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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

260.0000 Family Rosaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 334 (1789), nom. cons.
97-110 genera, ca. 7.500 spp., of them about 4.000 microspecies in Rubus, Alchemilla and Sorbus
Species listed in database: 7578; hybrids: 490
= Agrimoniaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 574 (1822)
= Alchemillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 17 (1820)
= Amygdalaceae Marquis; Esq. Règne Vég.: 49 (1820), nom. cons.
= Cercocarpaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 287 (1858)
= Chamaemoraceae Lilja; Skånes Fl., ed. 2: 349, 980 (1870)
= Coleogynaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 171 (1858)
= Cydoniaceae Schnizl.; Anal. Nat. Ordn. Gew.: 14 (1856)
= Dryadaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 577 (1822)
= Fragariaceae Nestl.; Monogr. Potentilla: 14 (1816)
= Lindleyaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 166 (1858)
= Malaceae Small; Fl. S. E. U. S.: 529 (1903), nom. cons.
= Mespilaceae Schultz Sch.; Nat. Syst. Pflanzenr.: 509 (1832)
= Neilliaceae Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 1: 390 (1855)
= Potentillaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 231 (1820)
= Poteriaceae Raf.; Anal. Nat.: 173 (1815)
= Prunaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 511 (1820)
= Pyraceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 268, 286 (1818)
= Rhodotypaceae J.Agardh; Theoria Syst. Pl.: 172 (1858)
= Sanguisorbaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 231 (1820)
= Sorbaceae Brenner; Florist. Handb.: 94 (1886)
= Spiraeaceae Bertuch; Taf. Allg. Naturgesch. Gewächs-Reich: Enum. 10, Syn. Tab. 3 (1801)
= Tormentillaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 636 (1820)
= Ulmariaceae Gray; Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 395, 588 (1822)
260.3886 Genus Cydonia Tourn. ex Mill; Gard. Dict. Abridg. ed. 6 (1754)
Distribution: Asia Minor, N-Iran, Caucasus, Middle Asia.
Species listed in database: 1
species :
Cydonia oblonga Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 1 (1768)
Name: Quitte (DE); Quince (EN); Membrillero (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Switzerland [c]; Austria [c]; Czech Republic [c]; Slovakia [c]; Hungary [c]; Portugal [c]; Spain [c]; France [c]; Monaco [c]; Channel Isl. [c]; Corsica [c]; Sardinia [c]; Italy [c]; Sicily [c]; San Marino [c]; Slovenia [c]; Croatia [c]; former Yugoslavia [c]; Albania [c]; Romania [c]; Bulgaria [c]; Greece [c]; Crete [c]; Crimea [c]; Morocco [c]; Algeria [c]; Tunisia [c]; Libya [c]; Canary Isl. [c] (Tenerife [c], Hierro [c]); Cape Verde Isl. [c] (Santo Antao Isl. [c], Ilha de Sao Tiago [c], Fogo Isl. [c]); South Africa [c] (Free State [c]); Kazakhstan [c]; Turkmenistan [c]; Uzbekistan [c]; Tajikistan [c]; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. [c]; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan [c]; Yemen [c]; China [c] (Fujian [c], Guizhou [c], Jiangxi [c], S-Shaanxi [c], Shanxi [c], Xinjiang [c]); Taiwan [c]; Pakistan [c]; Nepal [c]; N-India [c]; Vietnam [c]; Australia [c] (South Australia [c]); New Zealand [c]; New Caledonia [c]; Canada [c] (Ontario [c]); USA [c] (California [c], Connecticut [c], Illinois [c], Massachusetts [c], Maryland [c], New York [c], Ohio [c], Oregon [c], Pennsylvania [c], Vermont [c]); Mexico [c]; Guatemala [c]; El Salvador [c]; Honduras [c]; Colombia [c]; Ecuador [c]; Bolivia [c]
11 aut cze ger hun slo swi 12 cis cor fra mco por sar spa 13 alb bul cro grc ita kri rom sic slv sma 14 kry 20 alg lby mor tun 21 cny cvi 27 saf 32 kaz tkm tzk uzb 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 afg eai IRN IRQ TUR 35 yem 36 chi 38 tai 40 ind nep pak 41 vie 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nwc 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 els gua hon 82 clm 83 bol ecu
Remarks: many forms and garden varieties not listed
Synonyms: hidden
= Bollwilleria malifolia Zabel; Mitteil. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges., 77 (1907)
= Crataegus serotina Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 357 (1796) nom. illeg.
= Cydonia communis Loisel.; Duham. Arb. ed. Nov. 4: 135, t. 36 (1812), nom. illeg.
= Cydonia communis var. lusitanica (Mill.) Loisel.; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Arbust., nouv. éd. 4: 136 (1809)
= Cydonia communis var. maliformis (Mill.) Loisel.; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Arbust., nouv. éd. 4: 136 (1809)
= Cydonia communis var. oblonga (Mill.) Loisel.; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Arbust., nouv. éd. 4: 136 (1809)
= Cydonia cydonia (L.) J.F.Lehm.; 35 (1809), nom. inval.
