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Ver. 19.2
April 1st, 2024

034.0000 Family Dryopteridaceae Herter; Revista Sudamer. Bot. 9: 15 (1949), nom. cons.
26 genera, ca. 2100 spp.
Species listed in database: 2170; hybrids: 199
= Aspidiaceae Burnett; Outl. Bot.: 324, 1156 (1835), nom. illeg.
= Aspidiaceae Mett. ex A.B.Frank; Leunis, Syn. Pflanzenk. ed. 2. 3: 1469 (1877), nom. illeg.
= Bolbitidaceae (Pic.Serm.) Ching; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16: 15 (1978)
= Elaphoglossaceae Pic.Serm.; Webbia 23: 209 (1968)
= Filicaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl. 14. (1789), as ´Filices´, nom. illeg., rej.
= Hypodematiaceae Ching; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 13: 96 (1975)
= Peranemataceae (C.Presl) Ching; Sunyatsenia 5: 246 (1940), nom. rej.
034.3006 Genus Cyrtomium C.Presl; Tent. Pterid. 86 (1836)
Distribution: Mostly China, E-Asia, 2 spp. trop. and South Africa
Species listed in database: 39
species :
Cyrtomium aequibasis (C.Chr.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 99 (1936)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium caryotideum var. aequibasis C.Chr.; Amer. Fern J. 20: 51 (1930)
= Cyrtomium cuneatum Ching; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 44 (1965)
= Cyrtomium houi Ching; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 39 (1965)
species :
Cyrtomium anomophyllum (Zenker) Fraser-Jenk.; Taxon. Revis. Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 330 (2008)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan, NW-Yunnan); Tibet; Taiwan; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Darjeeling, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Nagaland, ?Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal); ?Myanmar
36 CHI TIB 38 TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium anomophyllum Zenker; Pl. Ind. 1, t. 1 (1835)
= Aspidium caryotideum f. macropterum Kunze; Linnaea 24: 278 (1851)
= Cyrtomium beddomei S.R.Ghosh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 5(2): 495 (1984) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Cyrtomium brevicuneatum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 34 (1965)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum var. anomophyllum (Zenker) T.Moore; Index Filic. (T. Moore) 277 (1857)
= Cyrtomium kansuense Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 135 (1965) (fide Fraser-Jenkins (1993))
= Cyrtomium kungshanense Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 36 (1965) (fide Fraser-Jenkins (1993))
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum var. microindusium (Sa.Kurata) K.Iwats.; Fl. Jap. 1: 124 (1995)
= Cyrtomium maximum Ching & K.H.Shing; Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 44 (1965)
= Cyrtomium microindusium Sa.Kurata; J. Geobot. 10: 37 (1961) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Cyrtomium neocaryotideum Ching & K.H.Shing; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 40 (1965)
= Cyrtomium nervosum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 46 (1965) (fide Fraser-Jenkins 2008)
= Cyrtomium shunningense Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 46 (1965) (fide Fraser-Jenkins (1993))
= Cyrtomium yuanum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 35 (1965)
= Phanerophlebia macroptera (Kunze) Akasawa; Bull. Kochi Womens Univ. 9: 22 (1961)
= Polystichum anomophyllum (Zenker) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39: 115 (1925)
= Polystichum caryotideum var. macropterum (Kunze) Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 39: 115 (1925)
= Polystichum falcatum var. macropterum (Kunze) Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29: 195 (1900)
= Polystichum nervosum (Ching & K.H.Shing) C.M.Kuo; Taiwania 47(2): 172 (2002)
species :
Cyrtomium calcis Liang Zhang, N.T.Lu & Li Bing Zhang; Phytotaxa 583(1): ? (2023)
Distribution: China (Guangxi); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
species :
Cyrtomium caryotideum (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) C.Presl; Tent. Pterid. 86, t. 2, f. 26 (1836)
Name: Dwarf netvein hollyfern
Distribution: China (Chongqing, S-Gansu, N-Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, W-Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S-Shaanxi, W-Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Japan; Taiwan; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Darjeeling, Khasia Hills, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Sikkim, ?Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); Myanmar; Vietnam; +Philippines; Hawaii (Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Louisiana [I])
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 MYA VIE 42 PHI 63 HAW 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium caryotideum Wall.; Numer. List no. 376 (1829), nomen
= Aspidium caryotideum Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.; Icon. Filic. t. 69 (1828)
= Aspidium falcatum C.B.Clarke; Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 1: 512 (1880) (p. p.)
