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V. 12.9
9.1.2022

450.0000 Family Gentianaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 141 (1789), nom. cons.
95 genera, ca. 1850 spp.
Species listed in database: 1886; hybrids: 20
= Chironiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl, Prir. Rostlin 1(104–114): 1, 36 (1823)
= Coutoubeaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 168 (1820)
= Obolariaceae Martinov, Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 427 (1820)
= Potaliaceae Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 2: 89, 91, 133 (1827)
= Saccifoliaceae Maguire & Pires, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 29: 242 (1978)
= Voyriaceae Doweld
450.0533 Genus Comastoma (Wettst.) Toyok.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 74: 198 (1961)
Distribution: temp. Asia, Himalayas, China /Tibet (11)
Species listed in database: 19
= Gentiana Sect.Comastoma Wettst.
= Gentianella Sect.Comastoma (Wettst.) N.M.Pritch., Bot. J. L. Soc. 65(2): 260 (1972)
species :
Comastoma boreale (Bunge) T.N.Ho ex Omer; Fl. Pakistan 197: 135, fig. 48 (1995)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana borealis Bunge
species :
Comastoma cyananthiflorum (Franch.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 120 (1967)
Distribution: China (SE-Qinghai, Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); SE-Tibet
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella cyananthiflon (Franch.) H.Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 981 (1936)
= Gentiana cyananthiflora Franch., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 126 (1890)
= Gentianella maclarenii Harry Sm., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 253 (1965)
= Comastoma maclarenii (H.Sm.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 217 (1968)
variant :
var. acutifolium Ma & H.W.Li ex T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 1: 37 (1982)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Comastoma dechyanum (Sommier & Levier) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 120 (1967)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana dechyana Sommier & Levier, Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital., 77 (1896)
species :
Comastoma disepalum H.W.Li ex T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 1: 37 (1982)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Comastoma falcatum (Turcz.) Toyok.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 74: 198 (1961)
Distribution: Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); India (Jammu & Kashmir, Chumbi); NE-Pakistan (Baltistan, Pamirs, Karakorum); Kyrgyzstan; Mongolia; Nepal; Tajikistan; Kazakhstan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shanxi, NW-Sichuan, Xinjiang); Tibet; Afghanistan (Wakhan)
30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana falcata Turcz. ex Kar. & Kir., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 15: 404 (1842)
= Gentianella falcata (Turcz.) H.Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
species :
Comastoma henryi (Hemsl.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 120 (1968)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana henryi Hemsl., Journ. L. Soc. 26: 128 (1890)
species :
Comastoma irinae (Pachom.) Czerep.; Vasc. Pl. Russia & Adj. States (former USSR): 268 (1995)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana irinae Pachom., Opred. Rast. Sred. Azii, 8: 169 (1986)
species :
Comastoma jigzhiense T.N.Ho & J.Q.Liu; Novon, 6(2): 187 (1996)
Distribution: China (Qinghai)
36 CHI
species :
Comastoma malyschevii (Zuev) V.Zuev; Bot. Zhurn., 75(9): 1304 (1990)
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Mongolia
30 SIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella malyschevii Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(10): 1401 (1985)
= Gentiana malyschevii (Zuev) Gubanov & Kamelin, Byull. Mosk. Obshch. Ispyt. Prir., Biol., 92(1): 122 (1987)
species :
Comastoma muliense (C.Marquand) T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 1: 38 (1982)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana muliensis C.Marquand, Kew Bull., 53 (1928)
species :
Comastoma nanum (Wulfen) Toyok.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 74: 198 (1961)
Name: Zwerg-Enzian
Distribution: Austria; Italy; Croatia (E-Alps)
