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Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

141.0000 Family Iridaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 57 (1789), nom. cons.
70 genera, ca. 2500 spp.
Species listed in database: 2560; hybrids: 45
= Crocaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 266, 283 (1818)
= Galaxiaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 1: 72 (1836)
= Geosiridaceae Jonker; Receuil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 36: 477. seors. impr (1939), nom. cons.
= Gladiolaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 34 (1838)
= Isophysidaceae F.A.Barkley; Revista Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellin Univ. Antioquia 8: 152 (1948)
= Ixiaceae Horan.; Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
141.6371 Genus Crocus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 36 (1753)
Distribution: Mediterranean, Asia Minor, few eastward to China and W-Pakistan. Molecular and cytogenetic research led to the recent description of many additional species.
Species listed in database: 259; hybrids: 5
= Crociris Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 73 (1853)
= Geanthus Raf.; Specchio Sci. 1: 116 (1814)
= Safran Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 473 (1790)
species :
Crocus abantensis T.Baytop & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 30: 243 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bolu Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus abracteolus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 147 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia: Bolkar Mt.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus adami J.Gay; Mem. Bull. Ferussac 25: 319 (1831)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Khevsureti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; ?NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: SE-Balcans populations etc. belong to undescribed species fide Ruksans (2017)
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus Stephan ex Spreng. & Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 69 (1820)
= Crocus annulatus var. adamicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus var. tauricus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 286 (1847)
= Crocus biflorus subsp. adami (J.Gay) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890)
= Crocus biflorus var. adami (J.Gay) Trautv.; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 17: 330 (1859), nom. superfl.
= Crocus biflorus var. violaceus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 112 (1882)
= Crocus geghartii Sosn.; Bot. Sad. Akad. Nauk Armyanskol 2: 8 (1949)
= Crocus violaceus (Boiss.) Bornm.; nom. illeg.
= Crocus violaceus Weston; Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771)
species :
Crocus adamioides Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 11 (2012)
Distribution: Bulgaria; European Turkey (Kirklareli Prov.)
13 BUL TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. adamii sensu B.Mathew; Crocus: 83 (1982) (non Gay)
species :
Crocus adanensis T.Baytop & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 30: 245 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia: Adana Prov.)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus paschei Kernd.; Herbertia 49: 76 (1993 publ. 1994)
species :
Crocus aerius Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 288 (1847)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia: Trabzon Prov.)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aerius var. pulchricolor Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 289 (1847)
= Crocus aerius var. stauricus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 289 (1847)
= Crocus biliottii Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 303 (1881)
species :
Crocus akdagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 76, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus akkayaensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 74, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus alatavicus Semen. & Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 434 (1868)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus alatavicus var. albus Regel; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada, prepr. 6: 498 (1879)
species :
Crocus albocoronatus (Kernd.) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. albocoronatus Kernd.; Herbertia, 49(1-2): 79 1993 (1994)
species :
Crocus aleppicus Baker; Gard. Chron. 1873: 609 (1873)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus gaillardotii (Boiss. & C.I.Blanche) Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234 (1879)
= Crocus hyemalis var. gaillardotii Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 93 (1859)
= Crocus intromissus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 2 (1845)
species :
Crocus alexandri Nicic ex Velen.; Sitzb. Bohm. Ges. Wiss. 39: 26 (1894)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC NMA
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus alexandri f. albiflorus Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 38 (1990), nom. inval.
= Crocus alexandri f. violaceolineatus Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 38 (1990)
= Crocus biflorus f. alexandri (Nicic ex Velen.) Stjepanovic-Veselicic; Fl. SR Srbije 8: 11 (1976), no correct basionym ref.
= Crocus biflorus subsp. alexandri (Nicic ex Velen.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 85 (1982)
species :
Crocus almehensis C.D.Brickell & B.Mathew; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 98: 360 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus ancyrensis (Herb.) Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 528 (1881)
Name: Ankara-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (C- & N-Anatolia)
11 ger 34 TUR
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus reticulatus var. ancyrensis Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1847)
species :
Crocus angustifolius Weston; Univ. Bot. 2: 238 (1771)
Name: Cloth of gold (EN), Goldbrokat-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Ukraine; Crimea; Armenia; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], New York [I])
11 ger 14 KRY UKR 33 ARM 75 usa
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus fulvus Pall. ex Haw.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841), pro syn.
= Crocus reticulatus subvar. reflexus (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1847)
= Crocus reticulatus var. aureus Trautv.; Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 17: 329 (1859)
= Crocus reticulatus var. reflexus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841)
= Crocus revolutus Haw.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 136 (1812)
= Crocus roegnerianus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 634 (1848)
= Crocus susianus Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. t. 652 (1803)
= Crocus versicolor var. caucasicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
species :
Crocus antalyensioides Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 6 (2015)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus antalyensis B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 27: 327 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. antalyensis
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. gemicii Sik & Erol; Pl. Syst. Evol. 294(3-4): 284 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. striatus Erol & Koçyigit; Nordic J. Bot. 28(2): 187 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus antherotes Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 147 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus archibaldiorum (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus subsp. archibaldiorum Ruksans; Crocuses 59 (-60, pl. 25-26) (2010), nom. inval., et Alpine Gardener 80: 209 (2012)
species :
Crocus arizelus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 151 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla Prov.: Gölgeli Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus armeniensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [25] (2016)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus artvinensis (J.Philippow) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 248 (1928)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Adzharia); NE-Turkey
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. artvinensis (J.Philippow) B.Mathew; Crocus: 84 (1982)
= Crocus biflorus var. artvinensis J.Philippow; Bot. Kab. Yalta 5: 26 (1917)
species :
Crocus asumaniae B.Mathew & T.Baytop; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 469 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus asymmetricus Erol; Phytotaxa 438(2): 74 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus atrospermus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 74. 2015
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. atrospermus Kernd. & Pasche; Plantsman, n. s. 2: 86 (2003)
species :
Crocus autranii Albov; Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 242 (1893)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO
species :
Crocus autumnalis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 2 (1768)
Distribution: S-Portugal; S-Spain; Gibraltar
12 GIB POR SPA
Remarks: serotinus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crociris iridiflora Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 73 (1853)
= Crociris speciosa Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 73 (1853)
= Crocus byzantinus Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1111 (1808)
= Crocus clusii f. mauritii Maire & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 24: 228 (1933)
= Crocus clusii var. mauritii (Maire & Sennen) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 207 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Crocus colchiciflorus Reut. ex Maw; Crocus: 99 (1886), pro syn.
= Crocus granatensis Boiss. ex Maw; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 363 (1882)
= Crocus neapolitanus Hoppe; Flora 1: 588 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Crocus nudiflorus Boiss.; Voy. Bot. Espagne 2: 600 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Crocus nudiflorus subsp. granatensis (Boiss. ex Maw) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 246 (1890)
= Crocus serotinus f. albus B.Mathew; New Plantsman 5(1): 12 (1998)
= Crocus serotinus Salisb.; Parad. Lond. t. 30 (1806)
= Crocus serotinus var. mauritii Maire & Sennen
= Crocus tingitanus Herb.; Bot. Mag. sub t. 3868 (1841)
= Ixia autumnalis (Mill.) Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 33 (1796)
species :
Crocus azerbaijanicus Dolatyari & Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 150: 58, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus baalbekensis Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. Environm. Sci. 4(2): 77, 80, figs. 1-7, 12,-13, 14A, 15-16 (2019)
Distribution: Lebanon
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus baalbekensis f. assiensis Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. Environm. Sci. 4(2): 77, 80, figs. 8, 12-13, 14b (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis f. bellus Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. Environm. Sci. 4(2): 78, 80, figs. 9-10, 12-13, 14C (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis f. ornatus Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. Environm. Sci. 4(2): 78, 80, figs. 11, 12-13, 14D (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis subsp. ahlansis Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 283, figs. 2-4, 6, 37a (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis subsp. anthopotamus Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 284, 289, 291, figs. 2-4, 8-10, 37b (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis subsp. fakihansis Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 284, 290-291, figs. 2-4, 8, 11-12, 37c (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis subsp. harbatansis Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 285, 290-291, figs. 2-4, 8, 13-14, 37d (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis subsp. rassomensis Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 285, 290-291, figs. 2-4, 8, 15-16, 37e (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis var. decorus Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 285, 290-291, figs. 2-4, 8, 17-18, 37f (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis var. flavoalbum Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. & Environm. Sci. 4(6): 286, 290-291, figs. 2-4, 8, 19-20, 37g (2019)
= Crocus baalbekensis var. fluctus Addam & Bou-Hamdan; MOJ Ecol. Environm. Sci. 4(6): 286, 290-291, figs. 2-4, 8, 21-22, 37h (2019)
species :
Crocus babadagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 7 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Lycia: Mugla Prov.: Babadag)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus balansae J.Gay ex Baker; Gard. Chron. 1873: 680 (1873)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus balansae J.Gay ex Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234 (1879)
= Crocus olivieri subsp. balansae (Gay ex Baker) B.Mathew; Curtis´s Bot. Mag., 179(3): sub t. 639 (1973)
species :
Crocus banaticus J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Name: Siebenbürger Krokus, Siebenbürger Herbst-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Serbia; NC- & W-Romania; W-Ukraine
11 ger 13 ROM SRB 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus herbertianus Körn.; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1854(App.): 15 (1855)
= Crocus iridiflorus Heuff. ex Rchb.; Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: 10 (1847)
= Crocus nudiflorus Schult.; Oestr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 101 (1814), nom. illeg.
