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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

328.0000 Family Cistaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl. 294 (1789), nom. cons.
8 genera, ca. 220 spp.
Species listed in database: 223; hybrids: 76
= Cisteae Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 2(2): 710, 711 (1832)
= Cistinae Janch.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 21: 300 (1925)
= Cistineae Rchb.; Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: lxxvi (1841)
= Cistoideae Eaton; Bot. Dict., ed. 4: 42 (1836)
= Fumaneae Willk.; H. M. Willkomm & J. M. C. Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 706 (1880)
= Fumaninae Janch.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 21: 301 (1925)
= Helianthemaceae G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 9, 185 (1836)
= Hudsonieae Janch.; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2, 21: 301 (1925)
= Lecheeae Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., sér. 2, 6: 371 (1836)
328.0008 Genus Cistus L.; Sp. Pl.: 523 (1753)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (7), Mediterranean, S-Crimea, W-Asia to Caucasus and Iran
Species listed in database: 28; hybrids: 36
= Ladanium Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 67 (1836)
= Ledonia Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 369 (1836)
= Libanotis Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 132 (1838)
= Rhodocistus Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 367 (1836)
= Stephanocarpus Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. Il 6: 368 (1836)
= Strobon Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 132 (1838)
species :
Cistus albidus L.; Sp. Pl.: 524 (1753)
Name: Weißliche Zistrose
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Morocco; Algeria
12 BAL COR FRA GIB MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus albeerensis var. barcinonensis Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 24 (1931)
= Cistus albidus f. albus (Warb.) Dans.; Boissiera 4: 48 (1939)
= Cistus albidus f. platyphyllus Sennen; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 10: 134 (1911)
= Cistus albidus var. albus Warb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 55: 24 (1930)
= Cistus albidus var. angustifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus albidus var. attenuatifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus albidus var. grandifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus albidus var. latifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus albidus var. longifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus albidus var. microcarpus Pau; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1928: no. 6513 (1929), nom. nud.
= Cistus albidus var. parvifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus albidus var. stenophyllus Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 23 (1931)
= Cistus vulgaris var. albidus (L.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 375 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Cistus vulgaris var. sessilifolius Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 88 (1838), nom. illeg.]
variant :
var. anthyllidetorum O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 79 (1974)
Distribution: Baleares
12 BAL
species :
Cistus asper Demoly & R.Mesa; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(3): 117 (2005)
Name: Raue Zistrose (DE); Amagante herreno (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Hierro)
21 CNY
species :
Cistus chinamadensis Bañares & P.Romero; Stud. Bot. (Salamanca) 9: 119 (1990 publ. 1991)
subspecies :
subsp. chinamadensis
Name: Chinamada-Zistrose (DE); Amagante de Chinamada (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus chinamadensis f. hirtus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 69 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. gomerae Bañares & P.Romero; Stud. Bot. (Salamanca) 9: 122 (1990 publ. 1991)
Name: La Gomera-Zistrose (DE); Amagante gomero (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gomera)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus chinamadensis f. griseus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 70 (2005)
subspecies :
subsp. ombriosus Demoly & M.Marrero; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(3): 118 (2005)
Name: El Hierro-Zistrose (DE); Amagante herreno (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Hierro)
21 CNY
species :
Cistus clusii Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 266 (1824)
Distribution: Spain; Italy; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 SPA 13 ITA SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus clusii var. pruinosus Willk.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 713 (1878)
= Cistus clusii var. sedjera (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie-Tunisie [Batt. & Trab.]: 42 (1905)
= Cistus clusii var. viridis Willk.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 713 (1878)
= Cistus fastigiatus Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 2: 13 (1828)
= Cistus libanotis var. pruinosus (Willk.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 166 (1932)
= Cistus libanotis var. sedjera (Pomel) Emb. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1075 (1941)
= Cistus libanotis var. viridis (Willk.) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 493 (1932)
= Cistus pruinosus (Willk.) Dans.; Boissiera 4: 83 (1939)
= Cistus rorismarinifolius Pourr. ex Timb.-Lagr.; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Nat. Toulouse 2: 101 (1874)
= Cistus rosmarinifolius Pourr.; Kern. Acad. Toulouse, ser. 3: 313 (1788)
= Cistus rosmarinifolius var. sedjera (Pomel) Grosser; Pflanzenr. [Engl.], heft 14, 4, n,193: 27 (1903)
= Cistus sedjera Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atlant. 1: 216 (1874)
= Halimium clusii (Dunal) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 365 (1836)
= Helianthemum libanotis Guss.; Pl. Rar.: 30 (1826), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. multiflorus (Demoly) Romo; Fl. Silvestres Baleares: 172 (1994)
Distribution: Spain; Baleares (Mallorca, Ibiza, Formentera)
12 BAL SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus clusii subsp. multiflorus Demoly; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 49(1): 150 (1991) (nom. nov.)
species :
Cistus creticus L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1073 (1759)
subspecies :
subsp. creticus
Name: Grauhaarige Zistrose (DE); Grey Rockrose (EN)
Distribution: Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Malta; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Cyprus; Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania; New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
12 SAR 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT NMA PTL SIC TUE 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 51 nzl 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus complicatus Spruner ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 70 (1878)
= Cistus creticus f. albus (O.E.Warb.) Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 45:47 (2008)
= Cistus creticus f. flavus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 45:47 (2008)
= Cistus creticus var. dalmaticus (H.Lindb.) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 54 (1967)
= Cistus creticus var. jacquinii Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 25 (1856)
= Cistus creticus var. morisii Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 26 (1856)
= Cistus creticus var. tenorei Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 25 (1856)
= Cistus cupanianus C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 117 (1826)
= Cistus dunalianus Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 34 (1826)
= Cistus garganicus Ten.; Index Sem. Hort. Neapol. 1829: 15 (1829)
= Cistus ladanifer Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 209 (1812)
= Cistus philothei Sennen & Mauricio; Sennen, Diagn. Nouv.: 179 (1936)
= Cistus polymorphus f. creticus (L.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 88 (1888)
= Cistus polymorphus f. leiocarpus (Rouy & Foucaud) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 400 (1898)
= Cistus polymorphus proles villosus (L.) Samp.; Ann. Sci. Acad. Polytecn. Porto 4: 63 (1909), nom. illeg.
