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V. 12.5
14.10.2021

134.0000 Family Iridaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 57 (1789), nom. cons.
70 genera, ca. 2500 spp.
Species listed in database: 2557; hybrids: 33
= Crocaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 266, 283 (1818)
= Galaxiaceae Raf., New Fl. N. Amer. 1: 72 (1836)
= Geosiridaceae Jonker, Receuil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 36: 477. seors. impr (1939), nom. cons.
= Gladiolaceae Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 34 (1838)
= Isophysidaceae F.A.Barkley, Revista Fac. Nac. Agron. Medellin Univ. Antioquia 8: 152 (1948)
= Ixiaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51 (1834)
134.6662 Genus Crocus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 36 (1753)
Distribution: Mediterranean, Asia Minor, few eastward to China and W-Pakistan. Molecular and cytogenetic research led to the recent description of many additional species.
Species listed in database: 232; hybrids: 3
= Crociris Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: (1853) 73 (Sert. Pl. Transs.)
= Safran Medik., Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 473
= Geanthus Raf., Specchio Sci. 1: 116 (1814)
species :
Crocus abantensis T.Baytop & Mathew; Kew Bull. 30: 243 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bolu Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus abracteolus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 147 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia: Bolkar Mt.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus adamii J.Gay; Mem. Bull. Ferussac, 25: (1831) 319
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Kartli, Khevsureti); Armenia; Azerbaijan; Northern Caucasus; ?NE-Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO NCS
Remarks: SE-Balcans populations etc. belong to undescribed species fide Ruksans (2017)
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus Steph. ex Spreng. & Link, Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 69 (1820)
= Crocus biflorus ssp. adami (J.Gay) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 250 (1890)
= Crocus biflorus var. adami (J.Gay) Trautv., Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 17: 330 (1859)
= Crocus biflorus var. violaceus Boiss.
= Crocus geghartii Sosn., Bot. Sad. Akad. Nauk Armyanskol, 2: 8 (1949)
= Crocus violaceus (Boiss.) Bornm., nom. illeg.
= Crocus violaceus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771)
species :
Crocus adamioides Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 11 (2012)
Distribution: N-European Turkey (Kirklareli Prov.); Bulgaria
13 BUL TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. adamii sensu B.Mathew, Crocus: 83 (1982) (non Gay)
species :
Crocus adanensis T.Baytop & Mathew; Kew Bull. 30: 245 (1975)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia: Adana Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus aerius Herb.; J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 288 (1847)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia: Trabzon Prov.)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biliottii Maw, Gard. Chron. (1881) II. 303
= Crocus aerius var. stauricus Herb.
= Crocus pulchricolor Herb. ex Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 2: 523
species :
Crocus akdagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 76, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus akkayaensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 74, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus alatavicus Semen. & Regel; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(2): 434 (1868)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 36 CHI
species :
Crocus albocoronatus (Kernd.) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. albocoronatus Kernd., Herbertia, 49(1-2): 79 1993 (1994)
species :
Crocus aleppicus Baker; Gard. Chron. 1873: 609 (1873)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, Jbel Druze)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus gaillardotii Boiss. & C.I.Blanche ex Maw, Gard. Chron. 1879: 234 (1879)
= Crocus intromissus Herb., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 2 (1845)
species :
Crocus alexandri Nicic ex Velen.; Sitzb. Bohm. Ges. Wiss. 39: 26 (1894)
Distribution: Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece
13 BUL GRC NMA
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. alexandri (Nicic ex Velen.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 85 (1982)
= Crocus biflorus f. alexandri (Nicic ex Velen.) L.Stjepanovic-Veselicic, Fl. SR Srbije, 8: 11 (1976)
species :
Crocus almehensis Brickell & Mathew; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 98, 8: 360 (1973)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus ancyrensis (Herb.) Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 528 (1881)
subspecies :
subsp. ancyrensis
Distribution: Turkey (C- & N-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus reticulatus var. ancyrensis Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. guneri Yüzb.; Phytotaxa 266(3): 220 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus guneri (Yüzb.) Ruksans, World Crocuses 231 (2017)
species :
Crocus angustifolius Weston; Univ. Bot. 2: 238 (1771)
Name: Cloth of gold
Distribution: Crimea; Ukraine; Armenia; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], New York [I])
14 KRY UKR 33 ARM 75 usa
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus fulvus Pall.
= Crocus reticulatus var. aureus Trautv., Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 17: 329 (1859)
= Crocus revolutus Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: (1812) 136
= Crocus roegnerianus C.Koch, Linnaea, 21: (1848) 634
= Crocus susianus Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. t. 652 (1803)
species :
Crocus antalyensioides Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 6 (2015)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus antalyensis Mathew; Kew Bull. 27: 327 (1972)
subspecies :
subsp. antalyensis
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. striatus Erol & Koçyigit; Nordic J. Bot. 28(2): 187 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. gemicii Sik & Erol; Pl. Syst. Evol. 294(3-4): 284 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus antherotes Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 147 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus archibaldiorum (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. archibaldiorum Ruksans, Crocuses 59 (-60, pl. 25-26) (2010), nom. inval., et Alpine Gardener 80: 209 (2012)
species :
Crocus arizelus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 151 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla Prov.: Gölgeli Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus armeniensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [25] (2016)
Distribution: Armenia
33 ARM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus artvinensis (J.Philippow) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza, 1: 248 (1928)
Distribution: NE-Turkey; Georgia [Caucasus] (Adzharia)
33 GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. artvinensis (J.Philippow) Mathew, Crocus: 84 (1982)
= Crocus biflorus var. artvinensis J.Philippow, Bot. Kab. Yalta 5: 26 (1917)
species :
Crocus asumaniae Mathew; Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 37: 469 (1979)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus asymmetricus Erol; Phytotaxa 438(2): 74 (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus atrospermus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 74. 2015
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. atrospermus Kernd. & Pasche, Plantsman, n. s., 2: 86 (2003)
species :
Crocus autranii Albov; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1: (1893) 242
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia)
33 GEO
species :
Crocus babadagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 7 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Lycia: Mugla Prov.: Babadag)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus banaticus Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Name: Banater Krokus
Distribution: NC- & W-Romania; Serbia; W-Ukraine
13 ROM SRB 14 UKR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus nudiflorus Schult., Oestr. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 101 (1814), nom. illeg.
= Crocus iridiflorus Heuff. ex Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 9: 10 (1847)
= Crocus herbertianus Körn., Index Seminum (B), App.: 15 (1854)
species :
Crocus baytopiorum Mathew; Kew Bull. 29: 88 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus berytius Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 185 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Kahramanmaras)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus beydaglarensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 100 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus bifloriformis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 3-16 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Canakkale Prov.: Dededagi)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus biflorus Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 4 (1768)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Italy; Sicily; European Turkey; Serbia & Kosovo; Crimea; Ukraine; Turkey; East Aegaean Isl.