species :
Crocus baytopiorum B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 29: 88 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus bertiscensis Raca, Harpke, Shuka & V.Randjel.; Pl. Biosystems 156(1): 37 (2020)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
species :
Crocus berytius Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 185 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Kahramanmaras)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus beydaglarensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 100 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus bifloriformis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 3-16 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Canakkale Prov.: Dededagi)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus biflorus Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 4 (1768)
Name: Zweiblütiger Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Serbia; Kosovo; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Ukraine; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey
11 ger 13 BUL GRC ITA KOS SIC SMA SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus subvar. albidus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3862 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. argenteus (Sabine) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. caerulescens Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3862 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. estriatus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3862 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. lineatus (Jan) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3862 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. princeps Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. stigmatosus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus subvar. tenoreanus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus var. biflorus (Mill.) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus var. caerulescens (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 286 (1847)
= Crocus annulatus var. estriatus (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 286 (1847)
= Crocus annulatus var. pusillus (Ten.) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus argenteus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 431 (1830)
= Crocus argenteus var. batavicus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 455 (1830)
= Crocus argenteus var. praecox Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 456 (1830)
= Crocus biflorus f. lineatus (Jan) Bolzon; Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1904: 28 (1904)
= Crocus biflorus subsp. argenteus (Sabine) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890)
= Crocus biflorus subsp. pusillus (Ten.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 705 (1882)
= Crocus biflorus var. communis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 452 (1830)
= Crocus biflorus var. estriatus (Herb.) Tchich.; Asie Min., Bot. 2: 520 (1860)
= Crocus biflorus var. janii J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 369 (1827)
= Crocus biflorus var. lineatus (Jan) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 705 (1882), nom. superfl.
= Crocus biflorus var. milleri J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 369 (1827), nom. inval.
= Crocus biflorus var. parkinsonii Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 454 (1830)
= Crocus biflorus var. stigmatosus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 454 (1830)
= Crocus biflorus var. tenorei J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 369 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Crocus cinericius Weston; Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771)
= Crocus circumscissus Haw.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 137 (1812)
= Crocus fussianus J.Gay ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 705 (1882)
= Crocus italicus Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 88 (1828)
= Crocus lineatus Jan; Elench. Pl.: 1 (1831)
= Crocus minimus Ten.; Fl. Med. Univ. 1: 24 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Crocus nanus Herbich ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 441 (1840), nom. inval.
= Crocus parkinsonii (Sabine) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus praecox Haw.; Engl. Bot. Suppl. t. 2645 (1830)
= Crocus pusillus (Ten.) Ten.; Index Seminum (NAP, Neapolitano) 1825: 11 (1825)
= Crocus striatus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 48 (1821)
= Crocus vernus var. pusillus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): VII (1811)
species :
Crocus boissieri Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 304 (1881)
Distribution: +Turkey (+SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Conservation Status: only once collected
species :
Crocus bolensis (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus subsp. bolensis Ruksans; Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 16 (2013)
species :
Crocus boryi Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Distribution: Albania; Greece; Crete
13 ALB GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus boryanus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3863 (1841), nom. superfl.
= Crocus boryanus var. cephalonensis Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3863 (1841)
= Crocus boryi subsp. cretensis (Körn.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 706 (1882)
= Crocus cretensis Körn.; Flora 39: 469 (1856)
= Crocus ionicus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 3 (1845)
= Crocus laevigatus subsp. boryi (J.Gay) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890)
= Crocus laevigatus var. boryi (J.Gay) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2: 296 (1890)
= Crocus marathonisius Heldr.; Atti Congr. Bot. Firenze, 1874 (1876) 235
species :
Crocus boulosii Greuter; Candollea 23: 45 (1968)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Crocus bowlesianus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 75, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus bozdagensis Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 162: 22, photogrs. 34-47, map 2 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey (Manisa)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus brachyfilus I.Schneid.; Willdenowia 44(1): 46 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus elegans (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: 28 (2014)
= Crocus speciosus subsp. elegans Ruksans; Alpine Gardener 81: 190 (2013)
species :
Crocus brickellii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [7], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus bydzowskyanus Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 162: 33, photogrs. 55-69, map 3 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey (Konya)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus caelestis (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. caelestis Kernd. & Pasche; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(1): 179 (2006)
species :
Crocus calanthus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 153 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: White Mts.)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus cambessedesii Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol. 25: 320 (1831)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cambessedesianus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 33 (1843)
= Crocus cambessedesii var. magontanus (J.J.Rodr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 707 (1882)
= Crocus magontanus J.J.Rodr.; Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 3: 56 (1874)
= Crocus minimus f. cambessedesii (J.Gay) Knoche; Fl. Baléar. 1: 390 (1922)
= Crocus minimus subsp. cambessedesii (J.Gay) O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts.; Acta Geobot. Barcinon. 5: 96 (1970)
species :
Crocus cancellatus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3864 (1841)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus var. cilicius Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234 (1879)
= Crocus cancellatus var. kotschyanus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3864 (1841)
= Crocus cancellatus var. margaritaceus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 32(Misc.): 711 (1846)
= Crocus cancellatus var. naupliensis Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3864 (1841)
= Crocus cilicius Kotschy ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 84 (1877)
= Crocus pylarum J.Gay ex Tchich.; Asie Min., Bot. 2: 525 (1860), nom. nud.
species :
Crocus candidus E.D.Clarke; Travels 2, 2: 145 (1812)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus fleischeri Baker; Gard. Chron. 1873: 680 (1873), nom. illeg.
= Crocus kirkii Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234 (1879)
= Crocus lageniflorus var. candidus (E.D.Clarke) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 282 (1847)
= Crocus vittatus var. candidus (E.D.Clarke) Schloss. & Vuk.; Syll. Fl. Croat.: 23 (1857)
species :
Crocus cappadocicus (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 155 (2017)
Distribution: C-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kotschyanus subsp. cappadocicus B.Mathew; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(3): 393 (1980)
species :
Crocus caricus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. caricus Kernd. & Pasche; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 36(1): 7 (2004)
species :
Crocus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Pl. Nov. Hisp. 24 (1842)
Distribution: N-Portugal; C- & NW-Spain
12 POR SPA
species :
Crocus cartwrightianus Herb.; Bot. Reg. 29, Misc: 82 (1843)
Distribution: Greece; Crete (incl. Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.; Jordania (W-Jordania)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI JOR
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cartwrightianus var. creticus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 4 (1845)
= Crocus graecus Chapp.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 193 (1873)
= Crocus pallasii Spruner ex Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 103 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Crocus sativus subsp. cartwrightianus (Herb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus sativus var. cartwrightianus (Herb.) Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 430 (1881)
species :
Crocus caspius Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 11: 252 (1838)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Talysh); Iran (N-Iran)
33 AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus boryanus var. caspius (Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Hohen.) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3863 (1841)
species :
Crocus chiaicus Dolatyari & Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 150: 73, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: NW-Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus chionophilus Dolatyari & Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 150: 80, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: NW-Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus christianii Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 162: 51, photogrs. 82-100 (2023)
Distribution: Turkey (Konya)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus chrysanthus (Herb.) Herb.; Bot. Reg. 29, Misc. 83 (1843)
Name: Kleiner Krokus, Balkan-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; E-Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; European Russia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
11 ger 13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 RUS 34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus Herb.; Bot. Mag. t. 3868 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus var. chrysanthus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3862 (1841)
= Crocus chrysanthus f. brunellus Stoj. & Kitan.; Izv. Bulg. Bot. Družh. 9: 94 (1943)
= Crocus chrysanthus f. lilacinus Kitan. & Drenk.; Jordanov et al., Problems Balkan Il. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus chrysanthus subsp. multifolius Papan. & E.Zacharof; Bot. Notiser 133(2): 157 (1980)
= Crocus chrysanthus subsp. punctatus Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. albidus Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 111 (1882)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. atroviolaceus F.Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50: 427 (2013)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. bicoloraceus F.Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50: 424 (2013)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. brunellus (Stoj. & Kitan.) Kitan. & Drenk.; Jordanov et al., Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 214 (1975)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. caerulescens Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 111 (1882)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. citrinus Velen.; Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 39: 26 (1894)
= Crocus croceus K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 7 (1846)
= Crocus skorpili Velen.; Fl. Bulgar. 537 (1891), et Sitz. Bohm. Ges. 8: 12 (1910 publ. 1911)
= Crocus sulphureus Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 373 (1846), nom. illeg.
species :
Crocus clusii J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Distribution: W-Portugal; ?W-Spain
12 POR
Remarks: serotinus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus autumnalis Brot.; Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 40 (1827 publ. 1835), nom. illeg.
