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V. 13.2
July 2nd, 2022

409.0000 Family Cactaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 310 (1789), nom. cons.
133 genera, ca. 1700 spp. listed (conservative approach following Anderson 2001). There has been excessive splitting, leading to over 3000 species in some collectors view. The phylogeny is still somewhat in flux, but is getting more stabilized now.
Species listed in database: 1767; hybrids: 59
= Cereaceae DC. & Spreng.(transl.Jameson), Elem. Philos. Pl.: 142 (1821)
= Nopaleaceae Schmid & Curtman, Pflanzenr. 2: 135 (1856)
= Opuntiaceae Desv., S. Gérardin de Mirecourt & N. A. Desvaux, Dict. Rais. Bot.: 52, 385 (1817)
409.5872 Genus Cleistocactus Lem.; Illustr. Hort. 8: Misc. 35 (1861)
Distribution: S-Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, W-Brazil, N-Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay
Species listed in database: 15; hybrids: 1
= Seticleistocactus Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. III, 13 (1963)
= Cleistocereus Fric & Kreuz., Succulenta, 18: 120 (1936)
= Cephalocleistocactus Ritter, Succulenta 1959: 108 (1959)
species :
Cleistocactus baumannii (Lem.) Lem.; Hortic. 8: (1861) Misc. 35
subspecies :
subsp. baumannii
Name: Firecracker Cactus, Scarlet Bugler
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Rioja, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Cordillera, Guaira, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); E-Bolivia
83 BOL 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus baumannii Fenzl, Verh. zool.-bot, Ges. Wien, 36: 294 (1886)
= Cereus baumannii Lem., Hortic. Univ. (1844) 126, 315, ex Lem. Jard. Fleur. 1: (1851) t. 48
= Cereus baumannii var. colubrinus K.Schum.
= Cereus baumannii var. flavispinus K.Schum., Gesamtb. Kakt. 133 (1897) (non Salm-Dyck)
= Cereus tweediei Hook.
= Cleistocactus aureispinus Fric, (1928)
= Cleistocactus bruneispinus Backeb., Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 2: 1001 (1959)
= Cleistocactus flavispinus (K.Schum.) Backeb., Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 2: 1000 (1959)
= Cleistocactus jugatiflorus Backeb., Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 6: 3685 (1962)
= Echinopsis baumannii (Lem.) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 37 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. horstii (P.J.Braun) N.P.Taylor; Cactaceae Consensus Initiatives, 6: 15 (1998)
Distribution: Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus horstii P.J.Braun, Kakt. And. Sukk., 33(10): 208 (1982)
= Echinopsis horstii (P.J.Braun) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 38 (2013)
subspecies :
subsp. santacruzensis (Backeb.) Mottram; Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 61(4): 156 (1989)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus anguinus Gürke, Monatsschr. Kakt. 17: 166 (1907)
= Cleistocactus anguinus Britton & Rose, Cactaceae, 2: 175 (1920)
= Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. anguinus (Gürke) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Succulenta, 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. chacoanus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Succulenta, 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cleistocactus baumannii ssp. croceiflorus (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Succulenta, 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cleistocactus baumannii var. paraguariensis (F.Ritter) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Succulenta, 74(2): 84 (1995)
= Cleistocactus chacoanus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 671 (1980)
= Cleistocactus chacoanus var. santacruzensis F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 672 (1980)
= Cleistocactus croceiflorus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 1: 272 (1979)
= Cleistocactus grossei Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 17 (1957)
= Cleistocactus paraguariensis F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 1: 273 (1979)
= Cleistocactus santacruzensis Backeb., Kakteenlex. 89 (1966)
= Echinopsis santacruzensis (Backeb.) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 40 (2013)
species :
Cleistocactus brookeae Cárdenas; Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 24: 144 (1952) (brookei)
subspecies :
subsp. brookeae
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus flavescens (Otto) W.Haage
= Cleistocactus wendlandiorum Backeb., Kakt. & Sukkulent. 6: 115 (1955)