= Cistus polymorphus subsp. villosus (L.) Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 22 (1857), nom. superfl.
= Cistus polymorphus subvar. leiocarpus (Rouy & Foucaud) Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 173 (1935)
= Cistus polymorphus var. creticus (L.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 342 (1877)
= Cistus polymorphus var. leiocarpus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 261 (1895)
= Cistus polymorphus var. rumelicus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 24 (1856)
= Cistus polymorphus var. vulgaris Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 22 (1856), nom. illeg.
= Cistus polymorphus Willk.; lcon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 19 (1857) (nom. illeg.)
= Cistus rotundifolius Sweet; Cist. t. 75 (1826)
= Cistus tomentosus Lam.; Fl. Franç. (Lam.) 3: 168 (1779)
= Cistus undulatus Moench; Methodus (Moench) 245 (1794)
= Cistus villosus f. albus O.E.Warb.; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 55: 239 (1930)
= Cistus villosus L.; Gen. Pl., ed. 6. pag. ult. (nomen incertum) (1764)
= Cistus villosus subsp. creticus (L.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 70 (1882)
= Cistus villosus subsp. creticus (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 70 (1878)
= Cistus villosus var. creticus (L.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 437 (1867)
= Cistus villosus var. dalmaticus H.Lindb.; Öfvers. Finska Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 48: 74 (1906)
= Cistus villosus var. rotundifolius (Sweet) Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 16 (1903)
= Cistus villosus var. undulatus Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 16 (1903)
= Cistus vulgaris Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 368 (1836)
= Cistus vulgaris var. creticus (L.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 375 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Cistus vulgaris var. undulatus Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 6: 88 (1838)
= Cistus vulgaris var. villosus (L.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 87 (1838), nom. superfl.
= Cistus ×incanus subsp. creticus (L.) Heywood; Feddes Repert. 79: 60 (1968)
= Cistus ×incanus subsp. villosus (L.) Murb.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 1: 13 (1897)
= Cistus ×incanus var. creticus (L.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 1: 437 (1867)
= Cistus ×incanus var. reichenbachii Hochr.; Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 7-8: 182 (1904)
= Cistus ×incanus var. villosus (L.) Murb.; Prodr. Fl. Ciren.: 325 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. corsicus (Loisel.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 11: 275 (1981).:
Distribution: Corsica; Sardinia; Croatia [I]; Morocco; ?Algeria; USA [I] (California [I])
12 COR SAR 13 cro 20 MOR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus corsicus Loisel.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 6: 416 (1827)
= Cistus creticus var. corsicus (Loisel.) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 53 (1967)
= Cistus villosus subsp. corsicus (Loisel.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 439 (1936)
= Cistus villosus var. corsicus (Loisel.) Grosser; Pflanzenr. [Engl.], heft 14, 4, n,193: 15 (1903)
= Cistus ×incanus subsp. corsicus (Loisel.) Heywood; Feddes Repert. 79: 60 (1968)
= Cistus ×incanus var. corsicus (Loisel.) Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 1: 162 (1847)
= Cistus ×polymorphus subsp. corsicus (Loisel.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 261 (1895), nom. superfl.
= Cistus ×polymorphus subvar. corsicus (Loisel.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 261 (1895)
= Cistus ×polymorphus var. corsicus (Loisel.) Ball; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 342 (1877)
subspecies :
subsp. trabutii (Maire) Dobignard; Candollea 47(2): 423 (1992)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus villosus var. trabutii Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 15 (1929)
species :
Cistus crispus L.; Sp. Pl.: 524 (1753)
Name: Rauhe Zistrose
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; ?Corsica; Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 FRA POR SPA 13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus crispus f. vestitus (Hook.f. ex E.F.Warb.) Dans.; Boissiera 4: 51 (1939)
= Cistus crispus f. warburgii Dans.; Boissiera 4: 51 (1939)
= Cistus crispus var. vestitus Hook.f. ex E.F.Warb.; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 55: 25 (1930)
= Cistus vulgaris var. crispus (L.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 375 (1840), nom. superfl.
species :
Cistus grancanariae Marrero Rodr., R.S.Almeida & C.Ríos; Bot. Macarones. 27: 74 (2008)
Name: Gran-Canaria-Zistrose (DE); Amagante de Gran Canaria (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
species :
Cistus heterophyllus Desf.; Fl. Atlant. 1: 411 (1798)
subspecies :
subsp. heterophyllus
Name: Verschiedenblättrige Zistrose
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus asperifolius Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 2: 355 (1875), nom. illeg.
= Cistus heterophyllus lusus obstinatus P.P.Ferrer, Ferrando & E.Laguna; Bouteloua 21: 117 (2015)
= Cistus heterophyllus var. asperifolius (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 88 (1888)
= Cistus vulgaris var. heterophyllus (Desf.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 89 (1838)
= Cistus vulgaris var. heterophyllus (Desf.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 375 (1840), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. carthaginensis (Pau) M.B.Crespo & Mateo; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 45(1): 168 (1988)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Murcia, Valencia)
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus carthaginensis Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 3: 260 (1904)
subspecies :
subsp. marzoi P.P.Ferrer, Ferrando, Campestre & E.Laguna; Bouteloua 16: 28 (2013) [nothossp.]