= Crocus clusianus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31: t. 37, f. 8 (1845)
= Crocus clusii f. xanthostylus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 365 (1939)
= Crocus clusii var. xanthostylus (Maire) Maire; Fl. Afrique N. 6: 208 (1959 publ. 1960)
= Crocus serotinus subsp. clusii (J.Gay) B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977)
species :
Crocus cobbii Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Stapfia 113: 31 (2022)
Distribution: Portugal (Tras-os-Montes); Spain (Castilla y Leon)
12 POR SPA
Remarks: serotinus agg.
species :
Crocus coloreus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 157 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Izmir Prov.: Aydin Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus concinnus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 101: 10 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus corsicus Vanucci ex Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 10: 367 (1878)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus insularis var. major Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 261 (1847)
= Crocus minimus subvar. corsicus (Vanucchi) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 707 (1882)
species :
Crocus crewei Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. t. 6168 (1875)
Distribution: S-Greece (Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.; W-Turkey
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. crewei (Hook.f.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 81 (1982)
species :
Crocus cvijicii Kosanin; Glas Srpske Kralj. Akad. 119: 23 (1926)
Distribution: S-Serbia; N-North Macedonia; E-Albania; N-Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA SRB
species :
Crocus cyprius Boiss. & Kotschy; Unger & Kotschy, Insel Cypern 203 (1865)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aerius var. cyprius (Boiss. & Kotschy) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 83 (1877)
= Crocus cambessedesii Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 684
species :
Crocus dalmaticus Vis.; Fl. Dalm. 1: 119 (1842)
Distribution: Croatia; Montenegro; ?Kosovo; N-Albania
13 ALB CRO MNT
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus dalmaticus f. albiflorus K.Malý; Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 44: ? (1932)
= Crocus reticulatus var. dalmaticus (Vis.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1847)
species :
Crocus damascenus Herb.; Bot. Reg. (1845) Misc. 1
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, C-Anatolia); N-Iraq; W-Iran; W-Syria
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus f. damascenus (Herb.) Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 299 (1966)
= Crocus cancellatus subsp. damascenus (Herb.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 68 (1982)
= Crocus cancellatus var. damascenus (Herb.) Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 101 (1882)
= Crocus dianthus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 634 (1848)
= Crocus edulis Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 101 (1882)
species :
Crocus danfordiae Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 781 (1881)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus danubensis Kernd., Pasche, Randjel. & V.Randjel.; Turkish J. Bot. 38(6): 1195 (2014)
Distribution: Serbia; Bulgaria; S-European Russia (Azov region)
13 BUL SRB 14 RUS
Remarks: Series Reticulati
species :
Crocus demirizianus Erol & Can; Nordic J. Bot. 30(6): 665 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus dilekyarensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 20 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus dispathaceus Bowles; Handb. Crocus & Colch. 184, indice (1924)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); N-Syria
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pallasii subsp. dispathaceus (Bowles) B.Mathew; Crocus: 54 (1982)
species :
Crocus dolatyarii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 149: 70, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus duncanii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 73: [10] (2016)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus duplex Weston; Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771)
Distribution: England [I]; S-Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Austria; NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; W-Ukraine; Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Oregon [I], Utah [I])
10 grb 11 AUT CZE HUN POL SLO 13 CRO ITA SLV 14 UKR 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa
Remarks: Series Verni. Formerly often listed as ´Crocus vernus´. See also C. heuffelianus which might have to be included here.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus babiogorensis Zapal.; Bull. Int. Acad. Sci. Cracovie, Cl. Sci. Math. 1906(5): 326 (1906)
= Crocus candidus Schloss. & Vuk.; Syll. Fl. Croat. 23 (1857)
= Crocus grandiflorus Hegetschw.; Fl. Schweiz: 41 (1839)
= Crocus indivisus J.A.Richt.; Corresp. Ver. Naturk. Presb. 2: 198 (1863)
= Crocus latifolius Stokes; Bot. Comm. 1: 199 (1830)
= Crocus longiflorus Hegetschw.; Fl. Schweiz: 40 (1838), nom. illeg., non Raf.
= Crocus multiflorus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652 (1866)
= Crocus nervifolius Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 10: 16 (1832)
= Crocus nivigena Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 82 (1843)
= Crocus obovatus Haw.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 133 (1812)
= Crocus pictus (Sabine) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus reineggeri Opiz; Naturalientausch 10: 262 (1825)
= Crocus sylvester Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 4: 151 (1902)
= Crocus vernalis Billb.; Ekon. Bot.: t. 8 (1816)
= Crocus vernus f. intermedius Vuk. ex Beck; Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 96 (1904)
= Crocus vernus f. niveus Derganc; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 47: 17 (1897)
= Crocus vernus subsp. nivigena (Herb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus vernus subsp. obovatus (Haw.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus vernus subvar. acutior Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874 (1841)
= Crocus vernus subvar. aprilis (Sabine) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271 (1847)
= Crocus vernus subvar. elatior Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271 (1847)
= Crocus vernus subvar. obovatus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874 (1841), nom. illeg.
= Crocus vernus subvar. parviflorus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271 (1847)
= Crocus vernus var. albus-major Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 494 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. albus-minor Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 495 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. alpinus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 496 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. andersonii Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 493 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. aprilis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 497 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. bicolor Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 490 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. clavatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 478 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. communis Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271 (1847)
= Crocus vernus var. concinuus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 476 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. crassus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 493 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. delectus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 495 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. dentosus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 489 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. dorsalis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 484 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. dubius Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 478 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. fucatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 483 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. fusiformis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 479 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. gloriana Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 488 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. glorianella Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 488 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. grandis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 475 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. griseus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 490 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. incurvus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 491 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. inflatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 480 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. leucorhynchus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 485 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. lilacinus-praecox Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 482 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. lineatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 486 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. lineellus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 491 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. lusitanicus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 84 (1843)
= Crocus vernus var. maculosus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 477 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. marginatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 474 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. minutus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 481 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. neapolitanus-praecox Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 482 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. nivigena (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271 (1847)
= Crocus vernus var. obesus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 492 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. obovatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 475 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. obsoletus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 494 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. pallens Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 481 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. pallidus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 481 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. parvulus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 493 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. pectinatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 491 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. phaeton Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 476 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. pictus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 483 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. plumbeus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 480 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. podolicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874 (1841)
= Crocus vernus var. propinquus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 489 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. pruinosus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 479 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. pulchellus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 486 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. puniceus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 473 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. purpureus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 474 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. reticulatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 490 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. sabinei Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 475 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. striatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 487 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. stylosus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 479 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. tardiflorus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 497 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. trilineatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 494 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. tulipaceus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 480 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. turbinatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 477 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. unguis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 485 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. unguis-major Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 485 (1830)
= Crocus vernus var. violaceus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 478 (1830)
species :
Crocus erolii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 144: 56, photogrs., map (2021)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus etruscus Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 228 (1860)
Name: Etruskischer Krokus
Distribution: WC-Italy (Arcipelago Toscano and adjoining mainland)
13 ITA
Remarks: Series Verni
species :
Crocus fauseri Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 99 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus fibroannulatus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: NE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. fibroannulatus Kernd. & Pasche; Linz. Biol. Beitr 29(1): 594 (1997)
species :
