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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

282.0000 Family Cucurbitaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 393 (1789), nom. cons.
ca. 100 genera, ca. 1050 spp. Phylogeny: Schaefer & Renner (2011)
Species listed in database: 1082; hybrids: 3
= Bryoniaceae G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 6, 112 (1836)
= Cyclantheraceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 716, 980 (1870)
= Nhandirobaceae T.Lestib.; Botanogr. Elém.: 515 (1826)
= Zanoniaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 28, 29 (1829)
282.1402 Genus Cucurbita L.; Sp. Pl. 1010 (1753)
Distribution: Tropical and subtropical America
Species listed in database: 18; hybrids: 1
= Melopepo Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Ozodycus Raf.; Atl. J. 145 (1832)
= Pepo Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abridg. Ed. 4 (1754)
= Pileocalyx Gasp.; Rendic. Acc. Sci. Nap. 6: 409 (1847)
= Sphenantha Schrad.; Linnaea 12: 416 (1838)
= Tristemon Scheele; Linnaea 21: 586 (1848)
species :
Cucurbita andreana Naudin; Rev. Hortic., 542 (1896)
Distribution: Uruguay (Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Entre Rios, La Rioja, Mendoza, Santiago del Estero, San Luis)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita maxima subsp. andreana (Naudin) Filov; Kul´t. Fl. SSSR 21: 177 (1982)
= Cucurbita andreana Naudin ex L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 7: 454 (1948), descr. ampl.
species :
Cucurbita argyrosperma K.Koch; Wochenschr. Vereins Beförd. Gärtenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 9: 96 (1866)
subspecies :
subsp. argyrosperma
Distribution: SE-Europe [I]; India [I] (widespread); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [I]; Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; ?Belize; El Salvador; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica; Panama [I]
40 ind ldv 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA nic pan
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita argyrosperma var. callicarpa Merrick & D.M.Bates; Baileya 23(2): 97 (1989)
= Cucurbita argyrosperma var. stenosperma (Pangalo) Merrick & D.M.Bates; Baileya 23(2): 96 (1989)
= Cucurbita cyanoperizona (Pangalo) Bukasov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Suppl. 47, 531 (1930)
= Cucurbita mixta Pangalo; Bull. Appl. Bot. Pl.-Breed. (Leningrad) 23: 264 (1930)
= Cucurbita mixta var. cyanoperizona Pangalo; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(3): 258, 264 (1930)
= Cucurbita mixta var. stenosperma Pangalo; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 23(3): 258, 264 (1930)
= Cucurbita stenosperma (Pangalo) Bukasov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Suppl. 47, 531 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. sororia (L.H.Bailey) Merrick & D.M.Bates; Baileya 23(2): 98 (1989)
Distribution: Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Chiapas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Nicaragua; Panama
79 MEX 80 ELS GUA NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita argyrosperma var. palmeri (L.H.Bailey) Merrick & D.M.Bates; Baileya 23(2): 98 (1989)
= Cucurbita kellyana L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 7: 462 (1948)
= Cucurbita moschata var. argyrosperma (C.Huber) Naudin; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 14: 69 (1865)
= Cucurbita palmeri L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 299 (1943)
= Cucurbita pepo var. sororia (L.H.Bailey) Filov; Vavilov et al., Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 21: 187 (1982)
= Cucurbita sororia L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 285 (1943)
species :
Cucurbita cordata S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 24: 50 (1889)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Cucurbita cylindrata L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 304 (1943)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Cucurbita digitata A.Gray; Pl. Wright. 2: 60 (1853)
Name: Fingerleaf gourd
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Cucurbita ecuadorensis Cutler & Whitaker; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 55: 392 (1969)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Cucurbita ficifolia Bouché; Verh. Ver. Beförd. Gartenb. Preuss. 12: 205 (1837)
