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Ver. 18.4
Feb. 11th, 2024

513.0000 Family Asteraceae Dumort.; Comment. Bot. 55 (1822)
1620 genera, ca. 29.000 spp. (35.000 spp. incl. microspecies). Systematics taken mostly from Funk et al. (2009, 2020) and other recent publications
Species listed in database: 35205; hybrids: 668
= Acarnaceae Link; (1829)
= Ambrosiaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820), nom. cons.
= Anthemidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Aposeridaceae Raf.; New Fl. N. Amer. 4: 106 (1838)
= Arctotaceae Bessey; Nebraska Univ. Stud. 14: 107 (1914)
= Arctotidaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Artemisiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 48 (1820)
= Athanasiaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 56 (1820)
= Calendulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Carduaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Carlinaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Centaureaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Cichoriaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 168 (1789), nom. cons.
= Cnicaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 297 (1818)
= Compositae Giseke; Prael. Ord. Nat. Pl.: 538 (1792), nom. cons.
= Coreopsidaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 768 (1829)
= Cynaraceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 926, 931, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Echinopaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 255 (1820)
= Eupatoriaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 253 (1820)
= Gnaphaliaceae Link ex F.Rudolphi; Syst. Orb. Veg.: 46 (1830)
= Grindeliaceae Rchb. ex A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 330 (1907)
= Heleniaceae Raf.; Cincinnati Lit. Gaz. 2: 28 (1824)
= Helianthaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Helichrysaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 712 (1829)
= Inulaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Ivaceae Raf.; Fl. Tellur. 1: 31 (1837)
= Lactucaceae Drude; J. A. Schenk, Handb. Bot. 3(2): 369 (1886)
= Lapsanaceae Martinov; (1820)
= Madiaceae A.Heller; Muhlenbergia 2: 332 (1907)
= Matricariaceae Voigt; Hort. Suburb. Calcutt.: 400 (1845)
= Mutisiaceae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 934, 935, 1094, 1111 (1835)
= Nassauviaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 290 (1836)
= Partheniaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 816 (1829)
= Perdiciaceae Link; Handbuch 1: 728 (1829)
= Picridaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 482 (1820)
= Santolinaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 560 (1820)
= Senecionaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Serratulaceae Martinov; Tekhno-Bot. Slovar: 577 (1820)
= Tanacetaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Tussilagaceae Bercht. & J.Presl; Prir. Rostlin: 254 (1820)
= Vernoniaceae Burmeist.; Handb. Naturgesch.: 296 (1836)
= Xanthiaceae Vest; Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 273, 298 (1818)
= Xeranthemaceae Döll; Rhein. Fl.: 498 (1843)
513.9447 Genus Eclipta L.; Mant. 2: 157 (1771)
Distribution: tropics and subtropics
Species listed in database: 10
= Abasoloa La Llave; La Llave & Lex., Nov. Veg. Descr. 1: 11 (1824)
= Clipteria Raf.; New Fl. 2: 44 (1837)
= Ecliptica Rumph. ex Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891), nom. superfl.
= Eupatoriophalacron Mill.; Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4.: s.p. (1754), nom. rej.
= Micrelium Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 152 (1775)
= Paleista Raf.; New Fl. 2: 43 (1837)
= Polygyne Phil.; Linnaea 33: 170 (1864)
species :
Eclipta alatocarpa Melville; Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Austral. 83: 77 (1960)
Distribution: Australia (Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.; Pl. Jáv. Rar. 528 (1848)
Name: Mehlblume (DE); False Daisy (EN); Bhangra, Cogolala (Trinidad & Tobago)
