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Ver. 19.4
June 30th, 2024

245.0000 Family Elaeagnaceae Juss.; Gen. Pl.: 74 (1789), nom. cons.
3 genera, ca. 100 spp.
Species listed in database: 101; hybrids: 4
= Elaeagneae Rchb.; Fl. Germ. Excurs. 1(2): 162 (1831)
= Elaeagnoideae Burnett; Outlines Bot.: 570, 571, 1091, 1145 (1835)
= Hippophaeaceae G.Mey.; Chloris Han.: 456, 460 (1836)
245.0002 Genus Elaeagnus L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 121 (1753)
Distribution: S-Europe, Asia from E-Mediterranean to Japan and Malesia, Australia (1), North America
Species listed in database: 92; hybrids: 3
= Octarillum Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 90 (1790)
= Oleaster Heist. ex Fabr.; Enum. Meth. Pl. 214 (1759)
= Lepargyrea Raf.; Am. Monthly Mag. 176 (1818)
species :
Elaeagnus angustata (Rehder) C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 121 (1980)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus multiflora f. angustata Rehder; Sarg., Pl. Wilson 2: 413 (1915)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. angustata (Rehder) Makino & Nemoto; Fl. Japan, ed. 2: 788 (1931)
variant :
var. songmingensis W.K.Hu & H.F.Chow; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 121 (1980)
Distribution: China (W-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus angustifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 1: 121 (1753)
Name: Schmalblättrige Ölweide (DE); Russian Olive; Russian Silverberry (EN)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Austria [I]; Czech Republic [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Spain [I]; France [I]; Italy [I]; Slovenia [I]; Croatia [I]; North Macedonia [I]; Albania [I]; Romania [I]; Bulgaria [I]; European Turkey; Greece (scattered and often naturalized in lowlands, incl. Kiklades, Thasos, Samothraki, Limnos); Estonia [I]; Latvia [I]; Lithuania [I]; European Russia [I]; Ukraine [I]; Crimea [I]; Morocco [I]; Tunisia [I]; Egypt; Azores [I] (Sao Miguel Isl. [I]); Siberia (Altai, W-Siberia); Russian Far East [I] (Primorye [I]); Kazakhstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Northern Caucasus; Northern Caucasus [I]; Georgia [Caucasus]; Armenia; Azerbaijan; East Aegaean Isl. (Lesvos, Chios, Ikaria, Samos, Dodecanese, Kos, Rhodos); Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia: Mesopotamian Anatolia, SSW-Anatolia, W-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia); Iraq (NE-Iraq, SE-Iraq: Mesopotamia); Iran (EC-Iran, E-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran); Afghanistan (Jawzjan / Sar-e-Pol, Baghlan, Bamyan, Faryab, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kunar / Nuristan, Wardak, Paktia / Khost, Parwan); Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon); Syria (C-Syrian Desert, NW-Syria); Israel (coastal W-Israel); Saudi Arabia (Asir); China (Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Xinjiang); Mongolia; Pakistan (Kurram, Waziristan, Swat, Astor, Gilgit, Baluchistan, Quetta, Chitral); NW-India (Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Meghalaya, Ladakh); Myanmar (Chin); Canada [I] (Alberta [I], British Columbia [I], Manitoba [I], New Brunswick [I], Nova Scotia [I], Ontario [I], Québec [I], Saskatchewan [I]); USA [I] (Arizona [I], California [I], Colorado [I], Connecticut [I], Iowa [I], Idaho [I], Illinois [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Minnesota [I], Missouri [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], North Dakota [I], Nebraska [I], New Jersey [I], New Mexico [I], Nevada [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oklahoma [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Dakota [I], Tennessee [I], Texas [I], Utah [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], Wyoming [I]); Costa Rica [I]; Bolivia [c]; Argentina [I]
11 aut cze ger hun slo 12 fra spa 13 alb bul cro GRC ita nma rom slv TUE 14 est kry lat lit rus ukr 20 EGY mor tun 21 azo 30 SIB 31 rfe 32 KAZ KGZ TKM TZK UZB 33 ARM AZE GEO NCS 34 AFG EAI IRN IRQ ISR LEB SYR TUR 35 SAU 36 CHI 37 MON 40 IND PAK 41 MYA 71 cdn 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 76 usa 77 usa 78 usa 80 cos 83 bol 85 arg
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus angustifolia subsp. orientalis (L.) Soják; Cas. Nár. Muz. (Prague), 150(3-4): 138 (1981 publ. 1982)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. biebersteiniana Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 235 (1887)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. caspica Sosn.; Fl. Caucas. Crit. 3(9): 299 (1912)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.) Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 207 (1893)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10(1): 235-236 (1887)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. spinosa (L.) Kuntze; Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 235 (1887)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. turcica Yild.; Ot Sist. Bot. Dergisi 17(2): 71 (2010)
= Elaeagnus argentea Moench; Methodus 638 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Elaeagnus caspica (Sosn.) Grossh.; Opr. Rast. Kavk. 187 (1949)
= Elaeagnus dactyliformis Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 615 (1857)
= Elaeagnus erivanensis Fisch. ex Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 615 (1857)
= Elaeagnus hortensis M.Bieb.; Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 112 (1808)
= Elaeagnus hortensis subsp. continentalis Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus hortensis subsp. littoralis Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus hortensis subsp. moorcroftii (Wall. ex Schltdl.) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus hortensis var. dactyliformis Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1322 (1838)
= Elaeagnus hortensis var. igda Servett.; Monogr. Éléagn.: 82 (1911)
= Elaeagnus hortensis var. microcarpa Servett.; Monogr. Éléagn.: 82 (1911)
= Elaeagnus hortensis var. orientalis (L.) Loudon; Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 3: 1322 (1838)
= Elaeagnus igda (Servett.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87(11): 82 (2002)
= Elaeagnus incana Lam.; Fl. Fr. 3: 476 (1779)
= Elaeagnus inermis Mill.; Gard. Dict. ed. 7.: no. 2 (1756)
= Elaeagnus litoralis (Servett.) Kozlowsk.; Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 12: 104 (1958)
= Elaeagnus longipes var. hortensis (M.Bieb.) Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 15: 378 (1870)
= Elaeagnus moorcroftii Wall. ex Schltdl.; Linnaea 30: 344 (1860)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. hortensis (M.Bieb.) Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 59 (1909)
= Elaeagnus orientalis L.; Mant. Pl. 41 (1767)
= Elaeagnus oxycarpa Schltdl.; Linnaea 30: 344-346. 1859-1860
= Elaeagnus oxycarpa var. microcarpa (Servett.) Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87(11): 78 (2002)
= Elaeagnus spinosa L.; Cent. 2: 9 (1756), Amoen. Acad. 4: 305
= Elaeagnus tifliensis Vis.; Orto Bot. Padova: 77 (1842)
= Elaeagnus tomentosa Moench; Methodus: 638 (1794), nom. illeg.
