): 78 (2014)
variant :
var. yoshinoi (Nakai) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 17: 5 (1957)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium yoshinoi Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 27: 263 (1913)
= Cirsium inflatum Kitam., Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 8. (1931)
= Cirsium tristissimum Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 2: 42 (1933)
species :
Cirsium nishiokae Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 23: 75 (1968)
Distribution: India (Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh); Nepal
40 IND NEP
species :
Cirsium nivale (Kunth) Sch.Bip.; Seem. Bot. Voy. Herald, 312 312 (1856)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus nivalis Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4: 28 (1820)
species :
Cirsium norikurense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 322 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium norikurense var. integrifolium Kitam., (1933)
= Cirsium kurobense Honda, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 45: 44 (1931)
species :
Cirsium notorhaphis G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 14 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium nuttalii DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 651 (1838), nom. nov.
Name: Nuttall´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus glaber Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 129 (1818), non DC. 1805
= Carduus nuttallii (DC.) Pollard, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 157 (1897)
= Carduus virginianus Bosc ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 651 (1838)
= Cnicus glaber (Nutt.) Elliott, Sketch, 2: 270 (1824)
= Cnicus nuttallii (DC.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 41 (1874)
species :
Cirsium oblongifolium K.Koch; Linnaea, 17: 41 (1843)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Cirsium obvallatum (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 3: 559 (1819)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); ; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus obvallatus M.Bieb. ex Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 842 (1809)
= Carduus obvallatus (M.Bieb.) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 153 (1821)
= Cnicus obvallatus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur-Caucasus 2: 279 (1808)
species :
Cirsium occidentale (Nutt.) Jeps.; Fl. W. Calif. 509 (1901)
Name: Cobwebby thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus occidentalis Nutt., Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 418 (1841)
= Cnicus lilacinus Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. 2: 7. 404 (1887)
= Cnicus neglectus Parish ex Greene, Bull. Calif. Acad. 2: 7. (1887) 404 in obs.
= Cnicus occidentalis (Nutt.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 45 (1874)
variant :
var. californicum (A.Gray) D.J.Keil & C.E.Turner; Phytologia. 73: 315 (1992)
Name: California thistle
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus bernardinus Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 361 (1892)
= Carduus californicus (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 359 in obs. et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 217 (1894)
= Cirsium bernardinum (Greene) Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 68 (1911)
= Cirsium bernardinum Davidson & Moxley, Fl. S. Calif. 438 (1923)
= Cirsium bernardinum ssp. pseudoreglense Petr.
= Cirsium californicum A.Gray, Pacif. Rail. Rep. 4: 112 (1857)
= Cirsium californicum var. bernardinum (Greene) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 477 (1917)
= Cnicus californicus (A.Gray) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 46 (1874)
variant :
var. candidissimum (Greene) J.F.Macbr.; Contr. Gray Herb. 53: 22 (1918)
Name: Snowy thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus candidissimus Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 359 (1893)
= Cirsium candidissimum (Greene) A.Davidson & Moxley, Fl. S. Calif. 438 (1923)
= Cirsium occidentale ssp. candidissimum (Greene) Petr., Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 67 (1911)
= Cirsium pastoris J.T.Howell, Amer. Midl. Nat. 30: 38 (1943), in adnot.
variant :
var. compactum Hoover; Vasc. Pl. San Luis Obispo Co. 310 (1970)
Name: Compact cobwebby thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Remarks: of conservation concern
variant :
var. coulteri (Harv. & A.Gray) Jeps.; Fl. W. Calif. 509 (1901)
Name: Coulter´s thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium coulteri Harv. & A.Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 110 (1849)
variant :
var. lucianum D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 214 (2004)
Name: Cuesta Ridge thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Remarks: of conservation concern
variant :
var. venustum (Greene) Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. 1167 (1925)
Name: Venus thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus venustus Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 (1892) 359, et Man. Bot. San Franc. Bay 218 (1894)
= Cirsium coulteri Jeps., Fl. W. Calif. [Jeps.] 508 (1901) non Harv. & A. Gray
= Cirsium occidentale ssp. venustum (Greene) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 493 (1917)
= Cirsium proteanum J.T.Howell, Leafl. West. Bot. 9: 14 (1959)
species :
Cirsium occidentalinipponense Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 23(3): 115 (1997)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium ochrocentrum A.Gray; Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 110 (1849)
Name: Yellowspine thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora, Zacatecas)
73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus ochrocentrus (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1893)
= Cnicus ochrocentrus (A.Gray) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 57 (1883)
variant :
var. martinii (Barlow-Irick) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: Martin´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Sonora, Durango)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium ochrocentrum ssp. martinii Barlow-Irick, Novon 9: 320, fig. 2 (1999)
species :
Cirsium ochrolepideum Juz.; ? 4: 278 (1935)
Distribution: Tajikistan; C-Asia
32 TZK
species :
Cirsium odontolepis Boiss. ex DC.; Prodr. 7: 305 (1838)
Distribution: France; E- & C-Spain; Morocco
12 FRA SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium odontolepis var. megacephalum Rouy, Fl. France, 9: 30 (1905)
= Cirsium eriophorum var. odontolepis (Boiss. ex DC.) Rouy, Rev. Bot. Syst. Geogr. Bot. 2: 32 (1904)
species :
Cirsium ohminense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 32(2): 96 (2006)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium okamotoi Kitam.; Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 13: (Compos. Jap. 1.) 132 (1937), pro hybr.
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium oleraceum (L.) Scop.; Annus Hist.-Nat. 2. 61 (1769)
Name: Kohl-Kratzdistel, Kohldistel (DE)
Distribution: England; Ireland [I]; Northern Ireland [I]; Norway; Sweden; Finland [I]; France; N-Spain; Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Italy; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Romania; Bulgaria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan
10 DEN fin GRB ire NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 FRA SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus acanthifolius Lam., Encyc. 1: 703 (1785)
= Carduus oleraceus (L.) Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 21 (1788)
= Cirsium braunii Sch.Bip. ex Nyman, Consp. 409 (1879)
= Cirsium oleraceum f. angustisectum (Murr ex Dalla Torre & Sarnth.) Hegi, 900 (1928)
= Cirsium oleraceum f. integrifolium Gugler ex Vollm., 759 (1914)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. angustisectum Murr ex Dalla Torre & Sarnth., 633 (1911)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. cordatoovatum Bogenh., 259 (1850)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. dissectum Peterm., 487 (1844)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. heterophyllum Bogenh., 259 (1850)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. integrifolium Wender., 281 (1846)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. integrum Peterm., 596 (1843)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. pinnatifidum Wender., 281 (1846)
= Cirsium oleraceum var. vulgare Bogenh., 259 (1850)
= Cirsium parviflorum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 647 (1838)
= Cirsium subalatum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 180 (1829)
= Cirsium tataricum (L.) DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 114 (1805)
= Cirsium thomasii Nägeli, Cirs. Schweiz. 93
= Cirsium variabile Moench, Meth. 558 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Cnicus bracteatus Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 184 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Cnicus oleraceus L., Sp. Pl. 826 (1753)
= Cnicus pratensis Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 14 (1779)
= Cynara colorata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 148 (1812)
= Onotrophe oleracea (L.) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 36: 146 (1825)
= Serratula oleracea (L.) Neck., Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 2: 465 (1770)
species :
Cirsium oligophyllum (Franch. & Sav.) Matsum.; Enum. Sci. Names 82 (1895)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus oligophyllus Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 412 (1895)
= Cirsium autumnale Kitam., Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 20 (1931)
variant :
var. nikkoense (Nakai) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 29: 126 (1978)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus nikkoensis Nakai ex Matsum., Ic. Pl. Koisikav. 1: 45 (1912)
= Cirsium nikkoense Nakai ex Matsum. & Koidz., Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 24: 163 (1910)
= Cirsium japonicum ssp. nikkoense (Nakai ex Matsum. & Koidz.) Nakai, (1911)
species :
Cirsium opacum (Kitam.) Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 32(2): 99 (2006)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium lucens var. opacum Kitam.
species :
Cirsium orizabense Klatt; Leopoldina, Heft 24: (1888) 128 in syn.
