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V. 13.2
July 2nd, 2022

409.0000 Family Cactaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 310 (1789), nom. cons.
133 genera, ca. 1700 spp. listed (conservative approach following Anderson 2001). There has been excessive splitting, leading to over 3000 species in some collectors view. The phylogeny is still somewhat in flux, but is getting more stabilized now.
Species listed in database: 1767; hybrids: 59
= Cereaceae DC. & Spreng.(transl.Jameson), Elem. Philos. Pl.: 142 (1821)
= Nopaleaceae Schmid & Curtman, Pflanzenr. 2: 135 (1856)
= Opuntiaceae Desv., S. Gérardin de Mirecourt & N. A. Desvaux, Dict. Rais. Bot.: 52, 385 (1817)
409.5840 Genus Discocactus Pfeiff.; Allg. Gartenz. 5: 241 (1837)
Distribution: Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia
Species listed in database: 13
= Neodiscocactus Y.Itô, The Cactaceae: 9, 531 (1981) (nom. nov., without full repl. syn. ref.)
species :
Discocactus bahiensis Britton & Rose; Cactaceae, 3: 220 (1922)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Piauí, Ceara, Pernambuco, Bahia)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinocactus bahiensis (Britton & Rose) Luetzelb., Estud. Bot. Nordeste Braz. 3: III (1923) Insp. Fed. Obras Secc. Publ. 57
= Discocactus bahiensis ssp. subviridigriseus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(3): 63 (1993)
= Discocactus subviridigriseus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 262 (1977)
= Discocactus subviridigriseus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 115 (?1976)
= Discocactus bahiensis ssp. gracilis P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakteen And. Sukk. 52(11): 290 (2001)
species :
Discocactus boliviensis Backeb.; Descr. Cact. Nov. 3: 5(1963)
subspecies :
subsp. boliviensis
Distribution: Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
83 BOL
subspecies :
subsp. ferricola (Buining & Brederoo) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 2 (2020)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul); Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus ferricola Buining & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 26(1): 2 (1975)
species :
Discocactus catingicola Buining & Brederoo
Distribution: N-Brazil (Tocantins); NE-Brazil (Piauí, Bahia); WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul); SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus cangaensis Diers & Esteves, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 52(3): 107 (1980)
= Discocactus catingicola ssp. griseus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus catingicola ssp. rapirhizus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(6): 112 (1993)
= Discocactus catingicola var. griseus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(6): 112 (1993)
= Discocactus catingicola var. nigrisaetosus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(6): 112 (1993)
= Discocactus crassispinus P.J.Braun & Esteves, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 66(5): 228 (1994)
= Discocactus crassispinus ssp. araguaiensis P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 47(9): 194 (1996)
= Discocactus estevesii Diers, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 50(2): 83 (1978)
= Discocactus griseus Buining & Brederoo, Succulenta, 54(10): 186 (1975)
= Discocactus heptacanthus ssp. catingicola (Buining & Brederoo) N.P.Taylor & Zappi, Cactaceae Consensus Initiatives, 3: 7 (1997)
= Discocactus heptacanthus ssp. goiasensis P.J.Braun, Kakteen And. Sukk. 70(11): 347 (2019)
= Discocactus nigrisaetosus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 129 (?1976)
= Discocactus nigrisaetosus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 260 (1977)
= Discocactus piauiensis P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 62 (1995)
= Discocactus prominentigibbus Diers & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 39(1): 18 (1988)
= Discocactus rapirhizus Buining & Brederoo, Ashingtonia, 2(3): 44 (1975)
= Discocactus silicicola Buining & Brederoo, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 47(5): 214 (1975)
= Discocactus silvaticus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 140 (?1976)
= Discocactus silvaticus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 261 (1977)
= Discocactus spinosior Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 146 (?1976)
= Discocactus spinosior Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 261 (1977)
species :
Discocactus diersianus Esteves; Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 51(4): 179 (1979)
subspecies :
subsp. diersianus
Distribution: N-Brazil (Tocantins); WC-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus diersianus ssp. goianus (Diers & Esteves) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus diersianus var. goianus (Diers & Esteves) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(6): 113 (1993)
= Discocactus goianus Diers & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 31(3): 79 (1980)
= Discocactus lindaianus Diers & Esteves, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 53(2): 56 (1981)
subspecies :
subsp. cephaliaciculosus (Buining & Brederoo ex P.J.Braun & Esteves) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 2 (2020)
Distribution: Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus cephaliaciculosus Buining & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 26(5): 97 (1975)
subspecies :
subsp. nudicephalus (P.J.Braun & Esteves) Guiggi; Cactology 5(Suppl. 8): 2 (2020)
Distribution: Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus cephaliaciculosus ssp. nudicephalus P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 63 (1995)
= Discocactus cephaliaciculosus ssp. nudicephalus P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 43(10): 221 (1992), species name not validly publ.