13 BUL GRC ITA SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY UKR 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus argenteus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. 7: (1830) 431
= Crocus biflorus var. parkinsonii Sabine
= Crocus cinericius Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771)
= Crocus circumscissus Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: (1812) 137
= Crocus fussianus J.Gay ex Nyman, Consp. 705 (1882)
= Crocus italicus Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 88 (1828)
= Crocus lineatus Jan, Elench. 1 (1831)
= Crocus minimus Ten., Fl. Med. 1: 24 (1822)
= Crocus nanus Herbich ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus parkinsonii (Sabine) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus praecox Haw., Engl. Bot. Suppl. t. 2645 (1830)
= Crocus pusillus Ten., Mem. Crochi Fl. Nap. 8. t. 1 (1826)
= Crocus striatus Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 48 (1821)
species :
Crocus boissieri Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 304 (1881)
Distribution: +Turkey (+SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Conservation Status: only once collected
species :
Crocus bolensis (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. bolensis Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 16 (2013)
species :
Crocus boryi Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Distribution: Greece; Crete; Albania
13 ALB GRC KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus boryanus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1843) Misc. 28
= Crocus cretensis Körn., Flora 39: 469 (1856)
= Crocus ionicus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) Misc. 3
= Crocus marathonisius Heldr., Atti Congr. Bot. Firenze, 1874 (1876) 235
species :
Crocus boulosii Greuter; Candollea, 23: 45 (1968)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Crocus bowlesianus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 75, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus brachyfilus I.Schneid.; Willdenowia 44(1): 46 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus brickellii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [7], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus caelestis (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. caelestis Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(1): 179 (2006)
species :
Crocus calanthus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 153 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: White Mts.)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus cambessedesii Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol. 25: 320 (1831)
Distribution: Baleares (Mallorca, Menorca)
12 BAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cambessedesianus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1843) Misc. 33
= Crocus cambessedianus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) t. 37. f. 4
= Crocus magontanus J.J.Rodr., Anal. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 3: (1874) 56
= Crocus minimus ssp. cambessedesii (J.Gay) O.Bolòs, Molin. & P.Monts., Acta Geobot. Barcinon. 5: 96 (1970)
species :
Crocus cancellatus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3864 (1841)
subspecies :
subsp. cancellatus
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cancellatus var. kotschyanus Herb.
= Crocus cilicius Kotschy ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 16: (1877) 84
= Crocus kotschyanus Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 102, in syn.
= Crocus pylarum J.Gay ex Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 2: 525 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. damascenus (Herb.) Mathew; Crocus: 68 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, C-Anatolia); W-Syria; N-Iraq; W-Iran
34 IRN IRQ SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus damascenus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) Misc. 1
= Crocus dianthus C.Koch, Linnaea, 21: (1848) 634
= Crocus edulis Boiss. & Blanch. ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 101 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. lycius B.Mathew; Crocus: 69 (1982)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus lycius (B.Mathew) Ruksans, Int. Rock Gard. 64: 16 (2015)
subspecies :
subsp. mazziaricus (Herb.) Mathew; Crocus: 69 (1982)
Distribution: Albania; Greece; Macedonia; Turkey (NW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, C-Turkey); East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB GRC NMA 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus mazziaricus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) Misc. 3
= Crocus nudiflorus Sm., J. Sibthorp & J. E. Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 23 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Crocus schimperi J.Gay ex Baker, Journ. L. Soc. 16: (1877) 84
= Crocus spruneri Boiss. & Heldr., Diagn. Ser. I. 7: 103 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. pamphylicus B.Mathew; Crocus: 69 (1982)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pamphylicus (B.Mathew) Ruksans, Int. Rock Gard. 64: 17 (2015)
species :
Crocus candidus E.D.Clarke; Travels 2, 2: 145 (1812)
Distribution: Turkey (WN-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus fleischeri Baker, Gard. Chron. (1873) 680
= Crocus kirkii Maw, Gard. Chron. (1879) I. 234
= Crocus lagenaeflorus var. candidus (E.D.Clarke) Herb.
species :
Crocus cappadocicus (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 155 (2017)
Distribution: C-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kotschyanus ssp. cappadocicus B.Mathew, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(3): 393 (1980)
species :
Crocus caricus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. caricus Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 36(1): 7 (2004)
species :
Crocus carpetanus Boiss. & Reut.; Diagn. Pl. Nov. Hisp. 24 (1842)
Distribution: C- & NW-Spain; N-Portugal
12 POR SPA
species :
Crocus cartwrightianus Herb.; Bot. Reg. 29, Misc: 82 (1843)
Distribution: Crete (incl. Kiklades); Greece; East Aegaean Isl.; Jordania (W-Jordania)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI JOR
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus graecus Chapp., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 193 (1873)
= Crocus pallasii Spruner ex Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 7: 103 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Crocus sativus var. cartwrightianus (Herb.) Maw
species :
Crocus caspius Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou 11: 252 (1838)
Distribution: Iran (N-Iran); Azerbaijan (Talysh)
33 AZE 34 IRN
species :
Crocus chrysanthus (Herb.) Herb.; Bot. Reg. 29, Misc. 83 (1843)
subspecies :
subsp. chrysanthus
Name: Gelber Krokus
Distribution: E-Romania; Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; European Russia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); European Turkey
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA ROM SRB TUE 14 RUS 34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus annulatus Herb., Bot. Mag. t. 3868 (1841)
= Crocus annulatus var. chrysanthus Herb., Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3862 (1841)
= Crocus chrysanthus f. brunellus Stoj. & Kit.
= Crocus chrysanthus f. lilacinus Kitan. & Drenk., Jordanov et al., Problems Balkan Il. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus chrysanthus ssp. multifolius Papan. & E.Zacharof, Bot. Notiser, 133(2): 157 (1980)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. bornmulleri Kitan. & Drenk., Jordanov et al. Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 214 (1975)
= Crocus chrysanthus var. brunellus (Stoj. & Kitan.) Kitan. & Drenk., Jordanov et al., Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 214 (1975)
= Crocus croceus C.Koch, Linnaea, 19: (1847) 7
= Crocus skorpili Velen., Fl. Bulgar. 537 (1891), et Sitz. Bohm. Ges., 8: 12 [1910] (1911)
= Crocus sulphureus Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 373 (1846), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. atroviolaceus Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
variant :
var. bicoloraceus Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 424 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. kesercioglui Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. punctatus Candan & Özhatay; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus clusii Gay; Bull. Ferussac, 25: (1831) 320
Distribution: W-Spain; Portugal
12 POR SPA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus serotinus ssp. clusii (Gay) Mathew, Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977)
species :
Crocus coloreus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 157 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Izmir Prov.: Aydin Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus concinnus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 101: 10 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus corsicus Vanucci ex Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 10: 367 (1878)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus insularis Herb., Bot. Reg. (1843) t. 21
species :
Crocus crewei Hook.fil.; Bot. Mag. t. 6168 (1875)
Distribution: S-Greece (Kiklades); East Aegaean Isl.; W-Turkey
13 GRC 34 EAI TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. crewei (Hook.fil.) Mathew, Crocus: 81 (1982)