Distribution: Mexico (Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus orizabensis Klatt, Leopoldina, Heft 24: 128 (1888)
species :
Cirsium osseticum (Adams) Petr.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 12, 1: 3 (1912)
subspecies :
subsp. osseticum
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus eriophorus Pall. ex M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 276 (1808)
= Carduus fimbriatus (M.Bieb.) Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 284 (1840)
= Carduus osseticus Adams, Weber & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 65 (1805)
= Cirsium fimbriatum (M.Bieb.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 373 (1826)
= Cirsium serrulatum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 419 (1866)
= Cnicus arachnoides Hort.Par. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 635 (1838)
= Cnicus boujarti DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 635 (1838)
= Cnicus fimbriatus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 276 (1808)
= Epitrachys ossetica (Adams) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 398 (1851)
= Lophiolepis araneosa Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 27: 181 (1823)
subspecies :
subsp. abkhasicum Petr.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 12: 5 (1912)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium abkhasicum (Petr.) Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza, 4: 184 (1934)
= Cirsium tsebeldinum Woronow, Sched. Herb. Fl. Cauc. 11, 6: no. 597 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. tricholoma (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Petr.; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 12: 4 (1912)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium dimorphum Petr. ex Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza, 4: 180 (1934)
= Cirsium tricholoma Fisch. & C.A.Mey., DC., Prodr. 6: 637 (1838)
= Epitrachys tricholoma (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 398 (1851)
species :
Cirsium otayae Kitam.; Compos. Nov. Jap. 8 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium babanum var. otayae (Kitam.) Kitam., (1937)
species :
Cirsium ownbeyi S.L.Welsh; Great Basin Nat., 42(2): 200 (1982)
Name: Ownbey´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
species :
Cirsium pablillo G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 9 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo León)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium pacificum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 17 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Sinaloa, Sonora, Nayarit)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium palustre (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. 2, 2: 128 (1772)
Name: Sumpf-Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: Faeroe Isl.; England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; France; Andorra; Portugal; Spain; Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Italy; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Albania; Romania; Azores [I] (Flores Isl. [I]); ?Morocco; ?Algeria; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); New Zealand [I]; St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Wisconsin [I])
10 DEN FIN FOR GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO CIS FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR EST LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 21 azo 30 SIB 51 nzl 72 spm 74 usa 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus acanthoides Hornem., Fl. Dan. t. 1341 non L. 1753
= Carduus altissimus Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 3: 186 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Carduus chailletii (Gaudich.) Godr., Fl. Lorr. 2: 42 (1843)
= Carduus laciniatus Lam., Encyc. 1: 706 (1785)
= Carduus palustris L., Sp. Pl. 822 (1753)
= Cirsium chailletii Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 182 (1829)
= Cirsium palustre var. albiflorum Kabath, 166 (1846)
= Cirsium palustre var. canescens J.J.Schmitz & Regel, 270 (1841)
= Cirsium palustre var. chailletii (Gaudin) Garcke, 257 (1848)
= Cirsium palustre var. seminudum Neilr., 261 (1846)
= Cirsium palustre var. spinosissimum Neilr., 261 (1846), nom. inval.
= Cirsium palustre var. torphaceum Gren. & Godr., 212 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium palustriforme Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Fl. Turol, 6: III. 622 (1912)
= Cirsium parviflorum Lange ex Nyman, Consp. 409 (1879)
= Cirsium subalpinum Schleich. ex Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 15: 73 (1852)
= Cirsium subalpinum var. palustriforme Celak.
= Cnicus palustris (L.) Willd., Prod. Fl. Berl. 260 (1787)
= Cynara palustris (L.) Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 154 (1812)
= Onotrophe palustris (L.) Cass., Dict. Sc. Nat. 36: 146 (1825)
= Polyacantha palustris (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 70 (1769)
= Serratula palustris (L.) Neck., Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 2: 465 (1770)
species :
Cirsium pannonicum (L.fil.) Link; Enum. Horti Berol. Alt. 2: 229 (1822)
Name: Pannonische Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: N-Spain; Switzerland; Austria; N-Italy; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Romania; Bulgaria; Moldova; Belarus; Ukraine; C-European Russia
11 AUT CZE HUN POL SLO SWI 12 SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR MLD RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus pannonicus L.fil., Suppl. 348 (1782)
= Cirsium pannonicum var. legionense Camara, Anales Estac. Exp. Aula Dei 3: 344 (1955)
= Carduus serratuloides (Scop.) Jacq., Fl. Austr. 127 (1774)
= Cirsium dollinerii Sch.Bip. ex Hausm., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 8: 373 (1858)
= Cirsium pseudocanum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 421 421 (1866)
= Cirsium pseudooleraceum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 423 (1866)
= Cirsium serratuloides Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 127 (1772)
= Cirsium subsagittatum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 421 (1866)
= Cirsium zugazae Losa & P.Monts., Anales Inst. Bot. Cavanilles 10: 468 (1952)
= Cnicus asiaticus Siev., Pall. N. Nord. Beitr. 7: 350
= Cnicus pannonicus (L.fil.) Host, Fl. Austriac. 2: 444 (1831)
= Serratula pannonica (L.fil.) Spreng., Syst. 3: 389 (1826)
species :
Cirsium parryi (A.Gray) Petr.; Bot. Tidsskr. 31: 68 (1911)
Name: Parry thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus gilensis Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 195 (1913)
= Carduus inornatus Wooton & Standl., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 16: 195 (1913)
= Carduus pallidus Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 195 (1913)
= Carduus parryi Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 362 (1892)
= Cirsium gilense (Wooton & Standl.) Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 19: 751 (1915)
= Cirsium inornatum (Wooton & Standl.) Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 19: 751 (1915)
= Cirsium pallidum (Wooton & Standl.) Wooton & Standl., Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 19: 751 (1915)
= Cirsium parryi ssp. mogollonicum Schaack & Goodwin, Madroño, 37(4): 300 1990 (1991)
= Cnicus parryi A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. x 47 (1874)
species :
Cirsium pascuarense (Kunth) Spreng.; Syst. 3: 372 (1826)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus pascuarensis Kunth, Nov. Gen. et Sp. 4: 22. t. 310 (1820)
species :
Cirsium pectinellum A.Gray; Mem. Am. Acad. N. S. 6: 1858 395 (1859)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Sakhalin, Kuril Isl.); Japan (Hokkaido)
31 RFE 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kamtschaticum ssp. pectinellum (A.Gray) Kitam., (1957)
= Cirsium mamiyanum Koidz., J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 27: Art. 13, 124 (1910)
= Cirsium modestum Miyabe & Kudô, Miyabe & Miyake, Fl. Saghalin, No. 339 (1915)
= Cirsium pectinellum var. angustilobum Nakai, (1932)
= Cirsium pectinellum var. fallax Nakai, (1932)
= Cirsium pectinellum var. modestum Nakai
= Cnicus pectinellus (A.Gray) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 494 (1874)
species :
Cirsium pendulum Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. 6: 650 (1837)
Distribution: China (SE-Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi, WC-Yunnan); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); North Korea; South Korea; Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium falcatum Turcz. ex DC., Prodr. 6: 650 (1837)
= Cirsium hilgendorfii (Franch. & Sav.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 19: 298 (1905)
= Cirsium provostii (Franch.) Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 44(1111-1114): 51 (1938)
= Cnicus hilgendorfii Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 410 (1879)
= Cnicus pendulus (Fisch. ex DC.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 19(5): 510 (1874)
= Cnicus provostii Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 23 (1897)
species :
Cirsium periacanthaceum C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(5): 396, pl. 1, f. 4 (1984)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium perplexans (Rydb.) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 441 (1917)
Name: Adobe Hills thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus perplexans Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 132 (1905)
= Cirsium vernale (Osterh.) Cockerell, Univ. Colorado Stud. 9: 78 (1912)
= Carduus vernalis Osterh., Muhlenbergia 7: 12 (1911)
species :
Cirsium peshmenianum Yildiz, Arabaci & Dirmenci; Nordic J. Bot. 29(1): 29 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium phulchokiense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 26(1-2): 16 (1974)
Distribution: India (Sikkim); Nepal
40 IND NEP
species :
Cirsium phyllocephalum Boiss. & Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 3: 39 (1856)
Distribution: Israel (N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze)
34 ISR LEB SYR
species :
Cirsium pinetorum Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 41: 267 (1905)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium acantholepis var. pinetorum (Greenm.) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27, pt. 2: 212 (1910)
species :
Cirsium pitcheri (Torr. ex Eaton) Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Am. 2: 456 (1843)
Name: Dune or sand-dune thistle
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus pitcheri (Torr. ex Eaton) Porter, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club, 5: 345 (1894)
= Carduus pitcheri (Torr. ex Eaton) Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 284 (1840)
= Cnicus pitcheri Torr. ex Eaton, Man. ed. V. 180 (1829)
= Cirsium pitcheri f. magenteum E.G.Voss, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 23: 350 (2001)
species :
Cirsium pitouchaoense S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 3: 236 (2020)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cirsium poluninii Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 418 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium praeteriens J.F.Macbr.; Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 53: 19 (1918)
Name: Palo Alto thistle
Distribution: +USA (+California)
species :
Cirsium pringlei (S.Watson) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 238 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus pringlei (S.Watson) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 364 (1892)
= Cnicus pringlei S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 25: 156 (1890)
species :
Cirsium pseudobracteosum Davis & Parris; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 33: 419 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran; Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
species :
Cirsium pseudocreticum (P.H.Davis & Parris) Yildiz, Dirmenci & Arabaci; Türk. Bitkileri List. 144 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium alatum ssp. pseudocreticum P.H.Davis & Parris, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 414 (1975)
species :
Cirsium pseudopersonata Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Fl. 3: 545 (1875)
subspecies :
subsp. pseudopersonata
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. kusnezowianum (Sommier & Levier) Petr.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2, 1: 33 (1960)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kusnezowianum Sommier & Levier, Act. Hort. Petrop. 12: (1892) 155, et in Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. 2, 2: 16 (1895)
species :
Cirsium pseudosuffultum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 32(2): 92 (2006)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium pubigerum (Desf.) DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 650 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Iraq (NE-Iraq, N-Iraq); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium depilatum Boiss. & Balansa, Boiss. Fl. Orient. 3: 543 (1875)
= Cirsium depilatum var. glomeratum Freyn & Sint.
= Cirsium hygrophiloides Char., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 22, 76 (1961)
= Cirsium pubigerum var. caniforme Petr.
= Cirsium pubigerum var. glomeratum (Freyn & Sint.) P.H.Davis & Parris, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 430 (1975)
= Cirsium pubigerum var. paphlagonicum Petr.
