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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

168.0000 Family Cyperaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 26 (1789), nom. cons.
91 genera, ca. 5700 spp. Phylogeny: Larridon et al. 2021
Species listed in database: 5688; hybrids: 296
= Kobresiaceae Gilly; Iowa State Coll. J. Sci. 26: 210 (1952)
= Mapaniaceae Shipunov; Zhurn. Obshchei Biol. 64: 505 (2003)
= Papyraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 761, 1129 (1835)
= Scirpaceae Batsch ex Borkh.; Bot. Wörterb. 2: 340 (1797)
= Scleriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 263 (1820)
168.4221 Genus Cyperus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 44 (1753) s. l.
Distribution: Tropical, subtropical and temperate regions. The genus is taken in a very broad sense following extensive molecular studies (Larridon et al. 2014 and others). Many species are widely introduced, causing long synonym lists and numerous taxonomic problems.
Species listed in database: 955; hybrids: 6
= Acorellus Palla ex Kneuck.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 68 (1903)
= Adupla Bosc ex Juss.; Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat. 1: 263 (1804)
= Aliniella J.Raynal; Adansonia, n.s., 13: 157 (1973), nom. illeg.
= Alinula J.Raynal; Adansonia, n.s., 17: 43 (1977)
= Androcoma Nees; J. Bot. (Hooker) 2: 396 (1840)
= Androtrichum (Brongn.) Brongn.; Duperr., Voy. Monde, Phan.: 177 (1834)
= Anosporum Nees; Linnaea 9: 287 (1834)
= Antrolepis Welw.; Apont.: 578 (1859), nom. inval.
= Ascolepis Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 105 (1855)
= Ascopholis C.E.C.Fisch.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1931: 104 (1931)
= Atomostylis Steud.; Flora 33: 229 (1850)
= Borabora Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 71 (1855)
= Chlorocyperus Rikli; Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 563 (1895)
= Comostemum Nees; Linnaea 9: 283 (1834)
= Courtoisia Nees; Linnaea 9: 286 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Courtoisina Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 193 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Crepidocarpus Klotzsch ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 414 (1870)
= Cylindrolepis Boeckeler; Bot. Centralbl. 39: 75 (1889)
= Cyprolepis Steud.; Flora 33: 229 (1850), nom. nud.
= Diclidium Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 51 (1842)
= Didymia Phil.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 8: 57 (1886)
= Distimus Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 105 (1819)
= Duval-jouvea Palla; W. D. J. Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3, 3: 2555 (1905)
= Epiphystis Trin.; Fund. Agrost.: 97 (1820)
= Eucyperus Rikli; Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 568 (1895)
= Galilea Parl.; Fl. Palerm. 1: 297 (1845)
= Hedychloe Raf.; Ann. Nat. 1: 16 (1820)
= Hemicarpha Nees; Linnaea 9: 287 (1834)
= Hydroschoenus Zoll. & Moritzi; Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Java: 95 (1846)
= Hypaelyptum Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 283 (1805), nom. rej.
= Indocourtoisia Bennet & Raizada; Indian Forester 107: 432 (1981), nom. illeg.
= Juncellus C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 594 (1893)
= Killinga T.Lestib.; Essai Cypér.: 28 (1819)
= Kyllinga Rottb.; Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 12 (1773), nom. cons.
= Kyllingiella R.W.Haines & Lye; Bot. Not. 131: 176 (1978)
= Lipocarpha R.Br.; Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire: 459 (1818)
= Lyprolepis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 130 (1855)
= Mariscopsis Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 25: 60 (1919)
= Marisculus Goetgh.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 47: 444 (1977)
= Mariscus Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 11 (1788), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 372 (1805), nom. cons.
= Megarrhena Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 5 (1842), pro syn.
= Opetiola Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 14 (1788)
= Oxycaryum Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 90 (1842)
= Papyrus Willd.; Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1812-1813: 70 (1812)
= Platylepis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 269 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Pseudomariscus Rauschert; Taxon 31: 559 (1982), nom. illeg.
= Pterachne Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 62 (1842), nom. inval.
= Pterocyperus Opiz; Seznam: 80 (1852)
= Pterogyne Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): nota (1842), nom. inval.
= Pycreus P.Beauv.; Fl. Oware 2: 48 (1816)
= Queenslandiella Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 415 (1915)
= Raynalia Soják; Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 148: 193 (1979 publ. 1980)
= Remirea Aubl.; Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 44 (1775)
= Rikliella J.Raynal; Adansonia, n.s., 13: 154 (1973)
= Sorostachys Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 71 (1854)
= Sphaerocyperus Lye; Bot. Not. 125: 214 (1972)
= Sphaeromariscus E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 239 (1910)
= Thryocephalon J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.; Char. Gen. Pl.: 129 (1776)
= Torreya Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 105 (1819), nom. illeg.
= Torulinium Desv.; Ham., Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid.: 15 (1825)
= Trentepohlia Boeckeler; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 16: 249 (1858)
= Ungeria Nees ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 34 (1884)
= Volkiella Merxm. & Czech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 8: 317 (1953)
species :
Cyperus abietinus (Goetgh.) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 18 (2014)
Distribution: Senegal; Mali; Ivory Coast; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; S-Chad; Tanzania; Angola; Botswana
22 IVO MLI SEN 23 BUR CAF CMN ZAI 24 CHA 25 TAN 26 ANG 27 BOT
Synonyms: hidden
= Lipocarpha abietina Goetgh.; Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 89(1): 19 (1989)
= Lipocarpha triceps var. latinux Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 40, Anhang 123 (1936)
species :
Cyperus absconditicoronatus Bauters, Reynders & Goetgh.; Novon 20(2): 133 (2010)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus absconditicoronatus (Bauters, Reynders & Goetgh.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Candollea 74(2): 147 (2019)
species :
Cyperus acaulescens Reynders; Phytotaxa 166(1): 41 (2014)
Distribution: Malawi
26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus acaulis Nelmes; Kew Bull. 10: 91 (1955), non Cyperus acaulis Steud. 1842
species :
Cyperus acholiensis Larridon; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 144(3): 351 (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: ?South Sudan; Uganda
25 UGA
Remarks: known only from type specimen
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllingiella ugandensis R.W.Haines & Lye; Bot. Notiser 131(1): 177 (1978)
species :
Cyperus acuminatus Torr. & Hook.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 3: 435 (1836)
Name: Tapertip flatsedge
Distribution: Canada (Saskatchewan); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wyoming); Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas)
71 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus acuminatus var. cyrtolepis (Torr. & Hook.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 178 (1936)
= Cyperus cyrtolepis Torr. & Hook.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 436 (1836)
= Cyperus cyrtolepis var. caepitosus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 558 (1868)
= Cyperus cyrtolepis var. denticarinatus (Britton) Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 209 (1886)
= Cyperus cyrtolepis var. glaucescens Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 557 (1868)
= Cyperus rufescens var. denticarinatus Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 11: 85 (1884)
species :
Cyperus acuticarinatus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 93 (1913)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; ?Cameroon; South Sudan
22 BKN GHA GNB GUI IVO MLI NGA SEN TOG 24 SSU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus crustaceus Raymond; Garcia de Orta 11: 374 (1963)
= Cyperus macranthus f. acuticarinatus (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 389 (1936)
= Pycreus acuticarinatus (Kük.) Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 81: 262 (1934)
species :
Cyperus aethiops Welw. ex Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 2: 129 (1884)
Distribution: Guinea; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; ?D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Chad; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; N-Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, Limpopo, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
22 BKN GHA GUI IVO 23 CAF CON 24 CHA ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aberdarensis Kük.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 301 (1925)
= Cyperus aethiops var. aberdarensis (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 367 (1936)
= Cyperus aethiops var. tessmannii Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 366 (1936)
= Cyperus betschuanus Boeckeler; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 11: 406 (1890)
= Cyperus cooperi (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Bot. Notiser 68 (1934)
= Cyperus neocooperi Reynders; Phytotaxa 166(1): 41 (2014), nom. nov. for Pyreus cooperi
= Pycreus aethiops (Welw. ex Ridl.) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 534
= Pycreus betschuanus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 535
= Pycreus cooperi C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 535
species :
Cyperus affinis Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 2: 213 (1817)
Distribution: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Bolívar, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Falcon, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Bolivia (Beni); Brazil
81 CUB HIS 82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus comosus (Kunth) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 185 (1817), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus giganteus G.Mey.; Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 35 (1818)
= Cyperus giganteus var. comosus (Kunth) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 32: 74 (1933)
= Cyperus pseudogiganteus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 39 (1854)
= Papyrus comosus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 218 (1816)
= Papyrus comosus Willd.; Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1812-1813: 74 (1816)
= Papyrus elegans Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 59 (1842)
= Papyrus radiatus Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 57 (1842)
species :
Cyperus africanus (S.S.Hooper) Reynders; Phytotaxa 166(1): 41 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Nigeria; Cameroon; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Zambia; Madagascar
22 NGA SIE 23 BUR CMN RWA 24 ETH 26 ZAM 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus africanus (S.S.Hooper) Reynders; Blumea 55(3): 227 (2010)
= Pycreus divulsus subsp. africanus S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 26(3): 579 (1972)
species :
Cyperus afroalpinus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 226 (1983)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Kenya; N-Tanzania
23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA
species :
Cyperus afrodunensis Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 222 (1983)
Distribution: S-Somalia; Kenya
24 SOM 25 KEN
species :
Cyperus afroechinatus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 231 (1983), nom. nov.
Distribution: Burkina Faso; Ghana
22 BKN GHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus ghanechinatus Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 39 (2014)
= Kyllinga echinata S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 26(3): 580 (1972)
species :
Cyperus afromontanus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 225 (1983)
Distribution: Uganda; ?Tanzania
25 UGA
species :
Cyperus afrooccidentalis (Lye) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 38 (2014)
Distribution: Ivory Coast
22 IVO
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga afrooccidentalis Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 744 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Cyperus afropumilus (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
Distribution: S-Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi
25 TAN 26 MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga afropumila Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 741 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Cyperus afrorobustus Lye; Lidia 7(4): 96 (2011)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]
22 GAM GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SEN SIE 23 BIO CON GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus densicaespitosus var. major (Nees) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 599 (1936)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. robusta (Boeckeler) H.Pfeiff.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 96 (1929)
= Kyllinga caespitosa var. major Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 12 (1842)
= Kyllinga robusta Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 409 (1868)
species :
Cyperus afrovaricus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 222 (1983)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cyperus aggregatus (Willd.) Endl.; Cat. Hort. Acad. Vindob. 1: 93 (1842)
Name: Inflatedscale flatsedge
Distribution: Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); USA (Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas); Antigua; Guadeloupe; Martinique; St. Lucia; St. Vincent; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Boyacá, Caquetá, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, La Guajira, Meta, Nariño, Santander, Valle, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná, Canindeyu, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Paraguari, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Durazno, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, La Rioja, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman); Chile (Biobío)
50 aus 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS HON NIC PAN 81 ABA CUB GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE STL STV TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex sieberi Nees ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 118 (1837)
= Cyperus argentinus Boeckeler; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: 502 (1884)
= Cyperus bracteifer Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 28 (1854)
= Cyperus cayennensis (Lam.) Britton; Bull. Dept. Agric. Jamaica 5: Suppl. 1: 8 (1907) [not Willd. ex Link 1820
= Cyperus cayennensis var. argentinus (Boeckeler) Kük. ex Barros; Anales Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat. ´Bernardino Rivadavia´ 39: 357 (1938)
= Cyperus flavomariscus Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 567 (1864)
= Cyperus flavus (Vahl) Nees; Linnaea 19: 698 (1847), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus flavus var. aggregatus (Willd.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr, IV, 20(101): 532 (1936)
= Cyperus flavus var. angustatus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 186 (1926)
= Cyperus flavus var. argentinus (Boeckeler) Kük. ex Osten; Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo 3(2): 151 (1931)
= Cyperus flavus var. laevis (Kunth) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 531 (1936)
= Cyperus flavus var. obesus (Liebm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 532 (1936)
= Cyperus obesus Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 211 (1851)
= Cyperus productus C.Wright; Anales Acad. Ci. Méd. Habana 8: 77 (1871)
= Didymia cyperomorpha Phil.; Bot. Jahrb. 8: (1887) t. 1
= Kyllinga cayennensis Lam.; Illustr. 1: 149 (1791)
= Kyllinga squarrosa Baldwin; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Philad. ii (1825) 170
= Mariscus aggregatus Willd.; Enum. Hort. Berol. 70 (1809)
= Mariscus brasiliensis Raddi; Atti Reale Accad. Lucchese Sci. 2: 342 (1823)
= Mariscus cayennensis (Lam.) Urb.; Urban, Symb. Antill. 2: 165 (1900)
= Mariscus confertospicatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 64 (1854)
= Mariscus confertus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 213 (1816)
= Mariscus elatus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 116 (1837)
= Mariscus flavus f. umbellatoflavus C.B.Clarke; Bull. Herb. Boissier 6(App. 1): 20 (1898)
= Mariscus flavus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 374 (1805)
= Mariscus laevigatus Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 243 (1817)
= Mariscus laevis Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 214 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus latibracteatus Palla; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 63: 404 (1913)
= Mariscus littoralis G.Mey.; Prim. Fl. Esseq. 37 (1818)
= Mariscus mexicanus Willd. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 90 (1820)
= Mariscus rigidus Spreng.; Syst. 4: Cur. Post. 29 (1827)
= Mariscus sylvestris Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 377 (1816)
= Mariscus toluccensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 65 (1854)
variant :
var. gigas (Lindm.) Guagl.; Hickenia 2(31): 137 (1995)
Distribution: Cuba; Peru; Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Amambay, Central, Cordillera, Guaira); Uruguay (Paysandu); Argentina (Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
81 CUB 83 PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cayennensis var. gigas (Lindm.) Barros; Anales Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat. ´Bernardino Rivadavia´ 39: 355 (1938)
= Cyperus flavus var. gigas (Lindm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(101): 532 (1936)
= Cyperus retrorsus var. australis (Lindm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 512 (1936)
= Mariscus cylindricus var. australis Lindm.; Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26(3
= Mariscus flavus var. gigas Lindm.; Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. Handl. 26(3
species :
Cyperus ajax C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 343 (1901)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Mozambique
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus derreilema var. ajax (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Notizbl. Bot. Gard. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 302 (1925)
species :
Cyperus alaticaulis R.Booth, D.J.Moore & Hodgon; Austrobaileya 8(1): 40 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus alatus (Nees) F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 272 (1874)
subspecies :
subsp. alatus
Distribution: Equatorial Guinea; Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; SW-Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Seychelles [I]
23 EQG 24 ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 sey
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alatus var. serratus Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 611 (1936)
= Cyperus cristatus var. exalatus Merxm.; Trans. Rhodesia Sci. Assoc. 43: 80 (1951)
= Kyllinga alata Nees; Linnaea 10: 139 (1835)
= Kyllinga alba var. alata (Nees) C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 526 (1894)
= Kyllinga alba var. exalata (Merxm.) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 525 (1960)
subspecies :
subsp. albus (Nees) Lye; Lidia 3(5): 172 (1995)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Nigeria; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; Chad; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa; Eswatini [Swaziland]
22 GHA IVO NGA TOG 23 CAF CON 24 CHA SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cartilagineus var. laevissimus (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 609 (1936)
= Cyperus cristatus (Kunth) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 609 (1936)
= Cyperus cristatus var. nigritanus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 610 (1936)
= Cyperus nigripes var. grandiceps Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 572 (1936)
= Cyperus nigritanus (C.B.Clarke) Lye; Lidia 7(4): 97 (2011)
= Kyllinga alata var. alba (Nees) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 335 (1895)
= Kyllinga alba Nees; Linnaea 10: 140 (1836)
= Kyllinga alba subsp. nigritana (C.B.Clarke) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 190 (1995)
= Kyllinga alba var. diminuta Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 91 (1913)
= Kyllinga alba var. laevissima Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 82: 334 (1935)
= Kyllinga alba var. nigritana (C.B.Clarke) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 525 (1960)
= Kyllinga cristata Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 136 (1837)
= Kyllinga nigritana C.B.Clarke; Thiselton-Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 272 (1901)
subspecies :
subsp. ascolepidioides (Cherm.) Lye; Lidia 3(5): 172 (1995)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; ?Togo; ?Benin; Nigeria; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; ?Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; Sudan; Angola
22 IVO NGA 23 CAF EQG GAB ZAI 24 CHA SUD 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus ascolepidioides (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich. Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 610 (1936)
= Cyperus cristatus subsp. ascolepidioides (Cherm.) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3: 2 (1983)
= Kyllinga alba subsp. ascolepidioides (Cherm.) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 746 (1981 publ. 1982), et in R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p. 2 (1983)
= Kyllinga ascolepidioides Cherm.; Arch. Bot., Caen. 4: Mem. No. 7, p. 4 (1931)
species :
Cyperus albescens (Steud.) Larridon & Govaerts; Kew Bull. 71(2)-30: 1 (2016)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Tshopo etc.); W-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Mauritius; China (Hainan); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore; Sumatra (incl. Bangka Isl., Lingga Arch.); Borneo (incl. Natuna Isl., Anambas Isl.); Sulawesi; Philippines; Java (incl. Madura Isl.); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland)
22 BEN BKN GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 CON EQG ZAI 24 CHA SSU SUD 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 MAU MDG 36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 CBD LAO THA 42 BOR JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus lipocarpha T.Koyama; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 73: 438 (1960), nom. nov. superfl.
= Cyperus submaculatus (Vahl) T.Koyama; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 73: 438 (1960) [non Cyperus argenteus Ridl.]
= Hypaelyptum argenteum Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 283 (1805), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Hypaelyptum senegalense (Lam.) K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C (1895) 127
= Hypaelytrum argenteum Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 283 (1806) [nom illeg.]
= Hypolytrum albidum Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 266 (1837), pro syn.
= Hypolytrum argenteum Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 218 (1816)
= Hypolytrum laevigatum (Roxb.) Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 1: 233 (1824)
= Kyllinga albescens Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 68 (1854)
= Lipocarpha argentea (Kunth) R.Br.; Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire: 477 (1818), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Lipocarpha bawangensis R.H.Miao; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 30(2): 86 (1991)
= Lipocarpha chinensis (Osbeck) J.Kern; Blumea, Suppl. 4: 167 (1958)
= Lipocarpha debilis Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 243 (1916)
= Lipocarpha laevigata (Roxb.) Nees; Wight, Contrib. Bot. India 92 (1834)
= Lipocarpha senegalensis (Lam.) T.Durand & H.Durand; Syll. Fl. Congol.: 619 (1909)
= Rikliella chinensis (Osbeck) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 381 (2009)
= Scirpus chinensis Osbeck; Dagb. Ostind. Resa: 220 (1757)
= Scirpus senegalensis Lam.; Illustr. 1: 140 (1791)
= Tunga laevigata Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 1: 188 (1820)
species :
Cyperus albiceps Ridl.; J. Bot. 22: 16 (1884)
Distribution: W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; SW-Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; N-Namibia; N-Botswana
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus merxmuelleri (Podlech) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
= Cyperus retzii Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 255 (1806)
= Kyllinga albiceps (Ridl.) Rendle; W. P. Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 2: 106 (1899)
= Kyllinga merxmuelleri Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 525 (1960)
species :
Cyperus albogracilis (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
Distribution: S-Tanzania; Zambia
25 TAN 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga albogracilis Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 742 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Cyperus albopilosus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Bot. Notiser 69 (1934)
Distribution: Nigeria; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe
22 NGA 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN 26 MLW ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus albopilosus C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 394 (1902)
species :
Cyperus albopurpureus Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 34 (1919 publ. 1920)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Cyperus albosanguineus Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 555 (1936)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 ZAI 24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus albosanguineus (Kük.) Napper; J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. Nation. Mus., 28(124): 16 (1971)
species :
Cyperus albostriatus Schrad.; Anal. Cap. Cyp. 7 (1832)
Distribution: Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; ?Vanuatu [I]
26 MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES SAF SWZ 50 aus nfk 51 nzl
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus albostriatus var. mossii (Turrill) Kük.; Bot. Not. 1934: 66 (1934)
= Cyperus braunii Vatke; Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1872(App.): 5 (1872)
= Cyperus mariscus Nees; Linnaea 7: 515 (1832)
= Cyperus mossii Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 67 (1925)
species :
Cyperus albus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 175 (1828)
Distribution: Botswana; South Africa (Transvaal, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 BOT LES SAF SWZ
species :
Cyperus algeriensis Väre & Kukkonen; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 42(6): 481 (2005)
Distribution: Algeria
20 ALG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus conglomeratus f. strictus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 274 (1936)
species :
Cyperus alleizettei (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 390 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus alleizettei Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 25: 140 (1919)
species :
Cyperus almensis D.A.Simpson; Kew Bull. 48(4): 699 (1993)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Cyperus alopecuroides Rottb.; Descr. Nov. Pl. 38. t. 8 fig. 2 (1772)
Name: Fuchsschwanz-Zypergras (DE); Foxtail Flatsedge (EN); Juncia colazorro (ES)
Distribution: Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. (Ilha de Sao Tiago); Mauritania; Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; Sudan; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores; Seychelles; East Aegaean Isl. (Rhodos); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, Lahore); India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Sumba, Timor); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland); USA [I] (Florida [I]); Nevis [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Marie-Galante [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Grenada [I]
20 EGY 21 cny CVI 22 BEN BKN GHA IVO MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 CMN ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF SWZ 29 COM MDG SEY 34 EAI IRQ ISR JOR LEB SIN 35 SAU 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 42 JAW LSI 50 AUS 78 usa 81 gdl gre mts stk stl
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus alopecuroides (Rottb.) Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 150 (1928)
= Cyperus alopecuroides f. latifolius Peter ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 73 (1935)
= Cyperus alopecuroides f. pallidiflorus (Peter) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 72 (1935)
= Cyperus alopecuroides var. digynus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 322 (1870)
= Cyperus bidentatus Poir.; Encyc. 7: 250 (1808)
= Cyperus compositus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 217 (1810)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. digynus (Boeckeler) F.N.Williams; Bull. Herb. Boissier, II 4: 224 (1904)
= Cyperus fastigiatus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 14 (1775)
= Cyperus glaucus Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 20 (1837)
= Cyperus glomeratus Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 277 (1797), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus poiretii Roem. & Schult.; Syst. 2: 223 (1817)
= Juncellus alopecuroides (Rottb.) C.B.Clarke ex Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. India 6: (1893) 595
= Juncellus pallidiflorus Peter; Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, n.f. 13: II. 48 (1928)
species :
Cyperus alterniflorus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 216 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alternifolius Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 54 (1854), orth. var.
= Cyperus pictus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 43 (1854)
= Mariscus alterniflorus (R.Br.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 18 (1908)
species :
Cyperus alternifolius L.; Mant. 2: 28 (1771)
subspecies :
subsp. alternifolius
Distribution: St. Helena [I]; Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Bonin Isl. [I] (Chichijima [I], Hahajima [I]); New Caledonia [I]
28 sth 29 MAU MDG REU 38 nns oga 60 nwc
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alternifolius var. gracilis Pynaert; Nursery Cat. (Éd. Pynaert - Van Geert) 1894-1895: 16 (1894)
= Cyperus frondosus Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 30 (1796), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Cyperus onustus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 20 (1854)
= Eucyperus alternifolius (L.) Rikli; Pringsh. Jahrb. 27: 568 (1895)
subspecies :
subsp. flabelliformis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 193 (1936)
Name: Wechselblättriges Zypergras (DE); Umbrella Plant (EN); Juncia paragüitas (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Crete [I]; Algeria [I]; Tunisia [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I], Sao Vicente Isl. [I], Ilha de Sao Nicolau [I], Ilha de Sao Tiago [I], Ilha Brava [I]); Senegal; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Ghana; Togo; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (Rhodos [I]); Saudi Arabia; Yemen; China [I]; Pakistan [I]; Sri Lanka [I]; Bangladesh [I]; Thailand [I]; Laos [I]; Sumatra [I]; Philippines [I]; Java [I]; Australia [I] (South Australia [I], Queensland [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Tuvalu [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Aitutaki [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Hiva Oa [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Palau [I] (Koror [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Pohnpei [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I], Jaluit [I]); Hawaii [I] (Midway Isl. [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], New York [I], Texas [I]); Mexico [I] (widespread); Guatemala [I]; Belize [I]; Honduras [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Bahamas [I]; Cuba [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I]); Guadeloupe [I]; Dominica [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Colombia [I]; Isla Margarita [I]; Surinam [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia [I]; Brazil [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Antofagasta [I], Metropolitana de Santiago [I], Maule [I], Los Lagos [I])
11 ger 12 por spa 13 kri 20 alg tun 21 azo cny cvi mdr 22 GHA GUI SEN SIE TOG 23 BUR CON RWA ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF 29 mau reu 34 eai 35 SAU YEM 36 chi 40 ban pak srl 41 lao tha 42 jaw phi sum 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 60 fij nue nwc ton tuv van 61 coo mrq sci 62 gum mic mrs plu 63 haw 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 blz cos gua hon nic 81 bah bbd cub dom gdl his jam pue stl trt ven vir 82 clm sur 83 bol ecu per 84 bra 85 arg cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alternifolius var. albovariegatus Anon.; J. Gén. Hort. 14: 233 (1861)
= Cyperus alternifolius var. flabelliformis (Rottb.) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 304 (2009)
= Cyperus alternifolius var. petersianus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 194 (1936)
= Cyperus flabelliformis Rottb.; Desc. Nov. Pl. 42
= Cyperus flagellatus Hochst.; Flora 24: (1841) I. Intell. 21
= Cyperus gradatus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 13 (1775)
= Cyperus involucratus Rottb.; Descr. Pl. Rar.: 22 (1772)
= Cyperus petersianus Boeckeler; W. C. H. Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique: 537 (1864)
= Cyperus proximus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 19 (1854)
subspecies :
subsp. textilis (Thunb.) Verloove; Webbia 69(2): 195 (2014)
Distribution: Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I]); South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
21 azo 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus asperifolius Desf.; Cat. Hort. Par. ed. III. 387 (1829)
= Cyperus burchellii Schrad; Anal. Fl. Cap. Cyp. 11 (1832)
= Cyperus smithii Schrad.; Anal. Fl. Cap. Cyp. 12, in adn. (1832)
= Cyperus textilis Thunb.; Prodr. Pl. Cap. 18 (1794)
= Eucyperus pungens Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 568 (1895)
= Eucyperus textilis (Thunb.) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 568 (1895)
species :
Cyperus altochrysocephalus Lye; Candollea 43(2): 508 (1988)
Distribution: Angola; W-Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Cyperus altomicroglumis Lye; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 65(1-2): 249 (1996)
Distribution: S-Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Cyperus altsonii Kük.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 322 (1932)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Barinas, Bolívar, Tachira); Surinam; Guyana; French Guiana; Peru
82 FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus hoppiifolius Uittien; Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 30: 186 (1933)
species :
Cyperus alulatus J.Kern; Reinwardtia 1: 463 (1952). 1: 463 (1952)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Laghman, Nangarhar); Oman (Dhofar); Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab, Hazara); Nepal; India (almost throughout)
34 AFG 35 OMA 40 IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus iria var. rectangularis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 152 (1935)
= Cyperus rectangularis (Kük.) Bennet; Indian Forester 95: 692 (1969)
species :
Cyperus alvesii G.C.Tucker; Harvard Pap. Bot. 13(2): 237 (2008)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Cyperus amabilis Vahl; Enum. 2: 318 (1805)
Name: Foothill flatsedge
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores; India (Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Myanmar (Kachin, Yangon); Vietnam; USA (Arizona); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Hispaniola; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Amazonas, Cesar, Huila, Magdalena, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico, Sucre, Trujillo, Yaracuy); Guyana; Surinam; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil
21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 CAF CMN CON GAB ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 COM MDG 40 IND 41 MYA VIE 76 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ARU BON CUB CUR HIS 82 CLM GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus amabilis var. macra C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 328 (1901)
= Cyperus amabilis var. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 266 (1936)
= Cyperus amabilis var. oligostachyus (Kunth) Kük.; Bot. Not. 1934: 67 (1934)
= Cyperus amabilis var. subacaulis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 266 (1936)
= Cyperus anisostachyos Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 20 (1837)
= Cyperus aurantiacus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 205 (1816)
= Cyperus aureus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 205 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus aureus var. aurantiacus (Kunth) Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 494 (1868)
= Cyperus aureus var. macrostachyus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 494 (1868)
= Cyperus aureus var. oligostachyus (Kunth) Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 495 (1868)
= Cyperus brachyphyllus Willd. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 82 (1820)
= Cyperus castaneus subsp. amabilis (Vahl) Lye; Fl. Ethiopia Eritrea 6: 460 (1997)
= Cyperus glareosus Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 204 (1851)
= Cyperus guadalajaranus M.E.Jones; Contrib. West. Bot. No. 18, 25 (1933-5)
= Cyperus lepidus Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 14 (1854)
= Cyperus microstachyus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 318 (1805)
= Cyperus muelleri Boeckeler; Flora 42: 434 bis (1859)
= Cyperus oligostachyus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 204 (1816)
= Cyperus quitensis Spreng.; Syst. Veg., 1: 224 (1824)
species :
Cyperus amauropus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 33 (1854)
Distribution: Rwanda; ?Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Saudi Arabia; Yemen (W-Yemen, Aden Desert)
23 RWA 24 ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM ZIM 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus concinniformis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 548 (1936)
= Cyperus cruentus subsp. amauropus (Steud.) Lye; Lidia 3(4): 131 (1994)
= Cyperus friesii Kük.; Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911-12 1: 4 (1921)
= Cyperus ibeensis C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 565
= Cyperus leptolepis Peter ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 550 (1936)
= Cyperus leptophyllus (C.B.Clarke) Hochst. ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 548 (1936)
= Cyperus leptophyllus f. conglobata Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 549 (1936)
= Cyperus leptophyllus Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 33 (1844) [nom. nud.]