Distribution: SE-Spain
12 SPA
species :
Cistus horrens Demoly; Acta Bot. Gallica 151(2): 231 (- 232) (2004)
Name: Haarige Zistrose (DE); Jaron (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
species :
Cistus inflatus Pourr. ex Demoly; Acta Bot. Gallica, 144(1): 42 (1997 publ. 1998), nom. nov.
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I], Porto Santo Isl. [I]); Australia [I] (South Australia [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
12 POR SPA 21 mdr 50 aus 51 nzl 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus hirsutus f. pumilus (Daveau) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port.: 165 (1910)
= Cistus hirsutus Lam.; Encycl. 2: 17 (1786) (non Lam., Fl. Franc. 3: 157 (1779))
= Cistus hirsutus var. angustifolius Merino; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 28: 28 (1899)
= Cistus hirsutus var. brevifolius Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 36 (1856)
= Cistus hirsutus var. pumilus Daveau; Bol. Soc. Brot. 4: 40 (1886)
= Cistus hirsutus var. subglaber Merino; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2(9): 511 (1904)
= Ledonia hirsuta (Lam.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 6: 369 (1836)
species :
Cistus ladanifer L.; Sp. Pl.: 523 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. ladanifer
Name: Lack-Zistrose (DE); Jara negra (ES)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Morocco; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife); Cyprus [I] (W-Cyprus [I], N-Cyprus [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I])
12 BAL FRA POR SPA 20 MOR 21 CNY mdr 34 cyp 51 nzl 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus grandiflorus Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange; Prodr. Fl. Hisp. 3: 712 (1877)
= Cistus ladanifer proles angustifolius (Daveau) Sennen & Cadevall; Fl. Catalunya 1: 197 (1913)
= Cistus ladanifer f. albiflorus (Dunal) Dans.; Boissiera 4: 78 (1939)
= Cistus ladanifer f. angustifolius Daveau; Bol. Soc. Brot. 4: 44 (1886)
= Cistus ladanifer f. concolor Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 24: 234 (1914), nom. nud.
= Cistus ladanifer f. discolor Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 24: 234 (1914)
= Cistus ladanifer f. immaculatus Dans.; Monogr. Cistus: 80 (1939)
= Cistus ladanifer f. maculatus (Dunal) Dans.; Monogr. Cistus: 80 (1939)
= Cistus ladanifer subsp. angustifolius (Daveau) Sennen & Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 15: 223 (1916)
= Cistus ladanifer subsp. europaeus Dans.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 32: 6 (1951), nom. illeg.
= Cistus ladanifer subsp. mauritii Pau & Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1928: no. 8671 (1929)
= Cistus ladanifer var. albiflorus Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 266 (1824)
= Cistus ladanifer var. angustifolius (Daveau) Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 24: 234 (1914)
= Cistus ladanifer var. maculatus Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 266 (1824)
= Cistus ladanifer var. minorifolius Sennen; Exsicc. (Pl. Esp.) 1925: no. 5255 (1926), nom. nud.
= Cistus ladanifer var. supermaculatus P.-P.Buitr., Gosálvez, E.Laguna, P.P.Ferrer, A.Valdés, Verde, Obón & D.Rivera; S. African J. Bot. 162: 117 (2023)
= Cistus ladanosma Hoffmanns.; Verz. Pfl.-Kult.: 51 (1824)
= Cistus viscosus Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. iii. 209 (1812)
= Ladanium officinarum Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 67 (1836)
= Ladanum verum Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 131 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. mauritianus Pau & Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 178 (1951)
Distribution: S-Spain (Malaga); Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ladanifer subsp. africanus Dans.; Mem. Soc, Bot. France 32: 6 (1951)
= Cistus ladanifer var. petiolatus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 15: 74 (1924)
= Cistus ladanifer var. subangustifolius Sennen; [nom. nud.]
= Cistus ladanifer var. tangerinus Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 283 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. sulcatus (Demoly) P.Monts.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 49(1): 152 (1991)
Distribution: SW-Portugal
12 POR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ladanifer f. bicolor Demoly; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n.s. 16: 93 (1985)
= Cistus ladanifer f. latifolius Daveau; Bol. Soc. Brot. 4: 44 (1886)
= Cistus ladanifer f. sulcatus Demoly; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. s. 16: 93 (1985), without latin descr.
= Cistus ladanifer var. sulcatus Demoly; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. s. 16: 93 (1985)
= Cistus palhinhae N.D.Ingram; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 114: 34 (1943)
species :
Cistus laurifolius L.; Sp. Pl.: 523 (1753)
Name: Lorbeerblättrige Zistrose
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica [I]; Italy; Greece; Morocco; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); New Zealand [I]
12 ADO cor FRA POR SPA 13 GRC ITA 20 MOR 34 TUR 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus laurifolius subsp. atlanticus (Pit.) Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 12 (1933)
= Cistus laurifolius var. atlanticus Pit.; Contr. Fl. Maroc [Pit.]: 10 (1918)
= Cistus laurifolius var. lanceolatus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 275 (1895)
= Cistus laurifolius var. ovatus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 275 (1895), nom. inval.