Name: Feigenblatt-Kürbis (DE), Figleaf gourd (EN), Lacayote (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; SE-Europe [I]; India [I] (Meghalaya [I]); New Zealand [I]; USA [I] (California [I]); Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala [I]; El Salvador [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Cuba [c]; Virgin Isl. [c] (St. Croix [c]); Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Ecuador [I]; Bolivia [I]
11 ger 40 ind 51 nzl 76 usa 79 MEX 80 cos els gua hon nic pan 81 cub vir 82 clm ven 83 bol ecu
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita ficifolia f. leucosperma Zhit.; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 301 (1930)
= Cucurbita ficifolia f. melanosperma (A.Braun ex Gasp.) Zhit.; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 301 (1930)
= Cucurbita ficifolia var. mexicana G.Nicholson; Ill. Dict. Gard. 1: 272 (1900)
= Cucurbita melanosperma A.Braun; Cat. Hort. Karls (1824), nomen, Gaspsrr. in Rendic. Acad. Sci. Nap. 6: 48 (1847)
= Cucurbita mexicana Dammann; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1891(App. 2): 40 (1891)
= Pepo ficifolia (Bouché) Britton; Sci. Surv. Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands. 6: 266 (1925)
= Pepo malabaricus Sageret; Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 8: 312 (1826)
species :
Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth; Nov. Gen. et Sp. 2: 123 (1817)
Name: Missouri gourd
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucumis foetidissimus Hemsl.; Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 1: 483 (1880), nomen
= Cucumis perennis E.James; Account Exped. Pittsburgh 2: 346 (1823)
= Cucurbita perennis (E.James) A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 193 (1850)
= Ozodycus perennis (E.James) Raf.; Atlantic J. 1: 145 (1832)
= Pepo foetidissimus (Kunth) Britton; Britton & Brown, Ill. Fl. N. U.S., ed. 2, 3: 291 (1913)
species :
Cucurbita galeottii Cogn.; DC. Monogr. Phan. 3: 551 (1881)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Cucurbita lundelliana L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 297 (1943)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; Nicaragua
79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA NIC
species :
Cucurbita maxima Duchesne; Lam., Encycl. Méth. Bot. 2: 151 (1786)
Name: Riesenkürbis, Melonenkürbis (DE), Winter squash (EN)
Distribution: Germany [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Croatia [c]; North Macedonia [c]; S-Europe [c]; European Russia [c]; Cape Verde Isl. [c] (Ilha de Sao Tiago [c]); Guinea [c]; Togo [c]; Benin [c]; Cameroon [c]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [c]; Chad [c]; Madagascar [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Georgia [Caucasus] [c]; Turkey [c]; China [c]; South Korea [c]; Taiwan [c]; Pakistan [c]; Nepal [c]; India [c] (widespread); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives] [c]; Maldives [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Myanmar [c]; Thailand [c]; Laos [c]; Cambodia [c]; Vietnam [c]; Philippines [c]; New Guinea [c]; Australia [c] (Queensland [c], New South Wales [c]); New Zealand [c]; Fiji [c]; Palau [c] (Koror [c], Yap [c], Ulithi [c], Lukunor [c]); Guam [c]; Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Pohnpei [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Enewetok [c], Rongelap [c], Ujelang [c], Aur [c]); USA [c] (Arkansas [c], Massachusetts [c], Maine [c], Michigan [c], North Carolina [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Pennsylvania [c], South Carolina [c], Utah [c], Virginia [c], Vermont [c], Wisconsin [c]); Mexico [c]; Honduras [c]; Panama; Cuba [c]; Jamaica [c]; Dominican Republic [c]; Haiti [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; Venezuela [c]; Bolivia [c]; N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas, Rondônia); Argentina (Cordoba, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Mendoza)
11 ger hun slo 13 cro nma 14 rus 21 cvi 22 ben gui tog 23 bio cmn 24 cha 29 mau mdg reu 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 33 geo 34 tur 36 chi 38 kor tai 40 ban ind ldv mdv nep pak 41 and cbd lao mya ncb tha vie 42 nwg phi 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij 62 gum mic mrs plu 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 hon PAN 81 cub his jam trt 82 clm ven 83 bol 84 BRA 85 ARG
Remarks: many cultivars and garden varieties not listed. Areas of cultivation incomplete
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucumis rapallito (Carrière) Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 47: 298 (1875)
= Cucurbita farinae Mozz. ex Naudin; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. IV. 6: 17 (1856)
= Cucurbita maxima subsp. turbaniformis (M.Roem.) Vassilcz.