= Cyperus leptophyllus var. deliciosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 549 (1936)
= Cyperus leptophyllus var. friesii (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 549 (1936)
= Cyperus leptophyllus var. ibeensis (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 550 (1936)
= Mariscus amauropus (Steud.) Cufod.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 40: Suppl., 1448 (1970)
= Mariscus concinnus C.B.Clarke; J. Bot. 34: 224 (1896), nom. illeg., non R. Br.
= Mariscus leptophyllus (Hochst. ex Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 589
species :
Cyperus ampullaceus (J.Raynal) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014)
Distribution: N-Zambia
26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis ampullacea J.Raynal; Adansonia 13(2): 159 (1973)
species :
Cyperus amuricus Maxim.; Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 296 (1859)
Name: Asian flatsedge
Distribution: Italy [I]; Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; USA [I] (Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Pennsylvania [I])
13 ita 31 RFE 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO NNS TAI 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus amuricus (Maxim.) Palla ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 152 (1935), pro syn.
= Chlorocyperus franchetii Palla; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 59: 193 (1909)
= Cyperus amuricus f. nanus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 153 (1935)
= Cyperus amuricus f. perdebilis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 153 (1935)
= Cyperus amuricus var. japonicus Miq.; Prolus. Fl. Jap.: 73 (1866)
= Cyperus amuricus var. pterygorrachis (H.Lév.) Ohwi; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 45: 184 (1931)
= Cyperus amuricus var. subirioides Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 107 (1929)
= Cyperus aristatus var. maingayi C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 94 (1884)
= Cyperus japonicus Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 18: 53 (1904), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus krameri Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Jap. 2: 104, 539 (1877)
= Cyperus pterygorhachis C.B.Clarke ex H.Lév.; Bull. Acad. Geogr. Bot. 14: 202 (1904)
species :
Cyperus anderssonii Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 388
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brachystachys (Hook.f.) Andersson; Galapagos Veg.: 53 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus brachystachys Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 179 (1847)
species :
Cyperus angolensis Boeckeler; Flora 63: 435 (1880)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Ghana; Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo)
22 GHA NGA SIE 23 CAF CMN CON RWA ZAI 24 SSU 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus angolensis var. ampibulbus Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 282 (1936)
species :
Cyperus angustatus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 214 (1810)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
42 NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus angustatus (R.Br.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 19 (1908)
species :
Cyperus anisitsii Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 221 (1936)
Distribution: Paraguay (Guaira)
85 PAR
species :
Cyperus ankaizinensis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 19 (1925)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Cyperus ankaratrensis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 67: 329 (1920 publ. 1921)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Cyperus antillanus (Kük.) O´Neill; Contrib. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Col. ´de la Salle´, Habana, No. 6, 9 (1946)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus refractus var. antillanus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 222 (1926)
species :
Cyperus appendiculatus (Brongn.) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 81 (1837)
Distribution: Ascension Isl.; St. Helena
28 ASC STH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus appendiculatus var. gordonii Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 436 (1936)
= Cyperus capito Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 28 (1854)
= Cyperus dianae Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 28 (1854)
= Cyperus ligularis Hemsl.; Rep. Challenger, Bot. 1(2): 23 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus umbellatus Hemsl.; Rep. Challenger, Bot. 1(2): 23 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus appendiculatus Brongn.; Duperr. Voy. Coq. Bot. 178. t. 34 (1834)
= Mariscus polycephalus A.Rich.; d´Urv., Voy. Astrolabe 2: lii (1834)
= Mariscus polystachyus Brongn. ex A.Rich.; d´Urv., Voy. Astrolabe 2: liv (1834)
variant :
var. atlanticus (Hemsl.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 436 (1936)
Distribution: Ilha da Trindade
84 ITR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus atlanticus Hemsl.; Bot. Voy. Challenger 1: II. 130 (1884)
variant :
var. noronhae (Ridl.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 436 (1936)
Distribution: Fernando Noronha Isl.
84 FNI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus noronhae Ridl.; J. Linn. Soc. 27: 66 (1890)
species :
Cyperus aquatilis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 213 (1810)
Distribution: New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales)
42 NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus trinervis var. aquatilis (R.Br.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 294 (1936)
species :
Cyperus arenarius Retz.; Obs. Bot. 4: 9 (1786-1787)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran; Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia); Kuwait; Yemen (Aden Desert); Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); India (Andhra Pradesh, Daman, Goa, Gujarat, Raryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Taninthayi); Vietnam; Australia [I] (South Australia [I])
34 IRN IRQ 35 KUW SAU YEM 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 41 MYA VIE 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus arenarius var. nairii Yarrayya, G.V.S.Murthy & Ratna Kumar; Taiwania 61: 221 (2016)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. arenarius (Retz.) Coss.; Expl. Sci. Algerie 2: 245 (1868)
= Cyperus persicus Boiss. & Hohen.; P. E. Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 39 (1854)
= Scirpus glomeratus B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 3460 (1831), nom. nud.
species :
Cyperus aristulatus (Coville) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 18 (2014)
Name: Awned halfchaff sedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, Idaho, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wisconsin, Wyoming)
73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Hemicarpha aristulata (Coville) A.Nelson; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 400 (1902)
= Hemicarpha intermedia Piper; C. V. Piper & R. K. Beattie, Fl. Palouse Reg.: 36 (1901)
= Hemicarpha micrantha var. aristulata Coville; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 36. 1894 (1894)
= Lipocarpha aristulata (Coville) G.C.Tucker; J. Arnold Arbor. 68(4): 410 (1987)
species :
Cyperus armstrongii Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 289 (1878)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus pennatus var. armstrongii (Benth.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 479 (1936)
= Mariscus armstrongii (Benth.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 17 (1908)
= Mariscus javanicus subsp. armstrongii (Benth.) K.L.Wilson
species :
Cyperus aromaticus (Ridl.) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich. Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 581 (1936)
Distribution: Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; Sudan; South Sudan; Somalia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Malawi; Botswana; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Madagascar; Comores; Seychelles (incl. Remire Isl., Coetivy Isl.); Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); India [I] (Kerala [I], Tamil Nadu [I]); Sri Lanka [I]; Andaman Isl. [I] (South Andaman Isl. [I]); Nicobar Isl. [I] (Car Nicobar Isl. [I]); Thailand [I]; Singapore [I]; Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; New Guinea [I] (Irian Jaya [I], Papua New Guinea [I]); Solomon Isl. [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Fiji [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (Savai´i [I], ´Upolu [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I]); Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]
22 NGA TOG 23 BUR CAF CMN CON ZAI 24 SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW 27 BOT SAF 29 cgs COM MDG SEY 40 ind srl 41 and ncb tha 42 nwg sng xms 43 sol 60 fij nwc rot sam 61 mrq 81 mar stl
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aromaticus var. brachyrhizomatosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 583 (1936)
= Cyperus aromaticus var. repens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 583 (1936)
= Cyperus aromaticus var. teres (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 582 (1936)
= Cyperus brevifolius f. babiensis (Wad.Khan & Lakshmin.) V.P.Prasad; Nelumbo 63(1): 7 (2021)
= Cyperus teres (C.B.Clarke) Lye; Lidia 7(4): 97 (2011)
= Kyllinga aromatica Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 146 (1884)
= Kyllinga erecta var. polyphylla (Willd. ex Kunth) S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 26: 580 (1972)
= Kyllinga involucrata Bojer ex Baker; Fl. Maurit. 415 (1877)
= Kyllinga macrantha Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 420
= Kyllinga planiceps C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 531 (1894), nom. nud.
= Kyllinga polyphylla subsp. babiensis Wad.Khan & Lakshmin.; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra 273 (2014)
= Kyllinga polyphylla Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 134 (1837)
= Kyllinga teres C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 276 (1901)
= Kyllinga teres var. aphylla Cherm.; Arch. Bot. Mém. 4(7): 8 (1931)
species :
Cyperus arsenei O´Neill & Ben.Ayeres; Leafl. West. Bot. 4: 33 (1944)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur, Ciudad de Mexico, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Sinaloa)
79 MEX
species :
Cyperus articulatus L.; Sp. Pl. 44 (1753)
Name: Camelote, Junco (Cuba), Junco, Junquillo (Dominican Republic), Junco cimarron (Puerto Rico)
Distribution: Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago); Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; ?Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; ?Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion; Seychelles; Iran; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, N-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (N-Saudi Arabia, Asir); Yemen (Tihama); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; S-Pakistan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Raryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I]); USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas, Tortola); Nevis; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Martinique; St. Lucia; Trinidad; Curacao; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bolívar, Caldas, Córdoba, Guainía, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Tolima, Valle, Vaupés); Isla Margarita; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Central, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Artigas, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, La Pampa, Mendoza, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman)
20 EGY 21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CMN CON EQG GAB PRI RWA ZAI 24 CHA SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 MAU MDG REU SEY 34 IRN ISR SIN 35 SAU YEM 38 nns 40 BAN IND PAK SRL 41 MYA THA VIE 50 aus 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA CUB CUR GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE STK STL TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR 83 ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus articulatus (L.) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 563 (1895)
= Chlorocyperus cordobensis Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 69 (1903)
= Cyperus articulatus Benth.; Pl. Hartw.: 124 (1844), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus articulatus f. longispiculosus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 26: 250 (1929)
= Cyperus articulatus var. conglomeratus Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 210 (1886)
= Cyperus articulatus var. erythrostachys Graebn.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 25 (1919)
= Cyperus articulatus var. fistulosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 79 (1935)
= Cyperus articulatus var. multiflorus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 79 (1935)
= Cyperus autumnalis Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 51 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus borbonicus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 31 (1854)
= Cyperus cordobensis (Palla) Hicken; Darwiniana 1: 112 (1924)
= Cyperus corymbosus var. subnodosus (Nees & Meyen) Kük.; Anal. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo (ser. 2) 3: 147 (1931)
= Cyperus fistulosus Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 275
= Cyperus gymnos Schult.; Mant. 2: 97 (1824)
= Cyperus interceptus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 31 (1854)
= Cyperus niloticus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 13 (1775)
= Cyperus nodosus var. aphyllus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 275 (1870)
= Cyperus nodosus var. subnodosus (Nees & Meyen) Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 276 (1870)
= Cyperus subarticulatus Nees & Meyen; Linnaea 9: 285 (1834), nom. inval.
= Cyperus subnodosus Nees & Meyen; Nees, Cyperaceae: 7 (1841)
variant :
var. nodosus (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 79 (1935)
Distribution: Mexico; Guatemala; Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; St. Barthélémy; Nevis; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Martinique; St. Lucia; Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Zulia); French Guiana; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija)
79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA HON NIC 81 ABA GDL MAR SBA STK STL 82 FRG VEN 83 BOL PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus nodosus Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.; Enum. Pl.: 72 (1809)
species :
Cyperus aschenbornianus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 460
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus aschenbornianus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 2 (1908)
species :
Cyperus ascocapensis Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
22 BEN BKN GHA GUI IVO MLI NGA SIE TOG 23 CAF CMN GAB ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 LES SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis capensis (Kunth) Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. Bot. 2: 164 (1884)
= Ascolepis capensis var. lacera C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 651 (1894), nom. inval.
= Ascolepis capensis var. pleiostachya Kük.; Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912 Erg.: 9 (1921)
= Platylepis capensis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 269 (1837)
= Platylepis dioica Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 131 (1855)
species :
Cyperus ascodensus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: ?S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe
25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis densa Goetgh.; Adansonia 19(3): 285 (1980)
species :
Cyperus ascofibrillosus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; N-Angola; W-Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis fibrillosa Goetgh.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 47(3-4): 439 (1977)
species :
Cyperus ascohemisphaericus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: Burundi; Tanzania
23 BUR 25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis hemisphaerica Peter ex Goetgh.; Adansonia 19(3): 283 (1980)
= Ascolepis hemisphaerica Peter; Abh. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, n.f. 13: II. 111 (1928), nomen
species :
Cyperus asconeglectus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis neglecta Goetgh.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 47(3-4): 441 (1977)
species :
Cyperus ascopinguis Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: ?Congo [Brazzaville]; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; W-Tanzania; N-Zambia
23 BUR ZAI 25 TAN 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis pinguis C.B.Clarke; Ann. Mus. Congo, Ser. II. 1: II. 69 (1900)
species :
Cyperus ascopusillus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 36 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea; Mali; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; SW-Chad; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Thailand; Vietnam
22 BEN GHA GUI MLI NGA SEN TOG 23 CAF CMN 24 CHA 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 NAM 41 THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis pusilla Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. Bot. 2: 164 (1884)
= Ascolepis pusilla var. cylindrica S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 37(4): 608 (1983)
= Ascolepis pusilla var. echinata S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 37(4): 607 (1983)
= Ascolepis pusilla var. microcuspis Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 2(6): 564 (1983)
= Lipocarpha multibracteata C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 650
species :
Cyperus ascospinulosus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 37 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis spinulosa Goetgh.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 47(3-4): 438 (1977)
species :
Cyperus ascotrigonus Goetgh.; Phytotaxa 166(1): 37 (2014), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Zambia
23 ZAI 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis trigona Goetgh.; Adansonia 19(3): 286 (1980)
species :
Cyperus assimilis Steud.; Flora 25: 584 (1842)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Free State); Madagascar
23 CON RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Courtoisia assimilis (Steud.) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 596 (1894)
= Courtoisia assimilis (Steud.) Maquet; Fl. Rwanda - Spermatophytes, Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg. 4: 630 (1988), isonym
= Courtoisia assimilis C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 596
= Courtoisina assimilis (Steud.) Maquet; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 58(1-2): 265 (1988)
= Cyperus assimilis var. depressa Steud.; Flora 25: 585 (1842)
= Indocourtoisia assimilis (Steud.) Bennet & Raizada; Indian Forester, 107(7): 432 (1981)
= Mariscus assimilis (Steud.) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Münch. 3: 523 (1960)
species :
Cyperus astartodes K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 421 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus aster (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich. Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 551 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aster var. andringitrensis (Cherm.) Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 551 (1936)
= Mariscus andringitrensis Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 27: 552 (1921)
= Mariscus aster C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 584
= Mariscus aster C.B.Clarke ex Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 25: 302, descr. (1919)
variant :
var. biflorus Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 551 (1936)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cyperus aterrimus Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 31 (1854)
Distribution: Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi
23 BIO BUR CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aterrimus var. agglomeratus Kük.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 304 (1925)
= Cyperus aterrimus var. atroviridis (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 142 (1935)
= Cyperus atroviridis C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 548
species :
Cyperus atkinsonii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 21: 109 (1884)
Distribution: Iran; Pakistan (Sind, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab); India (Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Raryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh)
34 IRN 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus niveus Herb.Royle ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 21: (1884) 109 [non Retz.]
species :
Cyperus atractocarpus Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 141 (1884)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia
26 ANG ZAM
species :
Cyperus atriceps (Kük.) C.Archer & Goetgh.; Bothalia 41(2): 300 (2012)
Distribution: Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov.)
27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aristatus var. atriceps Kük.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 2: 8 (1943)
= Mariscus aristatus var. atriceps (Kük.) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 523 (1960)
species :
Cyperus atrobrunneus Baker; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 281 (1883)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus atrobrunneus (Baker) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 535 (1894)
species :
Cyperus atronervatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 38: 358 (1874)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea
24 ERI ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus atronervatus subsp. angustifolius Lye; Fl. Ethiopia & Eritrea 6: 480 (1997)
= Cyperus atronervatus subsp. angustifolius Lye ex Xanthos; Kew Bull. 78(3): 425 (2023)
= Pycreus atronervatus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 535
species :
Cyperus atrorubidus (Nelmes) Raymond; Natur. Canad 91: 127 (1964)
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; W-Zambia
22 GUI IVO LBR SIE 26 ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus atrorubidus Nelmes; Kew Bull. 7: 320 (1951 publ. 1952)
species :
Cyperus aucheri Jaub. & Spach; Ill. Pl. Or. 2: 1, t.101 (1844)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert); Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Sudan; Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran; Afghanistan (Helmand, Nimroz); Kuwait; Bahrain; Oman (Mascat & Oman)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN 22 MLI NGA NGR 24 SUD 34 AFG IRN IRQ 35 BAR KUW OMA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus conglomeratus f. oligostachys Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 274 (1936)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. aucheri (Jaub. & Spach) C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 554 (1894)
species :
Cyperus auratus (Nees) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 38 (2014)
Distribution: Senegal; Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Togo; ?Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Botswana; South Africa (Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal)
22 GHA IVO NGA SEN 23 CMN CON EQG GAB ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN 27 BOT SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brevifolius subsp. intricatus (Cherm.) Lye; R. W. Haines & K. A. Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3: 2 (1983)
= Cyperus erectus var. auratus (Nees) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV 20: 589 (1926)
= Cyperus erectus var. intricatus (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 590 (1936)
= Kyllinga aurata Nees; Linnaea 10: 139 (1835)
= Kyllinga brevifolia subsp. intricata (Cherm.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 190 (1995), isonym
= Kyllinga brevifolia subsp. intricata (Cherm.) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1: 747 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Kyllinga colorata var. aurata (Nees) Lye; Bot. Not. 125: 211 (1972)
= Kyllinga consanguinea Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 135 (1837)
= Kyllinga erecta var. aurata (Nees) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 91 (1913)
= Kyllinga erecta var. intricata (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 590 (1936)
= Kyllinga intricata C.B.Clarke ex Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., Paris 25: p. 211 (1919)
= Kyllinga sojauxii Boeckeler; Flora 62: 515 (1879)
species :
Cyperus aureoalatus Lye; Lidia 3(5): 171 (1995)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda
24 ETH SOM 25 UGA
species :
Cyperus aureobrunneus C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 346 (1901)
Distribution: Zambia; Malawi
26 MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus denudatus var. aureobrunneus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 256 (1936)
species :
Cyperus aureospicatus Lock; Fl. Zambes. 14: 246 (2020)
Distribution: Zambia
26 ZAM
species :
Cyperus aureostramineus Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich. Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 573 (1936)
Distribution: Somalia; Tanzania
24 SOM 25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga chrysantha K.Schum.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C (1895) 123 (Kyllingia)
species :
Cyperus aureovillosus (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
Distribution: Malawi
26 MLW
Remarks: known from only 3 specimens
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga aureovillosa Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 743 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Cyperus auriculatus Nees & Meyen ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 83 (1837)
Distribution: Hawaii; Austral Isl. [I] (Rurutu [I])
61 aui 63 HAW
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus auriculatus Nees & Meyen; Linnaea 9: 285 (1834)
= Cyperus ferax var. auriculatus (Nees & Meyen ex Kunth) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 618 (1936)
= Torulinium odoratum subsp. auriculatum (Nees & Meyen ex Kunth) T.Koyama; Bishop Mus. Occas. Pap. 29: 125 (1989)
species :
Cyperus aurifer Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 351 (1919 publ. 1920)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aurifer var. brachyanthus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 83 (1935)
species :
Cyperus austroafricanus C.Archer & Goetgh.; Bothalia 41(2): 300 (2012)
Distribution: Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus dubius var. buchananii (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 564 (1936)
= Mariscus dregeanus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 120 (1837)
= Mariscus dregeanus var. buchananii C.B.Clarke; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 188 (1897)
species :
Cyperus austrochrysanthus Lye; Candollea 43(2): 505 (1988)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
species :
Cyperus babakan Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 6 (1855)
Distribution: China (Hainan); India (Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Penang Isl., Perak, Pahan, Selangor, Melaka); S-Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; New Guinea (Irian Jaya)
36 CHI 40 BAN IND 41 LAO THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY NWG PHI SUL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus babakensis Steud. ex Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 257 (1856)
= Cyperus benghalensis C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 21: 151 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus pilosus var. babakensis (Steud. ex Miq.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 151 (1884)
= Duval-jouvea babakensis (Steud. ex Miq.) H.Pfeiff.; Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 7: 167 (1928), in adnot.
species :
Cyperus bampsii Verloove & G.C.Tucker; Phytotaxa 323(3): 276 (2017)
Distribution: Brazil (Pará)
84 BRA
species :
Cyperus baobab Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 16(4): 371 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: S-Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus baobab (Lye) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Candollea 74(2): 148 (2019)
species :
Cyperus baoulensis (A.Chev.) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 199 (1931)
Distribution: Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo
22 GHA IVO TOG
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus baoulensis (Kük.) Hutch.; Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 485, in clavi, 486 (1936) nom. inval.
= Mariscus baoulensis (Kük.) Hutch. ex J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Candollea 74(2): 148 (2019)
= Pycreus baoulensis A.Chev.; Expl. Bot. Afr. Occ. Franc. 1: 695 (1920), nom. nud., et Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 486 (1936), in syn.
