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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

168.0000 Family Poaceae Barnhart; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 7 (1895), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 800 genera, ca. 12.000 spp. worldwide. Systematics following Soreng et al. (2017) and Soreng et al. (2022)
Species listed in database: 12061; hybrids: 384
= Aegilopaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 221 (1820)
= Agrostidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Alopecuraceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 19 (1820)
= Andropogonaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 28 (1820)
= Anomochloaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Anthoxanthaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Arundinaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Arundinellaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 136 (1940)
= Asperellaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 270 (1827)
= Avenaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 60. 31 (1820)
= Bambusaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Bromaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Cenchraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 9, 268 (1827)
= Chaeturaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 106, 269 (1827)
= Chloridaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Chondrosaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Coleanthaceae Pfeiff.; Nomencl. Bot. 1(2): 818. ante (1873)
= Cynodontaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 51, 269 (1827)
= Cynosuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271, 272 (1827)
= Echinariaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Ehrhartaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Eragrostidaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Festucaceae Spreng.; J. Sadler, Fl. Comit. Pest. 1: 28 (1825)
= Glyceriaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 271 (1827)
= Gramineae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 28 (1789), nom. cons.
= Holcaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 252 (1833)
= Hordeaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Laguraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Lepturaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 147 (1940)
= Loliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 6, 267 (1827)
= Melicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 390 (1820)
= Miliaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 91, 270 (1827)
= Nardaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 413 (1820)
= Olyraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Ophiuraceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 3, 268 (1827)
= Oryzaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Panicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Pappophoraceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940)
= Parianaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Paspalaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 47, 269 (1827)
= Phalaridaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 250 (1833)
= Pharaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 139 (1940)
= Phleaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 269 (1827)
= Saccharaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 265 (1820)
= Sesleriaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 60 (1843)
= Spartinaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 46, 268 (1827)
= Stipaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 264 (1820)
= Streptochaetaceae Nakai; Chosakuronbun Mokuroku [Ord. Fam. Trib. Nov.]: 222 (1943)
= Triticaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 22, 268 (1827)
= Zeaceae A.J.Kern.; Pflanzenleben 2: 651 (1891)
= Zoysiaceae Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 8, 268 (1827)
168.7091 Genus Coix L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 972 (1753)
Distribution: Tropical Asia, extending to Caucasus, Middle Asia, 1 Australia
Species listed in database: 3
= Lachryma-jobi Ort.; Tab. Bot. 30 (1773)
= Lachrymaria Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl. 208 (1759)
= Lacryma Medik.; Phil. Bot. 1: 177 (1789)
= Lithagrostis Gaertn.; Fruct. 1: 7. t. 1 (1788)
species :
Coix aquatica Roxb.; Fl. Ind., ed. 1832 3: 571-572 (1832)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan); Bhutan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Shan); Thailand; Laos; Laos; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND SRL 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Coix gigantea J.Koenig ex Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. 1832. 3: 570 (1832), nom. illeg.
= Coix gigantea subsp. aquatica (Roxb.) Bhattacharya; S. Moulik, Grasses & Bamboos India 1: 175 (1996)
= Coix gigantea var. aquatica (Roxb.) Watt; Agric. Ledger 13: 198 (1905)
= Coix lacryma-jobi f. aquatica (Roxb.) Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 2: 33 (1928)
= Coix lingulata Hack.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 5 (1891)
= Coix poilanei Mimeur; Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 31: 199 (1951)
species :
Coix gasteenii B.K.Simon; Austrobaileya 3(1): 1 (1989)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Coix lacryma-jobi L.; Sp. PI.: 972 (1753)
Name: Camándulas, Lacrimas de Job (EN); Job´s tears (EN); Hiobs-Tränengras (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; European Turkey; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Algeria [I]; Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Lanzarote [I], Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); Gambia [I]; Guinea-Bissau [I]; Guinea [I]; Sierra Leone [I]; Liberia [I]; Mali [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Ghana [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Nigeria [I]; Cameroon [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; São Tomé [I]; Annobon Isl. [I]; Equatorial Guinea [I]; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Central African Republic [I]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] [I]; Angola [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; South Africa [I]; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Agalega Isl. [I]; Seychelles [I]; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Goa, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Kachin, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore [I]; Sulawesi [I]; Philippines (Batan, Luzon, Mindanao, Negros, Samar, Sulu Arch.); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas (Ambon); Moluccas [I]; New