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Ver. 19.3
June 16th, 2024

450.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications. Barnadesioideae might be its own family, related to Calyceraceae.
Species listed in database: 35264; hybrids: 683
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
450.3131 Genus Echinops L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 814 (1753)
Distribution: mostly semiarid regions of C-Asia, W-Asia and Mediterranean, few extending to temperate latitudes (frequently escaped), few to trop. Africa and trop. Asia
Species listed in database: 217; hybrids: 1
= Acantholepis Less.; Linnaea 6: 88 (1831)
= Echinanthus Neck.; Elem. Bot. 1: 91 (1790), nom. inval.
= Psectra (Endl.) Tomsovic; Preslia 69: 33 (1997)
= Ruthrum Hill; Veg. Syst. 5: 56 (1763)
= Sphaerocephalus Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891), nom. illeg.
species :
Echinops abazariae Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 231 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops aberdaricus R.E.Fr.; Act. Hort. Berg. 8: 40 (1925)
Distribution: Kenya (mountains); Tanzania
25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops oehlerianus O.Hoffm. ex Jaeger; Mitteil. Deutsch. Schutsgeb. Erganz. 4: 91 (1911) (nomen), et ex Mattf., Engl. Jahrb. 59: Beibl. 133, 67 (1924). descr.
species :
Echinops abstersibilis Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 179 (1922)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Echinops abuzinadianus Chaudhary; Fl. Kingdom Saudi Arabia 2(3): 198, 418 (2000), nom. inval.
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Echinops acantholepis Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. 3: 99 (1847)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iraq (SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia, S-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Helmand); Syria (C-Syrian Desert); Israel (Rift Valley, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania, W-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (Dahana); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE 34 AFG IRN IRQ ISR JOR SYR TUR 35 SAU 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Acantholepis orientalis Less.; Linnaea 6: 88 (1831)
= Echinops olivieri Jaub. & Spach; Illustr. 3: 100 (1847)
species :
Echinops adenocaulos Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 88 (1849)
Distribution: Lebanon; Israel (coastal W-Israel, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB
species :
Echinops adenoclados (Hedge) C.Vural; Türk. Bitkileri List. 157 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops pungens var. adenoclados Hedge; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(2): 239 (1974)
species :
Echinops afghanicus Gilli; Feddes Repert. 68: 95 (1963)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops albicaulis Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 15: 387 (1842)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus albicaulis (Kar. & Kir.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops amoenus Rech.f.; Candollea 29: 128 (1974)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops amoenus (Rech.f.) Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 58 (1979)
species :
Echinops amplexicaulis Oliv.; Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: (1873) 101. t. 67
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
22 NGA 23 BUR CAF CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops claessensii De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 447 (1932)
= Echinops koroboroi De Wild.; Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 5, 2(2): 216 (1907)
= Echinops neumannii O.Hoffm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 210 (1906)
= Echinops ruspolianus O.Hoffm. ex Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 48 (1924)
= Echinops sidamensis Cufod.; Senck. Biol. 47: 261 (1966)
= Sphaerocephalus amplexicaulis (Oliv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops angustilobus S.Moore; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35: 363 (1902)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Kenya
24 ETH 25 KEN
species :
Echinops antalyensis C.Vural; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 95 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Echinops arachniolepis Rech.f.; Candollea 29: 131 (1974)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops araneosus Lazkov; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 33: 228 (2001)
Distribution: Kyrgyzstan
32 KGZ
species :
Echinops armatus Steven; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 29: (1856) II. 38
Distribution: Ukraine; Crimea
14 KRY UKR
species :
Echinops armenus Grossh.; Act. Hort. Tiflis, Ser. 2(1): 36 (1920)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops araxinus Mulk.; Proc. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 12: No. 1, 29 (1950), reimpr.
species :
Echinops atrox Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 117 (1995)
Distribution: Oman
35 OMA
species :
Echinops aucheri Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 98 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops aucheri f. myriocephalus (Rech.f., Aellen & Esfand.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 10: 85 (1980)
= Echinops myriocephalus Rech.f., Aellen & Esfand.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 240 (1950)
= Sphaerocephalus aucheri (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops austroiranicus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 204 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops avajensis Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 207 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops babatagensis Tscherneva; Fl. Uzbekist. 6: 218, 513 (1962)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Echinops bakhtiaricus Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 89: 260 (1951)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops bampsianus Lisowski; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nation. Belg., 59(1-2): 255 (1989)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]
23 ZAI
species :
Echinops bannaticus Rochel ex Schrad.; Blumenbachia 48 (1827)
Name: Banater Kugeldistel (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Ireland [I]; Norway [I]; Belgium [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland [I]; France [I]; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; N-Greece (rare, Pindos to Falakron)
10 grb ire nor 11 bgm ger swi 12 fra 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC KOS MNT NMA ROM SRB
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops quercifolius Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 356 (1895)
= Echinops rochelianus Griseb.; Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 229 (1846)
= Echinops ruthenicus Rchb.; Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 5: t. 450 (1827), nom. illeg.
