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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

144.0000 Family Commelinaceae Mirb.; Hist. Nat. Pl. 8: 177 (1804), nom. cons.
40 genera, ca. 760 spp.
Species listed in database: 753; hybrids: 2
= Cartonemataceae Pichon; Notul. Syst (Paris) 12: 219 (1946), nom. cons.
= Ephemeraceae Batsch; Tab. Affin. Regni Veg.: 125 (1802), nom. rej.
= Tradescantiaceae Salisb.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 9 (1807)
144.3213 Genus Commelina Plum. ex L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 41 (1753)
Distribution: tropics and subtropics, the majority in Africa. Revision for New World: Hassemer (2019). Species delimitation of those often widely distributed species is quite controversial.
Species listed in database: 191
= Allosperma Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 122 (1838)
= Allotria Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 70 (1837)
= Ananthopus Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 20 (1817)
= Athyrocarpus Schltdl. ex Benth.; Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3: 847 (1883), nom. illeg.
= Commelinopsis Pichon; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 12: 227 (1946)
= Dirtea Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 69 (1837)
= Disecocarpus Hassk.; Flora 41: 211 (1866)
= Erxlebia Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 494 (1790)
= Eudipetala Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 68 (1837)
= Hedwigia Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 495 (1790)
= Heterocarpus Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: 29 (1853)
= Isanthina Rchb. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 400 (1840)
= Larnalles Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 70 (1837)
= Lechea Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 60 (1790)
= Nephralles Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 70 (1837)
= Omphalotheca Hassk.; Bull. Congr. Int. Bot. Hort. Amsterdam 1865: 103 (1866)
= Ovidia Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 68 (1837)
= Phaeosphaerion Hassk.; Flora 49: 212 (1866)
= Spathodithyros Hassk.; Flora 49: 211 (1866)
= Tapheocarpa Conran; Austral. Syst. Bot. 7: 585 (1994)
= Trithyrocarpus Hassk.; Flora 49: 211 (1866)
species :
Commelina acutispatha De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 164 (1931)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 BEN GHA IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO GAB ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina clarkeana K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 343 (1897)
= Commelina thomasii Hutch.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1939: 243 (1939)
species :
Commelina acutissima Urb.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 19: 1 (1923)
Distribution: Hispaniola (Dominican Republic)
81 HIS
species :
Commelina africana L.; Sp. Pl. 41 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. africana
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); India (Kerala, Maharashtra)
20 EGY 22 BEN BKN GHA GNB GUI NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG RWA ZAI 24 DJI ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 COM 35 SAU YEM 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina africana var. polyclada Welw. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 165 (1881)
= Commelina bakueana A.Chev.; Expl. Bot. Afr. Occ. Franc. 1: 663 (1920), nomen, et Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 318 (1936), in syn.
= Commelina benghalensis Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 12 (1775), nom. illeg.
= Commelina divaricata Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 169 (1805)
= Commelina edulis A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 341 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Commelina flava Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 215 (1796)
= Commelina lutea Moench; Meth. 237 (1794)
= Commelina lyallii (C.B.Clarke) H.Perrier; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 179 (1936)
= Commelina mannii var. lyallii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 168 (1881)
= Commelina polyclada Welw. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 165 (1881)
= Commelina subamplectens Hassk.; Commelin. Ind. 27 (1870)
= Dirtea africana (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 122 (1836)
= Hedwigia africana (L.) Medik.; Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 495
= Stickmannia africana (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 69 (1837)
variant :
var. karooica (C.B.Clarke) Govaerts; World Checklist Seed Pl. 3(1): 20 (1999)
Distribution: Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 BOT LES NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina africana var. barberae (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke; Fl. Cap. 7: 10 (1897)
= Commelina karooica C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 166 (1881)
= Commelina karooica var. barberae C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 166 (1881)
variant :
var. krebsiana (Kunth) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 164 (1881)
Distribution: Senegal; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; La Réunion; Saudi Arabia
22 GHA IVO LBR NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 CMN RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 MDG REU 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina africana var. brevipila Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 219 (1964)
= Commelina africana var. milleri Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 221 (1964)
= Commelina africana var. villosior (C.B.Clarke) Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 207 (1964)
= Commelina angolensis C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 167 (1881)
= Commelina barbata var. villosior C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 167 (1881)
= Commelina cordifolia A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 341 (1850)
= Commelina krebsiana Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 40 (1843)
= Commelina krebsiana var. villosior (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 47 (1901)
= Commelina lutea Cordem.; Fl. Réunion: 147 (1895), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. lancispatha C.B.Clarke; Fl. Cap. 7: 10 (1900)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; ?Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
22 SIE 23 RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina africana var. boehmiana (K.Schum.) Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 213 (1964)
= Commelina africana var. diffusa Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 217 (1964)
= Commelina africana var. glabriuscula (Norl.) Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 219 (1964)
= Commelina boehmiana K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C (1895) 135
= Commelina buchananii C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 47 (1901)
= Commelina dinteri Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 253 (1925)
= Commelina elliotii C.B.Clarke & Rendle ex Scott Elliot; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30: 98 (1894)
= Commelina involucrosa A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 342 (1850)
= Commelina kirkii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 167 (1881)
= Commelina krebsiana var. glabriuscula Norl.; Bot. Not. 1948: 20 (1948)
variant :
var. mannii (C.B.Clarke) Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 5: 206 (1964)
Distribution: Cameroon; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Ethiopia
23 CAF CMN RWA 24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina mannii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 167 (1881)
subspecies :
subsp. zanzibarica Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 148 (2012)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; India (Kerala, Maharashtra)
25 KEN TAN 40 IND
species :
Commelina agrostophylla F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 59 (1872)
Distribution: Lesser Sunda Isl.; Australia (Queensland)
42 LSI 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina lanceolata Benth.; Fl. Austr. 7: 84 (1878)
species :
Commelina albescens Hassk.; Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 210 (1867)
Distribution: E-Chad; Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Samha Isl.; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (SW-Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen); Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan); India (Daman & Diu, Gujarat, Rajasthan)
24 DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina albescens var. hirsutissima Chiov.; Fl. Somala 1: 317 (1929)
= Commelina albescens var. occidentalis C.B.Clarke; A. DC. & C. Monogr. [A. DC.] 3:185 (1881)
= Commelina mensensis Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: App. 2 (1894) 57, 106
= Commelina multicaulis Hochst. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 184 (1881)
= Commelina schimperiana Hochst. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 184 (1881)
species :
Commelina albiflora Faden; Novon 4: 229 (1994)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Commelina amplexicaulis Hassk.; Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 208 (1867)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Commelina andamanica S.M.Joseph & Nampy; Phytotaxa 87(2): 20 (2013)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh); Andaman Isl.; Nicobar Isl.
40 IND 41 AND NCB
species :
Commelina appendiculata C.B.Clarke; Commel. et Cyrt. Beng. t. 13 (1874)
Distribution: India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Vietnam
40 BAN IND SRL 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina alba Buch.-Ham. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 186 (1881)
species :
Commelina aquatica J.K.Morton; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 55: 515 (1956)
Distribution: Ghana
22 GHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina diffusa subsp. aquatica (J.K.Morton) Ogwal; J. H. Seyani & A. C. Chikuni (eds.), Proc. XIII Plenary Meet. AETFAT, Zomba, Malawi 1: 417 (1994)
species :
Commelina arenicola Faden; Brittonia 48(4): 547 (1996 publ. 1997), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina africana var. circinata Chiov.; Atti Ist. Bot. ´Giovani Briosi´, IV 7: 153 (1936)
species :
Commelina ascendens J.K.Morton; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 55: 517 (1956)
Distribution: Ghana; Nigeria
22 GHA NGA
species :
Commelina aspera G.Don ex Benth.; Hook. Niger Fl. 542 (1849)
Distribution: Guinea-Bissau; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Chad; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana
22 BEN BKN GHA GNB IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 CAF CMN CON ZAI 24 CHA 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina aspera var. firma C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 180 (1881)
= Commelina firma (C.B.Clarke) Rendle; Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 2: 78 (1899)
= Cyanotis hirsuta Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 29: 162 (1875), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. opulens (C.B.Clarke) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 237 (2012)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia; Malawi
26 ANG MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina opulens C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 58 (1901)
species :
Commelina attenuata J.Koenig ex Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 168 (1805)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; peninsular Malaysia; +Singapore
40 BAN IND SRL 42 MLY SNG
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina clavata var. attenuata (J.Koenig ex Vahl) Trimen; Syst. Cat. Fl. Pl. Ceylon: 95 (1885)
= Commelina rajmahlensis C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 444 (1871)
= Commelina repens Roxb. & B.Heyne ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 172 (1881), pro syn.
species :
Commelina aurantiiflora Faden & Raynsf.; Novon 4(3): 230 (1994)
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia
25 TAN 26 ZAM
species :
Commelina auriculata Blume; Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 2 (1827)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Macao, Fujian); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Sumatra; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali)
36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 42 JAW LSI PHI SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina auriculata f. albiflora Tawada; Biol. Mag. 7(5): 30 (1968)
= Commelina auriculata f. diltopurpurea Tawada; Biol. Mag. 7(5): 30 (1968)
= Commelina blumei A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. ed. 6. 2: 400 (1833)
= Commelina oblongifolia Hassk.; Commelin. Ind. 27 (1870)
= Commelina taiwaniana S.S.Ying; Colourtr. Pl. Taiwan, Pt. 4
species :
Commelina avenifolia J.Graham; Cat. Pl. Bombay: 224 (1839)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Commelina badamica Nandikar & Gurav; Telopea 18: 514 (2015)
Distribution: India (Karnataka)
40 IND
species :
Commelina bambusifolia Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 26: 62 (1955)
Distribution: Mexico (Mexico State)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina barbata Lam.; Tabl. Encyc. 1: 129 (1791)
Distribution: Mauritius
29 MAU
species :
Commelina beccariana Martelli; Fl. Bogos.: 87 (1886)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Commelina bella Oberm.; Bothalia 13(3-4): 436 (1981)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng)
27 SAF
species :
Commelina benghalensis L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 41 (1753), nom. cons.