= Cirsium pubigerum var. spinosum Petr., Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Vereins 2: 19 (1960)
= Cnicus pubigerus Desf., Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3 (Cat. Pl. Horti Paris.) 399 (1829)
species :
Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. 2: 12 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus horridus Adams, Beitr. Naturk. (Weber & Mohr) 1: 66 (1805)
= Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr., Act. Hort. Tiflis, 12: I. 19 (1912)
= Cirsium munitum (M.Bieb.) Fisch., Hort. Gorenk, ed. II. (1812) 35 nom. illeg. illeg.
= Cnicus munitus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 279 nom. illeg. illeg. (1808)
= Cnicus nidulans C.Winkl. ex O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch., Consp. Fl. Turkest. 4: 278 (1912)
= Epitrachys munita (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 398 (1851)
species :
Cirsium pulcherrimum (Rydb.) K.Schum.; Just´s Bot. Jahresber. 29(1): 566 (1903)
Name: Wyoming thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus pulcherrimus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 510 (1901)
variant :
var. aridum (Dorn) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: Cedar Rim thistle
Distribution: USA (Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium aridum Dorn, Vasc. Pl. Wyoming (ed. 2): 304 (1992)
species :
Cirsium pumilum (Nutt.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 375 (1826)
Name: Pasture thistle
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus odoratus Porter, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club, 5: 345 (1894)
= Carduus pumilus Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 130 (1818) non Vill.
= Cirsium odoratum (Muhl.) Britton, Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. Ed. 2, 3: 552 (1913) ex Petr.
= Cirsium pumilum f. candidum Fernald, Rhodora 45: 354 (1943)
= Cnicus odoratus (Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., Prelim. Cat. 30 (1888)
= Cnicus pumilus (Nutt.) Torr., Compend. 282 (1826)
variant :
var. hillii (Canby) B.Boivin; Naturaliste Canad. 94: 646 (1972)
Name: Hill´s thistle
Distribution: Canada (Ontario); USA (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus hillii (Canby) Porter, Mem, Torrey Bot. Club, 5: 344 (1894)
= Cirsium hillii (Canby) Fernald, Rhodora, 10: 95 (1908)
= Cirsium hillii f. albiflorum E.G.Voss, Mich. Bot., 18(-1): 139 (1995 publ. 1996)
= Cirsium pumilum f. albiflorum Scoggan, Fl. Canada, 1: 52 (1978)
= Cirsium pumilum ssp. hillii (Canby) R.J.Moore & Frankton, Canad. J. Bot. 44: 588 (1966)
= Cnicus hillii Canby, Gard. and For. 4: 101 (1891)
species :
Cirsium purpuratum (Maxim.) Matsum.; Enum. Sci. Names 83 (1895)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus purpuratus Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 491 (1879)
species :
Cirsium pyramidale Bornm.; Feddes Repert. 8: 216 (1910)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Cirsium pyrenaicum (Jacq.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 151 (1785)
Distribution: France; Portugal; Spain; Morocco
12 FRA POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus jacquini Steud., Nom. ed. I. 152 (1821)
= Carduus paniculatus Aiton, Hort. Kew. ed. I. 3: 143 (1789)
= Carduus pyrenaicus Jacq., Observ. Bot. [Jacq.] 4: 11, t. 95 (1771)
= Cirsium allionii Thurm. ex Ard., Fl. Alpes-Marit. 198 (1867) non Spenn. 1829
= Cirsium flavispina Boiss. ex DC., Prodr. 7: 305 (1838)
= Cirsium matritense Lag. ex Cutanda, Fl. Comp. Madrid, 409 (1861)
= Cirsium monspessulanum var. discolor Rouy, Rev. Bot. Syst. Geogr. Bot. 2: 43 (1904)
= Cirsium paniculatum Vahl ex Willk. & Lange, Prod. Fl. Hisp. 2: 186 (1865)
= Cirsium pyrenaicum (Jacq.) DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 112 (1805)
= Cirsium pyrenaicum var. paniculatum (Vahl) Talavera & Valdés, Lagascalia, 5(2): 179 (1976)
= Cnicus flavispinus (Boiss. ex DC.) Ball, Journ. L. Soc. 16: 522 (1878)
= Cnicus pyrenaicus (Jacq.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1664 (1803)
variant :
var. longespinosum (Kunze) Talavera & Valdés; Lagascalia, 5(2): 177 (1976)
Distribution: S-Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium flavispina var. longispinosum Kunze, Chlor. Austro-Hispan. 26 (1846)
= Cirsium castellanum Willk., Linnaea, 30: 1859 109 (1860)
= Cirsium flavispina var. castellanum (Willk.) Lange, Pugill. Pl. Hispan. 141 (1861)
variant :
var. micranthum Talavera & Valdés; Lagascalia, 5(2): 180 (1976)
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Cirsium quercetorum (A.Gray) Jeps.; Fl. W. Calif. 507 (1901)
Name: Brownie or Alameda Co. thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus quercetorum (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 (1892) 362, et Man Bot. San Franc, Bay (1894)218
= Cirsium quercetorum var. walkerianum (Petr.) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 1164 (1925)
= Cirsium quercetorum var. xerolepis Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 363 (1917)
= Cirsium walkerianum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 405 (1917)
= Cnicus quercetorum A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 40 (1874)
species :
Cirsium racemiforme Y.Ling & C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(6): 445-446, pl. 1, f. 1 (1984)
Distribution: China (W-Fujian, NE-Guangxi, SW-Guizhou, SW-Hunan, NE-Jiangxi, SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium radians Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 77 (1841)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Honduras
79 MEX 80 GUA HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus radians (Benth.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 252 (1881)
= Cirsium guatemalense S.F.Blake, Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 24: 442 (1934)
species :
Cirsium rassulovii B.A.Sharipova; Izv. Akad. Nauk Tadzh. SSR, Biol. Nauk, 1(114): 66 (1989)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Cirsium remotifolium (Hook.) DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 655 (1838)
Name: Remote-leaved thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus remotifolius Hook., Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 302 (1833)
= Cnicus remotifolius A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 47 (1874)
= Cirsium stenolepidum Nutt., Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 419 (1841)
variant :
var. odontolepis Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 298 (1917)
Name: Pacific fringed or fringe-scaled thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus callilepis Greene, Proc. Acad. Philad., 358 (1892)
= Cirsium amblylepis Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 312 (1917)
= Cirsium americanum var. callilepis (Greene) Jeps., Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. [Jeps.] 1164 (1925)
= Cirsium callilepe (Greene) Jeps., Fl. W. Mid. Calif. 507 (1901)
= Cirsium callilepis var. oregonense (Petr.) J.T.Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 9: 10 (1959)
= Cirsium callilepis var. pseudocarlinoides (Petr.) J.T.Howell, Leafl. W. Bot. 9: 10 (1959)
= Cirsium remotifolium ssp. oregonense Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 300 (1917)
= Cirsium remotifolium ssp. pseudocarlinoides Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Abt. 2: 297 (1917)
variant :
var. rivulare Jeps.; Man. Fl. Pl. Calif. 1164 (1925)
Name: Klamath thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium acanthodontum S.F.Blake, Contrib. Gray Herb. n. s. 53: 28 (1918)
= Cirsium oreganum Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wrsh., 32: 43 (1919)
species :
Cirsium rengehydrophilum Kadota; J. Jap. Bot. 96(3): 135 (2021)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium repandum Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 89 (1803)
Name: Sand-hill or coastal-plain thistle
Distribution: USA (Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus repandus (Michx.) Pers., Syn. 2: 386 (1807)
= Carduus virginianus Walter, Fl. Carol. 195 (1788) non L. 1753
= Cnicus repandus (Michx.) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina [Elliott] 2: 269 (1823)
species :
Cirsium rhabdotolepis Petr.; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada, 1924-25, n. s. Pt. 2, 49 (1926)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
species :
Cirsium rhaphilepis (Hemsl.) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 242 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Mexico Distr. Federal, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Mexico State, Morelos, Querétaro)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus rhaphilepis Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 252 (1881)
= Cirsium reglense Sch.Bip. ex Klatt, Leopoldina 24: 128 (1888)
= Cnicus reglensis Klatt, Leopoldina 24: 128 (1888)
species :
Cirsium rhinoceros (H.Lév. & Vaniot) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 364 (1912)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus rhinoceros H.Lév. & Vaniot, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 168 (1910)
= Cirsium rhinoceros f. albiflorum Sakata, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 31: 116 (1952)
species :
Cirsium rhizocephalum C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 70 (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkmenistan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kabul, Wardak, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 TKM TZK 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN TUR 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium esculentum ssp. frickii (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Petr.