11 AUT 13 CRO ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella nana (Wulfen) N.M.Pritch., Bot. Jour. L. Soc. 65: 260 (1972)
= Gentiana nana Wulfen, Jacq. Misc. 1: 161. t. 18, f. 3
= Lomatogonium nanum (Wulfen) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Bot. Notiser, cxiv. 42 (1961)
species :
Comastoma pedunculatum (Royle ex G.Don) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 218 (1968)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Ladakh, Kashmir, Sikkim); Pakistan (Hazara, Gilgit, Deosai, Baltistan); Nepal; China (Gansu, Qinghai, W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet
36 CHI TIB 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Eurythalia pedunculata Royle ex D.Don, Trans. L. Soc. 17: 516 (1837)
= Gentianella pedunculata (Royle ex D.Don) Harry Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
= Gentiana pedunculata Royle ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 182 (1837)
species :
Comastoma polycladum (Diels & Gilg) T.N.Ho; Acta Biol. Plateau Sin., 1: 39 (1982)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Qinghai, Nei Mongol, Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana polyclada Diels & Gilg, Futterer, Durch Asien, Bot. repr. 16
= Gentiana limprichtii Grüning, Fedde, Repert. 12: 308 (1913)
= Comastoma limprichtii (Grüning) Toyok., Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 74: 198 (1961)
= Gentianella limprichtii (Grüning) H.Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
species :
Comastoma pseudopulmonarium Omer; Candollea, 47(2): 547 (1992)
Distribution: N-India (Nubra, Kashmir)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentianella pseudopulmonaria H.Sm., ined.
species :
Comastoma pulmonarium (Turcz. ex Ledeb.) Toyok.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 74: 198 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. pulmonarium
Distribution: Siberia (C-Siberia); Russian Far East; China (Gansu, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Comastoma arrectum (Franch.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 217 (1968)
= Gentiana arrecta Franch. ex Hemsl., Journ. L. Soc. 26: 124 (1890)
= Gentiana holdereriana Diels & Gilg, Futterer, Durch Asien, Bot. repr. 17
= Gentiana pulmonaria Turcz., Flora (1834) I. Beibl. 19, nomen, et in Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 22:II. 317 ex Ledeb. (1849)
= Gentianella arrecta (Franch.) H.Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
= Gentianella pulmonaria (Turcz. ex Ledeb.) Zuev, Bot. Zhurn., 70(7): 923 (1985), comb. superfl.
= Gentianella pulmonaria (Turcz.) H.Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. 7: 980 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. sectum (Satake) Toyok.; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 74: 198 (1961)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Comastoma sectum (Satake) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 120 (1967)
= Gentiana secta (Satake) Ohwi, Fl. Jap. 951 (1953), sine relat. loc., Ohwi in Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, No.33, 83 (1953)
= Gentiana takedai var. secta Satake, (1940)
= Gentianella secta (Satake) Satake, Bull. Nat. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, n. s., 4: (No. 43) 277 (1959)
= Gentianella pulmonaria ssp. secta (Satake) Toyok., (1960)
form :
f. albiflorum Hid.Takah.; Bull. Kanagawa Prefect. Mus., Nat. Sci., 1 (4): 22 (1971)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
species :
Comastoma stellariifolium (Franch.) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 218 (1968)
Distribution: Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, Chumbi); Myanmar; China (NW-Yunnan); Nepal
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Gentiana stellariifolia Franch. ex Hemsl., Journ. L. Soc. 26: 135 (1890)
= Gentianella tenella var. sikkimensis (C.B.Clarke) S.Garg, Indian Gentian. 22 (1988)
= Gentiana tenella var. sikkimensis C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [Hook. fil.] 4(10): 110 (1883)
= Gentianella stellariifolia (Franch.) Harry Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 145 (1967)
species :
Comastoma tenellum (Rottb.) Toyok.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo, 74: 198 (1961)
subspecies :
subsp. tenellum
Name: Zarter Enzian, Dane´s dwarf gentian