Name: Tejedera de Bengala (ES); Bengalische Tagblume (DE)
Distribution: Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Egypt (SE-Egypt); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Abd-al-Kuri Isl.; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Iles Glorieuses; Seychelles [I]; Chagos Arch. (Diego Garcia); Georgia [Caucasus] (Adzharia); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Qatar; Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen); China (Shandong, Hebei, Henan, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Hainan, Guangdong, Hubei, Jiangxi, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Hahajima); Volcano Isl. (Iwojima); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab, Kurram, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Rawalpindi, Azad Kashmir); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore [I]; South China Sea Isl.; Philippines (throughout); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Caledonia [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I]); [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Alamagan [I], Sarigan [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Saipan [I], Tinian [I], Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], North Carolina [I]); Mexico [I]; Honduras [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Saba [I]; Montserrat [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Barbados [I]; Colombia [I]; French Guiana [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]
13 bih cro 20 EGY 21 cny CVI mdr 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 ANN BIO BUR CAF CON EQG RWA ZAI 24 CHA DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 CGS COM IGL MAU MDG REU ROD sey 33 GEO 34 AFG 35 QAT SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 KZN NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND LDV MDV NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SCS sng xms 50 aus 60 asa nwc sam ton van 62 gum mrn 63 haw 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon 81 bbd cub jam mar mts pue sab stv 82 clm frg 83 bol 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina acuminata R.Br.; Salt, Voy. Abyss., App. 4: 62 (1814), nom. nud.
= Commelina benghalensis f. variegata Hochr.; Candollea 2: 320 (1925)
= Commelina canescens Vahl; Enum. 2: 173 (1805)
= Commelina cavaleriei H.Lév.; Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 35: 387 (1906)
= Commelina cucullata L.; Mant. 2: 176 (1771)
= Commelina cufodontii Chiov.; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp. 300 (1939)
= Commelina delicatula Schltdl.; Gartenfl. (1854) 349. t. 104
= Commelina hirsuta R.Br.; H. Salt, Voy. Abyss., App. 4: 62 (1814)
= Commelina mollis Jacq.; Collectanea 3: 235 (1791)
= Commelina nervosa Burm.f.; Fl. Ind. 18 (1768), non Ruiz & Pav., 1798
= Commelina obscura K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 135 (1895)
= Commelina phaeochaeta Chiov.; Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. n. s. 36: 371 (1929)
= Commelina poligama Fern.-Vill.; Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 3. 4(13A): Ic. s.n. (1880)
= Commelina procurrens Schltdl.; Linnaea 25: 183 (1852)
= Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk.; Schweinf. Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 209 (1867)
= Commelina pyrrhoblepharis var. glabra Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7(1): 172 (1951)
= Commelina radiciflora R.Br. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 159 (1881)
= Commelina rhizocarpa Afzel. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 159 (1881)
= Commelina rufociliata C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 54 (1901)
= Commelina saltiana Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 402 (1840), nom. inval.
= Commelina senegalensis Ten.; Cat. Ort. Bot. Nap. (1845) 22
= Commelina turbinata Vahl; Enum. 2: 171 (1805), nom. illeg. superfl. illeg.
= Commelina uncata C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 169 (1881)
= Commelina villosiuscula Sol. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 159 (1881)
variant :
var. hirsuta C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 160 (1881)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi
22 GUI IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 BUR CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina benghalensis subsp. hirsuta (C.B.Clarke) J.K.Morton
= Commelina kilimandscharica K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 134 (1895)
species :
Commelina bequaertii De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, suppl. 3: 61 (1930)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Commelina bicaeruloflora S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 6: 473 (2023)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Commelina boissieriana C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 161 (1881)
Distribution: Egypt (Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Ethiopia; Eritrea; Yemen (W-Yemen)
20 EGY 24 ERI ETH 35 YEM
species :
Commelina bracteosa Hassk.; Flora 46: 386 (1863)
subspecies :
subsp. bracteosa
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Burundi; S-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique
22 BEN BKN GAM GNB IVO MLI NGA SEN 23 BUR CMN 24 CHA SSU SUD 26 ANG MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina bainesii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 184 (1881)
= Commelina bainesii var. glabrata Rendle; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4: 52 (1894)
variant :
var. lagosensis (C.B.Clarke) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 215 (2012)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; ?Tanzania; Zanzibar
22 BEN BKN GHA GNB IVO NGA SEN SIE TOG 25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina lagosensis C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 57 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. rhizomifera Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 215 (-217) (2012)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina bravoa Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 26: 61 (1955)
Distribution: Mexico (Puebla)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina calandrinoides (F.Muell.) Zuntini & Frankel; Am. J. Bot. 108(7): 1086 (2021)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Aneilema calandrinioides F.Muell.; Fragm. 9: 191 (1875)
= Tapheocarpa calandrinioides (F.Muell.) Conran; Austr. Syst. Bot. 7(6): 586 (1994), without basionym ref., et Austr. Syst. Bot. 9(4): 659 (1996)
species :
Commelina cameroonensis J.K.Morton; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 55: 318 (1955)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]
22 NGA 23 BIO CMN
species :
Commelina capitata Benth.; Hook. Niger Fl. 541 (1849)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; S-Chad; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Angola
22 BEN GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG RWA ZAI 24 CHA SSU 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG
species :
Commelina caroliniana Walter; Fl. Carol. 68 (1788)
Name: Carolina dayflower
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (Middle Andamans, South Andamans); Thailand; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Sumatra [I]; Guam [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I]); Mexico [I]; Guyana [I]
40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 AND THA 42 mly sum 62 gum 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 82 guy
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina hasskarlii C.B.Clarke; Commelyn. Cyrtandr. Bengal.: t. 5 (1874)
species :
Commelina catharinensis Hassemer, J.P.R.Ferreira, Funez & J.D.Medeiros; Phytotaxa 246(1): 50 (2016)
Distribution: Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
species :
Commelina chamissonis Klotzsch ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 186 (1881)
Distribution: Morocco [I]; Philippines (Luzon)
20 mor 42 PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina undulata Benth.; Fl. Austr. 7: 83 (1878)
species :
Commelina chayaensis Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 178 (2012)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina ciliata Stanley; Austrobaileya 3(2): 238 (1990), nom. nov.
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina acuminata Ewart & McLennan; Ewart & Davies, Fl. N. Territory: 68 (1917), nom. illeg.
species :
Commelina clavata C.B.Clarke; Commel. et Cyrt. Beng. t. 5 (1874)
Distribution: Ryukyu Isl.; India (Kerala, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Myanmar (Kachin); ?Laos; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Java
38 NNS 40 IND SRL 41 MYA 42 JAW MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina clavata var. hohenackeri C.B.Clarke; Commel. & Cyrt. Beng. t. 5 (1874)
= Commelina clavatoides Nampy & S.M.Joseph; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 6(1): 119 (2012)
= Commelina diffusa var. parva Kayama; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 65(1): 26 (2017)
= Commelina diffusa Zoll. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 171 (1881), nom. inval.
= Commelina salicifolia Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 321 (1859) [non Roxb.]
