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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

422.0000 Family Primulaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 2: 240 (1797), nom. cons.
60 genera, ca. 3150 spp. The family had been split up in the recent past, but was recombined and treated sensu lato in APG III (2009).
Species listed in database: 3271; hybrids: 68
= Aegicerataceae Blume; Nov. Pl. Expos.: 17 (1833)
= Anagallidaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 1: 19 (1797)
= Ardisiaceae Juss.; Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 15: 350 (1810)
= Coridaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 332 (1858)
= Embeliaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 140 (1858)
= Hottoniaceae Döll; Fl. Baden 2: 641. med (1858)
= Lysimachiaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 95 (1789), Family
= Maesaceae (A.DC.) Anderb., Stahl & Källersjö; Taxon 49: 185 (2000), Family
= Myrsinaceae R.Br.; Prodr.: 532 (1810), nom. cons., Family
= Samolaceae Raf.; Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. Bruxelles 5: 349 (1820)
= Theophrastaceae G.Don; Edwards´s Bot. Reg. 21: ad t. 1764 (1835), nom. cons.
422.4303 Genus Cyclamen L.; Sp. Pl.: 145 (1753)
Distribution: montane Europe (8), Mediterranean (except Egypt and Sinai Peninsula), NE-Somalia (1), coasts of Black Sea and S-Caspian Sea; 1 extends to China, Crimea (1), Caucasus (8)
Species listed in database: 20
species :
Cyclamen africanum Boiss. & Reut.; Pugill. Pl. Afr. Bor. Hispan.: 75 (1852)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Myanmar [I]
20 ALG MOR TUN 41 mya
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen africanum subsp. saldense (Pomel) Batt.; Fl. Algèrie [Batt. & Trab.] Dicot.: 720 (1890)
= Cyclamen algeriense Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 22 (1903)
= Cyclamen ambiguum O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 275 (1955) (nom. illeg.)
= Cyclamen commutatum O.Schwarz & Lepper; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 69: 91 (1964)
= Cyclamen hederifolium subsp. africanum (Boiss. & Reut.) Ietsw.; J. Cyclamen Soc. 29(1): 21 (2005)
= Cyclamen numidicum Glasau; Planta 30: (Monogr. Gatt. Cycl. Morph.-Cytol. Grundl.) 528 (1939)
= Cyclamen pachybolbum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 22 (1903)
= Cyclamen saldense Pomel; Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 36: 354 (1889)
= Cyclamen subrotundum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 21 (1903)
= Cyclamen venustum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 21 (1903)
= Cyclaminus africana (Boiss. & Reut.) Bonnet & Barratte; Expl. Sci. Tunisie, Cat. Pl.: 279 (1896)
species :
Cyclamen alpinum Dammann ex Sprenger; Gartenflora 41: 526 (1892)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen alpinum f. leucanthum (Grey-Wilson) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 207 (2002)
= Cyclamen coum subsp. trochopteranthum (O.Schwarz) Ietsw.; J. Cyclamen Soc. 29: 21 (2005)
= Cyclamen trochopteranthum f. leucanthum Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 175 (1997)
= Cyclamen trochopteranthum O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. 86: 493 (1975)
species :
Cyclamen balearicum Willk.; Österr. Bot. Z. 25: 111 (1875)
Distribution: Baleares; SE-France (Gard, Herault)
12 BAL FRA
Remarks: repandum agg.