Distribution: Portugal [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Sardinia [I]; Italy [I]; Sicily [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; Greece [I]; Ukraine [I]; Morocco [I]; Egypt [I] (Desert Oases [I], Great Southwestern Desert [I], Nile Delta [I], Nile Valley [I], NW-coastal Egypt [I]); Madeira [I] (Madeira Isl. [I]); Canary Isl. [I] (Gran Canaria [I]); Cape Verde Isl. [I] (Ilha de Sao Tiago [I], Ilha Brava [I]); Mauritania [I]; Mauritania [I]; Senegal [I]; Guinea-Bissau [I]; Guinea [I]; Mali [I]; Burkina Faso [I]; Ivory Coast [I]; Togo [I]; Benin [I]; Cameroon [I]; Bioko Isl. [Fernando Poo] [I]; Principe Isl. [I]; São Tomé [I]; Annobon Isl. [I]; Gabon [I]; Congo [Brazzaville] [I]; Central African Republic [I]; Chad [I]; Sudan [I]; South Sudan [I]; Ethiopia [I]; Eritrea [I]; Djibouti [I]; Soqotra [I]; Angola [I]; Zambia [I]; Zimbabwe [I]; Mozambique [I]; Namibia [I]; Botswana [I]; South Africa [I]; Eswatini [Swaziland] [I]; Madagascar [I]; Mauritius [I]; La Réunion [I]; Rodrigues [I]; Chagos Arch. [I] (Diego Garcia [I]); Azerbaijan [I]; East Aegaean Isl. [I] (incl. Rhodos [I]); Turkey [I] (S-Anatolia [I], SSW-Anatolia [I]); Iraq [I] (NW-Iraq [I], SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia [I]); Iran [I] (N-Iran [I], S-Iran [I], W-Iran [I]); Afghanistan [I]; Lebanon [I] (coastal W-Lebanon [I]); Syria [I] (C-Syrian Desert [I]); Israel [I] (Rift Valley [I]); Saudi Arabia [I] (NE-Saudi Arabia [I], Hejaz [I], Asir [I]); Bahrain [I]; Qatar [I]; Oman [I] (Dhofar [I]); Yemen [I] (Aden Desert [I], SW-Yemen [I], Tihama [I], W-Yemen [I]); China [I] (Anhui [I], Gansu [I], Fujian [I], Guangxi [I], Guizhou [I], Hebei [I], Henan [I], Hubei [I], Hunan [I], Jilin [I], Jiangsu [I], Jiangxi [I], Liaoning [I], Shandong [I], Shanxi [I], Shaanxi [I], Sichuan [I], Yunnan [I], Zhejiang [I]); South Korea [I]; Japan (Honshu [I], Shikoku [I], Kyushu [I]); Ryukyu Isl. [I]; Taiwan [I]; India [I] (widespread); Bangladesh [I]; Myanmar [I]; Christmas Isl. [Austr.] [I]; Australia [I] (Northern Territory [I], Queensland [I], New South Wales [I]); New Caledonia [I]; Rotuma Isl. [I]; Vanuatu [I]; Niue [I]; Fiji [I]; Tuvalu [I] (Nui Atoll [I]); Cook Isl. [I] (Rarotonga [I], Mangaia [I], Aitutaki [I], Ngaputoro Group [I], Palmerston [I], Rakahanga [I], Nassau [I], Pukapuka [I]); Marquesas Isl. [I] (Nuku Hiva [I], Ua Pou [I]); Society Isl. [I] (Tahiti [I], Bora Bora [I], Tupai [I]); Austral Isl. [I] (Rurutu [I], Tubuai [I]); Palau [I] (Kayangel [I], Babeldaob [I], Koror [I]); Northern Marianas [I] (Saipan [I], Rota [I]); Guam [I]; Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Pohnpei [I]); Fed. States of Micronesia [I] (Yap [I], Ulithi [I], Woleai [I], Faraulep [I], Ifalik [I], Namoluk [I], Kapingamarangi [I]); Marshall Isl. [I] (Kwajalein [I], Majuro [I]); Hawaii [I] (Niihau [I], Kauai [I], Oahu [I], Molokai [I], Lanai [I], Maui [I], Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada (Ontario); USA (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin); Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas); Guatemala; Belize; El Salvador; Honduras; Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; +Clipperton Isl. [I]; Bahamas [I]; Turks & Caicos Isl. [I]; Cuba [I]; Cayman Isl. [I]; Hispaniola [I]; Puerto Rico [I]; Virgin Isl. [I] (St. Croix [I], St. John [I], St. Thomas [I], Tortola [I]); St. Martin/St. Maarten [I]; St. Kitts [I]; Antigua [I]; Montserrat [I]; Guadeloupe [I]; Marie-Galante [I]; Dominica [I]; Martinique [I]; St. Lucia [I]; Grenadines [I]; St. Vincent [I]; Grenada [I]; Barbados [I]; Tobago [I]; Trinidad [I]; Aruba [I]; Bonaire [I]; Curacao [I]; Colombia [I]; Isla Margarita [I]; Venezuela [I]; Guyana [I]; Surinam [I]; French Guiana [I]; Ecuador [I]; Galapagos [I]; Peru [I]; Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz, Tarija); Brazil [I] (Mato Grosso [I], etc. [I]); Paraguay [I]; Argentina [I]; Chile [I] (Valparaíso [I], Maule [I])
12 fra por sar spa 13 alb bul cro grc ita rom sic slv 14 ukr 20 egy mor 21 cny cvi mdr 22 ben bkn gnb gui ivo mli mtn sen tog 23 ann bio caf cmn con gab pri sao 24 cha dji eri eth soc ssu sud 26 ang moz zam zim 27 bot nam saf swz 29 cgs mau mdg reu rod 33 aze 34 afg eai irn irq isr leb syr tur 35 bar oma qat sau yem 36 chi 38 JAP kor nns tai 40 ban ind 41 mya 42 xms 50 aus 60 fij nue nwc rot tuv van 61 aui coo mrq sci 62 gum mic mrn mrs plu 63 haw 72 CDN 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA 79 MEX 80 BLZ cli COS ELS GUA HON NIC PAN 81 aba aru bah bbd bon cay cub cur dom gdl gre his mar mts pue stk stl stm stv tci trt ven vir 82 clm frg guy sur ven 83 BOL ecu gal per 84 bra 85 arg cle par
Remarks: E. alba and E. prostrata were separated by Umemoto & Koyama 2007, which is not accepted by many recent authors. Native area uncertain, probably North America, but introduced almost worldwide very early. Synonymy and distribution of both species quite unclear.