= Commelina salicifolia var. angustata Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 321 (1864)
= Commelina thwaitesii Hook.f.; Trimen Fl. Sri Lanka 4: 302 (1898)
species :
Commelina communis L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 40-41 (1753)
Name: Asiatic dayflower (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Italy [I]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Greece [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; C-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk); Russian Far East (Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Isl., Primorye, Sakhalin); Northern Caucasus; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Turkey (NE-Anatolia); China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Gansu, etc.); North Korea; South Korea; Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Andaman Isl. (South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Bago); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Canada [I] (Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Mexico [I] (Morelos [I], Queretaro [I], Tamaulipas [I])
11 ger hun slo swi 13 alb bih cro grc ita rom slv sma 14 blr est lat lit RUS UKR 30 SIB 31 RFE 33 geo NCS 34 TUR 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO NNS TAI 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina barbata Bojer; Hortus Maurit.: 359 (1837)
= Commelina communis f. alba Ti Chen; Bull. Bot. Res. North-East. Forest. Univ. 14(1): 80 (1994)
= Commelina communis f. albiflora Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 33 (1910)
= Commelina communis f. albomaculata Sugim.; Keys Herb. Pl. Jap. Monoc.: 565 (1973)
= Commelina communis f. albomarginata Tuyama; Misc. Rep. Res. Inst. Nat. Resources 11: 6 (1948)
= Commelina communis f. alboradiata Tuyama; Misc. Rep. Res. Inst. Nat. Resources 11: 6 (1948)
= Commelina communis f. aureostriata Tuyama; Misc. Rep. Res. Inst. Nat. Resources 11: 6 (1948)
= Commelina communis f. caeruleopurpurascens Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 7: 4 (1931)
= Commelina communis f. candida Hiyama; J. Jap. Bot. 28: 95 (1953)
= Commelina communis f. ciliata (Masam.) Murata; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 44: 80 (1993), nom. illeg.
= Commelina communis f. ciliata Pennell; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 90: 38 (1939)
= Commelina communis f. diabolica (Koidz.) Sugim.; Keys Herb. Pl. Jap. Monoc.: 565 (1973)
= Commelina communis f. hebespatha (H.Hara) Sugim.; Shizuoka-ken Shokubutsu-shi: 490 (1967)
= Commelina communis f. leucantha Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 421 (1935)
= Commelina communis f. minor (Y.N.Lee & Y.C.Oh) M.Kim; Korean Endemic Pl.: 565 (2017)
= Commelina communis f. miranda Hiyama; J. Jap. Bot. 28: 95 (1953)
= Commelina communis subsp. exserta Pennell; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 90: 36 (1938)
= Commelina communis var. angustifolia Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 23: 191 (1909)
= Commelina communis var. ciliata Masam.; J. Geobot. 8: 71 (1960), nom. illeg.
= Commelina communis var. exserta (Pennell) F.G.Bernard; Naturaliste Canad. 95: 599 (1968)
= Commelina communis var. hebespatha H.Hara; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 401 (1938)
= Commelina communis var. hortensis Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 15: 64 (1901)
= Commelina coreana H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8(173-175): 284 (1910)
= Commelina diabolica Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 189 (1939)
= Commelina minor Y.N.Lee & Y.C.Oh; Korean J. Bot. 24: 28 (1981)
= Commelina nipponica Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 188 (1939)
= Commelina polygama Roth; Bot. Mag. (Römer & Usteri) 4(10): 14 (1790)
= Commelina vulgaris Redouté; Liliac. 4: t. 206 (1808), nom. inval.
= Commelina willdenowii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 37 (1843)
= Disecocarpus polygamus (Roth) Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 9 (1870)
variant :
var. ludens (Miq.) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 171 (1881)
Distribution: S-China; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; USA [I] (Virginia [I], Tennessee [I], Maryland [I], North Carolina [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Delaware [I], Arkansas [I], West Virginia [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], New York [I], New Jersey [I], Massachusetts [I], Connecticut [I], Wisconsin [I], Oklahoma [I], Missouri [I], Kansas [I])
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina debilis Ledeb.; J. A. Weinmann, Bot. Gart. Dorpat, Suppl. 1: 2 (1811)
= Commelina ludens Miq.; J. Bot. Neerl. 1: 88 (1861)
species :
Commelina congesta C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 160 (1881)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Angola
22 BEN GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO CAF CMN CON GAB PRI SAO ZAI 25 UGA 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina amphibia A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58(8): 214 (1911 publ. 1912)
= Commelina condensata C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 190 (1881)
= Commelina heudelotii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 184 (1881)
species :
Commelina congestispatha López-Ferr., Espejo & Ceja; Acta Bot. Mex. 87: 72 (2009)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Mexico State, Michoacan, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina corbisieri De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 63 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1912
species :
Commelina corradii Chiov. ex Chiarugi; Webbia 8: 33 (1951)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Commelina crassicaulis C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 149 (1881)
Distribution: S-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Commelina cyanea R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 269 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales); Lord Howe Isl. (incl. Roach Isl., Philip Isl.); Norfolk Isl.; New Caledonia
50 AUS LHI NFK 60 NWC
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina communis F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 59 (1872)
= Commelina cyanea f. albiflora Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 508 (1915)
= Commelina cyanea var. verreauxii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 147 (1881)
species :
Commelina dammeriana K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 343 (1897)
Distribution: +Angola
26 ANG
Remarks: close to C. spectabilis
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1876
species :
Commelina danxiaensis Q.Fan, Long Y.Wang & W.Guo; PhytoKeys 218: 120, figs. 1-4 (2023)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
species :
Commelina dekindtiana Fritsch; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 1: 1105 (1901)
Distribution: +Angola
26 ANG
Remarks: possibly a synonym of C. crassicaulis
Conservation Status: Known only from type
species :
Commelina demissa C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 52 (1901)
Distribution: +Malawi
26 MLW
Remarks: status uncertain, near C. latifolia
species :
Commelina dianthifolia Redouté; Liliac. 7: t. 390 (1812)
Distribution: USA (Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, California [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX 80 GUA
Remarks: often included in C. tuberosa s. l., for example by Hassemer (2019)
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina angustifolia Kellogg; Pacific Rural Press 1879: 354 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Commelina angustifolia Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Commelina angustifolia Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Exot. 2: 17 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Commelina caroliniana Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Commelina debilis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843)
= Commelina dianthifolia f. alba Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Mexico 26: 346 (1955)
= Commelina dianthifolia var. filiformis M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 12: 80 (1908)
= Commelina dianthifolia var. longispatha (Torr.) Brasher; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93: 131 (1966)
= Commelina graminifolia var. stricta (Desf.) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 152 (1881)
= Commelina linearis Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 27 (1840)
= Commelina linearis var. longispatha Torr.; W. H. Emory, Rep. U. S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 224 (1858)
= Commelina parviflora Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 1: 61 (1821)
= Commelina puberula Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843)
= Commelina rubens Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843)
= Commelina stricta Desf.; Cat. Hort. Par. ed. III. 388 (1829)
= Commelina tinctoria Nees; Linnaea 19: 699 (1847)
= Commelina tuberosa var. dianthifolia (Redouté) D.R.Hunt; Fl. Valle Tehuacán-Cuicatlán 137: 21 (2017)
species :
Commelina diffusa Burm.f.; Fl. Ind.: 18, t. 6, f. 2 (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. diffusa
Name: Climbing dayflower, Bitte day-flower, Bitte French weed (EN); Ausgebreitete Tagblume (DE); Tejedera azul (ES)
Distribution: Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; SW-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Uganda; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Botswana; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Ascension Isl. [I]; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Mauritius; Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Seychelles; Yemen; China (Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan); Tibet; Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Great Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Shan, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (throughout); Singapore [I]; South China Sea Isl.; Philippines (throughout); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Vanuatu; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga (Late Isl., Tongatapu, Vava´u); Niue; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I], Ta´u [I]); Tuvalu [I]; Tokelau [I] (Swains Isl. [I]); Banaba [Ocean] Isl. [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I], Palmerston [I], Manihiki [I], Rakahanga [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Tahuata [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Easter Isl. [I]; Palau [I] (Babeldaob [I], Koror [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Ifaluk [I], Pohnpei [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I], Jaluit [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], West Virginia); Bermuda [I]; Mexico [I] (Aguascalientes [I], Baja California Sur [I], Campeche [I], Chiapas [I], Coahuila [I], Colima [I], Ciudad de Mexico [I], Durango [I], Guanajuato [I], Guerrero [I], Hidalgo [I], Jalisco [I], Mexico State [I], Michoacan [I], Morelos [I], Nayarit [I], Nuevo León [I], Oaxaca [I], Puebla [I], Queretaro [I], Quintana Roo [I], San Luis Potosi [I], Sinaloa [I], Sonora [I], Tabasco [I], Tamaulipas [I], Tlaxcala [I], Veracruz [I], Yucatan [I], Zacatecas); Guatemala [I]; Belize [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Isla del Coco [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (Guana [I], St. Croix [I], St. Thomas [I], Virgin Gorda [I]); Saba [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Marie-Galante [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I] (Antioquia [I], Boyacá [I], Casanare [I], Chocó [I], Cundinamarca [I], Magdalena [I], Meta [I], Santander [I], Valle); Isla Margarita [I]; Venezuela [I] (Amazonas [I], Anzoategui [I], Barinas [I], Bolívar [I], Carabobo [I], Cojedes [I], Delta Amacuro [I], Venezuela Distrito Federal [I], Falcon [I], Guarico [I], Merida [I], Miranda [I], Monagas [I], Nueva Esparta [I], Portuguesa [I], Sucre [I], Tachira [I], Yaracuy); Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I] (Beni [I], Cochabamba [I], La Paz [I], Santa Cruz [I], Tarija); N-Brazil [I] (Roraima [I], Pará [I], Amazonas [I], Tocantins [I], Acre); NE-Brazil [I] (Ceara [I], Paraíba [I], Pernambuco [I], Bahia); WC-Brazil [I] (Goiás [I], Brasilia Distrito Federal [I], Mato Grosso do Sul [I]); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais [I], Espírito Santo [I], São Paulo [I], Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil [I] (Paraná [I], Santa Catarina [I], Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay [I] (Concepcion [I], Guaira [I], Paraguari); Uruguay [I] (Artigas [I], Cerro Largo [I], Rio Negro [I], Salto [I], Soriano [I], Treinta y Tres); Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I], Chaco [I], Corrientes [I], Argentina Distrito Federal [I], Entre Rios [I], Formosa [I], Jujuy [I], Misiones [I], Salta [I], Santa Fe [I], Tucuman)
21 cny CVI mdr 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 ANN BUR CAF CMN CON EQG PRI RWA SAO ZAI 24 CHA SSU SUD 25 UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ 27 BOT SAF SWZ 28 asc sth 29 COM MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 35 YEM 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND LDV NEP SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY NWG PHI SCS sng 60 asa NUE oce rot sam tok TON tuv VAN 61 coo eas mrq pit sci 62 gum mic mrs plu 63 haw 74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz coc cos els gua hon nic 81 aba bah bbd ber cub dom gdl gre his jam mar mts pue sab stk stl stv trt ven vir 82 clm frg guy sur ven 83 bol ecu gal per 84 bra BRA 85 arg par uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina agraria Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 38 (1843)
= Commelina agraria var. prostrata (Kunth) Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 261 (1855)
= Commelina agraria var. repens Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 261 (1855)
= Commelina bangii Rusby; Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 6: 490 (1910)
= Commelina caespitosa Roxb.; Fl. Ind. 1: 178 (1820)
= Commelina cajennensis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 38 (1843), pro syn., orth. var.