= Cirsium esculentum var. caucasicum C.A.Mey., Verz. Pfl. Cauc.: 70 (1831)
= Cirsium frickii Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Mém. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 47 (1849)
= Cirsium grumosum Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. VI. Sc. Nat. 6: 48 (1849)
= Cirsium rhizocephalum ssp. frickii (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Govaerts, World Checklist Seed Plants, 3(1): 15 (1999)
= Cirsium rhizocephalum ssp. sinuatum (Boiss.) P.H.Davis & Parris, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 430 (1975)
= Cirsium rhizocephalum var. sinuatum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 542 (1875)
= Cirsium rhizocephalum var. caulescens Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 542 (1875)
= Cirsium sinuatum Boiss. & Kotschy ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 542 (1875)
species :
Cirsium rhothophilum S.F.Blake; Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 21: 336 (1931)
Name: Surf thistle
Distribution: USA (California)
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus maritima Elmer, Bot. Gaz. 39: 45 (1905), not Cirsium maritimum Makino 1910
= Cirsium maritimum (Elmer) Petr., Cirsioth. Univ. Fasc. 12: No. 115 (1914), et in Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(11): 288 (1917)
= Cirsium maritimum (Elmer) Davidson & Moxley, Fl. S. Calif. 438 (1923), isonym
species :
Cirsium richterianum Gillot; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 27: 11 (1880)
subspecies :
subsp. richterianum
Distribution: France; N-Spain (Pyrenees, Corbiéres)
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium turbinatum Gillot
subspecies :
subsp. giraudiasii (Sennen & Pau) Talavera & Valdés; Lagascalia, 5(2): 208 (1976)
Distribution: N-Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium ferox var. giraudiasii Sennen & Pau, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 6: 27 (1907)
= Cirsium giraudiasii (Sennen & Pau) Sennen & Pau, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. (Le Mans) 18: 475 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. costae (Sennen & Pau) Talavera & Valdés; Lagascalia, 5(2): 207 (1976)
Distribution: NE-Spain (Catalunya); S-France
12 FRA SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium costae (Sennen & Pau) Petr., Biblioth. Bot. (Stuttgart) 78: 41 (1912)
= Cirsium ferox var. costae Sennen & Pau, Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 6: 27 (1907)
= Cirsium ×jonasii Sennen, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 51: 426 (1904)
species :
Cirsium rigidum DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 640 (1838)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Armenia
33 ARM 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Epitrachys rigida (DC.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
species :
Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) All.; Auct. Fl. Pedem. 10 (1789)
Name: Bach-Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: England; Sweden [I]; France; Andorra; N-Spain; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen [I], Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Sachsen); Switzerland; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Albania; Romania; Lithuania; Belarus; Ukraine; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); C-European Russia
10 GRB swe 11 AUT CZE GER HUN POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH CRO MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 BLR LIT RUS UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus erisithales Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 2: 20 (1788) non Jacq. 1762
= Carduus pontederae (Pollini) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 153 (1821)
= Carduus rivularis Jacq., Fl. Austr. 1: 57 (1773)
= Carduus salisburgensis Pers., Syn. 2: 388 (1807)
= Carduus semipectinatus Lam., Encyc. 1: 705 (1785)
= Carduus tricephalodes Lam., Encyc. 1: 704 (1785)
= Cirsium carniolicum All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 149 (1785) non Scop. 1772
= Cirsium erisithales ssp. rivulare (Jacq.) Bonnier & Layens, 176 (1894)
= Cirsium gracile Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 422 (1866)
= Cirsium ledebourii Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 368 (1840)
= Cirsium rivulare (Jacq.) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 301 (1822)
= Cirsium rivulare f. integrifolium Vollm., 761 (1914)
= Cirsium rivulare f. pseudintegrifolium Vollm., 761 (1914)
= Cirsium rivulare f. salisburgense (Willd.) Vollm., 761 (1914)
= Cirsium rivulare f. tomentellum B.Fleisch., Dörfl., 223 (1904)
= Cirsium rivulare var. ramosum M.Loehr, 360 (1852)
= Cirsium rivulare var. salisburgense (Willd.) Asch., 358 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium salisburgense (Willd.) G.Don, Loudon Hort. Brit. 331 (1830)
= Cirsium semipectinatum Spreng., Syst. 3: 378 (1826)
= Cirsium siegerti Sch.Bip. ex Nyman, Consp. 408 (1879)
= Cirsium tricephalodes (Lam.) DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 116 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium tricephalum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon, vil. 122 (1880)
= Cnicus pontederae Pollini, Brugnat. Giorn. Fls. 9: 98 (1816)
= Cnicus rivularis (Jacq.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1676 (1803)
= Cnicus rivularis var. multiflorus Uechtr., 263 (1820)
= Cnicus salisburgensis Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1675 (1803)
= Cnicus seminudus Schleich. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 650 (1838)
= Cnicus semipectinatus Hort.Gott. ex Hornem., Hort. Hafn., Suppl. 93 (1819)
= Serratula salisburgensis (Willd.) Poir., Encyc. 6: 564 (1805)
species :
Cirsium roseolum Gorl.; Bot. Zhurn., 74(12): 1783 (1989)
Distribution: Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia
14 RUS UKR
species :
Cirsium rosulatum Talavera & Valdés; Lagascalia, 5(2): 154 (1976)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Segura, Cazorla, Alcaraz)
12 SPA
species :
Cirsium rupinarum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 24 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium rydbergii Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 315 (1917)
Name: Rydberg´s or alcove thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium lactucinum Rydb., Fl Rocky Mts. 1010 (1917)
species :
Cirsium sairamense (C.Winkl.) O.Fedtsch. & B.Fedtsch.; Consp. Fl. Turkest. 4: 286 (1911)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium semenovii ssp. sairamense (C.Winkl.) Petr., Österr. Bot. Z. 61(9): 323 (1911)
= Cnicus sairamensis C.Winkl., Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 9(2): 522-523 (1886)
species :
Cirsium scabrum (Poir.) Bonnet & Barratte; Cat. Rais. Pl. Vasc. Tunisie 238 (1896)
Name: Raue Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: S-Spain; Italy; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Germany [I]
11 ger 12 COR SAR SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus giganteus Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 25. t. 221 (1799), nom. illeg.
= Carduus gigas Bernardino, Nuov. Racc. Opusc. Aut. Si. 6: (Pl. L. Op. Addend. & Secund. L. Syst.) 255 (1793)
= Carduus scaber Poir., Voy. Barb. 2: 231 (1789)
= Cirsium giganteum (Desf.) Spreng., Syst. 3: 375 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Cnicus giganteus (Desf.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1671 (1803)
species :
Cirsium scariosum Nutt.; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. N. S. 7: 420 (1841)
Name: Meadow or elk thistle
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Québec); USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus butleri Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 37: 542 (1910)
= Carduus lacerus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 37: 543 (1910)
= Carduus magnificus A.Nels., Bot. Gaz., 53: 228 (1912)
= Carduus scariosus (Nutt.) A.Heller, Cat. N. Am. Pl. 7 (1898)
= Cirsium butleri Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1009 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cirsium foliosum var. minganense (Vict.) Boivin, Phytologia. 23(1): 115 (1972)
= Cirsium hookerianum var. scariosum (Nutt.) B.Boivin, Phytologia, 23 (1): 116 (1972)
= Cirsium lacerum (Rydb.) Rydb., Fl Rocky Mts. 1010 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cirsium magnificum (A.Nels.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1010 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cirsium minganense Vict., Mem. Soc. Roy. Canada, Ser. III. 19: sect. 1, 81 (1925)
= Cnicus scariosus (Nutt.) A.Gray, Syn. Fl. N. Am. 1: II. 402 (1884)
variant :
var. americanum (A.Gray) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: Dinnerplate or sessile or stemless thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus acaulescens (A.Gray) Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club., 508 (1901)
= Carduus americanus (A.Gray) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 362 (1892)
= Carduus longissimus A.Heller, Muhlenbergia, 3: 134 (1907)
= Carduus tioganus (Congdon) A.Heller, Muhlenbergia, 1: 147 (1906)
= Cirsium acaule var. americanum A.Gray, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 68 (1864)
= Cirsium acaulescens (A.Gray) Daniels, Univ. Missouri Studies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 254 (1911)
= Cirsium americanum (A.Gray) Daniels, Univ. Missouri Studies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 253 (1911)
= Cirsium coloradense ssp. acaulescens (A.Gray) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 370 (1917)
= Cirsium coloradense ssp. longissimum (A.Heller) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 371 (1917)
= Cirsium drummondii ssp. lanatum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 354 (1917)
= Cirsium drummondii ssp. vexans Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 359 (1917)
= Cirsium drummondii var. vexans (Petr.) Piper, Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 360 (1917)
= Cirsium drummondii var. acaulescens (A.Gray) J.F.Macbr., Contr. Gray Herb. 53: 22 (1918)
= Cirsium drummondii var. oregonense Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 355 (1917)
= Cirsium tioganum (Congdon) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 560 (1917)
= Cnicus americanus A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 19: 56 (1884)
= Cnicus drummondii var. acaulescens A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 40 (1874)
= Cnicus tioganus Congdon, Erythea 7: 186 (1900)
variant :
var. citrinum (Petr.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: La Graciosa thistle
Distribution: USA (California); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus validus Greene, Fl. Francisc. 479 (1897)
= Cirsium drummondii ssp. latisquamum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 358 (1917)
= Cirsium quercetorum var. citrinum Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 363 (1917)
= Cirsium validum (Greene) Ackerf. & D.J.Keil, J. Syst. Evol. 58(6): 905 (2020)
variant :
var. coloradense (Rydb.) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: Colorado thistle
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus coloradensis Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 132 (1905)
= Carduus erosus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 507 (1901)
= Cirsium coloradense (Rydb.) Cockerell ex Daniels, Univ. Missouri Studies, Sc, Ser., 2: No. 2, 254 (1911)
= Cirsium erosum (Rydb.) Cockerell ex Daniels, Univ. Missouri Studies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 254 (1911)
= Cirsium tioganum var. coloradense (Rydb.) Dorn, Vasc. Pl. Wyoming: 295 (1988)
variant :
var. congdonii (R.J.Moore & Frankton) D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: Rosette thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium congdonii R.J.Moore & Frankton, Canad. Journ. Bot. 45: 1738 (1967)
variant :
var. loncholepis (Petr.) D.J.Keil; Aliso 28:57 (2010)
Distribution: W-USA
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium loncholepis Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 375 (1917)
variant :
var. robustum D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 215 (2004)
Name: Shasta Valley thistle
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon)
73 USA
variant :
var. thorneae S.L.Welsh; Great Basin Naturalist. 42: 201 (1982)
Name: Thorne´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA
variant :
var. toiyabense D.J.Keil; Sida 21: 216 (2004)
Name: Toiyabe thistle
Distribution: USA (Idaho, Nevada, Oregon)
73 USA
species :
Cirsium schantarense Trautv. & C.A.Mey.; Fl. Ochot. Phaenog. 1(2): 58 (1856)
Distribution: China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning); Russian Far East; North Korea; South Korea
31 RFE 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium diamantiacum (Nakai) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 26: 363 (1912)
= Cirsium fusenense Nakai, Journ. Jap. Bot., 16: 70 (1940)
= Cirsium litorale Maxim., Prim. Fl. Amur. 173 (1859)
= Cirsium litorale var. nudum Regel, Tent. Fl. Ussur. 95 (1861)
= Cirsium maackii var. spiniferum Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 624 (1932)
= Cirsium pendulum var. oligocephalum Regel & Tiling, Fl. Ajan. 107 (1859)
= Cirsium zenii Nakai, Journ. Jap. Bot., 16: 71 (1940)
= Cnicus diamantiacus Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 99 (1909)
= Cnicus japonicus var. schantarensis (Trautv. & C.A.Mey.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 19(5): 506-507 (1874)
species :
Cirsium schelkownikowii Petr.
