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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

484.0000 Family Convolvulaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 132 (1789), nom. cons.
58 genera, ca. 1900 spp.
Species listed in database: 1934; hybrids: 15
= Cressaceae Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 8: 270 (1821)
= Cuscutaceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 20, 25 (1829), nom. cons.
= Dichondraceae Dumort.; Anal. Fam. Pl.: 20, 24 (1829), nom. cons.
= Erycibaceae Endl. ex Meisner; Pl. Vasc. Gen.: Tab. Diagn. 272, Comm. 185 (1840)
= Evolvulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin 2: 130, 132 (1825)
= Humbertiaceae Pichon; Notul. Syst (Paris) 13: 23 (1947), nom. cons.
= Poranaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 364 (1858)
484.2701 Genus Cuscuta L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 124 (1753)
Distribution: temp., subtropical and tropical regions, esp. America, Mediterranean, tropical Africa. The species delimitation is in many cases highly disputed, especially for the widespread taxa.
Species listed in database: 210
= Anthanema Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1836)
= Aplostylis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Buchingera F.W.Schultz; Jahrb. Pharm. 14: 170 (1847)
= Cassytha Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 345 (1821)
= Cuscutina Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 4: 492 (1846)
= Dastylepis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 125 (1836)
= Engelmannia Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 673 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Epilinella Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 3: 673 (1845)
= Epithymum Opiz; Seznam, 40 (1852)
= Eronema Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 125 (1836)
= Grammica Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 170 (1790)
= Kadula Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1836)
= Kadurias Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Lepidanche Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 343. t. 6 (1842)
= Lepimenes Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Monogynella Des Moul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 65 (1853)
= Nemepis Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Pentake Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1836)
= Pfeifferia Buchinger; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 5: 88 (1846)
= Schrebera L.; Sp. Pl. ed. II. 1662 (1763)
= Succuta Des Moul.; Étud. Cuscut.: 74 (1853)
species :
Cuscuta abyssinica A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 78 (1851)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta abyssinica f. breviloba Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 288 (1932)
= Cuscuta abyssinica f. membranacea Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 288 (1932)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. abyssinica (A.Rich.) Verdc.; Kew Bull. 12: 337 (1957)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. holstii Baker & Rendle; Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 203 (1906)
species :
Cuscuta acadiana Costea & Stefanovic; Syst. Bot. 48(2): 331 (2023)
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick)
72 CDN
species :
Cuscuta acuta Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 497 (1859)
Distribution: Galapagos; W-Peru; W-Ecuador
83 ECU GAL PER
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica acuta (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta acutiloba Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 478 (1859)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz)
83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica acutiloba (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta africana Thunb.; Fl. Cap. 3: 568 (1813)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta africana var. capensis (Choisy) Baker; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 4(2): 85 (1904)
= Cuscuta alpestris Fourc.; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr. 21: 89 (1932)
= Cuscuta capensis Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 271 (1841 publ. 1842)
= Cuscuta keetii Schltr. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 264 (1932)
= Cuscuta myricoides Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Cl. Brit. Isles 1913 3: 416 (1914)
= Schrebera schinoides L.; Sp. Pl. ed. 2.: 1662 (1763)
species :
Cuscuta alataloba Yunck.; Lilloa 4: 460 (1939)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta alataloba var. monosperma Yunck.; Lilloa 4: 462 (1939)
species :
Cuscuta americana L.; Sp. Pl. 124 (1753)
Name: American dodder (EN); Bejuco de fideo (ES); Devil´s Guts, Dodder, Hell Weed, Love Vine, Love Weed, Wild Vermicelli (Trinidad & Tobago)
Distribution: USA (Florida); Mexico (Campeche, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, México State, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan); Honduras; Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda); Anguilla; St. Martin/St. Maarten; St. Barthélémy; Saba; St. Eustatius; Nevis; St. Kitts; Antigua; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenadines; St. Vincent; Grenada; Barbados; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Tolima); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico, Lara, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy); Surinam; Ecuador; Peru; NE-Brazil (Pernambuco, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais); Argentina (Jujuy)
78 USA 79 MEX 80 HON 81 ABA AGU ARU BAH BBD BON CUB CUR DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR MTS PUE SAB SBA STE STK STL STM STV TCI TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM SUR VEN 83 ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cassutha americana (L.) Des Moul.; Des Moul. Etud. Org. Cusc. 70 (1853)
= Cuscuta americana var. congesta (Benth.) Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 376 (1871)
= Cuscuta americana var. spectabilis (Choisy) Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 377 (1871)
= Cuscuta campanulata Nutt. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 482 (1859), pro syn.
= Cuscuta congesta Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 138 (1844)
= Cuscuta graveolens Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 122 (1818)
= Cuscuta leiolepis Miq.; Linnaea 18: 247 (1844)
= Cuscuta spectabilis Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 283 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 187]
= Cuscuta surinamensis Schill.; Descr. Pl. Lepr.: 200 (1778)
= Dactylepis brownei Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 125 (1838), nom. altern.
= Eronema robinsonii Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 125 (1838)
= Grammica americana (L.) Des Moul.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 1: 298 (1854)
= Nemepis americana (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Nemepis brownei Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 125 (1838)
= Nemepis prolifera Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1838), nom. superfl.
species :
Cuscuta andina Phil.; Anales Univ. Chil. 90: 224 (1895)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza); Chile (Maule)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta decora var. integriuscula Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859)
= Cuscuta indecora var. integriuscula (Engelm.) Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 10: 10 (1923)
= Cuscuta racemosa var. andina (Phil.) Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 120: 819 (1907)
species :
Cuscuta angulata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 474 (1859)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta africana Choisy; Cusc. 176 (1841) non Thunb.
= Cuscuta falkiiformis Schltr.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24(3): 449 (1897)
= Cuscuta pentaptera Engelm. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 267 (1932), pro syn.
species :
Cuscuta appendiculata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 503 (1859)
Distribution: South Africa (Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta africana Krauss ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 503 (1859), non Thunb.
= Cuscuta appendiculata var. macroflora Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 153 (1932)
= Grammica appendiculata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta applanata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 479 (1859)
Name: Gila River dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta alata Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 3: 388 (1909)
= Cuscuta chinensis var. applanata (Engelm.) Costea & Stefanovic; Organisms Diversity Evol. 11(5): 383 (2011)
= Grammica applanata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta approximata Bab.; Ann. Nat. Hist. 13: 253 (1844)
subspecies :
subsp. approximata
Name: Alfalfa dodder (EN); Goldgelbe Seide (DE); Trinuela (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; ?Sweden; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria [I]; Greece (incl. Kiklades); C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Egypt (Nile Delta); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife); Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.); N-Tanzania; Siberia (Altai); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Farah, Ghazni, Ghorat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (W-Jordania); China (Xinjiang); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Kurram, Swat, Hazara, Astor, Gilgit, Baltistan); NW-India (Jammu & Kashmir, Dras, Ladakh); Canada [I] (British Columbia [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Idaho [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], Oregon [I], Utah [I], Washington State [I], Wyoming [I])
10 grb 11 aut cze ger hun SWI 12 ADO BAL COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB bul CRO GRC ITA NMA ROM SIC 14 KRY RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR 21 CNY CVI MDR 25 TAN 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN TUR 36 CHI 40 IND PAK 71 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 76 usa 77 usa
Remarks: epithymum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta anthemi A.Nelson; Bot. Gaz. 37: 277 (1904)
= Cuscuta approximata var. schiraziana (Boiss.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 298 (1932)
= Cuscuta approximata var. urceolata Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18(2): 297 (1932)
= Cuscuta asiatica Pall. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 465 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta atlantica Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53: sess. extr. p. 41 (1907)
= Cuscuta atlantica var. subpapillosa Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 42 (1907)
= Cuscuta cupulata Engelm.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 276 (1846)
= Cuscuta epispartos Boiss. & Orph.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 116 (1875)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. approximata (Bab.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France 729 (1937)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. approximata (Bab.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 360 (1908)
= Cuscuta gracilis Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 501 (1901)
= Cuscuta maroccana Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53: sess. extr. p. xl (1907)
= Cuscuta planiflora subsp. approximata (Bab.) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2: 122 (1932)
= Cuscuta planiflora subsp. approximata (Bab.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 507 (1881)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. approximata (Bab.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 465 (1859) (p. p.)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. bullata Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 40 (1907)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. schiraziana (Boiss.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 466 (1859)
= Cuscuta rhodesiana Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 84: 429 (1958)
= Cuscuta schiraziana Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 11: 86 (1849)
= Cuscuta urceolata Kunze; Degen, Fl. Velebit. 2: 562, in adnot., 563 (1937), descr. emend. et ampl.
subspecies :
subsp. macranthera (Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss.) Feinbrun & Greuter; Israel Jour. Bot. 19: 27 (1970)
Distribution: ?Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Greece; Egypt; Turkey; Iran; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I])
13 CRO GRC SIC 20 EGY 34 IRN TUR 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta approximata var. leucosphaera (Boiss. & Heldr.) Boiss. & Heldr. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 299 (1932)
= Cuscuta approximata var. macranthera (Heldr. & Sartori ex Boiss.) Feinbrun & Greuter; Candollea 23: 261 (1968)
= Cuscuta cassiopes Heldr. & Sartori; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 128 (1856)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. cassiopes (Heldr. & Sartori) Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 115 (1875)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. macranthera (Heldr. & Sartori ex Boiss.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
= Cuscuta leucosphaera Boiss. & Heldr.; Sched. Autogr. Herb. Graec. Norm., No. 33 (1857) ex Engelm., Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 465 (1859)
= Cuscuta macranthera Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 126 (1856)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. tendae Rchb. & Rchb.f.; Fl. Germ. & Helv. 18: 86 (1858)
= Cuscuta xanthonema Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta argentinana Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 9: 561 (1922)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
variant :
var. parviflora Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 138 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta atrans Feinbrun; Israel Jour. Bot. 19: 22 (1970)
Distribution: Crete (Lefka Ori, Dikti)
13 KRI
species :
Cuscuta australis R.Br.R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 491 (1810)
subspecies :
subsp. australis
Name: Knöterich-Seide, Südliche Seide (DE)
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; ?Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Botswana; South Africa (Gauteng, Limpopo); Madagascar; Siberia (W-Siberia); Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey; Iran (N-Iran, E-Iran); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; India (Maharashtra); Bangladesh; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (widespread); Singapore [I]; Sumatra; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania); New Caledonia [I]
12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 BUL GRC ITA SIC TUE 14 KRY 20 mor 22 BEN BKN GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE 23 CMN 24 ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZAM 27 BOT SAF 29 MDG 30 SIB 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN IND 41 VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY NWG sng SUM 50 AUS 60 nwc
Remarks: Subgen. Grammica. Correct name disputed, because the type material of C. scandens Brot. is deficient.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta cordofana (Engelm.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 127 (1932)
= Cuscuta grassii Delponte; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 26: 132 (1871)
= Cuscuta hygrophilae H.Pearson; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. 28: t. 2704 (1905 publ. 1891)
= Cuscuta kawakamii Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 5: 125 (1915)
= Cuscuta millettii Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 201 (1837)
= Cuscuta nuda Pilg; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 84 (1924)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. australis (R.Br.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 492 (1859)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. breviflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 493 (1860)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. cordofana Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 493 (1859)
= Cuscuta rogowitschiana Trautv.; Bull. Phys. Math. Acad. Petersb. 13: 376 (1855)
= Cuscuta scandens Brot.; Fl. Lusit. 1: 208 (1804) (disputed synonym, would have priority if valid)
= Cuscuta scandens var. bidentis (Berthold) Kerguélen; Lejeunia 120: 76 (1987)
= Cuscuta sojagena Makino; Ill. Fl. Nippon (Makino) 197 (1940)
= Cuscuta somaxacola Makino; Genshoku yagai shokubutsu zufu 2: 209 (1941)
= Grammica australis (R.Br.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
= Grammica scandens (Brot.) Holub; Preslia 45(4): 359 (1973)
= Grammica scandens subsp. australis (R.Br.) Holub; Preslia 45(4): 359 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 358 (1939)
Name: Knöterich-Seide (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; C-France; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Romania; European Turkey; Greece; European Russia; Crimea; Morocco [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey; N-Iran; Bhutan
11 ger HUN 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 BIH CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT NMA ROM SIC SRB TUE 14 KRY RUS 20 alg mor tun 32 KAZ 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 EAI IRN TUR 40 BHU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta australis subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Feinbrun; Israel Jour. Bot. 19: 19 (1970) isonym
= Cuscuta australis var. cesatiana (Bertol.) Hegi; 2106 (1927)
= Cuscuta australis var. cesatiana (Bertol.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 126 (1932)
= Cuscuta basarabica Buia; Contr. Stud. Cuscuta Romania: 35 (1938)
= Cuscuta breviflora subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 508 (1881)
= Cuscuta cesatiana Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 7: 623 (1851)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 480 (1882)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. cesatiana (Bertol.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 493 (1859)
= Cuscuta planiflora subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 508 (1881)
= Cuscuta polygonorum Ces.; Index Seminum (G, Genevensis) 1849: 22 (1849), nom. illeg., non Engelm.