Crocus filis-maculatis Kernd. & Pasche; Turkish J. Bot. 38(6): 1195 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey (Adana)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus flavus Weston Kit Tan, Zograf. & Mermygkas; Phytol. Balcan. 20(1): 123 (2014)
subspecies :
subsp. atticus
Distribution: Greece (Attiki)
13 GRC
species :
Crocus fleischeri Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 319 (1831)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus candidus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 17 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Crocus fleischerianus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 278 (1847)
= Crocus parviflorus Baker; J. Bot. 14: 266 (1876)
= Crocus sennii Caval.; Malpighia 34: 182 (1935)
= Crocus smyrnensis Poech; Enum. Pl. Cypr.: 11 (1842)
species :
Crocus gargaricus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3866 (1841)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aureus E.D.Clarke; Trav. 2(2): 146 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Crocus gargaricus var. citrinus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 281 (1847)
= Crocus gargaricus var. panchrysus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 281 (1847)
species :
Crocus gembosii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [29] (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus georgei Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [40] (2016)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: status doubtful fide Strid & Kit Tan 2017, hardly distinct from C. nivalis
species :
Crocus gilanicus B.Mathew; Rech.f., Fl. Iranica 112: 11, t. 1 (1975)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus goulimyi Turrill; Kew Bull. 10: 59 (1955)
Distribution: S-Greece (Lakonia, near Areopolis)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus goulimyi f. albus B.Mathew; Kew Mag. 1(2): 73 (1984)
= Crocus goulimyi subsp. leucanthus (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; Bot. Chronika 13: 257 (2000)
= Crocus goulimyi var. leucanthus B.Mathew; Ann. Mus. Goulandris 9: 168 (1994 publ. 1995)
species :
Crocus graveolens Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Fl. 5: 107 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus lageniflorus var. syriacus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3869 (1841)
species :
Crocus gunae Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 61: 14 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus guneri (Yüzb.) Ruksans; World Crocuses 231 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus ancyrensis subsp. guneri Yüzb.; Phytotaxa 266(3): 220 (2016)
species :
Crocus hadriaticus Herb.; Bot. Reg. 31, Misc: 82 (1845)
Distribution: Albania; Greece (incl. Kiklades)
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cartwrightianus var. leucadensis Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 4 (1845)
= Crocus hadriaticus f. lilacinus B.Mathew; Kew Mag. 2(3): 311 (1985)
= Crocus hadriaticus f. parnassicus B.Mathew; Kew Mag. 2(3): 311 (1985)
= Crocus hadriaticus subsp. parnassicus (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; Bot. Chronika 13: 260 (2000), et in Bulb Newsl. 32: 7 (2000)
= Crocus hadriaticus subsp. parnonicus B.Mathew; Bot. Chronika 13: 259 (2000)
= Crocus hadriaticus subsp. peloponnesiacus (Orph.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus hadriaticus var. chrysobelonicus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 33: t. 16 (1847)
= Crocus hadriaticus var. peloponnesiacus (Orph.) Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 101 (1882)
= Crocus hadriaticus var. saundersianus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 77 (1845)
= Crocus nivalis Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 720
= Crocus peloponnesiacus Orph.; Boiss. Diagn. Ser. Il. 4: 95 (1859)
species :
Crocus hakkariensis (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 236 (2017)
Distribution: SE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kotschyanus subsp. hakkariensis B.Mathew; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(3): 393 (1980)
species :
Crocus harpkeae Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 125: [10], photogrs. (2020)
Distribution: Turkey (Adana)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus hartmannianus Holmboe; Veg. Cypr., Bergens Mus. Skr. N. S. 1: 54 (1914)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Crocus harveyi Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 90: [18] (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Crocus hatayensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 108: [48], photogrs. (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus haussknechtii (Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 100 (1882)
Distribution: Iraq; Iran; Palestine
34 IRN IRQ PAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pallasii subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw) B.Mathew; Pl. Syst. Evol., 128(1-2): 99 (1977)
= Crocus sativus var. haussknechtii Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 230 (1881)
species :
Crocus heilbronniorum Erol; Phytotaxa 298(2): 175 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus henrikii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [22], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus hermoneus Kotschy ex Maw; Gard. Chron. (1881) II. 559
subspecies :
subsp. hermoneus
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus var. hermoneus (Kotschy ex Maw) Mouterde; Nouv. Fl. Liban Syrie 1: 300 (1966)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestinus Feinbrun; Israel J. Bot. 26(4): 180 (1977)
Distribution: Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
species :
Crocus heuffelianus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. 2: 273 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. heuffelianus
Distribution: England [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; ?NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Romania; W-Ukraine
10 grb 11 AUT CZE HUN SLO 13 BIH CRO KOS MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR
Remarks: Series Verni. See also Crocus duplex which is often included in C. heuffelianus (but in the case of unification duplex would have priority)
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus albiflorus subsp. heuffelianus (Herb.) Suess.; Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. ed. 2, 2: 396 (1939)
= Crocus banaticus Heuff.; Flora 18: 255 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Crocus banaticus var. concolor Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652 (1866)
= Crocus banaticus var. niveus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652 (1866)
= Crocus banaticus var. pictus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652 (1866)
= Crocus banaticus var. versicolor Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652 (1866)
= Crocus exiguus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transsyl. 652 (1866)
= Crocus heuffelianus f. minoriflorus Borbás ex Prodan; Fl. Român., ed. 2: 1238 (1939)
= Crocus heuffelianus f. niveus (Schur) Prodan & Nyár.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 448 (1966)
= Crocus heuffelianus lusus concolor (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus heuffelianus lusus niveus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus heuffelianus lusus pictus (Schur) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 366 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus heuffelianus var. vittatus Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708 (1882)
= Crocus heuffelii Körn.; Flora 39: 476 (1856), nom. superfl.
= Crocus uniflorus Schur; Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 3: 90 (1852)
= Crocus veluchensis subsp. exiguus (Schur) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 249 (1890)
= Crocus veluchensis var. uniflorus (Schur) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708 (1882)
= Crocus vernus nothosubsp. fritschii (Derganc) Govaerts; World Checklist Seed Pl. 3(1): 20 (1999)
= Crocus vernus f. minoriflorus (Borbás ex Prodan) Randjel., D.A.Hill & V.Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 14 (1990)
= Crocus vernus f. violaceus Beck; Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 96 (1904)
= Crocus vittatus Schloss. & Vuk.; Syll. Fl. Croat.: 22 (1857), nom. illeg.
subspecies :
subsp. scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
Distribution: S-Poland; Slovakia
11 POL SLO
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus banaticus var. scepusiensis Rehmann & Wol.; Exsicc. (Fl. Polon.) 1844: no. 281 (1844)
= Crocus discolor Reuss; Kvetena Slov.: 413 (1853)
= Crocus heuffelianus var. scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Prodan & Nyár.; Savul., Fl. Republ. Popul. Române 11: 448 (1966)
= Crocus scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Borbás ex Kulcz.; Fl. Polska 1: 149 (1919)
= Crocus vernus subsp. scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 203 (1979 publ. 1980)
species :
Crocus hittiticus T.Baytop & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 30(2): 244 (1975)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Mersin)
34 TUR
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus reticulatus subsp. hittiticus (T.Baytop & B.Mathew) B.Mathew; Crocus: 72 (1982)
species :
Crocus homeri Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 144: 72, photogrs (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus hyemalis Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 93 (1859)
Distribution: Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus hyemalis var. foxii Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 106 (1882)
species :
Crocus ibrahimii (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus subsp. ibrahimii Ruksans; Alpine Gardener 80: 210 (2012)
species :
Crocus ilgazensis (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 259 (2017)
Distribution: N-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus subsp. ilgazensis B.Mathew; Crocus: 111 (1982)
species :
Crocus ilvensis Peruzzi & Carta; Nordic J. Bot. 29(1): 7 (2011)
Distribution: Italy (Elba Isl.)
13 ITA
Remarks: Series Verni
species :
Crocus imperati Ten.; Mem. Crochi Fl. Nap. 10 (1826)
Distribution: S-Italy; USA [I] (New York [I])
13 ITA 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus imperati var. albiflorus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 4: 11 (1830)
= Crocus imperati var. reidii Maw; Monogr. Crocus: 119 (1886)
= Crocus imperatonianus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 69: t. 3871 (1841), nom. superfl.
= Crocus imperatonianus var. albus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
= Crocus imperatonianus var. montanus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
= Crocus imperatonianus var. princeps Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841), nom. inval.
= Crocus imperatonianus var. rupestris Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
= Crocus incurvus Donn ex Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus recurvus Haw.; Loudon Hort. Brit. Suppl. 1: 586 (1850)
= Crocus reflexus Donn; Hortus Cantabrig., ed. 4: II (1807)
= Crocus suaveolens subsp. imperati (Ten.) Colas.; Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 4: 919 (2019)
species :
Crocus incognitus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 156 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Izmir Prov.: Boz Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus inghamii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 89: [11] (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Crocus ionopharynx (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. ionopharynx Kernd. & Pasche; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 36(1): 6 (2004)
species :
Crocus iranicus Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 61: 23 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus isauricus Bowles; Handb. Crocus & Colch. 126 (1924)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. isauricus (Siehe ex Bowles) B.Mathew; Crocus: 82 (1982)
species :
Crocus istanbulensis (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 271 (2017)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus olivieri subsp. istanbulensis B.Mathew; Crocus: 99 (1982)
species :
Crocus jablanicensis Randjel. & V.Randjel.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 99 (2012)
Distribution: North Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: veluchensis agg.
species :
Crocus jostii Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 152: [8], photogr. (2022)
Distribution: Kosovo; North Macedonia
13 KOS NMA
Remarks: veluchensis agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus veluchensis var. micranthus Randj. & A.D.Hill; (1990) nom. inval.
species :
Crocus kangalensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 182 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Sivas)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus karamanensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 146 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Karaman Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus karduchorum Kotschy ex Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 234 (1881)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus kartaldagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 174 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Gaziantep)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus katrancensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 75, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus keltepensis Yüzb.; Phytotaxa 418(2): 231 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus kerndorffiorum Pasche; Herbertia, 49(1-2): 67 (1993 publ. 1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus kofudagensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 13 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus korolkowii Maw & Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: 499 (1879)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Herat, Kabul, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Crocus kosaninii Pulevic; Glasn. Rep. Zavoda Zast. Prir. (Titograd) 9: 40 (1976)
Distribution: ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia
13 SRB
Remarks: Series Verni
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kosaninii f. albidus Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 17 (1990), nom. inval.