= Aspidium falcatum var. caryotideum (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Baker; Syn. Fil. 257 (1868)
= Cyrtomium caducum subvar. hastosum (Christ) H.Lév.
= Cyrtomium caryotideum f. attenuatum (T.Moore) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 101 (1936)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum f. grossedentatum Ching; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 43-44 (1965)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum f. hastosum (Christ) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 101 (1936)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum subvar. hastosum Christ; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52(Mem. 1): 32-33 (1905)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum var. attenuatum T.Moore; Gard. Chron. n. s. 1886: 787 (1886)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum var. papyraceum (Honda) Nemoto; Fl. Japan Suppl. 23 (1936)
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. caryotideum (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Bedd.; Handb. Ferns Brit. India 21 1, t. 106 (1883)
= Dryopteris caryotidea (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Underw.; Minnesota Bot. Stud. 1: 779 (1897)
= Phanerophlebia caryotidea (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Copel.; Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5 [Gen. Fil.] 111 (1947)
= Polystichum caryotideum (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Diels; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(4): 194 (1899)
= Polystichum caryotideum var. papyraceum Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 667 (1930)
= Polystichum falcatum var. caryotideum (Wall. ex Hook. & Grev.) Makino ex Matsum.; Index Pl. Jap. 1: 342 (1904)
species :
Cyrtomium chingianum P.S.Wang; Chinese J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 3(1): 24 (1997)
Distribution: China (S-Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium clivicola (Makino) Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 61 (1934)
Distribution: Japan
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium atropunctatum Sa.Kurata; Sci. Rep. Yokosuka City Mus. 8: 46 (1964)
= Cyrtomium fortunei var. atropunctatum (Sa.Kurata) K.Iwats.; Fl. Jap. 1: 123 (1995)
= Cyrtomium fortunei var. clivicola (Makino) Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 4: 39 (1935)
= Phanerophlebia fortunei var. clivicola (Makino) Ohwi; Fl. Jap. Pterid. 69 (1957)
= Polystichum caryotideum var. clivicola Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 6 (1926)
species :
Cyrtomium confertifolium Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 24 (1965)
Distribution: China (Jiangxi, Zhejiang, E-Guizhou, W-Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium conforme Ching; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 23 (1965)
Distribution: China (Fujian)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium devexiscapulae (Koidz.) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 96 (1936)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); Japan; Taiwan; N-Vietnam
36 CHI 38 JAP TAI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. devexiscapulae (Koidz.) Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3(2): 60 (1934)
= Cyrtomium integrum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 12 (1965)
= Cyrtomium sinicum Ching; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 30 (1965)
= Phanerophlebia falcata var. devexiscapulae (Koidz.) Ohwi; Fl. Jap. Pterid. 69 (1957)
= Polystichum devexiscapulae Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 1: 33 (1932)
species :
Cyrtomium elongatum S.K.Wu & P.K.Lôc; Novon 15(1): 247 (2005)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Cyrtomium falcatum (L.f.) C.Presl; Tent. Pterid. 86 (1836)
subspecies :
subsp. falcatum
Name: Asian Net-veined Hollyfern, Japanese holly fern (EN); Sichel-Ilexfarn (DE); Helecho de aureola (ES)