= Sphaerocephalus bannaticus (Rochel ex Schrad.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops barezicus Montaz. & Mozaff.; Phytotaxa 263(2): 83 (2016)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops borae C.Vural; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 49(1-2): 97 (2012)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Echinops bovei Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 99 (1846)
Distribution: Morocco; Algeria (incl. Hoggar); Tunisia; Libya
20 ALG LBY MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops spinosissimus subsp. bovei (Boiss.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
= Echinops spinosus subsp. bovei (Boiss.) Murb.; Acta Univ. Lund., ser. 2, sect. 2, 19(1): 59 (1923)
= Echinops spinosus var. fallax Faure & Maire
= Echinops spinosus var. tmarae Sauvage
= Sphaerocephalus bovei (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops brevipenicillatus Tscherneva; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. . 16: 51 (1961)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Echinops buhaitensis Mesfin; Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg, 23b: 617 (1990)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Echinops candelabrum Rech.f.; Candollea 29: 132 (1974)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Echinops cephalotes DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 526 (1838)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, SW-Iran); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 IRN 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops candidus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 86 (1849)
= Echinops stapfianus Parsa; Kew Bull. 3: 207 (1948)
= Sphaerocephalus cephalotes (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops ceratophorus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 100 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia, Dahana)
34 IRN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops farsicus Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 97: 245 (1950)
= Echinops khorassanicus var. farsicus (Rech.f.) Parsa; Fl. Iran 10: 80 (1980)
= Sphaerocephalus ceratophorus (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops cervicornis Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 214 (1918)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops chantavicus Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 39: (1866) I. 365
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus chantavicus (Trautv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops chardinii Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 124 (1860)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops mosulensis Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 54 (1979)
= Echinops mosulensis var. papillosus Mozaff.; Fl. Iran 59: 345 (2008)
species :
Echinops chloroleucus Rech.f.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 8: No. 2 (Symb. Afgh. II.) 62 (1955)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Parwan, Samangan, Takhar); Pakistan (Chitral)
32 TZK 34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Echinops chlorophyllus Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 243 (1950)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Bamyan, Ghazni, Kabul, Orozgan / Daykundi, Paktia / Khost, Parwan)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops chodzha-mumini Rassulova & B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 531, 501 (1988)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Echinops chorassanicus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 405 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus chorassanicus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops conrathii Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 356 (1895)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia
33 ARM GEO
species :
Echinops coriophyllus C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 5: 63, photo. 1 (1979)
Distribution: China (Jiangsu)
36 CHI
species :
Echinops cornigerus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 525 (1838)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Pakistan (Gilgit, Hunza, Astor, Baltistan, Skardu, Chitral); Nepal; N-India (Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand); Myanmar (Chin, Mandalay)
32 TZK UZB 40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops coriarius C.B.Clarke; Compos. Ind. 212 (1876)
= Echinops polygraphus Tscherneva; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. . 16: 52 (1961)
= Echinops tibeticus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 6: 404 (1863)
= Sphaerocephalus cornigerus (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops cyanocephalus Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 434 (1875)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus cyanocephalus (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops cyrenaicus Durand & Barratte; Fl. Libya. Prodr. 137 (1910)
Distribution: Libya
20 LBY
species :
Echinops dagestanicus Iljin; Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 4: 157 (1934)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Azerbaijan; Transcaucasus
33 AZE NCS
species :
Echinops dasyanthus Regel & Schmalh. ex Regel; Pl. Nov. Fedsch. 47 (1882)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus dasyanthus (Regel & Schmalh.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops davuricus Fisch. ex DC.; Prodr. 6: 523 (1837) (dahuricus auct.)
Distribution: Siberia (Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk); Russian Far East (Amur); China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi); Mongolia; North Korea
30 SIB 31 RFE 36 CHI 37 MON 38 NKO
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops davuricus var. angustilobus DC.; Prodr. 6: 523 (1837)
= Echinops davuricus var. latilobus DC.; Prodr. 6: 523 (1837)
= Echinops gmelinii Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 4: 45 (1833), nom. illeg.
= Echinops latifolius f. angustilobus (DC.) Kitag.; Neo-Lineam. Fl. Manshur.: 642 (1979)
= Echinops latifolius Tausch; Flora 11: 486 (1828)
= Echinops latifolius var. manshuricus (Kitag.) C.Y.Li; Clavis Pl. Chinae Bor.-Or. ed. 2 (ed. P. Y. Fu): 694 (1995)
= Echinops manshuricus Kitag.; J. Jap. Bot. 40: 135 (1965)
= Echinops pratensis Turcz. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 653 (1845)
= Echinops ritro Georgi; Bemerk. Reise Russ. Reich 1: 231 (1775), nom. illeg.
= Echinops ruthenicus Fisch. ex Besser; Enum. Pl. Volh.: 77 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Echinops sphaerocephalus Miq.; Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 182 (1866), nom. illeg.
= Spaerocephalus davuricus (Fisch. ex DC.) Kuntze ex Kom.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 25: 713 (1907), as ´dahuricus´
= Sphaerocephalus latifolius (Tausch) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops delicatus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 209 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops descendens Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 438 (1913)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq); Syria (Jazira)
34 IRQ SYR
species :
Echinops dichrous Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 431 (1875)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus dichrous (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops dissectus Kitag.; Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(2): 118 (1935)
Distribution: Russian Far East (Amur, Primorye); China (N-Hebei, SW-Heilongjiang, W-Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Shandong, Shanxi)
31 RFE 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops gmelini Kom.; Acta Hort. Petrop. 25: 713 (1907), non Ledeb.
species :
Echinops dubjanskyi Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 176 (1922)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
32 KAZ TKM UZB
species :
Echinops dumanii C.Vural; Turkish J. Bot. 34(6): 514 (2010)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
species :
Echinops ecbatanus Bornm. ex Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 32, t. 20. 71, f. 3 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops ecbatanus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 212 (1918) (nom. nud.)
species :
Echinops echinatus Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 62, Fl. Ind. 3: 447 (1832)
Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Karachi, Baluchistan, Kurram, Pakistani Punjab, Mirpur, Hunza, Baltistan); India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, West Bengal); Myanmar (widespread)
40 IND PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops spinosus Wall.; Numer. List no. 2985 (1831), nomen
= Serratula indica Russ. ex Wall.; Numer. List no. 2985 F (1831), nomen
= Sphaerocephalus echinatus (Roxb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops ellenbeckii O.Hoffm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 208 (1906)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Echinops elymaiticus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 207 (1918)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops emiliae O.Schwarz ex P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 69, f. 1. V (1956)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops endotrichos Rech.f.; Candollea 29: 129 (1974)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops erinaceus Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 124 (1995)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia; Oman; S-Yemen
35 OMA SAU YEM
species :
Echinops erioceras Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 207 (1918)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops eryngiifolius O.Hoffm.; Engl. Pflanzenw. Ost-Afr. C 419 (1895)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Uganda; Kenya
23 BUR RWA ZAI 25 KEN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bromeliifolius Baker; Hooker´s Icon. Pl. t. 2514 (1897)
= Echinops lineari-lancifolius De Wild.; Pl. Bequaert. 5: 448 (1932)
species :
Echinops exaltatus Schrad.; Hort. Götting. 15 (1809)
Name: Drüsenlose Kugeldistel, Hohe Kugeldistel (DE)
Distribution: England [I]; Denmark [I]; Norway [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Poland [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; Ukraine; Canada [I] (New Brunswick [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I]); USA [I] (Washington [I])
10 den grb nor swe 11 aut bgm cze ger lux net pol SLO 12 FRA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS ROM SLV SRB 14 UKR 72 cdn 73 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops commutatus f. sectatus A.T.Szabó; Ind. Sem. Not. Bot. Cluj, 1970: 68 (1971)
= Echinops commutatus Juratzka; Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 17 (1858)
= Echinops eglandulosus Schur; Enum. Pl. Transs. 426 (1866)
= Echinops exaltatus W.D.J.Koch; Syn. Fl. Germ. ed. II: 452 (1843)
= Echinops globifer Janka; Linnaea 30: 581 (1859)
= Echinops mollis Schur; Verh. Siebenb. Ver. Naturw. 4: 34 (1853)
= Echinops ritro Schkuhr; Bot. Handb. 3: t. 268 (1802), nom. illeg., non L.