= Cydonia cydonia (L.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 40 (1806), nomen
= Cydonia cydonia subsp. lusitanica (Mill.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 115 (1906)
= Cydonia cydonia var. lusitanica (Mill.) Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: 40 (1806)
= Cydonia cydonia var. maliformis (Mill.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 115 (1906)
= Cydonia cydonia var. oblonga (Mill.) Asch. & Graebn.; Fl. Nordostdeut. Flachl.: 420, 803 (1898)
= Cydonia cydonia var. piriformis (G.Kirchn.) Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 6(2): 115 (1906)
= Cydonia europaea Savi; Tratt. Alb. Tosc. ed. 2, 1: 99 (1811)
= Cydonia lusitanica Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. VIII. n. 3 (1768)
= Cydonia maliformis Mill.; G. Dict. ed. 8, Cydonia no. 2 (1768)
= Cydonia media Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 6: t. 328 (1829)
= Cydonia minor Poit. & Turpin; Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 6: t. 328 (1829)
= Cydonia oblonga subsp. integerrima Lobachev; Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 113: 37 (1981)
= Cydonia oblonga subsp. lusitanica (Mill.) D.Rivera; D. Rivera et al., Varied. Trad. Frut. Cuenca Río Segura Cat. Etnobot.: 130 (1997)
= Cydonia oblonga subsp. maliformis (Mill.) Thell.; Mitt. Bot. Mus. Univ. Zürich 58: 289 (1912)
= Cydonia oblonga subsp. pyriformis (Medik.) Thell.; Mitt. Bot. Mus. Univ. Zürich 58: 289 (1912)
= Cydonia oblonga var. lusitanica (Mill.) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 654 (1906)
= Cydonia oblonga var. maliformis (Mill.) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 1: 654 (1906)
= Cydonia oblonga var. maliformis (Mill.) Hegi; 691 (1922)
= Cydonia piriformis Medik. ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 681 (1893)
= Cydonia silvestris Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 296 (1826)
= Cydonia sumboshia Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nep. 237 (1825)
= Cydonia sylvestris var. lusitanica (Mill.) Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 297 (1826)
= Cydonia sylvestris var. maliformis (Mill.) Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 297 (1826)
= Cydonia sylvestris var. oblonga (Mill.) Risso; Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 298 (1826)
= Cydonia vulgaris Borkh.; 1295 (1803)
= Cydonia vulgaris Pers.; Syn. Pl. 2: corrigenda (1807)
= Cydonia vulgaris subsp. maliformis (Mill.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 314 (1834)
= Cydonia vulgaris subsp. oblonga (Mill.) Schübl. & G.Martens; 314 (1834)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. algeriensis Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 111 (1877), nomen
= Cydonia vulgaris var. anglica M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 218 (1847)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. bourgeana Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 111 (1877), nomen
= Cydonia vulgaris var. constantinopolitana Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 111 (1877), nomen
= Cydonia vulgaris var. georgica M.Roem.; Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 218 (1847)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. lusitanica (Mill.) DC.; Prodr. 2: 638 (1825)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. macrocarpa Lavallée; Énum. Arbres: 111 (1877), nomen
= Cydonia vulgaris var. maliformis (Mill.) DC.; Prodr. 2: 638 (1825)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. maliformis (Mill.) Dierb.; 38 (1827)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. marmorata Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 357 (1893)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. oblonga (Mill.) DC.; Prodr. 2: 638 (1825), nomen
= Cydonia vulgaris var. pyramidalis Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 357 (1893)
= Cydonia vulgaris var. pyriformis G.Kirchn.; Petzold & Kirchner, Arbor. Muscav.: 311 (1864)
= Pyrus cydonia L.; Sp. Pl. 480 (1753)
= Pyrus cydonia subsp. lusitanica (Mill.) Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 7: 52 (1792), nomen
= Pyrus cydonia subsp. maliformis (Mill.) Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 7: 52 (1792), nomen
= Pyrus cydonia subsp. oblonga (Mill.) Ehrh.; Beitr. Naturk. Verw. Wiss. 7: 52 (1792), nomen
= Pyrus cydonia var. dulcis Weston; Bot. Univ. 1: 230 (1770)
= Pyrus cydonia var. lusitanica (Mill.) Weston; Bot. Univ. 1: 230 (1770)
= Pyrus cydonia var. major Weston; Bot. Univ. 1: 230 (1770)
= Pyrus cydonia var. maliformis Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(2): 433 (1827)
= Pyrus cydonia var. minor Weston; Bot. Univ. 1: 230 (1770)
= Pyrus cydonia var. oblonga (Mill.) Borkh.; 176 (1790)
= Pyrus cydonia var. oblonga (Mill.) Martyn; Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 9. 2: s.p. (1797), nomen
= Pyrus cydonia var. pyriformis Roth; Enum. Pl. Phaen. Germ. 1(2): 433 (1827)
= Pyrus cydonia var. rotunda Weston; Bot. Univ. 1: 230 (1770)
= Pyrus cydonia var. sylvestris Duhamel ex DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 5: 430 (1805)
= Pyrus lusitanica (Mill.) Münchh.; 249 (1770)
= Pyrus maliformis (Mill.) Münchh.; 248 (1770)
= Pyrus oblonga (Mill.) Münchh.; 249 (1770)
= Pyrus sumboshia (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Spreng.; Syst. 4: Cur. Post. 196 (1827)
= Sorbus cydonia (L.) Crantz; Stirp. Austr. ed. I. fasc. 2: 57 (1763), ed. II. 93
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life