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Ver. 24.7
July 18th, 2024

463.0000 Family Apiaceae Lindl.; Nat. Syst. Bot., ed. 2: 21 (1836), nom. cons., nom. alt.
ca. 460 - 480 genera, ca. 3900 spp. Phylogeny still partially incomplete, taken from recent partial revisions (Downie et al. etc.), and Clarkson et al. (2021) who do cover only 290 genera. Genus circumscriptions mostly following Kubitzki (ed., 2018).
Species listed in database: 3860; hybrids: 18
= Actinotaceae Konstant. & Melikyan; Bot. Zhurn (Moscow & Leningrad) 90: 1763 (2005)
= Ammiaceae Bercht. & C.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Angelicaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 29 (1820)
= Bupleuraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Caucalidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Coriandraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 783, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Daucaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 183 (1820)
= Eryngiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Ferulaceae Sacc.; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 4: 214 (1872)
= Imperatoriaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 328 (1820)
= Lagoeciaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Mackinlayaceae Doweld; Tent. Syst. Pl. Vasc.: lii (2001)
= Pastinacaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 457 (1820)
= Pimpinellaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 258 (1820)
= Saniculaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Scandicaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Selinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Sileraceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 259 (1820)
= Smyrniaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 773, 1093, 1128 (1835)
= Umbelliferae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 218 (1789), nom. cons.
463.9601 Genus Conium L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 243 (1753)
Distribution: holarctic (1), Greece (1), South Africa (4)
Species listed in database: 6
= Cicutaria Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum.: 40 (1759)
species :
Conium chaerophylloides (Thunb.) Eckl. & Zeyh.; Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 355 (1835)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT LES SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Seseli chaerophylloides Thunb.; Prod. Pl. Cap. 51 (1794)
species :
Conium divaricatum Boiss. & Orph.; Diagn. Ser. II. 5: 103 (1856)
Distribution: Greece (mainland incl. Peloponnisos); W-Crete
13 GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Conium maculatum subsp. divaricatum (Boiss. & Orph.) Drude; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 169 (1898)
= Conium maculatum var. divaricatum (Boiss. & Orph.) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 922 (1872)
species :
Conium fontanum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; S. Afr. J. Bot. 51(6): 471 (1985)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
variant :
var. alticola Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; S. Afr. J. Bot. 51(6): 472 (1985)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
27 LES SAF
variant :
var. silvaticum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; S. Afr. J. Bot. 51(6): 472 (1985)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
species :
Conium hilliburttorum Magee & V.R.Clark; S. African J. Bot. 108: 244 (2016)
Distribution: South Africa (E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Conium maculatum L.; Sp. Pl. 243 (1753)
Name: Gefleckter Schierling (DE); Poison Hemlock (EN); Cicuta (ES)
Distribution: England; Ireland (incl. Northern Ireland); Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; +Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca); France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread in mainland, Samothraki, Limnos); Crete; S-European Russia; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; NW-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], Hierro [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Ethiopia; Eritrea; South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I]); Siberia [I] (Altai [I], Krasnoyarsk [I], W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Kos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Herat, Kabul, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Qunduz, Samangan, Takhar); Cyprus (C-Mountains); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen); China (Xinjiang); South Korea [I]; Japan [I]; Pakistan (Kurram, Hazara, Murree); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir); Vietnam; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Mexico [I]; Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Cayman Isl. [I]; Dominican Republic [I]; Colombia [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Uruguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Coquimbo [I], Valparaíso [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I], Los Lagos [I], Magallanes [I]); Juan Fdz. Isl. [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT MLD RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 AZO cny mdr 24 ERI ETH 27 saf 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 jap kor 40 IND PAK 41 VIE 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos gua hon 81 cay his 82 clm 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle jnf uru
Synonyms: hidden
= Cicuta maculata (L.) Clairv.; 83 (1811), nom. illeg.
= Cicuta maculata (L.) Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 104 (1779)
= Cicuta major Garsault; Fig. Pl. Anim. Med. t. 223 (1764), Descr. Pl. Anim. 145 (1767)
= Cicuta major Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 456 (1779)
= Cicuta officinalis Crantz; Cl. Umb. Emend. 98 (1767), nom. illeg.
= Conium ceretanicum Sennen; Pl. Espagne 1922 no. 4421 (1922-23), in sched.
= Conium cicuta (Crantz) Neck.; Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 142 (1768)
= Conium croaticum Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.; Enum. Pl. [Willdenow] 1: 305 (1809)
= Conium leiocarpum (Boiss.) Stapf & Wettst.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 51: 323 (1886)
= Conium maculatum f. aromaticum (Foucaud & Rotgès) Thell.; 1083 (1926)
= Conium maculatum f. strictum (Tratt.) Thell.; 1083 (1926)
= Conium maculatum subsp. croaticum (Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd.) Drude; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 169 (1898)
= Conium maculatum subsp. leiocarpum (Boiss.) Drude; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 169 (1898)
= Conium maculatum subsp. viride (DC.) Espeut; Candollea 57(1): 141 (2002)
= Conium maculatum var. barceloi O.Bolòs & Vigo; But. Inst. Catalan Hist. Nat., 38 Bot. 1: 83 (1974)
= Conium maculatum var. immaculatum Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 275 (1866)
= Conium maculatum var. leiocarpum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 2: 922 (1872)
= Conium maculatum var. sibiricum Hoffm.; 10 (1814), nom. inval.
= Conium maculatum var. striatum (Tratt.) Rchb.; 441 (1832)
= Conium maculatum var. viride DC.; Prodr. 4: 243 (1830)
= Conium maculosum Pall.; Reise Russ. Reich. 1: 478 (1771)
= Conium nodosum Fisch. ex Steud.; Nom. ed. I. 215 (1821)
= Conium pyrenaicum Sennen & Elías; Bol. Soc. Ibér. Ci. Nat. 27: 141 (1928)
= Conium sibiricum Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 404 (1840)
= Conium strictum Tratt.; Arch. Gewächsk. Leopold Trattinick 1: t. 21 (1811)
= Conium tenuifolium Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 2 (1768)
= Coriandrum cicuta Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. I. fasc. 3: 100 (1762)
= Coriandrum maculatum (L.) Roth; Tent. Fl. Germ. 1: 130 (1788)
= Selinum conium (Vest) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm. Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 12: 79 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Sium conium Vest; Man. Bot. 513 (1806)
species :
Conium sphaerocarpum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt; S. Afr. J. Bot. 51(6): 473 (1985)
Distribution: South Africa (N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 24.7 (July 18th, 2024)

Covering 355,223 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 998,088 synonyms,
in total 1,409,782* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life