species :
Crocus kotschyanus K.Koch; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 17 (1853)
Name: Ring-Herbst-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
11 ger 34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kotschyi Lenné & K.Koch; Verh. Vereins Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 22: 398 (1853)
= Crocus zonatus J.Gay ex Klatt; Linnaea 34: 682 (1866)
species :
Crocus kurdistanicus (Maroofi & Assadi) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [3], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus danfordiae subsp. kurdistanicus Maroofi & Assadi; Iranian J. Bot. 9: 234 (2002)
species :
Crocus laevigatus Bory & Chaub.; Bory, Expéd. Sci. Morée(2): t. 3, fig. 2 (1832)
Distribution: Greece (S-Greece, SC-Greece); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (Karpathos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus laevigatus subsp. pumilus Ruksans; Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 26 (2013)
= Crocus pumilus (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 59: 15 (2014)
species :
Crocus lazicus Boiss. & Balansa ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 97 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus scharojanii subsp. lazicus (Boiss.) B.Mathew; Plantsman, n. s. 1: 51 (2002)
species :
Crocus leichtlinii (Dewar) Bowles; Handb. Crocus & Colchicum ed. 1: 142 (1924)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus var. leichtlinii Dewar; Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 9: 235 (1891)
species :
Crocus leucostylosus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. leucostylosus Kernd. & Pasche; Plantsman, n. s. 2: 87 (2003)
species :
Crocus ligusticus Mariotti; Candollea 43(2): 674 (1988)
Distribution: SE-France (SW-Alps); NW-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus nudiflorus subsp. medius Douin; Bonnier, Fl. Ill. France 10: 104 (1929)
species :
Crocus longiflorus Raf.; Caratt. 84 t. 19, f. 2. n. 203 (1810)
Distribution: SW-Italy; Sicily; Malta
13 ITA MLT SIC
Remarks: Series Verni
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus lageniflorus var. stellaris (Haw.) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3869 (1841)
= Crocus longiflorus subsp. melitensis (Herb.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus odorus Biv.; Stirp. Rar. Sicil. Manip. 3: 8 (1815)
= Crocus odorus var. longiflorus (Raf.) Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30: t. 3 (1844)
= Crocus odorus var. melitensis Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30: t. 3 (1844)
= Crocus odorus Vis.; Stirp. Dalmat. Spec.: 32 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Crocus wilhelmii Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Maw; Crocus: 162 (1886), pro syn.
= Crocus ×stellaris Haw.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 136 (1812)
species :
Crocus lyciotauricus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 153 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Lycian coastal mts.)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus lycius (B.Mathew) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 16 (2015)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus subsp. lycius B.Mathew; Crocus: 69 (1982)
species :
Crocus lydius Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 101 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Manisa Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus malatyensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 179 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Malatya)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus malyi Vis.; Mem. Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. 16: 213 (1871)
Distribution: Croatia; Montenegro (Velebit Planina and borders of Crna Gora and Hercegovina)
13 CRO MNT
species :
Crocus marandicus Dolatyari & Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 150: 51, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: Iran (Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus marasensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 175 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Kahramanmaras)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus mathewii Kernd. & Pasche; New Plantsman 1(2): 102 (1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus mawii Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 145 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Konya Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus mazziaricus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 3 (1845)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Albania; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, C-Turkey)
13 ALB GRC NMA 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus subsp. mazziaricus (Herb.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 69 (1982)
= Crocus cancellatus var. mazziaricus (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 277 (1847)
= Crocus schimperi J.Gay ex Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 84 (1877)
= Crocus spruneri Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 7: 103 (1846)
species :
Crocus mediotauricus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 150 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Geyik Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus melantherus Boiss. ex Maw; Gard. Chron. 2: 749 (1881)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus var. graecus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 286 (1847)
= Crocus biflorus subsp. melantherus B.Mathew; Crocus: 81 (1982)
= Crocus melantherus (Boiss. & Orph. ex B.Mathew) Peruzzi; Phytotaxa 260(2): 137 (2016), comb. illeg.
species :
Crocus mersinensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 3 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Icel Prov.: Pusatli Dagi)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus michelsonii B.Fedtsch.; B. Fedtschenko et al. , Fl. Turkmen. 1: 328 (1932)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Crocus micranthus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 95 (1859)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Cilicia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus variegatus var. micranthus (Boiss.) Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 102 (1882)
species :
Crocus minimus DC.; Redouté, Liliacies 2: t. 81 (1804)
Name: Kleinster Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; S-Corsica; Sardinia
11 ger 12 COR SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Bulbocodium elongatum (Vahl) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 700 (1891)
= Crocus insularis J.Gay; Bull. Ferussac 25: 321 (1831)
= Crocus insularis var. geminiflorus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 261 (1847)
= Crocus insularis var. medius Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 261 (1847)
= Crocus insularis var. minimus (Redouté) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 261 (1847)
= Crocus minimus var. corsicus J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 370 (1827), nom. inval.
= Crocus minimus var. sardous Fiori & Paol.; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Ital. 1: 221 (1896)
= Crocus nanus Duby; Syn. Gall. ed. I. 168 (1828)
= Ixia elongata Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 51 (1805)
= Romulea elongata (Vahl) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 87 (1877)
= Trichonema bulbocodium var. elongatum (Vahl) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 702 (1841)
= Trichonema elongatum (Vahl) Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 30: t. 1225 (1809)
species :
Crocus minutus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 3 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus moabiticus Bornm.; & Dinsm., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 10: 383 (1912)
Distribution: Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 JOR
species :
Crocus mouradi Whittall; The Garden 35: 373 (1889)
Distribution: W-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus flavus subsp. dissectus T.Baytop & B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 30(2): 241 (1975)
species :
Crocus muglaensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [14], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus chrysanthus subsp. kesercioglui Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
species :
Crocus multicostatus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 155 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Izmir Prov.: Lydian Bozdaglar)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus munzurense Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 179 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Erzincan)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus musagecitii Erol & Yildirim; Phytotaxa 239(3): 227 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus mysius Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 10 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Balikesir Prov.: SE Balikesir)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus naqabensis Al-Eisawi & Kiswani; Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res. 19: 167 (2001)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus neapolitanus (Ker Gawl.) Loisel.; Herb. Gén. Amat. 2: t. 101 (1817)
Distribution: Ireland [I]; England [I]; Austria [I]; Italy; Croatia
10 grb ire 11 aut 13 CRO ITA
Remarks: vernus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus albiflorus subsp. neapolitanus (Ker Gawl.) Suess.; Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 2: 396 (1939)
= Crocus purpureus Weston; Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771), nom. utique rej.
= Crocus vernus subsp. neapolitanus (Ker Gawl.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 445 (1906)
= Crocus vernus var. grandiflorus J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 371 (1827), nom. superfl.
= Crocus vernus var. neapolitanus Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 22: t. 860 (1805)
species :
Crocus neglectus Peruzzi & Carta; Pl. Syst. Evol. 301(1): 322 (2014)
Name: Übersehener Krokus, Toskanischer Frühlingskrokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; France [I]; NC-Italy (Liguria, Toscana, Emilia-Romagna); San Marino
11 aut cze ger 12 fra 13 ITA SMA
Remarks: Series Verni. Frequently cultivated and escaped, treated often as "Crocus vernus".
species :
Crocus nerimaniae Yüzb.; Plantsman 3: 104 (2004)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo; Revis. Prog. Cienc. Madr. 5: 55, 57 (1871)
Distribution: EC- & SE-Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus algeriensis Baker; Gard. Chron., n.s., 7: 45 (1877)
= Crocus atlanticus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 383 (1874)
= Crocus marcetii Pau; Butll. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat. 9: 24 (1909)
= Crocus nevadensis subsp. marcetii (Pau) P.Monts.; An. Jard. Bot. Madrid 38(1): 249 (1981)
= Crocus nevadensis var. atlanticus (Pomel) Pau & Font Quer; Font Quer, Exsicc. (Iter Marocc.) 1929: no. 87 (1930)
= Crocus versicolor subsp. marcetii (Pau) G.Monts.; Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. Eur Occid. Bassin Medit. II. Bull., fasc. no. 15: 87 1972-(1973 publ. 1974)
= Crocus versicolor var. aragonensis G.Monts.; Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 15: 88 (1972-1973 publ. 1974)
species :
Crocus nivalis Bory & Chaub.; Exped. Moree, 21. t. 2, f. 1 (1832)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus athous Bornm.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins (n.f.) 51: 344 (1944)
= Crocus atticus (Boiss. & Orph.) Orph.; Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869: 118 (1870)
= Crocus atticus subsp. nivalis (Bory & Chaub.) Ruksans; Crocuses: 173 (2010), nom. superfl.