Synonyms: hidden
= Abasoloa taboada La Llave; La Llave & Lex., Nov. Veg. Descr. 1: 11 (1824)
= Acmella lanceolata Link ex Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 444 (1826)
= Aganippea dentata DC.; Prodr [A. DC.]. 6: 3 (1838)
= Amellus carolinianus Walter; Fl. Carol. 213 (1788)
= Anthemis abyssinica J.Gay ex A.Rich.; Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 418 (1848)
= Anthemis cotula Blanco; Fl. Filip.: 638 (1837), nom. illeg.
= Anthemis cotula-foetida Crantz; Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 300 (1766)
= Anthemis cotuloides Raf. ex DC.; Prodr [A. DC.]. 6: 13 (1838)
= Anthemis sulphurea Nyman; Consp. Fl. Eur.: 363 (1879)
= Anthemis variabilis Sessé & Moc.; Fl. Mexic.: 191 (1894)
= Bellis racemosa Steud.; Nomencl. Bot. 1: 105 (1821), nom. inval.
= Bellis ramosa Jacq.; Enum. Syst. Pl. 28 (1760)
= Buphthalmum diffusum Vahl ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 491 (1836)
= Ceratocephalus wedeliodes (Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 326 (1891)
= Chamaemelum foetidum Baumg.; Enum. Stirp. Transsilv. 3: 144 (1817)
= Clipteria dichotoma Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 44 (1836)
= Cotula alba (L.) L.; Syst. ed. XII. 2: 564 (1767)
= Cotula debilis Balb. ex Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. 2: 137 (1821)
= Cotula oederi Murray; Prodr. Stirp. Gott.: 228 (1770)
= Eclipta adpressa Moench; Suppl. Meth. 2: 245 (1802), nom. superfl.
= Eclipta alba f. erecta (L.) Hassk.; Pl. Jav. Rar.: 528 (1848)
= Eclipta alba f. longifolia (Schrad.) Hassk.; Pl. Jav. Rar.: 530 (1848)
= Eclipta alba var. erecta (L.) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 65 (1856)
= Eclipta alba var. longifolia (Schrad.) Bettfr.; Fl. Argent. 2: 110 (1899)
= Eclipta alba var. parviflora (Wall. ex DC.) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 66 (1856)
= Eclipta angustifolia C.Presl; Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 535 (1845)
= Eclipta arabica Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 542 (1840), nom. nud.
= Eclipta brachypoda Michx.; Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 130 (1803), nom. superfl.
= Eclipta ciliata Raf.; Fl. Ludov.: 69 (1817)
= Eclipta dentata B.Heyne ex Wall.; Numer. List: no. 3211 (1831), nomen
= Eclipta dichotoma Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 42 (1836)
= Eclipta dubia Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 40 (1836)
= Eclipta erecta L.; Mant. Pl. 2: 286 (1771), nom. superfl.
= Eclipta erecta var. brachypoda Torr. & A.Gray; Fl. N. Amer. 2: 269 (1842)
= Eclipta erecta var. diffusa DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 490 (1836)
= Eclipta erecta var. latifolia Willd. ex Walp.; Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 266 (1843)
= Eclipta flexuosa Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 41 (1836)
= Eclipta heterophylla Bartl.; Index Seminum (GOET, Gottingensis) 1857: 3 (1857)
= Eclipta hirsuta Bartl.; Linnaea 13: (1839) Litt. 95
= Eclipta linearis Otto ex Sweet; Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 308 (1830)
= Eclipta longifolia Schrad.; DC. Prod. 5: 490 (1836)
= Eclipta longifolia var. linearis Fisch. & C.A.Mey.; Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 9: 72 (1843)
= Eclipta marginata Hochst. & Steud.; Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 249 (1875)
= Eclipta marginata Steud.; Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 542 (1840), nom. nud.