= Cuscuta scandens subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Greuter & Burdet; Willdenowia 12(2): 194 (1982) isonym
= Cuscuta scandens subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Holub; Preslia 45(4): 359 (1973)
= Cuscuta scandens subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 23(3-4): 382 (1977 publ. 1978), isonym
= Grammica basarabica (Buia) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
= Grammica cesatiana (Bertol.) Chrtek; Fl. Slovenska 4(4): 558 (1988)
= Grammica scandens subsp. cesatiana (Bertol.) Holub; Preslia 45: 259 (1973)
subspecies :
subsp. tineoi (Inzenga) Feinbrun; Israel J. Bot. 19: 19 (1970)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Germany; Switzerland [I]; ?Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Hungary [I]; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); Turkey (N-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran)
11 GER hun net pol swi 12 COR FRA 13 BUL CRO ITA ROM SIC SLV TUE 14 RUS UKR 31 rfe 34 IRN TUR
Remarks: often spelled ´tinei´
Synonyms: hidden
= Cassutha chrysocoma Des Moul.; Étud. Cuscut.: 71 (1853)
= Cuscuta aurantiaca Req. ex Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 7: 623 (1850)
= Cuscuta australis subsp. breviflora (Vis.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. no. s. 1: 112 (1949)
= Cuscuta australis var. bidentis (Berthiot) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 728 (1937)
= Cuscuta australis var. breviflora (Vis.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 728 (1937)
= Cuscuta australis var. tineoi (Inzenga) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 126 (1932)
= Cuscuta bidentis Berthiot; Billotia 1: 15 (1864)
= Cuscuta breviflora subsp. rogowitschiana (Trautv.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 508 (1881)
= Cuscuta breviflora Vis.; Fl. Dalmat. 2: 231 (1847)
= Cuscuta chrysocoma Welw. ex Des Moul.; Étud. Cuscut.: 71 (1853)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora subsp. breviflora (Vis.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 480 (1882)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. bidentis (Berthiot) Rouy; Fl. France 10: 361 (1908)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. brevifolia (Vis.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 493 (1859)
= Cuscuta tineoi Inzenga; Tineo, Pl. Rar. Sicil. 14 (1817)
= Grammica australis subsp. tineoi (Inzenga) Dostál; Folia Mus. Rer. Nat. Bohem. Occid., Bot. 21: 10 (1984)
= Grammica bidentis (Berthiot) Royer; Fl. Côte-d´Or: 244 (1881)
= Grammica chrysocoma (Welw. ex Des Moul.) Des Moul.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 298 (1854)
species :
Cuscuta azteca Costea & Stefanovic; Organisms Diversity Evol. 11(5): 381 (2011)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (San Luis Potosi, Chihuahua, Durango, México Distrito Federal, Hidalgo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta potosina var. globifera Schaffner ex Yuncker; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 130 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta babylonica Aucher ex Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat Geneve 9: 270 (1842)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Baghlan); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley)
32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta peduncularis Kotschy ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 453 (1845)
= Cuscuta viticis Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 27: 394 (1913)
variant :
var. elegans (Boiss. & Balansa) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 461 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta elegans Boiss. & Balansa; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 129 (1856)
species :
Cuscuta balansae Boiss. & Reut. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 468 (1859)
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Turkey; Iran; Afghanistan (Badakshan); Lebanon; Syria
13 GRC 34 AFG IRN LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta brevistyla var. globulosa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 468 (1859)
= Cuscuta globulosa Boiss. & Reut.; Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 126 (1856), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta palaestina subsp. balansae (Boiss. & Reut. ex Engelm.) Plitmann; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 6: 230 (1978)
species :
Cuscuta bella Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 203 (1932)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Cuscuta bifurcata Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 131 (1932)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Cuscuta blepharolepis Welw. ex Hiern; Cat. Welw. Afr. Pl. 1: 743 (1898)
Distribution: Guinea; Angola
22 GUI 26 ANG
species :
Cuscuta boldinghii Urb.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 38 (1919)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Grenada; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Venezuela; Venezuela (Bolívar, Falcon, Guarico, Lara); Peru; N-Brazil (Acre); NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Piauí, Bahia, Sergipe); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ARU BON CUR GRE HIS 82 VEN 83 PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta ceratophora Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 28 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta boliviana Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 9: 565 (1922)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan, San Luis)
83 BOL 85 ARG
variant :
var. paranensis Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 142 (1947)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta bonafortunae Costea & I.García; Botany 89(10): 724 (2011)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan, Guanajuato)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta brachycalyx (Yunck.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 159 (1932)
Name: San Joaquin dodder
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta californica var. brachycalyx Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2 3: 62, fig. 45, 75 (1921)
variant :
var. apodanthera (Yunck.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 159 (1932)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta californica var. apodanthera Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2-3: 62 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta bracteata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 509 (1859)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica bracteata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta brevistyla A.Braun; A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 79 (1851)
Distribution: Spain; Sardinia; Italy; Albania; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Morocco; Algeria; ?Tunisia; Libya; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Farah, Ghazni, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Logar, Parwan); Lebanon (Antilebanon); Syria (Jazira, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Jordania (W-Jordania); W-Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral)
12 SAR SPA 13 ALB GRC ITA TUE 20 ALG LBY MOR 32 KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR TUR 36 TIB 40 PAK
Remarks: status uncertain, frequently included in C. planiflora
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta araratica Butkov; Kom., Fl. URSS 19: 703 (1953)
= Cuscuta brevistyla var. biloba Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 41 (1907)
= Cuscuta elegans Noë ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 468 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. araratica (Butkov) Kamelin; Fl. Armenii 7: 179 (1980)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. biloba (Trab.) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 584 (1934)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. brevistyla (A.Rich.) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 583 (1934)
= Cuscuta subuniflora K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 748 (1849)
species :
Cuscuta bucharica Palib.; J. Russe Bot. 28 (1915), descr.
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Monogynella bucharica (Palib.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta burrellii Yunck.; Contrib. Sci. Los Angeles County Mus., No. 3, 1 (1957)
Distribution: Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta californica Choisy; Cusc. 183, Hook. & Arn. Bot. Beech. Voy. 364 (1841)
Name: Chaparral dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta acuminata Nutt. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 498 (1859)
= Cuscuta californica var. graciliflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 499 (1859)
= Cuscuta californica var. longiloba Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 499 (1859)
= Grammica californica (Choisy) Hadac& Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
variant :
var. apiculata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 499 (1859)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
variant :
var. papillosa Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2-3: 62, fig. 76 (1921)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Cuscuta callinema Butkov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 11: 14 (1948)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Cuscuta campestris Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 138 (1932), nom. cons.
Distribution: England [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Baleares [I]; France [I]; ?Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; San Marino [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Bosnia & Hercegovina [I]; Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; European Turkey [I]; Greece [I]; Crete [I]; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus [I]; C-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco [I]; Egypt [I] (Desert Oases [I], Nile Delta [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Guinea [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Togo [I]; São Tomé [I]; Chad [I]; Sudan [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; Uganda [I]; Kenya [I]; Tanzania [I]; Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Lesotho [I]; Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Siberia [I] (Chita [I], W-Siberia [I]); Russian Far East [I] (Khabarovsk [I], Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan [I]; Turkmenistan [I]; Uzbekistan [I]; Kyrgyzstan [I]; Tajikistan [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Turkey [I] (E-Anatolia [I], Inner Anatolia [I], NE-Anatolia [I], NW-Anatolia: Bithynia [I], SSW-Anatolia [I], SW-Anatolia [I]); Iraq [I] (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia [I]); Afghanistan [I]; Cyprus [I] (E-Cyprus [I]); Lebanon [I] (Antilebanon [I], C-Lebanon [I]); Israel [I] (coastal W-Israel [I], Rift Valley [I]); Qatar [I]; Yemen [I] (Tihama [I], W-Yemen [I]); China [I] (Fujian [I], Xinjiang [I]); South Korea [I]; Japan [I] (Hokkaido [I], Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Bhutan [I]; India [I] (Maharashtra [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Thailand [I]; Vietnam [I]; peninsular Malaysia [I]; Sumatra [I]; Borneo [I]; Sulawesi [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Lesser Sunda Isl. [I]; New Guinea [I]; Bismarck Arch. [I]; Solomon Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (S-Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I]); American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I]); N-Line Isl. [I] (Kiritimati [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Pohnpei [I], Yap [I]); Hawaii [I] (Oahu [I], West Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Zacatecas); Belize; Bahamas [I]; Cuba; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Puerto Rico; Navassa Isl.; Guadeloupe [I]; Marie-Galante [I]; Martinique [I]; Trinidad; Aruba [I]; Bonaire [I]; Curacao [I]; Venezuela [I]; Chile [I] (Tarapacá [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I], Araucanía [I], Los Rios [I])
10 grb 11 aut bgm cze ger hun net pol slo swi 12 bal fra por spa 13 alb bih bul cro grc ita kri nma rom slv sma tue 14 blr est kry lat lit rus ukr 20 egy mor 21 cny 22 bkn gui tog 23 sao 24 cha eri eth sud 25 ken tan uga 26 zam zim 27 bot les nam saf swz 29 mau mdg reu 30 sib 31 rfe 32 kaz kgz tkm tzk uzb 33 geo 34 afg cyp eai irq isr leb tur 35 qat yem 36 chi 38 jap kor nns 40 ban bhu ind 41 tha vie 42 bor jaw lsi mly nwg phi sul sum 43 bis sol 50 aus 51 nzl 60 asa fij nue nwc rot sam 61 coo lin sci 62 mic 63 haw 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ 81 aru bah bon CUB cur gdl HIS JAM mar NAV PUE TRT 82 ven 85 cle
Remarks: This species has often been included in C. pentagona. Distribution records for introductions are mostly confused between both. The majority of the Old World introduced records probably belongs to C. campestris.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta arvensis Beyr. ex Engelm.; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. States, ed. 2: 336 (1856)
= Cuscuta arvensis Beyr. ex Hook.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 77 (1803)
= Cuscuta arvensis var. capsici Degen & Linhart; Z. Pflanzenkrankh. 1: 495 (1907)
= Cuscuta gymnocarpa subsp. deflexa Buia; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 496 (1859)
= Cuscuta kamelorum Pavlov; Vestn. Akad. Nauk Kazakhsk. S.S.R. 8: 20 (1950)
= Cuscuta pentagona var. subulata Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 10: 3 (1923)
= Epithymum arvense (Beyr. ex Engelm.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 511 (1916)
= Grammica campestris (Yunck.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta capitata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 12 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 468 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 448 (1832)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai); Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan); Pakistan (Chitral, Astor, Baltistan); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir)
30 SIB 32 TZK UZB 34 AFG 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Anthanema capitata Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1836)
= Cuscuta capitata var. varzobica Yunusov; Fl. Tadzhiksk. S.S.R. 7: 525 (1984)
= Cuscuta pulchella var. altaica Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 472 (1859)
= Cuscuta rosea Jacquem. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 473 (1859), nom. inval.
species :
Cuscuta carnosa Costea & I.García; Botany 89: 724 (2011)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta cassytoides Nees; Linnaea 20: 196 (1847), nomen ex Engelm. in Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 513 (1859)
Name: African dodder
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; New Caledonia [I]; USA [I] (North Carolina [I])
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ ZAM 27 SAF SWZ 29 MDG 60 nwc 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta reflexa Decne.; Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 394 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Monogynella cassytoides (Nees ex Engelm.) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Praze Prír., 161(1-4): 66 (1992 publ. 1993)
species :
Cuscuta castroviejoi M.A.García; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 36(3): 167 (1999)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Cuscuta cephalanthi Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 336. t. 6, f. 1-6 (1842)
Name: Buttonbush dodder
Distribution: Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario); USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta tenuiflora Engelm.; London J. Bot. 2: 197 (1843)
= Epithymum cephalanthi (Engelm.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 4: 511 (1916)
= Grammica cephalanthi (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 220 (1973)
= Grammica cephalanthi (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973), isonym
species :
Cuscuta chapalana Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 28 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta chilensis Ker Gawl.; Bot. Reg. t. 603 (1822)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Neuquen); Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta aurea Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 90: 224 (1895), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta odorata Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 276 (1841 publ. 1842), nom. illeg. [Cusc.: 180]
= Cuscuta odorata Poepp. ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 455 (1845), pro syn.
species :
Cuscuta chinensis Lam.; Encyc. 2: 229 (1786)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Sudan; Eritrea; Djibouti; Soqotra; Seychelles [I]; Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran); China; Mongolia; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind); Nepal; India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; Australia (Queensland)
20 EGY 24 DJI ERI SOC SUD 29 sey 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 IRN IRQ 36 CHI 37 MON 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta capillaris Wall.; Numer. List no. 1321 (1829) ex G. Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 305 (1837)
= Cuscuta capillaris Wall. ex Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6: 499 (1834)
= Cuscuta carinata R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 491 (1810)
= Cuscuta chinensis var. carinata (R.Br.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 480 (1859)
= Cuscuta chinensis var. minor Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 280 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 184]
= Cuscuta chinensis var. trigyna Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 280 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 184]
= Cuscuta exigua Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 480 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta fimbriata Bunge ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 480 (1859)
= Cuscuta hyalina Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: t. 1372 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta maritima Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 1: 30 (1917)
= Cuscuta sulcata Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 12 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 467 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 447 (1832) ex G. Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 305 (1837), descr.