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium megricum Char., Kom., Fl. URSS, 28: 104, 603 (1963)
species :
Cirsium schimperi (Vatke) C.Jeffrey apud Cufod.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 37: Suppl., 1174 (1967)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium arctotidifolium Sch.Bip., Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 144 (1867), nom. nud.
= Cirsium polyacanthum Hochst. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 456 (1848)
= Cnicus polyacanthus (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Vatke, Linnaea, 39: 510 (1875)
= Cnicus schimperi Vatke, Linnaea, 39: 511 (1875)
species :
Cirsium semenovii Regel & Schmalh.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 40(3): 161 (1867)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaepeuce macrantha var. bracteata Rupr.
= Cnicus semenovii (Regel & Schmalh.) C.Winkl., Acta Horti Petrop. 9(2): 523 (1886)
species :
Cirsium semzinanicum Firat; PhytoKeys 68: 67 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium senjoense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 32 (1936)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium serratuloides (L.) Hill; Hort. Kew. 64 (1768)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Germany [I]
11 ger 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus serratuloides L., Sp. Pl. 2: 825 (1753)
= Cirsium asiaticum Schischk., Fl. Sibir. Centr. 2: 2890 (1949)
= Cnicus serratuloides (L.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 346 (1788)
species :
Cirsium serrulatum (M.Bieb.) Fisch.; Cat. Jard. Gorenki ed. 2, 35 (1812)
Distribution: E-Romania; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Germany [I]
11 ger 13 ROM 14 KRY MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus serrulatus (M.Bieb.) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 154, ed. 2(1): 285 (1821)
= Cirsium ciliatoaffine Besser, Enum. Pl. [Besser] 32 (1822)
= Cnicus serrulatus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 2: 275 (1808)
= Epitrachys serrulata (M.Bieb.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 397 (1851)
species :
Cirsium setidens (Dunn) Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 34: 54.(1920)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea
38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chanroenicum var. lanceolata Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 90 (1937)
= Cirsium setidens f. lanceolata (Kitam.) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 342 (2004)
= Cirsium setidens f. niveoaraneum (Kitam.) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 343 (2004)
= Cirsium setidens var. chanroenicum (Nakai) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 178 (2004)
= Cirsium setidens var. niveoaraneum Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 109 (1937)
= Cirsium setidens var. pinnatifolium Y.N.Lee, Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 4: 8 (2004)
= Saussurea setidens Dunn, Journ. Bot. 45: 403 (1907)
species :
Cirsium shansiense Petr.; Mitth. Thür. Bot. Vereins 1: 176. (1943)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Chongqing, SE-Fujian, S-Gansu, NE-Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, S-Hunan, NW-Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, E-Qinghai, S-Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); NE-Tibet; India (Meghalaya, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Myanmar; Bhutan; ?Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium chinense var. australe Diels, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(5): 628 (1901)
= Cirsium lineare f. incisolobatum Kitam., J. Jap. Bot. 20(4): 200 (1944)
= Cirsium lineare f. vestitum Kitam., J. Jap. Bot. 20(4): 199 (1944)
= Cirsium lineare var. intermedium (Pamp.) Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 276-277 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare var. rigidum Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 274-275 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare var. spatulatum Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 277-278 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare var. tenii Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 278-279 (1938)
= Cirsium lineare var. yunnanense Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 43(1107-1110): 277 (1938)
= Cirsium wallichii var. intermedium Pamp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s., 18(1): 87-88 (1911)
species :
Cirsium shidokimontanum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 28(3): 99 (2002)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium shihianum Greuter; Fl. China 20-21: 175 (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium tenuifolium C.Shih, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(6): 452-453, pl. 1, f. 4 (1984)
species :
Cirsium shimae Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(3): 106 (2009)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium shinanense Shimizu; Bull. Sugadaira Biol. Lab., 4: 4 (1971)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium sidi-guinii Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc., No. 458 [1930](1929)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Cirsium sieboldii Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2: 184 (1866)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium austrokiushianum Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 30 (1936)
= Cirsium austrosatsumense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 5: 35, japonice (1936)
= Cirsium longipes Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 378 (1912)
= Cirsium reinii (Franch. & Sav.) Matsum., Ind. Pl. Jap. 2: 11. 642 (1912)
= Cirsium sieboldii ssp. austrokiushianum (Kitam.) Kitam.
= Cnicus reinii Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 413 (1877)
= Cnicus sieboldii (Miq.) Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 508 (1874)
form :
f. leucanthum T.Shimizu; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon., 37(2): 120 (1989)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium sieversii (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Petr.; Österr. Bot. Z. 61(9): 324 (1911)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Tajikistan
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium polyacanthum Kar. & Kir., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 450 (1841)
= Cirsium sieversii (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Sch.Bip., Linnaea, 19: 335 (1846) ex Petr.
= Echenais sieversii Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Enum. Pl. Nov. 1: 44 (1841)
species :
Cirsium simplex C.A.Mey.; Verz. Pfl. Caucasus 70 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. simplex
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO NCS 34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. armenum (DC.) Petr.; Izv. Kavkazsk. Muz. 8: 63 (1914)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium armenum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 647 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. satdaghense Davis & Parris; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 420 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium sintenisii Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 466 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium galaticum Freyn, Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 467 (1895)
species :
Cirsium sipyleum O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. 36: 145 (1934)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium sivasicum Yildiz, Arabaci & Dirmenci; Nordic J. Bot. 29(1): 27 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium skutchii S.F.Blake; Brittonia, 2: 357 (1937)
Distribution: Guatemala
80 GUA
species :
Cirsium sommieri Petr.; Feddes Repert. 9: 167 (1911)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium caput-medusae Petr., Fedde, Repert. 9: 166 (1911)
= Cirsium erythrolepis Freyn ex Petr., Fedde, Repert. 9: 166 (1911)
species :
Cirsium sorocephalum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Petrop. 2: 33 (1835)
subspecies :
subsp. sorocephalum
Distribution: ?Turkey; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Turkmenistan; Afghanistan (Bamyan, Faryab); Azerbaijan (Talysh)
32 TKM 33 AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium sorocephalum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 636 (1838)
= Cirsium congestum var. sorocephalum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Petr., Fl. Iranica 139a: 239 (1979)
subspecies :
subsp. congestum (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.) Yildiz, Dirmenci & Arabaci; Türk. Bitkileri List. 145 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium consanguineum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 641 (1838)
= Cirsium congestum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 641 (1838)
species :
Cirsium sosnowskyi Char.; Fl. Georgiae, 8: 488 (1952)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium fimbriatum var. diversifolium Sommier & Lév.