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen hederifolium subsp. balearicum (Willk.) O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 22 (1938)
= Cyclamen repandum proles balearicum (Willk.) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 10: 189 (1908)
= Cyclamen repandum subsp. balearicum (Willk.) Malag.; Las Subesp. y Variac. Geogr. 13 (1973), isonym
= Cyclamen repandum var. stenopetalum Loret; H. Loret & A. Barrandon, Fl. Montpellier 2: 425 (1876)
species :
Cyclamen cilicium Boiss. & Heldr.; Boiss., Diagn. ser. 1, 11: 78 (1849)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen cilicium f. album R.Frank & Koenen; Quart. Bull. Alp. Gard. Soc- 51(2): 150 (1983)
species :
Cyclamen colchicum (Albov) Albov; Wiener Ill. Garten-Ztg. 23: 7 (1898)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen europaeum subsp. ponticum (Albov) O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 16 (1938)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. colchicum Albov; Trudy Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 1: 166 (1895)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. ponticum Albov; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2: 254 (1894)
= Cyclamen ponticum (Albov) Pobed.; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 33: 223 (1948)
= Cyclamen purpurascens subsp. ponticum (Alboff) Grey-Wilson; Genus Cyclamen: 106 (1988)
species :
Cyclamen coum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Cyclamen no 6. (1768)
subspecies :
subsp. coum
Name: Freiland-Alpenveilchen, Vorfrühlings-Alpenveilchen (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria; European Turkey; European Russia; Crimea; Northern Caucasus; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iran (NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (N-Israel)
11 ger 12 cis 13 BUL rom TUE 14 KRY RUS 33 GEO NCS 34 IRN ISR LEB SYR TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen apiculatum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 15 (1903)
= Cyclamen brevifrons Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 15 (1903)
= Cyclamen coum f. albissimum R.H.Bailey; Cyclamen Soc. J. 13(1): 27 (1989)
= Cyclamen coum f. pallidum Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen coum subsp. hiemale (Hildebr.) O.Schwarz
= Cyclamen coum var. pulcherrimum Regel; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1856: 28 (1856)
= Cyclamen durostoricum Pantu & Solacolu; Bull. Sect. Sci. Acad. Roumaine 9: 23 (1924)
= Cyclamen europaeum Pall. ex M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur. Caucasus 140 (1808) non L.
= Cyclamen europaeum subsp. orbiculatum (Mill.) O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 16 (1938)
= Cyclamen hiemale Hildebr.; Gartenflora 53: 70 (1904)
= Cyclamen hyemale Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 118 (1796)
= Cyclamen kuznetzovii Kotov & Czernova; Bordzil. & al., Fl. URSR 8: 521 (1958)
= Cyclamen orbiculatum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 5 (1768)
= Cyclamen vernale K.Koch; Linnaea 17: 308 (1843)
= Cyclamen vernum var. hiemale (Hildebr.) O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 20 (1938)
= Cyclaminus coa (Mill.) Asch.; Ber. deutsch. bot. Gesells. 10: 235 (1892)
= Cyclaminus coum (Mill.) Bergmans; Vaste Pl. Rotsheesters, 158 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. caucasicum (K.Koch) O.Schwarz; Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 250 (1955)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan
33 AZE GEO NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen abchasicum (Medw. ex Kusn.) Kolak. ex Pobed.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 13: 194 (1950), cum descr. lat.
= Cyclamen adzharicum Pobed.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 13: 189 (1950)
= Cyclamen calcareum Kolak.; Izv. Glavn. Bot. Sada S.S.S.R. 3: 83 (1949)
= Cyclamen caucasicum Willd. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 11 (1875), et ex Steven, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 30(1)- 327 (1857)
= Cyclamen circassicum Pobed.; Bot. Zhurn. S.S.S.R. 33: 226 (1948)
= Cyclamen coum var. abchasicum Medw.; Fl. Caucas. Crit. 4(1): 167 (1902)
= Cyclamen coum var. caucasicum (K.Koch) Meikle; P. H. Davis (ed. ), Fl. Turkey 6: 133 (1978)
= Cyclamen coum var. ibericum Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 4: 11 (1875)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. caucasicum K.Koch; Linnaea 23: 619 (1850)
= Cyclamen ibericum Goldie ex G.Don; Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 3: 560 (1839)
= Cyclamen vernum f. pseudocoum O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 20 (1938)
= Cyclamen vernum Sweet; Brit. Flow. Gard. Ser. I. 1: t. 9 (1827)
= Cyclamen vernum var. abchasicum (Medw. ex Kusn.) Menitsky; Bot. Zhurn. 85(6): 166 (2000)
= Cyclamen vernum var. caucasicum O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 20 (1938)
= Cyclamen zonale Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 15 (1903)
= Cyclaminus ibericus (Goldie ex G.Don) Bergmans; Vaste Pl. Rotsheesters: 158 (1924)
subspecies :
subsp. elegans (Boiss. & Buhse) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan
33 ARM AZE NCS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen elegans Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 145 (1860)
species :
Cyclamen creticum (Dörfl.) Hildebr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 19(2): 367 (1906)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen balearicum subsp. creticum (Dörfl.) Ietsw.; J. Cyclamen Soc. 29(1): 20 (2005)
= Cyclamen creticum f. erubescens J.Compton; J. Cyclamen Soc. 28(1): 33 (2004)
= Cyclamen creticum f. pallideroseum Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen hederifolium subsp. creticum (Hildebr.) O.Schwarz; Gartenflora ser. 2, 1: 22 (1938)
= Cyclamen repandum subsp. creticum (Dörfl.) Debussche & J.D.Thomps.; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 139(2): 141 (2002)
= Cyclamen repandum var. creticum Dörfl.; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 55: 20 (1905)
species :
Cyclamen cyprium Kotschy; Unger & Kotschy, Insel Cypern 295 (1865)
Distribution: Cyprus (C-Mountains, SW-Cyprus, N-Cyprus)
34 CYP
species :
Cyclamen graecum Link; Linnaea 9: 573 (1834)
subspecies :
subsp. graecum
Distribution: Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.