= Cucurbita maxima var. badagarensis C.R.Mudaliar; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 49: 242 (1950)
= Cucurbita pepo var. maxima (Duchesne ex Lam.) Delile; Fl. Aegypt. Illus. 2: 76 (1812)
= Cucurbita pileiformis M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (Syn. Pepon.) 86 (1846)
= Cucurbita rapallito Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 44: 400 (1872)
= Cucurbita sulcata Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. I: 773 (1837)
= Cucurbita turbaniformis M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (Syn. Pepon.) 87 (1846)
= Pepo maximus (Duch.) Peterm.; Fl. Lips. Excurs. 562 (1838)
= Pileocalyx elegans Gasp.; Rendic. Acc. Sci. Nap. 6: 409 (1847)
species :
Cucurbita melopepo L.; Sp. Pl. 1010 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. melopepo
Name: Scallop squash, pattypan squash, crookneck squash, straightneck squash, acorn squash, summer squash, spaghetti squash
Distribution: Japan [I]; Myanmar [I]; USA (Arkansas, California, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Texas, West Virginia)
38 jap 41 mya 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Remarks: many cultivars and garden varieties not listed
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita ovifera L.; Mant. Pl. 126 (1767)
= Cucurbita pepo subsp. ovifera (L.) D.S.Decker; Econ. Bot. 42(1): 11 (1988)
= Cucurbita pepo var. caseolaris (M.Roem.) Alef.; Landw. Fl.: 222 (1866)
= Cucurbita pepo var. melopepo (L.) Harz; Landw. Samenk. 2: 817 (1885)
= Cucurbita pepo var. melopepo (L.) Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1857: 41 (1858)
= Cucurbita pepo var. ovifera (L.) Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1857: 41 (1858)
= Cucurbita subverrucosa Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 609 (1806)
= Cucurbita verrucosa L.; Sp. Pl. 1010 (1753)
= Pepo ovifer (L.) Peterm.; Pflanzenreich: 438 (1838-1845)
subspecies :
subsp. fraterna (L.H.Bailey) G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 13:24 (2011)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita fraterna L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 288 (1943)
= Cucurbita pepo subsp. fraterna (L.H.Bailey) Lira, T.C.Andres & M.Nee; Estud. Tax. Ecogeográf. Cucurbitaceae: 77 (1995)
= Cucurbita pepo var. fraterna (L.H.Bailey) Filov; Vavilov et al., Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 21: 177 (1982)
subspecies :
subsp. texana (Scheele) G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 13:24 (2011)
Name: Texas gourd
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita grisea M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 86 (1846)
= Cucurbita melopepo var. texana (Scheele) G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 13: 24 (2011)
= Cucurbita pepo subsp. texana (Scheele) Filov; Vavilov et al., Fl. Cult. Pl., SSSR 21: 187 (1982)
= Cucurbita pepo var. texana (Scheele) D.S.Decker; Econ. Bot. 42(1): 12 (1988)
= Cucurbita texana (Scheele) A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 6: 193 (1850)
= Tristemon texanum Scheele; Linnaea 21: 586 (1848)
variant :
var. ozarkana (D.S.Decker) G.L.Nesom; Phytoneuron 13:24 (2011)
Name: Ozark melon
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri, Alabama, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita pepo var. ozarkana D.S.Decker; J. Ethnobiol. 13(1): 69 (1993)
species :
Cucurbita moschata (Duchesne) Duchesne ex Poir.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 11: 234 (1818)
Name: Moschuskürbis, Calabaza; Crookneck squash, Cushaw