= Crocus atticus subsp. sublimis (Herb.) Ruksans; Crocuses 171 (2010)
= Crocus maudii K.Malý; Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 48: 28 (1936), no latin descr.
= Crocus sieberi subsp. atticus (Boiss. & Orph.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 65 (1982)
= Crocus sieberi subsp. nivalis (Bory & Chaub.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 66 (1982)
= Crocus sieberi subsp. sublimis (Herb.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 66 (1982)
= Crocus sieberi var. atticus Boiss. & Orph.; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II 4: 44 (1859)
= Crocus sieberi var. thessalus (Boiss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708 (1882)
= Crocus sublimis Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 81 (1845)
= Crocus thessalus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 17 (1854)
= Crocus vaclavii Ruksans; Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 22 (2013)
species :
Crocus niveus Bowles; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 28: 335 (1900)
Distribution: S-Greece (S-part of Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
species :
Crocus novicii V.Randjel. & Miljkovic; Phytotaxa 265(1): 41 (2016)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus nubigenus Herb.; Bot. Reg. (1843) Misc. 81
Name: Zweiblütiger Safran (DE); Silvery Crocus; Dutch Crocus (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos); Turkey (W-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus var. nubigena (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 285 (1847)
= Crocus biflorus subsp. nubigena (Herb.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 82 (1982)
= Crocus biflorus var. nubigena (Herb.) Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 112 (1882)
species :
Crocus nudiflorus Sm.; Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 7: t. 491 (1798)
Name: Pyrenäen-Krokus, Pyrenäen-Herbst-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; N-, E- & C-Spain; Andorra; SW-France; NW-Italy
10 grb 11 ger 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Remarks: serotinus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aphyllus Ker Gawl.; Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 222 (1804), nom. superfl.
= Crocus fimbriatus Lapeyr.; Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 22 (1813)
= Crocus hybernus var. pyrenaeus (Herb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 706 (1882)
= Crocus medius Balb.; Add. Fl. Pedem. Elenco 83 (1801)
= Crocus multifidus G.Bergeret; J. Bergeret, Fl. Basses-Pyrénées: 131 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Crocus multifidus Ramond; Bull. Soc. Philom. 2: 129. t. 8 (1800)
= Crocus pyrenaeus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 255 (1847), nom. superfl.
species :
Crocus ochroleucus Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 93 (1859)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB
species :
Crocus olivieri Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol. 25: 319 (1831)
Distribution: ?Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aucheri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 16 (1854)
= Crocus lageniflorus var. oliverianus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3869 (1841)
= Crocus olivieri f. balcanicus Kitan. & Drenk.; Jordanov et al. Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus sulphureus Klatt; Linnaea 34: 1865 (1866) 676
= Crocus suterianus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 5 (1845)
= Crocus syriacus Tchich.; Asie Min. Bot. 2: 522 (1860)
species :
Crocus oreocreticus B.L.Burtt; Phyton (Austria) 1: 224 (1949)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
species :
Crocus oreogenus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 155 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Bey Daglari)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus orphei Karampl. & Constantin.; Turkish J. Bot. 38(6): 1196 (2014)
Distribution: NE-Greece (Mt. Phalakron)
13 GRC
Remarks: Series Reticulati
species :
Crocus pallasii Goldb.; Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 5: 157 (1817)
Distribution: Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; Crimea; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania)
13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 KRY 34 EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus campestris Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 30 (1843)
= Crocus elwesii (Maw) O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 74 (1934)
= Crocus hybernus Friv.; Griseb. Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 374 (1846)
= Crocus libanoticus Mouterde; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 422 (1955)
= Crocus macedonicus Ruksans; Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 24 (2013)
= Crocus macrobolbos Jovet & Gomb.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 103: 460 (1956)
= Crocus olbanus Siehe; Allg. Bot. Z. 12: 1 (1906)
= Crocus pallasianus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30: t. 3, f. 2 (1844)
= Crocus pallasii f. albidus Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 22 (1990), nom. inval.
= Crocus sativus subsp. pallasii (Maw) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus sativus var. elwesii Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 230 (1881)
= Crocus sativus var. pallasii Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 430 (1881)
= Crocus thiebautii Mouterde; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 101: 422 (1955)
= Crocus visianicus var. hybernus (Friv.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 707 (1882)
species :
Crocus pamphylicus (B.Mathew) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 17 (2015)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus subsp. pamphylicus B.Mathew; Crocus: 69 (1982)
species :
Crocus pelistericus Pulevic; Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zaštitu Prir. Prirodnjacke Zbirke Titogradu 9: 39 (1976)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Albania; N-Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA
species :
Crocus pelitensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 175 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Adana)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 17 (1853)
Distribution: European Turkey; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia)
13 TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus var. pestalozzae (Boiss.) Maw ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 112 (1882)
species :
Crocus pilousii Ruksans & Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 162: 10, photogrs. 8-16a, map (2023)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus ponticus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 183 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Rize)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus pseudoiranicus Dolatyari & Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 150: 65, photogrs. (2022)
Distribution: W-Iran (Kurdistan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus pseudonubigena (B.Mathew) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 138 (2016)
Distribution: SE-Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. pseudonubigena B.Mathew; Crocus: 83 (1982)
species :
Crocus pulchellus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3862 (1841)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; European Turkey; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia)
13 BUL GRC KOS SRB TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus constantinopolitanus Hertoldt ex Maw; Crocus: 316 (1886), pro syn.
species :
Crocus pulchricolor (Herb.) Herb. ex Tchich.; Asie Min., Bot. 2: 523 (1860)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. pulchricolor (Herb.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 85 (1982)
= Crocus sibthorpianus var. pulchricolor Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 5 (1845)
species :
Crocus punctatus (B.Mathew) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 138 (2016)
Distribution: SW-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. punctatus B.Mathew; Crocus: 83 (1982)
species :
Crocus puringii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [22] (2016)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus randjeloviciorum Kernd., Pasche, Harpke & Raca; Biol. Nyssana 8(1): 10, figs. 1-4 (2017)
Distribution: Serbia; Bulgaria
13 BUL SRB
species :
Crocus rechingeri Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 101: 9 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus reinhardii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 61: 19 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus reticulatus Steven ex Adams; Weber f. & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 45 (1805) s. str.
Name: Netz-Krokus
Distribution: Hungary [I]; W-Ukraine; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
11 hun 14 RUS UKR 33 GEO NCS
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus luteus M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 82 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Crocus reticulatus subvar. rectilimbus (Herb.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1847)
= Crocus reticulatus var. albicans Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 83 (1843)
= Crocus reticulatus var. auritextus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1847)
= Crocus reticulatus var. immaculatus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841)
= Crocus reticulatus var. rectilimbus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841)
species :
Crocus rhodensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 34 (2015)
Name: Rhodischer Krokus (DE); Rhodian Crocus (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos: Profitis Ilias: Symi)
34 EAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name; probably only a local form of C. biflorus
species :
Crocus robertianus C.D.Brickell; Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 98: 362 (1973)
Distribution: N-Greece (Pindhos Oros)
13 GRC
species :
Crocus romuleoides Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 174 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Adyaman)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus roseoviolaceus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 2 (-3) (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus rujanensis Randjel. & D.A.Hill; Kew Mag. 7(4): 184 (1990)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 BIH
Remarks: near C. sieberi
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus rujanensis f. diklicii Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 27 (1990), nom. inval.