= Commelina canariensis C.Sm.; C. L. von Buch, Phys. Beschr. Canar. Ins.: 140 (1828)
= Commelina cayennensis Rich.; Act. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 1: 105 (1792)
= Commelina communis Dalzell & Gibs.; Bombay Fl. 252 (1861), non L., 1753
= Commelina communis Engelm. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 38 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Commelina communis Walter; Fl. Carol.: 68 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Commelina diffusa var. major Kayama; J. Phytogeogr. Taxon. 53(2): 188 (2005)
= Commelina formosa Graham; Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1830(July-Sept.): 366 (1830)
= Commelina gracilis Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Per. 1: 44. t. 72, f. a (1798)
= Commelina gracilis var. glabrata C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 136 (1828)
= Commelina nudiflora f. agraria (Kunth) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6(App. 1): 24 (1898)
= Commelina nudiflora Moon; Cat. 5 (1824), non L., 1753
= Commelina nudiflora var. werneana (Hassk.) C.B.Clarke; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 9 (1897)
= Commelina obtusifolia Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 168 (1805)
= Commelina ochreata Schauer; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 447 (1843)
= Commelina pacifica Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 168 (1805)
= Commelina pilosa Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 55 (1805)
= Commelina pilosula Rich.; Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 106 (1792)
= Commelina prostrata Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 259 (1816)
= Commelina prostrata Poepp. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 38 (1843), pro syn.
= Commelina sabatieri C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 146 (1881)
= Commelina sellowii Schltdl.; Index Seminum (HAL, Halensis) 1850: 7 (1850)
= Commelina werneana Hassk.; Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 206 (1867)
= Nephralles parviflora Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 70 (1837)
variant :
var. gigas (Small) Faden; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80(1): 213 (1993)
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina gigas Small; Man. Southeast. Fl. 264 (1933)
subspecies :
subsp. montana C.V.Morton; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 60: 181 (1967)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea; Burundi
22 NGA 23 BIO BUR CMN EQG
subspecies :
subsp. violacea Faden; Taxon 52: 832 (2003)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Commelina disperma Faden; Novon 11: 298 (2001)
Distribution: W-Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina droogmansiana De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 65 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two old collections
species :
Commelina eckloniana Kunth; Enum, Pl. 4: 57 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. eckloniana
Distribution: Rwanda; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 RWA 26 ZIM 27 SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina weimarckiana Norl.; Bot. Not. 1948: 22 (1948)
= Polyspatha eckloniana Hassk. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 174 (1881)
subspecies :
subsp. claessensii (De Wild.) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 183 (2012)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: known only from type collected in 1921
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina claessensii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 173 (1931)
subspecies :
subsp. critica (De Wild.) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 185 (2012)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1912
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina critica De Wild.; Contr. Fl. Katanga, Suppl.: 64 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. echinosperma (K.Schum.) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 185 (2012)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]; W-Kenya; NW-Tanzania
23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina echinosperma K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C (1895) 135
= Commelina echinulata Lebrun & Taton; Expl. Parc Nat. Kagera, Miss. J. Lebrun 1937-38, Fasc. 1, 28 (1948)
subspecies :
subsp. nairobiensis (Faden) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 183 (2012)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina nairobiensis Faden; Novon 4(3): 226 (1994)
subspecies :
subsp. thikaensis Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 184 (-185) (2012)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Commelina elliptica Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 259 (1816)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Colombia; Venezuela; Peru; Bolivia; NW-Argentina
79 MEX 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Remarks: often included in C. tuberosa s. l., for example by Hassemer (2019)
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina hirsuta Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 660 (1843)
= Commelina humilis Klotzsch ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 154 (1881), nom. inval.
= Commelina karwinskiana Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 660 (1843)
= Commelina karwinskii Mart. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 660 (1843)
= Commelina orchioides Booth ex Lindl.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 24(Misc.): 53 (1838)
= Commelina variabilis Schltdl.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Hal. (1838) 7
species :
Commelina ensifolia R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 269 (1810)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); Lord Howe Isl.
40 IND SRL 42 NWG 50 AUS LHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina ensifolia var. pubescens C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 189 (1881)
= Commelina longifolia Thwaites; Enum. PI. Zeyl. 322 (1864), non Lam. 1791
= Commelina lunata B.Heyne ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 188 (1881)
= Commelina undulata var. setosa C.B.Clarke; A. DC. & C. Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 179 (1881)
species :
Commelina erecta L.; Sp. Pl. 41 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. erecta
Name: Blue day-flower, Blue French weed
Distribution: N-Italy [I]; Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha Brava); Gambia; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Congo [Brazzaville]; S-Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Yemen; S-China; Ryukyu Isl.; India [c]; Bangladesh; Java [I]; Moluccas; Australia (Queensland, Northern Territory); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Clarion); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Anegada, Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda); Anguilla; St. Martin/St. Maarten; Saba; St. Eustatius; Nevis; St. Kitts; Barbuda; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Grenada; Barbados; Tobago; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Caldas, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Sucre, Tolima, Valle); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Apure, Aragua, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Tocantins, Acre); NE-Brazil (Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia, Alagoas); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Amambay, Canindeyu, Central, Cordillera, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Rocha, Montevideo, Paysandu); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Coquimbo [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I])
13 ita 21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA IVO NGA TOG 23 BIO CON 24 CHA ETH SOM 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 35 YEM 36 CHI 38 NNS 40 BAN ind 42 jaw MOL 50 AUS 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX RGI 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA AGU ARU BAH BBD BON CAY CUB CUR DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SAB STE STK STL STM STV TCI TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR SWC VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG cle PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina aethiopica C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 189 (1881)
= Commelina angustifolia Hassk.; W. C. H. Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique: 528 (1864), nom. illeg.