= Echinops strictus Fisch. ex Sims; Bot. Mag. t. 2457 (1824)
= Sphaerocephalus commutatus (Jur.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
= Sphaerocephalus exaltatus (Schrad.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops fastigiatus Kamelin & Tscherneva; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 8: 243 (1971)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan
32 KAZ KGZ
species :
Echinops faucicola Rech.f.; Candollea 29: 130 (1974)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Echinops fedtschenkoi Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 177 (1922)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Echinops foliosus Sommier & Levier; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 16: 248 (1900)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Echinops fontqueri Pau; Font Quer, Iter. Maroc. (Sched.) 409 (1928), et Cavanillesia 2: 94 (1929)
Distribution: Morocco
20 MOR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bovei var. mekinensis Emb. & Maire
= Echinops maurus Maire; Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 22: 52 (1931)
= Echinops spinosissimus subsp. fontqueri (Pau) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
= Echinops spinosus subsp. fontqueri (Pau) Valdés; Lagascalia, 18(2): 306 (1996)
= Echinops spinosus var. maurus (Maire) Maire
= Echinops spinosus var. mekinensis (Emb. & Maire) Maire
species :
Echinops fraudator C.C.Towns.; Kew Bull. 43: 113, f. 1 (1988)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops armatus var. cryptadenus Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 44 (1979)
= Echinops armatus var. papillosus Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 45 (1979)
= Echinops kermanshahanicus var. papillosus (Rech.f.) Mozaff.; Iran. J. Bot. 11: 234 (2006)
= Echinops rechingeri var. cryptadenus (Rech.f.) Negaresh; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 302 (2019)
= Echinops rechingeri var. papillosus (Rech.f.) Negaresh; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 302 (2019)
species :
Echinops freitagii Rech.f.; Candollea, 29(1): 132 (1974)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Herat)
34 AFG IRN
species :
Echinops gaillardotii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 3: 38 (1856)
Distribution: Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel); Jordania (W-Jordania)
34 ISR JOR LEB
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus gaillardotii (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops galalensis Schweinf.; Asch. & Schweinf., Suppl. Ill. Fl. Egypte 2: 762 (1889)
Distribution: Libya; Egypt (Eastern Desert, NE-Egypt, SE-Egypt); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (Hejaz, Asir)
20 EGY LBY 34 SIN 35 SAU
species :
Echinops gedrosiacus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 218 (1918)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran, SW-Iran)
34 IRN
variant :
var. glaber Mozaff.; Fl. Iran [Assadi] 59: 294 (2008)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops ghoranus Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 23, t. 11, f. 1 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Ghorat, Herat)
34 AFG IRN
species :
Echinops giganteus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 449 (1848)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Tanzania
22 NGA 23 CMN RWA ZAI 24 ETH SSU 25 TAN UGA
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bequaertii De Wild.; Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 8(Suppl. Bot.): 3 (1920)
= Echinops brevisetus S.Moore; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 174 (1905)
= Echinops francinianus Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 165 (1951)
= Echinops kulsii Cufod.; Senck. Biol. 47: 260 (1966)
= Echinops negrii Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 9: 77 (1911)
= Echinops nistrii Pic.Serm.; Miss. Stud. Lago Tana 7: Ricerche Bot., Pt. 1, 167 (1951)
= Echinops ochroleucus Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133, 63 (1924)
= Echinops seretii De Wild.
= Echinops seretii var. setifer Mattf.
= Echinops velutinus O.Hoffm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 440 (1901)
= Sphaerocephalus giganteus (A.Rich.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops glaberrimus DC.; DC., Ann. Sci. Nat., ser. 2, 2: 260 (1834)
Distribution: Egypt (Eastern Desert); Israel (Rift Valley); Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Asir, Nejd Desert)
20 EGY 34 ISR JOR SIN 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops prescottii Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 525 (1838)
= Echinops spinosus Bové ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 525 (1838), nom. inval.
= Sphaerocephalus glaberrimus (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops glandulosopunctatus Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 24, t. 12. 69, f. 2 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops gmelinii Turcz.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 5: 195 (1832)
Distribution: Siberia (Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops turczaninovii Ledeb. ex Turcz.; Diss. Echin. 28 (1833)
= Sphaerocephalus gmelinii (Turcz.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops gracilis O.Hoffm.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 55: Mem., VIII. 42 (1908)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Chad; ?South Sudan; Uganda
22 NGA 23 CAF CMN ZAI 24 CHA 25 UGA
species :
Echinops graecus Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no. 4 (1768)
Distribution: Greece (S-Thessalia, Evvoia, Attiki, Argolis, Kiklades)
13 GRC
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops grandiflorus E.D.Clarke; Travels Eur. Asia & Africa 2: 452 (1811)
= Echinops lanuginosus Lam.; Encyc. 3: 317 (1786)
= Echinops tenuissimus Lindl.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 10: 19 (1840)
= Sphaerocephalus graecus (Mill.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops griffithianus Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. II. 3: 39 (1856)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghazni, Kabul, Kandahar, Wardak, Orozgan / Daykundi); Pakistan (Baluchistan, Quetta, Waziristan)
34 AFG 40 PAK
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus griffithianus (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops grijsii Hance; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 5, 5: 221 (1866)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S-Liaoning, Shandong, Zhejiang); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops cathayanus Kitag.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 50: 197 (1936)
species :
Echinops guineensis C.D.Adams; J. W. Afr. Sci. Assoc. 3: No. 1, 111 (1957)
Distribution: Guinea; Ivory Coast; Cameroon
22 GUI IVO 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops elegans Hutch. & Dalziel; Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 177 (1931) (nom. illeg.)
species :
Echinops haussknechtii Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 433 (1875), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops armatus Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 436 (1875) non Steven
= Echinops rechingeri Negaresh; Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 299 (2019), nom. nov. superfl.