species :
Crocus ruksansii Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 90: [7] (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Crocus sakaltutanensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [37] (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus sakariensis (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus subsp. sakariensis Ruksans; Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 14 (2013)
species :
Crocus salurdagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 77, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus salzmannii J.Gay; Bull. Ferussac 25: 320 (1831)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria
20 ALG MOR
Remarks: serotinus agg. Bona sp. fide Kerndorff & Harpke 2022
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus salzmannianus Herb.; Bot. Mag. sub t. 3868 (1841)
= Crocus salzmannii var. coloratus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 365 (1939)
= Crocus salzmannii var. pallidus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 365 (1939)
= Crocus serotinus subsp. salzmannii (J.Gay) B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977)
species :
Crocus samarasii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 144: 82, photogrs, map (2021)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus sanandajensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 107: 7, figs. 1-3 (2017)
Distribution: Iran (Zagros Mts.)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus sarichinarensis (Ruksans) Ruksans; World Crocuses 442 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus flavus subsp. sarichinarensis Ruksans; Crocuses 157 (pl. 214-215) (2010)
species :
Crocus sativus L.; Sp. Pl. 36 (1753)
Name: Echter Safran
Distribution: Not known in the wild; European Russia [c]; France [c]; Croatia [c]; Greece [c]; Morocco [c]; Turkey [c]; Iran [c]; China [c]; Pakistan [c]; India [c]; Myanmar [c]
12 fra 13 cro grc 14 rus 20 mor 34 irn tur 36 chi 40 ind pak 41 mya
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus autumnalis Sm.; Engl. Bot.: t. 343 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck.; Syn. Pl. Germ. 1: 273 (1792)
= Crocus orsinii Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 238 (1860)
= Crocus pendulus Stokes; Bot. Comment. 1: 209 (1830)
= Crocus sativus subsp. orsinii (Parl.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 248 (1890)
= Crocus sativus var. cashmerianus Royle; Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts. 1: t. 90, f. 1 (1834)
= Crocus sativus var. officinalis L.; Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753)
= Crocus sativus var. orsinii (Parl.) Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 234 (1879)
= Crocus setifolius Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 104 (1812)
= Geanthus autumnalis Raf.; Specchio Sci. 1: 116 (1814)
= Safran officinarum Medik.; Hist. & Commentat. Acad. Elect. Sci. Theod.-Palat. 6: 473 (1790)
species :
Crocus scardicus Kosanin; Glas. Srpske Kralj. Akad. 119: 24 (1926)
Distribution: Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania
13 ALB KOS NMA
species :
Crocus scharojanii Rupr.; Gartenflora 17: 134, t. 578, f. 2 (1868)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo); NE-Turkey
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Crocus schneideri Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 178 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Kayseri)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus seisumsiana Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 90: [26] (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus siculus Tineo; G. Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr., Suppl. 1: 7 (1832)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Series Verni
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus vernus subsp. siculus (Tineo) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 708 (1882)
species :
Crocus sieberi J.Gay; Bull. Ferussac 25: 320 (1831) (err typ. 220)
Name: Sieber-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Crete; USA [I] (New York [I])
11 ger 13 KRI 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus sibiricus Barr; Gard. Chron., n.s., 5: 307 (1876), sphalm.
= Crocus sibthorpianus Herb.; Bot. Reg. (1813) Misc. 83
= Crocus sibthorpianus var. angustifolius Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3863 (1841)
= Crocus sibthorpianus var. latifolius Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3863 (1841)
= Crocus sibthorpianus var. stauricus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 5 (1845)
= Crocus sieberi var. sibthorpianus (Herb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708 (1882)
= Crocus sieberi var. versicolor Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 103 (1882)
= Crocus sieberianus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841)
species :
Crocus sieheanus Barr ex B.L.Burtt; Bot. Mag. 162: t. 9583 (1938)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus simavensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 7 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Balikesir Prov., N of Simav)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus sipyleus (F.Candan & Özhatay) Ruksans; World Crocuses 463 (2017), et Int. Rock Gard. 125: [5] (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus chrysanthus subsp. sipyleus Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
species :
Crocus sivasensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 183 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Sivas)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus sozenii Ruksans; Ing. Rock Gard. 64: [28] (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus speciosus M.Bieb.; Beschr. Länd. Terek. Kur Casp. 129 (1800)
Name: Pracht-Herbst-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Greece; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Trialeti, Meskheti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
11 ger 13 GRC 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus hellenicus (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
= Crocus multifidus Rochel ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 4: 110 (1852)
= Crocus nudiflorus Hohen.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 5: 212 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Crocus polyanthus Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Azerb. Fil., Baku 2: 251 (1936)
= Crocus speciosus subsp. hellenicus Ruksans; Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 17 (2013)
= Crocus speciosus var. caucasicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841), nom. inval.
= Crocus speciosus var. laxior Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus speciosus var. transylvanicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3861 (1841)
= Crocus tauricus Steven ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 706 (1882), pro syn.
species :
Crocus stevensii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [34] (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus striatulus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 141 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus stridii Papan. & Zaharof; Bot. Notiser 133(2): 161 (1980)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. stridii (Papan. & Zaharof) B.Mathew; Crocus: 80 (1982)
species :
Crocus suaveolens Bertol.; Desc. Zaffer. Ital. n. 3 (1826)
Distribution: SC-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus imperati subsp. suaveolens (Bertol.) B.Mathew; Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977)
= Crocus imperati var. suaveolens (Bertol.) Fiori; Fiori et al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 220 (1896), nom. superfl.
= Crocus minimus var. italicus J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 370 (1827)
species :
Crocus suworowianus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 633 (1848)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; ?Georgia [Caucasus]; NE-Turkey
33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus karsianus Fomin; Fomin & Voronov, Key Pl. Caucasus & Crimea 1: 292 (1907)
= Crocus kotschyanus subsp. suworowianus (K.Koch) B.Mathew; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38(3): 393 (1980)
= Crocus vallicola var. lilacinus Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 148 (1881)
= Crocus vallicola var. suworowianus (K.Koch) Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 148 (1881)
= Crocus vallicola var. zohrabii Maw; Gard. Chron., n. s. 16: 148 (1881)
= Crocus zohrabii Maw; Gard. Chron. n. s. 16: 148, in syn. (1881)
species :
Crocus tahtaliensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 150 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus taseliensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 6 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Icel Prov.: Taseli Yaylasi)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus tauri Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 749 (1881)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Turkey (C- & S-Anatolia)
33 ARM NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. tauri (Maw) B.Mathew; Crocus: 85 (1982)
= Crocus roopiae Woronow; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 62 (1924)
species :
Crocus tauricus (Trautv.) Puring; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 1: 194 (1900)
Distribution: Crimea; W-Northern Caucasus
14 KRY 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus var. tauricus Trautv.; Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Petersb. 17: 331 (1859)
species :
Crocus terzioghlui Erol; Phytotaxa 420(3): 225 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus thirkeanus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 633 (1848)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus gargaricus subsp. herbertii B.Mathew; Kew Mag. 1(2): 72 (1984)
= Crocus herbertii (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; Plantsman n. s. 8(1): 57 (2009)
species :
Crocus thomasii Ten.; Mém. Crocci Fl. Nap. 12 (1826)
Distribution: S-Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus thomasianus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3873 (1841), nom. superfl.
= Crocus thomasianus var. laevis Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3873 (1841)
= Crocus thomasianus var. princeps Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3873 (1841)
= Crocus versicolor var. dalmaticus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
= Crocus visianicus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 83 (1845)
species :
Crocus thracicus Yüzb. & Aslan; Phytotaxa 197(3): 208 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus tommasinianus Herb.; Jour. Hort. Soc. London 2: 273 (1847)
Name: Dalmatiner Krokus, Elfen-Krokus, Tommasini-Krokus, Bauern-Krokus (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Germany [I]; Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Bulgaria; USA [I] (Delaware [I])
10 grb 11 ger HUN net 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO KOS SRB 78 usa
Remarks: Series Verni
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus serbicus A.Kern. ex Maw; Gard. Chron., n.s., 16: 368 (1881)
= Crocus tommasinianus f. jeremicii Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 16 (1990), nom. inval.
= Crocus vernus var. tommasinianus (Herb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708 (1882)
species :
Crocus tournefortii Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Name: Tourneforts Krokus (DE); Tournefort´s Crocus (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades, Idhra, Karpathos); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus boryi subsp. tournefortii (J.Gay) Greuter, Matthäs & Risse; Willdenowia 15: 42 (1985)
= Crocus fontenayi Reut. ex Nyman; Consp. 706 (1882)
= Crocus orphanidis Hook.f.; Bot. Mag. 95: t. 5776 (1869)
= Crocus parvulus Herb. ex Maw; Crocus: 238 (1886), pro syn.
= Crocus pholegandrius Orph.; Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869 (1870) 118, 134
= Crocus tournefortianus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 6 (1845), nom. superfl.
species :
Crocus tuna-ekimii Yüzb.; Phytotaxa 314(1): 111 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus turcicus (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 507 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); NE-Iraq; Lebanon; ?Syria
34 IRQ LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pallasii subsp. turcicus B.Mathew; Pl. Syst. Evol., 128(1-2): 98 (1977)
species :
Crocus uschakensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [18], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus vallicola Herb.; Bot. Reg. 31, Misc.: 2 (1845)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Guria, Adzharia); Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Crocus variegatus Hoppe & Hornsch.; Tagebuch 187, t. 1 (1818)
Distribution: Hungary; NE-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Bulgaria
11 HUN 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus reticulatus f. adspersus (Priszter) Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 46 (1972)
= Crocus reticulatus f. confusus Gajic & Oldja; Fl. Delibl. Pesc.: 353 (1983)
= Crocus reticulatus f. estriatus (Priszter) Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 46 (1972)
= Crocus reticulatus f. leptanthus (Priszter) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus reticulatus f. nadae Gajic; Fl. Delibl. Pesc.: 353 (1983)
= Crocus reticulatus f. pluriflorus (Nyár. & Ravarut) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus reticulatus lusus adspersus (Priszter) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus reticulatus lusus ochroleucus Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 59: 46 (1972)
= Crocus reticulatus lusus striatus (Priszter) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus reticulatus lusus violaceus (Priszter) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 365 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Crocus reticulatus var. variegatus (Hoppe & Hornsch.) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3866 (1841)
= Crocus variegatus f. adspersus Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 55: 178 (1968)
= Crocus variegatus f. estriatus Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 55: 178 (1968)
= Crocus variegatus f. leptanthus Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 55: 178 (1968)
= Crocus variegatus f. pluriflorus Nyár. & Ravarut; Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 11: 450 (1966)
= Crocus variegatus lusus striatus Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 55: 178 (1968)
= Crocus variegatus lusus violaceus Priszter; Bot. Közlem. 55: 178 (1968)
= Crocus vittatus Raf.; Autik. Bot.: 123 (1840)
species :
Crocus veluchensis Herb.; Bot. Reg. 31, Misc. 80 (1845)
Distribution: ?Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece
13 ALB BUL GRC KOS NMA SRB
Remarks: a very variable species containing probably several distinct entities
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus balcanensis Janka; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 22: 181 (1872)
= Crocus orbelicus Stoj.; Mitt. Naturwiss. Inst. Sofia 4: 144 (1931)
= Crocus pallasii Griseb.; Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 374 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Crocus tomoricus Markgr.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 102: 330 (1931)
= Crocus veluchensis f. albus Randjel.; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 24 (1990), nom. inval.