species :
Crocus cvijicii Kosanin; Glas Srpske Kralj. Akad. 119: 23 (1926)
Distribution: N-Macedonia; E-Albania; S-Serbia; N-Greece
13 ALB GRC NMA SRB
species :
Crocus cyprius Boiss. & Kotschy; Unger & Kotschy, Insel Cypern 203 (1865)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aerius var. cyprius (Boiss. & Kotschy) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 83 (1877)
= Crocus cambessedesii Klatt, Linnaea, 34: 1865 (1866) 684
species :
Crocus dalmaticus Vis.; Fl. Dalm. 1: 119 (1842)
Distribution: Montenegro; N-Albania; Croatia; ?Kosovo
13 ALB CRO MNT
species :
Crocus danfordiae Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 781 (1881)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus danubensis Kernd., Pasche, Randjel. & V.Randjel.; Turkish J. Bot. 38(6): (2014)
Distribution: Serbia; S-European Russia (Azov region); Bulgaria
13 BUL SRB 14 RUS
Remarks: Series Reticulati
species :
Crocus demirizianus Erol & Can; Nordic J. Bot. 30(6): 665 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus dilekyarensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 20 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus duncanii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 73: [10] (2016)
Distribution: Portugal
12 POR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus elegans (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. elegans Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 18 (2013)
species :
Crocus etruscus Parl.; Fl. Ital. 3: 228 (1860)
Name: Etruskischer Krokus
Distribution: WC-Italy (Arcipelago Toscano and adjoining mainland)
13 ITA
Remarks: Series Verni
species :
Crocus fauseri Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 99 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus fibroannulatus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: NE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. fibroannulatus Kernd. & Pasche, Linz. Biol. Beitr, 29(1): 594 (1997)
species :
Crocus filis-maculatis Kernd. & Pasche; Turkish J. Bot. 38(6): 1195 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey (Adana)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus flavus Weston; Univ. Bot. 2: 237 (1771)
subspecies :
subsp. flavus
Distribution: S-Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Albania; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Crimea; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); European Turkey; USA [I] (Utah [I])
13 ALB BUL GRC ROM SRB TUE 14 KRY 34 TUR 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aureus Sm., Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 24 (1806)
= Crocus floribundus Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: (1812) 133
= Crocus lacteus Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. 7: (1830) 432
= Crocus lageniflorus Salisb., Parad. Lond. t. 106 (1808)
= Crocus luteus Lam., Tabl. Encyc. 1: 106 (1791)
= Crocus maesiacus Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. sub t. 652
= Crocus mesiacus Hort. ex Pasq., Cat. Orto Bot. Nap. 33 (1867)
= Crocus moesiacus Ker Gawl., Irid. Gen. 76 (1827)
= Crocus sulphureus Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 24: t. 938 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. atticus Kit Tan, Zograf. & Mermygkas; Phytol. Balcan. 20(1): 123 (2014)
Distribution: Greece (Attiki)
13 GRC
subspecies :
subsp. dissectus T.Baytop & B.Mathew; Kew Bull., 30(2): 241 (1975)
Distribution: W-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus mouradii Whittall, The Garden, 35: (1889) 373
subspecies :
subsp. sarichinarensis Rukšans; Crocuses 157 (pl. 214-215) (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus fleischeri Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 319 (1831)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus candidus Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 13: 17 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Crocus fleischerianus Herb., Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: (1847) 278
= Crocus parviflorus Baker, Journ. Bot. 14: (1876) 266
= Crocus penicillatus Steud. ex Baker, Gard. Chron. (1881) II. 680
= Crocus sennii Caval., Malpighia 34: 182 (1935)
= Crocus smyrnensis Poech, Enum. Pl. Cypr.: 11 (1842)
species :
Crocus gargaricus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3866 (1841)
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aureus Clarke, Trav. 2: 146 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Crocus gargaricus var. citrinus Herb.
= Crocus gargaricus var. panchrysus Herb.
species :
Crocus gembosii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [29] (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus georgei Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [40] (2016)
Distribution: Greece (Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: status doubtful fide Strid & Kit Tan 2017, hardly distinct from C. nivalis
species :
Crocus gilanicus Mathew; Rech. fil., Fl. Iranica 112: 11, t. 1 (1975)
Distribution: Iran (NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus goulimyi Turrill; Kew Bull. 10: 59 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. goulimyi
Distribution: S-Greece (Lakonia, near Areopolis)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus goulimyi f. albus B.Mathew, Kew Mag., 1(2): 73 (1984)
subspecies :
subsp. leucanthus (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; Bot. Chronika, 13: 257 (2000)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus goulimyi var. leucanthus B.Mathew, Ann. Mus. Goulandris, 9: 168 [1994] (1995)
species :
Crocus graveolens Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Fl. 5: 107 (1882)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus lagenaeflorus var. syriacus Herb.
species :
Crocus gunae Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 61: 14 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus hadriaticus Herb.; Bot. Reg. 31, Misc: 82 (1845)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Albania
13 ALB GRC
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cartwrightianus var. leucadensis Herb.
= Crocus hadriaticus f. lilacinus B.Mathew, Kew Mag., 2(3): 311 (1985)
= Crocus hadriaticus var. chrysobelonicus Herb.
= Crocus hadriaticus var. saundersianus Herb.
= Crocus nivalis Klatt, Linnaea, 34: 1865 (1866) 720
= Crocus peloponnesiacus Orph., Boiss. Diagn. Ser. Il. 4: 95 (1859)
= Crocus hadriaticus ssp. parnassicus (B.Mathew) B.Mathew, Bot. Chronika, 13: 260 (2000), et in Bulb Newsl., 32: 7 (2000)
= Crocus hadriaticus f. parnassicus B.Mathew, Kew Mag., 2(3): 311 (1985)
= Crocus hadriaticus ssp. parnonicus B.Mathew, Bot. Chronika, 13: 259 (2000)
species :
Crocus hakkariensis (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 236 (2017)
Distribution: SE-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kotschyanus ssp. hakkariensis B.Mathew, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(3): 393 (1980)
species :
Crocus harpkeae Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 125: [10], photogrs. (2020)
Distribution: Turkey (Adana)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus hartmannianus Holmboe; Veg. Cypr., Bergens Mus. Skr. N. S. 1: 54 (1914)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Crocus harveyi Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 90: [18] (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Crocus hatayensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 108: [48], photogrs. (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus heilbronniorum Erol; Phytotaxa 298(2): 175 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus henrikii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [22], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus herbertii (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; Plantsman n. s., 8(1): 57 (2009)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus gargaricus ssp. herbertii B.Mathew, Kew Mag., 1(2): 72 (1984)
species :
Crocus hermoneus Kotschy ex Maw; Gard. Chron. (1881) II. 559
subspecies :
subsp. hermoneus
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon)
34 LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus thiebauti Mouterde, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, ci. 422 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. palaestinus Feinbrun; Israel J. Bot., 26(4): 180 (1977)
Distribution: Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR
species :
Crocus heuffelianus Herb.; Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: (1847) 273
Distribution: Austria; ?NE-Italy; Slovenia; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Croatia; Macedonia; Poland; Romania; W-Ukraine; England [I]; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], Massachusetts [I], Oregon [I], Utah [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I])
10 grb 11 AUT CZE HUN POL SLO 13 BIH CRO MNT NMA ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa
Remarks: Series Verni. Assignment of most synonyms (which were formerly listed under "C. vernus" tentatively
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus albiflorus ssp. heuffelianus (Herb.) Hegi
= Crocus albiflorus ssp. neapolitanus (Ker Gawl.) Hegi
= Crocus babiogorensis Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 185 (1906)
= Crocus banaticus Heuff., Flora, 18: (1835) 255, nom. illeg.
= Crocus banaticus var. scepusiensis Rehmann & Wol.