= Elaeagnus turcomanica Kozlowsk.; Not. Syst. Herb. Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci. URSS 16: 258 (1954)
species :
Elaeagnus annamensis S.Moore; J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Thailand 4: 155 (1921)
Distribution: C-Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Elaeagnus arakiana Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot. 3: 161 (1934)
Distribution: Japan (Kyoto Pref.)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. arakiana (Koidz.) Momiy. ex H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 3: 238 (1954)
species :
Elaeagnus argyi H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(312-316): 101 (1913)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus chekiangensis Matsuda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30(349): 40 (1916)
= Elaeagnus schnabeliana Hand.-Mazz.; Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl., Anz. 58: 181 (1921)
species :
Elaeagnus bambusetorum Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(3): 591 (1933)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus bockii Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(3-4): 482 (1900)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guizhou, Hubei, Shanxi, Sichuan)
36 CHI
variant :
var. muliensis C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 463 (1981)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus bonii Lecomte; Not. Syst. 3: 125 (1915)
Distribution: N-Vietnam
41 VIE
species :
Elaeagnus calcarea Z.R.Xu; Guihaia 5(4): 348-350, f. 2 (1985)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus caudata Schltdl.; Linnaea 32: 301 (1863) ex Jacks.
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 BHU IND NEP
variant :
var. aliena Momiy.; Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo Bull. 2: 87 (1971)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Elaeagnus cinnamomifolia W.K.Hu & H.F.Chow; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 114-115, pl. 9 (1980)
Distribution: China (E-Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus commutata Bernh. ex Rydb.; Fl. Rocky Mount. 582 (1918)
Name: Silverberry (EN), Silber-Ölweide (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Hungary [I]; Siberia [I] (Altai [I], W-Siberia [I]); Alaska; Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Northern Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Saskatchewan, Yukon); USA (Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington State, Wyoming)
11 ger hun slo 30 sib 70 ASK CDN 71 CDN 72 CDN 73 USA 74 USA 75 USA 76 USA 77 USA 78 USA
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus argentea Nutt.; Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 97 (1818), nom. illeg.
= Elaeagnus argentea Pursh; Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 114 (1813), nom. illeg. non Moench (1813)
= Elaeagnus argentea subsp. pauciflora Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus argentea subsp. rotundifolia Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus argentea subsp. sinuosa Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus argentea var. elongata Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 48 (1909)
= Elaeagnus argentea var. maxima Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 48 (1909)
= Elaeagnus commutata Bernh.; Allg. Thuer. Gartenz. 2: 137 (1843)
= Elaeagnus glabra K.Koch; Dendrologie 2(1): 389 (1872), nom. illeg.
= Elaeagnus veteris-castelli Lepage; Naturaliste Canad. 82: 230 (1955)
= Shepherdia argentea Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 609 (1857)
species :
Elaeagnus conferta Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 11 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 460 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 440 (1832)
Distribution: Mauritius [I]; China (Guangxi, Yunnan); Bhutan; India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, West Bengal); Bangladesh; Andaman Isl.; Nicobar Isl.; Myanmar; Thailand; Laos; Cambodia; Vietnam; peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak); Sumatra; Java
29 mau 36 CHI 40 BAN BHU IND 41 AND CBD LAO MYA NCB THA VIE 42 JAW MLY SUM
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus acuminata Link; Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 111 (1821)
= Elaeagnus arborea Roxb.; Fl. Ind, ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 461 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 441 (1832)
= Elaeagnus arborea var. dendroidea Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 612 (1857)
= Elaeagnus arborea var. maculata Servett.