species :
Discocactus fariae-peresii P.J.Braun; Kakt. u. a. Sukk. 67(2): 34 (2016)
Distribution: C-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Discocactus gentryi S.M.Hayden; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard., 83(2): 159 (1996)
Distribution: Peru
83 PER
Remarks: status doubtful
species :
Discocactus hartmannii (K.Schum.) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae, 3: 217 (1922)
Distribution: WC-Brazil (Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul); Paraguay (Amambay, Concepcion)
84 BRA 85 PAR
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus hartmannii var. magnimammus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun, Kakt. And. Sukk., 36(2): 23 (1985)
= Discocactus hartmannii ssp. giganteus P.J.Braun & Esteves, Succulenta, 75(6): 260 (1996)
= Discocactus hartmannii ssp. magnimammus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus hartmannii ssp. patulifolius (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus hartmannii ssp. setosiflorus P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 45(2): 27 (1994)
= Discocactus hartmannii var. bonitoensis (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun, Kakt. And. Sukk., 36(2): 23 (1985)
= Discocactus hartmannii var. mamillosus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun, Kakt. And. Sukk., 36(2): 23 (1985)
= Discocactus hartmannii var. patulifolius (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun, Kakt. And. Sukk., 36(2): 23 (1985)
= Discocactus heptacanthus ssp. magnimammus (Buining & Brederoo) N.P.Taylor & Zappi, Bradleya, 9: 86 (1991)
= Discocactus magnimammus Buining & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 25(11): 242 (1974)
= Discocactus magnimammus ssp. bonitoensis Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 204 (?1976)
= Discocactus magnimammus ssp. bonitoensis Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 259 (1977)
= Discocactus mamillosus Buining & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 25(10): 217 (1974)
= Discocactus pachythele Buining & Brederoo, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 47(4): 163 (1975)
= Discocactus patulifolius Buining & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 25(9): 195 (1974)
= Echinocactus hartmannii K.Schum., Monatsschr. Kakt. 10: 170
= Neodiscocactus hartmannii (K.Schum.) Y.Itô, The Cactaceae: 532 (1981), generic name not validly publ.
species :
Discocactus heptacanthus (Rodr.) Britton & Rose; Cactaceae, 3: 218 (1922)
Distribution: E-Bolivia; WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul)
83 BOL 84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus aurantiacus var. blomianus (Kimnach) E.Meier, Kakt. And. Sukk., 48(1): 7 (1997)
= Discocactus flavispinus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 157 (?1976)
= Discocactus flavispinus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 259 (1977)
= Discocactus heptacanthus ssp. melanochlorus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 103 (1993)
= Discocactus heptacanthus var. riomortensis Braun & Esteves, (1998)
= Discocactus heptacanthus var. semicampaniflorus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 103 (1993)
= Discocactus melanochlorus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 135 (?1976)
= Discocactus melanochlorus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 260 (1977)
= Discocactus paranaensis Backeb., Cactac. Handb. Kakteenk. 4: 2628 (1960)
= Discocactus semicampaniflorus Buining & Brederoo, Cact. & Succ. J. (USA), 47(3): 122 (1975)
= Discocactus squamibaccatus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 183 (?1976)
= Discocactus squamibaccatus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 261 (1977)
= Discocactus squamibaccatus var. longiflorus Braun & Esteves, (1998)
= Discocactus subterraneo-proliferans Diers & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 31(9): 271 (1980)
= Malacocarpus heptacanthus Barb.Rodr., Pl. Mattogross. 29
= Neodiscocactus boliviensis (Backeb.) Y.Itô, The Cactaceae: 531 (1981). generic name not validly publ.
= Neodiscocactus heptacanthus (Barb.Rodr.) Y.Itô, The Cactaceae: 532 (1981), generic name not validly publ.
species :
Discocactus horstii Buining & Brederoo; Kakteen, 52: CVIf (1973)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus woutersianus Brederoo & Broek, Succulenta, 59(9): 198 (1980)
species :
Discocactus lindanus Diers & Esteves; (1981)
Distribution: C-Brazil (Goiás)
84 BRA
species :
Discocactus placentiformis Schum.; Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. 3: 6 a. 190 (1894)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Cactus alteolens Kuntze, Deutsch. Bot. Monatsschr. 21: 173 (1903)
= Discocactus alteolens Lem. ex A.Dietr., Allg. Gartenz. 14: 202 (1846)
= Discocactus alteolens Schum., Engl. & Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. 3: 6 a. (1894) 190 in obs.