= Crocus vernus nothossp. fritschii (Derganc) Govaerts, World Checklist Seed Pl. 3(1): 20 (1999)
= Crocus ×fritschii Derganc, Österr. Bot. Z. 47: 18 (1897)
= Crocus candidus Schloss. & Vuk., Syll. Fl. Croat. 23 (1857)
= Crocus discolor Reuss, Kvet. Slov. (1853) 413
= Crocus duplex Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771)
= Crocus exiguus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsyl. 652 (1866)
= Crocus grandiflorus Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz: 41 (1839)
= Crocus heuffelianus ssp. scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Dostál, Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot., 21: 16 (1984)
= Crocus indivisus J.A.Richt., Corresp. Ver. Naturk. Presb. 2: 198 (1863)
= Crocus latifolius Stokes, Bot. Comm. 1: 199 (1830)
= Crocus longiflorus Hegetschw., Fl. Schweiz: 40 (1838), nom. illeg., non Raf.
= Crocus multiflorus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 652 (1866)
= Crocus nervifolius Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 10: 16 (1832)
= Crocus obovatus Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 133 (1812)
= Crocus parviflorus (J.Gay) E.H.L.Krause, J. Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 1: 128 (1906), nom. illeg.
= Crocus pictus (Sabine) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus purpureus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771)
= Crocus reineggeri Opiz, Naturalientausch 10: 262 (1825)
= Crocus scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Borbás ex Kulcz., Fl. Polska, 1: 149 (1919)
= Crocus sylvester Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 151 (1902)
= Crocus uniflorus Schur, Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 3: (1852) 90
= Crocus vernus ssp. scepusiensis (Rehmann & Wol.) Soják, Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 148(3-4): 203 [1979] (1980)
= Crocus vernus var. parviflorus J.Gay
= Crocus vernus var. pictus Sabine
= Crocus vittatus Schloss. & Vuk., Syll. Fl. Croat. 22 (1857)
= Ixia vernalis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 33 (1796)
species :
Crocus hittiticus T.Baytop & Mathew; Kew Bull., 30 (2): 244 (1975)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Mersin)
34 TUR
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus reticulatus ssp. hittiticus (T.Baytop & Mathew) Mathew, Crocus: 72 (1982)
species :
Crocus hyemalis Boiss. & C.I.Blanche; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 93 (1859)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria)
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
species :
Crocus ibrahimii (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. ibrahimii Ruksans, Alpine Gardener 80: 210 (2012)
species :
Crocus ilgazensis (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 259 (2017)
Distribution: N-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. ilgazensis B.Mathew, Crocus: 111 (1982)
species :
Crocus ilvensis Peruzzi & Carta; Nordic J. Bot. 29(1): 7 (2011)
Distribution: Italy (Elba Isl.)
13 ITA
Remarks: Series Verni
species :
Crocus incognitus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 156 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Izmir Prov.: Boz Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus inghamii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 89: [11] (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Crocus ionopharynx (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. ionopharynx Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 36(1): 6 (2004)
species :
Crocus iranicus Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 61: 23 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus isauricus Bowles; Handb. Crocus & Colch. 126 (1924)
Distribution: S-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. isauricus (Siehe ex Bowles) Mathew, Crocus: 82 (1982)
species :
Crocus istanbulensis (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 271 (2017)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus olivieri ssp. istanbulensis B.Mathew, Crocus: 99 (1982)
species :
Crocus jablanicensis Randjel. & V.Randjel.; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 99 (2012)
Distribution: Macedonia
13 NMA
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus kangalensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 182 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Sivas)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus karamanensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 146 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Karaman Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus karduchorum Kotschy ex Maw; Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 234 (1881)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus kartaldagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 174 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Gaziantep)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus katrancensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 75, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus keltepensis Yüzb.; Phytotaxa 418(2): 231 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus kerndorffiorum Pasche; Herbertia, 49(1-2): 67 [1993] (1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus kofudagensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 13 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus korolkowii Maw & Regel; Act. Hort. Petrop. 6: (1879) 499
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Herat, Kabul, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Crocus kosaninii Pulevic; Glasn. Rep. Zavoda Zast. Prir. (Titograd) 9: 40 (1976)
Distribution: Serbia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 SRB
Remarks: Series Verni
species :
Crocus kotschyanus C.Koch; Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. (1853) 17
subspecies :
subsp. kotschyanus
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains)
34 LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus kotschyi Lenné & C.Koch, Verh. Berl. Gartenb. Ver. II. 1: (1853) 398
= Crocus zonatus Gay, Tchich. Asie Min. Bot. 2: 525 ex Klatt (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. suwarowianus (C.Koch) Mathew; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 38(3): 393 (1980)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; ?Georgia [Caucasus]; NE-Turkey
33 NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus karsianus Fomin, Fomin & Voronov, Key Pl. Caucasus & Crimea, 1: 292 (1907)
= Crocus suwarowianus C.Koch, Linnaea, 21: (1848) 633
= Crocus vallicola var. suwarowianus (K.Koch) Maw, Monogr. Crocus: 80 (1886)
= Crocus vallicola var. zohrabii Maw, Gard. Chron., n. s., 16: 148 (1881)
= Crocus zohrabii Maw, Gard. Chron. n. s., 16: 148, in syn. (1881)
species :
Crocus kurdistanicus (Maroofi & Assadi) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [3], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus danfordiae ssp. kurdistanicus Maroofi & Assadi, Iranian J. Bot. 9: 234 (2002)
species :
Crocus laevigatus Bory & Chaub.; Bory, Expéd. Sci. Morée (2): t. 3, fig. 2 (1832)
Distribution: Greece (S-Greece, SC-Greece); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus laevigatus ssp. pumilus Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 26 (2013)
= Crocus pumilus (Ruksans) Ruksans, Int. Rock Gard. 59: 15 (2014)
species :
Crocus leichtlinii (Dewar) Bowles; Handb. Crocus & Colchicum ed. 1: 142 (1924)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus var. leichtlinii Dewar, Gard. Chron. ser. 3, 9: 235 (1891)
species :
Crocus leucostylosus (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. leucostylosus Kernd. & Pasche, Plantsman, n. s., 2: 87 (2003)
species :
Crocus ligusticus Mariotti; Candollea, 43(2): 674 (1988)
Distribution: NW-Italy; SE-France (SW-Alps)
12 FRA 13 ITA
species :
Crocus longiflorus Raf.; Caratt. 84 t. 19. f. 2. n. 203 (1810)
Distribution: SW-Italy; Sicily; Malta
13 ITA MLT SIC
Remarks: Series Verni
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus odorus Biv., Stirp. Rar. Sicil. Manip. 3: 8 (1815)
= Crocus odorus Vis., Stirp. Dalmat. Spec.: 32 (1826), nom. illeg.
= Crocus serotinus Bertol., Nouv. Coll. Opusc. Sc. 2: 150, nom. illeg.