= Grammica aphylla Lour.; Fl. Cochinch.: 171 (1790)
= Grammica chinensis (Lam.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 445 (1970)
= Pentake chinense (Lam.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1836)
variant :
var. ciliaris (Hohen. & Boiss.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 480 (1859)
Distribution: Iraq; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kandahar); India (Maharashtra)
34 AFG IRQ 40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta ciliaris Hohen.; Boiss. Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 129 (1856)
species :
Cuscuta chittagongensis Sengupta, M.S.Khan & Huq; Bangladesh J. Bot. 12(1): 33 (1983)
Distribution: Bangladesh
40 BAN
species :
Cuscuta choisiana Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 38 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta cockerellii Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 230 (1932)
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta colombiana Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 73: 570 (1946)
Distribution: Colombia (La Guajira, Magdalena); Venezuela (Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico)
82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta aristeguietae Yunck.; Acta Biol. Venezuela 3: 99 (1961)
species :
Cuscuta compacta Juss. ex Choisy; Cusc. 185. t. 4, f. 2 (1841)
Name: Compact dodder
Distribution: Canada (Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta acaulis Raf.; Ann. Nat. 1: 13 (1820)
= Cuscuta compacta var. adpressa (Engelm.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 511 (1859)
= Cuscuta coronata Beyr. ex Hook.; Compan. Bot. Mag. 1: 173 (1835), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta fruticum Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 312 (1850)
= Cuscuta glomerata var. adpressa (Engelm.) Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 458 (1845)
= Cuscuta imbricata Nutt. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 511 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta remotiflora Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 2: 312 (1850)
= Lepidanche adpressa Engelm.; Hook. Lond. J. Bot. 2: 194,198 (1842)
variant :
var. efimbriata Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, pt. 2-3: 77, fig. 54 (1921)
Name: Compact dodder
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
species :
Cuscuta convallariiflora Pavlov; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou, Biol., no. s. 47: 82 (1938)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kadurias convallariiflora (Pavlov) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
= Monogynella convallariiflora (Pavlov) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Praze Prír., 161(1-4): 66 (1992 publ. 1993)
species :
Cuscuta corniculata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 504 (1859)
Distribution: Colombia (Meta); Venezuela (Apure); NE-Brazil (Bahia); WC-Brazil (Goiás); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul)
82 CLM VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta corniculata var. sphaerocyma Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 504 (1859)
= Grammica corniculata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta coryli Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 337 (1842)
Name: Hazel dodder
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Ontario, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta compacta var. crenulata (Engelm.) Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 459 (1845)
= Cuscuta congesta Beyr. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta coryli var. stylosa Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 337 (1842)
= Cuscuta crenulata Engelm.; London J. Bot. 2: 197 (1843)
= Cuscuta inflexa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859)
= Cuscuta parviflora Nutt. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta umbrosa Beyr. ex Engelm.; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. States: 351 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Epithymum coryli (Engelm.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 511 (1916)
= Grammica coryli (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
= Grammica coryli (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973), isonym
species :
Cuscuta corymbosa Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 69 (1798)
Distribution: New Caledonia [I]; Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan); Isla Guadalupe; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Colombia (Cauca, Norte de Santander, Santander); Ecuador; Peru
60 nwc 79 GLP MEX 80 COS NIC 82 CLM 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta corymbosa var. microlepis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 484 (1859)
= Cuscuta corymbosa var. patens (Benth.) Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 377 (1871)
= Cuscuta cymosa Willd. ex Schult.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 6: 205 (1820)
= Cuscuta inclusa Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 275 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 179]
= Cuscuta laxiflora Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulphur: 138 (1845)
= Cuscuta patens Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulphur: 35 (1844)
= Cuscuta popayanensis Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 123 (1818)
= Kadula corymbosa (Ruiz & Pav.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1838)
variant :
var. grandiflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 483 (1859)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Nayarit, Jalisco, Michoacan, México State, México Distrito Federal, Morelos, Guerrero); El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Colombia; Venezuela (Aragua, Merida, Tachira); Bolivia (La Paz)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS HON NIC 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL
variant :
var. stylosa (Choisy) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 484 (1859)
Distribution: Mexico (Yucatan, Baja California Sur, México Distrito Federal, Guerrero, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Queretaro, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta stylosa Choisy; Cusc. 187. t. 5, f. 2 (1841)
species :
Cuscuta costaricensis Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 227 (1932)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, San Luis Potosi); Guatemala; Costa Rica; Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Monagas)
79 MEX 80 COS GUA 82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta odontolepis var. fimbriata Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2 3: 39, fig. 7 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta cotijana Costea & I.García; Brittonia 60(3): 235 (2008)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Jalisco, Michoacan)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta cozumeliensis Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 49: 108 (1922)
Distribution: Mexico (Quintana Roo, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Cuscuta cristata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 507 (1859)
Distribution: Uruguay (Colonia); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, La Rioja, Santiago del Estero)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica cristata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
variant :
var. chacoensis Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 132 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Chaco, Santa Fe)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta cuspidata Engelm. & A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 5: 224 (1845)
Name: Cusp dodder (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Mississippi, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta cuspidata var. humida Engelm.; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 224 (1845)
= Cuscuta cuspidata var. pratensis Engelm.; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 224 (1845)
= Grammica cuspidata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
= Grammica cuspidata (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973), isonym
species :
Cuscuta decipiens Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 55 (1921)
Name: Trans-Pecos dodder
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Coahuila, Durango, Zacatecas)
77 USA 79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta deltoidea Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 44 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta deltoidea var. serrulata Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 62: 512 (1935)
= Cuscuta serruloba Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 69: 542 (1942)
species :
Cuscuta dentatasquamata Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 49: 107 (1922)
Name: Los pinitos dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta denticulata Engelm.; Am. Natural. 9: 348 (1875)
Name: Desert dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Utah, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Hidalgo, Queretaro, Veracruz)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica denticulata (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta desmouliniana Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 40 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Sonora)
79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta desmouliniana var. attenuiloba Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 131 (1921)
= Cuscuta umbellata var. dubia Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 133 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta difficilis Stefanovic & Costea; Syst. Bot. 45(3): 642 (2020)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Cuscuta draconella Costea & Stefanovic; Syst. Bot. 34(3): 577 (2009)
Distribution: USA (Texas, New Mexico)
77 USA
species :
Cuscuta durangana Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 49: 109 (1922)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Hidalgo, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta elpassiana Pavlov; Vestnik Akad. Nauk Kazak. SSR, No. 5 (86) 90 (1952)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Cuscuta epilinum Weihe; Arch. Apothekerver. Nördl. Teutschl. 8: 50 (1824), et ex Boenn., Prodr. Fl. Monast. Westphal. 75 (1824)
Name: Flachs-Seide (DE); Flax dodder (EN)
Distribution: +Norway; +Sweden; +Finland; +Netherlands; +Luxembourg; Germany (+Brandenburg, +Berlin, +Baden-Württemberg, +Bayern, +Hessen, +Hamburg, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, +Nordrhein-Westfalen, +Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, +Sachsen, +Sachsen-Anhalt, +Thüringen); +Switzerland; +Austria; +Poland; +Slovakia; +Hungary; +Portugal; +Spain; +France; +Corsica; +Sardinia; +Italy; +Sicily; +Slovenia; +Croatia; +Romania; +Bulgaria; +Estonia; +Latvia; +Lithuania; +Belarus; +European Russia; +Ukraine; +Morocco; +Algeria; +Egypt (+Great Southwestern Desert, +Nile Delta); +Ethiopia; +Uganda; +Kenya; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], W-Siberia [I]); +Russian Far East [I] (+Primorye [I]); +Kazakhstan; +Kyrgyzstan; +Uzbekistan; +Tajikistan; +Northern Caucasus; +Armenia; Iran (+W-Iran); Israel (+coastal W-Israel); +Taiwan; +Canada [I] (+Manitoba [I], +Ontario [I], +Québec [I]); USA [I] (+Delaware [I], +Massachusetts [I], +Maryland [I], +Michigan [I], +New Jersey [I], +New York [I], +Ohio [I], +Pennsylvania [I], +Vermont [I], +Washington State [I]); +Argentina [I]
10 FIN NOR SWE 11 AUT GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 BUL CRO ITA ROM SIC SLV 14 BLR EST LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR 24 ETH 25 KEN UGA 30 sib 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM NCS 34 IRN ISR 38 TAI 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 75 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Remarks: worldwide extinct but survives in cultivation
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta aggregata Roxb.; Fl. Ind. 1: 467 (1820), nom. utique rej. prop.
= Cuscuta densiflora Soy.-Will.; Mem. Soc. Linn. Par. 1: 26 (1822), et 4: 281 (1826)
= Cuscuta linodesmon Gesner ex Des Moul.; Étud. Cuscut.: 64 (1853)
= Cuscuta major W.D.J.Koch & Ziz; Cat. Pl. Palat.: 5 (1814)
= Cuscuta vulgaris J.Presl & C.Presl; Fl. Cech.: 56 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Epilinella cuscutoides Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 3: 673 (1845)
species :
Cuscuta epithymum (L.) L.; Fl. Monsp. [Linnaeus] 10 (1756)
Name: Quendel-Seide (DE); Clover Dodder (EN)
Distribution: England; Ireland; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Andorra; Baleares; France; Channel Isl.; Corsica; ?Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Islas Selvagens; South Africa [I]; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Farah, Wardak); Cyprus (N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert); ?Pakistan (?Hindukush, ?Skardu); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Connecticut [I], Iowa [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Dakota [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], West Virginia [I], Wyoming [I]); Argentina [I]
10 DEN FIN GRB IRE NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO BAL CIS COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MLT MNT NMA PEL PTL ROM SIC SLV SMA SRB TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG LBY MOR TUN 21 MDR SEL 27 saf 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR 50 aus 51 ctm nzl 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 85 arg
Remarks: epithymum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta acutiflora Rota; Parl. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: 286 (1847)
= Cuscuta alpicola Brügger; Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s. 29: 45 (1884-1885 publ. 1886)
= Cuscuta alpina Kotschy ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 453 (1845)
= Cuscuta aragonensis Sennen; Diagn. Nouv.: 262 (1936)
= Cuscuta barbuvea (Brot.) Samp.; Man. Fl. Port. 384 (1913), et Bol. Soc. Brot. Ser. II. 10: 242 (1935)
= Cuscuta calliopes Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
= Cuscuta campanulata Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 239 (1812)
= Cuscuta coriariae Sennen & Pau; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 245 (1914)
= Cuscuta epithymiphyta St.-Lag.; Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 124 (1880)
= Cuscuta epithymum proles gracilior Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 338 (1908)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. micrantha (Boiss.) O.Schwarz; 111 (1949)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. alba (J.Presl & C.Presl) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1(3): 463 (1859)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. cardianthera Beck; Fl. Nied.-Oesterr. 2: 949 (1893)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. decipiens Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 438 (1938)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. lutea A.F.Schwarz; 535 (1900)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. pallens Lagr.-Foss.; Fl. Tarn: 252 (1847)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. purpurea A.F.Schwarz; 535 (1900)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. rubella Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1(3): 463 (1859)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. subobtusata Maire & Sauvage; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 184 (1945)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. ulicis Rouy; Fl. France 10: 356 (1908)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. withaniae Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 26: 218 (1935)
= Cuscuta equiseti Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 42: 238 (1904)
= Cuscuta ericae Sennen; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 225 (1914)
= Cuscuta europaea var. barbuvea Brot.; Phytogr. Lusitan. Select. 2: 192 (1827 publ. 1835)
= Cuscuta europaea var. epithymum L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 124 (1753)
= Cuscuta hygrogenes Gand.; Fl. Lyon.: 159 (1875)
= Cuscuta intermedia Schur; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 42: 238 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta minor DC.; 644 (1815), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta minor Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 345 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Cuscuta minor var. pallens Boreau; Fl. Centre France 2: 308 (1840)
= Cuscuta muelleri Strail; Bull. Soc. Bot. Belg. 2: 326, 327 (1863)
= Cuscuta novae-zealandiae Kirk; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 20: 183 (1888), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta planiflora W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 570 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta ruficaulis Gand.; Fl. Lyon.: 159 (1875)
= Cuscuta sarothamni Brügger; Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s. 29: 46 (1884-1885 publ. 1886)
= Cuscuta stenantha Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53: sess. extr. p. 38 (1907)
= Cuscuta stenoloba Bornm. & Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 26: 56 (1924)
= Cuscuta subtincta Gand.; Fl. Lyon.: 159 (1875)
= Cuscuta ulicis Godr.; Mém. Soc. Natl. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 19: 193 (1875)
= Cuscuta zizyphi-loti Sennen; Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 32: 101 (1932)
= Epithymum cuscutoides Opiz; Seznam, 40 (1852)
= Lepimenes epithymum (L.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
variant :
var. alba (C.Presl) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 37 (1907)
Distribution: Sicily; Greece; ?Morocco; Algeria; Turkmenistan; etc.