13 GRC KRI 34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen aegineticum Hildebr.; Gartenflora 57: 296 (1908)
= Cyclamen gaidurowryssii Glasau; Planta 31: 539 (1939), sine descr. lat.
= Cyclamen graecum f. album R.Frank & E.Frank; Bull. Alpine Gard. Soc. Gr. Brit. 50: 251 (1982)
= Cyclamen miliarakesii Heldr. ex Halácsy; Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 9 (1904) et ex Hildebr., Gartenflora 5 5: 634 (1906)
= Cyclamen pentelici Hildebr.; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 1 (1894)
= Cyclamen velutinum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 22 (1903)
= Cyclaminos miliarakesii Heldr. ex R.Knuth; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 237: 254 (1905)
subspecies :
subsp. anatolicum Ietswaart; Cyclamen Soc. J. 14(2): 51 (1990)
Name: Anatolisches Alpenveilchen (DE); Anatolian Cyclamen (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Turkey (SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus)
34 CYP EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen cyprograecum E.Mutch & N.Mutch; Bull. Alpine Gard. Soc. Gr. Brit. 23: 164 (1954), nom. nud.
= Cyclamen maritimum Hildebr.; Gartenflora 57: 291 (1908)
= Cyclamen pseudomaritimum Hildebr.; Gartenflora 57: 293 (1908)
subspecies :
subsp. mindleri (Heldr.) A.Davis & Govaerts; A. Davis (ed. ), CITES bulb checklist: 131 (1999)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen graecum subsp. candicum Ietsw.; Cyclamen Soc. J. 14(2): 50 (1990)
= Cyclamen mindleri (Heldr.) Dyer; Index Kew., Suppl. 2: 52 (1904)
= Cyclamen persicum subsp. mindleri (Heldr.) Knuth; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 237: 248 (1905)
= Cyclamen pseudograecum Hildebr.; Gartenflora 60: 629 (1911)
= Cyclaminos mindleri Heldr.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 386 (1898)
species :
Cyclamen hederifolium Aiton; Hort. Kew. 1: 196 (1789)
Name: Herbst-Alpenveilchen, Efeublättriges Alpenveilchen (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; France; Channel Isl. [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Myanmar [I]
10 grb 11 ger 12 cis COR FRA SAR 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI NMA SIC SMA SRB TUE 34 EAI TUR 41 mya
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen albiflorum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr. Ic. Fl. Eur. 3: 20 (1904)
= Cyclamen angulare Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 19 (1903)
= Cyclamen autumnale J.Boos; Schönbrunn´s Fl.: 45 (1816)
= Cyclamen crassifolium Hildebr.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 22(2): 157 (1907)
= Cyclamen cyclaminus Bedevian; Ill. Polyglot. Dict.: 218 (1936)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. hederifolium (Aiton) Merrem; 82 (1809)
= Cyclamen hederifolium f. albiflorum (Ford) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen hederifolium f. virgineum B.Mathew; Cyclamen 33(1): 28 (2009)
= Cyclamen hederifolium subsp. crassifolium (Hildebr.) Culham, Denney & P.Moore; Cyclamen 33: 14 (2009)
= Cyclamen hederifolium subsp. romanum (Griseb.) O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 22 (1938)
= Cyclamen hederifolium var. poli (Chiaje) Giardina & Raimondo; Bocconea 20: 260 (2007)
= Cyclamen insulare Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 20 (1903)
= Cyclamen linearifolium DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3 3: 253 (1805)
= Cyclamen neapolitanum Ten.; Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LXVI (1815)
= Cyclamen oedirrhizum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 21 (1903)
= Cyclamen poli Chiaje; Opusc.: 166 (1824)
= Cyclamen romanum Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 1: 5 (1843)
= Cyclamen sabaudum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 20 (1903)