= Crocus wilhelmii Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
species :
Crocus lyciotauricus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 153 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Lycian coastal mts.)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus lydius Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 101 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Manisa Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus malatyensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 179 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Malatya)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus malyi Vis.; Mem. Ist. Veneto 16: 221 (1871)
Distribution: Croatia; Montenegro (Velebit Planina and borders of Crna Gora and Hercegovina)
13 CRO MNT
species :
Crocus marasensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 175 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Kahramanmaras)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus mathewii Kernd. & Pasche; New Plantsman, 1(2): 102 (1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus mawii Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 145 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Konya Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus mediotauricus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 150 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Geyik Mts.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus melantherus Boiss. ex Maw; Gard. Chorn. (1881) 2: 749
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. melantherus Boiss. & Orph. ex B.Mathew, Crocus: 81 (1982)
= Crocus melantherus (Boiss. & Orph. ex B.Mathew) Peruzzi, Phytotaxa 260 (2): 137 (2016), comb. illeg.
species :
Crocus mersinensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 3 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Icel Prov.: Pusatli Dagi)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus michelsonii B.Fedtsch.; Fl. Turkmen. 1, 2: 328 (1932)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Turkmenistan
32 TKM 34 IRN
species :
Crocus micranthus Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 95 (1859)
Distribution: S-Turkey (Cilicia)
34 TUR
Remarks: Series Reticulati
species :
Crocus minimus DC.; Redouté, Liliacies 2: t. 81 (1804)
Distribution: S-Corsica; Sardinia
12 COR SAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus insularis J.Gay, Bull. Ferussac, 25: (1831) 321
= Crocus nanus Duby, Syn. Gall. ed. I. 168 (1828)
= Crocus insularis Herb., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 29: t. 21 (1843), nom. illeg.
species :
Crocus minutus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 3 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus moabiticus Bornm.; & Dinsm., Feddes Repert. 10: 383 (1912)
Distribution: Jordania (S-Jordania)
34 JOR
species :
Crocus muglaensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [14], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey (Mugla)
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus multicostatus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 155 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Izmir Prov.: Lydian Bozdaglar)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus munzurense Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 179 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Erzincan)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus musagecitii Erol & Yildirim; Phytotaxa 239(3): 227 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus mysius Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 10 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Balikesir Prov.: SE Balikesir)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus naqabensis Al-Eisawi & Kiswani; Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res. 19: 167 (2001)
Distribution: Palestine
34 PAL
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus neglectus Peruzzi & Carta; Pl. Syst. Evol. 301(1): 322 (2014)
Distribution: NC-Italy (Liguria, Toscana, Emilia-Romagna); Germany [I]; France [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]
11 aut cze ger 12 fra 13 ITA
Remarks: Series Verni. Frequently cultivated and escaped, treated often as "Crocus vernus".
species :
Crocus nerimaniae Yüzb.; Plantsman 3: 104 (2004)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus nevadensis Amo & Campo; Revis. Prog. Cienc. Madr. 5: 55, 57 (1871)
Distribution: EC- & SE-Spain; Algeria; Morocco
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus algeriensis Baker, Gard. Chron. (1877) I. 45
= Crocus atlanticus Pomel, Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 383 (1874)
= Crocus marcetii Pau, Butll. Inst. Catal. Hist. Nat., 9: 24 (1909)
= Crocus nevadensis ssp. marcetii (Pau) P.Monts., An. Jard. Bot. Madrid, 38(1): 249 (1981)
= Crocus versicolor ssp. marcetii (Pau) G.Monts., Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. Eur Occid. Bassin Medit. II. Bull., fasc. no. 15: 87 1972-[1973] (1974)
= Crocus versicolor var. aragonensis G.Monts., Bull. Soc. Échange Pl. Vasc. Eur. Occid. Bassin Médit. 15: 88 (1972-1973 publ. 1974)
species :
Crocus nivalis Bory & Chaub.; Exped. Moree, 21. t. 2. f. 1 (1832)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; East Aegaean Isl.
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus athous Bornm., Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n. f., 51: 344 (1944)
= Crocus atticus (Boiss. & Orph.) Orph., Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869: 118 (1870)
= Crocus atticus ssp. nivalis (Bory & Chaub.) Ruksans, Crocuses 173 (2010)
= Crocus atticus ssp. sublimis (Herb.) Ruksans, Crocuses 171 (2010)
= Crocus maudii K.Malý, Glasn. Zemaljsk. Muz. Bosni Hercegovini 48: 28 (1936), no latin descr.
= Crocus sieberi ssp. atticus (Boiss. & Orph.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 65 (1982)
= Crocus sieberi ssp. nivalis (Bory & Chaub.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 66 (1982)
= Crocus sieberi ssp. sublimis (Herb.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 66 (1982)
= Crocus sieberi var. atticus Boiss. & Orph., P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., II, 4: 44 (1859)
= Crocus sublimis Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) Misc. 81
= Crocus thessalus Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 17 (1854)
= Crocus vaclavii Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 22 (2013)
species :
Crocus niveus Bowles; Gard. Cliron. ser. 3, 28: 335 (1900)
Distribution: S-Greece (S-part of Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
species :
Crocus novicii V.Randjel. & Miljkovic; Phytotaxa 265(1): 41 (2016)
Distribution: Albania
13 ALB
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus nubigenus Herb.; Bot. Reg. (1843) Misc. 81
Name: Zweiblütiger Safran (DE); Silvery Crocus; Dutch Crocus (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Karpathos); Turkey (W-Anatolia, S-Anatolia)
34 EAI TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. nubigena (Herb.) Mathew, Crocus: 82 (1982)
species :
Crocus nudiflorus Sm.; Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 7: t. 491 (1798)
Distribution: SW-France; N-, E- & C-Spain; Andorra; NW-Italy; England [I]
10 grb 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aphyllus Ker Gawl., Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: (1805) 222
= Crocus fimbriatus Lapeyr., Hist. Abr. Pl. Pyr. 22 (1813)
= Crocus medius Balb., Add. Fl. Pedem. Elenco 83 (1801)
= Crocus multifidus G.Bergeret, J. Bergeret, Fl. Basses-Pyrénées: 131 (1803), nom. illeg.
= Crocus multifidus Ramond, Bull. Soc. Philom. 2: (1800) 129. t. 8
= Crocus pyrenaeus Herb., Journ. Hort. Soc. 2: (1847) 255
species :
Crocus ochroleucus Boiss. & Gaill.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 2, 4: 93 (1859)
Distribution: Israel (N-Israel); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon)
34 ISR LEB
species :
Crocus olivieri Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol. 25: 319 (1831)
subspecies :
subsp. olivieri
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; ?Serbia & Kosovo; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aucheri Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 13: 16 (1854)
= Crocus candidus var. mountainii Hort.
= Crocus olivieri f. balcanicus Kitan. & Drenk., Jordanov et al. Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus sulphureus Klatt, Linnaea, 34: 1865 (1866) 676
= Crocus suterianus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) Misc. 5
= Crocus syriacus Tchich., Asie Min. Bot. 2: 522 (1860)
subspecies :
subsp. balansae (Gay ex Baker) B.Mathew; Curtis´s Bot. Mag., 179(3): sub t. 639 (1973)
Distribution: Turkey (W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.