13 GRC SIC 20 ALG 32 TKM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta acuminata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 88 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta alba C.Presl; Delic. Prag. 87 (1822), et ex Degen, Fl. Velebit. 2: 560 (1937)
= Cuscuta epithymum f. alba (C.Presl) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 463 (1859)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. alba (C.Presl) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital.: 480 (1882)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. micrantha Engelm. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 116. (1879)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. subulata (Tineo) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. extr. Oran: xxxviii: "1906" (1907)
= Cuscuta gracilior var. albida Rouy; Fl. France 10: 358 (1908)
= Cuscuta gussonii Gasp. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 463 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta microcephala Welw. ex Des Moul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 76 (1853)
= Cuscuta subulata Tineo; Guss. Fl. Sic. Syn. 2: 888 (1844)
= Succuta alba (C.Presl) Desmoul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 74 (1853)
variant :
var. angustissima (Engelm.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 285 (1932)
Distribution: France; Italy; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I]); Chile [I] (Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Araucanía [I])
12 FRA 13 ITA 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. angustissima Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 463 (1859)
= Cuscuta gracilior Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 358 (1908)
variant :
var. corsicana Yunck.; R. de Litardière, Prodr. Fl. Corse 3(2): 83 (1955)
Distribution: Corsica
12 COR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. corsicana (Yunck.) Lambinon; Soc. Ech. Pl. Vasc. E. Bassin Médit. Bull. 24: 63 (1993)
variant :
var. kotschyi (Des Moul.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1(3): 463 (1859)
Distribution: Switzerland; Portugal; Spain; Baleares; France; Corsica; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Bulgaria; Greece; Ukraine; Crimea; Turkey; Iran; Jordania
11 SWI 12 BAL COR FRA POR SPA 13 BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA SLV SRB 14 KRY UKR 34 IRN JOR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. kotschyi (Des Moul.) Arcang.; Comp. Fl. Ital. 480 (1882)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. rubricaulis Engelm. ex Rchb. & Rchb.f.; Fl. Germ. & Helv. 18: 86 (1858)
= Cuscuta gracilior var. kotschyi (Des Moul.) Rouy; Fl. France 10: 359 (1908)
= Cuscuta kotschyi Des Moul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 56 (1853)
variant :
var. rubella (Engelm.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 37 (1907)
Distribution: Tunisia; Syria
20 TUN 34 SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum f. minor Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 37 (1907)
= Cuscuta epithymum f. rubella Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 463 (1859)
= Cuscuta gracilior var. rubella (Engelm.) Rouy; Fl. France 10: 359 (1908)
variant :
var. sagittanthera Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
Distribution: Tunisia
20 TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum f. sagittanthera (Engelm.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 37 (1907)
variant :
var. scabrella (Engelm.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 287 (1932)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Greece; Turkey
13 GRC ITA SIC 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum f. scabrella Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 464 (1859)
= Cuscuta scabrella (Engelm.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 38 (1907)
variant :
var. trifolii (Bab.) Trab.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 597 (1890)
Name: Klee-Seide (DE)
Distribution: Europe; Germany [I]; European Russia; North Africa
11 ger 14 RUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum proles trifolii (Bab.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 337 (1908)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. trifolii (Bab.) Berher; Fl. Vosges [Louis] ed. 2: 164 (1887)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. trifolii (Bab.) Hegi; Quatre Fl. France 729 (1937), isonym
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. trifolii (Bab.) Simonk.; Enum. Fl. Transsilv. 400 (1887), isonym
= Cuscuta epithymum var. trifolii (Bab.) A.G.Ham.; J. Proc. Roy. Soc. New S. Wales 26 (1892), isonym
= Cuscuta minor var. trifolii (Bab.) Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 453 (1845)
= Cuscuta stenoloba Bornm. & O.Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. (Beih.) 26: 56 (1924)
= Cuscuta trifolii Bab.; Gibson, Phytolog. 1: 467 (1843)
= Cuscuta trifolii var. muelleri Rouy; Fl. France 10: 358 (1908)
= Cuscuta trifolii var. strailii F.Mull.; Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 3: 388 (1864)
species :
Cuscuta erosa Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 26 (1921)
Name: Sonoran dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Sonora, Veracruz)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta europaea L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 124 (1753)
Name: Europäische Seide, Nessel-Seide (DE), Greater dodder (EN)
Distribution: England; Denmark; Norway; Sweden; Finland; Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland, Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; ?Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Andorra; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Malta; +San Marino; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; N-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Algeria [I]; Libya [I]; Siberia (Altai, Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia, Yakutia); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye, Sakhalin); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Ghorat, Kunar / Nuristan, Parwan, Takhar); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); China (Gansu, Heilongjiang, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan); Tibet; Mongolia; Japan (Hokkaido); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Astor); NW-India (Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashhmir, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Ladakh, Leh); Myanmar; Australia (Western Australia, Victoria); USA [I] (Maine [I])
10 DEN FIN GRB NOR SWE 11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 ADO COR FRA SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA MLT MNT NMA PEL ROM SLV SMA TUE 14 BLR EST KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 alg lby 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ LEB TUR 36 CHI TIB 37 MON 38 JAP 40 IND PAK 41 MYA 50 AUS 75 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cassytha major Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 346 (1821 publ. 1822)
= Cuscuta brachystyla K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 747 (1849)
= Cuscuta capillaris Edgew.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 86 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta epicnidea Bernh.; Thür. Gartenz. 4: 4 (1844)
= Cuscuta epilinum var. halophyta (Fr.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 2: 76 (1832)
= Cuscuta epitriphyllum Bernh.; Thür. Gartenz. 4: 4 (1844)
= Cuscuta europaea f. conocarpa (Engelm.) Hegi; 2101 (1927)
= Cuscuta europaea subsp. halophyta (Fr.) Hartm.; Handb. Skand. Fl. ed. 5: 38 (1849)
= Cuscuta europaea var. conocarpa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 469 (1859)
= Cuscuta europaea var. epilobii Aresch.; Revis. Cusc. Suec.: 16 (1853)
= Cuscuta europaea var. epilobii Kindb.; 118 (1861)
= Cuscuta europaea var. legitima Aresch.; Revis. Cuscut. Sueciae: 15 (1853), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta europaea var. major Merrem; 61 (1809)
= Cuscuta europaea var. pontica K.Koch; Linnaea 19: 19 (1847)
= Cuscuta europaea var. schugnanica Fed.; Trudy Bot. Muz. Imp. Akad. Nauk 1: 152 (1902)
= Cuscuta europaea var. tenuior Wahlenb.; Fl. Upsal.: 55 (1820)
= Cuscuta europaea var. vacua Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 2: 504 (1853)
= Cuscuta filiformis Lam.; Fl. Franç. 2: 307 (1779), nom. superfl.
= Cuscuta halophila Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 469 (1859)
= Cuscuta halophyta Fr.; Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 1: 8 (1832)
= Cuscuta hyalina Boiss. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 469 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta ligustri Aresch.; Revis. Cusc. Suec.: 17 (1853)
= Cuscuta major DC.; 644 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta major Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 18 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Cuscuta major var. ambigens Rouy; Fl. France 10: 356 (1908)
= Cuscuta major var. varia Gren. & Godr.; Fl. France Corse 2: 504 (1850)
= Cuscuta monogyna Schmidt ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 469 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta segetum Rota; Parl. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: Ann. II. 286 (1847)
= Cuscuta sepium Pers.; Schaub, 236 (1799), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta solani Holuby; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 24: 304 (1874)
= Cuscuta tetrandra Moench; Methodus: 461 (1794), nom. superfl.
= Cuscuta tetrasperma Jan ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 469 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta tubulosa J.Presl & C.Presl; Delic. Prag. 215 (1822)
= Cuscuta urceolata Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 238 (1812), nom. superfl.
= Cuscuta urticae W.D.J.Koch & Schnizl.; Allg. Thüring. Gartenzeitung 4: 128 (1845)
= Cuscuta vulgaris Gaterau; Descr. Pl. Montauban: 45 (1789)
= Cuscuta vulgaris Pers.; Syn. Pl. 1: 289 (1805), nom. superfl.
variant :
var. nefrens Fr.; Summa Veg. Scand.: 191 (1845)
Name: Kleinschuppige Europäische Seide (DE)
Distribution: Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta europaea subsp. nefrens (Fr.) O.Schwarz; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges., n.s. 1: 111 (1949)
= Cuscuta europaea subsp. schkuhriana (Pfeiff.) Gosselman; Blekinges Fl. 49 (1865)
= Cuscuta europaea var. podolica Tacik; Pawl., 125, 123 (1963)
= Cuscuta europaea var. schkuhriana (Pfeiff.) Döll; 794 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta europaea var. vacua Gren.; 504 (1853)
= Cuscuta major var. nefrens Fr.; Summa Veg. Scand. 1: 191 (1841)
= Cuscuta schkuhriana Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 3: 673 (1845)
variant :
var. viciae Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 469 (1859)
Name: Wicken-Seide (DE)
Distribution: Europe
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta europaea subsp. viciae (Engelm.) Ganesch.; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 18: 286 (1928)
= Cuscuta europaea subsp. viciae (Schönh.) Vollm.; 603 (1914)
= Cuscuta europaea var. viciae (Schönh.) Engelm.; 469 (1859)
= Cuscuta major var. viciae (W.D.J.Koch & Schnizl.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 19 (1859)
= Cuscuta viciae Schönh.; 128 (1845)
= Cuscuta viciae Schultz ex Des Moul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 77 (1853)
= Cuscuta viciae W.D.J.Koch & Schnizl.; Allg. Thüring. Gartenzeitung 4: 128 (1845)
species :
Cuscuta exaltata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 513 (1859)
Name: Tall dodder
Distribution: USA (Florida, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta gamostyla Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 513 (1859)
= Monogynella exaltata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta ferganensis Butkov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 11: 13 (1948)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan (Ferghana)
32 KGZ UZB
species :
Cuscuta flossdorfii Hicken; Darwiniana 1: 31 (1922)
Distribution: Argentina (Cordoba, La Rioja, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta brevisquamata Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 9: 560 (1922)
variant :
var. microstyla Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 136 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (La Rioja)
85 ARG
variant :
var. pampagrandensis Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 137 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Salta)
85 ARG
variant :
var. tucumanensis Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 137 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Tucuman)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta foetida Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 122 (1818)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta corymbosa Juss. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 478 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta foetida var. pycnantha (Benth.) Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 9: 566 (1922)
= Cuscuta pycnantha Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 226 (1843)
= Grammica foetida (Humb.Bonpl. & Kunth) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta friesii Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 185 (1932)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta genesaretana Sroëlov; Feinbrun & Taub., Israel J. Bot. 13: 5 (1964)
Distribution: Israel (Rift Valley)
34 ISR
species :
Cuscuta gerrardii Baker; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 4: II. 84 (1904)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta cucullata Yunck.; Candollea 3: 317 (1928)
species :
Cuscuta gigantea Griff.; Not. Pl. Asiat. 1: 243 (1847)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Ghazni, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar); Tibet; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Hazara); Nepal
32 KGZ TZK 34 AFG 36 TIB 40 NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Monogynella gigantea (Griff.) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Praze Prír., 161(1-4): 66 (1992 publ. 1993)
= Kadurias gigantea (Griff.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
variant :
var. engelmannii (Korsh.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 256 (1932)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta engelmannii Korsh.; Zap. Imp. Akad. Nauk Fiz.-Mat. Otd., ser. 8, 4: 95 (1895)
species :
Cuscuta glabrior (Engelm.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 140 (1932)
Name: Bushclover dodder
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah); Mexico (Valle de Mexico, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, etc.)
74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta arvensis var. verrucosa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 495 (1859)
= Cuscuta glabrior f. pedicellata Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 141 (1932)
= Cuscuta pentagona var. glabrior (Engelm.) Gandhi, R.D.Thomas & S.L.Hatch; Sida 12(2): 372 (1987)
= Cuscuta pentagona var. verrucosa (Engelm.) Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 52 (1921)
= Cuscuta verrucosa Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 341 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta verrucosa var. glabrior Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 341 (1842)
variant :
var. pubescens (Engelm.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 141 (1932)
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta arvensis var. pubescens Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 495 (1859)
= Cuscuta pentagona var. pubescens (Engelm.) Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2-3: 52 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta globiflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 520 (1859)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta grossa Engelm. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 194 (1932)
species :
Cuscuta globosa Ridl.; J. Proc. Linn. Soc. 27: 48 (1890)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Paraíba, Pernambuco); Fernando Noronha Isl.
84 BRA FNI
species :
Cuscuta globulosa Benth.; Bot. Voy. Sulph. 138 (1844)
Name: West Indian dodder
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Yucatan); Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Tortola); St. Barthélémy; Antigua; Montserrat; Martinique; St. Vincent; Grenada; Tobago; Trinidad
79 MEX 81 ABA BAH CUB GRE HIS MAR MTS PUE SBA STV TRT VIR
species :
Cuscuta glomerata Choisy; Cusc. 184. t. 4, f. 1 (1841)
Name: Rope dodder
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin)
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Anthanema paradoxa (Raf.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 90 (1836)
= Cuscuta aphylla Raf.; Amer. Monthly Mag. 40 (1818)
= Cuscuta lepidanche Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot., ed. 2: 444 (1847), nom. superfl.