= Commelina angustifolia Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 24 (1803)
= Commelina assurgens Larranaga; (1923)
= Commelina bahiensis Link; Jahrb. 1: III. 73 (1820)
= Commelina caripensis Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 260 (1816)
= Commelina crispa Wooton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 451 (1898)
= Commelina cyanantha Rojas; (1897)
= Commelina deficiens Hook.; Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2644 (1826)
= Commelina elegans Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 259 (1816)
= Commelina ensifolia F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 60 (1872)
= Commelina erecta f. alba Magrath; Rhodora 73: 300 (1971)
= Commelina erecta f. candida Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 33 (1944)
= Commelina erecta f. crispa (Wooton) Fernald
= Commelina erecta f. hamipila (C.Wright ex Sauvalle) Brasher; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club
= Commelina erecta f. roseopurpurea (Herter) Bacigalupo; Hickenia 2(31): 136 (1995)
= Commelina erecta f. villosa (C.B.Clarke) Standley & Steyermark; (1944)
= Commelina erecta var. angustifolia (Michx.) Fernald; Rhodora 41: 439 (1940)
= Commelina erecta var. crispa (Wooton) Palmer & Steyermark
= Commelina erecta var. deamiana Fernald; Rhodora 42: 440 (1940)
= Commelina erecta var. glochidea (J.Koenig ex Clarke) Bhargavan; A. N. Henry, V. Chithra & N. P. Balakr., Fl. Tamil Nadu, India, Ser. 1, 3: 44 (1989)
= Commelina erecta var. greenei Fassett; (1943)
= Commelina erecta var. hamipila (Wright) Fernald; (1940)
= Commelina gerrardii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 188 (1881)
= Commelina guaranitica C.B.Clarke ex Chodat & Hassler; (1903)
= Commelina guineensis Hua; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 1: 118 (1895)
= Commelina hamipila C.Wright ex Sauvalle; Anales Acad. Ci. Med. Habana 7: 608 (1870)
= Commelina hirsuta Willd.; Spreng. & Link, Jahrb. 1: III. 73 (1820)
= Commelina kurzii var. glochidea Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: 374 (1892)
= Commelina martiana Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 265 (1855)
= Commelina nashii Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 242 (1903)
= Commelina pohliana Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 265 (1855)
= Commelina roseopurpurea Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 6: 149 (1940)
= Commelina saxicola Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 242 (1903)
= Commelina setosa Wight; Wall. Cat. n. 8981 (1848)
= Commelina sulcata Benth.; Hook., Niger Fl.: 541 (1849)
= Commelina sulcata Link; Jahrb. 1: III. 74 (1820)
= Commelina swingleana Nash; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22: 160 (1895)
= Commelina villosa (C.B.Clarke) C.B.Clarke ex Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 1: 438 (1901)
= Commelina virginica var. angustifolia (Michx.) C.B.Clarke; (1881)
= Commelina virginica var. vilosa C.B.Clarke; (1881)
= Commelina vogelii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 189 (1881)
= Eudipetala deficiens (Hook.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 68 (1837)
form :
f. dielsii (Herter) Bacigalupo; Hickenia 2(31): 136 (1995)
Distribution: Argentina (Entre Rios, etc.); Uruguay
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina dielsii Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 6: 149 (1940)
subspecies :
subsp. livingstonii (C.B.Clarke) C.V.Morton; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 60: 184 (1967)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; ?Benin; Niger; Nigeria; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Saudi Arabia
22 GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ 27 BOT NAM SAF 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina kagerensis Lebrun & Taton; Lebrun, Expl. Parc Nat. Kagera 1: 29 (1948)
= Commelina livingstonii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 190 (1881)
= Commelina livingstonii var. villosa C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 190 (1881)
= Commelina pilosissima Hutch.; J. Hutch. & J. M. Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 318 (1936), anglice
= Commelina sphaerosperma C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 58 (1901)
= Commelina subalbescens Berhaut; Mem. Soc. Bot. France, 1953-54, 5 (1954)
= Commelina venusta C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 58 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. maritima (C.V.Morton) C.V.Morton; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 60: 184 (1967)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Benin
22 GHA IVO LBR SIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina gerrardii subsp. maritima C.V.Morton; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 55: 525 (1956)
species :
Commelina fluviatilis Brenan; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 6: 253 (1967)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia; Namibia
23 ZAI 26 ZAM 27 NAM
species :
Commelina foliacea Chiov.; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp. 302 (1939)
subspecies :
subsp. foliacea
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda
24 ETH 25 UGA
subspecies :
subsp. amplexicaulis Faden; Novon 4(3): 232 (1994)
Distribution: Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi
25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM
species :
Commelina forsskaolii Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 172 (1806)
Name: Rat´s ear
Distribution: Algeria [I]; Egypt (SE-Egypt); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Central African Republic; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., KwaZulu-Natal); Mozambique Channel Isl. [Iles Éparses] [I] (Juan de Nova Isl. [I]); Mauritius; Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Oman (Dhofar); Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen); India (Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu); Vietnam; USA [I] (Florida [I])
20 alg EGY 21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB IVO MLI NGA NGR SEN 23 CAF 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MOZ 27 BOT NAM SAF 29 MAU mci 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 IND 41 VIE 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina falcata Hassk.; Flora 46: 387 (1863)
species :
Commelina frutescens Faden; Brittonia 48(4): 548 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: SE-Ethiopia; Somalia
24 ETH SOM
species :
Commelina gambiae C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 146 (1881)
Name: Gambian dayflower
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; SW-Chad; USA [I] (Florida [I])
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB IVO LBR NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 24 CHA 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina nigritana var. gambiae (C.B.Clarke) Brenan; Kew Bull. 22: 392 (1968)
= Commelina umbellata var. gambiae (C.B.Clarke) J.K.Morton; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 55: 531 (1956)
species :
Commelina gelatinosa Edgew.; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 21: 177 (1853)
Distribution: India
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Trithyrocarpus gelatinosus (Edgew.) Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 25 (1870)
species :
Commelina geniculata Desv.; Ham., Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid.: 4 (1825)
Distribution: Dominican Republic
81 HIS
species :
Commelina giorgii De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 67 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1922
species :
Commelina gourmaensis A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58(8): 213 (1911 publ. 1912)
Distribution: Guinea-Bissau
22 GNB
Remarks: status uncertain
species :
Commelina grandis Brenan; Kew Bull. 15: 210 (1961)
Distribution: N-Zambia
26 ZAM
species :
Commelina grossa C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 60 (1901)
Distribution: S-Tanzania; N-Zambia
25 TAN 26 ZAM
species :
Commelina haitiensis Urb. & Ekman; Arkiv Bot., Stockh. 20: A. No. 15, 10 (1926)
Distribution: Haiti
81 HIS
species :
Commelina heterosperma Blatt. & Hallb.; J. Indian Bot. 2: 54 (1921)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra, etc.)
40 IND
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Commelina hirsuta (Wight) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 163 (1881), non Hochst. 1841
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina beddomei Nandikar & Gurav; Pl. Sci. Feed 4(1): 3 (2014), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Heterocarpus hirsutus Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 6: 29 (1853)
species :
Commelina hockii De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 3, 68 (1930)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Angola; NE-Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ZAM
species :
Commelina holubii C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 61 (1901)
Distribution: Zimbabwe
26 ZIM
Remarks: Status uncertain
species :
Commelina homblei De Wild.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 291 (1913)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1912
species :
Commelina huillensis Welw. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 175 (1881)
Distribution: SW-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Commelina humblotii H.Perrier; Humbert, Not. Syst. 5: 188 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Commelina huntii M.Pell.; PhytoKeys 78: 67 (2017)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais, São Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Commelina imberbis Ehrenb. ex Hassk.; Schweinf. Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 209 (1867)
Distribution: Central African Republic; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Yemen; India (Karnataka, Maharashtra)
23 CAF 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZIM 27 BOT SAF SWZ 29 MDG 35 YEM 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina forskailii Hochst. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 173 (1881), nom. inval.
= Commelina latifolia Hochst. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 160 (1881)
= Disecocarpus kotschyi Hassk. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 173 (1881)
species :
Commelina indehiscens E.Barnes; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 46: 74 (1946)
Distribution: India (Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka
40 IND SRL
species :
Commelina irumuensis De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 183 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collections in 1914
species :
Commelina kapiriensis De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 3, 70 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Remarks: near C. zambesica
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1913
species :
Commelina kilanga De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 71 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1912
species :
Commelina kisantuensis De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 189 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Remarks: near C. zambesica or C. imberbis
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1925
species :
Commelina kitaleensis Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 226 (-227) (2012)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Commelina kituloensis Faden; Novon 11: 400 (2001)
Distribution: Tanzania; NE-Zambia; Malawi
25 TAN 26 MLW ZAM
species :
Commelina kotschyi Hassk.; Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop.: 207 (1867)
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Kenya; ?Tanzania; NW-Angola
24 ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN 26 ANG
species :
Commelina lanceolata R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 269 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Commelina latifolia Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 340 (1850)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Congo [Brazzaville]; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Tanzania; Yemen (Aden Desert)
20 EGY 23 CON RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM SSU 25 TAN UGA 35 YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina sagittifolia Hassk.; Schweinf. Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 206 (1867)
variant :
var. undulatifolia Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 181 (-182) (2012)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
species :
Commelina leiocarpa Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 176 (1844)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Cuba; Colombia (Magdalena); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda, Portuguesa)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC 81 CUB 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrocarpus efoveolatus (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 319 (1898)
= Athyrocarpus leiocarpus (Benth.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Hemsl.; Biol. Centr. Am. Bot. 3: 386 (1885)
= Athyrocarpus pallidus B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 244 (1893)
= Commelina efoveolatum (C.B.Clarke) L.M.Campb.; Hokche et al., Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela: 714 (2008)
= Commelina pallida Schltdl.; Linnaea 26: 1853 (1855) 454
= Phaeosphaerion efoveolatum C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 136 (1881)
= Phaeosphaerion efoveolatum var. repens C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 136 (1881)
= Phaeosphaerion leiocarpum (Benth.) Hassk. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 136 (1881)
species :
Commelina littoralis M.C.Naik & Nandikar; Nordic J. Bot. 37(4)-e02168: 2 (2019)
Distribution: Andaman Isl.