= Cistus laurifolius var. prostratus Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 180 (1936)
= Ladanium laurifolium (L.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 67 (1836)
species :
Cistus libanotis L.; Syst. Nat. ed. 10: 1073 (1759)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus asperifolius Sweet; Cistineae: t. 87 (1829)
= Cistus bourgaeanus Coss.; Notes Pl. Crit.: 30 (1849)
= Cistus oblongifolius Sweet; Cistineae: t. 67 (1828)
= Cistus ×lucasii f. subcreticus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 45: 48 (2008)
= Helianthemum bourgaeanum Nyman; Syll. Fl. Eur. 223 (1855)
= Helianthemum libanotis (L.) Dufour ex Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2(13): 48 (1858)
= Helianthemum umbellatum C.Presl; Fl. Sicul. (C. Presl) 1: 118 (1826)
species :
Cistus monspeliensis L.; Sp. Pl.: 524 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. monspeliensis
Name: Montpellier-Zistrose (DE); Jaguarzo (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Monaco; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (W-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); USA [I] (California [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA MCO POR SAR SPA 13 ALB CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT MNT PEL PTL SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 CYP EAI TUR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus affinis Bertol. ex Guss.; Fl. Sic. Prodr. 2: 12 (1828)
= Cistus collinus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 368 (1796)
= Cistus monspeliensis f. affinis (Bertol.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 264 (1895)
= Cistus monspeliensis f. albiflorus Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 174 (1935)
= Cistus monspeliensis f. flavescens Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 174 (1936)
= Cistus monspeliensis proles affinis (Bertol.) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: ? (1895)
= Cistus monspeliensis subsp. affinis (Bertol.) Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 38 (1931)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. affinis (Bertol.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 438 (1936)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. densifolius Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 38 (1931)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. feredjensis (Batt.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 90 (1888)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. flavescens Briq.; Prodr. Fl. Corse 2(2): 175 (1936)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. major Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 263 (1895)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. minor Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 30 (1856)
= Cistus monspeliensis var. parviflorus Sennen; Mem. Primer Congr. Naturalistas Esp.: 280 (1909), nom. nud.
= Cistus oleifolius Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 10 (1768)
= Cistus valentinus Pourr. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 1: 71 (1878)
= Cistus ×feredjensis Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 30: 263 (1884)
= Stephanocarpus monspeliensis (L.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. Il 6: 369 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. canariensis Rivas Mart., Martín Osorio & Wildpret; Itinera Geobot. 18(2): 482 (2011)
Distribution: +Madeira (+Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY MDR
species :
Cistus munbyi Pomel; Bull. Soc. Sci. Phys. Algerie 11: 215 (1874)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus sericeus Munby; Fl. Algerie: 53 (1847) (non Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 37 (1790)) (syn. subst.)
= Cistus sericeus var. major Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. 2: 46 (1856)
= Halimium sericeum (Munby) K.Koch; Hort. Dendrol. 31, No. 2 (1853)
species :
Cistus ocreatus C.Sm.; Abh. Kgl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, Phys. Kl. 1816-1817: 380 (1819)
Name: Tamadaba-Zistrose (DE); Amagante de Tamadaba (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria)
21 CNY
species :
Cistus osbeckiifolius Webb ex Pit. & Proust; Iles Canar. Fl. 110 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. osbeckiifolius
Name: Osbeckienblättrige Zistrose (DE); Amagante de cumbre (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ochreatus Chr.P.Sm. ex Buch; Berl. Acad. Abh. 1816-17 380 (1819)
= Rhodocistus osbeckiifolius Webb ex Christ; Bot. Jahrb. 9: 96 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. tomentosus Bañares & Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 36:25 (2007)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Tenerife)
21 CNY
species :
Cistus palmensis Bañares & Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 36: 26 (2007)
Name: La Palma-Zistrose (DE); Amagante de La Palma (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (La Palma)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×banaresii Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 36:30 (2007)
= Cistus ×banaresii f. symphytoides Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 36:30 (2007)
= Cistus ×banaresii nvar. subcanus Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 36: 30 (2007)
species :
Cistus parviflorus Lam.; Encycl. 2: 14 (1786)
Name: Kleinblütige Zistrose (DE); Small-flowered Rockrose (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Libya; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
13 GRC KRI TUE 20 LBY 34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus complicatus Lam.; Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 2(1): 14 (1786)
= Cistus cymosus Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 265 (1824)
= Cistus lilacinus Hoffmanns. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 374 (1840)
= Cistus parviflorus var. brevifolius Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 28 (1856)
= Cistus parviflorus var. spathulatus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 28 (1856)
species :
Cistus populifolius L.; Sp. Pl.: 523 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. populifolius
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France
12 FRA POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus cordifolius Moench; Methodus: 245 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Cistus latifolius Sweet; Cistineae: t. 15 (1825)
= Cistus populifolius f. marianus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 40 (1856)
= Cistus populifolius f. narbonensis (Willk.) Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 22 (1903)
= Cistus populifolius f. narbonnensis Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 40 (1856)
= Cistus populifolius proles narbonensis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 271 (1895)
= Cistus populifolius var. celtibericus Pau; Bol. Soc. Aragonesa Ci. Nat. 2: 282 (1903)
= Cistus populifolius var. marianus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 40 (1858)
= Cistus populifolius var. minor Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 266 (1824)
= Cistus populifolius var. narbonensis Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 40 (1858)
= Cistus populifolius var. psilocalyx Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 40 (1858)
= Ledonia populifolia (L.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 369 (1836)
= Ledonia populifolia var. cordifolia Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 6: 359 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Ledonia populifolia var. longifolia Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 6: 369 (1836)
= Libanotis populifolius (L.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur. 132 (1838)
subspecies :
subsp. major (Dunal) Heywood; Feddes Repert. 79: 61 (1968)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco
12 POR SPA 20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus polymorphus var. lasiocalyx (Willk.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 711 (1878)
= Cistus populifolius f. lasiocalyx Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 40 (1856)
= Cistus populifolius var. lasiocalyx Willk.; Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 711 (1878)
= Cistus populifolius var. major Dunal; DC., Prodr. 1: 266 (1824)
species :
Cistus pouzolzii Delile; Suppl. Cat. Hort. Monsp. (1839), ex Gren. & Godr. Fl. Fr. 1: 163
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus gardi Sennen; Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 12 (1933), nom. nud.