= Cuscuta paradoxa Raf.; Ann. Nat. 1: 13 (1820)
= Lepidanche compositarum Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 344. t. 6, f. 30-35 (1842)
= Lepidanche compositarum var. helianthi Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 344 (1842)
= Lepidanche compositarum var. solidaginis Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 344 (1842)
species :
Cuscuta goyaziana Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 9: 568 (1922)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta gracillima Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 488 (1859)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta foetida Hook. & Arn.; Bot. Beechey Voy. 304 (1838) non Kunth 1819
= Cuscuta gracillima var. subtilis Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 133 (1921)
= Cuscuta subtilis Chaub. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 489 (1859), nom. inval.
= Grammica gracillima (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta grandiflora Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 123 (1818)
Distribution: Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño); Venezuela (Merida); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica grandiflora (Humb.Bonpl. & Kunth) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta gronovii Willd. ex Schult.; Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 6: 205 (1820)
Name: Scaldweed (EN), Gronovius-Seide, Weiden-Seide (DE)
Distribution: Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Poland [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Estonia [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Canada (Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Québec, Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Dominican Republic
11 bgm ger net pol 12 fra 13 bul ita 14 est rus ukr 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 81 HIS
Remarks: Subgen. Grammica
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta domingensis Urb.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 38 (1919)
= Cuscuta gronovii var. latiflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859)
= Cuscuta gronovii var. saururi (Engelm.) MacMill.; Metasp. Minnesota Valley: 430 (1902)
= Cuscuta gronovii var. vulgivaga (Engelm.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859)
= Cuscuta polyantha Shuttlew. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859)
= Cuscuta saururi Engelm.; Am. Journ Sci. 43: 339 (1842)
= Cuscuta vulgivaga Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 338. t. 6 (1842)
= Cuscuta vulgivaga var. glomerata Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 338 (1842)
= Cuscuta vulgivaga var. laxiflora Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 338 (1842)
= Cuscuta vulgivaga var. tetramera Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 338 (1842)
= Epithymum gronovii (Willd. ex Schult.) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 511 (1916)
= Grammica gronovii (Willd. ex Schult.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
variant :
var. calyptrata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859)
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, Texas)
77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta bonariensis Engelm.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4: 278 (1846)
= Cuscuta calyptrata (Engelm.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 969 (1903)
= Cuscuta chilensis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859), nom. illeg.
species :
Cuscuta gymnocarpa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 496 (1859), nom. rej.
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica gymnocarpa (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
= Cuscuta sandwichiana var. mimosae Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 205 (1847)
species :
Cuscuta harperi Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. ed. 2, 1361 (1913)
Name: Harper´s dodder
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Georgia)
78 USA
species :
Cuscuta haughtii Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 153 (1932)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
species :
Cuscuta haussknechtii Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 269 (1932)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Cuscuta hitchcockii Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 230 (1932)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Cuscuta howelliana P.Rubtzov; Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 335 (1966)
Name: Boggs Lake dodder
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Cuscuta hyalina Roth; Nov. Pl. Sp. 100 (1821)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava); NE-Chad (Ennedi); Sudan; Ethiopia; Djibouti; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, N-Cape Prov.); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Karachi, Sind, Pakistani Punjab); Bangladesh
21 CVI 24 CHA DJI ETH SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 35 SAU 40 BAN PAK
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta acutissima Buchinger ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 490 (1859)
= Cuscuta arabica Wight; Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 4: t. 1371 (1848), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta boissieri Stocks; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc.4: 173 (1852)
= Cuscuta epitribulum Schinz ex De Wild. & T.Durand; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 1: 880 (1901)
= Cuscuta hyalina var. nubiana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 236 (1932)
= Cuscuta oxypetala Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 130 (1856)
= Grammica arabica (Des Moul.) Des Moul.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 1: 298 (1854)
= Grammica hyalina (Roth) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12: 426 (1977)
species :
Cuscuta iguanella Costea & I.García; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 1172 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Nayarit)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta incurvata Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 879 (1869)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais); Paraguay (Amambay, Concepcion)
84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta incurvata var. apaensis Chodat & Hassl.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 7: 280 (1907)
species :
Cuscuta indecora Choisy; Cusc. 182. t. 3, f. 3 (1841)
Name: Bigseed alfalfa dodder; Bejuco amarillo, Bejuquito de amor, Fideitos, Fideos (Dominican Republic), Amitie, Choisy, Custute d´Amerique, L´amitie (Haiti)
Distribution: Morocco [I]; USA (Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, North Dakota, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Tamaulipas); Belize; Costa Rica; Cuba; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Puerto Rico; Barbados; Colombia (Valle); Venezuela (Bolívar); S-Brazil (Paraná); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Entre Rios, La Pampa, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Santiago del Estero)
20 mor 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS 81 BBD CUB HIS JAM PUE 82 CLM VEN 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta decora Choisy ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 501 (1859)
= Cuscuta decora var. indecora (Choisy) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859)
= Cuscuta decora var. pulcherrima (Scheele) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859)
= Cuscuta decora var. subnuda Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 502 (1859)
= Cuscuta hispidula (Engelm.) Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 75 (1843)
= Cuscuta indecora var. hispidula (Engelm.) Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 58 (1921)
= Cuscuta indecora var. portoricensis Urb.; Symb. Antill. 4: 502 (1910)
= Cuscuta indecora var. subnuda (Engelm.) Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 10: 9 (1923)
= Cuscuta jepsonii Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 59 (1921)
= Cuscuta parviflora var. vestita Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 386 (1871)
= Cuscuta pulcherrima Scheele; Linnaea 21: 750 (1848 publ. 1849)
= Cuscuta verrucosa var. hispidula Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 43: 341 (1842)
= Epithymum indecorum (Choisy) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 511 (1916)
= Grammica indecora (Choisy) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat 18(3): 319 (1973)
variant :
var. attenuata (Waterf.) Costea; Sida 22(1): 216 (2006)
Name: Tapertip dodder
Distribution: USA (Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas)
74 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta attenuata Waterf.; Rhodora 73(796): 575 (1971)
variant :
var. bifida Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2-3: 59 (1921)
Distribution: USA (Nevada)
76 USA
variant :
var. longisepala Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6, nos. 2-3: 59, fig. 44, 97 (1921)
Name: Bigseed dodder (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Texas); Paraguay (Guaira); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
77 USA 78 USA 85 ARG PAR
variant :
var. neuropetala (Engelm.) Hitchc.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 549 (1896)
Distribution: Canada (Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Nuevo Leon, Sonora); Cuba; Jamaica
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 CUB JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta decora var. neuropetala (Engelm.) Hitchc.; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 549 (1896)
= Cuscuta neuropetala Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 75 (1843)
= Cuscuta neuropetala var. littoralis Engelm. & A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 223 (1845)
= Cuscuta neuropetala var. minor Engelm. & A.Gray; Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 223 (1845)
= Grammica indecora subsp. neuropetala (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; SouthW. Naturalist 18: 319 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta insolita Costea & I.García; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 1172 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Nayarit)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta insquamata Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 10: 12 (1923)
Distribution: Bolivia; NE-Brazil (Pernambuco)
83 BOL 84 BRA
variant :
var. argentina Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 129 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Salta)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta jalapensis Schltdl.; Linnaea 8: 515 (1833)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica jalapensis (Schltdl.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta janarthanamii Kolte, A.Deshp. & Kambale; Rheedea 29(3): 193 (2019)
Distribution: India (Goa)
40 IND
species :
Cuscuta japonica Choisy; Zoll. Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. Pflanz. 2: 130, 134 (1854)
Name: Japanese dodder
Distribution: Siberia (Chita); Russian Far East (Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; N-Thailand; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; USA [I] (Florida [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I])
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 41 THA VIE 42 MLY 77 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta colorans Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 201 (1859)
= Cuscuta japonica var. fissistyla Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 517 (1859)
= Cuscuta japonica var. paniculata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 517 (1859)
= Cuscuta japonica var. thyrsoidea Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 517 (1859)
= Cuscuta japonica var. viridicaulis Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 407 (1930)
= Cuscuta reflexa var. densiflora Benth.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 5: 57 (1853)
= Cuscuta systyla Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 200 (1859)
= Cuscuta upcraftii H.Pearson; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 5 (1906), nom. nov. for C. japonica var. fissistyla
= Monogynella colorans (Maxim.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
= Monogynella japonica (Choisy) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
variant :
var. formosana (Hayata) Yunck.; Mem. Toffey Bot. Club 18: 253 (1932)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta formosana Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 2: 124 (1912)
= Monogynella formosana (Hayata) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Praze Prír., 161(1-4): 66 (1992 publ. 1993)
species :
Cuscuta karatavica Pavlov; Vestn. Akad. Nauk Kazakhsk. S. S. R. 8: 19 (-20) (1950)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Cuscuta kilimanjari Oliv.; H. Johnst., The Kilim. Exped. Append. (1886) 343 nomen, et Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 2: 343 (1887)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo); Madagascar
23 ZAI 24 ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta ndorensis Schweinf.; Hoehnel, zum Rudolph See, Append. (1892) 7
= Cuscuta kilimanjari var. rukararana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 188 (1932)
species :
Cuscuta kotschyana Boiss.; Diagn. ser. 1, 7: 29 (1846)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Turkey (Inner Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Ghazni, Herat, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Yemen (?Aden Desert); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM 34 AFG IRN IRQ LEB TUR 35 YEM 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta laxiflora Azn.; Magyar Bot. Lapok 4: 137 (1905), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta persica Decne. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 470 (1859)
= Cuscuta stapfiana Palib.; Russk. Bot. Zhurn. 1915: 25 (1915)
variant :
var. caudata Bornm. & Schwarz; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 26: 58 (1924)
Distribution: Turkey; Iran; Afghanistan
34 AFG IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta kotschyana subsp. caudata (Bornm. & Schwarz) Plitmann; P. H. Davis, Fl. Turkey 6: 226 (1978)
species :
Cuscuta krishnae Udayan & Robi; Webbia 71(1): 45 (2016)
Distribution: India (Kerala)
40 IND
species :
Cuscuta kurdica Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 471 (1859)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Afghanistan (Kandahar, Wardak)
34 AFG IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta alpina Hohen. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 470 (1859)
= Cuscuta minor Choisy ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 470 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta lacerata Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 44 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Oaxaca)
79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg. Known only from type collection
species :
Cuscuta legitima Costea & Stefanovic; Taxon 59(6): 1795 (fig. 5) (2010)
Distribution: SW-USA; Mexico (Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta californica var. reflexa J.M.Coult.; Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 1: 45 (1890)
= Cuscuta umbellata var. reflexa (J.M.Coult.) Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 132 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta lehmanniana Bunge; Lehm. Reliq. Bot. 220 (1852)
Distribution: European Russia [I]; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus [I]; Armenia; Azerbaijan [I]; Afghanistan (Badakshan); Pakistan (Chitral, Gilgit)
14 rus 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM aze ncs 34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Monogynella lehmanniana (Bunge) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
= Monogynella lehmanniana (Bunge) Hadac; Publ. Iraq Nat. Hist. Mus., No. 18 (Fam. Cuscutac. Iraq) 20 (1960)
species :
Cuscuta leptantha Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 489 (1859)
Name: Slender dodder
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora)
77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta leptantha var. palmeri (S.Watson) Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 136 (1921)
= Cuscuta palmeri S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 24: 64 (1889)
= Grammica leptantha (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta liliputana Costea & Stefanovic; Botany 86(8): 802 (2008)
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Arizona, Texas)
76 USA 77 USA
Remarks: umbellata agg.
species :
Cuscuta lindsayi Wiggins; Contrib. Dudley Herb. 5: 144 (1959)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta longiloba Yunck.; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 55: 229 (1961)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay)
85 PAR
species :
Cuscuta lophosepala Butkov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 11: 17 (1948)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan (Tianshan)
32 KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Monogynella lophosepala (Butkov) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 444 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta lucidicarpa Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl., 1. 277 (1923)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Cuscuta lupuliformis Krock.; Fl. Siles. 1: 261 (1787)
Name: Pappel-Seide (DE)
Distribution: Netherlands; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, Berlin [I], Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern [I], Hessen [I], +Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [I], Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen [I], Rheinland-Pfalz [I], Schleswig-Holstein, Saarland [I], Sachsen, Sachsen-Anhalt); Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Lithuania; Belarus
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LUX NET POL SLO 13 BUL CRO KOS ROM SRB 14 BLR LIT
Remarks: Subgen. Monogyna
Synonyms: hidden
= Aplostylis lupuliformis (Krock.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Cuscuta epithymum Siev. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 1: 293 (1829), nom. illeg., non L.
= Cuscuta macrocarpa G.Don ex Loudon; Suppl. Hort. Brit. 3: 530 (1850)
= Cuscuta monogyna Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 516 (1859), nom. inval.