Distribution: Croatia [c]; North Macedonia [c]; S-Europe [c]; Benin [c]; Cameroon [c]; Sudan [c]; Somalia [c]; Zambia [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Rodrigues [c]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Chagos Arch. [c] (Diego Garcia [c]); Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Turkey [c]; Saudi Arabia [c]; China [c]; South Korea [c]; Japan [c]; Taiwan [c]; Pakistan [c]; Bhutan [c]; India [c] (widespread); Maldives [c]; Bangladesh [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Myanmar [c]; Thailand [c]; Cambodia [c]; Vietnam [c]; Philippines [c]; Java [c]; Palau [c]; Guam [c]; Marshall Isl. [c] (Jaluit [c]); USA [c] (Florida [c], Georgia [c], North Carolina [c], Pennsylvania [c], South Carolina [c], Virginia [c]); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala [c]; Belize [c]; El Salvador [c]; Honduras [c]; Nicaragua [c]; Costa Rica [c]; Panama [c]; Bahamas [c]; Cuba [c]; Jamaica [c]; Dominican Republic [c]; Haiti [c]; Puerto Rico [c]; Navassa Isl. [c]; Virgin Isl. [c]; Virgin Isl. [c]; St. Lucia [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; Venezuela [c]; Guyana [c]; Surinam [c]; French Guiana [c]; Ecuador [c]; Bolivia [c]; N-Brazil (Pará, Amazonas); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Bahia); Argentina [c]
13 cro nma 22 ben 23 cmn 24 som sud 26 zam 29 aga cgs mau reu rod 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 34 tur 35 sau 36 chi 38 jap kor tai 40 ban bhu ind mdv pak 41 and cbd mya ncb tha vie 42 jaw phi 62 gum mrs plu 75 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 blz cos els gua hon nic pan 81 bah cub his jam nav pue stl trt vir 82 clm frg guy sur ven 83 bol ecu 84 BRA 85 arg
Remarks: many cultivars and garden varieties not listed
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucumis moschatus (Duchesne) Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 552 (1822)
= Cucurbita colombiana (Zhit.) Bukasov; Bull. Applied Bot., Leningrad, Suppl. 47, 531 (1930)
= Cucurbita hippopera Ser.; Fl. Jard. 2: 531 (1847)
= Cucurbita macrocarpa Gasp.; Rendic. Acad. Sci. Nap. 6: 447 (1847)
= Cucurbita meloniformis Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 52: 137 (1880)
= Cucurbita moschata var. colombiana Zhit.; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 47: 312, 531 (1930)
= Cucurbita moschata var. cubensis Tod.; Index Seminum (PAL, Panormitani) 1859: 30 (1859)
= Cucurbita moschata var. toonas Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36: 183 (1912)
= Cucurbita pepo var. moschata (Duchesne) Duchesne; Lam., Encycl. 2: 152 (1786)
= Gymnopetalum calyculatum Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. Suppl. 332 (1861)
= Pepo eximius Sageret; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. I. 8: 311 (1826)
= Pepo indicus Burm.; Index Univers. Herb. Amboin. 5: 2 verso (1755)
= Pepo macrocarpus Poit.; Jard. Bot. Paris: 246 (1816)
= Pepo moschatus (Duchesne) Britton; Brooklyn Bot. Gard. Mem. 1: 96 (1918)
species :
Cucurbita okeechobeensis Small; J. N. Y. Bot. Gard. 31: 12 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. okeechobeensis
Name: Okeechobee gourd
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Pepo okeechobeensis (Small) L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 2: 179 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. martinezii (L.H.Bailey) T.C.Andres & G.P.Nabhan ex T.W.Walters & D.S.Decker; Syst. Bot. 18(2): 186 (1993)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita martinezii L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 296 (1943)
species :
Cucurbita palmata S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 137 (1876)
Name: Coyote gourd