= Cirsium fimbriatum Sommier & Lév., (1900)
species :
Cirsium souliei (Franch.) Mattf. ex Rehder & Kobuski; J. Arnold Arbor. 14(1): 42 (1933)
Distribution: China (Gansu, S-Ningxia, Qinghai, Sichuan); Tibet; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Chumbi)
36 CHI TIB 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus souliei Franch., J. Bot. (Morot) 11: 21 (1897)
species :
Cirsium spathulatum (Moretti) Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 5: 202 (1829)
Distribution: Switzerland; N-Italy (SW- & S-Alps)
11 SWI 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium eriophorum ssp. spathulatum (Moretti) Ces.
species :
Cirsium spectabile DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 641 (1838)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Cirsium spicatum (Maxim.) Matsum.; Enum. Sci. Names 83 (1895)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus spicatus Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 501 (1874)
species :
Cirsium spinosissimum (L.) Scop.; Annus Hist.-Nat. 2. 62 (1769)
Name: Alpen-Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: France; Germany (Bayern); Switzerland; Austria; Liechtenstein; Italy; Slovenia
11 AUT GER LIE SWI 12 FRA 13 ITA SLV
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus comosus Lam., Encyc. 1: 703 (1785)
= Carduus glaber Steud., Nom. ed. I. 152 (1821)
= Carduus spinosissimus (L.) Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauph. 3: 11 (1788)
= Carthamus involucratus Lam., Fl. Fr. 2: 12 (1779)
= Cirsium caput-medusae Schur ex Nyman, Consp. 408 408 (1879)
= Cirsium controversum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 654 (1838)
= Cirsium hallerianum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 188 (1829)
= Cirsium purpureum All., Fl. Pedem. 1: 150 (1785)
= Cirsium spinosissimum f. unicephalum Beger, 902 (1928)
= Cirsium spitzelii Sch.Bip. ex Nyman, Consp. 408 (1879)
= Cnicus purpureus (All.) Bertol., Fl. It. 9: 21 (1853)
= Cnicus spinosissimus L., Sp. Pl. 826 (1753)
species :
Cirsium spinosum Kitam.; Cirsium Nov. Or.-Asiat. 19 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu, Amami Oshima)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium spinuliferum (Kitam.) Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 35(1): 47 (2009)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kagamontanum var. spinuliferum Kitam.
species :
Cirsium steirolepis Petr.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60: 394 (1910)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
species :
Cirsium stojanovii Kuzmanov; Velcev et al., Sto God. Rozd. Akad. N. A. Stojanov: 60 (1988)
Distribution: Bulgaria
13 BUL
species :
Cirsium straminispinum C.Jeffrey apud Cufod.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 37: Suppl., 1174 (1967)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Cirsium strigosum (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Cauc 3: 558 (1819)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan; Northern Caucasus
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus strigosus M.Bieb., Beschr. Länd. Terek Flüss. Casp. 194 (1800)
= Cirsium fraternum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 636 (1838)
= Cirsium leuconeurum Boiss. & Hausskn., Boiss., Fl. 3: 534 (1875)
= Cirsium persicum Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 103 (1846)
= Cirsium strigosum var. khorassanicum Boiss.
= Cnicus strigosus (M.Bieb.) M.Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucasus 2: 277 (1808)
species :
Cirsium subcoriaceum (Less.) Sch.Bip.; Bot. Voy. Herald, 312 (1856)
Distribution: Nicaragua; Honduras; El Salvador; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Panama; Mexico (Veracruz, Hidalgo, México State, Michoacan, Puebla, Oaxaca, Guerrero, Chiapas)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus subcoriaceus Less., Linnaea, 5: 130 (1830)
= Cirsium heterolepis Benth., Pl. Hartw. 87 (1841)
= Cirsium maximum Benth., Pl. Hartw. 289 (1849)
= Cirsium pinnatisectum (Klatt) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 236 (1910)
= Cirsium platycephalum Benth. ex Oerst., Kjoeb. Vidensk. Meddel. 110 (1852)
= Cnicus cernuus A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 44 (1874)
= Cnicus heterolepis (Benth.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 44 (1874)
= Cnicus pinnatisectus Klatt, Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 35: 292 (1895)
= Cnicus subcoriaceus (Less.) Hemsl., Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 2: 252 (1881)
species :
Cirsium subinerme Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Mem. Acad. Petersb. Ser. VI. Sc. Nat. 6: 55 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium elodes var. indivisum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 642 (1838)
= Cirsium leucopsis var. indivisum C.A.Mey., Cirs. Ruth. 54 (1849)
= Cirsium leucopsis var. cinerascens C.A.Mey., Cirs. Ruth. 54 (1849)
species :
Cirsium subulariforme C.Shih; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 78(1): 90 (1987)
Distribution: SE-Tibet; China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium subuliforme C.Shih, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(5): 391-392, pl. 1, f. 1 (1984), non Ownbey 1982
species :
Cirsium subuliforme G.B.Ownbey; Phytologia, 50(5): 321 (1982)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, México State, Morelos, Puebla, Queretaro, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium suffultum (Maxim.) Matsum.; Index Pl. Jap. 2: 642 (1912)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium kiushianum Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 366 (1912)
= Cirsium ogatae Koidz., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 33: 116 (1919)
= Cirsium pexum Nakai, Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 26: 365 (1912)
= Cnicus pexus (Maxim.) Franch. & Sav., Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 410
= Cnicus suffultus Maxim., Bull. Acad. Petersb. 19: 98 (1874)
= Cnicus suffultus var. pexus Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 19: 204 (1874)
species :
Cirsium suzukaense Kitam.; Compos. Nov. Jap. 13 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium svaneticum Sommier & Levier; Nuov, Giorn. Bot. It. Ser. II. ii 20 (1895)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium leucopsis var. caucasicum Sommier & Lév., (1895)
species :
Cirsium swaticum Petr.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Mat.-Naturwiss. 109: 167 (1973)
Distribution: Pakistan (Swat)
40 PAK
species :
Cirsium sychnosanthum Petr.; Mitt. Kauk. Mus. Tiflis, 8: 63 (1914)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO NCS
species :
Cirsium taiwanense Y.H.Tseng & Chih Y.Chang; PhytoKeys 183: 47, figs. 1C, 2C, 3C, 5, 6 (2021)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Cirsium takahashii Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 33(1): 40 (2007)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tamastoloniferum Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 38(1): 2 (2012)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tancitaroense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 17 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium tanegashimense Kitam. ex Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 30(2): 68 (2004)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tashiroi Kitam.; Compos. Nov. Jap. 14 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
variant :
var. hidaense (Kitam.) Kadota; Fl. Japan, 3b: 125 (1995)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium hidaense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 3: 7 (1934)
species :
Cirsium tatakaense Y.H.Tseng & C.Y.Chang; PhytoKeys 117: 125 (2019)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Cirsium tenoreanum Petr.; Cirsiotheca Universa 17: n. 168 (1921)
Distribution: C-Italy; S-Italy; +San Marino
13 ITA SMA
species :
Cirsium tenorioianum G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-24: 19 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium tenue Kitam.; Compos. Nov. Jap. 15 (1931)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tenuipedunculatum Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 19(2): 46 (1993)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tenuisquamatum Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., 1: 150 (1932)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tepehuanense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 22 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium teshioense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 39(3): 117 (2013)
Distribution: Japan (Hokkaido)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium texanum Buckley; Proc. Acad. Sc. Philad. ´ 1861 ´ 460 (1862)
Name: Texas or Texas purple or southern thistle
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Louisiana, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus austrinus Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 1307 (1903)
= Carduus helleri Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 1307 (1903)
= Cirsium austrinum (Small) E.D.Schulz, Wild Fl. S. Antonio 242 (1922)
= Cirsium greenei Petr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 177 (1911)
= Cirsium helleri (Small) Cory, Rhodora, 38: 408 (1936)
= Cirsium ochrocentrum ssp. helleri (Small) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Abt. 2: 419 (1917)
= Cirsium ochrocentrum var. helleri (Small) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Abt. 2: 418 (1917)
= Cirsium texanum var. stenolepis Shinners, Field & Lab. 19: 81 (1951)
species :
Cirsium tianmushanicum C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(2): 64-65 (1984)
Distribution: China (Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium togaense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 33(1): 30 (2007)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium tolucanum (B.L.Rob. & Seaton) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Contralbl. 27: II. 245 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus tolucanus B.L.Rob. & Seaton, Proc. Am. Acad. 28: 111 (1893)
species :
Cirsium toyoshimae Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 33: 115 (1919)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Chichijima)
38 OGA
species :
Cirsium trachylepis Boiss.; Fl. 3: 528 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Cirsium trachylomum S.F.Blake; Journ. Wash. Acad. Sc., 25: 322 (1935)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Cirsium tracyi (Rydb.) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35(2): 424 (1917)
Name: Tracy´s thistle
Distribution: USA (Colorado, New Mexico, Utah)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus arcuatus Osterh., Muhlenbergia, 9: 55 (1913)
= Carduus floccosus Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 133 (1905)
= Carduus tracyi Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 133 (1905)
= Cirsium arcuatum (Osterh.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1012 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cirsium floccosum (Rydb.) Rydb., Fl. Rocky Mts. 1013 (1917) ex Petr.