species :
Cyperus baronii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 20: 289 (1883)
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Liberia; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Madagascar; Comores
22 LBR NGA SIE 23 BIO CMN SAO 25 KEN TAN 26 MLW 29 COM MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus baronii var. densus C.B.Clarke ex Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 344 (1919)
= Cyperus baronii var. interpositus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 202 (1936)
= Cyperus baronii var. mannii (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 202 (1936)
= Cyperus baronii var. squarrosus C.B.Clarke; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 202 (1936)
= Cyperus mannii C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 341 (1901)
species :
Cyperus barrosianus Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 145 (1953)
Distribution: SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Cordillera); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Colonia, Montevideo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Santa Fe)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus tener Osten ex Barros; Physis 9: 362 (1929), non Vahl 1805
= Cyperus lanceolatus var. tener (Cl. ex Chodat & Hassl.) Kük.; Physis (Buenos Aires) 9: 362 (1929)
= Pycreus tener C.B.Clarke; Bull. Herb. Boissier Ser. II. 3: 40 (1903)
species :
Cyperus beentjei L.R.Gardner & O.Weber; Kew Bull. 69(2)-9501: 6 (2014)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cyperus bellus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 52 (1837)
Distribution: Spain [I]; Zambia; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (North-West Prov., Free State, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
12 spa 26 ZAM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Remarks: in Flora Zambesiaca as Cyperus remotiflorus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bellus f. auratus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 303 (1936)
= Cyperus remotiflorus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 345 (1922)
= Cyperus remotiflorus var. schweickerdtii Merxm.; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 1: 85 (1951)
species :
Cyperus benadirensis Chiov.; Fl. Somala, II. 434 (1932)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus poecilus var. evolutus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 283 (1936)
species :
Cyperus beninensis (Samain, Reynders & Goetgh.) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 38 (2014)
Distribution: Burkina Faso; Benin
22 BEN BKN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga beninensis Samain, Reynders & Goetgh.; Novon 16(4): 516 (2006)
species :
Cyperus bernalii G.C.Tucker & Verloove; Phytotaxa 362(3): 288 (2018)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
species :
Cyperus bernieri Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 317 (1919 publ. 1920)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Cyperus berroi (C.B.Clarke) Barros; Darwiniana 6: 600 (1944)
Distribution: Uruguay (Canelones, Durazno, Maldonado, Rio Negro, Rocha, Salto, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Entre Rios)
85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Bisboeckelera berroi Standl.; Contrib. US Nat. Herb. 17: 429 (1914)
= Cyperus berroi (C.B.Clarke) T.Koyama; Jap. J. Bot. 20: 126 (1969)
= Hoppia berroi C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 62 (1908)
species :
Cyperus betafensis Cherm.; Ann. Mus. Col. Marseille, Ser. III. 10: 1. 21 (1922)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cuspidatus Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 22: 532 (1887), non Kunth (1816)
species :
Cyperus betchei (Kük.) S.T.Blake; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 51: 43 (1939 publ. 1940)
subspecies :
subsp. betchei
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus angustatus var. betchei Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 452 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. commiscens K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 457 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus beyrichii (Schrad. ex Nees) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 47 (1854)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus beyrichii Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 48 (1842)
species :
Cyperus bifax C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 13 (1908)
Distribution: Ghana; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; Somalia; Uganda; Tanzania; Angola; Yemen; S-India (Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Sri Lanka; Thailand; Lesser Sunda Isl.; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch.; Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
22 GHA NGA 23 BIO ZAI 24 SOM SUD 25 TAN UGA 26 ANG 35 YEM 40 IND SRL 41 THA 42 LSI NWG 43 BIS 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus disruptus C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 12 (1908)
= Cyperus nubicus C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 360 (1901)
= Cyperus retzii Nees; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 82 (1834), nom. illeg., non Poir., 1806
= Cyperus rotundus subsp. retzii (Nees) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 114 (1936)
= Cyperus rotundus var. disruptus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 115 (1935)
= Cyperus rotundus var. nubicus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 115 (1935)
= Cyperus rotundus var. pallidus Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 280 (1878)
= Cyperus weinlandii Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 131 (1935)
species :
Cyperus bifolius Lye; Lidia 3(6): 206 (1996)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Cyperus bigibbosa Fosberg; Kew Bull. 31(4): 832 (1977)
Distribution: Aldabra
29 ALD
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga bigibbosa (Fosberg) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 746 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Cyperus bipartitus Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 3: 257 (1836)
Name: Slender flatsedge
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Guerrero, Mexico State, Oaxaca, Sonora); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Boyacá, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca); Venezuela (Bolívar, Merida, Trujillo); Ecuador; Galapagos; Bolivia (Cochabamba, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Argentina (Catamarca, Cordoba, Jujuy, Mendoza, Salta, San Luis, Tucuman)
72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus rivularis (Kunth) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrrb. Wiss. Bot. 17: 564 (1895)
= Cyperus angustifolius A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. ed. 6. 2: 322 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus argentinus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 64 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus bicolor Barton; Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 1: 27 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus bigelowii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 5 (1854)
= Cyperus bipartitus f. elongatus (Boeckeler) Mohlenbr.; Ill. Fl. Illinois, Sedges: Cyperus to Scleria, ed. 2: 184 (2001)
= Cyperus bipartitus f. elutus (C.B.Clarke) Mohlenbr.; Ill. Fl. Illinois, Sedges: Cyperus to Scleria, ed. 2: 184 (2001)
= Cyperus castaneus Bigelow; Fl. Boston., ed. 3: 19 (1840), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus diandrus var. bipartitus (Torr.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 384 (1936)
= Cyperus diandrus var. castaneus (Pursh) Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 252 (1836)
= Cyperus flavescens var. bicolor Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 118 (1930)
= Cyperus flavescens var. castaneus Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 52 (1813)
= Cyperus lagunetto Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 5 (1854)
= Cyperus niger var. rivularis (Kunth) V.E.Grant; Aliso 4: 87 (1958)
= Cyperus pauper Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 1873: 553 (1873), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus rivularis f. acutatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 383 (1936)
= Cyperus rivularis f. depauperatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 383 (1936)
= Cyperus rivularis f. elutus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 383 (1936)
= Cyperus rivularis f. subacaulis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 384 (1936)
= Cyperus rivularis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 6 (1837)
= Cyperus rivularis subsp. lagunetto (Steud.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(101): 383 (1936)
= Cyperus rivularis var. acutatus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 66 (1884)
= Cyperus rivularis var. depauperatus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 65 (1884)
= Cyperus rivularis var. elongatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 453 (1868)
= Cyperus rivularis var. elutus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 65 (1884)
= Cyperus rivularis var. lagunetto (Steud.) O´Neill; Rhodora 44: 86 (1942)
= Cyperus tenuiculus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 106 (1837)
= Pycreus bipartitus (Torr.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 2 (1908)
= Pycreus lagunetto (Steud.) C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30(68): 8 (1902)
= Pycreus rivularis (Kunth) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 13: 43 (1907)
species :
Cyperus blakeanus K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 441 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus blastophorus (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 390 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus blastophorus Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 614 (1925)
species :
Cyperus blatteri (McCann) Wad.Khan; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra 80 (2014)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus pentabracteatus Govind. & Hemadri; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B 82(6): 207 (1975)
= Mariscus blatteri McCann; J. Bombay Nat. Rist. Soc. 37: 532 (1934)
species :
Cyperus blepharoleptos Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 28 (1854)
Name: Cuban bulrush
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Tshopo etc.); W-Chad; South Sudan; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal); Madagascar; USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Trinidad; Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Bolívar, Córdoba, Valle); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Barinas, Bolívar, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Falcon, Guarico, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Tachira, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Central, Pres. Hayes); Uruguay (Rio Negro, Tacuarembo, Rocha); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Santa Fe)
22 BEN BKN GHA GNB MLI NGA NGR SEN TOG 23 CON ZAI 24 CHA SSU 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 29 MDG 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE TRT 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Anosporum ablepharum (Griseb.) Maury ex Micheli; Mem. Soc. sci. phys. Geneve 31: 125 (1890)
= Anosporum cubense (Poepp. & Kunth) Boeckeler; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 27: 26 (1869)
= Anosporum cubense var. gracile Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 414 (1870)
= Anosporum paraguayense Maury; Mem. Soc. sci. phys. Geneve 31: (1890) 124 t. 35
= Anosporum piliferum Maury; Mem. Soc. sci. phys. Geneve 31: (1890) 124 t. 34
= Anosporum schinzii Boeckeler; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 29(Abh.): 46 (1888)
= Courtoisia olivacea Boeckeler; Flora 44: 331 (1861)
= Crepidocarpus cubensis (Poepp. & Kunth) Klotzsch ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 414
= Crepidocarpus schinzii Klotzsch ex Boeckeler; Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 29: 46 (1888)
= Isolepis echinocephala Oliv.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 29: 167 (1875)
= Kyllinga scirpina Rchb. ex C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 615 (1894)
= Mariscus foliosissimus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 65 (1854)
= Oxycaryum cubense (Poepp. & Kunth) Palla; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(1): 169 (1908)
= Oxycaryum cubense f. paraguayense (Maury) Pedersen; Hickenia 2(31): 138 (1995)
= Oxycaryum guianense Palla; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(1): 169 (1908)
= Oxycaryum paraguayense (Maury) Palla; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(1): 169 (1908)
= Oxycaryum piliferum (Maury) Palla; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(1): 169 (1908)
= Oxycaryum schinzii (Boeckeler) Palla; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79(1): 169 (1908)
= Oxycaryum schomburgkianum Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 90 (1842)
= Pseudomariscus olivaceus (Boeckeler) Rauschert; Taxon 31: 559 (1982)
= Scirpus ablepharus Griseb.; Cat. Pl. Cub. 240 (1866)
= Scirpus cubensis Poepp. & Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 172 (1837)
= Scirpus cubensis var. gracilis (Boeckeler) Beetle; Rhodora 46: 146 (1944)
= Scirpus cubensis var. minor C.Wright; Anales Acad. Ci. Méd. Habana 8: 177 (1871)
= Scirpus cubensis var. paraguayensis (Maury) Kük. ex Barros; Anales Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat. ´Bernardino Rivadavia´ 38: 150 (1935)
= Scirpus paraguayensis (Maury) Herter; Fltr. Urug. 1: 161 (1942)
= Scirpus pilifer (Maury) Pickel; Bol. Mus. Nac. Rio de Janeiro 13(1-2): 124 (1937 publ. 1938)
species :
Cyperus blysmoides Hochst. ex C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 354 (1902)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus blysmoides Hochst.; Flora 27: 102 (1844), nom. nud.
= Cyperus bulbosus var. spicatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 301 (1870)
= Hemichlaena bulbosa Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 509 (1850)
species :
Cyperus bonariensis G.C.Tucker; Kew Bull. 68(4): 619 (2013)
Distribution: Bonaire
81 BON
species :
Cyperus boreobellus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 220 (1983)
Distribution: S-Kenya
25 KEN
species :
Cyperus boreochrysocephalus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 216 (1983)
Distribution: South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
24 SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus boreochrysocephalus (Lye) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Candollea 74(2): 148 (2019)
species :
Cyperus boreohemisphaericus Lye; Lidia 3(3): 77 (1993)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus boreohemisphaericus (Lye) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Trop. Afr. Flow. Pl. Ecol. Distrib. 11: 254 (2020)
species :
Cyperus bowmanni F.Muell. ex Benth.; Fl. Austr. 7: 287 (1878)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus bowmani (F.Muell. ex Benth.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 20 (1908)
= Mariscus dietrichiae subsp. bowmanni (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 436 (1915)
species :
Cyperus bracheilema (Steud.) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 576 (1936)
Distribution: South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Kenya; Tanzania; Namibia; South Africa (North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho
24 ERI ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN 27 LES NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus teneristolon Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 574 (1936)
= Cyperus teneristolon var. robustior (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 575 (1936)
= Cyperus transitorius Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 35 (1935), et Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 231 (1936), descr. ampl.
= Kyllinga anomala Peter & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 35 (1935), in syn., nom. in sched.
= Kyllinga atrosanguinea Steud.; Flora 25: 599 (1842)
= Kyllinga bracheilema Steud.; Flora 25: 598 (1842)
= Kyllinga pulchella f. robustior Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 92 (1913)
= Kyllinga pulchella Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 137 (1837)
= Kyllinga transitoria (Kük.) T.Koyama; J. Jap. Bot., 51(10): 317 (1976)
species :
Cyperus brasiliensis (Kunth) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 37 (2014)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Nigeria; Cameroon; ?Angola; Madagascar; Panama; Colombia (Meta, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Barinas, Bolívar, Guarico); Guyana; Surinam; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Amambay, Caazapa, Central, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Paraguari); Uruguay (Colonia, Rivera); Argentina (Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones, Santa Fe)
22 BKN GUI IVO NGA SEN 23 CMN 29 MDG 80 PAN 82 CLM GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis brasiliensis (Kunth) Benth. ex C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. fl. Afr. 5: 1894. (1895) 651
= Ascolepis leucocephala (Nees) L.T.Eiten; Simpos. Cerrado, Univ. Sao Paulo, 221 (1963)
= Kyllinga decora Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 317 (1855), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Platylepis brasiliensis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 269 (1837)
= Platylepis guianensis Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 63 (1842)
= Platylepis leococephala Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 63 (1842)
= Platylepis xanthocephala Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 62 (1842)
species :
Cyperus breedlovei G.C.Tucker; Rhodora 88(856): 505 (1986)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas)
79 MEX
species :
Cyperus breviculmis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 214 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus trinervis var. breviculmis (R.Br.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 294 (1936)
species :
Cyperus brevifolioides Thieret & Delahouss.; Sida 3: 129 (1967)
Name: Pasture spikesedge
Distribution: Russian Far East (Primorye); Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, NW-Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Nepal; Laos; USA (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Georgia [I], Kentucky [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I])
31 RFE 33 geo 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO 40 NEP 41 LAO 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brevifolius subsp. leiolepis (Franch. & Sav.) T.Koyama; H. Hara, Fl. E. Himal.: 385 (1966)
= Cyperus brevifolius var. gracillimus (Miq.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 603 (1936)
= Cyperus brevifolius var. leiolepis (Franch. & Sav.) T.Koyama; J. Jap. Bot. 30: 126 (1955)
= Kyllinga brevifolia subsp. leiolepis (Franch. & Sav.) T.Koyama; Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 1: 115 (1978)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. gracillima (Miq.) Kük.; Acta Horti Gothob. 5: 107 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. leiocarpa Kitag.; Lin. Fl. Manshur.: 122 (1939), orth. var.
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. leiolepis (Franch. & Sav.) H.Hara; J. Jap. Bot. 14: 339 (1938)
= Kyllinga brevifolioides (Thieret & Delahouss.) G.C.Tucker; J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 408 (1987), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Kyllinga gracillima Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 142 (1865)
= Kyllinga monocephala var. leiolepis Franch. & Sav.; Enum. Pl. Japan. 2: 108 (1877)
species :
Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.; Cat. Pl. Hort. Bogor.: 24 (1844)
Name: Shortleaf spikesedge (EN); Espartillo verde (ES)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; Croatia [I]; Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I], Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I]); Liberia; Togo; Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov.); Ascension Isl.; St. Helena; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar; Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Aldabra; Seychelles; Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Heilongjiang Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima); Volcano Isl. (Iwojima); Taiwan; Pakistan (N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Lahore, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Mandalay, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia (common throughout); Singapore [I]; Sumatra; South China Sea Isl.; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], Northern Territory [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia; Vanuatu; Rotuma Isl.; Tonga (Tongatapu); Fiji [I]; American Samoa (Tutuila, Ta´u); [Western] Samoa (´Upolu, Savai´i); Tuvalu [I]; Tokelau (Swains Isl.); Gilbert Isl. (Nonouti); Cook Isl. (Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Ngaputoru Group, Palmerston, Manihiki, Rakahanga, Penrhyn); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Huka [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. (Tupai, Tahiti); Tuamotu Arch. (Takapoto, Fangataufa); Austral Isl. (Raivavae, Rurutu, Rapa Iti, Tubuai); Pitcairn Isl. [I]; Easter Isl.; Palau (Koror); Northern Marianas (Agrihan, Anatahan); Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian, Rota); Guam; Fed. States of Micronesia (Yap, Ulithi, Woleai, Faraulap, Ifaluk, Lamotrek, Satawal, Namonuito, Murilo, Nomwin, Truk, Moen, Losap, Satawan, Kapingamarangi, Pohnpei, Kosrae); Marshall Isl. (Majuro, Jaluit); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas, Tortola); Antigua; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Grenada; Barbados; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Boyacá, Casanare, Cauca, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Valle, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Tachira, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Amambay, Caazapa, Central, Guaira); Uruguay (Colonia); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Misiones, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
12 por spa 13 cro 21 azo cny mdr 22 LBR NGA TOG 23 CAF CMN EQG ZAI 24 SOC SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF 28 ASC STH 29 ALD MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 34 AFG 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR KZN NKO NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND LDV MDV NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SCS sng SUL SUM 50 aus lhi nfk 51 nzl 60 ASA fij GIL NWC ROT SAM TOK TON tuv VAN 61 AUI COO EAS mrq pit SCI TUA 62 GUM MIC MRN MRS PLU 63 haw 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ABA BAH BBD CAY CUB DOM GDL GRE HIS JAM MAR PUE STL TRT VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brevifolius f. firmiculmis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 602 (1936)
= Cyperus cruciformis (Schrad. ex Schult.) Endl.; Cat. Hort. Acad. Vindob. 1: 94 (1842)
= Cyperus pluristamineus (Govind. & Ramani) Kottaim.; Int. J. Curr. Res. Biosci. Pl. Biol. 6(10): 38 (2019)
= Kyllinga brevifolia f. laxa H.Pfeiff.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 95 (1929)
= Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb.; Descr. & Icon. PI.: 13, 71 (1773)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. andamanica Wad.Khan & Diwakar; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra 267 (2014)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. cruciformis (Schrad. ex Schult.) Cherm.; Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille, sér. 3, 7: 38 (1919)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. gibbosa Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 47: 296 (1933)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. longifolia Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 426 (1868)
= Kyllinga cruciata Nees; Linnaea 9: 286 (1834), nom. inval.
= Kyllinga cruciformis Schrad. ex Schult.; Mant. 2: 107 (1824)
= Kyllinga elongata Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 211 (1816)
= Kyllinga fuscata Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 294 (1856)
= Kyllinga gracilis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 134 (1837)
= Kyllinga hohenackeri Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 60 (1854), pro syn.
= Kyllinga honolulu Steud. ex Jard.; Bull. Soc. Linn. Normand. Ser. II. 9: 278 (1875), 281
= Kyllinga intermedia var. oligostachya C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 224 (1903)
= Kyllinga laxa Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 14 (1842)
= Kyllinga longiculmis Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 292 (1856)
= Kyllinga monocephala L.f.; Suppl. Pl.: 104 (1782), nom. illeg.
= Kyllinga monocephala Thunb.; Fl. Jap.: 35 (1784), nom. illeg.
= Kyllinga nivea Pers.; Syn. 1: 57 (1805)
= Kyllinga odorata Liebm.; Mexic. Halvgr.: 233 (1850), nom. illeg.
= Kyllinga oligostachya Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 407 (1868)
= Kyllinga pluristaminea Govind. & Ramani; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 18: 363 (1994)
= Kyllinga pumilio Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 67 (1854)
= Kyllinga sororia Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 131 (1837)
= Kyllinga tenuis Baldwin; Trans. Am. Phil. Soc. Philad. 2: 168 (1825)
= Kyllinga tenuissima Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 67 (1854)
= Kyllinga tricephala Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 32 (1796)
= Mariscus kyllingioides Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 60 (1854)
= Schoenus capitatus Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 408 (1766)
variant :
var. stellulatus (Valck.Sur.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 603 (1936)
Distribution: China (NW-Yunnan); India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Sikkim); Andaman / Nicobar Isl.; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Lombok)
36 CHI 40 IND 42 JAW LSI PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brevifolius f. pumilus Valck.Sur.; Cyperus Mal. Arch.: 48 (1898)
= Cyperus brevifolius f. stellulatus Valck.Sur.; Cyperus Mal. Arch.: 48 (1898)
= Kyllinga brevifolia f. pumila (Valck.Sur.) Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 188 (1961)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. stellulata (Valck.Sur.) Ohwi; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 56: 199 (1942)
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. stellulata (Valck.Sur.) S.S.Hooper; Fl. Hassan Distr. Karnataka, India: 687 (1976), isonym
= Kyllinga brevifolia var. stellulata (Valck.Sur.) Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 189 (1961), isonym
= Kyllinga leiolepis var. stellulata (Valck.Sur.) S.S.Hooper ex Karth.; S. Kaarthikeyan et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 60 (1989)
= Kyllinga melanosperma var. stellulata (Valck.Sur.) Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 189 (1961)
species :
Cyperus breviglumis Lye; Lidia 7(4): 96 (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: Sierra Leone; Ivory Coast; Togo; Nigeria; Central African Republic; S-Chad
22 IVO NGA SIE TOG 23 CAF 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga tisserantii Cherm.; Arch. Bot., Caen 4: Mem. No. 7, p. 6 (1931)
species :
Cyperus brumadoi D.A.Simpson; Kew Bull. 48(4): 701 (1993)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Cyperus brunneoalatus (Cherm.) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 38 (2014)
Distribution: Gabon
23 GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga brunneoalata Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 83: 492 (1936)
species :
Cyperus brunneoalbus (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
Distribution: Kenya
25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga brunneoalba Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 741 (1981 publ. 1982)
species :
Cyperus brunneofibrosus Lye; Candollea 51: 423 (1996)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga brunneofibrosa (Lye) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Candollea 74(2): 147 (2019)
species :
Cyperus brunnescens Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 2: 3 (1890)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Cyperus brunneus Sw.; Fl. Ind. Occ. 1: 116 (1797)
Name: Coast cyperus, Sand cyperus (Bahamas)
Distribution: Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Anegada, St. Croix); Anguilla; Saba; Guadeloupe; Martinique; St. Vincent; Grenada; Barbados
81 AGU BAH BBD CAY CUB GDL GRE HIS MAR PUE SAB STV VIR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brizaeus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 316 (1805), nom. illeg., non Rich.
= Cyperus discolor Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 1: 7 (1888)
= Cyperus krugii Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 1: 8 (1888)
= Cyperus ottonis Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 350
= Cyperus planifolius var. brunneus (Sw.) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 189 (1926)
= Cyperus planifolius var. ottonis (Boeckeler) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 188 (1926)
= Mariscus brizaeus C.B.Clarke; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 52 (1900)
= Mariscus brunneus (Sw.) C.B.Clarke; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 52 (1900)
species :
Cyperus buchholzii Boeckeler; Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 3
Distribution: Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; South Sudan; Uganda; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe
22 BEN GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA SIE TOG 23 BIO CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI SAO ZAI 24 SSU 25 TAN UGA 26 ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus diffusus subsp. buchholzii (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper. 210 (1936)
= Cyperus laxus subsp. buchholzii (Boeckeler) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 232 (1983)
= Torulinium angolense Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1915: 18 (1915)
species :
Cyperus bulbipes Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 587 (1936)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?South Sudan; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zanzibar; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
23 ZAI 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bulbipes var. pallescens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 588 (1936)
= Kyllinga crassipes Boeckeler; Flora 42: 444 (1859)
species :
Cyperus bulbosus Vahl; Enum. 2: 342 (1806)
Distribution: Morocco; S-Algeria; Egypt (Nile Valley, SE-Egypt); Cape Verde Isl. (Santa Luzia Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Sal Isl.); Mauritania; Senegal; Guinea; Mali; Ghana; ?Togo; Niger; Nigeria; Congo [Brazzaville]; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Soqotra; Kenya; Tanzania; ?Angola; Mozambique; Seychelles [I]; Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (Aden Desert, N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); India (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Delhi, Gujarat, Raryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Maldives; Sri Lanka; Myanmar; Laos; Vietnam; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales); Fiji
20 ALG EGY MOR 21 CVI 22 GHA GUI MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN 23 CON 24 CHA ERI ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN 26 MOZ 29 sey 34 SIN 35 SAU YEM 40 IND MDV PAK SRL 41 LAO MYA VIE 42 JAW LSI 50 AUS 60 FIJ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bulbifer A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. ed. 6. 2: 324 (1833)
= Cyperus bulbosus f. depauperatus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 89 (1942)
= Cyperus bulbosus var. elatior Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 126 (1935)
= Cyperus bulbosus var. melanolepis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 127 (1935)
= Cyperus geminatus J.Koenig ex Ainslie; Mat. Med. Hind.: 250 (1813)
= Cyperus jeminicus Retz.; Observ. Bot. 4: 11 (1786), nom. illeg. [non Rottb.]
= Cyperus laxus R.Br.; Salt, Ethiopia. App. p. lxii (1814)
= Cyperus oleraceus Roxb. ex C.B.Clarke; Hook.f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: (1894) 611 in syn.
= Cyperus polyphyllus Vahl; Enum. 2: 317 (1805)
= Cyperus rotundus var. pendulus Nees; R. Wight, Contr. Bot. India 82 (1834)
= Cyperus stolonifer Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 59 (1837), pro syn.
= Cyperus subulatus var. confertus Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 281 (1878)
= Cyperus yemenicus Spreng.; Syst. 1: 221 (1824)
species :
Cyperus burkartii Guagl.; Darwiniana, 30(1-4): 233 (1990 publ. 1991)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Misiones)
84 BRA 85 ARG
species :
Cyperus byssaceus Pereira-Silva; Pl. Ecol. Evol. 153(3): 451 (2020), nom. nov.
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Cordillera, Paraguari); Uruguay (Canelones, Colonia, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa)
84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Androcoma speciosa Nees; Hook. J. Bot. 2: 397 (1840)
= Androtrichum giganteum (Kunth) H.Pfeiff.; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 6: 185 (1940)
= Androtrichum speciosum (Nees) Herter; Rev. Sudamer. Bot. 9: 163 (1953)
= Scirpus giganteus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 172 (1837)
species :
Cyperus caesius Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 331
Distribution: Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Dependencias Federales, Zulia)
82 VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus caesius (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 19 (1908)
species :
Cyperus calderoniae S.González; Phytologia 57(6): 384 (1985), as ´calderonii´
Distribution: Mexico (Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Veracruz)
79 MEX
species :
Cyperus callistus Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 2: 143 (1884)
Distribution: Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, N-Cape Prov.)
25 KEN TAN 26 ANG ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus fulgens C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 355 (1901)
species :
Cyperus camagueyensis Britton; Mem. Torr. Bot. Cl. 16: 59 (1926)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus camagueyensis (Britton) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 74 (1974)
species :
Cyperus camerunensis Lye; Lidia 7(4): 96 (2011), nom. nov.
Distribution: Cameroon; Gabon
23 CMN GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus densicaespitosus var. stenophyllus (K.Schum. ex C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 599 (1936)
= Kyllinga stenophylla K.Schum. ex C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 131 (1906)
species :
Cyperus camphoratus Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 216 (1851)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz); Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Guarico, Portuguesa); Guyana; N-Brazil; WC-Brazil
79 MEX 80 COS HON NIC 82 GUY VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus camphoratus var. boliviensis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 422 (1936)
= Cyperus herndoniae G.C.Tucker; Syst. Bot. 7: 345 (1982)
= Mariscus camphoratus (Liebm.) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29: 73 (1974)
species :
Cyperus cancellatus Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 2: 131 (1884)
Distribution: Angola; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
26 ANG MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus haspan var. cancellatus (Ridl.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 249 (1936)
species :
Cyperus cancrorum Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 352 (1919 publ. 1920)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Cyperus canus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 170 (1828)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Norte, Campeche, Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Colombia (Magdalena)
79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC 82 CLM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alternifolius var. obtusangulum (Boeckeler) T.Koyama; J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 8: 120 (1961)
= Cyperus flabelliformis var. obtusangulum Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 566 (1868)
species :
Cyperus capensis (Steud.) Endl.; Cat. Horti Vindob. 1: 94 (1842)
Distribution: Mozambique; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga capensis Steud.; Flora 12: 153 (1829)
= Mariscus capensis (Steud.) Schrad.; Anal. Cyp. 13 (1832)
species :
Cyperus capillifolius A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 475 (1850)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; ?Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Rwanda; Burundi; S-Chad; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Madagascar; Brazil [I]
22 BEN BKN GHA GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE 23 BUR CAF CMN RWA 24 CHA ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 29 MDG 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus afzelii Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 475 (1868)
= Cyperus capillifolius var. major (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 359 (1936)
= Pycreus capillifolius (A.Rich.) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 535 (1894)
= Pycreus capillifolius var. major Cherm.; Arch. Bot. (Forlì) 4(7): 12 (1931)
= Pycreus setaceus C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 2 (1908)
species :
Cyperus capitatus Vand.; Fasc. Pl. 5 (1771)
Name: Kopf-Zypergras (DE); Capitate Galingale (EN); Juncia marina (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal; Spain; Gibraltar; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (NE-Egypt, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Canary Isl. (Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La Palma); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha da Boa Vista); Mauritania; Georgia [Caucasus]; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia); Cyprus (E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Dahana, Nafud Desert)
11 ger 12 COR FRA GIB POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA SIC TUE 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 21 CNY CVI 22 MTN 33 GEO 34 CYP EAI ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus aegyptiacus (Gloxin) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 564 (1895)
= Cyperus aegyptiacus Gloxin; Observ. Bot.: 20 (1785)
= Cyperus kalli (Forssk.) Murb.; Contr. Fl. Nord-Ouest Afrique 3: 24 (1899)
= Cyperus macrorrhizus Nees ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 5: 369 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus maritimus (Lam.) P.Silva; Agron. Lusit. 10: 92 (1948), non Poir.
= Cyperus mucronatus (L.) Mabille; Rech. Pl. Corse 1: 27 (1867), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus schoenoides Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 421 (1846), nom. illeg.
= Galilea mucronata (L.) Parl.; Fl. Palerm. 1: 299 (1845)
= Mariscus mucronatus (L.) Gaertn.; Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 11 (1788)
= Mariscus mucronatus C.Presl; Cyp. & Gram. Sicul. 12 (1820)
= Schoenus maritimus Lam.; Fl. Franç. 3: 543 (1779)
= Schoenus mucronatus L.; Sp. Pl. 42 (1753)
= Schoenus pallescens Gand.; Dec. Pl. Nov. 2: 35 (1876)
= Scirpus kalli Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt. Arab. 15 (1775)
species :
Cyperus cardosoi (Meneses) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 39 (2014)
Distribution: Angola
26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga cardosoi Meneses; Garcia de Orta 4: 240 (1956)
species :
Cyperus carinalaevis (Lye & Mesterházy) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 39 (2014)
Distribution: Benin
22 BEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga carinalaevis Lye & Mesterházy; Nordic J. Bot. 30(4): 385 (2012)
species :
Cyperus carinatus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 216 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus carinatus (R.Br.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 19 (1908)
species :
Cyperus cartilagineus (K.Schum.) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 608 (1936)
Distribution: S-Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Mozambique; Madagascar
25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MOZ 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga cartilaginea K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 123 (1895)
= Kyllinga coriacea Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 25: 208 (1919)
species :
Cyperus castaneobellus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 227 (1983)
Distribution: S-Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cyperus castaneus Willd.; Sp. Pl. 1: 278 (1797)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Myanmar; Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan, Perak); Sumatra (Bangka, Krakatau); N-Borneo; Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales)
40 IND SRL 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 BOR MLY SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus amabilis Camus; [non Vahl]
= Cyperus castaneus var. brevimucronatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 264 (1936)
= Dichostylis castanea (Willd.) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 296 (1888)
species :
Cyperus cataphyllatus (Huygh & Schouppe) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 39 (2014)
Distribution: Cameroon; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi
23 BUR CMN RWA ZAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga cataphyllata Huygh & Schouppe; Blumea 55(3): 291 (2010)
species :
Cyperus cataractarum (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 348 (1936)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; ?N-Angola
22 NGA 23 CMN CON EQG GAB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cataractarum K.Schum. ex Engl.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Afr. 2: (Engl. & Drude, Veg. der Erde, ix.) 200 (1908)
= Pycreus cataractarum C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 132 (1906)
species :
Cyperus cearaensis Gross & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 466 (1936)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Ceara)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus cearaensis (Gross ex Kük.) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 73 (1974)
species :
Cyperus celans Kukkonen; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(3): 159 (1995)
Distribution: S-Iran (Hormuz Isl.)