species :
Cistus salviifolius L.; Sp. Pl.: 524 (1753)
Name: Salbeiblütige Zistrose (DE); Sage-leaved Rockrose (EN)
Distribution: S-Switzerland; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); USA [I] (California [I])
11 SWI 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MNT PTL SIC SLV TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 mdr 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI IRN ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus apricus (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 70 (1892)
= Cistus arrigens (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 69 (1892)
= Cistus elegans (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 70 (1892)
= Cistus fruticans (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 70 (1892)
= Cistus humilis (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 70 (1892)
= Cistus microphyllus (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 70 (1892)
= Cistus platyphyllus (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 69 (1892)
= Cistus rhodanensis (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 69 (1892)
= Cistus salviifolius f. biflorus Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 39 (1856)
= Cistus salviifolius f. brevipedunculatus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1856)
= Cistus salviifolius f. cymosus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 39 (1856)
= Cistus salviifolius f. grandifolius Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1856)
= Cistus salviifolius f. longipedunculatus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1856)
= Cistus salviifolius f. macrocalyx Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1856)
= Cistus salviifolius var. biflorus (Willk.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 710 (1878)
= Cistus salviifolius var. brevipedunculatus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1858)
= Cistus salviifolius var. corbariensis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 267 (1895)
= Cistus salviifolius var. cymosus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 39 (1858)
= Cistus salviifolius var. elegans (Jord. & Fourr.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 439 (1936)
= Cistus salviifolius var. fissipetalus Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 38 (1931)
= Cistus salviifolius var. flavescens Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 267 (1895)
= Cistus salviifolius var. grandifolius Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1858)
= Cistus salviifolius var. longipedunculatus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1858)
= Cistus salviifolius var. macrocalyx (Willk.) Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 3: 710 (1878)
= Cistus salviifolius var. microphyllus (Jord. & Fourr.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 439 (1936)
= Cistus salviifolius var. occidentalis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 266 (1895)
= Cistus salviifolius var. pandoanus Font Quer; Bol. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 19: 93 (1919)
= Cistus salviifolius var. rierae Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 38 (1931)
= Cistus salviifolius var. schizocalyx Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 38 (1931)
= Cistus salviifolius var. undulatifolius Kotschy; Ins. Cypern: 377 (1865)
= Cistus salviifolius var. vulgaris Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 38 (1858)
= Cistus sideritis C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: 116 (1826)
= Cistus velutinus (Jord. & Fourr.) Timb.-Lagr.; Rev. Bot. Soc. Franc. 10: 70 (1892)
= Ledonia aprica Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 18 (1868)
= Ledonia arrigens Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 17 (1868)
= Ledonia elegans Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 18 (1868)
= Ledonia fruticans Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 18 (1868)
= Ledonia humilis Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 17 (1868)
= Ledonia microphylla Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 17 (1868)
= Ledonia peduncularis Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 369 (1836)
= Ledonia peduncularis var. salviifolia (L.) Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 73 (1838), nom. superfl.
= Ledonia platyphylla Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 18 (1868)
= Ledonia rhodanensis Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 16 (1868)
= Ledonia salviifolia Fourr.; Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, N. S. 16: 339 (1868)
= Ledonia velutina Jord. & Fourr.; Brev. Pl. Nov. fasc. 2: 18 (1868)
species :
Cistus sintenisii Litard.; Briq., Prodr. Fl. Corsica 2: 11. 175 (1936), pro hybr.
Distribution: Corsica; Albania; Greece
12 COR 13 ALB GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus albanicus E.F.Warb. ex Heywood; Feddes Repert. 79: 60 (1968)
species :
Cistus symphytifolius Lam.; Encyc. 2: 15 (1786)
Name: Beinwellblättrige Zistrose (DE); Amagante de pinar (ES)
Distribution: Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.)
21 CNY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus berthelotianus (Spach) Pit. & Proust; nom. illeg.] [Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 110 (1909)
= Cistus berthelotianus var. leucophyllus (Spach) Pit. & Proust; Iles Canaries [Pit. & Proust]: 110 (1909)
= Cistus berthelotianus var. pilosus Pit. & Proust; Iles Canaries: 110 (1909)
= Cistus berthelotianus var. symphytifolius (Lam.) Pit.; Pit. & Proust, Iles Canaries: 110 (1909), nom. superfl.
= Cistus berthelotianus var. symphytifolius (Lam.) Webb
= Cistus candidissimus Dunal ex DC.; Prodr. 1: 264 (1824)
= Cistus symphytifolius f. albiflorus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 70 (2005)
= Cistus symphytifolius subsp. leucophyllus (Spach) G.Kunkel; Cuad. Bot. Canar. 28: 58 (1976 publ. 1977)
= Cistus symphytifolius var. canus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 71 (2005)
= Cistus symphytifolius var. hirutissimus (Willk.) Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 12 (1903)
= Cistus symphytifolius var. leucophyllus (Spach) Danser
= Cistus symphytifolius var. vaginatus (Dryand.) Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 12 (1903)
= Cistus symphytifolius var. villosus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 72 (2005)
= Cistus vaginatus Dryand.; W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 3: 304 (1811)
= Cistus vaginatus var. hirsutissimus Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 14 (1856)
= Rhodocistus berthelotianus Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 367 (1836)
= Rhodocistus berthelotianus var. leucophyllus Spach; Hist. Nat. Vég. 6: 93 (1838)
= Strobon vaginatum (Dryand.) Raf.; Sylva Tellur.: 132 (1838)
species :
Cistus tauricus J.Presl; J. Presl & C. Presl, Delic. Prag.: 24 (1822)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
12 COR POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KRI MLT SIC SMA TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus creticus subsp. eriocephalus (Viv.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 11: 275 (1981)
= Cistus creticus var. eriocephalus (Viv.) Greuter; Boissiera 13: 54 (1967)
= Cistus creticus var. tauricus (C.Presl) Dunal; Prodr. [A. DC.] 1: 264 (1824)
= Cistus villosus var. tauricus (J.Presl) Grosser; Pflanzenr. [Engl.], heft 14, 4, n,193: 15 (1903)
= Cistus eriocephalus Viv.; Fl. Cors.: 8 (1824)
= Cistus macrocalyx Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 21: 105 (1911), nom. illeg.