41 AND
species :
Commelina longicapsa C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 176 (1881)
Distribution: Liberia; Ivory Coast; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Cabinda [Angola]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]
22 IVO LBR NGA 23 BIO CAB CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI
species :
Commelina longicaulis Jacq.; Coll. 3: 234 (1789)
Distribution: Venezuela; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Bolivia; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; Paraguay; Uruguay; Argentina
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina diffusa f. glabra (G.Mey.) Rohweder; Abh. Auslandsk., Reihe C, Naturwiss. 18: 160 (1956)
= Commelina glabra G.Mey.; Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 22 (1818)
= Commelina nudiflora var. glabrata (G.Mey.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 3: 245 (1903)
= Commelina schomburgkiana Klotzsch; Schomb. Faun. et Fl. Guianas, 1064 (1841)
= Commelina schomburgkiana var. brasiliensis Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 262 (1855)
= Commelina sellowiana Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 44 (1843)
species :
Commelina longifolia Lam.; Tabl. Encyc. 1: 129 (1783)
Distribution: Seychelles [I]; S-China; NE-India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Mandalay); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Perlis); Borneo; Java; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I])
29 sey 36 CHI 40 BAN IND 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY NWG 62 mic
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina diffusa Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 39 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Commelina pedunculosa Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 74 (1820)
= Commelina salicifolia Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 5 (1814), nomen
species :
Commelina loureiroi Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 60 (1843)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, etc.)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Lechea chinensis Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 60 (1790)
species :
Commelina lukei Faden; Novon 18(4): 469 (2008)
Distribution: SE-Kenya; Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
species :
Commelina lukonzolwensis De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 73 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1905
species :
Commelina luteiflora De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 193 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two old collections
species :
Commelina luzonensis Elmer; Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 9: 3184 (1934)
Distribution: Philippines (Luzon)
42 PHI
species :
Commelina macrospatha Gilg & Ledermann ex Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 253 (1925)
Distribution: Senegal; Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; ?D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Uganda; ?Kenya
22 GHA IVO NGA SEN SIE 23 CAF CMN
species :
Commelina macrosperma J.K.Morton; J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Bot. 55: 528 (1956)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria
22 GHA IVO NGA SIE
species :
Commelina maculata Edgew.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 20: 89 (1846)
Distribution: China (SW-Sichuan, SW-Guizhou, Yunnan); S-Tibet; Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal); Myanmar; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP 41 MYA THA 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina obliqua var. viscida C.B.Clarke; Commel. Cyrt. Bengal: 19, t. 10 (1874)
= Commelina paludosa var. viscida (C.B.Clarke) R.S.Rao & Rammathy; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 3: 168 (1961)
species :
Commelina madagascarica C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 174 (1881)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Commelina major H.Perrier; Humbert, Not. Syst. 5: 182 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Commelina martyrum H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 284 (1908)
Distribution: South Korea
38 KOR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, status unconfirmed
species :
Commelina mascarenica C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 174 (1881)
Distribution: S-Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; NE-Mozambique; Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Mauritius
24 SOM 25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ 29 COM MAU MDG
species :
Commelina melanorrhiza Faden; Novon 4(3): 224 (1994)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Commelina membranacea Robyns; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 25: 251 (1955)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two collections in 1914
species :
Commelina merkeri K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 207 (1905)
Distribution: +Kenya
25 KEN
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1902
species :
Commelina microspatha K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 342 (1897)
Distribution: +Sudan
24 SUD
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1869
species :
Commelina milne-redheadii Faden; Novon 18(4): 476 (2008)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
species :
Commelina modesta Oberm.; Bothalia 13(3-4): 437 (1981)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 SAF SWZ
species :
Commelina montigena H.Perrier; Humbert, Not. Syst. 5: 192 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Commelina mwatayamvoana P.A.Duvign. & Dewit; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 96: 135 (1963)
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Commelina neurophylla C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 53 (1901)
Distribution: Zambia; Malawi; E-Zimbabwe
26 MLW ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina bianoensis De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 3, 62 (1930)
species :
Commelina nigritana Benth.; Hook. Niger Fl. 541 (1849)
subspecies :
subsp. nigritana
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; S-Chad; Uganda; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe
22 BEN BKN GHA GUI IVO NGA SEN SIE TOG 24 CHA 25 TAN UGA 26 ZAM ZIM
subspecies :
subsp. aggregata Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 234 (-235) (2012)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina nivea López-Ferr., Espejo & Ceja; Acta Bot. Mex. 41: 10 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina nyasensis C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 40 (1901)
Distribution: Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe
26 MLW ZAM ZIM
species :
Commelina obliqua Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 173 (1805)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Oaxaca); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Trinidad; Colombia (Cundinamarca, Santander); Venezuela (Aragua, Carabobo, Cojedes, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Zulia); French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil (Rondônia); NE-Brazil (Paraíba, Bahia, Alagoas); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Brasilia Distrito Federal, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Canindeyu, Cordillera); Uruguay (Artigas); Argentina (Corrientes, Misiones)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC 81 TRT 82 CLM FRG VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrocarpus mathewsii (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 319 (1898)
= Commelina bambusifolioides Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 26: 62 (1955)
= Commelina erecta var. obliqua (Vahl) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 181 (1881)
= Commelina mathewsii (C.B.Clarke) Faden & D.R.Hunt; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74(1): 122 (1987)
= Commelina monticola Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 264 (1855)
= Commelina monticola var. vestita (Seub.) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 162 (1881)
= Commelina obliqua f. albiflora Hochr.; Candollea 2: 320 (1925)
= Commelina robusta f. vestita (Seub.) Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 33 (1944)
= Commelina robusta Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 52 (1843)
= Commelina scabrata Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 266 (1855)
= Commelina vestita Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 264 (1855)
= Commelina vilavelhensis Corrêa da Maia, Cervi & Tardivo; Fontqueria 56(31): 294 (2012)
= Heterocarpus obliquus (Vahl) Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 7 (1870)
= Phaeosphaerion mathewsii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 138 (1881)
= Phaeosphaerion persicariifolium var. scabratum (Seub.) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 137 (1881)
species :
Commelina occulta H.D.Juárez; Phytotaxa 612(1): 68 (2023)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina oligotricha Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 532 (1859)
Distribution: Sumatra; Java
42 JAW SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Heterocarpus oligotrichus (Miq.) Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 7 (1870)
species :
Commelina orchidophylla Faden & Layton; Syst. & Geogr. Pl. 79(1): 73 (2009)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Commelina paleata Hassk.; Miq. Pl. Jungh. 139 (1852)
Distribution: India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand); Bangladesh; Borneo; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea)
40 BAN IND 42 BOR JAW LSI MOL NWG
Synonyms: hidden
= Trithyrocarpus oligospatha Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 25 (1870)
= Trithyrocarpus paleatus (Hassk.) Hassk.; Flora 49: (1866) 211
species :
Commelina pallida Willd.; Hort. Berol. 2: 87 (1809)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, Veracruz); Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica
79 MEX 80 COS HON NIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Aclisia florida Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 47 (1843)
= Commelina decumbens E.Mey.; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 136 (1828)
= Commelina rubens Redouté; Liliac. 7: t. 367 (1812)
species :
Commelina pallidispatha Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 176 (-178) (2012)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina paludosa Blume; Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 2 (1827)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Sichuan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Fujian); Tibet; Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Kachin, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java
36 CHI TIB 38 NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND LDV NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina donii A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. 6(2): 395 (1833)
= Commelina obliqua Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 45 (1825) [non Vahl (1806)
= Commelina paludosa f. pedunculata Qaiser & Jafri; Fl. W. Pakistan 84: 13 (1975)
= Commelina polyspatha Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient.: t. 2066 (1853)
= Commelina semiovata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 8985 (1848), nom. nud.