34 IRN
species :
Cyperus cellulosoreticulatus Boeckeler; Kneuck. Allgem. Bot. Z. 1: 202 (1895)
Distribution: Venezuela (Apure, Cojedes, Guarico, Portuguesa, Zulia); Bolivia (Beni); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)
82 VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cellulosoreticulatus Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 7 (1908)
species :
Cyperus centralis K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 470 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus cephalanthus Torr. & Hook.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 3: 431 (1836)
Name: Buttonbush flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Louisiana, Texas); Paraguay (Caaguazu, Central, Cordillera); Argentina (Corrientes)
77 USA 78 USA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus laetus var. cephalanthus (Torr. & Hook.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 442 (1936)
= Cyperus rigens subsp. cephalanthus (Torr. & Hook.) Pedersen; Darwiniana 17: 539 (1972)
= Mariscus cephalanthus (Torr. & Hook.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 19 (1908)
species :
Cyperus cephalotes Vahl; Enum. 2: 311 (1805)
Distribution: S-China; India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Nicobar Isl.; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam; Borneo; Java; New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland)
36 CHI 40 BAN IND SRL 41 MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW NWG 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Anosporum cephalotes (Vahl) Kurz; J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 39: 84 (1870)
= Anosporum monocephalum (Roxb.) Nees; Linnaea 9: 287 (1835)
= Cyperus cephalotes var. grandiceps Kük.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 50: 4 (1943)
= Cyperus hookerianus Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 342 (1859)
= Cyperus monocephaloides Roxb. ex Nees; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 92 (1834), nom. inval.
= Cyperus monocephalus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 5 (1814), nomen
= Cyperus monogynus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 565 (1868)
= Cyperus natans Buch.-Ham. ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 21: 34 (1884)
= Ficinia foliaceobracteata H.Pfeiff.; Revis. Ficinia: 35 (1921)
= Hydroschoenus kyllingioides Zoll. & Moritzi; Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Java: 95 (1846)
= Trentepohlia bifoliata Boeckeler; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 16: 249 (1858)
= Ungeria monocephala (Roxb.) Nees ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 34 (1884)
species :
Cyperus ceylanicus (Vahl) T.Koyama; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 73: 438 (1960)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; ?Benin; Nigeria; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Taninthayi); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam
22 BKN GHA GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 40 BAN IND SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Hypaelyptum sphacelatum Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 283 (1805)
= Hypolytrum ceylanicum B.Heyne ex Nees; Linnaea 9: 288 (1834), nom. nud.
= Hypolytrum gracile Rich. ex Pers.; Syn. 1: 70 (1805)
= Hypolytrum triceps (Roxb.) A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. 2: 363 (1832)
= Lipocarpha gracilis (Rich. ex Pers.) Nees; Linnaea 9: 287 (1834)
= Lipocarpha sphacelata (Vahl) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 267 (1837)
= Lipocarpha sphacelata var. gracilis (Rich.) Boeckeler; Linnaea 37: 116 (1871)
= Lipocarpha triceps (Roxb.) Nees; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 92 (1834)
= Scirpus monander Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 311 (1797), nom. illeg.
= Tunga triceps Roxb.; Fl. Ind. ed. Carey 1: 187 (1820)
species :
Cyperus chaetophyllus (Chiov.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 551 (1936)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus chaetophyllus Chiov.; Result. Sci. Miss. Stefan.-Paoli Somal. Ital. 1: 180 (1916)
species :
Cyperus chalaranthus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 177. t. 32 (1830)
Distribution: Colombia (Antioquia, Chocó); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraná, Central, Cordillera); Argentina (Corrientes, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta)
82 CLM 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus diffusus subsp. chalaranthus (C.Presl) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(101.): 210 (1936)
= Cyperus diffusus var. chalaranthus (J.Presl & C.Presl) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 3: 1008 (1903)
species :
Cyperus chamaecephalus Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 20 (1925)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
species :
Cyperus chermezonianus Robyns & Tournay; Robyns, Fl. Spermatophyt. Parc Nat. Albert 3: 246 (1955)
Distribution: Cameroon; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; Tanzania
23 BUR CMN ZAI 25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus foliosus K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 122 (1895), nom. illeg., non Willd. ex Kunth
species :
Cyperus chermezonii Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 9 (1935), et Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 379 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus atropurpureus Boeckeler; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 497 (1884), nom. illeg.
= Pycreus atropurpureus C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 535 (1894)
= Pycreus mundtii var. perrieri Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 19 (1925)
species :
Cyperus chersinus (N.E.Br.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 525 (1936)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.)
26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bullatus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 198 (1931)
= Cyperus capensis var. polyanthemus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 540 (1936)
= Mariscus bullatus (Kük.) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 523 (1960)
= Mariscus chersinus N.E.Br.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, 300 (1921)
species :
Cyperus chevalieri Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 557 (1936)
Distribution: Congo [Brazzaville]; SW-Chad
23 CON 24 CHA
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus stolonifer C.B.Clarke; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: Mem. VIII. 27 (1907)
species :
Cyperus chinsalensis Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Münch. 4: 107 (1961)
Distribution: S-Tanzania; Zambia
25 TAN 26 ZAM
species :
Cyperus chionocephalus (Chiov.) Chiov. ex Chiarugi; Webbia 8: 52 (1951)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus chionocephalus Chiov.; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp.-Gymnosp. 292 (1939)
species :
Cyperus chlorocephalus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 527 (1936)
Distribution: Belize; Colombia (Guainía); Guyana; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru
80 BLZ 82 CLM FRG GUY 83 ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus chlorocephalus C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 14 (1908)
species :
Cyperus chlorotropis (Steud.) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 576 (1936)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Saudi Arabia
24 ERI ETH SUD 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga chlorotropis Steud.; Flora 25: 598 (1842)
species :
Cyperus chordorrhizus Chiov.; Agric. Colon. 20: 105 (1926)
Distribution: Somalia; SE-Kenya
24 SOM 25 KEN
species :
Cyperus chorisanthus C.B.Clarke; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 10: 449 (1908); et in Kew Bull. Add. Ser. 8: 9
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas); Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus diffusus var. chorisanthos (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 210 (1936)
species :
Cyperus chrysanthoides (Mtot.) Huygh; Phytotaxa 166(1): 39 (2014)
Distribution: Burundi
23 BUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga chrysanthoides Mtot.; Bot. Jahrb., 111(3): 292 (1990)
species :
Cyperus chrysanthus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 476 (1868)
Distribution: Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal?, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]
25 TAN 26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus chrysanthus var. occidentalis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 337 (1936)
= Cyperus longistolon Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 333 (1936)
= Cyperus longistolon subsp. atrofuscus (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
= Pycreus chrysanthus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 535 (1894)
= Pycreus longistolon (Peter & Kük.) Napper; J. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. Nation. Mus., 28(124): 6 (1971)
= Pycreus longistolon subsp. atrofuscus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(5): 618 (1981)
species :
Cyperus chrysocephalus (K.Schum.) Kük.; Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1911-12 1: 5 (1921)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Burundi; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi
23 BUR ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus chrysocephalus K.Schum.; Warb. Kunene-Sambesi Exped. 178 (1903)
species :
Cyperus ciliatopilosus Mattf. & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 7 (1935)
Distribution: Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique
25 TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus ciliatopilosus var. longifolius (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 571 (1936)
= Cyperus ciliatopilosus var. rhizomatosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 571 (1936)
= Kyllinga platyphylla K.Schum.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 270 (1901) ex C. B. Clarke, Engl. Jahrb. 38: 131 (1906)
= Kyllinga platyphylla var. longifolia Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 92 (1913)
species :
Cyperus ciliatus Jungh.; Linnaea 6: 25 (1831)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Veracruz); Honduras
79 MEX 80 HON
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus ciliatus (Jungh.) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 73 (1974)
species :
Cyperus cinereobrunneus Kük.; Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ver., n.f. 50: 3 (1943)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)
42 NWG
species :
Cyperus clandestinus Steud.; Flora 25: 594 (1842)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Chamaexiphium clandestinum (Steud.) Hochst.; Flora 18: 102 (1844)
= Ficinia clandestina (Steud.) Boeckeler; Linnaea 37: 1871 (1873) 82
= Ficinia dregeana var. abyssinica H.Pfeiff.; Revis. Ficinia: 45 (1920)
= Melancranis clandestina (Steud.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 756 (1891)
species :
Cyperus clarkei T.Cooke; Fl. Bombay 2: 873 (1908)
Distribution: India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu); Sri Lanka; Myanmar (Yangon); Thailand; Vietnam
40 IND SRL 41 MYA THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus bulbosus C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 620 (1893), non Steud., 1855
= Mariscus clarkei (T.Cooke) T.Koyama; J. Jap. Bot. 51: 316 (1976), nom. illeg.
species :
Cyperus clarus S.T.Blake; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 51: 44 (1939 publ. 1940)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus clavinux C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 551
Distribution: NE-Nigeria; SW-Chad; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Botswana
22 NGA 24 CHA 25 TAN 26 MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus monostigma C.B.Clarke; Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Mem. VIII. 26 (1907), et Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 281 (1936), descr. emend.
species :
Cyperus colchicus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 623 (1848)
Distribution: NE-Turkey; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus stachyphorus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 623 (1848)
= Cyperus tremulus var. colchicus (K.Koch) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 362 (1936)
= Cyperus tremulus var. woronowii (Palla) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 362 (1936)
= Pycreus colchicus (K.Koch) Schischk. ex Grossh.; Fl. Kavkaza 1: 152 (1928)
= Pycreus woronowii Palla; Vestn. Tiflissk. Bot. Sada 21: 22 (1912)
species :
Cyperus columbiensis Palla; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 58: 389 (1908)
Distribution: Colombia
82 CLM
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cyperus colymbetes Kotschy & Peyr.; Pl. Tinn. 49. t. 24 (1867)
Distribution: Sudan; South Sudan; S-Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Mozambique; Madagascar
24 SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MOZ 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Anosporum colymbetes (Kotschy & Peyr.) Boeckeler; Bot. Zeit. 27: 26 (1869)
species :
Cyperus commixtus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 195 (1931)
Distribution: South Sudan; Somalia
24 SOM SSU
species :
Cyperus comosipes Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 568 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. comosipes
Distribution: Ethiopia; ?Somalia; Tanzania; Angola
24 ETH 25 TAN 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cartilagineus var. angustatus Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 609 (1936)
= Cyperus eximius var. kelleri (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 568 (1936)
= Kyllinga aurea Thomson; Speke, J. Discov. Source Nile: 654 (1863), nom. nud.
= Kyllinga chrysantha var. comosipes (Mattf. & Kük.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 191 (1995)
= Kyllinga comosipes (Mattf. & Kük.) Napper; J. E. Africa Nat. Hist. Soc. Natl. Mus. 28(124): 24 (1971)
= Kyllinga comosipes var. angustata (Peter & Kük.) Napper; J. S. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. Nation. Mus., 28(124): 24 (1971)
= Kyllinga eximia var. kelleri C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 288 (1901)
= Kyllinga leucocephala Boeckeler; Flora 58: 257 (1875), nom. illeg. non Baldwin
subspecies :
subsp. decolorans (Kük.) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aureostramineus var. decolorans (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 574 (1936)
= Cyperus compactus f. decolorans Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 45 (1924)
= Cyperus decolorans (Kük.) Lye; Lidia 7(4): 96 (2011)
= Kyllinga chrysantha var. decolorans Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 92 (1913)
= Kyllinga comosipes subsp. decolorans (Kük.) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(6): 747 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Kyllinga comosipes var. decolorans (Kük.) Beentje; Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Cyp. 338 (2010)
= Kyllinga decolorans (Kük.) Mtot.; Bot. Jahrb., 111(3): 291 (1990)
species :
Cyperus compactus Retz.; Observ. Bot. 5: 10 (1789)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, W-Yemen); China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan, Fujian); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab); Nepal; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Kachin, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (common near rivers and the sea); Singapore; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Palau [I] (Babeldaob [I]); Guam [I]
35 SAU YEM 36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 62 gum plu
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus compactus var. macrostachys (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 424 (1936)
= Cyperus compactus var. pauciflorus (H.Pfeiff.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 424 (1936)
= Cyperus congestus Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 239 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus cuadriflorus Llanos; Fragm. Pl. Filip.: 18 (1851)
= Cyperus dilutus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 357 (1805)
= Cyperus dilutus var. macrostachys Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 355 (1870)
= Cyperus grabowskianus Boeckeler; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: 502 (1884)
= Cyperus haenkeanus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 93 (1837)
= Cyperus luzonensis J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 174 (1828)
= Cyperus rufus Nees ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 93 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus septatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 46 (1854)
= Cyperus spinulosus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 6 (1814), nomen
= Duval-jouvea diluta (Vahl) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 17(Beibl.): 8 (1911)
= Mariscus compactus (Retz.) Bold.; Zakfl. Java: 77 (1916)
= Mariscus compactus (Retz.) Druce; Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 634 (1917), isonym
= Mariscus compactus var. macrostachys (Boeckeler) F.C.How; Fl. Guangzhou: 747 (1956)
= Mariscus compactus var. macrostachys (Boeckeler) H.B.Naithani & S.Biswas; H. B. Naithani, Flow. Pl. India, Nepal & Bhutan: 471 (1990), isonym
= Mariscus dilutus (Vahl) Nees; Wight, Contrib. Bot. India 90 (1834)
= Mariscus giganteus Boeckeler; Flora 42: 443 (1859)
= Mariscus grabowskianus (Boeckeler) Merr.; J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 84(Spec. No.): 57 (1921)
= Mariscus microcephalus J.Presl & C.Presl; C. Presl, Rei. Haenk. 1: 182 (1828)
= Mariscus microcephalus var. pauciflorus H.Pfeiff.; Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7(2): 167 (1928)
= Sphaeromariscus microcephalus (J.Presl & C.Presl) E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 239 (1910)
species :
Cyperus compressiformis (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 375 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus compressiformis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 73: 552 (1926 publ. 1927)
species :
Cyperus compressus L.; Sp. PI.: 46 (1753)
Name: Poorland flatsedge, Summer sedge (EN)
Distribution: Egypt; Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; ?Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; ?Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Soqotra; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores; Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Agalega Isl.; Seychelles; Afghanistan; Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai); China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia (common throughout Malaya); Singapore [I]; Sumatra; South China Sea Isl.; Borneo; Sulawesi; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Caledonia; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga [I] (Tongatapu [I], Lifuka [I], Niuatoputapu [I]); Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; American Samoa [I] (Tutuila [I], Ta´u [I]); [Western] Samoa [I] (Aleipata Isl. [I], ´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); Tuvalu [I]; Tokelau [I] (Swains Isl. [I]); Gilbert Isl. [I] (Tarawa [I]); Banaba [Ocean] Isl. [I]; Nauru [I]; N-Line Isl. [I] (Kiritimati [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Aitutaki [I], Atiu [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Pou [I], Hiva Oa [I], Fatu Hiva [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I]); Palau [I] (Babeldaob [I], Koror [I], Malakal [I], Angaur [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Pagan [I], Alamagan [I], Anatahan [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Saipan [I], Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Ulithi [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Pohnpei [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I], Kwajalein [I], Majuro [I], Arno [I], Jaluit [I]); Hawaii [I] (East Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. John, St. Thomas, Virgin Gorda); Dominica; Martinique; St. Lucia; Tobago; Trinidad; Curacao; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Bolívar, Caldas, Cauca, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Meta, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Tolima, Vichada); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Amazonas, Aragua, Bolívar, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Guarico, Miranda, Monagas, Portuguesa, Tachira, Yaracuy); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Bolivia (Beni, La Paz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Argentina (Corrientes)
20 EGY 21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 ANN BIO CMN EQG GAB ZAI 24 ETH SOC SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 AGA COM MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 34 AFG SIN 36 CHI 38 JAP KZN NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND LDV NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG SCS sng SUL SUM xms 50 aus 60 asa fij gil nru nue NWC oce rot sam tok ton tuv 61 coo lin mrq sci 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu 63 haw 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 BAH CAY CUB CUR DOM HIS JAM MAR PUE STL TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR SWC VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brachiatus Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 259 (1806)
= Cyperus caffer G.Bertol.; Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Ist. Bologna 5: 464 (1854)
= Cyperus compressus f. depauperatus Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 430 (1915)
= Cyperus compressus subsp. micranthus T.Koyama; Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 139 (1977)
= Cyperus compressus var. brachiatus (Poir.) Nees; R. Wight, Contr. Bot. India 77 (1834)
= Cyperus compressus var. capillaceus C.B.Clarke; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 32 (1900)
= Cyperus compressus var. compositus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 177 (1828)
= Cyperus compressus var. floribundus E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 243 (1910)
= Cyperus compressus var. laxus E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 242 (1910)
= Cyperus compressus var. pectiniformis (Schult.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 97 (1884)
= Cyperus compressus var. simplex J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 177 (1828)
= Cyperus dilutus f. decolorans Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 45 (1924)
= Cyperus giraudyi Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 28 (1854)
= Cyperus meyenii Nees & Arn.; Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. 1: 57 (1843)
= Cyperus pectinatus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 81 (1814), nomen
= Cyperus pectiniformis Roem. & Schult.; Mant. 2: 128 (1824)
species :
Cyperus concinnus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 214 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus concinnus var. parvifructus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 252 (1936)
= Cyperus lepidus F.Muell. ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21: 124 (1884), nom. inval.
species :
Cyperus confertus Sw.; Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 20 (1788)
Name: West Indian flatsedge
Distribution: Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Bahamas; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Guana, St. Croix, St. Thomas, Tortola, Virgin Gorda); St. Barthélémy; Martinique; Tobago; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, La Guajira, Magdalena); Venezuela (Dependencias Federales, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Miranda, Tachira, Zulia); Ecuador; Galapagos
63 haw 81 ARU BAH BON CUB CUR HIS JAM MAR PUE SBA TRT VIR 82 CLM VEN 83 ECU GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus confertus (Sw.) Rikli; Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 564 (1895)
= Cyperus bidentatus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 330 (1805)
= Cyperus biuncialis Andersson; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1853: 156 (1855)
= Cyperus confertus f. debilior (Kük. ex Ekman) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 188 (1926)
= Cyperus confertus f. gracillimus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 498 (1936)
= Cyperus confertus var. bidentatus (Vahl) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 498 (1936)
= Cyperus confertus var. biuncialis Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 515 (1868)
= Cyperus confertus var. debilior (Kük.) Kük. ex Ekman; Ark. Bot. 22A(9): 14 (1929)
= Cyperus dissitiflorus Andersson; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1853: 153 (1855), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus jamaicensis Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 5: 166 (1817)
= Mariscus bidentatus (Vahl) J.Raynal; Adansonia 17(3): 273 (1978)
= Mariscus confertus (Sw.) C.B.Clarke; Urban, Symb. Antill. 2: 50 (1900), nom. illeg.
species :
Cyperus congensis C.B.Clarke; R. A. Dyer, Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 364 (1896)
Distribution: Senegal; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Togo; Benin; Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania
22 BEN IVO LBR SEN SIE TOG 23 GAB ZAI 25 TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus eleusinoides var. dinklageanus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 145 (1935)
species :
Cyperus congestus Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 358 (1805)
Name: Gedrängtes Zypergras (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; European Turkey [I]; Zimbabwe; Namibia; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; La Réunion [I]; Azerbaijan [I]; Turkey [I] (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia [I]); Bangladesh [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I]); New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (´Ewa Plains [I]); Tristan da Cunha [I]
11 ger 13 tue 26 ZIM 27 LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 reu 33 aze 34 tur 40 ban 50 aus 51 nzl 63 haw 91 tdc
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus congestus (Vahl) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 8: 66 (1902)
= Cyperus badius Steud.; Flora 12: 153 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus bulbosus Lag.; Gen. Sp. Pl.: 2 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus carinatus Nees; Lehm. Pl. Preiss. 2: 72 (1846)
= Cyperus congestus var. glandulifer (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 446 (1936)
= Cyperus congestus var. grandiceps Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 446 (1936)
= Cyperus congestus var. pseudonatalensis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 446 (1936)
= Cyperus cooperi (C.B.Clarke) K.Schum.; Just´s Bot. Jahresber. 26(1): 328 (1900)
= Cyperus incarnatus Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 306 (1827)
= Cyperus linkianus Schult.; Mant. 2: 118 (1824)
= Cyperus martianus Schult.; Mant. 2: 108 (1824)
= Cyperus multiceps Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 311 (1827)
= Cyperus paramatta Balb. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 81 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus paramatta Mart.; Cat. Hort. Erlang. 24 (1814)
= Cyperus polycephalus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 46 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus schottianus Anon.; Index Seminum (WU, Vindobonensis) 1836: s.p. (1836)
= Cyperus spiculosus Rchb.; Index Seminum (DR, Dresdensis) 1828: s.p. (1828)
= Cyperus subbulbosus Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 186 (1817)
= Mariscus congestus (Vahl) C.B.Clarke; J. Bot. 35: 72 (1897), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus congestus var. glandulifer C.B.Clarke; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 192 (1897)
= Mariscus cooperi C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 586
= Pycreus congestus (Vahl) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30: III. 146 (1932)
species :
Cyperus conglobatus Humb. ex Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 87 (1820)
Distribution: USA (Texas); Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas, Veracruz); Guatemala; Belize; Cuba; Venezuela (Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Monagas, Sucre)
77 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ GUA 81 CUB 82 VEN
Remarks: see Tucker & Gandhi (2019) for nomenclature
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cephalophorus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 170 (1828), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Cyperus ferax var. conglobatus (Humb. ex Link) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 617 (1936)
= Cyperus ignoratus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 395
= Cyperus macrocephalus Liebm.; Mexic. Halvgr.: 221 (1850)
= Cyperus oxycarioides Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 11: 86 (1884)
= Cyperus oxycarioides Britton ex Coult.; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 2: 465 (1894)
= Diclidium conglobatum (Link) Nees ex B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew. 1: 751 (1893), nom. inval.
= Torulinium macrocephalum (Liebm.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 20 (1908)
= Torulinium macrocephalum (Liebm.) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 74 (1974)
species :
Cyperus conglomeratus Rottb.; Descr. Pl. Rar. Programm. 16 no. 29 (1772)
subspecies :
subsp. conglomeratus
Distribution: Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Mauritania; Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Niger; Chad; Sudan; ?Kenya; Aldabra (Aldabra Isl.); Seychelles; Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, S-Iran); Israel (C-Israel, coastal W-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Negev Desert); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Dahana, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Midyan, Rub al Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert); Kuwait; Bahrain; Qatar; Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, SW-Yemen, Tihama); Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, Pakistani Punjab); India (Gujarat, Rajasthan)
20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 22 BKN MLI MTN NGR SEN 24 CHA SUD 29 ALD SEY 34 IRN ISR SIN 35 BAR KUW OMA QAT SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus acutiflorus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 33 (1854)
= Cyperus arcuatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 542
= Cyperus complanatus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 14 (1775)
= Cyperus conglomeratus f. major (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 275 (1936)
= Cyperus conglomeratus f. pachyrrhizus (Boeckeler) Kük.
= Cyperus conglomeratus f. pumilus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 274 (1936)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. ensifolius (Nees & Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 276 (1936)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. major Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 544 (1868)
= Cyperus ensifolius Nees & Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 545
= Cyperus falcatus Ehrenb. ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 547
= Cyperus falcatus var. hamiensis Schweinf.; Bull. Herb. Boissier 2(App. 2): 47 (1894)
= Cyperus involutus R.Br.; Salt, Ethiopia. App. p. lxii (1814)
= Cyperus pappii Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 297 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Cyperus pungens Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 587 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus pungens Boeckeler ex Aitch. & Hemsl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 3: 121 (1886)
= Cyperus senegalensis C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 577 (1894), nom. nud.
= Cyperus squarrosus F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 262 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus squarrosus var. stenocarpus F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 262 (1874)
= Schoenus glaucus Sieber ex C.B.Clarke; Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl Afr. 5: 554 (1894), in syn.
= Schoenus macrorrhizus Rich. ex C.B.Clarke; Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl Afr. 5: 554 (1894) in syn.
subspecies :
subsp. curvulus (Boeckeler) Kukkonen; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(3): 158 (1995)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Somalia; Abd-al-Kuri Isl.; Samha Isl.; Soqotra; Iran; Saudi Arabia; Oman; Yemen; Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan); India (Rajasthan)
24 DJI ERI ETH SOC SOM 34 IRN 35 OMA SAU YEM 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus conglomeratus f. curvulus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 275 (1936)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. effusus (Rottb.) Coss. & Durieu; Expl. Sci. Algérie: 244 (1855)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. effusus (Rottb.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 275 (1936), isonym
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. socotranus Balf.f.; Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 411 (1884)
= Cyperus conglomeratus var. socotrensis C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 113 (1884)
= Cyperus curvulus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 541 (1868)
= Cyperus effusus Rottb.; Descr. Icon. Rar. Pl.: 22 (1773)
species :
Cyperus conicus (R.Br.) Boeckeler; Linnaea 38: 371 (1874)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus conicus var. glaucinus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 481 (1936)
= Cyperus glaucinus Boeckeler; Flora 58: 89 (1875)
= Mariscus conicus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 218 (1810)
species :
Cyperus conservator-davidii G.C.Tucker; Willdenowia 44(2): 254 (2014)
Distribution: Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca); Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia (Antioquia, Meta); Venezuela; Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia; Brazil (Acre, Roraima)
79 MEX 80 COS PAN 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA
species :
Cyperus consors C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 6 (1908)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro); S-Brazil (Santa Catarina)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus consors var. pernudus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 231 (1936)
= Cyperus consors var. riedelianus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 231 (1936)
= Cyperus riedelianus C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. viii 6 (1908)
species :
Cyperus constanzae Urb.; Symb. Antill. 7: 168 (1912)
Distribution: Cuba; Jamaica; Dominican Republic; Haiti
81 CUB HIS JAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus ignotus Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 442 (1916)
species :
Cyperus constrictus (Goetgh.) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 18 (2014)
Distribution: Burundi; Ethiopia
23 BUR 24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Lipocarpha constricta Goetgh.; Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 89(1): 31 (1989)
species :
Cyperus controversus (Steud.) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 611 (1936)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Angola
24 ETH 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alatus subsp. controversus (Steud.) Lye; Lidia 3(5): 172 (1995)
= Kyllinga alba Steud.; Flora 16: 597 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Kyllinga controversa Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 70 (1854)
= Kyllinga dorsocrena Nees; Linnaea 35: 430 (1868)
species :
Cyperus coonoorensis Viji, Pandur., Deepu & G.C.Tucker; Phytotaxa 203(2): 178 (2015)
Distribution: S-India (Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Cyperus coriifolius Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 391
Distribution: Panama; NE-Brazil
80 PAN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus coriifolius var. abbreviatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 392 (1870)
= Mariscus alatus Schult.; Mant. 2: 144 (1824)
= Mariscus elatus Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 377 (1805)
= Mariscus incompletus Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 165 (1900)
= Mariscus latifolius Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 50 (1842)
= Mariscus procerus Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 46 (1842)
species :
Cyperus cornelii-ostenii Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 198 (1931)
Distribution: Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Caaguazu, Central, Cordillera, Paraguari); Argentina (Chaco, Jujuy, Misiones)
83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus cornellii-ostenii (Kük.) T.Koyama; Phytologia. 29(2): 73 (1974)
= Cyperus cornelii Kük. ex Rojas; Rev. Jard. Bot. Paraguay. 2: 174 (1930)
variant :
var. pilcomayensis Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 199 (1931)
Distribution: Paraguay (Alto Paraguay); Argentina (Chaco, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe)
85 ARG PAR
species :
Cyperus correllii (T.Koyama) G.C.Tucker; Sida 10(4): 305 (1984)
Distribution: Bahamas (Grand Bahama Isl.)