= Sphaerocephalus armatus (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
= Sphaerocephalus haussknechtii (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops hebelepis DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 524 (1838)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus hebelepis (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
variant :
var. persepolitanus (Rech.f.) Parsa; Flore de l´Iran (Publ. Univ. Teheran 1777) 10: 76 (1980)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops persepolitanus Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 242 (1950)
species :
Echinops hedgei Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 120 (1995)
Distribution: N-Yemen
35 YEM
species :
Echinops heteromorphus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 406 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (NE-Iran: Mts.)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus heteromorphus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops heterophyllus P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 72, f. 1, II (1958)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN IRQ TUR
species :
Echinops himantophyllus Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133. 52 (1924)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; ?Chad
22 NGA 23 CMN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops rangei Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133, 53 (1924)
species :
Echinops hispidus Fresen.; Mus. Senckenb. 3: 68 (1845)
Distribution: Ethiopia; Eritrea; Kenya; Tanzania
24 ERI ETH 25 KEN TAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops chamaecephalus Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 448 (1848)
= Echinops gondarensis Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 9: 77 (1911)
= Sphaerocephalus chamaecephalus (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
= Sphaerocephalus hispidus (Fresen.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops hissaricus Rassulova & B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 530, 498 (1988)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Echinops hoehnelii Schweinf.; v. Hoehnel, Zum Rudolph See, Append. 11 (1892)
Distribution: D.R.Congo [Zaire]; Rwanda; Burundi; Ethiopia; Kenya; Tanzania
23 BUR RWA ZAI 24 ETH 25 KEN TAN
species :
Echinops hololeucus Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat., ci. 405 (1964)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghorat)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops humilis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 598 (1819)
Distribution: Siberia (Altai, Tuva); Kazakhstan; China (SW-Xinjiang); Mongolia
30 SIB 32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops dahuricus Trevir.; Index Seminum (Wratislaviensi) 1819: 2 (1819)
= Echinops eriophorus Steven ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 523 (1838)
= Echinops lanatus Steven ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 523 (1838)
= Echinops platylepis Trautv.; Echinope Gen.: 11 (1833)
= Sphaerocephalus humilis (M.Bieb.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops hussonii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 86 (1849)
Distribution: Egypt (SE-Egypt); Sudan; Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, S-Saudi Arabia: Rub to Khali, Asir, Nejd Desert); Yemen (Aden Desert)
20 EGY 24 SUD 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus hussonii (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops hystrichoides Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 124 (1995)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia; N-Yemen
35 SAU YEM
species :
Echinops illicifolius Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 403 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus ilicifolius (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops inermis Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 436 (1875)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus inermis (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops integrifolius Kar. & Kir.; Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 14: 446 (1841)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
32 KAZ 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus integrifolius Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops iranshahrii Rech.f.; Candollea 29: 124 (1974)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops jaxarticus Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: (1851) 350 (Lehm. Rel. 174), et Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 174 (1852)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus jaxarticus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops jesdianus Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mem. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 125 (1860)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus jesdianus (Boiss. & Buhse) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops kafirniganus Bobrov; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 27: 18, 714 (1962)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Echinops kandaharensis Rech.f. & Köie; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 8: No. 2 (Symb. Afgh. II.) 64 (1955)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Helmand, Kandahar, Nimroz, Paktia / Khost); Pakistan (Baluchistan)
34 AFG 40 PAK
species :
Echinops karatavicus Regel & Schmalh.; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 5: 256 (1877)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus karatavicus (Regel & Schmalh.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops kasakorum Pavlov; Vestn. Akad. Nauk Kazakhsk. S. S. R. 8: 21 (1950)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Echinops kazerunensis Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 211 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops kebericho Mesfin; Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg, 23b: 616 (1990)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
species :
Echinops keredjensis Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 89: 261 (1951)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops kermanshahanicus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 234 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops khansaricus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 214 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops khuzistanicus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 216 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops knorringianus Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 173 (1922)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Echinops kotschyi Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 6: 99 (1846)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops kurdicus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 6: 408 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus kurdicus (Bunge) Boiss. & Hausskn.; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops lalesarensis Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 202 (1918)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops lanatus C.Jeffrey & Mesfin; Kew Bull. 45(2): 351 (1990)
Distribution: Cameroon; Uganda; Kenya; Tanzania
23 CMN 25 KEN TAN UGA
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
species :
Echinops laricus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 219 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops lasiolepis Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 379 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops leiopolyceras Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36 2: 208 (1918)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., SW-Iran)
32 TKM UZB 34 IRN
species :
Echinops leiopolyceroides Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 221 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops leucographus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 406 (1863)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., S-Iran, SW-Iran); Afghanistan (Balkh, Ghorat, Herat, Nangarhar, Samangan)
32 TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops kermanensis Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 60: E. 198 (1939), pro syn.
= Sphaerocephalus leucographus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops lipskyi Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 97 (1923)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Echinops longifolius A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 452, t. 61 (1848)
Distribution: Guinea; Mali; Mali; Burkina Faso; Ivory Coast; Ivory Coast; Ghana; Togo; Benin; Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic; D.R.Congo [Zaire]; S-Chad; Sudan; South Sudan; Ethiopia; Uganda; Kenya (mountains); Tanzania
22 BEN BKN GHA GUI IVO MLI NGA TOG 23 CAF CMN ZAI 24 CHA ETH SSU SUD 25 KEN TAN UGA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bathrophyllus Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133, 58 (1924)
= Echinops luckii R.E.Fr.; Act. Hort. Berg. 8: 43 (1925)
= Echinops luckii var. pinnatiloba Mattf.
= Echinops otarus Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 55 (1924)
= Echinops schweinfurthii Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 54 (1924)
= Echinops serratifolius Sch.Bip.; Linnaea 19: 322 (1846), in obs., et Pollichia, 18-19: 185 (1861)
= Sphaerocephalus longifolius (A.Rich.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops longipenicillatus Mozaff. & Ghahr.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 140(2): 181 (2002)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops longisetus A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 450 (1848)
Distribution: Ethiopia
24 ETH
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops hoffmannianus Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133. 66 (1924)
= Echinops steudneri O.Hoffm.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 476 (1898)
= Sphaerocephalus longisectus (A.Rich.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops macrochaetus Fresen.; Mus. Senckenb. 3: 69 (1840)
Distribution: Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Djibouti; Sinai peninsula (S-Sinai)
24 DJI ERI ETH SUD 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus macrochaetus (Fresen.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops macrophyllus Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 426 (1875)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (SW-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus macrophyllus (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
variant :
var. laciniatus Mozaff.; Fl. Iran [Assadi] 59: 341 (2008)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
variant :