= Monogynella lupuliformis (Krock.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohemoslov. 5: 444 (1970)
variant :
var. asiatica Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 516 (1859)
Distribution: E-Europe; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Ukraine; Siberia (Altai, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Afghanistan (Wardak); China (Gansu, Hebei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Chitral)
14 RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM GEO NCS 34 AFG TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta flava Siev. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 1: 294 (1829)
= Cuscuta lupuliformis subsp. asiatica (Engelm.) Ganesch.; Trudy Prikl. Bot. 18(1): 298 (1928)
species :
Cuscuta macrocephala Schaffner ex Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 36 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta macrolepis R.C.Fang & S.H.Huang; Fl. Tibet. 4: 33 (1985)
Distribution: Tibet (Cona Shan)
36 TIB
species :
Cuscuta macvaughii Yunck.; Brittonia 12: 40 (1960)
Distribution: SW-Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica macvaughii (Yunck.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 426(1977)
species :
Cuscuta mantiqueirana Costea, S.S.Silva & Sim.-Bianch.; PhytoKeys 184: 33, figs. 1-4 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Sao Paulo)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta membranacea Yunck.; Lilloa 4: 452 (1939)
Distribution: Argentina (Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, La Rioja, Salta, Tucuman)
85 ARG
Remarks: umbellata agg.
species :
Cuscuta mesatlantica Dobignard; J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 48: 10 (2009)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
species :
Cuscuta mexicana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 215 (1932)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Nayarit)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta micrantha Choisy; Cusc. 175. t. 1, f. 3 (1841)
Distribution: Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, Biobío)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta sparsiflora Phil. ex Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 171 (1906)
= Cuscuta americana Poepp. ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 453 (1845) non L.
= Cuscuta popayanensis Poepp. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 500 (1859) non Kunth
variant :
var. holwayi Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 170 (1932)
Distribution: Chile (Maule)
85 CLE
variant :
var. latiflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 501 (1859)
Distribution: Chile (Atacama)
85 CLE
species :
Cuscuta microstyla Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 506 (1859)
Distribution: Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago, Biobío)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica microstyla (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax 8(2): 220 (1973)
variant :
var. bicolor (Hunz.) Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 135 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Mendoza, Tucuman); Chile (Metropolitana de Santiago)
85 ARG CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta bicolor Hunz.; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 11: 71 (1944)
= Cuscuta odorata var. botrychoides Hauman; Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 26: 216 (1914)
= Cuscuta parodiana var. tucumana (Yunck.) Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 139 (1947)
= Cuscuta tucumana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 191 (1932)
species :
Cuscuta mitriformis Engelm. ex Hemsl.; Diagn. Pl. Nov. 54 (1880)
Name: Cochise dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
76 USA 79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta modesta Costea & M.A.R.Wright; Taxon 64: 1236 (2015)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta monogyna Vahl; Symb. Bot. 2: 32 (1791)
subspecies :
subsp. monogyna
Distribution: Portugal; S-Spain (Granada); France; Italy; Malta; Croatia; ?Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); C-European Russia; E-European Russia; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Egypt (Nile Delta); Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Helmand, Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Kabul, Wardak); Cyprus (C-Mountains, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta)
12 FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SRB 14 KRY RUS 20 ALG EGY MOR 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG CYP IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 36 CHI 37 MON 40 PAK
Remarks: Subgen. Monogyna
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta astyla Engelm.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 4: 276 (1846)
= Cuscuta mezbacheriana Palib. ex Fedtsch.; Russk. Bot. Zhurn.: 63 (1914)
= Cuscuta monogyna var. blancheana (Des Moul. ex Engelm.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 109 (1940)
= Cuscuta monogyna var. iberica K.Koch; Linnaea 22: 747 (1846)
= Cuscuta monogyna var. pauciflora Post; Fl. Syria: 565 (1896)
= Cuscuta monogyna var. tenuicaulis Maire & Sennen; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 109 (1940)
= Cuscuta monogyna var. vahliana (Des Moul.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 31: 109 (1940)
= Cuscuta tianshanica Palib.; Russk. Bot. Zhurn. 1915: 27 (1915)
= Monogynella blancheana Des Moul. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 515 (1859)
= Monogynella monogyna (Vahl) Hadac & Chrtek; Publ. Iraq Nat. Hist. Mus., No. 18 (Fam. Cuscutac. Iraq) 21 (1960)
= Monogynella monogyna var. hadacii Chrtek & Osb.-Kos.; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(3): 298 (1991)
= Monogynella tianshanica (Palib.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 444 (1970)
= Monogynella vahliana Des Moul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 65 (1853)
subspecies :
subsp. esquamata (Engelm.) Plitmann; Fl. Turkey & E. Aegaean Isl. 6: 237 (1978)
Distribution: Turkey; E-Iran
34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta lehmanniana var. esquamata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 515 (1859)
= Monogynella monogyna subsp. esquamata (Engelm.) Chrtek & Osb.-Kos.; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 26(3): 298 (1991)
species :
Cuscuta montana Costea & M.A.R.Wright; Syst. Bot. 38: 1175 (2013 publ. 2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta natalensis Baker; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 4: II. 85 (1904)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
species :
Cuscuta nitida Choisy; Drège, Zwei Pfl. Docum. 176 (1844)
Distribution: South Africa (W-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta africana Eckl. & Zeyh. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 475 (1859) non Thunb.
= Cuscuta burmanni Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 273 (1841 publ. 1842)
species :
Cuscuta nivea M.A.García; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 135(2): 171 (2001)
Distribution: E- & C-Spain; Morocco; N-Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
species :
Cuscuta obtusata (Engelm.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 53: Suppl. 38 (1907)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum f. apoda Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. obtusata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta obtusiflora Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 122 (1753)
Name: Peruvian dodder
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas); Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Queretaro, Veracruz); Costa Rica; Colombia (Antioquia); Ecuador; Peru; WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Mendoza, Misiones, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS 82 CLM 83 ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta inodora Willd. ex Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 380 (1871), pro syn.
= Cuscuta obtusiflora subsp. latiloba (Engelm.) P.K.Bhattach. & Mukerjee; Indian J. Forest. 1: 159 (1978)
= Cuscuta obtusiflora var. latiloba Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 492 (1859)
= Cuscuta stuckertii Yunck.; Candollea 3: 317 (1928)
= Grammica obtusiflora (Kunth) Berthiot; Billotia 1: 15 (1864)
= Grammica obtusiflora (Kunth) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973), isonym
variant :
var. glandulosa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 492 (1859)
Name: Bejuco amarillo (Puerto Rico)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas); Mexico (Yucatan, Durango, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Tamaulipas, México Distrito Federal); Cuba; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Puerto Rico; Trinidad
74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE TRT
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta australis var. glandulosa (Engelm.) Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 36: 87 (1946)
= Cuscuta glandulosa (Engelm.) Small; Fl. S. E. U. S. 969 (1903)
species :
Cuscuta occidentalis Millsp.; Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, Bot. Ser. 5: 204 (1923) ex Mill. & Nutt.
Distribution: USA (California, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta californica var. breviflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 499 (1859)
= Grammica occidentalis (Millsp. ex Mill. & Nutt.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
= Grammica occidentalis (Millsp.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973), isonym
species :
Cuscuta odontolepis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 486 (1859)
Name: Santa Rita Mountain dodder (EN)
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora)
76 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta sonoriensis Engelm. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 228 (1932)
= Grammica odontolepis (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 8(2), 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta odorata Ruiz & Pav.; Fl. Peruv. 1: 69. t. 105 (1798)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil; WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Chile (Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, O´Higgins)
83 ECU PER 84 BRA 85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta fragrans Rusby; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 6: 85 (1896)
= Cuscuta intermedia Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 275 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 179]
= Cuscuta odorata f. papillosa Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 193 (1932)
= Cuscuta odorata var. botryoides Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 477 (1859)
= Cuscuta odorata var. squarrulosa Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 193 (1932)
= Grammica odorata (Ruiz & Pav.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 220 (1973)
= Nemepis odorata (Ruiz & Pav.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1838)
species :
Cuscuta orbiculata Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 9: 572 (1922)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Pernambuco); WC-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta ortegana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 232 (1932)
Distribution: Mexico (Durango, Jalisco, Michoacan, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta pacifica Costea & M.A.R.Wright; Syst. Bot. 34(4): 792 (2009)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (California, Oregon, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta salina var. major Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 161 (1921)
= Cuscuta subinclusa var. abbreviata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 500 (1859)
variant :
var. papillata (Yunck.) Costea & M.A.R.Wright; Syst. Bot. 34(4): 792 (2009)
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Utah)
76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta salina var. papillata Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 69: 543 (1942)
species :
Cuscuta paitana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 206 (1932)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Cuscuta palaestina Boiss.; Diagn. Fl. Or. Nov. 2(11): 86 (1849)
Name: Palästina-Seide (DE); Palestinian Dodder (EN)
Distribution: Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; Tunisia [I]; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NW-coastal Egypt); Northern Caucasus; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania)
13 CRO GRC KRI PEL SIC 20 EGY tun 33 ARM NCS 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta capillaris Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 5: 64 (1827), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta globularis Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 7: 625 (1851)
= Cuscuta micrantha Tineo; Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 887 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta palaestina var. syriana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 280 (1932)
species :
Cuscuta palustris Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 66: 623 (1939)
Distribution: Mexico (Yucatan)
79 MEX
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cuscuta pamirica Butkov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. & Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbekistan. 11: 18 (1948)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
Synonyms: hidden
= Kadurias pamirica (Butkov) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
= Monogynella pamirica (Butkov) Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Praze Prír., 161(1-4): 66 (1992 publ. 1993)
species :
Cuscuta parodiana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 190 (1932)
Distribution: Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Tarija); Argentina (Jujuy, Salta, Tucuman)
83 BOL PER 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta odorata var. holwayana Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 9: 564 (1922)
species :
Cuscuta partita Choisy; Cusc. 188. t. 5, f. 3 (1841)
Distribution: Colombia (Cesar, La Guajira); Bolivia (Santa Cruz); S-Brazil (Paraná)
82 CLM 83 BOL 84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta parviflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 506 (1859)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás, Brazília Distrito Federal); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta micrantha Mart. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 506 (1859)
= Grammica parviflora (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
variant :
var. elongata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 506 (1859)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta pauciflora Phil.; Linnaea 33: 185 (1864 publ. 1865)
Distribution: Argentina (Rio Negro, Santa Cruz); Chile (Maule, Los Rios)
85 ARG CLE
species :
Cuscuta pedicellata Ledeb.; Fl. Altaica 1: 293 (1829)
Name: Arabische Seide (DE); Arabian Dodder (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; European Turkey; SE-European Russia; Algeria [I]; Egypt (Desert Oases, Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Sudan; South Sudan; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (S-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan; Syria (Jazira); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, Judean Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert); Qatar; United Arab Emirates
11 ger 13 TUE 14 RUS 20 alg EGY 24 SSU SUD 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR SIN SYR TUR 35 QAT SAU UAE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cassutha arabica (Fresen.) Des Moul.; Étud. Cuscut.: 72 (1853)
= Cuscuta aegyptiaca Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 59: 490 (1912)
= Cuscuta arabica Fresen.; Mus. Senckenberg. 1: 165 (1834)
= Cuscuta arabica var. aegyptiaca Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 473 (1859)
= Cuscuta arvensis var. calycina Engelm.; 495 (1859)
= Cuscuta arvensis var. verrucosa (Engelm.) Engelm.; 495 (1859)
= Cuscuta ciliaris Kotschy ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 453 (1845)
= Cuscuta epithymum Bové ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 453 (1845), nom. inval., non L.
= Cuscuta lentis Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 21 (1885)
= Cuscuta turcomanica C.Winkl. ex Palib.; Russk. Bot. Zhurn. 1915: 27 (1915)
= Grammica arabica (Fresen.) Des Moul.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 198 (1854)
species :
Cuscuta pellucida Butkov; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Zool. Acad. Sci. Uzbek. 11: 53 (1948)
Distribution: SE-European Russia (near Volgograd); Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Pakistan (Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Astor, Deosai, Skardu, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashhmir, Uttarakhand, Zanskar, Ladakh)
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM NCS 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta europaea var. indica Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 519 (1859)
= Cuscuta europaea var. nepalensis Yunck.; Brittonia 9: 135 (1957)
= Cuscuta indica (Engelm.) Petrov ex Butkov; Kom., Fl. URSS 19: 52 (1953)
species :
Cuscuta pentagona Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 340 (1842)
Name: Amerikanische Seide (DE); Fiveangled dodder (EN); Barba de chivo (ES)
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia); USA (Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Missouri, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, Indiana, Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Arkansas, Iowa, Colorado, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington State, Oregon, California, Nevada); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, etc.); Colombia [I]
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 82 clm
Remarks: Introduced records in the Old World are mostly referrable to C. campestris and therefore mostly doubtful. They are here all assigned to C. campestris.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta arvensis var. microcalyx (Engelm.) Engelm.; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. States, ed. 2: 337 (1856)
= Cuscuta arvensis var. pentagona (Engelm.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 494 (1859)
= Cuscuta globularis Nutt. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 494 (1859)
= Cuscuta pentagona var. microcalyx Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. Arts 45: 76 (1843)
= Grammica pentagona (Engelm.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973)
variant :
var. calycina Engelm.; Amer. J. Sci. 45: 76 (1843)
Distribution: Brazil [I]; Uruguay (Canelones, Flores Prov.); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chubut, Cordoba, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Cruz); Chile (Tarapacá, O´Higgins, Maule, Biobío, Araucanía, Metropolitana de Santiago)
84 bra 85 ARG CLE URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta arvensis var. calycina (Engelm.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1(3): 495 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta peruviana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 151 (1932)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Cuscuta planiflora Ten.; Fl. Nap. 3: 250 (1824 publ. 1829)
Name: Flachblütige Seide (DE); Flat-flowered Dodder (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; Baleares; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; European Russia; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Madeira (Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Gomera, Hierro, La Palma Isl.); N-Chad (Tibesti); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Abd-al-Kuri Isl.; Soqotra; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; South Africa (Gauteng); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Paktia / Khost); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus); Lebanon (C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Chitral, Baltistan); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I])
11 ger 12 BAL COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA PEL ROM SIC 14 RUS 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 21 CNY MDR 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SOM SUD 25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 NAM SAF 32 KAZ 33 AZE NCS 34 AFG CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 BAR KUW SAU YEM 40 PAK 50 aus
Remarks: epithymum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta abyssinica var. ghindensis Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 288 (1932), nom. superfl.