= Eclipta nutans Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 42 (1836)
= Eclipta oederi (Murray) Weigel; Hort. Gryph.: 33 (1782)
= Eclipta palustris DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 491 (1836)
= Eclipta patula (DC.) Endl.; Cat. Horti Vindob. 1: 335 (1842)
= Eclipta procumbens Michx.; Fl. Bor. Am. 2: 129 (1803)
= Eclipta procumbens var. brachypoda (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray; Manual: 218 (1848)
= Eclipta procumbens var. patula (Schrad.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 491 (1836)
= Eclipta pumila Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 42 (1836)
= Eclipta punctata L.; Mant. 2: 286 (1771)
= Eclipta pusilla M.E.Jones; Contr. W. Bot. 18: 70 (1933)
= Eclipta simplex Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 41 (1836)
= Eclipta spicata Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 603 (1826)
= Eclipta strumosa Salisb.; Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 205 (1796)
= Eclipta sulcata Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 41 (1836)
= Eclipta tinctoria Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 41 (1836)
= Ecliptica alba (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891)
= Ecliptica alba var. erecta Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891)
= Ecliptica alba var. parviflora (Wall. ex DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl.: 334 (1891)
= Eupatoriophalacron album (L.) Hitchc.; Missouri Bot. Gard. Rep. 4: 99 (1893)
= Galinsoga oblongifolia (Hook.) DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 677 (1836)
= Grangea lanceolata Poir.; Encyc. Suppl. 2: 826 (1812)
= Micrelium asteroides Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 153 (1775), nom. inval.
= Micrelium tolak Forssk.; Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 153 (1775), nom. inval.
= Paleista brachypoda (Michx.) Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 43 (1836)
= Paleista procumbens (Michx.) Raf.; New Fl. Am. 2: 43 (1836)
= Polygyne inconspicua Phil.; Linnaea 33: 171 (1864)
= Ridan alba (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 360 (1891)
= Sabazia anomala Greenm.; Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 41: 262 (1905)
= Sabazia leiachaenia S.F.Blake; Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 614 (1924)
= Spilanthes pseudoacmella (L.) L.; Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 13. (1774)
= Spilanthes wedelioides Hook. & Arn.; J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 318 (1841)
= Verbesina alba L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 902 (1753)
= Verbesina conyzoides Trew; Pl. Rar.: 8 (1763)
= Verbesina debilis Spreng.; Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 137 (1821)
= Verbesina pseudoacmella L.; Sp. Pl. 901 (1753)
= Verbesina pusilla Poir.; Lam., Encycl. 8: 459 (1808)
= Wedelia psammophila Poepp. & Endl.; Nov. Gen. Sp. [H. B. K.]3: 50 (1842)
= Wiborgia oblongifolia Hook.; Bot. Misc. 2: 226 (1831)
species :
Eclipta angustata Umemoto & H.Koyama; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 35: 114 (2007)
Distribution: China (Hainan, Hongkong, Hunan, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan); Japan (Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan; Nepal; Vietnam; Singapore; Sumatra; Borneo (Kalimantan, Sarawak); Philippines
36 CHI 38 JAP NNS TAI 40 NEP 41 VIE 42 BOR PHI SNG SUM
Remarks: not always accepted and often included in E. alba s. l.
species :
Eclipta elliptica DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 491 (1836)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina); Uruguay (Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia, Florida Prov., Maldonado, Montevideo, Rio Negro, Rocha, San Jose, Soriano); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Eclipta peduncularis J.Rémy; Fl. Chil. [Gay] 4: 113 (1849)
= Ecliptica elliptica (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891)
= Wollastonia prostrata DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 549 (1836)
species :
Eclipta leiocarpa Cuatrec.; Rev. Acad. Colomb. 9: 240 (1954)
Distribution: Colombia (Cundinamarca)
82 CLM
species :
Eclipta megapotamica (Spreng.) Sch.Bip. ex S.F.Blake; Contrib. U. S. Nat. Herb. 26: 242 (1930)
Distribution: S-Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul); Uruguay (Cerro Largo, Florida Prov., Paysandu, Rivera, Rocha, Tacuarembo, Treinta y Tres); Argentina (Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios)
84 BRA 85 ARG URU
Synonyms: hidden
= Eclipta lanceolata DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 491 (1836)
= Eclipta lanceolata var. longifolia Baker; Mart., Fl. Bras. 6(3): 171 (1884)
= Ecliptica lanceolata (DC.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891)
= Verbesina megapotamica Spreng.; Syst. Veg. ed. 16, 3: 578 (1826)
species :
Eclipta platyglossa F.Muell.; Fragm. 2: 135 (1861)
subspecies :
subsp. platyglossa
Distribution: Australia (South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria)
50 AUS
Synonyms: hidden
= Ecliptica platyglossa (F.Muell.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891), orth. var.