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah); Mexico (Baja California, Durango, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita californica Torr. ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 138 (1876)
species :
Cucurbita pedatifolia L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 297 (1943)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Hidalgo, México State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita moorei L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 7: 464 (1948)
species :
Cucurbita pepo L.; Sp. Pl. 1010 (1753)
Name: Gewöhnlicher Kürbis, Gartenkürbis (DE), Field pumpkin (EN)
Distribution: Germany [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [c]; North Macedonia [c]; S-Europe [c]; Canary Isl. [c] (Tenerife [c]); Cape Verde Isl. [c] (Ilha de Sao Nicolau [c]); Burkina Faso [c]; Togo [c]; Benin [c]; Chad [c]; Cameroon [c]; Central African Republic [c]; Somalia [c]; St. Helena [c]; Mauritius [c]; La Réunion [c]; Rodrigues [c]; Agalega Isl. [c]; Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Turkey [c]; China [c]; South Korea [c]; Japan [c]; Pakistan [c]; Nepal [c]; India [c] (widespread); Bangladesh [c] Maldives [c]; Andaman Isl. [c]; Nicobar Isl. [c]; Myanmar [c]; Thailand [c]; Cambodia [c]; Vietnam [c]; Philippines [c]; Australia [c] (Queensland [c]); New Zealand [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Rotuma Isl. [c]; Niue [c]; Fiji [c]; Tuvalu [c] (Nui Atoll [c]); Gilbert Isl. [c] (Tarawa [c]); Nauru [c]; N-Line Isl. [c] (Teraina [c], Tabueran [c], Kiritimati [c]); S-Line Isl. [c] (Caroline Atoll [c]); Cook Isl. [c] (Rarotonga [c], Aitutaki [c], Atiu [c], Manihiki [c], Rakahanga [c]); Society Isl. [c] (Huahine [c], Maupiti [c], Tahiti [c]); Austral Isl. [c]; Palau [c]; Guam [c]; Fed. States of Micronesia [c] (Yap [c], Murilo [c], Woleai [c], Truk [c], Pohnpei [c], Piis [c], Namonuito [c], Nomwin [c]); Marshall Isl. [c] (Kwajalein [c], Majuro [c], Arno [c], Kili [c], Jaluit [c]); Wake Isl. [c]; Canada [c] (Ontario [c], Québec [c]); USA [c] (Alabama [c], California [c], Connecticut [c], Kansas [c], Kentucky [c], Louisiana [c], Massachusetts [c], Michigan [c], North Carolina [c], New Hampshire [c], New Mexico [c], Nevada [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Pennsylvania [c], South Carolina [c], Tennessee [c], Utah [c], Virginia [c]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chiapas, Michoacan, Coahuila, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica [c]; Panama; Bahamas [c]; Cuba [c]; Cayman Isl. [c]; Jamaica [c]; Dominican Republic [c]; Haiti [c]; Trinidad & Tobago [c]; Colombia [c]; Isla Margarita [c]; Venezuela [c]; Bolivia [c]; Argentina [c]
11 ger hun slo 13 bih cro nma slv 21 cny cvi 22 ben bkn tog 23 caf cmn 24 cha som 28 sth 29 aga mau reu rod 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 34 tur 36 chi 38 jap kor 40 ind nep pak 41 and cbd mya ncb tha vie 42 phi 50 aus 51 nzl 60 fij gil nru nue nwc rot tuv 61 aui coo lin sci 62 gum mic mrs plu wak 72 cdn 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 cos GUA HON NIC PAN 81 bah cay cub his jam trt ven 82 clm ven 83 bol 85 arg
Remarks: many cultivars and garden varieties not listed
Synonyms: hidden
= Citrullus variegatus Schrad. ex M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (Syn. Pepon.) 51 (1846)
= Cucumis pepo (L.) Dumort.; Fl. Belg.: 54 (1827)
= Cucumis zapallo Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 452 (1840)
= Cucurbita aurantia Willd.; Sp. Pl. 4: 607 (1806)
= Cucurbita ceratoceras Haberle ex Mart.; Reise Bras. 1: 536 (1823)
= Cucurbita citrullus M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (Syn. Pepon.) 84 (1846)