= Cirsium undulatum var. tracyi (Rydb.) S.L.Welsh, Great Basin Nat., 43(2): 254 (1983)
species :
Cirsium tuberosum (L.) All.; Fl. Pedem. 1: 151 (1785)
Name: Knollige Kratzdistel (DE)
Distribution: England; France; N-Spain; Andorra; Belgium [I]; Germany (Brandenburg, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; +Austria; Italy; Croatia; Slovenia
10 GRB 11 AUT bgm GER SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: tuberosum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus bulbosus Lam., Encyc. 1: 705 (1785)
= Carduus gouani Steud., Nom. ed. I. 152 (1821)
= Carduus pedemontanus (Willd.) Pers., Syn. 2: 389 (1807)
= Carduus tuberosus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 824 (1753)
= Cirsium bulbosum (Lam.) DC., Fl. Fr. 4: 118 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium bulbosum var. major M.Loehr, 360 (1852)
= Cirsium inerme G.Don, Loudon Hort. Brit. 330 (1830) non Link 1822
= Cirsium tuberosum f. foliosum (Peterm.) Hegi, 890 (1928)
= Cirsium tuberosum f. nanum (Lüscher) Hegi, 890 (1928)
= Cirsium tuberosum var. dissectum Lam. ex Klett & Richt., 673 (1830)
= Cirsium tuberosum var. foliosum Peterm., 490 (1844)
= Cnicus pedemontanus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1675 (1803)
= Cnicus tuberosus (L.) Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 345 (1788)
= Cynara tuberosa (L.) Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 153 (1812)
= Ixine tuberosa (L.) Hill, Hort. Kew. 61 (1768)
= Serratula tuberosa (L.) Neck., Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 2: 465 (1770)
species :
Cirsium turkestanicum (Regel) Petr.; Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 60: 4 (1910)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan (Tianshan, Pamir-Alai); Uzbekistan; Turkmenistan; Kazakhstan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium eriophorum var. turkestanicum Regel, Acta Horti Petrop. 6, 2: 319 (1880)
= Cirsium afghanicum Gilli, Fedde, Repert. 68: 96 (1963)
= Cnicus turkestanicus C.Winkl. ex Petr., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr., 40: 355 (1910)
variant :
var. pseudolappaceum (Char.) Petr.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 258 (1979)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran; Afghanistan
32 TKM 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium pseudolappaceum Char., Not. Syst. Geogr. Inst. Bot. Thbiliss., Fasc. 23, 115 (1963)
species :
Cirsium turneri Warnock; Southwest. Nat. 5: 101 (1960)
Name: Cliff thistle
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Cirsium tymphaeum Hausskn.; Nyman Consp. Suppl. 2: I. 181, et in Mitth. Thur. Bot. Ver. N. Folge 7: 38 (1895)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA SRB
species :
Cirsium uetsuense Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 34(4-6): 114 (1983)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
form :
f. albiflorum Kadota; Fl. Japan, 3b: 146 (1995)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium ugoense Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 46: 629 (1932)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium ukranicum Besser ex DC.; Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 635 (1838)
Distribution: Moldova; Ukraine; C-European Russia; S-European Russia
14 MLD RUS UKR
species :
Cirsium uliginosum (M.Bieb.) Fisch.; Cat. Jard. Gorenki ed. 2: 35 (1812)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS 34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus neglectus Steud., Nom. ed. I. 153 (1821)
= Carduus uliginosus (M.Bieb.) Steud., Nom. ed. I. 154 (1821)
= Cnicus uliginosus M.Bieb., Fl. Taur. Cauc. 2: 274 (1808)
species :
Cirsium umezawanum Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 24(4): 147 (1998)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng.; Syst. 3: 374 (1826)
Name: Wavyleaf or gray or pasture thistle
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Sonora)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus megacephalus A.Nels., New Man. Bot. Centr. Rocky Mts. 587 (1909)
= Carduus undulatus Nutt., Gen. Am. 2: 130 (1818)
= Cirsium megacephalum (A.Gray) Cockerell ex Daniels, Univ. Missouri Studies, Sc. Ser., 2: No. 2, 254 (1911)
= Cirsium undulatum var. franktonis B.Boivin, Phytologia, 23(1): 113 (1972)
= Cirsium undulatum var. megacephalum (A.Gray) Fernald, Rhodora 10: 94 (1908)
= Cnicus undulatus (Nutt.) A.Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 10: 42 (1874)
= Cnicus undulatus var. megacephalus A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 10: 42 (1874)
species :
Cirsium unzenense Kadota & Mas.Saito; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 34(4): 143 (2008)
Distribution: Japan (Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium uzenense Kadota; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B. 31(1): 39 (2005)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium valdespinulosum (Sennen) Sennen; Bol. Soc. Iber. Ci. Nat. 28: 105 (1930)
Distribution: S-France; Portugal; Spain; ?Morocco; Algeria
12 FRA POR SPA 20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium monspessulanum ssp. ferox (Coss.) Talavera, Lagascalia, 4(2): 290 (1974)
= Cirsium monspessulanum var. ferox Coss., Notes Pl. Crit. 39 (1851)
= Cirsium montanum var. valdespinulosum Sennen, Pl. Espagn. no. 4841 (1923) in sched.
= Cirsium paniculatum Porta, (1892) nom. illeg., non Lam. 1779
species :
Cirsium valentinum Porta & Rigo; Atti Accad. Agiati 9. 38 (1892)
Distribution: E-Spain (SW of Valencia)
12 SPA
species :
Cirsium vallis-demonis Lojac.; Nat. Sicil. 3: 267 (1884)
Distribution: Sicily; SW-Italy
13 ITA SIC
species :
Cirsium velatum (S.Watson) Petr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 27: II. 247 (1910)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus velatus (S.Watson) Greene, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad. 1892 363 (1892)
= Cnicus velatus S.Watson, Proc. Am. Acad. 26: 143 (1891)
species :
Cirsium vergelense G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 2022-23: 23 (2022)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua)
79 MEX
Remarks: sect. Erythrolaena
species :
Cirsium vernonioides C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(6): 447, pl. 1, f. 2 (1984)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Cirsium verum Kadota; J. Jap. Bot. 96(3): 140 (2021)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium verutum (D.Don) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 3: 370 (1826)
Distribution: Tibet; Bhutan; Nepal; Myanmar (Kachin); India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Uttarakhand); Vietnam
36 TIB 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus involucratus Wall., Cat. n. 2902 (1830)
= Carduus trilobatus Buch.-Ham. ex DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 639 (1838)
= Cirsium involucratum DC., Prodr. 6: 639 (1837)
= Cnicus involucratus Wall. ex DC., Prodr. 6: 639 (1837)
= Cnicus verutus D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 167 (1825)
species :
Cirsium vinaceum (Wooton & Standl.) Wooton & Standl.; Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 19: 751 (1915)
Name: Sacramento Mountains thistle
Distribution: USA (New Mexico)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus vinaceus Wooton & Standl., Contrib. US. Nat. Herb. 16: 196 (1913)
species :
Cirsium virginianum (L.) Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 90 (1803)
Name: Virginia thistle
Distribution: USA (Delaware, Florida, Georgia, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Carduus revolutus Small, Fl. S. E. U. S. 1307 (1903)
= Carduus virginianus L., Sp. Pl. 824 (1753)
= Cirsium revolutum (Small) Petr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 35, Ab. 2: 558 (1917)
= Cnicus virginianus (L.) Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 2: 506 (1813)
species :
Cirsium viridifolium (Hand.-Mazz.) C.Shih; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 22(5): 394 (1984)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Jilin, Nei Mongol)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium salicifolium (Kitag.) C.Shih, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 78(1): 99 (1987)
= Cirsium vlassovianum var. salicifolium Kitag., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48: 112 (1934)
= Cirsium vlassovianum var. viridifolium Hand.-Mazz., Österr. Bot. Z. 85: 223-224 (1936)
species :
Cirsium vlassovianum Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. 6: 653 (1837)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shanxi); North Korea; South Korea; Mongolia; Russian Far East
31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium coryletorum Kom., Bull. Jard. Bot. Petersb., 16: 179 (1916)
= Cirsium kaimaense Kitam., Acta Phytotax. & Geobot., Kyoto, 3: 6, nomen, et in Mem. Coll. Sc. Kyoto Imp. Univ. Ser. B, 13: (Compos. Jap. 1.) 87 (1937) (1934)
= Cirsium vlassovianum f. album (Kitam.) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl. 343 (2004)
= Cirsium vlassovianum f. leucanthum Kitam., Mem. Coll. Sci. Kyoto Imp. Univ., Ser. B, Biol. 13: 88 (1937)
= Cirsium vlassovianum var. album Kitam., Compos. Nov. Jap. 1: 88 (1937)
= Cirsium vlassovianum var. album Nakai, Fl. Sylv. Kor. 14: 110 (1923)
= Cirsium vlassovianum var. bracteatum Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 2: 741 (1845)
= Cirsium vlassovianum var. lineare (Thunb.) C.Y.Li, Fl. Liaoningica, 2: 574 (1992)
= Cnicus vlassovianus (Fisch. ex DC.) Maximova, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 19(5): 509 (1874)
species :
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.; Fl. Nap. 5: 209 1835 (1838)
Name: Gewöhnliche Kratzdistel, Lanzett-Kratzdistel (DE); Spear Thistle (EN); Cardo borriquero (ES)
Distribution: England; Channel Isl.; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Norway; Sweden; Finland; France; Andorra; Portugal; Spain; Baleares (Ibiza & Formentera, Mallorca, Menorca); Denmark; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Austria; Monaco; Italy; San Marino; Corsica; Sardinia; Sicily; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); European Turkey; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); N-European Russia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; China (Xinjiang); South Korea [I]; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); European Turkey; Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., W-Iran, N-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Pakistan (Kurram, Gilgit); Azores (Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial); Canary Isl. [I] (Tenerife [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Kahoolawe Isl. [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); St. Pierre et Miquelon [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Newfoundland [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Prince Edward Isl. [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); Alaska [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], Arkansas [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Delaware [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Mississippi [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], Nebraska [I], Nevada [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], New York [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Colombia [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Aisén [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Argentina [I]; Ecuador [I]; Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; trop. Africa [I]; Ethiopia [I]; New Zealand [I]; Kermadec Isl. [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Lord Howe Isl. [I]; La Réunion [I]; New Guinea [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG MOR TUN 21 AZO cny 24 eth 27 les saf 29 reu 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 kor 40 PAK 42 nwg 50 aus lhi 51 ctm ker nzl 61 eas 63 haw 70 ask 72 spm 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 gua 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascalea lanceolata (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 72 (1769)
= Carduus divaricatus Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 1: 187 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Carduus lanceatus Hill, Veg. Syst. 4: 14 (1762)
= Carduus lanceolatus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 821 (1753)
= Carduus nemoralis (Rchb.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 14: 59 (1906)
= Carduus samniticus Ten., Sem. Hort. Neap. 12 (1825)
= Carduus vulgaris Savi, Fl. Pis. 2: 241 (1798)
= Cirsium abyssinicum Sch.Bip. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 456 (1848)
= Cirsium atticum Sch.Bip. ex Nyman, Consp. 406 (1879)
= Cirsium auriculatum G.Camus ex Belèze, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 42: 503 (1895)
= Cirsium balearicum Willk., Illustr. Fl. Hisp. 2: (1886) 20 in obs.