var. papillosus Mozaff.; Fl. Iran [Assadi] 59: 343 (2008)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops malacophyllus Rech.f.; K. Danske Vid. Selsk., Biol. Skrift. 8: No. 2 (Symb. Afgh. II.) 66 (1955)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kabul)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops mandavillei Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 122 (1995)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Echinops maracandicus Bunge; Mem. Sav. Etr. Petersb. 7: (1851) 351 (Rel. Lehm. 175), et Beitr. Fl. Russl.: 175 (1852)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KGZ TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus maracandicus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops melitenensis Hedge & Hub.-Mor.; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33: 237, f. 4 (1974)
Distribution: Turkey (E-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops mersinensis Gemici & Leblebici; Candollea 47: 597, f. 1 (1992)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops microcephalus Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 2: 209 (1813)
Name: Kleinköpfige Kugeldistel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (scattered on mainland); East Aegaean Isl. (Chios, Samos, Kos, Nisyros, Tilos); Turkey (Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia)
11 ger 13 ALB BUL CRO GRC KOS NMA ROM SRB TUE 34 EAI TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops dumosus Pancic ex Hayek; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30: 11. 688 (1931)
= Sphaerocephalus microcephalus (Sm.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops mildbraedii Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133, 49 (1924)
Distribution: Nigeria; Cameroon; Central African Republic
22 NGA 23 CAF CMN
Conservation Status: IUCN NT (Cameroon)
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops lanceolatus Mattf.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 59: Beibl. 133, 51 (1924)
species :
Echinops multicaulis Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 286 (1937)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Echinops nanus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 6(4): 411 (1863)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Wakhan); China (Xinjiang); Mongolia
32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 34 AFG 36 CHI 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus nanus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops nitens Bornm.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 13: 7 (1913)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Echinops niveus Wall. ex DC.; Prodr. 6. 526 (1838)
Distribution: Pakistan (Hazara, Murree); Nepal; India (Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Garhwal, Jammu & Kashmir); Myanmar (Mandalay)
40 IND NEP PAK 41 MYA
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops niveus Wall.; Numer. List no. 2686 (1830)
= Sphaerocephalus niveus (Wall. ex DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops nizvanus Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 76, t. 57. 82, f. 2 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops nuratavicus A.D.Li; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 24: 201 (1987)
Distribution: Uzbekistan
32 UZB
species :
Echinops obliquilobus Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 3: 180 (1922)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
species :
Echinops onopordum P.H.Davis; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 73, f. 1, III (1956)
Distribution: Turkey (SW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops opacifolius Iljin; Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 4: 159 (1934)
Distribution: Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Transcaucasus
33 AZE
species :
Echinops orientalis Trautv.; Echin. Gen. 22 (1833)
Distribution: European Turkey; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
13 TUE 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 IRN IRQ TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops byzantinus Formánek; Verh. naturf. Ver. Brünn 29: 129 (1890 publ. 1891)
= Echinops elatus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 6: 407 (1863)
= Echinops horridus Desf.; Cat. Pl. Horti Paris 1: 94 (1812), nomen
= Echinops orientalis subsp. byzantinus (Formánek) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 41 (1975)
= Sphaerocephalus horridus (Desf.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops ossicus K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 380 (1851)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia)
33 AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops colchicus Sosn. ex Kem.-Nath.; Bull. Mus. Georgie 4: 138 (1927 publ. 1928)
= Echinops galaticus Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 355 (1895)
= Sphaerocephalus ossicus (K.Koch) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops oxyodontus Bornm. & Diels; Magyar Bot. Lapok 17: 42 (1919)
Distribution: North Macedonia; Bulgaria
13 BUL NMA
species :
Echinops pabotii Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 46, t. 33 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops pachyphyllus Rech.f.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 72: 280, t. 13, f. a (1959)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops pannosus Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 244 (1950)
Distribution: Turkey (SSW-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops pappii Chiov.; Ann. Bot., Roma 9: 76 (1911)
Distribution: Mali; Ghana; Niger; Nigeria; ?Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad (incl. Ennedi); Sudan; Ethiopia; Eritrea; Somalia; Kenya; Saudi Arabia (Asir); Yemen (W-Yemen)
22 GHA MLI NGA NGR 23 CAF 24 CHA ERI ETH SOM SUD 25 KEN 35 SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops boranensis Lanza; Miss. Biol. Borana, Racc. Bot., Angiosp. Gymnosp. 267 (1939)
= Echinops spinosus var. homoiolepis Chiov.; Ann. R. Ist. Bot. Roma 8: 193 (1904)
= Echinops boranensis var. minor Cufod.; N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. s. 50: 115 (1943)
species :
Echinops paradoxus Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 246 (1950)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Ghazni, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops parviflorus Boiss. & Buhse; Nouv. Mém. Soc. Nat. Moscou 12: 124 (1860)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (EC-Iran, W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus parviflorus (Boiss. & Buhse) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops pathanorum Rech.f.; Candollea, 29(1): 125 (1974)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan, Paktia / Khost)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops phaeocephalus Hand.-Mazz.; Ann. Naturh. Mus. Wien 27: 439, f. 3, no. 1, t. 18, f. 11 (1913)
Distribution: Turkey (SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops philistaeus Feinbrun & Zohary; Feinbrun & Fertig, Israel J. Bot. 25: 82 (1976)
Distribution: Israel (coastal W-Israel)
34 ISR
species :
Echinops polyacanthus Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 102 (1923)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Turkey
33 ARM GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops pungens var. polyacanthus (Iljin) Hedge; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 430 (1975)
species :
Echinops polyceras Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 85 (1849)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, W-Iraq: Desert); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel, N-Negev Desert, Judean Desert, Negev Desert); Jordania (S-Jordania); Saudi Arabia (NE-Saudi Arabia)
34 IRQ ISR JOR LEB SYR 35 SAU
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops blancheanus Boiss.; Fl. Orient. 3: 430 (1875)
= Echinops lasioclinius Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 89 (1849)
= Sphaerocephalus polyceras (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops polychromus Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 88: 262 (1951)
Distribution: Iran (SW-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops polygamus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 405 (1863)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (Nachichevan); Iran (EC-Iran)
33 ARM AZE 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops grossheimii Iljin; Grossh., Fl. Kavkaza 4: 160. (1934)
= Sphaerocephalus polygamus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops praetermissus Nevski; Acta Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S., Ser. I. Fasc. 4, 286 (1937)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TKM TZK UZB
species :
Echinops prionolepis Bornm. & Mattf.; Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 15: 116 (1940)
Distribution: Pakistan (Astor); NW-India (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttarakhand)
40 IND PAK
species :
Echinops procerus Mozaff.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 140(2): 183 (2002)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops przewalskii Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada SSSR 4: 108 (1923)
Distribution: China (C-Gansu, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, SE-Shandong, Shanxi, N-Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Echinops psammophilus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 236 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops pseudomaracandicus Rassulova & B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 529, 498 (1988)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Echinops pseudosetifer Kitag.; Rept. First Sci. Exped. Manchoukuo 4(2): 120 (1935)
Distribution: China (Hebei, Shanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Echinops pubisquameus Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 175 (1923)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Echinops pungens Trautv.; Echin. Gen. 18 (1833)
Name: Stechende Kugeldistel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; ?Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia); Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
11 ger 33 ARM AZE GEO 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bornmuelleri Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Z. 97: 238 (1950)
= Echinops heldreichii Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 1, 10: 84 (1849)
= Echinops persicus Steven & Fisch. ex Fisch.; Cat. Jard. Gorenki ed. 2: 37 (1812), nomen
= Sphaerocephalus heldreichii (Boiss.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
= Sphaerocephalus pungens (Trautv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops quercetorum Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 14(2): 87 (2008)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops raddeanus Sommier & Levier; Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2: 90 (1895)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]
33 GEO
species :
Echinops rahiminejadii Negaresh; Taxon. Biosyst. 10(34): 4 (2018), nom. nov.