= Elaeagnus breyniastrum Fisch. ex Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 611 (1857)
= Elaeagnus conferta subsp. balansae Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 93 (1909)
= Elaeagnus conferta subsp. dendroidea (Schltdl.) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 389 (1908)
= Elaeagnus conferta subsp. javanica (Blume) Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25, 2 (1909) 89, 91
= Elaeagnus conferta subsp. mollis Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 96 (1909)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. balansae (Servett.) Lecomte; Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 182 (1915)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. calcuttensis Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 89 (1909)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. maculata (Servett.) D.Basu; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 7(2): 427 (1985 publ. 1986)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. malaccensis Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 89 (1909)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. mekongensis Lecomte; Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 182 (1915)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. mollis (Servett.) Lecomte; Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 182 (1915)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. pallescens Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 96 (1909)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. septentrionalis Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 89 (1909)
= Elaeagnus conferta var. silhetensis Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 89 (1909)
= Elaeagnus dendroidea (Schltdl.) Schltdl.; Linnaea 30: 362 (1860)
= Elaeagnus gaudichaudiana Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 612 (1857)
= Elaeagnus grandifolia Bojer ex Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 612 (1857), nomen
= Elaeagnus gussoni Gasp.; Ann. Civili Regno Due Sicilie 1: 118 (1833)
= Elaeagnus javanica Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 638 (1826)
= Elaeagnus latifolia Bedd.; Fl. Sylv. t. 180 (1872), non L. 1753
= Elaeagnus nepalensis Salm-Dyck; Hort. Dyck.: 99 (1834)
= Elaeagnus spadicea Savi; Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. 21: 175 (1837)
= Elaeagnus wallichiana Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 612 (1857)
variant :
var. menghaiensis W.K.Hu & H.F.Chow; Bull. Bot. Lab. North-East. Forest. Inst., 1980(6): 107 (1980)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus courtoisii Belval; Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris 80: 97 (1933)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Hubei, Jiangxi, Zhejiang)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus darenensis S.S.Ying; New Taxa New Names 6: 107 (2023)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
species :
Elaeagnus davidi Franch.; Pl. David. 2: 115 (1888)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Elaeagnus delavayi Lecomte; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 3: 156 (1915)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
species :
Elaeagnus difficilis Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 386-387 (1908)
Distribution: China (Hubei)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus cuprea Rehder; Sarg. Pl. Wils. 2: 414 (1915)
variant :
var. brevistyla W.K.Hu & H.F.Chow; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 464 (1981)
Distribution: China
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus elongatus Tagane & V.S.Dang; Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 43: 30 (2015)
Distribution: Thailand; Laos; Cambodia
41 CBD LAO THA
species :
Elaeagnus epitricha Momiy. ex H.Ohba; Fl. Japan, 2c: 157 (1999)
Distribution: Japan (Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
species :
Elaeagnus fasciculata Griff.; Notul. 4: 374 (1854)
Distribution: NE-India (Assam)
40 IND
species :
Elaeagnus formosana Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30(350): 74 (1916)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus kotoensis Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 90, f. 31-III (1920)
= Elaeagnus macrophylla var. kotoensis (Hayata) S.S.Ying; Colourtr. Pl. Taiwan, Pt. 3, Colourtr. Ligneous Pl. Taiwan 1: 455 (1987)
= Elaeagnus nokoensis Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 92, f. 32-VII (1920)
species :
Elaeagnus formosensis Hatus.; J. Jap. Bot. 27: 211 (1952)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus ohashii T.C.Huang; Taiwania 47: 229 (2002), nom. illeg.
species :
Elaeagnus fruticosa (Lour.) A.Chev.; Cat. Pl. Jard. Bot. Saigon, 66 (1919)
Distribution: S-Vietnam
41 VIE
Remarks: provisionally accepted name
Synonyms: hidden
= Octarillum fruticosum Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 90 (1790)
species :
Elaeagnus geniculata D.Fang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38(3): 291 (2000)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus glabra Thunb.; Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 164 (1784)
Distribution: China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang); South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan
36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus buisanensis Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 87, f. 31-I (1920)
= Elaeagnus erosifolia Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 88-90, f. 31-IV (1920)
= Elaeagnus glabra f. oxyphylla (Servett.) W.Lee; Lineamenta Florae Koreae 714 (1996)
= Elaeagnus glabra subsp. crassifolia Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 2 25: 75 (1909)
= Elaeagnus glabra subsp. oxyphylla Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 386 (1908)
= Elaeagnus glabra subsp. tenuiflora (Benth.) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 386 (1908)
= Elaeagnus glabra var. cupressa Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 163 (1915)
= Elaeagnus glabra var. jotanii Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 45: 299 (1931)
= Elaeagnus glabra var. lanceolata Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 223 (1918)
= Elaeagnus glabra var. ovalifolia Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 76 (1955)
= Elaeagnus glabra var. oxyphylla (Servett.) Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 17: 15 (1928)
= Elaeagnus longidrupa Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 90, f. 32-I (1920)
= Elaeagnus paucilepidota Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 92, f. 32-VI (1920)
= Elaeagnus tenuiflora Benth.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 5: 197 (1853)
species :
Elaeagnus gonyanthes Benth.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 5: 196 (1853)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Yunnan); Cambodia; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 CBD VIE
species :
Elaeagnus griffithii Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 385 (1908)
Distribution: China (Yunnan, Guangxi); Bangladesh
36 CHI 40 BAN
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus griffithii var. pauciflora C.Y.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(5): 379 (1985)
= Elaeagnus griffithii var. multiflora C.Y.Chang; J. Sichuan Univ., Nat. Sci. Ed., 1984(4): 93 (1984)
species :
Elaeagnus grijsii Hance; Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 4, 15: 227 (1861)
Distribution: China (Fujian)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus guizhouensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 117-118, pl. 12, f. 3 (1980)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus henryi Warb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(3-4): 483 (1900)
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus fargesii Lecomte; Notul. Syst. (Paris) 3: 156 (1915)
species :
Elaeagnus heterophylla D.Fang & D.R.Liang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38(3): 292 (2000)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus hunanensis C.J.Qi & Q.Z.Lin; J. Centr. S. Forest. Univ. 20(2): 89 (2002)
Distribution: China (Hunan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus indica Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 393 (1908)
Distribution: India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)
40 IND
species :
Elaeagnus infundibularis Momiy.; J. Jap. Bot. 48(9): 262 (1973)