Distribution: England [I]; Scotland [I]; Ireland [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Gibraltar [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Monaco [c]; Croatia [I]; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I], Terceira [I], Sao Jorge [I], Pico [I], Faial [I], Flores Isl. [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Islas Selvagens [I]; Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I], Tenerife [I], La Palma Isl. [I], La Gomera [I], Fuerteventura [I]); South Africa [I] (W-Cape Prov. [I], E-Cape Prov. [I]); China (Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Japan; Ryukyu Isl.; Bonin Isl. (Chichijima, Keetaajima, Nakohdojima, Anijima, Otohtojima, Hahajima, Mukohjima); Volcano Isl. (Kita-Iwojima); Taiwan; Vietnam; +Philippines [I]; Australia [I] (Australian Capital Territory [I], SE-South Australia [I], SE-Queensland [I], E-New South Wales [I], NE-Victoria [I]); Lord Howe Isl. [I]; New Zealand [I]; Hawaii [I] (Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], California [I], Connecticut [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I], Texas [I], Virginia [I]); Bermuda [I]; Peru [I]; Argentina [I] (Buenos Aires [I])
10 grb ire 11 ger lux 12 cis gib mco 13 cro 21 azo cny mdr sel 27 saf 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR KZN NKO NNS OGA TAI 41 VIE 42 phi 50 aus lhi 51 nzl 63 haw 73 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 81 ber 83 per 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium falcatum (L.f.) Sw.; J. Bot. (Schrader) 1800(2): 31 (1801)
= Cyrtomium acutidens Christ; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 24: 241 (1910)
= Cyrtomium butterfieldii Anon.; Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 35: 142 (1904)
= Cyrtomium falcatum f. acutidens (Christ) C.Chr.; (1930)
= Cyrtomium falcatum f. pseudofortunei Akasawa; Bull. Kochi Women´s Univ., Ser. Nat. Sci. 25: 1 (1977)
= Cyrtomium falcatum f. unicoliindusium Akasawa & E.Yokote; Bull. Kochi Women´s Univ., Ser. Nat. Sci. 25: 1 (1977)
= Cyrtomium yiangshanense Ching & Y.C.Lan; Rec. Fl. Jiangsu (Fl. Kiang Su Prov.) 1: 466 (1977)
= Dryopteris falcata (L.f.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 812 (1891)
= Phanerophlebia falcata (L.f.) Copel.; Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5 [Gen. Fil.] 111 (1947)
= Polypodium falcatum L.f.; Suppl. Sp. Pl. 466 (1781)
= Polypodium japonicum Houtt.; Natuurl. Hist. 14: 167, t. 98, f. 3 (1783)
= Polystichum acutidens Makino & Nemoto; Fl. Jap. 1654 (1925), non Christ (1902)
= Polystichum falcatum (L.f.) Diels; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(4): 194 (1899), not Fée (1850)
= Polystichum falcatum f. acutidens (Christ) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39(461): 114 (1925)
subspecies :
subsp. australe S.Matsumoto ex S.Matsumoto & Ebihara; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 43(1): 24 (2017)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu); Taiwan
38 JAP TAI
subspecies :
subsp. littorale S.Matsumoto ex S.Matsumoto & Ebihara; Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Tokyo, B. 43(1): 21 (2017)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
species :
Cyrtomium fortunei J.Sm.; Ferns Brit. For. 286 (1866)
Name: Fortune´s Net-veined Hollyfern (EN); Ostasiatischer Ilexfarn (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Germany [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Italy [I]; Slovenia [I]; China (Anhui, Chongqing, Fujian, S-Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); North Korea; South Korea (incl. Cheju Isl.); Taiwan; Bhutan; NE-India (Manipur, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh); Thailand; Vietnam; USA [I] (Georgia [I], Louisiana [I], Mississippi [I], Oregon [I], South Carolina [I])
10 grb 11 ger 12 cis 13 ita slv 36 CHI 38 KOR NKO TAI 40 BHU IND 41 THA VIE 73 usa 78 usa
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium falcatum var. fortunei (J.Sm.) Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 10(112): 212 (1896)
= Cyrtomium confertiserratum J.X.Li, H.S.Kung & Xiao J.Li; Pl. Diversity Resources 34(1): 17 (2012)
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. polypterum (Diels) C.Chr.; Acta Hort. Gothob. 1: 72 (1924)
= Cyrtomium fortunei f. grossidens Hiyama; J. Jap. Bot. 26: 156 (1951)
= Cyrtomium fortunei f. latipinna Ching; Icon. Filic. Sin. 3: t. 126, f. 2 (1935)
= Cyrtomium fortunei f. polypterum (Diels) Ching; Icon. Filic. Sin. 3: t. 126, f. 3 (1935)
= Cyrtomium recurvum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 20 (1965)
= Cyrtomium reflexosquamatum J.X.Li & F.Q.Zhou; Pl. Diversity Resources 34(1): 19 (2012)