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops kurdicus Boiss. & Hausskn. ex Boiss.; Fl. Orient. (Boiss.) 3. 437 (1875)
species :
Echinops rajasthanensis R.P.Pandey & V.Singh; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 21(2): 467 (1997)
Distribution: India (Rajasthan)
40 IND
Remarks: status unconfirmed
species :
Echinops rectangularis Rech.f.; Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 72: 280, t. 13, f. b (1959)
Distribution: Iraq (NE-Iraq)
34 IRQ
species :
Echinops registanicus Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat., cv. 5 (1969)
Distribution: Afghanistan (Farah, Kandahar)
34 AFG
species :
Echinops reticulatus E.A.Bruce; Kew Bull. 32 (1947)
Distribution: Uganda
25 UGA
species :
Echinops ritro L.; Sp. Pl. 815 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. ritro
Name: Glattblättrige Kugeldistel (DE); Small Globe-thistle (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Poland; Slovakia; Spain; France; +Monaco; Italy; Sicily; Malta; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece (widespread on mainland); Estonia; Latvia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (Central Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Mongolia
11 AUT ger POL SLO 12 FRA MCO SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MLT MNT NMA ROM SIC SLV SRB TUE 14 EST KRY LAT MLD RUS UKR 32 KAZ TKM 33 ARM AZE NCS 34 TUR 37 MON
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops australis Ten. ex Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 399 (1879)
= Echinops crispus S.R.Majorov; Opred. Sosud. Rast. Orenburgskoi Oblasti: 647 (2009), rossice
= Echinops elegans Bertol.; Fl. Ital. 9: 513 (1854)
= Echinops minor St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 413 (1889)
= Echinops pauciflorus Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 2 (1779)
= Echinops polycephalus Gouan ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 537 (1840)
= Echinops ritro subsp. thracicus (Velen.) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 42 (1975)
= Echinops ritro var. tenuifolius DC.; Prodr. 6: 524 (1837)
= Echinops tauricus Willd. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Altaic. 4: 44 (1833)
= Echinops tenuifolius Fisch. ex Schkuhr; Handb. 3: 181 (1808)
= Echinops thracicus Velen.; Sitz. Boehm. Gen. Wiss. 2: 49 (1890), et Vestnika 49
= Echinops virgatus Lam.; Encyc. 2: 287 (1786)
= Echinopus ritro (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 121 (1771), orth. var.
= Sphaerocephalus ritro (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
variant :
var. elbursensis (Rech.f.) Parsa; Flore de l´Iran (Publ. Univ. Teheran 1777) 10: 84 (1980)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops elbursensis Rech.f.; Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 97: 239 (1950)
variant :
var. meyeri DC.; Prodr. 6: 524 (1837)
Distribution: E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Siberia (W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan
14 RUS 30 SIB 32 KAZ UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops ritro subsp. meyeri (DC.) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 42 (1975)
= Echinops meyeri (DC.) Iljin; Bull. Jard. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S.. 1931. 30: 343 (1932)
variant :
var. ruthenicus (M.Bieb.) Schrad.; 30 (1827)
Name: Southern globe-thistle (EN), Ruthenische Kugeldistel (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Montenegro; Serbia; Kosovo; Romania; Bulgaria; Greece; Latvia; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; S-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); ?Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); China (Xinjiang); USA [I] (New York [I], Washington [I])
11 AUT CZE ger HUN SLO 13 BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS MNT ROM SLV SRB 14 KRY LAT MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 33 ARM AZE NCS 36 CHI 73 usa 75 usa
Remarks: since the distributions overlap almost completely and the differences are obscure, it is probably best to treat this as variety.
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops ritro subsp. sartorianus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 42 (1975)
= Echinops ritro subsp. ruthenicus (M.Bieb.) Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur. 2: 399 (1879)
= Echinops ruthenicus M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 3: 597 (1819)
= Echinops sartorianus Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 97 (1846)
subspecies :
subsp. siculus (Strobl) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Italy; Sicily; Malta; NW-Greece (Korfu)
13 GRC ITA MLT SIC
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops siculus Strobl; Flora 65: 505 (1882)
species :
Echinops ritrodes Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 407 (1863)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
32 TKM 34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops kerneri Heimerl ex Stapf; Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 50: 61 (1885)
= Sphaerocephalus ritrodes (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops robustus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Pétersb. 6: 405 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., SW-Iran)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus robustus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops rubromontanus Kamelin ex Rassulova & B.A.Sharipova; Fl. Tadzhikskoi SSR 9: 530, 501 (1988)
Distribution: Tajikistan
32 TZK
species :
Echinops sabzevarensis Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 223 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops sahyadricus S.More, F.Conti & H.S.Bhosale; Nordic J. Bot. 38(10)-e02860: 2 (2020)
Distribution: India (Maharashtra)
40 IND
species :
Echinops saissanicus (B.Keller) Bobrov; Kom., Fl. U.R.S.S. 27: 51 (1962)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops gordjaginii var. saissanicus B.Keller
species :
Echinops saksonovii Vasjukov; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 106(11): 1127 (2021)
Distribution: E-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Echinops setifer Iljin; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada SSSR 4: 108 (1923)
Distribution: China (Henan, Shandong); North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NKO
species :
Echinops shahrudensis Mozaff. & Ghahr.; J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 140(2): 186 (2002)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops shakrokii S.A.Ahmad; Harvard Pap. Bot. 24(2): 71 (2019)
Distribution: Iraq
34 IRQ
species :
Echinops sheilae Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 118 (1995)
Distribution: Saudi Arabia
35 SAU
species :
Echinops shulabadensis Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 225 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops sintenisii Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 353 (1895)
Distribution: Turkey (NE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
species :
Echinops sojakii Rech.f.; Fl. Iranica 139a: 12 (1979)
Distribution: Iran (S-Iran)
34 IRN
species :
Echinops sphaerocephalus L.; Sp. Pl. 814 (1753)
subspecies :
subsp. sphaerocephalus
Name: Drüsige Kugeldistel (DE), Great globe-thistle (EN)
Distribution: England [I]; Sweden [I]; Netherlands [I]; Belgium [I]; Luxembourg [I]; Germany [I]; Switzerland; Liechtenstein; Austria; Poland; Czech Republic; Slovakia; Hungary; Spain; Andorra; France; Italy; Slovenia; Croatia; Bosnia & Hercegovina; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Romania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; Belarus; C-European Russia; E-European Russia; NW-European Russia (incl. Kaliningrad region); S-European Russia; Moldova; Ukraine; Crimea; Siberia (Altai, Krasnoyarsk, W-Siberia); Kazakhstan; Northern Caucasus; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan); Turkey (NW-Anatolia: Bithynia); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Xinjiang); Australia [I] (New South Wales [I]); Canada (Manitoba [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Iowa [I], Kentucky [I], Maine [I], Maryland [I], Massachusetts [I], Michigan [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Pennsylvania [I], Vermont [I], Virginia [I], Washington [I], West Virginia [I], Wisconsin [I])
10 grb swe 11 AUT bgm CZE ger HUN LIE lux net POL SLO SWI 12 ADO FRA SPA 13 ALB BIH BUL CRO ITA KOS NMA ROM SLV SRB TUE 14 BLR est KRY lat lit MLD RUS UKR 30 SIB 32 KAZ 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 50 aus 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops altaicus DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 524 (1838)
= Echinops cirsiifolius (K.Koch) Grossh.