81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Torulinium correllii T.Koyama; Brittonia 28(2): 252 (1976)
species :
Cyperus corymbosus Rottb.; Descr. PI.: 19 (1772)
Distribution: S-Algeria (Hoggar); Ivory Coast; Togo; N-Chad (Tibesti); Tanzania; Angola; S-Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal); Madagascar; Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); ?Pakistan (?Sind); Nepal; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Vietnam; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I])
20 ALG 22 IVO TOG 24 CHA 25 TAN 26 ANG MOZ 27 BOT SAF 29 MDG 34 IRQ ISR 40 BAN IND NEP SRL 41 LAO MYA THA VIE 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bengalensis Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 3: 101 (1822)
= Cyperus corymbosus var. brevispiculosus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 749 (1891)
= Cyperus corymbosus var. damarensis Kük.; Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 50: 2 (1943)
= Cyperus corymbosus var. longispiculatus (Kuntze) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 82 (1935)
= Cyperus corymbosus var. macrostachyus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 277 (1870)
= Cyperus corymbosus var. pangorei C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 159 (1884)
= Cyperus diphyllus Retz.; Obs. Bot. 5: 11 (1788)
= Cyperus diphyllus var. elatior Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 279 (1878)
= Cyperus diphyllus var. triangularis Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 273 (1870)
= Cyperus enodis Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 271
= Cyperus enodis var. longispiculatus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 749 (1891)
= Cyperus gula-metthi Schult.; Mant. 2: 125 (1824)
= Cyperus koenigii Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 302 (1805)
= Cyperus longus var. pallescens (Desf.) Coss. & Durieu; Expl. Sci. Algérie: 249 (1855)
= Cyperus nudus Roxb.; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 191 (1820)
= Cyperus roestelii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 58 (1837)
= Cyperus seminudus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 5 (1814), nomen
= Cyperus tegetiformis Roxb. ex Arn.; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 89 (1834)
= Cyperus tenuicomus Miq.; Linnaea 19: 223 (1846)
species :
Cyperus corynephorus Lock; Fl. Zambesiaca 14: 237 (2020), nom. nov.
Distribution: Liberia; Ivory Coast; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Uganda; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Madagascar; etc.
22 BEN IVO LBR NGA TOG 23 CMN GAB ZAI 25 TAN UGA 26 ZAM ZIM 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus cylindristachyus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 65 (1854)
species :
Cyperus costaricensis Gómez-Laur.; Phytologia 52(4): 228 (1982)
Distribution: Mexico (Campeche, Quintana Roo); Costa Rica; Panama
79 MEX 80 COS PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus amplus G.C.Tucker; Taxon. Cyperus (Cyperac.) Costa Rica & Panama (Syst. Bot. Monog., 2): 23 (1983)
species :
Cyperus costatus Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 575 (1936), nom. nov.
subspecies :
subsp. costatus
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi
24 ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus oblongus subsp. nervosus (Steud.) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3: 2 (1983)
= Kyllinga nervosa Steud.; Flora 25: 597 (1842)
subspecies :
subsp. jubensis (Mtot.) Govaerts; Skvortsovia 4(3): 90 (2018)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus oblongus subsp. jubensis (Mtot.) Lye; Lidia 3(4): 132 (1994)
= Kyllinga flava subsp. jubensis Mtot.; Sinet 13(1): 39 (1990)
= Kyllinga nervosa subsp. jubensis (Mtot.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 4: 602 (1997)
subspecies :
subsp. sidamoensis (Mtot.) Lye; Lidia 3(4): 132 (1994)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga nervosa subsp. sidamoensis Mtot.; Sinet 13(1): 37 (1990)
species :
Cyperus cracens K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 435 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus crassicuspis (J.Raynal) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 18 (2014)
Distribution: Senegal
22 SEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Lipocarpha crassicuspis (J.Raynal) Goetgh.; Wageningen Agric. Univ. Pap. 89(1): 32 (1989)
= Lipocarpha prieuriana var. crassicuspis J.Raynal; Adansonia, n. s. 7: 86 (1967)
species :
Cyperus crassipes Vahl; Enum. 2: 299 (1805)
Distribution: Western Sahara; Cape Verde Isl. (Sao Vicente Isl., Santa Luzia Isl., Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Maio, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.); Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; W-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Somalia; Kenya; Tanzania; Zanzibar; W-Angola; Mozambique; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Madagascar; Brazil [I]
20 WSA 21 CVI 22 BEN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MTN SEN SIE TOG 23 CON EQG GAB ZAI 24 SOM 25 KEN TAN 26 ANG MOZ 27 SAF 29 MDG 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brevis Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 341 (1870)
= Cyperus cephalostachyus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 315 (1855)
= Cyperus chisimajensis Chiov.; Agric. Colon. 20: 104 (1926)
= Cyperus congestus var. brevis (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 445 (1936)
= Cyperus frerei C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 327 (1901)
= Cyperus heterophyllus Boeckeler; Flora 42: 441 (1859)
= Cyperus jardinei Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 28 (1854)
= Cyperus maritimus Poir.; Encyc. 7: 240 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus maritimus var. crassipes (Vahl) C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 569 (1894)
= Cyperus maritimus var. gracilescens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 270 (1936)
= Cyperus scirpoides Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 311 (1805)
species :
Cyperus cremeomariscus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 218 (1983)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cyperus crispulus K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 430 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Western Australia)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus cristulatus S.T.Blake; Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 51: 35 (1939 publ. 1940)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus croceus Vahl; Enum. 2: 357 (1805)
Name: Baldwin´s flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia); Bermuda; Guatemala; ?Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Bahamas; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Colombia (Atlántico, Bolívar, Cesar, Huila, Tolima); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Barinas, Bolívar, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Merida, Portuguesa, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Peru
74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 80 COS GUA NIC PAN 81 BAH BER CUB HIS JAM PUE 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus baldwinii Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 270 (1836)
= Cyperus cyclostachyus Griseb.; Fl. Brit. W. Ind. 567 (1864)
= Cyperus echinatus var. multiflorus Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 99 (1888)
= Cyperus globosus Baldwin ex Torr.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 3: (1836) 270 [non Aubl.]
= Cyperus globulosus var. multiflorus Kük. & Ekman; Ark. Bot. 22A(17): 4 (1929)
= Cyperus globulosus var. pseudofiliculmis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 511 (1936)
= Cyperus multiflorus (Britton) Small; Man. Southeast. Fl. 153 (1933)
= Dichostylis baldwinii (Torr.) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 299 (1888)
species :
Cyperus cruentus Rottb.; Desc. Nov. Pl. 21; Prog. 17 (1773)
Distribution: ?Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen
24 ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus globosus Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 13 (1775)
= Cyperus neoschimperi Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 552 (1936)
= Cyperus neoschimperi var. subvirescens Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 552 (1936)
= Cyperus neoschimperi var. viridis (Hochst. ex Schweinf.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 552 (1936)
= Cyperus variegatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 337
= Cyperus vexillatus Peter ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 547 (1936)
= Mariscus schimperi Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 491 (1850)
= Mariscus viridis Hochst. ex Schweinf.; Beitr Fl. Aethiop. 217 (1867)
species :
Cyperus crypsoides J.Kern; Reinwardtia 2: 128 (1952)
Distribution: Sulawesi
42 SUL
species :
Cyperus cunduduensis Chiov.; Atti R. Accad. Ital., Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. etc. 11: (Pl. Nov. Aethiop.) 60(1940)
Distribution: Ethiopia; N-Somalia
24 ETH SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus cundudoensis (Chiov.) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Candollea 74(2): 148 (2019)
species :
Cyperus cunninghamii (C.B.Clarke) C.Gardn.; Enum. Pl. Austr. Occ. 12 (1930)
subspecies :
subsp. cunninghamii
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aridicola (Domin) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 451 (1936)
= Cyperus umbellatus var. fasciculiger F.Muell.; Sci. Exp. Centr. Austr. 3: 181 (1896)
= Cyperus xerophilus (Domin) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20: Heft 85, 445 (1915)
= Cyperus xerophilus (Domin) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(101): 450 (1936), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus aridicola Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 439 (1915)
= Mariscus cunninghamii C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 18 (1908)
= Mariscus fasciculiger (F.Muell.) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 443 (1915)
= Mariscus xerophilus Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 85: 438 (1915)
subspecies :
subsp. cheradicus K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 417 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
subspecies :
subsp. uniflorus K.L.Wilson; Telopea 4(3): 419 (1991)
Distribution: Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus curvistylis J.Kern; Blumea 13: 123 (1965)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus cuspidatus Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 1: 204 (1816)
Name: Coastal plain flatsedge
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Fogo Isl.); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; SW-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Seychelles [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Jiangxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Gilgit); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Barren Isl.; Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Taninthayi, Yangon); Myanmar [I] (Yangon [I]); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (throughout); Singapore [I]; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz); El Salvador; Honduras; Cuba; Colombia (Amazonas, Guainía, Guaviare, Magdalena, Meta, Vaupés, Vichada); Venezuela (Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Bolívar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Portuguesa, Sucre, Trujillo, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; ?French Guiana; Peru; Bolivia (Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil
21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 ANN BIO CAF CMN CON EQG ZAI 24 CHA ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 MDG sey 36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL PHI sng SUL SUM 50 AUS 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 ELS HON 81 CUB 82 CLM GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL PER 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus angustifolius Buch.-Ham. ex Nees; Wight, Contrib. Bot. India 79 (1834)
= Cyperus angustifolius Schumach.; Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 38 (1827)
= Cyperus capitatus Retz.; Obs. Bot. 4. 9 (1786)
= Cyperus contractus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 13 (1854)
= Cyperus cuspidatus f. angustifolius Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 264 (1936)
= Cyperus cuspidatus f. exiguus (Nees) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 264 (1936)
= Cyperus cuspidatus var. burchellii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 90 (1884)
= Cyperus cylindricus var. elatior Boeckeler; Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1869: 131 (1869)
= Cyperus exiguus Nees; Linnaea 9: 284 (1834), nom. inval.
= Cyperus gratus C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 133 (1906). 38: 133 (1906)
= Cyperus hamatus Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 23 (1842)
= Cyperus hamulatus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 22 (1837)
= Cyperus pectinatus Hils. & Bojer ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 20: 284 (1883), non Vahl
= Cyperus recurvatus Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 22 (1837)
= Cyperus recurvus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 310 (1805)
= Cyperus salzmannii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 15 (1854)
= Cyperus setifolius D.Don; Prodr. Fl. Nepal. 38 (1825)
= Cyperus solutus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 14 (1854)
= Cyperus uncinatus Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 247 (1806)
= Cyperus uncinatus var. gratus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 261 (1936)
= Cyperus waterlotii Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 339 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Dichostylis cuspidata (Kunth) Palla; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 10: 296 (1888)
species :
Cyperus cymulosus Willemet; Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 18: 7 (1796)
Distribution: Mauritius
29 MAU
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Cyperus cyperinus (Retz.) Valck.Sur.; Cyperus Mal. Arch.: 154 (1898)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Hahajima, Mukohjima, Imohtojima); Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar; Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (common throughout); Singapore [I]; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumbawa, etc.); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland); New Caledonia; Vanuatu; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Tonga (Tongatapu, Vava´u); Fiji [I]; American Samoa [I] (Ta´u [I], Tutuila [I]); [Western] Samoa [I] (Aleipata Isl. [I], ´Upolu [I], Savai´i [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoru Group [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Mehetia [I], Moorea [I], Huahine [I], Raiatea [I]); Tuamotu Arch. [I] (Makatea Isl. [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Rapa Iti [I], Rurutu [I], Raivavae [I], Tubuai [I]); Palau (Babeldaob, Koror, Peleliu); Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian, Rota); Northern Marianas [I] (Maug, Asuncion, Agrihan, Pagan, Alamagan, Guguan, Sarigan, Anatahan); Guam; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Tol [I], Pohnpei [I], Kosrae); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I]); Jamaica [I]; Grenada [I]; Tobago [I]; Colombia [I]
36 CHI 38 NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 MYA NCB THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI sng SUL SUM 50 AUS 60 asa fij NWC rot sam TON VAN 61 aui coo sci tua 62 GUM mic mrn MRN PLU 63 haw 81 gre jam trt 82 clm
Remarks: native area in the Pacific uncertain
Synonyms: hidden
= Carex myosuroides (Gaertn.) J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]. 2(1): 146 (1791), nom. illeg.
= Carex opetiola Raeusch.; Nomencl. Bot. Pl. Illustr., ed. 3: 270 (1797)
= Cyperus andersonianus Boeckeler; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: 502 (1884)
= Cyperus cylindrostachys Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 383 (1870), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Cyperus cyperinus f. curvatus Valck.Sur.; Cyperus: 156 (1898)
= Cyperus cyperinus subsp. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) Wad.Khan; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra: 88 (2015 publ. 2014)
= Cyperus cyperinus var. bengalensis (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 520 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperinus var. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 519 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperinus var. maximus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 520 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperinus var. pictus (Nees) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 519 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperinus var. scabriculmis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 520 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides subsp. cyperinus (Retz.) Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 46 (1925)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. andersonianus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 46 (1924)
= Cyperus graeffei Boeckeler; Flora 58: 84 (1875)
= Cyperus ischnostachys Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 53 (1854)
= Cyperus manilensis Boeckeler; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: 501 (1884)
= Cyperus samoensis Boeckeler; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 586 (1898)
= Cyperus umbellatus f. cyperinus (Retz.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 200 (1884)
= Cyperus umbellatus var. cylindrostachys C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 201 (1884)
= Cyperus umbellatus var. laxatus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 201 (1884)
= Cyperus venustus G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 89 (1786), nom. nud.
= Kyllinga bulbosa J.Koenig ex Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 376 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Kyllinga cyperina Retz.; Observ. Bot. 6: 21 (1791)
= Kyllinga rigida Link; Hort. Berol. 2: 323 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus cyperinus (Retz.) Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 377 (1805)
= Mariscus cyperinus subsp. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) T.Koyama; Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 157 (1977)
= Mariscus cyperinus var. bengalensis C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 621 (1893)
= Mariscus cyperinus var. laxatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 519 (1936)
= Mariscus cyperinus var. maximus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 43 (1898)
= Mariscus cyperinus var. pictus (Nees) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 63 (1989)
= Mariscus pictus Nees; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 90 (1834)
= Mariscus sundaicus Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. iil. 289 (1859)
= Mariscus tenuifolius Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: t. 46 (1842)
= Mariscus umbellatus var. cyperinus (Retz.) E.G.Camus; Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 77 (1912)
= Opetiola myosuroides Gaertn.; Fruct. 1: 14. t. 2 (1788)
= Torulinium samoense (Boeckeler) Palla; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 84: 452 (1909)
species :
Cyperus cyperoides (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 333 (1898)
Distribution: Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Sao Vicente Isl., Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Rwanda; Burundi; Burundi; S-Chad; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Eswatini [Swaziland]; St. Helena; Madagascar; Comores; Mauritius; +La Réunion; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Izu Isl.); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Hahajima, all other major islands); Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima, Minami-Iwojima); Taiwan; Pakistan (Azad Kashmir); Pakistan (Hazara, Murree); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Nicobar Isl.; Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia (throughout); Singapore [I]; Sumatra; South China Sea Isl.; Borneo; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch.; Solomon Isl.; Australia (Queensland, New South Wales); Vanuatu; Tonga (Late Isl., ´Eua, Tongatapu, Tafahi); Niue; Fiji [I]; [Western] Samoa (´Upolu, Savai´i); American Samoa (Ta´u, Tutuila); Cook Isl. (Rarotonga, Aitutaki, Ngaputoru Group); Marquesas Isl. (Hiva Oa); Austral Isl. (Rapa Iti, Rurutu, Tubuai); Tuamotu Arch. (Mangareva); Easter Isl.; Northern Marianas (Saipan, Tinian); Guam; Fed. States of Micronesia (Pohnpei); Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Honduras [I]; Jamaica [I]; Grenada [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Venezuela [I]
21 CVI 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 ANN BIO BUR CMN CON EQG GAB PRI RWA SAO ZAI 24 CHA ETH SOC SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 28 STH 29 COM MAU MDG REU 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR KZN NKO NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA NCB THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SCS sng SUM 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 60 ASA fij NUE SAM TON VAN 61 AUI COO EAS MRQ TUA 62 GUM MIC MRN 63 haw 80 hon 81 gre jam trt 82 ven
Remarks: almost certainly introduced in Polynesia
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus biglumis C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 199 (1884)
= Cyperus cylindrostachys var. subcompositus (C.B.Clarke) Skottsb.; Acta Horti Gothob. 15: 300 (1944)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. brevispicatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 517 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. clarkei (Turrill ex Craib) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 518 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. evolutior (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Sinensia 3: 80 (1932)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 518 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. microstachys Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 518 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. nossibeensis (Steud.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 517 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. ovalis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 518 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. polyphyllus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 517 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. repens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 518 (1936)
= Cyperus cyperoides var. subcompositus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 516 (1936)
= Cyperus flexifolius Boeckeler ex Reinecke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 25: 586 (1898), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus konkanensis T.Cooke; Fl. Bombay 2: 874 (1908)
= Cyperus linctus G.Forst.; Fl. Ins. Austr.: 89 (1786), nom. nud.
= Cyperus macrocarpus var. humbertii (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 529 (1936)
= Cyperus macrocarpus var. submacrocarpus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 528 (1936)
= Cyperus manilensis Boeckeler ex Warb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 264 (1890)
= Cyperus nossibeensis (Steud.) K.Schum.; (1895)
= Cyperus philippensis J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 174 (1828)
= Cyperus sieberianus (Nees ex Steud.) K.Schum.; Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 96 (1898), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus steudelianus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 382, non (1884)
= Cyperus subumbellatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 523 (1936), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Cyperus subumbellatus var. sessilispicatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 525 (1936)
= Cyperus subumbellatus var. subglobosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 524 (1936)
= Cyperus umbellatus (Rottb.) Benth.; Fl. Hongk.: 386 (1861)
= Kyllinga biglumis (Gaertn.) Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 851 (1840)
= Kyllinga sumatrensis Retz.; Obs. Bot. 4: I 3 (1786)
= Kyllinga umbellata Rottb.; Desc. et Ic. 15. t. 4, f. 2
= Kyllinga umbellata var. sumatrensis (Retz.) Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 258 (1797)
= Lipocarpha mangarevica H.St.John; Census Flora Gambier Isl., Polynesia (Pacific Pl. Studies 43): 9 (1988)
= Mariscus alternifolius Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 376 (1805)
= Mariscus biglumis Gaertn.; Fruct. 1: 12. t. 2, f. 8 (1788)
= Mariscus clarkei Turrill ex Craib; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1912: 422 (1912)
= Mariscus concinnus Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 47 (1842)
= Mariscus concinnus var. evolutior (C.B.Clarke) Panigrahi; S. K. Murti & Panigrahi, Fl. Bilaspur 2: 699 (1999)
= Mariscus concinnus var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) Panigrahi; S. K. Murti & Panigrahi, Fl. Bilaspur 2: 699 (1999)
= Mariscus concinnus var. subcompositus (C.B.Clarke) Panigrahi; S. K. Murti & Panigrahi, Fl. Bilaspur 2: 699 (1999)
= Mariscus corymbosus Boeckeler; Flora 41: 409 (1858)
= Mariscus cyperoides (L.) Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 164 (1900)
= Mariscus cyperoides var. capitatus Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 438 (1915)
= Mariscus cyperoides var. microstachys (Kük.) S.M.Huang; Fl. Hainan. 4: 537 (1977), without basionym ref.
= Mariscus humbertii Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 25: 303 (1919)
= Mariscus konkanensis (Cooke) Sedgw.; J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 25: 698 (1918)
= Mariscus linctus M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 364 (2009), nom. inval.
= Mariscus linctus var. subcompositus (C.B.Clarke) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 365 (2009), nom. inval.
= Mariscus nossibeensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 63 (1854)
= Mariscus pachystachyus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 65 (1854)
= Mariscus philippensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 66 (1854)
= Mariscus polyphyllus Steud.; Flora 25: 596 (1842), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus quarrei Cherm.; De Wild. & Staner, Contrib. Fl. Katanga, Suppl. 5: 14 (1933), nomen
= Mariscus sieberianus Nees; (in Wight, Contrib. Bot. India 90 (1834), pro syn.) ex Steud., Synops. Pl. Glum. 2: 61 (1855)
= Mariscus sieberianus var. evolutior C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 622 (1893)
= Mariscus sieberianus var. khasianus C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 623 (1893)
= Mariscus sieberianus var. nossibeensis (Steud.) Cherm.; Ann. Inst. Bot.-Geol. Colon. Marseille 27: 55 (1919)
= Mariscus sieberianus var. subcompositus C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 622 (1893)
= Mariscus steudelianus (Boeckeler) Cufod.; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 40(Suppl.): 1457 (1970)
= Mariscus sumatrensis (Retz.) J.Raynal; Adansonia, n.s., 15: 110 (1975)
= Mariscus sumatrensis var. evolutior (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 64 (1989)
= Mariscus sumatrensis var. evolutior (C.B.Clarke) L.K.Dai; Higher Pl. China (2009), isonym
= Mariscus sumatrensis var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 64 (1989)
= Mariscus sumatrensis var. microstachys (Kük.) L.K.Dai; Higher Pl. China (2009)
= Mariscus sumatrensis var. subcompositus (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 64 (1989)
= Mariscus umbellatus (Rottb.) Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 376 (1805), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Mariscus umbellatus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 181 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Mariscus umbellatus var. evolutior (C.B.Clarke) E.G.Camus; Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 78 (1912)
= Mariscus umbellatus var. microstachys (Kük.) Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 181 (1961)
= Mariscus umbellatus var. sieberianus E.G.Camus; Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 78 (1912)
= Mariscus umbellatus var. subcompositus (C.B.Clarke) Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 181 (1961)
= Scirpus cyperoides L.; Mant. PI.: 181 (1771)
species :
Cyperus cyprius Post; Mem. Herb. Boiss. 18: 102 (1900)
Distribution: Cyprus
34 CYP
species :
Cyperus dactyliformis Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 329 (1870)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; South Africa (Cape Prov., KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal)
26 ZIM 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus dactyliformis var. elatior (Kunth) Kük.; Bot. Not. 1934: 70 (1934)
= Cyperus dactyliformis var. gueinzii (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Bot. Not. 1934: 70 (1934)
= Cyperus dactyliformis var. involutus (C.B.Clarke) K.Schum.; Just´s Bot. Jahresber. 26: 328 (1900)
= Cyperus elatior Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 327 (1869 publ. 1870)
= Cyperus involutus (C.B.Clarke) K.Schum.; Just´s Bot. Jahresber. 26(1): 328 (1900)
= Cyperus solidus var. elatior Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 76 (1837)
= Cyperus tabularis var. major Nees; Linnaea 10: 137 (1836)
= Cyperus toisensis Kuntze; Revis. Gen. 3: II. 334 (1898)
= Mariscus dactyliformis (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4: 53 (1894)
= Mariscus elatior (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 586 (1894)
= Mariscus gueinzii C.B.Clarke; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 195 (1898)
= Mariscus involutus C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 589
species :
Cyperus dactylotes Benth.; Fl. Austr. 7: 273 (1878)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales)
11 ger 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus clelandii J.M.Black; Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. South Australia 48: 253 (1924)
species :
Cyperus davidsei G.C.Tucker; Bot. Brasil [58 Congr. Nac. Bot.]. 312 (2007)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
species :
Cyperus debilissimus Baker; J. Linn. Soc. 22: 532 (1887)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus calochrous Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 312 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Cyperus debilissimus var. calochrous (Cherm.) Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 606 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Cyperus debilissimus var. calochrous (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 188 (1936), isonym
= Cyperus debilissimus var. triqueter Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 27: 553 (1921)
species :
Cyperus deciduus Boeckeler; Flora 62: 547 (1879)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Gauteng, Mpulamanga); Eswatini [Swaziland]
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus wittei Cherm.; Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 22: 64 (1932)
= Mariscus deciduus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Harv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 191 (1897)
species :
Cyperus decompositus (R.Br.) F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 267 (1874)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus decompositus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 218 (1810)
species :
Cyperus decurvatus (C.B.Clarke) C.Archer & Goetgh.; Bothalia 41(2): 300 (2012)
Distribution: Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
26 MOZ ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cylindrolepis rehmanniana Boeckeler; Bot. Centralbl. 39: 73 (1889)
= Cylindrolepis rehmanniana Boeckeler ex T.Durand & B.D.Jacks.; Index Kew., Suppl. 1: 120 (1902), nom. inval.
= Cyperus indecorus var. decurvatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 545 (1936)
= Cyperus indecorus var. dinteri Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 545 (1936)
= Mariscus indecorus var. decurvatus (C.B.Clarke) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 524 (1960)
= Mariscus indecorus var. dinteri (Kük.) Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 3: 524 (1960)
= Mariscus rehmannianus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. A. Durand & H. Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 591 (1894)
= Mariscus vestitus var. decurvatus C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 134 (1906)
species :
Cyperus delavayi (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 331 (1936)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus delavayi C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 36: 203 (1903)
species :
Cyperus demangei (J.Raynal) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 231 (1983)
Distribution: Mali; S-Chad; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Botswana
22 MLI 24 CHA 25 TAN 26 ZAM ZIM 27 BOT
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus demangei J.Raynal; Kew Bull. 23: 314 (1969)
species :
Cyperus densibulbosus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 16(4):369 (1996 publ. 1997)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
species :
Cyperus dentatus Torr.; Fl. U. St. 1: 61 (1824)
Name: Toothed flatsedge
Distribution: Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Alabama, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Georgia, Indiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, West Virginia)
72 CDN 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus dentatus f. ctenostachys (Fernald) Fernald; Rhodora 44: 151 (1940)
= Cyperus dentatus var. ctenostachys Fernald; Rhodora 8: 126 (1906)
= Cyperus micranthus Schult.; Mant. 2: 121 (1824)
= Cyperus parviflorus Muhl.; Descr. Gram.: 19 (1817), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus watsonianus Boeckeler; Flora 42: 435 bis (1859)
species :
Cyperus dentoniae G.C.Tucker; Taxon. Cyperus (Cyperac.) Costa Rica & Panama (Syst. Bot. Monog., 2): 56 (1983), nom. nov.