Distribution: Nepal; Bhutan; N-India (Sikkim, West Bengal)
40 BHU IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus armata Buch.-Ham. ex Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 611 (1857)
species :
Elaeagnus jiangxiensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 118-119, pl. 12, f. 1-2 (1980)
Distribution: China (Jiangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus jingdongensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 115-116, pl. 10 (1980)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus kanaii Momiy.; J. Jap. Bot. 48(9): 264-266, f. 4 (1973)
Distribution: Nepal; India (Uttarakhand)
40 IND NEP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus kanaii var. osmastonii Malhotra & D.Basu; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 26(1-2): 121 (1984 publ. 1985)
species :
Elaeagnus lanceolata Warb.; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 29(3-4): 483 (1900)
Distribution: China (Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus lanceolata subsp. grandifolia Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 388 (1908)
= Elaeagnus lanceolata subsp. rubescens (Lecomte) C.Y.Chang; Fl. Reipubl. Popul. Sin. 52(2): 29 (1983)
= Elaeagnus lanceolata subsp. stricta Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 388. 1908
= Elaeagnus lanceolata var. grandifolia (Servett.) Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 164 (1915)
= Elaeagnus lanceolata var. rubescens Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 164 (1915)
species :
Elaeagnus lanpingensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 109-110, pl. 4 (1980)
Distribution: China (W-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus laosensis Lecomte; Not. Syst. 3: 125 (1915)
Distribution: Laos
41 LAO
species :
Elaeagnus latifolia L.; Sp. Pl. 121 (1753)
Distribution: Pakistan [I]; India (Assam, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh); Sri Lanka; Bangladesh; Andaman Isl. (Middle Andamans, South Andamans); Nicobar Isl. (Central Nicobars, Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.); Myanmar (Bago, Kachin, Kayin, Mandalay, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon); Thailand; peninsular Malaysia
40 BAN IND pak SRL 41 AND MYA NCB THA 42 MLY
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus kologa Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 611 (1857)
= Elaeagnus kologa subsp. ceylanica Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 394 (1908)
= Elaeagnus kologa subsp. grisebachii Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 394 (1908)
= Elaeagnus kologa subsp. macrophylla Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 394 (1908)
= Elaeagnus kologa subsp. wightii Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 394 (1908)
= Elaeagnus punctata Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 610 (1857)
= Elaeagnus rotundifolia Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 116 (1909)
= Elaeagnus thwaitesii Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 611 (1856)
species :
Elaeagnus lipoensis Z.R.Xu; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 1987(2): 46 (1987)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus liuzhouensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 110-111, pl. 5 (1980)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus longiloba C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 113-114, pl. 8 (1980)
Distribution: China (W-Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus loureiroi Champ. ex Benth.; Hooker´s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 5: 196-197 (1853), nom. nov.
Distribution: China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus latifolia Lour.; Fl. Cochinch. 89 (1790), nom. illeg.
species :
Elaeagnus luoxiangensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 108-109, pl. 3 (1980)
Distribution: China (SE-Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus luxiensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 105-106, pl. 1 (1980)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus macrantha Rehder; Pl. Wils. 2(2): 416-417 (1915)
Distribution: China (S-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus macrophylla Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 67-68 (1784)
Distribution: Tajikistan [I]; China (Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang); South Korea; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Ryukyu Isl.; Taiwan
32 tzk 36 CHI 38 JAP KOR NNS TAI
species :
Elaeagnus magna Rehder; Pl. Wils. 2(2): 411-412 (1915)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus umbellata subsp. magna Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 383 (1908)
variant :
var. nanchuanensis (C.Y.Chang) M.Sun & Q.Lin; J. Syst. Evol. 48(5): 387 (2010)
Distribution: China (N-Guizhou, S-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus nanchuanensis C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 464, pl. 105, f. 1-3 (1981)
variant :
var. wushanensis (C.Y.Chang) M.Sun & Q.Lin; J. Syst. Evol. 48(5): 387 (2010)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, S-Shanxi, E-Sichuan)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus wushanensis C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 465, pl. 105, f. 4-6 (1981)
species :
Elaeagnus matsunoana Makino; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 27: 73 (1913)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus matsunoana var. hypostellata Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 5: 43 (1956)
species :
Elaeagnus micrantha C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 116-117, pl. 11 (1980)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus mollis Diels; Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(5, Beibl. 82): 78 (1905)
Distribution: China (Shanxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus montana Makino; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 27: 74 (1913)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus attenuata Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 30: 76 (1916)
= Elaeagnus mayebarai Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 15: 738 (1939)
variant :
var. ovata (Maxim.) Araki; (1956)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus longipes var. ovata Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 15: 378 (1870)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. ovata (Maxim.) Servett.; Monogr. Éléagn.: 61 (1909)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. tsukubana (Makino) Ohwi; Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 33: 80 (1953)
= Elaeagnus nikoensis Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 44: 57, japonice, et in J. Jap. Bot.1934 10: 168, latine. (1930)
= Elaeagnus tsukubana Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 25 (1926)
species :
Elaeagnus multiflora Thunb.; Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 163 (1784)
Name: Cherry silverberry
Distribution: Slovakia [I]; Russian Far East (Kuril Isl.); Tajikistan [I]; China (Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); China [I] (Anhui [I], Fujian [I], Guizhou [I], Hebei [I], Jiangxi [I], Shandong [I], Shanxi [I], Sichuan [I], Zhejiang [I]); Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Connecticut [I], Illinois [I], Kentucky [I], Maryland [I], Missouri [I], North Carolina [I], New Hampshire [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Rhode Island [I], Virginia [I])
11 slo 31 RFE 32 tzk 36 CHI 38 JAP 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus edulis Siebold ex Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 41: 300 (1869)
= Elaeagnus isensis Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 34 (1926)
= Elaeagnus jucundicocca Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. & Geobot.,iii. 215 (1934)
= Elaeagnus kiusiana Nakai; J. Arnold Arbor. 5: 83 (1924)
= Elaeagnus kologa Salomon; Gartenflora 28: 11 (1879)
= Elaeagnus longipes A.Gray; Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 6: 605 (1859)
= Elaeagnus longipes f. elliptica Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 109 (1955)
= Elaeagnus longipes f. pacifica Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 110 (1955)
= Elaeagnus longipes var. angustifolia Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 44: 18 (1930)
= Elaeagnus longipes var. multflora (Thunb.) Maxim.; Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, sér. 3, 15: 378 (1870), nom. illeg.