= Echinops erevanensis Mulk.
= Echinops giganteus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 524 (1838)
= Echinops horridus Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 367 (1822)
= Echinops macedonicus Formánek; Verh. Naturf. Vereins Brünn 32: 166 (1894)
= Echinops major St.-Lag.; A. Cariot, Étude Fl., éd. 8 2: 412 (1889)
= Echinops maximus Siev. ex Pall.; Neueste B. Nord. Beytr. Phys. Geogr. Erd- Volkerbeschreib. 3: 323 (1796)
= Echinops multiflorus Lam.; Fl. Franc. 2: 2 (1779)
= Echinops paniculatus J.Jacq.; Ecl. Pl. Rar.: t. 9 (1811)
= Echinops ritro Gueldenst. ex Ledeb.; Fl. Ross. 2: 655 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Echinops rochelianus var. cirsiifolius K.Koch
= Echinops sphaerocephalus f. albidus Hegi; 809 (1928)
= Echinops sphaerocephalus f. microcephalus A.T.Szabó; Ind. Sem, Not. Bot., Cluj, 1970: 68 (1971)
= Echinops strigosus M.Bieb.; Tabl. Prov. Mer Casp.: 211 (1798)
= Echinops tauricus Willd. ex Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2(1): 538 (1840)
= Echinops villosus DC.; Prodr [A. DC.] 6: 524 (1838)
= Echinopus sphaerocephalus (L.) Scop.; Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 121 (1771), orth. var.
= Sphaerocephalus multiflorus (Lam.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
variant :
var. koelzii (Rech.f.) Parsa; Flore de l´Iran (Publ. Univ. Teheran 1777) 10: 76 (1980)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan)
34 IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops koelzii Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Nat. 89: 259 (1951)
subspecies :
subsp. albidus (Boiss. & Spruner) Maire & Petitm.; Bull. Séances Soc. Sci. Nancy, sér. 3, 9: 362 (1908)
Distribution: Italy; Croatia; Serbia; Kosovo; North Macedonia; Albania; Bulgaria; European Turkey; Greece
13 ALB BUL CRO GRC ITA KOS NMA SRB TUE
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops albidus Boiss. & Spruner; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 97 (1846)
= Echinops sphaerocephalus subsp. albidus (Boiss. & Spruner) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71. 41 (1975), isonym
subspecies :
subsp. taygeteus (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71. 41 (1975)
Distribution: S-Greece (mountains of Peloponnisos)
13 GRC
Remarks: probably only a high altitude variety
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops taygeteus Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 98 (1846)
species :
Echinops spiniger Iljin; Fl. Turkm. 7: 379 (1960)
Distribution: Turkmenistan
32 TKM
species :
Echinops spinosissimus Turra; Farset. Nov. Gen. 13 (1765)
subspecies :
subsp. spinosissimus
Name: Drüsenhaarige Kugeldistel (DE); Spiny Globe-thistle (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece (Ionian Isl., Korfu, Kithira, widespread Kiklades, very rare on mainland); Crete; Egypt (Eastern Desert, Great Southwestern Desert, NE-Egypt, NW-coastal Egypt, SE-Egypt); N-Chad (Tibesti); East Aegaean Isl. (widespread, incl. Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq); Iran (W-Iran); Cyprus (C-Mountains, N-Cyprus, W-Cyprus); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (coastal W-Syria, C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, Jbel Druze, W-Syrian Mountains); Israel (Rift Valley, N-Israel); Sinai peninsula (C-Sinai, N-Sinai, S-Sinai); Saudi Arabia (C-Saudi Arabia, NE-Saudi Arabia, N-Saudi Arabia, Hejaz, Midyan, Asir, Nejd Desert); Oman (Dhofar, Mascat & Oman); Yemen (coastal Hadhramaut, Inner Hadhramaut, N-Inner Yemen, SW-Yemen, W-Yemen)
13 GRC KRI TUE 20 EGY 24 CHA 34 CYP EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SIN SYR TUR 35 OMA SAU YEM
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bicolor Nábelek; Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 52: 28 (1925)
= Echinops connatus K.Koch; Linnaea 24: 380 (1851)
= Echinops creticus Boiss. & Heldr.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 87 (1849)
= Echinops freynianus Bornm.; Feddes Repert. Beih. 89: 351 (1944)
= Echinops glandulosus E.Weiss; Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges. Wien 18: 433 (1868)
= Echinops macrochaetus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. Ser. I. 10: 85 (1849)
= Echinops sphaerocephalus Sm.; Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. 9: t. 923 (1839), nom. illeg.
= Echinops spinosissimus Freyn; Bull. Herb. Boiss. 3: 354 (1895)
= Echinops spinosus d´Urv.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 374 (1822), nom. illeg.
= Echinops spinosus L.; Mantissa 119 (1767), nom. nov. illeg.
= Echinops syriacus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 84 (1849)
= Echinops viscosus DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 525 (1838) non Schrad. ex Rchb.
= Echinops viscosus subsp. glandulosus (E.Weiss) Rech.f.; Fl. Aegaea: 641 (1943)
= Sphaerocephalus spinosus (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
= Sphaerocephalus viscosus (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
subspecies :
subsp. bithynicus (Boiss.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Name: Bithynische Kugeldistel (DE); Bithynian Globe-thistle (EN)
Distribution: European Turkey; Greece (incl. Kiklades); Crete; East Aegaean Isl. (incl. Rhodos); Turkey; Iran; Cyprus
13 GRC KRI TUE 34 CYP EAI IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops bithynicus Boiss.; Diagn. Ser. I. 6: 100 (1846)
= Echinops spinosissimum subsp. bithynicus (Boiss.) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 41 (1975), comb. inval.