= Crocus veluchensis subsp. balcanensis (Janka) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 708 (1882)
= Crocus veluchensis var. micranthus Randjel. & D.A.Hill; Serbian Acad. Sci. Arts, Dept. Nat. Math. Sci. Monog. 66: 23 (1990), nom. inval.
species :
Crocus veneris Tapp. ex Poech; Enum. Pl. Ins. Cypr. 10 (1842)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus tournefortianus var. venereus Herb.; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 6 (1845)
species :
Crocus vernus (L.) Hill; Veg. Syst. 10. 1 (1765)
Name: Weißer Krokus (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen [I], Schleswig-Holstein [I], Sachsen [I], Thüringen [I]); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; NE-Spain; Andorra; SW-France; Channel Isl. [I]; N-Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Albania
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE SLO SWI 12 ADO cis FRA SPA 13 ALB CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: Series Verni. For long times known as C. albiflorus. Lectotypification of C. vernus see Peruzzi et al. 2013
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus acutiflorus Seidl; Opiz, Natural. n. 9: 123 (1825)
= Crocus albiflorus Kit. ex Schult.; Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 101 (1814)
= Crocus appendiculatus A.Kern. ex Maw; Gard. Chron. (1881) 2: 368 in syn.
= Crocus caeruleus Weston; Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771)
= Crocus heuffelianus subsp. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 708 (1882)
= Crocus montanus Hoppe ex Maw; Crocus: 152 (1886), pro syn.
= Crocus montenegrinus A.Kern. ex Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 368 (1881)
= Crocus parviflorus (J.Gay) E.H.L.Krause; Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 128 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Crocus pygmaeus Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 58 (1909)
= Crocus rubens Weston; Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771)
= Crocus sativus var. vernus L.; Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753)
= Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Ces.; Cattaneo, Not. Nat. Civ. Lombardia 1: 315 (1844)
= Crocus vernus subsp. albiflorus (Kit.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 446 (1906) isonym
= Crocus vernus subvar. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 271 (1847)
= Crocus vernus var. acutiflorus (Seidl) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 708 (1882)
= Crocus vernus var. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3874 (1841)
= Crocus vernus var. parviflorus J.Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 11: 371 (1827)
= Crocus vilmae Fiala; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 40: 247 (1890)
= Ixia vernalis Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 33 (1796), nom. superfl.
species :
Crocus versicolor Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1110 (1808)
Distribution: France; NW-Italy
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus crestensis Eugène; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 15: 191 (1868)
= Crocus fragrans Haw.; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 136 (1812)
= Crocus meridionalis Risso; Fl. Nice: 474 (1844)
= Crocus reinwardtii Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 10: 14 (1832)
= Crocus subapenninus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 259 (1847)
= Crocus versicolor subsp. crestensis (Eugène) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 707 (1882)
= Crocus versicolor subsp. cristensis (Eugène) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 707 (1882)
= Crocus versicolor var. affinis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 468 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. cristensis (Eugène) Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 81 (1877)
= Crocus versicolor var. elegans Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 462 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. floribundus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 465 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. gallicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
= Crocus versicolor var. gawleri Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 459 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. haworthii Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 464 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. inconspicuus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 467 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. lineatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 464 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. morleon Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 466 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. neglectus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 460 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. pectinatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 466 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. plumosus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 461 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. princeps Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: t. 3871 (1841)
= Crocus versicolor var. propinquus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 468 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. purpureus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 461 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. similis Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 460 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. stellatus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 468 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. urbanus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 469 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. venustus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 462 (1830)
= Crocus versicolor var. violaceus Sabine; Trans. Hort. Soc. London 7: 463 (1830)
species :
Crocus vitellinus Wahlenb.; J. Berggren, Resor. Eur. Öst. 2, Bihang 59 (1826)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus syriacus Boiss. & Gaill.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 94 (1859)
species :
Crocus wattiorum (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; P. H. Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 272 (2000 publ. 2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. wattiorum B.Mathew; New Plantsman 2: 183 (1995)
species :
Crocus weldenii Hoppe & Fürnr.; Flora 23: 208 (1840)
Distribution: Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania
13 ALB BIH CRO ITA KOS MNT NMA SLV SRB
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus var. albus Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 286 (1847)
= Crocus annulatus var. purpurascens Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 286 (1847)
= Crocus biflorus subsp. weldenii (Hoppe & Fürnr.) B.Mathew; Crocus: 84 (1982), isonym
= Crocus biflorus subsp. weldenii (Hoppe & Fürnr.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890)
= Crocus biflorus var. weldenii (Hoppe & Fürnr.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 705 (1882)
= Crocus pallidus f. bulgaricus Kitan. & Drenk.; Jordanov et al. Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus pallidus Kitan. & Drenk.; D. Jordanov & al., Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus weldenii f. lutescens Pulevic; Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zast. Prir. Prirodnj. Muz. Titogradu 10: 85 (1977)
species :
Crocus xantholaimos (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 535 (2017)
Distribution: N-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus subsp. xantholaimos B.Mathew; Crocus: 111 (1982)
species :
Crocus xanthosus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 77, figs. 1-3, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus yakarianus Yildirim & Erol; Nordic J. Bot. 31(4): 426 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus yalovensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 99: [18] (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pestalozzae subsp. violaceus Yüzb. & Özhatay; Phytotaxa 174(5): 280 (2014)
= Crocus violaceus (Yüzb. & Özhatay) Ruksans; World Crocuses 527 (2017)
species :
Crocus yaseminiae Erol; Phytotaxa 188(2): 108 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus yataganensis (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260(2): 138 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus subsp. yataganensis Kernd. & Pasche; Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(1): 178 (2006)
species :
Crocus youngiorum Ruksans & Zetterl.; Int. Rock Gard. 102: 22 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus zagrosensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 107: 10, figs. 1-3 (2017)
Distribution: Iran (Zagros Mts.)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus zanjanensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 107: 7, figs. 1-3 (2017)
Distribution: Iran (Zanjan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus zetterlundii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 23 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus ziyaretensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 154 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Ziyaret Mts.)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus zubovii Ruksans; World Crocuses 548 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Crocus ×asturicus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 69: t. 3998 (1843)
Distribution: Spain
12 SPA
Remarks: serotinus agg.; Crocus nudiflorus x C. salzmannii
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus hybernus subsp. asturicus (Herb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 706 (1882)
= Crocus serotinus subsp. asturicus (Herb.) M.Laínz; Bol. Inst. Estud. Asturianos, Ser. C, 26: 6 (1980)
species :
Crocus ×fritschii Derganc; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 47: 18 (1897)
Distribution: Austria; etc.
11 AUT
Remarks: Series Verni; Crocus duplex x C. vernus
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus vernus nothosubsp. fritschii (Derganc) Govaerts; World Checkl. Seed Pl. 3(1): 20 (1999)
species :
Crocus ×helenae D.Dubovik; Fl. Belarusi 3: 200 (2017)
Distribution: Belarus
14 BLR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus ×hybridus Petrovic; Fl. Agr. Nyss. 821 (1882)
Distribution: Serbia; Kosovo (near Nis)
13 KOS SRB
Remarks: Crocus biflorus ssp. adamii x C. chrysanthus
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus chrysanthus var. bornmuelleri Kitan. & Drenk.; D. Jordanov & al., Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 214 (1975)
species :
Crocus ×paulineae Pasche & Kernd.; New Plantsman 6(1): 44 (1999)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Crocus abantensis x ancyrensis
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.3 (June 16th, 2024)

Covering 355,120 accepted species,
8,650 hybrids, 47,763 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,061 synonyms,
in total 1,408,594* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life