= Cistus paui Sennen; Monde Pl. 32: 38 (1931)
= Cistus ponticus Juz.; Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S.S.S.R. 13: 79 (1955)
= Cistus riphienensis Pau; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 31: 97 (1932 publ. 1934)
= Cistus sennenianus Pau; Cavanillesia 5: 175 (1932)
= Cistus villosus var. eriocephalus (Viv.) Grosser; Pflanzenr. [Engl.], heft 14, 4, n,193: 15 (1903)
= Cistus villosus var. mauritanicus Grosser; Pflanzenr. [Engl.], heft 14, 4, n,193: 15 (1903)
= Cistus villosus var. tauricus (C.Presl) Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 14 (1903)
species :
Cistus ×aguilari Pau; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. no. extr.: 290 (1921)
Distribution: Spain; Morocco
12 SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: Cistus ladanifer L. x Cistus populifolius ssp. major
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×aguilari O.E.Warb.; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 56: 222 (1931), nom. illeg.
= Cistus ×aguilari f. maculatus Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 18: 148 (2002)
= Cistus ×aguilari f. oscari Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 18: 148 (2002)
= Cistus ×aguilari var. pilosus Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 18: 148 (2002)
species :
Cistus ×akamantis Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 23(1): 8 (2006)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×akamantis nvar. polyanthus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 23(1): 10 (2006)
= Cistus ×akamantis nvar. sessilis Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 23(1): 11 (2006)
species :
Cistus ×albereensis Gaut. ex Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 268 (1895)
Distribution: Spain; France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Cistus albidus x salviifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×gautieri Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 268 (1895)
species :
Cistus ×bornetianus Demoly; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 54(1): 253 (1996)
Distribution: cult.
Remarks: Cistus albidus x lauriflorus
species :
Cistus ×cebennensis Aubin & J.Prudhomme; Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon 55(4): 136 (1986)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Remarks: Cistus pouzolzii x salvifolius
species :
Cistus ×clausonii Font Quer & Maire; Cavanillesia 3: 59 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. clausonii
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Cistus albidus L. x Cistus heterophyllus Desf.
subspecies :
subsp. crespoi P.P.Ferrer & E.Laguna; Flora Montiber. 52: 61 (2012) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
species :
Cistus ×conradiae Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 13(1): 19 (1996)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Remarks: Cistus creticus x monspeliensis
species :
Cistus ×corbariensis Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 312 (1788)
Distribution: Spain; France; Morocco
12 FRA SPA 20 MOR
Remarks: Cistus populifolius ssp. populifolius x Cistus salviifolius L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×corbariensis Pourr. ex Dunal; Prodr. [DC.] 1: 2675 (1824) [pro sp.]
= Cistus ×corbariensis var. cordatus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 273 (1895)
= Cistus ×corbariensis var. lanceolatus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 273 (1895)
= Cistus ×corbariensis var. ovatus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 273 (1895)
species :
Cistus ×costei E.G.Camus; Cat. Pl. France 32 (1888)
Distribution: Spain; France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Cistus laurifolius x salviifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×pechii Pourr. ex Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 277 (1895)
= Cistus ×dubius Pourr.; (1788) pro sp.]
species :
Cistus ×curvativus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 66 (2005)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×curvativus f. guttatus Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 42:03 (2008)
species :
Cistus ×cyprius Lam.; Encycl. 2: 16 (1786)
Distribution: Spain; Morocco; Algeria; Cyprus [I]
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR 34 cyp
Remarks: Cistus ladanifer x laurifolius (var. atlanticus)
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ladaniferus Curtis; Bot. Mag. t. 112 (1790)
= Cistus ×cyprius f. albiflorus (Verg.) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 28 (1994)
= Cistus ×cyprius f. bicolor Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 18: 149 (2002)
= Cistus ×cyprius f. immaculatus (Maire) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 28 (1994)
= Cistus ×cyprius f. pictus (Pau & Font Quer) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 28 (1994)
= Cistus ×cyprius nothovar. africanus Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Iter Marocc. 1927 no. 401, in sched. (1928)
= Cistus ×cyprius var. ellipticus Demoly; Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n.s. 16: 93 (1985), contrary to Art. H5.2 ICBN (1983).
= Ladanium cyprium (Lam.) Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 67 (1836)
species :
Cistus ×dansereaui P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 40(1): 22 (1980), nom. nov.
Distribution: Portugal; Spain
12 POR SPA
Remarks: Cistus x lusitanicus Maund
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×dansereaui f. maculatus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 18(4): 150 (2002) [nothof.]
= Cistus ×dansereaui f. retroflexus Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 42: 3 (2008) [nothof.]
= Cistus ×dansereaui f. stellaris Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 42: 4 (2008) [nothof.]
= Cistus ×dansereaui f. substellatus Demoly; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 42: 3 (2008) [nothof.]
= Cistus ×dansereaui var. latifolius Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 18(4): 150 (2002) [nothovar.]