34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus balansae Gay ex Baker, Gard. Chron. 1873: 680 (1873)
species :
Crocus oreocreticus B.L.Burtt; Phyton (Austria) 1: 224 (1949)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
species :
Crocus oreogenus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 155 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Bey Daglari)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus orphei Karampl. & Constantin.; Turkish J. Bot. 38(6): 1196 (2014)
Distribution: NE-Greece (Mt. Phalakron)
13 GRC
Remarks: Series Reticulati
species :
Crocus pallasii Goldb.; Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 5: 157 (1817)
subspecies :
subsp. pallasii
Distribution: Bulgaria; Romania; Greece; Crimea; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey; Iran (W-Iran); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Israel (N-Israel); Jordania (S-Jordania); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira)
13 BUL GRC ROM TUE 14 KRY 34 EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus campestris Herb., Bot. Reg. (1843) Misc. 30
= Crocus elwesii (Maw) O.Schwarz, Fedde, Repert. 36: 74 (1934)
= Crocus macedonicus Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 24 (2013)
= Crocus hybernus Friv., Griseb. Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 374 (1846)
= Crocus libanoticus Mouterde, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 422 (1955)
= Crocus macrobolbos Jovet & Gomb., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 103: 460 (1956)
= Crocus olbanus Siehe, Allg. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 1 (1906)
= Crocus pallasianus Herb., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30: t. 3, f. 2 (1844)
= Crocus sativus var. elwesii Maw
= Crocus thiebautii Mouterde, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 11: 422 (1955)
subspecies :
subsp. haussknechtii (Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw) B.Mathew; Pl. Syst. Evol., 128(1-2): 99 (1977)
Distribution: Iran; Iraq; Palestine
34 IRN IRQ PAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus sativus var. haussknechtii Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw
= Crocus haussknechtii (Boiss. & Reut. ex Maw) Boiss., Fl. 5: 100 (1882)
subspecies :
subsp. dispathaceus (Bowles) Mathew; Crocus: 54 (1982)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia); N-Syria
34 SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus dispathaceus Bowles, Handb. Crocus & Colch. 184, indice (1924)
species :
Crocus paschei Kernd.; Herbertia, 49(1-2): 76 [1993] (1994)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus pelistericus Pulevic; Glasn. Rep. Zavoda Zast. Prir. (Titograd) 9: 39 (1976)
Distribution: Macedonia; N-Greece; Albania
13 ALB GRC NMA
species :
Crocus pelitensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 175 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Adana)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus pestalozzae Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 13: 17 (1853)
Distribution: Turkey (N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); European Turkey
13 TUE 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus var. pestalozzae (Boiss.) Boiss., Fl. 5: 112 (1882)
= Crocus biflorus var. nubigenus subvar.pestalozzae (Boiss.) Maw
species :
Crocus polyanthus Grossh.; Trud. Bot. Inst., Akad. Nauk SSSR, Azerb. Fil., Baku, 2: 251 (1936)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (Talysh)
33 AZE
Remarks: possibly a synonym of C. speciosus
species :
Crocus ponticus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 183 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Rize)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus pseudonubigena (B.Mathew) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 138 (2016)
Distribution: SE-Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. pseudonubigena B.Mathew, Crocus: 83 (1982)
species :
Crocus pulchellus Herb.; Bot. Mag. 67: sub t. 3862 (1841)
Distribution: Bulgaria; Greece; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Macedonia; Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia); East Aegaean Isl.; European Turkey
13 BUL GRC SRB TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus constantinopolitanus Hertoldt ex Maw
= Crocus speciosus Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 374
species :
Crocus pulchricolor (Herb.) Herb. ex Tchich.; Asie Min., Bot. 2: 523 (1860)
Distribution: NW-Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus aerius var. pulchricolor (Herb.) Herb.
= Crocus biflorus ssp. pulchricolor (Herb.) Mathew, Crocus: 85 (1982)
= Crocus sibthorpianus var. pulchricolor Herb., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 5 (1845)
species :
Crocus punctatus (B.Mathew) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 138 (2016)
Distribution: SW-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. punctatus B.Mathew, Crocus: 83 (1982)
species :
Crocus puringii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [22] (2016)
Distribution: Ukraine
14 UKR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus randjeloviciorum Kernd., Pasche, Harpke & Raca; Biol. Nyssana 8(1): 10, figs. 1-4 (2017)
Distribution: Serbia; Bulgaria
13 BUL SRB
species :
Crocus rechingeri Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 101: 9 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus reinhardii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 61: 19 (2015)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus reticulatus Steven ex Adams; Weber f. & Mohr, Beitr. Naturk. 1: 45 (1805) s. str.
Name: Netz-Krokus
Distribution: C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-Ukraine; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]
14 RUS UKR 33 GEO NCS
Remarks: Series Reticulati
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus bulbocodium Pall., Ind. Taur. ex M. Bieb. Fl. Taur. Caucasus 1: 28, non L.
= Crocus luteus M.Bieb., Casp. 82 (1798), nom. illeg.
= Crocus vittatus Raf., Autik. Bot.: 123 (1840)
species :
Crocus rhodensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 34 (2015)
Name: Rhodischer Krokus (DE); Rhodian Crocus (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. ; Symi)
34 EAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name; a local form of C. biflorus
species :
Crocus robertianus C.D.Brickell; Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 98: 362 (1973)
Distribution: N-Greece (Pindhos Oros)
13 GRC
species :
Crocus romuleoides Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 174 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Adyaman)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus roseoviolaceus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 95: 2 (-3) (2011)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus rujanensis Randjel. & D.A.Hill; Kew Mag., 7(4): 184 (1990)
Distribution: Bosnia & Hercegovina
13 BIH
Remarks: near C. sieberi
species :
Crocus ruksansii Zubov; Int. Rock Gard. 90: [7] (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
species :
Crocus sakaltutanensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [37] (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus sakariensis (Ruksans) Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. sakariensis Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 14 (2013)
species :
Crocus salurdagensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 77, figs. 1-4, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus sanandajensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 107: 7, figs. 1-3 (2017)
Distribution: Iran (Zagros Mts.)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus sarichinarensis (Ruksans) Ruksans; World Crocuses 442 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus flavus ssp. sarichinarensis Ruksans, Crocuses 157 (pl. 214-215) (2010)
species :
Crocus sativus L.; Sp. Pl. 36 (1753)
Name: Echter Safran
Distribution: Not known in the wild; France [c]; Croatia [c]; Greece [c]; European Russia [c]; China [c]; Myanmar [c]; Nepal [c]; India [c]; Pakistan [c]; Turkey [c]; Iran [c]; Morocco [c]
12 fra 13 cro grc 14 rus 20 mor 34 irn tur 36 chi 40 ind nep pak 41 mya
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus autumnalis Sm., Engl. Bot. t. 343 (1796), nom. illeg.
= Crocus cashmerianus Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himal. 90 (1834)
= Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck., Syn. Pl. Germ. 1: 273 (1792)
= Crocus orsinii Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 238 (1860)
= Crocus pendulus Stokes, Bot. Comment. 1: 209 (1830)
= Crocus sativus var. cashmirianus Royle
= Crocus sativus var. officinalis L., Sp. Pl.: 36 (1753)
= Crocus setifolius Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 104 (1812)
= Geanthus autumnalis Raf., Specchio Sci. 1: 116 (1814)
= Safran officinarum Medik., Act. Acad. Theod. Palat. 6: Phys. (1790) 473
species :
Crocus scardicus Kosanin; Glas. Srpske Kralj. Akad. 119: 24 (1926)
Distribution: Albania; Kosovo; Macedonia
13 ALB KOS NMA
species :
Crocus scharojanii Rupr.; Gartenflora 17: 134, t. 578, f. 2 (1868)
subspecies :
subsp. scharojanii
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Svaneti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo); NE-Turkey
33 GEO NCS 34 TUR
subspecies :
subsp. lazicus (Boiss.) B.Mathew; Plantsman, n. s., 1: 51 (2002)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus lazicus Boiss. & Balansa ex Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 97 (1882)
species :
Crocus schneideri Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 178 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Kayseri)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus seisumsiana Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 90: [26] (2017)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus serotinus Salisb.; Parad. Lond. t. 30 (1806)
Distribution: Portugal; W-, C- & S-Spain; Gibraltar; Algeria; Morocco
12 GIB POR SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crociris iridiflora Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 73 (1853)
= Crociris speciosa Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 73 (1853)
= Crocus asturicus Herb., Bot. Mag. sub t. 3998 (1853)
= Crocus autumnalis Brot., Phytogr. 2: 40. t. 94 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Crocus autumnalis Ker Gawl., Irid. Gen. 77
= Crocus byzantinus Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1111 (1808)
= Crocus clusianus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) t. 37. f. 8
= Crocus clusii var. mauritii (Maire & Sennen) Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 207 (1959)
= Crocus colchiciflorus Reut.