= Elaeagnus longipes var. orbiculata (Makino) Honda; Nom. Pl. Jap.: 506 (1939)
= Elaeagnus longipes var. ovoidea (Makino) Honda; Nom. Pl. Jap.: 506 (1939)
= Elaeagnus longipes var. sulcata (Makino) Honda; Nom. Pl. Jap.: 507 (1939)
= Elaeagnus multiflora f. jucundicocca (Koidz.) Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 112 (1955)
= Elaeagnus multiflora f. oblongata Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 112 (1955)
= Elaeagnus multiflora f. orbiculata (Makino) Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 109 (1955)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. angustifolia (Nakai) Makino & Nemoto; Fl. Japan., ed. 2 (Makino & Nemoto) 788 (1931)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. edulis (Siebold ex Carrière) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 412 (1909)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. gigantea Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 113 (1955)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. obovoidea C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N. E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 119 (1980)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. orbiculata Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 34 (1926)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. ovoidea Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 45 (1923)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. parvifolia Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 2 25: 62 (1909)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. siphonantha (Nakai) C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N. E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 120 (1980)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. sulcata Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 45 (1923)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. tenuipes C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 466 (1981)
= Elaeagnus odorataedulis Lavallée; Arb. Segrez. 189 (1877)
= Elaeagnus rotundifolia Gagnep.; Rev. Hortic. 1870 540 (1871)
= Elaeagnus sativa Dippel; Handb. Laubholzk. 3: 207 (1893)
= Elaeagnus siphonantha Nakai; Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 61: 85 (1924 publ. 1925)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. siphonantha (Nakai) Hand.-Mazz.; Symb. Sin. 7(3): 590 (1933)
species :
Elaeagnus murakamiana Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 5: 24 (1928)
Distribution: China [I]; Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
36 chi 38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus murakamiana f. longifolia Momiy. ex H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 3: 239 (1954)
= Elaeagnus takeshitae var. longifolia Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 443 (1929)
species :
Elaeagnus numajiriana Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 3: 20 (1926)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Shikoku)
38 JAP
species :
Elaeagnus obovatifolia D.Fang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 38(3): 289 (2000)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus oldhamii Maxim.; Melanges Biol. Bull. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Petersbourg 7: 558-559 (1870)
Distribution: China (Fujian, Guangdong); Taiwan
36 CHI 38 TAI
species :
Elaeagnus ovata Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 384 (1908)
Distribution: +China (+Shanghai)
36 CHI
Remarks: only known from type
species :
Elaeagnus pallidiflora C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 107-108, pl. 2 (1980)
Distribution: China (N-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus pilostyla C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 463, pl. 106, f. 3-5 (1981)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan, Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus pingnanensis C.Y.Chang; J. Sichuan Univ., Nat. Sci. Ed., 1984(4): 91 (1984)
Distribution: China (Guangxi)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus pungens Thunb.; Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 164 (1784), et Fl. Jap. 68 (1784)
Name: Thorny olive
Distribution: Slovakia [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Mauritius [I]; Tajikistan [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang); Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); USA [I] (Alabama [I], District of Columbia [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Mississippi [I], North Carolina [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I])
11 slo 12 cis 29 mau 32 tzk 36 CHI 38 JAP 75 usa 78 usa
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus frederici-variegata Ilsemann; Deutsch. Mag. Garten- Blumenk. 41: 77 (1888)
= Elaeagnus obtusa C.Y.Chang; J. Sichuan Univ., Nat. Sci. Ed., 1984(4): 92 (1984)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. angustifolia (Araki) Sugim.; New Keys Jap. Trees: 461 (1961)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. aurea (Servett.) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 483 (1949)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. frederici (Bean) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 483 (1949)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. maculata (H.J.Veitch) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 483 (1949)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. megaphylla (Araki) Sugim.; New Keys Jap. Trees: 461 (1961)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. rotundifolia (Servett.) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 3: 240 (1954)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. variegata (Bean) P.D.Sell; Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009)
= Elaeagnus pungens f. variegata (Bean) Rehder; Bibliogr. Cult. Trees: 483 (1949)