= Cuscuta alba f. submersa Glück; Biol. Morphol. Untersuch. Wasser- Sumpfgewächse 3: 113 (1911)
= Cuscuta approximata subsp. episonchum (Webb & Berthel.) Feinbrun; Israel Jour. Bot. 19: 28 (1970)
= Cuscuta approximata var. episonchum (Webb & Berthel.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 299 (1932)
= Cuscuta approximata var. euphorbiae Maire & Trab.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 23: 201 (1932)
= Cuscuta balansae var. mossamedensis (Hiern) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 291 (1932)
= Cuscuta balansae var. socotrensis Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 291 (1932)
= Cuscuta bracteosa Gasp. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 467 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta callosa Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 88 (1874)
= Cuscuta calycina Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries (Phytogr. Can.) 3(2) 3: 37 (1844)
= Cuscuta canariensis Choisy ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 467 (1859), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta candicans Gennari ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2 1: 221 (1889)
= Cuscuta episonchum Webb & Berthel.; Hist. Nat. Iles Canaries 3(2
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. planiflora (Ten.) Rouy; Fl. France 10: 359 (1908)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. bullata Batt.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. extr. Oran: xl "1906" (1907)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. calycina (Webb & Berthel.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. extr. Oran: xl "1906" (1907)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. episonchum (Webb & Berthel.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 41 (1907)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. macrostemon (Trab.) Jahand. & Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 584 (1934)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. microcephala (Pomel) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. extr. Oran: xli "1906" (1907)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. rubella (Trab.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 359 (1908)
= Cuscuta europaea Bové & Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 467 (1859), non L.
= Cuscuta ghindensis Schweinf. ex Yuncker; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 288 (1932), pro syn.
= Cuscuta kuriensis Vierh.; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 71: 418 (1907)
= Cuscuta letourneuxii Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(Sess. Extraord.): 42 (1907)
= Cuscuta macrostyla Decne. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 464 (1859)
= Cuscuta madagascariensis var. schlechteri Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 132 (1932)
= Cuscuta microcephala D´Escayrac ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 467 (1859), pro syn.
= Cuscuta microcephala Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl. 88 (1874), non Engelm.
= Cuscuta minor Gilib.; Fl. Lit. Inch. 1: 18 (1782), opus utique oppr.
= Cuscuta notochlaenae A.Chev.; Rev. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 15: 921 (1935)
= Cuscuta planiflora subsp. macrostemon Trab.; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 20: 30 (1929)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. callosa (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 597 (1888)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. callosa (Pomel) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 41 (1907), isonym
= Cuscuta planiflora var. calycina (Webb & Berthel.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 40 (1907)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. deserti Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 41 (1907), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta planiflora var. episonchum (Webb & Berthel.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 41 (1907)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. globularis Balf.f.; Bot. Socotra: 196 (1888)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. microcephala (Pomel) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 41 (1907)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. mossamedensis Hiern; Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 743 (1898)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. tenorei Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1(3): 466 (1859)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. webbii Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 466 (1859)
= Cuscuta pretoriana Yunck.; Brittonia 9: 133 (1957)
= Cuscuta somaliensis Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 291 (1932)
variant :
var. algeriana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 295 (1932)
Distribution: Spain; Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
variant :
var. godronii (Des Moul.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 359 (1908)
Distribution: France; Sicily; Greece; etc.
12 FRA 13 GRC SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta planiflora subsp. godronii (Des Moul.) Kerguélen; Lejeunia, 120: 75 (1987)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. godronii (Des Moul.) Batt.; Fl. Algerie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 597 (1890)
= Cuscuta godronii Des Moul.; Etudes Org. Cusc. 60 (1853)
variant :
var. madagascarensis (Yunck.) Verdc.; Kew Bull. 12: 337 (1957)
Distribution: Kenya; South Africa (Limpopo); Madagascar
25 KEN 27 SAF 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta madagascarensis var. schlechteri Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 277 (1932)
= Cuscuta madagascarensis Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 276 (1932)
= Cuscuta mearnsii Yunck.; Brittonia 9: 135 (1957)
variant :
var. papillosa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1(3): 467 (1859).
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta cuspidata Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 87 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta godronii var. subpapillosa Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. extr. Oran: xlii "1906" (1907)
= Cuscuta papillosa (Engelm.) H.Lindb.; Itin. Mediterr. (Act. Soc. Sci. Fenn. no. s. B 1: No. 2) 122 (1932), isonym
= Cuscuta papillosa (Engelm.) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. extr. Oran: xlii "1906" (1907)
= Cuscuta papillosa var. ambigua Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 42 (1907)
= Cuscuta papillosa var. tunetana Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53(sess. extr.): 42 (1907), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta planiflora subsp. papillosa (Engelm.) H.Lindb.; Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2: 122 (1932)
= Cuscuta planiflora var. ambigua (Trab.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 295 (1932)
= Cuscuta pulverulenta Sennen & Mauricio; Cat. Fl. Rif Or. 79 (1933) nom. nud.
variant :
var. sicula (Tineo) Trab.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 53, Sess. Extr. Oran: xl "1906" (1907)
Distribution: Sicily; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya, Egypt; Jordania; Iran
13 SIC 20 ALG MOR TUN 34 IRN JOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta sicula Tineo ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 466 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta plattensis A.Nelson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 131 (1899)
Name: Prairie dodder
Distribution: USA (Washington State, Wyoming)
73 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Epithymum plattense (A.Nelson) Nieuwl. & Lunell; Am. Midl. Nat. 4: 511 (1916)
= Grammica plattensis (A.Nelson) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 427 (1977)
species :
Cuscuta platyloba Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 381 (1871)
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); WC-Brazil (Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Lavalleja, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rivera, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios, Formosa, Misiones, Santa Fe)
29 mau 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta platyloba var. triangulata Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 147 (1932)
= Cuscuta racemosa var. calycina Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 505 (1859)
= Cuscuta suaveolens Lechler ex Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 169 (1906), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. pampeana Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 133 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta polyanthemos W.Schaffn. ex Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 46 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Sinaloa, Sonora)
79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg.
species :
Cuscuta polygonorum Engelm.; Am. J. Sci. 43: 342. t. 6 (1842)
Name: Smartweed dodder
Distribution: Canada (Ontario, Québec); USA (Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin)
72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cassutha americana Des Moul.; Étud. Cuscut.: 70 (1853)
= Cuscuta chlorocarpa Engelm.; A. Gray, Man. Bot. N. States: 350 (1848)
= Grammica americana (Des Moul.) Des Moul.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 1: 298 (1854)
species :
Cuscuta potosina Schaffner ex S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 124 (1882)
Name: Potosi dodder
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, México State, Morelos, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
variant :
var. globifera Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6(2-3): 130 (1921)
Name: Globe dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Sonora, Chihuahua, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato, Queretaro, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, México Distrito Federal)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta globifera W.Schaffn. ex Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 40 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta prismatica Pav. ex Choisy; Cusc. 182. t. 3, f. 2 (1841)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Cuscuta psorothamnensis Stefanovic, M.A.García & Costea; Organisms Diversity Evol. 18(4): 393 (2018)
Distribution: USA (California)
76 USA
species :
Cuscuta pulchella Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 472 (1859)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Iraq (NE-Iraq); Afghanistan (Helmand, Herat, Kabul, Logar, Wardak); Pakistan (Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Chitral)
32 TZK 34 AFG IRQ 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta pulchella var. afghana Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 472 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta punana Costea & Stefanovic; Botany 86(7): 677 (2008)
Distribution: Ecuador
83 ECU
species :
Cuscuta purpurata Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 90: 225 (1895)
Distribution: Chile (Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta purpurata f. pallida Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 204 (1932)
species :
Cuscuta purpusii Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 37 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta pusilla Phil. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 151, fig. 24 (1932)
Distribution: Chile (Los Lagos)
85 CLE
species :
Cuscuta racemosa C.Mart.; Reise Bras. 1: 286 (1823)
Distribution: NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); SE-Brazil; S-Brazil
84 BRA
Remarks: often included in C. suaveolens s. l.
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica racemosa (Mart.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
= Buchingera suaveolens F.W.Schultz; Jahrb. Pharm. 14: 170 (1847), non Ser.
= Cuscuta microstyla var. obtusissima Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 385 (1871)
= Cuscuta racemosa var. brasiliana Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 505 (1859)
variant :
var. miniata (Mart.) Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 505 (1859)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso); SE-Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta miniacea Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 456 (1845)
= Cuscuta miniata Mart.; Reise Bras. 1: 286 (1823)
= Cuscuta racemosa var. minuta Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 277 (1841 publ. 1842)
= Cuscuta tenuicaulis Glaz.; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 3: 491 (1911), opus utique oppr.
variant :
var. nuda Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 505 (1859)
Distribution: SE-Brazil; S-Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta citricola Schltdl.; Linnaea 22: 808 (1849)
= Cuscuta racemosa var. regnelliana Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 384 (1871)
species :
Cuscuta rausii M.A.García; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 35(3): 172 (1998)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
species :
Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.; Pl. Coromandel 2: 3, t. 104 (1798)
Name: Giant dodder
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Bamyan, Kunar / Nuristan, Samangan); China (Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Dir, Chitral, Swat, Gilgit, Pakistani Punjab, Hazara, Murree); Nepal; Bhutan; India (throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; N-Thailand; Laos; peninsular Malaysia; Java; USA [I] (California [I])
29 mau 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 LAO MYA THA 42 JAW MLY 76 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta elatior Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 273 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 177]
= Cuscuta grandiflora Wall. ex Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 6: 498 (1833 publ. 1834), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta hookeri Sweet; Hort. Brit.: 290 (1826)
= Cuscuta macrantha G.Don; Gen. Hist. 4: 305 (1837)
= Cuscuta megalantha Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 456 (1840)
= Cuscuta pentandra B.Heyne ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 519 (1859)
= Cuscuta reflexa var. grandiflora Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 518 (1859)
= Cuscuta reflexa var. verrucosa (Sweet) Hook.; Exot. Fl. 2: t. 150 (1825)
= Cuscuta santapaui Banerji & S.Das; J. Arnold Arbor. 46: 87 (1965)
= Cuscuta verrucosa Sweet; Brit. Fl. Gard. 1: t. 6 (1823)
= Kadurias reflexa (Roxb.) Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 4: 91 (1836)
= Monogynella reflexa (Roxb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 429 (1977)
variant :
var. brachystigma Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 519 (1859)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Pakistan (Murree); Nepal; N-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand); Myanmar
36 CHI 40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta anguina Edgew.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 87 (1846)
= Cuscuta reflexa var. anguina (Edgew.) C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 226 (1883)
species :
Cuscuta rojasii Hunz.; Darwiniana 7: 323 (1947)
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay)
83 BOL 85 PAR
species :
Cuscuta rostrata Shuttlew. ex Engelm. & A.Gray; Bost. J. Nat. Hist. 5: 225 (1845)
Name: Beaked dodder
Distribution: USA (Arkansas, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia)
75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta oxycarpa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859)
= Grammica rostrata (Shuttlew. ex Engelm. & A.Gray) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta rotundiflora Hunz.; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 14: 139 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Jujuy, Salta)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta rubella Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 50: 278 (1923)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
species :
Cuscuta rugosiceps Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 27 (1921)
Distribution: Mexico (Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Cuscuta runyonii Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 69: 541 (1942)
Name: Runyon´s dodder
Distribution: USA (Texas)
77 USA
species :
Cuscuta ruschanica Junussov; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 524, 356 (1984)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Cuscuta rustica Hunz.; Darwiniana 7: 328, fig. 2 (1947)
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo)
85 CLE
species :
Cuscuta salina Engelm.; Bot. California [W. H. Brewer] 1: 536 (1876)
Name: Saltmarsh dodder
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia); USA (Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington State); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz)
71 CDN 73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta californica var. squamigera Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 499 (1859)
= Cuscuta salina var. squamigera (Engelm.) Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 161 (1921)
= Cuscuta squamigera (Engelm.) Piper; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 11: 455 (1906)
= Grammica salina (Engelm.) R.L.Taylor & MacBryde; Canad. J. Bot. 56: 186 (1978)
species :
Cuscuta sandwichiana Choisy; Cusc. 184. t. 5, f. 4 (1841)
Distribution: Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta sandwichiana var. kailuana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 158 (1932)
= Grammica sandwichiana (Choisy) O.Deg., I.Deg., Hadac & Chrtek; Fl. Hawaiiensis, Fam. 308 (1978)
= Grammica sandwichiana var. kailuana (Yunck.) O.Deg., I.Deg., Hadac & Chrtek; Fl. Hawaiiensis, Fam. 308 (1978)
species :
Cuscuta schlechteri Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 132 (1932)
Distribution: Cameroon
23 CMN
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cuscuta serrata Yunck.; Am. J. Bot. 9: 569 (1922)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta sharmanum Mukerjee & P.K.Bhattach.; Bull. Bot. Soc. Beng., 24(1-2): 149 (1970 publ. 1971)
Distribution: India (West Bengal)
40 IND
species :
Cuscuta sidarum Liebm.; Forhandl. Skand. Naturf. Christiania (1847), 196
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Nayarit, Oaxaca); Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Venezuela (Zulia)
79 MEX 80 COS HON NIC 82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta gracillima var. saccharata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 489 (1859)
= Cuscuta saccharata (Engelm.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 239 (1932), nom. illeg.