Distribution: Austria; Slovakia; Finland; France; Germany; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Andorra; NE- & SE-Spain; Slovenia; Iceland; Italy; Norway; Poland; Romania; N-European Russia; W-European Russia; Svalbard; Sweden; Siberia (W-Siberia, C-Siberia); Russian Far East; Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Morocco; Alaska; USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Canada (British Columbia, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); Greenland
10 FIN ICE NOR SVA SWE 11 AUT GER LIE POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA ROM SLV 14 RUS 20 MOR 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 37 MON 70 ASK CDN GNL 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cicendia glacialis (Vill.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 26 (1837)
= Cicendia tenella (Rottb.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 26 (1837)
= Comastoma dichotomum (Pall.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 120 (1968)
= Eyrythalia dichotoma (Pall.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 18 (1823)
= Eyrythalia glacialis (Vill.) Bercht. & J.Presl, Rostl. 1: Gent. 18 (1823)
= Eyrythalia nana Borkh., Roem. Arch. 1: I. 28 (1796)
= Eyrythalia tenella (Rottb.) H.Buek, DC. Prod. Index, 3: 182
= Gentiana dichotoma Pall., Fl. Ross. 1: II. 110 (1789)
= Gentiana fimbriata Vitman, Summa Pl. 2: 117 (1790)
= Gentiana glacialis Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné (Vill.) 2: 532 (1787)
= Gentiana islandica Herb.Joannei ex Schult., Syst. 6: 171 (1820)
= Gentiana koenigii Gunnerus, Fl. Norv. 2: 102
= Gentiana nivalis Poir., Encyc. Suppl. 2: 733 (1812)
= Gentiana oederi Sol. ex Bab., Journ. L. Soc. 11: 318 (1871)
= Gentiana tenella Rottb., Kiob. Skr. Selsk. 10: 436 (1770)
= Gentiana tetragona Roth, Tent. Fl. Germ. 2: I. 290 (1789)
= Gentiana tristriata Turcz., Flora (1834) I. Beibl. 19
= Gentianella dichotoma (Pall.) H.Sm.apud S.Nilsson, Grana Palyn. 7: 144 (1967)
= Gentianella tenella (Rottb.) Börner, Fl. Deutsche Volk 542 (1912)
= Gentianella tenella (Rottb.) H.Sm., Hylander, Nomencl. u. Syst. Stud. Nord. Gefasspfl. (Uppsala Univ. Arsskr.,No. 7) 259 (1945), comb. superfl.
= Heteroclita dichotoma (Pall.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 27 (1837)
= Hippion dichotomum (Pall.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: 11 (1796)
= Hippion islandicum F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
= Hippion longepedunculatum F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11, 21 (1796)
= Hippion nanum F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11, 19 (1796)
= Hippion tenellum (Rottb.) F.W.Schmidt, Roem. Arch. 1: I. 11 (1796)
= Lexipyretum tenellum (Rottb.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 450 (1867)
= Lomatogonium tenellum (Rottb.) Á.Löve & D.Löve, Acta Hort. Gotoburg. 20: 117 (1956)
= Monosteria dichotoma (Pall.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 49 (1837)
subspecies :
subsp. pribilofii J.M.Gillett
Name: Pribilof dwarf gentian
Distribution: Alaska (Pribilof Isl.)
70 ASK
species :
Comastoma traillianum (Forrest) Holub; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 120 (1967)
Distribution: China (S-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Comastoma beesianum (W.W.Sm.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 3: 217 (1968)
= Gentiana beesiana W.W.Sm., Notes Bot. Gard. Edin. 8: 187 (1914)
= Gentiana trailliana Forrest, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 4: 69 (1907)
= Gentiana trailliana var. minima C.Marquand
= Gentianella beesiana (W.W.Sm.) Holub, Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha, 2: 117 (1967)
= Gentianella trailliana (Forrest) H.Sm., Hand.-Mazz. Symb. Sin. Pt. v11. 981 (1936)
species :
Comastoma urnigera (E.Aitken & D.G.Long) Holub; Preslia, 70(2): 103 (1998)
Distribution: Nepal; N-India (Sikkim); Bhutan; China (Yunnan)
36 CHI 40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Comastoma urnigerum (E.Aitken & D.G.Long) E.Aitken, Edinburgh J. Bot. 64(2): 263 (2007), comb. superfl.
= Gentianella urnigera E.Aitken & D.G.Long, Edinburgh J. Bot., 53(1): 82 (1996)
...

A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 12.9 (January 2022)

Covering 353,476 valid species, 43,533 valid infraspecific taxa and 860,583 synonyms


Ferns, Lycophytes, Gymnosperms, Basal Angiosperms, Mono- and Dicotyledonae

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