Guinea [I]; Bismarck Arch. [I]; Solomon Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia; Santa Cruz Isl. [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I], ´Eua [I], Vava´u [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I], Ta´u [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Atiu [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Moorea [I], Huahine [I], Raiatea [I], Tahaa [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Tubuai [I]); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Palau [I] (Babeldaob [I], Koror [I], Ngarakabesang [I], Peleliu [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Saipan [I], Tinian [I], Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Pohnpei [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Louisiana [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I], Tennessee [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I], Tortola [I]); St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guyana [I]; Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; Surinam [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Paraguay [I]; Argentina [I]
11 ger 12 fra 13 grc ita kri sic TUE 20 alg 21 cny mdr 22 ben gam gha gnb gui ivo lbr mli nga sie tog 23 ann bio caf cmn con eqg sao zai 26 ang moz zim 27 saf 28 sth 29 aga mau mdg reu rod sey 33 geo ncs 34 IRN IRQ 35 SAU 36 CHI 38 jap kor NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL nwg PHI sng sul 43 bis sol 50 aus 51 nzl 60 asa FIJ nue NWC sam scz ton van 61 aui coo eas mrq pit sci 62 gum mic mrn plu 63 haw 75 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos els gua hon nic pan 81 aba bbd cub dom gdl gre his jam mar mts pue stk stl stm trt vir 82 clm frg guy sur ven 83 bol ecu gal per 84 bra 85 arg par
Remarks: it is unclear in which area the species is native and where it is introduced
Synonyms: hidden
= Coix agrestis Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 551 (1790)
= Coix arundinacea Lam.; Encyc. 3: 422 (1791)
= Coix exaltata Fisch. ex J.Jacq.; Ecl. Gram. Rar.: 60 (1820)
= Coix gigantea J.Jacq.; Ecl. Gram. Rar.: t. 40 (1820), nom. illeg.
= Coix lacryma L.; Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1261 (1759)
= Coix lacryma-jobi f. agrestis (Lour.) Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 2: 33 (1928)
= Coix lacryma-jobi f. palustris (Koord.) Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 2: 33 (1928)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. agrestis (Lour.) Backer
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. exaltata (Fisch. ex J.Jacq.) Link; Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol. 1: 253 (1827)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. major Mimeur; Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 31: 202 (1951)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. maxima Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20: 10 (1906)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. minor Hassk.; Flora 25(2, Beibl. 1): 2 (1842)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. monilifer Watt; Agric. Ledger 12: 214 (1904)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. novoguineensis Pilg.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: 171 (1914)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. oocarpa Buse; Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 386 (1854)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. palustris (Koord.) Backer
= Coix ouwehandii Koord.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 1: 191 (1918)
= Coix ovata Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 342 (1812), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Coix palustris Koord.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 1: 158 (1918)
= Coix pendula Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 28 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Coix pumila Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. 1832. 3: 572 (1832)
= Coix stigmatosa K.Koch & C.D.Bouché; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1855(App.): 9 (1855)
= Lithagrostis lacryma-jobi (L.) Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 7 (1788)
= Sphaerium lacryma Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 793 (1891), nom. illeg. superfl.
variant :
var. ma-yuen (Rom.Caill.) Stapf; Fl. Brit. India 7: 100 (1896)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Taiwan; Bhutan; India (Assam, Sikkim); Myanmar (Kachin, Shan); Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Philippines
36 CHI 38 jap kor TAI 40 BHU IND 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 42 MLY PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Coix chinensis Tod. ex Balansa; J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 76 (1890), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Coix chinensis var. formosana (Ohwi) L.Liu; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 10(2): 291 (1997)
= Coix lacryma-jobi f. ma-yuen (Rom.Caill.) Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 2: 33 (1928)
= Coix lacryma-jobi subsp. ma-yuen (Rom.Caill.) T.Koyama; Grass. Japan: 498 (1987)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. formosana Ohwi; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 179 (1942)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. frumentacea Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 20: 11 (1906)
= Coix ma-yuen Rom.Caill.; Bull. Soc. Zool. Acclim., sér. 2, 8: 442 (1881)
variant :
var. puellarum (Balansa) A.Camus; Fl. Indo-Chine 7(5): 220 (1922)
Distribution: China (Hainan, Yunnan); Tibet; NE-India (Arunachal Pradesh); Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 40 IND 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Coix puellarum Balansa; J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 77 (1890)
variant :
var. stenocarpa (Oliv.) Stapf; Fl. Brit. India 7(21): 100 (1896)
Distribution: China [I] (Yunnan); India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Karnataka, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoran, Nagaland, Rajasthan, Tripura, Uttarakhand); Myanmar; Vietnam; Philippines
36 chi 40 IND 41 MYA VIE 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Coix lacryma-jobi f. stenocarpa (Oliv.) Backer; Handb. Fl. Java 2: 34 (1928)
= Coix lacryma-jobi var. tubulosa (Hack.) K.Schum.; Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 164 (1900)
= Coix stenocarpa (Oliv.) Balansa; J. Bot. (Morot) 4: 77 (1890)
= Coix tubulosa Hack.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13(2): 260 (1890)
= Sphaerium tubulosum (Hack.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 791 (1891)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life