species :
Cuscuta squamata Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 510 (1859)
Name: Scaleflower dodder
Distribution: USA (New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango)
77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica squamata (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta stenocalycina Palib.; J. Russe Bot., 26 (1915)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK
species :
Cuscuta stenolepis Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 503 (1859)
Distribution: Ecuador; Peru
83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica stenolepis (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
species :
Cuscuta strobilacea Liebm.; Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 1844: 194 (-195) (1847)
Distribution: Mexico (Jalisco, Oaxaca, Veracruz)
79 MEX
variant :
var. pringlei (Yunck.) Costea & I.García; Botany 89(10): 727 (2011)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta pringlei Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 29 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta suaveolens Ser.; Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Agric. Industr. 3: 519 (1840)
Name: Chile-Seide (DE), Fringed dodder (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; Poland [I]; France [I]; Corsica [I]; Italy [I]; Croatia [I]; Greece [I]; Estonia [I]; Belarus [I]; C-European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Algeria [I]; Kenya [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; South Africa [I]; Australia [I] (New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Maryland [I], New Mexico [I], Ohio [I], South Dakota [I], Texas [I]); Peru; WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Durazno, Paysandu, Salto, San Jose, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Mendoza, San Juan); Chile (Arica y Parinacota, Tarapacá, Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos)
11 ger pol swi 12 cor fra 13 cro grc ita 14 blr est rus ukr 20 alg 25 ken 26 zim 27 saf 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nwc 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 83 PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE URU
Remarks: Subgen. Grammica
Synonyms: hidden
= Cassutha suaveolens (Ser.) Des Moul.; Des Moul. Etud. Org. Cusc. 66 (1853)
= Cuscuta chilensis Bertero ex Choisy; Prodr. [A. DC.] 9: 456 (1845)
= Cuscuta corymbosa Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 276 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 180], nom. illeg., non Ruiz & Pav.
= Cuscuta corymbosa var. pauciflora Choisy; Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 9: 277 (1841 publ. 1842) [Cusc.: 181]
= Cuscuta densiflora Hook.f.; Fl. New Zealand. 1: 186 (1853), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta diaphana Wender.; Fl. Hassiac. 364 (1846), nom. inval.
= Cuscuta floribunda Phil.; Reise Atacama: 37 (1860), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta hassiaca Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 1: 705 (1843)
= Cuscuta medicaginis C.H.Wright; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 4: II. 86 (1905)
= Cuscuta racemosa Sessé & Moc.; Fl. Mexic.: 30 (1893), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta racemosa var. floribunda Reiche; Anales Univ. Chile 120: 819 (1907)
= Cuscuta suaveolens (Ser.) Lechl. ex Reiche; Fl. Chile 5: 169 (1910)
= Cuscuta suaveolens var. densiflora Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 149 (1932)
= Cuscuta suaveolens var. papillata Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 150 (1932)
= Cuscutina suaveolens (Ser.) Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 4: 492 (1846)
= Engelmannia migrans Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 3: 674 (1845)
= Engelmannia suaveolens (Ser.) Pfeiff.; Bot. Zeit. 4: 21 (1846)
= Grammica densiflora (Hook.f.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
= Grammica suaveolens (Ser.) Des Moul.; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 1: 298 (1854)
= Pfeifferia suaveolens (Ser.) Buchinger; Ann. Sci. Nat. Ser. III. 5: 88 (1846)
species :
Cuscuta subinclusa Durand & Hilg.; J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. Ser. II. 3: 42 (1855)
Name: Canyon dodder
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon); Mexico (Baja California Norte)
73 USA 76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta ceanothii Behr; Proc. Calif. Acad. ed. II. 1: 16 (1873)
species :
Cuscuta suksdorfii Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 167 (1932)
Name: Mountain dodder
Distribution: USA (California, Oregon, Washington State)
73 USA 76 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta salina var. acuminata Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 162 (1921)
= Cuscuta suksdorfii var. subpedicellata Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 62: 512 (1935)
= Grammica suksdorfii (Yunck.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 221 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta syrtorum Arbajeva; Fl. Kirgiz. SSR, Suppl. 1, 100 (1967)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Cuscuta taimensis P.P.A.Ferreira & Dettke; Brittonia 66(3): 269 (2014)
Distribution: Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Uruguay)
84 BRA
species :
Cuscuta tasmanica Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 512 (1859)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta australis Hook.f.; Fl. Tasman. 1: 278 (1857), nom. illeg., non R. Br.
= Cuscuta tasmanica var. brevistyla Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 143 (1932)
species :
Cuscuta tatei Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 134 (1932)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Cuscuta timida Costea & M.A.R.Wright; Syst. Bot. 38: 1178 (2013 publ. 2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Hidalgo, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta timorensis Decne. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 514 (1859)
Distribution: Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor, Wetar)
42 JAW LSI
Remarks: sometimes included in C. cassytoides
Synonyms: hidden
= Monogynella timorensis (Decne. ex Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta tinctoria Mart. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 480 (1859)
Distribution: Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta tinctoria var. kellermaniana Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 122 (1921)
= Cuscuta zacatlasculi W.Schaffn. ex Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 214 (1932)
= Grammica tinctoria (Mart.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 221 (1973)
variant :
var. aurea (Liebm.) Costea; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 1180 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta aurea Liebm.; Förh. Skand. Naturf. Möte 1847: 193 (-194) (1847)
variant :
var. floribunda (Kunth) Costea; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 1180 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta floribunda Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 123 (1818)
= Grammica floribunda (Humb.Bonpl. & Kunth) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 220 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta tolteca Costea & M.A.R.Wright; Syst. Bot. 38: 1180 (2013 publ. 2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Queretaro); Guatemala
79 MEX 80 GUA
species :
Cuscuta triumvirati Lange; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1881: 98 (1881)
Distribution: SE-Spain (Sa. Nevada, Sa. de Cazorla); Morocco; Algeria
12 SPA 20 ALG MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta epithymum f. macropoda Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 462 (1859)
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. jahandiezii Trab.; [nom. nud.]
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. obtusata (Trab.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 584 (1934), nom. illeg.
= Cuscuta epithymum subsp. triumvirati (Lange) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 584 (1934)
= Cuscuta epithymum var. obtusiflora Engelm. ex Rchb. & Rchb.f.; Fl. Germ. & Helv. 18: 86 (1858)
= Cuscuta triumvirati var. jahandiezii (Trab.) Maire; Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1098 (1941)
species :
Cuscuta tuberculata Brandegee; Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 3: 389 (1909)
Name: Tubercle dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Sonora)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Remarks: umbellata agg.
species :
Cuscuta umbellata Kunth; Nov. Gen. & Sp. [H. B. K.] 3: 121 (1818)
Name: Flatglobe dodder
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Ilha da Boa Vista [I], Ilha de Maio [I], Ilha de Sao Tiago [I]); USA (Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Bahamas; Turks & Caicos Isl.; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. John); Saba; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Trinidad; Venezuela (Aragua, Delta Amacuro, Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Nueva Esparta); Guyana; Surinam; NE-Brazil (Piauí, Ceara)
21 cvi 73 USA 74 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 ABA BAH CUB GDL HIS JAM PUE SAB TCI TRT VIR 82 GUY SUR VEN 84 BRA
Remarks: umbellata agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta desertorum Mart. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 488 (1859), pro syn.
= Cuscuta fasciculata Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 240 (1932)
= Cuscuta parviflora Willd. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 487 (1859), pro syn.
= Cuscuta umbellata var. desertorum Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 488 (1859)
= Cuscuta umbellata var. maritima Progel; Mart., Fl. Bras. 7: 387 (1871)
= Grammica umbellata (Kunth) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 221 (1973)
= Grammica umbellata (Kunth) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta umbrosa Beyr. ex Hook.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 78 (1803)
Name: Bigfruit dodder
Distribution: Canada (Manitoba, Saskatchewan); USA (Colorado, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta curta (Engelm.) Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 40: 466 (1913)
= Cuscuta gronovii var. curta Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 508 (1859)
= Cuscuta megalocarpa Rydb.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 501 (1901)
= Grammica megalocarpa (Rydb.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 426 (1977)
= Grammica umbrosa (Beyr. ex Hook.) W.A.Weber; Southwest. Nat. 18(3): 319 (1973)
species :
Cuscuta vandevenderi Costea & Stefanovic; Botany 86(7): 679 (2008), nom. nov.
Distribution: Mexico (Sonora)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta gracillima var. esquamata Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 133 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta veatchii Brandegee; Proc. Calif. Acad. Ser. II. 2: 189 (1889)
Name: Veatch´s dodder
Distribution: USA (California, Nevada); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur)
76 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta nevadensis I.M.Johnst.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV. 12: 1133 (1924)
= Cuscuta salina var. apoda (Yunck.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 169 (1932)
= Cuscuta veatchii var. apoda Yunck.; Illinois Biol. Monogr. 6: 69 (1921)
species :
Cuscuta victoriana Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Cl. 18: 129 (1932)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Victoria)
50 AUS
species :
Cuscuta violacea Rajput & Syeda; Pakistan J. Bot. 18(1): 115 (1986)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Monogynella tiricensis Chrtek; Cas. Nár. Muz. Rada Prir, 166(1-4): 2 (1997)
species :
Cuscuta volcanica Costea & I.García; Syst. Bot. 38(4): 1181 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Michoacan, Guerrero, Jalisco)
79 MEX
species :
Cuscuta warneri Yunck.; Brittonia 12: 38 (1960)
Name: Warner´s dodder
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah)
76 USA 77 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta indecora var. warneri (Yunck.) Beliz; Rev. Cuscuta sect. Cleistogrammica: 47 (1986), ineffectively published
= Grammica warneri (Yunck.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 427 (1977)
species :
Cuscuta werdermannii Hunz.; Darwiniana 7: 326 (1947), nom. nov.
Distribution: Chile (Coquimbo)
85 CLE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta racemosa var. chiliana Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 505 (1859)
species :
Cuscuta woodsonii Yunck.; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 26: 305 (1939)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas); Panama
79 MEX 80 PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica woodsonii (Yunck.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 427 (1977)
species :
Cuscuta xanthochortos Mart. ex Engelm.; Trans. Acad. St. Louis 1: 486 (1859)
Distribution: N-Brazil (Pará); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Guaira); Argentina (Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta corniculata var. racemulosa Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 504 (1859)
= Cuscuta trichostyla Engelm.; Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 1: 495 (1859)
= Grammica trichostyla (Engelm.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. & Phytotax., Praha 5: 445 (1970)
= Grammica xanthochortos (Mart.) Hadac & Chrtek; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8(2): 221 (1973)
variant :
var. carinata (Yunck.) Yunck.; Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 18: 205 (1932)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Central, Cordillera); Uruguay (Artigas, Rivera)
84 BRA 85 PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cuscuta trichostyla var. carinata Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 9(10): 572, pl. 3 (1923)
variant :
var. lanceolata Yunck.; Amer. J. Bot. 9(10): 568, pl. 3 (1923)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraná); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Misiones)
85 ARG PAR
variant :
var. longibracteata Hunz.; Revista Argent. Agron. 14: 143 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Formosa)
85 ARG
species :
Cuscuta yucatana Yunck.; Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl. 62: 511 (1935)
Distribution: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla, Yucatan)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Grammica yucatana (Yunck.) Holub; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 12(4): 427 (1977)
species :
Cuscuta yunckeriana Hunz.; Rev. Argentina. Agron. 14: 130 (1947)
Distribution: Argentina (Rio Negro)
85 ARG
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life