= Cistus ×lusitanicus Maund.1980 (1837) pro sp., non Mill.1768]
species :
Cistus ×daveauanus P.Silva; Agron Lusit. 40(1): 20 (1980)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: Cistus albidus x hirsutus
species :
Cistus ×escartianus Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 14: 116 (1998)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×fernandesiae var. latifolius Demoly; Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 54: 253 (1996), contrary to Art. 37.3 ICBN (1994)
= Cistus ×escartianus nothosubsp. navarroi P.P.Ferrer & E.Laguna; Flora Montiber. 52: 64 (2012)
species :
Cistus ×fernandesae P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 40(1): 21 (1980)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: Cistus crispus x ladanifer
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×fontii Sennen; (1916) nom. nud.
species :
Cistus ×florentinus Lam.; Encycl. [J. Lam. & al.] 2(1): 17 (1786)
Distribution: Spain; France (Gard, Aveyron, Ardeche); Morocco; Algeria
12 FRA SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Cistus monspeliensis L. x Cistus salviifolius L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus albidus subsp. varius (Pourr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 70 (1878)
= Cistus ×florentinus f. subsalviifolius Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 45: 47 (2008)
= Cistus ×florentinus var. apriciformis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 270 (1895)
= Cistus ×florentinus var. arrigentiformis Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 270 (1895)
= Cistus ×florentinus var. olbiensis (A.Huet & Hanry) Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 270 (1895)
= Cistus ×olbiensis A.Huet & Hanry; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 346 (1860)
= Cistus ×porquerollensis Hanry & A.Huet; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 345 (1860)
= Cistus ×reghaiensis Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 545 (1907)
= Cistus ×varius Pourr.; Hist. & Mem. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 312 (1788) [pro sp.]]
species :
Cistus ×heterocalyx Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 28 (1994)
Distribution: cult.
Remarks: Cistus libanotis x monspeliensis
species :
Cistus ×hybridus Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 312 (1788) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain; etc.
12 SPA
Remarks: Cistus populifolius ssp. populifolius x salviifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×acutifolius Sweet; Cistineae: t. 78 (1828)
= Cistus ×corbariensis nothovar. australis Font Quer; Cavanillesia 1: 34 (1928)
= Cistus ×corbariensis var. grandiflorus Pau; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 28: 90 (1899)
= Cistus ×hybridus nothof. secallianus (Pau) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 30 (1994)
= Cistus ×hybridus nothosubsp. grandiflorus (Pau) M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Collect. Bot. 18: 96 (1990)
= Cistus ×hybridus nothovar. australis (Font Quer) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 30 (1994)
= Cistus ×hybridus var. secallianus (Pau) M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Collect. Bot. 18: 96 (1990)
= Cistus ×petiolatus Martrin-Donos; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 2: 122 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Cistus ×secallianus Pau; Bol. Soc. Arag. 3: 261 (1904), et in Bull. Geogr. Bot. 16: No. 206 (Decemb.), 74 (1906)
species :
Cistus ×incanus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 524 (1753)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Morocco; Algeria; etc.
12 POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Cistus albidus L. x Cistus crispus L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus polymorphus f. incanus (L.) Batt.; Batt. & Trab., Fl. Algérie, Dicot.: 88 (1888), nom. illeg.
= Cistus polymorphus subsp. incanus (L.) Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 22 (1856)
= Cistus villosus subsp. incanus (L.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. Fr. 439 (1936)
= Cistus villosus var. incanus (L.) Freyn; (1877)
= Cistus vulgaris var. incanus (L.) Spach; (1838)
= Cistus vulgaris var. incanus (L.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 375 (1840), nom. superfl.
= Cistus ×albatus Bornet
= Cistus ×bornetii Sennen; (1931)
= Cistus ×canescens f. albens Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 14: 115 (1998)
= Cistus ×canescens f. albus (O.E.Warb.) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 27 (1994)
= Cistus ×canescens Sweet; Cist.: t. 45 (1827)
= Cistus ×delilei Burnat; Fl. Alpes. Marit. 1: 163 (1892)
= Cistus ×ferreri Sennen; (1931)
= Cistus ×incanus f. albiflorus Delip. & Cheshm.; God. Sofiisk. Univ. "Kliment Okhridski" Biol. Fak. 2, Bot. 88(4): 74 (1997)
= Cistus ×mauritii Sennen; Sennen & Mauricio, Cat. Fl. Rif Orient.: 13 (1933), nom. nud.
= Cistus ×mercedis Sennen; (1931)
= Cistus ×novus Rouy, Foucaud & Gaut.; Fl. France 2: 269 (1895)
= Cistus ×pratii Sennen; (1931)
= Cistus ×pulverulentus Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 312 (1788)
species :
Cistus ×laxus Aiton; Hort. Kew. ed. II. 3: 305 (1811)
Distribution: Spain; etc.
12 SPA
Remarks: Cistus populifolius ssp. populifolius x psilosepalus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus hirsutus var. nigrescens Merino; Mem. Real Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 2: 511 (1904)
= Cistus hirsutus var. psilosepalus (Sweet) Willk.; Icon. Descr. Pl. Nov. 2: 36 (1856)
= Cistus ×laxus var. trichocalyx Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 18: 152 (2002)
= Cistus ×merinoi Pau; Broteria, Ser. Bot. 19: 56 (1921)
= Cistus ×merinoi Pau ex Merino; Fl. Galic. 3: 517 (1909)
= Cistus ×nigrescens (Merino) Font Quer; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 25: 174 (1925)
= Cistus ×psilosepalus Sweet; Cistineae: t. 33 (1826)
= Cistus ×subhirsutus Rothm.; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 34: 153 (1934)
species :
Cistus ×lecomtei Sennen; Monde Pl. 32(190): 24 (1931)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Cistus albidus x monspeliensis
species :
Cistus ×ledon Lam.; Encyc. 2: 17 (1786) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. ledon
Distribution: Spain; France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Cistus laurifolius x monspeliensis
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ladaniferus Gouan ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 874 (1840)
= Cistus ledonius St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 122 (1880)
= Cistus monspeliensis subsp. ledon (Lam.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 34 (1894)
= Cistus ×glaucus Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 311 (1788)
= Cistus ×ledon var. recognitus (Rouy & Foucaud) M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Collect. Bot. 18: 96 (1990) [nothovar.]