Name: Hairy flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona); Mexico (Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Durango, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Sinaloa, Sonora, Yucatan, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama
76 USA 79 MEX 80 COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus flavomariscus var. peduncularis Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 215 (1886)
= Cyperus flavus var. peduncularis (Britton) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 532 (1936)
= Mariscus hermaphroditus var. peduncularis (Britton) Stehlé; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 13: 87 (1947)
= Mariscus pubescens J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 181 (1828) [not Cyperus pubescens Steud. 1854
species :
Cyperus denudatus L.f.; Suppl. 98 (1782)
Distribution: Senegal; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; SW-Chad; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Mauritius [I]; Australia [I] (Queensland [I])
22 BKN GHA GUI IVO MLI NGA SEN SIE 23 BUR CMN CON GAB RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 mau MDG 50 aus
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus amphibolus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 22 (1854)
= Cyperus arrhizus Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 577
= Cyperus corymbosus Steud.; Flora 12: 153 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus denudatus f. longispiculosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 255 (1936)
= Cyperus denudatus f. singularis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 255 (1936)
= Cyperus denudatus var. sphaerospermoides (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 256 (1936)
= Cyperus flavissimus Steud.; Flora 12: 152 (1829), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus haspan var. sphaerospermoides (Cherm.) Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 605 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Cyperus haspan var. transiens (Cherm.) Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 74: 605 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Cyperus haspanoides C.B.Clarke ex K.Schum.; Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 119 (1895)
= Cyperus kasamensis Podlech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Münch. 4: 108 (1961)
= Cyperus platycaulis var. recedens Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 254 (1936)
= Cyperus sphaerospermoides Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 340 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Cyperus sphaerospermoides var. transiens Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 67: 329 (1920)
= Cyperus spretus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 21 (1854)
= Cyperus tristis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 35 (1837)
= Cyperus verrucinux C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 132 (1906)
= Fimbristylis androgyna R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 226 (1810)
= Iria androgyna (R.Br.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 751 (1891)
= Scirpus androgyna (R.Br.) Poir.; Lam., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 98 (1817), nom. inval.
species :
Cyperus derreilema Steud.; Flora 25: 585 (1842)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Madagascar
23 RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM 29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus deckenii Boeckeler; Linnaea 38: 361 (1874)
= Cyperus derreilema subsp. deckenii (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 199 (1936)
= Cyperus derreilema var. brevispiculosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 199 (1936)
= Cyperus derreilema var. tsaratananensis (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 199 (1936)
= Cyperus pustulatus var. tschinsendensis (Turrill) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 161 (1936)
= Cyperus tsaratananensis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 343 (1919 publ. 1920)
= Cyperus tschinsendensis Turrill; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 68 (1925)
species :
Cyperus diamantinus (D.A.Simpson) Govaerts; Govaerts & Frodin, World Checkl. Cyperaceae: 316 (2007)
Distribution: NE-Brazil; SE-Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus diamantinus D.A.Simpson; Kew Bull. 44(2): 283 (1989)
species :
Cyperus diandrus Torr.; Cat. Pl. N. York, 89 (1819)
Name: Umbrella flatsedge
Distribution: Germany [I]; Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec); USA (Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin)
11 ger 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus diandrus f. elongatus (Britton) Fernald; Rhodora 41: 423 (1939)
= Cyperus diandrus var. elongatus Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 19: 226 (1892)
= Cyperus diandrus var. pauciflorus Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot.: 732 (1861)
= Pycreus diandrus (Torr.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 2 (1908)
= Torreya maritima Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 105 (1819)
species :
Cyperus diaphanus Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. Mant. 2: 477 (1824)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Odisha, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar (Mandalay); Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Sumatra; Sulawesi; Philippines; Lesser Sunda Isl.
36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 LSI MLY PHI SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus latespicatus (Boeckeler) Rikli; Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 563 (1895)
= Cyperus aphyllus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 450 (1868), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus diaphanus var. latespicatus (Boeckeler) J.Kern; Fl. Males., Ser. 1, 7(3): 653 (1974)
= Cyperus gratissimus Kitag.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 222, in syn. (1935)
= Cyperus latispicatus Boeckeler; Flora 42: 441 (1859)
= Cyperus latispicatus Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 36: 202 (1903)
= Cyperus latispicatus var. acaulis C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21: 41 (1884)
= Cyperus latispicatus var. diaphanus (Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 393 (1936)
= Cyperus latispicatus var. laxus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 393 (1936)
= Cyperus pseudobromoides Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 464 (1868)
= Pycreus diaphanus (Schrad. ex Roem. ex Schult.) S.M.Huang; Fl. Hainan. 4: 537 (1977), isonym
= Pycreus diaphanus (Schrad. ex Roem. & Schult.) S.S.Hooper & T.Koyama; J. Jap. Bot. 51: 316 (1976)
= Pycreus diaphanus var. acaulis (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 64 (1989)
= Pycreus diaphanus var. latespicatus (Boeckeler) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 370 (2009)
= Pycreus diaphanus var. laxus (Kük.) H.B.Naithani & S.Biswas; H. B. Naithani, Flow. Pl. India, Nepal & Bhutan: 471 (1990)
= Pycreus latispicatus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 6: 590 (1893)
= Pycreus plicatus Govind.; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Pl. Sci., 100(6): 417 (1990)
variant :
var. gracilescens (Kük.) H.O.Saxena; Indian Forester 99: 505 (1973)
Distribution: India (Chhattisgarh, Goa, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus curvibracteatus Govind.; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., B 88(3): 231 (1979)
= Cyperus latespicatus var. gracilescens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(101): 393 (1936)
= Cyperus latovaginatus Govind.; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 52: 74 (1973 publ. 1974)
= Cyperus plumbeonucea Govind.; J. Indian Bot. Soc. 52: 76 (1973 publ. 1974)
= Pycreus apiculatus Govind.; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Pl. Sci., 100(6): 415 (1990)
= Pycreus curvibracteatus (Govind.) P.Singh & V.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5(2): 468 (1984)
= Pycreus debilissimus f. opulentus (Govind.) Wad.Khan; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra: 293 (2015 publ. 2014)
= Pycreus debilissimus var. apiculatus (Govind.) Wad.Khan; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra: 293 (2015 publ. 2014)
= Pycreus diaphanus var. gracilescens (Kük.) S.S.Hooper; C. J. Saldanha & Nicolson, Fl. Hassan Distr. Karnataka, India: 692 (1976)
= Pycreus latovaginatus (Govind.) P.Singh & V.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5(2): 467 (1984)
= Pycreus opulentus Govind.; Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Pl. Sci., 100(6): 417 (1990)
= Pycreus plumbeonucea (Govind.) P.Singh & V.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5: 467 (1984)
species :
Cyperus dichromeniformis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 26 (1837)
Distribution: SE-Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus tephrodes Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 30 (1842)
species :
Cyperus dichromus C.B.Clarke; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 133 (1906)
Distribution: S-Somalia; Kenya
24 SOM 25 KEN
species :
Cyperus dichrostachyus Hochst.; Flora 24: (1841) I. Intell. 21, nomen, ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2. 481 (1850), as ´dichroostachyus´
Distribution: Cameroon; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; SW-Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga); Madagascar; China [I]
23 BUR CMN RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 29 MDG 36 chi
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus andschoa A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 481 (1850)
= Cyperus fresenii Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 469 (1840)
= Cyperus scirpoides R.Br. ex Fresen.; Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 149 (1837), nom. illeg.
species :
Cyperus dietrichiae Boeckeler; Flora 58: 87 (1875)
Distribution: Bismarck Arch. (New Britain); Australia (Queensland)
43 BIS 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus dietrichiae var. fractuosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 424 (1936)
= Cyperus trichostachys Benth.; Fl. Austr. 7: 287 (1878)
= Mariscus dietrichiae (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 20 (1908)
variant :
var. brevibracteatus (Domin) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 426 (1936)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus brevibracteatus (Domin) Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): t. 100 (1915)
= Mariscus dietrichiae subsp. brevibracteatus Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 436 (1915)
= Mariscus dietrichiae var. brevibracteatus Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 85: 436 (1915)
species :
Cyperus difformis L.; Cent. Pl. 2: 6 (1756)
Name: Variable flatsedge, Smallflower umbrella sedge (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Croatia; Montenegro; ?Serbia; Kosovo; ?North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Ukraine; Morocco [I]; Libya [I]; Egypt (Desert Oases, Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Soqotra; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Mauritius; La Réunion; Seychelles [I]; Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Russian Far East (Primorye); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran; Afghanistan (Baghlan, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (NW-Syria); Israel (Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima); Volcano Isl. (Iwojima); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani Punjab, Hazara, Murree); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon); Thailand; peninsular Malaysia (Kelantan); Singapore; Sumatra; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, Timor, Alor); Moluccas (Tanimbar); New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); New Caledonia; Fiji [I]; Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Atiu [I], Mauke [I], Manihiki [I], Rakahanga [I]); Palau [I] (Babeldaob [I], Malakal [I], Truk [I], Moen [I], Pohnpei [I]); Guam [I]; Marshall Isl. [I] (Majuro [I]); Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], West Maui [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Idaho [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I], Washington State [I]); Mexico [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Nicaragua [I]; Costa Rica [I]; Panama [I]; Panama [I]; Jamaica [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Colombia [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guyana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Peru [I]; Brazil [I]; Chile [I] (O´Higgins [I], Maule [I], Ñuble [I], Biobío [I])
11 ger HUN 12 COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT ROM SIC TUE 14 UKR 20 EGY lby mor 21 azo mdr 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB RWA SAO ZAI 24 CHA ETH SOC SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES SAF SWZ 29 cgs COM MAU MDG REU sey 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR KZN NKO NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 AND MYA NCB THA 42 JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 50 AUS 60 fij NWC 61 coo 62 gum mrs plu 63 haw 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 mex 80 cos nic pan 81 his jam pue stl 82 clm guy ven 83 ecu per 84 bra 85 cle
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus difformis f. humilis Debeaux; Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 1: 144 (1876)
= Cyperus difformis f. maximus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 135 (1884)
= Cyperus difformis var. breviglobosus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 246 (1936)
= Cyperus difformis var. subdecompositus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 240 (1936)
= Cyperus goeringii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 24 (1854)
= Cyperus holoschoenoides Jan ex Schult.; Mant. 2: 111 (1824)
= Cyperus lateriflorus Torr.; Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 226 (1859), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus oryzetorum Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 24 (1854)
= Cyperus prostratus Delile ex C.B.Clarke; Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 557 (1894), in syn.
= Cyperus protractus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 45 (1821), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus subrotundus Llanos; Fragm. Pl. Filip.: 14 (1851)
= Cyperus viridis Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 38 (1837), nom. illeg.
species :
Cyperus diffusus Vahl; Enum. 2: 321 (1806)
Distribution: S-China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan); Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (throughout except Northwestern region); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Taninthayi); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (throughout); peninsular Malaysia (throughout); Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch.; Solomon Isl.; Australia (Queensland, Northern Territory)
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bancanus var. brevibracteatus E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 243 (1910)
= Cyperus buettneri Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 1: 3 (1888)
= Cyperus calacaryensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 34 (1854)
= Cyperus diffusus f. celebicus (Miq.) Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 43 (1924)
= Cyperus diffusus subsp. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) T.Koyama; Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 139 (1977)
= Cyperus diffusus var. brevibracteatus (E.G.Camus) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 209 (1936)
= Cyperus diffusus var. latifolius L.K.Dai; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 232 (1961)
= Cyperus diffusus var. macrostachyus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 534 (1868)
= Cyperus diffusus var. multispicatus S.M.Huang; Fl. Hainan. 4: 536 (1977)
= Cyperus diffusus var. pubisquama (Steud.) Kük.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: 43 (1924)
= Cyperus holophyllus Miq. ex de Vriese; Pl. Ind. Bat. Reinw. 139 (1857)
= Cyperus holophyllus var. celebicus Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 283 (1856)
= Cyperus iridifolius A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. ed. 6. 2: 315 (1833)
= Cyperus lagorensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 36 (1854)
= Cyperus laxus subsp. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) V.P.Prasad & N.P.Singh; Phytotaxonomy 1: 64 (2001)
= Cyperus laxus var. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) Karth.; Fl. Ind. Enum., Monocot.: 46 (1989)
= Cyperus laxus var. multispicatus (S.M.Huang) S.M.Huang; Fl. Guangdong 8: 331 (2007), without basionym ref.
= Cyperus moestus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 31 (1837)
= Cyperus nigroviridis Thwaites; Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 344 (1859)
= Cyperus parciflorus Link; Jahrb. 1: III. 85 (1818)
= Cyperus pubisquama Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 20 (1855)
= Cyperus sarzogonensis J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 351 (1830)
= Cyperus scirpoides J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 178 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Eucyperus diffusus (Vahl) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 568 (1895)
= Pycreus diffusus var. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 46 (1989)
species :
Cyperus digitatus Roxb.; [Hort. Bengal.: 81 (1814), nom. nud.], Fl. Ind. 1: 209 (1820)
subspecies :
subsp. digitatus
Name: Finger flatsedge
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Yunnan); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab, Lahore); Nepal; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmrr, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Mandalay, Taninthayi, Yangon); Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Singapore; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland); Palau (Babeldaob, Koror?); Northern Marianas (Anatahan); USA (Louisiana, Texas); Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Guatemala; Belize; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Cauca, Córdoba, Magdalena, Santander, Valle); Venezuela (Apure, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro, Falcon, Monagas, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Yaracuy, Zulia); Guyana; Surinam; Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Central, Cordillera, Neembucu, Pres. Hayes); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, San Luis, Tucuman)
36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL SUM 50 AUS 62 MRN PLU 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS GUA PAN 81 CUB HIS JAM PUE STL TRT 82 CLM GUY SUR VEN 83 BOL ECU PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brachystachys Nees ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 310
= Cyperus digitatus f. contractior Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 57 (1935)
= Cyperus digitatus var. laxiflorus L.K.Dai; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 230 (1961)
= Cyperus digitatus var. mexicanus (Liebm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 57 (1935)
= Cyperus digitatus var. oatesii (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 56 (1935)
= Cyperus digitatus var. obtusifructus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. IV, 20(101): 56 (1935)
= Cyperus digitatus var. pingbienensis L.K.Dai; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 230 (1961)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. oatesii C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 188 (1884)
= Cyperus fastuosus Desv.; Ham., Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid.: 12 (1825)
= Cyperus giganteus Griseb.; Cat. Pl. Cub. 238 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus glomeratus Roxb. ex Arn.; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 85 (1834), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus mexicanus Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 227 (1851)
= Cyperus neesii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 101 (1837)
= Cyperus oatesii C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 618 (1893)
= Cyperus ornithopodioides Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 50 (1813), nom. nud.
= Cyperus rhaphiostachys Humb. & Bonpl. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 68 (1837)
= Cyperus spongiosovaginatus Boeckeler; Cyp. Nov. 1: (1888) 5
= Cyperus trinidadensis Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyp. 2: (1890) 7
= Cyperus tuberifer Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 474 (1840)
= Cyperus venustus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 316 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus wiestii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 35 (1854)
= Cyperus xanthocomus Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 316 (1827)
= Papyrus tuberifer Schrad.; Index Seminum (GOET, Gottingensis) 1835: 5 (1835)
variant :
var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) J.Kern; Blumea (Suppl. ) 4: 165 (1958)
Distribution: India (Assam, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu); Bangladesh
40 BAN IND
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus auricomus var. khasianus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 21: 189 (1884)
= Cyperus digitatus var. hookeri (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 618 (1893)
= Cyperus hookeri Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 308
= Cyperus racemosus var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 324 (2009)
subspecies :
subsp. auricomus (Sieber ex Spreng.) Kük.; Bot. Notis. 1934: 65 (1934)
Distribution: Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, Nile Delta, NW-coastal Egypt); Mauritania; Senegal; Gambia; Guinea; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai)
20 EGY 22 BKN GAM GHA GUI IVO MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN 23 CAF CMN CON RWA ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus aureorufus Boeckeler; Linnaea 38: 369 (1874)
= Cyperus auricomus Sieber ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. 1: 230 (1824)
= Cyperus auricomus var. microstachyus Boeckeler; K. M. Schum. & U. M. Hollrung, Fl. Kais. Wilh. Land: 23 (1889)
= Cyperus auricomus var. minor C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 373 (1901)
= Cyperus digitatus var. abbreviatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 58 (1935)
= Cyperus digitatus var. aureorufus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 58 (1935)
= Cyperus digitatus var. bruntii S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 26(3): 577 (1972)
= Cyperus digitatus var. minor (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 58 (1935)
= Cyperus subalatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 291 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Papyrus auricomus (Sieber ex Spreng.) Schrad.; Ind. Sem. Hort. Acad. Gött. 1835: 5 (1835)
= Papyrus elatus Nees; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 88 (1834)
species :
Cyperus dilatatus Schum.; Schumach. & Thonn. Beskr. Guin. Pl. 38 (1827)
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; South Sudan; Somalia; Soqotra; Uganda; Tanzania
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO CAF CMN CON GAB ZAI 24 CHA SOC SOM SSU 25 TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus esphacelatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 131 (1935)
= Cyperus gracilinux C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 162 (1884)
= Cyperus permacer C.B.Clarke; Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 27 (1907)
= Cyperus pseudosphacelatus Chiov.; Ann. Bot. (Rome) 13: 374 (1915)
= Cyperus zollingeri var. permacer (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 134 (1935)
species :
Cyperus dioicus I.M.Johnst.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV. 12: 988 (1924)
Distribution: Mexico (Baja California Sur)
79 MEX
species :
Cyperus dipsaceus Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 219 (1851)
Name: Wright´s flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, New Mexico); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Sonora, Veracruz, Zacatecas)
76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus wrightii Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 13: 215 (1886)
= Mariscus dipsaceus (Liebm.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 16 (1908)
= Mariscus wrightii (Britton) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 74 (1974)
species :
Cyperus dipsacoides (Schumach.) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 37 (2014)
Distribution: Senegal; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; N-Cameroon
22 BEN BKN GHA IVO NGA SEN TOG 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis dipsacoides (Schumach.) J.Raynal; Adansonia, n. s. 8: 99 (1968)
= Ascolepis setigera Hutch.; Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 472, in clavi, 474 (1936), anglice, nom. invalid.
= Kyllinga dipsacoides Schumach.; Schumach. & Thonn. Beskr. Guin. Pl. 41 (1827)
species :
Cyperus disjunctus C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 8 (1908)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus tetraphyllus var. monocephalus Benth.; Fl. Austral. 7: 269 (1878)
species :
Cyperus distans L.f.; Suppl. PI.: 103 (1782)
Name: Piedmont flatsedge
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Burundi; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Ascension Isl.; St. Helena; Madagascar; Comores; Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Seychelles; S-China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Yangon); Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (common throughout); Singapore; Sumatra; South China Sea Isl.; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Solomon Isl.; Australia (Western Australia, Queensland); Fiji [I] Bolivia (Tarija); Palau (Babeldaob, Koror); USA (Florida, Georgia, North Carolina); Honduras; Nicaragua; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola); St. Kitts; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Dominica; Martinique; Tobago; Trinidad; Colombia (Santander, Valle, Vichada); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Monagas, Nueva Esparta); Guyana; Surinam; French Guiana; Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Argentina (Jujuy)
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GUI IVO LBR MLI SEN SIE TOG 23 ANN BIO BUR CAF CMN CON EQG GAB PRI RWA SAO ZAI 24 ETH SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT SAF SWZ 28 ASC STH 29 COM MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 36 CHI 38 NNS TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP SRL 41 AND CBD MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SCS SNG SUL SUM 43 SOL 50 AUS 62 PLU 78 USA 80 HON NIC 81 ABA DOM GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE STK TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM FRG GUY SUR VEN 83 ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus densiflorus Hemsl.; Rep. Challenger, Bot. 1(2): 23 (1885), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus distans f. capillarioides Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 140 (1935)
= Cyperus distans f. pachyanthos Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 140 (1935)
= Cyperus distans f. pallidior Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 140 (1935)
= Cyperus distans var. crassispiculosus Gross & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 141 (1935)
= Cyperus distans var. densiflorus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 140 (1935)
= Cyperus distans var. niger C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 350 (1901)
= Cyperus distans var. pseudonutans Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 137 (1935)
= Cyperus elatus Rottb.; Desc. et Ic. 37. t. 10 (1773) [non L. 1756]
= Cyperus graminicola Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 49 (1854)
= Cyperus keniensis Kük.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 306 (1925)
= Cyperus kurrii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 38 (1854)
= Cyperus laxistachys Bojer ex C.B.Clarke; Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 558 (1894), in syn.
= Cyperus laxus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 362 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus nutans Sieber ex C.Presl; Isis (Oken) 21: 271 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus psilostachys Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 47 (1854)
= Cyperus purpureovaginatus Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 2: 8 (1890)
= Cyperus schraderianus Mart. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 38 (1854)
= Cyperus squamulatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 49 (1854)
= Mariscus keniensis (Kük.) S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 26: 579 (1972)
= Mariscus longibracteatus var. keniensis (Kük.) Maquet; Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 58: 265 (1988)
species :
Cyperus distichus (Merxm. & Czech) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 19 (2014)
Distribution: Zambia; Namibia
26 ZAM 27 NAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Volkiella disticha Merxm. & Czech; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Münch., Heft 8, 318 (1953)
species :
Cyperus distinctus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 24 (1854)
Name: Swamp flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, South Carolina); Bahamas
78 USA 81 BAH
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus virens var. brittonii C.B.Clarke; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 26 (1900)
species :
Cyperus diurensis Boeckeler; Flora 62: 556 (1879)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe
23 RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus diurensis var. acuminatosquamatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 561 (1936)
= Cyperus diurensis var. gondanus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 560 (1936)
= Cyperus diurensis var. laetevirens Peter & Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 560 (1936)
= Cyperus diurensis var. longistolon Kük.; R. E. Fr., Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo Exped. 1: 4 (1921)
= Cyperus gondanus Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 1: 3 (1888)
= Mariscus diurensis (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz Consp. Fl Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 586
species :
Cyperus dives Delile; Fl. Eg. 149 (1813-1814)
Distribution: Egypt (Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt); Senegal; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Nigeria; Congo [Brazzaville]; E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia (incl. Caprivi Strip); Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai); Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Pakistani Punjab, Lahore); India (Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh); Bangladesh; Vietnam
20 EGY 22 BKN IVO NGA SEN 23 BUR CON RWA ZAI 24 ERI ETH SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 MDG 34 ISR SIN 40 BAN IND PAK 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alopecuroides var. dives Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 321 (1870)
= Cyperus alopecuroides var. microstachys Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 322 (1870)
= Cyperus canariensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 42 (1854)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. dives (Delile) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21: 187 (1884)
= Cyperus immensus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 20: 294 (1883)
= Cyperus immensus var. petherickii (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 67 (1935)
= Cyperus immensus var. taylorii C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 372 (1901)
= Cyperus petherickii C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 371 (1901)
species :
Cyperus divulsus Ridl.; J. Bot. 22: 15 (1884)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus paucispiculatus Boeckeler; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 5: 497 (1884)
= Pycreus divulsus (Ridl.) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 536 (1894)
species :
Cyperus diwakarii Wad.Khan & Solanke; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 30(4): 859 (2006)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
species :
Cyperus drakensbergensis (Vorster) Govaerts; Govaerts & Frodin, World Checkl. Cyperaceae: 319 (2007)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus drakensbergensis Vorster; S. African J. Bot. 52: 181 (1986)
species :
Cyperus dregeanus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 31 (1837)
Distribution: Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal, Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]
27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ
species :
Cyperus drummondii Torr. & Hook.; Ann. Lyc. N. York 3: 437 (1836)
Name: Drummond´s sedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas); Mexico (Sonora); Costa Rica; Jamaica; Galapagos; Bolivia (Beni); S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Argentina (Formosa)
77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 COS 81 JAM 83 BOL GAL 84 BRA 85 ARG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus robustus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 41 (1837)
= Cyperus virens subsp. drummondii (Torr. & Hook.) T.Koyama; Madroño 20: 254 (1970)
= Cyperus virens var. drummondii (Torr. & Hook.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 181 (1936)
= Cyperus virens var. robustus (Kunth) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 181 (1936)
species :
Cyperus dubius Rottb.; Desc. Nov. Pl. 20. t. 4, f. 5 (1773)
Distribution: Guinea; Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Annobon Isl.; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Eritrea; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Comores (Mayotte, etc.); Mauritius; La Réunion; Rodrigues; Iles Glorieuses [I]; Aldabra (Aldabra Isl.); Seychelles (incl. Remire Isl., Desroches Isl.); Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen); China (Hainan); Nepal; NE-India (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (all coasts); Singapore; Sumatra (Bangka, Belitung); Borneo (incl. Natuna Isl., Anambas Isl., Merak Isl.); Philippines; SW-Java; Australia (New South Wales)
22 BEN GHA GUI IVO LBR NGA TOG 23 ANN BUR CMN CON EQG GAB PRI RWA SAO ZAI 24 ERI SOM SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT NAM SAF SWZ 29 ALD cgs COM igl MAU MDG REU ROD SEY 35 YEM 36 CHI 40 BAN IND LDV MDV NEP SRL 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 BOR JAW MLY PHI SNG SUM 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus capitatus Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 246 (1806), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus capitellatus Schult.; Mant. 2: 101 (1824)
= Cyperus coloratus Vahl; Enum. 2: 312 (1805)
= Cyperus cruentus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 338, non Roxb.
= Cyperus daphaenus Ridl.; J. Bot. 22: 16 (1884)
= Cyperus dregeanus var. incrassatus C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 381 (1901)
= Cyperus dubius Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 282, non Rottb.