= Cyrtomium shandongense J.X.Li; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 4(2): 142 (1984)
= Phanerophlebia fortunei (J.Sm.) Copel.; Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5 [Gen. Fil.] 111 (1947)
= Polystichum falcatum f. polypterum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(2): 195 (1900)
= Polystichum falcatum var. fortunei (J.Sm.) Matsum.; Index Pl. Jap. 1: 342 (1904)
= Polystichum fortunei (J.Sm.) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 89: 116 (1925)
species :
Cyrtomium grossum Christ; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., sér. 3, 16: 239 (1906)
Distribution: China (S-Guizhou, S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium nephrolepioides f. grossum (Christ) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 94 (1936)
species :
Cyrtomium guizhouense H.S.Kung & P.S.Wang; Chinese J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 3(1): 23 (1997)
Distribution: China (S-Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium hemionitis Christ; Bull. Acad. Géogr. Bot. Mans 138. c. fig. (1910)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, S-Guizhou, S-Yunnan); N-Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium nephrolepioides f. hemionitis (Christ) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2(2): 94 (1936)
species :
Cyrtomium laetevirens (Hiyama) Nakaike; New Fl. Japan, Pterid. 840 (1992)
Distribution: ?China; Japan
38 JAP
Remarks: full species according to Iwashina et al. (2006) based on phytochemical evidence
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium fortunei f. laetevirens Hiyama; J. Jap. Bot. 28: 218 (1953)
species :
Cyrtomium latifalcatum S.K.Wu & Mitsuta; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 36(1-3): 22 (1985)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium lonchitoides (Christ) Christ; Bull. Acad. Géogr. Bot. Mans 1902: 264 (1902)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Sichuan, Yunnan); Tibet; Japan; Vietnam
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP 41 VIE
Remarks: possibly a synonym of C. micropterum
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium lonchitoides Christ; Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 16 (1899)
= Cyrtomium vittatum Christ; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52, Mem. 1: 33 (1905)
= Phanerophlebia vittata (Christ) Copel.; Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5 [Gen. Fil.] 111 (1947)
= Polystichum lonchitoides (Christ) Diels; Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(4): 194 (1899)
= Polystichum vittatum (Christ) C.Chr.; Index Filic. 202. 1905, 588 (1906)
species :
Cyrtomium luctuosum J.P.Roux; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(4): 454 (2011)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Mpulamanga, E-Cape Prov., Free State); Madagascar
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW 27 SAF 29 MDG
Remarks: included by Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2018) in C. micropterum
species :
Cyrtomium macrophyllum (Makino) Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3: 62, f. 3(5-7) (1934)
Distribution: China (Anhui, S-Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; Japan; Taiwan; Pakistan (Swat, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; India (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal)
36 CHI TIB 38 JAP TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium falcatum var. macrophyllum Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16: 90 (1902)
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. macropterum (Diels) Christ; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52(Mem. 1): 33 (1905)
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. muticum Christ; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 1: 37 (1909)
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum f. auriculatum Akasawa & E.Yokote; Bull. Kochi Women´s Univ., Ser. Nat. Sci. 25: 1 (1977)
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum f. minus Ching & K.H.Shing; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 33 (1965)
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum f. muticum (Christ) Ching & K.H.Shing; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. (1965)