= Trithyrocarpus polyspatha (Wight) Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 25 (1870)
species :
Commelina petersii Hassk.; Flora 46: 385 (1863)
subspecies :
subsp. petersii
Distribution: Nigeria; São Tomé; Chad; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo); Yemen (W-Yemen); India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay, Shan, Yangon)
22 NGA 23 SAO 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN 26 MLW MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 35 YEM 40 IND SRL 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina alisagarensis Kumar & Deodikar; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 13: No. 3, Sect. B, 168 (1941)
= Commelina jacobii C.E.C.Fisch.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1928: 277 (1928)
= Commelina persicariifolia var. geniculata C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 172 (1881)
= Commelina persicariifolia Wight; Wall. Cat. n. 8984 (1881)
= Commelina persicariifolia Wight ex C.B.Clarke; A. DC. & C. Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 17-1 (1881), nom. illeg., non Delile 1815
= Commelina petiolata Abeyw.; Ceylon J. Sci., Biol. Sci. 2: 82 (1959)
subspecies :
subsp. loandensis (C.B.Clarke) Faden; Kew Bull. 62(1): 139 (2007)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina imberbis var. loandensis C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 50 (1901)
species :
Commelina platyphylla Klotzsch; Schomb. Faun. et Fl. Guianas, 897 (1863)
Distribution: Guyana; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Central, Cordillera, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Artigas); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones)
82 GUY 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina balansae (C.B.Clarke) Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 148 (1940)
= Commelina platyphylla var. balansae C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 177 (1881)
species :
Commelina polhillii Faden & M.H.Alford; Novon 11: 16 (2001)
subspecies :
subsp. polhillii
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
subspecies :
subsp. kucharii Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 164 (166-167) (2012)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina pseudopurpurea Faden; Taxon 52: 834 (2003)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina pseudoscaposa De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 3, 76 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two old collections
species :
Commelina purpurea C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 40 (1901)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 BUR CON RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina kabarensis De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 184 (1931)
= Commelina lugardii Bullock; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1932: 506 (1932)
species :
Commelina pycnospatha Brenan; Kew Bull. 15: 207 (1961)
Distribution: N-Zambia
26 ZAM
species :
Commelina pynaertii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 199 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from few old collections
species :
Commelina quarrei De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 77 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two old collections
species :
Commelina quitensis Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 258 (1846)
Distribution: Ecuador; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Tarija)
83 BOL ECU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ananthopus cordatus Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 22 (1817)
= Commelina cardiocephala Kunze ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 157 (1881)
= Commelina cardiosepala Kunze; Linnaea 20: (1847) 9
= Commelina quitensis var. cardiosepala (Kunze) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 156 (1881)
= Commelina quitensis var. mandonii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 156 (1881)
species :
Commelina ramulosa (C.B.Clarke) H.Perrier; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 5: 185 (1936)
Distribution: Zanzibar; Madagascar; Seychelles
25 TAN 29 MDG SEY
Remarks: status uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina forsskalii var. ramulosa C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 168 (1881)
species :
Commelina rebmanii León de la Luz; Revista Mex. Biodivers. 90(3)-e902823: 3 (2019)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina reptans Brenan; Kew Bull. 15: 208 (1961)
Distribution: Rwanda; S-Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 RWA 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Commelina reticulata Stanley; Austrobaileya 3(2): 235 (1990)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Commelina reygaertii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 201 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1913
species :
Commelina robynsii De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 78 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1926
species :
Commelina roensis M.D.Barrett & R.L.Barrett; Nuytsia 26: 31 (2015)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Commelina rogersii Burtt Davy; J. South Afr. Bot. 4: 125 (1938)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo)
27 SAF
species :
Commelina rosulata Faden & Layton; Syst. & Geogr. Pl. 79(1): 76 (2009)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Commelina ruandensis De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 204 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1926
species :
Commelina rufipes Seub.; Mart. Fl. Bras. 3: I. 265 (1855)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Boyacá, Meta, Vaupés); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Miranda, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Acre); NE-Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrocarpus pseudomonosperma Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 319 (1898)
= Athyrocarpus rufipes (Seub.) Standl.; Standl. & Calderon, Lista Prelim. Pl. Salvad. 47 (1925)
= Commelina pseudomonosperma (Kuntze) L.M.Campb.; Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela 714 (2008)
= Commelinopsis rufipes (Seub.) D.R.Hunt; Kew Bull. 36(1): 195 (1981)
= Phaeosphaerion persicariifolium var. rufipes (Seub.) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 137 (1881)
= Phaeosphaerion pseudomonosperma (Kuntze) Steyerm.; Fieldiana, Bot. 28(1): 152 (1951)
= Phaeosphaerion rufipes (Seub.) Standl. & Steyerm.; Fieldiana, Bot. 24: III. 22 (1952)
variant :
var. glabrata (D.R.Hunt) Faden & D.R.Hunt; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74(1): 122 (1987)
Distribution: Mexico (Queretaro, Veracruz, Tabasco, Chiapas, etc.); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Puerto Rico; Montserrat; Martinique; Grenada; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia; Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Nueva Esparta); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru; Bolivia; N-Brazil (Roraima, Amapa, Pará, Amazonas, Acre, Rondônia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB GRE MAR MTS PUE TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Athyrocarpus persicariifolius (Redouté) Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3: 386 (1885)
= Athyrocarpus persicariifolius f. tetraspermus Donn.Sm.; Enum. Pl. Guatem. 6: 54 (1903)
= Commelina guianensis Klotzsch; R. H. Schomburgk, Reis. Br.-Guiana: 1064 (1841), nom. subnud.
= Commelina guyanensis Klotzsch ex Seub.; Mart., Fl. Bras. 3(1): 262 (1855)
= Commelina persicariifolia Delile; Redouté, Lil. t. 472 (1815)
= Commelinopsis glabrata D.R.Hunt; Kew Bull. 36(1): 195 (1981)
= Commelinopsis persicariifolia (DC.) Pichon; Not. Syst., ed. Humbert 12: 227 (1946)
= Phaeosphaerion persicariifolium (Delile) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 137 (1881)
= Tradescantia portoricensis Bello; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 12: 122 (1883)
species :
Commelina rupestris Nandikar & Gurav; Webbia 73(2): 233 (2018)
Distribution: India (Karnataka)
40 IND
species :
Commelina rupicola Font Quer ex Emb. & Maire; É. Jahand. & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 952 (1941)
Distribution: Western Sahara
20 WSA
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina rupicola Font Quer; Cavanillesia 7: 149 (1935)
species :
Commelina rzedowskii López-Ferr., Espejo & Ceja; Acta Bot. Mex. 41: 12 (1997)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Mexico State)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina saxatilis H.Perrier; Humbert, Not. Syst. 5: 183 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Commelina saxosa De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 206 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1914
species :
Commelina scabra Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 26 (1840)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina carnea f. grandiflora Schltdl.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 7: 262 (1839)
= Commelina carnea f. parviflora Schltdl.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 7: 262 (1839)
= Commelina carnea Schltdl.; Allg. Gartenzeitung 7: 262 (1839), nom. rej. prop.
= Commelina ehrenbergiana Link; Link et al., Icon. Pl. Rar. 2: 75 (1842), pro syn.
species :
Commelina scandens Welw. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 146 (1881)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina diffusa subsp. scandens (Welw. ex C.B.Clarke) Oberm.; Bothalia 13(3-4): 437 (1981)
= Commelina vanderystii De Wild.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 3: 268 (1911)
species :
Commelina scaposa C.B.Clarke ex De Wild. & T.Durand; Compt. Rend. Soc. Bot. Belg. 38: 220 (1899)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina praecox T.C.E.Fr.; R. E. Fr., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911-12 1: 220 (1916)
species :
Commelina schinzii C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 428 (1894)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Commelina schliebenii Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 396 (1932)
Distribution: +Tanzania
25 TAN
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1931
species :
Commelina schweinfurthii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 158 (1881)
subspecies :
subsp. schweinfurthii
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Togo; Nigeria; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia
22 GUI IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 RWA 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina elgonensis Bullock; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 506 (1932)
= Commelina lateriticola A.Chev.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 58(8): 215 (1911 publ. 1912)
= Commelina stolzii Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 254 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. carsonii (C.B.Clarke) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 224 (2012)
Distribution: Burundi; Malawi
23 BUR 26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina carsonii C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 52 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. cecilae (C.B.Clarke) Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 225 (2012)
Distribution: Burundi; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
23 BUR 26 MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina cecilae C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 51 (1901)
species :
Commelina shinsendaensis De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 3, 81 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two collections in 1912
species :
Commelina sikkimensis C.B.Clarke; Commel. & Cyrt. Beng. t. 6 (1874)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizhoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (north of Malaya)
40 BAN BHU IND 41 MYA THA 42 MLY
species :
Commelina socorrogonzaleziae Espejo & López-Ferr.; Sida 15(3): 441 (1993)
Distribution: Mexico (Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Mexico State, Michoacan, Queretaro, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Commelina somalensis Chiov.; Result. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli Somal. Ital. 1: 168 (1916)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina baidoensis Chiov. ex Chiarugi; Webbia 8: 31 (1951)
species :
Commelina spectabilis C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 175 (1881)
Distribution: W-Angola
26 ANG
variant :
var. ramosa C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 175 (1881)
Distribution: W-Angola
26 ANG
species :
Commelina sphaerorrhizoma Faden & Layton; Syst. & Geogr. Pl. 79(1): 68 (2009)
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
species :
Commelina standleyi Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 23: 33 (1944)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Tlaxcala, Veracruz); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS GUA PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina coelestis var. bourgeaui C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 153 (1881)
species :
Commelina stefaniniana Chiov.; Result. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli Somal. Ital. 1: 169 (1916)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN
species :
Commelina subcucullata C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 53 (1901)
Distribution: +Malawi
26 MLW
Conservation Status: Known only from three old specimens
species :
Commelina subscabrifolia De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 82 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1913
species :
Commelina subulata Roth; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 1: 530 (1817)
Distribution: Senegal; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Yemen; S-India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
22 BEN BKN GHA NGR SEN TOG 23 BUR 24 CHA ERI ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 35 YEM 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina angustissima K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 135 (1895)
= Commelina attenuata B.Heyne ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 401 (1840), nom. inval.