= Cyperus dubius subsp. coloratus (Vahl) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 231 (1983)
= Cyperus dubius var. caespitosus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 337 (1870)
= Cyperus dubius var. capitatus (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 564 (1936)
= Cyperus dubius var. coloratus (Vahl) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 565 (1936)
= Cyperus dubius var. decaryi (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 566 (1936)
= Cyperus dubius var. detersus (C.B.Clarke ex Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 565 (1936)
= Cyperus dubius var. polyactis Peter ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 565 (1936)
= Cyperus dubius var. stenactis Peter ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 565 (1936)
= Cyperus kraussii Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 379 (1870)
= Cyperus kyllingioides Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 312 (1805)
= Cyperus kyllingioides var. incrassatus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Fries, Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhodesia-Kongo-Exp. 1911-1912, Erg.: 4 (1921)
= Cyperus macrocarpus var. kraussii (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 528 (1936)
= Cyperus maritimus (Miq.) Valck.Sur.; Cyperus Mal. Arch.: 160 (1898), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus merrillii (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 562 (1936)
= Cyperus mollis Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 7: 247 (1806)
= Cyperus thouarsianus C.Presl; Oken, Isis 21: 271 (1828)
= Cyperus triceps Endl.; Cat. Horti Vindob. 1: 94 (1842)
= Isolepis boeckeleri Oliv.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 29: 167 (1875)
= Kyllinga mariae Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 69 (1854)
= Kyllinga multinervia Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 317 (1854)
= Mariscus coloratus (Vahl) Nees; Linnaea 9: 286 (1834)
= Mariscus decaryi Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 79: 719 (1922 publ. 1923)
= Mariscus decaryi var. pauciflorus Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 614 (1925)
= Mariscus detersus C.B.Clarke ex Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 25: 300 (1919)
= Mariscus dubius (Rottb.) Hutch.; Hutch. & Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 485 (1936), isonym
= Mariscus dubius (Rottb.) Kük. ex G.E.C.Fischer; Gamble, Fl. Madras: 1644 (1931)
= Mariscus irroratus Nees; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 6: 28 (1854)
= Mariscus kraussii Hochst.; Flora 28: 756 (1845)
= Mariscus kraussii var. capitatus Cherm.; Ann. Inst. Bot.-Geol. Colon. Marseille 27: 48 (1919)
= Mariscus kyllingiiformis Boeckeler; Flora 42: 443 (1859)
= Mariscus maritimus Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv.: 600 (1861)
= Mariscus merrillii C.B.Clarke; Philipp. J. Sci. 2: 87 (1907)
= Mariscus niveus (L.) Merr.; Philipp. J. Sci. 14: 369 (1919), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Schoenus bobartiae Retz.; Observ. Bot. 4: 9 (1786)
= Schoenus niveus L.; Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 13.: 81 (1774)
= Scirpus glomeratus L.; Sp. Pl. 52 (1753)
variant :
var. macrocephalus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 564 (1936)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus dubius subsp. macrocephalus (Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 231 (1983)
= Mariscus coloratus var. macrocephalus C.B.Clarke; Flora of Tropical Africa 8: p. 381 (1902)
= Mariscus dubius subsp. macrocephalus (C.B.Clarke) J.-P.Lebrun & Stork; Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 197 (1995)
species :
Cyperus duclouxii E.G.Camus; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 244 (1910)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cyperus dunensis (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 420 (1936)
Distribution: Madagascar
29 MDG
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus dunensis Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 18 (1925)
species :
Cyperus duripes I.M.Johnst.; Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV. 20: 54 (1931)
Distribution: Mexico (Colima, Guerrero); Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro, Isla Clarion, Isla San Benedicto)
79 MEX RGI
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus duripes (I.M.Johnst.) Conz.; Fl. Taxonom. Mexico. 2: 236 (1943)
species :
Cyperus durus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 76 (1837)
Distribution: S-Angola; South Africa (W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
26 ANG 27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus durus (Kunth) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz Consp. Fl Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 586
species :
Cyperus dwarkensis Sahni & Naithani; Indian Forester 102: 357 (1976)
Distribution: Somalia; Oman (Mascat & Oman); Pakistan; N-India (Gujarat)
24 SOM 35 OMA 40 IND PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus dwarkensis (Sahni & Naithani) S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 40(3): 467 (1985)
species :
Cyperus eboracensis R.Booth, D.J.Moore & Hodgon; Austrobaileya 8(1): 40 (2009)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus echinatus (L.) Alph.Wood; Class-Book Bot. 734 (1861)
Name: Globe flatsedge
Distribution: Azores [I] (Pico [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Santo Antao Isl. [I]); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin, West Virginia); Colombia [I] (Magdalena [I])
21 azo cvi 74 USA 75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 82 clm
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus ovularis (Michx.) Torr.; Ann. Lyc. New York 3: 278 (1836)
= Cyperus ovularis var. americanus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 377 (1862), nom. inval.
= Cyperus ovularis var. sphaericus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 378 (1870)
= Cyperus ovularis var. wolfii (Alph.Wood) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 512 (1936)
= Cyperus retrofractus Willd. ex Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 1869 (1870) 378
= Cyperus wolfii Alph.Wood; Bot. Gaz. 1: 38 (1876)
= Kyllinga ovularis Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 29 (1803)
= Mariscus bracheilema Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 317 (1854)
= Mariscus drummondii Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 316 (1854)
= Mariscus echinatus (L.) Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 75 (1816)
= Mariscus globulosus Urb.; Symb. Antill. 2: 165 (1900)
= Mariscus ovularis (Michx.) Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 374 (1805)
= Mariscus ovularis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 121 (1837)
= Mariscus ovularis var. tenellus Torr.; Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 58 (1824)
= Mariscus retroflexus Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 121 (1837)
= Mariscus rivularis Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 674 (1852)
= Mariscus sphaericus Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 121 (1837)
= Mariscus sphaerocephalus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 316 (1854)
= Schoenus umbellatus Jacq.; Coll. 1: 113 (1787)
= Scirpus echinatus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 50 (1753)
species :
Cyperus echinus (J.Raynal) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 19 (2014)
Distribution: Zambia
26 ZAM
Remarks: known only from type
Synonyms: hidden
= Lipocarpha echinus J.Raynal; Adansonia 13(2): 159 (1973)
species :
Cyperus eggersii Boeckeler; Cyp. Nov. 1: 53 (1888)
Distribution: Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico
81 CUB HIS PUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus macrocephalus var. eggersii (Boeckeler) S.D.Jones, Wipff & R.Carter; Phytologia 80(4): 289 (1996)
= Torulinium eggersii (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 56 (1900)
= Torulinium macrocephalum var. eggersii (Boeckeler) C.D.Adams; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78(1): 254 (1991)
variant :
var. laticeps Kük.in Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(Heft 101): 623.1936
Distribution: Hispaniola
81 HIS
Synonyms: hidden
= Torulinium macrocephalum var. davidsei C.D.Adams; Phytologia 63: 300 (1987)
species :
Cyperus eglobosus K.L.Wilson; Telopea 5(4): 596 (1994)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus ekmanii Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 186 (1926)
Distribution: Cuba
81 CUB
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus ekmanii (Kük.) T.Koyama; Phytologia. 29(2): 73 (1974)
species :
Cyperus elatus L.; Cent. 2: 5 (1756)
Distribution: China (Hainan); India (Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Thailand; Cambodia; peninsular Malaysia; Singapore [I]; Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Sumba, Timor)
36 CHI 40 BAN IND 41 CBD MYA THA 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY PHI sng SUL SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bispicatus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 49 (1854)
= Cyperus elatus var. laxus E.G.Camus; Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 72 (1912)
= Cyperus racemosus Retz.; Observ. Bot. 6: 20 (1791)
species :
Cyperus elegans L.; Sp. Pl. 45 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. elegans
Name: Royal flatsedge; Viscid cyperus (Bahamas), Yerba de cuchillo (Cuba)
Distribution: Society Isl. [I] (Raiatea [I]); USA (Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, Texas); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan); Belize; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Anegada, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas, Virgin Gorda); St. Martin/St. Maarten; Antigua; Guadeloupe; Marie-Galante; Martinique; St. Lucia; Barbados; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (La Guajira); Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar); Ecuador; Peru; Bolivia (La Paz, Santa Cruz)
61 sci 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS HON NIC 81 ABA ARU BAH BBD BON CAY CUB CUR GDL HIS JAM MAR PUE STL STM TRT VIR 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU PER
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cubensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 42 (1854)
= Cyperus elegans var. breviradiata Maury; J. Bot. (Morot) 3: 196 (1889)
= Cyperus elegans var. major Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 165 (1936)
= Cyperus trachynotus Torr.; Emory, Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 2(1): 227 (1859)
= Cyperus viscosus Sw.; Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 20 (1788)
= Cyperus viviparus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 316 (1855)
= Papyrus elegans (L.) G.Don ex Loudon; Hort. Brit.: 22 (1830)
= Scirpus potosiensis C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 89 (1908), nom. inval.
= Scirpus viscosus Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 142 (1791)
subspecies :
subsp. rubiginosus (Hook.f.) Eliasson; Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 59: 475 (1965)
Distribution: Galapagos
83 GAL
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus cornutus Andersson; Galapagos Veg.: 53 (1854)
= Cyperus rubiginosus Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 178 (1847)
= Cyperus rubiginosus var. cornutus (Andersson) B.L.Rob.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 38: 128 (1902)
= Cyperus rubiginosus var. cornutus (Andersson) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 484 (1936), isonym
= Mariscus cornutus Andersson; Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1853: 151 (1855)
= Mariscus mutisii Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 178 (1847), nom. illeg.
species :
Cyperus elegantulus Steud.; Flora 25: 583 (1842)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Rwanda; Burundi; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal); Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen)
22 NGA 23 BIO BUR CMN RWA 24 ERI ETH SSU SUD 26 ANG MLW ZAM ZIM 27 SAF 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus atronitens Hochst.; Flora 24(1 Intell.): 20 (1841), nom. nud.
= Cyperus elegantulus var. submelanostachyus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 343 (1936)
= Cyperus ischnocormus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 11 (1854)
= Cyperus melanocephalus R.Br.; H. Salt, Voy. Abyss., App.: lxii (1814), nom. nud.
= Cyperus melanostachyus var. elegantulus (Steud.) G.C.Tucker & Gandhi; G. C. Tucker & Gandhi Harvard Pap. Bot. 27(1): 112 (2022)
= Cyperus niger subsp. elegantulus (Steud.) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 271 (1983)
= Pycreus elegantulus (Steud.) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 536 (1895)
= Pycreus niger subsp. elegantulus (Steud.) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(5): 622 (1981)
species :
Cyperus elephantinus C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 559
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus elephantinus C.B.Clarke; Dyer, Fl. Cap. 7: 195 (1900)
species :
Cyperus endlichii Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 327 (1925)
Distribution: Tanzania
25 TAN
species :
Cyperus enervis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 213 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus debilis R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 213 (1810)
= Cyperus enervis var. fallax Domin; Biblioth. Bot. 20(85): 421 (1915)
= Cyperus gracilis var. enervis (R.Br.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 297 (1936)
species :
Cyperus entrerianus Boeckeler; Flora 61: 139 (1878)
Name: Woodrush flatsedge
Distribution: USA [I] (Alabama [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Oklahoma [I], Texas [I]); Mexico (Baja California Sur, Chiapas, Colima, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Michoacan, Nayarit, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Cuba; Jamaica; Venezuela (Bolívar, Carabobo, Venezuela Distrito Federal); Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); NE-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Misiones, Pres. Hayes, San Pedro); Uruguay (Artigas, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Salto, Soriano, Tacuarembo); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Tucuman)
74 usa 75 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 81 CUB JAM 82 VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus entrerianus f. abbreviatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 170 (1936)
= Cyperus entrerianus var. parvicapitulatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 170 (1936)
= Cyperus luzulae var. entrerianus (Boeckeler) M.Barros; Anales Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat. ´Bernardino Rivadavia´ 39: 309 (1938)
= Cyperus luzulae var. tucumanensis (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke ex Chodat; Bull. Herb. Boissier, II 3: 1007 (1903)
= Cyperus surinamensis var. strictus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 175 (1936)
= Cyperus tucumanensis Boeckeler; Bot. Jahrb. 7: 274 (1886)
species :
Cyperus ephemerus Kukkonen & Väre; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 42(6): 475 (2005)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Cyperus eragrostis Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. Meth. Bot. 1: 146 (1791) [non Vahl]
Name: Tall flatsedge (EN); Frischgrünes Zypergras (DE); Juncia amorosa (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Croatia [I]; Greece [I]; Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Graciosa [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I], Corvo Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Gomera [I], La Palma Isl. [I]); Namibia [I]; South Africa [I] (widespread); Georgia [Caucasus] [I]; Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Australia [I] (Western Australia [I], South Australia [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I], Victoria [I], Tasmania [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; Norfolk Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Chatham Isl. [I]; Easter Isl.; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada (British Columbia); USA (Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Washington State); Mexico (Michoacan); Jamaica; Surinam; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Peru; WC-Brazil; NE-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Flores Prov., Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Cordoba, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Formosa, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Salta, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl.
11 ger 12 cis fra por spa 13 cro grc 21 azo cny mdr 27 nam saf 33 geo 38 nns 50 aus lhi nfk 51 ctm nzl 61 EAS 63 haw 71 CDN 73 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 81 JAM 82 SUR 83 BOL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG CLE JNF URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus eragrostis (Lam.) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 563 (1895)
= Cyperus declinatus Moench; Meth. 317 (1794)
= Cyperus declinatus var. limbatus Druce; Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 5: 311 (1919)
= Cyperus eragrostis f. latifrons Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 179 (1936)
= Cyperus eragrostis f. rubromarginatus Kük.; Acta Horti Gothob. 5: 33, 107 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Cyperus eragrostis f. tener Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 179 (1936)
= Cyperus eragrostis var. spectabilis Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 6(60): 47 (1892), nom. nud.
= Cyperus gracilis Buchanan; Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 3: 210 (1871), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus luzulae Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 25 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus monandrus Roth; Catalecta, fasc. 1: 3 (1797)
= Cyperus ochrocephalus Steud.; Flora 25: 601 (1842)
= Cyperus prionotropis Steud.; Flora 25: 601 (1842)
= Cyperus serrulatus S.Watson; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 382 (1882), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus vegetus var. limbata C.B.Clarke; Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 68: 12 (1901)
= Cyperus vegetus var. obtusangulus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. 3(2) : 334 (1898)
= Cyperus vegetus var. triangularis Boeckeler; Flora 42: 436 (1859)
= Cyperus vegetus Willd.; Sp. Pl. ed. 4. 1: 283 (1797), nom. illeg. superfl.
variant :
var. compactus (É.Desv.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 179 (1936)
Name: Hikukio´e [Rapa Nui]
Distribution: Easter Isl.; Argentina (Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Mendoza, Neuquen, Rio Negro, San Luis); Chile (Atacama, Coquimbo, Valparaíso, Metropolitana de Santiago, O´Higgins, Maule, Ñuble, Biobío, Araucanía, Los Rios, Los Lagos); Juan Fdz. Isl.
61 EAS 85 ARG CLE JNF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus lutescens Phil.; Anales Univ. Chile 93: 345 (1896), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus vegetus var. compactus É.Desv.; Gay, Fl. Chil. 7: 167 (1853)
= Cyperus vegetus var. trigonus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 334 (1898)
species :
Cyperus erectus (Schum.) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 588 (1936)
subspecies :
subsp. erectus
Distribution: Senegal; Gambia; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Central African Republic; S-Chad; Sudan; ?South Sudan; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Seychelles (incl. Coetivy Isl.); Australia (Queensland)
22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GUI IVO LBR MLI NGA SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO CAF CON EQG SAO ZAI 24 CHA SUD 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 MDG SEY 50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus erectus f. minor Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 590 (1936)
= Cyperus erectus f. pallescens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 590 (1936)
= Cyperus erectus subsp. albescens (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & K. A. Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., App. 3: 2 (1983)
= Cyperus erectus var. intercedens (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 589 (1936)
= Cyperus erectus var. pleiocarpus (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 589 (1936)
= Cyperus erectus var. schlechteri (Kük.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 589 (1936)
= Cyperus monocephalus F.Muell.; Fragm. 8: 271 (1874), nom. illeg.
= Kyllinga erecta Schumach.; Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 42 (1827)
= Kyllinga erecta subsp. albescens Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1: 745 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Kyllinga erecta var. intercedens Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 91 (1913)
= Kyllinga erecta var. pleiocarpa Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 91 (1913)
= Kyllinga erecta var. schlechteri Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 91 (1913)
subspecies :
subsp. jubensis (Chiov.) Lye; Candollea 51(2): 424 (1996)
Distribution: Somalia
24 SOM
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga jubensis Chiov.; Fl. Somala 2: 433 (1932)
species :
Cyperus eremicus Kukkonen; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(3): 159 (1995)
Distribution: Iran; Afghanistan (Helmand, Kandahar); Saudi Arabia
34 AFG IRN 35 SAU
species :
Cyperus erinaceus (Ridl.) Kük.; Boissiera, Fasc. 7, 103 (1943), cum descr. emend.
Distribution: SE-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Tanzania; SW-Angola; Zambia
23 ZAI 25 TAN 26 ANG ZAM
Synonyms: hidden
= Actinoschoenus erinaceus (Ridl.) Raymond; Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. Münch. 10: 588 (1971)
= Rhynchospora erinacea (Ridl.) C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schiuz. Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 654
= Schoenus erinaceus Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 165 (1884)
= Sphaerocyperus erinaceus (Ridl.) Lye; Bot. Not. 125: 214 (1972)
species :
Cyperus eriocauloides (Steud.) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 37 (2014)
Distribution: N-Cameroon; Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea
23 CMN 24 ERI ETH SUD
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis eriocauloides (Steud.) Nees ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 105 (1854)
= Isolepis ascolepis A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 501 (1850)
= Kyllinga eriocauloides Steud.; Flora 25: 597 (1842)
species :
Cyperus erythrocephalus (S.S.Hooper) Bauters; Phytotaxa 166(1): 37 (2014)
Distribution: S-Tanzania; Zimbabwe
25 TAN 26 ZIM
Synonyms: hidden
= Ascolepis erythrocephala S.S.Hooper; Kew Bull. 37(4): 605 (1983)
species :
Cyperus erythrorhizos Muhl.; Desc. Gram. 20 (1817)
Name: Redroot flatsedge
Distribution: Canada (British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Tabasco, Tamaulipas)
71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus erythrorhizus (Muhl.) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 69 (1903)
= Cyperus chrysokerkos Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 316 (1855)
= Cyperus cupreus J.Presl & C.Presl; Reliq. Haenk. 1: 172 (1828)
= Cyperus erythrorhizos var. cupreus (J.Presl & C.Presl) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 59 (1935)
= Cyperus erythrorhizos var. halei (Torr. ex Britton) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 59 (1935)
= Cyperus erythrorhizos var. infirmus (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 59 (1935)
= Cyperus halei Torr. ex Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 213 (1886)
= Cyperus infirmus Boeckeler; Flora 42: 438 bis (1859)
= Cyperus occidentalis Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 259 (1836)
= Cyperus spiculatus Alph.Wood; B. B. Smyth, Checkl. Pl. Kansas: 26 (1892)
= Cyperus tenuiflorus Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 70 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus washingtonensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66: 296 (1919 publ. 1920)
species :
Cyperus esculentus L.; Sp. PI.: 67 (1753)
Name: Yellow Nutsedge (EN); Erdmandelgras (DE); Chufa (ES)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; Baleares [I]; France; Corsica; Italy; Sicily; Pantelleria; Croatia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete [I]; Ukraine [I]; S-Algeria; Tunisia; S-Libya; Egypt (Nile Delta, Nile Valley, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl., Terceira, Graciosa, Sao Jorge, Pico, Faial, Flores Isl., Corvo Isl.); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Canary Isl. (La Palma Isl.); Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha da Boa Vista, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl.); Mauritania; Senegal; Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Liberia; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; Principe Isl.; São Tomé; Equatorial Guinea; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; Cabinda [Angola]; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; ?Djibouti; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; St. Helena [I]; Madagascar; Comores; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (Talysh); East Aegaean Isl.; Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia); Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Qunduz); Cyprus (Central Mts.); Lebanon (coastal W-Lebanon); Sinai peninsula (N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir); Yemen (N-Inner Yemen); Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab, Hazara); Nepal; NE-India (Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Myanmar; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; Java; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Zealand [I]; New Caledonia [I]; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Maryland [I], Virginia [I])
11 aut ger HUN slo 12 bal COR FRA POR SPA 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA kri PTL SIC TUE 14 ukr 20 ALG EGY LBY TUN 21 AZO CNY CVI MDR 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO LBR MLI MTN NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 BIO BUR CAB CAF CMN CON EQG PRI RWA SAO ZAI 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 28 sth 29 COM mau MDG reu 33 AZE GEO 34 AFG CYP EAI LEB SIN TUR 35 SAU YEM 40 BAN IND NEP PAK 41 CBD LAO MYA VIE 42 JAW 50 aus 51 nzl 60 nwc 63 haw 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus aureus (K.Richt.) Palla ex Kneuck.; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 69 (1903)
= Cyperus aureus subsp. esculentus (L.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 759 (1882), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Cyperus aureus Ten.; Fl. Napol. 3: 45 (1824), nom. illeg. [non Georgi]
= Cyperus buchananii Boeckeler; Beitr. Cyper. 1: 4 (1888)
= Cyperus bulamensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 19 (1854)
= Cyperus damiettensis A.Dietr.; Sp. Pl. 2: 269 (1832)
= Cyperus esculentus proles aureus (K.Richt.) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 127 (1935)
= Cyperus esculentus proles sativus (Boeckeler) P.Fourn.; Quatre Fl. France: 127 (1935)
= Cyperus esculentus f. evolutus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 180 (1884)
= Cyperus esculentus f. princeps C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 179 (1884)
= Cyperus esculentus subsp. aureus K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 135 (1890)
= Cyperus esculentus var. cyclolepis Boeckeler ex Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 119 (1935)
= Cyperus esculentus var. helodes (Schrad. ex Nees) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 181 (1884)
= Cyperus esculentus var. sativus Boeckeler; Linnaea 36: 290 (1870)
= Cyperus hydra Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 205 (1816), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus melanorhizus Delile; Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 2(Mém.): 50 (1813)
= Cyperus officinalis T.Nees; Pl. Medik. Abbild. t. 25, f. B (1830)
= Cyperus pallidus Savi; Cat. Piant. Egiz. 23, 31, nom. illeg.
= Cyperus sieberianus Link; Hort. Berol. 1: 313 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus tenoreanus Schult. & Schult.f.; Mant. 3(Add. 1): 544 (1827)
= Cyperus tenorei C.Presl; Fl. Sicul.: xliii (1826)
= Cyperus variabilis Salzm. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 46 (1854)
= Pterocyperus esculentus (L.) Opiz; Seznam, 80 (1852)
= Pycreus esculentus (L.) Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30: 111. 147 (1932)
variant :
var. heermannii (Buckley) Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 13: 211 (1886)
Name: Yellow nutsedge
Distribution: USA (Florida)
78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus heermannii Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 10 (1862)
= Cyperus phymatodes var. heermannii (Buckley) S.Watson; S. Wats., Bot. California 2: 215 (1880)
variant :
var. leptostachyus Boeckeler; Linnaea. 36: 290 (1870)
Name: Yellow nutsedge; Yellow nut-grass (Bahamas), Chufa (Cuba), Coquillo (Dominican Republic), Tiger nut (Jamaica), Chufas (Puerto Rico)
Distribution: Canada [I] (British Columbia [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Isla del Coco; Panama; Bahamas; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Virgin Isl. (Anegada, St. Thomas); Martinique; St. Lucia; Trinidad; Aruba; Bonaire; Curacao; Colombia (Antioquia, Arauca, Atlántico, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Tolima, Valle); Isla Margarita; Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Falcon, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Zulia); Venezuela (Apure, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Zulia); Ecuador; Galapagos; Peru; Peru; Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Alto Paraguay, Alto Paraná); Uruguay (Artigas, Canelones, Cerro Largo, Durazno, Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Chaco, Cordoba, Corrientes, Argentina Distrito Federal, Entre Rios, Formosa, Jujuy, Misiones, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, San Juan, Tucuman)
71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 79 MEX 80 BLZ COC COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 ARU BAH BON CUB CUR HIS JAM MAR PUE STL TRT VEN VIR 82 CLM VEN 83 BOL ECU GAL PER 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus phymatodes (Muhl.) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 9: 69 (1903)
= Cyperus bahiensis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 35 (1854)
= Cyperus chrysostachys Boeckeler; Flora 42: 438 bis (1859)
= Cyperus esculentus f. angustispicatus (Britton) Fernald; Rhodora 44: 151 (1942)
= Cyperus esculentus var. angustispicatus Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 211 (1886)
= Cyperus esculentus var. phymatodes (Mühl.) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 185 (1926)
= Cyperus fulvescens Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. 2: 210 (1851)
= Cyperus gracilescens Schult.; Mant. 2: 100 (1824)
= Cyperus gracilis Link; Jahrb. 1: III. 84 (1818)
= Cyperus helodes Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 37 (1842)
= Cyperus nervosus Bertol.; Bologn. Opusc. Sci. 3: 407 (1819)
= Cyperus phymatodes Muhl.; Descr. Gram.: 23 (1817)
= Cyperus repens Elliott; Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 68 (1816)
= Cyperus rotundus Benth.; Pl. Hartw. 28 [non L.]
= Cyperus tuberosus Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 52 (1813), nom. illeg.
variant :
var. macrostachyus Boeckeler; Linnaea. 36: 291 (1870)
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Mexico, New York, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia); Mexico (Sonora, etc.); Nicaragua; Jamaica; Trinidad; Galapagos; S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Paysandu); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Argentina Distrito Federal, Tucuman)
75 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 NIC 81 JAM TRT 83 GAL 84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus esculentus f. macrostachyus (Boeckeler) Fernald; Rhodora 44: 151 (1942)
= Cyperus esculentus var. lutescens (Torr. & Hook.) Kük. ex Osten; Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevideo, ser. 2, 3: 146 (1931)
= Cyperus esculentus var. sprucei C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 181 (1884)
= Cyperus lutescens Torr. & Hook.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 433 (1836)
= Cyperus rotundus Hook.f.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 20: 177 (1847) [non L.]
= Cyperus ruficomus Buckley; Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 15: 9 (1863 publ. 1864)
species :
Cyperus exaltatus Retz.; Observ. Bot. 5: 11 (1788)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Senegal; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo]; São Tomé; Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Angola; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Seychelles [I]; China (Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Jiangsu); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab); Nepal; India (Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Myanmar (Mandalay); Thailand; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Penang Isl.); Singapore; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Timor); New Guinea (Irian Jaya); Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); NE-Brazil [I]
11 ger 22 BEN BKN GHA IVO MLI NGA SEN TOG 23 BIO CMN SAO 24 CHA ETH SOM SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 ANG MOZ ZIM 29 sey 36 CHI 38 TAI 40 BAN IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD MYA THA VIE 42 JAW LSI MLY NWG SNG 50 AUS 84 bra
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus alopecuroides J.Koenig ex Roxb.; Fl. Ind. 1: 208 (1820) non Rottb.