= Cleistocactus brookei var. flavispinus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 680 (1980)
subspecies :
subsp. vulpis-cauda (F.Ritter & Cullmann) Mottram; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 13: 10 (2002)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tomina Prov.)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus vulpis-cauda F.Ritter & Cullmann, Kakt. & Sukkulent. 13: 38 (1962)
species :
Cleistocactus candelilla Cárdenas; Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 24: 146 (1952)
subspecies :
subsp. candelilla
Distribution: Bolivia (Potosí, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinopsis candelilla (Cárdenas) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 38 (2013)
= Cleistocactus ianthinus Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 57 (1956)
= Cleistocactus candelilla var. pojoensis Cárdenas, (1952)
= Cleistocactus pojoensis (Cárdenas) Backeb., Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 2: 1003 (1959)
= Cleistocactus vallegrandensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 33: 75 (1961)
= Cleistocactus dependens Cardenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 24: 143 (1952)
= Seticleistocactus dependens (Cárdenas) Backeb., Kakteenlex. 406 (1966)
subspecies :
subsp. piraymirensis (Cárdenas) Mottram; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 13:10 (2002)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus piraymirensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 33: 78 (1961)
= Seticleistocactus piraymirensis (Cárdenas) Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 3: 13 (1963)
= Cleistocactus muyurinensis F.Ritter, Taxon, 13: 114 (1964)
species :
Cleistocactus ferrarii R.Kiesling; Hickenia, 2(7): 37 (1984)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
species :
Cleistocactus hyalacanthus Backeb.; Beitr. Sukk. (Veroff. Deutsch. Kakt.-Ges. V.), 1942(3): 50 (1942)
subspecies :
subsp. hyalacanthus
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta); SE-Bolivia
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus hyalacanthus K.Schum., Gesamtb. Kakt. 1: 101
= Echinopsis nothohyalacantha Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 38 (2013)
= Cleistocactus hyalacanthus Rol.-Goss., Cleistoc. 5
= Cleistocactus jujuyensis (Backeb.) Backeb., Beitr. Sukkulentenk. u. -pflege, 50 (1942)
= Cleistocactus jujuyensis var. fulvus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 480 (1980)
= Cleistocactus straussii var. jujuyensis Backeb.
= Pilocereus jujuyensis (Backeb.) auct., Cactuss. en Vetpl. 8: 5 (1942)
= Cleistocactus azerensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 33: 74 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. tarijensis (Cárdenas) Mottram; Cactaceae Syst. Init. 13:11 (2002)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tarija, Mendez Prov.)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus tarijensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 54 (1956)
= Cleistocactus compactus Backeb., (1957)
= Cleistocactus hildegardiae F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 685 (1980)
species :
Cleistocactus laniceps (K.Schum.) Rol.-Goss.; Cleistoc. 4 (1904)
Distribution: Bolivia (Tunari, Cochabamba)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus laniceps K.Schum., Gesamtb. Kakt. 1: 93 (1897)
= Cleistocactus laniceps var. plurispinus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 673 (1980)
= Echinopsis laniceps (K.Schum.) Anceschi & Magli, Cactusinhabitat S. Amer. 2013/2021: 38 (2021)
species :
Cleistocactus luribayensis Cárdenas; Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 59 (1956)
Distribution: Bolivia (La Paz)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus glaucus F.Ritter, Taxon, 13: 114 (1964)
= Cleistocactus granjaensis F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 687 (1980)
species :
Cleistocactus morawetzianus Backeb.; Jahrb. Deutsch. Kakt. Ges. 1: 77 (1936), H. Blossf. in Kakteenkunde 99, descr. ampl. (1937)
Distribution: C-Peru
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus villaazulensis F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1359 (1981)
= Cleistocactus apurimacensis H.Johnson ex Backeb., (1966)
= Cleistocactus luminosus H.Johnson ex Backeb., (1966)
= Corryocactus heteracanthus Backeb., Backeb. Descr. Cact. Nov. 12 (1957)
= Echinopsis morawetziana (Backeb.) Molinari, Succulentopia 13: 19 (2015)
species :
Cleistocactus parviflorus (K.Schum.) Rol.-Goss.; Cleistoc. 4 (1904)
Distribution: Bolivia (Comarapa)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus areolatus Muehlenpf. ex K.Schum., (1897)