= Commelina elegantula K.Schum.; Warb. (ed.), Kunene-Sambesi Exped.: 182 (1903)
= Commelina linearifolia Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 43 (1843)
= Commelina striata Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Ethiopia. 2: 340 (1850)
= Commelina subaurantiaca Hochst. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 658 (1843)
= Commelina subulata var. macrosperma C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 149 (1881)
= Commelina violacea C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 39 (1901)
= Tradescantia biflora Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 7: 1176 (1830)
species :
Commelina suffruticosa Blume; Enum. Pl. Javae 1: 3 (1827)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Nepal; India (almost throughout); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan); Java
36 CHI 40 BAN IND NEP 41 MYA THA 42 JAW MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina rugulosa C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 446 (1871)
= Commelina simsonii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 446 (1871)
= Spathodithyros suffruticosus (Blume) Hassk.; Commelin. Ind.: 11 (1870).
species :
Commelina sulcatisperma Faden; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Commelin. 167 (-168) (2012)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Commelina sylvatica De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 84 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from two old specimens
species :
Commelina texcocana Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 26: 60 (1955)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
species :
Commelina trachysperma Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 9: 148 (1911)
Distribution: Eritrea
24 ERI
species :
Commelina transversifolia De Wild.; Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 85 (1930)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1912
species :
Commelina triangulispatha Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 255 (1925)
Distribution: Uganda; ?Kenya; Malawi
25 UGA 26 MLW
species :
Commelina tricarinata Stanley; Austrobaileya 3(2): 236 (1990)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Commelina tricolor E.Barnes; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 46: 79 (1946)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Commelina trilobosperma K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 134 (1895)
Distribution: Uganda; Tanzania
25 TAN UGA
species :
Commelina tuberosa L.; Sp. Pl. 41 (1753)
Name: Himmelblaue Commeline (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Malawi [I]; India [c]; Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Colombia (Tolima); Venezuela (Amazonas, Sucre); Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Potosí, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
11 ger 25 ken tan 26 mlw 40 ind 79 MEX 80 ELS GUA HON NIC 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Remarks: see also C. dianthifolia and C. elliptica which are frequently included here, for example by Hassemer (2019)
Synonyms: hidden
= Allosperma tuberosa (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 122 (1836)
= Commelina acuminata Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 258 (1816), nom. illeg., non R. Br. 1810
= Commelina alpestris Standl. & Steyerm.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 213 (1947)
= Commelina cayennensis var. pubescens Griseb.; Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen 19: 248 (1874)
= Commelina clandestina Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 46 (1843), nom. illeg., non Mart.
= Commelina clandestina Mart.; Index Seminum (M, Monacensis) 1839: 4 (1839)
= Commelina coelestis f. albipetala Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. Mexico 26: 339 (1955)
= Commelina coelestis Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 69 (1809)
= Commelina dubia Redouté; Liliac. 6: t. 359 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Commelina fasciculata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Per. 1: 44. t. 72, f. 6 (1798)
= Commelina fasciculata subsp. chacoensis Slanis & Bulacio; Darwiniana 45(1): 89 (2007)
= Commelina glabra Baker; Saund. Refug. Bot. 2: t. 166 (1870)
= Commelina gracilis Hook.; Bot. Mag. 58: t. 3047 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Commelina graminifolia Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 258 (1816)
= Commelina graminifolia var. clandestina C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 152 (1881)
= Commelina hispida Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Per. 1: 43. t. 73, f. a. (1798)
= Commelina hispida var. gaudichaudii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 156 (1881)
= Commelina hjertingii Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 30: 103 (1960)
= Commelina intermedia Schltdl.; Linnaea 24: 655 (1851)
= Commelina jaliscana Matuda; Anales Inst. Biol. Univ. Nac. México 30: 101 (1960)
= Commelina jamesonii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 155 (1881)
= Commelina japonica Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843), pro syn.
= Commelina loddigesii Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 401 (1840)
= Commelina longicaulis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Commelina nervosa Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 44 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Commelina nilagirica Steud. ex C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 163 (1881), nom. inval.
= Commelina pallida var. parviflora C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 151 (1881)
= Commelina paniculata Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 659 (1843), nom. illeg.
= Commelina parviflora Rchb.; Fl. Exot. 2: 17 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Commelina queretarensis López-Ferr., Espejo & Ceja; Acta Bot. Mex. 87: 78 (2009)
= Commelina ramosissima López-Ferr., Espejo & Ceja; Acta Bot. Mex. 87: 75 (2009)
= Commelina reflexa Rusby; Phytologia 1(2): 50 (1934)
= Commelina scapigera Kunth; Enum. Pl. 4: 46 (1843)
= Commelina schoubertii Zucc. ex Ten.; Cat. Hort. Bot. Nap. (1845) 22
= Commelina tuberosa var. coelestis (Willd.) D.R.Hunt; Fl. Valle Tehuacán-Cuicatlán 137: 20 (2017)
= Commelina tuberosa var. inflata M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 9: 373 (1842)
= Commelina tuberosa var. nana M.Martens & Galeotti; Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 9: 373 (1842)
= Commelina undulata Lodd.; Bot. Cab. t. 1553 (1830)
= Erxlebia fusiformis Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 494 (1790)
= Ovidia gracilis (Hook.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 68 (1836)
species :
Commelina umbellata Schumach. & Thonn.; C. F. Schumach., Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 21 (1827)
Distribution: Ghana; Niger; Kenya
22 GHA NGR 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina nigritana Baker; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 29: 163 (1875)
species :
Commelina undulata R.Br.; Prodr. 270 (1810)
Distribution: China (Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangdong, Macao); Taiwan; Nepal; India (almost throughout); Maldives; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Laos; Vietnam; Moluccas; Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN IND MDV NEP SRL 41 LAO MYA VIE 42 MOL 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ananthopus undulatus (R.Br.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 70 (1837)
= Commelina kurzii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 444 (1871)
= Commelina kurzii var. glochidea C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 374 (1894)
= Commelina obliqua f. mathewii (C.B.Clarke) Hochr.; Candollea 2: 320 (1925)
= Commelina obliqua var. mathewii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 11: 178 (1871)
= Commelina paludosa var. mathewii (C.B.Clarke) R.S.Rao & Kammathy; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 3: 168 (1961 publ. 1962)
= Commelina striata Edgew.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20(1): 89-90 (1846)
species :
Commelina ussilensis Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier App. 2 2: 58 (1894)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert, W-Yemen)
35 SAU YEM
species :
Commelina velutina Mildbr.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 252 (1925)
Distribution: Central African Republic; W-Kenya
23 CAF 25 KEN
species :
Commelina vermoesenii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 215 (1931)
Distribution: +D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Conservation Status: Known only from type collected in 1918
species :
Commelina virginica L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 61 (1762)
Name: Virginia dayflower
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Mexico (Chiapas, Mexico State)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Allotria scabra Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 3: 70 (1837)
= Commelina auriculata E.Mey.; C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 137 (1828)
= Commelina caerulea Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 216 (1796)
= Commelina deficiens Herb.; Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2644 (1826)
= Commelina hirtella Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 166 (1805)
= Commelina longifolia Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 23 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Commelina truncata Willd.; Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol., Suppl.: 4 (1814)
= Commelina virginica var. latifolia Torr.; Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 224 (1859)
species :
Commelina welwitschii C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 175 (1881)
Distribution: Angola; Zimbabwe
26 ANG ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina filifolia K.Schum.; Warb. Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 183 (1903)
= Commelina welwitschii var. glabra K.Schum.; Warb. (ed.), Kunene-Sambesi Exped.: 183 (1903)
= Commelina rhodesica Norl.; Bot. Notiser 21 (1948)
species :
Commelina wightii Raizada; Indian Forester 84: 479 (1958)
Distribution: India (Tamil Nadu, Kerala)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina glabra (Wight) C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 163 (1881) [non Mey. 1818]
= Heterocarpus glaber Wight; Ic. 6: 29. t. 2067 (1853)
= Commelina wightii Rolla Rao; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 3: 168 (1961), nom. illeg.
species :
Commelina youngii Nandikar; Brittonia 73(2): 185 (2021)
Distribution: India (Karnataka)
40 IND
species :
Commelina zambesica C.B.Clarke; Monogr. [A. DC.] 3: 161 (1881)
Distribution: Nigeria; Rwanda; South Sudan; Uganda; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga)
22 NGA 23 RWA 24 SSU 25 TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Commelina cuneata C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 51 (1901)
species :
Commelina zenkeri C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 59 (1901)
Distribution: Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Uganda
23 CMN ZAI
species :
Commelina zeylanica Falkenb.; Bot. Jahresber. (Just) 4: 406 (1876)
Distribution: Sri Lanka; Laos [I]
40 SRL 41 lao
species :
Commelina zigzag P.A.Duvign. & Dewit; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 96: 122 (1963)
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


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Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

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With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

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