= Cistus ×recognitus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 276 (1895)
= Helianthemum ledon Zeyh. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 734 (1840)
subspecies :
subsp. atlantis (Maire) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 30 (1994) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus glaucus var. atlantis Maire
species :
Cistus ×lenis Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 37: 52 (2004)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×lenis f. albiflorus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 37: 53 (2004)
= Cistus ×lenis f. subparviflorus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 37: 53 (2004)
species :
Cistus ×matritensis Carazo & Jiménez Alb.; Bot. Complutensis 18: 173 (1993)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Cistus clusii x ladanifer
species :
Cistus ×mesoensis Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 37: 55 (2004)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×mesoensis f. albus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 37: 55 (2004)
species :
Cistus ×nigricans Pourr.; Mem. Acad. Toul. 3: 311 (1788) [nothossp.]
subspecies :
subsp. nigricans
Distribution: Spain; France
12 FRA SPA
Remarks: Cistus monspeliensis x populifolius ssp. populifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×longifolius Lam.; Encycl. 2: 16 (1786)
= Cistus ×nigricans var. longifolius (Lam.) M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Collect. Bot. 18: 97 (1990) [nothovar.]
= Cistus ×pourretii Rouy & Foucaud; (1895)
= Ledonia heterophylla Spach; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. II. 6: 369 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. grosii (Font Quer) M.B.Crespo & Mateo; Collect. Bot. 18: 97 (1990) [nothossp.]
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Cistus monspeliensis x populifolius ssp. major
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×longifolius nothosubsp. grosii (Font Quer) Demoly, P.Monts., Muñoz Garm. & C.Navarro; Fl. Iber. 3: 336 (1993)
= Cistus ×longifolius var. grosii Font Quer; Cavanillesia 1: 33 (1925)
= Cistus ×nigricans var. grosii (Font Quer) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 18: 152 (2002)
species :
Cistus ×obtusifolius Sweet; Cist. t. 42 (1826)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: Cistus psilosepalus x salviifolius
species :
Cistus ×olivaceus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 67 (2005)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Cistus ×ovalifolius Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 37: 55 (2004)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Cistus ×pauranthus Demoly; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 54(1): 252 (1996)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Cyprus
34 CYP EAI
Remarks: Cistus parviflorus x salviifolius
species :
Cistus ×platysepalus Sweet; Cistin. tab. 47 (1825)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: C. monspeliensis x psilosepalus
species :
Cistus ×ralletii Demoly; Bull. Soc. Centre-Ouest, n. s. 16: 93 (1985)
Distribution: cult.
Remarks: Cistus creticus var. creticus x symphytifolius var. symphytifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×ralletii nothof. subcreticus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 45:48 (2008)
species :
Cistus ×skanbergii Lojac.; Naturalista Sic. 4: 95 (1885)
Distribution: Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus)
13 PEL 34 CYP
Remarks: Cistus monspeliensis x parviflorus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×skanbergii f. albiflorus Demoly; Bull. Assoc. Parcs Bot. France 45: 47 (2008)
species :
Cistus ×stenophyllus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 74 (1822)
Distribution: Spain; S-Europe; Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Remarks: Cistus ladanifer L. x Cistus monspeliensis L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ladanifer var. stenophyllus (Link) Grosser; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 193: 24 (1903)
= Cistus lusitanicus var. decumbens Maund; Bot. Gard. 9: 799 (1841)
= Cistus ×cyprius var. angustifolius Willk.; (1856)
= Cistus ×loretii Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 279 (1895)
= Cistus ×loretii var. albiflorus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 279 (1895)
= Cistus ×loretii var. maculatus Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 279 (1895)
= Cistus ×stenophyllus f. albiflorus (Rouy & Foucaud) Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 30 (1994)
= Cistus ×stenophyllus f. concolor Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 18(4): 155 (2002) [nothof.]
= Cistus ×stenophyllus f. guttatus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 18(4): 155 (2002) [nothof.]
= Cistus ×stenophyllus var. grandifolius Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 18(4): 155 (2002) [nothovar.]
= Cistus ×stenophyllus var. sennenii Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 18(4): 155 (2002) [nothovar.]
species :
Cistus ×strigosus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 67 (2005)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Cistus ×timbalii Demoly; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 54(1): 252 (1996)
Distribution: cult.
Remarks: Cistus albidus x salviifolius
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×albereensis var. microphylloides Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 268 (1895)
= Cistus ×albereensis var. platyphylloides Rouy & Foucaud; Fl. France 2: 268 (1895)
species :
Cistus ×ultraviolaceus Demoly; Biocosme Mesogeen 22(2): 66 (2005)
Distribution: France
12 FRA
species :
Cistus ×verguinii Coste & Soulié; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 472 (1908)
Distribution: S-Europe; Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Cistus ladanifer ssp. ladanifer x Cistus salviifolius L.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cistus ×campsii Cadevall & Sennen; (1913)
= Cistus ×verguinii var. campsii (Cadevall & Sennen) Font Quer
= Cistus ×verguinii f. albiflorus Demoly; Biocosme Mésogéen 11(2): 30 (1994)
species :
Cistus ×vinyalsii Sennen; Diagn. Nouv. Pl. Espagne & Maroc: 179 (1951)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Remarks: Cistus salviifolius L. x Cistus creticus L.
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life