= Elaeagnus pungens subsp. simonii (Carrière) Servett.; Monogr. Éléagn.: 81 (1909)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. angustifolia Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 75 (1955)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. aurea Servett.; Monogr. Éléagn.: 80 (1909)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. aureovariegata Bean; Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles 1: 508 (1914)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. frederici Bean; Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles 1: 508 (1914)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. frederici-variegata (Ilsemann) Rehder; Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 2: 526 (1900)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. latifolia Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 51: 645 (1937)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. maculata H.J.Veitch; Gard. World 8: 71 (1891)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. megaphylla Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 75 (1955)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. rotundifolia Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 80 (1909)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. simonii (Carrière) G.Nicholson; Hand-List Trees Shrubs 2: 129 (1896)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. variegata Rehder; Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 2: 536 (1900)
= Elaeagnus simonii Carrière; Rev. Hort. (Paris) 41: 100 (1869)
= Elaeagnus sinensis Koehne; Deutsche Dendrol. 428 (1893)
= Elaeagnus variegata J.R.Duncan & V.C.Davies; Nursery Cat. (Duncan & Davies) 1925: 9 (1925)
species :
Elaeagnus pyriformis Hook.f.; Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 202 (1886)
Distribution: Bhutan; India (Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, West Bengal)
40 BHU IND
species :
Elaeagnus retrostyla C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 112-113, pl. 7 (1980)
Distribution: China (W-Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus rivularis Merr.; Brittonia 4: 124 (1941)
Distribution: Myanmar (Kachin, Sagaing)
41 MYA
species :
Elaeagnus rotundata Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 30: 74 (1916)
Distribution: Bonin Isl. (Keetaajima, Chichijima, Anijima, Otohtojijma, Hahajima); Volcano Isl. (Iwojima)
38 KZN OGA
species :
Elaeagnus sarmentosa Rehder; Pl. Wils. 2(2): 417 (1915)
Distribution: China (Yunnan); Vietnam
36 CHI 41 VIE
species :
Elaeagnus schlechtendalii Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 389-390 (1908)
Distribution: China (Guangxi); NE-India (Assam)
36 CHI 40 IND
species :
Elaeagnus songarica (Bernh. ex Schltdl.) Fisch. ex Trautv.; Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. 40: II. 87 (1867)
Distribution: Uzbekistan; Tajikistan
32 TZK UZB
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus angustifolia var. iliensis Musch.; Trudy Inst. Bot. Akad. Nauk Kazakhst. S.S.R. 3: 40 (1956)
= Elaeagnus hortensis subsp. songarica (Bernh. ex Schltdl.) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus hortensis var. songarica Bernh. ex Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 609 (1857)
= Elaeagnus iliensis (Musch.) Musch.; Derev. Kustarnik. Kazakst. 2: 219 (1966)
= Elaeagnus songarica var. kozlovskajae Tzvelev; Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 87(11): 82 (2002)
species :
Elaeagnus s-stylata Z.R.Xu; Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 1987(2): 45 (1987)
Distribution: China (Guizhou)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus stellipila Rehder; Pl. Wils. 2(2): 415-416 (1915)
Distribution: China (Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus takeshitae Makino; J. Jap. Bot. 5: 25 (1928)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus takeshitae var. macrophylla Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 5: 44 (1956)
species :
Elaeagnus taliensis C.Y.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(5): 376-377, f. 1 (1985)
Distribution: China (Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus tarokoensis S.Y.Lu & Yuen P.Yang; Fl. Taiwan, ed. 2, 3: 785 (1993)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
species :
Elaeagnus thunbergii Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 384-385 (1908)
Distribution: Taiwan
38 TAI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus daibuensis Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 88 (1920)
= Elaeagnus grandifolia Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 90 (1920)
= Elaeagnus morrisonensis Hayata; J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 259-260 (1911)
= Elaeagnus oiwakensis Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 92, f. 32-IV (1920)
= Elaeagnus oldhamii var. nakaii Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 2: 127 (1912)
= Elaeagnus wilsonii H.L.Li; Lloydia 15(3): 158-159 (1952)
species :
Elaeagnus tonkinensis Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 391 (1908)
Distribution: China (SW-Yunnan); Thailand; Vietnam
36 CHI 41 THA VIE
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus tonkinensis var. grandifolia Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 166 (1915)
= Elaeagnus tonkinensis var. longispicata Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 166 (1915)
species :
Elaeagnus tricholepis Momiy.; J. Jap. Bot. 48(9): 262 (1973)
Distribution: Nepal
40 NEP
species :
Elaeagnus triflora Roxb.; Hort. Beng. 11 (1814), nomen, Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall. 1: 459 (1820), Fl. Ind., ed. Carey 1: 439 (1832)
Distribution: Taiwan (Lan Yu Isl.); Sumatra; Borneo; Sulawesi; Palawan; Philippines (Batanes, Luzon, Polillo, Panay, Negros, Cebu, Jolo, Mindanao); Java; Lesser Sunda Isl. (Bali, etc.); Moluccas; New Guinea (Irian Jaya, Papua New Guinea); Bismarck Arch. (New Britain); Solomon Isl.; Australia (E-Queensland: Claudie River to Beachmont); Guatemala [I]; Honduras [I]
38 TAI 42 BOR JAW LSI MOL NWG PHI PLW SUL SUM 43 BIS SOL 50 AUS 80 gua hon
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus alingaro Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 615 (1857)
= Elaeagnus angustifolia Blanco; Fl. Filip. ed. I. 74 (1837) non L.
= Elaeagnus cumingii Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 613 (1857)
= Elaeagnus cumingii subsp. perrottetii Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 391 (1908)
= Elaeagnus cumingii subsp. philippensis (Perr.) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 391 (1908)
= Elaeagnus ferruginea Rich.; Mem. Soc. Hist. Nat. Par. 1: 387, 404 (1792)
= Elaeagnus ferruginea subsp. sumatrana Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 390 (1908)
= Elaeagnus ferruginea var. atrovirens Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 110 (1909)
= Elaeagnus ferruginea var. richardia Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 110 (1909)
= Elaeagnus latifolia var. triflora (Roxb.) Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 610 (1857)
= Elaeagnus perrottetii Schltdl.; Prodr. [A. DC.] 14: 613 (1857), nom. superfl.