= Echinops viscosus subsp. bithynicus (Boiss.) Rech.f.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Denkschr. 105(1): 641 (1944)
subspecies :
subsp. macrolepis (Boiss.) Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Lebanon; Syria; Israel; Jordania
34 ISR JOR LEB SYR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops viscosus subsp. macrolepis (Boiss.) Feinbrun; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 35(2): 244 (1977)
= Echinops viscosus var. macrolepis Boiss.; Fl. Orient., Suppl.: 304 (1888)
subspecies :
subsp. neumayeri (Vis.) Kozuharov; Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 71: 41 (1975)
Distribution: Croatia; Albania
13 ALB CRO
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops neumayeri Vis.; Fl. Slovenia (Dalmatia). 2: 25. t. 10. ter. (1847)
subspecies :
subsp. spinosus Greuter; Willdenowia 33: 49-61 (2003)
Distribution: Isole Pelagie (Lampedusa); Morocco; Western Sahara; Algeria; Tunisia; Libya; Egypt; Mauritania; Cameroon; Chad; Sinai peninsula
13 PEL 20 ALG EGY LBY MOR TUN WSA 22 MTN 23 CMN 24 CHA 34 SIN
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops chaetocephalus Pomel; Nouv. Mat. Fl. Atl.: 272 (1875), as ´choetocephalus´
= Echinops echinophorus Boiss.; Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 87 (1849)
= Echinops spinosissimus subsp. chaetocephalus (Batt.) Sennen & Mauricio; (1933)
= Echinops spinosus var. chaetocephalus Batt.
= Echinops tunetanus Vahl ex Vitman; Summa Pl. 5: 175 (1791)
species :
Echinops strigosus L.; Sp. Pl. 815 (1753)
Name: Striegelhaarige Kratzdistel
Distribution: Portugal; Spain; Italy; Morocco; Algeria; Tunisia
12 POR SPA 13 ITA 20 ALG MOR TUN
Synonyms: hidden
= Psectra strigosa (L.) Tomsovic; Preslia 69(1): 33 (1997)
= Sphaerocephalus strigosus (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops sulaimanii Rech.f.; Candollea, 29(1): 126 (1974)
Distribution: Pakistan
40 PAK
species :
Echinops sylvicola C.Shih; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 5: 68, photo. 2 (1979)
Distribution: China (Xinjiang)
36 CHI
species :
Echinops szovitsii Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 6: 525 (1838)
Distribution: Armenia; Azerbaijan (incl. Nachichevan)
33 ARM AZE
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus szowitsii (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops taeckholmianus Amin; Candollea 42: 41 1, f. 2 (1987)
Distribution: Egypt (Nile Delta)
20 EGY
species :
Echinops taftanicus Mozaff. & Ghahr.; Pakistan J. Bot. 34(1): 23 (2002)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops talassicus Golosk.; Bot. Mater. Gerb. Inst. Bot. Akad. Nauk Kazahsk. SSR 3: 52 (1965)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ KGZ 36 CHI
species :
Echinops tataricus Knjaz.; Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 49: 133 (2018)
Distribution: E-European Russia
14 RUS
species :
Echinops tenuisectus Rech.f.; Anz. Österr. Akad. Wiss. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 101: 16 (1964)
Distribution: Iraq (NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (W-Iran)
34 IRN IRQ
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops disfulensis Bornm.; Danish Sci. Invest. Iran 4: 22 (1945)
= Echinops tenerrimus Bornm.; Danish Sci. Invest. Iran 4: 20 (1945)
species :
Echinops tjanschanicus Bobrov; Fl. U.R.S.S. 27: 714-715 (1962)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; China (Xinjiang)
32 KAZ TZK 36 CHI
species :
Echinops tournefortii Ledeb. ex Trautv.; Diss. Echin. Gen. 21, f. 7 (1833)
Distribution: Azerbaijan; Turkey (E-Anatolia); Iran (Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran)
33 AZE 34 IRN TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus tournefortii (Ledeb. ex Trautv.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops transcaspicus Bornm.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36: 11227 (1918)
Distribution: Turkmenistan; Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Faryab)
32 TKM TZK 34 AFG
species :
Echinops transcaucasicus Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Petrop. 4: 104 (1923)
Distribution: Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Turkey
33 ARM AZE GEO 34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Echinops iljinii Mulk.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 18: 291 (1957)
= Echinops karabachensis Mulk.; Proc. Acad. Sci. Armen. SSR 12: No. 1, 27 (1950), reimpr.
= Echinops pungens var. transcaucasicus (Iljin) Hedge; Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh, 33(3): 430 (1975)
= Echinops sevanensis Mulk.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. U.R.S.S. 18: 294 (1957)
species :
Echinops transiliensis Golosk.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. Kasachst. 3: 49 (1965)
Distribution: Kazakhstan
32 KAZ
species :
Echinops tricholepis Schrenk; Enum. Pl. 1: 47 (1841)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; China (NW-Xinjiang)
32 KAZ 36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus tricholepis (Schrenk) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops tschimganicus B.Fedtsch.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 122 (1911)
Distribution: Kazakhstan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
32 KAZ KGZ TZK UZB
species :
Echinops vaginatus Boiss. & Hausskn.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 437 (1875)
Distribution: Turkey (S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
34 TUR
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus vaginatus (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops villosissimus Bunge; Bull. Acad. Sci. Petersb. 6: 406 (1863)
Distribution: Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts.); Afghanistan (Herat)
34 AFG IRN
Synonyms: hidden
= Sphaerocephalus villosissimus (Bunge) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 366 (1891)
species :
Echinops viridifolius Iljin; Not. Syst. Herb. Hort. Peptrop. 4: 103 (1923)
Distribution: Northern Caucasus
33 NCS
species :
Echinops viscidulus Mozaff.; Iranian J. Bot. 11(2): 228 (2006)
Distribution: Iran
34 IRN
species :
Echinops wakhanicus Rech.f.; Candollea, 29(1): 127 (1974)
Distribution: Tajikistan; Afghanistan (Badakshan, Wakhan, Bamyan, Parwan)
32 TZK 34 AFG
species :
Echinops yemenicus Kit Tan; Ann. Bot. Fenn. 32(2): 118 (1995)
Distribution: N-Yemen
35 YEM
species :
Echinops ×pellenzianus Hügin & W.Lohmeyer; Willdenowia 23(1-2): 85 (1993)
Distribution: Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz); etc.
11 GER
Remarks: Echinops exaltatus x sphaerocephalus
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.3 (June 16th, 2024)

Covering 355,120 accepted species,
8,650 hybrids, 47,763 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,061 synonyms,
in total 1,408,594* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life