= Cereus parviflorus K.Schum., Gesamtb. Kakt. 1: 100 (1897)
= Echinopsis parviflora (K.Schum.) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 39 (2013)
= Cleistocactus areolatus (Muehlenpf. ex K.Schum.) Riccob., Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo, 8: 264 (1909)
= Cleistocactus fusiflorus Cárdenas, Cactus, Paris, No. 57, 252 (1957)
= Cleistocactus herzogianus Backeb., Blätter Kakteenforsch., Pt. 6, p. 4 (1934)
= Cleistocactus parviflorus var. comarapanus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 683 (1980)
species :
Cleistocactus pungens F.Ritter; Taxon, 13: 115 (1964)
Distribution: Peru (Ayacucho, Apurimac)
83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Loxanthocereus brevispinus Rauh & Backeb., Sitz. Heidelb. Akad. Wiss., 317 (1958)
= Cleistocactus brevispinus F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 4: 1360 (1981)
species :
Cleistocactus pycnacanthus (Rauh & Backeb.) Backeb.; Kakteenlex. 88 (1966)
Distribution: Peru (Ayacucho)
83 PER
Remarks: possible syn. of C. morawetzianus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus morawetzianus var. pycnacanthus Rauh & Backeb., (1956)
species :
Cleistocactus reae Cárdenas; Cactus, Paris, No. 57, 251 (1957)
Distribution: Bolivia (Inquisivi)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephalocleistocactus chrysocephalus F.Ritter, Succulenta, 109 (1959)
= Cleistocactus chrysocephalus (F.Ritter) Mottram, Cactaceae Syst. Init. 13:11 (2002)
= Cleistocactus varispinus F.Ritter, Taxon, 13: 114 (1964)
= Cephalocleistocactus schattatianus Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 3: 5 (1963)
species :
Cleistocactus ritteri Backeb. ex Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 7): 1 (2020)
Distribution: Bolivia (Yungas)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus ritteri Backeb., Kakt. & Sukkulent. 10: 163 (1959)
= Cephalocleistocactus ritteri (Backeb.) Backeb., Cactac.: Handb. Kakteenk. 6: 3691 (1962)
species :
Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus (F.A.C.Weber) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae, 2: 174 (1920)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta); Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Tarija)
83 BOL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cereus smaragdiflorus F.A.C.Weber, Dict. Hort. [Bois] 1: 281 (1894)
= Echinopsis smaragdiflora (F.A.C.Weber) Anceschi & Magli, Cactusinhabitat S. Amer. 2013/2021: 39 (2021)
= Cleistocactus parapetiensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 24: 182 (1952)
= Cereus colubrinus var. smaragdiflorus F.A.C.Weber
species :
Cleistocactus tupizensis (Vaupel) Backeb.; Kakteenfreund, 3: 123 (1934), Issue 146, et Beitr. Sukkulentenk. u. -pflege, 52 (1942)
Distribution: Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
83 BOL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cephalocleistocactus pallidus Backeb., Kakteenlex. 79 (1966)
= Cereus tupizensis Vaupel, Monatsschr. Kakteenk., 26: 124 (1916)
= Cleistocactus angosturensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 60 (1956)
= Cleistocactus ayopayanus Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 58 (1956)
= Cleistocactus buchtienii Backeb., Cactus Journ. 3: 25 (1934), nomen, et Backeb. & F. M. Knuth,Kaktus-ABC, 189, 411 (1935), descr.
= Cleistocactus orthogonus Cárdenas, Cactus, Paris, 14: No. 64, 161 (1959)
= Cleistocactus palhuayensis F.Ritter & Shahori, F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 688 (1980)
= Cleistocactus palhuayensis var. camachoensis F.Ritter & Shahori, F. Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 688 (1980)
= Cleistocactus ressinianus Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 55 (1956)
= Cleistocactus sucrensis Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 24: 148 (1952)
= Cleistocactus tupizensis var. sucrensis (Cárdenas) Backeb.
= Cleistocactus viridiflorus Backeb., Descr. Cact. Nov. 3: 5 (1963)
= Echinopsis buchtienii (Backeb.) Anceschi & Magli, Cactus in habitat S. Amer. 2011/2013: 37 (2013)
species :
Cleistocactus ×rojoi Cárdenas; Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 28: 56 (1956)
Distribution: Bolivia
83 BOL
Remarks: Cleistocactus brookeae x Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cleistocactus villamontesii Cárdenas, Cact. & Succ. Journ. Amer. 33: 76 (1961)
= Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus f. rojoi (Cárdenas) F.Ritter, Kakteen in Südamerika, 2: 678 (1980)
...

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