= Cyclamen subhastatum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 407 (1831)
= Cyclaminum vernum (Rchb.) Bubani; Fl. Pyren. 1: 229 (1897)
= Cyclaminus neapolitana (Ten.) Asch.; Ber. deutsch. bot. Gesells. 10: 235 (1892)
= Cyclaminus repanda (Sibth. & Sm.) Asch.; Ber. deutsch. bot, Gesells. 10: 235 (1892)
variant :
var. confusum Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
Distribution: Crete
13 KRI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen confusum (Grey-Wilson) Culham, Jope & P.Moore; Cyclamen 33(1): 14 (2009)
= Cyclamen hederifolium subsp. confusum (Grey-Wilson) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen Guide Gard., Hort. & Botanists, ed. 2 [ Grey-Wilson] 207 (2002)
species :
Cyclamen intaminatum (Meikle) Grey-Wilson; Gen. Cyclamen: 71 (1988)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen cilicium subsp. intaminatum (Meikle) Ietsw.; J. Cyclamen Soc. 29(1): 20 (2005)
= Cyclamen cilicium var. intaminatum Meikle; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 36: 2 (1978)
species :
Cyclamen libanoticum Hildebr.; Bot. Jahr 25: 477 (1898)
Distribution: Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon)
34 LEB
species :
Cyclamen mirabile Hildebr.; Beih. Bot. Centr 19 2: 370 (1906)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SW-Anatolia); Vietnam [I]
34 TUR 41 vie
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen mirabile f. niveum Jill White & Grey-Wilson; Grey-Wilson, Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen cilicium subsp. mirabile (Hildebr.) Ietsw.; J. Cyclamen Soc. 29(1): 20 (2005)
species :
Cyclamen parviflorum Pobed.; Not. Syst. Leningrad 9: 250, f. 1 (1946)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen coum subsp. parviflorum (Pobed.) Ietsw.; J. Cyclamen Soc. 29(1): 20 (2005)
= Cyclamen parviflorum subsp. subalpinum (Grey-Wilson) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 207 (2002)
= Cyclamen parviflorum var. subalpinum Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen vernum f. alpinum O.Schwarz; Gartenflora, n.f. 1: 20 (1938)
species :
Cyclamen persicum Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Cyclamen n 3. (1768)
Name: Persisches Alpenveilchen (DE); Florist´s Cyclamen (EN)
Distribution: Crete; Algeria; Tunisia; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Cyprus (N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania); China [I]; Myanmar [I]; Java [I]; Colombia [c]
13 KRI 20 ALG TUN 34 CYP EAI ISR JOR LEB TUR 36 chi 41 mya 42 jaw 82 clm
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen albidum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 23 (1903)
= Cyclamen aleppicum Fisch. ex Hoffmanns.; Verz. Pfl. 54 (1824)
= Cyclamen aleppicum subsp. puniceum Glasau; Planta 30: 545 (1939)
= Cyclamen antiochium Decne.; Rev. Hort. (Paris), sér. 4, 4: 23 (1855)
= Cyclamen hederaceum Sieber ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 458 (1840)
= Cyclamen latifolium Sm.; Sibth., Fl. Graeca 2: 71 (1816)
= Cyclamen persicum f. albidum (Jord.) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen persicum f. puniceum (Gleason) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen persicum var. cristatum Guiheneuf; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 53: 212 (1898)
= Cyclamen persicum var. giganteum W.Bull; Gard. Chron., n.s. 3: 179 (1875)
= Cyclamen persicum var. grandiflorum J.Dix; Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 168 (1860)
= Cyclamen persicum var. papilio Guiheneuf; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 53: 212 (1898)
= Cyclamen persicum var. purpureum J.Dix; Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 168 (1860)