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum var. tukusicola (Tagawa) Tagawa; Coloured Illustr. Jap. Pterid. 85: 198 (1959)
= Cyrtomium muticum (Christ) Ching; C. Chr., Index Filic., Suppl. Tert.: 66 (1933) (fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2018)
= Cyrtomium pseudocaudipinnum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 22 (1965)
= Cyrtomium retrosopaleaceum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 21 (1965)
= Cyrtomium tukusicola Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7(2): 79 (1938) (fide Fraser-Jenkins et al. 2018)
= Phanerophlebia macrophylla (Makino) Okuyama ex Ohwi; Fl. Jap. Pterid. 70 (1957)
= Phanerophlebia macrophylla var. tukusicola (Tagawa) Okuyama; Colour. Illustr. Wild Pl. Jap. 5: 41, t. 373, f. 2 (1960)
= Phanerophlebia macroptera var. tukusicola (Tagawa) Akasawa; Bull. Kochi Womens Univ. 9: 23 (1961)
= Polystichum caryotideum var. macropterum (Diels) Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 39(461): 115 (1925)
= Polystichum falcatum f. macropterum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(2): 194-195 (1900)
= Polystichum falcatum var. macrophyllum (Makino) Matsum.; Index Pl. Jap. 1: 342 (1904)
= Polystichum macrophyllum (Makino) Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. 2: 194 (1933)
species :
Cyrtomium membranifolium Ching & K.H.Shing ex H.S.Kung & P.S.Wang; Chinese J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 3(1): 24 (1997)
Distribution: China (Hubei)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium micropterum (Kunze) Ching; Icon. Filic. Sin. 3: t. 127 (1935)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania; Malawi; South Africa (Mpulamanga, KwaZulu-Natal, E-Cape Prov.); Lesotho; Madagascar; S-India (Tamil Nadu)
24 ETH 25 KEN TAN UGA 26 MLW 27 LES SAF 29 MDG 40 IND
Conservation Status: IUCN EN for India (Fraser-Jenkins 2012)
Synonyms: hidden
= Aspidium anomophyllum f. micropterum Kunze; Linnaea 24: 278 (1851)
= Cyrtomium caryotideum var. micropterum (Kunze) C.Chr.; Amer. Fern J. 20: 52 (1930)
= Phanerophlebia caryotidea var. micropteris (Kunze) Tardieu; Fl. Madag. Comoros, 5e fam.: 326 (1958)
= Polystichum falcatum var. caryotideum (Wall. ex C.Presl) Bonap.; Notes Ptéridol. 16: 38 (1925)
species :
Cyrtomium nephrolepioides (Christ) Copel.; Philipp. J. Sci. 38: 136 (1928)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium tengii Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 10 (1965)
= Cyrtomium wulingense S.F.Wu; J. Wuhan Bot. Res. 15(3): 218 (1997)
= Phanerophlebia nephrolepioides (Christ) Copel.; Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5 [Gen. Fil.] 111 (1947)
= Polystichum nephrolepioides Christ; Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., sér. 3, 11: 258 (1902)
species :
Cyrtomium obliquum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 11 (1965)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium calcicola Ching; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 12 (1965)
= Cyrtomium wangianum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 11 (1965)
species :
Cyrtomium omeiense China & Shing; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 36 (1965)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, W-Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan); Tibet; ?Taiwan
36 CHI TIB
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium caudatum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 33 (1965)
= Cyrtomium coriaceum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 22 (1965)
= Cyrtomium falcipinnum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 23 (1965)
= Cyrtomium hunanense Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 31 (1965)
species :
Cyrtomium pachyphyllum (Rosenst.) C.Chr.; Index Filic., Suppl. 2: 11 (1917)
Distribution: China (Guangxi, S-Guizhou, S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium fengianum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 8 (1965)
= Polystichum pachyphyllum Rosenst.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 18: 130 (1914)
species :
Cyrtomium pseudocaryotideum J.P.Roux; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 167(4): 461 (2011)
Distribution: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Mpulamanga, E-Cape Prov.)