= Discocactus crystallophilus Diers & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 32(11): 261 (1981)
= Discocactus insignis Pfeiff., Otto & A. Dietr., Allg. Gartens. 5: (1837) 241, et Nov. Act. Nat. Cur. 19: I.119 (1839)
= Discocactus latispinus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 95 (?1976)
= Discocactus latispinus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 259 (1977)
= Discocactus latispinus ssp. pseudolatispinus (Diers & Esteves) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 105 (1993)
= Discocactus latispinus ssp. pulvinicapitatus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 105 (1993)
= Discocactus multicolorispinus P.J.Braun & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 32(3): 59 (1981)
= Discocactus multicolorispinus P.J.Braun & Brederoo, Kakt. And. Sukk., 32(3): 59 (1981)
= Discocactus placentiformis ssp. alteolens (Lem.) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus placentiformis ssp. multicolorispinus (P.J.Braun & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 105 (1993)
= Discocactus placentiformis ssp. multicolorispinus P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakteen And. Sukk. 59(8): 212 (2008)
= Discocactus placentiformis ssp. pugionacanthus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus placentiformis var. alteolens (Lem.) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 105 (1993)
= Discocactus placentiformis var. pugionacanthus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(5): 105 (1993)
= Discocactus pseudolatispinus Diers & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 38(10): 247 (1987)
= Discocactus pugionacanthus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 61 (?1976)
= Discocactus pugionacanthus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 260 (1977)
= Discocactus pulvinicapitatus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 100 (?1976)
= Discocactus tricornis Monv. ex Pfeiff. & Otto, Abbild. Cacteen, 2: t. 28 (1850)
= Echinocactus alteolens Lem., Hort. Vanhoutt. 1: Fasc. 2, 23, 43 (1846)
= Echinocactus alteolens Schum., Mart. Fl. Bras., iv, II 246 (1890)
= Echinocactus placentiformis Lehm. ex C.F.Först., Handb. Cact. ed. II. 1: 449
= Echinocactus placentiformis Schum., Mart. Fl. Bras., 4: II. 246 (1890)
= Echinocactus tricornis Monv. ex A.Dietr., Otto & A. Dietr., Allg. Gartenz. 14: 203 (1846)
species :
Discocactus pseudoinsignis N.P.Taylor & Zappi; Bradleya, 9: 86 (1991)
Distribution: SE-Brazil (Minas Gerais)
84 BRA
species :
Discocactus zehntneri Britton & Rose; Cactaceae, 3: 218 (1922)
subspecies :
subsp. zehntneri
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus albispinus Buining & Brederoo, Cact. Succ. J. (USA), 46(6): 253 (1974)
= Discocactus zehntneri f. albispinus (Buining & Brederoo) Ríha, Kaktusy 19(2): 26 (1983)
= Discocactus zehntneri ssp. albispinus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus zehntneri ssp. mirohalfarii Zachar, Kaktusy (Brno) 57(3): 95-98 (2021)
= Discocactus zehntneri var. albispinus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun, Succulenta, 69(10): 215 (1990)
= Echinocactus zehntneri (Britton & Rose) Luetzelb., Estud. Bot. Nordeste Braz. 3: 111 (1923) Insp. Fed. Obras Secc. Publ. 57
subspecies :
subsp. alagoinhensis Zachar & Halfar; Kaktusy (Brno) 57(4): 115 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Piauí)
84 BRA
subspecies :
subsp. boomianus (Buining & Brederoo) N.P.Taylor & Zappi; Bradleya, 9: 86 (1991)
Distribution: NE-Brazil (Bahia)
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus araneispinus Buining & Brederoo, Buining, Discocactus: 39 (?1976)
= Discocactus araneispinus Buining ex J.Theun., Succulenta, 56(11): 258 (1977)
= Discocactus zehntneri ssp. araneispinus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus zehntneri ssp. buenekeri (W.R.Abraham) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 44(3): 64 (1993)
= Discocactus buenekeri W.R.Abraham, Kakt. And. Sukk., 38(11): 284 (1987)
= Discocactus zehntneri ssp. horstiorum (P.J.Braun) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakt. And. Sukk., 46(3): 64 (1995)
= Discocactus zehntneri var. horstiorum P.J.Braun, Succulenta, 69(10): 218 (1990)
= Discocactus zehntneri var. araneispinus (Buining & Brederoo ex J.Theun.) P.J.Braun, Succulenta, 69(10): 215 (1990)
= Discocactus boomianus Buining & Brederoo, Succulenta. 50 (2): 26 (1971)
= Discocactus zehntneri var. boomianus (Buining & Brederoo) P.J.Braun, Succulenta, 69(10): 218 (1990)
subspecies :
subsp. mirohalfarii Zachar; Kaktusy (Brno) 57(4): P51 (2021)
Distribution: Brazil (Piauí)
84 BRA
subspecies :
subsp. petr-halfarii (Zachar) M.R.Santos & M.C.Machado; Phytotaxa 207(2): 209 (2015)
Distribution: NE-Brazil
84 BRA
Synonyms: hidden
= Discocactus bahiensis ssp. petr-halfari (Zachar) P.J.Braun & Esteves, Kakteen And. Sukk. 59(7): 184 (2008)
= Discocactus petr-halfari Zachar, Kaktusy (Brno) 44(2): 45 (2008)
...

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