= Elaeagnus philippensis Perr.; Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris 3: 114 (1825)
= Elaeagnus rigida Blume; Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 638 (1826)
= Elaeagnus rostrata Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 392 (1908)
= Elaeagnus triflora subsp. obsoleta Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 390 (1908)
= Elaeagnus triflora subsp. polymorpha Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 390 (1908)
= Elaeagnus triflora subsp. rigida Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 390 (1908)
= Elaeagnus triflora subsp. tetragonia Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 390 (1908)
= Elaeagnus triflora var. brevipes Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 104 (1909)
= Elaeagnus triflora var. longipes Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 104 (1909)
= Elaeagnus zollingeri Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 392 (1908)
variant :
var. brevilimbatus E.´t Hart; Blumea 26(2): 400 (1980)
Distribution: New Guinea (Papua New Guinea); Australia (Queensland: Atherton to Eungella)
42 NWG 50 AUS
species :
Elaeagnus tubiflora C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Lab. N.-E. Forest. Inst., Harbin 6: 111-112, pl. 6 (1980)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus tutcheri Dunn; J. Bot. 45(539): 404 (1907)
Distribution: China (Hongkong)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.; Linnaeus, Syst. Veg., ed. 14: 164 (1784), et Fl. Jap. 66-67, t. 14 (1784)
Name: Autumn Olive (EN), Doldige Ölweide (DE)
Distribution: Germany [I]; Slovakia [I]; Channel Isl. [I]; Azores [I] (Santa Maria Isl. [I], Faial [I]); Tajikistan [I]; China (Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Hubei, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang); Tibet; North Korea; South Korea; Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu); Taiwan; Pakistan (Kurram, Swat, Hazara, Murree, Mirpur); Nepal; Bhutan; NW-India (Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir); Myanmar; Thailand; Cambodia; Guam [I]; Hawaii [I] (Hawaii Isl. [I]); Canada [I] (Ontario [I]); USA [I] (Alabama [I], Arkansas [I], Connecticut [I], District of Columbia [I], Delaware [I], Florida [I], Georgia [I], Iowa [I], Illinois [I], Indiana [I], Kansas [I], Kentucky [I], Louisiana [I], Massachusetts [I], Maryland [I], Maine [I], Michigan [I], Missouri [I], Mississippi [I], Montana [I], North Carolina [I], Nebraska [I], New Hampshire [I], New Jersey [I], New York [I], Ohio [I], Oregon [I], Pennsylvania [I], Rhode Island [I], South Carolina [I], Tennessee [I], Virginia [I], Vermont [I], Washington State [I], Wisconsin [I], West Virginia [I]); Costa Rica [I]
11 ger slo 12 cis 21 azo 32 tzk 36 CHI TIB 38 JAP KOR NKO TAI 40 BHU IND NEP PAK 41 CBD MYA THA 62 gum 63 haw 72 cdn 73 usa 74 usa 75 usa 78 usa 80 cos
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus convexolepidota Hayata; Icon. Pl. Formosan. 9: 88, f. 31-II (1920)
= Elaeagnus coreana H.Lév.; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12(312-316): 101 (1913)
= Elaeagnus crispa Thunb.; Fl. Jap. 66 (1784)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. coreana (H.Lév.) Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 17: 12 (1928)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. higuchiana Honda; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 59: 14 (1946)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. longicarpa Uyeki; J. Chosen Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 54 (1934)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. macrocarpa Sugim.; Key Trees Shrubs Japan: 266 (1936)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. parvifolia (Servett.) Nakai; Fl. Sylv. Kor. 17: 11 (1928)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. praematura Koidz.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 8: 191 (1939)
= Elaeagnus crispa var. subcoriacea Nakai & Masam.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 43: 443 (1929)
= Elaeagnus crocea Nakai; Matsum. Ic. Pl. Koisikav. 2: 67, t. 118 (1914)
= Elaeagnus ghuwacen Royle; Illustr. Bot. Himalaya. 323 (1839)
= Elaeagnus higoensis Nakai; J. Jap. Bot. 15: 738 (1939)
= Elaeagnus longipes var. crispa (Thunb.) K.Koch; Wochenschr. Vereines Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 14: 159 (1871)
= Elaeagnus multiflora var. crispa (Thunb.) Maxim. ex Makino & Nemoto; Fl. Japan, ed. 2: 788 (1931)
= Elaeagnus obovata H.L.Li; Lloydia 15(3): 157 (1952)
= Elaeagnus oldhamii var. obovata (H.L.Li) F.Y.Lu & C.H.Ou; Trees Taiwan 3: 41 (2010)
= Elaeagnus padifolia K.Koch; Dendrol. 2: I. 390 (1872)
= Elaeagnus parvifolia var. nuda (Servett.) D.Basu; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 27(1-4): 241 (1985 publ. 1987)
= Elaeagnus parvifolia var. pedunculata D.Basu; J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 8(2): 427 (1986)
= Elaeagnus parvifolia var. villosa (Servett.) D.Basu; Bull. Bot. Surv. India, 27(1-4): 241 (1985 publ. 1987)
= Elaeagnus parvifolia Wall.; Numer. List no. 4026 (1831), ex Royle, Illustr. Bot. Himalaya. 323, t. 61, f. 1 (1839)
= Elaeagnus praematura (Koidz.) Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 107 (1955)
= Elaeagnus salicifolia D.Don ex Loudon; Encycl. Trees Shrubs: 697 (1842)
= Elaeagnus thunbergii var. coreana Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 165 (1915)
= Elaeagnus thunbergii var. oblongifolia Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 166 (1915)
= Elaeagnus umbellata f. argyrea Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 79 (1955)
= Elaeagnus umbellata f. higuchiana (Honda) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 3: 242 (1954)
= Elaeagnus umbellata f. macrocarpa (Sugim.) H.Hara; Enum. Spermatophytarum Japon. 3: 242 (1954)
= Elaeagnus umbellata f. nakaiana (Araki) H.Ohba; Fl. Japan 2c: 154 (1999)
= Elaeagnus umbellata f. parvifolia (Wall. ex Royle) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 25(2-3): 39 (1972)