= Crocus granatensis Boiss. ex Maw, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 363 (1882)
= Crocus neapolitanus Hoppe, Flora 1: 588 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Crocus nudiflorus Boiss., Voy. Bot. Espagne: 600 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Crocus salzmannianus Herb., Bot. Mag. sub t. 3868 (1841)
= Crocus salzmannii Gay, Bull. Ferussac, 25: (1831) 320
= Crocus serotinus f. albus B.Mathew, New Plantsman, 5(1): 12 (1998)
= Crocus serotinus ssp. asturicus (Herb.) M.Laínz, Bol. Inst. Estud. Astur., Ser. C, 26: 6 (1980)
= Crocus serotinus ssp. salzmannii (Gay) Mathew, Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977)
= Crocus serotinus var. mauritii Maire & Sennen
= Crocus tingitanus Herb., Bot. Mag. sub t. 3868 (1841)
species :
Crocus siculus Tineo; G. Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Prodr., Suppl. 1: 7 (1832)
Distribution: Sicily
13 SIC
Remarks: Series Verni
species :
Crocus sieberi J.Gay; Bull. Ferussac, 25: (1831) 320 (err typ. 220)
Distribution: Crete; USA [I] (New York [I])
13 KRI 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus sibiricus Barr, Gard. Chron. (1876) I. 307, 339
= Crocus sibthorpianus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1813) Misc. 83
= Crocus sieberianus Herb., Bot. Mag. sub t. 3866 (1841)
species :
Crocus sieheanus Barr ex Burtt; Bot. Mag. 162: t. 9583 (1939)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus simavensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 7 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Balikesir Prov., N of Simav)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus sipyleus (F.Candan & Özhatay) Ruksans; World Crocuses 463 (2017), et Int. Rock Gard. 125: [5] (2020)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus chrysanthus ssp. sipyleus Candan & Özhatay, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 50(6): 427 (2013)
species :
Crocus sivasensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 183 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Sivas)
34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
species :
Crocus sozenii Ruksans; Ing. Rock Gard. 64: [28] (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus speciosus M.Bieb.; Beschr. Länd. Terek. Kur Casp. 129 (1800)
Distribution: Greece; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Iran (N-Iran, NW-Iran: Iranian Azerbaijan); Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Racha-Lechkhumi, Imereti, Kartli, Mtiuleti, Tush-Pshav-Khevsureti, Trialeti, Meskheti); Azerbaijan; Armenia
13 GRC 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus hellenicus (Ruksans) Ruksans, Int. Rock Gard. 52: [28] (2014)
= Crocus speciosus ssp. hellenicus Ruksans, Seven New Crocuses Balkans Turkey 17 (2013)
= Crocus multifidus Rochel ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 4: 110 (1852)
= Crocus nudiflorus Hohen., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 5: (1833) 212
= Crocus tauricus Stev. ex Nyman, Consp. 706 (1882)
species :
Crocus stevensii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 76: [34] (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus striatulus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 141 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus stridii Papan. & Zaharof; Bot. Notiser, 133(2): 161 (1980)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. stridii (Papan. & Zaharof) B.Mathew, Crocus: 80 (1982)
species :
Crocus suaveolens Bertol.; Desc. Zaffer. Ital. n. 3 (1826)
subspecies :
subsp. suaveolens
Distribution: SC-Italy
13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus imperati ssp. suaveolens (Bertol.) Mathew, Kew Bull. 32: 46 (1977)
subspecies :
subsp. imperati (Ten.) Colas.; Fl. Ital. [Pignatti] 4: 919 (2019)
Distribution: S-Italy; USA [I] (New York [I])
13 ITA 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus imperati Ten., Mem. Crochi Fl. Nap. 10 (1826)
= Crocus imperatonianus Herb., Bot. Mag. sub t. 3998 (1843)
= Crocus incurvus Donn ex Steud., Nom. ed. II. 1: 441 (1840)
= Crocus neapolitanus Ten., Cat. Sem. (1815) Collect. Adn. 11
= Crocus recurvus Haw., Loudon Hort. Brit. Suppl. 1: 586 (1850)
= Crocus reflexus Donn, Hort. Cantab. ed. IV. II (1807)
species :
Crocus tahtaliensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 150 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus taseliensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 97: 6 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey (Icel Prov.: Taseli Yaylasi)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus tauri Maw; Gard. Chron. (1881) II. 749
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Turkey (C- & S-Anatolia)
33 ARM NCS 34 TUR
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus roopiae Woronow, Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 5: 62 (1924)
= Crocus biflorus ssp. tauri (Maw) Mathew, Crocus: 85 (1982)
species :
Crocus tauricus (Trautv.) Puring; Trudy Bot. Sada Imp. Yur´evsk. Univ. 1: 194 (1900)
Distribution: Crimea; W-Northern Caucasus
14 KRY 33 NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus var. tauricus Trautv., Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Petersb. 17: 331 (1859)
species :
Crocus terzioghlui Erol; Phytotaxa 420(3): 225 (2019)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus thirkeanus C.Koch; Linnaea, 21: (1848) 633
Distribution: Turkey (NW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Crocus thomasii Ten.; Mém. Crocci Fl. Nap. 12 (1826)
Distribution: S-Italy; Croatia
13 CRO ITA
Remarks: cartwrightianus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus thomasianus Herb., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 30: t. 3, f. 6 (1844)
= Crocus visianicus Herb., Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 31(Misc.): 83 (1845)
species :
Crocus thracicus Yüzb. & Aslan; Phytotaxa 197(3): 208 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus tommasinianus Herb.; Jour. Hort. Soc. London 2: 273 (1847)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Hungary; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; ?Montenegro; Croatia; England [I]; Netherlands [I]; USA [I] (Delaware [I])
10 grb 11 HUN net 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO SRB 78 usa
Remarks: Series Verni
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus serbicus A.Kern. ex Maw, Gard. Chron. (1881) 2: 368
species :
Crocus tournefortii Gay; Bull. Sci. Nat. Géol. 25: 320 (1831)
Name: Tourneforts Krokus (DE); Tournefort´s Crocus (EN)
Distribution: Greece (Kiklades, Idhra, Karpathos); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos)
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus fontenayi Reut. ex Nyman, Consp. 706 (1882)
= Crocus orphanidis Hook.fil., Bot. Mag. t. 5776 (1869)
= Crocus parvulus Herb.