= Cyclamen persicum var. vernale (Mill.) Martyn; Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 9. 1: s.p. (1797)
= Cyclamen punicum Pomel; Bull. Soc. Bot, Fr. 36: 356 (1889)
= Cyclamen pyrolifolium Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 119 (1796)
= Cyclamen tunetanum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 23 (1903)
= Cyclamen utopicum Hoffmanns.; Verz. Pfl.-Kult.: 54 (1824)
= Cyclamen vernale Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8.: no. 4 (1768)
= Cyclamen vulgare Champy; Fl. Algérie: 17 (1844)
= Cyclaminus persica (Mill.) Asch.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 10: 235 (1892)
= Cyclaminus persica (Mill.) Bonnet & Barratte; Expl. Sci. Tunisie, Cat. Pl.: 279 (1896)
species :
Cyclamen pseudibericum Hildebr.; Beih. Bot. Centrbl. 10: 522 (1901)
Distribution: Turkey (Inner Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen pseudibericum f. candidum B.Mathew & ten Hoope; Cyclamen 44(2): 79 (2020)
= Cyclamen pseudibericum f. roseum Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
species :
Cyclamen purpurascens Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8: Cyclamen n 2. (1768)
Name: Wildes Alpenveilchen (DE)
Distribution: Germany (Baden-Württemberg [I], Bayern, Hessen [I], Nordrhein-Westfalen [I]); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania [I]; ?European Russia; Ukraine [I]; Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Taiwan [I]
11 AUT CZE GER HUN LIE POL SLO SWI 12 FRA 13 BIH CRO ITA KOS rom SLV SRB 14 ukr 33 geo 38 tai
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen aestivum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 407 (1831)
= Cyclamen breviflorum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 18 (1903)
= Cyclamen clusii Lindl.; Bot. Reg. t. 1013 (1826)
= Cyclamen cordifolium Stokes; Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 295 (1812)
= Cyclamen cyclophyllum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 18 (1903)
= Cyclamen deltoideum Tausch; Flora 12: 667 (1829)
= Cyclamen europaeum L.; Sp. Pl.: 145 (1753), nom. rej.
= Cyclamen europaeum var. germanicum Merrem; 82 (1809)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. immaculatum Hrabetová; Ceskoslov. Bot. Listy 3: 35 (1950)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. littorale (Sadler ex Rchb.) Guiheneuf; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 53: 211 (1898)
= Cyclamen europaeum var. peakianum Guiheneuf; Garden (London, 1871-1927) 53: 211 (1898)
= Cyclamen fatrense Halda & Soják; Cas. Nar. Muz. (Prague), 140(1-2): 64 (1971)
= Cyclamen floridum Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 119 (1796)
= Cyclamen hastatum Tausch; Flora 12: 668 (1829)
= Cyclamen holochlorum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 19 (1903)
= Cyclamen lilacinum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 19 (1903)
= Cyclamen littorale Sadler ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 406 (1831)
= Cyclamen officinale Wender. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 458 (1840), nom. inval.
= Cyclamen officinarum Wender.; Index Seminum (MB, Marburgensis) 1827: [5] (1827), nom. nud.
= Cyclamen purpurascens f. album Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen purpurascens f. carmineolineatum Hendrikx; Saussurea 31: 102 (2000 publ. 2001)
= Cyclamen purpurascens subsp. immaculatum (Hrabetová) Halda & Soják; Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 6(3): 322 (1971)
= Cyclamen retroflexum Moench; Meth. Suppl. 177 (1802), nom. illeg.
= Cyclamen rotundifolium St.-Lag.; Cariot, Etud. des fl. ed. 8. 2: 573 (1889)
= Cyclamen umbratile Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 18 (1903)
= Cyclamen variegatum Pohl; Tentamen Fl. Bohemiae 1: 192 (1809), nom. illeg.