27 SAF
Remarks: included by Fraser-Jenkins et al. (2018) in C. anomophyllum
species :
Cyrtomium pusillum Aver.; Pl. Diversity Fl. Veg. Bat Dai Son 130 (2021)
Distribution: Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Cyrtomium remotipinnum Yan Liu & H.J.Wei; Phytotaxa 607(2): 134 (2023)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium semifertile J.X.Li & Xiao J.Li; Bangladesh J. Bot. 49(3, Special): 703 (2020)
Distribution: China (Shandong)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium serratum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 38 (1965)
Distribution: China (Hunan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium ovale Ching & Shing; Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 21 (1965)
species :
Cyrtomium shingianum H.S.Kung & P.S.Wang; Chinese J. Appl. Environ. Biol. 3(1): 23 (1997)
Distribution: China (S-Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium simadae (Tagawa) Y.H.Chang; Taiwania 64(4): 378 (2019)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: not a synonym of C. yamamotoi fide Knapp 2012
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum var. simadae Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 3(2): 63 (1934)
species :
Cyrtomium sinningense Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 10 (1965)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Cyrtomium taiwanianum Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 78 (1938) (taiwanense auct.)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Conservation Status: VU in Taiwan. IUCN I
Synonyms: hidden
= Polystichum taiwanianum (Tagawa) C.M.Kuo; Taiwania 47(2): 172 (2002) (taiwanense)
species :
Cyrtomium tsinglingense Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 41 (1965)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium megaphyllum Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 40 (1965)
= Cyrtomium moupingense Ching & K.H.Shing; Acta Phytotax. Sin., Addit. 1: 39 (1965)
species :
Cyrtomium urophyllum Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 101 (1936)
Distribution: China (Chongqing, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium salicipinnum Ching & K.H.Shing; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 31 (1965)
species :
Cyrtomium yamamotoi Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7: 187 (1938)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Chongqing, S-Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S-Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Japan; E-Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI 38 JAP 41 THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium caryotideum var. intermedium (Diels) C.Chr.; Amer. Fern J. 20(2): 51 (1930)
= Cyrtomium falcatum f. intermedium Diels; (1900)
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. acuminatum (Diels) C.Chr.; Acta Hort. Gothob. 1: 72 (1924)
= Cyrtomium falcatum var. intermedium (Diels) C.Chr.
= Cyrtomium fortunei f. intermedium (Tagawa) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 105 (1936)
= Cyrtomium fortunei var. intermedium Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 4: 39 (1935)
= Cyrtomium macrophyllum var. acuminatum (Diels) Tagawa; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 7(2): 78 (1938)
= Cyrtomium mediocre Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 37 (1965)
= Cyrtomium muticum f. acuminatum (Diels) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 98 (1936)
= Cyrtomium muticum f. intermedium (Diels) Ching; Bull. Chin. Bot. Soc. 2: 98 (1936)
= Cyrtomium simile Ching; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 29 (1965)
= Cyrtomium yamamotoi var. intermedium (Diels) Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 29 (1965)
= Polystichum acuminatum (Diels) C.M.Kuo; Taiwania 47(2): 172 (2002)
= Polystichum falcatum f. acuminatum Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(2): 195 (1900)
= Polystichum falcatum f. intermedium Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(2): 195 (1900)
species :
Cyrtomium yunnanense Ching; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 45 (1965)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Cyrtomium longipes Ching & K.H.Shing; Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 47 (1965)
= Cyrtomium spectabile Ching; K. H. Shing, Acta Phytotax. Sin. Addit. 1: 45 (1965)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.2 (April 1st, 2024)

Covering 354,662 accepted species,
8,644 hybrids, 47,758 accepted infraspecific taxa and 996,179 synonyms,
in total 1,407,243* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life