= Cirsium crinitum Boiss. ex DC., Prod. 7: 305 (1838)
= Cirsium drijeri Rchb.fil., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 15: 60 (1852)
= Cirsium gerhardti Sch.Bip., Flora, 32: 547 (1849)
= Cirsium godroni Sch.Bip. ex Nyman, Consp. 406 (1879)
= Cirsium gracile Rostr. ex Nyman, Consp. 406 (1879)
= Cirsium grandiflorum Kitt., 551 (1844)
= Cirsium hawaiensis (H.Lév.) H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 189 (1913)
= Cirsium judicariense Porta ex Petr., Biblioth. Bot. 78: 79 (1912)
= Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Hill, Herb. Brit. 1: 80 (1769)
= Cirsium lanceolatum (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol. (ed. 2) 2: 130 (1772), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium lanceolatum f. oligocephalum Erdner, 575 (1911)
= Cirsium lanceolatum f. polycephalum Erdner, 575 (1911)
= Cirsium lanceolatum ssp. hypoleucum (DC.) Beger, 875 (1928)
= Cirsium lanceolatum ssp. nemorale (Rchb.) Werner Christ., J. A. Christ. & al., 235 (1922)
= Cirsium lanceolatum ssp. silvaticum (Tausch) Vollm., 758 (1914), nom. illeg.
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. australe Murr, 64 (1898)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. canum Tausch, 516 (1834)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. glabratum Peterm., 482 (1844)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. hypoleucum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 636 (1838)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. jaegeri F.W.Schultz, 246 (1845)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. lanatum Peterm., 482 (1844)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. nemorale (Rchb.) Hampe, 48 (1836)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. nemorale Nägeli ex K.Koch, Syn. Pl. (ed. 2) 990. 1843-45
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. nemorosum Klett & Richt., 672 (1830)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. semidecurrens J.L.Jäger ex F.W.Schultz, 246 (1845)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. silvaticum (Tausch) Wender., 281 (1846)
= Cirsium lanceolatum var. vulgare Nägeli ex K.Koch, Syn. Pl. (ed. 2) 990. 1843-45
= Cirsium lanigerum Nägeli, Cirs. Schweiz. 114. t. 3
= Cirsium linkii Nyman, Syll. Fl. Eur. 23 (1854)
= Cirsium longespinosum Tod. ex Nyman, Consp. 406 (1879)
= Cirsium nemorale Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs. 286
= Cirsium pseudolanceolatum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 418 (1866)
= Cirsium rosani Ten., Ind. Sem. Hort. Neap. (1830) 15, ex Syll. 414
= Cirsium samniticum Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 370 (1840)
= Cirsium san-sebastiani Evers ex Petr., Biblioth. Bot. 78: 80 (1912)
= Cirsium silvaticum Tausch, Flora, 12: (1829) I. Erg. 38
= Cirsium strigosum (Hoffm. & Link) Cout., Fl. Portugal ed. 2: 766 (1939)
= Cirsium sylvaticum DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 656 (1838)
= Cirsium tauscheri Simonk. ex Petr., Biblioth. Bot. 78: 80 (1912)
= Cirsium tempskyanum Rigo ex Huter, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 56: 310 (1906)
= Cirsium virens Timb.-Lagr. & Jeanb. ex Nyman, Consp. 406 (1879)
= Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Petr., Cirsioth. Univ. Fasc. 4: No. 33 (1912), nomen provis., Airy Shaw in Fedde, Repert. 43: 303, in adnot., 304 (1938)
= Cirsium vulgare f. erdneri Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci Hung., 18 (1-2): 177 (1973)
= Cirsium vulgare ssp. crinitum (Boiss. ex DC.) Arènes, Bull. Soc. FranÃ
species :
. Échange Pl.Vasc.1: 21 (1948)
Distribution:
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium vulgare ssp. silvaticum (Tausch) Arènes
= Cirsium vulgare var. album Mozaff., Fl. Iran [ed. M. Assadi et al.] 144: 205 (2018)
= Cirsium vulgare var. litorale P.D.Sell, P. D. Sell & G. Murrell, 531 (2006)
= Cirsium vulgare var. nemorale (Rchb.) Tzvelev, Fl. Evropeiskoi Chasti SSSR, 7: 240 (1994)
= Cirsium vulgare var. oligocephalum Erdner
= Cnicus hawaiensis H.Lév., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 122 (1911)
= Cnicus lanceolatus (L.) Willd., Fl. Berol. Prodr. 259 (1787)
= Cnicus leucophanus Baumg. ex Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 418 (1866)
= Cnicus samniticus Ten. ex Steud., Nom. ed. 2(1): 389 (1840)
= Cynara lanceata (Hill) Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 155 (1812)
= Epitrachys lanceolata (L.) K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
= Epitrachys nemoralis K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 400 (1851)
= Epitrachys vulgaris K.Koch, Linnaea, 24: 402 (1851)
= Eriolepis lanceolata (L.) Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 41: 331 (1826)
= Lophiolepis dubia Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat. 37: 183 (1823)
species :
Cirsium wakasugianum Kadota; Bull. Nation. Sci. Mus., B (Tokyo), 21(1): 20 (1995)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Cirsium waldsteinii Rouy; Fl. Fr. 9: 84 (1905), nom. nov.
Name: Waldsteins Kratzdistel
Distribution: Poland; Slovakia; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia & Kosovo; Montenegro; Romania; Ukraine
11 POL SLO 13 BIH CRO MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: populations from the Austrian Alps have been separated as C. greimleri
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium pauciflorum (Waldst. & Kit.) Spreng., Syst. 3: 375 (1826) non Lam.
= Carduus pauciflorus (Waldst. & Kit.) Pers., Syn. 2: 388 (1807)
= Cnicus pauciflorus Waldst. & Kit., Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 2: 175 (1805)
species :
Cirsium wallichii DC.; Prod. 6: 643 (1837)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand); Nepal; Bhutan; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Gilgit, Baltistan); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Kunar / Nuristan, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium macracanthum Sch.Bip., Flora, 35: 135 (1852)
= Cnicus arachnoides Wall., Cat. n. 2891 (1831) (nom. nud.)
= Cnicus cernuus Wall., Cat. 99 n. 2892 (1831) (nom. nud.)
= Cnicus wallichii (DC.) C.B.Clarke, Comp. Ind. 219 (1876)
= Cnicus wallichii (DC.) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 363 (1881), isonym
= Echenais ferox Edgew. ex C.B.Clarke, Comp. Ind. 318 (1876)
variant :
var. cernua (Hook.fil.) Karthik. & Moorthy; Fl. Pl. India 215 (2009)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus wallichii var. cernua Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 364 (1881)
variant :
var. fasciculatum (Hook.fil.) Babu; Herb. Fl. Dehra Dun: 254 (1977)
Distribution: India (Kerala, Uttarakhand)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus wallichii var. fasciculata Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 364 (1881)
= Cirsium wallichii var. fasciculata (Hook.fil.) M.Sharma, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 74(Suppl.): 684 (1979), isonym
= Cirsium wallichii var. fasciculatum (Hook.fil.) Manilal & Suresh, K. S. Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley: 153 (1988), isonym
= Cirsium wallichii var. fasciculatum (Hook.fil.) Raizada, Suppl. Duthie´s Fl. Upper Gangetic Plain, etc. 6: 108 (1976), isonym
variant :
var. glabratum (Hook.fil.) Wendelbo; Nytt. Mag. B. 1: 67 (1952)
Distribution: India (Sikkim); Afghanistan; Nepal
34 AFG 40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cirsium wallichii var. glabrata (Hook.fil.) Raizada in Raizada & H.O.Saxena, Fl. Mussoorie, 1: 330 (1978) (isonym)
= Cnicus wallichii var. glabrata Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India. 3: 364 (1881)
variant :
var. nepalensis (DC.) Karthik. & Moorthy; Fl. Pl. India 216 (2009)
Distribution: India (Uttarakhand)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus wallichii var. nepalensis (DC.) Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 364 (1881)
= Cnicus argyracanthus var. nepalensis (DC.) C.B.Clarke, Comp. Ind. 218 (1876)
= Cirsium nepalense DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 642 (1838)
variant :
var. platylepis (Hook.fil.) Aswal & Mehrotra; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 1(1-2): 117 (1980)
Distribution: India (Jammu & Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus wallichii var. platylepis Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 364 (1881)
variant :
var. wightii (Hook.fil.) Vivek.; Biol. Mem., 2(12): 77 (1977)
Distribution: India (Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cnicus wallichii var. wightii Hook.fil., Fl. Brit. India 3: 364 (1881)
species :
Cirsium welwitschii Coss.;