= Cyperus altus Nees; Wight, Contr. Bot. India 84 (1834)
= Cyperus canaliculatus Retz.; Observ. Bot. 6: 20 (1791)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. amoenus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21: 187 (1886)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. divergens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 66 (1935)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. minor J.M.Black; Fl. S. Austral. 1: 90 (1922)
= Cyperus exaltatus var. serpens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 67 (1935)
= Cyperus festivus Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 88 (1820)
= Cyperus odoratus Burm.f.; Fl. Indica: 20 (1768), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus oryzeticola Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 37 (1854)
= Cyperus parviflorus B.Heyne ex Wall.; Cat. sub n. 3343 (1831), nomen
= Cyperus racemosus B.Heyne ex Boeckeler; Flora 62: 555 (1879), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus umbellatus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 81
= Cyperus venustus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 217 (1810)
= Papyrus venustus (R.Br.) Nees; Linnaea 10: 138 (1835)
variant :
var. iwasakii (Makino) T.Koyama; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 16: 11 (1955)
Distribution: North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP KOR NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus iwasakii Makino; Tokyo Bot. Mag. 6: 47 (1892)
= Cyperus tokiensis C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 9 (1908)
variant :
var. hainanensis L.K.Dai; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 230 (1961)
Distribution: China (Hainan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. megalanthus Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 27: 107 (1929)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Jiangsu, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
variant :
var. tenuispicatus L.K.Dai; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 230 (1961)
Distribution: China (Guangdong)
36 CHI
species :
Cyperus excurrens J.R.Carter & P.D.Lowe; Castanea 87(2): 229 (2022)
Distribution: USA (Georgia)
78 USA
species :
Cyperus eximius (C.B.Clarke) Mattf. & Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 567 (1936)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Somalia; Kenya
24 ETH SOM 25 KEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Kyllinga eximia C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 529
species :
Cyperus expansus Poir.; Encyc. 7: 269 (1806)
Distribution: La Réunion
29 REU
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus dupetitii C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 10 (1908)
= Cyperus glaber Thouars ex C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 10 (1908)
species :
Cyperus fastigiatus Rottb.; Desc. Nov. Pl. 31; Prog. 18 (1773)
Distribution: South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov., W-Cape Prov., E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus egregius Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 69 (1837)
= Cyperus fastigiosus J.F.Gmel.; Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis].: 134 (1791)
= Cyperus flabellaris Schrad. ex Nees; Linnaea 7: 519 (1832)
= Cyperus semiangulatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 38: 367 (1874)
species :
Cyperus fauriei Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 431 (1920)
Distribution: Hawaii (Molokai, +Lanai, Hawaii Isl.)
63 HAW
Conservation Status: 1999 Conservation Status: Rare, USA Status: Endangered
Synonyms: hidden
= Mariscus fauriei (Kük.) T.Koyama; Bishop Mus. Occas. Pap. 29: 122 (1989)
species :
Cyperus feani F.Br.; Bull. Bernice P. Bishop Mus. 84, 94 (1931)
Distribution: Marquesas Isl. (Hiva Oa, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva)
61 MRQ
species :
Cyperus fedoniae G.C.Tucker; J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 11(1): 39 (2017)
Distribution: Venezuela
82 VEN
species :
Cyperus felicis (J.Raynal) Lye; Lidia 7(4): 96 (2011)
Distribution: Guinea
22 GUI
Synonyms: hidden
= Pycreus felicis J.Raynal; Kew Bull. 26(3): 568 (1972)
species :
Cyperus felipponei Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 213 (1936)
Distribution: Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro); Uruguay (Canelones, Flores Prov., Soriano); Argentina (Corrientes, Entre Rios)
82 VEN 85 ARG URU
species :
Cyperus fendlerianus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 1867 (1868) 520
Name: Fendler´s flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas, Wyoming); Mexico (Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Hidalgo, Mexico State, Michoacan, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
73 USA 76 USA 77 USA 79 MEX
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus fendlerianus (Boeckeler) Palla; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 58: 392 (1908)
= Chlorocyperus mexicanus Palla; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 58: 391 (1908)
= Cyperus fendlerianus var. major Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 466 (1936)
= Mariscus fendlerianus (Boeckeler) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 73 (1974)
species :
Cyperus ferax Rich.; Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 106 (1792)
Name: Vahl´s flatsedge
Distribution: Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Virgin Isl. (St. John, St. Thomas); Antigua; Montserrat; Guadeloupe; Colombia (La Guajira)
81 ABA CUB GDL HIS JAM MTS VIR 82 CLM
Remarks: see Tucker & Gandhi (2019) for nomenclature
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus ehrenbergii f. fulvescens (Kük.) Kük.; Ark. Bot. 22A(17): 5 (1929)
= Cyperus ehrenbergii f. pallidiflorus (Kük.) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 190 (1926)
= Cyperus ehrenbergii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 89 (1837)
= Cyperus flexuosus f. fulvescens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 622 (1936)
= Cyperus flexuosus f. pallidiflorus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 622 (1936)
= Cyperus flexuosus Vahl; Enum. Pl. Obs. 2: 359 (1805)
= Cyperus flexuosus var. insignis (Kunth) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 622 (1936)
= Cyperus insignis Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 92 (1837)
= Cyperus vahlii (Schrad. ex Nees) Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 48 (1854), nom. illeg. superfl.
= Diclidium ferax (Rich.) Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 54 (1842)
= Diclidium fuscatum Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 52 (1842)
= Diclidium vahlii Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 53 (1842)
= Mariscus ferax (Rich.) C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 624 (1893)
= Torulinium ferax (Rich.) Ham.; Prodr. Pl. Ind. Occid.: 15 (1825)
= Torulinium flexuosum (Vahl) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 74 (1974)
= Torulinium vahlii (Schrad. ex Nees) C.B.Clarke; I. Urb., Symb. Antill. 2: 56 (1900)
species :
Cyperus ferrugineoviridis (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 412 (1936)
Distribution: E-D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Somalia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Botswana
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 SOM 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW ZAM ZIM 27 BOT
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus bequaertii (Cherm.) Robyns & Tournay; Robyns, Fl. Spermatopkyt. Parc Nat. Albert 3: 246 (1955)
= Cyperus ferrugineoviridis var. distantiformis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 413 (1936)
= Cyperus ferrugineoviridis var. luteiformis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 412 (1936)
= Cyperus maranguensis var. ferrugineoviridis C.B.Clarke; Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 359 (1901)
= Mariscus bequaertii Cherm.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 14: 329 (1937)
= Mariscus ferrugineoviridis (C.B.Clarke) Cherm.; Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 14: 330 (1937)
species :
Cyperus fertilis Boeckeler; Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 5: 90 (1884)
Distribution: Liberia; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Nigeria; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Angola
22 GHA IVO LBR NGA 23 CAF CON EQG GAB ZAI 26 ANG
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus lanceola Ridl.; Trans. Linn. Soc. Ser. II. 2: 134 (1884)
species :
Cyperus filicinus Vahl; Enum. Pl. 2: 332 (1805)
Distribution: USA (Connecticut, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus brizaeus Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 51 (1813), nom. illeg., non Rich.
= Cyperus cleaveri Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 258 (1836)
= Cyperus filicinus f. cleaveri (Torr.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 374 (1936)
= Cyperus filicinus f. splendens Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 374 (1936)
= Cyperus louisianae Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 10 (1854)
= Cyperus nuttallii Eddy ex Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 1: 240 (1820)
= Cyperus nuttallii var. minimus Alph.Wood; Class-book Bot.: 733 (1861)
= Cyperus polystachyos var. cleaveri (Torr.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 56 (1884)
= Cyperus polystachyos var. filicinus (Vahl) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 55 (1884)
= Cyperus tenellus Torr.; Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 3: 257 (1836), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus torreyanus Schult.; Mant. 2: 101 (1824)
= Pycreus cleaveri (Torr.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 2 (1908)
= Pycreus filicinus (Vahl) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 74 (1974)
= Torreya caespitosa Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 105 (1819)
species :
Cyperus filiculmis Vahl; Enum. 2: 328 (1805)
Name: Fern flatsedge
Distribution: USA (Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Virginia)
74 USA 75 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus filiculmis (Vahl) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 8: 66 (1902)
= Cyperus annuus Spreng. & Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 83 (1820)
= Cyperus etesios Schult.; Mant. 2: 114 (1824)
= Cyperus filiculmis var. oblitus Fernald; Rhodora 37: 153 (1935)
= Cyperus kyllingioides Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 80 (1813), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus mariscoides Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 35 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus martindalei Britton; Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 98 (1888)
= Mariscus filiculmis (Vahl) T.Koyama; Phytologia 29(2): 73 (1974)
species :
Cyperus filifolius Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 85 (1837)
Distribution: Venezuela (Bolívar); Guyana; N-Brazil
82 GUY VEN 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus filiculmis Schrad. ex Nees; Mart., Fl. Bras. 2(1): 40 (1842)
= Cyperus nemacaulos Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 43 (1854)
species :
Cyperus filiformis Sw.; Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ. 20 (1788)
Name: Slender cyperus (Bahamas), Pajon de costa (Cuba)
Distribution: Bahamas; Cuba; Cayman Isl.; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Virgin Isl. (St. Croix, St. Thomas); Aruba; Curacao; Colombia (Atlántico); Venezuela (Amazonas, Falcon)
81 ARU BAH CAY CUB CUR HIS JAM VIR 82 CLM VEN
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus filiformis f. filifolius Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 190 (1926)
= Cyperus filiformis f. robustior Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 190 (1926)
= Cyperus filiformis f. subfilifolius Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 191 (1926)
= Cyperus filiformis var. havanensis (Kunth) Kük.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 23: 190 (1926)
= Cyperus havanensis (Kunth) Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 84 (1837)
= Cyperus ornithopus Pers.; Syn. 1: 61 (1805)
= Cyperus underwoodii Britton; Mem. Torr. Bot. Club 16: 59 (1920)
= Epiphystis ophiuroides Trin.; Fund. Agrost. 97 (1820)
= Mariscus filiformis (Sw.) Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 213 (1816)
= Mariscus havanensis Kunth; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.] 1: 212 (1816)
= Torulinium filiforme (Sw.) C.B.Clarke; Urban, Symb. Antill. 2: 57 (1900)
species :
Cyperus filipes Benth.; Fl. Austr. 7: 271 (1878)
Distribution: Australia (New South Wales)
50 AUS
species :
Cyperus fischerianus Schimp. ex Hochst.; Flora 24: (1841) I. Intell. 21, nomen; et in A. Rich. Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 488
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; Mozambique
23 ZAI 24 ERI ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW MOZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus fischerianus var. ugandensis Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 3(2): 230 (1983)
species :
Cyperus fissus Steud.; Flora 25: 593 (1842)
Distribution: Ethiopia; ?Yemen
24 ETH
species :
Cyperus flaccidus R.Br.; Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 213 (1810)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyperus trinervis var. flaccidus (R.Br.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 294 (1936)
species :
Cyperus flavescens L.; Sp. Pl. 46 (1753)
Name: Gelbliches Zypergras (DE); Yellow Flatsedge (EN)
Distribution: Netherlands; Belgium; Luxembourg; Germany (Brandenburg, +Berlin, Baden-Württemberg, Bayern, Hessen, +Hamburg, +Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, +Niedersachsen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, +Schleswig-Holstein, +Saarland, +Sachsen, +Sachsen-Anhalt, Thüringen); Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Portugal; Spain; France; Corsica; Sardinia; Italy; Sicily; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece; Crete; Latvia; Lithuania; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; W-European Russia; Ukraine; Crimea; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia; Egypt; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I]); Madeira (Madeira Isl.); Senegal; Gambia; Guinea-Bissau; Guinea; Sierra Leone; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Niger; Nigeria; Cameroon; Gabon; Congo [Brazzaville]; D.R.Congo [Zaire] (Tshopo etc.); Burundi; S-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Angola; Zambia; Malawi; Zimbabwe; Mozambique; Namibia; Botswana; South Africa (Limpopo, Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov., North-West Prov., Mpulamanga); Lesotho; Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey (N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SSW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran; Afghanistan (Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Takhar); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley); Pakistan (Kurram, Swat, Baltistan); India (Jammu & Kashmir); Bangladesh; Australia [I] (Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arkansas, California, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, Mississippi, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Cuba; Jamaica; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico; Dominica; Trinidad; Colombia (Boyacá, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Valle); Venezuela (Aragua, Venezuela Distrito Federal, Guarico, Merida, Sucre, Trujillo, Yaracuy); Guyana; ?Surinam; Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija); N-Brazil; NE-Brazil; WC-Brazil; SE-Brazil; S-Brazil (Santa Catarina); Paraguay (Cordillera); Uruguay (Montevideo, Rivera); Argentina (Corrientes)
11 AUT BGM CZE GER HUN LIE LUX NET POL SLO SWI 12 COR FRA POR SAR SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS KRI MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR KRY LAT LIT RUS UKR 20 ALG EGY MOR TUN 21 azo MDR 22 BEN BKN GAM GHA GNB GUI IVO MLI NGA NGR SEN SIE TOG 23 BUR CMN CON GAB ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN UGA 26 ANG MLW MOZ ZAM ZIM 27 BOT LES NAM SAF SWZ 29 MDG 32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 40 BAN IND PAK 50 aus 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 CUB DOM HIS JAM PUE TRT 82 CLM GUY VEN 83 BOL 84 BRA 85 ARG PAR URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus abyssinicus (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 564 (1895)
= Chlorocyperus flavescens (L.) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 563 (1895)
= Chlorocyperus intermedius Rikli; Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 27: 563 (1895)
= Cyperus abyssinicus Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 474 (1850)
= Cyperus durandii Boeckeler; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 1: 185 (1895)
= Cyperus eragrostis C.Krauss; Flora 28: 754 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus fallaciosus (Cherm.) Raymond; Naturaliste Canad. 91: 129 (1964)
= Cyperus flavens Pall.; Tabl. Phys. Topogr. Taur.: 45 (1795)
= Cyperus flavescens f. abyssinicus (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 401 (1936)
= Cyperus flavescens f. caucasicus K.Koch; Linnaea 21: 622 (1848)
= Cyperus flavescens f. compactus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 268 (1903)
= Cyperus flavescens f. fontanesii (Kunth) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 400 (1936)
= Cyperus flavescens f. gracillimus Asch. & Graebn.; Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(2): 268 (1903)
= Cyperus flavescens f. major Lojac.; Fl. Sicul. 3: 200 (1909)
= Cyperus flavescens f. minor Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 134 (1828)
= Cyperus flavescens f. monostachyus Sacc.; Atti Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. Lett. Arti, III 14: 305 (1869)
= Cyperus flavescens f. paraensis (Nees) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 401 (1936)
= Cyperus flavescens f. setaceus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 400 (1936)
= Cyperus flavescens subsp. fallaciosus (Cherm.) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
= Cyperus flavescens subsp. intermedius (Rikli) Lye; Lidia 3: 132 (1994)
= Cyperus flavescens subsp. microglumis (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
= Cyperus flavescens subsp. tanaensis (Kük.) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
= Cyperus flavescens subvar. mohrii Farw.; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 12: 118 (1930)
= Cyperus flavescens var. abyssinicus (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 38 (1884)
= Cyperus flavescens var. castaneus (Lye) Lye; R. W. Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr., Appendix 3: p.2 (1983)
= Cyperus flavescens var. fontanesii (Kunth) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 38 (1884)
= Cyperus flavescens var. gussonei (Gasp. ex Guss.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 760 (1882)
= Cyperus flavescens var. minor Gaudin; Fl. Helv. 1: 134 (1828)
= Cyperus flavescens var. paraensis (Nees) Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 439 (1868)
= Cyperus flavescens var. piceus (Liebm.) Fernald; Rhodora 41: 529 (1939)
= Cyperus flavescens var. poiformis (Pursh) Fernald; Rhodora 41: 529 (1939)
= Cyperus flavescens var. pygmaeus Goiran; Spec. Morphogr. Veg.: 19 (1875)
= Cyperus flavescens var. rehmannianus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Wiss. Erg. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo Exped. 1: 1 (1921)
= Cyperus fontanesii Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 5 (1837)
= Cyperus gussonei Gasp. ex Guss.; Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 779 (1844)
= Cyperus intermedius Steud.; Flora 25: 581 (1842), nom. illeg. non Guss.
= Cyperus ligusticus Gand.; Dec. Pl. Nov. 2: 28 (1876)
= Cyperus melanostachyus Walp.; Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 667 (1852), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus nieuwlandii Geise; Amer. Midl. Naturalist 15: 245 (1934)
= Cyperus obtusiusculus Gand.; Dec. Pl. Nov. 2: 29 (1876)
= Cyperus pallidus Kit. ex Kanitz; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 505 (1863), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus paraensis Mart. & Schrad. ex Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 8 (1842)
= Cyperus piceus f. potosiensis (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 397 (1936)
= Cyperus piceus f. squalidus (Liebm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 397 (1936)
= Cyperus piceus Liebm.; Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. V. II. (1851) 200
= Cyperus poiformis Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 50 (1813)
= Cyperus polystachyus Jungh.; Linnaea 6: 23 (1831), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus rehmannianus (C.B.Clarke) Boeckeler ex Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 334 (1898)
= Cyperus rehmannianus f. minor Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 397 (1936)
= Cyperus rehmannianus var. bathiei (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 398 (1936)
= Cyperus rehmannianus var. rigidiculmis Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 398 (1936)
= Cyperus setaceus Wulfen; Fl. Norica Phan.: 49 (1858), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus squalidus Liebm.; Mexic. Halvgr.: 199 (1850)
= Cyperus stramineus Link; Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 84 (1820)
= Cyperus subintermedius Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 390 (1936)
= Cyperus subintermedius var. angustisquamatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 392 (1936)
= Cyperus subintermedius var. vicinus (Cherm.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 392 (1936)
= Cyperus tanaensis Kük.; Engl. Pflanzenreich, Cyperac.-Scirp.-Cyp. 397 (1936)
= Cyperus tonduzianus Boeckeler; Kneuck. Allgem. Bot. Z. 1: 187 (1895)
= Cyperus tristachyus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 454 (1868)
= Cyperus tristachyus var. elongatus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 455 (1868)
= Cyperus tristachyus var. minor Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 455 (1868)
= Cyperus xanthinus C.Presl; Oken, Isis 21: 271 (1828)
= Distimus flavescens (L.) Raf.; J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 105 (1819)
= Pycreus bathiei Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 69: 719 (1922 publ. 1923)
= Pycreus debilissimus C.B.Clarke; J. Bot. 34: 224 (1896)
= Pycreus fallaciosus Cherm.; Arch. Bot., Caen. 7: Mem. 4, p. 7 (1936)
= Pycreus flavescens (L.) P.Beauv. ex Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 72 (1830)
= Pycreus flavescens f. caucasicus (K.Koch) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Pycreus flavescens f. gracillimus (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Pycreus flavescens f. minor (Gaudin) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Pycreus flavescens f. monostachyus (Sacc.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung., 16(3-4): 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Pycreus flavescens f. setaceus (Kük.) Soó; Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 16: 369 (1970 publ. 1971)
= Pycreus flavescens subsp. fallaciosus (Cherm.) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(5): 622 (1981)
= Pycreus flavescens subsp. intermedius (Rikli) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1: 622 (1981)
= Pycreus flavescens subsp. microglumis Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(5): 621 (1981)
= Pycreus flavescens subsp. tanaensis (Kük.) Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1(5): 622 (1981)
= Pycreus flavescens var. castaneus Lye; Nordic J. Bot. 1: 621 (1981)
= Pycreus flavescens var. rehmannianus (C.B.Clarke) Govaerts; Govaerts & Frodin, World Checkl. Cyperaceae: 604 (2007)
= Pycreus intermedius (Rikli) C.B.Clarke; Oliv. et al. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 290 (1901)
= Pycreus paraensis Nees; Mart. Fl. Bras. 2: I. 8 (1842)
= Pycreus piceus (Liebm.) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew Addit. Ser. 8: 1 (1908)
= Pycreus potosiensis C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 1 (1908)
= Pycreus rehmannianus C.B.Clarke; T. Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 1894 (1895) 542
= Pycreus tristachyus (Boeckeler) C.B.Clarke; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew, Addit. Ser. 8: 1 (1908)
= Pycreus vicinus Cherm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 67: 328 (1920 publ. 1921)
species :
Cyperus flavidus Retz.; Obs. Bot. 5: 13 (1788)
Name: Gelbliches Zypergras (DE); Yellowish Flatsedge (EN)
Distribution: S- & E-Spain; France; Italy; Bulgaria; Greece; Crete; Morocco; Algeria; Egypt; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Prov.); Eswatini [Swaziland]; Madagascar; Seychelles [I]; Siberia (Buryatia [I]); Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (NW-Iran, NE-Iran, W-Iran, S-Iran); Afghanistan (Badakshan, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Helmand, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunar / Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Qunduz, Takhar); Syria (W-Syrian Mts.); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, coastal W-Israel); China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima); Volcano Isl. (Iwojima); Taiwan; Pakistan (Sind, Chitral, Swat, Hazara, Peshawar, Pakistani Punjab, Gilgit, Baltistan); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Mandalay, Taninthayi); Thailand; Cambodia; Sumatra; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria); Palau (Ngarakabesang, Malakal)
12 FRA SPA 13 BUL GRC ITA KRI 20 ALG EGY MOR 27 SAF SWZ 29 MDG sey 30 SIB 31 RFE 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR SYR 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR KZN NNS OGA TAI 40 BAN BHU IND NEP PAK SRL 41 CBD MYA NCB THA 42 JAW LSI MOL NWG PHI SUL SUM 50 AUS 62 PLU
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus globosus (Rchb.) Palla; Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 6: 61 (1900)
= Cyperus ater Dalzell & A.Gibson; Bombay Fl.: 283 (1861), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus atroferrugineus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2: 2 (1854)
= Cyperus capillaris J.Koenig ex Roxb.; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 198 (1820)
= Cyperus complanatus C.Presl; Isis (Oken) 21: 271 (1828), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus confertus Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 145 (1791), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus curvatus Vahl; Enum. 2: 338 (1805)
= Cyperus divaricatus Lam.; Tabl. Encyc. 1: 145 (1791)
= Cyperus fascicularis DC.; Lam. & A. DC., Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 3: 722 (1805), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus flavidus var. erectus (C.B.Clarke) Korlah.; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 9: 237. (1967 publ. 1968)
= Cyperus flavidus var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) Korlah.; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 9: 237 (1967) 1968
= Cyperus fuscoater Meinsh. ex Korsh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 12: 406 (1892)
= Cyperus globosus proles bubanii (Debeaux) Rouy; Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 344 (1913)
= Cyperus globosus All.; Auct. Fl. Pedemont.: 49 (1789)[non Forssk. (1775)]
= Cyperus globosus f. brevifolius Marcet; Bol. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 43: 39 (1945)
= Cyperus globosus f. cinnamomeus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 49 (1884)
= Cyperus globosus f. depauperatus Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 354 (1936)
= Cyperus globosus f. fuscoater (Meinsh. ex Korsh.) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 355 (1936)
= Cyperus globosus f. khasianus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 48 (1884)
= Cyperus globosus f. minimus Kük.; Acta Horti Gothob. 5: 108 (1929 publ. 1930)
= Cyperus globosus f. pauperior (Boeckeler) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 355 (1936)
= Cyperus globosus f. tortuosus (J.Koenig ex Roxb.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 50 (1884)
= Cyperus globosus subsp. cymosus (Willk.) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 133 (1890)
= Cyperus globosus subsp. humifusus (Clemente) K.Richt.; Pl. Eur. 1: 133 (1890)
= Cyperus globosus var. bubanii Debeaux; Rec. Med. Pharm.: s. p. (1874)
= Cyperus globosus var. cymosus Willk.; Willk. & Lange, Prodr. Fl. Hispan. 1: 137 (1861)
= Cyperus globosus var. erectus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr. 11: 356 (1936)
= Cyperus globosus var. humifusus (Clemente) Roem. & Schult.; Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 170 (1817)
= Cyperus globosus var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) Kük.; Engl., Pflanzenr., IV, 20(101): 354 (1936)
= Cyperus globosus var. submonocephalus Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 459 (1868)
= Cyperus globosus var. tortuosa (J.Koenig ex Roxb.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 280 (1883)
= Cyperus horizontalis Willd. ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 5 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus humifusus Clemente; Ens. Var. Vid. Com.: 284 (1807)
= Cyperus jungendus Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 3 (1854)
= Cyperus junghuhnii Miq.; Fl. Ind. Bat. 3: 260 (1856)
= Cyperus lamarckianus Schult.; Mant. 2: 108 (1824)
= Cyperus linnaeanus Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 115 (1837)
= Cyperus mucronatus Steud.; Zoll., Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 1: 63 (1854), nom. illeg.
= Cyperus semiteres B.Heyne ex C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. 21: 49 (1884)
= Cyperus strictus Lam.; Tabl. Encycl. 1: 146 (1791)
= Cyperus strictus Roxb.; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 203 (1820)
= Cyperus tortuosus J.Koenig ex Roxb.; Fl. Ind. 1: 201 (1820)
= Cyperus trachyrhachis Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 3 (1854)
= Cyperus vulgaris Sieber ex Kunth; Enum. Pl. 2: 4 (1837)
= Pycreus capillaris (J.Koenig ex Roxb.) Nees ex C.B.Clarke; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 591 (1893)
= Pycreus flavidus (Retz.) T.Koyama; J. Jap. Bot. 51(10): 313 (1976)
= Pycreus flavidus var. erectus (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 65 (1989)
= Pycreus flavidus var. khasianus (C.B.Clarke) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 65 (1989)
= Pycreus flavidus var. minimus (Kük.) L.K.Dai; Fl. China 23: 244 (2010)
= Pycreus flavidus var. strictus (Lam.) Parmar; B. V. Shetty & V. Singh, Fl. Rajasthan 3: 942 (1993), isonym
= Pycreus flavidus var. strictus (Roxb.) Karth.; Karth. et al., Fl. Ind. Enumerat.- Monocot.: 65 (1989)
= Pycreus globosus (All.) Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 140(10), nom. illeg. (1831)
= Pycreus globosus var. erectus C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 34: 15 (1898)
= Pycreus globosus var. minimus (Kük.) Tang & F.T.Wang; Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 11: 167 (1961)
= Pycreus lamarckianus (Schult.) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 372 (2009)
= Pycreus lamarckianus var. strictus (Lam.) M.R.Almeida; Fl. Maharashtra 5B: 377 (2009)
= Pycreus reductus Cherm.; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 27: 552 (1921)
= Pycreus strictus (Lam.) Wad.Khan; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra 314 (2015 publ. 2014)
variant :
var. nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) Korlah.; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 9: 237. (1967) 1968
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Japan; India; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia; Philippines
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI 38 JAP 40 IND 41 VIE 42 MLY PHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Chlorocyperus nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) Rikli; Pringsheim, Jahrrb. Wiss. Bot. 17: 564 (1895)
= Cyperus globosus var. nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 21: 49 (1884)
= Cyperus nilagiricus Hochst. ex Steud.; Syn. Pl. Glumac. 2 (1855)
= Cyperus nilagiricus var. pauperior Boeckeler; Linnaea 35: 458 (1868)
= Pycreus capillaris var. nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 36: 204 (1903)
= Pycreus flavidus var. nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) C.Y.Wu ex Karth.; Fl. Ind. Enumerat.-Monocot. 65 (1989)
= Pycreus globosus var. nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) C.B.Clarke; J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 36: 204 (1903)
= Pycreus nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) E.G.Camus; Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 7(1): 32 (1912)
= Pycreus nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) Schischk.; Kom., Fl. URSS 3: 6 (1935), isonym
= Pycreus nilagiricus (Hochst. ex Steud.) Wad.Khan; Cyperaceae W. Ghats, W. Coast & Maharashtra 304 (2014), isonym
variant :
var. strictus (C.B.Clarke) Korlah.; Bull. Bot. Surv. India 9: 237 (1967 publ. 1968)
Distribut