= Wedelia ecliptoides F.Muell.; Pl. Victoria: t. 39 (1865), pro syn.
= Wollastonia ecliptoides F.Muell.; Pl. Victoria 2: t. 39 (1865), pro syn.
subspecies :
subsp. borealis E.W.Cross & Orchard; Nuytsia 23: 54 (2013)
Distribution: Australia (N-Western Australia, Northern Territory, N-Queensland)
50 AUS
species :
Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.; Mantissa Alt. 286 (1771)
Distribution: Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Pakistan (Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, N. W. Frontier Prov., Kurram, Kohat, Dir, Swat, Pakistani Punjab, Salt Range, Hazara); Nepal; Bhutan; India (almost throughout); Lakshadweep Isl. [Laccadives]; Maldives; Sri Lanka; Andaman Isl. (North Andamans, Middle Andamans, South Andamans, Little Andaman Isl.); Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobars, Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (widespread); Singapore; Borneo; Sulawesi; Philippines; Java; Lesser Sunda Isl.; Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Vanuatu [I]; [Western] Samoa [I] (´Upolu [I]); American Samoa [I] (Ta´u [I], Tutuila [I])
31 rfe 40 BHU IND LDV MDV NEP PAK SRL 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 BOR JAW LSI MLY MOL NWG PHI SNG SUL 60 asa sam van
Remarks: E. alba and E. prostrata were separated by Umemoto & Koyama 2007. Distribution still not fully resolved
Synonyms: hidden
= Artemisia viridis Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. 2.: 436 (1845), nom. illeg.
= Cotula prostrata (L.) L.; Syst. ed. XII. 564 (1767)
= Eclipta alba f. prostrata (L.) Hassk.; Pl. Jav. Rar.: 530 (1848)
= Eclipta alba f. zippeliana (Blume) Hassk.; Pl. Jav. Rar.: 530 (1848)
= Eclipta alba var. prostrata (L.) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 66 (1856)
= Eclipta alba var. zippeliana (Blume) Miq.; Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 66 (1856)
= Eclipta erecta var. prostrata (L.) Baker; Fl. Mauritius: 169 (1877)
= Eclipta parviflora Wall. ex DC.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 5: 490 (1836)
= Eclipta parviflora Wall.; Numer. List no. 323 (1831), nomen
= Eclipta patula Schrad.; Index Seminum (GOET, Gottingensis) 1831: 3 (1831)
= Eclipta philippinensis Gand.; Bull. Soc. Bot. France 65: 40 (1918)
= Eclipta prostrata f. aureoreticulata Y.T.Chang; Wuyi Sci. Y. 5: 235 (1985)
= Eclipta prostrata var. dixitii An.Kumar & K.K.Khanna; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot., 23(3): 713 (1999)
= Eclipta prostrata var. zippeliana (Blume) J.Kost.; Backer & Bakh., Fl. Java 2: 402 (1965), no basionym ref.
= Eclipta zippeliana Blume; Bijdr. 914 (1825)
= Ecliptica alba var. prostrata (L.) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891)
= Ecliptica alba var. zippeliana (Blume) Kuntze; Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 334 (1891)
= Eleutheranthera prostrata (L.) Sch.Bip.; Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 24: 239 (1866)
= Verbesina prostrata L.; Sp. Pl. 2: 902 (1753)
= Verbesina spicata Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 2: 507 (1790)
species :
Eclipta thermalis Bunge; Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Petersbourg Divers Savans 1: 113 (1833)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hubei, Yunnan, Zhejiang); South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Nepal [I]
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR 40 nep
Remarks: was frequently included in E. prostrata s. l.
species :
Eclipta turkica Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 18(2): 2 (2011)
Distribution: Turkey
34 TUR
Remarks: provisionally accepted name, most likely a synonym of E. alba
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 18.4 (Feb. 11th, 2024)

Covering 354,025 accepted species,
9,095 hybrids, 47,879 accepted infraspecific taxa and 995,101 synonyms,
in total 1,406,100* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,290 pictures of 15,532 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life