= Crocus pholegandrius Orph., Bull. Congr. Bot. Petersb. 1869 (1870) 118, 134
= Crocus tournefortianus Herb., Bot. Reg. (1845) t. 37. f. 3
= Crocus boryi ssp. tournefortii (Gay) Greuter, Matthäs & Risse, Willdenowia, 15(1): 42 (1985)
species :
Crocus tuna-ekimii Yüzb.; Phytotaxa 314(1): 111 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus turcicus (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 507 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia); NE-Iraq; Lebanon; ?Syria
34 IRQ LEB TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pallasii ssp. turcicus B.Mathew, Pl. Syst. Evol., 128(1-2): 98 (1977)
species :
Crocus uschakensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 52: [18], photogr. (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus vallicola Herb.; Bot. Reg. 31, Misc.: 2 (1845)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus] (Abkhazia, Guria, Adzharia); Azerbaijan; NE-Turkey
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
species :
Crocus variegatus Hoppe & Hornsch.; Tagebuch 187, t. 1 (1818)
Distribution: NE-Italy; Slovenia; Bulgaria; Hungary; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina
11 HUN 13 BIH BUL CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: Series Reticulati
species :
Crocus veluchensis Herb.; Bot. Reg. 31, Misc. 80 (1845)
Distribution: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; ?Montenegro
13 ALB BUL GRC NMA SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus balcanensis Janka, Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 22: (1872) 181
= Crocus orbelicus Stoj., Mitt. Naturwiss. Inst. Sofia, 4: 144 (1931)
= Crocus pallasii Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2: 374 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Crocus tomoricus Markgr., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 102: 330 (1931)
species :
Crocus veneris Tapp. ex Poech; Enum. Pl. Ins. Cypr. 10 (1842)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, W-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus cretensis Körn., Flora, 39: (1856) 469
species :
Crocus vernus (L.) Hill; Veg. Syst. 10. 1 (1765)
Name: Frühlings-Krokus
Distribution: SW-France; NE-Spain; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; N-Italy; Austria; S-Germany; Slovenia; Albania; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Channel Isl. [I]
11 AUT CZE GER LIE SLO SWI 12 cis FRA SPA 13 ALB CRO ITA SLV
Remarks: Series Verni. For long times known as C. albiflorus. Lectotypification of C. vernus see Peruzzi et al. 2013
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus acutiflorus Seidl, Opiz, Natural. n. 9: (1825) 123
= Crocus albiflorus Kit. ex Schult., Österr. Fl. ed. II. 1: 101 (1814)
= Crocus vernus ssp. albiflorus (Kit. ex Schult.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn.Mitteleur.Fl.3: 446 (1906)
= Crocus appendiculatus A.Kern. ex Maw, Gard. Chron. (1881) 2: 368 in syn.
= Crocus caeruleus Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 237 (1771)
= Crocus montanus Hoppe
= Crocus montenegrinus A.Kern. ex Maw, Gard. Chron. ser. 2, 16: 368 (1881)
= Crocus multiflorus Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. 652
= Crocus obovatus Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: (1812) 133
= Crocus pygmaeus Lojac., Fl. Sicul. 3: 58 (1909)
= Crocus rubens Weston, Bot. Univ. 2: 238 (1771)
= Crocus vernus ssp. albiflorus (Kit.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 446 (1906) comb. superfl.
= Crocus vernus ssp. albiflorus (Kit.) K.Richt.
= Crocus vilmae Fiala, Österr. Bot. Z. 40: 247 (1890)
species :
Crocus versicolor Ker Gawl.; Bot. Mag. 28: t. 1110 (1808)
Distribution: NW-Italy; France
12 FRA 13 ITA
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus crestensis Nyman, Consp. 707 (1882)
= Crocus cristensis Eugene, Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 15: (1868) 191
= Crocus fragrans Haw., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: (1812) 136
= Crocus meridionalis Risso, Fl. Nice: 474 (1844)
= Crocus reinwardti Rchb., Pl. Crit. 10: 14 (1832)
= Crocus subapenninus Herb., J. Hort. Soc. London 2: 259 (1847)
species :
Crocus violaceus (Yüzb. & Özhatay) Rukšans; World Crocuses 527 (2017)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pestalozzae ssp. violaceus Yüzb. & Özhatay, Phytotaxa 174(5): 280 (2014)
species :
Crocus vitellinus Wahlenb.; J. Berggren, Resor. Eur. Öst. 2, Bihang 59 (1826)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Israel (N-Israel); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains)
34 ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus syriacus Boiss. & Gaill., Diagn. Ser. II. 4: 94 (1859)
species :
Crocus wattiorum (B.Mathew) B.Mathew; P. H. Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 11: 272 (2000 publ. 2001)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. wattiorum B.Mathew, New Plantsman 2: 183 (1995)
species :
Crocus weldenii Hoppe & Fürnr.; Flora, 23: (1840) 208
Distribution: Albania; Italy; Montenegro; Macedonia; Serbia & Kosovo; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Slovenia; Croatia
13 ALB BIH CRO ITA MNT NMA SLV SRB
Remarks: biflorus agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus pallidus Kitan. & Drenk., D. Jordanov & al., Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
= Crocus biflorus ssp. weldenii (Hoppe & Fürnr.) B.Mathew, Crocus: 84 (1982)
= Crocus weldenii f. lutescens Pulevic, Glasn. Republ. Zavoda Zast. Prir. Prirodnj. Muz. Titogradu, 10: 85 (1977)
= Crocus pallidus f. bulgaricus Kitan. & Drenk., Jordanov et al. Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 213 (1975)
species :
Crocus xantholaimos (B.Mathew) Ruksans; World Crocuses 535 (2017)
Distribution: N-Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus speciosus ssp. xantholaimos B.Mathew, Crocus: 111 (1982)
species :
Crocus xanthosus Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 103: 77, figs. 1-3, tab. 1-2 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus yakarianus Yildirim & Erol; Nordic J. Bot. 31(4): 426 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus yalovensis Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 99: [18] (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus violaceus (Yüzb. & Özhatay) Ruksans, World Crocuses 527 (2017)
= Crocus pestalozzae ssp. violaceus Yüzb. & Özhatay, Phytotaxa 174(5): 280 (2014)
species :
Crocus yaseminiae Erol; Phytotaxa 188(2): 108 (2014)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus yataganensis (Kernd. & Pasche) Kernd., Pasche & Harpke; Phytotaxa 260 (2): 138 (2016)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus biflorus ssp. yataganensis Kernd. & Pasche, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 38(1): 178 (2006)
species :
Crocus youngiorum Ruksans & Zetterl.; Int. Rock Gard. 102: 22 (2018)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Crocus zagrosensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 107: 10, figs. 1-3 (2017)
Distribution: Iran (Zagros Mts.)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus zanjanensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 107: 7, figs. 1-3 (2017)
Distribution: Iran (Zanjan)
34 IRN
species :
Crocus zetterlundii Ruksans; Int. Rock Gard. 64: 23 (2015)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Crocus ziyaretensis Kernd. & Pasche; Stapfia 99: 154 (2013)
Distribution: Turkey (Antalya Prov.: Ziyaret Mts.)
34 TUR
Remarks: ser. Lyciotauri
species :
Crocus zubovii Ruksans; World Crocuses 548 (2017)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Crocus ×helenae D.Dubovik; Fl. Belarusi 3: 200 (2017)
Distribution: Belarus
14 BLR
species :
Crocus ×hybridus Petrovic; Fl. Agr. Nyss. 821 (1882)
Distribution: Serbia & Kosovo (near Nis)
13 SRB
Remarks: Crocus chrysanthus x Crocus biflorus
Synonyms: hidden
= Crocus chrysanthus var. bornmuelleri Kitan. & Drenk., D. Jordanov & al., Problems Balkan Fl. & Veg.: 214 (1975)
species :
Crocus ×paulineae Pasche & Kernd.; New Plantsman, 6(1): 44 (1999)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: Crocus abantensis x ancyrensis
...

Lilium philadelphicum (Liliaceae) (Photo: M. Hassler)