= Cyclaminus europaea (L.) Asch.; Ber. deutsch. bot. Gesells. 10: 235 (1892)
= Cyclaminus europaeus (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carn. ed. II. 1: 135 (1771)
species :
Cyclamen repandum Sm.; Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1: 128 (1806)
subspecies :
subsp. repandum
Name: Frühlings-Alpenveilchen
Distribution: France [I]; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; San Marino; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Algeria; Cyprus (C-Mountains)
12 COR fra SAR 13 BIH CRO ITA SIC SMA 20 ALG 34 CYP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen europaeum subsp. repandum (Sm.) Bonnier & Layens; Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 209 (1894)
= Cyclamen ficariifolium Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 407 (1831)
= Cyclamen ilicetorum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 17. (1903)
= Cyclamen immaculatum Mazziari; Ionios Antologia 5: 192 (1835), nom. inval.
= Cyclamen repandum var. baborense Debussche & Quézel; Acta Bot. Gallica 144: 30 (1997)
= Cyclamen lobospilum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 17 (1903)
= Cyclamen repandum f. album Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 175 (1997)
= Cyclamen repandum var. baborense Batt. ex Debussche; Acta Bot. Gallica 144(1): 30 "1997" (1998)
= Cyclamen vernum Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1: 407 (1831)
= Cyclaminus repanda (Sm.) Asch.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 10: 235 (1892)
variant :
var. vividum (Grey-Wilson) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen eucardium Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 16 (1903)
= Cyclamen peloponnesiacum subsp. vividum (Grey-Wilson) Kit Tan; Endemic Pl. Greece, Peloponnese: 239 (2001)
= Cyclamen repandum f. vividum Grey-Wilson; Genus Cyclamen: 60 (1988)
= Cyclamen rhodium subsp. vividum (Grey-Wilson) J.Compton & Culham; J. Cyclamen Soc. 27(2): 72 (2003)
= Cyclamen spectabile Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 16 (1903)
= Cyclamen stenopetalum Jord.; Jord. & Fourr., Icon. Fl. Eur. 3: 16 (1903)
subspecies :
subsp. peloponnesiacum Grey-Wilson; Gen. Cyclamen: 60 (1988)
Distribution: Greece
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen peloponnesiacum (Grey-Wilson) Kit Tan; Endemic Pl. Greece, Peloponnese 238 (2001)
= Cyclamen peloponnesiacum f. albiflorum (B.Mathew) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 207 (2002)
= Cyclamen repandum f. albiflorum B.Mathew; J. Cyclamen Soc. 23: 51 (1999)
= Cyclamen repandum f. peloponnesiacum Grey-Wilson; Gen. Cyclamen: 60 (1988)
= Cyclamen repandum var. peloponnesiacum (Grey-Wilson) Grey-Wilson; Cyclamen: 174 (1997)
= Cyclamen rhodium f. albiflorum (B.Mathew) J.Compton & Culham; J. Cyclamen Soc. 27(2): 72 (2003)
= Cyclamen rhodium subsp. peloponnesiacum (Grey-Wilson) J.Compton & Culham; J. Cyclamen Soc. 27(2): 72 (2003)
subspecies :
subsp. rhodense (Meikle) Grey-Wilson; Gen. Cyclamen: 60 (1988)
Name: Rhodisches Alpenveilchen (DE); Rhodian Cyclamen (EN)
Distribution: East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos)
34 EAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen peloponnesiacum subsp. rhodense (Meikle) Kit Tan; Endemic Pl. Greece, Peloponnese: 239 (2001)
= Cyclamen repandum subsp. rhodense (Meikle) Kit Tan; Endemic Pl. Greece, Peloponnese 239 (2001), isonym
= Cyclamen repandum var. rhodense Meikle; J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 90: 29 (1965)
= Cyclamen rhodium R.Gorer ex O.Schwarz & Lepper; Feddes Repert. 86: 491 (1975)
species :
Cyclamen rohlfsianum Asch.; Bull. Herb. Roissier 5: 528 (1897)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyclamen rohlfsianum f. album B.Mathew; J. Cyclamen Soc. 26(1): 15 (2002)
species :
Cyclamen somalense Thulin & Warfa; Pl. Syst. Evol., 166(3-4): 249 (1989)
Distribution: NE-Somalia
24 SOM
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life