= Elaeagnus umbellata subsp. parvifolia (Wall. ex Royle) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser.2 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus umbellata subsp. umbellata Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. ser.2 8: 383 (1908)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. borealis Ohwi; Fl. Jap. (Ohwi) 806 (1953)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. coreana (H.Lév.) H.Lév.; Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan 83 (1915)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. crassifolia Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 2: 53 (1909)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. cylindrica Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 2: 53 (1909)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. globosa Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 2: 53 (1909)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. longicarpa (Uyeki) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 319 (1966)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. macrocarpa (Sugim.) Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 80 (1955)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. nakaiana Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 80 (1955)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. nuda Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 57 (1909)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. obtusifolia Araki; Hokuriku J. Bot. 4: 80 (1955)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia (Wall. ex Royle) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 411 (1909)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. prematura (Koidz.) T.B.Lee; Ill. Woody Pl. Korea 319 (1966)
= Elaeagnus umbellata var. villosa Servett.; Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 25(2): 57 (1909)
variant :
var. rotundifolia Makino; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 8: 302 (1894)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu, Izu Isl.)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus crispa var. rotundifolia (Makino) Masam.; Prelim. Rep. Veg. Yakus.: 100 (1929)
= Elaeagnus fragrans Nakai; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 27: 33 (1913)
= Elaeagnus umbellata f. rotundifolia (Makino) Kitam.; Acta Phytotax. Geobot., 25(2-3): 40 (1972)
species :
Elaeagnus viridis Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss., ser. 2, 8(6): 388-389 (1908)
Distribution: China (W-Hubei, S-Shanxi)
36 CHI
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus viridis var. delavayi Lecomte; Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 21: 166 (1915)
species :
Elaeagnus wenshanensis C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 463, pl. 105, f. 4-6 (1981)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan, SE-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus xichouensis C.Y.Chang; Acta Phytotax. Sin. 23(5): 377-379, f. 2 (1985)
Distribution: China (SE-Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus xingwenensis C.Y.Chang; Fl. Sichuanica 1: 464 (1981)
Distribution: China (SE-Sichuan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus xizangensis C.Y.Chang; Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 6(2): 72-75, f. 1-7 (1986)
Distribution: Tibet
36 TIB
species :
Elaeagnus yakusimensis Masam.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 43: 252 (1929)
Distribution: Japan (Yakushima Isl.)
38 JAP NNS
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus numajiriana var. yakusimensis (Masam.) Momiy.; (1954)
species :
Elaeagnus yoshinoi Makino; Bot. Mag. Tokyo 16: 155 (1902)
Distribution: Japan (Honshu)
38 JAP
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus multiflora subsp. yoshinoi (Makino) Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 384 (1908)
species :
Elaeagnus yunnanensis Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 385 (1908)
Distribution: China (Yunnan)
36 CHI
species :
Elaeagnus ×maritima Koidz.; Bot. Mag., Tokyo 31: 133 (1917)
Distribution: South Korea (Cheju Isl.); Japan; Ryukyu Isl.
38 JAP KOR NNS
Remarks: E. glabra x E. macrophylla
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus hypoargentea Hatus.; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 48: 220 (1934)
= Elaeagnus ×liukiuensis Rehder; J. ArnoldArb. 1: 181 (1920), in adnot.
species :
Elaeagnus ×reflexa É.Morren & Decne.; Bull. Acad. Brux. 3: 171 (1836)
Distribution: Japan; etc.
38 JAP
Remarks: E. glabra x E. pungens
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus pungens subsp. reflexa (É.Morren & Decne.) Servett.; Monogr. Éléagn.: 82 (1909)
= Elaeagnus pungens subsp. subpungens Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 8: 387 (1908)
= Elaeagnus pungens var. reflexa (É.Morren & Decne.) C.K.Schneid.; Ill. Handb. Laubholzk. 2: 413 (1909)
= Elaeagnus ×glabropungens Maxim. ex Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 30: 73 (1916)
species :
Elaeagnus ×submacrophylla Servett.; Bull. Herb. Boiss. Ser. II. 8: 387 (1908)
Distribution: Channel Isl. [I]; South Korea; Japan
12 cis 38 JAP KOR
Remarks: E. macrophylla x E. pungens
Synonyms: hidden
= Elaeagnus ×ebbingei f. flavistriata P.D.Sell; Fl. Great Britain Ireland 3: 517 (2009)
= Elaeagnus ×ebbingei J.Door.; Jaarb. Ned. Dendrol. Ver. 17: 109 (1952), nom. superfl.
= Elaeagnus ×hisauchii Makino ex Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 223 (1918)
= Elaeagnus ×nikaii Nakai; Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 32: 224 (1918)
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A complete, synonymic checklist of the Higher Plants of the World


Version 19.4 (June 30th, 2024)

Covering 355,230 accepted species,
8,675 hybrids, 47,796 accepted infraspecific taxa and 997,888 synonyms,
in total 1,409,589* names

[*about 25,000 dubious, "unplaced" names and about 4,000 invalid names (Art. 24.3) like "typicus" are deliberately omitted]


With complete, detailed distribution data (countries and regions) and literature references

Arranged in linear phylogenetic sequence reflecting true relationships

Fully searchable and continously updated

With 38,209 pictures of 15,787 species

Assembled through 40 years independently from other databases

In cooperation with Catalogue of Life