= Cucurbita citrullus var. alba M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita citrullus var. flava M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita citrullus var. grisea M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita citrullus var. variegata M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita citrullus var. viridis M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 84 (1846)
= Cucurbita clodiensis Naccari; Fl. Ven. 5: 52 (1828)
= Cucurbita courgero Ser.; Mem. Soc. Phys. Genev. 3: II, t. 1 (1825)
= Cucurbita elongata Bean ex Schrad.; Linnaea 12: 407 (1838)
= Cucurbita esculenta Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 552 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Cucurbita fastuosa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 157 (1796)
= Cucurbita hybrida Bertol. ex Naudin; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. IV. 6: 29 (1856)
= Cucurbita lignosa Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 5 (1768)
= Cucurbita mammeata Molina; Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili 133 (1782)
= Cucurbita mammosa J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat., ed. 13(bis). 2(1): 101 (1791)
= Cucurbita marsupiiformis Haberle ex M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (Syn. Pepon.) 92 (1846)
= Cucurbita oblonga Link; Handb. 1: 643 (1829)
= Cucurbita pepo subsp. gumala Teppner; Phyton (Austria) 40(1): 34 (2000)
= Cucurbita pepo var. flogra Teppner; Phyton (Austria) 40(1): 35 (2000)
= Cucurbita pepo var. georgica Teppner; Phyton (Austria) 40(1): 35 (2000)
= Cucurbita pepo var. kintogwa Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 8: 46 (1932)
= Cucurbita polymorpha Duchesne; Lam. Encyc. 2: 152 (1786)
= Cucurbita pomiformis M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (Syn. Pepon.) 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita pomiformis var. alba M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita pomiformis var. flava M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2: 85 (1846)
= Cucurbita pyridaris Duchesne ex Poir.; Dict. Sci. Nat. 11: 237 (1818)
= Cucurbita pyxidaris DC.; Fl. Franc. (DC. & Lam.), ed. 3. 3: 693 (1805)
= Cucurbita succedo Arn.; Hook. J. Bot. 3: 278 (1841)
= Cucurbita tuberculosa Schrad.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Götting. (1833), Linnaea 10: 1835 (1836) Litt. 70
= Cucurbita urnigera Schrad.; Linnaea 10: Litt. 110 (1836)
= Cucurbita variegata Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 1: 452 (1840)
= Cucurbita venosa Descourt.; Fl. Med. Antill. 5: 79, t. 322 (1827)
= Pepo aurantius (Willd.) Peterm.; Pflanzenreich: 438 (1838-1845)
= Pepo citrullus Sageret; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. I. 8: 311 (1826)
= Pepo clypeiformis Poit.; Jard. Bot. Paris: 246 (1816)
= Pepo oblongus Poit.; Jard. Bot. Paris: 246 (1816)
= Pepo potiron Sageret; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. I. 8: 311 (1826)
= Pepo vulgaris Moench; Methodus: 653 (1794)
species :
Cucurbita radicans Naudin; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. V. 6: 8 (1866)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita gracilior L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 301 (1943)
= Sphenantha scabra Schrad.; Linnaea 12: 416 (1838)
= Sphenantha scandens Steud.; Nom. ed. II. 2: 621 (1841)
species :
Cucurbita ×scabridifolia L.H.Bailey; Gent. Herb. 6: 312 (1943)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Querétaro, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Remarks: C. foetidissima x C. pedatifolia
Synonyms: hidden
= Cucurbita foetidissima var. scabridifolia (L.H.Bailey) Filov; Fl. Cult. Pl. 21: 206 (1982)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life